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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 10, 1904)
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'CfliiBniiiVti ll saait 'Awraaras
One of the features of the enter- jf LtBBmBl.
ia:nmc-it provided for tlie delegates '-'"M2BftHVS
. the annual meeting of the United "" . t2?ijMESffifaBsS&
State League of Building Associa- ,-- v SRGHKi(KBKI?
lions in Sault Ste. .Marie, a perform- ' XMKitr cBBf. vV
. nee of the song of Hiawatha by Ojib- V JRy3M
3uf hMMMCTi 3"f g Wt?SjfMfa j
ftuii J ' ,T""I!-1'- iftiP
htJSWATHM fiLTUSHS mm MIS BltlOg
way Indians in
i neater near tne fcnii
The old legend of the trihe. which
l.i.nglVIIuv. has made familiar ly his
wonderful ih:ii-.rt eristic poem, is iv-di.-ed
to what might be called tab
h.i' .ivani. for. as presented by the
t'ldijiis. ii has ;ateily il.e merits of
the drama a .e row look ujion it.
and yet it is pot a Jozii; ery from the
.limit ie plajs from wliie'i our
drama was evolved. Much of it is
in pantomime. allhou;h speech the
Ojib way language is used is not en
The Mrxulnr appropnatciiexs of
peiforminj; this beautiful legendary
drama on the spot where its action is
believed to have actual!, taken place
in tho-e distant ases whose history
is recorded only in the folk-tales, in
terests the spectator almost as much
as Ihe ierforniai:ce itself. On the
shores of I ..ike Huron, near Kingston,
inly a short distance from the famous
"Son" canal, through whose enormous
locks more tonnage .. . -. ... . ....
than from any port in the world, the
drama is performed each year. Side
b side with the poetic legendary
past, alive with mythological Indian
heroes and heroines, is the insistent
co::i:ucrciaI present. choUmg the
i-anal witii its onrushing tide of busi
ness and clouding the sky with the
smoke of industrial fires.
While the human desire for gain
may account for some of the interest
taken in the play by the Indians,
there is evidently a deeper incentive
responsible for their appearance in
i.ie annual phy. There is undoubted
ly family pride in the past of their
trihe. and pride, in the fact that the
poet of the pale faces took the tribal
legend anil made of it a poem known
around the world, it is approached
with the same reverence with which,
religious plays are in certain other
parts of the world, for from the In
dian point of view it expresses some
tning of the religion, or former tc
ligion. of the tribe.
The drama of "Hiawatha" is or re
cent origin. Although the legend has
been told trom generation to genera
tion in the Ojibway trihe. it was only
tour years ago that it was reduced to
..ome semblance of a play ami per
toimed. It is known that the Aztecs
had : drama; indeed, one of them
told a story startlingly similar to
that of Damon and Pythias, so fa
miliar in our own literature. With
the coming of the white men certain
"ballets." or pantomimes with words,
were written for Central American
tribes, and they were taught by the
early missionaries or travelers to act
in them. While the North American
Indians have a strong dramatic gift,
which must be known to all who
have studied them, they have no
drama, although certain ceremonies
and tribai rites are. in a measure,
During the year lS9i a sportsmen's
show was held in Boston, and. indeed.
in other cities of the country, at i
which a group of Ojibways were pres- '
cut to give the necessarv local color I
While showing in Boston. Kabaosa. a
leader among the tribe, and his
nephew. Wabonosa. were entertained
by the daughters of the poet Iong
fellow. The Indians were charmed
with the attentions of their hostesses, j
and the latter promised to visit the '
Ojibways at their home in the Hia
watha country. This by-incident sug
gesred to L. O. Armstrong, the head
of the Colonizing Department of the
Canadian Pacific railway, that it
would be a novel and interesting spec
tacle for the Ojibways to perform a
"What's that we're selling?" re
peated an enterpiising druggist, dur
ing a briet lull in business last night.
"That's something that's in a fair
way to beat Col Sellers" eye wash fo
death. We call it 'The Vacation Sub
stitute." and you'd be surprised if I
told you how many bottles l"d sold
to-day. We've got rid cf thousands
of them, and the season's young yet.
It's nothing but a kind of black wal
nut stain. Tou know tan is all the
rage seashore tan. or golf links' tan.
or tan shoe.. Well, you just apply
this mixture to the face and hands
and for a dollar you can get a com
plexion that would cost jou your sal
ary every hour at the "pier or at New
port. It won't run off on pillows or
handkerchiefs, and it lasts three or
four days. Everything thinks you've
got a yacht or are summering out of
town. We have the stain plain and
mixed. The mixed contains an imita
tion of freckles. You can have a
healthy brown on your cheeks and
neck, and freckles on your nose and
hands, but most folks prefer the
olid color. It's a great scheme, be-
drama made from the legend of Hia-
watiia. ho it was arranged, and tne
following snmnier. HMHt. the daughters
of the poet, when they visited the
Indian camping grc.unds on the shores
of Lake Union, were treated to the
play performed b. Indian actors.
