The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911, July 01, 1903, Image 4

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I Matters in
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At TO PAY OF LEGISLATORS.
CbiiHiiUii that Present Law is Nat
Constitutional.
LINCOLN "Has the legislature
say right to sit for sixty days every
two years and its members draw pay
for that length of time at $5 a day?"
This proposition was argued for two
hours before Judge Holmes and finally
submitted on briefs.
The suit is brought by ex-Supreme
Court Commissioner Robert Ryan and
Mr. Whedon, as taxpayers, and claim
irreparable injury has been done on
account of the increased amount of
taxation he has had to pay. owing
to the increase of the legislative ses
sion from forty to sixty days and the
pay of the lawmakers from f 3 to f 5
a. day. He Insists that the constitu
tional amendment submitted in 1886
is Invalid and savs that the action
Is brought by Mr. Whedon and himself
because they thought they owed it to
their profession to see that the writ
ten constitution is protected from im
pairment It is claimed that the records in
the secretary of state's office show
that of the 138.&11 votes cast, a little
over 65,000 had been cast for and 22,
660 against it; that the legislature
met in Joint convention January 5,
canvassed the vote and declared It
lost On February 15 a bill providing
for a recount of the vote was passed.
A recount was had and the numbers
found to be different and the amend
ment was declared val1, since which
time it has stood as law.
STATE DEBT 18 PILING UP.
Report of Auditor Shows It-is Almost
Two and a Half Millions.
LINCOLN According to the semi
annual report of the state auditor,
just filed with the governor, Nebras
ka Is in a pretty bad way financially,
having a balance to the bad of 2,
419.000. This amount will be swelled
.when the contemplated expenditures,
for which appropriations were provid
ed by the last legislature, are made.
The suspended account, as it is call
ed, crops out, as it has done since
the days when the revels of J. S.
Bartley with the state's cash had been
made public property. The Itemized
accounts are given, and footed up
the amount to the same $620,243 that
has for years represented the state's
loss.
An interesting feature of the report
Is the statement showing the amounts
of the state trust funds which have
been invested in interest-bearing se
curities. The total at the date of the
last report was $5,699,820.73. Of this
amount the greater part represented
permanent school fund investments,
the total being $5,279,487.80. The ag
ricultural endowment fund invest
ments amount to $251,654.78.
Divorce from Wealthy Wife.
FREMONT H. S. Manville, a well
known stock man of this county, was
granted a divorce from his wife. Helen
F. Manville, to whom he was married
la 1865. The evidence showed that
Mrs. Manville deserted her husband
fourteen years ago and went back to
her former home in Boston, where
she has since lived, maintaining a
stylish establishment. She has a
' large estate in her own name, and
her only reason for leaving her hus
band was that she would not live in
Nebraska.
Twenty Years in the Courts.
FREMONT The case of Anna
Bchellenberg against Karl Kroeger,
which, in one form or another, has
been in the district and supreme
courts for about twenty years, was
decided by Judge Grlmison in favor
of the plaintiff. The action was in re
gard to a farm near Scribner. The
plaintiffs retains the land and defend
ants are perpetually enjoined from in
terfering with the same. Fourteen
different attorneys have been connect
ed with the case.
Wants a Federal Position.
HUMBOLDT Judge E. A. Tucker
of this city is securing endorsements
over the district for appointment in
the department of justice, and seems
to be sanguine of success. The place
he is asking for is a federal judge
ship in the Philippines and pays a
salary of $5,000 per annum. The ap
pointment comes through the presi
dent and the friends of the applicant
think he deserves this place.
Norfolk People Anxious.
NORFOLK. There is a great deal
of consternation among Norfolk peo
ple because of the procrastination
which is displayed by the state in be
ginning -to rebuild the Norfolk Hos
pital for the Insane, provision for
which was made by the late legisla
ture in the sum of $100,000. The bill
passed with the emergency clause
and it was promised that a start
would be made months ago. Nothing
has been done toward reconstruction.
Stock Train in the Ditch.
BLAIR. Neb. Seven cars of a
special train loaded with feeders for
eastern Montana were piled in a wreck
one mile east of Blair a few days ago
on the Northwestern railroad. Five of
the cars were badly smashed up and
thrown from the track. With the ex
ception of one steer with a broken
leg and a few others somewhat bruis
ed, the five carloads of cattle
io out oz tne wrecK in good
Girl Dies of Blood Poisoning.
