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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (July 31, 1901)
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A lNtll( KseantM.
The other day a small box covered
with gauze and labeled "four hundred
aaosquitoes" was shipped from a small
ctation In South Carolina to the Acad
emy of Natural Science, al Washing
ton. The insects were quite lively
when they arrived, and were apparent
ly ifi as good health as when they
started on their journey.The mosqui
toes are, of course, to be used in sci
eatilc investigations. - "
Vltcfaew. Queer lajarjr.
When Professor Virchow was out
walking the other day he was blown
by a very high wind against a tree
and sustaiaed an injury to the head.
Happily, assistance was quickly ob
tained and the professor, who was un
able to walk further, was taken home
in a carriage and the requisite surgical
aid rendered by his medical attendant.
Profesor Virchow is approaching his
Clevelaad'e "Aakle Bo."
Cleveland is suffering from an
"'ankle bug," that promises to rival the
"kissing bug" in evil notoriety. It is
partial to low shoes and open-work
hosiery, and its bite is said to be so
severe that the swelling sometimes ex
tends to the knee. In some cases the
victim has been crippled for a week or
more. The local scientists have not
yet discovered the insect that causes
Jofcaae at Work Agala.
Racine, Wia, July 22nd: John
Johnson of No. 924 Hamilton street,
this city, is a happy man.
For years he has suffered with Kid
ney and Urinary trouble. He was so
broken down that he was forced to
quit work. Everything he tried failed,
till a friend of his recommended a
new remedy Dodd's Kidney Pills. Mr.
Johnson used them, and the result sur
prised him. He is as well as ever he
was, completely cured, and working
away every day.
His case is regarded by those who
knew how very bad he was, as almost
a miracle, and Dodd's Kidney Pills
are a much talked of medicine.
To Keep Their Treaaaree at Home.
If the precedent established by the
Goldsmiths company of London be
gf-nerally follewd by Englishment, it
will not be so easy in the future for
American collectors to steal away the
English treasures that come under the
hammer of the auctioneer, his com
pany paid 150.000 for the celebrated
Foxwell library of economics to pre
vent it from falling into American
Piao's Cure for Consumption is an infallible
BMdlciae for coughs and colds. N. W. Samcci
Ocean Orore, N. J., Feb. 17. 1900.
No man 'e'er was glorious who was
' Haifa Catarrh Cure
b a constitutional cure. Price, 75a
An Atchison man is so economical
that he will not blow the foam off his
Ask your grocer for DEFIANCE
STARCH, the only 16 oz. package for
10 cents. All other 10-cent starch con
tains only 12 oz. Satisfaction guaran
teed or money refunded.
The reign of money is here; other
events will come with the years.
Mr. Wineloara wooth;nfr jTup.
""or children teest'nj, softens the Rutin, reduce! Itr
SaoBiaUon. allay pain. cures wind colic 2jc a bottle.
You cannot take the road without
the end, nor the end without the road.
ALE. UP-TO-UATE HOUSEKEEPERS
Use Red Cross Ball Blue. It makes clothes
clean and sweet as when new. All grocers.
The man who packs water on both
6houlders is liable to stand in the mud.
Ask your grocer tor DEFIANCE
STARCH, the only 16 oz. package tor
10 cents. All other 10-:ent starcn con
tains only 12 oz. Satisfaction guaran
teed or money refunded.
In college the late John Fiske took
up such unusual courses of study as
Cothic. Icelandic. Danish, Swedish,
Dutch and Roumanian; then he delved
in law and was graduated from the
law school at the age of 22. Such a
list of achievements makes him an
Admirable Crichton of extraordinary
iwikc uABen. bnimana.
Letter. Bowles aai Histerr.
Ar PlMnaacy. Law.
ana Electrical EaUaeertag.
enfarv anA fnMMn 1 1 1
. Ecclesiastical students at special rates.
I Free. Junior or Senior Year. Collegiate
wamu Booeraie cnargeh.
" J""" nan, lor uoys unaer is.
REV. A. MOftRISSEY. C S. C President.
ST. sURTS ACADEMY
Notre Dame, Indiana.
Conducted by the Sisters of the Holy
Cross. - Chartered 1855. Thorough
English and Classical education. Reg
ular Collegiate Degrees.
In Preparatory Department students
carefully prepared for Collegiate course.
Physical and Chemical Laboratories
well equipped. Conservatory of Music
and School of Art. Gymnasium under
direction of graduate of Boston Normal
School of Gymnastics. Catalogue free.
The 47th year will open Sept. 5, 1901.
Maree MKECTRESS OF THE ACAiEaW,
5t Mary's Areicy. Netre
i you one.
M. D. FOLSON ARMS
SI4 Broadway, MEW YORK.
1 9 woBjBVfJsjp najaB0BjV
U Weak Beck. Senine,
ras. Seres ine all Pain.
9aaitlfZ'Get it of y our
t. PHELPS MMW1T$
P"'" uraci. XJ. sac.
Irbe doe not ell it, tend
ns hi name, and for your
I trouble, -we wUl Craa
esl Send Tou a Trial riCB,
Aasverrsf IlTerrisesKsts Kiifly
- Heatssa This rascr.
