Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (May 27, 1903)
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! Matters in Nebraska.
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NEWSY STATE BRIEFS.
A -tre at Pierce emtailed mm S18.00?
Tke telephone comipmmy of Cessna
tea decided to redaee rates.
Seaator Dietrich naa let tke con
tract for ais aew house la Hastiaaa.
. At a Bseetiag of the citizeaa of Ex
eter a base ball organization was
The barber shop of Hayes Gmnfield
at Benedict was robbed of 940 worth
Hon. W. H. Summers of Oawha will
dellrer the Memorial day address at
The city mwrsaal of Fremont has
fnaagarated a crusade mgmlmst unll
The millinery store of Mrs. Xreader
of Fremont was damaged by fire to
the extent of $1,600.
Omaha's city market house, nearly
completed daring the winter, remains
antnished because or labor troubles.
The Wells-Abbott-Niemaa company
at Schuyler hare advanced the pay of
all men receiving less than $1.50 10
The Forepaugh-Sells circus was
stack ia the mud at Nebraska City
and could not give the performance
The aew German Evangelical church
recently completed near Gladstone, in
the western part of Jefferson county,
was dedicated last Sunday.
While Burk's "Tjncle Tom's Cabin"
company was playing at Osceola in a
ten which was crowded the seating
gave away and there were a number
of dtisens injured.
At Greeley N. B. Roberts, a team
ster, was struck by passenger train
No. 4, when it was within ten feet of
the passenger depot, and killed. His
team was also killed.
Seaator Dietrich has concluded ar
rangements with the postofflce depart
ment at Washington tor the establish
ment of a complete system of rural
free delivery routes in Adams county.
Fraak Taylor, a farmer of Johnson
county, had a runaway experience.
His horse broke away from the buggy
and dragged him across the road. He
was terribly bruised, but no bones
Tke Central Nebraska base ball
league, comprising the cities of Mc
Cook, Holdrege. Mlnden, Red Cloud,
Superior aad either Hastings or Fair
bury, was organized at a meeting of
base ball mea at Hastings.
Inasmuch as spring has been so
backward and the farmers are behind
with their work, the Methodist camp
meetlag, which was to have been held
in Callaway from June 4 to 14, inclu
sive, has been called off.
Governor Mickey has announced the
appointment of C. E. Burns of Scrib
ner aa deputy oil Inspector, to take
the place of Fred Sonnenscheln in the
Third district. Mr. Burns is an old
soldier and was highly, recommended.
The starving people of Finland are
mot la meed of assistance from the
citizens of Nebraska, having been pro
vided for bv the Russian government,
and consequently their representative
ia Washiagton has returned the $500
appropriated for them by the late leg
islature. The Nebrasna photographers have
elected omcera for the coming year as
follows: President, Alva C. Townsend,
Lincoln; first vice president, John F.
Wilson. Pawnee City; second vice
resident. D. W. Wright. Nelson; sec
retary, E. R. Tyson, Nebraska City;
treasurer. W. P. Fritz, Fremont.
Senator Dietrich of the public lands
committee of tke United States sen
ate will leave shortly for a 15,000-mile
tour of Alaska. He will be accompa
nied by kts daughter, and in addition
to being the most extensive semi-official
trip ever begun It will probably
be the longest Journey ever under
taken by a woman in Alaska.
Sheriff White of Los Angeles arriv
ed la Omaha and took Nicholls Wil
son away with him. Wilson had been
arrested la response to the demands
of the California authorities on charge
of the embezzlement of $1,700. The
prisoner is something of a promoter,
aad tae arrest grew out of a financial
deal la which he was interested.
Jamese Kennedy of Plattsmouth, the
lad who receatly shot himself in the
abdomen with a 3Vcaliber revolver.
has almost entirely recovered. His
recovery is remarkable in that the
wound wns pronounced fatal by two
of the best physicians of the city, who
were called to attend him. The bullet
has not been located, but the wound
. has healed.
8everal citizens of York are heirs
to a part of the estate of Charles and
John Harper of Indian Territory, who
are full blooded Indians and have an
estate of $87,000,000. consisting of
large tracts of valuable mad and cash
held by the United States.
Treasurer Mortensen has announced
that he -will begin the payment of
75.00 worth of Douglas county bonds,
the payment of which was authorized
met Jaly. These bonds bear 3H per
cent interest and were bought on a 3
per cent basis.
