The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911, March 30, 1904, Image 4

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    m MKTWiniiiMWMwwM'rMm iiwibmbi ji i wmTTwnMM' irnrri .n r-r i I i"c. n hi . !.' .i I .I . w mm n I !! i w ! w imi n 1 1 mm i 11 I i himibb m p i ! . r .mm 1 1 iiii i.niiTr'iwi m iitm iMW-rrrMT itt " I ;rtria -.w v.1.. cr.7nr',i-.. srsxtsr xrv G.-U .i,.tc - tf H4 'ijl 'wcr iuaiM ruK-.i5..fj3 ?ti.-T- r- fc-. srf
BiiwiinBHHBaBni3HnnmmHHPHBmMnr.j9iE'?3 ay. i av'jiw ,tiTjcj?-ijWL-qffatjw''. v'.T?:"l'B.g''..j-(r-, p im aja - 3r-rj -jfy-iKEB?!?n
r"-w'.J-B3k-T ..,' s - i
Z?-Vtf, - vc, si
p?i(?jccHBpaj33"Rvyr53fct raptsarg. jg rjitsjjTEgTE.. 7LiaTg :'. a,4iiir,?ira:3ft.av3r-vr;a;r'?T' MPia7:'iwJLa.v,-iar3rgaL?Bj'ai rtipy!SP.3iy.itgaia-''i'jft,-t',-f-, c.isi sw s,.c5L''?jr,"ei i.'TseiUM.i-.iirijf .yUik'n oiysaib? n:ra?w. -i-xysiTw v -.. -a -
iSiinri.Fi,:.S 1..V3 :3V Ti.'-T'K-JiJ2!S3t.-'jtVJ-i''s
C5,- - . (
t?f- .
' V j
, .1,
m. .
r. -
nor z & sM: - t
?rfVSMJVv"',VS- :-i..fry35$KrfrtfS2a.WVtvViV VJL-.!" CAri'if.' .i-! W ? & " n-S,?ftf53jJiw i SV ,.
r. .v -f?r-? rTiS-K . - ? ffe 'sr-A .V. -?.-
- ,, ! L, -w - m -ikiwifip 1 when ait aiovenrjmt has proe?eaeed, g- ,JgggBaBSSSESI " gafTlni ' ' 1' - aaa?aga,pe 1
BSm J .. J gygA , IVr NlfjOt . fuxtter torn, that raise f V1V TT'TITVI f JSS5Ki "TTV ftr 1 A ---- A ---, A -
KyiJrrVI ' ' FWl ai-Sftj .fSfcr a- to tw -nMbtT ot ol M arlBOS v..iiV'XcrrCli-jri-ar V&&7frf&.W NIWS IN BRIEF. IMP MANUPACTURCirt
for th Grate.
A mc that' eM aa always new.
A stocy none can quite explain. .
A waof of dreams that stretches through
The farthest deeps of Joy and pain;
A bit of amalc -nen have suna. , , .
And atlU aMHt staa. till Time is late
la that eld sonc I And amona
The biasing embers m the grate.
Apower that la more than art.
ra homely with the soul of home.
That brings to every human heart
Tales of old times where'er we roam.
Old faces, forms, old loves, perhaps.
Old hopes and fears that wreathed our
Come flooding back, when Memory taps
My shoulder at the biasing grate.
Old. and yet sweeter for its ag. . ..
Like growing wealth of aged wj1"
Thrice-told. yet. for the oft-turrcd paae.
1 Dearer to heartsUke yours and mine.
Old song. I stag you o'er again.
With welcome to your ancient ?
Old dreams, now may you long remain
To cheer us at the blazing ajJ1e-M
Cincinnati Commercial Bulletin.
"Pat Daatan" Again.
Here is another of the "Pat Doolan"
stories Gea. Longstreet used to tell:
It was Pat again, who, having been
regaled with buttermilk aBd sweet po
tatoes by a withered old country woav
an whose cabin they had encountered
in a straggling retreat, aaade his
'adieus with: "An' how much do I
owe ye, ma'am?"
- "Nuthin' it all, honey, if youaua
ain't got it convenient." was the hos
pitable reply, "and not many of the
boys has, these days," she continued.
-I've got three o' my own with Stu
art thjs minute, if so be the good
Lord's spared em."
"An, shure," returned Doolan, quicK
as a flash, "if this isn't the i-denti-cal
lotdy St. Patrick! But his name's
sliped me moind, the instant! But he
tould me shure to look out for ye if
we coom this way."
"It warnt Joe Davis, war it? sug
gested the innocent old soul eagerly.
"An' the same, to be shure! Pat
Doolan's ralmery'll never save his
soul for goodness! He sint his love
to his mother an' tould me to be
shure to give her this!" producing a
. comfortable-looking pocketbook from
some unsuspected hiding place about
his person. The old woman ten upon
him with tears of Joy.
"An me jes a prayin the good
Lord would send me some word o'
them, and soraethin' to see me
through the next little while, that
there dinner we all jes eat bein about
the nex' to the last there was in
sight!" wept the unsuspecting W
" soul.
"Pat. you liar, aren't you ashand
to deceive a credulous- old woman
like that? Where do you expect to
go to when you die. anyhow?" cheer
fully inquired one of his companions.
as they set out again. "You don't
know any Joe Davis, and you got
that pocketbook at Manassas."
"Shure an' who knows that better'n
- meself," returned the imperturbable
Pat, "but she'll niver know it. barrin'
the tellin by Joe himself, an' she'll
be ready to forgive the divi!. net to
mention Pat Doolan, an that comes
to pass. An for the matter o' that.
It's no such great hardship to for
give a little crime like the givin of
a few dollars, now you coom to think
of it; which same, by the way. will
do her a soight more good than it will
the man who puts a bullet through
meself in the foight, begorra! An if
so be a woman's happier for bein'
lied to than not bein' lied
to as for the matther of that
most o' thim are what self-respectin'
man that ain't a miser at the heart of
him ud begrudge her the tellin av
oneT' New York Times.