W. N. U. OMAHA Km. 30-ioei
aff logue readr. Send 2c V i
staap and ire will mail you one. r
w ?'? It aaaaPrs "TBb9 'l
'I m1BbbUbwv wJL UiilH
WytL TBBBRBjBBBBBBBBkv J kZEvUH
There's but one word upon the face of
word is "Now."
Heed it before you hear. Life's even
Your head to bow.
"Now" is the crisis of man's circum
stance His life, his all;
The trial of his fortitude his chance
To rise or fall.
The column waits, the old flag floats
But soon the sun
Will count a day lost, and in sadness
"No battle won."
The potter's clay is in thy hands to
An angel's face
Why leave it, idly, to turn crude and
And lose its grace?
Great Now, while yet we sing, you
In mystic air.
Out from the sunshine of the glad to
day On, on to where
Tomorrow youth's bright harbiner,
'Twill never be;
If man should have a hundred thou
He'd find in thee
The power that made the lily first dis
close Her wealth of white
The corner stone from which Time's
The source of Might.
Robert MacKenzle. in Success.
Ace Uaalt la the Army.
Army men have long complained
that the age of 64 at which they are
all compelled to retire from active
service on 75 per cent of full pay by
operation of law is at least four years
too soon in the case of average officers,
and that the law is detrimental to the
public interests. Practical observation
and the conclusions of ethnological
students tend to bear them out in this
contention. A recent circumstance
serves to give emphasis to their view,
and at the same time suggests a modi
fication of the present law. This was
the retention by Judge Advocate Gen
eral Davis of Gen. J. W. Clous, retired,
lately colonel and judge advocate, as
paid leading counsel for the govern
ment against Oberlin M. Carter, Ben
jamin D. Greene, John P. Gaynor, Wil
liam T. Gaynor, and Edward H. Gay
nor, who have been indicted for con
spiracy to defraud the United States
out of some 12,500,000. Carter, for
merly captain oi the corps of engi
neers, is already serving a term in the
Leavenworth military prison for his
part in the alleged conspiracy. Pro
ceedings are or have been pending to
secure his discharge on various tech
nicalities. Greene and the Gaynors
are doggedly fighting to avoid being
taken to Georgia for trial. Under his
retainer it will be part of Gen. Clous'
business to fight Carter's efforts for
release and to prosecute the Greene
Gaynor case to a conclusion. It is
generally admitted that he is mentally
and physically well equipped for the
work required of him, although the
accused parties will be defended with
all the energy and ability that money
can command. Gen. Clous has of
course been familiar with the case
from the day Carter was first accused
of misappropriating government funds,
which gives him special advantages
for its future conduct, and doubtless
determined his retention.
It will be remembered that when
Judge Advocate General Lieber retired
from age on May 21. Col. Thomas F.
Barr was appointed to the vacancy
and immediately retired. In turn Col.
Clous was appointed to the Barr va
cancy, and likewise at once retired at
his own request, although in pursu
ance of an agreement, he went out
about three weeks ahead of his retir
ing date, which was June 9. There
upon Col. George B. Davis was ap
pointed judge advocate general. Now,
those who know Gen. Clous personally
unhesitatingly affirm that he is every
whit as competent for any official duty
as he was prior to the day of his re
tirement, and will probably continue to
be for several years to come. They
say that he is still as vigorous and
alert as any officer on the active list of
the army. Gen. Davis doubtless hold
him equal to the task, or he surely '
would not have retained him to con-!
uuii u lnipuruint ana complicated a
case. In short, at the age of 64. Gen.
Clous is in every attribute undisputa
bly just as efficient an officer as he was
ten or twenty years ago. Probably, in
deed, his capacity to discharge the du
ties of a military lawyer are at their
zenith. And the same may be truth
fully said of nine out of every ten
army officers retired by operation of
law. New York Sun.
J.. a :- a. a. ..
Tainted the Be:l Green.
When Havana was first occupied by
the American troops house-cleaning
was the order of the day. Quarters for
one of the military bureaus were pre
pared in the lower part of the city.
Upon inspecting them, after cleaning,
the commanding officer found that
they overlooked an old belfry that
adorned another part of the building.
In this belfry hung a fine bronze bell,
cast in beautiful designs, more than a
century old. Belfry and bell made a
precious addition to a picturesque out
look. A few days later the officer or
dered his effects moved into his new
quarters. He .asked the sergeant, who
came with a detail of men for the task:
"Patrick, how is the big bell I admired
the other day?" "Sure, sir," said
Patrick, "it's all right now; but I had
a tumble Job a-paintin' thot bell a
foine green." They haven't yet quite
succeeded in scraping off all that fine
Mara Tlremee Tttaa Soldier,
There are more firemen in the
United States than there are soldiers
In Uncle Sam's army. In New York
city, for fire purposes, the two bor
oughs of Manhattan and the Bronx
with 1,400 firemen are Joined. The
twttprcqfhs of Brooklyn and Queens.
with 1.000 paid and 2,000 volunteer fire-,
men. are joined, abd Richmond, with"
1,700 firemen. Is separately organizedf
There art, therefore, in New York city
6,100 firemen, paid and unpaid.
