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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (June 7, 1899)
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There is Strength."
True strength consists in the anion, the
harmonioms working together, of every
can never be obtained if the blood is im-
' pmre. Hood's SvsaparitU is the standard
prescription for pcrifymg the blood.
The man who makes proverbs the
sole -rule of his life never has to take
. "" FREE.
KiBtJly iaform yonr reader! that for the
est 90 davs -w will send a sample box of
oar wonderful 5 DROPS Salve free,
-whica sever foils fla to core Piles,
Eczema and all ZT skin diseases,
also old ranalag DQB and chronic
ores. - It is aKTT specific for
Piles, .and the gW only one in
exteteace which gives instant relief and
cares within a few davs. Its effect
is Wonderful when applied to Burns,
Braids, Sunburn. Boils, Abscesses, Scrofa
loss Affections. Scalp Humors, Chafing
' Parts and Raw Surfaces. Write today for
a free sample of 6 DROPS Salve to the
Swaason Rheumatic Cure Company, 1C0-164
E. Lake St., Chicago, II'.
It is better to bo right than be pres
ident, but it doesn't always pay as
The Greater America Exposition
Company have created a Department
of Patents and Inventions, within
which models of patented inventions
may be exhibited. Space is free. A.l
Inventors desiring to exhibit their in
ventions should communicate with
G. W. Sues & Co., Patent Lawyers,
Bee Building, Omaha, Neb.
Exrantion to Detroit l the Wabash
For the Y. P. S. C. E. Convention
July 5th to 10th all lines will sell
tickets on July 3rd, 4th and 5th via the
Wabash, the short line from Chi
cago or St Louis to Detroit. Side
trips to Niagara Falls, Toronto, Mon
treal, Mackinac and many other pjints
at a very low rate via Lake or Rail
have been arranged. Parties contem
plating a trip east should call on or
write for rates and folders giving list
of side trips, etc., also beautiful souve
nir entitled "Lake and Sea."
G. N. CLAYTON,
Room 302 Karbach BIk..
The figure sometimes has a sjreat
leal to do with making a thing bad
To Laandrjr Dresses and Skirts.
To get best results, mix some "Faultless
Starch" in a little cold water; when dis
solved pour on toiling water until it lie
eotnes clear. All grocers sell "Faultless
Starch." Large package, 10c.
The faults of a good man are more
dangerous than the vices of a thor
oughly bad one.
Da Tear Feet Ache and BarnT
Shake into your shoes, Allen's Foot
Ease, a powder for the feet. It makes
tight or New Shoes feel Easy. Cures
Corns, Bunions, Swollen, Hot and
Sweating Feet. At all Druggists and
Shoe Stores. 25c Sample sent FREE.
Address Allen S. Olmsted, LeRoy. N. Y.
Pride and Fashion arc the task
masters who make bread-winning
We will forfeit $1,000 if any of oar pub
lished testimonials are proven to be not
geeuiae. The Piso Co., warren, Pa.
A married man says the jaws of
death are not to be compared with the
"Jaws' of life-
Halt's Catarrh Cora
Is taken internally. Price, 73c
It's surprising how easy it is to get
something you don't want.
WeFajrtMBa Week and Expenses
to men with rlc to Introduce our 1'miltry Compotmc
Address with clamp, J a die MfR- Co., l'areone, Kmn.
Eleanora Duse is at Naples, where
she has produced D'Annunzio's one
act play "La Gloria," in which she is
said to have surpassed herself. The
piece is highly poetical and original,
and is based up on the text preached
by Solomon, that all is vanity, even
glory. Signora Duse was called no
fewer than thirteen times at the end
of the performance, and there was a
loud call for the author, who, how
ever, was not present.
A distant manner doesn't lend en
chantment to one's views of friend
ship. Send yonr name and address on a
postal, and we will send you our t56-
ptfe iSustrated catalogue free.
174 wlscmHat feast. Hates, Csa
$5 to ?25-Xone Higher.
Bicycles tent C.O.D.
With privilege of examination.
TYPEWRITERS, all makes.
HALL'S SAFES, new and second hand.
Write for particulars.
J. J. DEKIGHT CO..
HIS Famam St,. Omaha. Neb.
price paid for
Send for tag and prices. EstaiIIhed 1ST0,
UlillsslalUlll largest assortment of fine
afiiwittmwnw Stanhopes. lttiuabout.
Phaeton. Sarrrr. 4 and S paentr Itnricboanl
la tar city of Omaha. Second hand bargain In rity
blrlr- Call and lootcorer oar rarlrtr. Eigh
teenth sad Harney t treeta, opp. Conn House.
arkar Srfcaal Tbe nrber' Trade thoroughly
Mini wWBVfji tan-ht In the tbortert possible
tlsae. Write for free catalogue ana particular.
tit stem asrser'i Institute. 14 -2 Itodgc. Omaha.
Send for Illustrated catalogue.
BAILEY, Lssswg esKst.
lfith aad Famam Su.. Oxasa
Flnert work, lowcit price. 4
Teeth extracted without pain. 4
Diitlor Cnne Dmilfru
RftMIT PstwiS. IHIIIII I IIIIJl m lllllll
SHORT STORIES FOR
A Transvaal General la Tettlcoats
Wesaaa Who Comsnands an Army la
Soath Africa Throagh Her the Ene
lfch Were Defeated at Majuba.
Must It be always so?
Still must they come and go.
These Imitations of a llfo unendlne"
Which vanish from our clasp
Impalpable to sense all thought tran
scending. Whatever sage may teach
Deeper than human reach
The problem of our dual being lies;
In loneliness and night
We pass from human eight.
