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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (May 13, 1903)
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Matters in Nebraska. f
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" TERSELY TOLD STATE HEWS.
The building boom is on at Ver-
A Hebekah lodge has been instituted
' at Oakland.
Edwaid A. Church, the new state
oil inspector, has assumed the "duties
. of his office.
Methodists on Sunday dedicated
their new We3ley chapel, six miles
north of Osceola.
A grand jury has been called for
the term of the district court which
convenes in AInsworth the 18thlnst
E. P. Waldran. a ranchman near
Ilcmingford. was thrown into a barb
ed wire fence by his horse and seri
The people of Callaway and Kear
'ney. as well as those at intermediate
points all along the line, are clamor
ing for better train service.
Quite a mad dog scare resulted at
Table Rock. A dog bit several, finally
left for the tall Umber, where he was
pursued by the marshal and an as
sistant and shot.
A magnificent opera house block in
Kearney, which was built in 1890 at
a cost of 180,000. has been purchased
by John Crocker of Chicago for the
sum of 129.500.
Dodge county's mortgage record
for April was as follows: Farm mort
gages filed, seventeen, amounting to
$56,570.80; satisfied, twenty-four, ag
Because a broken ankle bone did
not heal as it should. Dr. H. G. Leis
cnrlng will have to pay C. H. LaCrolx
of Lincoln, to whom the refractory
bone belonged, $1,140.
The" store of C. M. Robertson & Co.
of Wymore. was robbed Saturday
night and silks valued at $500 taken.
The burglars gained entrance by
breaking the latch on the door.
The Woman's club or Beatrice has
just closed one of the most successful
years in the history of the organiza
tion. In philanthropic work alone, the
club occupies a most enviable position.
Many or the fruit growers about
Humboldt are of the opinion that the
recent snowstorm and accompanying
freeze did but little damage to the
fruit crop. It is claimed that but a
saial percentage of the buds are
Frank Sutherland of Fremont re
covered a judgment in the district
court against the Fremont, Elkhorn Ml
Missouri Valley Railroad company for
$100 damages for alleged false im
prisonment. The body of Alfred Irwin, who was
drowned in the Platte river at Louis
ville some four weeks ago, was found
on the bank of the river at Cullom,
and was fully identified by the father
and two brothers.
A complaint charging Insanity was
filed in the office of the district court
of Cass county against Miss Grace
Parks, who resides near Ashland.
After examination she was taken to
the asylum at Lincoln.
F. M. Snediker, the life Insurance
agent who was arrested in York
county by Sheriff Smily of Seward
county, has been taken to Seward. He
Is an old resident of York, having
lived there for seven years.
Roy Mclntyrc of Dakota City, the
12-year-old adopted son of Mr. and
Mrs. R. A. Mclntyre of South Sioux
City, has been declared incorrigible by
County Judge Elmers, and ordered
cent to the Kearney reform school.
Detective Malone of Lincoln reach
ed York and Identified one of the men
arrested as suspects, as James Leo.
Leo was held !n the Lincoln jail for
three months, accused of the Burling
ton train robbery. During his Incar
ceration country store robberies have
William Plummer. living three miles
south of B'g Springs, committed sui
cide. He placed the muzzle of a
loaded shotgun to his cheek, and, it is
supposed, pulled the trigger with his
toe. The load blew one side of his
head away. The man was insane. He
leaves a wife and t-.ro children.
State Treasurer Mortcnsen has
issued his statement for the month of
April. The report shows a cash
balance of $449,431.95 in the treasury,
$444,559.70 Is deposited in various
banks of the state. The greater por
tion of the deposit is in six Omaha
banks, the actual amount being $197,
409, ever 44 per cent of the deposits.
William Plummer, wno has been a
resident of Deuel county for fifteen
years, shot himself, dying instantly.
For several months he has been act
ing strangely and brooding over his
troubles, which terminated in suicide.
He leaves a wife and two children.
Word was received at Beatrice an
nouncing the death of J. R. Holliday.
an old resident of Beatrice, which
occurred at Hurdville. Mo. Deceased
was 4 years of-age and left Beatrice
only a few weeks ago on a business
trip- through that section.
The general opinion among resi
dents of the section about Beatrice
is that the fruit crop was badly dam
aged by the recent cold speiL Peaches.
apples and cherries promised- big
yields but fruit growers think the crop
fa damaged fully 60 per cent:
The fourteen-year-old son of Joseph
Hnbka. a farmer living several miles
southwest of Humboldt, while leading
a broncho to water was kicked in the
face by the animal, the features be
ing mutilated beyond recognition al-
Dennis Moore, formerly of Wood
River, and a son of Anthony Moore
of that city, was sand-bagged and
robbed at Pocatello. Idaho. His skull
wa crashed by the blows he received,
and it is thought that he has but a
mall chance to recover. He has been
moved to St. Joseph's hospital at Salt
Lake. Two suspicious characters have
William Daily, a young man employ
ed hi dealing away debris bi the Ire
district at Falrhury. was severely in
Jared by a falling wait
THE NEW REVENUE LAW.
