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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (March 9, 1898)
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WEDNESDAY. MARCH . UM.
Eateredatthe FostoSce. Colamba. Neb, aa
eecadtoM sail Batter.
ISSUED ETKBT WEDSDAT t
M. K. TURNER & CO
Om rear, by asil, postage prepaid $tM
Biz swath i
S Spanish cruelties must cease, and Cuba O
X must be free. 0
0 mm i
Okrekax. Kosbckaxs is seriously ill at
Lot Angeles, California.
Thk Caban war is the starvation of a
peaceful popalation. ScoveL
Tm citizens of .Wayne are anxious to
secare'electric lights to illuminate their
Spais asked for General Lee's recall
from Havana, but President McKinley
ref ased very promptly.
At York it was decided to hold a
county fair this fall, and also to aend a
eoanty exhibit to the Tiana-Missisaippi
Exposition at Omaha.
The hoase lay the Loud bill on tbel
table by a large majority, some forty
seven republicans voting against it The
exact vote was 162 to 119.
Returning Klondikers, two in num
ber, were foand frozen to death on the
trait They had in their possession
8160,000 in paper and gold dust.
There were some Japanese citizens
lost on the Maine, so that, in case Spain
is held to account by the United States,
they will be held by the Japanese.
lbs. J. H. McCosxEM wife of a mail
carrier, committed suicide Monday night
at Grand Island by the revolver route.
Death was instantaneous. She has been
Thibtt editors recently took a trip
through Kansas, Arkansas and Texas,
tarrying at Port Arthur, which is about
1,000 miles from Omaha, and destined to
cut quite a figure in the future welfare
of the country.
The United States supreme court on
Monday decided the maximum freight
rate case against the state of Nebraska,
holding the Nebraska law to be contrary
to the fourteenth amendment in that it
-. authorized the taking of property with
out due process of law.
Senator Mason on Thursday intro
duced a resolution for the relief of the
widow of the colored postmaster recently
killed by a mob at Lake City, South
Carolina. It is the same as that injro-1
duced in the house by Mr. White of
North Carolina except that the amount
is made $10,000.
The Nebraska City grocers and fruit
venders purchased a car load of oranges
and bananas at exceptionally low rates
from a young roan representing the Da
Gracio Fruit Co. of Omaha. After col
lecting for the fruit sold, the young man
disappeared and his firm has, so far,
failed to locate him.
It is stated that Gov. Holoomb has
decided to grant a pardon to the man
who was sentenced some years ago to
twelve j ears' imprisonment in the peni
tentiary for stealing chickens. It might
be well enough for the chief executive to
inquire into some of the other cases. Is
, Justice any blinder than usual?
The fact should not be forgotten that
no email part of the expenditures which
the Dingley Tariff is called upon to meet
is made npof interest on the $260,000,000
of bonds which a Free-Trade adminis
tration was compelled to issue in order
to provide for the deficits created by a
Tariff law constructed upon Free-Trade
lines. American Economist.
NEBRASKA'S BALANCE SHEET.
Bonds and Mortgagee, a publication of
Chicago of the character indicated by
the title, preaenta Jits.. readers with a
carefully compiled statement of the
number and amount of real estate mort
gages filed and released during 1807, and
comments the showing as follows:
"The showing of Nebraska is one that
tt has reason to be proud of, for in
nearly .every county a marked reduction
cf indebtedness isshown.
"Kutera Nebraska, with nineteen
counties returned ont of twenty-eight,
leads with a decrease or ww
and is closely followed by central Ne
braska, where twenty-six counties out of
a total of thirty-seven show a reaucuon
of $2,107,426J98. There are many coun
ties devoted to agricultural pursuit iu
Western Nebraska, which section reports
a reduction of $71,04257 in twenty-seven
Takinff the ratio of the above figures,
Nebraska's liquidation of real estate
mortgagee last year would aggregate the
large sum of $7,729,676 for the total of
"There never has been a period in the
country's exktence where this state has
acquitted itself more creditably and
evinced the disposition to give back 100
cents on every dollar borrowed.
