The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911, June 10, 1903, Image 4

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Matters in
uiiiiiiiii r ,'""11'1
Mm U Mm BWM4 Dwtfc fMte
HASTIllOa. Mn.' Ml Mead
to death watte attempfian; to
itvaTrfaBT It.m not knewa
Jast exactly how tke accident oc
carred, bat tke supposition is that ake
poared keroaeaViato tke store Bad
ill unaware of tke presence of hot
coals. ,
. Wkea discovered she was complete
ly enveloped la flames aad was burned
to deatk ateost before, ker husband
ker side.
Rett Ints Fence After Sebifl Carried
a rhMdred Yards.
TECUM8EH. Fraak Skumer, a
Germaa farmer who lives about alae
allies, aorthwest of Tecumseh,- was
called to Ellis by tke very serioas
coaditioB of his brother. Joseph Sha
mer. who faram aaar thaj; place. Tke
last earned geatlnaiaa 'was strack by
ra Rock Islsad fast freight trata aad
lifted oato tke cowcatcher of the lo
comotive, carried felly 30ft feet, whea
he rolled off the pilot aad rolling
dowa the right of way was stopped
by comma; la contact with a wire
feace. Mr. Skumer was driving a
horse aad buggy la the atom, aad
haviag the side curtains of the baggy
ap did aot see the approachtag train.
He was strack with the above result
He saffered a slight fractare fo his
skHll aad was otherwise badly Injured.
. Selecting State Architect.
The state board of public leads and
' buildings will meet sooa to select a
state architect, as provided for by
the late legislature. The architect
will receive a salary of 12.500 per year
and his assistaat $1,200 aaaaally. The
board has beea laboring aader the
lanpresBioB that the architect was aot
to be appoiated until Jaly, but, re
cently the attention of the board mem
bers was called to the fact that the
bill creating the office passed the leg
islatare with the emergency clause at
tached. Nebraska Bey Wins Hener.
Paul Harrington of Wayne "showed"
the Missouri boys down at Weatworth
Military academy at Lexington. Mo.
by carrying off first honors in science
and military tactics. Adjutant Gen
eral Culver received a .letter from
Captain Davis, the regular army offi
cer detailed to that academy, stating
that Harrington had carried off the
honors aad that he had recommended
the young man to, the secretary of
war for a commission.
Given Penitentiary Sentence.
SEWARD. Fred Lee. one of the
three young men charged with break
lag Into the oflce of Mr. Linvll at
Tamora oa the night of April 20, was
sentenced- to ,the. penitentiary for fif
teen months. Robert Chandler aad
Harmed White, the other two charged
with the same offense, were acquitted,
but the sheriff is holding them for
the officers at Palmyra, where it is
alleged they committed burglary.
Diasn Ceanty Has New Treasurer.
PONCA. Ex-Sheriff H. HTHart was
appointed by the county board of su
pervisors to ill thevacaacy caused
by the death of Treasurer J. W.
Lightning Striken Scheel Hems.
NORFOLK. Lightning struck the
hlgh'school building, entering the sev
enth grade room where the teacher,
Misa. Edith Morrow, was at work with
a graphaphone, giving her a severe
shock aad destroyiag the instrument
Several pupils were affected.
Stolen Herses Recovered.
PLATTSMOUTH. The horse which
was recently stolen from. Joseph
Lynn, who resides near Union, was
found by Sheriff J. D. McBride la the
possession of a farmer earned Christ
ian, two miles south of Ashland, and
has been returned to the owner.
Nebraska Jadfe Serieasly III.
GREELEY, Colo. Judge, -A. M. Rus
sell', of Weeping Water,' Neb., who
has been for several days in the trial
of a -case in the district court, was
taken suddenly ill and is in a critical
Cutting Insurance Rates.
TECUM8EH. The fire iasurance
mea of Tecamseh have beea very
active the past week. Oa the part of
some of them rates have been cut
and slashed aad the war goes merrily
oa. Oae representative says there is
a disposition on the part of certain
insurance companies which are ia the
"combine to make tke independent
companies come- into tke fold and
write atfiCpmbiae prices or go out of
. T Treat Diseased Cattle.
OSCEOLA. M. V. Byera. assistant.
stateveteriaarlaa, has beea ordered
to go to Raahville, hi tke aortkwestera
part of tke state, wkere a large num
ber of diseased horses aad cattle are
. Yeanfl Fai
AINSWORTH. The Insanity board
met here aad kad brought before it
Robert Ferguson, a yoaag farmer liv
tag sear tUa place. He was pro-
' COLUMBU8. Ernil
'-maa whose home kaa alwaya beea at
tale place ia wader arrest here oa
tke serioas charge of dasHtlng from
the Uaited Stales aavy.
AUBURN. Neb. Aagast Heitxlg, a
it farmer , of this county.
la the I wags knack, a mOe
The aedy was re-
frt' - . west sf. this cftx
-. a-w-'Z j
nte'irr" " " r"r 1 MMbMsss SMrMt
West Point graduating class Is six
boys aad six girls.
The site for the new postoMce at
Fairbury kaa been selected.
General rain throughout the estate
greatly Interfered with Decoratkm day
Three divorces were granted at the
receat term, of the district court in
Richardson county.
The ministerial association of Lin
coln waat the stores of the city closed
oa Saturday afternoon and night. Such
is the burden of a aet of resolutions
passed at the last meeting.