Copies of the Enactment arc
The 3,000 copies of the revenue law
passed by the last legislature, which
were ordered printed and sent to the
members of the legislature, county
officials and others who rrre charge
to enforce the law, have been printed
and will probably be distributed at
once. The house passed a resolution
to have printed 2.000 copies for dis
tribution and the senate ordered 1,000
copies. Unless some one comes ior-
ward to pay the postage on those to
be mailed to the senators it is prob
able they will never get them. Some
time ago when this little oversight was
discovered a letter was written to
Chairman Cox of the committee on
accounts and expenditures, but so far
he has not been heard from. The
house copies are to be distributed by
the chief clerk.
A copy of the bill given to the sec
retary of state has several mistakes
in it, though none of much impor
tance. In section 19, line 5, in the
matter of county assessors, the print
ed bill says they shall take their of
fices on the first "Thursday after the
first Thursday in January." It should
read on the first Thursday after the
first Tuesday. In the printed copy the
time when railroads should return
their schedules of property to the
state board is March 31, when it
should be March 30. 'On page 62 in
the next to last line regarding the
settlement of the state treasurer with
the auditor the word settlement is
used instead of statement. In sec
tion 197, lines 8 and 9 are repeated.
Several typographical errors are no
ticeable. MANY HOMESTEADS ARE TAKEN.
Talk of Great Northern Line to Den
ver Stars Rush for Land.
O'NEILL. Neb. The recent visit of
the general officials or the Great
Northern rai'road and the talk of ex
tending their road southwest from
O'Neill to connect with the Butling
totn has" caused considerable activity
in real estate. The proposed route
passes through the homestead lands
in Wheeler and Garfield counties,
which are now being rapidly taken up
by settlers. During the month of
April seventy-one homestead entries
were made at the local land oLlcc,
taking approximately 10.000 acres of
the public lands and during the same
month one soldier's declaratory state
ment was made covering 160 acres,
while final proof was made on 3,561
DONE IN A JEALOUS RAGE.
Love Sick Swain Sends Two Bullets
Into a Young Widow.
OSCEOLA. Neb. Mrs. Minnie Jones
was shot twice by Stephen Corbett
and is in a critical condition. The
affair occurred at the home of young
Corbett, where Mrs. Jones has been
staying during the past three months.
A quarrel was had between the two
and without warning Corbett drew a
22-calibre revolver and commenced
The first bullet passed through a
stocking which Mrs. Jones had around
her throat, and made an ugly wound.
The second shot was fired while the
woman was on the floor, and as she
put her hand up before her face the
bullet passed through her hand. Cor
bett then hastened into the yard, and
going to the barn, harnessed his
horses and drove away.
Many Checks Coming In.
LINCOLN. Neb. The new law
which provides for the payment of
fees for the making out or new leases
and preparing copies of record is caus
ing a flood of small checks toward the
office of the land commissioner. The'
amounts range from 50 cents to $1.50.'
but the plentiful manner in which
they are coming in seems to indicate
that they will amount to a consider
able sum before the end of th
WAYNE Fifty head of fine Here
ford cattle were sold here at public
auction by W. N. Rogers of McCook
and others, averaging one hundred
dollars a head.
May Plant Beets Again.
M'COOK. Neb. The late storm out
this way was very severe on fruit,
and stock suffered not a little. It is
feared the first planting for sugar
beets will need to be done over.
August Hagge. of the Grand Island
factory, who is looking after, some
2.500 acres of beets between Red
Cloud and Culbertson. says he believes
all beets that were just coming up
vrhea the freeze struck them will have
to be nut in over again.
Fruit Not All Killed.
HUMBOLDT. Neb. Many of the
local fruit growers are of the opinion
that the recent snow storm and ac
companying freeze did little damage
to the fruit crop. It fe claimed but a
small percentage of the buds are kill
ed, and as the trees were so crowded
the thinning out will be a benefit
rather than a detriment They claim
that the presence of the snow.helped
to lessen the bad effects of the freez
Kills Himself With Rifle.
BEEMER.-Peter Oswald, son of
Chris Oswald, living five miles north
east of Beemer. committed suicide by
booting himself in the head with a
Beatrice Children Raise Fund.
BEATRICE. The school children
of Beatrice have raised $30.78 to be
donated to the Morton monument
fund, which amount was forwarded to
the Morton Memorial association.
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Feeding Green-Stuff to Poultry.
