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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 26, 1902)
Hk,f .-"-, 1
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Twas Yaakee Doodle went to war
Te fight the British lion.
WRa llatieck rifle i his hud
his hora to tie oh.
Hessians laughed to
Thnsch bought with English boodle.
To tad at Concord; Lexington,
The grit of Yankee. Doodle.
This Yankee Doodle kept it up
With can sad powder handy. -
And made the redcoats dance the step
To "Yankee Doodle Dandy."
The lion sprang upon his prey.
At Bunker Hill and Trenton.
And furious bristled mane and tail,
Twas frightful how he went on.
Said Yankee Doodle. "Better dry
Your pesky takin' on so;
111 pant saltpeter in your eye
And give your tail a twist 0!"
At Princeton, too, and Bennington,
At Fort Ticonderoga.
The bloody Hessians bit the dust.
Aad next at Saratoga.
For Yankee Doodle picked his flint.
And fired such tamal powder,
The critter lost the 'tother eye
And growled with rage the louder.
At Eutaw Springs he clipped his tail.
To Yorktown then pursued him.
From start to finish whipped him out.
Politely hacked and hewed him.
So sneaking back to tory land.
As sullen as a clam, sir.
With Yankee Doodle did lie down,
The Lion and the Lamb. sir.
W. O. Pierce in Exchange.
The national home for disabled
volunteer soldiers at Washington has
branches at Dayton. O.; Milwaukee,
Wis.; Togus, Me.; Hampton, Va.. Leav
enworth, -Kan.; Santa Monica. Cat.;
Marlon, Ind.; and Danville. 111. Then
there are state homes in California.
Colorado. Connecticut. Idaho. Illinois.
Indiana. Iowa, Kansas. Massachusetts,
Michigan. Minnesota, Missouri, Mon
tana. Nebraska, New Hampshire. New
Jersey. New York, North Dakota, Ohio,
Oregon, Pennsylvania. Rhode Island,
South Dakota, Vermont, Washington.
Wisconsin and Wyoming. Disability
that prevents the applicant from earn
ing his living is a common require
ment for admission. A veteran re
ceiving a greater pension than $16 a
month is ineligible, under ordinary
conditions, for the national home; else
where the practice varies.
Gem. HMptM Receverlag,
Gen. Wade Hampton, who is slowly
rallying from his recent attack of
heart failure, is now in his eighty
fourth year, and has not suffered in
health to any inconvenient degree,
since he was wounded at Gettysburg.
The general is one of the few re
maining types of the old school chiv
alrous gentlemen of the South. He
was born in Columbus, S. C, and the
last public office he held was that of
United States senator. He left the
senate in 1891 and has since lived in
Defease of the MtlltU.
"It appears to most of the officers
and men of the Massachusetts militia
that Secretary of War Root has been
erroneously quoted as to the efficiency
of the land militia in opposition to the
volunteer," says a veteran of the Spanish-American
war. "Those of us who
ware at.Chickamauga and Alger and
Wyckoff know from actual observation
where the volunteer stood in compari
son with the militia soldier of the
states. We know that the percentage
of illness, the percentage of deaths,
was less with the militia volunteer
than it was with the rookie pure and
simple in the ranks of the United
States service, simply because the
militiaman was drilled in the care of
himself. Figures can be presented to
prove this. It used to be the most re
sentful criticism that a volunteer
could hear at Chickamauga that he
was militia, and therefore the crude
volunteer, hit or miss, was superior to
him. because he was tarred "regular"
by reason of the regiment to which
he was assigned. That was all there
was to It, but the records of the ser
vice will show that the militia volun
teer lost less men approximately than
any other so-called regular regiment
in the service."
The chances are that a good-sized
party of Milwaukee and Wisconsin
veterans will take advantage of the
excursion to Vicksburg's battle field,
which is being arranged as a prelude
to the New Orleans Mardi Gras. It Is
intended that excursionists shall stop
over for a day at Yicksburg on the
way to New Orleans. The excursion
train will leave Chicago Tuesday even
ing. Feb. 4, reaching Vicksburg at 5
o'clock Wednesday afternoon and leav
ing there at noon next day for New
Orleans Wisconsin veterans in par
ticular have cause to remember Ylcks
barg wtih pride on account of useful
service there during the battles of the
Peter MacQseea, the well known
lecturer, who was with Presi-
Jtoosevelt at Santiago, and with
In his mat campaign in the
ma a fund of interesting
aheat army life, and Is an ea-
ttariaattc admirer of the regular army
private. .whose. sense of humor, he de
clares Is aafalHwc The following is
asm of his favorite stories. In the
last expedition General Lawton made
against Seats Cms two regiments, the
Fourth Cavalry and an Idaho regiment,
were, sent sp the Lagtma de Bay in
native boats. In the darkness the two
regiments ran into one another, and
great confusion resulted.
"Waat fanner outfit are your
vailed the Idaho boys, derisively, at
the clusssy cavalry.
" tawtoa's Fourth Cavalry.' answer
ed the regulars.
"Five cavalry. was the
" 'Here in oar knapsacks,' replied the
cavalry, rattling their cans of 'salt
When the spirit of Mrs. Anna M.
