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VOLUME XXXIII.-NUMBER 38.
COLUMBUS. NEBRASKA. WEDNESDAY. DECEMBE
WHOLE NUMBER 1 .702.
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Tie MReUaMe. f
tn th. Stat
Interest oo Tim t
ISSUES SIOHT DRAFTS ON
(hiaka, Chicaft, New Ytrk.
am ah Foreign boaatris.
Sells Steamship Tickets
gys Pood Hotes,
helps its customers
whem they need hdpj
PPIC.N. AMD DinaOTOll.i
LI1NDIR a.NNAND. PMBS.
r MAMTVN. VIOS-PRIS.
M. MuaaiN. CABHIBK.
MANr L. HINRr.
A Veckly Republican
Newspaper Devoted to the
Best Interests of X X
County of Platte,
The State of
Rest of Mankind.
The Unit of Measure with
per Year, if Paid in Advance.
-u i -
st ss S
Bt vtrr Limit ef Usefalaess Is not
Ctrcamscribed by Dollars
Sample Copies Sent Free to
Coffins and Metallic Cases.
lUtaHag rf ill kind of Upholstery Coeit.
lis prepared to Purniah Any
thing Required of a
CLUBS WITH THB
Goapliti Photographic Outfit
Brownie Camera, Film. Paper.
Anybody can make pictures with
this outfit anil all
Without a Dark-Room.
No. 2 Brownie Camera for
2l4 x V- iiptiir-f $2.03
Film Cartridge, 6 Meinour, -xSV .20
Hrownie IVvelopinK Machine 2.00
Brownie Developing .Machine Outfit . .15
FIo Printing Finme. 20
1 Doz. 2 x Ji4 Deklto 15
2 Dekko Developing Powders .10
Price Complete $5.00
Nothing more appropriate for the
ourjg folks for Christmas. There's
lota of pure fun in photography and
there's education too.
ED. J. NIEWOHNER,
Klga f the Blr Watch.
Eat up a man's confidence. The
poorly dresEed man is afraid to push
ahead it brines his clothes into
prominence, and this makes him un
comfortable, lie usually gets ready-to-wear
clothing. Sometimes it fits
him and sometimes it doesn't. It
gets worn and shabby, and Ptill he is
compelled to wear it. For about the
price of ready-made clothes we could
bare made him an elegant suit, per
fect fit, 6tyle and finish. A full line
of fall goods.
Everything: in our line
and everything; guaranteed.
Wagons made to order.
Best horse-shoeing; in the
A fine line of Buggies,
tyi am agent for the old reliable
Columbus Buggy Company, of Colum
bus, Ohio, which is a sufficient guaran
tee of strictly first-class goods.
or 6onth of Chicago ask your local
ticket agent to route you between Omaha
and Chicago via the
:he shortest line between the two cities
Trains via this popular road depart
!rom the Union depot, Omaha, daily
jonnecting with trains from the west
Magnificently equipped trains, palace
sleepers and free reclining chair cars'
Dining cars and buffet, library and
jmoldng cars. All trains lighted by
ilectricity. For full information about
rates, etc., address
F. A. Xash,
3eneral Western Agent, 1504 Farnam
H. W. Howexx.
Trar. Freight and Pass. Agt.
jr. a. McAzxistkb. W. SI. Cobxxlxct
aaeaXUSTR tt COR3TEUTJS.
ATTOENEYS AT LAW,
BBBBBBBBaaaaBBBSBBBaaaBBBrVPVQJattBBm 1 ".
TO STOP MERGERS
CONGRESS CALLED ON FOR NEW
COMPETITION OF RAILWAYS
Combination of Interests Consolidates
Management in Individual Hands
The Result is Disastrous to Public
WASHINGTON. The tendency to
combine continues the most significant
feature of railway development, ac
cording to the annual report of the
Interstate Commerce commission,
just issued. The report says:
"It is not open tn question that the
competition between railroad carriers,
which formerly prevailed, has been
lately suppressed or at least brought
to the condition of effective restraint.
"The progress of consolidation, in
one form or another, will at no dis
tant day confine this competition with
in narrow and unimportant limits, be
cause the control of most railroad
properties will he merged in a few in
dividuals, whose combination inter
ests impel them to act in concert.
"While this will insure, as prob
ably nothing else can, in equal de
gree, the observance of published
tariffs, and so measurably remove
some of the evils which the act was
designed to prevent, the resulting sit
uation involves consequences to the
public which claim the most serious
"A law which might have answered
the purpose when competition was re
lied upon to secure reasonable rates
is demonstrably inadequate when that
competition is displaced by the most
far-reaching and powerful combina
tion. "Some great change in the condi
tions calls for a corresponding change
in the regulation of the statute."
