Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (July 24, 1901)
Powered by OpenONI
- ae Bala Aaeaecva a Aaataer.
It is not usual for a ship on the
high seas to elect to cast anchor on
the deck of a passing steamer; but
that is what a four masted schooner
did recently in the Atlantic The two
vessels grazed in the fog. and the
"catted" port anchor of the schooner
caught in the steamer's deck "by a
.fluke." It fastened to an engineer's
state room in such a manner as to
bar his exit, but fortunately the chain
parted just as the room was being
ripped into fragments. The schooner
followed the steamer to its destination
to recover her anchor.
Her Laadable Atabltloa.
Colonel G. B. M. Harvey, the pub
lisher, " tells of meeting the young
bride of a well known Keutucky fam
ily, who said: "I'm glad to meet you,
because I'm thinking of writing a
book."' "Of what sore?" asked the
colonel. "Oh," was the answer,
"something like 'Les Miserables,' only
How He Headed Off Sharpshooters.
William K. Vanderbilt, Jr., does not
intend that Idle Hour, his new homo
at Oakland, L. I., shall be photo
graphed without his permission. .He
has accordingly had pictures taken
from every possible point and copy
righted the results.
Couldn't Work Hiat for a "Teasple."
A civil engineer employed in Salt
Lake City received recently from the
cashier at the works at which' he had
been engaged his first week's, wages,
less 10 per cent. He asked why, hav
ing worked a full week at agreed
rate, there should be any deduction.
"It's the tithe for the Temple," was
the answer, and on further inquiry it
appeared that it was usual in Salt
Lake City for every citizen or work
man to pay over to the eMers a sum
representing a tithe, or 10 j-er cent or
his earnings or gains. The engineer
said that he knew nothing about the
Temple or the elders, and that he
cared less. He added that he would
have his full pay or know the reason
why. "Oh. it's entirely optional,"
said the cashier, pushing over the bal
ance. Woier.'iil Cate In Indiana.
Buck Creek, Ind., July 15th Mrs.
Elizabeth' Rorick of this place had
Rheumatism. She says: "All the doc
tors told me they could do nothing for
me." She was very, very bad, and
the pain was so great she could not
sleep at night.
She used Dodd's Kidney Pills, and
she is well and entirely free from pain
or any symptom of the Rheumatism.
"Are you still using Dodd's Kidney
Pills?" was asked.
"No, I stopped the use of the Pills
some time ago, and have not had the
slightest return of my old trouble. I
am sure I am completely and perma
Many in Tippecanoe County who
have heard of Mrs. Rorick's case and
her cure by Dodd's Kidney Pills, are
using the Pills, and all report won
Royal l'Utol Shot.
King George of Greece, has lately
taken up ptetol practice as an amuse
ment and is developing a considerable
talent in that direction, s-j that he
was able in a recent tournament to
defeat some of the best snots in the
Asa Taa Ualaa: Allan's Foot Ease?
It is the only cure for Swollen,
8martlng, Burning, Sweating Feet,
Corns and Bunions. Ask for Allen's
Foot-Ease, a powder to be shaken into
the shoes. At all Druggists and Shoe
Stores, 25c Sample sent FREE. Ad
dress, Allen S. Olmsted, LeRoy, N. Y.
Teach your child to hold his tongue;
he'll learn to speak fast enough.
Clear whito clothes nro a sign that the
housekeeper ues IUsl Cross Ball Blue
Large - oz. package, " coats.
An innocent plowman is more
worthy than a vicious prince.
Mr. Wlntlowa boothing yrnp.
"For children tet!ng. sof teni thezumi, reduce lr
Do good to thy friend to keep him
to thy enemy to gain him.
Ask your grocer for DEFIANCE
STARCH, the only "16 oz. package for
10 cents. All other 10-cent starch con
tains only 12 oz. Satisfaction guaran
teed or money refunded.
Seminole War Fennlonera.
In the Masonic home in Walling
ford. Conn., there resides one of the
four veterans now alive of the Sem
inole war. He is Charles Benedict, an
old Mason. He is ou the list of Nncle
Sam's pensioners. Two other surviv
ors of the war, and all one the pen
sion roll, are Samuel Hart, of Rock
port. Mass., and Samuel D. Calkins,
NEW EQUIPMENT FOR THE WABASH.
Effective July 10th. The Wabash is
placing the first of the large order of
equipment, consisting of two baggage,
8 combination pasenger and baggage,
30 coaches, 10 chair cars, 3 cafe cars
and 2 dining cars into service. The
trains running from Chicago leaving at
11:00 a. m., 3:03 p. m., 9:15 p. m. and
11:00 p. m., respectively, will carry
this new equipment. Much comment
has been made upon the elegant broad
vestibule chair cars in this service. In
addition to this extra equipment, the
Pan-American Special, running be
tween St Louis and Buffalo, leaves St.
Louis at 1:00 p. m., arriving at Buffalo
8:20 a. m. Returning, leaves Buffalo
1:30 p. m., arrives St. Louis 7:56 a. m.