From Farmers' Review: This sub
ect is of vast importance, that Is, -it
s very necessary that poultry should
tave plenty of green stun! of one kind
r another, and the more and varied
he variety of such food, the better for
our poultry, as they like a change,
won tiring of one thing alone; no If
on can give them a certain kind one
lay, something different the next, eta,
ratil you have given them the several
Ufferent kinds which I will mention,
iey will relish any and all of them
nuch better than if confined to one
dnd. Now I shall mention several
Ufferent kinds of green food which
ran be fed to advantage, also explain
ag how to give it to them most suc
cessfully cabbage, turnips, potatoes,
eets (the mangel-wurzel variety),
clover meal, lawn-clippings, etc. I
usually feed the cabbage, turnips, po
tatoes and beets by just slicing them
into halves or quarters and placing
them where they can get at them and
pick at them at their own free will;
this gives them exercise which is very
essential and is one of the best tonics
far your birds. Of all these which I
have mentioned, I like the large man
gel beets the best; when sliced and.
placed before them, they will devour
almost the whole of them in a sbcit
The cured clover meal or cut clover
and lawn clippings are best fed by
first steaming, which makes them
green, then mixing with' the mash
feed, giving it to them In troughs; one
thing which must be guarded against
Is feeding so much that it lies around
and becomes stale as well as soiled
don't overfeed! Now, my reader, I
would not have you think it necessary
to feed all the kinds of green stuff I
have mentioned, for It is not; but it is
very important that you feed some of
them, and as I said, the more varied,
the better. Poultry must have green
food of some kind if yon will keep
them healthy, and especially in the
winter time if yon wish to have plenty
of eggs; and furthermore, remember
the green food if you wish your eggs'
to be fertile, as it Is a great aid to
Where it Is possible to do so, I
would advise sowing the chicken yard
to either rye or oats. Oats will do well
in the spring, but I prefer the rye
sown in the early fall and allowed to
get a good start before turning the
poultry in; in this way you will al
ways have more or less green food
for them to pick at all winter unless
covered with snow, and if you will
watch them, yon will observe how
eager they are to get at it; this you
will find a handy and easy way to feed
green food at times but not always.
In connection with your care of the
fowls in other ways, If yon will use
good judgment in feeding their green
food, your efforts in poultry culture
will be crowned with success, this has
been my experience. With the edi
tor's permission, allow me to say in
closing that my choice of poultry is
the Buff Wyandotte, of which I am a
specialty breeder. H. E. Bates, Knox
The Brown Leghorn.
The Brown Leghorn is one of the
prettiest, as well as the best bred of
the Leghorn varieties. It is the most
difficult of them all to breed to feath
er. They have merited the confi
dence of poultry lovers for a long
A Brown Leghorn Cock,
time and their hardy constitutions
have thwarted rough nsage and pro
miscuous interbreeding to efface their
characteristics. They are a fixed breed
and their merits are noticeable from
the newly hatched chick to the oldest
specimen; they are stamped with the
indelibility of royalty only to be found
in a thoroughbred.
Don't Plant Crown Gall.
Crown gall is becoming very prev
alent in nurseries all over the coun
try, and it will be well for our readers
to be on the lookout for it. Recently
the inspectors in the state of Wash
ington found a consignment of 50,000
apple trees, most of which were in
fected with crown gall. The consign
ment was burned. The same lot of
trees had been passed by the inspect
ors in New York, or else the boxes
and packages in which the consign
ment went forward contained other
lots of trees when inspected. If a
man is going to set out a tree he
should know that it is healthy when
he sets it out. A little. carelessness
in this matter may mean a great deal
to the future of the orchard. If an
Infected tree is planted the result may
be doubly disastrous, for the tree may
prove a failure in itself, and it may
also introduce undesirable fungi into
the soil of the orchard, and in this
way the rest of the trees may be
come Infected and rendered worth-
Potatoes and Grain as Pig Feed.
Among the Danish pig feeding ex
periments quoted by Prof. Henry in
his book on "Feeds and Feeding" is
the following: Three series of ex
periments were made to test the com
parative value of cooked potatoes with
grain, when both were fed in connec
tion with, skim milk er whey. Four
pounds of potatoes were fed against
one pound of grain, and the gains
made were practically the same. Four
pounds of boiled potatoes should thus
be considered equal to one pound of
grain la pig feeding.' The quality of
the pork produced from potato feeding
was good and did not differ apprecia
bly from that of lots differently fed."
Root-hairs absorb water with con
siderable force. It Is the absorptive
power of the root-hairs that causes
water (sap) to flow so freely from
injured stems of grape vines and
some other plants In spring, and from
wouuua w uitj uuuu u mhbb irees
Money talks and whisky makes a
wounds in the trunks of some trees
aiaW & j .anflPLaV
Farmers, Test Your Seed Com.
"Will your seed corn grew?" This
question every fanner should be able
to answer for himself before the corn
planting season arrives. The auestiom
is very Imperative this year, because
there is every indication that a great
deal of the cribbed com of .last year's
crop, which furnishes the greater fart
of the seed corn planted, will not gar
minate this spring. The conditions
during the past winter have been very
unfavorable for-the maintenance of
vitality of seed corn; the late matur
ity, the sappy condition at husking
time, with consequent increased aohv
turo iu wo cnooeu corn, urns awae ui
more susceptible to the past winter's
freezing and the result is a very large
per cent of corn low in vitality. Cora
husked early and stored carefully
where it became thoroughly dry be
fore cold weather, Is not damaged and
will germinate vigorously,- from the re
sults of a number of careful tests
made c our germinating laboratories.
