Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (June 21, 1899)
I' I :
Brooklyn has a "hospital for bread?
winner," to be occupied by women,
and although an unfortunate woman
who had lost all her money would pro
bably be cared for in the same way
as her sisters It is understood that
the class which it is intended to ben
efit most directly is that large body of
the intelligent, thrifty and industrious
that earns its livelihood by services as
clerks, typewriters, stenographers,
nurses, dressmakers, etc.
Trouble is like a mudhole; it's easy
enough to get in, but takes all one's
power to get out.
Many good people prefer to take all
the risks themselves, rather than let
the church catch any disease from the
rot of all evil.
V. 8. Patent Omee Baslness.
Four hundred and sixty-three pat
ents were issued this week. Iowa in
ventors are represented in the list by
10, Minnesota 9, Missouri 19, Nebras
ka 1, Pennsylvania 56, Texas 8, New
5,723 applications are awaiting ac
tion by the Examiners.
Photographs are not proper sub
jects for patents, but an exclusive
property right in a photograph of a
person, animal, landscape, building,
or any other object, may be secured
by copyright. Mr. J. C. Plummer, of
Altoona, la., has applied for a copy
right for his photo of the cyclone that
whirled along about fourteen miles
north of Altoona on May 28th. The
sun was shining and illuminated the
whirling twister which appears white
in the picture and very distinct
Names of medicines and labels for
merchandise that used to be protected
by copyrights are under present laws
not proper subjects for copyrights,
but may be protected by registration
in the U. S. Patent Office my patents
issued for trade-marks for 30 years
and for labels for 28.
THOMAS G. ORWIG & CO.,
Solicitors of Patents.
- Dcs Moines, Iowa, June 3, 1899.
There is nothing in the world more
Bensational than the plain unvarnished
Nothing ruins a woman's complex
ion quicker than marrying a man to
B. T. P. V. Richmond, Va, July 13-16.
Via Big Four and Chesapeake & Ohio
Ry's. One fare round trip. Tickets on
sale July 11, 12, 13; good to return until
July 31st. Can be extended to August
l.'.th. For full information and de
scription pamphlets address, J. C.
Tucker, G. X. A., 234 Clark St., Chicago.
A Boston paper is authority for the
Btory that not long since at a hotel
in the modern Athens one of the ar
rivals registered his name in large
capitals running across the page:
"Richard Harding Davis and valet."
The next guest to arrive registered
thus: "John D. Rockefeller and va
lise." De Tear-Feat Ache ana Bmt
Shake Into your shoes, Allen's Foot
Ease, a powder for the feet It makes
tight or New Shoes feel Easy. Cures
Corns, Bunions, Swollen, Hot and
Sweating Feet At all Druggists and
Shoe Stores, 25c Sample sent FREE.
Address Allen S. Olmsted. LeRoy. N. Y.
It does not signify because a man
grows whiskers when the beginning of
tho end of his "bit" has arrived that
we have seen his face for the last time.
Laundry Work Made Easy.
To do away with the drudgery of the
laundry use "Faultless Starch." It gives
the best results with the least amount of
labor. All grocers : large package, 10c.
Now comes the season of distress.
When weary mortals here below
Look upward in dismay and guess
How high the mercury will go.
Mr. Wlnslow's Soothing. Syne.
For children teething, softens the gums, reduce ta
Bainmstloa, allays pln,cure wind colic. 23c a bottle
About the time a man gets ready to
lay up something for a rainy day it
begins to rain.
Boston's debt has increased $5,000,
000 a year for the last four years.
44 Evil Dispositions
Are Early Shown."
i Just so evS in the blood comes oat in
stupe of scrofula, pimples, etc., in
children And young people. Taken in
time it can be eradicated by using Hood's
SarsapariHa, cAmeric&'s Greatest Medi
cine. M vitalises and enriches the blood.
Send your name and address on a)
postal, and we will send you our 156-
page illustrated catalogue free.
WINCHESTER REPEAT1R6 ARMS CO.
1 174 Winchester mm, Saw Him, Cera.
JULY 20-23, 1899.
One Fare Round Trip
KsrepC that from point wlthta SS
miles the exranion fare will be One
aad One-third Fare for Bemad Trip
otto exceed one dollar.
"Wffi beOB mSm ,pom all jnolats
Jnly IS. Se. SI. From all points wlthta ?S
aUcwof Indianapolis oa July 19.89. Sl.ZS
M S3. IBID.
atetantlae- tickets will be rood to leave
l&?tP12L!M J 4tu- " Ptoo
that If tickets are deposited with Joint
jrnt at Indianapolis not later than Jnly
S4th. and payment of fee of SS cent at the
ttmeet deposit, tickets may he extended to
leave JndlanapeUs to aadladedlas; AiMt
For full Informatics regarding- tickets, rates
and rojtes and time of trains, call on agents
"Bl Four Route," or address the undersigned.
C S. BkCtvMHCK. NAMES 1. LYBCM.
The Greatest Railway Systems of
the United States
Use CARTER'S INK
They wonldnt use it if it want good.
Certs yen no more than poor ink.
Insist apoa Having u.
Or. Kii 's Lue ra- sSrcefdSa
GOOD SHORT STORIES
Admiral Dewey's Sword Description ef
Token Voted to Dim by Congress Last
Tear Roosevelt oa the Right Kind of
Army OSlcers War's Awfal Sights.
The Bells of Shaadoa.
I often think of those Shandon Bells,
Whose sound so wild would In days of
Fling round my cradle their magic
On this I ponder where'er I wander.
And thus grow fonder, sweet Cork, of
With thy Bells of Shandon. that sound
so grand on
The pleasant waters of the River Jjee.