Frintz fled there passed from the world
a woman whose life story was one
that was full of the remarkable, a
woman whose fidelity to duty and to
those she loved makes an exceedingly
pretty story. Mrs. Frintz died at her
home in Cincinnati in the sixty-second
year of her age, and the early part of
those sixty-two years were filled with
stirring events. When the country
was plunged into civil war Mrs. Frintz
was a bride of but a few years, and
her husband felt that he was called
upon to go to the front.
Then it was that the intrepid spirit
of his wife asserted itself, aad. nothing
daunted by the fact that she had a
young babe, she determined to follow
her husband, and follow him she did.
She was with Rosecran's army in
West Virginia, and even when the
shriek of the shells caused a tremor
among the men she remained intrepid.
Her husband, Louis C. Frintz, was a
major in the twenty-eighth Ohio, and
a splendid soldier. Mrs. Frintz was
very active in organizing the Women's
Corps Auxiliary to the Loyal Legion
G. A. R., and the Union Veteran
Mast Walt far Arssy Register.
Although the war department has
completed its arrangement of the lin
eal rank of first lieutenants of cav
alry and Infantry, the secretary of war
has decided that no announcement
will be made of the same pending the
publication of the annual Army
Register. The Register will be late
inappearing this year, as there are
still many officers to be appointed and
examined under the provisions of the
act of February 2, 1901. Secretary
Root has ordered, however, that all
examinations of officers entering the
army under this act be completed by
the last day in January, so that the
prospects are that the Register will ap
pear toward the latter part of February
or the beginning of March.
or Iaterast t
The following executive order has
been issued, directed to each executive
"The attention of the department is
hereby called to the provisions of the
laws giving preference to veterans in
appointment and retention.
"The president desires that where
ever the needs of the service will jus
tify and the law will permit, preference
shall be given alike in appointment
and retention to honorably discharged'
veterans of the civil war who are fit
and well qualified to perform the du
ties of the places which they seek and
"White House. January 17, 1902."
Aaiarlcaa Eaalvateat Saperler.
It is announced that Canada has of
ficially adopted the new United States
army ambulance and the Munson ven
tilated hospital tent The regulation
litter has been officially adopted by
the Mexican army. Samples of the
ambulance have been ordered by Eng
land, France, Spain, Chile and Mexico.
The medical department of the British
army has recently purchased complete
sample sets of the United States
army medical, surgical, sterilizing and
detached-service chests, folding field
furniture, bath tubs and brigade hos
pital mess chest on the recommenda
tion of the British military attache in
Washington, who considered them
superior to their own equipment.
Celebrate Jaeksoa Hay.
The eighty-seventh anniversary of
the Battle of New Orleans was cele
brated at Nashville, Tenn., on Jackson
day by the Ladies' Hermitage Associa
tion with a large ball at the Tulane,
the entire first floor of which was su
perbly adorned with the Jackson vine
and Jackson favorite flower. Roman
hyacinths. A full-length portrait of
General Jackson, wreathed with hya
cinths, occupied the place of honor in
the ballroom, and the historic silver
from the Hermitage was used in
adorning the tables in the dining
Xoaated Anay Eagiaeer.
In the future twenty-four men out
of each company of army engineers
will be mounted in conformity to the
urgent recommendation made on sev
eral occasions by Gen. Gillespie, chief
of engineers. The beginning of this
important and notable change will be
made in the Philippine Islands by Gen.
Chaffee in accordance with a written
request made last summer by Gen.
Caaaea for Genua Vetera.
Phince Henry will bring with him
to the United States a bronze cannon,
as a present from the kaiser to the
Central Union of German-American
veterans who fought in the war of
1866-70. The cannon was captured
from the French. It is destined for
Philadelphia, where the prince will
probably make a speech in presenting
it to the veterans.
Chaatelas Stay Harry Soldiers.
United States military chaplains
regularly on duty in Cuba, will here
after be invested with sufficient au
thority to perform the marriage cere
mony in this island, and a certificate
of their commission showing that they
are duly commissioned chaplains of
the United States army shall be suffi
cient evidence of their authority to
perform said ceremony.
Swedea's Klag- a Scholar.
The king of Sweden is acknowledged
to be one of the most learned men in
Europe. He speaks seven languages
and can now write to -China's emperor
Priests Waat to Sbrry.
A bomb has exploded in the midst
of the sleepy Roman congregations,
which has effectually awakened the
old-time priests from their dreams.
The priests of Sicily want nothing
more nor less than to be allowed to
marry. They have sent an eloquent
address on the subject to all the col
leges, sacristaries and so on. The
pamphlet is most violent in form, and
demands the abolition of the obliga
tory law and vows of chastity for
priests, monks and nuns. The Arch
bishop of Palermo has been peremp
torily ordered to take every measure
to suppress the diffusion of the pam
phlet, but it is feared too late; its con
tents are known.
Marconi's sweetheart evidently
thought his system too intangible Tor
purposes of matrimony.
IX.' -i. ...... - .,.." '",-; - jt
FARM AND GABDEN.
OF MITEREST TO
Crap aa Weather CoaSttloaa.
December In Kentacky. according to
weather bureau reports, was not very
favorable for wheat, oat it was pro
tected by snow daring the period of
extreme cold from the 16th to the 22d.