On the other hand, samples taken
from covered cribs this spring have
given very low per cents of vitality. In
some cases only the root part of the
germ was killed; in others the root
germinated while the stalk was dead
and In the majority of, cases the ker
nels sent forth very slow-growing
weak sprouts. Frequently it has been
found that the kernels oh one side of
an ear would grow while on the other
side they would not It is very neces
sary therefore, for the farmers who
are depending upon their cribbed corn
for seed, to make sure that their seed
when planted will sprout at least 95
times out of 100 in a very vigorous
manner. To make a test of the germin
ating power of your corn, take kernels
from near the butt and tip, and middle
of the ear from opposite sides as near
ly as possible. These kernels should
be taken from at least 50 ears, so the
composite sample will be a fair one of
all the corn saved for seed. These
kernels may then be sprouted by
planting them in a large dinner plate
filled with moist sand, planting the
kernels tip downwards and covering
the sand with a smaller Inverted plate.
This germinator should then be placed
in a warm room and kept moist At
the end of three or four days, the ker
nels should have sprouted enough to
make the counts of those germinated
and thus to determine the per cent of
vitality. Another very simple way to
test seed for vitality is to wrap the
kernels in a moist newspaper and
place in a cigar-box or some closed re
ceptacle that does not exclude all the
air, and set in a warm room. Then
if 95 per cent of the kernels sprout
quickly and vigorously the corn is
safe to plant, otherwise the stand of
corn planted from such seed will be
poor and uneven. Now is the time to
test your seed corn, as planting time
is nearly here. Dwight S. Dalbey, Illi
nois Agricultural College.
Sorghum as Stock Feed.
From Farmers' Review: In your
paper of March 18th appears an arti
cle on poisoning of cattle by sorghum.
While I have read much about poison
ing by feeding sorghum, I have never
yet seen a case of it I have raised
sorghum on my place for several years
and fed it to dairy cows in a green
state and also cured and have never
had any bad results from it, but found
it a splendid feed in every particular.
I also practiced cutting and feeding
second- crop. I consider it produces
more feed per acre than any annual
crop grown. I always sow on clean
ground, that is, ground fairly clear oi
weeds, sow broadcast about one bush
el per acre and have never failed to
get two crops. J. S. Smith, Marion
German Farmer Tourists.
A party of 46 Germans, mostly
farmers, but including some land
owners and students of agriculture,
will make a tour of the United States
during May and June. They are com
ing to learn what they can of Ameri
can agricultural methods, for the
benefit of German agriculture. They
will arrive in New York on April 29,
and will proceed at once to Washing
ton, where they will place themselves
in touch with the national depart
ment of agriculture. Secretary Wit
son has already designated as theit
guide during their tour, one of the
most efficient officlsls of the depart
ment Under his guidance the party
will journey westward through the
great agricultural states of the
Union, including California. Expert
ment stations and great stock and
grain farms are tobe visited, as well
as the great packing establishments
of Chicago, Kansas City, and Omaha
After visiting Washington and Ore
gon, the party will return througli
the more northern part of the United
States, and will travel as far east at
Boston, where they will visit the
great truck gardens. The patty k
scheduled to sail for home on June
30. They have evidently determined
on accomplishing a great task In a
Heavy Rains on Unfinished Drains
Charles G. Elliott in "Engineering
for Land Drainage," says: During the
construction of a drainage system the
work is often hindered in the. spring ol
the year by heavy rains which fill to s
greater or less extent the trenches
which have been dug and submerge
the lines of tile which have been laid
In the case of mains with light fall
there is considerable risk from' diri
and silt which may be washed into the
drain snd partially obstruct it The
tile 'drain may be securely closed al
the upper end, but if the water is per
mitted to flow over the top of the tile
the drain itself being nearly empty
the weight of the water passing dowt
through the joints until the drain it
full carries with it a large quantity ol
earth which by reason of the lack ol
current may not pass on through the
drain. The better way is to permit
the water to enter direct through the
end of the drain and fill the tile coat
pletely, letting the surplus pass ox
over the top of the drain.
The Illinois Agricultural College hat
demonstrated that a modern dairy
barn may be kept so clean that a ban
quet may be spread between the rowt
of stalls, between milkings, and the
guests have no cause for finding fauh
with the surroundings.
The "taii-coverts" are the soft
glossy curved feathers at the aMes '
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of the same color as the tail ttselL
Few faults are lost 7t many art
ox MB lower ywi ut ia uuj, nseailS
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The Germ Content of Milk.
For many years it was supposed that
milk in the udder was absolutely free
front bacteria, the supposition being
that it existed la a sterile form as
most other fluids and secretions of
the body. This notion prevailed be
cause of the fact that men were able
to secure samples of milk which kept
indefinitely so far as appearances
were concerned. Doubtless In many
cases no tests were made of the milk
to ascertain whether any micro-organisms
were present or not The con
clusion, therefore, concerning the ster
ility of sank In the udder was a very
natural conclusion. It is an easy mat
ter to secure milk from the udder of a
cow which will to all appearances keep
very satisfactorily, and, in my own
experience, SO per cent of the samples
taken under sterile conditions from
the adder win not undergo a change
of any kind unless it is a slight deposi
tion of the suspended constituents in
the milk. More recent work, however,
has demonstrated that micro-organisms
nre quite commonly found in milk
as milk exists In the udder, sometimes
in quite large numbers but not sll of
.these microorganisms are capable of
producing apparent changes. Some of
them are obnoxious, however, and
probably lead to undesirable fermen
tationsProf. Chan. E. Marshall.