"The sad experience of former years
will now be lost and borrowers are slow
to incur new obligations. The business
of making loans has also been confined
to responsible parties, whose reputation
for honest dealing is a better guaranty
than the over-questionable guaranties of
the loan companies of the past
"While there are many mortgages re
maining in this stale the liquidation of
1897 will no far toward attracting new
capital, and particularly so if the laws
could be amended so as to offer better
protection than now exists."
Editor Welis of the Central City
Democrat has the following to say in a
recent number of his paper: -A great
many of my friends are telling me that
Christian Science is a humbug, ana
some people that I never before heard of
are sending newspapers and pamphlets
that clearly show the fallacy of the faith
once delivered to the saints. One pamph
let says that John Wesley did heal the
sick but claims that the power died out
with John. Is God's arm shortened that
cannot save? Will he not listen to the
prayers of his disciples as he did in
bygono ages? Now, brethren, let me
alone. If I believe a lie it is a very com
fortable lie that I believe. If it is a lie
that has restored me to health then I
will be ever grateful for that blessed lie.
When the blind man was healed by
Jesus and was asked about the process
of cure, he could not answer bnt all he
said was, "Behold I was blind and now I
aee," and he praised and glorified God.
He wanted no proof. He needed no
long sermons or theological pamphlets.
The most valuable of all the senses bad
been restored to him and he believed and
was happy. So it is with me. Christian
Science restored me to perfect health,
and all the brilliant essayists can talk
from now on until the crack of doom
and they cannot disturb my faith or in
troduce a single doubt into my mind."
ILL BUY WAR VESSELS
Measure to Be Rushed Through
Congress For Defense.
nPTT MILLION FOB EME1GEI0Y.
aavoke than fire, as these men have j
never blamed the Spanish government t
for the Maine'disaster.
The latest navy department news re
ports that an American schooner has
been seized an the south coast on sus
picion of bt ing a filibuster.
The big wreckage tug Bight Arm
left today for some unknown destina
tion. Its captain expects to return here
ftiMh Sympathize With Saaia. 1
LosDOX, March 8. The Paris corres
pondent of the Daily Mail comments
upon the fact that the boure9 yesterday '
for the first time wai sariouily affected
by the dispute of the United States and
Spain aftd that Spanish stocks fell
heavily. "French sympathies," says
the Daily Mail's correspondent, "are
SPIRIT OF PATRIOTISM.
It Runs Rampant In the Halls
TOTE MORE MEH FOR ARTILLEBT.
swlay BUI ProTldlna "r Two Resl
BMta Fasces the Howe Wltaaat Oajae
tloa Coagrassmea Ballsy, Daasaeratto
Lea4r, Mat Allowed to Speak. M a
Poiat or Ordsr hy Hepaara of Iowa.
Washikqtox, March 8. The spirit
nf Ttttriotism was ramcaut in the house
Monday and by almost unanimous vote
the Hawley bill providing for two ad
ditional regiments of artillery was
msuJ nnila onnunsinn nf tllO TUleS.
undoubtedly with Spain, further- 5ffort was made to obstruct action,
more. France desires to see a cnecs pat fhe Democratic leader,
upon the growing political and com- leaded for m0KJ time than the40min
mercial importance of the United ,1lftw ,,, , TOi .nd because
dittos the plague authorities an at
loggerheads with the city corporation,
which haa topped their supplies of
itoaeo For luaaonlf i
St. Ijmtb. March 8. John T. Obert,
secretary of the North St. Louis Build
ing and Loan association, who pleaded
guilty to the chargS of emeesaleaent,
was saateaoed to two years imprison
ment in the penitentiary by Judge
Connor & Gonk, of Fort Scott, Kan-
ass, have submitted a proposition to the
people of Wayne to erect a $150,000 beet
sugar factory with a daily capacity of
200 tons. Ten of the most prominent
business men have been elected as a
committee with full power to act, and
they hope to have the factory ready for
operation by September 20th.
Mrs. Martha A. Kelset of Dorches
ter, Massachusetts, has written a letter
to Mrs. Elizabeth II. Brown of Portland,
Maine, postmarked Dyea, Alaska, Feb. 1,
descriptive of her sensations while pass
ing over the new aerial tramway, Chil
koot pass, going in an hoar and a half,
while the poor miners struggle for days
and weeks along its awful course.