And death must end or solve life's mys
teries. And till that moment comes
Yearning to nnd our home .,,
Time bears us onward with resistless
Toward death's unbroken night.
Or the celestial light
Of an eternal day. Ah. who can know?
Sara Orne Jewett.
General In Petticoats.
Mrs. Joubert, wife of Gen. Joubert,
commander in chief of the Transvaal
forces, may be truthfully styled a
"general in petticoats." She has ac
companied her husband in all the wars
he has undertaken. Her cheery face,
almost hidden from view under the
folds of a huge black cappie. has be
come such a familiar sight with the
burghers that the incongruity of one
woman walking in and out among an
armed force of several thousand men
teems to be a commonplace. From
the days of her earliest childhood Mrs.
Joubert has been used to war's alarms.
She can load and fire a gun with al
most as much skill as "Slim Piet"
(Anglice. "Clever Plet") himself, and
on many occasions has shown the
It is not generally known that it was
to Mrs. Joubert that the great defeat of
the English at Majuba was greatly due.
The general considered the position
unassailable, but Mrs. Joubert, her
eyes afire with patriotism, urged the
attack, eventually conquering the
scruples of her husband and the other
commandants. The result Is known.
Mrs. Jouberfs last appearance at a
war occurred during the recent Maga
toland campaign at the extreme north
of the Transvaal. An artillery, bur
gher and native force of nearly 10.000
men was dispatched to the front to
subdue the rebel chief M'Pefu, en
trenched In a series of rocky fastnesses
backed by the Limpopo. Notwith
standing what was feared would be
the bloody nature of the war, the heat
over 100 degrees in the shade and
the fever, the plucky woman joined the
general a week or two after his arrival
at the Hoofd Lager, accompanied only
by two or three little Kaffir maids.
Finding Gen. Joubert in an any
thing but comfortable tent, she routed
him out, erected a tent of her own,
and installed him amid all the comforts
of home. What was more, she recon
structed the general's mess arrange
ments and cooked his meals with her
own hands. The wife of the command
ing general peeling potatoes was an
ordinary sight any day during the
On one occasion during the war the
newa came into camp that the gen
eral had been taken 111 thirty miles
away In the midst of a country full
of hostile natives and deadly with ma
laria. Without hesitation Mrs. Jou
bert made preparations to go and Join
her husband, and there is little doubt
that 6he would have accomplished her
purpose had not more reassuring news
come to hand.
The war came to an early close, ow
ing to the military genius of Gen. Jou
bert, and It is not too much to say, his
better half. The plans of tha cam
paign from the time Mrs. Joubert ar
rived till the camp was struck were
talked over at her dinner table, her
sound advice and almost unequaled
knowledge of Kaffir warfare being
held in high esteem.
Although such a warrior, Mrs. Jou
bert is a true woman. There Is noth
ing masculine about either her appear
ance or manner. Unlike most Dutch
Afrikander women, she is slim, espe
cially when compared with the robust
proportions of Gen. Piet Joubert. Won
derfully active for her o0 years and
over, she can accomplish as much hard
work in an hour as town-bred women
would In a week.
Needless to -ay; she is immensely
popular among the burghers. To the
sick she is ever ready to lend assist
ance, and many a dying man has
blessed her ministrations.
When not on the warpath Mrs. Jou
bert Is singularly retiring. Many
Pretorlans have never seen her. al
though she lives in their midst, in
the town house of the general, off
A Strange Cotnrhlenre.
Capt Boltwood, commander of the
Ottawa company in the Twentieth
Kansas, has been acting major and
battalion commander all through the
Manila campaign. At Caloocan he was
wounded in tbe leg, but not seriously,
and by a strange coincidence the bullet
struck exactly at the spot where he
had received a wound In the civil war,
says the Kansas City Journal. Writing
to his home folks CapL Boltwood says:
"As far as appearances go, we are a
hard-looking set. We are dressed in
our brown canvas suits and have not
taken them off since we started, six
teen days ago, except to wash. Belts
and cartridges always worn and rifles
carried If the men leave the line for
any distance. During the civil war I
believe I never was kept as close for
so many consecutive days, even in
front of Petersburg and Richmond.
Every one of the Insurgents carries a
long knife and on one expects to live
if captured by them. We are all near
ly as black as .the natives, and. un
shaven and unshorn, our friends at
home would hardly know us. We all
feel, however, that when we get back
to Topeka and march down Kansas
avenue, the reception we will get will
I repay us for much we have endured.
My wound is getting along first-rate.
The bruise was severe and is still black
for a space of five or eight inches. I
believe the ball struck Satwise. as tbe
force nearly broke my leg. Our health
is good and the air out here is much
better than in town. Here on tbe fir
ing line we get frozen fresh beet
from Australia. We have never drawn
salt beef since we enlisted, but we get
all the canned corn beef and canned
salmon we want"
A comparison of expenditures under
the head of war for a scries of fiscal
years with those of the first three
quarters of the current fiscal year is
both pertinent and interesting, says the
New York Trioune, because it brings
out In 'strong-relief the difference be
tween tha cost of the military ectab
Hakmient in time of peace and when
the country is at war with a foreign
foe. Here is such a comparison cov
ering a period of six fall yean aad the
first three-qaarters of the current year:
Tear ending June 30, 1893. f49.646.517;
1S94, $54,325,644; 1895. $51,810,378; 1896.
$50,931,527; 1897. $48,959,267; 1898. $91.
936,488; 1899, 9 months. $194,708,377.
The average of expenditures for the
five years from 1893 to 1S97 was a lit
tle above $50,000,000 a year; those of
May and June. 1898, the first two
months after tbe declaration of the
war against Spain, amounted to no less
than $36,817,391, or only about $17,000.