It la small and thin and does not look
very promising. Fruit trees appar
ently were" not injured by the cold
weather. 8tock generally is in fair
condition, bat there has been some
loss of cattle In stalk fields.
The weather bureau review of
weather and crops of 1901 In the
Maryland and Delaware section states
that December weather was general
ly satisfactory, though some injury
was wrought by the cold wave that
prevailed from the 14th to the 17th.
At the beginning of the present year
grain and grasses were promising in
their appearance and outlook. Of
crops the report says: A careful sum
mary of crop 'results, based on more
than one hundred special reports,
shows that wheat was below an aver
age yield, and only fair In quality.
Rye was short In amount, but the
quality waa fair to good. Oats were
a poor crop, and of inferior grade.
The early cuttings of hay were short,
but' the late was better; the entire
crop was somewhat below average
yield, but the quality fair to good.
Corn was a magnificent crop; there
were very few reports of Inferior
grade, and these were from some of
the more southern localities, where, in
a few instances, the yields were also a
little below the average. A few ap
ple orchards gave fair yields, but the
crop as a whole was very disappoint
ing, and many complaints of knotty
and otherwise imperfect fruit were re
ceived. Peaches were variable in
quality and yield; the yield was gen
erally poor to average, but the grade
on the whole was fair. The season
waa very favorable for tobacco; there
were no deficient yields, and the en
tire crop was secured in excellent con
dition. Pennsylvania reports state that
when December closed very little snow
remained on the ground except In the
northeastern section. Grain was in
sufficiently protected and suffered con
siderable damage from floods and
Flordia pineapples, where unpro
tected during the severe weather of
December, show bad effects of frost
No serious damage befell the crops on
the lower southeast coast In central
portions the plants were well protect
ed as a rule and are now In good con
dition. The California hop crop Is being
marketed and the latest quotation
from Sutler county growers was ' 83'
cents per pound. Olive growers are
also harvesting their crops. The trees
are loaded and the acreage is large.
Growers who sell from the trees have
heretofore usually disposed of their
product for 960 per ton, or S cents per
pouna. me crop uus year is more
than, double the usual yield, and olives
now being only S40 per ton as they
come from the tree, and half of that
goes to the pickers, leaving the grow
ers but 20 per ton. Recent weather
conditions have not been very favor
able. Cold, foggy weather, with fre
quent frosts, has prevailed in northern
California, and abnormally high tem
peratures and drying winds in the
southern part Rain is much needed,
particularly for late-sown grain, for
which the outlook in southern dis
tricts is not good. In many places
green feed is drying up. Plowing and
seeding are making good progress.
Orchards and vineyards are in good
condition, and large shipments of
oranges are being made. Irrigation
water is plentiful
To Get Best Frlees far Aaaloa.
At the recent meeting of the Illinois
State Horticultural Society, H. M. Dun
lap said: Those who were fortunate
enough to have a full crop of apples
this year ought certainly to have been
well satisfied with the proceeds from
the orchards. There never was a time,
I think, in the history of the state
when everything was disposed of to so
good an advantage In the markets as
this year. They made, in some in
stances, as high as four grades of ap
ples, three of them were shipped to
market and the fourth was shipped to
the evaporator or cider press, and they
got good prices for all, even the latter
bringing from 20 to 25 cents per bush
el; in many Instances 50 cents per
hundred was not an uncommon thing
on the track by the carload for elder
stock and evaporator stock, and ap
ples sold by the barrel, orchard run,
hand-picked, ran from SL25 to 92.75
per barrel. The diversity in price
seemed to be more on account of the
number of packers there were la that
neighborhood rather than the quality
of the fruit, so It behooves us as
growers to have our localities well
advertised in the aiarket, aad there
is no way in which we can advertise
our special lines of fruit growing so
well as ia sending out fruit -that Is
properly, carefully and honestly
packed. If a neighborhood as a whole
will do this, they will find that the
buyers will look up that locality every
year, and look it up to the advantage
of the fruit-growers themselves.
Progress la Hert leal tare.
From Farmers Review: In horti
culture the greatest advancement is
ia orcharding. Farmers are begin
aiing to see that they must cultivate
and take care of orchards aa well as
other farm crops. Spraying is also
receiving more attention than former
ly, and now apples being a good price
will be quite an inducement to those
having orchards to give them more
Orcharding is the only line of horti
culture in which I can see any profit
for the future, and the person who
will go at it In a business-like way,
by gaining all the Information possi
ble, maklag it a study, and not being
afraid of work, should and will suc
ceed. The small fruit industry here
has nearly disappeared, for more rea
sons than one, the chief reason is the
men who were in it They expected
too much. They expected to get the
same results from their efforts in the
growing of small fruits that mea got
who had followed it and made it a
lifetime study. It ia hard to get some
thing for nothing, even In fruit grow
ing. L. N. BesL Jefferson County, Il
linois. Mat am Uau.
From the Farmers' Review: I have
'considerable experience farming, and
raising stock. for the past 'fortystx
-- j v.
! I -.;:?-.-.. a,
. . . m. . - ;
I have always lwaai the
oat crop very praeHahle aa4 very nec
essary ia ralslag colts, calves aad
figs, to give them bene formatloa.