I've heard bells chiming- fun many a
Tolling sublime In cathedral shrine.
While at a glib rate brass tongues would
But all their music spoke naught like
For memory dwelling on each proud
thy belfry, knelling Its bold notes
Hade the Bells of Shandon sound far
more grand on
The pleasant waters of the River Lee.
I've heard bells tolling "Old Adrian's
Their thunder rolling from the Vatican,
And cymbals glorious swinging uproar
ious In the gorgeous turrets of Notre Dame;
But thy sounds were sweeter than the
dome of Peter
Flings o'ef the Tiber, pealing solemn
ly. Oh! the Bells of Shandon sound far more
The pleasant waters of the River Lee.
There's a bell In Moscow, while on tower
In St. Sophia the Turkman gets.
And loud in air calls men to prayer.
From the tapering summit of tall min
arets; Such empty phantom I freely grant them;
But there's an anthem more dear to me.
Tls the Bells of Shandon. that sound so
The pleasant waters of the River Lee.
Admiral Dewey's Swonl.
"The Sword of Bunker Hill" will
perhaps be eclipsed in history by the
sword that has been made for Admiral
Dewey, the victor of Manila Bay, says
Miss Carolyn Wells in the May Su
Nicholas. This weapon, authorized
by congress In June, 1898, Is now com
pleted, and in wealth of decoration Is
worthy to take a place among the jew
eled swords described In the "Arabian
Nights." Both blade and scabbard are
of steel, but overlaid entirely with pure
gold, and all other parts are of solid
gold, exquisitely wrought.
The steel blade was made at the
United States arsenal at Springfield,
and is finely tempered to the exact de
gree of flexibility required to make a
perfect sword blade. This blade, grace
ful in shape and well balanced, is
damascened with gold, on which Is
engraved this Inscription: "The gift
of the nation to Rear Admiral George
Dewey, U. S. N. In memory of the
victory at Manila Bay, May 1. 1898."
Further ornamentation on the blade
consists of a procession of Phoenician
galleys, emblematic of sea power, a
flight of eagles, the symbols of our na
tion, and festoons of laurel, signifying
"Olympia" Is engraved on the pom
mel of the sword, also a device repre
senting Capricornus. which is the zo
diacal sign for December, the month
In which Dewey was born. On the col
lar of the sword are the arms and
shield of our country, and below them
the arms of Vermont, the admiral's na
tive state, and Its motto. "Freedom
and Unity." These are enameled In
colors, and the collar is further dec
orated with stars and oak leaves. The
grip or handle of the sword Is covered
with shagreen, or snark skin, held in
place by gold wire, and studded wi.h
gold stars, while the guard represents
a flying eagle bearing in its beak a
On the golden scabbard Is the mono
gram "G. D.," and below this "U. S. N."
These letters and sprays of rosmarinus,
which is a delicate sea plant signify
ing fidelity and remembrance, are set
with one hundred and fifty diamonds
of the first water. The sprays are In
terlaced in a series, with a star in the
center of each, and a row of swimming
dolphins on each side. The 6cabbard
Is further ornamented with designs of
oak leaves and acorns and the ferrule,
or lower end, is formed by two gold
dolphins gracefully twined together.
The belt Is of specially woven ma
terial, with buckles, slide rings and
swivels all of gold and ornamented
with oak leaves and acorns, while the
bullion tassel and trappings are much
handsomer than those usually made,
being of chosen material and finished
with especial care.
The whole fits in an oaken case lined
with blue velvet, on the cover of which
Is a gold eagle and a shield Inscribed
"Rear Admiral George Dewey.U. S. N."
On March 3, 1899, Dewey was made
admiral, an office first created for Far
ragut, and hitherto held only by .m
and by Porter.
The Right Kind of Oncers.
With all volunteer, troops, and I am
Inclined to think with regulars, too. In
time of trial, the best work can be got
out of the men only if the officers en
dure the same hardships and face the
same risks, says Theodore Roosevelt
in Scribner's. In my regiment, as in
the whole cavalry division, the propor
tion of loss In killed and wounded was
considerably greater among the offi
cers than among the troopers, and this
was exactly as it should be. Moreover,
when we got down to hard pan, we all,
officers and men, fared exactly alike as
regards both shelter and food.
This prevented any grumbling.
When the troopers saw that the offi
cers had notning hut hardtack there
was not a man In the regiment who
would not have been ashamed to grum
ble at faring no worse, and when all
alike slept out In the open, In the rear
of the trenches, and when the men al
ways saw the field officers up at night
during the digging of the trenches, and
going the rounds of the outposts, they
would not tolerate, in any of tnelr
number, either complaint or shirking
When things got easier I put up my
tent and lived a little apart, for it is a
mistake for an officer ever to grow too
familiar with his men, no matter how
good they are, and it is, of course, e
greatest possible mistake to seek popu
larity either by showing weakness or
by mollycoddling the men. They will
never respect a commander who does
not enforce discipline, who does not
know his duty, and who is not willing
both himself to encounter and to make
them encounter every species of danger
and hardship when necessary. The sol
diers who do not feel this way are not
worthy of the name and should be
handled with Iron severity until they
become fighting men and not shams.
War's Awfal Sights.
One of the best letters and most In
telligible narratives of the war with,
the Filipinos has been received by
Mrs. C. R. Donohue of Portland, writ
ten by her brother. Charles R. Wyland.
who Is a member of company C. First
Washington volunteers, and who wrote i
from Santo Ana, says the Portland Or
egonlan. Mr. Wyland gave up bis sit
uation on the Tacoms, Ledger to Join
the volunteers, and was one of the bat
talion that presented each a soldierly
appearance marching through Portland
on their way to the front last sum
mer. He says:
"We have had numerous battles with
the enemy. At first we would march
for miles after them in the blazing sun
and fight them, but there are so few
troops here that we nad to stop, be
cause we have to guard the city. So
the natives think we are afraid of them
and now attack us. In two weeks all
the troops will be here, and then It will
not take long to finish up the enemy.