This train has been equipped with fhe
large broad vestibule chair cars and
cafe library and observation cars,
something entirely new, an innovation
in the passenger service.
Busephalus, the horse of Alexander,
hath as lasting fame as his master.
BaaWBaaSf HaJal BBaasillalatA mm thai
OTIWI aaaJSSJSJ MnlHIII IWl PS1
At all Mora, ar far Mail forthenioa,
HAU.AHUCKEL, N aw York.
rrtBlTbABMtaAa'a a?v Wat
sera faa.aati " aisnaa
Vkea iasvenafl Uvsrtissaeats Kiacly
HestiM His rasec
W.N.U. OMAHA Ns. 39-1901
awLSTfeJi? &' B
BTFte.Etillwij m antTa MiPbmt. Maw B
pr BBar-Biaa aBBBaaaaaW atBalka BaaaaBBaaBath-W. V a
i . z . . .
laaaaaBBBBBk J bbbbbbbi a aaa laaawJHaa nKAi . aaaae
iriaBBBBBBBBBalneaBSJL (t VT:TUSg- YlJEaaaBaBagaaBaal
Flag-Day Verses by a Milwaukee Boy
Twelve Years Old.
The folds of our protecting flag
Enshroud us. when we stand
To fight for freedom, justice, right.
In this our glorious land.
We think of battles fought for it,
As on its stars we gaze.
O, wave your own, your country's flag,
Its glowing colors raise.
Great Lincoln and great Washington
Fought for Old Glory's right.
Great Webster and great JefTerson,
Great Grant fought with their might
So give three cheers and one cheer
Aye, aye, that's what we'll do,
And wave huts to our noble flag,
The red! the white! the blue!
Paul G. Gregory, aged 12, in Mil
IIUtor!c Plata Warm Oat.
The steel engraved plate from which
has been printed every commission to
naval officers for the last fifty or sixty
years has seen its last service, having
become too much worn for further use,
and will now be laid away with the
sacred relics of the navy department
It has been noticed for some time that
the commissions printed from this
plate were becoming less clear cut, and
when Capt Sigsbee received his last
commission his comment on the sub
ject to Secretary Long induced that of
ficial to take up again the matter for
consideration. After lengthy discus
sion Secretary Long sent for the of
ficials of the bureau of engraving and
Instructed them to take a copy of the
old plate as nearly as the rules of that
bureau in reference to counterfeiting
would permit The engravers wished
to change the plate by putting new and
improved guns in place of the old
"Long Tom" in vogue in 1830-40, and
the new warships for the old sailing
vessels, but to this neither Secretary
Long nor his assistants would agree.
They wished to preserve the style of
engraving of the period in which it
was made, and retain all the old ear
marks of that date As the matter
bow stands the new plate will be an
exact reproduction, save for some slight
changes of shading and so on. The
old plate was made by the American
Bank Note Company in New York in
1830 or 1840, and is considered one of
the finest and most artistic pieces of
engraving belonging to the govern
ment Having seen service for the he
roes of both the Civil and Spanish
American wars, as well as other men
of long and faithful service, it is re
garded with reverence by the navy de
partment The eagle at the top of tho
commission has a lean and hungry
look, and not the appearance of being
a near relative even of the well-fed,
pompous-looking bird that adorns the
bank notes and government docu
ments of today. The flags, guns, boats
and other naval equipments are all
typical of the period of the navy sixty
years ago, while the figures of Nep
tune and Nereid, plowing the waves
with their star horses, beautifully con
ceived and executed, make it one of
the most elaborate and imposing docu
ments of the government Washing
The Cost of War.
During the last century the art of
war has shared in all improvements.
But improvements in the art of war
have not reduced the cost to those in
dulging in it; they have rather in
creased it This fact, though, has not
lessened the number of wars in the
nineteenth century. No other ten de
cades of history cover so many great
conflicts. Recall the Napoleonic wars
of the early part of the century; the
Crimean war in the middle, our own
great Civil war, the Franco-Prussian
war, the Turco-Russian war, the
Chino-Japanese war; and then" read
the names of some of the "littlelwars":
The long Algerian war, the civil war
in Spain and Portugal, our war with
Mexico, Great Britain's wars with
China and with the tribesmen and hill
men that Kipling tells of. the Spanish
American war only three years ago;
Italy's war in Abssinia. Think of the
Seminole war. and the yearly conflicts
with the Indians. There is no doubt
of the century having betn war-like,
and its total cost is very close to $20,
000,000,000. Just how much is a bil
lion? It is one thousand millions; but
that fact Is not expressive. There are
only 3,155,673,600 seconds in a century
that is, six dollars have been spent
on war for every second of the cen
tury. If we take Archbishop Usher's
chronology, and consider the world to
be 5,904 years old, we find that the na
tions have spent on war during the
nineteenth century at the rate of six
dollars a minute since the creation.
The moat costly building In the world
is the Church of San Pietro in Vati
cano, known to us as St Peter's, Rome.