I sever raise oats to seU. I always
raise them to feed on the tana. I est
them at the proper time, aad thresh
sa soon ss they will do, so I get the
full benefit of straw, which ia worth
half Its bulk In hay, If it Is kept la the
dry. There Is more profit in oats. It
fed to good, well-bred stock, than to
scrubs. One way I have found a profit
.In the oat crop Is, we live ia a country
where we raise winter wheat I al
ways had a better yield of wheat, from
three to five bushels to the acre, when
it followed an oat crop, and could al
ways make a smoother surface to sow
grass seed for meadow. And when I
don't waat to follow it with wheat I
fall plow it aad tarn the stubble un
der, which makes a good fertilizer for
corn in the spring. James A. Teel,
Schuyler County, Illinois.
American Chester-White Record As
sociation held the eighteenth annual
meeting at Columbus, Ohio, on the
morning of January 15th. A large
number of members were present
Result of election of officers for 1903
follows: President, I. T. Cummins,
KlUeen, Texas; Vice President, F. P.
Hardin, Lima, Ohio; Secretary-Treasurer,
Carl Frelgau. Dayton, Ohio.
Board of Trustees, J. L. Berlager,
Marion, Ohio; A. L. Glover, Delaware.
Ohio; N. P. Kershner. Aasonia. OhSLC. v- ... k. -Anm in
W. H. Pool. Delaware. Ohio: F. P.
Hardin, Lima, Ohio; C. Hints, Fre
Resolutions adopted and kept it
force were. That a breeder may be
come a member of the Association by
sending in pedigree and one dollar fee,
each, until thus twenty pedigrees ami
920 have been sent, when a certificate
of membership will be issued. That
members may record the pedigrees oi
pigs that they sell, for 50 cents each;
provided that the pedigree Is sent it
for record within sixty days after date
of sale. Send all pedigrees and fees tc
Carl Frelgau, Dayton, Ohio.
Cereaa Foxtail SUUet.
Herewith we illustrate Corean Fox
tall Millet which has been quite ex-
tenslvely experimented with by the
government at Washington. There are
several varieties. The one here shown
has a slender head, nearly cylindrical,
erect or somewhat nodding. The
chaff Is green or purplish, ss Is the
In 1900 the Massachusetts Experi
ment Station made some tests In the
thinning of fruit Some old apple trees
9 to 12 inches in diameter were sub
jected to the thinning process. The re
sults are published below. The figure
1 in the table means nnthlnned, the
figure 2 means thinned:
L Astrachan ...... ....
2. Astrachan 91.20
1. Early Harvest
2. Early Harvest.. .15
1. Hurlbut :
2. Hurlbut 45
2. Baldwin. .60
2. Greening .15
1 I Ml UgfUrhhh ST h
It lav il II if I jW Vs
' iBlrl INa fsM I M II 4'
' N ll ITi alX if MJI w
aBssBMkp'BMeaaa BaamavsaaaHamaVaaTl a? I
sasTl a aaHBraaam slIaaaauaTaaaaaaav Ml
"nRi NjHsasKX VI aim'
NHf V aT -
4 . 2.90
This shows a gain for thinning, but
not as great a gain as has been real
ized by some private orchardlsts. Also,
the true value of thinning can be re
alized only when the process Is con
tinued from year to year. With an
orchard just coming Into bearing, thin
ning should be far reaching in its ef
fects on the bearing power of the trees.
Fee rtler SBace.
From the Farmers' Review: I have
fed silage for four years with good
success, and have never seen any bad
effects of using it In the meantime
I have gained a very large business
over non-feeders. I feed daily from
thirty pounds to all that will be eaten
per cow. I have also fed oat and pea
silage. There are not very many
silos around here, but farmers have
been watching mine and have made
up their minds that silos are just the
thing. I am feeding now about fifty
head of cattle, and would say that
for me "no silo, no dairy." Geo. L.
Franz, Berrien County, Michigan.
At the recent convention of Hlisois
dairymen, the question of' the con
struction of silos was discussed. One
man said that in lathing his silo he
placed the lath diagonally. He had
obtained his ideas of the construction
of a round silo mostly from H. B. Cur
ler. The question was asked whether
Mr. Gurler lathed his silo in this man
ner, but, Mr. Gurler not being present,
it was unanswered. Later, the Farm
ers' Review addressed an inquiry to
Mr. Gurler on the subject and re
ceived the following reply: "I think
it best to put on the lath horizontally,
as we get more resistance that way
thaa when the lath is put on diagon
ally. Our idea is to have strength In
the circular form to resist the lateral
Gardens that pay best are those
that receive the most atteation. A
garden will not take care of itself and
yield a profit Probably no part of
the farm pays as large a profit as the
garden in good hands. A man that
realizes this will give It the first at
tention in the spring, both as regards
labor and fertilizer. The garden lov
er will aot forget it when other parts
of the farm also need attention. If
a man will not do the work necessary
or have it done, he may as well aot
attempt to have a garden.
Men are lacking In serve force when
It comes to painful operationa.
DAffiY AND POULTRY.
