Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 19, 1902)
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. . .' ... ; TIMES GO
. .1te-169pe& tree in tlme'may grow again.
Most naked plants renew both fruit and
7Jfca sorriest wight may find relief from
-The driest -eoU suck in some moistening
. . bower.
Tlsses co by turns, and chances change
Prom foul to fair, from better hap to
. The sea of fortune doth forever flow.
flb'e draws her favors to the lowest ebb;
Bar tides have eqtid times to come and
Her loom doth weave the fine and
. coarsest web.
.No Jay so crest but runneth to an end.
No hap so hard but may in time amend.
In a letter of recent date Oct. 1
lirost Mrs. Franz Sigel to Mrs. E. May
afcke Stillman of this city, a life-long
-Mend of the family, she describes the
declining days of Ler illustrious hus
band as follows:
"As you know, during the past few
years he had become quite weak and
feeble, but was not ill, nor did he suf
fer any pain; it was a gradual wasting
away of bis strength and energy,
which was not surprising, considering
the Intellectually active and strenuous
life he had led. When, for the lack
of strength, he was unable to follow
his accustomed literary and other in
tellectual pursuits, he dropped them
one by one, apparently without regret
Lately, he would read awhile, then
slumber ..awhile. What he seemed to
enjoy most was when I would talk
to him on all sorts of subjects, dis
cuss current topics, and busy myself
about him. He wau supremely happy
when our daughter Leila was with
him. One of us always accompanied
him on bis dally walks. When he was
too feeble to take these, we went driv
ing with him.
"He enjoyed the past summer so
much, for the vicinity of our Bronx is
"For months he was unable to take
any but liquid nourishment, still the
end came all too suddenly; we bad
not thought of it before. He fell
The following Is told by a New
Yorker who wears a Grand Army
badge: The boys of the 107th sup
ported Cotheren's battery at Antie
tam. At about the hottest of the fight
the enemy massed themselves oppo
site our front, for an assault on Coth
eren's position. The battery was short
of ammunition, and so reserved their
Ire. while throughout the whole field
their was a lull in the tumult The
rebels advanced In a solid mass,
with a precision of movement perfect
ly beautiful. It was a moment which
tried the nerves of the bravest. In
the meantime one of our lads, becom
ing quite Interested in the affair.
"Some years ago," said the gen
eral, "I went down into Virginia on a
utter of importance to the govern
tent, and in the course of events
called on Gen. Benjamin Stoddert
Swell, then president of William and
Mary college. Ewell had been opposed
to secession in 1861, but went with his
state and fought to the end. After
the war he advocated the election of
Gen. Grant to the presidency, and he
and his brother, captured In the last
year of the war by Gen. Sheridan,
were highly regarded by Grant.
"Ewell had been president of Wil
liam and Mary college before the war,
and took up the work again at the
The report of Adjt Gen. Silas H.
Towler to the national encampment
embraced the following figures of the
condition of the Grand Army:
Members in good standing as shown
by report for June 30. 1901, 269,507;
error North Dakota report, 11; error
Utah report 33; total. 269.551.
Gains By muster, 8,049; by trans
fer, 3.514; by reinstatement, S.S0S; by
reinstatement delinquent reports, 6,
S6; total gain, 27,007; aggregate.
Losses -By death. 8.299; by honor
able discharge. 891; by transfer, 3,601;
by suspension, 15.306; by dishonorable
FUN TRAGICALLY SET.
Gen. John B. Gordon of Georgia says
that one day be wa- strolling over the
field of a battle when he found one of
his men, an Irishman, talking earnest
ly to a dead federal officer.
"Faith," said the soldier. "I am sorry
for ye, poor old fellow, but you don't
seed those shoes; you're dead now,
an' 111 just take 'em."
Gen. Gordon said the Irishman then
pulled off the dead man's shoes and
put them on his own feet
WOMAN'S RELIEF CORPS.
The report of Mrs. Mary E. Conant.
national secretary of the Woman's Re
lief corps, shows the following
stnngth of that auxiliary to the Grand
Number of departments June 30,
1902, 35; total number o corps in de
partments June 30, 1902. .3,017; num
ber of corps in good standing June 30,
1902, 2,844; toal number of members
June 30. 1902, 143.428; total number
SHIRKERS BADLY FOOLED.
Tew soldiers like to drill, and. I
believe, all dislike to work." remarked
a veteran from the wooden nutmeg
. state. "During the -siege of Corinth
became necessary to go some ten
. aUee oyer the worst of roads to Pitts-
barg Landing to draw forage and pro-
rtofoaa, and many were the expsdl-
sats resorted to by the boys to escape
.Daring the G. A. R. encampment in
rashlBgton Columbia post of Chicago
daftsd Richmond and with other
:aortkera veterans received genuine
southern. welcome from the men who
' ti days long gone by followed the for
MILITARY SURGEONS TO MEET.