000 less than the average annual ex
penditures prior to that time. The ex
penditures of the first nine months of
the current fiscal year have amounted
to nearly four times as much as tbe
average for any twelve months prior
to that time, and even if the rate
should continue to decrease In the
same ratio that it has since January 1
the total expenditures of the fiscal year
under the head of war will not fall
below $225,000,000 as compared with
an average of $50,000,000 in time of
peace. The Increase of naval expen
ditures on account of the war was rel
atively not as large as that of the mil
itary establishment, thanks to the fact
that the navy was in a better state of
preparation than was the army, but it
was heavy. In the first three-quarters
of the current fiscal year the expendi
tures amounted to $50,895,028. as com
pared with $27,692,978 in the corre
sponding period of last year, indi
cating an increase of about $30,000,000
for the year an increase equal to the
average annual expenditures on ac
count of the naval establishment in
five years, from 1893 to 1897, the total
of which amounted to only $29,811,559.
"He Is the ablest diplomatist and the
shrewdest politician I ever knew." said
tbe Hon. Robt J. Walker, speaking of
an interview with President Lincoln.
Mr. J. R. Gilmore, to whom the remark
was made, reports in his "Personal
Recollections" several remarks of
Horace Greeley, which illustrate how
much Mr. Lincoln's diplomatic and po
litical power was due to his wonderful
President Lincoln having been often
and severely arraigned in the Tribune
for what Mr. Greeley considered bis
slowness in prosecuting the war, had
said, "If he (Greeley) objects to my
policy, I shall be glad to have him
state his views, frankly and fully. I
shall adopt his if I can. If I cannot I
will at least tell him why. He and I
should stand together."
"If I were to go," said Greeley, when
the words were repeated to him, "he
would simply twist me around his
finger, as he always does."
"Lincoln's smile would wilt me In
half a minute," he said on another oc
casion, when again urged to see the
President and have a talk with him.
"He is a wonderful man wonderful!
I can never harbor a thought against
him, except when I keep away from
Lincoln's power was marvelous over
those who came into close con
tact with blm," remarked the edi
tor on a third occasion. He had
suggested that a certain prominent
statesman might be induced to stand
as a candidate against the President
and prevent his re-election. "He would
not be a candidate," replied a friend.
"He shares in the opinion of those who
believe that God's hand is in the war.
and that Lincoln Is His selected leader.
Nothing would Induce him to act
The Reporters Stategy.
A reporter named Jones, on a dally
in St Louis, was detailed to Interview
the governor of another state, who
had slipped into the city on a secret
political mission. He learned to his
disgust that Jackson, the star reporter
of a rival sheet, was on to the fact
and proposed to call in an hour. Act
ing on inspiration he sent up a card
bearing Jackson's name and was
promptly admitted. When he had
learned all he wanted he asked, with
gross and intentional Impudence,
whether the information was really
true. The governor turned purple.
"D'y question my word?" he said.
"Oh, don't get gay!" replied Jones airi
ly; "common governors cut no ice
with my office." The old man foamed
at the mouth. "You insolent scoun
drel," he roared, "get out of my
rooms!" That was exactly what Jones
wanted, and he went. Presently Jack
son showed up. "Here, boy," he said,
pompously, "take my card to the gov
ernor." When the old man looked at
the pasteboard he nearly expired. "The
blankety-blanked infamous villain!"
he spluttered; "I never heard of such
blanekty-blanked effrontery in my life!
Tell that miscreant if he or anybody
else from bis infernal paper comes up
here I'll kill 'em!" The word was car
ried to Jackson, who went away rav
ing. Next day his paper intimated that
the governor was In town on a bender.
Jones' paper had a capital Interview
and a big "scoop." The Argonaut.
The Bull and the Cyclist.
From Texas comes a report of a bi
cyclist who got mixed up with an ac
tive bull to the rider's physical injury
and everlasting chagrin. He carried
one of those old-fashioned bicycle
horns on -his handle bar instead of a
bell. He Overtook a large herd of
cattle on a back road, and, after sev
eral vain attempts to work his way
through them, he gave a loud blast on
the horn. There was an instant commo
tion in the herd, and the immense bull
at the bead of the column paused and
turned to listen. There was fight in
his eye as he sought the cause of what
he probably fancied to be a challenge
from some rival of the plains. Unfor
tunately the cyclist tooted his tooter
again, and the bull made a mad charge
at him, goring him horribly and wreck,
ing his machine. It was with difficulty
that the man was rescued and carried
into Dallas, where he was placed in thr
Aid for the Father of Triplets.
Gov. Stephens received a letter from
a man in St. Clair county recently, in
forming him of the fact that he had be
come the father of triplets and asking
wLat was the best course to pursue
under the circumstances. The gover
nor sent the communication to the
senate along with some appointments.
An executive session was held to con
sider the appointments. After tbe ap
pointments had been confirmed the
senate considered the case of tbe "un
fortunate man from St. Clair," as one
senator, in presenting the case to the
body, stated it. After a short delib
eration, each member present was as
sessed $1, and the fund was placed in
the hands .of Senator Mott to be for
warded to the St, Clair county man.
Jefferson City Tribune.
The Chinese minister at Washington
has proved himself a witty after-dinner
speaker. Being told of this. Sen
ator Depew quoted Bret Harte's line:
"We arc ruined by Chinese cheap
FAEM AND GABDEN.
MATTERS OF INTEREST TO
Sons Up-to-Date Hints Aboat Cat
ttratloa of the Soil aad YleMs
Thereof Ilortlcnltare, Vltlcaltare aad
Kew Treatment ef Milk raver.