INTERESTING CHAPTERS FOR OUR
mt Uvo Steak
bill as to
After much altercation i
supporters of the Grout
whether or aot uacolored
garlae should be taxed one-fourth cent
a pouad, the ones in favor of such a
tax have won. The Committee on Ag
riculture of the House of Representa
tives has reported for favorable action
the 'following bill:
"Section 1. That all articles known
as oleomargarine, butterine, imitation
batter or imltatloa cheese, or any suh
staace la the semblance of butter or
cheese aot the usual product of the
dairy, aad aot made exclusively of
pare sad unadulterated milk or cream,
transported Into any state or territory,
or the District of Columbia, and re
maining therein for use, consumption,
sale or storage therein, shall, upon the
arrival within the limits of such state
or territory, or the District of Colum
bia, be subject to the operation and
effect of the laws of such state or ter
ritory, or the District of Columbia,
enacted in the exercise of its police
mm f a tt matnm mrrftmt and in the
: .. .. hnn.i, mrh articles
uunmiiww uau ucui uivuuvm
such state or territory, or the District
of Columbia, aad shall not be exempt
therefrom by reason of being Intro
duced therein in original packages or
"Provided, that nothing In this act
shall be construed to permit any state
to forbid the manufacture or sale of
oleomargarine in a separate and. dis
tinct form and in such manner as will
advise the consumer of its real char
acter from coloration or ingredient
that causes it to look like butter.
"Sec.- 2. . That the first clause of sec
tion 3 of an act entitled 'An act defi
ning butter, also Imposing a tax upon
and regulating the manufacture, sale.
Importation and exportation of oleo
margarine,' be amended by adding
thereto, after the word 'oleomargarine'
at the end of said clause, the following
words: 'And any 'person that sells,
vends or furnishes oleomargarine for
the use and consumption of others, ex
cept to his own family and guests
thereof without compensation, who
shall add to, or mix with, such oleo
margarine any ingredient or colora
tion that causes it to look like butter,
shall also be held to be a manufac
turer of oleomargarine, within the
meaning of said act and subject to the
"Sec. 3. That on and after July 1.
1902, the tax upon oleomargarine, ss
prescribed In section 8 of the act ap
proved August 2, 1886, and entitled
'An act defining butter, also Imposing
a tax upon and regulating exportation
of oleomargarine,' shall be one-fourth
of one cent per pound when the same
Is not made la imitation of butter;
but when made in Imitation of butter
the tax to be paid by the manufacturer
shall be 10 cents per pound, to be lev
led and collected In accordance with
the provisions of said act
"Sec. 4. That wholesale dealers in
oleomargarine shall keep such books
aad render such returns In relation
thereto as the commissioner of inter
nal revenue, with the approval of the
Secretary of the Treasury, may, by
regulation, require, and such books
shall be open at all times to the In
spection of any internal revenue offi
cer or agent And any person who
wilfully violates any of the provisions
af this section shall for each offense
be fined not less than 950 and not ex
ceeding 9500 and imprisoned not less
thin thirty days nor more than six
From the Farmers' Review: We have
bred Polled Durham cattle ten years,
and have never had an ugly bull on
the farm, which I credit to the way
they are handled. A bull of any breed
may be made ugly by improper hand
ling. An ill-tempered man with a
pitchfork and a profane mouth can
spoil any bull In a week's time: but
a gentle hand and a pan of oats work
wonders with a young bull. We halter-break
and handle our young bulls
from the time they are seven months
old. Should we find one Inclined to
want more than one-half the road, we
do not back up and go around him,
but give him to understand that we
have the right of way; that is, con
quer him right then, on the start,
while young, and with kind treatment
thereafter you will have a docile bull.
I would not consider it policy to breed
to a cross bull, and I believe as a rule
that the Polled Durhams are more
docile than other breeds. I have in
mind a case where a young bull was
allowed to bunt and rub around those
who came near him, in play. One
day he hit his master a hot shot,
which downed him, and also scared
the man out From that time on the
bull was fed from the opposite side of
the partition, ana wnen taken out a
strap in a ring was trailed along
through the partition, and a club ac
companied the man. F. A. Murray,
Grundy County, Illinois.
Separators oa the Dairy
From Farmers' Review: In regard
to cream separators will say that I
have used one about two years in my
milk business for- separating for
cream, and separated milk trade, and
I have found out that they are just
the thing In a dairy, whether you sell
your cream or make butter. I have
used the United States first one and a
half years by hand, then a short time
by dog power and now by steam. For
a small dairy of twenty or twenty-five
cows, a power, run by a dog or sheep,
a calf, or something, would be the
most economical. The reason I use
steam is I cut and steam my feed, con
sequently use the same for running
separator. I think and know from
practical experience that they will pay
well In a dairy of five cows, as any
one will make 100 pounds of butter
where they make 80 pounds without
one, and better butter, too; and then,
the skim milk for feeding purposes Is
much better to feed calves while It Is
warm and sweet N. Woodmansee,
Washtenaw County. Michigan.
Gotea lata the FoaTtry Baalaeo.
From Farmers' Review: The gen
eral farmer that has-ao special aim la
poultry keeping sad that intends to
go Into the business should consult the
wishes of his wife as a first esseatlal.