Next stammer there will be held at
Boston -the annual convention of mil
itary Sargeeas of the United States
Army aad National Guard cf the
United. States. This is one 'of the
fable gatherings of the year,
Not always fall of leaT. nor even spring:
Not endless night nor yet eternal day:
The saddest birds a season find to sing.
The roughest storm a calm may soon
Thus with succeeding turns God temper-
That man may hope to rise, yet fear to
A chance may win that my mischance
vara a Inat
That net that holds no great, takes lit
In some things all, in all things none
Few all they need; but none have all
TTnmlngled Joys here to no man Derail.
Who least, have some; who most, hath
asleep so gently, softly. The last
words I understood him to say were:
'Mamma, it was well; all has been
for the best,' and then he left us.
"It was well that the universal sym
pathy extended to us in our bereave
ment carried our thoughts away from
ourselves so that I hardly know how
the time has passed." Washington
Gen. Meade's Headquarters.
In this unpretentious little house the
commander of the Union army at
Gettysburg planned the great battle
which practically ended the hopes of
climbed a high rock where he could
view the whole scene. He occupied
his place unmindful of the bullets
which were buzzling like bees around
us. The rebels came on until we
could see their faces and then Coth
eren poured the canister into them.
The advancing column was literally
torn to pieces by them. Our friend on
the rock became frantic in his demon
strations of delight, and as one of the
battery section send a shrapnel which
mowed down a long row of Johnnies
he swung his cap, and, shouting so
that the flying rebels could hear him,
sung out: "Bull-e-e-e. Set 'em up or
the other alley.
close of the war. I was sure of a wel
come from Ewell, Lut when I saw that
the faculty was largely composed o
wounded Confederate officers I was in
doubt as to their feeling toward me
When we met at dinner, Ewell intro
duced me to the professors as a friend
from Pennsylvania, and one of the
professors said cheerily, 'I am verj
glad to see you, sir. I am part Penn
sylvanian myself. I left the whole oi
one leg at Gettysburg.' That was at
ice-breaker, and there was no trouble
A yellow dog counts that day lost
when nobody condescends to kick him
discharge, S6; by delinquent reports,
3,890; by surrender of charter, 665; by
error Florida. 6; California and Ne
vada reports not received; by wire re
port net loss, 69; total loss, 32,813.
Members in good standing June 30,
1902. 263,745; net loss for the year,
5,806; number remaining suspended
June 30, 1902, 26,214; total number
borne on rolls, 289,959; number of
posts reported, 6,416, California and
Nevada estimated at last report, 95
6,511; number of posts delinquent for
the last term, 112; number of posts
surrendering charters, 55; dropped
irom roils. 5,066
Another one he tells is that a prayer
meeting was held in camp, and one of
the soldiers was called on to pray.
"Oh, Lord," said the praying sol
dier, "we are in the midst of a terri
ble battle and in an awful lot of trou
ble. We hope you will take a proper
view of the matter and give us the
There are a good many "also rans"
m tne human race.
of members in good standing June 30,
1902, 119,304; total number of d&
tached corps June 30, 1902, 62; total
number of members In detached corps
June 30. 1902. 1,994; showing a gross
loss in membership of 928 and a net
gain in members in good standing of
A criminal is a man who Is found
the hard task. One morning at roll
call our lieutenant said, 'Any of the
boys who would like to drill will step
to the front Not many came for-
trd Xow' you rear rank men, each
take a horse, go to the landing, and
bring back a sack of oats.' The boys
were sold, bit ever afterward volun-
leersior anil were more numerous.
tunes of Robert E. Lee. A committee
from Lee camp met the Chicago men
and soon made them feel at home. An
informal camp fire was held In the
eyenicg and next day battlefields ir.
cue ceignpornood were visited,
! i?..aKeood many years 8in
B-jston has been honored by the so
ciety. "It takes notes even to buy a thin"
for a song. a
Family of Fighters
Hails from Missouri
James Monroe Dolan and his wife,
laughter and five sons were living In
Cass county. Mo., when the civil war
began. Early In the first year of the
conflict the five sons enlisted in what
was known as Bledoe's Gentlemen's
battery, which became famous before
the war ended.
One of them soon after became a
captain. Their command followed
Gen. .Stirling Price across the Mis
souri border into Arkansas and after
ward became part of the army of
which Albert Sydney Johnston was
In the second year of the war three
of the brothers were captured. The
captain was sent -to Camp Douglas;
the other, two were sent to Alton
(111.) military prison.
All were exchanged within six
months and returned to service. They
later went to Virginia and were with
Lee. Two remained with the army
of the James until the surrender.
Six months before the surrender,
three were with Gen. Joe Wheeler's
cavalry when Sherman was fighting
his way to the sea, and they remained
in service until the surrender to Sher
man. They all returned together, safe
and un8carred by bullet or saber, to
the county in which they enlisted.
