The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911, January 24, 1900, Image 4

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    mJ MjjBMyagjeiw y ?y- -
- J
" I "
v" s i
. --:
1 V
lilt .;
i -
t .-
"-. :.
I p. -.
S 9 -. -
I -
! " - -
1 1 . '?
" " When the Spanish minister and his
" American wife drive out m Wasnlng
.to they attract no little attention.
They drive in a handsomely appointed
-.Victoria, and the men on the box are
in light liveries, with brilliant scarlet
cockades in their hats. The duke is
very fair and the duchess a decided
brunette, and they make a handsome
. couple.
Among applicants for shelter at the
-'city lodging house in New York the
.other night was one woman over
years old, who was clothed entirely m
newspapers. In some places the paper
was two inches thick.
. - A New S Tort.
, There is a lusty young city grow
". lng up down in Texas which is attract
ing widespread attention. It is La
Porte, located at the head of Galves-
" ton Bay. It is being made the great
seaport of the Gulf of Mexico, the
meeting place of rail and water ways
for the vast commerce of the west.
" The saving to western shippers via
. this export outlet will run into mil
lions annually. The city has the most
magnificent natural port on the south-
crn coast of the United States and one
' ,of the best in the world. The
U. S. government is completing
a deep water channel through the bay
"to the gulf, which will soon bring the
largest ocean liners to La Porte docks
and wharfs.
The burden of some people's conver
sation is pretty hard for others to
Important to Mothers.
Exjntoe carefully every bottle of CASTORIA,
mTc and sure remedy for infants anil children,
and see that it
Bear the
- fin-nature of
" "" W V
la Use For Over 30 Tears.
Tbo Kind Ton Have Always Bought
A church without a scandal would
have to be without a choir.
Try Magnetic Starch it will last
longer than any other.
In life's battle one must either be
a struggler or a straggler.
How ThU?
-,We offer One Hundred Dollars reward for any
T rare of Catarrh that cannot bo cured by Hall's
i Catarrh Cure.
P. J. CHEXEY & CO.. Props.. Toledo, a
' We. the undersigned, have known P. J.
Cheney for the last 15 years and believe him
perfectly honorable in all business transactions
and financially able to carry out any obliga
tions nude by their linn.
We.t & Truax. Wholesale Druggists. Toledo
O.; Waldlng. Kinnan & Marviu. Wholesale
Druggists. Toledo. Ohio.
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally, act
ing directly upon the blood and mucous surfaces
f the i-ystcm. Testimonials sent free. Price
!5c per bottle. Sold by all druggists.
llalla Family Tills are the best.
Sometimes it is very difficult to see
through and interview.
If you have not tried Magnetic Starch
try it now. You will then use no other.
Simple life is not unimpaired
"We need your assistance in announc
ing to the world the greatest remedy
that Science has ever produced, and
you need our assistance to secure re
lief for yourself and friends through
Swanson's ,45-DUOPS."
As surely as the American Navy has
conquered and will conquer all that
opposes it, so will "j-DROPS" unfail
ingly conquer all disease like Rheu
matism, Sciatica, Neuralgia, Kidney
Troubles, Lumbago, Catarrh of all
kinds. Asthma, Dyspepsia, Backache,
Sleeplessness, Nervousness, Heart
Weakness, Toothache. Earache, Creep
ing Numbness, Bronchitis, etc., or any
disease for which we recommend it.
5-DROPS" is the name and the dose.
Trial bottles 23c. Large bottles, con
taining 300 doses, 91.00 prepaid by mail
or express. Six bottles for $5.00. Why
suffer pain and agony when for such
Email amount you can obtain the re
lief for which you have becn so long
waiting? Don't wait! Write now, and
the Swanson Rheumatic Cure Co., 164
Lake St, Chicago, 111., will imme
diately give your order attention.
Your clothes will not crack if you
use Magnetic Starch.
Th Health and Pleasure Resorts
Of Texas, Mexico, Arizona and Cali
fornia are quickly and comfortably
reached via the Southern Pacific Com
pany's Sunset Route. Daily through
service from New Orleans to San
Francisco via Houston, San Antonio,
El Paso and Los Angeles. Special
semi-weekly service, Sunset Limited
from New Orleans Mondays and
Thursdays, composed of Buffet Smok
ing. Car. containing Bath Room and
Barber Shop, Drawing Room Compart
ment Car, regular Pullman Sleepers,
and Dining Car (meals a la carte), all
of the latest design and most luxuri
ously appointed. Direct connections
made at New Orleans from all points
North and East. Detailed informa
tion cheerfully furnished by W. G.
Neimyer, G. W. A., So. Pac. Co., 238
Clark St, Chicago; W. H. Connor,
Com'l Agt, Chamber Commerce Bldg.,
Cincinnati, O., W. J. Berg. Trav. Pass.
Agt. 220 Ellicott Square, Buffalo.
N. Y.
The purse is a poor place to keep
Plao's Care for Consumption is the beat
of all cough cures. George W.- Lots,
Fabucher, La., August 20. lSlta.
The way to scandalize is to tell
' scandal's lies.
44 A Miss is As
Good as a Mile9
if yoa are not entirely toett, yoa are 3L
Mness does not mean death's door. It is
a sense of weariness, a " tired feeling" a
life filled faith nameless pains and suffer
ing hi 90 of eases the blood is to blame.
