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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 22, 1902)
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Just a Soldier.
"Medal of honor. To John C. Wether
fcy. private, company X.. Fourth United
States Infantry. For most distinguished
gallantry In action near Imus. Luzon.
Philippine Islands. Nov. 20. 1M. In car
rying Important orders on the battle
field, where he was desperately wound
ed, and. belns unable to walk erect,
crawled far enouch to deliver his orders.
Died Nov. 29. 1K." Bulletin Ucta war
Just a soldier lying dead with a medal
on his breast:
Just a boy who kept his courage to the
ending of his quest.
And the bugle song is mellow In the
melody of sleep.
And the muffled drum Is thrumming In
a cadence slow and deep.
For it's honor for the soldier, and Ifa
laurels for his head.
And It's praises for his daring when the
soldier's lying dead.
Just a soldier lying dead and the carp-
Ings have an end;
When he fell upon the altar every critic
was his friend.
With the folded nag about him. and the
medal gleaming there.
Then the praise is quick in coming, and
the soldier has his share.
For it's honor for the soldier when he
dies beside his gun.
And it's medals for his coffin when the
soldier's work is done.
Just a soldier lying dead with his trap
pings at his side;
And we come to look upon him, slow of
step and heavy eyed;
Come to clasp the badge of honor on his
faded service coat;
Come to hear the bugle calling In Its
saddest, softest note;
And it's honor for the soldier, with a
medal brightly new.
And It's eulogy and plaudit, when he's
done what he can do.
Just a soldier lying dead honor rushes
to him then;
Come the men with brush and chisel;
come the pencil and the pen.
Yet the comrades of the soldier hold the
country In their debt
While they live, the praise and medal Is
so easy to forget.
Where the flag of glory ripples in the
whispers of the breeze.
Where the crashing of the battle sends
the echo o'er the seas,
We will And the living reasons for a na
tion's hope and pride.
Just as we have found a medal for the
soldier who has died.
From the Baltimore American.
An Appeal for "Confeda."
Gen. Torrance, commander-in-chief,
writes this interesting letter to his
comrades of the G. A. R.:
In April last I visited the Depart
ment of Georgia, Alabama, Louisiana
and Mississippi ani Texas.
My visit was in every respect a de
lightful one, but most gratifying of
all was the cordial good feeling I
found existing between the Union and
Confederate soldoicrs. I affirm without
hesitation that among the best friends
of our comrades in the south are the
surviving ex-Confederates. This
friendship is based upon the mutual
respect which one good soldier has
for another, and had it not been for
the bronze button I would often have
been unable to distinguish .between
the blue and the gray, for the cordial
welcome extended b7 the one was
equaled by the cenerous hospitality
proffered by the other. In all my
journey I found no sectional lines, sul
len faces or closed doors. One mark
ed contrast, however, distinguishes
the surviving soldiers of the two
armies. Tha national government has
properly made generous provision for
her defenders, but whatever aid the
cx-Confedcrates receive must come
from their more fortunate comrades,
or from the municipalities in which
they reside, and while the people of
the south have in a spirit worthy of
the highest praise done much to re
lieve their necessities, the "nation's
wounds" have not yet been fully
At the close of the war the southern
people were too impoverished to make
adequate provision for those who suf-
- fered from disease ana wounds, and
the result was that many a Confeder
ate soldier ended his days In the alms
house and was buried in a pauper's
When at Montgomery it was my
pleasure to meet Col. J. M. Falkner,
district attorney for Alabama, form
erly an officer in the Eighth Confed
erate cavalry, who, for some time
past, has been earnestly directing his
efforts toward the erection of a Con
federate Home at Mountain Creek,
Chilton county, Alabama. The erec
tion of the first cottage was com
menced April 7 last on forty acres of
land donated by Colonel Falkner. and
to-day two comfortable cottages have
been completed, which shelter seven
teen .old Confederate soldiers, not one
of whom could earn a living in a land
of plenty against the competition of
. a child.
The plan Is to build forty of these
.cottages that many or more being re
quired to accommodate those whose
disabilities are total. My purpose in
writing this letter, and it is the last
one I shall address to you as commander-in-chief,
is to afford the mem
bers of the Grand Army of the Repub
lic, individually or as posts, an. op
portunity to contribute to the shelter
of these needy veterans. The dignity
of their demeanor and the uncom
plaining soldierly way in which they
bear suffering and privation, render
them worthy of our respect and sym
pathy, and it becomes a privilege to
assist in making their last days com
fortable. I know of no sorer or shorter way
"-. to a complete unification of this coun-
try in purpose and feeling than the
- highway of kindness, and I believe its
extreme outposts should be jointly
. held by the surviving soldiers of the
'- armies of' Grant and Lee.
There was a time when the nearer
"' -we .came together the worse it was
for all, but now the closer wo come
""-.-' together the better for all.
The old .order "to kill" has given
splaceto the gentler command "to
i -make alive." and for the bitter con-
'- 'test forever ended at Appomattox has
been substituted a perpetual contest
. of godd. will and patriotic devotion to
', ..a common country. I believe it Is
,' withla the power of the surviving sol-
". dlers of the great war to make frater-
aity a national anthem, loyalty a
national creed and charity a national
.Mycomrades, as we grow older our
, hearts become more gentle' and tender,-
and next to the comrade who
Stood' by our side is the brave 'soldier
' .'who .laceu us.