Emil. the 19-year-old son of Mr. and
Mrs. Herman Beethe, living three
- milea west of Elk Creek, was kicked
hi the face by a vicious horse and lay
unconscious for a considerable length
of time. No serious damage, however,
Sheriff J. D. Hartman of Polk coun
ty tea only one prisoner to feed and
.lodge, Joe NetaelL He was sent up
for twenty days by Jadge Coleman of
. Stromsbarg for breaking into a store
taere and atealing a quart bottle of
The party of forty-three represent
ativee of the national agricultural so
ciety of Germany who are making: n
tour of the United States for the pur
of obsenrimg the comdittoas and
of farming; and the general
industrial resources of this country.
a day at Leavitt and Ames,
they inspected the factory of
the Standard Sugar company aad aaw
the Sella where beets are grown.
At Ceiambis James Barrows waa ac-
emitted ef the charge of algway rob-
by Philip Scareiber.
FIX RAILROAD VALUE.
State Beard of Assessment Completes
Its Labors and Adjourns.
LINCOLN. The assessed valuation
of the railroads of Nebraska is $27,
077.353.50. so fixed by the State Board
of Assessment. The total assessed
valuation last sear was $26,588,612.70,
the increase, therefore, being $488,
740.80. And the people asked for an
assessment of $50,000,000. The cause
of the increase made by the board, to
a great extent, was the fact that the
mileage of the roads had been increas
ed seventy-three miles since the meet
ing of the last board. Of this increase
thirteen miles and a fraction belongs
to the Union Pacific and sixty miles'
to the Elkhorn. Had thfs seventy
three miles been assessed at $6,695
and odd cents per mile, it would have
made up the total increase on all the
roads, and would have left the assess
ment as it was last year. As it was
not so assessed the total increase fig
ured on the same mileage as last year
HORSE THIEF GETS AWAY.
Cass County Officers Chase Criminal
Day and Night.
PLATTSMOUTH. Sheriff McBride
returned from a most exciting but
fruitless search for a horse thief. The
fugitive, who is wanted for stealing
a team and carriage from a farmer
near Weeping Wate. was traced by
bloodhounds to University Place,
where it was found that he had left
the carriage and one horse in a livery
stable riding away with the other
animal. He was traced from there to
Lincoln and then to Wahoo, where
the trail was lost entirely. The rob
bery occurred last Monday night, and
since that time the chase has been
kept up night and day. Several other
thefts of the kind which have oc
curred recently lead the officers to
believe that Cass county is the head
quarters of a well organized gang who
operate along this line.
Free Carrier Service.
FAIRBURY. The citizens of Fair
bury are elated over the prospect of
a free postal delivery in the city.
During the year ending May 1, the
receipts for the Fairbury postofflce
were in round numbers, $10,400, which
amount is $400 above the requirement
for free delivery service. A petition is
being circulated according to law, ask
ing for the establishment of the serv
ice, and as it is being universally
signed, the success of the project is
Convicted of Highway Robbery.
NELIGH. Frank Henery, who was
arrested some time since near Bruns
wick. Antelope county, was convicted
of the crime charged, that of highway
robbery. He was arrested for holding
up at night Walter Older, a merchant
of Brunswick. This was the third hold
up that has taken place in that vil
lage, and he is suspected of being the
individual who did all the work.
Horse Thieves at Valley.
VALLEY, Neb. Two horses were
stolen from a pasture on Chris .Hein's
farm, three and one-half .miles west
of Valley. One of the animals was a
sorrel with four white feet. 12 years
old, Saturn bred, a good stepper, and
weighed about 1,050 pounds. The
other was a dark bay, 1,150 pounds,
and nearly blind in the left eye, with
a black mane and tail.
Corn Planting Retarded
CALLAWAY, Neb. Spring is the
most backward it has ever been in
this part of the country. So far it
has been very cold and wet, retard
ing corn planting to a great extent.
Fruit and early vegetation has been
entirely killed by the frosts and snow.
Wheat, oats and rye are doing well,
and a bumper crop is looked for.
There will be a large acreage of corn.
Frienda Pay the Shortage.
WEST POINT, Neb. The default
ing water commissioner of this city.
Ludwlg Herse. has, through friends,
paid his shortage and he and his
bondsmen are released from further
Impose Occupation Tax.
ARLINGTON. Neb. The village
board at its last meeting imposed an
occupation tax on druggists for the
privilege of selling liquors, amounting
Antics of a Blind Horse.
BEATRICE, Neb. As Edward
Jackson, 14 years old. was driving a
blind horse on East Court street the
animal ran away, throwing the lad out
of the wagon. The horse dashed into
the large plate glass window of Ran
dall Bros.' store, smashing it. and
then ran up the street and broke a
large 'window in W. R. Jones' imple
ment store. From there the animal
ran into and smashed Rev. Price's
Franklin Girls Defeat Minden.
FRANKLIN. Neb. The Minden high
school girl basket ball team were here
and played a return game with our
high school girls. The Franklin girls
Section Man Struck by Engine,
BEATRICE, Neb. Fred Swartz, a
section hand on the Burlington, was
struck by a switch engine. Several
toes were cut off. His injuries are
Body of Jarvis Is Found.