Committees have been named, by
the Wymore volunteer fire department
to make 'arrangements for the Fourth
of July celebration which they ex
pect to be a glorious affair.
Mrs. Ed Mead of Hastings was so
frightfully burned that her death re
sulted la a few hours. It is supposed
that the accident occurred as she was
attempting to light the kitchen 'fire.
At preliminary examination in In
dmnola, Charles McMillan was held
to the district court without bond on
the charge of killing Lee Jones on
Mny 30. The prisoner claims self-defense.
The camp meeting and Epworth as
sembly which was to have been held
in Callaway from June 4 to 14 in
clusive, has been called off on ac
count of the backward spring and the
wet weather.
Joseph Tolbertthe colored porter
of a Missouri Pullman sleeper, was
run down and instantly killed at Om
aha by a union Pacific diner that was
being switched into the Union sta
tion. Deceased was 55 years old.
The home of Fritz Staac, four and
a half miles north of Syracuse, was
destroyed by fire. Mr. Staack was at
home at the time but was unable to
save anything. The home was one of
the nicest in that part of the county.
The board of insanity commission
ers of Richardson county decided
that Sylvester Tuttle, a young man
living In the south part of the county,
is a fit subject for the asylum and
sent him to Lincoln.
Lee Jones of Bsrtley was shot and
instantly killed by Charles McMillan,
a harness maker, employed in Lord's
shop at Indianola. The parties had
been drinking and got into a dispute
over the playing of a game of poker.
The murderer is In jail.
The city council of York has grant
ed druggist permits to all of the drug
gists of York and imposed on them
conditions and rules under which they
can dispose of intoxicating liquors
which makes it nearly impossible for
anyone to buy liquor unless for purely,
medicinal purposes.
The Nebraska weather crop bulle
tin says: The past week has been
cold and wet The daily mean tem
perature averaged 4 degrees below
normal In the eastern counties and,
1 'degree below in western. The rain
fall has been general and heavy. Over
the eastern half of the state it has
exceeded two inches, and in most of
this district it has ranged between,
three and six inches. The continuous'
and heavy rain has practically pre
vented all the work In the fields for
the past week. In all except the ex
treme western and a few 'northern
counties a large amount of replanting
will be necessary because of the
washing out and covering up of corn
or the flooding of the lowlands by the
excessive rains.
John Zanechek, a young man living
six miles southeast of Wiiber, just
over the Gage county line, was found
dead by his parents. He had arisen
at the usual hour and was found lying
on his face where he had fallen. It
Is presumed that he died of heart
Deputy Labor Commissioner Bert
Bush is busy preparing for the com
pilation of the biennial report of the
department. The blanks have been
returned from the printers and these
are being mailed as rapidly as The
size of the office force will permit to
the various manufacturers and, other
sources from which information is ob
tained. Erail Hoehen, arrested in Columbus
and charged with desertion of the
navy, has been released from jail on
500 bonds penDing the arrival "of a
representative of the government to
resist" habeas corpus proceedings in
stituted by his father, who alleges that
the boy is under age and therefore
not subject to the call -of the navy
Mrs. John Mehlin, a widow of
Humboldt arrived from Upland, where
she went a month ago to spend the
summer with relatives. She was right
la. the path of the tornado which did
so much damage there. None of her
relatives lost their lives, but their
property was swept away, and Mrs.
Mehlin lost -all of her clothing ex
cept what she had on. She was
thankful, to escape with her life and
tells n graphic story of the horrors
of the storm.
The commissioners of Cass county
were conferring with the commission
ers of Nebraska City regarding the
replaciag of three large bridges on
the county line, taken out by the re
cent storms. The commissioners are
learaiag of new bridges that are out
over the county every day.
The annual convention of the Cass
Coaaty Sunday School association will
be held in Louisville on Monday and
Tuesday. June 15 and 16. Every San
day school in the county is expected
to be( represented.
A new Independent telephone' or
gaaizatkm is being; formed by farmers
residing north and east of Ord. - The
object of the orgaalxatioa Is to con
nect Ord with North Loup. Many
farms aad ranches between the two
towns will be' connected to the line.
Articles of incorporation have been
filed in the sum of 15,090 by the Loup
Valley Agricultural society. Tke stock
of tke organization has all been sub
scribed for. the' stockholders being
all influential stockgrowers and bati-
of tke Loup valley country.
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Wi 25am2Bm)" ' ..-- -,M.n BMKftaM,-d iaL. WIutBSi )mBk JEjM pw9t Ml- - - - aal
Prof. W. H. DalrympJe of tke
wm. station, in aa.addxeaa to
Maakm atockatea, ,
We ia the Soath consider, so fax as.
mr cattle tatarests axe.coaeersed, aad
jre alight also say, those at the North
jrn breeder who alma at creatfag
narket la the 8oath, that perhaps the
aost valaabla discovery ever made, is,
Aat wkea a faw. drops of blood are
Irawa from one of oar native tkk
afested animals, aad Injected aader
seath the akla of a susceptible oae, It
ffl produce la tke latter a ailld at
atck of Texas fever, from which, la
-he great majority of eases, the aalmal
treated will recover, aad after
aards be able to withstand asbse
ineat attacks of tke 41sease. brought
aboat by traasmlsskm of the specific
organism through the medium of the
somaioa cattle-tick, or, in other words,
oecome lmmaae. I do not know Jest
how It ia ap kere la Nebraska, hat
dowa oar way, there are still to be
found a few people, the exact num
ber I have never attempted to esti
mate, who have a sort of Ingrained
aversion for anything to which' the
term "scientific' is applied, but who.