They must have lost over 5,000 killed,
besides thousands wounded.
"This war Is something terrible. Yon
see sights yon can hardly believe, and
a life is hardly worth a thought, I
have seen a shell from our artillery
strike a bunch of Filipinos, and then
they would go scattering through the
air. legs, arms, heads, all disconnected.
And such sights actually make our
boys laugh and yell. 'That shot was a
peach!' A white man seems to forget
that he Is human."
General Garfield was General Rose
crans' chief of staff when the people ot
his district transferred him from Mur
feesborough to Washington. Speaking
of him to Mr. Gilmore. who reports
the complimentary remark in his "Per
sonal Recollections,' General Rose
"He has, yon know, been elected to
congress. He will make his mark
there, and come out at the top ot the
heap. He is the best read man in my
Subsequently Mr. Gilmore found that
Rosecrans' opinion of Garfield's exten
sive reading was that of the army.
Learning that the chief ot staff was
"holding a camp meeting in his room,"
he went there. The room was filled
with division and brigade commanders,
assembled to express their opinions as
to the expediency of a forward move
ment of the army, which had been or
dered by Secretary Stanton.
Garfield's remarks were Interrupted
by the entrance of Gilmore, and his in
troduction to the 'officers. The con
versation had drifted away from the
important question, when some one
suddenly roared out:
"Silence in the meeting! The sensi
ble people here want Garfield's expo
sition of the first chapter of Genesis, or
the 'Decline and Fall of the Roman
Empire' we don't care which."
The humorous exclamation indicated
that in the opinion of the army the
chief of staff was what Bacon calleu "a
full man," one who could talk on all
kinds of matters.
Cans That Cost More Thaa Colleges.
The enormous wealth devoted to
higher education in America has be
come the wonder and the envy of
learned Europe. Now that we are be
coming a great armed power, a few
comparisons between costs of arma
ments and education may be inter
esting. There are four hundred and thirteen
universities and colleges In the United
States. The richest of these Is GIrard
College, whose endowments of 115,000,
000 would pay for building and equip
ping three first-class battle-ships. Four
other institutions of learning Co
lumbia, Harvard, Cornell and the Uni
versity of Chicago are endowed with
more than the value of one first-class
battle-ship apiece. With extreme econ
omy, the wealth of Columbia and Har
vard might even be made to 'pay for
two ships each.
Three other institutions are so rich
that each of them could turn its en
dowments Into a second-class battle
ship or a first-class cruiser. Nineteen
more have funds equivalent to a second-class
cruiser or a monitor apiece.
The endowment of each of forty-two
others would buy a third-class cruiser
or a gunboat In one hundred and two
cases there are investments sufficient
for the purchase of a torpedo boat or
Thirty-five universities and colleges
represent each the value of a ten or
twelve Inch gun and carriage. There
are seventy-three others whose en
dowments, shoveled into the furnaces
of the cruiser Columbia In the form ot
coal, would keep her going at full
speed for from six hours to seven
weeks. The productive funds of five
of these institutions, all combined,
would just pay for one Whitehead tor
pedo. The other one hundred and thlr
ty-four have no endowments at all
The Great Seal.
Half a dozen state department clerk
were talking about the war with Spain
and the signing of the treaty of peace,
says the Washington Star. Inciden
tally the great seal of the United States
was mentioned. The old clerk spoke
up and the younger members of the
group listened with Interest, for when
the old fellow talked, which was very
seldom, his remarks were well worth
hearing. "Speaking of the great seal,"
said he, "do any of you happen to
know that the seal of our country is
In an unfinished state? No? Well, I
thought not," and the old clerk smiled
"In 1782. June 20 was the exact datt
the Continental Congress adopted a
seal. This same seal was later adopt
ed by the First Congress of the United
States. Now, a design was adopted
for both the obverse and reverse of
the seal. With the former we are all
familiar, or ought to be, but the other
remains uncut to this day. I don't
know why it is so, and have never
heard any one attempt an explana
tion. The design adopted for the re
verse of the seal is an unfinished py
ramid. In the zenith there is an eye
in a triangle surrounded with a glory
or sunburst On the base of the pyra
mid appear the numerical letters
MDCCLXXVT. Over the eye are the
words 'Annuit coeptis,' and under the
base 'Novus ordo Secloram.'
"The pyramid signifies strength and
duration. The eye over it and the
motto allude to the interpositions of
Providence in favor of the American
cause. The date underneath is that of
the Declaration of Independence, and
the words under it signify the begin
ning of the new American era which
commenced from that date.
"Now, some of you young men who
have plenty of time go to work and
find out why the reverse of the seal of
your country has not been cut, as pro
vlded for by Congress."
Mashington What's the mattah
with your clock? It's stopped. Tailor
I never wind It up. I use it as a
motto. Mashington What do you
mean? Tailor No tick here. Tit
A Useless Expense.
Ethel They say it costs Percy von
Noodle 2,000 a year to live. Penelope
Dear me! Then what does he do it
FAEM AM) GARDEN.
MATTERS OF INTEREST TO
Vp-to-Date Hints Aheat CeV
tlrctloa ef the Soil aad Yields
Thereof Hertlcaltare, Yltlcaltare aad
Farmers. Test Tear Seed.
