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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 3, 1900)
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. Lttely, broMe statue of Rjormst-
. jerae Bjornson and one of Isben,
- which stand before the national the-
. swr in Christiania, have aroused a deal
of discussion. On Bjornson's return
: to the theater, after an absence of
thirty years, to direct the rehearsals
". of his pl&y, "Ueber die Kraft," he
wrote demanding the removal of his
'statue, as he deems it a "permanent
;" slander." Ibsen, in answer to an in-
' quiry as to his view, said that he had
never seen the statue of himself. It
?.. is now proposed to remove both the
". figures and recast them in some less
' . objectionable form.
La Pert. T
'The progress of the construction
work at La Porte, Texas, the future
treat deep-water shipping point at the
'-'.head "of navigation on Galveston Bay
on the Gulf of Mexico, is progressing
favorably. The wharves and switch
. ing tracks are nearing completion and
the work on the streets and on the
sewerage and water systems 13 now.
-under way. Mr. I. It. Holmes, the gen-
eral manager of the La Porte Improve
ment Company and the La Porte
Wharf and Channel Company, is per-
sonally superintending the improve
ments. Mr. Holmes makes his head-
. quarters at the Sylvan Hotel and vis
",'itors to La Porte during the next six
weeks and before the time of the first
general La Porte sale, which will be
" "held in February, 1SG0, should intro
duce themselves to Mr. Holmes and al-
low him to extend to them facilities
for getting a thorough understanding
. of the conditions surrounding the La
'" Magnetic Starch is the very
-laundry starch in the world.
- Icebergs in the Atlantic sometimes
last for 200 years.
Cared After Repeated failure With Other
I will Inform audlcted to Morphine. Laudanum.
Opium, Cocaine, of never-falllnc. harm le, home
cure. Mrs. M. II. Baldwin. Box 1213. Chicago, III.
In the years 1832 to 1S9I England lost
.14,000,000 of its population by emigra
tion, Germany lost 5,000.000 between
1832 and 1891.
( Not the ordinary kind)
A tuadsome year-book filed
whh bciotif il illustration, and a
complete calendar. It is sold oa
all aews-stands for 5 cents, and
it's worth fve times ttut amount.
It is a reliable chronology of
the progress of the 19th ceatiry
and a prophecy of what may be
expected in the 20th.
ITre are a few of the great men who baro
written for iii
Secretary Wilson, on Agriculture
Sen. Chauncey'M. Depew", on Politics .
Russell Sage, on Finance
Thomas Edison, " Electricity
GeruMerritt, " Land Warfare
Adml. Hichbom, - Naval Warfare
A1" Smith, " Sports
Yon will enjoy reading it now,
and it will be a book of reference
for yon through the years to
come. Sixty-four pages, printed
on ivory fnish paper.
If your news-dealer cannot sup
ply you with it, cut out this ad.
and send it with three one-cent
stamps and receive this elegant
book free. Address
J. C Aycr Co., Lowell. Mass.
DR. ARNOLD'S COUGH
CURES CnUGHS AND COLDS.
All DracRUtK. 25c.
k Zs food for thought.
Send your name and address on a)
post?.', and e will send you our 156-S
& page Illustrated catalogue free.
flMCHESTER REPEATKG ARMS CO.
i 174 Winchester Area, New listen. Conn. '
IMnaCIJRA MANUFACTURMG CO.
It Stiffens the Goods
It Whitens the Goods
It Polishes the Goods
It makes all garments fresh and
crisp as when first bought new.
TRY A SAMPLE PACKAGE.
You'll like It if you try it.
You'll buy it if you try it.
You'll use it if you try it.
Sold by all Grocers.
Cash Frle lfeM U
Pwttiy, 6mm, Bltttf, Egf s.
far tact ami tH
IS- iLaaaiMBr" f aBHaV
w VwBiBaBflBS j Bah M J I
Mtj e5S bbVH
nfFMt no liuaurMKiFM BBBbV
War W WEW 1 aanrar AMranca. BBfCBfl
The B. O. It. ft. will hare 62 new
compound consolidated freight loeo
mqtlTes by the last of JaBuary. Fifty
were ordered in September from .the
Baldwin Locomotive Works and the
order has just been augmented by 12
more. These locomotices. when com
pleted, will represent the highest type
of heavy freight power.
The czar has an income of $1,000 an
hour, the sultan $850, the emperor of
Austria $500, the kaiser $450, the king
of Italy $300, Queen Victoria-the same,
the French president Si50, the king of
the Belgians $85 and the president of
the United States $7.50.
Kew Invention. -
Amongst the cur
ious inventions pat
ented last week was
a baby carriage
which can be con
verted into a cradle
so that the child
may be rocked; a
unicycle or bicycle with but one wheel;
a simple little- pocket contrivance to
manufacture cigarettes; a device for
gauging and marking ladies' skirts;
an apparatus for curling hat brims; a
listed corn cultiavtor; a sail attach
ment to bicycles, and a rubber horse
Parties desiring free information as
to the best methods of securing and
selling patents should address Sues &
Co., Patent Lawyers, Bee building,
He who praises everybody
For starching fine linen use Magnetic
IT. S. Patent OMee Baslnsss.
Inventions for which we prepare
and prosecute applications for patents
therefor receive free notice,, when al
lowed, in our weekly reports pub
lishd In about 500 western newspapers.