A correspondent of Farm and Home,
London, England, says: "Favorable
reports mostly, however, from conti
nental sources continue to come to
hand of the success attending Schmidt's
new treatment of milk fever. The
current number of the Veterinarian
contains a translation from a foreign
contemporary which may be of in
terest to W. R.,' who makes some in
quiry as to the details of the treat
ment, and others who may be
troubled with this pest of dalryland.
The translation runs as follows: M.
Yonker. who practices in a district
where milk fever is common, decided
to give Schmidt's treatment a trial.
The sick animal is well attended to.
and the teats are washed with soap
and water, and then disinfected with a
solution of lysol. A tube of caout
chouc, six feet or more in length, car
ries at one end a funnel, at the other
a teat syphon, which is introduced in
the teat When everything is ready,
seven to eight grammes of iodide of
potassium is dissolved In a litre of
water recently boiled, which is allowed
to cool to 40 degrees or 42 degrees Cen
tigrade. Each quarter receives a quar
ter of this solution. At the time of In
jectlon the practitioner should mas
cage the quarter In order to facilitate
the penetration of the injection, and
(o allow it to penetrate along all the
milk passages to the acini of tbe gland.
When the pulse was weak. Yonker gave
a hypodermic injection of caffeine. At
the same time he gave a dose of aloes
and saline enemata. But as the results
might be due to something other than
the iodide of potassium, the author
resolved to use nothing but the iodide,
and in this manner discovered Its real
value. To this end he Injected the
solution mentioned above by means of
a pewter syringe attached to a caout
chouc tube. The results obtained were
surprising; five cows thus treated
speedily recovered, although three of
them were very seriously ill indeed.
M. Yonker thinks that these results
cannot be easily passed over. He
thinks that the theory that attributes
milk fever as due to the development
of a toxalbumin in the udder is a true
one. Lower organisms, still unrecog
nized and unknown, may gain access
to the udder by the teat lumen, and
set up decomposition of the colostrum.
Iodide of potassium acts upon these
organisms as it acts upon the actlno
myces in a specific fashion. A certain
quantity of the salt will be absorbed,
and this may neutralize that portion
of the toxin that has already gained
the circulation. This last explanation
may be offered for the rapid disap
pearance of the grave symptoms es
tablished through paralysis of tbe
pneumo-gastric nerve, due to the ac
tion of tbe toxin upon the nucleus of
origin of the nerve within the medulla
oblongata. The author is of opinion
that prevention may be established by
either exhibiting the drug by the
mouth or injecting in the udder prior
"A modification or Improvement in
the apparatus for tbe Injection of the
potassium iodide solution into the ud
der has been introduced by M. Vinck.
He employs a caoutchouc tube and fun
nel into which the solution is poured,
and along which it runs, and at the
lower extremity the rubber tube ter
minates in four narrower tubes, each
having attached to it a teat syphon.
There are thus as many syphons as
quarters, and all the quarters are in
jected simultaneously. Schmidt insists
on the superior benefit resulting from
injecting the solution of iodide salt
with atmospheric air.
"The idea that tbe cause of milk
fever is a poison or toxin in tbe udder,
which is produced in connection with
the colostrum, is steadily gaining
ground, and acting on this hypothesis
Mr. W. Hunter. M.R.C.V.S., of New-castle-on-Tyne,
is employing a more
direct agent than iodide of potassium
in the form of cbinosol. Fifteen grains
of cbinosol to each pint of water is
stated to have been used In the suc
cessful experiments conducted by this
Beating Poultry flosses.
Recently we clipped the following
paragraph from a paper published in
"The North Dakota station is one of
the few agricultural experimental sta
tions that has a poultry department,
in charge of an expert chicken crank.
They began a series of experiments to
determine, if possible, what effect, if
any, heating the poultry house would
have upon the production of eggs and
the food requirements. On December
1 they put forty-six chickens, includ
ing several varieties of birds. Into the
poultry house. January 20 a large
stove was put Into the house and a fire
started with lignite coal. On Janu
ary 31 the feed had decreased to fix
pounds In tbe morning and eight and
three-fourths in the evening. The
last of March four and a half pounds
morning and four and three-fourths
evenings. The total amount of fuel
burned from January 20 to April 1
costs $4.50. During the month cf Jan
uary previous to the use of tbe stove,
he average number of eggs a day was
wo and three-fourths, the remainder
of the month from the 21st to tbe end
t was six and three-elevenths, show
ng the influence that heat exerted
ipon the production of eggs. The
uestion naturally arises, can a far
Tier under the conditions existing on
the ordinary farm afford to take care
of his Doultry by furnishing artificial
heat? An examination of the figures
shows that but half the food is con
sumed and that tbe egg production is
more than doubled. With eggs worth
23c a dozen at that season of the year
and food at the ordinary prices, it
should seem that it would not only
be economy to heat the poultry house,
but would be a source of great profit,
especially after arrangements had once
been completed so that it would re
quire but little extra work."
If there ever was a more pointless
experiment than this we would like
to know about it This comparison Is
made with twa periods of laying, one
from December 1 to 20th of January,
md the other one from the 20th of
January, when the stove was put In. up
o the last of April. The conclusions
irawn that all of the extra eggs are
lue to artificial heat is an absurdity.