Hood's SarsaparSla is Nature's corrective
for disorders of the blood, member
Jfo 31 BOO
O " Maacv'MutM'aC -
llm. tgtl- "PELTS n
ftm .M !. acre. Snataat ajaia
n bhbww aB "" "T ittttiiif nt kmii
A afTfl7iMiZIkw.taX.T.-4(ifuty
n HnXaf Jaw . bate . a Tax I
ILBTeTlWl AHI "He. r cattte.ll
U"BBa Hl"1' rNtt7.t,uaLU
HiaV!!. WaaenaJae-ttUta !
flaVTaTcHtBTaVaHM "" baiS.S. fl
LjVfHVI BaaxrsixEUirs U
mBHf Vratnt(Taeiaaank. Omml
H MMtafti I lua ! aaniln !. H
II KH eater vanaaukl II
H LM1' w nwrwiF ii
H aS I bfH !UaitBJaSar
II aVaTaA H W M m mrik- Salaer Mi il
U Bml! J7wecfcstl)atfeaBakawilea.U
AtJaW Jr tr11 cr T FaCsuaa aat
H aWBaaat aW TaniSttaala thawarM. H
ffBrarVlHlMaa,t '" Vl.
il AHIV OaiMS.S9c. Ik. ETCT7tkbin
IJ.aBH 1 IwmalliBOT. S pka aar M -VI
111 Tfgif iMea. p tpild. fLm.
HlB f raxiee. stamps
II 3A a mmM Ms nmtltfk waaiall snasantll
AaBerlcaaa Best Soldiers With Us There
Is No Qaestlon of Eejceaerate Class
Friabteaed the Barky Xot la tbe
Tactics Australian 'elaatecrs.
vPat Up the Svrord.
Ihave sung of the soldier's glory
As I never shall sing again;
I have gazed on the shambles gory,
I have smelled of the slaughter-pen.
There Is blood in the Ink-well clotted.
There are stains on the laurel-leaf.
And the pages of Fame are blotted
With tbe tears of a needless grief.
The bird is slaughtered for fashion.
And the beast Is killed for sport;
And never the word compassion
Is whispered at Moloch's court
For the parent seal In the water
Is slain, and her child must die.
That some sister or wife or daughter
Her beauty may beautify.
And the merciful thought we smother
For such is the way of man
As we murder the useless mother
For the "unborn astrakhan."
But a season of rest comes navcr
For the rarest sport of all;
Will His patience endure forever.
Who noteth a sparrow's fall?
When the volleys of hell are sweeping
The sea and the battle plain.
Do you think that our God is sleeping.
And never to wake again?
When hunger and ravenous fever
Are slaying the wasted frame.
Shall we worship the red deceiver.
The devil that men call Fame?
We may swing the censor to cover
The odor of blood In vain;
God asks us. over and over.
"Where is thy brother. Cain?"
James Jeffrey Itoche, in December
Americans Best Soldiers.
We know, of course, that the raw
recruit is a far different individual
from that person after he has gone
through tbe ministrations of the drill
eergeant, says the Philadelphia Tele
graph. The army officer is apt, indeed,
to tell us that drill is everything, that
the native material and the disciplined
soldier have not a single point in com
mon. Still, tome vital statistics, as
we may call them, are, in spite of the
opinions of officers, of practical con
cern in this question, such considera
tions as height, weight, organic sound
ness and freedom from the alcoholic
habit. Some significant comment on
these and allied matters was made at
the United States institution in Lon
don recently by Lieut-Col. Douglas,
brigade surgeon. He spoke of the re
cruit from a depot medical officer's
point of view, and his remarks, as re
ported in the Times, gives the English
people something to think about It
has been generally admitted for some
time that the British soldier is a
much less perfect physical creature
than he was in other days, but it has
been left for Col. Douglas to indicate
clearly how he has retrograded. As
a fact, the English private of the pe
riod Is deficient in stature and in
weight, as compared with the men who
fought under Wellington, and even
with the fighting men nearer our own
day. The British armies of other times
contained many blackguards, no
doubt, but not so many degenerates.
It is a vital consideration. Discipline
can make of the blackguard a good
many for army use, but it can do little
for the degenerate. The men who are
driven into the ranks In these days
take the step mainly from hunger;
they are mostly artisans, undersized
and so devitalized by a long course of
insufficient food and absolute neglect
of sanitary living, that all the drill
in the world cannot make them sol
diers of the first class. We give the
opinion of an Englishman who ought
to know. The blackguard was more
to be desired than the degenerate. With
all this, the English private soldier
outclasses his brother of the continent.
The French, German and Russian sol
diers are even inferior to those of Eng
land. Compulsory military service ac
counts for this. While there is some
pretense of sifting the drawings from
the insatiate net, the demand for even
greater and greater armies is so press
ing that multitudes of men pass the
examiners who never should be al
lowed to do so. In marked contrast
with these various classes of recruits
stand the men who make up the
American regiments. With us it is
no question of a degenerate class. Our
soldiers are picked men. They are so
because we need fewer of them, and
because among those applying for en
listment more are rejected than are ac
cepted. It is made a kind of favor to
get into the army, and only the best
men offering get the chance. This is
not from any unjust selection, but only
through living up to the letter of the
strict regulations. This material is re
moved from the moral dregs of Eu
ropean society, and is very superior
physicaliy. Bodily measurements tak
en of several thousand young Ameri
cans between the ages recognized in
recruiting showed an average weight
of 156 pounds, a height of 5 feet 8
inches, girth of chest 34 1-3 inches".
Average results of British recruits in
a great number of examinations were:
Weight, 12G pounds; height, 5 feet 5
inches, chest measurement, 33 inches.