They all began farming in the same
They had two uncles who lived in
the county adjoining, and these, like
wise, enlisted at the beginning of the
war, fought until the surrender and
returned to their farms, safe and
Courtiers Hasten to
Meet Shah of Persia
In a description of the hurried jour
ney of the whole of the shah's court
along the Teheran-Rersht road to wel
come his majesty at the frontier on
the return of the potentate from his
European tour, a correspondent at
"It was the strangest of pictures
the finest spectacle the eye of the
artist, enamored of quaint contrasts,
or of the student, searching for the
unchanging East, could hope to see.
For hours at a time streamed past
a ceaseless procession of camels,
mules, horses and carts laden with
paraphernalia. After the advance
guard of Russian-drilled cavalry came
a regiment of infantry, slouching
along the road in every variety of
patched and tattered uniform, once
skyblue. Some of them wore two
shoes of different pattern, and most
of them none. The majority were old
men and mere boys. Rifles of all pat
terns were stuck promiscuously on the
back of any unobjecting mule. Each
large band instrument crowned, in
Well Prepared for
Change of Weather
He attracted some attention as he
walked along the street
"An actor," commented some of the
crowd, "and in costume."
"Absurd!" was the judgment of
others. "A sword alone does not con
stitute a costume, and why should he
wear one without the rest of the re
galiar "And such a sword!" was the criti
cism of still others. "The scabbard
shows that it's round and as fat as
a bologna sausage.'
"Sir," said one of the bolder ones,
addressing the subject of the com
ment, "why do you go abroad thus
"Sir," was the reply, "I have sense."
"Which is one way of saying that
we have not."
"I would infer as much. Have you
noticed the weather lately?"
"Assuredly. Do you not see that we
carry umbrellas, even to our great
CHOOSING A WIFE BY MUSIC.
German Professor Has a Plan He Con
A German professor proposes to
solve the difficulty some people seem
to have in choosing a wife by "trial
by music." Everything depends on
the taste of the subject under study.
If she prefer waltz music, and above
all Strauss' intoxicating strains, she
is certainly frivolous. If she loves
Beethoven she is artistic, but not
practical. Does she prefer Liszt?
Then she is ambitious; while a devo
tee of Mozart would be rather prudish.
Why an admirer of Offenbach should
be cunning is not very clear; but re
membering the opera of "Faust," it is
easy to understand that any girl pre
ferring Gounod must be romantic and
It is hard upon Flotow that because
his music is out of fashion a taste for
it denotes a vulgar soul; while Gotts
chalk fares little better, pleasing, ac
cording to the German professor, only
the superficial. Massenet is supposed
to attract the timid; while a devotion
to Wagner's music is a distinct proof
of egoism. Saint Saens, however, ts
a composer the admiration for whom
denotes a girl of intelligence and
well-balanced character. London Ex
press. A Question of Hair.
The Holy Synod of the Greek Patri
archate has hd a curious question to
settle. A certain priest in Greece sud
denly discovered that the hair on one
side of his beard was falling rapidly,
and, on consulting a doctor, he was
told that the only cure was shaving.
But no Greek priest is allowed to cut
his hair or shave; if he does he is
punished by being suspended from his
priestly functions. In his dilemma
the priest applied to the Holy Synod
of Greece, which declared that it was
impossible for him to shave and re
main a priest He thereupon applied
to the Holy Synod of Constantinople,
which Is the highest authority in
ecclesiastical matters in the Greek
church, and got a favorable decision,
on the ground that although it was
against the rules, the Holy Synod
could give permission in exceptional
cases. London Telegraph.
The World's Largest Reservoir.
One of the largest works of man's
hands is the artificial lake or reser
voir, in India, at Rajputana. This
reservoir, said to be the largest in the
world, known as the great tank of
Dhebar, and used for irrigating pur
poses, covers an 'area of twenty-one
During the war the mother and
daughter of the Dolan family attended
to the farm and planted and raised
crops until the border warfare, waged
between Quantrel and Jennison, drove
them from their home. They were sub
sequently banished by the famous or
der No. 11, issued by Gen. Ewing.