On this occasion the amateur actors
numbered about seventy-live, and
were carefully chosen from the Shing
wauk band of the Ojibways. who re
side on the Garden River Reserve.
twenty miles southeast of Sault Ste.
Maiie. in the province of Ontario. It
is well known that Longfellow heard
the original legend ol Hiawatha from
his friend. Schoolcraft, the historian,
who married into the Ojibways.
There appears to be some doubt
whether Longfellow ever visited the
counliy himself, although the aged
Cinel Huk-wm-n-ni-ni always main-
tained that the poet visited'him. and
that he related the legend to him.
However that may lie, it has been
generally conceded that Longfellow
.. ot the scenery with marvelous
accuracy, and also that his Indian
names and words were wonderfully
correct, doubly to be marveled at if
he had never had the advantage of a
visit to the scene. This, however, is
The drama, which has been annual
ly acted since the visit of Longfellow's
daughters, usually between July and
September of each year, is performed
on one of the Desbarats islands in the
St. Mary river, on the Canadian shore
of Lake Huron. The spectators are
seated on the shore, and. while most
of the action of the piece takes place
on a platform anchored in the river,
the river and islands within a short
distance are used. As a matter of fact,
the "stage" is the largest upon which
a play was ever performed, and the
scenery and the actors are natural.
Realists should find in the production
all their hearts' desire. The produc
tion is managed with completeness
regarding details, and the greatest
care is taken to see that the charac
ters are assumed by those best fitted
for them. Although the actors are In
dians, study of Catlin's designs was
given, in order that the costumes
should be accurate.
lu speaking, the Ojibway tongue
was used, but so clever were the ac
tors in pantomime that the action
was closely followed with ease by
the spectators, who were, of course.
ignorant of the meaning of the gut
teral sounds emitted by the players.
The music which accompanied the
action was characteristic, harmonious
and. at times, iioetically weird and
sentimental, and the choruses were
The play opens most dramatically.
Near a red pine tree a column o
smoke ascends from a pile of blazing
branches as a signal to the Indian
nations. In response to the pillar
of smoke, scores of red faces appear
on the surrounding heights. It is the
smoke of Gitche Manito, the Great
Spirit, calling the tribes of the land
together. "All the tribes beheld the
signal," and with shrill warwhoops
the Indians pour from their hiding
places and rush to the burning pyre.
Then Gitche Manito. stretching forth
his right hand, speaks to the gathered
group and bids them listen to
"ords of wisdom.
The counsel of the Master of Life
is potent, and the braves, who were
spotted with war paint, throw oft
their deerskins, cast aside their weap
ons and jump into the waters, where
the paint is speedily removed from
their bodies. This introduction ends
cause it brings an outing, or what
pisses for an outing, within reach of
thousands who can't afford to go
farther than Rumford or the Paw
ti'xet. And I'll say this for it. it'll
put on tan and freckles a good deal
faster than cucumber cream and
lond lily extract will take them oft".
Come in some other evening and ask
some more questions." Providence
Birds That Shave.
Man has a rival in the art of shav
ing in a South American bird called
the "motmot," which actually begins
shaving on arriving at maturity. Nat
urally adorned with long blue tail
feathers, it is not satisfied with them
in their natural state, but with its
beak nips oft the web on each side,
leaving only a little oval tuft at the
end of each.
Floating Coal Depot.
Built on the Tyne, a floating coal
depot with a capacity of 12,000 tons
has arrived at Portsmouth. England,
where it will be used for coaling bat
tleships and, cruisers.
e tsmw &j fonQfeilQW
with a dance ot
smoking the pipe
In the second
tableau, a scene
childhood is de
picted. The youth
makes a display of
arrow shooting, in
which he has been
ed. As he shoots
with bow and ar
row, behind him
stands the "wrin
kled old Nokomis."
who reared the
When grown to
boyhood. I a goo
the boaster, made
a bow for the lad
and with it Hiawa
tba brought low
his first deer. The
youngster who por
trays the young
to he an excellent
shot -with such
ments as a bow and arrow.