Col. Douglas said that within his re
membrance recruiting sergeants would
have "laughed" at the British recruits
of today. On the contrary, the Ameri
can soldier has never been a more
complete figure of a man than he is
at present. In all respects he towers
above the fighting man of every other
Xot In the Tactic-.
There is much in the strategy of war
that is not set down in any book of
tactics or evolutions. Gen. N. B. For
rest, as his biographer relates, once
made good use of a military artifice
based solely upon his native shrewd
ness. In the West Tennessee expedi
tion, in 1862, with a small brigade of
new levies, the first thing Forrest did
when well in the country occupied by
the Federals was to arrest a number of
Union sympathizers, and place them
under guard within the limits of his
cai2p. He had a good number of
drums with him, and these he caused
to be beaten at all hours of the day and
ni-ht; and having dismounted his
troopers he made them march on foot
in sight of the prisoners, who were
giren to understand that it was Cheat
ham's division of infantry passing by.
When the mea on foot had disappeared
behind a dense wood, they were made
to return by 'another route, mount
their horses, and again file by, as cav
alry, over the road along which they
had just paraded. The captives were
then permitted to escape, and as For
rest intended, made their way to the
nearest Federal commander and in
formed him of the great strength of
the Confederate force, the soldiers cf
which made no secret of their inten
tion permanently to occupy and hold
that section of the country. The pres
ence of Cheatham's division of infantry
is repeatedly mentioned in the official
dispatches of the Union commanders
at this time, and while Forrest did not
have more than three thousand sol
diers in his little army of invasion his
stratagem caused Gen. Grant to detach
twenty-five thousand men to drive him
across the Tennessee.
CoL Bell Is a Cool Oae.'
Col. James Bell, the man who Is
just now so much inthe public eye
because he is close to the heels of
Aguinaldo in northern Luzon, is one
of the biggest soldiers in the United
States army. He used to be stationed
at Fort Meyer, Va., and is known to
many Pittsburghers who have been in
the habit of taking trips to Washing
ton. Because of his height, 6 feet 4
inches, he is known in the service as
Little Jamie Bell. He is a broad
shouldered fellow without an ounce of
spare fleEh on him. He is the coolest
man in an emergency that ever wore
spurs, and the troopers who have
served under him swear by him, and it
takes a good man to have the buck
soldier as a worshiper. Bell, when he
was a captain, used to take great de
light in having the men cf his troop
good shots. That is another thing
which shows the good officer. Teach
ing recruits revolver practice Is rather
a tedious job. The reason is that the
new man has difficulty in training his
fingers to obey his will. In revolver
shooting, by numbers, "which is the
first step in the drill, the young soldier
throws the pistol upward until the
muzzle points to the sky. Simultane
ously he uses his thumb to cock the
pistol. On the command "fire" the pis
tol is thrown forward toward the ob
ject, and the first finger, which is
curled around the .trigger, is used to
fire with. This is always a hard thing
for the new man to learn. The im
pulse is, when throwing the pistol to
the perpendicular, to press both with
the thumb on the hammer and the first
finger on the trigger. In Bell's troop
of the Sixth cavalry there was a par
ticular dolt who could not master this.
As often as he threw his pistol into the
upright position the bullet would go
skyward and it was empty when the
command was given to fire. Bell was
taking pains with the men, and espe
cially with this soldier. He laborious
ly showed the man how to do the trick.
The fellow fired into the air. At last
Bell got behind him and told him to go
slow and think as he went through
the motions. On the command the sol
dier threw his gun muzzle upward,
and probably through stage fright at
having the captain immediately be
hind him, shoved the pistol a little
too far and the muzzle was over his
shoulder. At the same time he pressed
his finger on the trigger as he had been
warned not to do, and the big 45 bullet
whizzed past Bell's head, taking the
button on the side of his cap with it.
Everybody thought the captain had
been shot That officer stood immov
able, and in the calmest voice said to
the soldier: "If you da that again I'll
have to put you in the guardhouse."
Pittsburg News.
Frightened the Darkey.
Gen. Nicolls of New Orleans sacri
ficed an eye, a leg and an arm to the
cause which he believed just, and came
out of the war, as he declared, "only
half a man." But the half that was left
enjoyed a joke as keenly as ever. Sci
ence replaced the lost members so suc
cessfully that nobody who was ignor
ant of his misfortunes could detect it.
Tbe general often told the following
story: Stopping at a hotel in Mobile,
a negro boy was detailed to help him
prepare for bed. After his bag was un
packed, and his coat laid aside, he
said: "Now, Sam, take off my leg."
Sam started speechless. "Don't know
yet how to take off legs, eh? Now,
look here!" He unscrewed the leg,
and keeping it carefully covered with
his long black stocking, laid it aside.
"Now, take off this arm." "No, sah:
no sah! Neber took off no gentlum's
ahm in my life!" gasped Sam, turning
gray with terror. "You're a pretty
valet Nothing easier." The arm was
taken off and laid beside the leg on the
table, and the general prepared for
sleep and got into bed. "Oh, by the
way, we'd better take an eye out!"
He took it out Sam backed to the
door, afraid to turn his back on the
terrible guest, who stretched himself
sleepily, and then said: "Now, Sam,
take off my head!" Sam rushed out
of the room to the office, and could
only find strength to gasp out: "It's
de debbil heself, sah! He's taken bis
self to pieces in room fohty-eight!"
Aastraliaa Volnateer.
