The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911, June 03, 1903, Image 4

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"S v -
B -
J Matters in
Set Aside Menday, June 15, for Eicer
clees Appropriate for Occasion.
' LINCOLN Governor Mickey has
set apart Monday, Juae 15, as Flag
day,, aad in doing bo issued this proc
lamation: "The fag ia the emblem of the na
tion sovereignty. Around it clusters
ail that is inspiring and ennobling in
national life. Under our form of gov-
: ernment it guarantees civil and reM
gioas' liberty, equality before the law,
and -represents true progress in the
world of thought and action. It stands
for peace and yet is a warning to tyr
anny and oppression, pledging the na
tion's power in the enforcement of
Justice. It waves in unstained glory
over more than 70,000,000 of prosper
ous -and contented people and wel
comes to Its sheltering folds the op
pressed of other lands those who ap
preciate the blessings of liberty and
are willing to subscribe to the princi
ples upon which their perpetuity ia
based. .It is most fitting that our at
tention should occasionally be chal
lenged to the significance of the flag
and to the lessons of patriotism and
honor which it imparts.
"In harmony, therefore, with a wor
thy custom which is generally preva
lent among the states of the union,
I hereby designate and proclaim Mon
day. June 15, 1903. as Flag day, being
the 126th anniversary of the birth of
the flag, and enjoin upon the citizens
of Nebraska that the day be observed
by participation in such exercises and
ceremonies as shall honor the national
emblem and beget for it renewed love
and veneration in the hearts of the
people. I further recommend that all
schools then In session commemorate
the occasion with programs of a pa
triotic nature and that all citizens
within the borders of the state deco
rcte their homes, places of business
and public buildings with the Stars
and Stripes."
Bif Feeding Barn ia Wrecked Near
North Loup.
NORTH LOUP Particulars of the
tornado that passed near here have
just been obtained. The first damage
reported was at the farm of Joseph
Trump, fifteen miles west on Davis
creek, where the cloud struck a barn,
wrecking it badly. From there the
Btorm passed to the northwest through
the hills where few people live, until
it came out into the valley of the
North Loup river about four mil?s
northwest of town, where it struck
the barn of Harry Hughes. This was
a large feeding barn with sheds at
tached. It was completely demolished
and carried away, together with farm
ing machinery. Thirteen head of cat
tle and horses were killed outright
and several others suffered broken leg
and other injuries which made it nec
essary to kill them. Mr. Hughes was
building an addition to his house on
a brick foundation and had it raised
and siding on. The storm removed
part of the brick and left the house
uninjured. No other damage has been
Farm Sella for $10OO.
HUMBOLDT Richardson county
land still commands a good figure, as
was shown by the transfer of Wade
Whitney's 200-acre farm several miles
southeast of this city to Walter Dow
ell, who paid $12,000.
Land Finds Ready Sale.
SIOUX CITY -jwnslte Agent
Whitney of the Chicago & Northwest
ern Railway-company said the rapid
manner in which the country between
Norfolk. Neb., and Deadwood was be
ing settled could be guessed by the
returns of the company's land depart
ment. He said that for the first four
months of the present year the sales
of acreage property which had boon
cut up into town lots on the Nebras
ka and Wyoming division qf the North
western had averaged $200,000 a
Shot Himself.
ULYSSES Jesse Moore of this
place shot and instantly killed himself
at the home of Larry Ramsey, about
five miles southwest of here, where
he was employed as a farm hand. He
was found sitting in a chair in bis
room with a rifle between his knees
and part of his head shot away. It is
not known whether the shooting was
accidental or a suicide.
Deehler Boom Developing.
DESHLER The Deshler broom fac
tory, lately incorporated for $100,000.
and the building of the largest broom
factory in the United States here, bids
fair to make Deshler one of the live
liest towns in southern Nebraska. A
brick yard is now in operation, afford
ing employment for laborers while the
factory is being built, and after that
the broom factory expects to employ
200 to 500 men. This will afford good
opportunity for all kinds of business.
Switchman ia Cut in Two.
. HASTINGS Switchman Frank
Stankey was run over by a switch en
gine at the B. ft M. yards here Satur
day night and Instantly killed. The
engine and eleven cars passed over
the body ia a line extending from the
right shoulder toward the left hip,
completely 'severing it. He was 20
years old, unmarried and lived with
his parents, the only surviving son of
five children. The coroner's inquest
returned a verdict of accidental dean.
Charged with Csnntsi felting.
1ST. EDWARD Dan Murney. a
young man of this place, has been ar
rested by a United States marshal
charged with passing counterfeit mon
ey: - He was detected, it Is allged.
.time ago by business men here.
Think twice before speaking when
-angry and yon
iy he able to say
more aggravating than if
you a depokea trtt.
There were twenty graduates at the
St. Paul school commencement.
There were four graduates at the
commencement exercises at Kimball.
The farm house of William Freder
Icks, near Randolph, was wrecked by
Corn planting in many sections of
the state has been greatly delayed on
account of heavy rains.
The West Point camp of the Wood
men of the World unveiled a fine mon
ument In the public cemetery in that
city in memory of George Ruehl.