Buying a Bull.
Who needs a dairy bull? I would
answer by saying, any man who in
tends to make dairying the chief aim
of bis live stock farming, needs a pure
bred dairy ball, says Charles L. Hill.
"What breed," you ask; I would an
swer, just the breed you take a fancy
to, for with this one, you will have the
best success, because you will give it
the best care. The bull the dairyman
will need, will probably not be the one
that the pure bred breeder will need,
for the latter, besides quality, is seek
ing for good looks and many fancy
points. The essential point will be
the same however. In his search for
a bull, by correspondence, the dairy
man must rely largely on pedigree,
aad the reliability of the breeder he
deals with. If possible, I would go and
see the dam of the bull I was to use
In my herd. "How good a cow shall
she her I would say that with the
improved methods of care, given by
the breeders of to-dsy, to their herds,
no bull should be given a place in a
dairyman's herd, whose dam will not
make at least 400 pounds of butter in
a year, or its equivalent 343 pounds
of fat The greater her record, the
more valuable her son, other things
Co-operation, when properly man
aged, results in profit to the co-operators.
The problem Is to manage right
ly. Some of the co-operative cream
eries in New York have up for discus
sion the question of forming a co
operative 'society of co-operative
creameries. So far as we are able to
learn the attempt has not culminated
in an organization as planned. This
may be due to the fact that the mo
tive of this combination was said to
be the virtual control of the New xork
market in the matter of milk and per
haps cream. Selfishness is a poor
foundation on which to build a co
operative movement But that there
is room for such an organization it
built on generous lines is true. We
have in some of our states many hun
dreds of co-operative creameries. Were
an association formed of these in each
state, it could render much service to
the co-operative creameries in exist
ence and could stimulate the founding
of new ones. It could gather and dis
tribute" Information of great vnlue to
all the creameries. It is rather sur
prising that steps have not before been
taken in this direction.
Value of a "Starter.'
A starter must not only be con
sidered as a means for Improving the
flavor of tainted cream, but ought to
be adopted universally as a means for
ripening all creams. A good starter
lays the foundation for fine and uni
formly flavored butter, and without it
a fine flavor cannot be obtained in
pasteurized butter. The reputation
cf tho Danish people for making uni
form butter, that has gslned prefer
ence In the English and other for
eign markets. Is largely. If not en
tirely, due to the use of starters In
Its manufacture. Oscar Erf.
Forests and the Water Supply.
Many acres of burned land in the
San Gabriel and San Bernardino
mountains, southern California, have
been planted to pines and Incense Ce
dar this winter by the Bureau of For
estry. Heavy rains have helped the
planters; the seeds of the November
planting hsve already germinated.
This work has commanded the Inter
est and the help of the country which
it affects. The Los Angeles County
Forest and Water Association has
subscribed $266, and the board of
trade of Pasadena $600, to help in the
expense of the planting. The country
Is alarmed by the steadily-decreasing
water supply; the growing of trees on
the burned mountain sides, which con
serves and regulates the flow of wat
er, Is a vital matter to the Inhabitants.
Hence the popular interest In the
planting. A squad of 10 to 15 men
under Mr. T. P. Lukens of Pasadena
has been planting seeds for three
months, Knobcone Pine has been
planted on the dry, burned spots; In
cense Cedar and Sugar Pine on the
molster, cooler places: and Western
Yellow Pine on all situations. The
work gives promise of excellent re
sults. Grain in the Hands of Farmers.
A recent report of the statisti
cian of the department of agriculture
shows the amount of wheat remain
ing in farmers' bands on March l'to
have been about 164,000,000 bushels
or 24.5 per cent of last year's crop,
as compared with 23.2 per cent of the
crop, of 1901 on hand on March .1,
1902, and 24.5 per .cent of the crop of
1900 on hand on March 1, 1901.
The corn in farmers' hands is esti
mated at about 1,050,000,000 bushels
or 4L6 per cent of last year's crop,
against 29.2 per cent ,of the crop
of 1901 on hand on March 1, 1902.
sad SC.9 per cent of the crop of 1900
on band March 1, 1901.
Of oats there are reported to be
about SCSjOOO.000 bushels, or 39.C per
cent of last year's crop, still In farm
ers' heads, as compared with 30.C
per cent of the crop of 1901 on hand
Msrch 1, 1902. and 36.2 per cent of
the crop or jsou on a
Wing-hews are the
.r pert of the wings.
the crop ot 1900 on hand on March 1,
Wine hews are the upser er shoal
A Bulletin en "Woodlots."