At a recent Australian military re
view the commanding officer of a large
volunteer infantry regiment was un
expectedly absent, and the onus of
marching the men past fell upon the
second in command, a heavy, stolid
looking trader, who knew nothing of
drill. Ere he had time to hunt up the
adjutant for instructions, a general's
aid-de-camp galloped up with orders
to march. "Urn! Yes, of course," said
the amateur warrior, gazing leisurely
around. "Beautiful day, isn't it? Have
a cigar?" The aid-de-camp replied that
he thought the general would be very
angry if the regiment didn't move off
at once. "Of course of course!" calm
ly said the heavy fire-eater; "fine body
of men, these" (waving his arm
around). "Won't move off for anyone
but me, you know er-try 'em." The
aid smilingly told the trumpeter to
sound the march, and the regiment of
course moved off. "Good!" said the
volunteer warrior, admiringly. "You
can't stop 'em, though." The aid mo
tioned to tbe trumpeter, who sounded
"halt!" and the men immediately
stopped. "My!" said the ponderous of
ficer, with genuine admiration. "My,
sir, you're a clever man! "San Fran
cisco Post.
Ah Island of Snlphar.
In the Bay of Plenty, New Zealand,
is one of the most extraordinary is
lands in the world. It is called White
island, and consists mainly of sul
phur mixed with gypsum and a few
other minerals. Over the island, which
is about three miles in circumference,
and which rises between 800 and 900
fee above the sea, floats continually an
immense cloud of vapor attaining an
elevation of 10,000 feet In the center
is a boiling lake of acid-charged water,
covering 50 acres, and surrounded with
blow-holes from which steam and sul
phurous fumes are emitted with great
force and noise. With care a boat can
be navigated on the lake. The sul
phur from White island is very pure,
but little effort has yet been made
to procure it systematically.
Tlaae's Chan-..
From Town Topics: Upson Downes
"There was a time when the height
of my ambition was to own a diamond
to wear in my shirt front" Pupson
Downes ''And now?" Upson Downes
"I am satisfied to own a shirt"
The water buffalo is the Philippines'
beast of burden.
Come Vp-te-Dat Ulata Aboat Cnl
tlTatlea ef the Soli and Yields
Thereof Hortlcaltare, TlUcmttara aa4
The Grain Faraaer and Sheep Feeder.
A bulletin of the South Dakota Ex
periment Station says: It is a de
plorable fact, and one that does not
speak well for the enterprise or in
telligence of either our sheep-raisers
or our farmers, that of the small num
ber of sheep which are annually raised
a large percentage is shipped east in
an "unfinished" condition. At the
same time hundreds of thousands of
bushels of grain are annually sold at
a price that entails an actual loss to
the producer. In the past, and to a
large extent at present, our cheap
range sheep and our cheap grains are
freighted east at great expense and
there fed at a handsome profit We
are glad to note, however, that some
of the more progressive farmers in this
state are availing themselves of these
favorable conditions and are thereby
realizing handsome profits. We would
not be understood as advising all sheep
men to go to raising grain, nor that
all grain farmers should go into the
sheep business. Neither do we believe
that all the successful sheep-raisers
are fitted by taste, experience, envi
ronment or business ability to become
successful feeders. But we do believe
that many of them are so fitted and
that there are a sufficient number of
such in every neighborhood .to "feed
to a finish" not only as many sheep
as are now produced annually, but
enough more to consume all of the
coarse grains and fodder produced.
We believe that all coarse grains and
fodder produced should be fed within
our state, and that no "feeders" should
be shipped out until all such food
stuffs are consumed. We believe that
the farmers and the sheep men are
"too far apart," not only geograph
ically, but also in their way of looking
at this important problem. Geograph
ically they might be brought much
closer together if all the rough, stony,
hilly or unoccupied lands, of which
every country has more or les3, were
utilized for sheep ranges.
On many farms both grain farming
and sheep raising can be profitably
conducted, but when this does not
seem advisable the two industries can
be carried on upon closely adjoining
lands, with mutual profit to both the
farmer and the sheep man. IS the
grain farmer would take into consid
eration the value he would derive from
having a sheep man for a neighbor,
who would buy and consume his sur
plus grain product and also render
him an even greater service by keep
ing the stubble lands, fallow fields and
waste places free from weeds; and if
the sheep man would appreciate the
advantage of being able to buy cheap
grain of hi3 neighbor in order to finish
his sheep, we believe they would find
it mutually beneficial. In order to aid
in bringing about this order of things
a series of feeding experiments was
begun during the past season, and it
is hoped that the work may be con
tinued for some years to come.
Milk Preservatives.
The Vermont Experiment Station
sends out the following warning: Look
out for the man with the patent milk
preservative. There are various agents
now abroad in the land selling
"Freezene," "No-ice-needed Pre
servative," "Liquid Milk Sweet," and
several such nostrums intended inci
dentally to keep milk from souring,
and primarily to gather in the farm
er's loose change. In all those several
cases which have been reported to the
Vermont Experiment Station, the
chemical basis of the preservative is
the same. It is formaldehyde form
alin a powerful disinfectant and
germicide, but not a desirable article of
diet for the human species. It is not
strictly and seriously poisonous, but
it is held by all the best authorities
to be harmful to the digestive system.
It is the same material now largely
in use in the creameries for preserving
samples of milk for testing. It will
certainly keep milk from souring; and
it thus enables the slovenly dairyman
to cover up many of his worst negli
gencies. It leaves him free to enjoy
the filth of an unclean stable, to save
himself the trouble of cleaning his
cans, to be as loose and lazy and
wicked as he pleases. This is not to
say that the man who uses Preserva
tive, Freezene and the like is neces
sarily that sort of a fellow; but these
chemicals do protect him from the re
sults of negligence and ignorance, and
seem, to the unprejudiced observer, to
offer tbe careless milkman an unde
served salvation from his sins.