The next scene shows Hiawatha to
have come to manhood. He has re
turned from his initial journey and
he has seen the dark-eyed maiden of
the West. A second journey has been
made across the Big-Seawater to the
tent ol the arrowmaker. The Indian
lover is represented at the door of
the Dakota tepee where sat the an
cient maker of arrows. Minnehaha
had been thinking "of a hunter from
another tribe and country, young and
tall and very handsome." Would
he come again for arrows? He sud
denly appears from the woodlands,
and the maiden, with true Indian hos
pitality, brought forth food and set
Hiawatha lends a deaf ea to the
teachings of old Nokomis. who ad
vises the wedding of a maiden of his
tribe. He wooes Minnehaha, which
character was played with a native
chat m and modesty which fulfilled
the exacting demands of the part.
One of the most interesting and
spectacular of the scenes is naturally
that depicting the wedding. In this
scene there are numerous dances; the
deer dance, which foretells a life of
peace for the wedded pair; the snake
dance, which is to appease the evil
spirits, which is performed by Paw-Ptik-Keewis;
the gambling dance, in
which the latter is also the chief fig
ure. Following is a missionary scene. As
the dances are being concluded, a
biich-bark canoe, appears from be;
hind one of the islands, whereupon
a score of Indians hurry to the shore
I ivp "h wni,e missionary welcome
Hiawatha listens to the white man's
speech, his vision having come true,
and the departure of the hero is the
fitting climax to the drama.
With long strides Hiawatha passes
down the sloping bank to the water's
edge, where floats his wonderful
canoe for "all the forest's life was in
it." He stands erect in the graceful
craft, with paddle uplifted in one
hand and the other bidding farewell
to the warriors, the canoe sails away
swiftly, mysteriously, without the aid
of oar or paddle.
His comrades on the shore break
the dramatic stillness with theii
weird chants, fainter grows the song
and in reality the golden sunset fc
being usurped by the dusk, as it is -in
the poem: the play is done, and yet
to have witnessed it leaes the sensa
tion that it was not a play; it was
either the legend come to life or i
A Record Breaker.
Three fellow travelers in the smok
ing room of a fast train were discuss
ing the speed of trains.
"I was in a train once." said the
first man, "that beat everything I evei
rode in for speed. Why, it went so
fast that the telegraph poles at the
side of the track looked like an im
mense fine toothed comb."
"That's nothing." said the second
traveler: "1 remember riding in an
express on the and that
went at such a gait that the telegraph
poles looked like a solid board fence.'
The third man made an exclamation
"Ah, you fellows don't know what
high speed on a rairoad is. Why, I
traveled west from Chicago last
month in a train that went at such a
pace that when we passed some al
ternate fields of corn and beans the
looked like succotash!" Harper's
Getting Him to Work.
Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt, the pres
ident of the Woman Suffrage Associ
ation. was citing diplomatic ways oi
making children work.
"A Chicago woman," she said, "hat
a little boy who hates to practice
writing. Last fall she told me that in
this matter of writing she could dc
nothing with the lad. But in Decern
her. when 1 met her again, she said
"Well. Harry spends quite two
hours a day now at his writing regu
"How in the world.' said I, 'did
you bring this miracle to pass?'
"The woman winked slightly.
"I told him she said, 'to make
out, in his very best hand, a list ol
everything he wanted for Christmas
and he has been at it ever since.' "
Why Women's Wages Are Low.
Rather an amusing reason is given
by Anna B. Doughten as to why young
girls' wages still remain so much
lower than poung mens, when the
same wcrk is accomplished and in
quite as good a manner. "Seldom,'
she says, "does a girl work with any
idea of permanency, and often the
brighter and more capable she is, the
sooner does some young man find
that her qualifications are just what
he wants in a wife. Indeed, it is a
fact." says this philosopher, "thai
many employers have found it useless
to train good-looking, capable girls
in any special lines, for just when
they are fitted for the required duties
and the accompanying higher salary
off they go." Miss Doughten is in a
position to discuss the subject, as she
is social secretary in one of the larg
est publishing houses in America.
From Social Service.
Odd Name for Babe.
In England a woman wanted hei
baby named "Port Arthur," but the of
ficiating clergyman refused and final)
I the "Port" was stricken out.
CM r. Wragg tnvttes eontrlbathma et t
anv new idema that reader nf thJa & '
partment may wish to present, and
would be pleased to answer correspond
ents desiring Information on subjects
discussed. Address U. J. Wra. Wau
During the summer farmers will be
gin to look about for material with
which to paint some of the farm
buildings. Paint preserves the wood
and keeps the air and moisture out of
the timber, thereby preventing decay.
Whenever wood is kept perfectly dry
or is kept saturated with water, de
cay is prevented. Coal tar makes an
excellent material as a covering for
wood, but its use is rather restricted
on account of its color and objection
able qualities. It is used, however,
quite extensively and very success
fully as a paint for the inside of
silos, especially for stave silos, when
both edges and the inside of the
staves are coated with this material.