He Interrupted Gen. Gibbon.
The late Gen. John Gibbon, one of
the heroes of Gettysburg, and the
famous Indian fighter, was generally a
courteous and amiable soldier.
' However, there was a certain
brusqueness about him at times, and
occasionally he would show of what
sort of material he was composed.
When Gen. Gibbon was in command
of the Department of the Columbia,
with headquarters at Vancouver,
Wash., he was invited to attend the
formal opening of a large cyclorama,
in Portland, Ore. This cyclorama rep
resented the reat battle of Gettys
burg." Gen. Gibbon accepted the invitation,
attended by his staff and many offi
cers. There was a large attendance
at the cyclorama. The old general
was soon engaged in pointing out to
a number of men and women various
features of the battle, and referring
to many thrilling experiences.
Just while Gen. Gibbon was very
deeply absorbed in describing the
famous and brilliant charge of Gen.
Pickett, the Confederate officer, a
young newspaper reporter rushed up
and interrupted:
"Gen. Gibbon." exclanmed the rash
reporter in an excited tone, "will you
please tell me what time of the day
that was?"
Gibbon was nettled, he was "jar
red." he was irritated at the foolish in
terruption. He grew very red, even
to the roots of his gray hair.
"Time!" aaid he turning half fierce
ly on the young fellow; "time, did
you ask, sir? Don't you know better;
haven't yoa any more sense than to
ask a soldier when he is fighting', the
time, sir? .Don't you know, sir. that a
minute may seem an hour, and. an
hour a minute? We were fighting,
sir; fighting like devils. We were not
looking atour watches, I'd have you
know. sir. Time! What a question!"
The young pencil shover silently
slaak away, abashed, amid a general
laugh at his expense. In a moment
the old general had smoothed out his
' "rufled feathers,' and was calmly pro
ceeding with Pickett's historical
charge. : '.!!
A Cenfederat? Raider.
Gen. Rosser, next to Stuart aad For
rest, won the greatest name among
the Confederates aa a cavalry officer.
He waa. in the graduating class at
West Poiat when Virginia seceded
from the Union, aad he then resigned
and entered the Confederate army aa
a first lieutenant In October, 18(3.
then only twenty-five years old, he
waa promoted to be a brigadier gen
eral, and to him waa given command
of the Virginia cavalry in the Shenan
doah valley. In the winter of 18CV64
Ithe two opposing armies of Virginia
were mobiUaed on the upper branches
ijf Ihii RspjiahanaofTr not far from
and Brandy Station, sixty
the Potomac. As Gen.
had to bring all hia supplies in
Alexandria, the' possible
t reward an enter
.mid hV the country betw
l2-s$fe. : ' ' "
ljxf s. TTahin arasT aad the rotomar waa
Efc7-5J3(.-.L MSB tjajaaai wasp Mf
.!TJ?'- --?V 2-.-.J - aall gaa tha) SMBBaaW. I na
MaS4- --J' VftStTOnC UfUtUW aaaaa. aaaf-
Byv.j. -- -Ciaamd CeBsfedegatev aoMnera. Twere
r 'ixmmmamMUmKMLfri or- three off
& 'fATSvWHKmtK'Mm awnnaj.uie bsbuv.-bi
i GflSr
which the most successful in the -way
of plunder was that of Gen. Rosser.
In his description of the raid. Gen.
Rosser does not avoid telling of the
severe attacks and repulses made by
the Union soldiers, but he says: "I
succeeded in capturing the Yankee
train of ninety-four wagons, 450
mules, flour, bacon, salt, molasses,
sugar, coffee, beans, rice, overcoats
and blankets, and four sutler's wagons
loaded with all manner of eatables,
drinkables and wearables of the
choicest sort. The homely fare for
my men for the next few days was
oysters. sardines, canned fruit,
brandied peaches, crackers," etc.
But only a short time afterward
Gen. W. W. Averill. the Union cavalry
leader, appeared one morning early
before the Confederate camps and
threatened to annihilate the rebels.
Rosser says of this: "With the Chris
tian fortitude that characterizes true
martyrs we awaited our fate. Yankee
generals rode along in front of our
lines, flourished their flags and re
tired; Yankee reconnoiters rode up on
hills, reconnoitered and rode down
again; vYankee skirmishers expended
much strategy in securing safe posi
tions and desperately held them.
Those valiant defenders were drawn
up in formidable lines determined 'to
do or fly." We finally saw our chance,
moved off and reached camp on Jan.
6, 1864, with twelve thousand cattle
and all the other supplies that we had
captured in our raids." New York
Origin of Soldier's Nickname.
This is the way that Brigadier
General Hughes tells how he was
given the undignified nickname of
"Colonel Breeches."
"At the time I was lieutenant-colonel,
and had been camped on the
banks of the Yellowstone, waiting for
orders to move after Custer's charge.
We had spent the whole summer in
the field, and had taken nothing ex
cept packs for our supplies.
"My wife had given me that ques
tionable article called a comfort bag
just before I entered the campaign.
It was filled with buttons, thread, scis
,sors. thimble, etcetera, and this was
my first use of it
"I was in most awful need of clothes
and began skirmishing for material
out of which to make some trousers.
The only thing I could find was a
shelter tent, and I used the remnants
of a pair of trousers I was stilt wearing
for a pattern by which to make them.
"I shall never forget that day. By
!ioon I had worked up a perspiration can only be excelled by a Turk
ish bath, and my canvas trousers
were streaked and polka-dotted with
gore from my bleeding fingers.
"My first piece of tailoring was fin
ished by night, but I was a fit sub
ject for the hospital.
"The orst was yet to come. I put
them on, and no low comedian, if he
had studied a regalia to make his au
dience howl with laughter, could have
found. such lines and curves if he had
spent a year on his model.
"Just where they should have been
lug they were too small, and vice
versa. They could have beaten a
giocery awning for scallops, or a
horned toad for corners.