A Dcatractlve Birch Tree Borer.
In a report of the Division of En
tomology of the Department of Agri
culture, Prof. F. H. Chittenden, regard-
ing the birch tree borer, Agrilus
anxius, says it was noticed that the
birch trees in Buffalo were being de
stroyed, and an investigation showed
that the above named borer was tun
neling under the bark of the trees.
The belief is expressed that unless
something is done at once to stop the
ravages of this borer, all the birch
trees in the city will be destroyed.
One of our cuts herewith given
shows the work of this borer. The
galleries run so closely together and
cross and recross in such confusion
that-it is impossible 'to trace any in
dividual burrow.
Injury can be detected in the trunk
by a reddish discoloration from one
quarter of an inch to one inch in
width, this being caused by the ex
udation of sap and the ejectment of
excrement Another indication of the
insect's presence is the dying of the
trees at their tops. The insect appears
to attack the tree at first among the
larger branches at a considerable
height, causing the tree to die at the
top, while the remaining lower
branches keep green. Its presence is
also manifested by the uneven, wavy I
appearance of the bark, which shows
more or less regular spiral ridges on
the smaller branches.
The larva, as a rule, enters the wood
In tbe fall of the year and there con
structs a cavity, which probably serves
the purpose of a pupal cell, in which
it passes its ultimate transformations
in late spring or early summer. With
in this cell the larva passes the winter.
We illustrate the mature and larval
form of the Insect The beetle is
bronze in color. There are only two
methods of control known at pres
ent One is to use such clean
cultural methods that the insects will
find no harboring places. Prof. Chit
tenden believes that the trees cannot
be saved after being once attacked, and
that the only safe thing to do is to
cut down and burn infested trees. This
work should be done before the beetles
emerge in May and June. Unattacked
trees may be protected by using va
rious mixtures as washes, among them
being a mixture of linseed oil and
resin. Some have even recommended
whitewash poisoned with a small
quantity of some arsenite such as ar
senite of lead. There is danger in the
application of strong arsenites to
young trees,"but old trees will not be
A measure of utmost value for the
protection of trees from the attacks of
borers consists in keeping them in the
best possible condition, free from
fungi, moss, or abnormal growth, from
loose bark, and keeping the trunks as
. 'Fio. n.Agrflu$ anxt'xitt a,
fensale Aeetlej b, first eMominal
eegjneots of mate from below (
c. larva from above all ealzrgtd
stoat 3) times (original)
clean as possible. In some cases the
use of a fertilizer might assist the trees
to withstand borer attacks.
Turkestan Alfalfa.
Turkestan alfalfa promises to be
come one of our most important
plants, as it seems specially adapted
to stand great variations of heat and
cold. The first importations were
brought to this country by a special
agent of the Department of Agricul
ture, who followed the northward
growth of alfalfa in Asia till he
reached lands where it was every win
ter subject to cold as severe as 40 de
grees below zero. As the same coun
try is subject to intense drouth, it
follows that this plant must have rare
staying powers to endure such changes.
The variety of alfalfa now being
grown in this country (lucerne) came
originally from Central Asia, having
been first heard of in Media. It was
taken to Greece in the times of Darius
and was afterward cultivated along
the shores of the Mediterranean by the
Romans, French and Spanish. Thus
for at least 2,000 years before being
imported into this country it was
grown in warm countries and has
largely become a warm country plant
Very likely in its origin it occupied a
region south of that now called Turke
stan alfalfa. This would account for
its freezing out so badly last winter
in Kansas, Nebraska, Colorado and
Wyoming. One year's experience with
Turkestan alfalfa indicates great
hardiness. Last winter was one of the
coldest ones we have ever experienced,
but Turkestan alfalfa was uinjured in
the very states where lucerne froze out
badly. At the Wyoming Experiment
Station a plat of Turkestan alfalfa was
exposed for two weeks without injury
to a daily temperature of 35 degrees
below zero, and on some of the days
the temperature went as low as 45
degrees below. In California it was
subjected without damage to a drouth
that seriously Injured ordinary alfalfa.
Agricultural Notes.
With a proper amount of stock on
the ranges the grasses would not have
been pulled out; for the root systems
would have been so deep that the hold
of the soil would have been complete.
Permitting the top of the grass plant
to be kept always short results in
evitably in shortening the grass roots.
The latter finally become shortened till
little more than the base of the plant
remains in the soil, and in that condi
tion the plant is easily pulled out by
any grazing animal that comes along.
Not only are these plants pulled out
by animals but the frost is constantly
heaving them out, which would not be
possible with well developed grasses.
The American farmer needs to be im
pressed with the necessity of protect
ing his grass land:. Keep the pas
tures in good shape and it will not be
necessary to pasture them. The short
conditions of the pastures is what too
often influences the farmer to turn the
stock into his meadows. Under a
proper system our pastures would pro
duce four time3 the amount of forage
they do at the present time. Thus on
many of our pastures the feed per acre
for the entire feeding season would"
not equal half a ton if dried. The full
crop obtained from the feeding ground
should equal two tons, if dried. It ap
pears plain that the grazing problem
is one of the most serious of all the
problems confronting us.
