The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911, July 01, 1903, Image 4
Tfy5. . ; H Jr-i- . U3i . V' .-. Tr 4 ,': -jjj e - - k. ' " T -' 1 li Vr-w J- -71 i -1 rf ..:. I Matters in tMIMIIIIHtllMIIHIMC - ; - At TO PAY OF LEGISLATORS. CbiiHiiUii that Present Law is Nat Constitutional. LINCOLN "Has the legislature say right to sit for sixty days every two years and its members draw pay for that length of time at $5 a day?" This proposition was argued for two hours before Judge Holmes and finally submitted on briefs. The suit is brought by ex-Supreme Court Commissioner Robert Ryan and Mr. Whedon, as taxpayers, and claim irreparable injury has been done on account of the increased amount of taxation he has had to pay. owing to the increase of the legislative ses sion from forty to sixty days and the pay of the lawmakers from f 3 to f 5 a. day. He Insists that the constitu tional amendment submitted in 1886 is Invalid and savs that the action Is brought by Mr. Whedon and himself because they thought they owed it to their profession to see that the writ ten constitution is protected from im pairment It is claimed that the records in the secretary of state's office show that of the 138.&11 votes cast, a little over 65,000 had been cast for and 22, 660 against it; that the legislature met in Joint convention January 5, canvassed the vote and declared It lost On February 15 a bill providing for a recount of the vote was passed. A recount was had and the numbers found to be different and the amend ment was declared val1, since which time it has stood as law. STATE DEBT 18 PILING UP. Report of Auditor Shows It-is Almost Two and a Half Millions. LINCOLN According to the semi annual report of the state auditor, just filed with the governor, Nebras ka Is in a pretty bad way financially, having a balance to the bad of 2, 419.000. This amount will be swelled .when the contemplated expenditures, for which appropriations were provid ed by the last legislature, are made. The suspended account, as it is call ed, crops out, as it has done since the days when the revels of J. S. Bartley with the state's cash had been made public property. The Itemized accounts are given, and footed up the amount to the same $620,243 that has for years represented the state's loss. An interesting feature of the report Is the statement showing the amounts of the state trust funds which have been invested in interest-bearing se curities. The total at the date of the last report was $5,699,820.73. Of this amount the greater part represented permanent school fund investments, the total being $5,279,487.80. The ag ricultural endowment fund invest ments amount to $251,654.78. Divorce from Wealthy Wife. FREMONT H. S. Manville, a well known stock man of this county, was granted a divorce from his wife. Helen F. Manville, to whom he was married la 1865. The evidence showed that Mrs. Manville deserted her husband fourteen years ago and went back to her former home in Boston, where she has since lived, maintaining a stylish establishment. She has a ' large estate in her own name, and her only reason for leaving her hus band was that she would not live in Nebraska. Twenty Years in the Courts. FREMONT The case of Anna Bchellenberg against Karl Kroeger, which, in one form or another, has been in the district and supreme courts for about twenty years, was decided by Judge Grlmison in favor of the plaintiff. The action was in re gard to a farm near Scribner. The plaintiffs retains the land and defend ants are perpetually enjoined from in terfering with the same. Fourteen different attorneys have been connect ed with the case. Wants a Federal Position. HUMBOLDT Judge E. A. Tucker of this city is securing endorsements over the district for appointment in the department of justice, and seems to be sanguine of success. The place he is asking for is a federal judge ship in the Philippines and pays a salary of $5,000 per annum. The ap pointment comes through the presi dent and the friends of the applicant think he deserves this place. Norfolk People Anxious. NORFOLK. There is a great deal of consternation among Norfolk peo ple because of the procrastination which is displayed by the state in be ginning -to rebuild the Norfolk Hos pital for the Insane, provision for which was made by the late legisla ture in the sum of $100,000. The bill passed with the emergency clause and it was promised that a start would be made months ago. Nothing has been done toward reconstruction. Stock Train in the Ditch. BLAIR. Neb. Seven cars of a special train loaded with feeders for eastern Montana were piled in a wreck one mile east of Blair a few days ago on the Northwestern railroad. Five of the cars were badly smashed up and thrown from the track. With the ex ception of one steer with a broken leg and a few others somewhat bruis ed, the five carloads of cattle io out oz tne wrecK in good Girl Dies of Blood Poisoning. BEATRICE. Eugenia, the 13-year-old daughter of John Huttemier. a prominent farmer residing five miles cast of this city, died