BEATRICE. Eugenia, the 13-year-old
daughter of John Huttemier. a
prominent farmer residing five miles
cast of this city, died of bipod poison
lag after a brief illness. While at
tending school last winter aa abscess
formed on the bone of the left leg
and the little girl grew worse from
i to time. The attending physician
a amUoa and a half of pus
trpat tka iaoaawd limb, and a few
the operatloa tfcs girl died.
Nebraska. I
OIUf ititutmuntmt.
NEWSY STATE BRIEFS.
The ministerial association of Fre
mont Is making war on Sunday base
ball.
On a stunt a barber at Valentine
shaved thirty-two men in thirty min
utes. Mrs. Segrist of Humboldt fell' Into
an open cellarway and was painfully
injured.
A $1,500 barn at Kearney was
struck by lightning and burned to the
ground.
A terrific hail, wind and rain storm
did much damage in the vicinity of
Arlington.
A liberal sum of money has been
raised for the Fourth of July celebra
tion at O'NeilL
The pastor of the First Methodist
church of Plattsmouth has accepted a
call from Portland, Oregon.
Mrs. Vandeveer wants $2,500 from
the town of Humboldt for injuries re
ceived from a uefective sidewalk.
A Custer county farmer, bitten by
a rattlesnake, sucked the poison from
his finger and suffered no serious re
sults. Frank Suttley, a wealthy farmer of
Madison county, has disappeared af
ter transferring all of his property to
his wife.
The jewelry store of Thornburg
Bros., at Albion, was entered by burg
lars and goods to the value of about
$100 stolen.
Harry Wilkinson, a young man well
known in the vicinity of Humboldt,
was thrown from a buggy and seri
ously injured. Results may terminate
fatally.
Melvin Crawford, a fanner about
42 years of age, living three and one
half miles southeast of Ulysses, was
killed by lightning while standing in
his barn door. The barn was not
damaged.
A five-year-old girl, the daughter of
Mr. and Mrs. Hagerbaumer, who live
five miles east of Hooper, lost her
life by drowning in the Elkhorn riv
er. Her body at this writing has not
been recovered.
Reports of a hail storm Sunday
evening five miles north of Edgar
have been coming in and as far as can
be learned a strip has been badly hail
ed nearly a mile wide and extending
several miles east and west of Edgar.
Ephriam Zuhlke has instituted legal
proceedings to recover damages from
Johnson county in the sum of $10,500
for the death of his wife, child and
team that were drowned May 22 while
crossing a swollen stream a mile south
of sterling. The accident occurred
early in the morning and no one wit
nessed it.
The York grain dealers who were
unfortunate In having cars of grain on
track in Kansas City during the re
cent flood which were submerged,
have been unable so far to collect any
losses from either railroad or com
mission firms.
The board of directors of the Val
ley County Agricultural society has
decided to hold its annual meeting on
October 29, 30 and November 1. The
organization has purchased property
close to the city limits and a force
of carpenters is erecting a high board
fence.
L. E. McClelland of Etna, a small
town near Gathenburg, while passing
through the Union Pacific yards at
Cheyenne, Wyoming, had his left foot
crushed so seriously that amputation
will be necessary.
Hail storms did considerable dam
age to crops in Adams county.
Mrs. Stull of Plattsmouth, the aged
mother of Mrs. Agatha Barton, who
was on trial at Sheridan. Wyo., for
the murder of her father-in-law, was
almost overcome with joy when a
telegram brought her the news of her
daughter's acquittal by the jury in the
case.
Through a birthday party given in
her honor it has just been learned
that Mrs. Caroline Briley, a colored
lady living a half mile south of Hast
ings, has passed the century mark by
two years. Mrs. Briley does not look
over sixty-five in spite of the fact that
she was born in Culpepper, Va., in
June, 1801. -
The attorney general has prepared
the formal order in the case of the
state against the Woodmen of the
World Accident association of Omaha
and its successor, the American Mu
tual Accident association, for the ap
pointment of a receiver to wind up
the affairs of the company and retire
it from business.
Fire destroyed the large new ware
house, office and entire stock of the
Zaugg Lumber and Coal company, and
the implement house and stock of F.
F. Montfort at Yutan. The total loss
is in the neighborhood of $12,000.
The city council of Beatrice has
called a special election for July 15,
for the purpose of voting on the prop
osition of issuing $7,000 bonds to be
used in putting in an electric light
plant to be owned and operated by
the city.
During an electrical storm Ray
Pickrell, a twelve-year-old boy resid
ing with his parents near Murdock,
was struck and instantly killed by
lightning. The fatal bolt struck him
while he was standing on the porch,
holding out his hand in an effort to
catch some hailstones as they fell.
Miss Lulu Stanley, daughter of J. A.