Storing Potatoes. The following
plan for preventing them from sprout
ing in spring will be found useful
when many are placed in the cellar
for family use; it destroys the eyes or
buds, after which they never start,
consequently the tubers do not become
shriveled and tough: Before placing
them in the cellar leave the tubers for
an hour in a solution of sulphuric
acid, about one and one-fourth pints
to twenty-five gallons of water, the
whole being thoroughly mixed; after
removing from this bath they should
be spread out to dry, then placed in
barrels. The solution also prevents
decay. Such potatoes will never grow
under any circumstances, so those in
tended for planting should not be so
'treated. Ex.
Iron and alumina (Rcdonda) phos
phate in its raw or natural condition,
even when finely ground, is generally
considered of little agricultural value,
and is looked upon in Europe as a dan
gerous adulterant 'of other phosphates.
Clover hay is the great standard of
rough feed for the dairy cow.
Sell Sarreya.
-A new department is being very
gradually added to some of onr experi
ment stations, that of soil surveys. We
have long felt the need of knowing
more about the soils of our farms. For
some years the eyes of scientists have
been on Maryland, where this work
has been carried on more extensively
perhaps than in any other state. All
the soil of the state has been mapped,
showing just what kind of soil Is found
in each township. To do good work
Jn farming it is absolutely necessary
to find out what is already in the soil.
Our farmers hitherto have had to take
their farms as unknown quantities.
They have been limited in their
knowledge of the soils, even when the
owners have been graduates of agri
cultural colleges. It was comparative
ly easy to say that such a soil is
sandy, or clayey, but that meant but
little. Its composition other than the
sand or clay could be determined only
by experience with numerous crops.
This necessary experimentation has
proved very costly to the people that
have been forced to carry it on. It is
a good thing that science has taken it
up. The work Is so vast that it will
take years to plat the states and ter
ritories, but we expect to see the work
carried on steadily. In a few years
hence it may be easy for a man, in
tending to invest in agricultural lands,
to sit down and study out from these
sol maps the question for himself, ac
cording to the crop he desires to
raise. Such maps will contain many
surprises. They will show some of the
now supposedly poor land to be of
great value for certain crops, its value
simply never before having been learn
ed because the crops that would have
done best were never planted. Every
year much of our area of certain crops
has been on land entirely unfitted to
growing them.
German Millet.
This millet is called, also, Southern
Millet, American Millet, Golden Millet,
Mammoth Millet, Bengal Grass, Da
kota Millet. It grows to a height of
four or five feet, and has heads that
are 6 to 8 inches long and an inch
wide. This variety has been in gen
eral cultivation in the South since the
early seventies, but was Introduced
into the United States many years ear
lier. Prof. Crozier regards the East
Indies as the most probable source of
its introduction into the United States,
and remarks that the name "Bengal
Grass," by which it was first known
in this country, suggests such an ori
gin. Flint, on the contrary, makes the
statement that it was first brought to
the United States from Europe. How
ever this may be, it seems that the
seed used in Tennessee, whare this va
riety first came into real prominence,
was brought from France in the early
sixties, and since that time has been
the leading millet sown in the South.
German millet makes a heavy yield of
forage under favorable conditions, but
does not stand drouth as well as the
smaller varieties, such as common mil
let and Hungarian. The hay is coarser
and less highly valued than that from
the smaller millets, but when the for
age can be fed in the green state this
will be found to be an excellent variety
to grow, on account of the heavy yield.
German millet is the latest of the
varieties commonly grown here, and is
exceedingly variable in its appearance
and habit of growth. It is very sel
dom that one seas a field that is uni
form in character. Many, perhaps
most, of the heads may be typical of
the variety, but usually there will be
many others scarcely to be distin-
PlO. S3 German Millet: a and I, two views of the
pikelet wi:h its cluster of Uvea "beards;" e.
guished from common millet or other
standard varieties.
A Street Horse Parade.
It is sincerely to be hoped that in
connection with the National Horso
Show which will in all probability be
held in conjunction with the great
show of breeding and fat cattle, sheep
and swine at Chicago in 1900 a street
horse parade will be made a leading
feature of the event
People open their eyes in wonder
when they behold the great draft
breeding horses and marcs at the horse
shows and seem to view them in the
light of curiosities rather than from
the standpoint of utility. What breed
ers want and need in addition to as
tonishing the public by the appear
ance of their show-fitted stallions and
mares is to show the utilitarian, prac
tical side of their horse-breeding oper
ations, and for this a street parade of
working draft horses is absolutely
The Idea is by no means new. as it
has long been established in practice
abroad and to a small degree here.
It contemplates a show of draft, geld
ings and mares of the- different breeds
and grades by city merchants and
others. It would bring out the prac
tical results and improvement attained
by the use of pedigreed draft sires
among the mares of the country. It
would show the geldings and mares in
harness and a drait horse ot any
breed or grade never looks quite so
well as he does in harness 2nd at work
hitched single, double, three-abreast
or four-in-hand. It would also create
a wholesome rivalry among the great
"consumers" of araft horses to own
acd show the best horses in the best
condition and harnesses to the most
attractive wagons and trucks.
If such a show should be arranged
there would be little difficulty in pro
viding the premium money, and it
could be confidently expected that tbe
various horse-breeding associations in
terested would arrange to provide spe
cial premiums or medals for winning
lorses of their respective breeds.