at the same time, seem absolutely ob
livious to the fact, that scientific in-,
vestigation, about which they appear
to possess such crude notions, aad at
which they are inclined to sneer, as
If there v was some sleight-off-hand
Juggling connected with it, nothing
more nor less than persistent, pains
taking searching after the truth, the
whole truth, and nothing but the
truth. In this very work of immunisa
tion, we kave an excellent Illustra
tion: Texas fever, the hitherto dread
ed bane end bugbear of every South
ern stockman, below the fever line,
whose desire It was to purchase. In
northern latitudes, pure bred cattle
for the purpose of upbuilding nnd im
proving his degenerated herds, either
of beef or dairy animals, has almost
as many names as there are .breeds,
of cattle, and just as many theories as'
to its cause and methods of treatment
And it is probable that such a chaotic
state of affairs would still have existed
had It not been for the Indefatigable,
dogged, and persistent efforts of the
scientist in his search after truth,
which has resulted in the accuracy of
the knowledge now possessed relative
to tke true cause and nature of the
disease, and the more intelligent and
effective measures by which to com
bat Its ravages.
As has been previously hinted, the
actual, or exciting, cause of Texas
fever is a germ a malarial type of
germ belonging to the protozoa, the
lowest form of animal life. Technic
ally, this organism is known as plro
plasma bigeminum," nnd It can be
found within the red blood cells of
any of 6uinatlve southern cattle that
have been exposed to tick infestation.'
It may be of interest to state at
this -point that we have Southern na
tives, however, that are. non-immunes.
This may appear rather strange to
some of you, as It did to many, in
cluding some of our leading stock
journals, when a South Carolina herd
of cattle became infected with Texas
fever after exhibition nt'the Charles
ton Exposition In 1901. The explana
tion of such an occurrence, however,
Is quite simple, when we realize that
the tick is, so far as we know, the
only Intermediary host of the disease-,
germ, and that there are many places
In the southern states, as, for. ex
ample, the alluvial lands of my own
state, or lands subject to periodic
inundation, on which ticks are rarely
to be found. Consequently animals
born and raised on such tick-free
places are non-Immune, because they
have not had the opportuaity to be
come inoculated by the natural meth
od, viz., through the Intermediation of
the tick. But, if animals so raised
are afterwards placed upon tlcky pas
tures, they will contract the fever
just us surely as If they had been lm:
ported from North of the Federal
Quarantine Line. In short, It Is, With
us, a question of ticks, or no ticks.
While the use of tuberculin ns n
diagnostic of tuberculosis of cattle
has been undoubtedly nbused in many
Instances where forcible entry was
made- Into 'private stables' by unpro
fessional, uneducated employes of
state officials, the fact remains that It
Is, properly used, a reliable and valu
able agent In detecting the presence
fit the disease. There need be nothing
hidden in the use of tuberculin. Any
intelligent farmer may use it success
fully himself with a little instruction.
We have given such instruction many
times nnd results following the first
use of the ngent have been mere than
successful. This being the, case we
have always advised that tuberculin
should be employed when there is rea
sonable suspicion in the mind of an
owner that one of his cattle may be
afflicted with tuberculosis and more
especially when the udder Is the seat"
of the trouble.
We find that It Js a common thing
for a milch cow to showthe following
symptoms: The udder becomes caked,
(gargetty) now and then nnd recovers
without' treatment There is no good
reason for the attack. The cow suf
fers no chill or fever. She eats well
nnd appears healthy. The milk from
the affected teat or quarter is changed
In quality for but a few days-then be
comes normal again. Tuberculosis is
never suspected by the owner, but in
these cases we always suspect it and
consider It by far the most danger
ous form of the disease so fsr as users
of milk are concerned.
Quite recently a cattle breeder sent
us tke following report of a cow owned
by him: JA foar-year-old cow dropped
her first calf, carried' full time, thir
teen months ago, and has. not stood to
service yet She was a 'very poor
milker nnd tke calf was taken from
ker when three or four months old std
the cow dried off la a short time Jt
was noticed that oae of her rear teats.
was larger than normal, aa though it
might have beea caked a little in dry
ing ker up. It has gradually'fncreased
la size until now' that quarter of the
adder Is about five' Inches screes, hard
pad hot What shall I do forit? The
cowseema ta nrst rate aeaerai aeatta
with the exception of oae eye which
irritated while on pasture last
ier and seems blind now. She
has had. no grain for several months,
ns I thought It possible she' would be
more apt to breed If redaced in flesh:
Aa examination shows the mouth of
the womb so tightly closed that I
have been aaahle to latrodace a kardl
rusher dilator aboat Inch In di
ameter. What do yon think of the
The owner was advised to us t&at
we suspected tabercaloais and givea
I fall instructions ss to the sinking of a'
of wklck the Mlowiac Is a
Tsamaaratara of cow
tioa of the Uberculm, a aw lttj;
11: a. a10t: $:! pVnL 1MU. av
jected t cable ceatlmeters of takana
11a aader akla of neck at l:N M.
day arelimlaary tarn
results: Cs,av,10CJ;t
12 noon, M7.2; t p. at, 17J; f a, m.