The commission reaffirms its rec
ommendtaions for amending the in
terstate commerce law and urges the
grave necessity for legislation.
The report says that the fact that
no convictions have yet been obtain
ed nor indictments found in the rases
of the roads which were shown by an
investigation last winter to be given
secret rates to gram shippers, em
phasizes the fact that the criminal
provisions of the present interstate
law are practically a dead letter.
The commission says that the effect
of injunctions to compel roads to ob
serve published tariffs has been to
materially advance the rates actually
received by the carrier and paid by
the shipper and that their operation
enables advances, which otherwise
might not be made.
But while the producer will un
doubtedly pay from now on from 5
to 7 cents per 100 pounds more to
transport grain from the field to its
destination than he paid before these
injunctions took effect, that must not
be regarded as an argument against
the injunctions. There ought to be
some power to compel the carriers
to maintain the published rate and
to publish a fair and reasonable rate.
Thirty-eight formal proceedings,
double the number brought in the
preceding year and involving rates
and practices of 300 railroads, were
instituted during the year.
CHICAGO. The agricultural prog
ress of the United States and the work
of the American farmer are being not
ed by the German government, which
is taking special interest in the sub
ject for the corning year. According
to information received by Dr. Wal
ther Wever. the German consul here,
Chicago has been chosen by the Ger
man government as the center of
operations of the experts' bureau dur
ing the coming year. Heretofore there
has been an agricultural expert con
nected with the embassy at Washing
ton and one also in New York city.
An order has been made which trans
fers the bureau from New York to
NORFOLK MAN IS PARDONED.
Released by Governor in Response to
Letter from Little Daughter.
LINCOLN Governor Savage Friday
gave Daisy Lawrence, aged 10 years,
of Norfolk, a Christmas present in the
shape of a pardon for her father, who
is serving a three years sentence in
the state penitentiary for embezzle
ment. The pardon was granted in re
sponse to a pitiful letter from the lit
DEWEY CABLES FLEET ORDERS.
Advises the Navy Department Where
Ships Will Go for Christmas.
WASHINGTON The navy depart
ment has received a cablegram from
Admiral Dewey announcing the pro
prosed itinerary of the vessels of his
fleet during the Christmas holidays.
Admiral Dewey's cablegram, dated
San Juan, December 14. is to this ef
fect: "Proposed itinerary of vessels for
Christmas holidays: Kearsarge. Ala
bama, Massachusetts. Iowa, Scorpion.
Trinidad. Illinois. Indiana, to St. Thom
as; Texas, to Point-a-Petrie; Chicago,
New York, Eagle, to Curacoa; San
Francisco, Albany. Wasp, to Maya
guez; Cincinnati, Atlanta, Prairie, tugs
and torpedo boats, to San Juan; Cul
goa, to Mayaguez and San Juan;
Olympia. Nashville and Machias, to St.
Kitts; Detroit to Antigua; Mayflower
and Vixen, to Porto Rican waters and
vicinity, and Dolphin, to Antigua and
vicinity." - -
CARACAS IS IMPREGNABLE.
Venezuela Could Put 400,000 Men In
PARIS. M. Thiesse, formerly min
ister of France to Venezuela, who ne
gotiated the convention of 1885 and
who has lived many years in Vene
zuela, has been interviewed concern
ing the situation there. He said:
"Venezuela can put 400,000 men in
the field, and even foreigners there
are liable for military service. The
regular Venezuela army numbers only
10,000. A number of the younger of
ficers received their education in the
military schools of France and Ger
many. The Venezuelans are armed
with Martini and Remington rifles
and have a few Maxim and Krupp
guns. They have no cavalry. Caracas
is almost impregnable, owing to the
fact that it is situated on the other
side of a mountain range about 6,000,.
feet high. These mountains range
are impassable except by steep mule
paths, where twenty men could stop
a whole regiment. There is a rail
road from j& Guayra to Caracas, but
the destruction of a single bridge
would render the line useless. If, by a
miracle, Caracas was taken, the Ven
ezuelans would wage a guerilla war
fare, as they did against Spain."
VANDERBILT IS LOW.
Doctors Admit Position is Grave, but
Still Hope for Recovery.
NEW YORK Cornelius Vanderbilt
passed a fairly good night and at 7
o'clock hope had not been abandoned.
The presence of two doctors in the
house indicated that Mr. Vanderbilt's
condition continued most grave, al
though a servant in the household
raid he had passed a good night.