. . 'Fraternally yours,
' ELL TORRANCE, -
-"Commander-in-Chief, Grand Army, of
" the Republic.
With every expression or gratitude
the camps of Confederate - veterans
'. have declined the offer of the -head of
. - the G. A. R., but the incident . has
brought the veterans Into closer com-
Vfckaaarg Battlefield Monu-
is well satisfied with
the work accomplished during state
fair week, as all the Ohio organiza
tions taking part in the siege of VMks
burg, with the exception of the Eighty
third regiment, made selections of
monuments. The committees from
the regiments and batteries expressed
themselves as well pleased with the
designs shown, and among so many
it was difficult to make a selection.
When the monuments sh.c.11 have been
completed the commission will invite
all the committees to go to the works
at Clyde and make an inspection of
the work. The regiments and the
number of the design selected by each
are as follows: Sixteenth regiment.
No. 57; Twentieth, 12; Twenty-second,
64; Thirtieth. CI; Thirty-second, 75;
Thirty-seventh, 7; Forty-second, 30;
Forty-sixth, C5; Forty-seventh, 16;
Forty-eighth, 14; Fifty-third, 2; Fifty
fourth, 17; Fifty-sixth, 6; Fifty-seventh,
5S; Fifty-eighth, 10; Sixty-eighth,
6?; Seventieth, 63; Seventy-second, 32;
Seventy-sixth, 35; Seventy-eighth, 52;
Eightieth, 8; Ninety-sixth, 31; Ninety
fifth, 34; One Hundred and Four
teenth, 56; One Hundred and Twen
tieth, 59; batteries. Second, 41: Third,
44; Fourth, 74; Fifth. 49; Eighth. 71;
Tenth, 70; Eleventh, 73; Fifteenth, 68;
Sixteenth, 69; Seventeenth, 72; cav
alry. Fourth, 54. Cincinnati Enquirer.
Son Against Father.
"Thomas Bailey Aldrich," said the
Doctor, "tells a story in the Septem
ber number of the Atlantic to this
effect: Jefferson Kane, a southern
man in the senior class at West Point
in 1861, joined the Union army and
became distinguished for his dash,
courage and soldierly qualities. On
one occasion, wh-n he was leading
his company, a Confederate officer
raised his sword to strike him and
Kane stumbled back as if dazed and
frightened, and the enemy escaped.
The incident unpleasantly affected
the men and officers in his regiment,
all believing that Kane had shown
the white feather in the midst of an
engagement. While the captains of
the regiment were in conference over
the matter Kane shot himself. It ap
peared later that the Confederate of
ficer whom he met in battle was his
own father. But this was not known
until thirty years afterward.
"The weak point in the story is
that Capt Kane should have commit
ted suicide rather than to say frankly
to his men. 'That was my father and
I couldn't strike him. There would
have been nothing disgraceful or
humiliating in such a confession.
There were, in fact, a good many
cases of the kind during the war."
Chicago Inter Ocean.
An Old Soldier at a Reunion.
The oldest man in attendance at
the State Grand Army reunion in
Hastings, Neb., was Capt Henry Mas
terman of Lincoln. Intelligent and in
teresting, the old gentlman enjoys a
peculiar distinction, as in point of age
lie is the oldest soldier in the nation,
rie served eight ears in the British
army, was a member of the Royal
Guards at the coronation of Queen
Victoria, served in India, came to
America in 1850. and in 1862 enlisted
In the Twenty-eighth Iowa. He was
the oldest member of the regiment,
his son being the youngest member
of the same regiment. He fought in
seventeen of the notable battles of the
war. He is now serving his twenty
third year as chaplain of Farragut
post at Lincoln. He has officiated at
the funerals of 170 of his comrades,
all younger than himseli. He is now
in his ninetieth year and his com
rades sincerely hope that he may bo
spared to be with them again next
year. Omaha (Neb.) World-Herald.
Afraid of His Old Comrades.
Edward McWade, author of "Win
chester," tells a story about a South
ern friend of his, who, during the late
war with Spain, was asked if he in
"Fust off." he said, "I thort I would,
an' then I kinder thort 1 wouldn't. I
ain't afraid of fight in'; that ain't the
trouble. I was talkin' it over with
Tom Owen after I'd about con
cluded to jino, an after discussin
of it with him, then I made up
my mind final. You' see, I reck
oned it would be too big a surprise to
the boys that's done been dead these
thirty-five years. They'd see me com
in' through the pearly gates, maybe,
if things didn't come my way, with a
blue uniform on. They don't know
about this affair, an' my appearance
would amaze "em some. Then they'd
rise up an' holler, 'Deserted, darn
him!' So. thinkin' It all over, I con
cluded to avoid shockin' them angels
that wore the gray, an' I'll stay at
By Way of Saving Space.
Stonewall Jackson had small mercy
on soldiers whom he caught straggling
but is said to have laughingly con
doned one instance. During a forced
march in the summer of 1S62 he stop
ped to consult with one of his general
officers. The entire command had
then passed; and, as Jackson and his
officers rode forward to rejoin the col
umn, the former discovered a private
up a persimmon tree. Asked by the
commander why he was so far in the
Tear, the private replied:
"Eatin 'simmons.' '
"Persimmons! " roared Jackson.
"Why. they're not even ripe yet!"
"Like 'em green just now," ex
plained the soldier.
"And why?" asked Jackson, soften
ing a little with amusement at .the
fellow's laconic manner.