This Is a asost
reported to be "la first rata
kealth" with aot; the
pickm of Ubercalosls oa tke 'part of -the
owner was by.tke above taharrulla
test provedto he very aaaeroaaly
tuberculous. Her udder was doabUess
tke aeat of tke 'disease, bat (Unas
throaghoat the body were also ap
doabt Involved ia the disss air 'Tke
cow that kaa stood aext to 'thai cow
la stable foraome time was also tasted
aad showed' by her reaction to tke
tabercalla that she' is to be consid
ered aasplcioBS and a sabseaaeat teat
ia a few months may show plainly
that ake kaa contracted the disease
without doubt There' Is surely a
valuable lesson to. be leaned from
this case. Farmers' Review.
' From the Farmers' Review: Kansas
City, Mo. Breeders aad Importers of
draft and coach horses are taking a
lively interest in the coming Ameri
can Royal Live Stock Show, to be held
ia this city October 19-24. aad thela
dlcstions are that the exhibit of horses
will be a large one, aad oae of excel
lent quality. Messrs. Wolcott, Beers
4b Co. of Kansas City have offered
$500 In cash prizes for the horse de
partment of the show. McLaaxhUn
Bros, of Columbus, O., nnd Kansas
City, have just announced that they
will contribute 300 to the fund for
prizes, and that, they will exhibit 30
to 40 of their "best animals. Crouch
ft Son of Lafayette, Ind., and J. W.
Roblson, have also signified their in
tention to enter large numbers of ani
mals. It Is expected that the Perch
eron association will offer a. liberal
sum In prizes. The success of the
sheep department, one of the new de
partments to be added to the show
this year, is assured. Dwight Lincoln
of Milford Center. O., secretary of the
American Rambouillet. Sheep Breed
ers' Association, nnd F. W. Harding
of Waukesha, Wis., breeders of Short-,
horn cattle and Rambouillet sheep,
are working enthusiastically to get a
large representation of their favorite
breed. They have raised $100 by
individual subscriptions to be added
r to the amount offered by the Kansas
City Stock Yards Company for prizes.
The stock yards company offers $200
In cash to each of the breeds of sheep
exhibited. Leading breeders of Cots
wold, -Shropshire, Sonthdowns and Ox
ford Downs have signified their Inten
tion of taking part in 'the sheep ex
hibit The erection of a new barn
to be used for the sheep, goat and
swine exhibit, has just begun. This
will take the place of the tent used
last year for the swine and goat ex
hibits. Jno. M. Hazelton.
Youqg sows should be liberally fed
on flesh nnd bone-producing foods,
such as ground oats 'and wheat bran.
In summer they should have a run on
clover, and in winter comfortable quar
ters, with access to the yard. It should
never- be forgotten that exercise is
essential for breeding sows. Sows
should not be mated before they are
nine months old. At nil times they
should be kindly treated. A good
brood sow is worth caring for, as she
Is more profitable than a brood mare.
Her progeny mature more quickly, do
not require such expensive stabling,
are exposed to less risks, nnd a ready
market is always obtainable for them.
In winter a ration of grain roots and
clover hay, with access to a yard for
exercise, is an economical and suit
able way of caring for brood sows.
The farrowing pen should be roomy
and warm, with just a sufficiency of
litter. In very cold weather it is a
good plan to heat a couple of bricks
and put them In a basket, cover with
chaff, and then put the young pigs
on this until all are farrowed, when
they may be placed near the teats.
For. the first twenty-four hours after
farrowing give the sow nothing but
perhaps a drink of warm water, an
food or slops may kill her. The act of
a sow In eating her young is often the
fault of the owner in feeding heat-producing
food prior to farrowing, and
giving little, or no exercise. Prof W.
J. Fraser.
'I have recently received the report
of tie official milking tests of Ayr
shire cows in Scotland for the year
1902, and hnte selected the five giving
the highest iccord for butter, also the
five giving the highest record in the
Home Dairy test in the states for the
year 1902, a comparison ef which Is of
interest, all being official and supposed
to be among the best of the breed in
either country. The natural conditions
in Scotland are more favorable for a
large dairy yield from the same cows
than In America on account of the
more uniform moisture In Scotland,
and the consequent succulence of pas-
turage. The record In both countries,
shows a good degree of uniformity and
a good class of dairy cows.. The five
Scotch cows gave per day of milk
(pounds) respectively 60, 52, 30, 45. 46.
an average of 46. Their milk tested
In butter-fat, 3.87. 3.50, 5.92, 4.47, 3.30.
Butter made per day was (pounds).
2.73, 2.11, 2.05, 2.03. 1.76, 2.13. an average-,
of .13. The Amerlcaa cows
gave per day In pounds, 51. 42, 46, 42,
47, an average of 45. Their milk
tested 3.80, 4.60, 4.00, 4.50, 3.80. The
butter made per day was 2.26, 2.26.
2.14. 2.10, 2.08. an average of 2At. C
M. Winslow, Secretary.
Tales From the North.
The Eskimos were very angry with
the arctic explorer.
"What did he do?" asked the mem
ber of the relief expedition.
"He pettett our dogs," explained the
little native
"Is' there ny harm in petting your
dogs?" t "
' "Yt their tails were frmn atfff
j d wnen mey.went to wagthem they
f broke off."
V '
Retert Courteous.
Husband (daring the spat) I would
n't be n fool if I were, you. ;
Wife (calmly) My .dear I can read
ily understand that If you were me
you wouldn't be a fcol. -
The "saddle" is the posterior part
of the back, running to tke tail In a
cock aad answering to the cushion in
a hen. cushion, however.-being re?