As a rule people in general have
very inadequate ideas as to the real
nature of paint. They understand
that there is such a thing as good
paint as well as poor paint, but why
one is good and the other bad is not
understood and the result is that they
often buy a quality of paint that gives
poor satisfaction. There is a great
deal of fraud practiced by unscrupu
lous manufacturers of paint. In
ready made paints, it is difficult to
tell except by a chemical analysis
whether a paint is good or whether
it is a spurious article. Nearly every
body understands that linseed oil is
the best oil to use for paints, but the
natuie of the ingredients added for
the purpose of giving "body" are not
so well known. There are only two
substances that can be used for the
production of first class outside paints
and they are white lead, a mixture of
lead carbonate and lead hydroxide,
and zinc white, which is an oxide of
zinc. When these substances are
bought separately and mixed at home
with good linseed oil there is little
danger of getting a poor article. For
outside painting raw linseed oil
should be used, while for inside work
it is preferable to use boiled oil on
account of its more rapid drying qual
ities. Many of the ready made paints
on the market contain no white lead
or zinc white in spite of the fact that
some of them are labeled "Pure W.hite
Lead.". "Red Lead," which is an oxide
of lead is much cheaper than white
lead or zinc white, but may be used
to advantage where a cheap paint
must be used, it has fairly good
wearing qualities, even for outside
work, and for inside painting it makes
a splendid cheap paint wherever it
can be used. Its color, however, is
against it and restricts its use consid
erably. Every little while we notice that
some man well fixed on a good farm
sells it and thinks he will look for
a better country and. after trying the
several gardens of Eden as set forth
by real estate agents and corpora
tions, comes back to bis old stamping
ground and buys the old farm back
at a good increase in price over that
which he received. It is always best
to rent the old place for a year or
so and go and prospect. You may
want to come back.
J. B. B. I enclose you a sprig from
an appletree planted last spring, show
ing a fungus, louse, or something of
that nature. Will you please give the
proper remedy for destroying it? I
used carbonate of copper and am
monia as a spray, but it did but little
The apple twigs are infested with
woolly aphis. This insect attacks the
roots as well as the branches of
apple trees and in some cases does a
considerable harm. Owing to its
waxy covering it is somewhat diffi
cult to destroy, but thorough spray
ing with strong tobacco water to
which lye at the rate of one potind
to ten gallons has been added will
prove quite effectual. Kerosene emul
sion is also a good remedy for it.
When the insect is upon the roots
the injury is even greater than upon
the branches. As a remedy for them
when under ground scrape away the
soil for a few inches and apply to
bacco dust at the rate of two to five
pounds to the tree. Where they can
be easily obtained, tobacco stems can
be run through a coarse seive and
will answer very well. Another good
remedy is to apply from a peck to a
bushel of wood ashes and if the soil
is lacking in plant food the applica
tion of a liberal amount of stable ma
nure will strengthen the trees and
help them to outgrow the injury
caused by the insects.
The carbonate of copper and am
monia is fairly effectual against some
of the fungi, but is of no value in
treating the woolly aphis.
If farming is a business, and It
should be considered as nothing else,
then the capita! invested in every
branch should be accounted for. The
only way to do this is to keep ac
counts wjth every crop and with every
class ot stock.
GOOD THINGS TO LEARN.
Jjearn to laugh. A good laugh is
better than medicine.
Learn to attend strictly to your
own business; very important point.
Learn how to tell a story. A well
told story is as welcome as a sunbeam
in a sick room.
Learn to stop croaking. If you can
not see any good in this world keep
the bad to yourself.
Jearn to keep your own troubles to
yourself. The world is too busy to
care for your ills and sorrows.
Learn to greet your friends with a
smile. They carry too many frowns
in their own hearts to be bothered
with any of yours.
Learn to hide your aches and pains
under a pleasant smile. No one cares
whether you have the earache, head
ache or rheumatism.
There is no better method of renew
ing fertility than sowing oats and
rape, then pasturing the rape with
sheep after the oat harvest. Sheep
distribute fertility and put in on the
ground in most desirable form. Keep
as many as possible.
- --- ". -- Z' -""S - ... .
The growing of plums is one busi
ness not over done, or at least such
is the case in parts of the country
where I have. been. In fact they are
in smaller numbers than any other
fruit unless it is the pear, and in so
many orchards it is a minus quantity.