Stanley of Fremont, was adjudged a
fit subject for the Lincoln insane asy
lum. For some time past she has
shown symptoms of derangement and
of late has grown worse.
During an electrical rain and hail
storm lightning struck a barn of G.
W. Downer, about eight miles north
west of Arapahoe, and descending the
side of the barn, struck and instantly
killed Leo Downer, a young man aged
20, son of Mr. G. W. Downer. The
horse that he was unhitching at the
time was also killed.
A number of farm hands In the vi
cinity of Humboldt went on a strike
for increased wages. The difficult?
was soon settled and the men returned
to work.
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Alfalfa Soil Germs.
It has been found that when 1111
nois soil Is seeded to alfalfa it wiR
produce good crops of that plant only
when the soil is Inoculated with germs
that produce nodules on the roots. The
Illinois station, in a recent communi
cation to this paper, says:
We furnish this soil in grain bags
delivered to the railroad freight house
of Champaign or Urbana for fifty cents
a hundred pounds to cover cost of col
lecting, drayage, and bags. Remit
tance Is best made by postoffice money
order or Chicago bank draft Personal
checks are not accepted.
Orders should be placed at least two
or three weeks before the soil is
wanted, as weather conditions may
make it Impossible to collect the soil
promptly and get It in suitable con
dition for shipping. We advise using
at least 100 pounds of infected soil
to the acre. Definite trials on large
areas have shown that this amount is
sufficient to produce a very satisfac
tory Inoculation. The soil should be
scattered over he field with some de
gree of uniformity; but it is not liko
seedir? grain and it is not absolutely
essential that every square yard in
the field should receive its due portion
of infected soil. Some care should
be taken in spreading it over the high
er places in the field, but if places
should be missed on sloping land or on
lower lying lands the bacteria will
soon be carried over them by surface
drainage waters; indeed, V all the
water sheds In the field (that Is, all
ridges and high places) are well in
oculated, the entire field will ultimate
ly become infected, the bacteria be
ing carried by soil washing; but the
infection is more rapid, of course, if
the infected soil is spread over the
entire field with some degree of uni
formity when it is first applied. If
possible the soil should be applied
at about the time the alfalfa seed is
sowed and then harrowed in with the
seed; but it may be applied a month
or two before sowing the alfalfa or at
any time afterward and it is not ab
solutely necessary that it be harrowed
in, although that is advisable. If ap
plied to a field where the alfalfa is
already a year or two old, the in
fected soil may be mixed with the soil
of the field by harrowing or disking
(the disks being set straight so as not
to cut off the alfalfa roots) prefer
ably early in the spring or after a cut
ting has been made. The infected
soil may be applied in any way to get
It over the field, aB by hand (throw
ing it from the wagon), with an end
gate seeder, if the soil is dry enough
and sufficiently well pulverized, or
in any other way which may be found
convenient.
Influence of Wheat Awns.
Everything has an economic value,
either on the positive or negative
size. In Germany some scientists have
been studying the value of the awns
on the wheat heads. Red winter
headed wheat was studied. Two plats
were selected, in one of which all the
awns were removed from the spike as
soon as they appeared, while upon
the other they were allowed to remain.
The ripening began two days earlier
in the case of those spikes deprived
of their awns. The absence of awns
is accompanied by a smaller sized
grain and by less weight. The grain
from the awnless spikes was richer
in ash but poorer in nitrogen and phos
phorus. Comparisons were made with
the figures obtained in this experiment
and the results of growing bearded
and beardless varieties of wheat were
found analogous in each case. By com
paring the average yields of awned
and awnless wheat for a number of
years it was concluded that the awned
varieties gave smaller yields of grain,
but the individual grain possessed a
ligher absolute weight, and the fluctua
tions of the bearded wheats are less
than those of the beardless varieties.
Concerning Hog Houses,
Prof. R. S. Shaw, in bulletin 37 of
the Montana Station, says: The size
of the hog house will be determined
by the number of brood sows and
boars to be kept. As regards shape a
long narrow building is preferable, ot
such proportions, for instance, as l6x
48. In such a structure a 3 foot
passage way should run from end to
end along the north side of the build-
jng, thus leaving all the pens on the
south side. Pens 8x12 will furnish
room for a brood sow and litter or
several fattening pigs, according to
size. One pen of twice the capacity
should be constructed to furnish sleep
ing quarters for a larger number of
animals, although an extra shed could
be constructed cheaply to protect the
animals during the pasture season.