They did not, however, leave the
3tate; but In another county they were
able to give considerable aid and com
fort to the southern cause in many
ways, any one of which would have
led to their imprisonment if the Fed
erals had ever known of their sym
pathetic acts. In a word, they wen
The father of the family was on the
staff of Gen. Francis Marion in the
Florida war and afterward was a judge
jn Cass county, Mo. His falling sight
prevented his enlistment in the Con
All the sons are living but one, and
not far from where they enlisted. One
of them, the captain, was appointed
postmaster at Freeman, Cass county,
Mo., only a few miles from his boy
hood farm in Cleveland's first admin
istration and continued through the
administration of Harrison and Cleve
land's second administration, re
mained during the administration of
McKinley and, so far as is known, he
is now serving in the administration
A son of one of the brothers en
listed in the Spanish-American war
and if he did not get to Cuba, it was
not his fault. For a family record in
three wars this has few, if any,
solitary grandeur, the load of a pact
"When a mishap necessitated re
packing a load in the middle of the
road, one got a glimpse of costly car
pets, of tents with walls of man?
colors, robes of honor, silken embroid
eries and quilted bedding. Here and
there a silver ewer or piece of gaud
French furniture, tied on loosely with
a bit of string, kept clanking at the
side of the mule.
"Officers of the .household, with
silver staves, flunkeys in scarlet coats,
high officials in full-waisted black
coats, mullahs with green and white
turbans, Persian ladies shrouded in
ample black dominos and with thick,
white veils, jostled in bewildering
confusion along the roads or sat In
groups In the rest houses. Farther on
were the two huge camps of the im
perial harem, suddenly commanded by
telegram from Europe to meet the
shah at the frontier. The total cost oi
this motley pilgrimage probably was
more than 200,000."
"To your great discomfort, yes,"
returned the stranger. "So also die
I until recently, for the rain cometb
this season at unexpected moments
and he who strays a stone's throw
from home is likely to get caught ir
it. Furthermore, it is the nature oJ
the umbrella that it shall linger ir
forgotten places, so that when one
would have it it is not at hand. Wise
indeed, is he who does not unneces
sarily tax his memory, but leaves bott
brain and hands free for the ordinary
duties of the day."
As he paused the clouds opened and
the rain came down.
"Gentlemen," he said, "a shower.
Reaching to his side he drew hit
umbrella from its scabbard and quick
Iy raised it
"Another summer like that of 1902,"
he commented, "will find all mea
wearing umbrellas oven as I do mine
And then he passed on, the envj
of all. Brooklyn Eagle.
Fine Points for Judiciary Students tc
John Chalmers, the misskraarj
friend of Robert Louis Stevensou, and
every inch a man. once telegraphed
to England: "Getting in trim fot
next season. Ask Jones send one
gross tomahawks, one gross butchers
knives. Going east, try make friends
between tribes." London was con
vulsed over the missionary's peculiat
way of promoting friendship with the
New Guinea cannibals. Chalmers hac
learned tbat no other two article
were so likely to do this. The knife
and the tomahawk were popular foi
purposes of barter among people whe
would have no use for copies of the
sEn cyclopaedia Britannica" or cuts
from a fashion magazine. The tele
gram was incongruous only to the
But what shall we say to the French
police department which the othei
day announced the sale by public
auction of revolvers, jimmies, bowie
knives, knuckle dusters, etc., seized
on the criminals arrested during the
last twelve months? As it is forbid
den by law to have such articles 4n
one's possession, it would seem thai
the state is aiding and abetting a fel
ony in selling them to the public.
Blind Men as Shampooers.
"I do pity these blind men so," said
a stranger in the city, who had beer
approached by so many "blind" mer
in walking down the avenue that he
wondered -how these beggars picket
him out so readily.
"And yet," said his host, "there are
many lines of work which they could
do Instead of begging. For example
most of the shampooers in Japan are
blind men. Some are so well to de
that they own their own houses, anc
their patrons go to them for treatment
Others who have not succeeded as
well go from house to house, and the
rest of the people from sympathj
guide them from place to place. Some
of them walk along, blowing on bam
boo whistles. There was a time whes
some of them were doctors as well at
"I thins there is some sham about
these fellows," said the stranger at
another "blind" man came up to him
New York Tribune.
Garlic for the Complexion.
A diet of garlic is a wonderful aid
to the complexion.
Vegetarians Net Strom.
An average Britisher is as stroag at I
Ba USaflBsBatflliff aBBsaS-wr.
WSV. V LJaBBSpEarr
Glanders and Farcy.
Glanders -and farcy are different
forms of the same disease, says a
bulletin of the Kansas Experiment
Station. When the disease attacks the
mucous membrane of the nostrils, it
Is called glanders, when the lymph
atic glands of the body, especially of
the legs, are attacked the disease is
called farcy. Glanders Is a contagious
disease caused by a germ (Bacillus
Mallei) that attacks horses, asses and
mules and-can be transmitted to oth
er animals, including man, by inocula
tion through wounds, sores or mucous,
membranes. The germs of glanders
do not float through the air. Tbo dis
ease is commonly transmitted from a
glandered horse by means of the dis
charge from the nostrils or sores.
This discharge contains large num
bers of germs of glanders and may be
transmitted to another horse directly,
or by means of watering troughs, feed
boxes, mangers, hitching posts, equip
ment or utensils that may- be infected
with the discharge. It is possible
that it may be carried by flies.