of bipod poison lag after a brief illness. While at tending school last winter aa abscess formed on the bone of the left leg and the little girl grew worse from i to time. The attending physician a amUoa and a half of pus trpat tka iaoaawd limb, and a few the operatloa tfcs girl died. Nebraska. I OIUf ititutmuntmt. NEWSY STATE BRIEFS. The ministerial association of Fre mont Is making war on Sunday base ball. On a stunt a barber at Valentine shaved thirty-two men in thirty min utes. Mrs. Segrist of Humboldt fell' Into an open cellarway and was painfully injured. A $1,500 barn at Kearney was struck by lightning and burned to the ground. A terrific hail, wind and rain storm did much damage in the vicinity of Arlington. A liberal sum of money has been raised for the Fourth of July celebra tion at O'NeilL The pastor of the First Methodist church of Plattsmouth has accepted a call from Portland, Oregon. Mrs. Vandeveer wants $2,500 from the town of Humboldt for injuries re ceived from a uefective sidewalk. A Custer county farmer, bitten by a rattlesnake, sucked the poison from his finger and suffered no serious re sults. Frank Suttley, a wealthy farmer of Madison county, has disappeared af ter transferring all of his property to his wife. The jewelry store of Thornburg Bros., at Albion, was entered by burg lars and goods to the value of about $100 stolen. Harry Wilkinson, a young man well known in the vicinity of Humboldt, was thrown from a buggy and seri ously injured. Results may terminate fatally. Melvin Crawford, a fanner about 42 years of age, living three and one half miles southeast of Ulysses, was killed by lightning while standing in his barn door. The barn was not damaged. A five-year-old girl, the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Hagerbaumer, who live five miles east of Hooper, lost her life by drowning in the Elkhorn riv er. Her body at this writing has not been recovered. Reports of a hail storm Sunday evening five miles north of Edgar have been coming in and as far as can be learned a strip has been badly hail ed nearly a mile wide and extending several miles east and west of Edgar. Ephriam Zuhlke has instituted legal proceedings to recover damages from Johnson county in the sum of $10,500 for the death of his wife, child and team that were drowned May 22 while crossing a swollen stream a mile south of sterling. The accident occurred early in the morning and no one wit nessed it. The York grain dealers who were unfortunate In having cars of grain on track in Kansas City during the re cent flood which were submerged, have been unable so far to collect any losses from either railroad or com mission firms. The board of directors of the Val ley County Agricultural society has decided to hold its annual meeting on October 29, 30 and November 1. The organization has purchased property close to the city limits and a force of carpenters is erecting a high board fence. L. E. McClelland of Etna, a small town near Gathenburg, while passing through the Union Pacific yards at Cheyenne, Wyoming, had his left foot crushed so seriously that amputation will be necessary. Hail storms did considerable dam age to crops in Adams county. Mrs. Stull of Plattsmouth, the aged mother of Mrs. Agatha Barton, who was on trial at Sheridan. Wyo., for the murder of her father-in-law, was almost overcome with joy when a telegram brought her the news of her daughter's acquittal by the jury in the case. Through a birthday party given in her honor it has just been learned that Mrs. Caroline Briley, a colored lady living a half mile south of Hast ings, has passed the century mark by two years. Mrs. Briley does not look over sixty-five in spite of the fact that she was born in Culpepper, Va., in June, 1801. - The attorney general has prepared the formal order in the case of the state against the Woodmen of the World Accident association of Omaha and its successor, the American Mu tual Accident association, for the ap pointment of a receiver to wind up the affairs of the company and retire it from business. Fire destroyed the large new ware house, office and entire stock of the Zaugg Lumber and Coal company, and the implement house and stock of F. F. Montfort at Yutan. The total loss is in the neighborhood of $12,000. The city council of Beatrice has called a special election for July 15, for the purpose of voting on the prop osition of issuing $7,000 bonds to be used in putting in an electric light plant to be owned and operated by the city. During an electrical storm Ray Pickrell, a twelve-year-old boy resid ing with his parents near Murdock, was struck and instantly killed by lightning. The fatal bolt struck him while he was standing on the porch, holding out his hand in an effort to catch some hailstones as they fell. Miss Lulu Stanley, daughter of J. A. Stanley of Fremont, was adjudged a fit subject for the Lincoln insane asy lum. For some time past she has shown symptoms of derangement and of late has grown worse. During an electrical rain and hail storm lightning struck a