There are 1,200 firemen in Chicago;
S00 in Philadelphia. 700 in Boston, 400
in Baltimoro, 500 in Buffalo, 480 in De
troit, 500 in St. Louis, 400 in Pitts
burg, 4S0 in San Francisco. 300 In New
Orleans and 250 in Washington. In
the whole country there are 65,000
paid firemen, and -the number of vol
unteer, firemen varies 'from 100,000 to
There is a saying among firemen
that three volunteers - is n equivalent
only to one regular, so great is the
value of training aai discipline. Thus
a city like Wilmington. Del., with
population of 76,000; has more volun
teer firemen than Philadelphia, with a
population of 1.300.000, has paid fire
men. New York Sun.
The secretary of the navy has sig
nified his approval of the recommenda
tions of the naval board of awards
concerning medals of honor and letters
of commendation to a number of offi
cers and men of the navy and marine
corps who distinguished themselves
during the campaign in China. The list
includes Capt N. H. Hall, against
whom charges of cowardice during the
Pekin siege, had been made. He is
awarded a brevet as major. The hon
ors approved by the secretary are as
follows: Ensign C. T. Pettingill, let
ter of commendation for skill, courage
and efficiency at the battle of Tientsin.
Ensign A. N. McCarthy, a very highly
commendatory letter for his skill,
courage and good judgment in hand
ling his vessel, the gunboat Calami
anes, in the Augusan river, Mindanao,
and the successful carrying out of the
object of the expedition. The board
"regrets that under the law no greater
reward can be given this promising
young officer. His exhibition of pro
fessional skill and nerve upon this oc
casion appeals most forcibly to its fa
vorable consideration." The list in
cludes thirty-seven non-commissioned
officers and privates, who are awarded
medals and letters for distinguished
conduct during various stages of the
siege of Pekin, chiefly in erecting bar
ricades under heavy fire.
Iatlee ef Boy Apprentices.
Most of the navy apprentice enlist
ments at Chicago come from boys liv
ing elsewhere than in Chicago. Chi
cago boys do not rank high in passing
averages. Many suffer from the to
bacco heart. The average from the
country districts who succeed in pass
ing the examination is three and four
in five. There is now no trouble to
secure apprentices. The naval recruit
ing station in the Masonic Temple is
crowded from morning until the clos
ing hour at 4 o'clock. On arrival at
the training station the apprentice is
placed in the newcomer's squad. He is
first trained in the care of his person,
in the handling of bedding and cloth
ing. Then he is furnished with a com
plete outfit and instructed in the uses
of the articles. Next he I.t instructed
in the manual of arms, and exercises
at gymnastics every day from 4 to 4:45
p. m. If it be summer time, the gym
nastics are abandoned for swimming
lessons, which occur during the fore
noon watch. Instructions are given in
the stowing and folding of clothes, the
slinging of hammock, lashing it and
preparing it for inspection. The use
of profane and abusive language is
strictly forbidden. Chicago News.
not Even with Toraaeator.
In his subaltern days a certain ar
my officer was averse to early rising.
Consequently he often was late for
early morning parade, which usually
is held under the adjutant, and came
in for many wiggings. At last he ob
tained leave and went bn board the
steamer which was to bear him far
away from parades, orderly rooms,
field days and similar vexatious things.
Once fairly out to sea he sought out
his bedroom steward and gave him
certain instructions. Next morning the
steward tapped at the cabin door,
poked his head in and shouted, "Ad
jutant's compliments, sir, and he's
waiting for you on parade." The offi
cer turned, woke up, and triumphant
ly replied, "My compliments to the ad
jutant, and tell him to go and put his
head in a bag!" Then he went com
fortably off to sleep again. This little
comedy was repeated every morning,
the replies to the imaginary adjutant
being as insulting as possible, and the
officer declares that he has never en
joyed anything so much since as this
vicarious method of getting even with
his tormentor. Exchange.
Two Klad of Shell.
The war department is now firing ?tfi
I ttltimino ? n rw cVmll 41i, ltlircfe ... tfen
..itiuiwiciixife onvi. vuak wuioio 111 1.UC
air and emits a fiery body of globular
shape which vividly lights up a large
I arpa for n onnsidprahlp tiimp. Trip ex
periments are for the purpose of im
proving and perfecting bombs that are
now made for the purpose of exposing
me position of an enemy at night, and
to reveal the character of defenses to
be attacked. These projectiles explode
on impact, liberating a flaming com
pound. One compound, consisting of
sulphur, saltpetre, and a hydrocarbon
is a blue light mixture. The illumina
tion lasts as long as the saltpetre sup
plies oxygen to maintain combustion.
Experiments are also under way for a
reverse sort of bomb, which in burst
ing liberates dense clouds of smoke,
for the purpose of concealing the
movements of troops in the field. This
Is to be an antidote to the former bane.
Bla Very TJrgent Beason.
One of the officers in a certain vol
unteer regiment is much disliked by
his men. One evening as he was re
turning home he slipped into some
deep water. A private in his regiment,
however, happened to see him, and
after some trouble succeeded in pulling
him out. The officer was very profuse
in his thanks and asked his rescuer
the best way be could reward him.