Each pen should be provided with a
small hinged door on the south, and
directly above it r. window. Not more
than two windows will be required on
the north side. The troughs should be
placed directly under the partition ad
joining the passage way, and this par
tition so constructed as to swing from
the top. In this way the pigs can be
excluded from the trough while the
feed is being supplied. The swinging
partition is held in place by means of
a slide in the center which works up
and down thus resting on either side
of the trough as desired. Less food is
wasted when the flat bottomed
troughs are used. Because of its
splintery nature hemlock makes a dur
able trough, the pigs not caring to
chew it. Concrete overlaid with ce
ment furnishes a good flooring, its
only fault being that it is cold. This
may be overcome by overlaying a
small portion with plank for a bedding
place. Plank floors give good satis
faction but should be made water
tight, or else much filth will work
through and produce unsanitary con
ditions. One or two ventilators should
extend from within a few feet of the
floor up through the roof; in many
cases these do not extend below the
ceiling and as a result remove only
the upper warm air, leaving the foul,
heavier air below. If necessary to se
cure warmth the Inside may be lined
and the spaces between the studs filled
with sawdust or chaff. The chief es
sentials of a good heg house are
warmth, sunlight, dryness and good
ventilation without cold draughts.
Not on the Grand Jury.
Here Is the way a Pawnee county
man confessed at a revival meeting in
Kansas. He had been pressed to
repent, and finally got up and -said:
"Dear friends, I feel the spirit moving
in me to talk and tell what a bad man
I've been, but I can't do it while the
grand jury is In session." The Lord
will forgive you," shouted the preach
ed. "I guess that's right," said the
penitent, "but he ain't on the grand
Jury."
I TALES I ijI5rtSP
When Eagle and Beaver Wad.
There's a maiden who, though grown to
womanhood,
I? a child among the nations.
She is one of Britain's fair and lively
brood.
Held in check by her relations.
Her near neighbor is a cousin big and
smart.
And It seems, somehow or other.
That they cannot always live as now,
a part
She will have to leave her mother!
Her big cousin's noble eagle proudly
soars '
While her beaver coyly eyes him,
And if he came, a lover, to her doors
She would surely not despise him.
In the starry sky she reads her destiny
'Tis a bright and wondrous story
Of what the maiden. Canada, will be
When she sits beneath old glory.
Britannia may a tear of sorrow shed
When her daughter wills to leave her;
But Columbia will pat the lion's head
When the eagle weds the beaver.
New York Sun.
Death of Major-Gen. Reynolds.
"Ben, it did its work; you may coma
down now."
Nearly forty years ago on the morn
ing of the first day of July, 1863, these
words were spoken by a Confederate
officer, and a lanky, beardless youth
clambered down from his perch in the
top branches of a cherry tree, with a
rifle still smoking in his hands.
Simultaneously, and only 900 yards
away, a gallant Union general, an
army corps leader, on whose shoulders
gleamed the stars betokening his rank.
fell from 'his horse with a bullet hole
in his head, and he died before his
aids could reach his side.
This is the story of the death of
Major-Gen. Reynolds, Pennsylvania's
beloved soldier son, at the opening of
the first day's battle at Gettylsburg,
told by the sharpshooter who had laid
him low, and now published for the
first time. The incident has been hith
erto almost unvoiced, for the man who
when only a boy of 16 years fired the
fatal shot has bitterly repented of it
His came is Benjamin Thorpe, and
he is now, at the age of 56, what he
was in the war, the crack shot of
North Carolina, and he still lives on
his ancestral acres just outside the
village of Satterwhite.
Ben Thorpe is not proud of his
achievement and only to his more in
timate friends will he talk of the shot
fired from the treetop that July morn
ing years ago. When he does speak
of it there is poisnant regret in his
tone. He regretted it the day he
learned who the distinguished target
which his bullet struck was, and he
has never ceased to regret it.
Lonely he lives upon his big planta
tion, his only companions, except for
Northern visitors, being a half score
of negro hands and twenty gaunt and
ferocious looking deerhounds. He has
never married.
All day on the 30th of June, 1863,
the legions of Lee, Longstreet and Hill
had been sweeping up from the South
ern plains in the direction of Gettys
burg intent upon destroying the Union
army of Hooker and Meade and open
ing up the fairest and richest valleys
and most populous cities of the North
to pillage.
In the van were the Confederate
brigands of Pettigrew and Archer, of
Heath's division, Hill's corps, and
swinging up the Chambersburg road
this force, on the morning of July 1,
had taken up a commanding position
just below Seminary Ridge. In Mc
pherson's woods and about an old
farm house which stood just beyond
them lay the Twenty-sixth North Car
olina infantry, each man a sharpshoot
er, trained by long practice to pick a
squirrel from the top of a tall tree.