From dancers' Review: A poor
stand of any crop may In most in
stances be traced to poor seed. It may
be Immature or too old. Most seed
deteriorates rapidly after from one to
three years. Immature seed Is most
often met with in the so-called hay
crops as alfalfa, millet and timothy,
for In these it is impossible to harvest
the crop so as to get all the seeds ma
tured and at the same time avoid shat
tering. The benefits of testing may be
summed up as follows: Testing the
seed some time before planting time
enables one to make arrangements for
other seed should the first lot prove
worthless. If the per cent of good seed
be not so low as to make it advisable
to get a new lot one can readily cal
culate how much more seed than ordi
nary to plant to secure the required
stand. For instance If In a test of 100
alfalfa seeds but 75 germinate then
one-third more seed must be planted
to give the stand that perfect seed
would give. As even the standard
quality seed contains a certain per cent
of seeds which will not germinate (the
per cent varies with the variety) this
fact must be considered in determining
the amount to sow. As simple an ap
paratus as can be suggested Is two din
ner plates of uniform size placed top
to top, the bottom one filled with sand,
or else with blotting paper, according
as the seeds be large or small. It must
be kept quite moist but do not allow
water to stand In the plate. Care
must be taken not to let the temper
ature fall below 40 degrees In the case
of the hardy field crops. With garden
varieties the minimum temperature
must not fall so low as that 100 seeds
by actual count will be found sufficient
if the sample be an average one. And
the sample must be a fair one if the re
sults are to Indicate anything. Delays
are dangerous, for if the testing be put
off till near planting time one will be
unable to get a new lot of seed, should
the first be of no account in time for
the most advantageous planting.
Other important factors in the selec
tion of seed for planting are purity,
size, and plumpness of the seed.
Balanced Rations for Work noises.
From Farmers' Review: The sea
ion of land work for horses is well be
gun and will continue on the majority
of Kansas farms till the first of next
November. Unless this season is an
exception to the rule, the majority of
horses will begin the year's work in
good flesh and spirits, but before the
season is over, thousands of them will
be so poor as to be ..almost literally
"nothing but skin and bones," and
will require a winter ot high feeding
to make them able to begin another
year's work. This method of treating
horses is ruinous to the horse as well
as expensive to its owner. Horses so
treated are weak at a time when the
heaviest work is required of them.
Their bones protrude in such a way
as to make it almost impossible to
prevent the harness from galling them
and we almost invariably find them
with shoulders covered with collar
bolls, with sore backs, and with large
patches of skin rubbed off their hip
and stifle Joints. Such conditions are
not due so much to excess of hard
work as they are to lack of the proper
kind and amount of food. All animals
require different kinds of food in pro
portions which vary according to the
conditions under which they are fed.
For example, the young growing colt
must have different food from that
given to the adult honse. It Is equally
true that the horse working bard
should have different food and that in
different proportions from the food
given to the horse that is not work
ing. Eminent scientists have devoted
much time and money to digestion ex
periments and to analysis of food3
needed by certain animals under cer
tain conditions. Their results have
been published In various tables of
feeding standards. By the use of these
tables any ration may be compiled to
suit the conditions under which It Is
fed. The calculations necessary to de
termine the quantity of each kfnd of
food to take are performed by a sort
of "cut and try" method and for this
reason are rather laborious to one
who has not had experience. Few far
mers have cared to take the time nec
essary to learn to calculate rations
quickly, and consequently very few
have ever given the subject of "bal
anced rations" any attention what
ever. It is the purpose of this article
to present a table of rations for horses
hard at work in which the quantities
of each kind of food necessary to be
fed in one day are given. The rations
are not all intended to be ideal, but
are designed to furnish standards for
feeding the various feeds that the Kan
sas farmer is likely to have on hand
or to have easy access to at this time.
I am aware that 11 to 14 lbs. is a large
amount of bran for one horse to eat in
a day, but nevertheless, it Is the
amount necessary to balance the ration
where only such other feeds as corn,
and prairie hay or timothy hay are
available. In such cases the ration
should be as nearly balanced as pos
sible. In the following table the
amounts of each feed to be used In
each ration are calculated from Wolff's
feeding standards and are sufficient to
feed a horse weighing 1,000 lbs. one
day. For heavier or lighter horses the
quantities may be varied proportion
ally. Amount of feed in pounds required
per day, per 1,000 lbs. live weight, for
horses working hard:
Ration 1, alfalfa hay 10; oats 10;
prairie hay 10.
Ration 2, alfalfa hay 13; corn 12.
Ration 3. alfalfa hay 15;! corn 6;
reirie hay 8.
Ration 4. alfalfa bay 15; Kaffir corn
5; prairie hay 10.
Ration 5. bran 11; corn 6; prairie
Ration 6, bran 13; corn 6; timothy
Ration 7, bran 11; Kaffir corn 8; j
prairie nay iv.
Ration 8. bran 6; corn 7; prairie !
nay li; linseed meal z.
Ration 9, bran 7; corn 6; timothy
hay 12; linseed meal 2.
Ration 10. corn 7; Kaffir corn 8 '
prairie hay 12; linseed meal 2. ' j
nation n, corn ; unseed meal 4;
prairie hay 13.
Ration 12, Kaffir corn 10; linseed
meal 3; prairie bay 14.
Ration 13, sorghum bay 8; alfalfa
bay 14; Kaffir corn 8.
Ration 14. corn 8; bran 7; linseed
meal 2; sorghum hay 10.
Ration 15. Kaffir corn 8; bran 7; Un
seed meal 2; sorghum bay 1L
Ration 16, oats 14; lirueed meal 2
prairie hay 12.