Etricted to a, very considerable devel
opment as in Cocklns." while -saddle"
may be applied to any breed.
TER. Tlw production of lactic acid causes
the aearaeaa of cream, aad is largely
accountable for the. desired aavor ha
better, it Is the most Important erod
ed formed, and serves. as a guide la
testing tke rlpeaesa of cream.' The
carkoale acid gaa Is mostly givea oat,
bat the volatile coastitaeata amy aa
importaat part, If the . ripeetag be
properly carried oa, la producing a
fine aroma, which Is not obtained
whea foreign adds are added to sweat
cream la the attempt to secure the
same aavor without ripening. For this
reasoa aweet cream batter M very
little favor, aad It. la only throuxh the
ripening or soaring of cream tkat tke
favor of batter Is obtained. The ripen
ing of cream may develop good or bat
savors depeadiag upon the kinds of
bacteria which take part ia tke far
msataUoB. A particalar kind of bac
teria; aa a rale, givea rise toa fer
mentation characteristic of that spe
cies and conseqaeatly the fermeata
Uoaa that give rise to a bad aavor are
alwaya due to some undesirable germs
that have gained access to the milk.
Tke source of these last named germs
in the milk Is filth, due to careless and
dirty milking or to the use of unclean
utensils, or sometimes to the use of
milk from a diseased cow. Filthlness
Is the great source of trouble In the
art of battermaking, so muck stress
must be laid on cleanliness la every
phase of milk and butter production.
Oscar Elf.
Unfavorable conditions for c
separatioa are:
L Speed below that which the ma
chine la calculated to run.
2. Feeding separator to Its capacity
or over when speed Is too low.
3. Milk below a temperature of 84
degrees when being separated.
4. Making very heavy cream by ad
justment 6. Vibrating, swaying, or unsteady
running of the bowL.
Reversing these conditions, of
course, will cause the' most favorable
conditions for thorough separation.
Every buttermaker should see that
his separator runs smoothly and with
regular cpeed, and that as near as pos
sible to the speed Intended for thnt
particalar machine, which is usually
stamped on the bowl. It la not wise
to run any separator much faster, ow
ing to the danger of injuring; the bear
ings or bursting the bowl. As soon
as separation Is complete the aepara
tor should be thoroughly washed, get
ting every particle out of the crevices,
and then have it thoroughly blown out
with live steam, so that all parts com
ing in contact with milk or cream
will be perfectly sterile. The heat
absorbed by the bowl will then cause
all dampness to vaporize, thus leaving
all parts dry and free from danger
of rusting. J. W. Newman, before
Ontario Dairymen's Convention.
TEURIZATION. The movement for the pasteurization
of all milk and cream from which but
ter Is made, has received a new im
pulse In the demand by the govern
ment for such butter for use In the
navy. A Kansas creamery company
controlling many creameries and skim
ming stations has been awarded a
contract to manufacture several hun
dred thousand pounds, but It is speci
fied that this butter must be from
pasteurized milk or cream.' This should
have considerable Influence In reduc
ing the amount of sickness In the
navy. Disease germs live in butter as
well as In milk, and It is impossible to
estimate how many epidemics may
have occurred with infected butter as
a source. But there Is another reason
for requiring pasteurization, and that
Is that the percentage of spoiled but
ter may be reduced, and that the.
keeping quality of the good butter may
be increased. This must be a large
matter in a year's butter supply of the
navy. Some of the large creamery
companies that do not pasteurize, ex
press their discontent nt the require
ment by the government nnd hint that
.it was a dodge to throw the contract
in a certain direction. But few 'will
look at it In this light If they cannot
keep up with the demand of the times
for 'good butter, they have only them
selves to blame.
It Is safe to say that the principal
defect In the quality of Canadian but
ter, as in the butter from any other
country, is in regard to the matter of
flavor, said J. A. Reddick in an ad
dress. The causes which give rise to
this defect are many and not always
easily located, but the buttermaker
has a great advantage over the cheese
maker, inasmuch as he has It within
his power to control the flavor of the
butter to a very great extent by the
use of good flavored fermentation
"starters," and by proper attention to
the ripening, of the cream. His failure
to do this is one reason why the but
ter Is often Inferior in flavor. Butter
makers must study this question of
ripening cream and' the use of "start
ers." The trouble is that very often
the "starter" produces a bad flavor
instead of a good one. When the
farmer sows his seed he expects to
reap what he sows. If he sows wheat
he reaps a crop of wheat, but if the
grata he uses Is full of mustard-seed I
need not point out what the result
will be. It is not possible to get fine
flavored butter where bad starters are
used any more than it Is to get a crop
of wheat from the mustard seed. The
difficulty is that many buttermakers
apparently do not know the difference
between what Is a proper starter and
what is not
The eighteenth annual meeting of
the Holsteln-Frieslan Association of
America will be held at the Yates
Hotel, Syracuse, N. Y., on Wednesdsy.
Jaae it 1903, at 10 o'clock a. m., for
the election of officers and the tran
saction of any other business which
may legally cpme before it F. L.
Houghton, Secretary, Putney, Vt
In the Gleaming. '
They were sitting alone on the old
rustic porch.
The yoaag maa waa very bashful.