"The best way you can reward me,"
said the soldier, "is to say nothing
"Why, my dear fellow," said the as
tonished officer, "why do you wish
me to say nothing about it?"
"Because if the other fellows knew
I'd pulled you out they'd chuck m
An Ohio farmer has already suc
ceeded In growing hickory nuts with
shells so thin that they can be'broken
by the hand. Indianapolis News.
DAISY AND POULTRY.
INTERESTING CHAPTERS FOR
OUR RURAL READERS,
"W SacccMfal Farmer Operate TM
Dveartttaeat of the Fata A Few
talaU as to the Care ef Live Stock
aad Fealtrr. -
Hebtete-Frlcilaa Breeders Meet
The sixteenth annual meeting of the
Hoifttein-Friesian Association of
America was held at the Yates Hotel,
Syracuse. N. Y.. June 5. 1901. The
meeting was called to order by Presi
dent W. A. Matteson, Utica, N. Y.
Ninety-four members were personally
present, ana three hundred and six
were represented by proxy, making
the largest attendance in many years.
The report of the treasurer, Wing
R. Smith of Syracuse, N. Y., showed a
balance on hand from last year of
$17,038.77, and an Income or $9,239.19
from the secretary's officek entries, in
terest, etc. The expenditures Were
12,022 for prizes for officially authen
ticated butter tests; $3,247.66 for the
printing of the herd books; $1,344.23
for the meeting of the board of offi
cers, committees, etc.; and $1,600 for
salaries; cash balance on hand, $18,
063.92. The report of the superintendent of
Advanced Registry, S. Hoxie, York
Tllle, N. Y., showed a total of 361 en
tries, the largest number since the in
auguration of the Official Tests. Thirty-two
of these entries were of bulls.
There were 299 of eows with seven
day butter records made under the
supervision of Agricultural Experi
ment Stations, including 25 net profit
records. There were 30 unofficial rec
ords of cows entered. A striking fea
ture shown by the details of the re
ports was the increase of the world's
highest weekly butter record by nearly
The report of the secretary, F. 1.
Houghton of Putney, Vt, showed the
largest growth of membership ever
made In the history of the association.
One hundred and twelve new members
were added to the roll.
Nearly 10,000 certificates of registry
were issued, a large increase over last
year, and double that of three years
ago. Volume XVIII. of the Herd
Book has been issued and Volume
XIX., including Volume XI. of the Ad
vanced Register, will be ready for
distribution in midsummer. The re
ceipts of the secretary's office were
$16,426.02, and the disbursements $7.
675.06, a balance of $8,750.96 being re
mitted to the treasurer.
Among the changes made in the
constitution was the following:
Article 4, Section 10, was amended
by the addition of the following: "A
record of all transfers of ownership of
registered animals must be made upon
the records of the association, and it
shall be the duty of the seller of any
animal to file with the secretary the
necessary application for transfer.
Failure to comply with this provision
may be deemed an infraction of the
by-laws and the offender will be sub
ject to such penalty as is within the
power of the association."
Article 4, Section 2, was amended
by the addition of the following: "Per
sons found guilty by a court of record
of fraud, misrepresentation or unfair
dealing in connection with Holstein
Friesian cattle, or of the violation of
the statutes of any State, or of the
United States, relating to the pedi
grees or registration of pure bred
animals, may upon presentation of ev
idence of such fact satisfactory to the
board of officers, be denied any privi
leges offered by this association."
The election of officers resulted in
the choice for president of W. J. Gil
lett, Rosendale.Wis., upon the resigna
tion of W. A. Matteson, who had filled
the office for three years. Mr. Matte
son was elected first vice-president;
A. A. Cortelyou, Neshanic, N. J., sec
ond vice-president; J. H. Coolidge,
Galesburg, 111., third vice-president;
George F. Gregory, Syracuse, N. Y.,
fourth vice-president, to succeed the
venerable Sylvester Burchard of Ham
ilton, N. Y.; who declined re-election
after a continuous service since 1885.
Mr. D. H. Burrell. Little Falls, N. Y.;
Mr. Eldon F. Smith, Columbus, Ohio;
and Mr. Henry Stevens, Lacona, N.
Y., were re-elected directors, to serve
two years. Mr. Wing R. Smith, Syra
cuse, N. Y., was re-elected as treasur
er; Mr. Hoxie of Yorkville. N. Y., was
re-elected as superintendent of Ad
vanced Registry, and Mr. F. L. Hough
ton of Putney, Vt, was re-elected the
An expression of the members pres
ent was taken to determine the place
of the next annual meeting, and it was
voted to instruct the board of officers
to call the meeting at the Yates Hotel,
To tba Unsaceestfal.
The notes following John Brans ar
ticle In Farmers Review, April 10, were
good, especially the advice to not give
egg producers or condition powders.
If your chicks need such stimulants
(they are not feed) you had better
market them and get a new start.