A manual of forestry, written espe
cially for the farmers and other land
owners of southern New England, will
be published ia"a few weeks by the:
bureau of forestry. It is to be called
"The Woodlot." and it will tell so
simply aad clearly how to treat the
forest land of the three states with
which It deals Connecticut Massa
chusetts and Rhode Island that even
the land owner with no knowledge of
forestry will be nble to learn from it
enough to improve his timber. The'
bureau of forestry for several years
has given personal assistance In the'
field to timber-land owners who wished
to manage their forests conservative
ly. Agents ot the bureau have made
plans for the msnagement of many
thousands of acres, a good part of
which was in the southern New Eng
land states. "The Woodlot" is a result
of these field studies of southern New
England timber lands. The -various
kinds of forest growth In Massachu
setts, Connecticut and Rhode Island
have been reduced to a few simple
types, so clearly described that an
owner who knows the names of his
trees and the conditions under which
they are growing will be nble easily to
place his timber lot under one of the
types described. For each type of for
est a plan of management Is pre
scribed, illustrated by diagrams.
Using the Weeder on Strawberries.
Mr. A. L. Hatch of Wisconsin tells
of the use of the weeder in strawberry
culture, as follows: The weeder is
sn implement that we have used very
successfully in small fruit culture.
Here Is the point: If the ground is
hard, the weeder is not going to take
hold, but in a strawberry plantation,
if you can set the row in a slight de
pression, so that the crown of the
plant fs not above the surface, you
can run a weeder right over and keep
that fine so that the weeds that you
have to contend with will be simply
in the seed leaf, you are not going
to Injure the strawberry plant at all;
but if your ground is not in fine con
dition, and your plants are not set
firmly and deep enough, your weeder
will not help. I at first did not make
a success of the weeder, but when I
got down to using it in the right way,
I think I went over my strawberry
bed as many ns four times. If you
wait till the surface gets hard, or if
your weeds have got beyond the seed
leaf, it is too late, but keep it going.
You can go over ten acres a day with
a one-horse weeder.
Clover Hay Better Too Green Than
To make first-class clover hay, and
there Is no other hay its equal, it
should be cut when in full flower.
When there is a large quantity to
handle, begin several days earlier
(better too green than too ripe) and
especially if the weather is favorable
for curing. Cut late in the day, to be
put up on the following day or it
may be cut in the morning, as soon
as the dew Is off, to be put up the
same day- When a little wilted, shake
it up well; this is best done with the
tedder, late in the afternoon. When
the heat of the day is past, rake and
put up in small cocks, which should
be turned bottom up every evening
till sufficiently cured to put icto the
mow. In bad weather caps would be
a great advantage. It is hardly pos
sible to make the best clover hay and
preserve the leaves, without curing
in the cock. Much depends on just
the right sort of weather. John
Michigan Fruit Prospects.
From Farmers' Review: Reports
concerning fruit vary some, especially
in regard to peaches. In come locali
ties the buds seem to be badly killed.
The recent cold weather may have in
jured buds since the warm weather in
March had a tendency to open them
up. More accurate estimates can be
given next month, when the buds will
have developed more fully. The fol
lowing shows the prospect for an av
erage crop of the various kinds of
fruit in the state: Apples. 76; pears,
75; peaches, 61; plums, 79; cherries.
84; small fruit, 87. In regard to the
question. "Are peach orchards being
sprayed for curl-leaf?" 80 correspond
ents, answer "yes" and 217 "no." Cor
respondents generally agree that it Is
too early to tell definitely about the
fruit crop, and the reader should re
member that these figures given were
the result of Investigation made in
the last days of March. Fred M. War
ner, Secretary of State.
To Kill Plant Lice.
The different species of aphides,
green and brown lice that are often
so numerous on apple, plum and cher
ry trees, are only to be killed by con
tact with some insecticide that kills
in that manner. The plant bugs and
squash bug are of this kind. For
these, kerosene emulsion, or a whale
oil soap suds will be found most ef
fective, applied as soon as the insects
are oberved. The squash bug does
not yield to even these measures
readily except while very young, and
the pest should be fought at that
time. Prof. F. M. Webster.
Farms in Cuba.
There were in 189!) 60,711 farms in
Cuba, having an average size of 143
acres snd sn average cultivated area
per farm of thirteen acres. Only 10
per cent of the farm area and only
3 per cent of the total area of the
island was under cultivation. Matan
zas and Havana provinces are the
most highly cultivated parts of the
island. Of the cultivated area, less
than 50 per cent was owned by its
occupants, the rest being rented, and
85 per cent was occupied by whites,
as owners or renters, only 11 per
cent by colored, the remainder being
unknown. Measured by the areas
under cultivation, sugar cane occu
pied 47 per cent of the cultivated
lands; sweet potatoes, 11 per cent;
tobacco, 9 per cent; bananas a little
less than 9 per cent and other crops
in smaller proportions.
American Guernsey Cattle Club. '
The annual meeting of the Amer
ican Guernsey Cattle Club will be held
at the Fifth Avenue Hotel, New York,
on May 13th, at 10:30 a. m. The
year just closing is the twenty-fifth
since the establishment of the Regis
ter and organization of the club, and
has been a vey successful one fo.
Guernsey interests. Win. H. Cald
well, secretary, Petersboro, N. H.