As a second, the wife and the balance
of the household should decide the
auestioa of how much of a poultry
budaess should be indulged Is. They
should thea choose a breed of each
variety of the various kinds of fowls
which they with to raise, be they
Baeeeesfal Farmers Ooorale
tats as to the Care
or an. Next they aheald select a va
riety aataraOy dhmossfl to hastm far
weigh tka most poaaea. I
mention a breed of fowls of
riety that would be either too ake or
too good for the commoa 4hrmer, as I
take it there Is aotalag too alee or too
good for the farmer; lamacmlly a
farmer who win do his part la every
Revertieg. I mast say that location.
climate aad geaeral
such ss draiaage. space aad
have a good deal to do with the rsls
Isg ef poultry. T. J. Priest, Scott
MaJteeks That Trot.
Atteatioa is draws la aa Agrical
taral Ledger oa the cattle of Rajpa
tana to the "Nagore" aad "Rlada"
breeds. The "Nsgore" bullocks arc
famous throughout India as aiagaifi
cent trotting aaimals, oa which ac
count, says the Lahore paper, they arc
greatly sought after by well-to-do as
Uvea, who drive them la ekkas. A
good pair win usually commaad from
Rs. 100 to Rs. 160, sad the price of s
well-matched superior pair Is from
Rs. 200 to Rs. 409. They are good
tempered aad docile, but timid. "Rla
da" mesas small, aad cattle of thk
breed seldom measure more thaa for
ty Inches In height, whereas Nsgore
bullocks have been measured ap tc
seventy Inches. "Rlnda" cattle sre
used for all klsds of agriculture:
work, for which parposes they are In
great demaad by zemindars. They
also make very good baggage aaimals,
either la the plalaa or hills, betsg
short-legged, with hard feet They
are, however, morose, obstinate aad
bad-tempered, sometimes showing
fight when roused, or when ap
proached by Europeans. An average
Pair may be bought for shout Rs. 75.
In Beawar and Marwar these breeds
sre preserved in their purity. .In oth
er Rajputana states, like Bikanlr, Jai
pur and Kotah, no attention is paid
to breeding. Important economic ben
efits might result If the principle of
selection could be widely taught to
cattle breeders ia Rajputana states.
tMoo araarlao la Daaaamrk.
The government of Denmark has Just
published a statement of the produc
tion of and trade in oleomargarine in
Denmark. This product seems to be
come of more and more extended use.
There now exist in Denmark 19 oleo
margarine factories. Their outpat from
April 1, 1900, to March 31. 190L
amounted to 40,774.000 pounds, sa la
crease of 4,892.800 pounds over the pre
ceding year. The' Imports In 1900-1901
amounted to 4,628,400 sounds, an In
crease of 440,800 pounds. Slace the ex
portation Is unimportant, .the con
sumption of oleomargariae la Dee
mark may be estimated at about 45.
000,000 pounds annually, about ISM
pounds per capita. Ten years sgo the
consumption per capita was only 5)1
pounds. In this connection. It Is in
teresting to note that the consumptioB
of butter in Denmark Is estimated at
SS pounds per capita. Many Danish
dairymen sell their butter and eat
The Chicago Poultry Show was held
last week and was a great success. The
number of entries wss very large and
the fowls entered were of high quality.
The show wss so big that It was aot
containable in the Coliseum snd a
building oa the south of It had to be
utilized. It was In fact five great shows
In one, comprising farm fowls, pigeons,
rabbits, dogs snd cats. All of these
classes of aaimals were represented by
numerous snd excellent specimens.
The attendance was good, and certain
ly those who attended got the worth of
their money. If they had any Interest
at all In any of the lines mentioned.
As a mesas of education, the Chicago
show la most certainly a success, and
the men that have brought It up to the
present point of excellence deserve
great praise for the hard work they
have done. We hope to have more to
say on the show in a future Issue.
Great Iw of Sheea.
Estebe Ardaitz, sheep mea, who
were working south with a large band
of fat wethers from San Joaquin coun
ty, arrived at Berenda Sunday and
rented a piece of barley stubble.
There were many heada of barley
which had fallen to the ground, and
the sheep had a great feast, with dis
astrous results to them. It is esti
mated that between 600 and 800 sheep
died in one day. The owners expect
300 or 400 more to die. H. A. Buchan
an hired a number of men to akin the
dead animals, so that the pelts might
be saved. Sheep men state that bar
ley has often been known to klU
sheep, as it ferments, especially after
It has been wet by the rains. The
rains caused many barley heads to
drop, and they could not be cut There
was considerable of this among the
stubble, and the sheep gathered It up,
with the result above noted. Madera
From Farmers' Review: in every
trial that I have made with pure-bred
swine and grades, the pure-bred ani
mals have proved most profitable.
First, they mature earlier than the
grades. Second, it costs less for feed
to mature them. Third, the sale of
pure-bred swine leaves a greater profit
on the credit side of my swine account I
Now I raise only pure-bred swine.
Parker, Richland County, Illi-
The phylloxera Is threatening the
vineyards of California to such an ex
tent that growers there sre experi
menting with resistant roots, such ss
those of grapes growing east of the
Have Aalssala Seals?
There Is a society In Paris for the
investigation of souls of animals. The
have discovered that lions are greedy,
monkeys vain and cats esthetic. A
tiger purred and smiled over a piece ol
wool dipped in lavender water, and u
lion hit his consort on the side of the
head when she approached his bottle ol
eau de cologne.