For this reason those who do grow a
surplus of plums receive an interest
ing price for them right at home from
their neighbors who were oblivious
of the importance of raising their own
fruit. I know of a man who had a
small orchard of old-fashion Damsons,
seven years old, that yielded sixty
bushels, for which he received $1.50
per bushel from bis neighbors. The
largest individual yield was four
bushels, netting $6.00 on a tree that
cost less than 25 cents. Very little
expense was incurred, for chickens
kept the curcuiio in check; the chil
dren picked the fruit the trees be
ing headed low. A suburbanite raised
plums on a back lot, netting $500, sell
ing per bushel at $1.50 to $1.87. deliv
erea at the depot, only a few hundred
yards away. This was less than one
third ot a crop, being their first and
a poor season at that; so he can count
on a handsome figure when he has a
good season. Many kinds were tried,
and be counts that his returns woulri
have been nearly twice aslarge this
year if his orchard had only Shrop
shire and Freestone Damsons in it.
The newer and higher recommended
sorts were better quality, possibly,
but yielded next to nothing.' Japan
plums, the much lauded, were a fail
ure with him. The orchard was well
ke'it, and accurately planted. Some
trees yielded as high as four bushels.
He was making a success of a busi
ness nearly everybody else neglected
Suc-h is often the case.
It matters not what vocation a
young man may follow, he will always
find that the better his education the
more successful will he be. A college
education will make him a better
farmer, a better miller, a better auc
tioneer, a more successful manufac
turer, as well as a better lawyer, doc
tor or parson. The ignorant fellows
are hereafter always to be found at
the tail end of the procession.
THE COUNTRY CHURCHYARD.
The average country churchyard is
a iidcous looking place overrun with
briars and weeds, and with little at
tempt at adornment. As Whitlier
Our vab's are sweet with fern and rose.
Our hills arc maple crowned.
But not from thexo our fathers chose
The village burying-ground.
Tlie dreariest xpot in all tlie kind
To death they set apart.
Willi scanty .nice from Nature's hand
And none from that of -irt."
Sgme of these local burying
grounds in the west occupy places
that might be beautified at little ex
pense, but as a rule they are sadly
neglected. In some parts of New
England the old churchyards are be
ing improved in a singular way. We
saw one recently that had been put
in order with money left by an old
citizen of the town. This person
willed a certain amount of money for
the purpose of refitting the old
churchyard and keeping it in order.
Another man has already laid aside
money which, at his death is to be
spent in beautifying the graveyard in
his native town. Such people leave
worthy monuments behind them. The
country bury-ground can and should
be a beautiful park bringing us happy
and not gloomy thoughts of those who
have gone before.
We wish to say once more that
when you give a field a two years'
course in clover you have done as
much in the way of renovating and fer
tilizing the soil as though you had
put fifteen wagon loads of manure on
each acre, and more. The soil is in
better shape for future plant growth
than if it has been manured as stated.
There is no one thing of so much im
portance to farmers everywhere as to
thoroughly comprehend the value of
clover as a soil fertilizer. It is the
law and gospel of the new agricultural
dispensation. Clover will prevent
good soil from becoming poor and will
make good soil productive.
We are asked whether the growing
of wheat can be continued for an in
definite period on the wheat land ot
the Northwest. This will depend
upon whether the growers are wise
enough to adopt some system of crop
rotation. As in much of the northwest
country corn is not a sure crop, and
the clovers and grassers do not yet
do well, the chance for a satisfactory
crop rotation is very limited, as it
would not answer the purpose to
change from wheat to oats or barley.
For the present about all the rest
which the wheat fields have is an oc
casional summer fallow. The proba
bility is that, as with all other wheat
growing countries, the fertility of the
soil will in time be gradually im
paired and tne yield reduced to a
point where it will be unprofitable to
raise the crop.
However simple a matter farming
may seem to the city-bred man. he
wjJl find when he undertakes it that
practical knowledge counts. What
the practical farmer knows, he knows
to be a certainty. For this reason be
ginners should hasten to avail them
selves of the experience gained by
the most successful farmers during
many years of practice.
WHAT TO DO WITH HEDGE.
Hedge fences are a beautifier when
properly kept. They are an "eyesore"
when improperly kept. Put them in
shape or grub them up. No matter
how costly the material or how much
care is used in construction, the !
fences will not add to the beauty of
iuc imu;g ii uic mxua art; not Kepi
down along them.
When pigs are well kept, they
should gain the faster the older they
grow, but it does not necessarily fol
low that this increased growth makes
fhem more profitable to the farmer,
for it has been shown that 'the in
creased ration and cost thereof more
than offsets the actual value of gain.
TEST EACH COW.