"I could not sit down in them at
all. unless I turned them rear side
before, and I looked so utterly mis
erable, whether walking or standing,
that Gen. Otis straightway dubbed me
'Colcnei Breeches. And I've been un
able to get from under it ever since."
Gen. Lee's Narrow Escape.
Gen. Fitzhugh Lee and Representa
tive W. A. Jones of Virginia were in
-.he house gallery the other day when
a messenger came to ask if Gen. Lee
would be willing to go to the room
of the judiciary committee to meet
Representative Jenkins of Wisconsin.
The request was entirely agreeable
to G-n. Lee and a few minutes later
he end Mr. Jenkins were shaking
hands and looking cordially into each
others face.
i saw you once a good many years
ago," said Mr. Jenkins. Gen Lee re
marked that he did not recall the
"It was near Brandy station," con
tinued Mr. Jenkins. "You were riding
at the head of a column of men
mounted on a gray horse and wearing
a Mack plume in your hat."
O yes," said Gen. Lee, recalling the
army movements in that vicinity.
"You didn't see us," added Mr. Jen
kins. "You didn't even know 'the
Yankees were near. We were posted
out in the woods, and, as I saw you
tiding by, I aimed my musket as care
fully as I could and fired. I was much
chagrined then to note that you rode
on, your black plume still waving, but
I am glad now that the bullet missed
its mark."
Gen. Lee, too, expressed his grati
fication that Jenkins on that occasion
proved a poor marksman. Washing
ton Post
The Next G. A. R.. Encampment
At a meeting of the Executive Com
mittee of the National Council .of Ad
ministration, held in Boston, the date
for the assembling of the thirty-eighth
national encampment of the G. A. R.
was fixed for the week beginning Mon
day, August 15, 1904. The annual pa
rade in connection with the National
Encampment will occur Tuesday, Aug
ust 16. The business sessions of the
encampment will begin on Wednes
day, August 17. National headquar
ters during the week of the National
Encampment will be at the Hotel Ven
dome, Boston. x
Want New Medal of Honor.
The present congressional medal of
hoaor resembles so closely the badge
of the Grand Army of the Republic
-that one frequently is mistaken fox
the other. For this reason a new de
sign has lately been made for the
medal of honor, with the idea of mak
ing it more, distinctive. The design
is a five-pointed star, like the present
medal, but differs from it in many es
sential .features. Congress has been
asked to appropriate the sum of $12,
000 for the manufacture of 3,000
medals of the new design.
Pioaidtnt'a Hat aa Memento,
When President Roosevelt, visited
the State Soldiers' Home at Grand Is
land, Nebraska, during 4hts trip last
summer, he wore a rough rider hatr
slouchy and just a shade off from be
ing: disreputable in looks, bat. the old
soldiers were so much pleased witn me
visit that they recently aeat a request
to the president aakJng .him to give
them the hat aa a memento of hi
visit It is needless "to say that, tie
DaSsK -rf&Uifcl wmprodce.ttijww.riMimiMi. flKiaiRlJ-JllB6C- - .BKsSS--- - I-
Brar4V4 "j We Mare wes tut are aamnagMMi -7rLc& . .f ; "
New Bcaf-Makinf Experiment in Illi
nois. We have received the iallowlraf
communication from Prof. H. W. Mam
ford of the Illinois experiment at
tion: One of the greatest questions be
fore the cattle feeders of the corn
belt la. How can the greatest profit
be secured from converting our saoat
available foodstuffs, corn and clover
hay, into meat? It waa to aarnrer thla
question that the experiment in prog;
reas was undertaken. Thla taventiga
tkm involves mainly a study of ameth-
ods of preparation of .. corn and, clover
hay for the production of beef and In
cidentally of pork, as affecting cost of
production, relative rapidity of finish
and quality of the finished product.
The following rations are being fed
to ten different lots of steers!
" Lot 1 Silage, corn- meal, gluten
meal and clover hay.
Lot a Ear corn, gluten meal and
clover hay.
Lot 3 Ear corn and clover hay.
Lot 4 Corn meal, gluten meal and 4
clover hay.
Lot 5 Corn meal, gluten meal, clo
ver hay hay chaffed and mingled
with the grain.
Lot 6 Corn and cob meal, gluten
meal, clover hay.
Lot 7 Corn and cob meal, gluten
meal and clover hay hay chaffed and
mingled with grain.
Lot S Shock corn, ear corn, shelled
corn, etc (according to common
practices), and clover hay.
Lot 9 Shelled con, gluten meal
and clover hay (fed in ordinary dirt
or mud lot).
Lot 10 Shelled corn, gluten meal
and clover hay (fed in paved lot in
comparison with lot 9).
A auScient number of pigs to pre
vent waste follow each lot. The
records of this experiment should
show which of the methods:
1. Is the most efficient for beef
2. Produces the maximum amount
of pork.
3. Is the most efficient for meat pro
duction or beef and pork production
4. Involves least labor.
5. Produces the most meat for a
given unit of labor.
6. Returns the greatest profit to
the feeder after considering efficiency
of feed and labor involved,
One hundred thirty two-year-old
steers of the choice grade are being
used in this, experiment They were
purchased inuhe Chicago market dur
ing the months of October and
November at an average cost of $4.25
per cwt. The experiment began, Nov.
28, 1903, and will be completed May
28, 1904, or in a six months' feeding
It will be remembered that the
8teers fed last winter in the market
grade experiment at the Illinois sta
tion were fed on chaffed or cut hay
mingled with the grain fed. The re
sults following; this system of feeding
were highly satisfactory, but no at
tempt was made nor waa it possible
to compare from an economic stand
point this system of feeding with the
ordinary method where hay is fed
loose and uncut and unmingled with
the grain. From the above outline
it will be noticed that by a compari
son of the records of feeding lots 4
and 5. and again of 6 and 7, we shall
be able to determine which system
will return to the feeder the greatest
net profit after taking Into considera
tion the, relative efficiency of the ra
tions and the cost of preparing and
feeding same.