FULLERTON. The body of A. F.
Jarvis, who was drowned on the 10th
of last March In the Loup river at this
city, was found near the Kent ranch,
twelve miles below this city.
Mrs. Webb Receives Insurance Cash.
PLATTSMOUTH. Mrs. Win. Webb
has received $1,000 life insurance on a
policy held by her husband, who was
killed by falling from the Burlington
bridge at this point.
K little more any In the lessening hair.
Each day as the years so by;
little more stooping In the form. -
A little more dim tn the eye.
4 little more faltering of the step
As we tread life's pathway o'er.
And a little nearer every day
To the ones who have gone before.
A little more halting of the gait.
And a dullness of the ear;
A growing weariness of the frame
With each swift passing year.
A fading of hopes, and ambitions, too,
A faltering In life's quest.
And a little nearer every day
To a sweet and peaceful rest.
A little more loneliness In life
As the dear ones pass away:
A bigger claim on the heavenly land.
With every passing day.
A little further from toll and care.
A little less way to roam;
A drawing near to a peaceful voyage
And a happy welcome home.
William Todd Helmut.
Names on the Pension Roll.
The interesting discovery was made
at the pension office the other day that
last fall the pension roll reached the
highest point In the history of the
country, bearing the names of more
thaa 1.000,000 pensioners in the
months of July and September. After
September it steadily fell off. and
Commissioner Ware said to the Engle
correspondent that the decline was
due to the suffering and deaths among
old and feeble veterans In the fall and
winter caused by the scarcity of fuel
resulting from the coal strike.
For ten years there has been a lot of
speculation as to whether Uncle Sam
would ever have a million pensioners
on his war list Year after year the
figures grew larger, but there were al
ways plenty of authorities to declare
that the high water mark had been
reached and that a steady decline was
due. Commissioner Ware called on
the chief clerk of his department the
other day to make up a statement of
the pensioners on the rolls for each
of the months of the present fiscal
year. On June 30, 1902, when the last
report was made, the pensioners num
bered 999,446, the greatest number
ever recorded up to that time. The
chief clerk's compilation showed more
than a million for the month of July,
the exact total being 1,001,494. In
September It was 1.000,732, but from
that point it began to fall, and on
March 1 of this year there were only
997,414 pensioners on the roll. Com
missioner Ware said:
"The pension roll has vibrated
across the million line twice during
the last ten months. I believe that
the coal strike had an important in
fluence on the pension roll, for It be
gan to drop as soon as the results of
the strike began to be felt. This waa
quite natural, because the pensioners
are not only feeble and of advanced
age, but poor as well, and the coal
famine fell very heavily upon them.
The last report shows the pension roll
several thousand below the million
mark. The probabilities are that the
number of pensioners will linger in
the neighborhood of 1,000.000 for a
year or so, after which the decline
will begin. When once it gets started
it will go down very rapidly. I esti
mate that the deaths among the pen
sioners this year will exceed 36,000.
while the increase in the way of new
pensions will not be as much. It has
been 43 years since the civil war be
gun and the average age of the old
soldier is more than 60 years."
When Lee and Grant Met.
"It was nearly thirty-eight years
ago," said a St. Louis paper recently,
"that Gen. Robert E. Lee received
from Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, his gen
erous conqueror, a reply to his note
offering to surrender, and rode rapidly
into the village of Appomattox Court
house to see the representative of the
Federal forces." W. C. B. Gillespie of
Macon, who appears to be a stickler
for the truth of history, has detected
one error in this statement and writes
to the Macon Republican to correct
it. Gen. Lee, he declares, did not ride
rapidly. He was in no great hurry
to surrender. "It so happened," says
Mr. Gillespie, "that I was riding along
the road on which Gen. Lee was com
ing from his camp, in plain view from
Appomattox, riding on his fine Iron
gray steed, at what I supposed was
the regular walking gait of the horse,
sitting erect in his saddle, his white
hair somewhat long, and having that
fine commanding appearance for which
he was noted. He was coming to fill
an appointment with Gen. Grant, ac
companied by Col. Marshall, his chief
of staff, and an orderly In the rear.
But he was not riding rapidly, he was
not running a race with time, but was
letting his horse move at its regular
pace, his face rather sorrowful look
ing, as was natural under the circum
stances, but not downcast I stopped
while he passed and gave him the
military salute, which be recognized."
Federals Printed Southern Sheet
James O. Smith of New York, while
on a visit to WilHamsport, Pa., last
week, told of his recent visit to Col.