S. B. Crane, of Perry, la., has been
allowed a patent for an electric ap
paratus specially adapted for advan
tageously illuminating cavities in the
human body for the purpose of exam
ining the membrance and locations of
the inflammations and abnormal
growths and disorders preparatory to
surgical operations or the application
Fou: hundred and eighty patents
were Issued this week in which list
are 9 for Iowa, 10 forJNebraska, 8 for
Kansas, 1 for North "Dakota. 1 for
South Dakota, Missouii 8, Minnesota
9. Illinois 41, New York 84.
Valuable information in printed
matter sent to applicants fres. Corre
Consultation and advice free.
THOMAS G. ORWIG & CO.
Registered Patent Attorneys.
Des Moines, Dec. 16. '99.
Sin has many tools, bur a lie is the
handle that fits the mall. Holmes.
Your clothes will not crack if you
use Magnetic Starch.
A Iloston Han Fleaeed.
In conversation with some friends,
a prominent Boston man told of his
sufferings from rheumatism and ner
vousness, and one of his friends gave
him some advice, which will be men
tioned later, and which has proven
to be of incalculable value.
To successfully act on this advice,
it was necessary to make a trip of
over 2,090 mlies, but he undertook it,
and now thanks his friend for the
advice, as he finds himself fully re
lieved of his old trouble and has re
turned to his home feeling able to
cope with his business demands, a
The advice given was to go to "Hot
Springs," South Dakota, and there
take the baths and enjoy the finest cli
mate of any health resort in America.
If this man was satisfied after mak
ing a long trip, those residing within
a few hundred miles and similarly af
ilicted can certainly afford to try it,
or rather can't afford to neglect to
Ask any agent of the North-Western
Line for full particulars, or write
J. R. BUCHANAN,
General Passenger Agent,
F. E. & M. V. R. R., Omaha, Neb.
Deafness Cannot Be Cared
by local applications, as they cannot reach the
diseased portion of the ear. There is only one
way to cure deafness, and that is by consti
tutional remedies. Deafness is caused by at
inflamed condition of the mucus lining of the
Eustachian Tube. When this tube is Inflamed
you have a rumbling sound or imperfect hear
rag, and when it i entirely closed deafness is
the result, and unless the inflammation can be
taken out and this tube restored to its normal
condition, hearing Trill be destroyed forever:
nine cases out of ten are caused by catarrh,
which is nothing but an inflamed condition ol
the mucus surfaces.
We will give One Hundred Dollars for any cast
of Deafness (caused by catarrh) that cannot
be cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure. Send foi
P. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, a
Sold by Druggists. oc
Hall's Family Pills are the best
Reformer Not necessarily he whe
does, but he who takes t out in talk
We will forfeit $1,000 if any of our pub
lished testimonials are proven to be not
genuine. The Piso Co., Warren, Pa.
Talk If words were deeds how busj
we would be.
Try Magnetic Starch it will
longer than any other.
Ability What is always with
Half Rates South via Omaha and St.
Loais and Wabash Routes.
On the 1st and 3rd Tuesday of each
month the above lines will sell home
seekers tickets to southern points for
one fare (plus $2.00) round trip.
WINTER TOJRIoi RATES now
on sale to Hot Springs, Ark., and all
the winter resorts at greatly RE
Remember the O. & St. u. and Wa
bash, the shortest and quickest route
to St. Louis.
Remember the O. & St L. and O.,
K. C. &. E. is the shortest route to
Quincy. Unexcelled service to Kansas
City and the south.
For rates, sleeping car accommoda
tion and all information ca.i at the
QUINCY ROUTE OFFICE. 1415 Far
naxn St (Paxton Hotel block) or write
Harry E. Moores, City Passenger and
Ticket Agent. Omaha, Neb.
The mind that is cheerful at present
will have no solicitude for the future,
and will meet 'the bitter occurrences of
life with a smile. Horac2.
The Nile is the longest river in the
world. 4,300 miles. The Niger is 2,500
miles and the Zambesi 1,600 miles.
Go to your grocer to-day
and get a 15c. package of
It takes the place of cof
fee at the cost.
Made from pure grains it
is nourishing and health
.trowrjiTt jea GHADT-O.
JBjB I TSTTlltjmil
gSXf mWl amis 1 nji nua. BB"""
fff Vy RJfcaJBBgBBBBL-JJgTtBBryP " "
SOME SHORT STORIES
' - - THE VETERANS.
Tall Ofltoer Had a Ijmgbable Effect on
the Onaw-EyaB Spaniards Anecdotes
f Gan. Robert E. tee IIow Fnaston
e a General.
The Old Flag;.
Off with your hat as the (las goes by!
And let-the heart have ltssay:
You're man enough for a tear in your
That- you will not wipe away.
You're man enough for a thrill lhat goes
To your very finger 'tips
Ay! the lump just then In your throat
Spoke more than your parted lips.
Lift up the boy on your shoulder, high.
And show him the faded shred
Those stripes would be as red as the
If Death could have' dyed them red.
Off with your hat as the flag goes by!
Uncover the youngster's head!
Teach him to hold it holy and high
For the sake of its sacred dead.