Last season an experiment waa con
ducted at this station to determine
the advisability of paving feed lota
for fattening cattle, which resulted
very much in favor of adopting the
practice. This experiment is being
duplicated' this winter with lota 9
and 10.
one Merino Flock.
I have a flock of Merinos that now
numbers 1.400. Thla flock was start
ed in 18S6. when I bought 100 head of
Merinos of high quality. Since that
time we have added to the flock by
purchase at different times, but al
ways from other flocks that were high
in quality. In thla way we have got
new blood to keep up the stamina of
the flock. During the time this flock
has been in existence there has been
a great change in the type of what
we call the popular sheep. Yet we
have found our Merinos holding their
own in the public esteem. I remem
ber that in 1882 we went to the state
fair at Peoria and showed our Merinos
against some of the best of the mut
ton breeds. We got our share of the
premiums and sold about $600 worth
of bucks. The first buck I sold
brought $100. und men wondered at
the price, for the bucks of the mut
ton breeds showing against us brought
only about $25. The wonder was still
greater when I sold another buck for
A year ago but summer we shipped
51 head 10 Australia. One of them
sold in that country for $1,000. We
bnve J03- shipped 250,000 pounds of
Merino wool easC This may seem an
enormous quantity to ship from one
flock? but it represents ten years' clip.
We hope that wool will bring us 20
cents per pound.
Since the starting of our flock there
has come over the wool-producing in
dustry a great change. When we be
gan to raise Merits nine-tenths of
all the wool produced in the United
States was grown on Merino sheep.
So great has been the change from
Merinos to the mutton breeds that it
is now saf 3 to say that the conditions
are reversed and that nine-tenths of
the wool is now produced by, aheep
other than Merinos.
Our foreign trade it: aheep helps us
out greatly. We are shipping aheep
both to Australia and South Africa.
We have sent 200 to Africa and about
the same number to Australia I be
lieve that the time is again approach
ing when we will get good prices for
Merinos aad for MerinorwooL
I was told by a Philadelphia man
connected with the .woolen industries
that there is a milling combine, the
agents of which declare that there is
not enough fine wool to permit them
to ran a Tear. One thing that affects
the production of flue wool detri
mentally ia that it can he mixed with
shoddy and with cotton, and all are
palmed off aa flae wooL They cant
mix coarse wool with either shaddy
or cott m without the imposture ho-,
taaj apparent Bat when flnewool hf
mixed, as I have said, it takes an ex
pert to ten it
A great deal also
when that movement tea
a little further the men that ratoe
Meriaos will be on top. For
aOlc fooda have gone up teauper east
since the .outbreak of the Japans
Russian war.
As to the quaatity of wool Merinos
will produce, the figures remain large.
We have ewes that are slwarinx, as.
high aa 25 pounds per head, and Tamekt.
that- are. shearing aa high aa 40
pounds. Taking our flock aa a whole,
they are shearing about 14 gonads per
head, and thla la a, very good average
for a flock of its aiae. K
Aa to wool prices, we hone our con
signment of a quarter of a million
pounds will net as 19 cents per'nound
at the farm. Thla waa unwaahed
wooL For washed wool we have
sometimes received aa Sigh aa fit
centa per pound.
We have sold one carload of aheep
this year to western men to go onto
the ranches. The bucka are being
used on the flocks in Montana, Utah,
Texaa and other western atatee. They
are found to be very valuable to croas
with the common range aheep. One
object is to improve the quality of
the wool. Our western Tange aheep
producea good quality of mutton, and
it needs only 'slight improvement
Then, too, Merinos, are good herders.
They will herd easily In large flocka,
which is not the case with the mut
ton breeds.' This is an important fac
tor on the western ranges, where
many thonaaada of aheap have to ha
kept together under the control of a
single herder.
I spoke of the range aheep being
very good for mutton production.
You take the middle-wool aheep and
there la a lot of fat put on the aide
which you can't eat But range aheep
crossed with Merinos make a aheep
with a high quality of mutton.
There is also another factor that
is 'entering into the problem of rais
ing Merino sheep, and that is the de
mand for wool from cross-bred aheep.
This demand is increasing. .We have
therefore sold from time to time a
number of Merinos to go to Wiscon
sin and other nearby states to be used
for crossing. In some, markets what
is known as "cross-bred" wool sells
the best of all. .
George E. Peck.
Kane County, Illinois.
Plants Poisonous to Stock.
xThe government of the United
States has done a good thing In send
ing inspectors into the western coun
try to hunt for the plants that have
proved so poisonous to stock. There
is a foolish idea existing among one
class of our agriculturists to the ef
fect that animal Instinct is so perfect
tUmt tlna nnm animal Mn ha ilananri.
J ed pon to refuse the plant that would
be injurious. The belief is not found
ed on fact for thousands of domestic
animals every year perish by means
of the poisonous plants they eat
This is especially the, case when the
ranges get short and in winter when
only the tops of certain poisonous
plants have appeared above the. snow,
thousands of sheep have died from a
single flock.' i
On the eastern farms there is some
need of this work, but the demami is
not so great as it is in the West On
the farms that are fenced, and where
the raising of animals is carried on
under intensive conditions, so much
feed is fed from the barn that in timet
of- scarcity the animate are not in
duced to eat great quantities of the
poisonous plants. In most cases the
plants are only mildly poisonous and
eating them will not prove fatal to the
animal provided they do not form too
great a proportion of the food eaten.
This is true of such plants aa "horse
tail' and is equally true of the leaves
of the wild cherry, which are some
times eaten by cows with fatal re
sults. '
It has been no light task for the
government to obtain reliable data,
and Indeed this is only now in process
of being done. Although stockmen
had known for a long time that cer
tain plants were poisonous, yet noth
ing had been done in a scientific way
to find just how poisonous the plants
were or to find antidotes for them. In
fact, in a good many cases the treat
ments used were harmful rather than
curative. For instance, in certain
cases of poisoning it was said that
the animal must be made to exercise
vigorously. This proved to be the
opposite of the truth, absolute rest
being needed to assist the curative
processes. It is evident that the sub
ject is one requiring the best thought
of our most competent veterinariana
Tools for Orchard Cultivation.