J. H. Estel. owner of the Savannah
News. After talking a while to the
colonel. Mr. Smith said:
"Colonel, do you know I worked on
your paper once?"
"I think you are mistaken, Mr.
Smith. Our employes have always
been Southern men."
"No. I'm not mistaken," said Smith.
"I came here with Sherman's 'bum
mers' in 1864."
"The deuce you did!"
"Yes. You were not at the office,
colonel," observed Mr. Smith, blandly.
"No. I did not want to see the
Yankees, and skipped out the day be
fore you came."
Then Mr. Smith told the colonel
how on that day before Christmas of
1864, when Sherman's army entered
Savannah, he was chief clerk of the
Twentieth Army corps. In company
with other printers In the Federal
army, he went to the News office,
where they worked all night to get
out a paper. They set up the front
page. Smith started the press, and the
next morning the citizens of Savan
nah read an article in their own news
paper, written by Yankee soldiers, put
in type by Yankee soldiers and printed
by Yankee soldiers, under a big scare
head: "Savannah Captured by the Yan
kees!" The paper was printed -on
wall paper, the only paper to be had.
New Yor.i Times.
The Field of Chickamauga.
Under the authority of Congress the
federal government has purchased
7,000 acres of land covering the battle
field of Chickamauga and has restored
it aa nearly as possible to the condi
tion ia which it was at the opening
of the fight cm Sept 19 aad 20, 1863.
between the union forces under Gen.
Roaecrama and the comfederatea mader
Gen. Bragg. The
purchased a strip of land running the
entire length of Missionary. Ridge, in
cluding the site of the intremchmemts
which were captured by 'assault by
tne Union troops on the 25th of No
vember following. Eighty miles of
roads have been constructed from
Chattanooga through these parks, aad
other battlefields In the neighborhood,
of the city, and the landscape haa
been beautified as much aa could be.
done without effacing landmarks that
existed before the battles and altering
the topography. The movememta of
both armies have been traced with'
great skill and fidelity throughout the
entire series of engagements, and the
locations of important struggles and
other episodes have been marked by
monuments and iron tablets contain
ing historical notes and statistics.
More than $1,750,000 has thus been'
expended for the purpose of preserv
ing the scene of one of the most dea
Derate and heroic conflicts in human
history and perpetuating the evidence
of bravery and devotion in both ar
mies. In a similar manner the government
is now laying out the battlefields of
Sniloh and Vicksburg, and interesting
dedicatory ceremonies were held at
the former a short time ago.
A Touching Wartime Incident.
One evening, toward the close of
the civil war, while Union soldiers
lay In camp on a hillside, near the
Staunton river, in Virginia, the cry
of "Halt! Who goes there?" from a
sentry started every lounger to his
feet A little girl about 10 years of
age, holding a white kitten, came for
ward into the light of the fires, con
ducted by two soldiers who looked aa
proud as if they were escorting a
The whole regiment gathered. In
cluding the colonel himself, to look at
the child and hear her tell her story.
She lived near by with her father,
who was sick and poor, and they were
northerners, she said, and "Union
folks." Her mother was dead, and her
brother had been killed while fighting
in the federal army. She "wanted to
give something," and when Union sol
diers came she thought she would
bring her pet kitten and present it to
The colonel took the little girl in
his arms and kissed her, and her kit
ten, too, and he was not a bit
ashamed of his weakness. The white
kitten was adopted by the regiment,
but was considered the property and
special pet of the colonel, and when
the war was over he took It home
Woman War Veteran la Dead.
Mrs. Ann Downing, who died at her
home in North School street. Chris
tian Shore, recently, aged 85 years,
drew a pension as the widow of Sergt
Havilah Downing, who served In the
Mexican war. He belonged to Com
pany C, Ninth New Hampshire infan
try, and was mustered into the ser
vice in April 1847.
Mrs. Downing always claimed she
was entitled to a pension in her own
right as a Mexican war veteran, as
well as widow of one. She and her
husband both took the same oath and
signed the same papers when they
enlisted and her name was borne on
the company rolls.
She was laundress, seamstress and
nurse for the whole company, and in
deed for the whole regiment, being the
only woman with it. She was well
up to the front in every battle in which
the regiment was engaged, and march
ed into the City of Mexico with the
regiment when Gen. Scott made his
She was mustered out of service
at the same time as her husband and
with precisely the same formalities.
Sergt Downing died thirty years ago.
For Memorial Day.
The usual orders relating to the ob
servance of Memorial day have been
issued from the headquarters of the
Grand Army of the Republic, Inde
pendence Hall, Philadelphia, and dated
April 15th. It is commanded that post
commanders should in their respective
communities arrange for posts to at
tend divine service on the Sunday pre
ceding Memorial day, and as far as
possible encourage the delivery of ap
propriate addresses or sermons in all
churches. They are directed further
to arrange for the paticipation in the
ceremonies of Memorial day by the
children of the public schools, and, as
far as possible, under the direction of
teachers or school officials; and in
vite and encourage the participation
of all patriotic people and patriotic
organizations, and especially those
kindred to the order.