"Dont you know," ke said finally,
more to break the monotony than any
thing; else, "some people nre mean
enough to think I am a freak?"
m Wen." replied the pretty girl, with
ayawn,' "I think you are something
of aa 'armless wonder' myself."
"Secondaries" sre the quill feathers
of- the wings, which sre visible when
r the wings sre folded.
From Farmers' Review: The
Imaortaat tame hi to have
healthy pareat stock that is aot in
bred. What we mean by Inbred Ja
using: mala birds from your owa eggs
for breeders several years without
rettinr new blood from some other
source. Oar practice Is to get some
other breeder to excaaage eggs with
as from which wo hatch aad raise oar
owa drakes for 'breeding for next
seasoa. bt raising stock for breeding
wa start from the time the pareat
stock la Batched. These are selected
from the April and May hatches aad
are aot forced same as ordinary stock
for market They do not come to ma
turity la four weeks. As sooa aa they
get their feathers (except the wings)
we sort them, picking out all the most
promising ducks for breeders. The.
drakes are put back In peas nnd fat
tened for market. For breeders we
select the medium-size ducks, with
drakes jaat a little under-sized. These
we think are more active and eggs
are more fertile. As soon aa we have
oar breeders sorted we turn them out
to pasture la flocks, say 200 on about
.two acres with plenty of shade and a
creek running through the lot They
are fed sparingly on a light feed com
posed of three-quarters bran with the
rest equal parts core meal, low grade
flour, ground oats, 5 per cent beef
scrap; also one-third of entire mix
ture, cut clover rowen of second' crop
clover cut very fine, with nil long
stems -screened out, or -green corn
fodder cut every day very fine Feed
sll they will eat up clean quickly.
Keep them purposely a little hungry.
They are kept here until Nov. 1 to
15, according to weather. Then they
are agala sorted and put in pens 12x
100 with 10x10 pen inside house. 20
ducks aad 5 drakes to a pen. Each
pen has a feed trough 1 foot wide 6
Inches deep, 12 feet long, with an
other for water 6 feet long outside.
Inside they have a feed trough same
as others with a 15 quart pail for
water not over 14 inches high. This
pen Is kept bedded with fine planer
shavings preferred, it has a box for
oyster shells and gravel size of wheat
or com. Here the feed Is all changed
to equal parts: corn meal, bran, low
grade flour, ground oats and stale
bread or crackers, It can be had, 10
per cent, beef scrap and one-third en
tire mixture, line cut clover. Steam
the -whole mixed thoroughly with
warm water, not sloppy,' but In n con
dition so It crumbles. Feed Inside in
stormy weather nnd outside if the
snow Is off the ground. They should
start laying by last of December or
first of January. The eggs are gath
ered first thing in the morning,
when one can see to get them; also
again at 9 and 11 o'clock. This is
to keep them from getting chilled.
Later when it is warm 9 or 10 o'clock
will do. i.8 the pens are kept bedded
the eggs which are laid on the floor
are most all clean. Those that are
soiled are washed lightly. We set our
eggs twice or three times a week
never using eggs over one week old.
They are run in the incubator four
weeks at 103, being turned on wire
trays half over every twelve hours.
We never open machine from time
they start to hatch, until all are out
Machine Is provided with a nursery
under trays below into which they fall
as fast as hatched and are out of the
way of others that are coming out
When they are all dried off we take
a bushel basket and line with paper,
then put in soft cloth, first warming
it; Into this we place the little
downy fellows, cover them up and
hurry them off to the brooder house.
W. P. Curtiss, Niagara County, New
There will always be. some poultry
raisers that will find it to their ad
vantage to devote their efforts to the
production of one kind of poultry pro
duct and that'too from one breed. But
there will always be more who will
take pleasure in raising a variety of
breeds and producing various things
to market The specialist will turn
his intensive efforts into money, but
his plant will be idle a large part of
the year. Whether a poultryman is to
be a specialist or follow some plan for
putting on the market a variety of
poultry products must depend on the
person, especially on his particular
bias of mind in this matter. The man
that follows mixed poultry raising has
some advantages over the .specialist
He can keep his labor employed all the
year around. This is no small ad
vantage if the plant is large enough to
require the labor of one man. More
over, he can place upon the market
some kind of produce during every
month of the year. In the spring he
has broilers to sell; in the summer, fat
hens; in the fall, marketable cock
erels; and the winter eggs. A con
tinuous revenue will thus be assured.
It is a" question how far mixed poultry
raising should be carried. There are
some poultry men that boast of hav
ing over 80 varieties of land and watet
fowls, and in additioa several kinds oi
pigeons. It is no small task tc
educate oneself on the different ail
ments to which so many breeds are
subject In many cases mixed poultry
raising is advisable, but it should be
followed with moderation.
According to the accepted rules for
corn judging the proper length in
inches of ears of seven of the leading
varieties is as follows: Reid's Yellow
Dent 10; Golden Eagle. 9; Riley's Fa
vorite, 9; Learning. 10; Boone County
White, 10; Silver Mine, 9; White Su
perior, 10. All of these should be
seven Inches In circumference except
Boone County White, which should be
7.5. The proportion' of corn to the
whole ear should be. by weight, Reid'f
Yellow Dent, 88; Golden Eagle, 90;
Riley's Favorite, 90;- Learning, 88;
Boone County White. 86; Silver Mine
90; White Superior, 88. With these
figures our readers can do some ex
perimental work in their own con
cribs if they wish to become familiar
with the standards set
t Northwestern university has cut
'down the college course by 10 per cent
for students who enter one of the pro
fessional schools of the Institution. By
this plan, both the college and medical
degrees, for each of which four years'
work is required, can be secured by a
rtudent of both Institutions in six
''years. Tke rale applies also to stu
Jeata wko eater the law, dentistry,
and pharmacy schools from the col
lege, where they are allowed to cut
down the two courses a year.