A class of 125 young persons receiv
ed the sacrament of confirmation at
the hands of Rt Rev. Richard Scan
nell, D. D., bishop of the diocese, at
St. Mary's Catholic church. West
Point, last Sunday.
William Kubick, aged eighteen, was
drowned in the slough, an old channel
of the Blue river, at Wilber. Saying
to his companions, "Boys, here goes
for a flip-flop," he sped down the
steep bank and was drowned.
Ex-Congressman John S. Robinson
died at his home in Madison on Men
day from the effects of appendicitis.
He was conscious to the last and pass
ed away heroically. Everything pos
sible was done to save his life, .iut in
spite of all death claimed itsyictirc.
An epidemic of measles, which in
some cases proved quite serious, has
for some time been going the rounds'
of Exeter and the surrounding coun
try. The worst cases were among the
older members, some of whom suf
fered severely and were not expected
to live.
A futile attempt to cross the N
maha river on a weakened bridge in
the edge of Tecumseh resulted in the
death of three persons by drowning.
The victims were Mrs. Ed Purlke. her
six-year-old child and the woman's
brother, Frank Harns, who lives on the
Puhlke farm a few miles south of
The offices of the Nebraska commis
sion for the Louisiana Purchase ex
position are now open in Omaha. Sec
retary H. G. Shedd is in charge daily
and is actively engaged in the distri
bution of circulars notifying prospect
ive exhibitors that their efforts look
ing towards making a creditable ex
hibit are desired.
Emory Bishop, who lives on the old
Courtright farm, about three and one
half miles east of Milford, just where
the public highway crosses tho rail
road, found quite a lot of new goods,
consisting of eight pairs of new pants,
a large bolt of silk and other silk
and sateen goods, hidden in a hay
stack on his farm near the railroad.
A man giving his name as Paul
came to Falls City soliciting orders
for silverware. In canvassing he en
tered the home of a woman in the
south part of town, and while there
became so familiar that the woman
summoned the police and had the man
arrested as he was trying to leave
town. He was fined $5 and costs.
At the closing session of the State
Dental society last week Omaha was
selected as the next meeting place.
These officers were elected: H. O.
Shannon, Lincoln, president; A. Caiser.
Friend, vice president: W. K. Clark,
Syracuse, secretary; H. R. Hatfield,
York, corresponding secretary; H. T
King, Fremont, treasurer; W. R.
Smith, Pawnee City, member of tne
board of censors. Dr. R. F. Ross of
Omaha was' chosen to supervise the
clinics next year.
The bill passed by the late legis
lature authorizing the state treasurer
to pay out of the permanent school
fund money that had been paid into
the fund through the erroneous col
lection of taxes paid to county treas
urers will likely fail of its purpose.
The indications are now that the state
treasurer will refuse to pay the war
rants unless ordered to do so by the
A misapprehension seems to exist
relative to the time the Grand Army
reunion mill be held at Omaha. Pur
suant with the action of the Grand
Army encampment recently held at
Fremont, the reunion which was voted
to go to Omaha will not be held until
September. 1904. The reunion will
be held at Hastings for another year,
the present year of 1903, under the
contract which gave the reunion to
that city for three years, in 1900. The
reunions were consequently to be
held in that city for the years 1901.
1902 and 1903. Hence the Omaha con
tract begins with 1904.
The committee selected to make a
canvass of Hastings for the purpose
of raising twelve hundred dollars for
the organization of a base ball team
report that they have been unable to
obtain promise, of the necessary funds,
hence the project has been abandoned.
The team and buggy belonging to
A. D. Snow", the-liveryman at Hum
boldt, has been located at Falls City,
where it is supposed the thief aban
doned it when he found he could not
dispose of it on account of the close
watch being kept over the county.
A county official who completed a
tour of Otoe county says that recent
storms have taken out overeighty
bridges and weakened many more
that may yet fall. Streams all over
the county have been out of their
banks and have done great damage to
Louis Kezor, 17 years old, is charg
ed with having stolen $50 from Henry
Inhelder of Cass county, with whom
he was living, and skipped out Sher
iff J. D. McBride arrested Kezcr at
Thirty-five county superintendents
in the smaller counties of the state
will have an increase in their wages
after July 9. Such is the decision of
Attorney General Prout to whom was
referred the question of the interpreta
tion of house roll 134 by Gregg, call
ing for a raise in the salaries of the
county superintendents in. smaller
counties according to the population
of their counties.
Callaway is to have a public hall,
an association for that purpose hav
ing, been organised..
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The Stars on the Flag.,
Count the stars on the flag as it passes
And then number the stars In yon dis
tant sky
The number would be the brave hearts
that would die t
For the stars on the flax.
Count the stripes on the flag we weave
into one.
The tears and the sighs for the livi that
are done.
But out of the shadows of each setting
Shine the stars on the flag.
Count the tears for the flag! Were they
shed in vain?
What now seemeth loss even yet will
seem gain.
For the nation's great heart will suffer
no strain
On the stars of the flag.
Hats off to the flag! For its lire breathe
a prayer
That brave hearts and brave hands Its
loved folds may bear.
Till the stars in their courses, their
glory shall share
With the stars on the flag.
How Families Were Divided.