An Undeserved Death Sentence.
Before the civil war Allmon and
George Vaughan were residents of
Canton, Mo. Allmon entered the
Union army. His brother espoused
the cause of the Confederacy, and in
due time he became a member of the
staff of Gen. Mark E. Green, an old
friend and neighbor. George Vaughan,
after the battle of Shiloh, undertook
a secret visit to his home at Canton.
He wished to see bis own family and
to carry messages to the family and
wife of Gen. Green. He passed un
disputed through the Union lines,
spent some days in Canton, and was
returning to bis command when he
was captured and jailed at Palmyra,
Mo., but was soon transferred to St
Louis. There he was tried by a court
martial, and. though he denied that
he entered the Union lines for other
purposes, he was shot as a spy.
Why the Cat Washes.
"A cat caught a sparrow and was
about to devour' it, but the sparrow"
said: 'No gentleman eats until he
washes his face.' The cat, struck by
the remark, set the sparrow down and
began to wash bis face with hie paw,
but the sparrow flew away. This vexed
puss extremely and he said: 'As long
aa I live I will eat first and wash my
face afterward.' Which all cata do,
even to this day."
A New Zealand Hail term.
While out driving near Timaru, New
Zealand, recently, a hailstorm came
on which was so severe that a man
waa compelled to cover his horse with
his rugs and the carriage mat to pre
serve it from Injury. His own head
he had to protect with the cushion.
During the fifteen minutes that the
storm lasted the vehicle was filled
to overflowing with hailstones the size
of a hen's egg.
Did Her Best Work at 70.
Madame Rosa Bonheur waa 70 years
old when she x painted her best pic
ture "Horses Trampling Out Wheat"
She refused 12.000 for it
4gVLtamBlaBaaaarBaaanBrB: BevmsTeaTsV BaaBwH
A Process of Soil Wasting.
L. C. Burnett in an address at the
University of Nebraska, said:-
It haa been roughly estimated that
there ia an annual loss of 269 square
miles of soiL one foot in depth, from
the great Mississippi basin, and a
very large per cent of this enormous
loss comes from the Missouri river
and its tributaries. This loss of 269
miles includes the whole drainage
system of those great rivers, but we
must bear in-mind that large areas,
such aa our semi-arid regions, all of
the lower levels and much of the
prairie lands lose but small per cent
of the whole. Hence this great loss
must come from our rolling lands,
and, none suffer more than eastern
Nebraska and Kansas. To the above
amount of soil that Is lost to the
Gulf of Mexico, we should add a like
amount that la transported from roll
lag landa to mil lower levels. Imag
ine, if you can, a body of soil 10x60
milea, moving like a mighty ava
lanche riverward and oceanward, and
the very cream of our broad acres.
While. the loss of this soil represents
untold values to our farms, the gov
ernment and the states bordering the
lower Mississippi river, are spending
millions of dollars to get rid of our
solL Then again, the torrential-rush
of these waters causes other losses of
Some idea of the vast destruction
of property due to floods may be
gathered from the statement that the
needs of 1881-1882 caused a loss of not
leaa than 15 million dollars to the
property Interest of the Ohio and Mis
sissippi valleys alone. In 1884 the
region about Cincinnati alone' suf
fered a loss of $10,000,000. Well may
Capt Eades exclaim: "Forestry must
come to the aid of the engineer." A
half-uttered truth. I claim that the
farmers of this mighty mid-west must
come to the aid of the engineer. The
damming up of one draw, the crea
tion of one reservoir, Is an aid. The
good effects of one thousand will be
felt away down in Southland.
One hundred and eighty miles of
eastern Nebraska contains 129,600
quarter-sectons of land. If waste
land to the amount of two acres per
quarter section is dammed up, we will
have a water surface of 259,200 acres.
If combined, would make two lakes
one mile wide, 202 miles long. The
holding back of this much flood water
will be felt along the, levees and Jet
ties of the Mississippi. And if our
sister states should do as well, the
great problem of taking care of our
flood waters will be solved, and Uncle
Sam can use his millions of dollars
in building great reservoirs. Our
semi-arid West will have been re
deemed from our hot winds and for
generations this mighty inter-ocean
will continue to be America's great
stock farm and granary.
Pedigree of Pigs In Dam.