Ration 17, oats 12; bran 7; prairie
I DMmi 19 ... a. as.. R.
meal 3; prairie hay 10.
Swats hr Selection,
From Fanners' Review: More than
ordinary attention has been de
voted this year to the yearbook of the
department ot agriculture. The pres
ent secretary from the first has im
pressed upon his employes the Im
portance of producing simple, prac
tical articles which every farmer can
understand and profit by, rather than
abstruse, scientific articles, unintel
ligible to nine-tenths ot the population
of the country. One of the many pop
ular articles which the yearbook will
contain Is entitled "Improvement ot
Plants by Selection." It is quite sim
ple, yet instructive. It shows that Im
provement in this line is as simple
and Important as Is improvement in
the dairy herd. For instance; in se
lecting Indian corn for seed, it is the
common practice to select the best
ears at the time of husking, the main
object being to secure ears ot good
size, shape, and having large, well
formed kernels and a proper propor
tion of cob and kernel. This, while
good as far as it goes, does not take
the vigor of the plant into account
and hence does not accomplish all that
Is Intended. The largest ears may
grow on comparatively unproductive
and weak stalks; therefore to obtain
the best results, seed should be se
lected In the field. By patient selec
tion, year by year, although the im
provement each year may be slight
entirely new varieties of plants are
evolved. The article concludes with
"Common methods of selection are
simple and Inexpensive and should be
come general practices in agriculture.
Every farmer and horticulturist should
devise for each crop a systematic
method of selection so that the gen
eral crop may be grown continually
from selected pedigree stock. The
common agricultural crops respond
readily to successive selection and in
every case valuable results will doubt
less reward the agriculturist's atten
tion to this principle."
The Strawberrr Leaf Roller.
From Farmers' Review: The work
of this Insect was very noticeable in
the strawberry patches during the past
summer. In many Instances where
the attacks of the Insect were pro
longed, large numbers of plants were
killed through the loss of their foliage.
Quite often the strawberry patches
had the appearance of having been
scorched in spots by fire. In Kansas,
there appear to be three distinct
broods during one season; each suc
ceeding brood becoming more numer
ous, and consequently more destruc
tive. The following observations were
made during the past year. On June
14 the first brood of adults commenced
to appear, and continued to emerge
till the 24th; on June 22 eggs for the
second brood were being laid; on
June 24 the second generation of
larvae or worms were commencing to
hatch out; by July 25 many of the
larvae were in pupal state; from July
21 to August 10 the second generation
of adults were emerged; on August
14 larvae or worms ot the third gen
eration were to be found in large
numbers; by September 3 many of the
larvae were going into the pupal
state. At present we have no new
remedies to suggest aside from those
usually given. Paris green applied to
the infested plants at the first appear
ance of the worms would be very ef
fective. To determine the earliest
appearance of the worms necessitates
a very close watching on the part ot
the fruit grower. After the crop is
gathered, mow the beds, and collect
and burn the leaves. Do not purchase
plants from infested patches. Where
new beds are to be started, plow un
der the old ones; for by this means
many of the Insects will be buried and
There Is nothing that adds greatei
beauty to the home surroundings than
a well-kept hedge of either evergreen
or deciduous shrubs, adapted for hedg
ing purposes, says Wallace's Farmer.
There are several evergreens that can
be used and are admirably adapted for
hedging, if one has a moist, retentive
soil; and the American Arbor Vitae Is
the best tree to plant, planting the
plants about two feet apart In the row.
If the land is dry, the Red Cedar is the
best evergreen for planting. They
should have the best of cultivation for
a couple of years from planting; at
which time, they should be cut to a
uniform height ot 2 to 3 feet After
this, the only pruning that hedge will
need will be a shortening back of the
long growths, so as to induce a thick
ening up of the branches. In pruning
a hedge after it has got some age. It
is best to use some pruning shear
adapted to that use. The evergreen
hedge should be trimmed at least once
a year, and this during the first week
in July. It is necessary in pruning the
hedge, that you do not cut back to
where you did the previous year, as
there must be a little of the last year's
growth left so as to stimulate and give
health to the hedge. The best decid
uous shrub that we have is the Ber
berry. By planting a hedge of this,
you will have two varieties: The Pur
ple 'Leaf and the Green Leaf. They
make a beautiful hedge, by planting
them alternately of each variety; and
at 2 or 3 years old, they will make a
hedge that is 3 feet high and 8 feet
through. It Is easily kept in shape by
pruning, and is adapted to either low
or high exposures, as it is very hardy
and we would recommend its planting,
as we know of no plant that will make
as great an effect as the above two
sorts, planted as we suggest
Soil an- Manuring for Sugar Beets.
In selecting a soil for sugar beets
the extremes of thin, white clay and
black muck should bs avoided. A soil
which is somewhat sandy 13 preferable,
hnt anv rich loam mav be eznpcteH tn
give a good return. It is imperative
that the soil be well drained and It
must be of such a nature that it may
be deepely worked. A hard pan a few
inches down will produce prongy beets
which the factories will reject When
possible the land should be clover sod.
both because of the manurial effect ot
the clover crop and because of the
greater ease of subduing weeds on such
a soil. Land that has been well ma
nured for a previous crop Is better than
that freshly manured. Any complete
commercial fertilizer may be used
freely, if applied broadcast
twantlna Rnttcr .TtiA 1aii .
AID,1-"" - ------ -.v ol6CUUOe lit
not shipping butter to England to the
extent which was first anticipated, as
will be seen from the following fig
ures: In the first nine months of 18JM5
(from January to September) was sent
to England 1,290,480 pounds; during
the same period in 1897. 591,053 pounds
and in 1898. 1.072.918 pounds. Of
cheese. 44.443 pounds went In 1896.