And a hundred or more of these
sharpshooters lay snugly hidden in the
tops of the trees under orders to sin
gle out Union officers as their quarry.
Facing them and holding a command
ing position on the crest of Seminary
Ridge were the Union artillery and
cavalry under Buford.
Thus matters stood at 9 o'clock on
the morning of July 1, when Gen.
Reynolds, then commanding the First
Army Corps and holding the left of
the Union line, came galloping along
the Emmetsburg road from his head
quarters in advance of Wadsworth's
division, in which were included the
Fifty-sixth Pennsylvania regiment and
the Second Wisconsin, the famed
"Iron" brigade; quickly he formed his
plan of battle, and as soon as the Sec
ond Wisconsin arrived upon the field
west of the Seminary he ordered them
to charge the northern end of McPher
son's woods, where Archer's Confed
erate brigade lay bidden, and capture
the position.
They obeyed and carried out the
order given, but some idea of the cost
may be gained from the fact that the
Second Wisconsin left 233 dead in the
woods. The death roll of the Twenty
sixth North Carolina in that same
bloody affray was 588.
As the gallant charge was made
Gen. Reynolds sat upon his horse on
a small eminence near the northern
end of the woods, issuing orders to his
aides for the movements of other
troops. He had just turned his head
to look for his supporting columns and
hasten them on when a rifle bail
struck him in the back of the head.
Freed from the firm hand upon the
rein, his horse plunged a few reds
forward before its stricken rider fell
to the ground dead.
And. 900 yards away, the Confeder
ate officer seeing him fall, lowered the
glasses he had held to his eye and
grimly said, "Ben, it did its work."
Ben Thorpe bad been one of the
hundred sharpshooters selected from
the Twenty-sixth North Carolina, de
spite the fact that he was but 16
years old, and the position assigned to
him was m the top of a cherry tree
which commanded the low ground or
swale over which the Union troops
must make their way to reach Mc-
Pherson's woods. What followed is
best told in his own words:
"I had been in the tree top perhaps
half an hour when the Wisconsin regi
ment came charging across the low
ground toward the woods, and ba-J
made a couple of shots, when the par
ty of officers rode up on the little knoll
and halted.
"I was trying to make up my mind
which one I should try for when my
lieutenant appeared under the trea
nd began observing the party through
;iis field glasses. A moment later he
glanced up and said:
" 'Ben, do you see the tall, straight
man in the center of the group? He
is evidently an officer of some high
rank nnd is directinr operations which
threaten our line. Sight your gun at
700 yards and see if you can reach
him.'
"I did as he tcld me., but saw that
the bullet struck far short of the
mark.
?That was a little short, Ben,' said
my lieutenant, and! after another long
and careful glance through his field
glasses he said:
" 'Sight her at 900 yards this tima
and hold steady, for we must have
him.'
"Carefully I sighted my long-barrelled
rifle at the range given, and.
steadying it on a big limb, took good
aim and fired. I knew before the re
port died away, before I saw Gen.
Reynolds fall, Oai the shot had been
a good one, and would reach its
mark.
"I saw the horse plunge forward,
saw the rider sway and fall from his
saddle, and then heard the voice of -my
lieutenant saying:'
'"Ben, it did its work. Yoa may
come down now, it's time for us to be
moving.'
"Not until long afterward did I
learn who It was my bullet had
brought down, and when I did learn,
when I heard and read of what a great
and good man and' splendid soldier I
had brought to death, I was genuinely
sorry. I have been sorry ever since
and when the war was over I took
occasion to write to his relatives in
forming them of the facts and express
ing my sorrow and regret.
"I have letters from them, splendid
letters In which they tell me not to
worry over it, that was the fortune of
war, and that they could hold no. ani
mosity or hatred against a soldier boy
who had fought as he believed and
simply obeyed his superior officer's
orders.
"It was, of course, the fortune of
war, but I cannot help feeling even at
this late day that it was a cruel for
tune which selected me, a mere boy,
to bring to his death this gallant f en
eral who had won fame and escaped
the enemies' .bullets on so many
fields.
"I have read his history since. He
was a grand man on his record, and
from all I have otherwise heard, and
I only wish I could undo my work
now."
The farmer boy sharpshooter was
much interested in a description of the
burial ground at Lancaster, Pa., where
Gen. Reynolds and his brother. Ad
miral William Reynolds, are buried
side by side, and of the manner in
which John F. Reynolds Post, G. A. R..
whose headquarters are at 1226 South
Eighth street, this city, annually dec
orated Gen. Reyonlds grave with flow
ers. He declared his intention of him
self sending a floral tribute next Me
morial day if he lived to see it Pitta
burg Leader.