Thk third high-power gun for the
Ballast point fortifications at San Diego,
California, were removed to the fortifi
cations Saturday. -A large force of men
is at work preparing the foundation for
the receipt of the big guns, but they will
not be mounted at once unless orders
are given from Washington, thus giving
the concrete foundations time to harden.
Uncle Samuel seems to be actively pre
paring for a lasting peace.
An electrical engineer has been found
in London who will testify that several
years ago a large number of mines were
sold to Spanish oSoers in London, eight
or ten of which were placed in Havana
harbor. They were made in a special
way and had a peculiarly constructed
cable which he contends he can posi
tively identify if the smallest piece is
produced. Some of the mines were fixed
so they could be fired from a fort. Tne
one 'he describes as most likely to have
caused the wreck of the Maine was con
structed to contain 500 pounds of gun
Thk Jocrxaii believes that the gov
ernment is preparing for war with all
possible dispatch, so that the country
will not be caught asleep, at any event.
We believe that the investigation into
the Maine affair haa purposely been aa
slowly and deliberately conducted aa the
gravity of the occasion would at all bear.
The adaunistratioa is not inclined to
make enemies, unnecessarily, and it haa
not done so in this case. Every asove
nteat has been made that aeeawad' possi
ble to better prepare us for a conflict, in
case a conflict should result. Take it
treat any standpoint you have a nuad to
de year thinking, and yon must con
clude that the adnuaiatratton intends to
dsasand indemnity of Spain and enforce
tte aVauand, with vigor and
Thf. Grand Island banks will no longer
pay interest on time deposits for a
shorter period of time than one year,
except in the fall, when interest deposits
will be accepted to a limited extent for
as short a time as six months. The
banks are inclined to encourage individ
ual investments in local securities and
local enterprises, by declining to pay(
interest on short time deposits and by
reducing rates on long time deposits.
The facts are that the banks are getting
more money on hand than they can use
to advantage. People are not borrowing
as freely as they used to borrow, and are
giving more attention to paying. Grand
New York, March 8. The Dela
ware, Lackawanna and Western rail
load last week shipped 50,000 tons of
gunpowder and ammunition from the
government store nouses ac uover, a.
J. A train loaa oi powaer ana ammu
nition left Dover each night last week
and at Hoboken was placed on lighters
and taken to the coast for distribution.
Emulores in the railroad yards at Ho
boken made no secret of having re
ceived orders to have a train ready for j
carrving ammunition in case of ani
flaaaltTi Government Withdraws Its Iatl
awtod OhJctioa to Casal Gonorml liOa.
Crater Moatgosnery to Proceed to Ma
vaaa la Flre or Ihr Fera Oftn
Ship AMaatlag l-fltite Shape.
Washditox, March 8. There no
less than five important events Monday
having a bearing more or less direct
upon the troubled relations between the
tt:i c.u ami Srniin. viz : The in
troduction in congress by Mr. Cannon
of a resolution carrying $50,000,000 for
the nnblic defense, the withdrawal by
the "Spanish government of its inti
mated objection to the continuance in
office of Consul General Lee. the order
of the cruiser Montgomery to proceed
to Havana in place of the Fern, the
passage through the house ounemu
increasing the artillery arm by two
regiments, and the institution of nego
tiations looking to the purchase of war
ships for our navy.
Mr. Cannon's resolution probably led
all other topics of interest, particularly
when it became known that it was the
result of a conference between ine
author, the president. Senator Hale
and other leading spirits in congress.-
e Incident Eaded.
As for General Lee's case, the news
of the satisfactory ending of the inci
dent through the withdrawal of the
suggestion by Spain was expected as
soon as it was noted that a loophole had
been left open through the failure to
make the complainr- in anything like an
official shape. Same fear is expressed
that the consul general wiu not nna ms
duties very congenial now that he
knows that he is an unwelcome guest
In Havana, but the administration is
relying upon his devotion to welfare of
Americans in Cuba and American in
terests generally to submit his own
personal wishes to restraint and remain
at his post.