It has cost not less than $70,000,000
since its foundation stone was laid, yet
nearly three hundred other churches
of equal cost could be built out of
what the world has spent on wars dur
ing the nineteenth century. The world
spends upwards of $530,000,000 a year
on education. If it spent thirty-seven
times as much, it would not equal the
war expenses of the past century. The
population of the world is estimated at
1,500,000.000; the money spent on war
between 1S01 and 1900 would give to
each man, woman and child alive to
day more than $13 as pocket money.
If a man counted 200 a minute for ten
hours a daysix days a week, he would
have counted one million in 8 days 3
hours and 20 minutes. At the same
rate, he wouhl need 8,333 days, 3 hours
and 20 minutes to count one billion,
or 26 years, 195 days, 3 hours and 20
minutes, not counting Sundays. To
count "twenty billions would take 532
years, 150 days, 6 hours and 40 min
utes. R. Gordon Butler in Home Mag
azine. Orr Lores Grand Arar-
At the thirty-fifth annual encamp
ment, G. A. R.. Department of New
York, held In Rochester, Charles A.
Orr of Buffalo was elected commander
by a large majority; John H. Swift of
Union, Broome county, senior vice
commander; Daniel M. Hulse of Can
sJalfua, junior vice commander; .Dr.
John Parsons ot New York, medical
director; the Rev. John F. Tinker of
Poughkeepeie, chaplain. Council of
administration A. R. Penfleld of J. D.
O'Brien Post, No. $5, Oswego; Joseph
Porter of Skillen Post, No. 47 Rome;
M. J. Cummlngs of Devin Post, No.
148, Brooklyn; James Owens of H. B-.
Claflin Post. No, 578, New York, and
L. L. Hanchett of J. M. Brown Post,
No. 285, Jamestown. Thus far two staff
appointments are announced General
George B. Loud, New York, Inspector
general, and W. H. Boughton of Troy,
adjutant general. At the time of his
election Comrade Orr said: "Next to
my wife I love the Grand Army more
than anything else on earth. For the
past twenty-five years I have been
much of the time in official positions
by the vote of the majority and the
warm support ot my comrades, t have
tried during these many years In pub
lic positions to do right I have also
tried to do all in my power for my
comrades, their widows and orphans,
and shall continue to do so to the end
of my life. I assure you that I fully
appreciate this high honor you have
conferred upon me and shall not be
satisfied with myself when I leave the
position of department commander if
my comrades and friends are not satis
fied with my administration. I have
many friends warm and dear, to re
member, and so far as I am able I cer
tainly shall not forget them, and here
I thank them all from the bottom of
vara Tast far Caaalaatas.
The young men who have been se
lected to be examined for transfer from
the volunteers to the regular estab
lishment, as well as those candidates
who receive appointments from civil
life, are coming against a pretty severe
examination whenever they are sub
jected to the prescribed tests, says the
Washington correspondent of the New
York Times. These young men must
first show that their military record,
if they have one, is good; that is of
the first consideration. If in this the
men can pass muster, is "all right" in
mathematics, and makes a decent av
erage in army and drill regulations, he
may depend upon getting his commis
sion. Then there is a very rigorous
physical examination, as thorough and
exacting as that to which recruits are
subjected. The examination to ascer
tain the educational qualifications of
the candidate include English gram
mar, mathematics with algebra, the
solution of equations of the first de
gree containing one unknown quan
tity; the use of logarithms, the ele
ments of plane geometry, plane trig
onometry and surveying. Added to
this the candidate must tell what he
knows in answer to questions in geo
graphy, outlines of general history and
history of the United States, the con
stitution and the elements of inter
national law. Physical aptitude and
moral character are considered. No
candidate will be passed who shall not
have attained an average of 65 per
cent in each subject of examination,
and a general average of at least 70
Veterans a Orchard Planter.
A force of 100 men, most of them
veterans of the National Soldiers'
Home, recently set out 27,000 apple
trees on the farm of ex-Governor Mor
rill, in the southern part of Leaven
worth county. Kansas. When these
trees were planted there were 64,000
trees set out in one compact body of
land, making it the largest distinctive
apple orchard in the United States,
and, so far as known, in the world.
Three years ago ex-Governor Morrill
purchased 889 acres of land, and, with
the aid of Francis Goble, a horticul
turist started to plant the largest ap
ple orchard in the country. The land
and rapltal furnished by Governor
Morrill, while Mr. Goble acts as sup
erintendent. They are to share the
profits equally for 15 years, and then
Governor Morrill is to have all. They
expect in one good fruit year at any
time after the next three years to
make enough money to pay for the en
tire expense of planting and caring for
the 64,000 trees.
EtIU of the Military Step.