barn of G. W. Downer, about eight miles north west of Arapahoe, and descending the side of the barn, struck and instantly killed Leo Downer, a young man aged 20, son of Mr. G. W. Downer. The horse that he was unhitching at the time was also killed. A number of farm hands In the vi cinity of Humboldt went on a strike for increased wages. The difficult? was soon settled and the men returned to work. 4aaaaaam afBCanTVaaamT bbbbbbVLsbbb hnWlaRamaliHaPEWVKrWaa 9Fr& y F BPBWBBBBvB BJSP BBunwan Sn Alfalfa Soil Germs. It has been found that when 1111 nois soil Is seeded to alfalfa it wiR produce good crops of that plant only when the soil is Inoculated with germs that produce nodules on the roots. The Illinois station, in a recent communi cation to this paper, says: We furnish this soil in grain bags delivered to the railroad freight house of Champaign or Urbana for fifty cents a hundred pounds to cover cost of col lecting, drayage, and bags. Remit tance Is best made by postoffice money order or Chicago bank draft Personal checks are not accepted. Orders should be placed at least two or three weeks before the soil is wanted, as weather conditions may make it Impossible to collect the soil promptly and get It in suitable con dition for shipping. We advise using at least 100 pounds of infected soil to the acre. Definite trials on large areas have shown that this amount is sufficient to produce a very satisfac tory Inoculation. The soil should be scattered over he field with some de gree of uniformity; but it is not liko seedir? grain and it is not absolutely essential that every square yard in the field should receive its due portion of infected soil. Some care should be taken in spreading it over the high er places in the field, but if places should be missed on sloping land or on lower lying lands the bacteria will soon be carried over them by surface drainage waters; indeed, V all the water sheds In the field (that Is, all ridges and high places) are well in oculated, the entire field will ultimate ly become infected, the bacteria be ing carried by soil washing; but the infection is more rapid, of course, if the infected soil is spread over the entire field with some degree of uni formity when it is first applied. If possible the soil should be applied at about the time the alfalfa seed is sowed and then harrowed in with the seed; but it may be applied a month or two before sowing the alfalfa or at any time afterward and it is not ab solutely necessary that it be harrowed in, although that is advisable. If ap plied to a field where the alfalfa is already a year or two old, the in fected soil may be mixed with the soil of the field by harrowing or disking (the disks being set straight so as not to cut off the alfalfa roots) prefer ably early in the spring or after a cut ting has been made. The infected soil may be applied in any way to get It over the field, aB by hand (throw ing it from the wagon), with an end gate seeder, if the soil is dry enough and sufficiently well pulverized, or in any other way which may be found convenient. Influence of Wheat Awns. Everything has an economic value, either on the positive or negative size. In Germany some scientists have been studying the value of the awns on the wheat heads. Red winter headed wheat was studied. Two plats were selected, in one of which all the awns were removed from the spike as soon as they appeared, while upon the other they were allowed to remain. The ripening began two days earlier in the case of those spikes deprived of their awns. The absence of awns is accompanied by a smaller sized grain and by less weight. The grain from the awnless spikes was richer in ash but poorer in nitrogen and phos phorus. Comparisons were made with the figures obtained in this experiment and the results of growing bearded and beardless varieties of wheat were found analogous in each case. By com paring the average yields of awned and awnless wheat for a number of years it was concluded that the awned varieties gave smaller yields of grain, but the individual grain possessed a ligher absolute weight, and the fluctua tions of the bearded wheats are less than those of the beardless varieties. Concerning Hog Houses, Prof. R. S. Shaw, in bulletin 37 of the Montana Station, says: The size of the hog house will be determined by the number of brood sows and boars to be kept. As regards shape a long narrow building is preferable, ot such proportions, for instance, as l6x 48. In such a structure a 3 foot passage way should run from end to end along the north side of the build- jng, thus leaving all the pens on the south side. Pens 8x12 will furnish room for a brood sow and litter or several fattening pigs, according to size. One pen of twice the capacity should be constructed to furnish sleep ing quarters for a larger number of animals, although an extra shed could be constructed cheaply to protect the animals during the pasture season. Each pen should be provided with a small hinged door on the south, and directly above it r. window. Not more