Gcod judges believe that in the en
tire country one-third of the cows kept
ror tfceir milk do not pay for their
i cost of keeping .and nearlv one-third
more fail to yield annual profit. This
ratner startling statement, said Dr.
I E. W. Allen of the Department of
Agriculture, was made in the Year
Book of this department by one who
is competent to speak upon the sub
ject. The question arises what the
farmer with the herd of dairy cows
is to do? First of all he should find
out not only what his herd collect
ively, but what each cow is doing; he
should begin a record of both the
quantity and quality of milk produced
by each cow. This will enable him
after a time to systematically weed J
out his herd, retaining only the best.
He should then gradually raise the
standard of his herd by breeding or
by the introduction of new stock.
The average cost of keeping a cow a
year has been variously estimated by
experiment stations in different local
ities at from $33 to $45. The means
of keeping the record of the income,
enabling the weeding out process, are
now available to every dairyman.
The Babcock test, which is a simple
means of determining the richness of
the milk in fat. and the scales for de
termining the yield of milk, enable
any farmer to ascertain the value of
milk and butter production of each
cow in his herd, and whether she is
a source of profit or loss.
The mere milk production may be
misleading, if the fat test is not made.
The fat test may be made at frequent
intervals, say once a week. Since
morning milking differs somewhat
from that made at night, it is more
reliable to take samples ot both for
It is needless to say that proper
care and feeding count for a great
deal iu milk production and may do
much to improve the milking qualities
of otherwise poor cows. Before a cow
is rejected the farmer should be sure
that the fault of light production lies
in the cow and not in himself.
Ignorance, poverty and discontent
are assigned as the reasons for the
unrest among the peasantry of Unsold.
It is .-aid to form the basis of ex
plosive conditions that may result :n
a convulsion at any time. These con
ditions arc attracting the attention of
those in authority and measures arc
being presented and discussed to
bring about a better state of affairs.
The emperor is much in favor of bet
tering the condition of the peasantry.
Pure water never conies from a
contaminated source. Clean milk
never comes from a dirty cow.
Are there not some dark, damp cor
ners in your cow stable where you
can put in a window and let the life
giving sunshine and light in?
Be reasonable, don't expect your
cow to give you a large mess of rich
milk unless you furnish her material
to make it of, as well as a comfort
able place to do it.
The young heifer with her first calf
should have the best possible treat
ment. With kind care and proper
feed she will acquire a habit of per
sistency, thereby making a profitable
if your calves are not doing well,
or you are losing any. look to the
feed buckets. They should be washed
and scalded every day. Disease and
no end of germs lurk in a dirty pail.
The dairy farmer who has no pride
in his business, no love for his cows,
no enthusiasm and does not take a
good farm and dairy paper, will fol
low in the rear rank of the procession
and be lost in the shuffle.
The man who grows his own feed
always has the advantage of the man
who has it to buy. because he saves
all the grower's profit and all the
banker's charges for use of money
put in the feed, and is saved from
the stress and losses that often come
to the man operating on borrowed
money. One makes the double profit,
that of the grain-grower and that of
the feeder, while the other makes
only the feeder's profit less the bank
COW PEAS AND CORN.
Recently a very successful farmer
declared he would never again plant
a field of corn without also planting
cow peas with it. His method is to
run the corn planter one-half a day.
then change the planter plates to suit
for cow peas, and go over the same
ground putting the. cow peas in the
same hills with the corn. If this prac
tice becomes general, we shall soon
have double-box planters enabling the
drnnninir of both seeds at once. A
double advantage is gained. Cow
peas are rich in protein, they will
smother weeds and being of the
legume family they enrich the soil
with nitrogen instead of robbing it of
its fertility. It is well to bear in mind
that alfalfa, clover, beans and cow
peas are among the chief legumes
upon which the farmer most depends
for the enriching of exhausted soils.
Let the farmer supply his house
with plenty of good literature, but ex
amine all papers before you subscribe
for them, so that you may know what
the family is reading. Nothing ele
vates more than good reading, and
nothing pays the farmer better than to
take anil read several agricultural
papers. There are good ones and oth
ers. The farmer who reads good
farm literature will learn more in one
year than he will in ten without it. I
know there are farmers who ridicule
the Idea of farm literature, but it is
coming into greater favor with the
farming class each year, h arming is
a business, and what kind of a busi
ness man is a man who does not
The borrowing farmer is a regular
nuisance, yet he is in evidence in all
farm communities. The Rural Home
says: "Next to a tree agent and light
ring rod nian. the chronic borrower
i3 the moct undesirable person one
can meet. He will bring a broken tool
home and look as meek as a lamb and
at the same time ask for another to
break up Fuch men will put a wood
en Indian to shame"
Gustam is truly a connoisseur, and
the culinary feats he can perform up
on a two-burner gas stove in his apart
ments is the wonder cf his friends.