We hope that breeders will see to it
-.hat this idea is not lost sight of, and
-.hat a great street horse parade will
je the result
A correspondent ot the London
Times, who claims exceptional oppor
tunities for knowing, leaves nothing
whatever of virtue or Intelligence to
the Boers. He says: "I know the
Boers, root and branch, stock, lock
and barrel . . . and with all this
knowledge of them my estimation is
that they are the craftiest, most hypo
critical, most dishonest, most untruth
ful, cruelest, most ignorant, most over
hearing, most immoral and stupidest
race of white people in the world."
Every woman who Is in love, unless
she is enough that way, becomes an
amateur detective.
Hall Caine has taken a magnificent
fiat in Rome and intends passing the
winter there. There have been Indi
cations for some time past that he Is
making a close study of the condition
of Roman life, with a view to repro
ducing it in a novel.
There H a Claaa ef Feepla
Who are Injured by the use ot coffee.
Recently there has been placed in all
the grocery stores a new preparation
called GRAIN-O, made of pure grains,
that takes the place of coffee. The most
delicate stomach receives it without
distress, and but few can tell it from
coffee. It does not cost over one-fourth
as much. Children may drink it with
great benefit. 15 cents and 25 cents
per package. Try it. Ask for GRAIN-O.
He Is deaf indeed to whom the grave
has not spoken words unforgotten.
Half Rates South via Omtiha and
Loals and Waln4h Koute..
On the 1st and 3rd Tuesday of each
month the above lines will sell home
seekers tickets to southern points for
one fare (plus $2.00) round trip.
on sale to Hot Springs, Ark., and all
the winter resorts at greatly RE
Remember the O. & St. u. and Wa
bash, the shortest and quickest route
to St. Louis.
Remember the O. & St. L. and O.,
K. C. & E. is the shortest route to
Quincy. Unexcelled service to Kansas
City and the south.
For rates, sleeping car accommoda
tion and all information ca 1 at the
nam St. (Paxton Hotel block) or write
Harry E. Moores, City Passenger and
Ticket Agent. Omaha, Neb.
Blasted hones often result from ex
ploded theories.
Sellable Help Wanted
(Either sex.) Tbe Humanitarian Hume and Sanitar
ium for Invalid and Health Seeker. Incorporated.
Send Vic In stamps for full Information. Aildrc-s J. H.
Teltlebaum, Treasurer. Ea Las Vep. X. M.
There are at least as many men
iii a man as there are ages in his life.
Mrs. Wlnslow'a Soothing: Syrup.
Porchlldrea teething, poftens the kuri3, reduces In
Batnmitlon. allays pain.curea wind colic 23cabottle-
Non-resistance to injustice is noth
ing short of complicity.
The Lareent In the World.
Walter Maker & Co. Ltd.. Dorchester. Man...are
the largest Mfr. of Cocoa and Chocolate In the world.
A policeman travels his beat and the
hobo beats his travel.
Laxative Bromo Quinine Tablets removes
the cause that produces La Grippe. K. W.
Grove's signature is on each box. 25c.
Magnetic Starch is the very
laundry starch ia the world.
New In t nt Ion 4.
In order to increase the life of the
type in typewriters a Philadelphia in
ventor covers the same
vith a flexible sheathing.
' - . wi Tn pvnpilitimislv turn
the logs as they are being
sawn into boards a Min
nesota inventor has ar
ranged a pivoted serrat-
ZJ eu sector which is steam
operated and held adjustable adjacent
to the log so that the log may be rais
ed, lowered or turned so that any
thickness of board may be quickly
sawn off.
To prevent waste of water in flush
ing tanks a Massachusetts inventor
provides an ordinary cock with a drip
return pipe so that the water not ac
tually used to operate the float is re
turned to the tank.
To prevent the explosion of gasoline
in ordinary oil cans a Pittsburg in
ventor has provided the Fame with a
safety attachment so that he now plac
es upon the market a non-explosive
oil can.
In order to facilitate the transmis
sion of coins and valuables through the
mails a Massachusetts inventor pro
vides an ordinary envelope with a de
tachable pocket which is removably
secured within the envelope and cov
ered by the gummed flap thereof.
Parties desiring free information as
to the best method of procuring pat
ents or introducing new inventions
should address Sues & Co., Patent Law
yers, Bee Bldg., Omaha, Neb.
For starching fine linen use Magnetic
Important Inventions.
Patents have been allovred upon ap
plications prepared and prosecuted by
us for interesting subjects as follows:
To C. W. Cross, of Grinnell, for an
auxiliary air heater adapted to be con
nected with a stove in such a manner
that it will receive and direct the pro-
ducts of combustion and aid in warm
ing and circulating air in a room, as I
required to maintain a miform tem
perature, by admitting cool air at its .
botom, heating it and discharging it at
us top. An undivided half is assigned .
to W. S. More of same place.
To J. Morgan, of Atlantic for a plant
planting machine adapted to be ad- ,
.... ..! ............ .. fil.l I... . I
tuutcu iinusa ti ncm uj 1'uisva iu out.
out cabbage and tobacco plants in
rows at regular tHstanc-3 apart. A
boy on the machine hands plants iu
succession to automatic plant holders
on a wheel and as the wheel revolves
it places the plants in a furrow in ad
vance of the wheel by a furrow opener
and furrow closers immediately cover
the roots and rollers pac.'i the ground
around the roots. An undivided half
has" been assigned to E. Whitney, of
Chicago. I
Printed consultation an'I advice free. 1
Registered Patent Attorneys.
Des Moines. Iowa. Dec. 27. 1S99.
Use Magnetic Starch ii has no equal.
Grief and hate at their height are
Breeding and Feeding in
Human Intestines.
A New Powerful Germ Destroyer Discov
ered How Microbes Are Killed
While You Sleep.