Late in the afternoon Senor du Bosc,
the Spanish charge, received a cipher
oi.ia fvnm the minister of state at
Madrid, Senor Gullon, saying: -You
can disavow the rumor that any official
application has been made for the recall
of General Lee."
This confirmed Senor du Bosc's view
that a misapprehension had occurred.
and that some intimation concerning
General Lee had been construed iuto a
request or demand for his recall, which
Mr. Du' Bosc says with poeitiveness,
was never intended.
As there has been no explanation so
far of the purpose which promoted the
introduction of Mr. Cannon's resolu
tion, it is said that the money is wanted
primarily as an emergency fund.
Those who look for a wholesale pur
chase of warships from the bargains of
European builders are likely to be dis
appointed. The navy department at
present is inclined to make but one pur
chase of this kind, at first, at least, in
the shape of a substantial iron-clad. It
does desire to get possession of several
of the larger class of torpedo boat de
stroyers, such as the Sekul of the Rus
sian naw, vessels of 0 tons, able to
keep the sea in bad weatuer, a weaic
point with our own boats, and capable
of enormous speed, such as 3i kuots.
OftVr of Khlpi.
The offers of ships to the navy de
nartment are now assuming definite
and formal shape,
it was refused, after the bill had been
. ' passed, he inaugurated a filibuster
of anin3t nihwt nf rvrimnMa lefrislation
that continued all day. Mr. uauey uo
Warships Eaeoarafo the Spaalsb.
Havana. March 8. The arrival
the Snanishshin Alinirante Oquendo,
although the Spaaisli popalation was ' to gpeak m favor of the bill, but
still rejoicing over uie coming i me d not get time.
Yizcaya, has given the Spaniards an! Mr. Hull, in opening the debate, ex
exaggerated notion of Spain's naval plained briefly the necessity for these
prowess. The tendency fa to cause a j men to j, tne coast dofenses of the
feeling that war witn tne unuea oiares Mtry By Jnjy i he said, 2 mg
. . :M,. . dvM.M --- , -1
irons and 22 mortars woum
would not be so serious ior apain.
These Spanish warships encourage the
notion that the result of the Maine in
quiry is a subject of indifference to the
Phllipplaas ta Taamlt.
London, March ti. A dispatch to the
Daily Mail from Hong Kong says, that
a fresh rebellion has broken outinth
Philippine islands and that 53 Spanish
soldiers have been killed. No further
details are known at Hong Kong.
Strikers Delay Work on Battleship.
San Francisco, March 8. Owing to
h strilrA of the steel moulders at the
Pacific rolling mills in this city, work
upon the battleship Wisconsin, which
was recently ordered rushed, has been
delayed very materially. The contract
for the steel mouldings has been snblet
by the Union works to the Pacific roll
ing mills for the purpose of expediting
matters, but when the mm were asked
to work overtime, they struck for extra
wages, which was considered exorbitant
by the officials of the rolling mills. The
result was that almost the entire force
of moulders went out on Feb. 28 and
the places of the strikers nave not yet
been filled. The foundrymen are now
considering the advisability of shipping
the plans for the necessary castings east
to some one of the large works there.
maximum law invalid.
Opinion In Nebraska Rate Case
Favors the Railroads.
AFFIRMS L0WEE COURT DECISION.
Iadlctateata Agaiast Rash Quashed.
Topkka, Kan., March 8. Judge
Williams in the United States district
court today quashed the indictment
aganst J. W. Bush, formerly president
of the First National bank of Lamed.
There were nine counts charging em
beczleasentsand misappropriations "of
bankfunda,ranging from $300 to $1,000
in each count. Kush was for many
yean a member of the state senate and
considered the richest man in Pawnee
Columbia. Mo., March 8. Reports
coame from Harrisburg, Boone county,
of the killing of James Ivie, a school
toacher, by William H. Davis, princi
pal of the public schools. They quar
reled over a woman. After the shoot
ing Davis surrendered and was re
leased under $2,000 bonds.