"To draw my innards up to fit my
rations," was the answer.
Army of the Potomac.
The committee of the third army
corps, who went to Gettysburg to at
tend the annual reunion and unveiling
of the statue of Gen. Slocum, took
with it invitations from Gov. Crane
and Mayor Collins for the association
to hold, its reunion of 1903 in Boston.
The Hooker memorial committee hope
to have the statue of the General,
which is to be placed on the state
"house grounds,, completed by that
time, and its unveiling will be one of
the features of the reunion!
An Eastern Reunion.
The reunion of the One Hundred
and Thirty-third Ohio regiment, last
week, was a mos. enjoyable affair,
and about seventy-five of the mem
bers were present The oldest meir
ber present was S2 years of age, an
the youngest 53, the avenge age be
ing 62.28. Zadok PosUe of West Jef
I fcrson, was elected president; C. H.
: Parsons, secretary; William Miller,
treasurer, and Dr. S. M. Sherman, his-
lorian. Boston Globe.
u ttsvesth-. i vva
'Figs to Become a Standard Crop.
During a recent visit to the Mis
souri Experiment station the writer
loticed a number of fig tree3 in a
-hrifty condition. Here and there
vere partly grown figs. Prof. How
ird, who accompanied the writer, ex
plained that these figs are borne on
Jxe second year wood, and as much
af the new wood froze last winter the
:rop of fruit was small. The surpris
ing thing about It Is that the fig can
stand any cold at all. These fig trees
at the Missouri station have to be
bent down and covered up every win
ter. Hay and rubbish is used for that
purpose. Otherwise the trees freeze
back to the ground. In case of so
freezing back they make a very lux
uriant growth the next spring. The
writer saw some that had been left
uncovered and had been frozen back.
Yet they had made a growth of at
least six feet and had developed a
very large amount of foliage. How
ever, they bore no fruit The trees
that had been covered had a height
of perhaps eight feet and were very
bushy and supplied with a great
wealth of foliage.
We have looked upon the fig as a
tree belonging tp the fire-parched des
erts of Africa and Asia. We have
never suspected that-it could be grown
out of doors oven in the temperate
zone. If it can be made to grow as
far north as Columbia, Missouri, what
can we look for in the great region
lying to the south of Missouri? Cer
tainly that vast stretch of country
little exposed to cold, will be found a
magnificent region in which to de
velop orchards of this oriental fruit
Southwest are still greater possibil
ities. Southern Arizona and 4 New
Mexico should prove to be the regions
best adapted to the development of the
figs, and we may be sure the people
of those regions will not be slow to
find out the possibilities that slumber
in the combination of those warm val
leys and the fruit food of the Arabs.
In California already the growing
of these orchards has become a busi
ness of itself. Trees are coming into
bearing by the thousands, and the
shipment of fresh figs is to begin this
season. The present outlook for this
crop around Fresno, California, is said
to be very encouraging. The. yield is
larger than it was last year, and the
quality Is better. Preparations are
being made to ship these figs by ex
press to Chicago and New York, where
a good market awaits them. Few peo
ple in this country have ever tasted
ripe and fresh figs.
Building Fruit Houses.
A fruit house should be so construct
ed as to preserve an even tempera
ture, says a bulletin of the Cornell
station. Storage houses are of two
types: First those which modify but
do not regulate extremes of tempera
ture, and second, those which furnish
definite low temperatures. Houses of
the first class are generally within the
means of the commercial fruit grow
er. Those of the second belong to the
equipment of the fruit dealer. The
ordinary storage house is probably a
frame building provided with a well
drained cellar and having perfectly
insulated walls and double doors. In
sulation is secured by providing two
or more air spaces in the walls. These
air spaces should be separated by paper-covered
low temperatures in these buildings
may be secured in fall by keeping
them 'tightly closed during the warm
part of the day and ventilated on cool
nights. Fruit houses of this charac
ter will keep out frost so that the
grower may hold his fruit till a favor
able opportunity for selling occurs.
Dry air prevents the growth of fungi,
but causes the fruit to shrivel; a
moist atmosphere on the other pre
serves the plumpness of the fruit but
encourages the development of para
sitic plants. Extremes should be
avoided. The principal thoughts for
the fruit grower to keep in mind in
handling his fruit are that it is a per
ishable article, that its .keeping sea
son may be lengthened by careful
handling and by low, even tempera
ture, and that profits may be In
creased by placing it on the market
in an attractive form.
Some time ago we mentioned the
fact that the Department of Agricul
ture had made an experimental ship
ment, of apples to the other side of
the water, and that the consignments
had arrived there in safety. More .re
cently two consignments of early
peaches were made. Both of these
have cow arrived and been sold at a
profit on the other side. The cold
storage facilities were rather too
good, if such a thing can-be possible
and several crates of peaches were
frozen solid. These crates were on
the outside of the stack and got the
bulk of the refrigeration. The tem
perature was kept a little too low for
the best of results. This is a thing
that will have to be experimented
with in the shipping of peaches. The
last consignment netted the shippers
$2.43 per six basket crate, which is
considered a good price. If peaches
can be shipped abroad and kept in
perfect condition till sold it means the
opening up of an immense market,
and also a profitable one. Farmers'
In all the history of weeds in Amer
ica none has been more complained of
than the Canada thistle. A century
ago it was regarded by the farmers of
New England as the greatest pest of
their fields. When the sons of these
farmers moved West the Canada this-'
tie went with them. It grows vigor
ously, sometimes spreads rapidly, and
Is always difficult to kill by ordinary
cultivation. It forms dense patches,
sometimes to the complete exclusion
of other plants, and its abundant sharp
spines make it disagreeable to handle.