W. M. McFadden, secretary of the
American Poland-China Record Asso
ciation, says: My experience has been
that there are more errors in pedi
grees for pigs bought In dam than In
all other essential particulars com
bined. I am sure that not 50 per cent
of the. pedigrees of pigs bought in
dam are properly made so as to show
that fact Particular attention has
been given to this on the circular is
sued by the American Record, and the
instructions in regard to it are as
plain, I think, as the English language
will permit and yet, we have patrons
who will year after year make errors
on this kind of pedigrees. For nearly
twelve years we have been issuing
duplicates for pedigrees received.
These duplicates, when sent out if
correct, show how the original pedi
gree should have been made to show
the animal sold in dam. The dupli
cates should serve as a copy for the
breeder in making future pedigrees.
This is not only trie of this matter
of pigs sold In dam, but the duplicates
are a copy from which pedigrees
should be made in all particulars, yet,
for some reason, that has always
been a mystery to me, a great many
breeders seem not to learn from the
duplicates how to make a similar pedi
gree. There is one simple rule, that
a person making a pedigree, should
always have in mind. That is the
rule, that the owner of the dam at the
time of service, is the breeder of her
Utter. If the dam Is sold after being
bred and before she farrows, then
the man who owned her at the time
she was bred is the breeder of her
litter, and the litter was sold in dam
to the man who owned when she far
rowed. "A" may breed a sow and
sell her to "B" and then "B" sell one
of her pigs to "C". Nearly always
"B" will make out the pedigree of
the pig as having been bred by "A"
and sold to "C". The pedigree should
read: "Bred by 'A', sold in dam to
'B', and then sold to 'C'." The name
of the person who signs a pedigree
should, In all cases, appear on the top
of the pedigree, either as breeder or
aa the person to whom the pig was
sold in dam.
Cultivation of Spelt in Germany.
The Bulletin des Halles (Paris)
contains the following statement con
cerning the cultivation of spelt in
Germany: The southwest of the Ger
man Empire has Its own peculiar
grain, spelt while in the north, the
center, and In Bavaria wheat is the
special object of cultivation. Spelt
(Tritlcum spelta L.) is extensively
cultivated especially in Wurtemberg,
n the regions bordering on the Grand
Duchy of Baden, In Alsace, in Switz
erland, and in Bavarian Suabla. In
Wurtemburg especially spelt (speltz,
dlnkel, flnkorn) Is used almost ex
clusively In the making of bread.
Spelt is very much like wheat and its
flour Is placed in the same rank with
wheat flour. It differs from wheat
however, !n that the operation of
thrashing fails to remove the outer
covering from the grains. Spelt
must therefore, necessarily be hulled
in special mills before being mar
keted. It is a rather curious and in
teresting fact that in France, as ia
the other Latin countries, and In
England, wheat occupies first place
among cereals used for breadmaklng.
but that the cultivation of spelt as
the predominant cereal is confined to
the clearly limited region specified
A certain man robbed the people of
several million dollars under cover of
the law. Then he came to the people
whom he' robbed and they said: "This
Is the great Mr. Soacdso," and ten
dered him a banquet Yet some peo
ple say that forgiveness is a difficult
Tlrtue for men to practice, -
A Business for Small Capital.
The first important factor in favor
of poultry raising Is the fact that
little capital Is required to start the
business. Many a flock has been
started on 25 cents. A girl or boy
may thus easily become an investing
capitalist At first the chief invest
ment required is painstaking labor.
The next Is intelligent thought The
returns seem large for tho small
amount at first invested, but that is
not so. The returns are rather to be
considered the returns for labor and
thought expended. As the investment
increases the returns will be more and
more due to Increasing capital and
not so much as at first to the personal
labor and thought The boys and
girls on the farm have the inside
track in this matter. They can start
a flock with very little outlay, and
they can carry it on and increase the
outlay from year to year as the re
turns may Justify increased invest
ment The fanner should give his
boys and girls a chance to try their
hand at real business if there are
more than one flock on the farm, so
much the better, as it is frequently
better to have a number ot flocks
than one large one. The poultry busi
ness is In great contrast to most other
enterprises in that it does not re
quire elaborate preparations for a
start The smallness of the invest
ment required for a start in poultry
raising should forever prevent the
business drifting into the hands of
great combinations. H makes it pos
sible to utilize a good deal of idle
labor. More than that, it is both
mental and manual training for the
young people on the farm. The fact
that poultry raising requires small in
vestment of capital places within
reach of the young people of the farm
many things that would otherwise not
be obtainable. It may be desired to
obtain more education than can be
given by the district school. The
cases are not few where the well
handled flock of poultry has been the
basis of a college education. We
would suggest to young, ambitious
people on the farms that they look
around them and see what can be
done in this matter.
The Name Wyandotte.
A government bulletin says: The
name Wyandotte was proposed by Mr.