Dr. Colin, of the French army, has
published in La Salud the results of
his investigations regarding the ef
fects which the regulation military
step of the disciplined soldier pro
duces on his health and on his con
stitution. The regularity of the mili
tary step causes an indefinite repeti
tion of the shock affecting the bones
and the brain which is much more
prejudicial than that produced by an
irregular walk. Dr. Colin attributes to
the regular and uniform repetition of
this shock on the same parts of the
body much of the pains and diseases
peculiar to the soldier. During the
march of a single day this shock is
repeated 40,000 times, and the 'strong
est men, who can walk a long dis
tance without fatigue when using the
ordinary step, yield to the tension
caused by the military step after two
or three days.
Gen. Fltxhngh Lee's Daetelaa.
General Fitzhugh Lee has decided to
enter into business in Richmond, Va.,
where he will henceforth make his
home. He has not decided as to the
nature of his future work,' but it Is
believed that it will be of an indus
trial character. He does not hesitate
to admit that it will be hard for him
to keep out of politics, and in a talk
with an interviewer who asked him if
he would ever become a candidate for
office he was noncommittal.
Xew York W. K. C OMeara.
At the department convention of the
Woman's Relief Corps, held in Roches
ter, N. Y., Mrs. Jennie P. Shepard of
Seneca Falls was elected department
president and Miss Masie S. Greene of
New York, senior vice department
Captain Frederick Stanley Maude
has just been given the post of mili
tary secretary to the Governor Gen
eral of Canada. He Is the son of the
late. General Sir Frederick Maude, V.
C, and a near relative of Cyril Maude,
the well-known actor.
WiiPiieer we have an over-production
cf food and clothing the poor
must go hungry and ragged. Suppose
now that when God has an over-production
of blessings, would he let the
world go ro the devil?
The mission ot the world is to work.
If you are not working yon are a
traitor to creation, a sponge in the
tub of toil, a blank shell in God's box
FARM AND GAEPEN.
MATTERS OP INTEREST TO
ra-te-Data Htata Aaaat Calttv.
ttea of the 60U aad Yield Thereof"
HarUcaltue TlUealtare aad Flarlcal-
Haw to Sell Fralb
ft. M. Kellogg, the well-known fruit
grower bf Michigan, writing in his an
nual catalogue on the way to sell fruit,
Never give the market a thought un
til the berries are ready but spend
your time growing such a grade of
fruit that customers will wait for your
coming. You will not have to run
around to drum up trade
If your fruit is right you will not
have any trouble in arranging with the
.leading dealer to handle all you have.
Get a heat circular letter printed de
scribing your berries and have one left
with every family who is a customer
of your dealer, telling then! where they
can be had. Have notices put id the
papers to the same effect Pack your
fruit honestly in a nice, clean box and
don't forget to put some big berries in
the bottom. The people will find them
and give you a good deal of credit If
you ship to a distant city secure a re
liable dealer in the same way and have
a neat stencil or label which shall act
as a trademark, so that people will be
come accustomed to it and insist on
having your brand. You will have no
occasion to make consignments to a
commission house but will be put to
your wits' end to get enough fruit to
supply regular customers.
If you -are so fortunate as to have
common fruit, do as the other fellow
does: sell it for what it will bring
but never put your name on it so that
people shall find out that it came
from your establishment A good
reputation Is a splendid stock In trade.
It gives you the advantage on the mar
ket and causes people to pass by the
other growers and patronize you.
Have a neat letter head and bill head
to use when you have occasion to
write to a customer or present a bill.
Take pride In your business and do
business in a business-like way. t
have made most money selling direct
to private families. I never failed to
secure for customers nearly every
family on all the principal streets.
Other growers would tag around after
me and offer my customers their ber
ries for two or three cents less per
quart, but I paid no attention to them.
Always Insist on a fair price and
back it up by a comparison of values
and you will have no trouble in get
ting and holding customers. Be firm
and courteous under all circum
stances; don't get angry if they do
quit you, but express your regrets and
leave them in a mood in which they
can come back without prejudice. It
costs nothing and it is pleasant to
be known as a gentleman with whom
everybody likes to deal. Don't cut
prices but look up new customers if
you have a surplus of fruit Don't
peddle indiscriminately from house to
house but have regular customers
whom you supply daily.
Insist on a good price for fancy
fruit and you will always get it You
will rarely or never lose a customer,
but you will keep on getting more
patronage as the quality of your fruit
becomes known. Nine-tenths of the
people will buy the best fruit they can
get, and a reasonably high price cuts
no figure if they can only know where
to get a regular supply. Any grocery
man will tell you he always sells his
fancy fruit first and the low grades
last The word goes from one family
to another and to their friends in dis
tant towns, where families will club
together and have several bushels
shipped daily by express and divide
them among themselves. I have al
ways had a large trade of this kind.
When selling one kind of fruit en
gage the next coming on, so as to have
everything sold in advance. You will
soon find all your time occupied in
selling fruit and directing work, and
you can hire the drudgery done by
people of less enterprise.' Pay your
men good wages, so they will prize
their places, but let them understand
that everything depends on first-class,
careful work. When they see the
drones being weeded out they will
take the hint; and don't forget the
worst use you can make of a man is
to quarrel with him and call him hard
names. Just say to him kindly that
his services are no longer needed, and
let him go. A neat personal appear
ance is a good stock In trade. Wear
a good business suit and keep your
shoes blacked, and be In condition to
approach a wealthy family and make
a good Impression, and never offer a
customer berries in an old dirty box.