than two windows will be required on the north side. The troughs should be placed directly under the partition ad joining the passage way, and this par tition so constructed as to swing from the top. In this way the pigs can be excluded from the trough while the feed is being supplied. The swinging partition is held in place by means of a slide in the center which works up and down thus resting on either side of the trough as desired. Less food is wasted when the flat bottomed troughs are used. Because of its splintery nature hemlock makes a dur able trough, the pigs not caring to chew it. Concrete overlaid with ce ment furnishes a good flooring, its only fault being that it is cold. This may be overcome by overlaying a small portion with plank for a bedding place. Plank floors give good satis faction but should be made water tight, or else much filth will work through and produce unsanitary con ditions. One or two ventilators should extend from within a few feet of the floor up through the roof; in many cases these do not extend below the ceiling and as a result remove only the upper warm air, leaving the foul, heavier air below. If necessary to se cure warmth the Inside may be lined and the spaces between the studs filled with sawdust or chaff. The chief es sentials of a good heg house are warmth, sunlight, dryness and good ventilation without cold draughts. Not on the Grand Jury. Here Is the way a Pawnee county man confessed at a revival meeting in Kansas. He had been pressed to repent, and finally got up and -said: "Dear friends, I feel the spirit moving in me to talk and tell what a bad man I've been, but I can't do it while the grand jury is In session." The Lord will forgive you," shouted the preach ed. "I guess that's right," said the penitent, "but he ain't on the grand Jury." I TALES I ijI5rtSP When Eagle and Beaver Wad. There's a maiden who, though grown to womanhood, I? a child among the nations. She is one of Britain's fair and lively brood. Held in check by her relations. Her near neighbor is a cousin big and smart. And It seems, somehow or other. That they cannot always live as now, a part She will have to leave her mother! Her big cousin's noble eagle proudly soars ' While her beaver coyly eyes him, And if he came, a lover, to her doors She would surely not despise him. In the starry sky she reads her destiny 'Tis a bright and wondrous story Of what the maiden. Canada, will be When she sits beneath old glory. Britannia may a tear of sorrow shed When her daughter wills to leave her; But Columbia will pat the lion's head When the eagle weds the beaver. New York Sun. Death of Major-Gen. Reynolds. "Ben, it did its work; you may coma down now." Nearly forty years ago on the morn ing of the first day of July, 1863, these words were spoken by a Confederate officer, and a lanky, beardless youth clambered down from his perch in the top branches of a cherry tree, with a rifle still smoking in his hands. Simultaneously, and only 900 yards away, a gallant Union general, an army corps leader, on whose shoulders gleamed the stars betokening his rank. fell from 'his horse with a bullet hole in his head, and he died before his aids could reach his side. This is the story of the death of Major-Gen. Reynolds, Pennsylvania's beloved soldier son, at the opening of the first day's battle at Gettylsburg, told by the sharpshooter who had laid him low, and now published for the first time. The incident has been hith erto almost unvoiced, for the man who when only a boy of 16 years fired the fatal shot has bitterly repented of it His came is Benjamin Thorpe, and he is now, at the age of 56, what he was in the war, the crack shot of North Carolina, and he still lives on his ancestral acres just outside the village of Satterwhite. Ben Thorpe is not proud of his achievement and only to his more in timate friends will he talk of the shot fired from the treetop that July morn ing years ago. When he does speak of it there is poisnant regret in his tone. He regretted it the day he learned who the distinguished target which his bullet struck was, and he has never ceased to regret it. Lonely he lives upon his big planta tion, his only companions, except for Northern visitors, being a half score of negro hands and twenty gaunt and ferocious looking deerhounds. He has never married. All day on the 30th of June, 1863, the legions of Lee, Longstreet and Hill had been sweeping up from the South ern plains in the direction of Gettys burg intent upon destroying the Union army of Hooker and Meade and open ing up the fairest and richest valleys and most populous cities of the North to pillage. In the van were the Confederate brigands of Pettigrew and Archer, of Heath's division, Hill's corps, and swinging up the Chambersburg road this force, on the morning of July 1, had taken up a commanding position just below Seminary Ridge. In Mc pherson's woods and about an old farm house which stood just beyond them lay the Twenty-sixth North Car olina infantry, each man a sharpshoot er, trained by long