L05BO5, March 8. A dispatch from
Nagasaki, Japan, to tho Daily Mail
says the Corean cabinet, with the ex
ception of the foreign minister, Min
Chong Monk, have resigned because
Monk granted the Deer island concession
toKusaia without the consent of the
For Ball Teaat.
Ottcxwa, March 8. W. A. Smith of
KnosviDe, Tenn., will manage the Ot
tuntwa baseball team, and not Harry
Rayaaond, aa haa been announced.
Sauth nuusaged the Norfolk team but
year in the Atlantic league.
Four Dodgk, March 8. Oscar Isaack
aen,ayoanf nun of 20, was lowered
into a well this learning which was
being constructed to clean away rock
after a dynamite discharge. He was
During the day
Secretary Long received a call from A.
F. Lane, representing the Maxlm-Nor-deufelt
company, and the agent for sev
eral war vessels now nearing comple
tinn in l&wre foreign ship yards. These
include two cruisers of the type of the
Cincinnati, which are designed to be
20 knot vessels aud two ironclads of 14
knots, which would be called third
class battleships under our rating.
These are now open to purchase and it
is understood that Mr. Lane's visit was
in this connection.
The appropriation of $50,000,000 for
the national defense, for which provis
ion was made in the bill introduced in
the house by Mr. Cannon, will not in
volve the issue of bouds. This an
nouncement was made by the treasury
officials, who stated that the treasury
was amply prepared to meet any de
mands that will likely be made upon it.
On Feb. 1 the cash in the treasury
amonnted to $856,571,766, of which
$204,063,971 was gold, $511,858,834 sil
ver, $106,564,958 in paper currency and
$83,084,002 in disbursing officers' bal
ances, etc. The net available cash on
hand above all liabilities amounts to
Madrid, March 8. The details of
Spain's request that the United States
government recall General Fitzhugh
Lee from his post as consul general of
the United States at Havana are as fol
lows: The United States minister,
General Stewart L. Woodford, had a
conference at the Spanish foreign min
istry on Thursday last with Senor Gul
lon, the minister tor foreign affairs,and
an official of the ministry for foreign
affairs, who acted as interpolater.
Senor Gullon expressed the wish of the
Spanish government that General Lee
be recalled "as proof of the good will
of the United States." General Wood
ford cabled immediately to Washington
on the subject and the reply of the
United States government was commu
nicated to Senor Gullon on Saturday.
Some of the Spanish provincial papers
referred to the matter Sunday, but the
newspapers of Madrid have not made
any reference to it.
COURT WILL FINISH WORK SOON.
Mar Wla4 Vr Slttta ! T""
Havana. March 8. The Maine court
of inquiry will finish its work within
three days, I am reliably informed.
The members are satisfied, I am cer
tain, of the cause of the disaster. All
indications still point to a unanimous
report, but the oourt maintains great
reserve. Captain Chadwich- did not
don the diver's helmet, it now appears,
and descend into the Maine's wrecked
interior. He accepts the diver's report
Consul Barker's resignation asks for
its immediate acceptance. Probably
his request will be granted. Mr. Bar
ker'ainflexibijityiswell known. Sen
ator Proctor and Miss Barton arewith
Vr Rrlri bav Thev Will try tO
persuade hint to stay.
The city is still full of rumors of the
wholesale expulsion of American newa-
Probably there is more
Law Is la Violation of tho ProvUions of
the Fourteenth Amendment Case Was
Institated to Test the Validity of an Act
Passed by the Nebraska Legislature In
1893 Opinion by Harlan.
Washington-, March 8. Justice Har
lan's opinion in the Nebraska maxi
mum freight rate case held the Ne
braska law to be contrary .to the 14th
amendment, in that it authorized the
taking of property without due process
of law. and was, therefore, invalid.
Hence the railroads won. Justice Har
lan's opinion affirmed the opinion of
the circuit court of appeals for the
eighth circuit, was against the maxi
mum freight rate law aud favorable to
the railroads. . - j -
This case was instituted ttflestthe"
validity of a law passed by the Ne
braska legislature in 1893, prescribing
the maximum rates for the transporta
tion of freight by railroads within the
atxta Thnant annlies specifically to
freight whose transit begins aud end.
iu the state, and there was no effort in
its enactment to control interstate
freight. It affected all the railroads iu
the state, and the railroad companies
instituted the proceedings which were
terminated by today's opinion by filiug
a bill in the Nebraska circuit court soon
after the law was enacted. The object
of the bill was to secure an order re
straining the state officials from put
ting the law into force.