Symptoms. Glanders may occur in
a mild chronic form, in an acute form
or attacking the lymphatic glands in
the form of farcy. In the early stages
it is often difficult to recognize, espe
cially in the chronic form. One of the
first symptoms noticed is a discharge
from one or both nostrils. At first
the discharge is thin, sticky and often
resembles linseed oil; it dries about
the nostrils, making it appear smaller
than usual. As the disease pro
gresses the discharge becomes more
profuse, thicker, yellowish in color
and sometimes streaked with blood.
The mucous membrane lining the
nose, especially on the partition be
tween the nasal chambers, oecomes
ulcerated. The ulcers are raw, de
pressed in the center with reddish
edges. In some cases the ulcers may
perforate the partition between the
nostrils. In severe cases the mucous
membrane of the nose becomes bluish
or slate colored instead of a healthy
pink. The lymphatic glands beneath
the jaw usually enlarge, are firm to
the touch and often seem grown fast
to the bone. These glands rarely
gather and break as they do in dis
temper. As the disease progresses the
animal falls away in flesh, gets out
of condition and the coat looks bad.
In severe cases there is often exces
sive discharge of urine.
When the disease attacks the
lymphatic glands of the body it is
called farcy. It is most frequently
seen in the region of the hind legs,
but may occur anywhere on the body.
It usually begins with firm lumps
forming beneath the skin that may at
tain the size of a hickory nut or larg
er and often occur in a string up and
down the inside of the hind leg on the
course of the large lymphatic vessels.
These enlarged glands are commonly
called farcy "buds." They often
break and discharge an amber colored
fluid that dries upon the hair. These
sores do not heal readily and often
show a tendency to spread.
Value of Pedigrees.
W. M. McFadden, in an address be
fore Iowa swine breeders, said:
Only by the intelligent use of the
knowledge of pedigrees have the best
results in breeding been obtained, and
yet nothing has been attended with
such disastrous results as the pedigree
craze. It seems quite impossible for
the average breeder to know just how
far to go with the use of the pedigree.
He learns to study pedigree so as to
derive the information he wants in re
gard to what it means and to note the
effect of blood lines in crossing and to
determine what might reasonably be
expected from an animal after the
proper study of its ancestors. Having
attained some little success along this
line, a breeder is almost sure to be
come intoxicated with the pedigree
craze, and then comes the disaster,
both in a financial way and in the
breeding results. No man ever yet
made a success who bred for pedigree
alone, and, on the other hand, no man
has ever made a permanent success
who disregarded pedigree. A pedigree
should he valuable for the puipose of
showing the commingling of blood
which produces certain results. A
well posted breeder soon learns that
certain families have peculiar char
acteristics frjid he may want just those
characteristic or he may wish equal
ly as much to -avoid them. It is unfor
tunate, however, that the study of ped
igree frequently leads to the use of
an animal simply because it Is well
bred. In no way is it more possible to
perpetuate a certain undesirable qual
ity than by the use of a well-bred, or
so-called well-bred, scrub. A thorough
knowledge of families will enable a
breeder to forsce certain results of de
velopment In an animal that Is of
great advantage in determining its
Raising Calves Without Milk.
Much has been written by the ex
periment station workers on the rais
ing of skim milk calves, and many
have been the investigations in order
to-dctermine the best supplementary
food, or foods, to add to the skim
milk ration, but until now little or no
attempt has been made to raises calves
wholly without milk, says an ex
change. This plan has been followed
to some extent in England, but the
Pennsylvania station is probably the
first to investigate it in America. The
station found little trouble in raising
the calves without milk, but the price
of the ration makes it practically pro
hibitive, except for the raisers of
high-priced stock. The cost of the
milk substitute for a calf up to the
time when it can go on a hay and
grain ration, at about three or four
months, is estimated at S10, exclusive
of care. The substitute was based on
the following ration, recommended by
an English agricultural college: Flour,
one part; flaxseed meal, two parts;
oil cake, three parts. This mixture
was fed by scalding with boiling wat
er, afterward adding enough water to
make two gallons for each calf. Two
and one-half pounds was the dally ra
tion. Fairly satisfactory results were
reached with this ratio the substitu
tion for milk being gradual after the
age of two weeks.
Large Shipment of Bulbs.
A Topeka seed house has received a
shipment of 20,000 bulbs direct from
The paint brush should be often
brought Into requisition on the farm.
There is nothing that Improves a farm
building more than a good coat of
There are many men that are pro-
duclag milk at a loss, but
A m'-T'BFBV aim I I JaVaF aVaO'gBBV
EJUS IIP' Lfilb
Cow Keepers, vs. Dairymen.
western writer says that there are
many cow keepers, but few dairymen.