The civil war saw many divisions in
families, it being no uncommon thing
for members of one family to be fight
ing against each other. Here is an
Capt William A. Winder. U. S. iL,
died at Omaha, Neb., last week, at the
age of 80 years. Capt. Winder was
a grandson of Gen. William H. Win
der, who led an expedition into Can
ada in the war of 1812, repelled the
British attack at Stony Creek in 1813.
but was himself captured. Gen. Win
der's son, and the father of the soldier
who died last week, was John H. Win
der, a graduate of West Point in 1820,
twice breveted for gallantry in the
Mexican war, who resigned from the
United States army on April 27, 1861,
and entered the service of the Con
federacy. Made a brigadier general
and given command of Richmond, he
had charge of the prisons at Libby
and Belle Isle, and was subsequently
placed in command at AndersonviUe.
To what extent he was justly charge
able with the cruelties practiced upon
the Union soldiers imprisoned there
has been disputed, his friends claim
ing that he was vlllifled beyond his
deserts. There is no doubt that in
the North he was regarded as a mon
ster of cruelty. His son, who died the
other day, went into the army in 1848,
remained true to the Union and served
with distinction during the civil war.
To Indiana Soldiers.
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m MBu&useQjrTorr, tacjrv:
Monuments at Chickamauga.
The Chickamauga Park commission,
consisting of Gen. H. Y. Boynton of
Washington, who commanded the
Thirty-fifth Ohio Infantry in the battle
and was wounded in the assault upon
Missionary Ridge; Major General
Alexander P. Stewart, who commanded
a division in Breckinridge's corps of
the confederate army, assisted by E.
E. Betts, an engineer, and J. P. Smartt,
a historian of Chattanooga, have been
working for eleven years to ascertain
the truth and fix the correct locations
for each regiment engaged on either
side in the conflict They have, of
course, been assisted by many of the
officers and soldiers engaged, but the
enormous labor they have performed
can scarcely be appreciated without
personal observation of the seven bat
tlefields in this vicinity, which are em
barked in the park project, extending
thirty miles from Chattanooga to
Ringgold, the scene of the final battle
of the campaign for the control of
Chattanooga and the Tennessee river.
When Lee Surrendered.
The Washington correspondent of
The Richmond (Va.) Times-Dispatch
wrote under date of April 8:
"To-morrow is the anniversary of
the surrender of Appomattox,' said
Senator Daniel, in his -committee room
at the Capitol. 'We who followed the
fortunes of the Confederacy for four
years cannot help feeling sad as we re
call that day,' he continued. 'We can
not forget the cause we loved, and love
still, though it was lest.
" 'I had been at my home in Lynch
burg for some months getting well of
wounds when the end came,' said the
Senator. I was able to hobble around
a little on that 9th of April. The old
darky who woke me up when he
brought in my breakfast was dread
fully scared. His face was ashy and
his voice trembled. "Marse John, ain't
dem cannons what's boomin' down de
river?" he asked.
"'I listened a moment and could
distinctly hear artillery firing, though
it is twenty-six miles from Lynchburg
to Appomattox. "They are cannon,
sure enough," I told him. and he went
out highly excited and scared. I
dressed as quickly as I could and got
outdoors, where the sound of guns
could be heard with great distinctness.
"'About 2 o'clock In the afternoon
I went out into the street. I could not
get along very well, but I managed to
get to the top of the hill overlooking
the river, where I met a Baptist min
ister hurrying toward me. I asked him
the news. He was greatly disturbed.
" ' "Eminently unsatisfactory, sir;
eminently so," he replied. "It is re
ported that Gen. Lee has surrendered
to Gen. Grant down at Appomattox
Court House." And he hurried on evi
dently in great distress.
" 'I made my way on toward the bot
tom. When not. far from the railroad
I saw a group of Confederate soldiers,
who evidently had a prisoner. When
I drew closer I recognized thst they
were guarding an old friend of mine.
Lieut. John Stockton of the Monticello
Guard of Albemarle county. I was
astonished, and as soon as I got to the
men I asked why they had arrested
my friend, Lieut Stockton.
" 'I got a reply at once. One of the
men .said he was a deserter. "For God's
sake. John, now is this?" I asked.
"Well. I just told them Gee. Lee had
surrendered," said Stockton, coolly,
"an they thought I must be a deserter-"
M The men took up the conversation (
aj. Mpvvnanj
and argued that there could be no
doubt that their prisoner had deserted.
Of course. Gen. Lee had not quit fight
ing. I asked Stockton to explain, and
he f aid that while the actual ceremony
of surrender had not taken place when
he left the field, yet the whjte flags
were out at that time. He had man
aged to slip into the bushes and get
away. Like a number of others who
had fought under Lee, he could not
witness the surrender. Of course, we
saw then that the news of the surren
der was true. That night we had full
" 'I determined at once to Join Gen.
Joseph E. Johnston in North Carolina,
and began to arrange for departure,'
said the Senator, with a reminiscent
smile, 'but when I- found I would have
to travel in a buggy, being unable to
ride, I concluded that my joining any
army woull be a Joke, so I gave up
the idea and faced the music with the
rest of the boys.