He has been on the lookout for de
lectable delicacies poten to cool and
refresh. The luxury that tickled his
palate most was a watermelon that
Had been doctored with rum and
claret and cooled to the freezing point.
Inspired by this work of art. Gustam
forthwith planned a surprise for a few
Df his friends. He procured a huge
watermelon, the necessary rum and
wine, and, in accordance with the re
cipe, stirred up a mixture, plugged
the melon. -Miured in the liquid, in
serted the plug and set the whole in
the refrigerator Jo cool for two days.
Then, summoning his friends, he cut
Before taking a bite himself. Gustam
proudly awaited laudatory remarks
and exclamations of praise. His
friends ate in silence. Uon tasting
his slice Gustam could detect but
the faintest flavor of rum and wine.
What had become of the two quarts of
God's Plans the Best
Some time, when all life's lessons have
And sun and stars forevermore hae-
Tile things which our weak jiuls-meul
here ha. spurned
The thin o'er which r ri.'ed with
Will Hash lMfore n-s out of life's dark
As st.-irs shine most in de-per lints of
And we shall see how all Mod's plan
And how what seemed reproof was
loe most true.
And we shall see that, while we trown
God'a plans so on as best for vuu and
flow, when we called, lie heeded not our
Because Ills wisdom to the end could
And. e'en as prudent parents disallow
Too much ol" sweet to enivtu; baby
hood. 5o God. perhaps, is keeping from us now
Life's swiftest things, because it seim
And if soiiii
time, commliik-l'-d with luV
We liud th
wormvv.MMl. and r-hel and
1'e sine u wi--r hand than voiirs or min-I'our-i
out this portion Tut- or lips to
"I believe that the origin of the ex
pressive bit of slang 'kickers' may be
found in the very lowest form of
occupation any member of the human
race follows," Mr. W. M. Robinson
"Between Wornisley's anil St. Hel
en's in Cornwall, is an underground
canal connecting the lower levels of
the coal mines at Wornisley's with
the surface station at St. Helen's,
which saves a great deal of money
for the mine owners in handling the
coal, which is simply loaded on the
barges in the mines ami transported
by the canal under the mountains to
the harbor at St. Helen's. When the
canal was devised, however, how to
provide for locomotion for these
barges was a problem.
"Mules couldn't be used, and there
were circumstances which made
uteam impossible, but an incentive
genius fiually solved the riddle by .sug
Seeks to Improve Race
On the estate near Perm, in north
east Russia, of a wealthy man named
Reshetnikoff, a singular marriage
took place recently. The bridegroom.
Vasilieff. was a handsome peasant,
the bride a beautiful girl of IS. M.
Reshetnikoff gave them a large wood
en cottage and a plot of land, and at
the wedding breakfast greeted them
as the second generation of his nurs
lings "who are to make of holy Itus
sia an earthly Olympus peopled with
A polios and Hebes." At the time of
the Riisso-Turkish war M. Reshetni
kotT. struck with the inferior, ill
nourished physique of many recruits,
set aside annually out of his large for
tune 10,000 rubles for the puriose of
eliminating the unlit by encouraging
marriage only between young people
of exceptional beauty, health and in
telligence. He employed as workers
on his estate only the handsomest I
Mike "Got Wise" Quickly
"Up in my bailiwick," said Col.
Abe Gruber. "there is a Hebrew and
a son of the Ouid Sod, who are near
neighbors and friends, but the des
cendant of Brian Born, who manage
to make just enough to keep him
from week to wcek.has long been filled
with wonder as to the causes which
make for the piosperity of his He
brew friends. To clear the matter up
he called on his friend, who. by the
way. bears the same Christian name
as mine, if it may he so called
" Abe, said Mike, 'how is it yon
fellows are all so piosperous. What
do you do? Let me in on the secret."
" 'Well, we're wise. replied Abe.
We eat fish.'
"'Fish, is !'."- What kind of fish?'
I sell 'em,' was Ab"'s shrewd
Odd and Fanciful Idea
An odd and fanciful idea is advanc
ed by Zona Gale, writing for Outing,
in which she gives her reason for her
"discovery" as "the coming of Semi
ramis." Now Semiramis is evidently
a cute, furry little kitten, and so the
owner of this dainty feline says:
"It has long been my belief that
fairies are the little souls of some
thing. At first I was puzzled to know
of what, but -since the coming of
Semiramis it is quite simple. Her
mysterious amber eyes and lithe little
body of furry silver have taught me
the truth; fairies are the souls of
all little kittens. And let only him
deny this who can cast the firstf proof
to the contrary!