He distinguishes between the .two
rather sharply. He says that the men
with dairy instincts come out to hear
lectures on the feeding of the dairy
cow, they read how to handle and
how to improve her, and the result is
that their out-turn of milk is very
greatly Increased. The "cow-keepers"
he describes as fossilized. They
will not only not improve their dairy
cows, but they will not learn how to
feed to get the best results from what
they have. He cites the instance
where at one large creamery it was
found on investigation that the cows
were yielding only ten pounds of milk
per day on the average and that too,
in the flush of the season. One of the
great troubles is that no cow census is
taken by most of our milk-using in
stitutions, and the patrons are thus
not brought to realize that their cows
are giving a very small amount of
milk. Probably one of the best ways
to increase the production of milk is
to take a cow census every year at
least, if not every six months, and then
show the patrons just what their cows
are doing. When they have the fig
ures brought home to them they then
begin to wake up to the necessity of
doing something. There are many
cow keepers that can be made into
good dairymen with a sufficient
amount of jarring.
Dairy Cattle In the United Kingdom.
The preliminary returns of the num
ber of live stock in the United King
dom on June 4, 1902, are issued, and
show that the total head of cattle in
Great Britain was 207,918 less than
last year, while in Ireland there was
an increase of 108,881, which gives a
total reduction of 99,037, says the
Dairy World of London, England. The
milking herd in Great Britain was 2,
556,126, being 46.168 less than last
year, while in Ireland there was 1,510,
701, being an increase of 28,218, so
that the total reduction was only 17,-
ou. rae reported deficiency of about
100,000 In the milking herd Is there
fore very wide of the mark. It is
cunous to note that while the
droughty summer of 1893 reduced the
milking herd of the United Kingdom
by 88,569, and all other cattle two
years old and over by 90,811, or near
ly equal to the milking herd, the
droughty summer of last year reduced
the milking herd by only 17.590, and
the cattle two years old and over by
59,512, or more than three times the
reuueuon or cows and heifers. It
may be that the higher price of milk
last autumn was the factor which in
duced the farmer to keep his cows in
preference to his other cattle. It was
not so with butter, for the price was
only a farthing higher a pound than
Scarcity of Heavy Ripe Cattle.
At all leading markets there is a
noticeable want of good, heavy, ripe
cattle, says Drovers' Jounal. The de
mand has been evident for some time,
and the supply dees not seem to be
forthcoming. The situation Is not
only being seriously felt in this coun
try, but is reaching to foreign nations,
where the better class of live cattle
and meat products are being exported.
Late press dispatches from Vienna in
dicate that Austria is destined to un
dergo a meat famine similar to that
which is being experienced in Ger
many, and has been for some time.
The possible difference is that the
German scarcity seems to include all
meats, while that in Austria is large
ly restricted to the higher grades and
will, at present, necessarily fall large
ly upon the upper classes. However,
is must be only a matter of time when
.the shortage will be felt all along the
line. It is notable that the scarcity
is due to lest season's failure of the
corn crop and the decreased supply of
live stock and high grade products
The Oregon experiment station
gives an account of experiments made
with various germs found in water.
During the experiment water impreg
nated with germs of different sorts
usually found in water were given to
the cows to drink, but no trace could
be found of them in the milk. Later
typhoid bacilli in the water were ad
ministered, with only a trace of the
typhoid germs in the cultures made of
the milk. The results obtained by
this investigation are gratifying, in
asmuch as they are conclusive: First. !
w . L ........I !. ri t:m.
mixed with water and given to the
cow to drink did not pass into the
milk. Second, that they did not pass
from the cow alive with the excreta;
third, that they did not pass from the
cow alive with the urine, and fourth,
that they were not taken Into the
udder by capillary attraction through
the teat orifice.
Process Butter Sales Decreased.
It is reported from various mar
kets that the effect of the recent legis
lation regarding oleomargarine and
process butter has been to greatly
curtail the sale of both. Process but
ter men declare that the effect has
been disastrous on their business,
especially on the exportable surplus
of this butter. We think the great
mass of dairymen will not find much
fault with this result While the
maker of poor butter may not so
readily sell it as formerly, the mak
er of good butter will not find pro
cess butter taking his trade away by
means of an article tbat masquerades
as fresh-made creamery butter. The
present law merely prevents fraud,
and should have the support of every
honest man. Farmers' Review.
Coming Dairy Meetings.
Nov. 11-13, Missouri Dairymen's As
sociation at Columbia.
Dec 3-5, Minnesota Butter and
Cheesemakers at St Paul.
Dec 8-10, Minnesota Dairy Asocia
tion, St Paul.
Jan. 6-8, Illinois Dairymen's Asso
ciation at Urbana.
Jan. 7-9, Wisconsin Cheesemakers'
Association, at Milwaukee.
Jan. 22-23, Nebraska Dairymen's As
sociation, at Lincoln.