To the advice given I would add that
perhaps he has been feeding too much
salt and pepper, a little is beneficial,
but too much is disastrous as experi
ence taught me. The best plan of feed
ing pepper is too allow them to pick
at the pods on the plant, or the dried
pods in the winter. They will rarely
eat too much. If chicks are fed the
table scraps, their feed will need little
if any salt There is need of green
stuff, cabbage, rye, turnip tops; and
of vegetables, raw potatoes, turnips
and onions, also meat or milk.
Perhaps the greatest need is grit,
lack of grit will cause indigestion
(dyspepsia), and of course chicks or
anything else will do no good if af
flicted with dyspepsia. Are they free
of lice? This with their limited varie
ty of feed and restricted quarters
would prevent their laying eggs. Do
they get exercise? If not the whole
trouble may be traced to this. Make
them scratch hard every day in the
year; fix them a nice dust bath; give
plenty of clean milk and water to
drink; get rid of lice; give them the
semi-starvation cure a few days, it
will help them. Leave off the condi
tion powders, the salt and pepper, and
most of the corn; give vegetables and
green stuff; if this does not cause them
to lay you would better fatten and
sell them, then buy a fresh start. The
roosters have nothing to do with their
lack of laying.
I like to work with chickens, poul
try of any kind, but I do not like to
work with them well enough to keep
at it for two years without some profit,
and if the right care and management
there is no need of it Some times
hens will get too old to lay and yet be
How many are as honest as the la
menter? How many have a profit at
the end of the year? How many know
whether there is profit or not? I'm
afraid there are many who do not
Keep strict account of feed given, tf
furnishings bought,. also of eggs and
stock eaten and sold, then at the end
of the year, balance your accounts;
the result will be a surprise to the most
of you, to some fee profit will be
greater than expected, to others I am
afraid the profit will be very small, If
there is any t all.
There is always a cause for the loss,
and you who manage the flock are
the ones to discover and remedy the
loss, for no matter how willing others
are to aid you, they can only give
remedies and advice in a general way,
there are so many little things to take
into account, things of great impor
tance, but that are not noticed except
by the close observer, it la the little
leaks that cause the disasters, we are
all ready to stop the big leaks at once,
but often the little ones are left to a
more convenient time because they are
Observe closely, think, read and last
but not least, act Emma Clearwa
ters. Poaltry Brief.
Feeding for the production of eggs
Is A subject that constantly engages
the best thought of the best poultry
men. That it is an open subject yot
it proved by the fact that good and
experienced poultrymen disagree as to
the composition of necessary rations
and the method of their feeding.
Even the men that adopt iron clad
rules in this regard are known to
change them. This goes to prove that
no fixed rule has yet been agreed on.
For reasons which none of us are as
yet able to understand, bne man suc
ceeds with one ration and another
with another, even when the birds
are of the same breed and all condi
tions appear to be similar. There is
something in the handling bf a flock
that depends On the presence of an
active intelligence, which intelligence
can never be reduced to rule.
The advantages of pens that can be
moved about freely are obvious. Re
cently the Writer saw a very good ar
rangement at the experiment station
at Southern Pines, N. C. A large wire
covered yard contained a number of
fowls, the yard being so arranged that
it could be moved daily. Little trucks
Were at the four corners, but so ar
ranged that when not in service the
trucks permitted the frame of the yard
to rest on the ground. This was neces
sary as a protection to the chicks. A
new pasture ground was thus given the
flock every day. Moreover, the manure
was evenly distributed and all accum
ulations were prevented.
Chicken-eggs hatch in twenty-one
days; duck eggs in twenty-eight; geese
eggs in thirty; turkey eggs, twenty
eight; guinea fowls, twenty-five; pea
fowls, twenty-eight; pheasants, twenty-five;
partridges, twenty-four; os
triches, forty to forty-two days. A
strictly fresh egg of any extraction will
hatch several hours earlier than a stale
one. Tnere is aiso a umerence in tne
time of hatching of eggs caused by
the habits of the birds sitting on them.
Some hens sit closer to the eggs than
do others and so keep the eggs at a
more even temperature. Such eggs are
about certain to hatch before others.
There are several kinds of beans
that, though articles of diet ia Orien
tal countries, are used only to a lim
ited extent in the United States, usual
ly by Chinese or other residents of
foreign birth or extraction. Lablab
beans (Dolichos lablab), asparagus
bean (Dolichos sesquipedalis), and
mungo bean (Phaseolus mungo), may
be mentioned. The green pods of as-
paragus bean (here illustrated) are
largely used as a snap bean. The pods
are long, containing 10 to 16 seeds,
more slender than string beans, and
slightly ridged along the middle of
the two valves. Under the name of
"toukok" this vegetable is cultivated
by the Chinese in some regions of Cali
fornia, and is said to be finding favor
with the white residents, and is con
sidered a valuable variety of snap
The production of sanitary milk is
certain to be in a future time a large
branch of dairying. The agitation of
the tuberculosis question has stirred
people up to demand germ-free milk.
At the present time what is known as
sanitary milk brings a better price
on the market than milk not sur
rounded with every safeguard. In
Chicago the price is double that for
ordinary milk, the rates per quart be
ing 6 and 12 cents. In some other
places the rate is 10 centa per quart.