H. C. Bunner.
New York Tribune: L. N. Cowles, of
' San Francisco, who enlisted in the re
cruit battalion in the Fourteenth in
fantry, and was later invalided home,
who was with Mr. Alcroft, said: "We
had a rather interesting experience
when we first got to Manila. The
Fourteenth regiment occupied the
Spanish barracks in that-town, just
across the Calle Real from the Nepa
huts that held the Astor battery
There was no place in our barracks
for our officers, who accordingly took
up their quarters in a convent about
a quarter of a mile down the road lead
ing to Paco bridge. At that time
Aguinaldo had as many men within
our brigade line as we had, if not
more, and one of his regiments had Its
headquarters near an old market that
lay across the road from the convent
wherein our officers were quartered,
while back of the convent lay another
regiment, and between it and our oar
racks was still another detachment of
the Filipino army. Our guards were
patrollng one side of the streets while
Aguinaldo's troops were patroling the
other, and there was a feeling of un
rest among the men that any mo
ment might see the explosion that was
surely coming. It was a great relief
to our regiment when Aguinaldo with
drew his men from the city at Gen.
Otis orders, for had hostilities began
at that time it might have gone hard
with officers of the Fourteenth, sur
rounded as they were by the Filipino
army. Alcroft's mention of his height
reminds me of an amusing story 1
heard concerning Gen. Merritt's cap
ture of Manila. Lieut-Col. Potter, bf
the engineers, who was on the gener
al's staff, is some 6 feet 7 inches In
height and when the general and his
staff landed from the launch Colonel
Potter hurried on and entered the city
alone, some hundreds of yards in ad
vance of his companions. It was a
courageous thing to do, and he might
have been shot for his pains, but the
result turned out to be only laugh
able, for the Spanish soldiery, never
having seen the Americans close at
hand, jumped to the conclusion that
the colonel's height was simply that of
the rest of the army, and so the gi
gantic Potter marched unscathed and
unmolested through the Spanish lines
until he finally reached and turned in
to the Paaccio in the walled city."
Joabert to the British General.
Those who met Gen. Joubert when
he was in this city a few years ago as
the guest of Henry George recall him
as a plain-faced old man with a mass
of black hair streaked with gray and
a full, grizzled beard. He speaks Eng
lish, but bis wife, a woman premature
ly aged with domestic toil, spoke noth
ing save Dutch, and sat patient.though
unmistakably bored at the affairs to
which she and her husband were in
vited. With the father and the mother
was a strapping son of sixteen or
thereabouts, who strongly resembled
Joubert The old general told with
modesty of his negotiations with the
British at Majuba Hill, and his eyes
sparkled as he recited his reply to the
British commander-in-chief. "It does
not comport with these," said the
Eritish general, pointing to the decora
tions on his breast, "to accede to your
terms." To which said Joubert,point
ing to his riflemen: "And It does not
comport with those to offer any oth
ers." Joubert's best story, as illus
trating the perils of South African life,
was concerning the loss of a some
what savage but valued cook, who was
bodily carried off from the kitchen by
a lion. New York Sun.
Anecdotes of Cen. Robert E. le.
Gen. Lee was seated In the rear of a
car of a railroad train going to Rich
mond one day during the war wheu a
poorly dressed old woman entered at
one of the stations. The seats were
filled with officers arid soldiers. The
woman, finding no vacant seat and
having none offered her, approached
the end where the general sat. He
immediately arose and gave her his
seat. Instantly there was a general
rising, each man offering his seat to
the general. But he said significantly:
"No, gentlemen, if there was no seat
for that infirm woman there can be
none for mt." The effect of bis re
buke was remarkable. One after an
other the officers retired from the car
and soon Gen. Lee and the woman had
it all to themselves. -One night some
soldiers were overheard discussing the
doctrine of evolution around the camp
fire when a rough, honest fellow cut
short the argument by saying, with
great earnestness: "Well, boys, the
rest of us may have developed from
monkeys, but I tell you only God Al
mighty could have made such a man
as Marse Robert" From the Ladies'
Officer by Brevet.
New York Tribune: A. R. Johnston,
of St. Louis,, has a. friend who is an
officer in the army, on whom he told
the following story. "My friend,", said
Mr. Johnston, "had received a higher
rank by brevet than the one he re
ceived pay for in recognition of bis
services in one of the Indian cam
paigns. At the time .he was made the
recipient of ' this honor he was' .sta
tioned at one of the frontier posts,
and decided to celebrate the occasion
by a hunting trip after wild turkeys.
So off he' started,'.accompanIed only'
by his orderly, an Irishman,- who was
thoroughly familiar with the region.
An evening or two later the pair ,ran
across a tree, upon a dead limb of
which they made out in the moonlight
a number of dark'ferms roosting. They
crept up within easy gunshot and
were about UTtake aim. when the or
derly, began. "'But Captain'- A
long Sh-h-h-h! was the only- response
from that of the officer. The Orderly
tried again, but this time, -drawing a
"Shut up, youfool; do you want to
care the birds -away?' in- an angry
whisper (ram bit companion; held ith?
peace. The officer, letting go both bar
rels, dropped a bird with each, an
was starting to reload, when he stroke
to the fact that his orderly was taking
no part in the game and had not fired
a shot 'Here, you, don't you want to
get any turkeys? Why don't you ire?'
he hotly asked. Pat's chance to get
even had come, and he made the moat
of it as he demurely replied: 'Sure.
Captain, dear, those ain't the rale
thing. They're only foorkeys by bre
vet They're toorkey boozards!' And
so they were, as my crestfallen friend
T. Atkins' Discipline.
Tommy Atkins, more especially the
Irishmen of that name, manages often
to work in a little humor in conjunc
tion with discipline. The Royal Innis
killen Fusiliers, says the London Tele
graph, were marching to their 'mus
ketry camp and halted for the night at
the little town of Kesh. The surgeon
captain attached to the regiment for
the march preferred to sleep in the
hotel, 'and his tent was not pitched.