20,318 pounds In 1897 and 2.015 pounds
in 1898. Ex.
When feeding grain to hens, scattei
It This not only keeps the greedy
hens from securing more than their
share, but compels all to hunt for St
Not many years ago the mail order
business was unknown. Now mil
lions of people avail themselves of it
to get the.beneflt of large cash buying
and immense assortments. Hayden
Bros., The Big Store, Omaha, make a
specialty of this branch of business
and are today among the foremost im
America. They cover the entire west
ern field as their prices on clothing,
furniture and in all lines are lower
than eastern firms and the freight is
much less. Their free catalogues are
found in almost every Trans-Mississippi
When In the city see our stock of
Harness, Whips and Horse Supplies.
A Qalek Movement.
Our present suit sale, of which so
sany or our customers are taking ad
vantage, and which is bringing a good
many new customers to our store, Is
not for the purpose of money-making
so much as of money-getting. We
want to turn this surplus stock, that
a bite spring has left on our hands,
Into cash. That Is business.
We want to do it quickly. That is
It is TOUR business, too, for we
have made the prices such that the
prompt buyer makes more than we do.
BROWNING. KING ft CO.
leads at Tear Ova Mee.
As soon after the first of July as
Jiracticable I will hold public auctions
or leasing about 095,000 acres of school
land, under provisions of the new law,
in the following; counties: Antelope,
Banner, Blaine, Box Butte, Brown,
Ohase, Cherry, Cheyenne, Custer,
Dawes, Deuel, Dundy, Garfield, Grant,
Hayes, Hitchcock, Holt, Hooker, Keith,
Keys Paha, Kimball, Knox, Lincoln,
Logan, Loup, McPherson, Pierce, Per
kins, Rock, Scotts Bluff, Sheridan,
Sioux, Thomas and Wheeler. Under
the new law, if these lands will not
lease at publio auction at 6 per cent
upon the appraised value, they may be
leased to the person offering 6 per cent
upon the highest valuation. These
lands are in the best a 1o:k growing
portions of the state where cattle,
sheep and horses can be produced at
less expense and, therefore, at greater
profit than anywhere I know of; and
yet, surrounded with as good and in
telligent a class of citizens as anywhere
to be found. The harvest truly is great
and lasts almost the year round and
no more inviting field for the intelli
gent stockman and farmer can be
found; and now, that there is an op
portunity to secure twenty-five year
lease contracts thereon at what the
lands are worth, the lessee himself be
ing the judge, it is confidently expect
ed that all or nearly all of these lands
will be leased during the present year
at the public auctions, as above men
tioned. Anyone desiring to attend
any of these leasing auctions will be
notified of the time and place of hold
ing the same, as soon as it has been ar
ranged, if they will write me at once
giving the names of the counties in
which they are interested; and will
also be furnished a list of lands to be
leased so that they may visit the coun
ties in advance of the leasing auction
and examine the lands which will be
offered. Notice of the auction will be
duly given in the local papers. Send
stamp for copy of the new school land
law upder which the lands will be of
fered. Any further information will
be cheerfully furnished.
J. V. Wolfe,
Lands k Building;.
Lincoln, Neb., May 18, 1899.
An Ingenious practical joker has
making lots of fun for the patrons of
a New York beer garden. He has sev
eral steins with valves In the bottom
These, being set upon the table, con
nect with lead pipes, and the valves
open, filling the steins from the bot
tom, and keeping them always full,
no matter how much beer Is swilled.
Vulcanized rubber trays are conven
iently placed for the steins to be set
In when emptied, and the popes, con
necting with the cellar, operate
There is Class ef People
Who are Injured by the use of coffee.
Recently there has been placed la all
the grocery stores a new preparation
called GRAIN-O. made of pure grains,
that takes the place of coffee. The most
delicate stomach receives it without
distress, and but few can tell It from
coffee. It does not cost over one-fourth
as much. Children may drink it with
great benefit 15 cents and 25 cents
per package. Try it. Ask for GRAIN-O.
The doorstep originated the stamp
Chrenle Constipation Cnred.
The most Important dUcorery of recent rrarsts
the poltle remedy for constipation, Casrareu
Csndr Cathartic. Cure guaratueed. Druggists,
10c, 25c, 30C.
Beauty Isn't everything. The butter
fly makes a great show, but it's the
homely little bee that makes the
Hall's Catarrh Care
Is taken internally. Price, 75c.
The chances of matrimony are
much greater Just after or just before
a war than at any other time. During
the civil war the number of marriages
in this country fell off from twenty
per 1,000 population to seventeen per
1,000 and Immediately after the civil
war was ended, in 1865, the number
rose to twenty-two per 1,000, declining
in 1869 to twenty-one.
I believe my prompt use of Piso's Care
prevented quick consumption. Mrs. Lacy
Wallace, Marquette, Kan , Dec. 12, tS.
In the last three years the United
States has sold abroad $1,300,000 more
than it has bought
FITS Permanently Cored. ICo fits or nerronsneM after
Sret day's w of Dr. Kline's Great Nrre Kntorer.
Bend for FREE SS.OO trial bottle and trestiae.
Da. R. H. Suss, Ltd., Ml Arch St, Itlladelphla, Pa.
A man naturally likes to stand high
in his community, yet he doesn't care
to have the assessor over-rate him.
We Pay SI 5 a Week aad Expenses
to men with rtss to Introduce our Poultry Compound.
Address with Ksmp, JaTelle Mfff.Co.,Farsona,Ksn.
Neighbors will never become bosom
friends as long as they look into, each
others' back yards.