At these prices we are told the pro
ducers of sanitary milk cannot keep
up with the demand. Ultimately the
prices for the two kinds of milk will
draw together, as the amount of san
itary milk increases. When the idea
of using only safe milk has taken hold
of people to the extent that half or
the milk used is of that kind, a new
factor will appear. That factor will
be local legislation in favor of sani
tary milk and the prohibition of the
sale of any other kind of milk.
The world of horticulture is a mys
terious one, and in it are many secrets
yet to be found out. We have consid
ered that the question of maternity be
longs to living and breathing animals.
But we are now awaking to the fact
that we must consider maternity in the
vegetable world. As ccientists investi
gate, the wonder grows. Not only are
there self-sterile varieties among
grapes, plums and pears, but among
the apples self-sterility exists to a
great extent.. More than that, varie
ties have been discovered that have no
affinity toward each other and if plant
ed together will produce no fruit This
presents a new field for investigation
Arrah, now, but railways are a
moighty foine invintion, annyway."
Friend: "I shouldn't have thought
you could see much to admire in them,
Pat. seeing that you lost your leg in
a railway accident" Pat: "Faith, an
didn't Oi get $200 damages? Begorra,
if it had only been my head Oi'd have
owned the Iolne."
A corner in St. Louis that sold for
1359.000 in 1S91 has just changed
bauds for Sl.OCJVttO.
," - l a- .! z
ten xec h
Farmers as miicn as any class. of
ilaen should know what to look for
When looking over a horse before pur
chasing him and should go about it in
a proper way. As it is, they are too apt
to think that because they Have always
bad more Br less to do with horses
that they cannot be fooled or cheated,
and are so often .too careless With the
result that they fall Into traps and are
2aanclal losers. We see this at the
Chicago Stock Yards, where many
farmers come to buy work horses and
give them less careful examination
than many city buyers, who show
great care, in their purchases and em
ploy veterinarians ,to help them if not
Personally qualified, to judge as to
soundness. There are a few simple
points which .anyone may remember
atid. follow when examining a horse
to find if he is. sound or practically
sound. See the horse in his stall and
before he has been exercised for the
day If possible. By so doing it is
bfteh possible to discover that the an
imal is a "crlbber" and "wlndsucker."
In the sdme way one may catch a
case of spavin lameness which would
not be seen were the horse allowed to
come out of the barn on the run and
keep" going while under inspection.
Many spavined horses show the lame
ness most when made to "get over" in
the stall and when backing out of the
stall; This is also true of horses af
flicted with chorea (St Vitus' dance),
Which is not apparent when the ani
mal Is exercised, yet constitutes un
soundness. Horses so affected are
termed "crampy" by the horse buyers
and some of them are so slightly af
fected that one Is sure to be "stuck" if
the examination Is not made in the
barn. By watching the horse in his
stall it Is also possible to notice if he
Be a "weaver," which means a horse
that is constantly weaving his head
back and forward like a captive Hon
In his den. This is to many people a
very irritating habit and is certainly
unsightly, but does not, properly
speaking, constitute unsoundness, nor
do We think it injures a horse for
work. After viewing the horse in his
stall have him led out and examine
his eyes. Stand in front of him and
with the hand pretend to strike the
horse below the eye, trying each side
alternately. The animal will flinch
the moment the motion is made if he
can see. This is necessary even with
horses having large, prominent eyes,
for there Is a disease called "amauro
sis," which causes blindness from par
alysis of the optic nerves, yet the an
imal has a fine appearing eye. Walk
slowly around the horse and note his
every point from a small distance.
Look at the contour of his head and
neck, the lines of his back, the way
his shoulders are set, the manner in
which he stands upon his legs, the
shape of his legs, the way in which he
carries his tail, the many other points
which go to make a horse attractive
or the reverse. Watch him again
when walked and trotted, and if he is
satisfactory in these respects examine
him more carefully point by point
when standing still. Commence at
the teeth and determine his age, or It
will be usually sufficient to ascertain
whether he is under or over eight
years of age. Pass the finger into the
mouth and examine by pressure where
the bit would press to sec if the bars
of the mouth (lower jaw) are sound.
Often the bone is broken at this place,
and this is usually indicated by an
open sore and bad odor from retained
decomposing saliva or bone. See that
the tongue is whole, not partially sev
ered; that the front teeth (Incisors)
do not lap over each other like the
bill of a parrot, for a horse so de
formed cannot graze properly. Next
examine the corners of the mouth to
see that he is not a hard puller as in
dicated by a sore or callous condition
which Indicates lugging on the bit.
If the teeth are much worn down in
an uneven manner in front It may- be
concluded that the horse is a crlbber
If that has not been discovered by
watching him in his stall. Examine
the nostrils for a tumor or polypus
may be present in the false nostril
which overlies the true nostril. It
may also show evidence of a chronic
discharge which If present should
lead the intending buyer to examine
more carefully for glanders, nasal
glut or a diseased molar tooth.