practice to pick a squirrel from the top of a tall tree. And a hundred or more of these sharpshooters lay snugly hidden in the tops of the trees under orders to sin gle out Union officers as their quarry. Facing them and holding a command ing position on the crest of Seminary Ridge were the Union artillery and cavalry under Buford. Thus matters stood at 9 o'clock on the morning of July 1, when Gen. Reynolds, then commanding the First Army Corps and holding the left of the Union line, came galloping along the Emmetsburg road from his head quarters in advance of Wadsworth's division, in which were included the Fifty-sixth Pennsylvania regiment and the Second Wisconsin, the famed "Iron" brigade; quickly he formed his plan of battle, and as soon as the Sec ond Wisconsin arrived upon the field west of the Seminary he ordered them to charge the northern end of McPher son's woods, where Archer's Confed erate brigade lay bidden, and capture the position. They obeyed and carried out the order given, but some idea of the cost may be gained from the fact that the Second Wisconsin left 233 dead in the woods. The death roll of the Twenty sixth North Carolina in that same bloody affray was 588. As the gallant charge was made Gen. Reynolds sat upon his horse on a small eminence near the northern end of the woods, issuing orders to his aides for the movements of other troops. He had just turned his head to look for his supporting columns and hasten them on when a rifle bail struck him in the back of the head. Freed from the firm hand upon the rein, his horse plunged a few reds forward before its stricken rider fell to the ground dead. And. 900 yards away, the Confeder ate officer seeing him fall, lowered the glasses he had held to his eye and grimly said, "Ben, it did its work." Ben Thorpe bad been one of the hundred sharpshooters selected from the Twenty-sixth North Carolina, de spite the fact that he was but 16 years old, and the position assigned to him was m the top of a cherry tree which commanded the low ground or swale over which the Union troops must make their way to reach Mc- Pherson's woods. What followed is best told in his own words: "I had been in the tree top perhaps half an hour when the Wisconsin regi ment came charging across the low ground toward the woods, and ba-J made a couple of shots, when the par ty of officers rode up on the little knoll and halted. "I was trying to make up my mind which one I should try for when my lieutenant appeared under the trea nd began observing the party through ;iis field glasses. A moment later he glanced up and said: " 'Ben, do you see the tall, straight man in the center of the group? He is evidently an officer of some high rank nnd is directinr operations which threaten our line. Sight your gun at 700 yards and see if you can reach him.' "I did as he tcld me., but saw that the bullet struck far short of the mark. ?That was a little short, Ben,' said my lieutenant, and! after another long and careful glance through his field glasses he said: " 'Sight her at 900 yards this tima and hold steady, for we must have him.' "Carefully I sighted my long-barrelled rifle at the range given, and. steadying it on a big limb, took good aim and fired. I knew before the re port died away, before I saw Gen. Reynolds fall, Oai the shot had been a good one, and would reach its mark. "I saw the horse plunge forward, saw the rider sway and fall from his saddle, and then heard the voice of -my lieutenant saying:' '"Ben, it did its work. Yoa may come down now, it's time for us to be moving.' "Not until long afterward did I learn who It was my bullet had brought down, and when I did learn, when I heard and read of what a great and good man and' splendid soldier I had brought to death, I was genuinely sorry. I have been sorry ever since and when the war was over I took occasion to write to his relatives in forming them of the facts and express ing my sorrow and regret. "I have letters from them, splendid letters In which they tell me not to worry over it, that was the fortune of war, and that they could hold no. ani mosity or hatred against a soldier boy who had fought as he believed and simply obeyed his superior officer's orders. "It was, of course, the fortune of war, but I cannot help feeling even at this late day that it was a cruel for tune which selected me, a mere boy, to bring to his death this gallant f en eral who had won fame and escaped the enemies' .bullets on so many fields. "I have read his history since. He was a grand man on his record, and from all I have otherwise heard, and I only wish I could undo my work now." The farmer boy sharpshooter was much interested in a description of the burial ground at Lancaster, Pa., where Gen. Reynolds and his brother. Ad miral William Reynolds, are buried side by side, and of the manner in which John F. Reynolds Post, G. A. R.. whose headquarters are at 1226 South Eighth street, this city, annually dec orated Gen. Reyonlds grave with flow ers. He declared his intention of him self sending a floral tribute next Me morial day if he lived to see it Pitta burg Leader. Thought He Meant Scott Chaplain Joseph Twitchell of Hart ford, Conn., tells a story of a certain corporal in his regiment, a gay-hearted fellow and a good soldier, of whom be was very fond. On occasion of his re covery from a dangerous sickness the chaplain felt it his duty to have a serious pastoral talk with the corporal while be was convalescing, and watched his opportunity for it. "As I sat one day." says Mr. Twitchell, "on the side of his bed in the hospital tent chatting with him, he asked me what the campaign was going to be. I told him that I didn't know. 