Kvery poultryman knows that all
.h rough this section of the country few
eggs are received in the period from
the 1st of December to the 20th of Jan
nary, while about that time laying
.-ommences. In spite of cold weather.
nnd continues except in periods of
rcat cold. The only fair te3t would
be to take two lota of poultry and keep
them through the entire winter under
respective conditions of artificial heat
aadVao artificial heat. The conclusion
that-heating by stoves will pay largely
Is not to be accepted without further
proof. It certainly will not pay in the
latitade of Illinois. In the extreme
regions of Dakota and Minnesota, it
might pay, but that remains to be
There is probably no crop largely
grown that yields a better profit than
the potato crop. Yet the per acre yield
tbroaghout the country is small, due
very largely to poor methods in han
dling tbe soil. The potato accommo
dates Itself to many varieties of soil
and to all kinds of culture. Perhaps
this fact Is taken advantago of to too
great an extent, and not enough care
used In any part of the process of pro
ducing the crop. When we consider
that more than 1,000 bushels of pota
toes have been raised on an acre lu dif
ferent parts of the country, and that
less than 100 bushels is tbe ordinary
yield, we are forced to believe that we
are not using all of our possible ad
vantages. The first requisite Is well-prepared
land, drained if it so requires. This
good preparation means plowing deep
enough to admit of tbe fullest growth
of root. Whatever may be said agalust
deep plowing yet It certainly has a
tendency to send tbe roots down be
yond the summer drouth, which is
often a thing of great Importance. The
writer remembers a little corner lu a
potato patch lu which coal ashes hud
been thrown. The grouud thus in
creased in depth gave moisture to the
plants when in all other parts of the
patch they were dying for lack of
moisture. The probable reason was
that In that part the soil was so porous
that the roots had been ablo to strike
deep and to reach into a stratum of
continuous moisture. This is not to
advocate the use of coal ashes as a fer
tilizer for potatoes, but to illustrate
the principle by which a loose soil
permits the penetration of roots.
As to hilling there is great diversity
of opinion. We know that it is be
coming quite popular to advocate the
doing away of the old style of hill
ing, and to say that the idea of hill
ing was a barbarous one, originating
among the bogs of Ireland. The whole
settlement of the question must de
pend on circumstances. Some varieties
have to be hilled anyway, unless we
expect to have some of the potatoes on
top of the ground. The question of
moisten runs into that of hilling. A
certain man some years ago abandoned
the hilling process and planted all of
his potatoes on the level. It happened
to be an exceptionally wet summer and
the entire crop was damaged by lying
too much In tbe water. Hilling would
have done some good in this case.
Filthy Drlnklnr Utensils.
Dr. Woods says: Tbe drinking water
is a fruitful source of disease. Im
pure water should not be allowed
within reach of fowls. It Is no un
common sight on poultry farms, other
wise well kept, to find the water ves
sels in a filthy condition. Putting
clean water into foul receptacles 13
labor wasted; yet we not infrequently
see on poultry farms dirty wooden
tubs or unclean metal vessels contain
ing uninviting drinking water. On a
farm which I visited recently the fowls
are supplied with running water in a
metal trough. Judging from tbe con
dition of the trough, and the accum
ulated filth and slime. It had not been
cleaned since tbe plant was built sev
eral years; yet tbe proprietor was un
able to account for bowel troubles and
other allments'to which his fowls were
subject. We cannot be too careful
about tbe drinking water. It should
be such as we would be willing to
drink ourselves, since it plays an im
portant part in the makeup of the
fowl and of the egg. Metal water
dishes, if kept clean, are all right; but
glazed earthenware ones are better.
They should be so made that they can
be easily and thoroughly cleaned
should be well rinsed each time re
filled, say twice or three times daily.
Once a week they should be washed
Inspection of Illinois Orchards.
The state legislature passed during
its recent session a law requiring the
state entomologist to inspect all Illi
nois nurseries once each year, and in
all cases where these are found free
from dangerous Insects and fungous
disease to issue certificates to this ef
fect upon payment by nurserymen of
the actual expenses of inspection. The
sale or shipment of nursery stock with
out such certificate of Inspection will
be illegal after July 1. By the same
law the entomologist is required to un
infect, at tbe expense of appropriations
made for the purpose, all Illinois or
chards now infested by the San Jose
scale. The office of the state entomol
ogist, which has been by common con
sent of the parties concerned located
at the University of Illinois since 1884,
is now permanently established there
The Leaf of Young Grain. There Is
much difference in the breadth, size
and color of leaf In young grain as it
comes up. It Is partly dependent on
the character of the seed, as the plant
sends up its first leaves mainly from
the starchy matter which encloses the
germ and which the germ uses until it
is able to put forth roots into the soil.
Barley being larger and heavier than
oats has always a broader leaf, though
if oats are sown on rich land and some
what late they will come up with a leaf
that looks like barley. But this rank
growth early is not regarded favorably
by the cultivator, for he knows that
it is liable to be followed by rust of
stalk or grain later In tbe season. Har
rowing grain that comes up with too
small and thin a Iear bruises tnese
first leaves, and as it also stimulates
root growth it causes the phnt to send
up new shoots with much broader
leaves. This dries out the soil, thu3
preventing the excessive growth late
that invites rust. Ex.
Condensed Milk. The New York
Commercial says the quantity of con
densed milk made in tbe lni!rd States
Is assuming immense proportions, nn!
yet the demand far exc-i ;!:: srp.
ply. No accurate statist r? r.re !
tainable. but the latest r-fm-.t. -.'
an annual product of 2.m es.
about half of which is consumed at
home. The remainder is exported and
tbe demand is constantly increasing.
Japan. China. India and the Hawaiian
Island's are large buyers while the pos
sibilities for extension of trade with
Cuba. Porto Rico and the Philippine?
are attracting tbe attention of ship
Micro-organism, or microscopic or
ganism, is a plant or animal too small
to be seen without the aid of a com
All persons who milk the cows
should have the finger nails closely
Osaaaa Faraltara la Texas.