Feb. 11-13, Wisconsin Dairymen's
Association, Fend du Lac
Helping Norwegian Farmers.
On account of the bad harvest in
Norway the government has granted
$48,000 to farmers for the purpose of
the barns and sheds for
A few trees should be left In the
pastures fov shade.
Vinegar From Wind-Fall Apples.
Apple trees in Oklahoma set very
full of fruit this year and now the
ground under the trees is almost cov
ered with wind-fall apples. Most of
this fruit will lie on the ground and
rot and breed a good crop of apple
worms for next year. These wind-fall
apples will make good vinegar if gath
ered up and run through a cider mill
and then the juice thus obtained al
lowed to ferment The riper the ap
ples the stronger the vinegar they will
make. If the apples are very green
a little cugar added to the cider be
fore fermentation sets in will improve
the quality of the vinegar very much;
The cider should be placed in wooden
or earthen vessels and set in the sun
until fermentation has run its course.
It then can be stored in the cellar or
other convenient place for use.
Wind-fall apples in the experiment
station orchard at Stillwater were
gathered July 31 and made into cider.
These apples made an average of two
and one-half gallons of cider to the
bushel. In 30 days the cider had fin
ished fermentation and was a vinegar
of fair quality. Ripe peaches were
gathered on the same date and the
juice pressed from them and placed in
jars for fermenting. In thirty days
this was a vinegar of a better quality
than could be found on the local mar
Apples for South Dakota.
The South Dakota Agricultural Col
lege has been making an investigation
as to the apples that are best suited to
South Dakota conditions. It divides
the state into twelve districts and pub
lishes a seperate list for each. Any
one wishing a full statement as to the
varieties for each district can obtain
a circular by writing to the station at
Brookings for it Among the varieties
of apples recommended we notice. Hi
bernal, Duchess. Cbarlamoff, Wealthy,
Anisim, Patten's Greening, Repka
Malenka, Yellow Sweet, Longfield.
Haas, Walbridge. Ben Davis, Iowa
Blush, Malinda, Northwestern Green
'ng, Tetofsky, Price's Sweet and Rail's
Genet. Surely from this list the farm
ers of South Dakota should be able to
get some that will thrive in almost
any condition. Many of the Dakota
farmers have the idea that the climate
of that state is not suited to the
growing of apples, but the experiment
ers at the station think otherwise, and
may fruit-producers throughout the
state have already found that good ap
ples can be grown there. Surely it is
worth while to make an attempt in
this direction on every farm in the
We have heard a great deal about
irrigation reservoirs in the semi-arid
states, but nothing has been said
about such reservoirs in the humid
states. Yet such a reservoir exists at
the Missouri Experiment station. In
this case a dam has been thrown
across a ravine and a large pond thus
created for the storage of storm water.
The pocd drains twenty acres of land,
and is forty feet deep in its deepest
part. This year it has not been used
on account of the very heavy rainfall
in that region. In most years, how
ever, it proves valuable. Below it is
a considerable area of land on which
are grown various kinds of garden
truck and alfalfa. It is not intended
to use this land for corn, nor is it
believed it will pay to irrigate corn,
as that can hardly be considered a
plant adapted to intensive cultural
methods. Professor Waters says that
there are numerous farms on which
such reservoirs might be constructed
at moderate expense, and ponds
created that would prove the salvation
of some of the most important crops
in time of drouth.
Coming Horticultural Meetings.
The annual meeting of the Minne
sota Stato Horticultural Society will
be held at Minneapolis, Dec 2-5.
The annual meeting of the Iowa
State Horticultural Society will be
held at De3 Moines, Iowa, Dec. 9-12.
The annual meeting of the Illinois
State Horticultural Society will be
held at Champaign, Dec. 17-19.
The 43rd annual meeting of the
Missouri Horticultural Society will be
held at Springfield, Mo., Dec 2-4, 1902.
The largest meeting, the fullest at
tendance, the best program, the finest
exhibit of apples, the best of Instruc
tion from the teachers of our colleges,
and practical fruit growers of our
I state, are features of the meeting. One
. ,' . , ,,4 , , ,
hundred and fifty dollars in premiums
will be given. Rates on railroads and
hotels. Matters of interest to every
fruit grower will be discussed in an
able way. The World's Fair, the prepar
ing of the fruit, the reports from fruit
men, the questions. and topics for dis
cussion, suggestions concerning your
troubles and the presentation of prac
tical papers will interest you. L. A.
Goodman, Kansas City, Mo.. Secretary.
The Farm Home.
The most successful farmers pay
some attention to the beautifying of
the farm home. The man that takes
no interest in the surroundings of his
habitation will usually be found to be
the man who has not enterprise
enough to succeed in his general farm
ing operations. Trees well placed are
in immense addition to the home and
aot only increase its desirableness to
the occupants, but make it more val
uable in the market What Is more
oreary than a farm house in a bare
ipot with no touches of nature near it?