O. M. Morris, in a publication of the
Oklahoma station, says: The ordinary
two horse plow is the beat implement
to use in early spring. Thla will stir
the soil to a good depth and put it in
such condition that the rain will auk
down and not run off the land. It
also leaves the surface open and free
from trash and litter that would he
in the way of the cultivator. The
plow can be run as close to the tree
as the team can be driven without
danger of barking the tree or limbs
with the harness. If the plow passes
too close to the tree it should be
turned out of the ground or raised
so as to run very shallow. A small
plow six or eight inches wide is very
good to finish around the trees and
along the dead furrows, but it ia not
necessary. Some form of a plow la
necessary and the orchard cannot he.
well cared for without it The shal
low summer cultivation can be done
with several different kinds of tools.
The small shovel cultivator la a very
good tool and can be used for a great
many purposes. The one horse five
shovel cultivator is one of the best
tools for a small place. It can he ad
justed to do almost any kind of work,
and to work in narrow, places. It de
stroys the weeds, breaks up the sur
face soil and leaves it level. There
are several kinds .of disk harrows and
cut-away harrows that do good work
and leave the soil in an almost ideal
condition. The disk harrow in one -of
the best tools for summer cultivation
of the orchard. It destroys the weeda
and leaves the soil level and well pul
verized, thus forming a good mulch.
The cutaway harrows are good' for
surface cultivatioa, but do not as a
rule work well if there is much trash
or weeds and grass on the ground.
The- common straight and slant
toothed harrow is of great value ia
smoothing down the. surface of the
soil after the plow and heavy culti
vators. It is also of value to break
the crust of the .soil after a rain.'
There are several kinds of spring
toothed harrows that do good work
and are valuable as surface cultiva
tors. The roller and drag are of bat
little value in orchard cultivatioa.
The roller can be used to advantage
i on very looee, gravelly
jFor naeaaaats take a medium
hen, after she has been sitting two
or three days, gently lift her off of
the neat and ptaM not over IS to 1
pheasant eggs in the aeat, gently re
place her on the neat; if she flies off
when replaced, t her go, she will
moat likely go back of her owa.wilL
If possible, select the tamest hens for
hatching quail and
Food' and water, should be placed so
thatithe hen can subsist daring inca
batioB. This is especially essential
if the hen w shut up in some out
building, otherwise the food part is
not so essential, as she will soon find
food 'if allowed to roam over the
yard, etc If the. hen ia. quite tame.;
examine the eggs frequently , to see
that none fa broken or whether ahe
has fouled 'her neat; if any of the
eggs have been broken, remove the
broken eggs and clean all the others
that have become dirty from the
broken eggs; do this with a damp
cloth dipped is warm water. Never
put the egga in. water. A foul nest ia
quite certain to kill the young birds.
It takes 22 jto 24 days for the eggs
to hatch. After the eggs have been
under ,the. hen 20 days sprinkle the
eggs with luke-warm- water, I find
that thla greatly assists the young in
leaving the shell. The hen should
always be set in a box whose sides
are at least six inches higher than
the nest; if not the young will leave
their foster mother as soon as they
are out of the shell. Don't remove
the hen until the young are at least
24 hours old, as by that time they
will have learned a part of their
foster mother's call or talk. When
yon desire to remove the hen and
her .-brood to ft coop, first get four!
boards, say 12 to 14 inches wide,
edge them up, making a square en
closure; nail the ends - together and
then throw dirt around ' the bottom
edgea of the boards, so that It is not
possible for-a bird to get out; better,
perhaps, to put dirt on both sides of
the boards, aa it often happens that
other chickens may scratch the dirt
away from the oataide, thus giving
the young a chaace to get out When
you are quite certain that you have
your enclosure such T that the young
cannot escape, then take any old box
that you may have, remove one end
and one side, ? place the box in the
center of enclosure with open side
down, nail slate over the front to
keep the hen in the box. When this
ia all done, take the " hen and her
brood and places them In the' box, and
the first thing to do after this has
been done is to give the hen all the
corn she will eat F. J. Wilson.
Created White Ducks.
Crested White ducks are valuable
chiefly aa ornaments, aa they possess
no qualities that are not found in
more commonly grown breeds. 'The
standard weight of the mature drake
is 7 pounds and of the duck 6 pounds.
i Scaly Lege.
"Scaly legs" is caused by a para
site and hence can be quite easily
eradicated from a flock. The trouble
does not spread rapidly and this again
Indicates that it ia quite easy to con
trol. It is seldom met with In young
fowls and less in the light Mediter
raneans fowls than In the heavy
breeds. Old birds of the heavier
types are most likely to have it
.Fortunately for the raisers of water
fowls, ducks and geese are not subject
to It As parasites of all kinds can
be killed by the use of grease and oil,
these v may be disposed of the same
way. Probably the oil and lard them
selves would do the work, but to make
the remedy the more efficacious, kero
sene is added. ,It is also sometimes
well to make an emulsion of kero
sene and water and dip the legs of the
fowls into this. Pure lard Is good and
If the legs of the fowls are greased
with this till the spaces between the
scales are filled the recovery should
be complete. Tfais is a matter that
should be attended to, as the birds
doubtless suffer greatly from the in
cessant itching. This is shown by
the persistency with which fowls af
fected with this disease peck at their
legs, often making them bleed.
Old and Damaged Milk Cans.
What is more disgusting, than to see
milk that is to go into a" thousand
homes carried in milk cans that bear
every mark of filth and neglect?