Many are astonished to learn that
Hayden Bros.. "The Big Store" in Om
aha, ship goods to such distant points
as Texas. It only illustrates what
cash and western grit will do. Free
catalogues of all classes of goods, sent
by them in answer to requests, are
found in nearly every state. Orders in
variably result as the prices, strange to
say, are lower than those quoted even
in the manufacturing section. Hayden
Bros, are daily filling over one hun
dred big furniture mail orders.
The railroad expert believes that the
number of revenue tona hauled per
mile is the best Indication of a fall
road's ability to handle traffic at the
lowest cost of transportation. As Is
well known, the receivers of the Bal
timore ft Ohio Railroad have been
spending millions on Improvements
and have not completed tbe work, the
lines west of the Ohio river being In
need of a general rehabilitation, which
they are to get tbla year. But the
revenue haul per mile in 1897-98 was
Increased to 314 tons and a special re
port for the six months ending De
cember 31, 1898. shows an average of
331.9 tons, quite an appreciable ad
vance. It Is confidently expected that
still further Improvement will be
shown before long.
hrol jnda at Yoar Own Price.
An soon after the first of July aa
practicable I will hold public auctions
for leaning about CO.', 000 acres of school
land, under provisions of the new law,
in the following counties: Antelope,
Banner, Klaine, Box Huttc, Brown,
Chne, Cherry, Cheyenne, Custer,
Dawes, Deuel, Dundy, Garfield, Grant,
Hnyes, Hitchcock, Holt, Hooker, Keith,
Keya P.nha, Kimball, Knox, Lincoln,
Lofran, Loup, Mcl'herson. Pierce, Per
kins, Rock, Scotts Bluff, Sheridan,
Sioux, Thomas and Wheeler. Under
the new law, if these lands will not
lease at public auction at 6 per cent
upon the appraised value, they may be
leased to the person offering C per cent
upon the highest valuation. These
lands are in the best sto-k growing
portions of the state where cattle,
sheep and horses can be produced at
less expense and. therefore, at greater
profit than anywhere I know of; and
yet, surrounded with as good and in
telligent a class of citizens as anywhere
to be found. The harvest truly is great
and lasts almost the year round and
no more inviting field for the intelli
gent stockman and farmer can be
found; and now, that there is an op
portunity to secure twenty-five year
lease contracts thereon at what the
lands arc worth, the lessee himself be
ing the judge, it Is confidently expect
ed that all or nearly all of these lands
will be leased during the present year
at the public auctions, as above men
tioned. Anv one desirinir to attend
any of these leasing auctions will be !
notified of the time and place of hold
ing the same, as soon as it has been ar
ranged, if they will write me at once
giving the names of the counties in
which they are interested; and will
also be furnished a list of lands to be
leased so that they may visit the coun
ties in advance of the leasing auction
and examine the lands which will be
offered. Notice of the auction will be
duly given in the local papers. Send
stamp for copy of the new school land
law under which the lands will be of
fered. Any further information will
be cheerfully furnished.
J. V. WorE,
Lands fc Building?.
Lincoln, Neb., May 18, 1809.
President Angell, of the University
it Michigan, has offered to furnish to
the government a number of young
men, liberally educated and of good
natural parts, who will pay their own
expenses abroad for several years if
they can be assured of places in the
V. S. Patent Onlce Business.
In 1895 a patent was granted for an
Invention pointed out in the claim as
As a protection for vessels or other
structures, a filler composed essential
ly of compressed comminuted cornstalk-pith,
substantially as described.
A second application for a patent
for the same material described in a
claim as follows:
The within-described new material
adapted for use for packings and other
purposes, the same consisting of the
comminuted cellular portion of corn
pith freed from sappy deleterious and
adherent matters and having the char
acteristics substantially as set forth,
has been considered upon appeal by
Judge Morris in the Court of Appeals
of the District of Columbia, and the
distinction between the twe inventions
stated by the court as follows:
A material consisting of the commi
nuted cellular portion of corn-pith
freed from sappy, deleterious and ad
herent matters by subjecting the pith
to the action of a blast of air, prefer
ably heated, Hele to be not anticipated
by applicant's prior patent disclosing
corn-pith obtained by passing corn
stalks through breakers and then sep
arating the pith from the fiber and
outside shell, as there is no description
in the patent that the pith is subjected
to air at a high temperature.
THOMAS G. ORVIG & CO.
Solicitors of Patents.
Des Moines, Ioka, May 20, '99.
Next to making mistakes the easiest
thing in the world is to criticise the
mistakes of others.
See that yonr linen is washed clean. Use
"Faultless Htarcli," clean irons, follow di
rections given on package and perfect re
sults will follow. All grocers sell "Faultless
Starch," large package, 10c.
The average younp man finds it eas
ier to get a wife than to get the fur
niture. Coo's CooRh Balsam
I tha oldest and Kef- It will break up s.coldnitteker
than anything else- It U always reliable. Try It.
Nine-tenths of the born leadere of
men are women.
A Pare. Yegetaale aaaBaaae.
No mercurial or other mineral poison In Caves
rets Candy Cathartic, only vmftahle sulctanceg.
late medical discover!'.. All dnizjrlst.. 10c,2."c.SOc.
The philosopher's scales are useless
out of his own hands.
A healing antiseptic for cut, burnt and wound.
The individual who thinks he knows
it all has the most to learn.