Coe's Coegh Balsam
la the oldeat and beat. It will break up scold quicker
than an j thing else. It Is always reliable. Try it.
Tommy "What's a hypochondri
ac?" Papa "He's a man who suffers
from things he hasn't got" Life.
Are Tea Using Allen's Foot-Ease?
It Is the only cure for Swollen.
Smarting, Burning, Sweating Feet
Corns and Bunions. Ask for Allen's
Foot-Ease, a powder to be shaken Into
the shoes. At all Druggists and Shoe
Stores. 25c. Sample sent FREE. Ad
dress, Allen S. Olmsted, LeRoy, N. Y.
"There's one consolation," thought
the rubber ball, "I don's lose my posi
tion every time I get bounced.
For the past fifteen years Theodore
Tilton has lived in the French capital,
where he is known as "Tilton the mag
nificent the handsomest man in Par
is." He is over six feet tall, with a
figure that is perfect and finely chis
The English Evangelical synod ot
the northwest began its ninth annual
meeting at Milwaukee last evening,
with devotional exercises. The busi
ness sessions open today.
The Peoria Iron and Steel comrray
has passed into the hands of the Re
public Steel and Iron company, for
About thirty-five years ago Chans-1
n.n. 4nnaUJ ClflA tn Bank- I
skill savings bank. The president of
that institution Joked Senator Depew
about having forgotten this small ac
count, and was astonished to hear Mr.
Depew reply: "Forgotten it? Well, I
guess not It amounts to about S400
with interest now, and it's growing.
That was tho first $100 I ever owned
and I've kept my eye on it"
An Ohio man recently hedged him
self from the top round of a ladder.
Thus are we once more reminded that
there Is always room at the top.
A Definition Johnny "Papa, what
is a plutocrat?" Papa "A man who
has as much money as I'd like to
Immaculate linen is the mark of good
hoasekeeping. To get the best results as
"Faaltlees Starch." It makes collars, caffs,
shirt fronts, etc, Took like new. All gro
cers sell it, 10c a package.
The evil conditions within us give
us more unhappineas than the evil
conditions outside of us.
Kzearsloa to Detroit via the Wahash
For the Y. P. S. C. E. Convention
July 5th to 10th all lines will sell
tickets on July 3rd, 4th and 5th via the
Wabash, the short line from Chi
cago or St Louis to Detroit Side
trips to Niagara Falls, Toronto. Mon
treal, Mackinac and many other points
at a very low rate via Lake or Rail
have been arranged. Parties contem
plating a trip east should call on or
write for rates and folders giving list
of side trips, etc., also beautiful souve
nir entitled "Lake and Sea."
G. N. CLAYTON,
Room 302 Karbach Blk.,
In the matrimonial game a base ball
player isn't always a good catch.
The Western Mercantile Co. of Omaha
are selling the best sisal or standard twine
9c, mamla 9c, delivered at Umana. sat
isfaction guaranteed or money refunded.
Send in your orders before it is too late.
Poverty must be a crime at leaat
it is punishable by hard labor.
118 buys new upright piano. Schmol
ler & Mueller, 1313 Farnam St, Omaha.
About two-thirds of the men who
call at your oflice on business want
some of your money either directly or
Cnt Rates oa All Railways P. II. Phllhla
Ticket Broker, 1505 Farnam, Omaha.
Little men measure themselves by
each other; great men by the golden
HEALTH AND BEAUTY.
A Book That Should Be in the
Hands of Every Woman.
Mrs. McKee Rankin, one of the fore
most and best known character ac
tresses and stage artists of this genera
tion, in speaking of Pe-ru-na, says:
"No woman Bhould be without a bot
tle of Pe-ru-na In reserve." Mrs. Mc
Kee Rankin. Mrs. Eliza Wike. 120
Iron street Akron, Ohio, says: "I
Mrs. IIcKm Rankle.
would be in my grave now If It had
not been for your God-sent remedy.
Pe-ru-na. I was a broken down wom
an, bad no appetite; what little I did
eat did not agree with my stomach.
It is now seven years past that I used
Pe-ru-na and I can eat anything."
Mrs. Eliza Wike.
Every woman should have a copy
of Dr. Hartman's book entitled
"Health and Beauty." This book con
tains many facts of especial interest to
women. Dr. Hartman nas treaiea
more ailments peculiar to women than
any other physician In the world. This
book gives in brief his long and varied
Send for free books on catarrh. Ad
dress Dr. Hartman, Columbus, Ohio.
The optimist derives much pleasure
from the thoughts of trouble that do
not trouble him.
An Iowa Invention.
M. R. Swan, of Manilla, Iowa, has
Just obtained a patent for a breastpin
including Admiral Dewey's picture.
This pin is now being manufactured,
and is known as the Dewey pin. The
patent was obtained through G. W.
Sues & Co., Patent Lawyers, Omaha,
Nebr., who will mail a free book on
patents to anyone writing for the
DO YOU WANT TO BUY
Yon say, "Yes, I do." Then send
L. ERHAROT A CO..
jmmLll'lJaLMfwSSmmC V cSUl I
ammnmfSSHmmnffESBmm f Xialia4ayl
V-HHuRalSlnl sV(t OihhwI U
W'mmaNSayMESXBamr rets aa a, aontar.
f BmSSBESmnW I iirttana mtittia
j! Bc?viS ?S
y seV mPVS YsscimTi.o.r n
S turn's ni X. x ". I
a r.-J Ss-V C I
WHERE DIRT GATHERS. WASTE RULES."
GREAT SAVING RESULTS FROM THE USE OP
Wrought with greatest care la
Compare them, part for part, with other bicydes, and you will find
good reasons for their recognized superiority. Our new models
contain more improvements of direct practical value to the rider
than were erer before offered in one season.