The fearful ravages of the San Jose
scale are plainly evident in some of
our best peach-growing states. We
believe that some of our Illinois men
that are laughing at this pest as of
no consequence would quickly change
their minds if they could go through
the peach-growing sections of our At
lantic states. Whole orchards have,
within two years, had to be cut down,
each orchard consisting of thousands
of trees. A representative of the
Farmers Review recently visited an
orchard of thousands of trees that are
apparently doomed to the axe. The
trees are just coming into bearing, but
are so covered with the scale that
treatment is almost out of the ques
tion. The question of destroying plant lice
by fumigation is a live one and one
that is being exploited. Of old we used
to kill rose lice with the fumes of to
bacco. The present mode includes the
killing of tree and plant insects by
more powerful gases. Thus the San
Jose scale Is being disposed of by the
assistance of hydrocyanic gas applied
to the trees when the latter have been
covered with big tents. With small
peach trees the application becomes
ea'Sy, especially when the trees are
low-headed. Later experimenters are
using the same gas to destroy lice on
vegetables. Small caps are made, to
be placed over each plant, and inside
is dropped a small amount of the
chemicals that make the gas. In ten
minutes the insects are all dead, and
the plant uninjured. The process is,
however, only in it3 experimental
The articles that are appearing in
the Farmers Retiew on the Kieffer
pear illustrate how skilled men may
differ. Some of the horticulturists that
are looked upon as authorities and as
well-nigh infallible, have taken posi
tions diametrically opposed to each
other. We hope there will be more
unanimity of opinion after all the evi
dence is in. Nearly every subject has
in it more than appears on superficial
He that lieth down with dogs shall
rise up with fleas.
Marriage and death notices are sim
ply business advertisements. One her
alds a co-partnership and the other a
An Ohio farmer has already suc
ceeded in growing hickory nuts with
shells so thin that they can be broken
by the hand. Indianapolis News.
Women buy things they do not want
at bargain crushes to prevent women
who may need the articles from buy
Better bs stupidly silent than volu
She .Suffered for Years and
felt Her Case Was Hope
Mrs. Judge McAllister writes from
1217 West 33rd at, Minneapolis, Minn:;
as follows: .
"I suffered for years with a .pain in
the small of my back and right side.
It interfered often with my domestic
and social duties and X never supposed
that I would be cured, as the doctor's
medicine did not seem to help me any.
"Fortunately axmember of our. Order
advised me to try Peruna and gave it
such high praise that I decided to try
It Although I started in with little
faith, I felt so much better im a week
that I felt encouraged-
"I took it faithfully for seven weeks
and am happy Indeed to be able to say
that I am entirely cured. Words fall
to express my gratitude. Perfect health
once more is the best thing I could
wish for, and thanks to Peruna enjoy
that now." Minnie E. McAllister. ,
The great popularity of Peruna as a
catarrh remedy has tempted many
people to imitate Peruna. A great
many so-called catarrh remedies and
catarrhal tonics are to be found In
many drug stores. These remedies, can
be procured by the druggist much
cheaper than Peruna. Peruna can only
be obtained at a uniform price, andho
druggist can get it a cent cheapen
Thus it is that druggists are tempted
to substitute the cheap imitations bf
Peruna for Peruna. It is done every
day without a doubt
We would therefore caution all peo-
ireclaa Prince a Draaaatlat.
Prince Nicholas of Greece, third son
of the king of the Helleces. was re
cently designated "laureate" in a dra
matic congress organized by the Uni
versity of Athens. The work which
obtained for him this distinction was
a comedy entitled "The Reformers."
nm' was judged on its merits, the com
petitors having to send in their compo
sitions under pseudonyms only:
RED CROSS BALI. BLUE
Should lie in every home. Ask your grocer
for it. Large oz. package only 5 ceuts.
Who is in the right fears, who is
in the wrong hopes.
Nebraska Baslnesaaad Shorthand College,
Boyd Building: Omaha, Neb.
13,000 expended last year in type
writers. 2,500 in actual business and
banking furniture. It is the most
thoroughly equipped institution in the
west. Send for catalogue. A. C. Ong,
A. M., LL. B., Prest.
Who has never done thinking never
Sure to be arrested! Any ache or
pain by Hamlin's famous Wizard Oil.
Your druggist sells it.
He who blows upon dust fills bis
eyes with it.
FITS rrmnen.T rnrxi. ITo ett or t.n-onnm afta
fir-t !i"t" id of 1-. film!' !ieat Srri- Kftirer.
Senil for FKEK S2.00 trial h.tt nI :rri.
lav R. II. Kuik. LM..93I aruURt. Ihllatleliiifwra.
Phil May. the London artist, tells
how at the age of 12 he became a
timekeeper in a large iron foundi-.
bays he: "I was delighted wl.h th
office, but the foundry masters were
not quite so satisfied. At first they
were surprised at the great punctualiiv
of the entire saff of workmen; later
they simply marveled at its continu
ance, and finally they discovered thai
I kept the timebook on a system of
He who would relish his food must
not see it cooked.
NEW EQUIPMENT FOR TBE WABASH.
EfTeive July 10th. The Wabash Is
placing the first of the large order of
equipment, consisting of two baggage,
8 combination pasenger ard baggage,
30 coaches, 10 chair cars, 3 cafe cars
and 2 dining cars into service. The
trains running from Chicago leaving at
11:00 a. m.. 3:03 p. m., 9:15 p. m. and
11:00 p. m., respectively, will carry
this new equipment. Much comment
has been made upon the eltgant broad
vestibule chair cars in this service. In
addition to this extra equipment, the
Pan-American Special, running be
tween St Louis and Buffalo, leaves St.