- A good man isn't necessarily a desir
able neighbor.
, aad dew. .'Stat tank's.. 1 ft,
t aad Mae ft fleas
the areatai aky.
waste it ssm
he ewe.
Whkher wM OM Ghwy ?
Broke Up Card Playinf.
"Card playing," said the Major,
"was with many soldiers a passioB,'
and in that form was as difficult to
handle as anything in the army. Ia
the first year of the war poker was
a demoralizer, because officers aad
men gave themselves up to it and be
cause there were in nearly very regi
ment sharpers and gamblers who
took advantage of the unsophisticated
or of those who played as a relief
from the tedium of army life. . The
sharpers as a rule fell out of the ser
vice when the serious business of wsr
opened, but the men who were cur
ried off their feet by poker were num
bered by the hundreds in every bri
gade. "It was almost impossible to en
force discipline in the matter of card
playing, because if the Colonel of a
regiment was a poker player, he sym
pathized with the .men who were
poker players, and the latter knew it
So it happened that men evnded camp
regulations and played on picket and
even in the resting intervals of fight
ing on the skirmish line. Generals
like Rosecrans had small patience
with this condition of affairs and did
much to remedy the evil. In our regi
ment, however, an incident of no
great moment did more to bring
about effective reform. than all the
general's efforts nnd orders.
"One day it so happened that half
a dozen poker players were thrown
together on an advanced post guard
ing a road through the woods in our
division 'front The boys knew the
enemy was abroad and alert, but it
was very quiet there in the woods,
and the next picket post was not a
hundred yards away. Four of the men
decided on a quiet game. leaving two
ne'n on watch. The game soon be
came very interesting, and the men
on guard drew nearer and nearer to
watch the play. They, as well as the
men playing, soon were so absorbed
that they lost sight of their surround
ings, and when the rebels rushed the
post all were made prisoners without
firing a shot
"For a few minutes there was con
sternation, almost a panic along the-
line, but the post was reclaimed and
the gap closed before the enemy could
take advantage of it. The Lieuten
ant in immediate command, knowing
the men, knew how tbey had been
captured. The Captain knew also,
as did the Colonel, snd sll the poker
players of the command wore very
cerious faces. Six good men bad
been sacrificed, and the regiment bad
been put in a very awkward position.
That night five of the captured men
sneaked inside our lines. They re
ported that Bluffer, the instigator of
the game on the picket pest, bad In
veigled his captors into a game, and
when fairly started had given his fel
low prisoners a slow motioned wink,
which they quickly interpreted, and
broke guard, running toward our
lines. Bluffer himself remained a
prisoner for six months, and when
he '-returned found a regiment that
played poker only when it was safe
to play." Chicago Inter Ocean.
The Coming National Encampment.
The general committee of the citi
zens of California in charge of the ar-rarements-
for the entertainment of
thS" veterans of the Grand Army of the
Republic at the time of the thirty
seventh annual encampment have is
sued a circular in which the announce
ment is made that as these veterans
may never again gather in aa encamp
ment on the shores of the Pacific the
people of California will exert every
effort to make the encampment the
most memorable one In the history of
the G. A. R. The veterans of Califor
nia and Nevada have arranged the
preliminaries for the encampment, but
the whole Pacific coast is in a 'blaze
of enthusiasm and is working hand
In hand with the committees to make
the encampment eclipse all former
fraternal gatherings.
The famous gardens of Santa Clara.
Marin, Soncma, Alameda, Contra Cos
ta and other adjacent counties will
furnish the material for the grandest
floral display ever seen. Quartz and
hydraulic mining will be demonstrated
on miniature mines, and oil wells are
to be bored in the city in sight of the
visitors. For the illumination and the
decoration, though much of It is
owned by the city, and is given free of
charge, and the flowers are donated,
the legislature has appropriated $25.
000 for that purpose, and the citizens
expect to raise three times aa much
by voluntary contributioa to d-fray
the cost of dressing the city In holiday
Two Brave Deeds.
J. Lawler Darby, a Confederate vet
eran, said:
"The two most touching, and real
manly things lhat I recall from 1861
aadharaadclssa; .
wanaag Sasaffh am waemasnw at aa am t
hSajk BBBmfma'
WB-anvwrnOMOMffs? latwaaasr
BMftfBBt? '
Mi en a ef'heaar fast it hat est
r-bjBBfiajrts Ms sad mam mat mat
HecBiaBj ntet;
Bsnnsff back aw drives sjaw. sad bhaiat
wMwrwOttaanrie? SMwaaast
rhmfeaa hteesm It e'er me Mat
Mea aft ks catenas wade amy anmeer
taetr earns
Tefitae amis it has aet tracsd-fbtwey
it has aet weal
to 1SS6 are taeae: At the
betag waaadid aad setae 1
I walked tato the SsM
of Gen. Lee. He aad bis staff were
dtsBMiwated aad rahytaa; the disor
dered troops. A bay was aaaatas by
weepsag. The rsmmaasr placed kia
kaad aaoa kia aaoalder aad said: Oe'
hack, my son. and kelp your comrades;
doat yea hear taemr
" 'I can't I caa't; I saw my brother
shot dead by my side.'