Cans that are rusty and discolored
within and without bruised and bent
till one would wonder if they had
been in a railroad wreck, are often
found at the stations at which milk is
delivered for shipment to the city as
well as at the creameries and cheeae
factories. Such cans give the impres
sion to the beholder that the milk
they contain haa not been well cared
for. and they apeak; the truth. Aa
every one knows, it is impossible to
clean such caas after the first layers
of tinning have been broken and rust
spots have appeared.
At a factory in Dlinois we aaw a
wagon drive up with two rows of such
caas. How were they unloaded? The
driver simply pushed each can over
the aide aad permitted it to fall to
the ground and into the mud, being
entirely careless whether the can re
ceived injury or not He may have
been only a hired nun and apparently
did not feel personal interest in the
matter. A close inspection of such
cans would show- them utterly unfit
,for use in conveying milk. They
might indeed be .used for the carrylag
.back'to the farm of whey and skim
milk; hat are almost certain to be not
so used; for most, farmers do not
want to carry two sets of cans to the
creamery. One might say that the
'outside of the cans" does, not prove
what the Inside la, but the man that
stope to make an investigation finds
that there is a striking likeness. The
msssgeis of .many of our cheeae fac
tories and creameries will do well to
give the matter more attention than
It ban "so far received.
,Ai,. 3Ks. V- sr
SbbUbbbbbbbK -amaau? BBBBBBBBBBBBrt
smrsBmmmft. wmmmc, BBmBmma
anasBmamaP. lffiffiLtaJ' "gssBBna
Buying Milk by the Teet
Prof. S. A. Pearson, in an address
recently said: Milk for the market
should be bought" from the producers
on a basis of its fat content and Hs
aaaitary condition; ita value aa ft
salable product depends upon these
two things. Everyone knows that 4
per cant milk is worth more than S
per cent to the dealer, and milk that
haa been carefully handled la worth,
more than that which haa not. Way
should not these two desirable fac
tors he paid for at ft fair rate? Al
most every argument to favor of pay
ing for. milk delivered to a factory, on
a 'fat baate, applies with equal force
to market milk and there are just
aa strong arguments in favor of hav
ing the value governed also by the
sanitary condition. The Babcock teet
shews the fat content quickly and ac
curately. An occasional examination
of the producing premises supple-'
mented by tasttag and smelling the
milk wheal delivered and the aimpto
acid test or the fermeatettoa teat
clearly shows the sanitary condition
of the 'jailk. A few milk buyers are
now puickasiag milk on the basis of
its fat content and, roughly we may
say, ita sanitary condition. It ia U
the dairymen's own interest to have
thla practice extended.
' A western creamery haa built np ft
very large and successful business of
making butter from hand separator
cream which ia shipped from all direc
tions and from some points 500 miles
distant They pay two cents more per
pound' for butter .fat that cornea in
good condition than for "that which
cornea in bad condition. They make
high-class, prize-winning butter. The
dairy industry ia rapidly developing
in their section, showing that their
methods are wise. The president of
that company told me recently that
most patron deliver the higher price
cream, or soon patronize another
-creamery, where there Is no discrim
ination between good and bad. If ft
creamery finds it profitable to differ
entiate between good and poor cream
at the rate of 6 to 10 centa per hun
dred pounds of milk, the buyer of
market milk would find it profitable
also to adopt such a plan.
The Fat Dairy Cow-
The milch cow that ia fat when ahe
is giving milk, is either not being fed
right or she has not the proper char
acteristics for a first-class milch cow.
If she fattens on any kind of food,
then she is more of a beef than dairy
animal. But it frequently happens
that excellent cows fatten when fed
on foods of a certain kind. It is not
necessary that such foods be espe
cially rich in carbohydrates. Some
of them seem merely to stimulate the
fat forming proclivities. -The Durham
cows and there are a good many ex
cellent milkers among them, are per
haps the ones that fatten most quick
ly when in milk. The writer once had
one of this breed that proved a most
remarkable milk producer, both as to
quantity and quality of milk! She
was also a continuous milker and
could never be dried up on common
feed. But once, in the midst of her
lactation period, she was given a
large amount of pumpkins morning
and night She began at once to lay
on fat at a most astonishing rate, and
to drop' In the milk yield in the same
proportion as she laid on fat It was
the only time in her career when she
showed any signs of drying up. The
pumpkins were discontinued and the
milk supply began at once to increase
again, and the fat on her sides to dis
appear. The remarkable thing about
it was that she was always highly
fed on middlings, starch feed, 'corn
stalks and the like, but all of these
were changed into milk and not into
Therefore the individuality of .the
cow must be taken into consideration.
It is not always true, as has been
claimed by some, that a cow with a
disposition to fatten proves herself of
no value for the dairy. We are
brought more and more to realize the
fact that every cow must be judged
as an Individual rather than as oae of
a general class. There is therefore a
perpetual demand for the use of milk
scales and milk testers.
Screens in Creameries.
Screens are now being extensively
used in the creameries managed by
the most progressive creamery men.
We notice that the dairy aad food
commissioner in one of our western
states makes ,a report on whether
screens are used in the factories. As
yet no totals are possible, but the fact
that the inspectors are asking about
this practice will naturally call the
attention of creamery managers to it
The reports are published in the bul
letins, and the reports get back to the
creamery men by-way of the press.
This should be a strong incentive to
improvement along this line.
The fly is not only a carrier of dis
ease, but he is also a carrier of filth
in many forms. It is surprising that
all creameries and cheese factories
have not been long since provided
with screens. Flies gather by thou
sands wherever there is a creamery
or cheese factory and literally swarm
over the butter, cheese and into the
milk and cream. The writer remem
bers being in a first-class dairy school
where 'flies were altogether too nu
merous for comfort Here and there
they were to be seen swimming in
the cream or buttermilk. In a "brick
cheese" factory visited by the writer
flies were present by the thousands
and were continually falling into the
hot whey and being pressed with the
cheese. The men did nothing to pre
vent this. It may be assumed that
they thought that if the proprietor
cared nothing about it, there was ao
reason for them to worry over the
outcome, even if the flies did reach a
final tomb in .the pressed cheese.