Aarlealtaral Sfaehlaee la Greece.
Last year the sale of agricultural
machinery In Greece was fourfold that
of the preceding year.
Rock salt is mined and prepared fot
use in the states of New York, Kaa
sas, LoMJc'" and California.
The American peanut Is in success
ful competition with those of India
aad Algiers in the French market
'- Women show excellent taste
selecting goods for men's wear.
r Negro Was 1 Tre." i :
"aii. aasm.aans. aaaojtaahaai sav ,
SS ; a Hero I ".
any va- , r f '
The following happened ia Georgia
ia the peace which followed the ter
rible war, says the Columbus State. It
illustrates the love that, so away of
the old slaves had for their masters
aad how that love was shown:
A negro man, strong and healthy,
but getting gray from years, wss oa
trial ia oae of the county Superior
Courts for murder. He had killed aa
ather negro and had been lying in jail
for some time, awaiting his trial. The
testlmoay against him was givea by
other aegroes who witaes3ed the kill
ing! When the case was called for trial
by the presiding judge an old maa
rose and in a voice deep and low. but
full of marked gentleness, said: "Will
your honor please mark me for the de
fensor It was Gen. Robert Toombs of Geor
gia. His face was wrinkled some with
age, but it was large and strong, and
the lines of intellect made deeper
wrinkles than those of age. His hair
was white, but it rolled back In (baby
curfe from the most splendid -brow that
ever graced a man. His form was tall
and straight and full sized, though his
movements were slow with the years.
His eyes still flashed as when he stood
in the Senate .chamber at Washington.
The case was tried. The witnesses all
seemed unfriendly toward the prisoner.
Ia his own statemeat he claimed that
the killing was ia self defense.
On the coast of Corfu a story is told
which will perhaps some day pass into
folklore, for it is of the stuff of which
legends are made. Whether it is true
or not no one can say, but the fisher
men of Corfu believe it and dream
When the Empress of Austria re
ceived the news of her son Rudolfs
death, she was wearing a famous neck
lace of Oriental pearls. That night,
so the story goes, the attendant whose
duty it was to care for the jewels, was
horrified to see that the superb pearls
had lost their luster and looked dull
and dead. She spoke of the matter to
her mistress, who in her sorrow did
aot even listen.
A month or two later the Empress
had occasion to call for her peals;
and. on opening the case, found every
pearl of the necklace a lustreless gray.
She called the court jewelers into con
sultation, but nothing could be done
to restore the pearls to their former
Finally a famous chemist of Vienna
assured the Empress that if the pearls
could be left in the sea for a long time
the action of the salt water would
bring back their color and lustre. The
Empress went to Corfu later.
While there she went with Father
Ambrosius, an old monk, who was her
friend and confidant, to a wild spot on
the shore of the island, and there they
i This Is the Oldest Dressmaker s Bill 1
Among the documents which have
lately been discovered in Chaldea is
a tablet which may well be called the
"oldest dressmaker's bill in the world."
It was the custom of the Babylonian
kings to present to the temple sets
of robes for the use of the priests and
priestesses. This was usually done
every year. Many of these lists are in
the British Museum. The oldest hith
erto known has been that of a king,
about 1450 B. C. The document now
discovered is. however, much older.
The tablet is of limestone, aad was
found in the ruins of a temple in the
city of Nipur, in southern Chaldea.
This temple was dedicated to the
"ghost god," and had a large priest
hood attached to it From the style
of the writing, which is extremely
archaic, and from the curious system
of numerals employed, the tablet, it is
said, cannot be of later date than 2800
B. C. It contains a list of ninety-two
vestments which were presented to the
temple by the king. The name of the
king is, unfortunately, omitted. The
FATE OF CORONETS.
VerS Breashaa-Ts Becaase George W.
Chllas Fralt Dish.
Peers and their coronets are soon
parted when the ceremonial use has
been served, says London M. A. P. The
fate of one coronet is told as- follows,
by a correspondent:
"When I was staying, some years
ago, in Philadelphia, with G. W.
Childs, the well-known newspaper pro-
prietor. I noticed at dinner, one even- j
inr. a peculiarly shaped gilt stand
used as a support for a china dish con
taining grapes. My host, observing
that I was scanning it rather closely,
said: "Ob. that is the coronet Lord
Brougham wore at the queen's corona
tion. I have taken out the velvet cap
and turned it upside down; the golden
balls form excellent feet, and it makes
a most elegant dish-stand," and it cer
But what is the fate of coronets com
pared with the fate of coronation
robes? A large portion of George IV.'s
wardrobe, including the coronation
robes, was put up at public auction in
the summer of 1831. There were 120
lots disposed of and some of the items
are interesting. A pair of fine kid
trousers, of ample dimensions, and
lined with white satin, was old for 12s.
The sumptuous crimson velvet corona
tion mantle, with silver star, em
broidered with gold, which cost orig
inally, according to the auctioneer,
500 was knocked down for 47 guin
eas. A richly embroidered silver tissue
coronation waist-coat and trunk hose.