Four men were told off next morning,
however, according to custom, to strike
the doctor's tent, but on marching to
the spot where it should be they found
a vacancy. "Where does the doctor stay,
anyway?" asked the old soldier of the
party, and he was told that the doctor
had slept at the hotel. When the surgeon-captain
came out of the hotel he
found the old soldier and the three
other men waiting outside, and asked
them what they wanted. "Party to
shtrike the doctor's tent," replied the
old soldier, laconically. Whether the
four gallant fusiliers had intended to
pull down the hotel as soon as the doc
tor was out of it did not transpire, for
they were sent off to their company at
Ifow Fnaston Became a General.
At Santo Tomas the rebels proved to
be behind strong works. It was here
that Capt Albright was wounded,
Lieut McTaggert killed and the little
man of war was shot in the left hand.
1 hat night Funston was ordered in to
Manila to have his wound properly
dressed. While coming in on the train
he received a telegram. There being
no lights allowed in the car, he thrust
the dispatch into his pocket After
having his hand dressed at the quar
ters he remembered the telegram and
opened it It was from Gen. Otis an
nouncing his promotion to a brigadier
generalship. A little group of officers
chatted together that evening in a con
gratulatory way. As Funston rose to
retire Major Metcalf said: "Good night,
general." With prophetic meaning the
little man of war replied: "Good night
colonel." And Metcalf now commands
the regiment Leslie's Weekly.
The Philippine army has twelve
automatic guns, thirty-three Gatllng
guns, twenty-one two-pounder moun
tain guns' and twelve Sims-Dudley
A prize of $100 has been offered ty
Dr. Louis L. Seaman for the best
thesis on the following subject: "The
Ideal Ration for an Army in the
Tropics." The competition is open
to all commissioned medical officers cf
the United States army and navy. It
is offered through the military service
institution of the United States, and
the competition will close March 1,
At a recent Australian military re
view the commanding officer of a large
volunteer infantry regiment was un
expectedly absent, and the onus of
marching the men past fell upon the
second in command, a heavy, stolid
looking trader, who knew nothing
of drill. Ere he had time to hunt up
the adjutant for instructions, a gener
al's A. D. C. galloped up with orders
to march. "Um! Yes, of course," said
the amateur warrior, gazing leisurely
round. "Beautiful day, isn't it? Have
a cigar?" The A. D. C. replied that he
thought the general would be very
angry if the regiment didn't move at
once. "Of course, of course!" calmly
said the fire-eater; "fine body of men,
these" (waving his arm round).
"Won't move off for anyone but me,
you know; er try 'em." The aid
smilingly told the trumpeter to sound
the march, and the regiment, of course.
moved off. "Good!" said the volun
teer warrior, admiringly. "You can't
stop 'em, though." The A. D. C. mo
tioned to the trumpeter, who sounded
"Halt!" and the men immediately
stopped. "My!" said the ponderous of
ficer, with genuine admiration. "My,
sir, you're a clever man."
Height of VaTM.
The measurements of waves by Dr.
Scoresby, which are regarded as very
accurate, proved that during storms,
waves in the Atlantic rarely exceed 40
feet from hollow to crest, the space
between the crests being 560 feet, and
their speed 32 miles an hour. More
recent observations taken in the At
lantic give from 44 to 48 feet as the
highest measured waves; but such
heights are rarely reached, and, indeed,
waves exceeding 30 feet are very sel
dom encountered. The monsoon waves
at Kurrachee breakwater-works were
found to dash over the wall to the
depth of thirteen feet, or about forty
feet above the main sea level. The
greatest height of waves on the Brit
ish coast were those observed in Wick
bay so famous for the exceptionally
heavy seas which roll into it being
thirty-seven and one-half to forty feet.
Green seas to the depth of twenty-five
feet poured over the parapet of the
breakwater at Intervals of from seven
to ten minutes, each wave, it is esti
mated, being a mass of 40,000 tons of
water, and this continued for three
days and three nights. During severe
storms the waves used to ride above
the top of Smeaton Eddystone tower;
while at Bell Rock the seas, with east
erly storms, envelop the tower from
base to balcony, a height of 400 feet
Perils of the Lose; Skirt.
From the London Dally News: In
the course of a public discussion on
women's dress at Berlin the other day,
Prof. Rubner condemned the long skirt
as a frequent cause of accidents and'
as a promoter of neuralgic pains,
which were brought on by constantly
holding up the dress. Prof. Brock
mueller, the artist, while not denying
the gracefulness in general of trains,
pointed out that in any quick move
ment the effect was the reverse of
graceful, and recommended short
dresses, especially at dances. Mme.
Seler advocated the short skirts be
cause it was unworthy of women to
yield to. a fashion which made the
wearer a slave to her garments, and
because the short skirts made those
who wore them look younger. In the
end the meeting resolved by. a large
majority that long walking-dresses
are irreconcilable with the modern re
quirements of hygiene, liberty of .move
ment and beauty.
1 Sometimes it is very difficult to sea
i through an Interview.
PAKM AND GrAKDEN.
MATTERS OF INTEREST TO
Un-te-Dato Hants Aboat Cat
Uvntlea of the BeU and Yields
Thereof Hertlcaltare, VltlcaUare aad
Ralsisg Calves by Hand.