To these characters are due its tradi
tional reputation in the Northeastern
United States as the worst of all
weeds. With little doubt however, it
causes in the aggregate less real in
jury to farm products than does bull
thistle, ragweed, or pigeon grass, and
its distribution is confined to a smaller
area than that of any of these weeds.
The orchard and the garden add
greatly to the appearance of every
farm home. Dreary is the farmstead
.vhere they are not
Lots of women haters are afraid to
nention the fact to their wives.
Uf some peoples could borrow mon
ey as easy as dey borrow trouble dey
vould Boon be der Vizards uf Vail
aMllllfl'lM r' ' ' y-'Q-' rJg-jgjr-
This English bird Is one which may
be considered an Ideal bird for gen
eral purposes, eays a bulletin of the
Department of Agriculture. It is a
hardy fowl and can stand almost any
amount of cold weather, providing the'
ground is not 'damp. This Is proved
by the fact that they do well in the
northern part of Scotland and la the
extreme north of Ireland, among the
Cumberland Hills, and in other places
equally as cold and exposed. This
should be remembered by those who
contemplate raising them, that the soil
must not be damp if success is ex
pected with them. The Dorking Is
one of the oldest of domestic
fowls, if not the oldest There are no
definite records to show when it first
lived in England, or whence it came,
but the supposition is that it was car
ried to England by the Romans, who
evidently possessed fowls of similar
The chief distinctive mark of the
breed is the presence of a fifth or su
pernumerary toe, springing behind, a
little above the foot and below the'
spur. It has been sought by various
writers to deprive Dorking of the
honor of being the original and prin
cipal rearing place of this justly cele
brated variety, and it is asserted that
the true Dorking fowls are raised at
Silver Gray Puitm ooek.
Horsham, Cuckfleld, and other placet
In the Weald of Surrey, and that the
ancient and superior white fowls from
Dorking are a degenerated race com
pared with the improved Sussex breed.
The feature in which this bird Is most
popular is its table qualities. The
flesh is white and very delicate in tex
ture. It is claimed by many to equal
If not excel the French varieties. The
broad, deep, and projecting breast of
the Dorking admirably fits it for table
purposes, and In this respect it is con
ceded by some the rival of the Indian
Games. As layers the Dorkings are
good, and are careful sitters and at
tentive mothers. They are splendid
fowls for the farm and are profitable
for practical purposes.
There are three varieties of Dork
ingsthe White, Silver Gray, and Col
ored. The White Dorking is really
the purest blooded of the three, as
for years this was the only variety
which produced invariably the fifth 1
The Dorking breed is one of the
oldest known and dctes back to the
Roman Empire. It was popular In
England for centuries-before ttia "hen
fever" broke out in the United States.
As a breed it is still prominent
Meat Meal and Ground Bone.
At the West Virginia Experiment
Station 34 hens and two cocks were
divided into two similar lots for the
purpose of testing the relative feed
ing value, of meat meal and ground
fresh meat and bone for egg produc
tion. The experiment began October
25 and continued for four periods of
30 days each. The fowls fed ground
bone gained more- in weight than the
lot receiving meat meal.- Each lot
weighed at the beginning of the ex
periment 472 pounds. The gains were
Weight at end of first period.
Meat meal . . : 555
Fresh bone 594
Weight at end of second period.
Meat meal .-...-..572
Fresh bone ..................... .616
Weight at end of third period.
Meat meal 588
Fresh bone ...600
Weight at end of fourth period.
Meat meal 575
Fresh, bone 591
The eggs laid during the four pe
riods were as follows: - '
First period. -,,.-Meat
meal ". '". ................. . .500
Fresh bone 366
Meat meal 964
Fresh bone 1,094
Meat meal ; 853
Fresh bone 1,200
Meat meal 943
Fresh bone 1,164
During the experiment the fowls
receiving the fresh bone laid 3,824
eggs, while the meat meal lot laid
only 3,260 eggs. During the experi
ment four of the hens receiving meat
meal died and were replaced by oth
ers. At the time it was thought they
were killed by some poison present in
the meat meal. The fowls receiving
ground fresh meat and bone remained
healthy during the entire test
In this test the fowls fed ground
fresh meat and bone laid more and
larger eggs, increased more in weight
and were healthier during the experi
ment than the fowls receiving meat
Turkey and Chicken Crop.
"From all reports there, will be a
shortage in the turkey crop this
year," says W. L. Ogden In the Sioux
City, Iowa, Tribune, "but It Is Im
possible' to approximate what the
shortage will be as the turkey season
will not be on until October. This
has been a bad season for growing
turkeys owing to the heavy rains.
Young turkeys will not thrive in wet
weather. Last year there was a short
age in the 'amount of turkeys raised
because of the scarcity of the food.
Then the crop was only about 75 per
cent and from all reports it will be
etljl less this year. I don't believe
there will be much of a falling off
in' the number of chickens raised this
year. So far the market looks good
with prices several cents higher than
last' year.. At this time last year
spring chickens sold- at nine cents
per pound. This year .there is an in
crease of two cents in the price. The
market price for hens also is about
two. cents higher than last year. This
increase, however, is not du& to a
shortage in the crop, but is brought
about owing to the high price of
meat Because of this raisers are
O . --' -w.. .fewi , 0..uu. ;
them to the market !