'Well,' said he, 'I suppose that Gen. McCIellan knows all about it.' I answered: 'Gen. McCIellan has his plans, of course, but he doesn't know; things may not come out as he expects.' 'But,' said the corporal, 'President Lincoln knows, doesn't he?' 'No,' I said, 'he doesn't know, either. He has his ideas, but he can't see ahead any more than Gen. McCIellan can.' 'Dear me,' said the corporal, 'it would be a great comfort if there was somebody that did know about these things' and I saw my chance. 'Corporal,' I observed, 'that's a very natural feeling; and the blessed part is, there Is One who does know everything, past, present and future, about you and me and about this army; who knows when we are going to move and where to and what's go ing to happen; knows the whole thing.' 'Oh,' said the corporal, 'yon mean old Scott.' "Army and Navy Journal. The Sublimity of Duty. In a letter written by a man who carried a rifle in the first day's battlo at Stone river, the soldier said: "We had a hard time of it yesterday. We were in the fteht all day. We did the best we could, but the rebels broke our lines and ran over us. Eight of the boys were shot, but we did pretty well until the third cnarge maae oy tne rebs in front of tis, when It seemed to mc everything went to pieces. I was struck on the head and had no more sense than a blind pig, but when I opened my eyes I looked for the flag. About twenty other boys did the same thing, and we all went creeping toward where the color-bearer had been shot. ."We got the flag, and while there was fighting all around us, we made a rush and got out. We had a terrible time in getting back to the main line, but when we got there we settled down to business and for the rest of tne day kept our end of the fight pretty well." This is the story of the fight on the center and the right at Stone River, in which there was dis played tho greatest heroism on the part of , the regiments overwhelmed and the greatest devotion to the flag by men cut off from their commands who fought their way out, yet there is not a note of exultation in the whole letter. The Fifth Kentucky, C. S. A. "The pet aversion of the eastern Kentucky Unionists," said an ex-Confederate Captain, "was Humphrey Mar shall's ragamuffin regiment, the Fifth Kentucky, C. S. A. This was compos ed exclusively of Kentucky mountain eers, great raw-boned fellows, all good fighters, and the regiment was one of the best in the Confederate army. To illustrate their endurance and forti tude their Colonel used to tell the story that .in the winter of 1861 over 300 of his men were barefoot, and that he had only one hundred blankets to seven hundred men." Fought in the Open. "It is hardly fair," said a veteran, "to say that the modern feuds in east ern Kentucky, had their beginning in the condition.'; that prevailed in the first two years of the civil war. There is an essential difference between the feud of war time and that of to-day. Men shot at each other then in the open, and the .friends on either side rallied for desperate fight, just as sol diers would meet in conflict. East Tennesseeans and eastern Kentuckl ans always were good haters, but they were not given to the sneakish meth ods of the assassin." T--l rNiaBBBBflBSV JGPjT BBBBBBM The Declaration of Independence You have all read the Declaration of Independence, I stippose. It is print ed on fine type in the back of the Child's History, and at the top of the names signed at the end to show how they wrote them is John Hancock's bfg and bold, the way a person would write if he were doing It with a burnt match. Papa used to gather us to gether in the parlor after breakfast every Fourth of July and read us parts of it and explain the long words, so that we would understand what the Fourth of July was really for that it wasn't just to burn holes in your clothes, and frighten horses, and leave stubs of fire crackers on the sidewalk that don't get swept off for days. When we children came to have our own revolution against the governess that time mamma and papa went away to be gone two days, we knew just how to go about it; and we wrote a Declara tion of Independence, copying it af ter the real true one, and then we all signed our names .at the bottom with big flourishes, the way John Hancock and the others did. We thought with all our preparation success was sure, just as the patriots of '76 were successful as the reward of their daring, but alas! Our governess' name was Gcorgiana Georgiana Saunders which made it all the more appropriate, because the name of the King about whom the ori ginal Declaration was written was George, as you probably know. When we got the Declaration done, it was something like this some of the language we took from the look and some we made up ourselves: When in the course of human events it becomes necessary for something to be done about it. and we can't stand it any longer. The history of our present governess Is a history of repeated in juries and usurpations. To prove this let facts be submitted to a candid world. I. She makes us brush our teeth twice a day. which is unnecessary as well as wasteful. 