Dr. Austin Flint, jr., at 9:15, issued
the following bulletin:
"Mr. Vanderbilt had a fair night and
has held his own. The fact that he
is no worse this morning is encour
aging." Drs. Flint, Janeway, Brown and
Delafield held a consultation previous
to the issuance of the bulletin, last
ing about twenty-five minutes.
Dr. Delafield said:
"Mr. Vanderbilt is a very sick man,
but there is hope and he is not going
to die today."
A rumor that Mr. Vanderbilt was
dead was circulated shortly after
noon Friday. Inquiry at the sick
man's house showed the report was
In the afternoon Reginald Vander
bilt and Miss Cathleen Neilson arriv
ed at the house. Mr. Vanderbilt
made inquiries and left his card, while
Miss Neilson remained in the carriage.
A close friend of Mr. Vanderbilt said:
"Mr. Vanderbilt is low, but there is
Dr. Austin issued this bulletin at
11:30 Friday night:
'The symptoms of peritonitis are
subsiding. In other respects Mr. Van
derbilt is holding his own."
CANADA LOOKS TO AMERICA.
Seeks to Learn Fresh Lessons from
This Great Republic.
NEW YORK The sixth annual din
ner of the Canadian society of New
York was given at Delnionico's Friday
night. Dr. James Douglas, president
of the society, presided, and among the
guests v.-ere Sir Frederick W. Borden,
K. C. M. G.. minister of militia and
defense of the Dominion of Canada:
Colgate Hoyt, president of the Ohio
society; V. A. Higginbotham. presi
dent of the Canadian club of Philadel
phia, and Sir Percy Sanderson, British
The first toasts were "The Presi
dent" and "The King," after which
followed others to "Canada" and the
Sir Frederick Borden, in speaking
on "-Canada." said:
"I say in all frankness that we up
there in Canada thank the people of
the United States for teaching us self
reliance. We also want to always
have friendly rivalry. You hear a
great deal said as to what is to be the
final destiny of Canada. We are abso
lutely satified with our present posi
tion. We intend going along on the
lines we have followed for some time,
and we think the best friend we have
to help us is this country.
"I believe in the Monroe doctrine
and when it was promulgated the lead
ing British statesmen approved iL The
Monroe doctrine is a good thing for
our country, and is a guarantee against
coercion and oppression. It is as
much in favor of Canadian integrity
as it is for the protection of any oth
er portion of the American continent."
Rounding Up Ladrones.
MANILA. The roundup of La
drones in Risil province is proceeding.
A large force of constabulary is in
the field and the Manila police are co
operating with it They are cordon
ing the north part of the city to pre
vent the Ladrones entering. The
United States fleet is assembled for
the evolutions which are to commence
tomorrow and continue for a fort
night They will consist largely in
landing tactics and the seizure, forti
fying and supplying of a naval base
on the west coast cf Luzon, near Su
big. The battleship Kentucky is here
and the Oregon is expected daily.
Sultan's Troops Hemmed In.
MADRID A dispatch from Tan
giers. Morocco, says the commander of
the imperial forces has informed the
sultan that his troops are completely
hemmed in bv the rebels, that they
are unable to advance or retreat and
that his hitherto loyal tribes are join
1 ing the forces of the pretender to the
BRITAIN WANTS SAFEGUARDS
AND GERMAN APOLOGIES.
Private Financiers May Step in Now
Individual Firms Msy Offer Assur
ancesEngland Sees No Value in
WASHINGTON. Secretary Hay has
ceived partial responses from the
governments of Great Britain, Ger
many and Italy respecting the pro
posal to arbitrate the Venexuelan dif
ficulties. Great Britain is favorable to arbitra
tion with proper safeguards: Germany
accepts arbitration in principle, but
finds a multitude of small adjustments
to be made before entering into the
agreement; Italy, as the Junior part
ner of the allies, declares that it is
favorable to arbitration, but would be
bound by the action of the senior
As far as England is concerned the
safeguards referred to a.j believed to
relate to the question of guarantee,
which is full of difficulties. In this
connection some consideration is
again given to the feasibility of re
sponsible parties assuming responsi
bility for any award assessed against
If this can be arranged the United
States government will do what it
car. to reduce their risks.
The feeling is growing here that
The Hague tribunal should undertake
the case if arbitration is agreed to.
Mr. Bowen, it is reported, wishes to
come to Washington in order person
ally to effect an adjustment with the
resident ambassadors of the allies,
but, while the State department makes
no statement on the point, it is be
lieved that it does not regard this
plan with favor. It is also pointed
out that in some phases the disputes
will not admit of arbitration. Such,
for instance, as the attacks on Brit
ish and German subjects and the Ger
man legations at Caracas, and the ar
rests of consular officers.