: '.. .
gggJaSBF ssULa, I BssX ' r BfPlfc
Ff 1"51 "ssssrsamMar HcC'Sk 7 M a
Milk Filters Not Practicable.
A bulletin of the Cornell station
jays: While milk drawn under. or
dinary conditions becomes polluted
with varying amounts of dirt and
lust, milk obtained even with the
most careful precautions will contain
some foreign matter, which Is teeming
with germ life. These impurities,
consisting mostly of dirt and dust,
dissolve readily in the warm milk,
therefore, If the latter is not strained
promptly little If any of the filth can
be strained out It is then of the
greatest importance to reduce the
time that elapses between the drawing
and straining of milk to a minimum;
even then It has been found that about
one-half of the Impurities go Into so
lution before the milk reaches the
strainer. Attempts have been made to
use strainers or filters that would fil
ter out bacteria and thus reduce the
number of bacteria in milk directly.
For this purpose, absorbent cotton,
paper filters, cellulose, gravel or sand
filters, porcelain niters and many
other devices have been tested and
used with more or less success. In
order to thoroughly understand the
value of these filters In connection
with dairying it is well for the dairy
man to know that the bacteria are
many times smaller than the fat
globules in milk. Bearing this fact
in mind It Is not difficult to under
stand that, as soon as we make use
of a filter that Is dense enough to
prevent bacteria from penetrating, the
fat globules will also be filtered out
A large number of experiments con
ducted at this station and elsewhere
have proved the correctness of this
statement The fact that the use of
filters capable of depriving milk of
one of its most valuable constituents,
namely fat, and that such a process
of filtering Is exceedingly slow and
therefore impracticable in dairying,
demonstrates clearly the impossibil
ity of purifying milk bacteriologlcal
ly by means of any filter now on the
Water Glass for Keeping Eggs.
The water glass, or soluble glass
(silicate of soda), is obtainable of
druggists, and costs from forty to
sixty cents per gallon. That used in
the tests was of 1.12 specific gravity,
which In the first series of tests was
diluted with distilled water to a ten
per cent solution. In practice take one
pint of water glass and add nine pints
of boiled water. On May 18, 1899, twen
ty eggs of Leghorn fowls, laid during
the five days from the 12th to 16th of
May, were carefully washed with wa
ter and placed In a stone jar. The
ten per cent solution of water glass
was poured over the eggs until they
were completely covered by the liquid.
The covered jar was placed on the
floor of the cellar colset and left un
touched until the end of the test
April 4, 1900. Result: Good, 100 per
cent; bad, 0 per cent On opening the
jar the water glass was found to have
formed a white, gelatinous precipi
tate, which adhered more or less close
ly to the eggs. The shells of the eggs
were very clean, owing to the alkaline
nature of the solution; the air cells
were not enlarged. Examination
showed the whites of the eggs to be
clear, but not so limpid as those of
fresh eggs. The yolks appeared nor
mal in color and condition. The taste
of the eggs was slightly flat or at
least not perfectly fresh. The eggs
had kept well for a period of ten
months and seventeen days, and
proved to be suitable for culinary use.
R. I. Experiment Station.
Some Wastes in the Creamery.
J. W. Hart: In churning, wastes
occur through imperfect ripening of
the cream, chcrning at Improper tem
peratures and through foul and leaky
churns. Another frequent source of
loss Is the energy wastes in badly de
signed and poorly constructed build
ings. The buildings and machinery
should be arranged with a view to
economize labor. Wooden floors, on
account of frequent renewals and the
difficulty in keeping clean, are too
expensive for creameries. Cement
floors are superior In every way. A
wooden floor, no matter how well
built, will settle under the pressure
of a vat of milk and throw the sep
arator out of level, resulting in un
steady motion, imperfect skimming
and Increased wear on the machine.
Many expensive separators have been
consigned to the scrap pile because
they were not set upon a good, solid
foundation and properly taken care
of. If a machine Is not being used
for a time, all the bright parts should
be covered with hot tallow or cheap
vaseline. If a turbine, the step bear
ing should be taken out wiped dry,
oiled and replaced. Farmers' Review.
Pigs should always follow the fat
tening cattle, at least one pig to every
two steers. A good way to feed fod
der corn is to have two large yards
or fields, hog tight Scatter the corn
fodder in yard No. 1 and allow your
fattening cattle to be in there for the
first half day. Scatter more corn fod
der in yard No. 2, and drive cattle
from yard No. 1 to yard No. 2 for
the second half day. Then drive the
other stock pigs, cattle and horses
into yard No. 1 where the fattening
cattle have been, and they will pick
up everything, so there will not be
When you have fed this way for two
or three months confine your fatten
ing cattle in a small yard and feed
snapped corn for about a month or
six weeks. If the weather is cold,
shelled corn Is better for them,
mixed -with about one-fourth oat3 and
a little oil cake. For coarse food,
clover or timothy hay Is the best but
if hay is scarce stock fed In this way
will do well on straw. Always have
plenty of water where they. can get
at it; also keep salt mixed with sul
phur in front of them. A. M. Stew
art Rotating Crops to Escape Potato Scab.
When the soil has become badly in
fested with the scab fungus it is usual
ly cheaper to abandon potato growing
upon It for a time at least than to con
tinue the practice. .The best system
of croping to purify such a soil and
the length of time which should elapse
before potatoes may be grown again
with safety Is net fully determined.