Keep your wagon as neat and attrac
tive as possible.
Improving the Seed Cora.
The Illinois Seed Corn Breeders' As
sociation takes pride in pointing to its
record of one year from its primary
organization. From the moment of
its first meeting it has constantly kept
before the farmer everywhere and in
every way the importance of improv
ing the Seed Corn of the state. By
presenting the matter before the va
rious Farmers' Institute meetings and
at all gatherings of the Live Stock
men" the interest in this respect has
been greatly awakened and today no
subject is more strongly fixed in the
mind of the corn growers than the
necessity of the improvement in seed
corn. We believe there is no matter
of greater importance before us than
the Breeding of Corn for Seed and
Feed Purposes. Since it is well known
that all the available corn land is now
under cultivation, that we have not
in ten years materially increasedthe
yield and have not at all increased the
quality, and that against this fact that
in ten years corn products have great
ly increased and exports of corn from
31,000,000 bushels in 1S91 to 210,000,-
000 in 1900. We must raise more
bushels and better quality per acre if
we are to keep up with the onward
march of progress. F. A. Warner,
Thla va. Thick Cora Flaatlar.
How thick should corn be planted
when it -is to be used for ensilage?
This question is of considerable im
portance, as the thickness of planting
has a direct bearing on the yield pos
sible. No absolute rule can be given
that will suit all soils, since it is evi
dent that light and heavy soils will
behave differently, and that difference
of fertilization also has much to do
with the result
At the New Jersey Experiment Sta
tion last year one acre of ground was
divided into one-fourth acre plots and
planted to Southern White corn, June
8th. The corn was planted in drills
on all of the plots, the drills being
three feet and six inches apart
Plot 1 was planted at the rate of
six quarts of corn per acre. The stalks
stood ten inches apart in the drill.
Plot 2 at the rate of five quarts per
acre, the stalks standing twelve inches
Plot 3 at the rate of four quarts psr
acre, with stalks fourteua inches afart
Plot 4 at the rate ot three attarti
per acre, with stalks sixteen laches
The results were entirely In favor
ot the thicker plantings. The yield
of silage tern on plot 1 was at the
rate el 0J3 tons per acre; on plot i it
was at the rale ot 7.T$ tons per acre;
on plot 3 it was at the rate of 7.49
tons to the acre; and on plot 4 at the
rate of 7.48 tons "per acre.
It was noticed 'on plot i. where the
corn was planted the thickest, that it
took the moisture from the soil more
rapidly and suffered more from the
drouth than the other plots. The ear
were also noticeably smaller on piota
1 and 2, where the corn was planted
thickly than, on the more thiniy seed
ed plots. The experimenters express
the opinion that the thickest planting
is the most profitable for silage cotn:
We are sure that some of our sllof
ists will disagree with the above, but
know also that others will sustain
the cbnclusidns reached. Some want
to grow a goodly proportion of grain
with the stalks and such will plant
at wider distances. On the other
hand, the writer once heard, H. B.
Gurler remark that he intended, to
plant closer and raise only stalks, find
ing it more profitable to buy the grain
needed than to raise it, taking into
consideration hie increasing necessi
ties for silage.
Bread ar tVladaor Beaa.
This ts the "bean of history," 6r
that which Was earlier cultivated.
This bead grows erect, about itt feet
high, has a sqdare, reddish stem, and
the leaves Are made up of oval leaflets.
The pods are broad, thicker at the end
and generally curved and pendent, con
taining thlcklsh, bulging seeds. Sev
eral varieties are grown in tiurope
both for fodder and for human food,
BTod or Windav beta.
but it does not continue as long in
bearing as other beans. It is said to be
more generally eaten there by the poor
than by the wealthy, but, as it has a
distinct and agreeable flavor of its
own, quite different from the kidney
bean, it should be better known among
us. It is gathered when full grown,
but unripe, as it is then best flavored.
The Broad Windsor is perhaps the best
known of the cultivated varieties, but
it is less successfully grown in the
United States than in Europe, the cli
mate being apparently unsuited to its
best development It is imported to
some extent in exchange for varieties
Defroitlng of Meat.
In the foreign meat trade great in
terest is being manifested just now
in the discovery of a new method of
defrosting meat As everyone knows,
meat which has been preserved by
freezing invariably presents a flabby
and washed-out appearance on being
thawed by the ordinary process, but
by the new method discovered by Mr.
A. H. Chapman, sheep farmer, of Ku
row, the defrosted meat presents quite
as fresh an appearance as the fresh
meat which has never been frosted.