Clean. Milk Vessels.
The value of clean milk pails and
pans la recognized by all dairymen.
but not every farmer knows what is
meant by clean milk vessels. The
farm, in which one small lot of boiliaaf
water serves for washing several mile
pails, does not clean them, but always
leaves large - numbers oi oacti
especially to the cracks, ready
with the next lot of milk dra
the patt. If possible they
steadied daily. When this is
slbl, they should be scrub
hoiTng water aad sal soda.
hotline; water and turned
to dry- They should not
cold water aad should m
with a raa; after
weather it may be
aboffld he
" Poe-
bfl with
Jased in
'ftjffee down
MV rtaJ fa
BaV be wined
"!., In hot
necgejaarv to take
rraamsi far
harm belonging to Clyde Hayhurst
who Uvea three miles southeast of
Shelby, waa buried. A fine Kentucky
jack lost its life in the flames.
The Sixth Nebraska district conven
tion uaanlBMrosly reaomiaated Cos-
Moses P. Klnkaid and named
W. P. Miles and E. C. Harris as dele
gates to the national convention.
Polk comity has lost by death an
other of its oldest cltuens, Jacob H.
Jones, jr. He waa eighty-two years
and he waa a soldier of the civil war,
belonging to Company G, of the Cist
Ohio infantry.
Fire near Filley destroyed the large
bam of 1. W. Wright with all ita con
tents, including thirty tons of hay and
grain. Nine head of horses and nmles
perished in the flames. Loss. $3,0,
partially covered by insurance.
Mr. and Mrs. William Houseworth
celebrated their golden wedding anni
versary at the home of their daughter,
Mrs. C. a Murphy, ia Plattsmouth.
They have resided in Nebraska for
nineteen years and in Plattsmouth
eight years.
Two weeks ago .William ODelL a
farmer who lives three miles weat of
Leigh, shipped a carload of cattle and
a team of horses to South Omaha. He
haa not returned to his family up to
thla time, and it ia reported here that
he does not Intend to.
The North aad East Omaha Im
provemeat association of Omaha haa
fled articles of iacorporation. The
capital stock Is $25,000. The associa
tion will work for the improvemeat
and betterment of those parts of the
city included in the corporation title.
Must Nebraska pay taxes on green
backs? Thla is a question that Attor
ney General Prout must answer at the
request of the state board of equaliza
tion. Several members of the board
think that the greenbacks are act tax
able. The greenbacks are the treas
ury notes of 1863. They are part of
the public debt '
Mr. and Mrs. H. P. Hansen brought
their little daughter to Grand Island
in from the country for surgical at
tendance, the little one having been
severely lacerated by a hog, and she
narrowly escaped a most horrible
death. She was playing about her fa
ther's farm and wntching a pen of lit
tle pigs when she fell In and was at
tacked. The farmers of Hitchcock and Hayes
couatles, Nebraska, have taken up the
co-operative proposition, and will sell
and ship their grain and livestock di
rect to market in the future without
the intervention of a middle man. The
Palisade Grain aad Livestock com
pany of Palisade has flled articles of
incorporation. The capital stock is
The supreme court has decided that
extra pay contracts for county officials
are illegal. In the case of Wilson
against Otoe 'county n former ruling
is reversed and the legality of the con
tract deaied. Wilson was county at
torney and the commissioners prom
ised to pay him for extra litigation.
The agreement was illegal, declares
the court
Quartermaster John P. Johanson,
late of the United States navy, is in
Oakland on a visit with his cousin,
Mrs. Alex Hammarstrum. He has
been in the naval service ten years,
and served on the cruiser Marblehead
in the Spanish-American war when
that craft was sent with a crew of
volunteers to cut the Spanish cable at
Another damage case went against
the Missouri Pacific Railroad company
at Papillion in district court William
Jones brought suit against the com
pany for damages to his crops, result
ing from an overflow of water caused
by the grade of that road banking the
water. The case waa tried before
Judge Sutton, who rendered a decision
giving Jones a verdict wor $375.
D. C. McKillip, a prominent lawyer
of Seward, the first lawyer in Seward
county, died last week.
The Standard Cattle company has
leased upwards of 1,020 acres of land
around Amos and Leavitt to twenty
four tenants, taking a Hen on their
crops, in past years, up to iiw, ine
company farmed it sown land, but it
prefers to let the tenants raise the
crops themselves and buy from them
whatever the land produces.
John Haurigan of Fremont had a
narrow escape from drowning in the
Platte river a few days ago. He
was out hunting with Frank Rhoades
and broke through a piece of slush
ice where the water was deep and the
current swift Fortunately, his gun
rested on two pieces of solid ice or
he would have been swept out of sight
In the case of the state versus Geo.
Boelough, at York, charged with gamb
ling, the attorneys for the defense at
tempted to have the case dismissed on
the ground that Attorney-General
Prout had given his opinion in the
same kind of a case that the law gov
erning such cases was iavalid. Judge
Good held that the law was valid and
the case will be tried.
After an extended trip throughout
the United States, W. J. Bryan con
cluded one of the longest lecture tours
he has ever made, and returned to
Lincoln. During his absence Mr. Bry
an visited cities ia the far north and
also in the east. He encountered al
most every brand of climate.
The other day while a Union Pacific
freight train was passing through Por
tal at full speed a man rolled out of
a box car and striking the ground,
bounced down a steep embankment
into a pond containing three feet of
water. He was dragged out and found
to be unhurt.
John Wright fireman on a Missouri
Pacific northbound passenger train,
fell from his engine n short distance
north of Plattsmouth while the train
waa going at the rate of between twenty-five
and thirty. miles an hour. He
was quite badly bruised, but his in
juries are not serious.