Houdlette, at Worcester, Mass., in
1883, and accepted as the future name
for the fowL A general dissatisfac
tion was shown all over the country at
this choice as a name, but those who
made the decision should be praised
now for their fortunate selection.
Time has proven it a most appropriate
name, and no one could wish to have
it changed. Since the ono original
Wyandotte was named the multiplica
tion of varieties has made distin
guishing titles necessary. We now
have, as listed in the Standard, the
Silver-Laced, Golden-Laced, White,
Buff, Black and Golden-Penciled or
Partridge varieties. In addition to
these we have the following new ones
claiming admission: The Silver-Penciled,
the Buff-Laced and the Colum
bian. In England they have, besides
these, a Wyandotte called the Cuckoo
The Cow Not a Waste Basket
A cow is not a waste baskct as
some manufacturers seem to think.
Farmers, as a rule, are easy money
for such men, believing all the claims
they make for their by-products. These
goods are not what they are cracked
up to be. Stick to your own produce
for the most part for cow feed.
Ground oats, I believe to be the best
single feed, if you have peameal, corn
meal or anything else to mix with
the oats, so much the better. I have
fed boiled rye and got the same re
sults as I did from ground oats and
peas, in spite of the fact that I have
never heard of rye, in any form, being
a good feed. Wheat bran, although
comparatively high in price, is greatly
over estimated. We have been un
able for some years to get satisfactory
bran. The manufacturers of this one
time staple cow feed, are getting alto
gether too greedy and I think dairy
men would do well to pass it up en
tirely until the price comes down with
in reason. It is not the scarcity of this
article that keeps the price above
its real value but simply a manipula
tion of the market D. W. Howie.
Picking Small Fruits.
In the first place be sure you have
everything in readiness before the
picking time arrives. Your crates and
boxes should be all made up, and be
sure to have them made properly; do
not use any dirt, ill-shaped piece of
material In them. The appearance of
the package has much to do with the
sale of the article. Never use crates
or boxes more than once. The neat,
clean packages, as a rule, sell first,
even if the fruit Is Inferior. Your pick
ers should be supplied with a stain1 tc
hold not more than six quarts, and
these should be covered, especially if
picking strawberries, so-that the sue
will not shine upon the fruit. In
cane fruit these can be removed and
the pickers' stands be left in the
shade. Engage your pickers eariy and
be careful in the selection. Have thera
understand Just what you expect ol
them and how much they are to re
ceive for their services and in what
manner. J. L. Herbst
The Hunt is a means of affording
great amusemert for a child's party,
says The Housekeeper. Hide a given
number of peanuts in one of the- ronirs
not entered by the guests until iic
Hunt begins. Some cuts iuny be iu
sight and others half concealed, white
the larger number aie out of sigat,
but hid on places accerrviblo. A suffi
cient number of nuts should bo dis
tributed about the mini:, to permit
each hunter to find at least twenty oi
more. At the sound of ;he hunter's
call (tho blowing of a tin tor horn)
the hunt begins and continues for
twenty minutes. Tho one who luc
ceeds in finding the targes: number
carries off the prize, which may be s
toy gun, a toy hound, or some Cher
toy pertaining to the sportsman's
The sweet girl whoe commence
ment essay was "ntitied, "Why Wom
an Should Devote Her Life to Up
building and Developing MaxiUind,'
now is married, and is tke iiroud
mother of seven children. It is all
right, of course, only, it seems so evi j
dent that her theory of upbuilding
and developing was not perfectly un
derstood by her audience at tho time
she read -her essay.
as . "aerki-
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In an especial manner do we celebrate the martial achievements of
those brave men in whose honor this May anniversary was established
the men who in the republic's crucial hour rallied to her support, volunteer
ing to shed their life blood to preserve the Union one, inseparable, and free.
The original order establishing Me
morial day is as follows:
Headquarters Grand Army of the Re
public, Adjutant General's Office, 44S
Washington, D. C, May 5, 1868.
General Order No. 11:
1. The 30th day of May. 1SC8. is
designated for the purpose of strewing
flowers or otherwise decorating the
graves of comrades who died in de
fense of their country during the late
rebellion, and whose bodies now lie
in almost every city, village and ham
let churchyard in the land. In this ob
servance no form or ceremony is pre
scribed, but posts and comrades will
in their own way arrange such fitting
services and testimonials of respect as
circumstances may permit.
We arc organized, comrades, as our
regulations tell us. for the purpose,
among other things, "of preserving
and strengthening those kind and fra
ternal feelings which have bound to
gether the soldiers, sailors and ma
rines who united to suppress the late
rebellion." What can aid more to as
sure this result than cherishing ten
derly the memory of our heroic dead,
who made their breasts a barricade
between our country and its foes?