The new process consists in wrapping
up the meat in a waterproof and air
tight canvas while the carcass is be
ing thawed, and this method is said
to be altogether successful in prevent
ing the loss of freshness, which al
ways results when frozen meat is
thawed in the ordinary way. It is
estimated that at present thirty tons
of chilled and frozen meat are con
sumed weekly in Edinburg alone. It
is therefore easy to see the huge pos
sibilities that there are for any per
fected system which will bring over
the meat in better condition than can
be done at present. North British
The Australians, it appears, are put
ting up fruit preserves in the form
of bricks, and the United States Ag
ricultural department has become in
terested in the subject, as it is believed
that in a country, especially in Cali
fornia, where fruit is so plentiful, that
a vast industry can be developed in
preserves put up in this form. The
process consists simply in compressing
fruit-pulp into bricks and wrapping
them in oil paper or other similar sub
stance that will keep out the moisture.
The method has the advantage of do
ing away with glass or tin packages
which are necessary in liquid pre
serves. It is also hoped that the brick
preserves can be made to taste like
fresh fruit, but complete success has
not yet been attained in this respect
In his efforts to grow crops the in
telligent farmer must ever try to con
ceive and add to the stock of avail
able plant food in the soil. The fer
tility ofa soil is measured by its pow
er to produce crops. A soil may have
many hundreds of pounds of plant
food per acre, and still be unfertile,
while another may contain little plant
food, but may have that little in an
available form and thus be produc
tive, i. e., fertile.
A favorite way of applying wood
ashes is as a"top dressing to mowing
or pasture lands. This encourages the
growth of clover and some of the bet
ter grasses with a tendency o crowd
out inferior kinds of grasses, weeds
The heaviest precious stone is the
zircon, which is four and one-half
times heavier than an equal quantity
of water. The lightest is the opal,
onlv twice as heavy as water.
Kangaroo skins to the value of over
a million dollars a year are imported
from Australia to the United States.
Who is in the right fears, who Is in
the wrong hopts.
Walk it Is a tact that we owe prac
tically all of ear improved breeds of
live stock to foreign countries it. is a
matter tor satisfaction that at least
oae breed of swiae has originated 1
America;, We refer 6f. course to the
"'olaadCaiaa breed of hogs. Certaln
'. too, this is & breed well worthy of
.e fame It ea attained not only hero
at abroad, for exportation of live
jniamals for. breeding rarpoees ha
been carried om to sosm extent ot late
years, and it may be said that if forf
elgn consumers of American pork and
to produces knew that the Poland
:hina furnished most ot this product
aev, would more thoroughly appre
iate .the. breed as an American "in?
titutioi;" It is pre-eminently a lard
og. but at the same time the staple
roducer bt farm bacon and hams and
jf a great proportion, ot all pork prod:
ucts In the market Yet while it is an
American breed pure and simple it is
known by the complex, perplexing
name ''Poland-China"! What had
Poland to do with its formation? Not
a thing that we have been able to dis
cover and China had almost as little.
When the breed found Its starting
place back In the rich Miami valley Of
Ohio it is said that in 1816 John Wal
lace introduced to that county ,rsee
breeding hogs called "Big Cftlrimi"
They were bought in Philadelphia and
were said to be from China or bred
from Chinese stock. This is the only
trace of China we can hnd in the
early history bf the breed and facts
regarding any Polish blood having
been used are entirely absent so that
it may be taken for granted that no
such blood was utilized. It is evident
then that our native breed ot swine
is poorly named tor while it Originated
In America neither the Pdlaks nor the
Chinese contributed anything to its
success or formation yet receive the
credit In its designation. The breed
should have been called the "Miami
County hog," or possibly the "War
ren County hog," as it was once called,
or should have been given some other
name more correct and American than
PolandMChina. It is now too late to
change the name and "P-C" will stick
to the breed in all probability through
out the future. Though the name will
remain the same add has since we can
remember it, the breed itself has
changed and will continue to change
In some slight respects as the result
of continued breeding towards a de
sired standard. The first specimens of
the breed we can call to mind were
much coarser than those of the pres
ent day and had more white spots up
on them, in fact some of them showed
about as mdeh white as black as may
easily be seen by referring to some of
the old cuts of Poland-China swine
such for Instance as those published
by A. C. Moore of Canton, 111., and
other early and extensive breeders. It
would seem to us too that the hogs
have grown shorter and blocker, a
fact that cannot altogether be consid
ered an Improvement except for lard
production; it certainly has not made
the breed more prolific in breeding
indeed it must we think be confessed
that the breed is less prolific now than
twenty years or more ago. It has
much Improved in head and ear being
neater and finer and this may also be
said of the bones which are less in
bulk and possibly stronger in texture
than when "all corn" was the prevail
ing method of feeding. In capacity
for lard production this breed has
taken the lead of all competitors and
as an all round farm hog, for feeding
and killing it has very evidently given
universal satisfaction so that along
with our breed of trotting horses, also
an American breed, we have at least
two examples of successful breeding
which will successfully compare with
anything the foreign countries have
been able to contribute. American
corn made the Poland-China. Ameri
can corn is fast becoming cosmopoli
tan in its utilization as a food for
man and beast and may yet change
the type of the foreign breeds of
swine should it come to be fed in
large quantities. Too much corn has
proved dangerous to our swine but the
increased foreign demand by increas
ing the value of corn will reduce the
amount used for swine feeding in this
country and inevitably lead to im
provement of our swine the first im
provement being increased prolificacy
of the Poland-China.