I used to think, says a writer in Com
mercial Gazette, that the only right
way was to let the calf draw a part
of the milk from the cow. But we now
prefer to feed them entirely by hand
even when trying to raise an. extra
good calf. The only advantages in let
ting the calf suck are that it gets the
cream contained in the milk, it takes
it in a natural manner, and at just the
right temperature. Fed in this way they
'are not so apt to get scours as when
fed by hand. But we cannot afford to
feed butter fat which may be substi
tuted, at first with oil meal jelly, and
later on with mill feed, corn meal, etc.
If careful to give the milk at blood
heat, and keep the stall clean and
sweet, there will be little trouble from
scours. Our method is about like this:
For the first three or four days the
calf is allowed to run with the cow.
Nothing is equal to the first milk to
start the stomach and bowels to work
ing right and the dairy writers tell
us that this fosters the feeling of
motherhood in the cow and tends to
increase the flow of milk. It 13 then
given its first lesson in feeding by plac
ing the hand in the milk with the fin
ger turned upward in its mouth. In
a few days it learns to eat without the
fingers, and then it is a light job to
feed and care for it. At first it is fed
new whole milk but by the time all
fever is gone from the cow's udder, it
may be fed on skimmed milk. To this
should be added some oil meal jelly,
made by dissolving about two table
spoonfuls of oil meal in hot water. This
may be gradually increased to half a
pound of oil meal at a feed, but this is
enough up to two months old. The
calf should have access to grass or
some fine, sweet hay, that it may early
develop the first stomach and begin
chewing its cud. At two months old
it will eat quite freely of various foods,
and should have all the mill feed, corn
meal or ground oats it will lick up
clean twice a day.
By this time the oil meal may be
left out though it would be better to
still feed a little of it. The greatest
trouble with calves raised by hand is
scours. This may come from various
causes, but is generally brought on by
sour milk, foul stalls or by feeding too
much at one time and not enough at
another. Whct first signs are noticed
give an egg or two, beaten fine, in its
milk. This will usually check it but
if not a handful of wheat flour fed in
the same way will be found good. The
scours will easily be detected by the
smell in the stall. It is almost useless
to try to cure the calf and keep it
healthy unless the stall is kept per
fectly clean and dry.
The Oak Fraaer.
On this page we illustrate an insect
known as the Oak Pruner. In the cut
"a" is the larva, "b" the beetle, "c"
pupa, "d" end of twig cut off from tree
by larva, "e" reverse end containing
insect, "f" same from side split to show
pupa within, "g" leg of larva; these
are all enlarged.
The scientific name is Eliphidion.
villosum. The Oak Pruner is its popu
lar name, from the fact that it cuts off
limbs of the oak tree principally,
though it also cuts off limbs of a few
other trees. It is regarded as a re
markable insect and is believed to show
remarkable intelligence. The egg is
laid by the beetle in the twig of a tree
and when it hatches the young grub
starts in to tunnel down the twig
through the axis. He takes a branch
that is about the size of a man's finger,
and works down it, feeding on the
wood till he is well-grown. Then he
apparently reasons that he is about to
change into a pupa and then into a
beetle, in which state he will not have
boring apparatus that would make it
possible for him to escape from the
wood. He therefore begins to cut off
the limb in which he is living, but cuts
it just far enough so it is held by the
bark till the first heavy wind. This
bark not only holds the limb on the
tree for a time, but keep3 woodpeckers
and other birds from finding him. Af
ter making the cutting to the necessary
extent the worm backs into the tunnel
he has made and stops up the door
with some of the wood dust he had
made in the operation. Then he gets
ready for the transformation that is to
come, and goes to sleep. When he
wakes up he is a beetle. The wind has
blown off the limb, and the beetle
merely scrapes away the wood dust
that blocks his cavern and the way is
Keeping the Calf Healthy.
The best writers Ave have ever read
advise mixing the ground feed with
the milk. It is not the intention to set
up my own opinion in opposition to
these, but some of the worst attacks
of scours we ever had were brought
on in this way, says a writer in an ex
change. There is no mistake about
this. Of course some calves are worse
in this respect than others, but I have
come to regard the practice with sus
picion. We now feed all ground feed
dry, in a rather large trough, so it is
compelled to eat it slowly. Thus the
saliva in abundance is mixed with the
feed, and this first step in digestion is
helped. The calf should never be fed
sour milk, especially when young.
Clabber, dishwater and buttermilk are
good for the pigs but they are linger
ing death to the calf. It is a mistake
to allow the calf to run with the cow.
After it is a few weeks old it wilL al
most worry the life out of the cow. For
all ordinary purposes it never pays for
this kind of raising. After weaning it
is too dainty. There is nothing good.
enough for it to eat It pines ant!
frets, loses in condition and at a year
old is not much better than if properly
raised by feeding on skimmed milk
The calf that is well raised by hand
is always ready to eat anything tha
is good. There is no check in its
growth from weaning. It is healthy.
3leek and saucy, and every time you
teed it you have the proof before your
syes that good calves can be raised by
hand. In growing -the calf, or any
other young animal for that matter,
let ut remember that every pouad of
growth represents so bebcb fool. Thsra
is no game of chance in any line ol
stock feeding by which we may some
times get something for nothing. In
this ail Is .even handed Justice so
much growth for so much feed aad cars
but never so much growth for nothing.