"Go back aad areata his blood.
said Lee.
"I caa't; my heart la hrokea.'
" 'Thea (A to the rear. Yoa saaa't
be harmed.'
"The other was at Appomattox. Col.
LaFayette Hobaoa, who west out as
lieutenant of Company D. Fifth Ala
bama regimeat. originally caBed the
Greeasboro Light Artillery Guard,
waa la command of Rhodes brigade
at the surrender. Passias; his regi
meat la Use he saw Private Ed Hutch
inson, the only member present of his
old company, ready for the fight. Dis
mounting he said: 'Ed, take my horse
to the rear.' He wanted oae of his
brave boys left Hobaoa la dead, the
soldier he loved ia a worthy cttlzea of
Tribute to Scottish H
Hesrts and heads of wives sad
widows of Amerlcaa soldiers who par
ticipated in the war of the rebellion
have reached across the Atlsatic ocean
in n greeting of love to the half score
of ex-union soldiers who nre residing
in their native land Scotland. Oa aa
east-bound express train which left
Chicago recently there reposed n com
mon wooden box. In that box is a
large Amerlcaa flag. 12 by 20 feet, aad
a bronze tablet. 18 by 22 Inches. The
two sre the tribute of love snd honor
to the Spanish-American soldiers who
fell on American battlefields fightlng
for the preservation of the union aad
are preseated by the members of
Abraham Lincoln Post No. 108 of the
Women's Relief corps of Cook county.
It Is tkelutention of the members
of the corps to have the flag draped
about the monument erected to Lin
coln's memory, representing "Emanci
pation" by the Scottish people nt Edin
burgh. The tablet was placed on tho
base of the monument on Memorial
Leonardo Used to Haw) Cannen.
A rival has risen to the great
American mule aa aa adjaact to a
military compalgn. You might guess
a long time, bat never think that the
beautifully spotted leopard has proved
the equal of the prise American bick
er ia haulier; howitzers, srmy wsgons
or other vehicles. The leopards were
first Introduced for this work in Upo
gofo. in German East Africa, and now
it is not nn unusual sight to see the
jungle beauties chained to the wheel
of labor.
The leopards must be caught when
young and carefully trained. They
rapidly become docile and will work
the best part of the day with one
meal. A substitute must now be
found for thnt time worn saying
about the leopard's spots, as appar
ently the African savage has changed
the beast's treacherous nature Into
one of domestic content.
Made Him a Rounder.
A member of the Twenty-fifth Indi
ana tells this good one:
"Our regiment, having re-enlisted
after enjoying veteran furlough at
home, was ordered to Decatur, Ala.,
where we were joined by the detach
ment of boys who did not re-enlist,
and who were distinguished from the
veterans by the name of rounders. One
of the men was brought before the
colonel for some misdemeanor. The
colonel was noted for his ready means
of disposing of such cases and asked
him if he was a rounder. The of
fender answered in the negative.
Then,' said the colonel. 'HI make yon
one. Just walk around that stump
about six hours. It is needless to say
the fellow walked." Washtagton Post.
A Notable Company ef Generals.
The forty-second anniversary of the
organization of the First Pennsylvania
regiment, which was celebrated on
Saturday. April 18, was marked by a
street parade and n banquet in the
Union League. The banquet waa
given by the members of the Veteran
Corps of the regiment, of which Col.
Theodore E. Wiedersheira is comman
der. Among the guests were Gen. Nel
son A. Miles. Gen. A. R. Chaffee. Gen
John R. Brooke, Gov. Pennypackcr
and Mayor John Weaver. Gen. James
W. Latta and Col. R. Dale Bcnson;
with Col. Wcldcrsheim. who formerl
commanded the regiment, attended
the banquet. The street parade wa
reviewed from the Union League bj
Gen. Miles.
Before and After the Vvt.
One of these furious leaders at the
South declared that if we would se
cede from the Union there would be,
no war, and if there should be a wat;
we could "whip the Yankees with
children's popguns." When, after
tne war, this same gentleman was ad
dressing an audience, he was asked
by an old. maimed soldier: "SaV
Judge, ain't you the same man that
told us before the war that we couk
wbip the Yankees with pop-guns?"
"Yes." replied the witty speaker
"and we could, but. confound 'em
they wouldn't fight us that way."
rom "My First Command and th
Outbreak of the War," by Gen. Johi
B. Gordon, in JLhe May Scribner's.
Bar to Pensions Removed.
The interior department has decided
that the bar to allowance of :pens!or
to soldiers who served in the Unlor
army during the civil war and who hat
previously served in the Confederal
army is removed by section 1 of th
joint resolution of July 1, 1902, relat
tag to the pensionable status of suet
soldiers, and it is held to be unneces
sary for such claimants to file a nev
application for pension subsequent t
July 1. 1902.
Latitude Given to Pests.
The National encampment, at It:
lest meeting in Washington, adopted i
resolution providing that wherever i
department saw fit to do so it migh
cdmit post commnnders nnd past pes
commanders is good standing as dele
gates, or. in other words, they coul
make them ex-ofaeio members of th
Deaths From Stsrms snd Floods.
1 ne deaths from storms and -flood
in 1S02 were 12,000. . , .'
Grease will cause the rubber In ai
automobile tire to crumble.
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