At a meeting of the board of trus
tees of the Nebraska Normal college
at Wayne it was decided by the citi
zens to subscribe $15,000 toward the
erection of new buildings to cost $30,
000, consisting of a large addition to
the college building and another large
' The residence of J. S. McCIary of
Norfolk caught fire hi the second
story from n defective chimney. The
fire burned a large hole through the
room. The iavalid mother of Mrs. Mc
CIary who waa lyiag in the room
where the fire broke out was so over
come with the excitement that she
fsiated aad lies ia a precarious condi
tion. Word haa reached Teeumaeh of the
death of David Whistler in Vancouver.
Waslu of BMuralgia of the heart He
y years a resident or. jean-
eonnty. aad waa a pioneer to thla
state, having located here to 185-
Ob ject to He Werwiwf ef the Qever
nerw Cattle freetomatien.
LINCOLN By the lesnaace of his
pedsmalhm cosmpeUlag cattlemen to
dip their cattle ia a sulphur aad lime
dip Governor Mickey called down the
wrath of the dope maaufacturers upon
his head. Since the publication of the
proclamation a number of representa
tives of houses that manufacture sure
cures for lice, mange and such dis
eases have called upon the governor
to protest And, Incidentally, it is
said the proclamation is very displeas
ing to the railroads for the reason that
Veterinarian Thomas advised users of
the dip to buy the sulphur and lime
and mix their own dip, and thus save
express or freight on numerous bar
rels of water to a very little dope.
Governor Mickey called upon Attor
ney General Prout for advice as to
whether the proclamation could be
modified, and was informed that to
modify the proclamation-would nullify
it; therefore it stands, and lime aad
sulphur will be the official dip.
D. E. Thamesan Surprised Operator
with Appointment.
LINCOLN William D. Pittnun, for
merly of Lincoln, now night ageut for
the Burlington at DeWeese, Neb., will
go to Brazil with D. E. Thompson, the
United States minister, aad will occu
py the position of legation secretary.
"Mr. Plttman was called to Lincoln
aad waa offered the place by Mr.
Thompson. The young man was sur
prised and pleased, aad, of course,- ac
cepted. The position is one any young
man might be glad to secure.
Plttman was employed by the West
ern Union Telegraph company ia Lin
coln until December, 1902. Later he
became a messenger aad a short time
ago weat to DeWeese for the Burling
ton. He will leave for New York in
a few days where he will meet Mr.
aad Mrs. Thompson and sail with
them for Brazil, April 5.
Wealthy Ranchman of Sioux County
Accused ef Killing Neighbor.
SCOTTS BLUFF Sheriff Campbell
has arrested James Connolly for the
murder of H. H. Miller which occurred
nt the Connolly reach about twenty
miles north of here. Connolly had
sent word to the sheriff of Sioux coun
ty that if he was wanted he could be
fouad at his home at this place. Later
Sheriff Campbell received a message
from Sioux couaty to place Connolly
under arrest Accompanied by his
deputy and Constable Surnsey, he
went to the Connolly home aad ar
rested him and took him to Gering.
Much interest is shown in this mur
der as both parties were old ranchers
in this part of the state and were
wealthy. Details of the shooting,
which resulted in the death of Miller,
cannot be secured.
Miles Will Caae Again.
LINCOLN The apellees ia the
Miles will case have flled aa additional -brief.
It Is argued that there is no re
lief for the appellants, who complain
of an adverse ruling In the district
court because the application for a -new
trial should have been made ia .
the county court
To Start Model Farm.
LINCOLN Arnold Martin of Du
Bois will start an experimental farm at
College View. He claims to be able to
raise aa much on twenty acres as is
the geaeral yield on 160 acres. By a
system devised by himself he claims
he' can raise three crops in one seas
son on the same ground.
Man and Wife Arrested.
RAVENNA After several days of
wait and a pursuit of over forty miles
Deputy Sheriff Walter Sammons of
Kearney succeeded in returning to Ra
venna Herman Boltz and Minnie Boltz.
his wife. The former is charged with
assault with Intent to kill by striking
af Frank Cackora with a hoe, preced
ing thla physical demonstration with
the threat "I will kill you," according
to the testimony of the complaining
witness and an eye witness. The lat-
f ter la charged with plain assault
Track Walker Olaen Killed.
OMAHA Hans Olson, a track walk
er for the Burlington road was run,
down and killed Monday evening on
the track near the foot of Jones street,
by Burlington switch engine No. 338.
Olson was oa his way to his supper
when struck. He was cut to pieces.
He leaves a wife aad three children.
Bey Killed by Cernahellcr.
EDGAR A little boy. Karl Strecht,
three and a half years of age, son of
Henry Strecht, residing In the south
part of town, was instantly killed by
being run over by a corn shelter
Japan After Guard Officers.
A number of officers of the National
guard of the state have received let
ters from an agent of the Japanese
government or some one interested in
the sucess of Japan in its present war,
to join the Japanese army. The offer
is 'that the recipient will receive a
rank higher by one grade than he at
present holds and his salary will be
$1,200 a year. Company B at Stanton
is the first to report receipt of the of
fers. Adjutant General Culver be
lieves it unlikely that any member of
the guard will accept.
Farmer Loses Five Horses by Fin.
Tim. Oelke, a farmer residing south
of the city, during tho night burned
to the ground. Mr. Oelke suceeded in
saving three of his eight head of
horses that were tied therein, but lost
the others with the contents of the
barn. -
Bank Thieves Scare Themeelvee.
BEATRICE The bank at Firth,
Neb., was entered by burglars, who
suceeded to wreckiag the buildlag aad
vault, but failed to force the safe open.
Married Fifty-eix Yi
HUMBOLDT All the children of
Mr. aad Mrs. J. C. A. Morris gathered
at their home to the east part of the
city and celebrated the fifty-sixth an
niversary of the marriage of the pair.
Tab on Military Men.
Adjutant General Culver haa seat a
letter to the wimpany rnmmsnders of
the National guard, aahtog for .the
eligible to
ef need.
Thm hi dene to cordaasii with a re-
namrr ef those whe are
msanl valantoarg to a
. -
&f-BaVaBBBB&'- '
i?& jffmBamTl'v -
jFilrismBamBrer. ,