"'Did you ever hear how Fits Lee
surrendered? You know he managed
to escape from the field at Appomat
tox. He and several companions got
down to Farmville, and Fitz went into
the hotel, where Gen. Meade had his
headquarters. Fitz said he found out
the room in which Gen. Meade was,.
and when he discovered that it was
unguarded, he thought It would be a
good thing to capture the Union 'com
mander and make off with him. But
he soon saw this could not be done,
so he walked boldly in and Introduced
himself. Of course, Gen. Meade was
greatly surprised, but I Imagined he
was glad to receive the surrender of
a man whose cavalry had been hitting
him such hard blows. Fitz sat and
talked with Gen. Meade for some time,
and I expect they enjoyed each other's
conversation.' "
Officers With Muskets.
"A most unusual thing," said the
Sergeant, "happened in our company
in West Virginia. There had been a
skirmish in the mountains across the
river from camp and our company was
ordered up the road. We found signs
of the enemy in less than a mile and
finally heard the noise of a heavy ad
vancing column. The company was
posted to command the mountain road
and the captain with two men went
forward to reconnoiter. They came,
at a sharp turn of the road, not ten
yards away, face to face with the
enemy's advance guard, and the Cap
tain, who was carrying a musket,
blazed away without an instant's
hesitation and killed the officer in
command of the enemy. Thereupon!
the rebels threw themselves bodily on
the Captain and his two men and all
were sent to Richmond."
"I suppose," said the Corporal by
brevet, "that the Captain was criti
cised for carrying a musket. But in
the Thirteenth Massachusetts, which
saw a good deal of service in the Ar
my of the Potomac (we were in over
twenty engagements), the adjutant,
sergeant, major, captains and lieuten
ants generally came out of a fight
with rifles in their hands and empty
cartridge boxes. The boys were in
the habit of saying that the shoulder
straps picked up rifles to keep up
their courage, but we knew they did
it from choice. As the most of the
commissioned officers had come up
from the ranks they felt more at home
in a fight with rifles than with swords.
Chicago Inter Ocean.
Collecting Confederate Records.
Ex-Gov. Allen D. Candler has been
appointed to compile the roster of the
Confederate officers and soldiers from
Georgia who served in the war, and
he has appealed to all the camps of
Confederate veterans in the state, and
every organization of Daughters of
the Confederacy to aid him in making
it as nearly complete as possible. The
roster is intended for the general gov
ernment, which will print the lists
and those of the Union armies, under
the direction of Gen. F. C. Ainsworth.
Gov. Candler says: "These rolls
should contain not only the names,
but as far as possible the military
history of each officer and enlisted
man. If killed, it should "tell when
and where; if wounded, when and
where; if promoted, when and to
what grade; if discharged, when and
where; if he deserted, when and
The First Shot at Fort Sumter.
It has been claimed that the first
shot fired at Fort Sumter was by a
South Carolina citizen named Ruffin;
not long ago it was said that the shot
was sent booming toward the fort by a
little girl, held in the arms of Gen.
Now there is a story that the can
non was fired by Capt Jacob Ballen
tine, who commanded a battery at
Fort Moultrie, on the order of Briga
dier General Roswell Sabine Ripley.
This Ripley is said to have been born
in Ohio in 1823; to have been gradu
ated at West Point, and to have
served in the Mexican war. When the
rebellion came he was residing at
Charleston, and at once offered his
services to the Confederates, and they
were accepted and he was made s
brigadier general.
The Hooker Statue.
The final casting for the Hooker
statue have been completed, and the
statue is now being set up at the
foundry in New York city. Norcross
Bros, have the granite pedestal well
under way.
The Legislature has passed the ap
propriation of $23,000 for the dedi
cation ceremonies, and the bill fg
now before the governor for his
Trouble is brewing for somebody
on thst inscription adopted by the
council to go on the pedestal. The
"boys" have no use for it
Thursday, June 25, the day- fixed
upon for the dedication, is the anni
versary of the engagement before
Richmond in ,1862, known as Oak
Grove or Williamsburg Road, where
Heintzleman, Hooker and Kearney
advanced the Third corps lines suc
cessfully, and where our First
Eleventh and Sixteenth Massachu
setts regiments lost heavily.
Not Easy to Stop Large Vessel.
Experiments show that a large
ocean steamer, going at 19 knots an
hour, will move over a distance of
two miles after its engines are stopped
and reversed, and no authority gives
less than a mile or a mile and a half
as the required space to stop its prog
ress. A Modern Hercules.
Edward Beaupre, a Canadian, at
present a resident of Chicago, is so
strong that be lately lifted a horse
bodily oS its legs.
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The Larder Beetle.
J. P. Aberll, a Kentucky reader of
:he Farmers' Review forwards a little
beetle and says: "Here is a bug that
a neighbor brought me, asking what
sould be done to destroy same. It
sets through cotton sacks and eats
boles In hams, with the result that
small skippers appear. What can be
done to exterminate them?"