Thought He Meant Scott
Chaplain Joseph Twitchell of Hart
ford, Conn., tells a story of a certain
corporal in his regiment, a gay-hearted
fellow and a good soldier, of whom be
was very fond. On occasion of his re
covery from a dangerous sickness the
chaplain felt it his duty to have a
serious pastoral talk with the corporal
while be was convalescing, and
watched his opportunity for it. "As I
sat one day." says Mr. Twitchell, "on
the side of his bed in the hospital tent
chatting with him, he asked me what
the campaign was going to be. I told
him that I didn't know. 'Well,' said
he, 'I suppose that Gen. McCIellan
knows all about it.' I answered: 'Gen.
McCIellan has his plans, of course, but
he doesn't know; things may not
come out as he expects.' 'But,' said
the corporal, 'President Lincoln knows,
doesn't he?' 'No,' I said, 'he doesn't
know, either. He has his ideas, but
he can't see ahead any more than Gen.
McCIellan can.' 'Dear me,' said the
corporal, 'it would be a great comfort
if there was somebody that did know
about these things' and I saw my
chance. 'Corporal,' I observed, 'that's
a very natural feeling; and the blessed
part is, there Is One who does know
everything, past, present and future,
about you and me and about this
army; who knows when we are going
to move and where to and what's go
ing to happen; knows the whole
thing.' 'Oh,' said the corporal, 'yon
mean old Scott.' "Army and Navy
Journal.
The Sublimity of Duty.
In a letter written by a man who
carried a rifle in the first day's battlo
at Stone river, the soldier said: "We
had a hard time of it yesterday. We
were in the fteht all day. We did the
best we could, but the rebels broke our
lines and ran over us. Eight of the
boys were shot, but we did pretty well
until the third cnarge maae oy tne
rebs in front of tis, when It seemed to
mc everything went to pieces. I was
struck on the head and had no more
sense than a blind pig, but when I
opened my eyes I looked for the flag.
About twenty other boys did the same
thing, and we all went creeping toward
where the color-bearer had been shot.
."We got the flag, and while there
was fighting all around us, we made a
rush and got out. We had a terrible
time in getting back to the main line,
but when we got there we settled
down to business and for the rest of
tne day kept our end of the fight
pretty well." This is the story of the
fight on the center and the right at
Stone River, in which there was dis
played tho greatest heroism on the
part of , the regiments overwhelmed
and the greatest devotion to the flag
by men cut off from their commands
who fought their way out, yet there
is not a note of exultation in the whole
letter.
The Fifth Kentucky, C. S. A.
"The pet aversion of the eastern
Kentucky Unionists," said an ex-Confederate
Captain, "was Humphrey Mar
shall's ragamuffin regiment, the Fifth
Kentucky, C. S. A. This was compos
ed exclusively of Kentucky mountain
eers, great raw-boned fellows, all good
fighters, and the regiment was one of
the best in the Confederate army. To
illustrate their endurance and forti
tude their Colonel used to tell the
story that .in the winter of 1861 over
300 of his men were barefoot, and that
he had only one hundred blankets to
seven hundred men."
Fought in the Open.
"It is hardly fair," said a veteran,
"to say that the modern feuds in east
ern Kentucky, had their beginning in
the condition.'; that prevailed in the
first two years of the civil war. There
is an essential difference between the
feud of war time and that of to-day.
Men shot at each other then in the
open, and the .friends on either side
rallied for desperate fight, just as sol
diers would meet in conflict. East
Tennesseeans and eastern Kentuckl
ans always were good haters, but they
were not given to the sneakish meth
ods of the assassin."
T--l rNiaBBBBflBSV JGPjT BBBBBBM
The Declaration
of Independence
You have all read the Declaration of
Independence, I stippose. It is print
ed on fine type in the back of the
Child's History, and at the top of the
names signed at the end to show how
they wrote them is John Hancock's
bfg and bold, the way a person would
write if he were doing It with a burnt
match. Papa used to gather us to
gether in the parlor after breakfast
every Fourth of July and read us parts
of it and explain the long words, so
that we would understand what the
Fourth of July was really for that it
wasn't just to burn holes in your
clothes, and frighten horses, and leave
stubs of fire crackers on the sidewalk
that don't get swept off for days. When
we children came to have our own
revolution against the governess that
time mamma and papa went away to
be gone two days, we knew just how to
go about it; and we wrote a Declara
tion of Independence, copying it af
ter the real true one, and then we all
signed our names .at the bottom with
big flourishes, the way John Hancock
and the others did.