Their soldier lives were the reveille of
freedom of a race in chains, and their
deaths the tattoo of rebellious tyranny
in arms. We should guard their graves
with sacred vigilance. All that the
consecrated wealth and taste of the
nation can add to their adornment and
security is but a fitting tribute to the
memory of her slain defenders. Let
no wanton foot tread on such hallowed
" U IN KL
Or where tho ring-dove's note", svrret sutnm;rs anjiur.
Float from th hillsides o'er the Tennessee.
Or by the JattiP'. or by th Chlckfttnaiigu.
Or where the Gulf winds dip the sills ale-.
Or whero the Schuylkill clcaxes the vernal shadows.
Or stretches far the commerce-gntherlnK arms
Of the brond Hudson, through the freshened meadows
Of village rims and harvest- bloomins farms.
Where'er we meet the friends once fondly cherished.
And hand"? all warm with old affection take.
Breathe ye with love the names of thos who porish'd
And sleep in graves unknown, for Freedom's sike.
The wooded slope of Chattanooga shadows
Tho level fields where they repose, alone:
In serried rows in Arlington's green meadows.
Their headstones speak the one sad word. "Unknown."
BalnS-breathing Junes, to old home-farms returning.
Bear from green fields no pleasant airs to thm.
Nor rose and lily's odorous censers burning
In morning sun, from dew-bejeweled stem.
The west winds blow by Chickamauga River.
The south winds play the Rapidan b-slde:
But they are dead, and we shall se them never.
Till heaven's armies follow Ifim who di-d.
Peace! Let us mingle love's sweet te.trs with pity's
For those who bought the h-ntag we own.
Who gae their all. and in death's silent Hties
Have but the nameless epitaph. "Unknown."
SUPERSTITION PUT TO TEST.
Proof That Fire Will Not Cross a
"The fire at West End developed a
rather curious superstition, and a new
one at me," tald the man who is fond
of the curious things, "and the mon
key plays an important part in the lit
tle incident. One of the men out there
was the owner of a monkey up to a
short while ago. The monkey died.
The West Enditc had become very
fond of the pet, and so had all the
other members of the household, so
when the monkey died they decided
to give it a decent burial somewhere
near the house. They acted accord
ingly, and the bones of the dead pet
are now molding in the ground nr
the portion of the lake resort which
was recently swept by fire. The fire
of Tuesday morning was very near
the home of the man who owned the
monkey, and for a while it looked very
much like the flames would sweep
across to that place. But the mon
key's grave was between the fire and
th home. 'Fire will never cross a
monkey's grave, said the owner of the
erstwhile pet, wnile consoling some of
grounds. Let pleasant paths invite the
coming and going of reverent visitors
and fond mourners. Let no vandalism
of avarice or neglect, no ravages of
times testify to the present or to the
coming generations that we have for
gotten as a people the cost of a free
and undivided republic.
If other eyes grow dull, other hands
slack, and other hearts cold in the eol
emn trust, ours shall keep it well as
long as the light and warmth of life
remain tc us.
Let us. then, at the time appointed
gather around their sacred remains
and garland the passionless mounds
above them with the choicest flowers
of springtime: let us raise above them
the dear old flag they saved from dis
honor; let us in this solemn presence
renew our pledges to aid and assist
those whom they have left among us
a sacred charge upon a nation's grati
tude, the soldier's and sailor's widow
2. It is the purpose of the commander-in-chief
to inaugurate this ob
servance with the hope that it will be
kept up from year to year, while a
survivor of the war remains to honor
the memory of his departed comrades.
He earnestly desires the public press
to lend its friendly aid in bringing to
the notice of comrades In ail parts of
the country in time for simultaneous
3. Department commanders will
use efforts to make this order effec
tive. By order of John A. Logan, commander-in-chief;
N. P. Chapman, ad
jutant general. Official: William T.
Collins. A. A. G.
IN OW IN,"
the badly frightened members of his
household, and in this case it did not
cross the monkey's grave. The wind
blew the flame3 uell up to the point
where the monksy had been buried,
but howl as it would, it could not get
beyond the spot. There is not enough
logic In the 1kx1--s to convince the
owner of that little placp and the
members of the little household that
the dead monkey did not save them
from the disastrous flames of Tues
day morairg. and is it not well that
they should think so? It is a pretty
idea, and can do no harm." New
"Pardon me. dear." said the village
editor's bride, "for appearing at dinner
in my wrapper, but "
"Oh. that's all right." interrupted
the knight of the paste-pot. "some of
our best thoughts come to us in wrap
Rubbing It In.
Softleigh "I aw never trouble
myself tc aw think., doncher know."
Miss CuttingWell. I don't talak
'that any one thinks you think." - -
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