We herewith illustrate Bermuda
grass, which Is well-known by name to
most of our readers. Farmers' Bulle
tin 102, of the Department of Agri
culture, says of it: Bermuda grass is
to the South what Kentucky blue grass
is to the North, and is the best hay and
pasture grass for all soils that are not
too wet. It is the most common grass
in all of the Gulf states, and the vigor
of its growth is very good indication
of the quality of the soil on which it
is found. Its leaves and stems are so
fine and its creeping stems lie so close
to the ground that it makes an excel
lent lawn grass. Bermuda grass is
never injured by protracted drouth,
and is unhurt by the most frequent
grazings and cuttings. Its root stocks
are so strong and wiry that it is the
best of soil binders, and is used ex
tensively for protecting levees and em-
bankments. It is one of the best
grasses for grazing, and may well be
used In the Gulf states as the founda
tion for all permanent pastures. As a
hay grass it is unexcelled. In favor
able seasons it will give two cuttings,
and on good soils its yield is from two
to four tons of hay per acre.
Bermuda grass is usually propagated
by transplanting the roots. This may
be done at almost any time except
during the coldest winter months, and
the work is not more expensive than
the seeding of the ground in the or
dinary manner. Shave off sods an inch
or two in thickness, cut them in pieces
about an inch square and drop on the
ground about two feet apart each way,
stepping on each one and crowding it
into the soft ground as fast as dropped.
Being expensive and unreliable, seed
is seldom used.
When once established, Bermuda
grass is difficult to eradicate, and this
is occasionally an objection to its gen
eral cultivation. The best method of
destroying it is to plow the ground
immediately after the hay is cut, leav
ing it as rough as possible. Plow
again in November and sow to oats,
and when that crop is harvested plow
again and sow quickly of cow peas,
which will smother the few plants
that may have survived the oats, and
will leave the land in fine condition for
any future crop. Ton for ton, Ber
muda grass has a feeding value fully
equal to that of the best timothy, and
many horsemen prefer it to any other
Great possibilities lie in the use of
the atmosphere for the regulation ol
temperatures in cool storage houses.
We predict that the time is not far dis
tant when a new science will be devel
oped along the line of low tempera
ture houses in fall, winter and spring.
As yet we have but begun to consider
the matter, though a few attempts
have been made, more or less success
ful, to construct cool storage houses.
With a cool atmosphere above in win
ter and a cool zone below In summer
there is no reason why science should
not supply details sufficient to make
them available. In fact, the problem
is much easier of solution than might
appear, so far as most of our needs are
concerned, for we need not consider
at all the question of keeping fruit
except through the winter. If we can
have an abundance of facilities for
keeping our fruit well along toward
spring the fruit supply will be quite
generally exhausted by the natural de
mands upon it. In the summer fresh
fruit is always available and we do not
feel the need of fruit keeping as in the
The orchardists that arc trying to
keep fruit In their cellars this year
are doubtless having a hard time of it.
The ordinary cellars are so warm that
the potatoes have already begun to
sprout, and this temperature is even
more destructive on the keeping abil
ity of apples and pears. There have
not been enough cool nights to affect
the temperature of the cellars, except
where the cellars have been handled
with a particular view of reducing the
temperature 'and keeping it down. It
should be a settled order, as long as
this kind of weather lasts, to open the
cellar windows at night and close them
sn the morning. There will be little
danger of freezing the contents of the
cellar, as most fruit can stand a tem
porary cold far below the freezing
point without being injured. This of
course is more so in the case of the
fruit and potatoes being put up in
barrels or piled in large quantities in
bins. A good thermometer should be
kept in the cellar and another should
be hung out of doors. They should
he consulted before the time comss for
retiring at night. A good supply of
cold air may be put into the cellar
every night and kept there throughout
The Garden-Pharmacy. The fann
er's garden should be not only his
larder, but his pharmacy as well. It
can be made to grow his food. It may
be made to grow his raediclne3 also.
Perhaps it is better to say that, in
growing the farmer's food, the garden
may be made to produce food that shall
make medicine an unnecessary thin?
in his family. This may be done by
growing vegetables and fruits that are
distinctly health-preserving as well a3
nourishing. It is hardly possible to
find a garden vegetable that is inimical
to the consumer, although one person
may not like or be benefited by one or
another vegetable that is pleasant and
beneficial to another.
The Original cabbage has developed
!nto many different forms, such as
kale. Brussels sprouts and cauliflower, j
Since his inauguration as president,
Mr. McKinley has never seen a play.
Each of the Washington theaters has
placed -a box at his disposal. The
mistress of the White House, how
ever, is rather fond of the play, and
frequently visits the theater with
In Switzerland they elect a new
president every year unanimously, The
new one just chosen is Walker Haus
cr. and the rule which has been fol
lowed in the tranquil republic for
years is that the vice president of one
year becomes the president the next
Tha Health aad Pleasare Resorts
Of Texas, Mexico, Arizona and Cali
fornia are quickly and comfortably
reached via the Southern Pacific Com
pany's Sunset Route. Daily through
service from New Orleans to San
Francisco via Houston. San Antonio.
El Paso and Los Angeles. Special
semi-weekly service. Sunset Limited
from New Orleans Mondays and
Thursdays, composed of Buffet Smok
ing Car, containing Bath Room and
Barber Shop. Drawing Room Compart
ment Car. regular Pullman Sleepers,
and Dining Car (meals a la carte), all
of the latest design and most luxuri
ously appointed. Direct connections
made at New Orleans from all points
North and East. Detailed informa
tion cheerfully furnished by W. G.