We thought with all our preparation
success was sure, just as the patriots
of '76 were successful as the reward
of their daring, but alas!
Our governess' name was Gcorgiana
Georgiana Saunders which made it
all the more appropriate, because the
name of the King about whom the ori
ginal Declaration was written was
George, as you probably know.
When we got the Declaration done,
it was something like this some of the
language we took from the look and
some we made up ourselves:
When in the course of human events
it becomes necessary for something to
be done about it. and we can't stand it
any longer. The history of our present
governess Is a history of repeated in
juries and usurpations. To prove this
let facts be submitted to a candid
world.
I. She makes us brush our teeth
twice a day. which is unnecessary as
well as wasteful.
2. She won't let us lay books face
downwards, and so you lose tho place
and are a long time finding it when
you come back.
3. She objects if you make a fork
in your mashed potatoes.
4. She won't let us breathe on the
window and write with our fingers
days when it rains.
5. We can't have butter and sugar
on our rice, only milk and sugar.
6. She notices, and makes us go
back to look where we've made finger
marks on the white paint.
7. We have to make our own beds,
and then, if there is a wrinkle, or it
isn't done right, we have to do it all
over again.
8. She's just awful, every way you
can think of.
We. therefore, do solemnly, publish
and declare that we are and by right
ought to be free anil independent, and
that our mother end our father went
away this morning and will not be
" Old Glory
99
A Fourth of July celebration would
be a tame affair without "Old Glory"
to flaunt in the folds and wave in the
breeze. It flutters everrwhera it can
be nailed or fastened, and in all sorts
and sizes, moreover, it is known all
the world over, few people, even
among the half civilized, not being able
to recognize it as the emblem of a free
country.
Yet, it was not until nearly a year
after the Declaration of Independence
that the nation had a regular flag. At
Cambridge, Massachusetts, Washing
ton displayed the original of what is
the present flag, without the stars,
however, as there were then, January
2, 1776, no states. He therefore con
structed the flag with thirteen stripes
of alternate red and white, but v. here
the stars are now, he put a St. An
back until to-morrow evening, and that
she is not our mother and our father,
never has been and never will be, and
that we mean to do as we please, and
that we have full right to levy war and
also to do all other acts and things.
And to this we pledge our lives, our
fortunes and our sacred honor.
(Signed)
Arthur L. Bainbridge (that's me),
Marjorie Bainbridge,
Hester B. Bainbridge.
Charles W. Bainbridge.
Gregory Bainbridge. his x mark.
And we brought in Rex he's a mix
ture of an English mastiff and a Si
berian bloodhound and we inked bis
paw, and made him step on the paper
just below Gregory's name. And then
we drew a circle around it and wrote
"Rex. his mark." Then Maida. the col
lie dog. had to come in. too. and pretty
soon there was a mark about the size
of a hot-house violet, just below where
Rex had printed a big black carnation
shaped thing with his lordly paw.
Spotty, the cat, was the best of all;
she upset the ink bottle on the nur
sery carpet, and got all her four paws
in the ink, and then ran right across
the paper, so her name was in several
places. Charley (who wrote it) was
sort of mad at first said it spoiled the
looks of the paper, and it would have
to be written all over, but we told him
it showed how interested and enthusi
astic Spotty was.
Then Marjorie got her sealing wax.
and took a piece of red silk ribbon and
made a kind of bow out of it with long
streaming ends; and we put a seal
down in the lower left hand corner.
And when it was all finished it was a
work of art. Then the question was.
What should we do with it?
"Let's put it at her plate at break
fast." suggested Hester.
"Better send it through the mail."
said Marjorie. "She won't dare to say
anything to the postman.
"Pin it on her door," said Charley.
"No." I said, "that won't do. The
original Declaration was read out loud
I know, 'cause I asked papa. They
read it out loud, and then they rang a
big bell till it cracked.
"Well, who's going to be the one to
read it?" asked Charlie.
"We'll draw lots." I said.
Ami we did with little pieces of
string; and the lot fell to me. It al
ways happens that way the one who
plans a thing not only has to do all the
thinking, but he has to go and carry
out his own idea while the other people
stand and look on, or maybe even
make fun of him.
"You'll ali have to go with mc. any
way." I said. "I'll read -it outside her
door at 7 o'clock to-morrow morning,
and when I get through you must ail
raise a mighty shout, like the people
did outside the palace of the King at
the time of the French Revolution, and
you must yell, 'Down with the tyrant
ess! Off with her head!' and things
like that, and Gregory is to have the
servants' dinner bell and ring like
mad; and then all the rest of the day
we're going to do just as we please,
and if she calls we won't come, no mat
ter how loud she hollers."