The evidence indicates that root crops
should be avoided, and that grains, in
cluding corn, grasses, and especially
clover, are the best cleaning crops.
The turning under of a green crop,
like clover, just before potatoes are
igain planted Is especially commended.
The Carriage1 Horse.
Farmers, as a rule, when a carriage
horse is spoken of, call to mind some
little, flighty, nervous animal, good
for nothing else, so he must be a car
riage or road horse. 1 this they are
wrong. The carriage horse is an ani
mal, first of size enough to draw a
carriage over country as well as city
roadswhich means a horse weighing
not less than eleven hundred pounds.
In its perfection, it must be an ani
mal that Is kind and which has Intel
ligence, as well as some style and
good action; and any horse without
these requisites will not class in the
market as a carriage horse. His
form we cannot in a brief article like
But the fanner who thinks to breed
a carriage horse for carriage purposes
must always bear In mind that a
horse with less size and a disposition
such that he will not do other things
besides draw a carriage yes, even do
light draft work, or plow, if asked to
do so will never rank as an ideal
carriage horse. If sold at all, it must
be to a man who Is a horseman and
not to the man who is not an expert
horseman the one who always has a
desire for his own and family's safety
and will pay larger money for kind
ness in a horse than for style and
speed. This is true in all markets of
I will say right here, before going
farther: No sire, no matter how
well he may be bred, should ever be
used that cannot be driven safely In
harness or be worked at the class of
work he is bred for, and is to be used
in siring colts for. A carriage stal
lion that cannot be safely hitched to
a carriage and driven, or a draft stal
lion that cannot or will not pull a
load when required of him, is, to
say the least, a very poor sire for the
farmer to patronize. It is horses for
the various kinds of business we re
quire of horses that the markets of
the world demand, and when the sire
will not do the work we cannot even
hope but that some of his get will
show his disposition. Therefore, be
not misled into breeding to any bad
disposltioned sire, no matter what
bis other merits may be. The very
first question asked when a horse of
high price Is offered In markets Is.
"Is he kind?" and the answer must
he positive and not with a hesitancy,
or no sale will be made. Kindness
means Intelligence, and a horse wltn
intelligence can be easily controlled
by man. and that is what the men
who pay big prices want and wili
pay for. other things being equal. Se
much for the road horse. Dr. C D.
Smead In Farmers' Review.
Census Figures on Meat.
The census bulletin dealing with
slaughtering and meat packing gives
the information that 2 per cent more
beeves were slaughtered in 1900 than
in 1890, but the cost of beeves showed
an increase of 27.9 per cent The
population of 1900 exceeded the popu
lation of 1890 by 21 per cent Vege
tarianism did not make notable
progress during the deeade. It fol
lows that there was a much greater
increase in the number of beef eaters
than in the number of beeves killed.
The inevitable result was an Increase
There were sold during the last
census year 2,920,400,000 pounds of
fresh beef. This was 7.8 per cent more
than in 1890, but the cost Increased
38.3 per cent The averago prico in
1890 was 5.6 cents a pound and in
1900 7.2 cents. The total output of
fresh, canned and salted beef in 1900
was 3,170,000,000 pounds. That Of
pork fresh, salted, in hams, bacon
and sausage was 4,665,000,000 pounds.
That of mutton was 404,000.000
pounds. This is an average produc
tion of forty pounds of beef, sixty
pounds of pork and five pounds of
mutton per head, of population. Evi
dently mutton counts for little In the
United States. The per cent of In
crease of hogs slaughtered In 1900
as compared with 1890 was 37.2.
while the per cent of increase of C03t
was 34.5. Had it not been for the
small percentage of increase in beeves
killed the advance in tho prlco of
pork would not have been so marked.
The effect of the insufficient supply
of beef was an advance in tho prices
of all other meats. Exchange.
Foundation for Horse Breeding.
A well-known veterinarian says:
There is no question but that the
ideal horse could be bred with greater
certainty if the mare be equally as
well bred as the sire to be used upon
her. Men of wealth can afford to buy
and establish horse-breeding ranches,
but the mass of the horses must for
years to come be bred on the farms,
and by men who are breeding for the
money there is in it that they may
lift the mortgage and pay for tne
home, and they have not-the means to
buy high-priced, mares to breed from,
nor is it necessary for them to do so.
Let them take the best mares thoy
own not the poorest at worn-out
blemished ones, but ' those that are
sound in wind and limb, unless the
unsoundness surely come from acci
dent or some epizootic disease. Never
breed a mare simply because she Is
good for nothing else, but breed from
the one that is good, and. (he more
goodness she has the better.
Roots In Hog Feed.
So far as economy is concerned lit
tle can' be said aoout roots in the ra
tion for the hog. But they have a val
ue In addition to the nutriment that is
in them. It takes from six to eight
pounds of roots to equal 'in feedlne
value one pound of mixed grain. But
the feeding of roots keeps tue animals
in good condition; which in turn, helps
them use to advantage the grains they
receive. They prevent young and
growing pigs from getting too fat
Hogs as well as other animals seem
to want some bulky feed and the roots
supply that need. .In fact the snout
of the hog was given him to permit
him to dig into the earth after roots,
and we can well' imagine that they
are therefore of unusual value to him.
There is little doubt that roots are
not fed to bogs in America as freely
as they should be.