Stomach, constipation. alroliver and kidney troubbs. and to overcome effects of Li-Orip, ami im'M.nc. lati
tude. It Is an excellent Nerve Tonic. S-nd for free s-atnple and a free il tittraiet. I Irt pag l.oi k of receipts
etc., and send vourrvrnptcmcand we will give von free ao ice. if drugyit.'stttii:": ba.- Vr Jv.jy - Renovator
don't take any 'subttftute thevmMv sav is "iWas..f V for it has no .quai: but semi '-r-r to n.-antx we
will aotiri lr. bv return mail nrpr.Mwi. Hrtc Siet. . and SI IX or SIX lor V.i.ii.
lOcta., and 25cta.. postage prepaid.
NEW YORK CENTRAL.
Zaralss. lactases Cast-
trails Itair Excel tha Peaasyl
A atnnsaa'nana Shawls.
The passenger department of tie
New York Central system, including
lines leased; operated and controlled,
east from St. Louis and Chicago, is the
largest paying institution of its kind la
the world. It beats the Pennsylvania
system with its leased and operated
lines In the territory named by $1,535.
758, and Is so far ahead of any other
system that comparison, to say the
least, is odious. Poor's Manuel, which
Is an authority on railway statistics, in
its last yearly edition showed the pas
senger earnings of thlrty-slx of the
leading railways, as follows:
New York, New Haven & Hart
ford (Including New Kngland
New York Central & Hudson
IUver (leased nnd operated
Southern Pacific System 11.3W.0W
Pennsylvania. Linen west of Pitts-
Boston A Mnlne System 8.S""J.C
Chicago A Northwestern 6.SW.0W
Chicago. Burlington A Qulncy... f.5".0W
Cnnadtan Paclllc 6.S.niij
Chicago. Milwaukee & St. Paul.. &.7W.WM
Atchison. Topeka & Santa Ko S.GHO")
Grand Trunk S.Sno.UOU
Hnltlmore & Ohio j.0&.iOj
Southern R'y System 4.WU.0W
Chicago. Kock Island & Pacltlc. 4.3w.0no
.oulsvMe A Nashville 1.2MUXW
Iike Shore A Michigan Southern 4.2UIUM)
Mlsourl Pacific System 4.P.W)
Boston A Albany 4.i".0W
Big Four S.SW.OtW
Delaware. lackawanna & West-
Michigan Centrnl 3JKW
Northern PacKIc Z.mM
WabaMh ............. Z.st).0O)
Lehigh Valley 2.7V.V
Central Railroad of New Jersey. 2.70fl.0U
I'nlon Pacltlc 2.4MM.WV
Great Northern 2.07M
Chicago & Alton l.rCI.JJT
Chesapeake A Ohio l.JC7.3)
Plant System 1.75.174
Denver & Rio Granile 1.24S.W
New York. Chicago & St. l.ouls. K7r..077
New York. Ontario & Western.. G2.V
Pittsburg A Lake Etie G44.7M
Two of the great system? show earnings
from pa"engcr traffic, as follows:
Vow York Central Ilnes:
New York Central Jl.'..;i4.00"
ljke Shore & Michigan Southern 4.3).nm
Big Four 3..0"J
Boston & Albany 3,!HXX)
Pittsburg & Lake Erie 5H.7S1
New York. Chicago & St. Louis. J76.W7
Pennsylvania Railroad 521.2(i0,0i0
Penn. lines west of Pittsburg.... &.S".0V
Total for these two great sys
Buffalo Commerc'al. April 4. 1899.
General Lew Wallace, who Is now
conferring with William Young, tie
gentleman selected to dramatize "Ben
Hur," says the first production will
take place next November, and if
present plans are carried out 500 peo
ple will be required for its presenta
tion. It will be given in New York.
Philadelphia, Boston and Chicago
only, the general says, not admitting
of successful production in other
Try Orala-at Try Orasa-ol
Ask your grocer today to show you a
package of GRAIN-O, the new food
drink that takes the place of ?ffee.
The children may drink it without In
jury as well as the adult. All who try
it. like it GRAIN-0 has that rich seal
brown of Mocha or Java, but it Is made
from pure grains, and the most delicate
stomach receives it without distress.
One-fourth the price of coffee. 15c
and 25c. per package. Sold by all
A word to the wise may be sufficient,
but the policemen often has to use a
club on the otherwise.
Are Toa Uslas; Allea'a F-ot-Kaaer
It is the only cure for Swollen,
Smarting, Burning. Sweating Feet.
Corns and Bunions. Ask for Allen's
Foot-Ease, a powder to be shaken Into
the shoes. At all Druggists and Shoe
Stores. 25c. Sample sent FREE. Ad
dress. Allen S. Olmsted. LeRoy, N. Y.
The higher a man rises the more he
has to depend on others to hold him
FITS tVrmanmtly llirl. Ko t!t nrnrrronm after
Srst day's f 1". Kline's Urrat Serre Ketorer.
SeiMt fr FRKE S3.00 trial bottle and treatise.
Da, R. II. Klin a, LM..MI Area St., 1 hUadelpbla, Pa-
It is one thing to talk and another
to say something.
Mrs. Wlnstow's Soothing Syraa.
For children teething, t-titivn the Riims, reduces ftr
The society of ladies is a school of
politeness for mciu
UETTEB TO MBS. FETXHAM KO. 46,970
"I had female com
plaints so bad that it
caused me to have
hysterical fits; have had
as many as nine in one
Five bottles of
Lydia E. Pinkham's
cured me and it has
been a year since I had
ilis. Edna Jacksow,
If Mrs. Pinkhnm'r, Compound will cure
such severe c:iscs as this surely it
. must be a great medicine is there
any sufferer foolish enough not to
give it a trial ?