Reviving- Urowalajr Chicks.
It is now the time of year when sud
den showers are frequent, and some
times a sudden downpour, and lots of
us poultry raisers have found chick
ens and poults out on the range, and
it is impossible sometimes for us to
get them to shelter without a half
hour's warning, says a writer in Poul
try Tribune. Before this season we
have brought in drowned chicks by
the apronful or dozen after one of
those showers, some dead,' and others
died because I didn't know how to ap
ply warmth. I have been taught since
by an older head to double a piece of
carpet or other thick cloth and cover
the bottom of a warm oven with it,
put the wet chick on this, and those
that seem dead immerse all but their
heads in warm water, have it so warm
that you can barely hold your hand
in it, and hold the chicks there until
they can move themselves easily. You
wiil be surprised to see how soon an
apparently dead chick will revive, if
you have never tried this remedy. But
alas, this remedy will not bring a dead
chick to life. '
After you take them from the wa
ter, wipe them with a dry cloth and
put them in the warm oven to dry. We
do not have all this bother with brood
er chicks, for their mother is always
In the same place, not a gadabout all
over the farm, and the chicks know
which way to run when they need pro
tection. We intend to do away with
hens for brooders as soon as possible,
because artificial brooders are not half
the bother and we raise the chicks.
Olaaaaaa of the Feet.
The feet of fowls should be looked
after, and any serious injury corrected
by proper treatment Cuts and cracks
may rapidly heal, or they may become
centers of inflammation, which cause
lameness. Such .inflamed spots are hot
and swollen. To allay the inflamma
tion hold the foot in water as hot as
the bird can bear, then apply to the
injured surface an ointment composed
ot boric acid 1 part and vaseline 5
parts. The feet of fowls are subject
to corns, due largely to narrow perches.
See that' the latter are broad and flat
Corns become greatly aggravated, pro
ducing a condition known as bumble
foot The affected part is hot, painful
and swollen, or 'the swelling may sup
purate, which when it breaks causes an
ugly sore. Soak the foot in hot water
to reduce the inflammation, then apply
a flax seed poultice. When the in
flammation is reduced apply the boric
acid "ointment Keep the foot band
aeed. If the swelling has formed
.an abscess, open the same with a sharp
knife previous to the above treatment
British farmers ana dairymen are to
day milking over 4.000,000 cows, and
producing annually in their dairies
e 99 AAA AAA irnrth of milk, butter and
taa Shah . Aateaaealie
A builder of motor cars In Liege,
France, has just sent to Teheran am
open carriage ot the landau shape. Or
dered by. the shah, at the price of
$20,000. It has. seats for five, one ot
which is the driver. The body is
painted royal bine, and the " wheels
carmine; The seats are luxurious,
springy and covered with pearly gray
satin. Two handsome lamps stand out
well from the driver'B seat; the frames
are silver gilt, and the glass .panes
beveled; they are decorated in the
middle with the lion and sun of Per;
Green and red will go together. Give
a man plenty of greenbacks and he
can paint the town a deep red:
ladles Caa Wear SI
One size smaller after uaingAUen's Foot
Ease, a powder. It makes tight or new
shoes easy. Cures swollen, hot.sweating;
aching feet, ingrowin; nails, corns and
bunions. All dru?gists and shoe stores,
25c Trial package FREE by mail- Ad
dress Allen S. Olmsted, LeRoy, N.Y.
If you would be reveng'd ot your
enemy, govern yourself.
taaaderlas Thla Dreseea, -To
launder the exnuisite creatioaa of
linand lace in which this aeabon, abounds
haa become quite a problem, yet the mott
delicate materials will aot be injured if
washed with Ivory Soap and than dried
in the shade. But little starch need be
ased. ELIZA R. PAPKER;
A good man is seldom uneasy, an
ill one never easy.
No family, shop. ship, camp or per
son should be without Wizard Oil for
every painful accident or emergency.
But I mean such wives as are none
of the best.
X am sure Piso's Care for Coasanpttoi saved
say life three jears ago. Mrs. Tnos. Robbiss.
Maple Street, Norwich, N. V.. Feb. IT. 1900.
As charms are nonsense, nonsense
is a charm.
Ilall's Catarrh Cora
Is taken internally. Price, Toa
Hope resembles the head of a pin
and disappointment the other end.
DO TOUR CLOTHES LOOK YEIXOWT
If so, use Red Cross Ball Blue. It will make
them white as snow. 2 oz. package 5 cents.
If a man looks upon the wine when
it is red it is very lihely to cast re
flections upon his nose.