Neimyer, G. W. A.. So. Pac. Co., 23S
Clark St.. Chicago; W. II. Connor.
Com'l Agt.. Chamber Commerce Bldg..
Cincinnati. O.. W. J. Berg, Trav. Pass. . the fugitive in Missouri, and he got in
AgU 220 Elhcott Square, Buffalo, i terested enough to come back and take
I ft Inn If Thtan h ctnnna.t rvil tiirvocfarl
Truth as lived To him that hath
not shall at least not be given.
TO CURE A COLD IN ONE DAT.
Take Laxative llrrmo Quinine Tablets. All
druggists retunil tho money it it fai:s to cure.
28c: . W. Grove's signature on caca bos.
Silence When impelled by
nized ignorance, is wisdom.
If you have not tried Magnetic Starch
try it now. You will then use no other.
Politeness The oil that greases the
bearings of life.
FITS Permanently Cuivil. !CofltJ ornerrnnmeinftfe
On.t day's ue of lr. Kline' ttieat Xerre Hrtorer.
Sent (or FKEG S3.UO trial tot:le and treatise.
'M. R. IL Kiine, Ltd., 931 Arch St., 1 hilaitelphia, Ta.
"Pigley is very contrary, I under
stand." "Contrary? Why, that fellow
has to fast to get fat." Judge.
Captain Gridley's JL Restored by
DEWEY'S FLAG SHIP OLYMPIA-CAPTAIN CRIDLEY. COMMANDER.
Mrs. GriiUet, mother of Captain Gridley, who was in command of
Dctvey's flay ship, at the destruction of the Spattish fleet at Jlitnila.says
of our remedy, 1'erutut:
"At the solicitation of a friend I used Peruti't, and can truthfully
say it is a y rand tonic and is a woman's friend, and should he used in
every household. After usiny it for a short periml I feel like a new
person." Ann i:. (iridic:.
Nearly all our ills arc due to catarrh. We arc liable to have catarrh of the
head, catarrh of the throat, catarrh of the lungs, stomach, kidneys, bladder
and pelvic organs. Pcruna cures catarrh wherever located. Addrchs Dr.
Ilartman, Columbus. Ohio, for free book.
"Star" tin lags (allowing small stars printed on under f-iilo
oftag), " Horse Shoe," "J.T.," "Good Luck," "Cross Bow,"
and "Drumtnond" Natural Leaf Tin Tags are of equal value in
securing presents mentioned below, and niny bo assorted.
Every man. woman and child cau lind something on tho list
that they would liko to have, and can Itavo
1 Ma'cii Hot V 2!
2 Kn fe. one blade. Ctxnl d:ool 2 I
I Sc:-ir8.4in;!ie- - I 2I
4 CUM'- Set. Kiiifo. Kori a:ul Spoon 2i I 2
raple plate on vrhitf ms:sl W ( K
l'rnrli Briar Woc-l 11t-. ...Sii
TlUz.r,lioIluwro:unl.fino Fnslttli 1 2
?:wl 60 '
8 Mutter Knife, trij'le jIate. bent
tsiirii,n .ir.tT.). Kt cii.il.. Aii 30
Hi S'aiiiti Ht. fterlinu .Uer '0 ami iluribl-. ..... lojo
It Knife. "Keen Kutt-r." two MaoVi.. 75 I 31 Sewing J.nchim-. fir: rljvi. ul'li
12 utrher5nito."KeenKt2tter."8in ; llat-liMieirt . .... IW
bl1e 75 3J IterolTef. Colt's. fflf'll-. Wil-1
13 Mie.tr.. "Ken Kiltter "M-lncJi 75 . .U .................... 15-
It Nut Set. C'.arker an-1 6 I'ic. MlTer KM... . I-.h-!. 2i-ca!i-r. ..1.
p4(el co.WOuitar (Whitburn;, rovroc.l.in-
15 Raw Hail.""AwrlaVlon." bent qnai'.IOU I ''' :,NW
H Alurm Clock ni'-kel 130 J.-js Maiilolin. Torv tiin.li jij. .. ...iMJ
i;SijO.nnlne:tos,.rH-rean.jotw.bwt ;M Winchester Kepe.tin- Shot Onn.
i1io1romN I irvl (xn
11 Wa-cb. nl-kel.ote-iiwin.lan.net.. 200, '-fai-.-- m
1 Crers. omv -te-l. l.Gcthorn j 37 Remt-itj'on. rtoiiMe-hirrel. li im-
hvi.Ile-. iroj iiier.ShotOuii.IilorUK.tiiK .2"
20 Six Genuine Host r" Tuble 8roon. . j BicTrl. stan.lard make. lnlit- or
1-es.t pla'eil irno.1 ...2M Kentn 2-VIJ
ZI nix -ncn. iniTs ami i..t. uuc
49. Kit aiiIi flan. linn I;.wpr4 fv-ltre-t
and Korki, lest platl K'ol" &
THE A9DVE OFFER EXPIRES U0VEM3Eit 30m. 1901.
0: u.i;.. I Miin "Star"TlT Tassftliat I. S or tin tas wit.'i no m 11
?Jr;ild! IIUllo . o-ars priute'l i
I on un
but will re rai.l for
hnndre.1. if rceiTel lr nson or hoforo 'lifh 1st. ly.