Catalogue bet oftajCohtmHs
- m m dlwMsmt Sf
ifttoTpct to t -"?
the Iron Hall wisds P a fnUu .
involved CS,wf Mbers. 2fJ
through store Jr52L5
receiver was appointed it wss fossa
that the liabilities of the order wers
$5,100,000. Altogtker $2,0f.w00 MS
been collected, aad paid to creditors,
leaving s permanent deficit of 3,10f ,
000. It Is alleged that s London money
lender has a 500 note which he lends
to aristocratic brides to be exhibited
as a wedding gift along, with other
Fame, from a literary point of view,
consists in having people know yos
havo written a lot of things they
A Story of Sterility,
SUFTCflrttl ANO RjELEP.
umn to ass. wmmxm ae. afciM
"Dkak Mas. PnrsnA Two
ago I began having such dull, heavy
dragging1 pains In my mck, menses
were profuse and painful, aad was
troubled was leucorrhoea. I took
patent medicines and consulted a phy
sician, bat received no benefit aad
could not become pregnant. Seeisff
one of your books, I wrote to yon tell
ing; yon sty troubles and asking' for
advice. Yon answered my letter
promptly and I followed the directions
faithfully, and derived so much benefit
that I cannot praise Lydia E. Pink
ham's Vegetable Compound enough.
I now find myself pregnant and have
begun its ase again. I cannot pralsa
itenough." Ma&CoBAGasosT, Yatxs,
"I had been sick ever since my mar
riage, seven years sgo; have given
birth to four children, aad had two
miscarriages. I had falling of womb,
leucorrhoea, pains in back and legs;
dyspepsia and a nervous trembling of
the stomach. Now I have none of these
troubles and can enjoy my life. Your
medicine has worked wonders for
me." Mas. 8. Bassbakt, Nsw Castlb,
W.N.U. OMAHA. No.2-lb09
'Nothing: but wheat: what you might
call a sea of wheat." Is what was said
by a lecturer speaking ot Western Can
ada. For particulars an to routes, rail
way fares, etc., apply to Superintendent
of Immlfcratlon, Department Interior. Ot
tawa, Canada, or to AV. V. llennett. 801
New York Life Buildlnjc. Omaha. Neb.
Van Bi fur uuuatural
irritation or ulcerations
of mil coo a memtiranr.
mEwMH CmeWaOa, pnt or poisonous.
I mM ay BrsMnrlses,
or apnt in n!lt w..m.
Jy urrm, prepaid. tr
t.. r3 hntiloa, S2.73
Circular seat on reqaest.
$5 to $25--Xone Higher.
Bicycles Sent CO. D.
With privilege of examination.
TYPEWRITERS. " makc
HALL'S SAFES, new and second head.
Write for particulars.
J. J. DKKIflllT S CO..
Ill Fnrnmn St.. Omaha. Nesw
11 Idlest cash I
price p:i Id for
umana. VI t buaavy .
Sead for tags and prlcea. Kaisbilihed ISV).
nDllilliniin Carrlase Co. show the
U II II M HI 111111 l."rxekt UMortnient of flue
rbaetona. Surreys. 4 and A paaienger Uuckboanla
Inlbe city of Omaha. Second hand bargains Id dry
Tehlclm. Call and look over our Tarlrtr. Ktgu
terntti and llarnry strreta, opp. Court Home.
WANTED. Flyers. Ship to
a. W. Irken A Co . Commis
sion Merchants. 1?07 Howard
St., Om.ihn. Neb. All kinds
of rroduo' sold at lie.st mar
ket prh'e. Ueturns dally.
OR. KAY'S RENOVATOR ?
sample, free book and free advice how to oare
tho very worst caws of dyspepsia, constipa
tion, bilious headache. Hvr. kidney and lung
diseases. Kemedy hr mall for 2Scts. and 41.
Dr. B. J. Kay Medical Co.. Saratoga. N. Y.
rnB in raw m a mm ''
5EHV IVI rli IV OHSr a,Sa Orm.
zon. It will tie worth dollars to jon an It will
bval anlckly and without x-arnnir cut. wound. aora.
utcr. tetter, enrma, sorn throat, aorw ayen. r.
tarrh. Irurorrhira, pi leu. or other di.eam of tbs akin,
scalp, or mucona membrane, on man or beivL Not a
map or olntmont but a sooCbtnir, healing1 lotion; to
sreate't beallnz scent yet tllitcovered. Infallible for
wire ruts, saddle vail, svrelllnya. thrush, erea-io-heel,
hoof-rot. and similar dlvxw of stock. ull-slze pack
age Se aaala. at riminrl'ta or prepaid. Ce. N. La
ISth and Farnam Sta, Omaha. J
Klneu work, lowest prices
Teetb extracted without pain,
Wr. Kay's LtaMfaltr. "ffiSS?
sla. constipation. liver and kidney diseases, bfl
llousness. headache, etc. At druggists 25c A It.
WANTKD-Csae of baa nealtn that R I PAN R
will not benefit. Send 3 cents to Ittpana Chemical
Co.. New Vork. for 10 tsmptes and ljOuo testimonials.
aena tor iiiuairaiea catalogue.
The narbcr'a Trade thoroughly
taught In the aliortest po.slMs
time. Write for free catalogue and particulars.
Western Barker's liulitste. IKS Dodge. Omaha.
niwni r niiiini
iun5 - Sporting kNN(5
At Wholesale Prices?
for Free Catalogue and Terms.
each minute aad unseea part."
dealer or by mail hr 2c
-y .- i
. : f
Powered by Open ONI