We forwarded the insect to the
Kentucky Experiment Station and re
ceived the following reply:
From Farmers' Review: The in
sect enclosed with the communication
from Mr. Aberli is a small beetle
about one-fourth inch long, black,
with a gray area at the bases of the
front wings. It is well known every
where as the Larder Beetle (Dennes
tes lardarius), and' feeds upon, dead
animal matter of various sorts. It is
st ttetes very destructive to preserved
skins, and attacks hams as noted by
jrour correspondent. The young is not
a "skipper," however, but a rather
hairy worm that can creep, but never
leaps. These worms commonly live
on the outside of preserved meat, but
penetrate It when ready to become
pupae. The adult beetles enter dwell
ings in the spring, .and then place
their eggs on anything that will afford
food to their young. They may be
kept out by the use of screens, such
is are used for flies and mosquitoes.
But once on meat they should be re
moved by trimming away the infested
parts, and then putting the meat
where the adults cannot get to it
Under some circumstances It is pos
sible to rid objects of the Insects by
fumigating with bisulphide of carbon,
rhis Is especially good for Infested
3klns, and may be used without dan
ger of Injuring dried meats. H. Gar
man, Entomologist
Keeping Dirt Out of Milk.
The greatest of efforts should be
put forth to keep dirt out of milk,
in the milking; for after it is once
in, removal in toto is absolutely im
possible. In our sanitary milk dai
ries, covered milk pails are being
quite largely used. In a test at the
Storm Station it was found that milk
drawn into such a pail was cleaner
without being strained than milk
drawn Into an open pail and after
wards strained. In one test the
amount of 'dirt In the milk where a
covered pail was used was 37 per
cent of the amount, where the milk
was drawn into an open pall. When
the latter milk was strained less than
half' of the dirt was removed, it be
ing estimated that 63 per cent re
mained. This was 16 per cent more
than the total dirt In the other milk.
When the latter was strained the
amount would be still further re
duced. When milk is drawn into an
open pail a very large number of
acid ferments get in from the air.
The strainer removes few of these.
In a test at the station mentioned
above only 17 per cent of these acid
ferment bacteria could be removed
by the strainer. But acid ferments
are not harmful and their exclusion
is of not much moment What we do
need to keep out of the milk is the
whole array of disease producing
germs, which so often thrive in the
filth of the stables. We would advise
the use of the partly covered pail in
all milking, as thereby the exclusion
of much undesirable matter from the
milk is certain.
Energy in Fighting Insects.
Spraying is not something that can
wait on everything else, or, in fact,
anything else, says Prof. F. M. Web
ster. When the time comes, it must
be done promptly or good results can
not be secured with the most effective
insecticides. It seems, sometimes, as
though there was a human aversion
to spraying or, indeed, fighting in
sects at all, at the proper time, and
that it took a lot of stamina to pull
one's self together and put forth the
effort at the right time and in the
right manner. I do not know whether
this Is due to the fact, that they are
frequently so minute, or whether it Is
becauso we have insects always with
us, and familiarity breeds contempt
Certain it Is that the contempt and
neglect are common everywhere
among our people, and I do not know
that they are worse in one state than
in another.
Plant Pears in Sod.
From Fanners' Review: We have
found by experience that pears
should always be planted in stiff sod
and not even be mulched with straw.
Coal ashes may be put around them
but never spade around them, as not
spading will cause them to grow slow
er, but not blight like those of quicker
growth. We planted about 75 pear
trees some eight or ten years ago.
Those which we planted in cultivated
land are nearly all dead, while those
planted in stiff sod have given more
fruit than all the rest They blight
but little, grow very slowly and do
not seem to need cutting the tops
back. I think it is also a benefit
never to trim them, except to cut out
dead branches; but those set in stiff
sod have scarcely any dead branches.
Mrs. L. C. Axtell.
Planting Roses.
Best time Is after danger of frosts
is past In the spring, says Geo. J. Kel
logg. If your roses are budded it Is
necessary to Incline them at an angle
or forty-five degrees In the direction
you wish to lay them down for win
ter; there is danger of breaking off
the top where budded set them so
this connection will be four inches be
low the surface. Roses on their own
roots are much the best, end, too, they
will be easier put down for winter if
properly inclined. If budded roses
are planted, watch for the sprouts that
come below the bud; you will need to
dig down and tear them out to pre
vent their sprouting again. If allowed
to grow, they will rob the bud or
grafted bush, which will die. Many a
bush has been broken off at the bud
and the root has sprouted, and the
wonder Is, "Why does not my rose
bloom?" The fact is, you have nothing
but the wild stock, some of which
never bloom. Some dealers grow all
rosea on their own roots, others bud
nearly everything. In planting, be
sure to place the roots in natural posi
tion and press the earth firmly to the
roots; water well and if the plants
are In leaf, shade from the hot sun
for few days.
Budding consists in introducing the
bud of one tree with a portion of bark
and a little adhering wood, beneath
the bark of another, and upon the face i
I of the mewly forming wood. 1
w i
Value of Pasture for Pigs.
A recent bulletin of the Missouri
State Board of Agriculture quotes
G. W. Waters as follows:
"We will now state two propositions
bearing on economy of production.