"1 say let hin" deny it; for what
liquor he had put in? Much mysti
fied, he explained the circumstances,
but all the comfort he got was the
accusation that he had been "stingy
with the booze" and the admonition
"tc put more in next time." As it
was. however, they got away with half
of the melon and then Gustam called
the Janitor and gave him the otaer
An hour or so later the janitor's
wife knocked at the door, and ar she
faced Gustam and his guests she be
gan with a great show of righteous
wrath: "Misther Chus (hlc) turn, wot
did yes put (hie) in thot malon? Me
ouid mon (hie), me otild mon me
ou!d mon (hie), ish down there yellin
wid (hie) th jimjams! Oi wanta
know whash yez put (hie) in thot
in thot malon! Ibh ut a joke (hie)
a joke thot ye put up (hie) on
urn? Oi wanta know (hie) "
The truth dawned upon Gustam. By
reason of the melon lying two days
in one position the rum and wine had
all settled in the lower end and he
had given that end to the janitor.
New York Press.
And if some friend we love N lyint: low.
Whe'e human kisses cannot reach his
Oh. do not blame the loving K.uher so.
Hut bear your sorrow with obedient
And you shall shortly know that length
Is not the sweetest gift Ood sends His
And that sometimes the sable pall of
Conceals tlie taircst boon Mis love can
If we could push ajar Ihe ipites of life.
Anil stand within, and all tlotl's work
We (old iuternret all this doubt and
Ard lor each iinsteiy could find a key.
Hut not to-da Ttieii be content, poor
Coil's plans, like lilies pure anil white,
V mii-st not tear the close-shut leave
Tinn will ri veal the ealvxes of Kold.
And if through patient toll ue reach the
Where tind feet, with sandaK loose,
When we shall clearly know and under
stand. I think thai we ill. ill say that1 "liod
knew !-1 ""
gesting that cross pieces of timber he
placed along the roof of the canal,
which was very low, and men could
lie on their backs on lop of the loaded
barges and 'kick the vessel along.
Alter the barge was once started thlsi
was found to be feasible.
The men could easily keep the load
in motion by I lie means suggested,
and it has ccr since been in use.
There is no question about the low
grade of this sort of work, and even
the men who follow it are constantly
'kicking around the villages when
they live. They were known at the
mines officially as "kickers' because of
their work, and their vocal complaints
continually indulged in. caused every
one at Wornisley's or St. Helen's, no
matter what their station or employ
ment. who indulged in complaints to
be called 'kickers. I presume that
the origin of Mm- word, as we use it,
is just what I have suggested." St.
and healthiest villagers. These he
encouraged to enter ii'tou matrimony
by grants of land, payment of mar
riage t'wa and :m annuity of fifty
rubles a year for every child born.
He removed from his estate all de
formed and sickly per.-vous and at
tracted handsome giants from all
parts of the province by granting
i hem valuable privileges. Those whe
refused to marry the partners hn
selected were unceremoniously de
IMirted. Since the institution of his
scheme torty marriages have taken
place, and over lob children have
been born, nearly all of tnem being
immense'. Miperior to the average
Russian peasant children in strength
and beauty. Vasilieff's marriage was
celebrated with exceptional display,
he and his bride being the first couple
both of whom sprung from unions
arranged by M. Reshetnikoff.
"'How much are they?' said Mike,
his curiosity now thoroughly aroused.
"'Five dollars apiece.
" 'I'll take one. said Alike finally.
"We don't sell less than three.'
said Abe. sizing up his man.
"'Well. I'll take a chance," satd
Mike. 'Give me three.
"Abe went over to his safe after
pocketing the $1". and brought out
three diminutive fishes of the dried
variety. These he handed to Mike,
who looked them over carelully and
finally took a bite trom one of them.
'Say. Abe. said Mike suspiciously,
the.-e things taste a divil of a lot
like .smoked herrings."
'Now, you see." said Abe. in seem
ing glee, "you're getting wise al-read.-.'"
New York Times.
ever is fragrant to llelieve and pleas
act to preach about the kittens of tho
world, every woman is fain to accept
and to repeat. How gladly, then.
will she welcome such a fair doctrine
as this concerning the kittens that
have left the world! And if her own
'little lion, small and dainty sweet.
he still her daily companion, she has
only to sit with it in her anas for
an hour some night when the moon is
full, to understand that to all strange,
sweet influences and potent, hidden
presences the reticent, eerie little
creature is akin. Especially will she
feel this if. as I trust every wojpan ?
who loves a kitten knows, it has been I
named for some beautiful dead
?. r- - U'ff
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