Louis at 1:00 p. m.. arriving at Buffalo
8:20 a. m. Returning, leaves Buffalo
1:30 p. m., arrives St. Louis 7:56 a. m.
This train has been equipped with the
large broad vestibule chair cars and
cafe library and observation cars,
something entirely new, an innovation
in the passenger service.
He who would be long an old man
miist begin betimes.
God heals and the doctor has the
for the TEETH and BREATH
It Sizt S0Z0MIT Uf Hit . . . 25t
Itw Mint lii S0Z0D0IT NWDER . . 25c
Largt LtfUID and P0WIB ... 75c
At the Stores or by Mail, postpaid, for the Price.
A Dentist's Opinion: "As an antiseptic and hygienic
mouthwash, and for the caro and preservation of the teetli and
grnns, I cordially recommend Sozodont. T consider it the ideal
dentifrice for children's use." Name of writer upon application.
HALL & RUCKEL, NEW YORK.
Has No Equal.
y eammmmlBalBlBBBBBmOUt 1y
iM Ji PPEPAREDF09
informatics. Orders In LOGO bu. lots
oad I upwards. Bank references. . a.
Evrir.fcsm a Co.. CMmere. Mdf,. CMctfe.
4035 inxm fr-zLUSTB.
pie against accepting these substitutes
Insist upon having Peruna. There is no
other internal remedy .for catarrh that
will take the place of Peruna. Allow!
no one to persuade you to the contrary.
If you do not derive prompt and sat
isfactory results .from the use of Pe
runa. write at once to Dr. Hartmari;
giving a full statement of your case
and he will be, pleased to give you his
valuable advice gratis.
Address Dr. Hartmari; President of
The Hartman Sanitarium. Columbus,
ST. MARY'S ACADEMY,
Notre Daaae, ladiaaa.
fre call the attention of our readers
to the advertisement bf St. Mary's
Academy, which appears in another
column of this paper. We do not need
to expatiate upon the scholastic advan
tages of St. Mary's, for the catalogue
of the school shows the scope of work
Included In its curriculum, which is
of the same high standard as that of
Vassar and Bryn Mawr. and is carried
out faithfully in the class rooms. We
simply emphasize the spirit of earnest
devotion which makes every teacher
of St. Mary's loyally strive to develop
each young girl attendant there into
the truest, noblest, and most intelligent
womanhood. Every advantage of
equipment in the class rooms, labora
tories and study rooms, every care in
the matter of food and clothing, and
exceptional excellence of climatic con
ditionsall these features are found at
St. Mary's, In the perfection of develop
ment only to be obtained by the con
secration of devoted lives to educa
tional Christian work in a spot far
vored by the Lord.
Hrgan Cllmltlnc at ?.
Sim Martin Conway, the famous
mountaineer, who has just been elected
Slade professor of fine arts at Cam
bridge university. England, made his
first ascent of a mountain at the ago
Ask your grocer for DEFIANCE!
STARCH, the only 16 oz. packago for
10 cents. All other 10-cent rtarch con
tains only 12 oz. Satisfaction guaran
teed or money refunded.
Arcued of Too Much Z:il.
It is charged by the opopsitinn ir.AI
toona, la., that the anti-saioon league
has employed minors to solicit drinks
at bars, misrepresenting their age?.
and that the theological students have
been imported to work up evidenco
' against gamblers. One of the stu
; dents is said to have been so well up
in the game of poker that he tool; all
the money in a big game placti at
one of the political clubs. This cm-
, atiucin, ui luiusi-, uv tin inwt ami iva.
Ask your grocer for DEFIANCE
STARCH, the only 1C oz. package for
10 cents. All other 10-cent starch con
tains only 12 oz. Satisfaction guaran
teed or money refunded.
(iREATLV REDUCED RATES
WABASH R. R.
$13.00 Buffalo and return 513.00.
ttl.OO New York and return $:!1.00
The Wabash from Chicago will fcell
tickets at the above rates daily. Aside
from these rates, the Wabash run
through trains over its own rails from.
Kansas I'ity, St. Louis and ChlcuRo ami
offer many special rates during the
summer month?, allowing stopovers at
Niagara Falls and Buffalo.
Ask your nearest Ticket Agent or ad
dress Harry E. Moores. General Agent.
Pass. Dept.. Omaha. Neb., or C. S.
Crane. G. P. & T. A.. St. Louis. Mo.
China has a coast line of over 2.50 .
sSf I'lK N0OOr :L.
bbbbbbWL bbbbbbD maHlrm JbbTi
bbbbbbbV t m IbbbbbbW bbbJssOHM SbbbT
eiiBBiaLijfsM.-. axrai - m
Onethird more starch
a better starch that is
the whole story. Defiance
Starch. 16 ounces for 10
Don't forget it a better qual
ity and onc'third more of it.
Will make good
far f rJW warlr
.ywjSy 3 Mf X- -C
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