The law was attacked on the ground
of its constitutionality. It was charged
that inasmuch as the act applied to
state freights it was chargeable with a
discrimination against them, and tnere.
fore antagonistic to the spirit of the
14th amendment to the constitution.
They contended that the maximum
rate fixed was unreasonable and ruin
ous to the roads. It was also asserted
that the act interfered with interstate
commerce. The state met all these al
legations with argument in 8upportof
the validity of the law and also with
the countercharge that the case was one
of which the federal courts could not
properly take jurisdiction. The de
cision in the circuit court was deliv
ered by Justice Brewer of the supreme
court, who sustained the contention of
the railroad companies and held against
the validity of the law. His opinion
was based largely upon the charge of
unreasonableness. He made a com
putation showing that the reduction ef
fected in freight rates amounted on an
average to 29 per cent, which he held
was too great a change. The case has
been twice argued in the supreme court,
Hon. W. J. Bryan appearing as one of
the counsel for the state in the last
hearing. Much interest has been mani
fested in the decision ever since the
case was docketed, because of the prob
able influence a result favorable to the.
law would nave upon tne legislation in
mounted. These guns required 10 men
each to handle them aud in time of
war 60. There were 4,025 artillerymen
all told in the service. The guns em
placed July 1 would require 7,000 re
gardless of any exigency that might
arise. Even if no exigency arose these
men, he insisted, would be necessary to
care for the fortifications and guns upon
which we were expending millions of
dollars. The charge that this bill was
an attempt to increase the standing
army, to be used possibly to overawe
the cities,he said.he considered too friv
olous to discuss.
Cox Opposes the Bill.
Mr. Cox, in opposition to the bill,
said he would vote as cheerfully as any
man in the house for this bill, if it
were needed for the national defense as
a war measure, but he argued that the
president, as commander-in-chief of the
army, had authority to detail men from
the other branches of the service, the
cavalry and infantry and that such de
tails could man and care for the coast
defenses without increasing perma
nently the standing army.
Belknap (Rep., Ills.) a son of ex-Secretary
of War Belknap, and McClellan
(Dem., N. Y.), a son of General Mc
Clellan, both warmly advocated the
passage of the bill in brief speeches.
Shafroth (Colo.) caused a round of
applause when he expressed his regret
that a single voice should be raised
against such a bill at such a time.
There was no denying the fact that our
foreign relations with Spain were on
'the eve of a rupture. War ought to be
averted if possible, but we ought to pre
pare at once, he said, for every emer
gency. The time for debate expired at this
time and Mr. Bailey, who had not been
able to get the floor, asked for unani
mous consent for three minutes. -Hepburn
(Rep., la.) objected.
Lewis (Dem., Wash.) attempted to
offer an amendment prohibiting the
use of these two regiments to suppress
strikes. The bill was then passed with
The great chorus of ayes was offset
by three voices on the minority side,
Cox (Dem., Tenn.), Jones (Dem., Ya.)
aud Todd (Fusion, Mich.),
A Butterfly That EnJojs Only Kt Heart
It is iu An2U4t that tbe naturalists
observe the marvelous insect which is
born, reproduces aud dies in' tbe period
of a siufjle night, on tbe banks of the
Maine, of the Seine, aud of the Rhine.
It is the epueuiere cf which Sirauimer
dani has written and wtaien u spoken
of in Aristotle.
Tbe life of this insect dees not last
beyond four or five hoars. It dies to
ward 1 1 o'clock in the evening, after
taking the form of a bunt iny about six
hours alter midduy. It is true, how
ever, that oefoie taking this form it
has lived three years iu J hat of a worm,
which keeps always near the Lordtr of
water in the holes which it makes in
The chauge of this worm in the
water to an ephemera which flies is so
sudden that one has uot the time to see
it. If one takes tbe worm iu the water,
the hand cannot be taken away before
tho chauge is made unless by pressing
the worm slightly in the region of the
chest. Bv this means it can ba taken
from the water before the change takes
The epbemere, after leaving the
water, seeks a place where it can divest
itself of a fine membrane or veil, which
entirely covers it This second change
takes place in the air.