Experiment at the agricultural col
lege at Corvallis. Ore., indicate that
prune culls can be made into vinegar
and 60 cents a bushel realized. Prof.
Peraot converted 10.482 pounds of
waste prunes into 660 gals of juice.
He is confident that it will de-Iop
.the 4 per cent acetic acid necessary to
standard vinegar. The vinegar re
tails at 20 cents per gallon and. the
experiment indicates that one bu3hel
of prunes will make three gallons of
"On at least one occasion I had
snakes in my boots," said the man
with the red nose to a reporter of the
New Orleans Times-Democrat "and it
was no wild delirious fancy, either.
The snakes were genuine. They -were
very much alive, could crawl and
did crawl, and they had eyes and
fangs and forked tongues and all the
other things which go with a well
made and complete member of the
reptilian species. I had gone out on
a fishing trip with some friends up in
Arkansas, and we were quartered in
a tent on one of the best lakes in the
southeastern section of the state. It
was during the hot season. I never
saw as many snakes in all my life as
we found around that lake, and they
were of all sizes, shapes and colors.
The heat was so intense it was dur
ing a severe drought of 1881 that all
the snakes of that section gathered
around the lake in an effort, no doubt,
to keep cool. They would slip down
to the water's edge, burrow In the mud
and cut other curious capers because
of the prevailing drought
"Late in the evening they would
take a whirl at swimming, wriggling
out into the lake for some distance,
and then pull back to the shore again.
I mention these facts merely to show
that snakes were plentiful in that sec
tion. The heat had made them des
perate, but we never anticipated any
trouble from this source. We pitched
our tent at the head of the lake, and
were inclined to gloat somewhat over
Prowess of a
Bronson had never taken a wire
mattress to pieces, but he always
thought he could. The mattress was
too big to go up the stairway of the
new house except on the instalment
plan, and it had to go up there, the
thing being so ordered by Mrs. Bron
son. Bronson examined the mattress
and found that it was composed of
four modified scantlings, framed to
gether by bolts and kept firm by the
wire web. He diagnosed the case as
one requiring a monkey wrench, and
after he had searcned half or three
quarters of an hour he found the
wrench. He noticed that the nuts on
the bolt turned hard, but said that
they were rusty, and a little patience
When the nuts finally came off the
two end frames flew together like
long-lost sisters and shut Bronson up
in the folds of the web like a salmon
in a gillnet He got out after a while,
and when he had expressed himself
succinctly carried the mattress up
stairs, where he set about putting it
together again. To his great surprisa
he found that the web had shrunk
about four sizes and that the frame
refused to resume their former posi
tions. He tugged and hauled for a
while, but the sticks had an irritating
habit of wrenching themselves out of
his grasp and joining forces, and he
always happened to be in the trajec
tory of one of them.
At last he nailed two of the scant
I Huge Sums for
One would not be surprised to learn
that the attempt of the Northern
Methodists to raise $20,000,000 as a
twentieth century fund had been aban
doned as impracticable. But the fact
is that $17,000,000 has already
been subscribed, and the remaining
$3,000,000 may bo fairly said to be in
sight, says the Watchman of Boston.
Tii is great sum is to be devoted to
freeing Methodist churches from debt,
and for educational work. Method ism
in the United States for the next five
hundred years is certain to receive a
mighty impulse from this great
The September number of the
Church Economist gives the result of
careful investigation to show how
other denominatians are getting on
with their twentieth century funds.
The Methodists of Canada set their
figures at $1,000,000, and they have
raised $250,000 more than that, and
the Presbyterians of Cana'ir. put their
mark at $1,000,000, and have already
obtained $1,430,000. with a probability
that they will receive $150,000 more.
Tho English Methodists have raised
$4,500,000; the English Congregation
alists. who sought $2,000,000, have se
cured $3.3I2.00v; the English Baptists,
who put their figure at $1. 250,000. have
already received $1,000,000. and the
Congregationalists of Wales, who set
Would Prove a Dear Girl.
He was asking the old man for his
daughter in marriage. He was talk
ing tremblingly, hesitatingly, as you
read of in story books. Now came
the old man's turn to speak, and as
he began his face was white with
passion, and his voice shook with ex
citement. "You want to marry my daughter?"
he said. ''Ah, twenty years ago your
father crippTcd mc in a stock deal,
and I swore to be revenged! And
now my time has come."
He paused for breath, and the aspir
ant for- the maiden's hand was about
to beat a hasty retreat in the face
of supposed defeat, when the father
broke forth again.
"Yes, sir, I swore to be revenged,
and I'll now strike the father through
the son. Want my' daughter, eh?
Well, take her, and may ahe prove
as expensive to you as she has to
The old man dropped into his chair,
worn out with the excitement of
his plot, and the yonng man fainted
A Vivid Description.
"Do tell me something about the
play" she said to fae young man.
"They say that climax at the close of
the third act was superb."
"Yes, 1 am inclined to think it was
"Can't you describe it to me?"
"Why. the heroine came stealthily
on the stage and knelt, dagger in
hand, behind a clump of pink rib
bons.. The hero emerged from a. large
bunch of" purple flowers, and as soon
as she perceived him she fell upon
him, stabbed, him twice and sank half
conscious into a very handsome
aigrette. This may sound queer, but.
the lady in front or me didn't remove
her hat, and that's how it looked.".
Judge Wipes a Day Off Records.