UTREAIt IN .WIND that n dine'
trill Inxt longer and nlfmrd nure plrasaro than a dlme wartU ef any
.i..,hnu ai Aire vrijcr TCrQTi
I Sew lags to COXTlXEXTAt.
OF THE WORLD
LISTi PR f.
will be rnide 'ivcvrrr hiijcrof ri Porte
ptopcrtj. Kirt Kferal sale in Febru
ary. 1S0JI La I'ortc. Texas. U destined
to'b; the future ercatf st sciport of the
Ouif of i.exUo Everv farmT. merchant
acdmaaufifturtr or t e Uniied Syitrs
wet of th? Mss-lssippi River i- directly
Interest !n I.jv Porte A timll invest
ment vi I return br.tnlorae profits. Write
forFRES FolJer. Maps and Art Book to
AMERICAN LAND COMPANY.
ISO Madison St., CHICAGO.
. AGENTS WANTED
To ell tfce products of
THE SWIRE VeCGINE CC.
OF WYMOR, NEB.
Sirlns plasne or tog chctera f ccceesfally treated
-id reader weilhosslnimo-.t.t'f oar procesi.
For tanner particulars csitoa or (
JIM Swiit VtOf ifit Ot.j WR9r8, (ilk.
'i.lt i u Mil VJFr;-gEms&
CHICAGO SCALE- z5SeGiGO,&. j
ana - ""' - """"M"
aanmaanmanaBaaBnananmnannanananaBnannnnn w. X. 0.-OMAIIA. Xo. r2 1SU!
I A I Mf-ntlon tlil paper to advertisers.
A raffle for a Whito House crazy
quilt has just taken place at 50 cents
a "throw." The pieces in the quilt
are from the tapestry and other fur
nishings of the mansion, .dating back
to the time of Mrs. Cleveland and rep
resenting four administrations. The
quilt is exquisitely arranged, and the
value is put down at 150.
Milton Stewart is building an ark
on the top of West Rock, near New
Haven, Conn., in the belief that the
world is to be visited by another de
luge. Mr. Stewart makes no definite
prediction as to the date of its coming.
The Farm Beats the Mortgage.
There is a story from Buffalo County
going the rounds that illustrates the
resources of a Nebraska farm: A farm
er up there from Missouri got discour
aged because he didn't get rich the first
year, and as there was a mortgage of
$700 on his farm, wa3 about ready to
jump the whole business, but deter- .
mined to make one more effort and
sowed eighty acres in wheat. It hap
pened to be a poor year for wheat and
the stand was not very good. Conclud
ing that it wasn't worth harvesting he
pulled up his stakes and moseyed back
to Missouri, leaving the farm to fight
the mortgage all by Itself. The farm
was equal to the occasion.
The wheat ripened, fell down and de
posited the seed in the soil again. Next
spring the wheat begin to grow lus
tily. Some of the neighbors were hon
est enoueh to" write ahmit it ilnwn tn
w , au uv t'l'- H litis t3VtV
' his voluntary crop. He sold it for
enough to pay off the mortgage and.
the rest of his debts and had a tidy lit
tle surplus over, with which he moved
his family back and now declares there
is no state like Nebraska. Lincoln
Cheap Triad I.iintift.
The San Antonio and Arkansas Pas's
Railway covers central and south
Texas. Good lands, reasonable prices,
mild and healthful climate. Address
E. J. MARTIN, Gen'l. Pass Agt..
San Antonio, Texas.
Use Magnetic Starch it has no equal.
Childhood may do without a grand
purpose, but manhood cannot. Hol
Hock. -lay. Cr.Irn!r. Tlnrmom-
er. Uiwbih -M
nn ra.v. IcaUi-r.no Jwtter mi.t. -W
Iwlver.-MlK!iutlt.-. ili.ubln a;tl.n.
S2ortrallbr. --.... - . . fi
Tool S-t. not inartMnsi. rvil
'""'"' - -. : ,
Tot!-' Hi: nirn:-.-a imr.eUiu.
eryha-iIo-ii .. tj
n.eraiiiKi ltltl" .Ni...2Ir3i.-a! . "to
J)re!t Sin' ;'(. leather, uainloom
kw n l..nln..mn .ln.,1.!-. Inr.
rel. liaminerlovs ... ..30.H
Hoginj MimIc Box.
W iii.-Ii Ulii
- lT !I le of tai). are. nn: itml fur v mt.
ia CASH on the Lasts of twenty cents p-ir
TOBACCO CO.. St. tati', Mo.
Off IOAL STOCK 5CAI
ALSO OMAHA EXPOSITION 1596
AWARDED DIPLOMAS GOLD MEDAL
rnOV3A'&3 C CefC"tng3
of acres of choice acrl
cnltural LANDS now
opeced for settlement
in Western Capsd 1.
Here is grown tne ce'
ebrated NO. 1 HARD
WliKAT. whlca lirinjs the highest price in the
market of the -.vorld: thouson-LS 01 can.s are
fatten".! for market without beins,' fed train,
and without a day's shelter. Send for informa
tion and secure a free home in Western j.anedo.
Writ" the Superintendent of Immigration. Ot
tawa. oraddresthc undersigned, who will mail
:iai.e-. pimpmets. eic. ircu 01 -.. ; -
X. x. Life Huiiaing; uxarn. .so.
Mar"BaNEW DISCOVERY; frivc
fgftaJTa: J I quick relief and ccrc worst
Boole of testimonials and to DaT v treatment
DK. IU K. CKIU-S SUSS. Bra V. AtlasU, Ca.
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