The United States government in
clines to the view that there is a dis
pesition to insist needlessly' on guar
antees for payment of any judgment
that might be rendered by the arbitra
tors. It believes that the force of
public opinion would absolutely in
sure a settlement.
Answers German Demands.
CARACAS The Venezuelan answer
to Germany's ultimatum has just been
made public. In part it is as follows.
"The Venezuelan government is un
able to discover in its correspondence
a single sentence offensive in tone.
"With regard to the publication of
the note of March 8, 1901, marked
'confidential:' This note lost its confi
dential character through the publica
tion of a memorandum by the German
ambassador to the United States in
which was incorporated the note in
"Regarding the other points, each of
which comes within a certain law, it
is only necessary to call your attention
to the abnormal circumstances which
have paralyzed any course of action
relating to these matters. The Vene
zuelan government is now considering
the appointment of a fiscal agent
"The imperial government desires
that Venezuela immediately satisfy the
claims arising from the civil war and
that other matters be arbitrated.
"The Venezuelan government only
awaits the time when the work of
pacification, in which it is earnestly
engaged, shall permit it to issue an
order re-establishing public credit.
The claims arising out of the present
war, which still devastates the repub
lic, will be treated with all justice
under the laws to be passed to cover
"Upon the special command of my
government I refrain from replying to
that part of your note which relates
to joint action on the part of Ger
many and the United Kingdom. A
power like Venezuela, which is in need
of no stimulus to cause it to fulfill
its legal obligations to its utmost abil
ity, can never expect any course of
action which shall not conform to the
principles of mutual respect and the
rules of reciprocal cordiality.
"R. LOPEZ BARALT.
"Minister of Foreign Affairs."
Percy Goslin, a 15-year-old boy, who
carried the mail at Springview. has
been brought in by Deputy Homan on
a charge of opening the mail sacks
and extracting letters.
Vote on a Co-Operative Plan.
PITTSBURG. Notice has been re
ceived at the office of the Amalgamat
ed Association of Iron, Steel and Tin
Workers from the Republic Iron and
Steel company that a plan for making
the workmen in these plants stock
holders in the company will be pre
sented to the next convention at Co
ivmbus, O. Plans are now being con
sidered by which the puddlers and
finishers employed in the mills of this
company can become stockholders,
and it is probable the scheme will be
ratified by the convention. The offi
cials of the Republic Iron and Steel
company have decided that if the
plan is adopted the men will be given
representation on the board of direct
ors. Men may boast of their honesty, but
only women return borrowed umbrel
las. The mountaineer always takes a
peak when he wants to obtain a good
CASH FOR CATTLE.
It is Voted by the Lower House of
WASHINGTON. The house on
Monday passed the senate bill for a
union railway station in this city, to
cost $4,000,000. The station is to be
situated north of the present site of
the Baltimore & Ohio depot at Dela
ware and Massachusetts avenues, and
in front of it is to be a large plaza
The Pennsylvania is to remove Its
tracks from the Mali and reach the
site of the proposed station through
a tunnel to run btewcen the capitol
and library buildings. The govern
ment is to pay the Pennsylvania rail
road $1.500,iO0. and the Baltimore &
Ohio $500,000, in addition to provid
ing for the plaza park.
The house also pa&ed an urgency
deficiency bill, which carried among
other items an appropriation of $500.-
COO for eradicating the foot and mouth
disease in New England. A bill was
passed to provide for the allotment
!n severalty of the lands of the New
York Indian. The bill provides that
trior to allotment the claims of the
Ogden Land company should be de
cided in the courts, and if found good
Fhould be purchased for the benefit
of the Indians for a sum not exceed
The senate on Monday discussed the
militia bill and also the omnibus state
After agreeing to the house resolu
tion for an adjournment from Decem
ber 20 to January 5, Mr. Proctor (Vt.)
called up the militia bill. An amend
ment by Mr. Pcttus (Ala.), striking
from the bill section 24, having par
ticular reference to the reserve force
of trained men, provoked some dis
cussion, Mr. Pettus raising the point
if enacted would be an infringement
of the constitutional authority of the
states, and put the custody of the
militia into the hands of the general
The bill was laid aside for the omni
bus statehood bill. Senator Dillingham
(Vt), who Is opposed to the bill, oc
cupying the remainder of the session
in rehearin? the testimony taken by
the subcommittee on its tour of in
vestigation. Mr. Bate (Tenn.) submitted a report
of the minority on the omnibus state
hood bill, which was read. It favor
ed the omnibus bill.