The ephemere assists itself with tbe
point of its little nail as fiiuily as it
can. It makes a niovemeut similar to
that of a shiver, then the skin en the
middle of the hack breaks apart, the
wings slip out of their sheath, as we
sometimes take off our gloves by turn
ing them inside out. After this strip
ping tho ephemere begins to fly. Some
times it ha's itself straight up ou the
surface of I Tie water ou the end of its tail,
flapping its wings oue against the
other. It takes no nourishment iu the
five or six hours which are the limit of
its life. It seems to have been formed
but to multiply, for it does not leave
its state of a worm until it is ready to
deposit its eggs, aud it dies as soon as
they are deposited.
In three days' time one sees appear
and die all species of ephemeres. They
last sometimes until -the fifth day, for
the reason that seme malady has affect
ed some of them aud prevents them from
changing at the same time as the
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ores andLoss OF SUEP-
Tvl Signature ef H
EXACT COfYOTWRAPren. H
rvn.iinn.rk i uiiitit
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The Kind Yon Have
Bears the Fac-simile
ON THE '
TMC CWTUW COMWWT. w c(n
doltl aad Silter Gospel.
"The Gold and Silver Gospels" is
the name of a vrry peculiar book now
preserved in the Upsala library in Swe
den. It is printed with metal type, on
violet colored vellum, the letters being
silver and tbe iuitials gold. When it
waa printed, by whom or what wero
the methods employed, are questions
which have great interest for tbe curi
ous, but have never been answered.
I & CO.,
Farm Loans, Real Estate
Child Rnra to Death.
Plattsmouth, Neb., March 8.
While playing around a bonfire last
evening the clothes of the JJ-year-old
son of. August Richter took tire aud the
child burned to death before aid reached
Charged With Forgery.
Washington', la., March 8. Rev.
Mr. Campe, lately or Valley, ia., is in
jail here. He was indicted for forging
a note, confessed and was brought here
BUI to Remove a Charge.
Washington, March 8. Senator Al
len today introduced a bill to remove
the charge of desertion against James
W. Pace of Nebraska.
frotetit Against Libel Bill.
Albany, March 8. Editors and pro
prietors of newspapers from all parts of
the state assembled in this city to pro
test against the Ellsworth newspaper
lifcftl trill aud to confer as to the best
means to defeat its passage. Resolu
tions were adopted condemning the bill
as unconstitutional ; as violating princi
ples of right aud justice which guar
antee to every man accused the right to
know of what crime he is accused;
as wicked and pernicious, because under
it the defendant would be convicted
without any proof of guilt ; as creating
a new and fantastic crime; as provid
ing undue punishments and as making
it possible to persecute and destroy a
Order to Sell Kaaama Road.
Topeka, Kan., March 8. The Atchi
son, Topeka and Santa" Fe Railway
company, owning all of the bonds of
the Manhattan, Alma and Burlingame
railroad, petitioned Judge Williams to
day for an order to sell the latter road.
Judge Williams instructed Hiram P.
Pillon, as special master, to advertise
and sell the property. Dillon will fix
the date of sale. The Santa Fe oper
ates the road, which is 83 miles in
length, and will doubtless bid it in.
Fara.ll Elected Marshall.
Doubun, March 8.-John Howard
Parnell, brother of the late Charles
Stewart Parnell and Nationalist mem
ber of parliament -for Southmeath, has
been elected city marshal of Dublin.
The post is worth 1,000 a year. His
election was due to his yepresentat ions
that unless he obtained somo remuuer-
Uald aad Widow.
By the old Saxou law a maiden and
a widow were of different value. ' The
latter could be bought for one-half the
sum whicii the guardian of the maid
was entitled to demand. A man, there
fore, who could not afford to buy a
maiden might, perhaps, be able to pur
chase a widow.
Setting Out in Life !