It is one of the unsolved mysteries
how two men can exchange umbrellas
and each invariably get t he worst of
DO YOU SHOOT?
uu tuu onuui f
If you do you should send your name and address on a postal card for
GUN CATALOGUE. IT'S FREE.
It illustrates and describes all the different Winchester Rifles, Shotguns sad
Ammunition, and contains much valuable information. Sead at once to the
Winchester Repeating Arm Co., Now Haven, Conn.
MILLIONS OF MOTHERS
USE CUTICURA SOAP ASSISTED BY aJTI
CURA OINTMENT THE GREAT SKIN CURE
For preserving-, purifying, and beautifying the skin of infants
and children, for rashes, ftchings, and chafings, for cleansing
the scalp of crusts, scales, and dandruff, and the stopping ot :
falling hair, for softening, whitening, and soothing red,roagh,
and sore hands, andfor all the purposes of the toilet, bath,
and nursery. Millions of Women use Cuticura Soap in the
form of baths for annoying irritations, inflammations, and
excoriations, for too free or on enshre perspiration, in the form
of washes for ulcerative weaknesses, and for many sanative,
antiseptic purposes which readily suggest themselves to
Women, especially mothers. No amount of persuasion can
Induce those who have once used these great skin purifiers
and beautifiers to use any others. Guticura Soap combines
delicate emollient properties derhrcd fromCutkura, the great
skin curev with the purest of cleansing ingredients and the
most refreshing of flower odors. It unites in ONE SOAP
a ONETRICE, the BEST skin and complexion soap and
the BEST toiled bath, and baby soap in the world.
CftirXlTI KXTETCAL A5a OTKBJUL
R4S fcmm Consiatlng of Ccthxka Soap, to cleanse taa akia of crests
timVlll 11 xz3T,tolnatMUyauritcBinc,inltamBaUoB.aBd iirita-
L.. m tion,aad soothe and beal, aad CtmcuxA Resox.yxxt. to
TlIF FT co1 nd cleanse the blood. A Sctglz Set is often soM-
IIIL ULI cient to cure the moat tortariar.dufirarlac;. itching, bara-
tar. and scaly skia, scalp, and blood humors, with Ian of ftalr, waea an etoe tails.
Sold throughout tie world. Britiaa Depot; lMQtWBSBBr A 80 lT-3S. ClSfUr
WANTED, SaLESiEM.SS:HS -"-
men to sell trie Dcst-snown nursery
tOCk In thO United Stat. Liberal Commissions paid. .Cash adraaeeA weekly. Write
today for particulars, givinr references. Oregon NUTMfy CO., IslStTI, OrstJOn
aena ior our dook.
J. K. COMSTOCK
ateesae af Aatl-t'atea re4lt
t a letter to his father at Spring
lekit Mass., Frank Bellinger, a soldier
serving la the Philippines: bitterit' de
nounces, the temperance people f3r
having brought about ttie abolition" ot
the canteen. Deprived bf beer and
whiskey; many soldiers accustomed' to
drink have taken up the Viic Flliptnd
drink; 'beno;' as a substitute: It not
only physically wrecks those who
drink it, but in many instances makes'
them permanently insane. Delllnger
cites tases where soldiers have gbue
crazy from indulging in "beno:"
Ask your grocer for DEFIANCE
STARCH, the only 16 or package for
10 cents. All other 10-cent starch con
tains only 12 oz. Satisfaction guaran
teed or money refunded.
. A Iricked hero will turn his back
to an innocent coward:
. Ask your grocer tor DEFIANCB
STARCH, the only 16 oz.. package for
10 cents. All other 10-cent starcn cpii
tains only 12oz. Satisfaction guaran
teed or money refunded.
A woman may love flattery and yet
dispise an awkward flatterer.
bftEATLY REDUCED RATES
vTABASH R. R.
$13.00 Buffalo and return $13.00.
$31.00 New York and return $31.00
The Wabash from Chicago will sell
tickets ai the above rates, daily. Aside
from these rates, the Wabash' . run
through trains over its own rails front
Kansas City, St. Louis and CbicaRO ami
offer many special rates during the
summer months, allowing stopovers at
Niagara Falls and Buffalo.
Ask your nearest Ticket Agent or ad
dress Harry E. Moores. General Agent.
Pass. Dept.. Omaha, "Neb., or C S.
Crane, G. P. & T. A.. St. Louis, Mo.
It might be well to remember that
the oldest families are likely to have
the most to be ashamed of.
Ask your grocer for DEFIANCE!
STARCH, the only 16 oz. package for
10 cents. All other 10-cent Ftarch con
tains only 12 oz. Satisfaction guaran
teed or money refunded.
You can rely on a man keeping
his word when it is to his advantage
to do so.
There is plenty of room at the top
but as soon as a man gets there he
tries his best tb occupy it all.
aaSBBBal .. - ' J
TaXiTTOTT fB BTUT alfEOS,
poaala yowr investment
ia eirty days. ConJl
tioas warraat hiehr
scccesbxxi. SIXCCLATIOX." sent free.
it CO., Trasses' wu., CHICACO.