13. The purple velvet coronation
robe, embroidered with gold, of which
it was said to contain 200 ounces.
brought only 55. although it cost his
late majesty 300. An elegant and
costly green velvet mantle lined with
ermine of the finest quality, presented
by the Emperor Alexaader to George
IV., which cost 1,000 guineas was sold
No man Is ever perfectly sure of a
girl's love until she declares she hates
Gee. Tosachs siltimd the
Jury at the met. aad after fatty
lag the testlBMay of the cye-wltaoaats -he
"Tear hoaor, please, aad gsatlaaua
of the jury: A few years 'ago my oaly
brother fell woaaded oa the battlefield
of Gettysharg. He lay there Weeding
to death, with ao frieadly head to help
alat Shot aad shell, the fierce, fiery
stream of death, were sweepisx the
earth about him. No friead could go
to him. ao' sargeoa dared approach
him. The siagiag of bullets sad the
wild music of the shells wss to he his
oaly requiem. My brother had a body,
serraat a aegro maa. who waited oa
him la camp. The aegro saw his mas- a
ter's deager aad straight .out lato the
sheet of battle aad taste 'aad death he
weat A caaaoa shot tore the flesh
from his breast, but on he weat, aad.
gathering my brother in hie arms, the
blood of the maa miagling with the
blood of the master; bore him to safety
sad life. Jim. open your collar!'
And the jury saw oa Jim's breast
long, jagged scars where the shell had
ripped Its wsy.
Continuing Gen. Toombs said: "Jim's
skin may be black he may he a ae
gro; but the maa who would do what
Jim did for my brother has a soul too
white ever to have killed a maa ex
cept la defease of his owa life."
Jim was cleared.
Where Are th
snows Pearls ef the
hid the pearls securely In a fissure un
der the surface of the water aad left
them. There the pearls were when
the Empress met her sudden and trag
ic death. f
Father Ambrosius fell dead in the
cloister when told of the death of his
mistress. The pearls, so the story
tellers say. await a lucky finder, some
where along the rugged coast, and are
likely to be the Capt. Kidd's treasure
Taking the story for what it is
worth, the fact remains that there are.
on record many curious instaaces ia
which pearls apparently sympathised
with the health and mood of their
wearers. Pearls, too. often lose their
color and lustre for no perceptible rea
son, and in many cases never regain
All through the Orieat. there are
jewelers famous as doctors of sick'
pearls, and to certain of these doctors
pearls of great value are frequently
sent by the native rulers and mer
chants. The salt water treatment is
one of the most common methods of
dealing with a sick pearl; so If Eliza
beth's necklace is by aay chance
where Corfu gossip locates it. its
pearls may be finding healing while
they await discovery.
Mounted as a stick pin. a sisgle pink
rose petal, in the center a whole pearl.
inscription ends with the words: "Ia
all. ninety-two vestments, the bill
(list) of the temple for the priests this
year." Maay of the words are un
known, and are doubtless technical
terms employed by the modistes of
Among the items are "Twelve white
robes of the temple, eight robes of
the house of his lady; ten collars of
the house of his lady, ten pure gold
collars, two white robes." An item
toward the end of this curious bill
"Four scented robes" is suggestive
of the passage in Psalm xiv.. in which
are mentioned the robes redolent of
"myrrh and aloes and cassia."
It was evidently the custom in Baby
lon to perfume the robes-, as it is at
present in India and Persia. This
document is of value as showing the
great development which had taken
place in the textile arts In Chaldea
even at that early period.
Money makes the- mare go and wo
men make the money go.
UNCLE SAM IU1LDS A TOWN.
Nary Depart meat to Coastraet Bloaiea
at Oleag-aao Naval Matlea.
Uncle Sam is going to .build a town.
It will be constructed at Olongapo. the
site of the proposed naval station on
Stihig Bay. Philippine Islands, says
the Washington Times.
S'-ch action is believed to be neces
sary in order to provide labor for the
plant. Plans for the town are being
prepared by Rear Admiral M. T. En
dicott, chief of the bureau of yards aad
docks. c -
Rear Admiral Endicott points out
that many shipbuilding corporations
have been compelled to build towns ia
the vicinity of their plants. They rent
ihe houses at a nominal figure to. their
employes. The latter elect their mayor
and other officers. '. -
The plans of the department alee
propose the construction of a railroad
which shall connect Manila and Olon
gapo. Cag-Ioad's Karat Power.
There i3 some skeptcism In certain
English circles regarding the fervent'
praise of the British navy which Com
mander Richardson Clover, U. S. N..
naval attache to the United States em
bassy, uttered in a recent interview in
Washington. Commander Clover waa
quoted as saying that the British navy
is far more efficient than continental
powers believe. "This." says the Hamp
shire Telegraph, "is a good thiag to
publish to the world, but it is to be
hoped that the continental sowers .
and particularly the more beUsserest -among
them will take the statemeat
to heart But the British public ouxht
to be sufficiently Informed by now to
be proof against Capt Clover' inslel- .
ous flattery. When he says that Easy?
land to-day is stronger on the seas taaa'l,
any two of the most powerful coati-;
aental powera. with another power la "
eluded, he is merely soariag iato ,
heights of imagination whither, no' '
British aaval expert can pretead. to fel- .
A.i?v .-j-"' ' --" -."g .-itr. .yg-..,v- 'jr-. j-sv
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