A "strain" of fowls is a family that
has bees carefully bred by one breed
er, or his successors, for a number ol
years, and has acquired an individual
character of iu own.
A t i-tuti.
The Heart of the Hills.
There's a wonderful country, lyinc
Far off from the noisy town.
Where the wind-flower swings.
And the veery sings.
And the tumbling brooks come down;
lis a land of light and of laughter.
Where peace all the woodland tills;
'Us the land that lies
'Neath the summer skies.
In the heart of the happy hills.
The road to that wonderful country
Leads out from the gates ot care:
And the tired feet
In the dusty street
Are longing to enter there:
And a voice from that land Is calling;
In the rush of a thousand rills.
"Come away, away.
To the woods to-day:
To the heart of the happy hills."
Far away in that wonderful country.
Where the skies are always blue.
In the shadows cool.
By the foaming pool.
We may put on strength anew:
We may drink from the magic fountains
Where the wine of life distills;
And never a care
Shall tind us there."
In the heart of the happy hills.
J. S. Cutler. In Boston Transcript.
Indiana Monuments Dedicated.
The twenty-two monuments erected
on the field of Shiloh by the state of
Indiana in honor of the twenty-two
regiments that state had in the battle
were dedicated April 6. A notable
eulogy of the Indiana soldiers who
fell in the famous battle was deliv
ered by United States Senator Albert
J. Beverldge. William Carey Sanger.
Assistant Secretary of War, also de
livered an address.
Two special trains and a fleet of
passenger boats brought 600 persons
from Indianapolis. Gen. Lew Wallace
presided at the dedicatory exercises.
The monuments were presented to
the state by Col. James Wright of the
Indiana commission which has had
charge of their erection. Gov. W. T.
Durbin presented the monuments to
the government, and' they were ac
cepted by Assistant Secretary of War
The national commission was repre-
sented by Col. Josiah Patterson of
Memphis, Tenn.; Gov. Frazier of Ten
nessee was represented by Gen. Gor
don of Memphis.
Work of War -Correspondents.
"I wonder." said the Major, "how
many of the old war correspondents
of forty years ago are living now. I
remember as among the living only
Towr.seml. Reid. Furay. and a few
others. The most of them have cross
ed tho line with the great soldiers
whose campaigns they followed and
whose battles they described. I have
often wondered if the nerve tension
that told so heavily against the men
who strove in battle and shortened
their lives did not also shorten the
lives of the men who wrote of bat
tles under the stress of the conditions
that prevailed at the front or in the
rear of an army. Certainly, the ser
vice was a strain on the nerves,
whether the correspondent wrote of a
battlo in progress or in the midst of
the distressing confusion that follow
ed a battle.
"Here at home a man cannot write
a business letter or a short article for
a newspaper if he is subjected to or
dinary interruptions. I saw the Colo
nel in a frenzy tho other day because
three ladies came in. one after an
other, while he was preparing an ar
gument. And yet he had all his ma
terials at hand, and the interruptions
were not of a trying character. Think
of the strain under which an army
correspondent wrote, with the uproar
and confusion of battle pressing on
his .nerves. Seeing only a part of the
field, he must write of the whole.
Dimly comprehending the maneuvers
based on strategy or exigency, he
must describe all in their relations to
defeat or victory. When command
ers were beside themselves with ex
citement he must in some way get in
formation from them.
'The correspondent was compelled
not only to get information, but to
measure its value, and. dazed or ex
cited, he was compelled to write with
the calmness of a war historian and
at the same time to portray graphi
cally the battle scenes. After bending
all his energies to composition he was
often compelled to ride as wildly
as a charging trooper to start his
dispatch or letter northward. The
service was very trying, and little
wonder that so many of the old war
correspondents died in what the
world called their prime. There were
men. of course, who wrote of battles
without seeing them, but I have in
mind the men who rode with generals
in battle and who shared the priva
tions and dangers of army life.
There were many such, but not many
of them are alive." Chicago Inter
A War Time Romance.
The death of John H. Dillow at
Pottsville, Pa., removes an eccentric
character and recalls a romance of
the Civil War.
Dillow was one of Louden's Vir
ginia Rangers, serving in Company B.
He fell in love with a pretty little
Southern girl, and they decided they
should be married right soon. With
a parson the pair broke for over the
war line, intending to be married in
a Union camp.
The end of the journey was near
and the Maryland bridge had been
reached, when the wedding party was
held up by a detachment of Confed
erate soldiers. The parson explained
the predicament, the bride-to-be
pleaded and wept and it looked for a
time as though 'the way through the
bridge would by gallantry be opened.
But a consultation of the Confed
erates resulted in a stern demand that
the parson proceed with his marrying
nss.1 9'ptr WnBaH
Esch of the beleaguered trio pro
tested, but guns are eloquent things,
and a wedding is a wedding, even
though It may -happen under stress
and in a dark old covered bridge.
The knot was promptly tied.
In later years, after Dillow became
a resident of Pottsville, he developed
marked eccentricities. Among these
was an aversion to railway or wagon
travel. Walking was good enough for
Dillow and all the little Dillows.