Millions of microbes, bacteria, pto-
and breed and feed fn the stomach and J
For their propagation it Is only neces
sary for the liver and intestines to be
come lazy and operate Irregularly.
Modern science has been at work to find
a means of killing microbes, and the most
successful Kerm destroyer of all Is Cas
carets Candy Cathartic. They slaughter
bacteria wherever they llrid them, are an
tiseptic, stop sour stomach, make the
liver lively, the blood pure, the bowels
regular, everything as it should be.
Go buy and try Cascarets to-day. It's
what they do. not what we say they'll do.
that proves their merit. All druggists.
10c. 25c. or 50c. or mailed for price. Send
for booklet and free sample. Address. The
Sterling Remedy Co., Chicago; Montreal.
Can.; or New YorK.
This is the CASCARET tab
let, livery tablet or the onlv
genuine Cascarets bears the
magic letters "C C C." Look
at the tablet before you buy,
and beware of frauds. Imita
tions ana substitutes.
The Laad ef Bread aa BatieA
is the title of a new illustrated pamph
let just Issued by the Chicago. Mil
waukee ft St Paul Railway, relating
mws especially to the land along the
new line it is now building through
Bon Homme and Charles Mix counties
In South Dakota. It will be found very
interesting reading. A copy will be
mailed free on receipt of 2-cent stamp
for postage. Address Geo. H. Heafford,
General Passenger Agent, Chicago, 111.
We 'kill ourselves with either work'
or idleness by our vices and pleasure;
gorged or starved, our end is nearly
always simple suicide.
I am
Past 80
and Not
a Gray Hair
"I have used Ayer's Half
Vigor for a great many years
ana although I am past eighty
years of age, yet I have not a gray
air in my tcad." Geo Ycl
lott.Towson, Mi, Aug. 3, 1899.
Have You
Lost It?
We mean all that rich, dark
color your hair used to have.
Bat there is no need of mourn
ing over it, for yoa c:n ind it
Ayer's Hair Vigor always re
stores color to gray hair. We
know exactly what we ire say
ing when we use that word
" always."
It makes the hair grow heavy
and long, too: takes out every
bit of dandruf, and stops fall
ing of the hair. Keep it on
your dressing table and use it
every day. si.m a bctiie. ah artists.
Write the Doctor
If yon do notolttalnnll the benefits yon
desire from the ue or the Vigor, writo
the IfcH-tornlMitit it. He will tell you just
thoriht thiii? to do. and will send 3011
bis book on the Hair and Scalu'it you
request it. Addref.
Dr. J. C. Aver, Lowell, Mass.
Of til AGE.
No Boiling
No Cooking
It Stiffens the Goods
It Whitens the Goods
It Polishes the Goods ,
It makes all garments fresh add
crisp as when first bctight new.
You'll like it if you try it.
You'll buy it If you try it.
You'll use it If you try It.
Try it.
Sold fiy all Grocers.
Situated on Gal-
veston Kay, is
1 destined to foe the
' riOST PROSPEROUS CITY on theCuU of Mexico
I It possesses unexcelled NATURAL, advantages
which coupled with the BACK1.NU or wealthy arut
lntluentlal men assures a. brilliant future. Thy
U. S. Government is now .stiendins; a laivc
amount of money in Harbor improvements.
La Porte l the natural seaport for the pro
ducts of the entire Middle. Northern and V ext
ern States and for Houston, the Krcat railroad
center of Texas.
Kxcursions at reduced rates will be run twicca
month. Write for FREE flAPS. DESCRIPTIVE
LITERATURE and full particular-, to
1S8 Madlsoa St. - CHICAGO
of acres of choics agri
cultural LANDS now
opened for settlement
in W stern Canadu
Here Is irroun the cel
ebrated NO. I UAItD
WHEAT, which brings the highest price In the
market-; of the world, thousands ol cattle are
fattened for market without belw; fe I prain.
and without a day's shelter. Send for Inform.i
t.on and sccurr a free home in Western Canada.
Write the Surerinlvnuent of Immiurtitloi. Ot
tawa, oraddrevs the undersigned, who ulll mail
vou atlases, pamphlets, etc. free of cost. W. V.
lleai.ett MI N. Y. Life Uulldin?. Omaha. Neb.
Sfost talked of potato ourmrtu! Onr.
lauuoK i-iis so aio about sel
ler's Larl!et Six Weeks' I'otato.
Largest rarm ana Trgetable st-cri
Crowersin UJ. Potato, fl.SOand i
npahbL send tnlsMtlcearjdScI
samp Tbr l raxaloc w.
Has the endorsement of the
L. S. Government and all
the Leading Kail roads.
All Druggists. S59.
PFNQMUQ fcf TwPeisioa
Write CAPT. O'PARRELL. Peasloa AzmU
MC New York Avenue. WASHINGTON. D. G.
3 r la civil war. ladiudicatio2 claims, atty aincei
cae. Boole i-t testimonials and 1 DAI v treatment
tl. PK. H. K. CUKSS seSS. Bra K, AUaaU, eU6
If afflicted itb
fTlMMjistii's Eft Wattr.
core ejes. use
IStJi Requires no Cookiiig2JS Watm
wunsnaMSMocuTFrACPiuaarmsrucH BMaW
sTFafcsr(wncN wucaurAimiipmno HHfl
nayr soucht mew tv t mtr cf any anna. H
rmmito rraiAUMOpy puRpegsowLY. Hl
Ijj laitlae. SoM btiIi aaalstr El