The children In that house will get
out into the great world as soon as
possible after getting big enough to
io so. Beauty is a power everywhere.
and no less in the farm surroundings
than elsewhere. Let it have sway on
the farm. Plant trees, perennial
shrubs and flowers, and make perma
nent places for annual flowers. Above
ill and in addition to all have a nice
'awn. It will cost money and labor,
but it will be worth all that it costs In
ooth. These things will make the boys
ind girls love the farm and keep them
from leaving it If forced out into
the world they will often come back
to the old home beloved because of the
beautiful things that exist there.
The Show Ring.
The show ring should be so con
structed that each representative
breed could share equally in the ad
vantage of being close to the entrance
;o the ring.
This could be accomplished by plac
ng the show ring in the center of the
pavilion; with four entrances. This
arould give the four leading breeds
mmediate access to the ring, which
xrould be advantageous in two ways.
First, it would assist the superinten
lent and judges to expediate business.
Second, it would make a more credit
tble show. W. G. Huey.
THE HUMOR OF UFE
JOKE AND JESTS, ORIGINAL AND
SELECTED. . .
Her Choice fer a Birthday
Fillesl Beth Retirements rtteW
Cruel,-Thoughtless Vlte Drave Hus
band f rem Her. "-
.She Couldnt Forgive Him.
"Who Is that man your wife cat
dead on the street yesterday?
"That's one of my best friends
Mary Is a little prejudiced against.,
him because he happened to' be "a
registrar in one of the election booths
some time ago and was obliged te
ask her how old she was."
"Didn't she tell bira?"
"Tell him! Certainly not"
"Because she knew he knew
Bey Didn't Knew.
A teacher was instructing a class of
boys, and bad spent half an hour try
ing to drive into their heads the dif
ference between man aad the lower
animals, but aparently with little suc
cess. "Tommy," he said, coaxingly to a
little chap, "do you know the differ
ence between say, me and a pig. or
any other brute?"
"No," replied Tommy. Innocently
but another teacher standing b;
A Cruel, Thoughtless Wife.
Flowery Fields Wy did yer leave
yer wife. William?
Weary William Oh, she wuz fiighty
and changeable. Useter hide her pock
etbook in a different place 'most every
time; never seemed ter care how
much trouble she made me. Leslie's
A Tradition Up te Date.
Raleigh, upon returning from his
voyage, informed Elizabeth that he
had called his discovery "Virginia," la
honor of the Virgin Queen.
"Blockhead!" she muttered to her
self, "why didn't he name the cigars
And it was noticeable that she
stamped heavily on his cloak when h
threw it in the mud for her to walk
The Thorn and the Re
Mrs. Temperton I've got the dear
est old dating of a husband that evet
happened. He has an awful tempea
and about once a month he gets mad
and tears up my best hat.
Miss Singleton Aad yoa call him
a dear old darling after that? How
Mrs. Temperton Well, yoa see, h
always has a fit of remorse next
day and buys me a better one.
And Laughed Operaorleualy.
He was an ardent but economical
lover, and had been courting her foi
"When do you think, dearest." he
said, as they sat near the moonlit win
dow one evening, "that the moon apt
pears at its best?"
"I think," she replied, "that the
moon always looks the loveliest whes
one is returning from the opera.'
He took the hint
Argument Easily Settled.
Two old friends meet after a separa
tion of many years.
"Time flies," says one. "but, after
all, you are not so bald as I expected
to find you."
"Bald! I should say not Look la
the glass yourself. I've more hair
than you have."
"More hair than I have? That's ab
surd, perfectly absurd! Let's coaat
Harvard Hasben Madam. I ain't
had anything to eat for twenty-four
Mrs. Goodart Poor fellow! There's
an old coat of my husband's hanging
on that line over there, and you
Harvard Hasben Pardon me. ma
dam, I know my whiskers are getting
long, but do I 'really look like a goatf
In the Wrong Office.
Actress You are a divorce lawyer, I
Lawyer Yes, madam; I secure di
vorce without publicity.
Actress Uh I'm in the wrong of
flee. Good day, sir. New York Week
Echo From Newport.
Stella Did you know that Chollj
Saphead follows the hounds ?
Bella No; I always thought he foi
lowed the monkeys. Judge.
Expensive and Handsome.
AKjroinys iapa "So to-morrow's
your birthday, eh? Well, well! I must
give you a nice present Come, aowi
choose one as handsome and expensive
as you please."
Dorothy "I will take Jack Harduppa
please, papa, dear."
Is it possible, miss, that yoa d
not know the names of yoar beat
"Possible? Why, of coarse it Is. 1
oo not even know what my owa "---
iy be a year or two aeace
Mrs. Benham Mother is
Benham No, she Isat
Mrs. Beahaaa What do yw
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