2. She won't let us lay books face downwards, and so you lose tho place and are a long time finding it when you come back. 3. She objects if you make a fork in your mashed potatoes. 4. She won't let us breathe on the window and write with our fingers days when it rains. 5. We can't have butter and sugar on our rice, only milk and sugar. 6. She notices, and makes us go back to look where we've made finger marks on the white paint. 7. We have to make our own beds, and then, if there is a wrinkle, or it isn't done right, we have to do it all over again. 8. She's just awful, every way you can think of. We. therefore, do solemnly, publish and declare that we are and by right ought to be free anil independent, and that our mother end our father went away this morning and will not be " Old Glory 99 A Fourth of July celebration would be a tame affair without "Old Glory" to flaunt in the folds and wave in the breeze. It flutters everrwhera it can be nailed or fastened, and in all sorts and sizes, moreover, it is known all the world over, few people, even among the half civilized, not being able to recognize it as the emblem of a free country. Yet, it was not until nearly a year after the Declaration of Independence that the nation had a regular flag. At Cambridge, Massachusetts, Washing ton displayed the original of what is the present flag, without the stars, however, as there were then, January 2, 1776, no states. He therefore con structed the flag with thirteen stripes of alternate red and white, but v. here the stars are now, he put a St. An back until to-morrow evening, and that she is not our mother and our father, never has been and never will be, and that we mean to do as we please, and that we have full right to levy war and also to do all other acts and things. And to this we pledge our lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor. (Signed) Arthur L. Bainbridge (that's me), Marjorie Bainbridge, Hester B. Bainbridge. Charles W. Bainbridge. Gregory Bainbridge. his x mark. And we brought in Rex he's a mix ture of an English mastiff and a Si berian bloodhound and we inked bis paw, and made him step on the paper just below Gregory's name. And then we drew a circle around it and wrote "Rex. his mark." Then Maida. the col lie dog. had to come in. too. and pretty soon there was a mark about the size of a hot-house violet, just below where Rex had printed a big black carnation shaped thing with his lordly paw. Spotty, the cat, was the best of all; she upset the ink bottle on the nur sery carpet, and got all her four paws in the ink, and then ran right across the paper, so her name was in several places. Charley (who wrote it) was sort of mad at first said it spoiled the looks of the paper, and it would have to be written all over, but we told him it showed how interested and enthusi astic Spotty was. Then Marjorie got her sealing wax. and took a piece of red silk ribbon and made a kind of bow out of it with long streaming ends; and we put a seal down in the lower left hand corner. And when it was all finished it was a work of art. Then the question was. What should we do with it? "Let's put it at her plate at break fast." suggested Hester. "Better send it through the mail." said Marjorie. "She won't dare to say anything to the postman. "Pin it on her door," said Charley. "No." I said, "that won't do. The original Declaration was read out loud I know, 'cause I asked papa. They read it out loud, and then they rang a big bell till it cracked. "Well, who's going to be the one to read it?" asked Charlie. "We'll draw lots." I said. Ami we did with little pieces of string; and the lot fell to me. It al ways happens that way the one who plans a thing not only has to do all the thinking, but he has to go and carry out his own idea while the other people stand and look on, or maybe even make fun of him. "You'll ali have to go with mc. any way." I said. "I'll read -it outside her door at 7 o'clock to-morrow morning, and when I get through you must ail raise a mighty shout, like the people did outside the palace of the King at the time of the French Revolution, and you must yell, 'Down with the tyrant ess! Off with her head!' and things like that, and Gregory is to have the servants' dinner bell and ring like mad; and then all the rest of the day we're going to do just as we please, and if she calls we won't come, no mat ter how loud she hollers." The rest all thought it was a bully idea, but Charley said: "Hadn't we better do it after break fast? Because it's griddle-cakes to drew's cross of white on a blue field. On June 14. 