First, while the pig is not considered
primarily a grazing animal, from the
fact that he cannot be expected to
make gains and grow fat If turned
onto common pasture grass like cat
tle, sheep or mules, yet, as a matter
of fact the pig will make better re
turns for the amount of grass eaten
than any other farm animal. More
over, the pasture will increase the
efficiency and value of the grain fed
in connection with it The second
proposition is this: The pig is a grass
feeder and will eat too much of rich
feeds, as grain, more tnan he can
use economically, more than he can
I digest well, consequently greater
gains from a given amount of corn
are obtained if the pig is fed less than
he can or wiii eat This statement
applies with especial force in cases of
a long feeding period. The two propo
sitions just announced, are brought
out in thj following report of tests
made at the Wisconsin station, six
lots of pigs being used:
"Lot 1, full fed, in a dry lot, gained
1.15 pounds per day and used 537
pounds of corn in making 100 pounds
of gain.
"Lot 2, full fed, on clover pasture,
gained 1.30 pounds per day, and used
417 pounds of corn in making 100
pounds of gain.
"Lot 3, three-fourths full, on clover
pasture, gained 1.20 per day and used
377 pounds of corn in making 100
pounds of gain.
"Lot 4, one-half full, clover pasture,
gained .87 pounds per day and requir
ed 352 pounds of corn to make 100
pounds of gain.
"Lot 5, one-fourth full, clover pas
ture, gained .64 pounds per day, and
required 243 pounds of corn to make
100 pounds of gain.
"Lot 5, no gain, clover pasture,
gained .36 pounds per day.
"In lot 2 there is a sudden drop over
lot 1 in the amount of corn required.
But in lot 3 there is a still larger
drop. Nearly three bushels less of
corn is required to produce 100 pounds
of gain over dry lot feeding. For
growing hogs a still larger reduction
of corn is advisable. The rate of gain
Is slower, but it is vastly cheaper. It
Is however wise practice to full feed
for the last 30 days before market
ing." Cattle in the United States.
Cattle other than- milch cows. In
the United States on January 1, 1901.
were as follows, according to a report
of the United States Department of
Maine 123.677
New Hampshire 101,198
Vermont 225.893
Massachusetts 93,400
Rhode Island 10,875
Connecticut 88,377
New York 955.408
New Jersey 82,890
Pennsylvania 823,143
Delaware 21,606
Maryland -.. 133.992
Virginia 449,679
North Carolina 307.772
South Carolina 171.459
Georgia 023,03..
Florida 544,298
Alabama 399,319
Mississippi 4C6.219
Louisiana 421,818
Texas 8,007,910
Arkansas 455,305
Tennessee 442,405
West Virginia 359,593
Ohio 1,190.024
Kentucky 508,918
Michigan 736,441
Indiana 913,860
Illinois 1,700,716
Wisconsin 1,148,698
Minnesota 1,002,668
Iowa 3,574,012
Missouri 1,405,081
Kansas 2.741.23C
Nebraska 2,403,990
South Dakota 1,456,291
North Dakota 570.95C
Montana 1,048,559
Wyoming 796,060
Colorado 1,286,300
New Mexico 872,471
Arizona 551.32S
Utah 254,326
Nevada 364,165
Idaho 362,082
Washington 309.90S
Oregon 570,04!
uaiuornla 1,11 1,767
Oklahoma 1,312,620
Indian Territory 1.187.39S
Seth Adams Memorial Building.
Seth Adams was the first man to in
troduce Merino sheep into the United
States. His first importation was
madein 1801. Mr. Adams lived r
large 'part or his life in Ohio and war
a great breeder and distributer ol
Merinos. He died in 1852 at the ag
of 84 years. Ever since his day Ohic
has been the leading state in the pro
duction of Merinos. Ohio sheep breed
ers are now planning for the erection
on the grounds of the State university
of a building to be known as the "Sett
Adams Memorial building." which will
contain a lecture room, sheep judging
auditorium, library of sheep literature
and a Seth Adams Memorial room ic
one part, with wool rooms, shearing
room, dipping room, hospital and feed
ing paddocks in another part, the lat
ter to be connected with the fartr
fields. This building may be used free
of charge by all sheep organizations in
Ohio in annual or special sessions
Ohio sheep breedrs are asked to con
tribute 1 cent per sheep toward the
cost of erecting this building.
International Live Stock Expositor
Last week a large number of live
stock breeders met at the Record
building at the Union stockyards, Chi
cago, for the purpose of completing
the organization of the above men
tioned association. The reorganizatior
committee submitted the by-laws
which were adopted. Twenty-one di
rectors were chosen. Prof. C. F. Cur
tic was elected director at large. At a
meeting of the directors, following tnt
general meeting, the following officer:
were chosen: President, John A
Spoor, Chicago; first vice president
A. H. Sanders, Chicago; second vic
president, A. J. Lovejoy, Roscoe, 111.
secretary, Mortimer Levering, Indian
apolis, Ind.; treasurer, S. R. Flynn
Chicago; general manager, W. E
Skinner, Chicago.
If the electric chair is an instm
ment of death where does the accor
dion come in?
ms. m n
KVF.'tjunBBBr 'sVaraBfeWflBwaa. BusBunWaaVsi awl I
A Permanent Creamery at Purdue.
Beginning early la May. Pardee
University will operate the creamery
equipment of its Dairy Department on
a commercial basis, securing milk
regularly from farmers In the vicin
ity. This step was prompted by the
difficulty experienced in securing a
temporary supply of milk at such
times as It was needed for use of the
students. The equipment includes
the latest styles of separators, com
bined churns, vats and cream ripen
ers. This equipment with a supply
of milk, regularly, will make possible
the study of many questions not here
tofore touched on by the work of the
Indiana Experiment Station. Prof.