"IF AT FIRST YOU DON'T SUCCEED,"
REV. L. L. CARPENTER. Wabash, Ind.. U PresWcnfc of the
Bethany A?t?cmiiv:it Dn,uclyii. Ind. II is prhito tne moat prominent
clergyman in the Christian Church Vo-day- lie liu- d-tlie:ited uhout .it'O
churches and baptised 7000 converts. He writes. "It :in.in5.-i me great
pleasure to j:i vein v u-stimonjr as to the efiVier.tjyof Dr. Kay's remedies.
Dr. Kay's Ltmjf Balm is the very best cough, cola ami throat remedy
that I ever used. , .
I have also receive! prat lenefi? from the use of Dr. Kay s Renovator.
My eon had for years ben greatly afflicted with tiie piles: he commenced
the use of Dr. Kay's remedies aud experienced relief almost from the
Wehave no words to express our thankfulness for the benefit vr hayo
received as tins result of i.scing these remetii.-.-. I take great pleasure in
commending them to the suffering." L. L. Cakpkxtkk,
Missionary and S. S. Evangelist. Christian Church.
Dr. Kay's Renovator.
It is a perfect renovator of the whole system. It is the very best remedy
known for stomach troubles, indigestion, dyspep-ia, catarrh of the
Da. B. J. Kay Meeicai, Co., Saratoga
Miss Lucy Tucker, the daughter of
a prominent runner of Versailles,
no., was the victim of nervous pros
ration. Most of the ttnio she was
confined to bed, nnd was on the versa
of St. Vitus dance. It vrns 11 pi Ural
case which metllcal eclence failed to
conquer. Finally a doctor prescrib
ed Dr. WIIHnmt rink 1'flU for Pale
People, llor father said:
" Wo began giving he pills at ones,
and the next day wo could sc a
change for luo te:ter In iter. We
gave her ono ptll after en-.h- meal
nntll she wss entirely well. he haa
not been s!rk a liy elnce. Wo think I
the euro almost miraculous.
Tragic TccKnn. Mrs. F.Tcckbb.'
Mr. and Mr, frank Tt:e!tcr. being ,
Otily sworn, !ate-t nut me foregoing
Is truo lu every particular.
Heart Jonssox. Justice of iSe IYtm.
From the Hcj-ubltcan, Versailles, ImL I
Br wi!iimt Pink rills for Pale Petals
are never sold ii tne aozen or mmercs.
but stwsjs is packaoes. At s!l MtsisHH.
mr siMct ham the Lr. WIHUms KaeVms
Cs.. SrtssactsSi. N. v.. ee casts ptr saa. 1
W.N.U. OMAHA. No. 22-lt9
!What would the world do without iakf
Just think of it 1
18 THE BEST INK.
Forty ymn cxpr!en r in tt making. Cofts
jM noinotv than poor Ink. Wliy not haveltt
CHIEF BR. rVTACKIHTOSKS
arc the best
made. It your
morcli a.b t
docs not han
dle them ask
lilm to wrlto
Sa nil a It,
A ret Ic5i.
CANDY CATHARTIC --j-"
Easiest rtinuinir. cleanest, safest.
most durable. Complete protection
of running Ketir from rain, mud and
dust. The In-st hill cliniWr and a
Cstanbia ass Marifsrd
The new :-pemlly cut sprockets nnd 1
hardened pin chain show better results
.....Ia .j lnn nwaw tlsn iilinlli avliAAl I
II I It IV I IITI. laJalll ! UHH.I VaMSaaS lULCI i
Otttes. K5;(!kiM.S50.&5.Kt.tt5. !
SEE OUR CATALOGUE.
NK MFC. CO., Hartftr., Ctmt.
lr. Kay's Btiwra.tr. SSaM
sia constipation. livfraiiilkiiln,vlls"as-s.lfl-HoUr.ncss.
Iicatlaehe. etc. At lrtij,'Ksts 'Stc A f I.
"NothliK but wheat; what you might
call a Fa of wheat." Is what was raid
by a lecturer speaking of Western Can
ada. l"or particulars :is to routes, rail
way fare.", etc., npply to Superintendent
of Imm'Krnt on. DejKirtniciit Interior. Ot
tawa, ":mai!;i (r to V. V. ISennett. 801
Nev.- York I.lfe Itiiildiii?. Omaha. Neb.
I'm l!ii? 41 fur unnatural
irritatmriK or iilieration
of 111 no 011s membranes.
I'ainlrM. ar4 not actriat
Tll(EA13CHU'CillC0. K" " Pi!iiM.
Aalat ay Draws
or snt in plain wrapper.
Ir rtM. Pf-pni'l. fur
91 . TltH.ttli-s. f?T5.
J"?-. ... . -. .... . a.
r0. - uias pe-iia uu rr4urnis.
Addict Jill taS i
Wf tmie "inr extra
inllmrv l.ircilii In r
san Write nant
Imw ! r rim flicur"
ilown tin tin Hnrl unit
I'ri-t 'irsnn mil
jinxas Kt:o to.. iiriA.vii. ra.
VACT"! raw f lnfl Ti-."!;!!! tli.it IM !'A-S S
will not twin-fit. 'ii'I f ii-nt" t ISIiisns (licmlisl
Co.. ew Vork.fur lv t.am;Ie-) anil M testimonials-
Or. Kay's Lung Balm 5
i.W "4 t JA-L
iJi rf. - S fiAAAAAAA
" - T . z. r . . .
.fYl.-o ir. i..j a i-.-iiv xj.iui
Springs, N. Y.
f fin l U.J.1.7S.X I
EmS)f sot v ameir".
V '65l".i.TI.0.r I
V V ti.9. a. y P
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