1777, by resolution of Congress, the flag was made to consist of thirteen alternate red and white stripes, representing the Union of thir teen states, while in a blue field there were thirteen white stars. A change was 'made in the flag, dating from May 1. 1795, by adding two more stripes and two more stars fcr Kentucky and Vermont, which had been admitted to the Union, and it was decided also to add a stripe and a star for each state to be admitted in the future. Congress, however, foresaw that tne anaeu stripes would make the flag too large and on April 4. 1S18. it passed a resolu tion fixing the number of stripes at thirteen, and the number of stars at one fcr each State. So now. anybody who desires to know how may states there are in. the Union has only to count the number of stars on Old Glory. The first American flag was raised at Fort Schuyler, New York, Aug. 3, 1777. John Paul Jcne3 was the first to raise it In a foreign country, at Qui beron. France, and that nation saluted it It was first displayed in England morrow morning, and we mightn't get any." So we decided to start in being revo lutionists after breakfast Instead of be fore. After breakfast, while we'ro supposed to be upstairs making our beds. Miss Saunders sits in the library for about half an hour, reading, the morning papers, and that would be a good chance to read the declaration to her. All through breakfast the next morn ing we were awfully glum and nerv ous. Before we got to the griddle cakes, I forgot and left my spoon in my chocolate, and my arm went against it quite accidentally, and tho whole cup got spilled on Hester, just as she was stooping to pick up a piece of toast, and went all over the back of the guimpe of her dress. An J Mls3 Saunders swallowed whatever she put in her mouth in a great hurry, and took off her eyeglasses and pushed her chair back from the table a little and just looked at us. And then she said, in that awfully quiet voice that is twice as mad as when a person lets out a yell: "Arthur, how often have I told you never to leave your spoon in your cup? This is the second time within a week that this has occurred; you may go up in your room and remain there until I come." I didn't know what to do. because if I went upstairs then it would knock our plan of reading the Declaration in the head. And while I was roiling up my napkin as slowly as I could, trying to think what I should do, her voice broke in: "Come. Arthur. I am waiting." Then I put my napkin down and stood up in my chair. Her eyes near ly bulged out of her head at that, be- cause of al! the forbidden things in the house, standing on any of tho chairs but the ones in the kitchen and the playroom is about the forbiddenest. "Why. you you bad little boy. you!" she gasped. "Arthur, I don't under stand." But I just pulled the Declaration nf Independence out of my pocket and began to read. I read all the things that she would not let us do. and was just getting to the place where it said we meant to do as we pleased till mamma and papa came home. I hadn't !cen looking at her, because it was as much as I could do to make nut Charles' writing. And. besides, some of the things, when you came to read them out loud to the person they wore intended for. sounded pretty dreadful particularly where it said, "She's just awful every way you can think of." my cheeks felt kind of hot when I got to those places, and I let my voice down and hurried over them as fast as I could. She must have come behind while I was trying to make out some of the hard words, which I don't think and the others all agreed with me afterwards was quits a fair advan tage to take. And she used to be on the basket-ball team when she was in college, and she was awfully strong. It is no disgrace to lie overpowered by such a strong person, and carried up stairs, and locked in your room and then to he told through the keyhole that you are to stay there until you are sorry. I suppose that is the way George the Third would have treatec. John Hancock if he could. at Downs, and history does not say whether it was saluted or not. but th English government never forgets tc do so now, even on the Fourth of July Patrick Henry's Words N "It is useless." said he on one occa sion, "to address further petitions to the government or to await the effect of those already addressed to the throne. The time fcr supplication is past; the time for action is at hand. We must fight, Mr. Speaker. I repeat it, sir; we must fight! An appeal to arms and to the God of Hosts is all that is left us." "Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery? Forbid it, Al mighty Powers! ,1 know not what course others may take;, but. as for me. give me liberty or give n, death!" . . it r 9 I: r r v.: .-.. ' J "" w- -A .. !. MJfc w i.