H. E. Van Norman has secured H. N.
Slater of Fairmount Minn., as assist
ant In the creamery work of his de
partment Mr. Slater is a creamery
butter maker of wide experience, a
graduate of the Minnesota Dairy
School, and has served as Instructor
in the Starter and Cream Ripening
Work at Minnesota. He was also an
instructor in the Creamery Course at
Purdue this past winter. Indiana
creamery men, butter makers and
dairymen should take advantage of
the establishment of a well-equipped
dairy department at Purdue by calling
upon them for such information and
assistance as they can render, feeling
sure it will be cheerfully given.
Know About the Cows.
It is astonishing how little most
cow owners know about their ani
mals. One man will have a lot of
good, average and poor cows, and yet
have very little conception of their
real or relative value. To demonstrate
this, one has but to go out to buy
a cow, and Inquire as to milking
capacity of any one of them at any
farm. He is told that such and such
a cow gives a "pailful" of milk twice
a day," and that it Is very rich. Not
infrequently he is told that the cow
gives ten quarts of milk morning and
night, with the inference that this
rate of milk giving is continued the
year around. But the scales and the
test change all these opinions. The
cow that was reported to be giving
about 40 pounds per day is found to
be giving about one-third of that on
an average. Ihe other rate would
have given over 14,000 pounds of milk
per year and cows giving that amount
are not too numerous. The man that
buys cows to put into a dairy is com
ing to demand a very complete knowl
edge of them. He wants a yearly
knowledge of weight of milk pro
duced, as well as richness tests
throughout the milking period. He
will not if he is wise, trust the hired
man's or any one else's guess as to
how much milk a cow can give.
Cow Capacity.
In the selection of a milch cow for
the farm some attention should be
paid to her capacity to produce milk.
There are on American farms alto
gether too many cows that give only
3,000 or 4,000 pounds of milk per
year. The 6,000 pounds of milk mark
is a good one to strive for, and If a
man can get together a herd of cows
that can average that amount he is
about sure to make money out of
hem. But this milk should be above
:he average in richness, say 4 per cent
There are indeed numerous cows that
?ive as high as 12,000 pounds of milk
per year, but they form but a small
iter cent of the whole. At the pres
ent time an average of even 6,000
pounds of per cent milk is some
thing to look forward to. It is to be
regretted that in the past there has
:ot been more method in breeding
up and selection. Cows have been
retained in the herd without much
regard for their real capabilities, and
ones that have been sent to the butch
mr have also been little understood.
Some of our best strains as well as
some of the poorest have gone to the
shambles; and this process continued
year after year has been to the detri
ment of our herds.
Probably Indigestion.
From Farmers' Review: Thcro is
a disease prevalent among poultry, of
which the symptoms are, viz.: A
very heavy breathing, they shiver as
with the ague, refuse to eat. stop lay
ing a couple of days and die. bowels
quite loose. The poultry were fed on
whole corn, soaked bread and cooked
potatoes, and seemed in good condi
tion all winter. Will you please tell
me, through the columns of your pa
per, what ails them. Many of the
farmers in this vicinity have lost
hens in the same way. Mrs. Leo O.
The symptoms, as given above, are
very meager, as ceasing to produce
eggs and dying can hardly be called
symptoms. The heavy breathing and
looseness of the bowels would indi
cate roup. If this is present the
mouths of the birds should contain
an abundance of colorless, stringy
mucus, even u it uoes not snow itseir
in the eyes. Cholera is possible, but
not probable. From the data given
v.e should infer that the trouble is in
digestion, due to a too heavy grain
ration throughout the winter. Pota
toes could hardly balance the ration,
as they are themselves overbalanced
in the direction of the carbohydrates,
as is corn. It is not probable that the
fowls received a very large quantity
cf -soaked bread. Every spring indi
gestion carries off multitudes of fowls
that have been heavily grain fed
through the winter. Why the trouble
does not appear earlier we cannot
say. Perhaps the digestive apparatus
of the fowls are able to stand a cer
tain vmnunt of abuse, and the limit
of their endurance is not reached till
spricg. If these fowls had been fed a
warm mash of bran and shorts every
morning during the winter, or had re
ceived daily green stuff in some form,
mere would probably be no trouble
among them now.
During the growing seasor of a fruit
tree, the sap enters at th? fibrous
roots, passes up through the alburnum
or sap-wood, ascends to the extremi
ties of the branches, and is distributed
through the leaves. Emerging - thus
from th? oark and minute vessels of
the wood, it is spread out and ex
posed to the action of the light It
now becomes essentially changed in
character, enters into new combina
tions, and is charged with the mate
rials for the newly forming wood. It
descends, not through the sap-wood,
out through the inner or living bark,
and deposits a new layer between the
bark and the wood.
The tendency is more or less com
con with all plants, when successive
ly nroduced from seed, to depart from
tie character first stamped upon them. I
Exhibit! Ducks.