They made journeys afoot. On one
occasion the entire family visited reN
atives in Harper's Ferry. Vs.. aad the
entire distance to and fro was covered
Knew Hew te Forage.
During the Spanish-American war
some of the young soldiers in camp
at Camp Alger made a march from
that point to Thoroughfare Gap. in
Virginia. The way those youthful re
cruits acted reminds the veterans of
the days from '61 to '65. If there
were hen roosts that were not raided
it was because they were walled up.
If the melon patches escaped them it
was because the fruit was too green
to eat Mindful or the fact that war
claims are often left till too late, the
citizens of Prince William and Fair
fax counties who considered them
selves damaged by the passage
through the counties of these soldiers,
have already brought in a bill of
specific injuries as to dollars and
cents. The bill is not itemized a
it appears in public. The injuries
run from $3. suffered by Elvira C
Finn of Fairfax county, to 9427. in
which sum William 11. Wrenn of Fair
fax county considers himself dam
aged. Most of the claims amount to
about $15 each, and there are eighty
three in all.
Lost Five Brothers in the War.
With the death of Mrs. S. S. Bacon,
in Ware. Mass.. March 20 last, there
passed away a daughter of Mrs.
Cromwell Bixby. formerly of Boston,
to whom President Lincoln wrote tho
famous and historic letter on tho
death of her five sons fighting in tho
Civil War. which has been described
by critics as the most perfect letter ua
the English language.
Recently Benjamin Chapin received
a letter from Mrs. Bacon explaining
who she was and how she had helped
in bringing up the five brothers whoso
lives went to their country.
Mr. Chapin called on Mrs. Bacon
and found her living in two stuffy
rooms in a basement He employed
a local attorney to collect the neces
sary data to enable him to secure a
pension for her. She was 70 years
old. He was going to take the papers
to Washington himself and urge the
granting of the pension when he
learned of Mrs. Bacon's death.
Women Do Good Work.
Alexander Hamilton Corps. No. 162,
of New York city, is one of the most
flourishing organizations in the Wom
en's Relief Corps of New York State.
They number 125 members. In point
of relief and patriotic work they stand
second to none in the order, having
presented more than forty-five flags
to the various public schools and sent
10,000 flags to the Philippines. They,
have offered as an incentive to pa
triotism a handsome bunting flag of
the regulation size to the public
school In Manila making the greatest'
progress in patriotic education. Hun
dreds of dollars are being spent an
nually by this corps in the relief of
the veterans and their dependent
ones. Competent committees and
perfect harmony existing throughout
the entire corps is the keynote of
their great success.
Old Soldiers Still Strong in Congress.
Although it is thirty-eight yean
since Lee surrendered, the old soldier
still has the call in polities for up
ward of 16 per cent of the members
of the next Congress.
Twenty-nine per cent of the Senate
and 13 per cent of the House fought
on one side or the other in the Civil
War. though twenty-eight members of
the House were not born when Lee
surrendered, and several were Iittlu
Of the seventy-seven cx-soldiers of
the House forty-seven were in the Un
ion army and thirty in the Confeder
ate. In the Senate there is a tie of
thirteen ex-Confederates and thirteen
Boston Wants Encampment.
The Department of Massachusetts.
Grand Army of the Republic, has
passed a resolution unanimously in
viting the National Encampment to
come to Boston next year. The Invi
tation meets with the heartiest com
mendation of the comrades and people
of Boston. The people remember with
great pleasure the visit of the com
rades to their city in 1SS9. and the
comrades also recollect with equal
happiness the magnificent entertain
ment the people of the "Hub" gave
Largest Irish Land Owner.
It has been discovered that the
marquis of Conyngham. who will be
twenty-one years old next year, is
the largest land owner in Ireland,
where his estates are found in four
counties. Lord Conyngham's estate,
according to the last return issued.
embraces 129,846 acres in Donegal.
24.059 in Clare. 9.634 in Meath. and
thirty-eight in Limerick, and with
nearly 10.000 acres in Kent. England,
has a grand total of 173,311 acres.
Lord Conyngham. who will sit in the
House of Lords as Baron Minister,
lives at Slane castle. Meath. the
house where his ancestor entertained
George IV. "All the old beds in the
county were begged and borrowed,"
one reads in the account of the royal
visit, and the chancellor, one is told,
"was so bitten by fleas on the first
night that he departed next morning
in a rage."
Height of Indiana Soldiers.
A civil-war record of the height of
Indiana soldiers shows that out of
118,254 there were 15,047 5 feet 10
inches tall: 8.706 5 feet 11 inches:
6.679 6 feet tall; 2.614 6 feet 1 inch:
1,357 6 feet 2 inches; 406 6 feet 3
inches, and 330 over 6 feet 3 inches.
Commenting on these statistics. Dr.
Gould, actuary of the United States
sanitary commission, writes: "It is
evident from our statistics that Indi
ana men are the tallest of the natives
of the United States and these latter
the tallest of all civilized countries."
Larry "They have a 'flatiron
buildirg in New York."
Denny "Phwat koind av brick is
ut built av?"
Larry "Pressed, Oi guess."
. . .
...rtt ttim", .
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