A message from the president was
laid before the senate, recommending
the payment of indemnity to the heirs
of certain Italians killed in the south
Consideration of the statehood bill
was resumed. Mr. Quay (Pa.) said
that as the senator from Minnesota
(Mr. Nelson) had "suddenly and tu
multously" withdrawn the substi
tute it was his desire to know if
Mr. Nelson intended to re-report the
same. Replying. Mr. Nelson said that
it was his purpose to re-report, but
could not say at this time when he
would do so.
Called at Lincoln, Nebraska,
There will be a meeting held at
Lincoln, Nebraska, Jan. 22nd, 1903.
at 2 o'clock p. m., In University hall,
in the interest of and for the purpose
of advancing the Farmers Co-Opera-tive
Grain and Live Stock associa
tion and extending its usefulness in
Nebraska. All fanners and others
interested in extending the work of
the association and in the building of
Farmers' Co-Operative elevators am
requested to attend and take part in
the meeting. We recommend that
farmers and shippers meet at the
various shipping stations of Ne
braska and send representatives or
delegates to this meeting. All per
sons interested in the success of the
co-operative movement and desiring
information regarding the same are
cordially invited. James Butler,
manager of the Central association
and other speakers from Kansas will
address the meeting. Reduced rates
have been granted by all rr-ilroads in
the state. Ask for them when buy
ing your ticket.
THE FARMERS' GRAIN ASS'N, of
D. W. BAKER, Pres.
E. E. WATTS, Sec'y.
THE FARMERS' GRAIN ASSN. of
R. B. PRICE Pres-.
T. C. PRATHER, Sec'y.
THE FARMER? BUSINESS ASS'N,
of Shelby, Neb.
H. THELEN. Pres.
H. H. HEWITT. Sec'y.
WASHINGTON The senate on
Wednesday passed the pension appro
priation bill without discussion. It
carried $139,847,00. An urgent defi
ciency bill was also passed. The
amount carried by this bill is $1,148,
400, and includes an item of $500,000
to enable the secretary of agriculture
to stamp out the foot and mouth dis
ease, which has become epidemic in
the New England states.
Passes Pure Food Bill.
WASHINGTON. The house today
passed the pure food bill without a
quorum by 72 to 21. Bills were passed
to make Portal. N. D., a sub-port of
entry for the immeuiate transporta
tion of dutiable goods and for the re
lief of the Miami Indians, and then
the debate on the pure feed bill was
resumed. Mr. Hepburn (la.) closed the
discussion. The bill, he said, did not
fully meet his approval.
I EASTON'S i
Wc have a larger and better stock than
ever, and are giving tickets on the
for every 25c cash purchaw and our
rices are cheaper than ever. We have the
argest and most complete stock in the city
to choose from, anything and everything
to choose from. Something to make the
old young and the young happy. We
are also headquarters for everything in
the hardware line, Heating Stoves and
Cook Stoves without number. : : : :
REMEMBER THE PLACE,
C Q FAQTrHVB
x w. w. s -
X ELEVENTH STREET. ii
THETR'E HERE !
THEY'RE here now, so you
will not have to wait.
Bright, new and handsome,
each one perfectly finished
and the prettiest line ever shown
in Columbus. No useless trap
pings on these buggies the price
is put into material, workman
ship and finish. Each one is
ready to hitch your horse to, and
the price won't make a heavy load
to carry. They're here, but
they're going. Can't I send one
your way? Inquiry and inspec
tion desired. :::::::
- FINE BUGGIES.
East 13th Street, - - COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA.
Call and See Our New
Don't wait until every thing has been
Sicked over. We carry a full line of
toll Paper, Paint, PlastlGo, Varnishes,
Brushes, Window Shades, Sash Rods,
Floor Wax and every thing pertaining
to the needs of a good housekeeper.
THE P. D. SMITH CO., (
I : : : DEALERS IN" : : : I
x-i "criiBE :e3
All Kinds of Building Material and Coal.
Estimates Cheerfully Furmislied.
New, from all of the world Well
written, original stories Answers to
qneries Article on Health, the Home,
New Books, and on Work About the
Farm and Garden.
I The Mf liter Oceai
Is a member of the Associated Press, the
only Western Newspaper reoeiTiaa; the
entire telegraphic news service of the
New York Ban and special cable of the
New York Worlddaily reports front
OTer 3,000 special correspoadents
throughout the country.
S3 IsAserfW sW JOTunaal
z Wkly later Oesaa
X Dwtm paswn tSr 91.73.
w. w., -
Line of Wall Paper.
. C. CASS IN,
rsormirroB or ihx
Omaha Heat Market
Fresh, and f7?
Salt Meats Jl&-
Game and Pish it Season.
Ss7Hignest Market prices paid for
THIRTEENTH ST., '