From Farmers' Review: I exhibit
each year at our annual local show,
bat I make no more effort to prepare
the birds for exhibition than that made
to have good breedlsg birds. If
I know of anyone showing better
birds than I nave I patronise him
for eggs to the extent of my
means. la that way I have great
ly improved my stock. I always
take first premium at 'our local shows,
but I must say there is slender com
petition. However, my stock serves
well. I have free range for my duck
lings and generally manage to feed
them once a day after they are feath
ered. Previous to that I keep them
closer and feed liberally. I do not
think, ducks receive half the atten
tion they merit, and some of these
days when I have time, I mean to start
a boom, with the aid of obliging edi
tors, la the Pekia duck industry. I
would like to hear wm quacks from
the duck row ia the show room. As a
matter of fact we can sell an the good
breeding ducks we raise, and eggs are
much ia demand, bat no one seems
particularly interested In our show
record. The size of the ducks is well
looked after by buyers, and there are
so many questions about broilers. We
do not know a thing about broilers, as
all our business has been to raise and
sell the nicest breeding stock we knew'
how to raise. Once a year we picked
out some large well-shaped ducks and
took them to our exhibition and won
a blue ribbon, while most of oar com
petitors had their birds disqualified
for black spots on beaks. It is not
that we are such ignoramuses about
everything that anyone showing
should not now that blac spots In
the beak of a Pekia duck disqualifies,
but Just gross carelessness. Even the
judges say ducks are just a market
bird, as much as to say. not worthy of
exhibiting. Now I am very proud of my
big Pekins and some of these days
when the children are grown up I'll
b able to tell yon all about exhibiting
them. In the meantime I'll have to be
satisfied to show them at our local
suow only, and devote all my spare
time to raising aad Improving them,
pending that time when I can leave to
go to all the big shows. Hattie By
field. Red Willow County. Nebraska.
A Requisite in Poultry Raising.
All classes of people may go Into
the raising of poultry and do it sue- -cessfully.
Sex is no bar to success. "
In fact very many of our. most sue-
cessful poultry raisers are women.
Some are semi-invalids who have
given up the great lines of business
and have been told by their family '
physician to get into something where .
they can be out of doors a great
deal, but where the amount of manual
labor will not be large. These and -others
may succeed, but there Is one
requisite for all and that is interest
in the business. The writer has
known of people intending to go into
the poultry business, when they bated
the sight of a live hen. Asked as to
their reason for making the venture
they replied that they had been told
there was money In It The invaria
ble advice given by the writer in u
such cases Is for the would-be in- '
vestor to keep out of the business. ,.
Longfellow says "the heart glveth .
grace unto every art." The person
that has a deep Interest in poultry -can
make a success of raising any
kind of fowls, for he will not be -,
stopped by the obstacles that are cer
tain to be discovered ia the way.
The number of people tnat dislike to
have poultry around is very large. T
But there are those that find great
pleasure in caring for fowls. Some
times it is one breed that strikes their
fancy and sometimes another, but
whatever it be, they can see beauty in
it The man that nas a real interest
ia fowls will make a success of rais
ing them, if conditions be at all favor
able, but the fowl-hater is about sure
to fail.
Cream for the Creamery.
There are a good many things that
our creameries will have to do before
they succeed in getting first-class
cream for use in making butter, espe
cially wben the gathered cream sys
tem Is followed. One manager sug
gests that every creamery should fur
nish the haulers with canvas covers
for their cans to keep out the dust
that so often gets into the crease
where the covers fit In and are after-
ward rinsed out with the cream when
it Is poured from the cans. He also
suggests that it would be a paying
investment to furnish the haulers
with soap-stone stoves or some
other kind of heaters in winter, so
that the cream will not freeze, as It
is not possible to make first-class but
ter from frozen cream. In the sum
mer time haulers of cream should be
required to be at the creamery at a .
certain time, as several hours un- ,
necessary exposure of cream to the
sun's heat is likely to injuriously af
fect its quality.
Keep a thin knitting needle by the
stove to use in piercing any vegetable
which is cooking. It will not leave so
unsightly a mark as a fork.
The first time new iron utensils are
used, such as pop-over cups, waffle
irons, sad irons, griddle or frying pans,
they should be heated very slowly or
they may crack.
To whip cream quickly, put the
cream in a glass jar with an air-tight
cover and after adjusting the cover
firmly shake it vigorously. A tiny
pinch of salt and a little lemon juice
help to make it turn, but it must not
be shaken too long, as when this is
done the cream may develop into
To remove white stains caused by a
hot dish from the dining table thrust a
shovel into the fire until It has reached '
white heat, and then hold It over thf
stains as near as possible withont
running any risk of burning the table.
The color is restored almost Instantly.
In many cases in New England.
New York and perhaps Pennsylvania,
well-fixed types have been established
by growing one kind of corn for a
!ong period of years on the same
farm without any change of seed.
These varieties are frequently desig
nated by the name of the family by
whom tney have been grown, as "Doo
little" corn aad "Warren" field, corn..
Not infrequently some particular kind
of corn has been grown on the same
farm for several generations of a fam
ily, without new seed being Intro
duced. The Book of Corn.
Sig. Tomaso Salvini will, after a
tour of the principal towns of Italy,
permanently retire front the stage.
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