Judge George D. Gear, second judge
of the first circuit court at Honolulu,
HiwalL made an order on. Aug. 18,
settine aside all his orders of the pre
f'ous day, and declaring the day die
non as far a ne was concerned. On I
in His Boots ";'-
the splendid locatka we had secured
and the cozlaess of our surroundings
generally. Of course we had thesual
quantity of stimulating things which
belong to a first-class fishing outfit,
and to tel! the truth about the matter,
I had been r-ulllag away at the jug and
popping beer bottles until I was just
a little shaky. After we had been out
about a week I began to see things
that a man under ordinary circum
stances could not see I was just in
this condition one morning when I
rolled out of my cot to begin the day's
sport The sun had been up for some
"My boots were standing beside the
cot where I had put them the night be
fore. In throwing my legs over the
side of the cot I knocked both boots
over. You can guess how I felt when
two or three snakes wriggled out of my
boots. I simply went up iu the air. My
nerves were in no condition to bo
tampered with. I couldn't get out of
the cot. and 1 couldn't stay in it. I
simply felt like melting into thin air.
One of my friends witnessed tho
whole thing, although I did not know
it at the time. I was ashamed to say
anything about the snakes until he
brought the question up. Finally ho
said something about the snakes that
had spent the night in my boots, and
I'll swear to you I never felt better in
my life, for up to that time I was very
much in doubt about the genuineness
of the vision. I was glad to know that
the snakes were real live snakes."
lings to the floor and began drawing
the other two into their places. Mrs.
Bronson here entered the struggle, but
still further reinforcements were re
quired, and the children came. The
family lined up along one stick and
pulled till Bronson strained his wrist,
and let go. Then the web got in its
work, and two children were thrown
violently to the ceiling, while Mrs.
Bronson, caught by the escaping
frame, was knocked breathless.
Bronson said a few things, gathered
up the children and renewed the at
tempt. But the esprit de corps was
gone from the community efforts, and
after a few further trials, in which
the list of injured was like that of an
excursion train accident, Bronson sum
moned a neighbor. The two men toiled
all the afternoon, and then the Neigh
bor let go of the straining web at the
wrong time. It was Branson's jaw
that suffered. Bronson thought hC'did
it purposely, and the two fought earn
estly and convincingly for half an
hour, at the end of which time the
neighbor's wife came and called him
"My dear," said Bronson that even
ing, when the doctor left the house, "I
think if the second-hand man will give
you 25 cents for that mattress you'had
better take it I always despised that
second-hand man, and this will be a
glorious opportunity to show, my ill
will toward him." Portland Orqgon
ian. Church Work I
out to secure $100,000 in five years,
have received $800,000 in three years.
The Economist reckons that the
churches have sccureu $30,000,000 of
the $40,000,000 proposed, and that tho
movement in all its branches is prov
ing an unexpected and overwhelming
success. Doubtless the entire sum
proposed will be secured.
One of the interesting features con
nected with this movement is that the
raising of these huge sums has not di
minished regular contributions for de
nominational causes. It was feared
that offerings for missions would !w
lessened, but that has not been the
Again the assertion has been demon
strated that there is no fixed sum
for benevolence, like the alleged
"wage fund" of the political econom
ists, which cannot be diverted to on
cause except at the cost f other. It
has beer, shown that gifts depend on
the inculcation of the giving spirit and.
that the larger the gifts the larger
they will be.
These great sums have not Jca
contributed by syndicates of rich men..
For the most part they have como
from people iu moderate circum
stances. A married man says the best alarm
clock Is his wife's elbow.
the day before th Judge had had a
good' deft! of warm discussion with tun
Assistant Attorney General regarding . .
the setting of cases, and he had ordrr
ed bail forfeited in a number .of cases'
as well as causing the Attorney Oe
cral to withdraw prosecution in sev -eral
cases by refusing postponement.
In .his withdrawal of these acts' the?-"
court stated that he did not think that-'
defendants should be made to. suffer
because the court lost its' temper.
There had been good reason for show
ing temper, but the defendants must
not suffer, said Gear; and he, there
fore, wiped the proceedings of the dajr '
out and took up the calendar again.1 -"
San Francisco Chronicle.
New Definition of Wall Street Want..
"Hello, papa." cried the daughter of".
the Wall street operator after th
father reached his porch, after hlsTldo
out from the city on a suburban trjUa.
and seated his little one on His knee.
"But, papa, I've gt one you, can't
guess." - .
"Can't guess?" said the financier;:.-.
"Another new joke?" ' ''. " -
"A good one, too." chattered the'.Hf- :
tie girl. "Yea ought to guess it but': "
you! can't. Now.' if a student ia la ."'
oook worm, what kind of a worm are
"Well, that is a hard one. We'ro'
all supposed to be worms, In one way,
said the speculator
"Yes, but you'd be a tan worm
broke in the little girt., with, a burst
of laughter; "you read the ticker tape
"That's 'right, was the answer.
Doyle. Mistaken for Kitchener.
On several occasions latelr Conan .
Doyle, while walking in "London, has".
been mistaken for Lord .Kitchener, -much
to the author's embarrassment
Once he was nearly mobbed by a yell
ing crowd of enthusiasts, who cheered
madly for "the ero of South Hafrtca."
By the way, it has seldom falW to "
the lot of man. to reach' aflaea'ce is a
literary career so early in life, as' has .'.
been the' case with Sir Coaasv Ha ia
only 43, rick, titled;and sofolar.
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