The rest all thought it was a bully
idea, but Charley said:
"Hadn't we better do it after break
fast? Because it's griddle-cakes to
drew's cross of white on a
blue field.
On June 14. 1777, by resolution of
Congress, the flag was made to consist
of thirteen alternate red and white
stripes, representing the Union of thir
teen states, while in a blue field there
were thirteen white stars. A change
was 'made in the flag, dating from May
1. 1795, by adding two more stripes
and two more stars fcr Kentucky and
Vermont, which had been admitted to
the Union, and it was decided also to
add a stripe and a star for each state
to be admitted in the future. Congress,
however, foresaw that tne anaeu
stripes would make the flag too large
and on April 4. 1S18. it passed a resolu
tion fixing the number of stripes at
thirteen, and the number of stars at
one fcr each State. So now. anybody
who desires to know how may states
there are in. the Union has only to
count the number of stars on Old
Glory.
The first American flag was raised
at Fort Schuyler, New York, Aug. 3,
1777. John Paul Jcne3 was the first
to raise it In a foreign country, at Qui
beron. France, and that nation saluted
it It was first displayed in England
morrow morning, and we mightn't get
any."
So we decided to start in being revo
lutionists after breakfast Instead of be
fore. After breakfast, while we'ro
supposed to be upstairs making our
beds. Miss Saunders sits in the library
for about half an hour, reading, the
morning papers, and that would be a
good chance to read the declaration
to her.
All through breakfast the next morn
ing we were awfully glum and nerv
ous. Before we got to the griddle
cakes, I forgot and left my spoon in
my chocolate, and my arm went
against it quite accidentally, and tho
whole cup got spilled on Hester, just
as she was stooping to pick up a piece
of toast, and went all over the back
of the guimpe of her dress. An J Mls3
Saunders swallowed whatever she put
in her mouth in a great hurry, and
took off her eyeglasses and pushed her
chair back from the table a little and
just looked at us. And then she said,
in that awfully quiet voice that is
twice as mad as when a person lets out
a yell:
"Arthur, how often have I told you
never to leave your spoon in your cup?
This is the second time within a week
that this has occurred; you may go up
in your room and remain there until
I come."
I didn't know what to do. because
if I went upstairs then it would knock
our plan of reading the Declaration in
the head. And while I was roiling up
my napkin as slowly as I could, trying
to think what I should do, her voice
broke in:
"Come. Arthur. I am waiting."
Then I put my napkin down and
stood up in my chair. Her eyes near
ly bulged out of her head at that, be-
cause of al! the forbidden things in
the house, standing on any of tho
chairs but the ones in the kitchen and
the playroom is about the forbiddenest.
"Why. you you bad little boy. you!"
she gasped. "Arthur, I don't under
stand." But I just pulled the Declaration nf
Independence out of my pocket and
began to read. I read all the things
that she would not let us do. and was
just getting to the place where it said
we meant to do as we pleased till
mamma and papa came home. I hadn't
!cen looking at her, because it was
as much as I could do to make nut
Charles' writing. And. besides, some
of the things, when you came to read
them out loud to the person they wore
intended for. sounded pretty dreadful
particularly where it said, "She's
just awful every way you can think
of." my cheeks felt kind of hot when
I got to those places, and I let my voice
down and hurried over them as fast as
I could. She must have come behind
while I was trying to make out some
of the hard words, which I don't think
and the others all agreed with me
afterwards was quits a fair advan
tage to take. And she used to be on
the basket-ball team when she was in
college, and she was awfully strong. It
is no disgrace to lie overpowered by
such a strong person, and carried up
stairs, and locked in your room and
then to he told through the keyhole
that you are to stay there until you are
sorry. I suppose that is the way
George the Third would have treatec.
John Hancock if he could.
at Downs, and history does not say
whether it was saluted or not. but th
English government never forgets tc
do so now, even on the Fourth of July
Patrick Henry's
Words N
"It is useless." said he on one occa
sion, "to address further petitions to
the government or to await the effect
of those already addressed to the
throne. The time fcr supplication is
past; the time for action is at hand.
We must fight, Mr. Speaker. I repeat
it, sir; we must fight! An appeal to
arms and to the God of Hosts is all
that is left us."
"Is life so dear, or peace so sweet,
as to be purchased at the price of
chains and slavery? Forbid it, Al
mighty Powers! ,1 know not what
course others may take;, but. as for
me. give me liberty or give n,
death!"
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