49 tg? i"
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II J VllaaaaaS 'SESSlW I
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As well as in the thick of the battle, is
a time when a man should be careful
about neat and correct dressing. First
impressions are half the victory- Who
has a better chance, even inlookingfor
a situation, than the young man whose
attire is an evidence of taste, thrift and
judgment? Young men who wish to
brosoer should order their Smita mmd
M. BORN & CO.,
The Oreat Chicago Merchant Tailors,
Now over 20 yn. at the head of the Custom Trade.
All ages can be suited. Style, fit and
workmanship are guaranteed. The
world's best looms supply the material.
Tat tot to siwayt TbeMestEcaMMkaL
M.J1W MISCT8U nnUti IU OMUL FftOB.
II. A. SCOTT.
Qaeoa of WekaoekeU Fatally Shot.
Keating, known from New York to San . tlll tTS
Francisco as the "queen oi mckpock
ets," has been shot and fatally wounded
by Jerry Sullivan, a city hall janitor,
in the saloon of her husband, who also
received a bullet from the same pistol.
Sullivan entered Keating's saloon and
called for a drink. Before serving him
Keating demanded payment of a bill
alleged to be due. Sullivan made an
insulting reply, which brought Mrs.
Keating to the front. Her remarks en
raged Sullivan, who drew a revolver
and shot her in the left breast, inflict
ing a wound declared to be mortal.
Then Sullivan turned his revolver on
Keating and sent a bullet through the
back of his neck. The wound is not
St. Louis, March 8. Secret service
officers and deputy United States mar
shals have arrested at DeSoto, Mo.,
b Joseph Cature, William button and
William Maffitt on a charge oi making
and circulating counterfeit money.
They ara now locked up at the Four
Courts, and tomorrow will be given a
hearing before United States Commis
sioner Gray. One of the men, Joseph
Cature. was night engineer attheDe
goto electric light works. He was cap
tured while making the spurious coin,
and with him was taken molds, metals,
crucibles and 160 in coin.
Parnell family residence and estate, at
RatMrum, County Wicklow.
Ryan's Visit Cot Short.
Chicago, March 8, William Ryan's
visit to a dying brother was cut short
by detectives who arrested him for rob
bery. The arrest was madejin response
to a telegram from the chief of police
of Omaha. Detectives found Ryan at
his brother's home, 5000 Center avenue.
The police do not know any details and
Ryan denies he is guilty. The pris
oner's brother, John Ryan, is slowly
dying of consumption. Ryan probably
will be allowed to remain in Chicago
until his brother's death, which is
'Edgexont, S. D., March 8. The
charges against Cashier Clifton and his
assistant, Salsbury, that they had made
away witn tne assets oi tne urraoie
bank, have been dismissed. All of the
assets and securities of the bank have
been turned over to tbe receiver, W,
W. Stewart,and it is generally expected
that all of, the local depositors of the
bank will be paid back every cent.
WotlTos Iaeoaaod at Flagao Mo
Boxbay, March -. The situation
here'is grave. Then ia extreme unrest
anumg the natives, who are incensed at
$he plague ineaaures, which wound
freirralifiaus suaceptibUities. In ad
Dun's Review summarizes the situa
tion as to wheat in this remark: "The
bottom fact is that the world needs
wheat which this country only can sup
ply for aliout six months to come."
It has been suggested by an expe
rienced farmer that the cause of so-called
cholera is a little worm in the grain of
corn fl, and that the best way of get
ting rid of the worm is to cook the corn
before feeding; the next lieat way is to
At a public sale near Norfolk recently,
although june months' time was offered
on Bums exceeding 810, not a single note
was given, which shows several things
for that neighborhood: that farmers
have money to invest; thnt they do not
purpose going into debt.
The Russians of McPherson county,
South Dakota, are raising a species of
grain which has the properties of both
barley and rye. They say it does better
in dry seasons than in wet ones, and
makes a splendid feed for stock. They
brought the seed from Rnssia.
An experienced farmer thinks this a
good season to put in plenty of spring
wheat, sowing it early, and getting it in
a good depth. He believes that the
price will not be lower than now, at
least, until after the main part of the
crop shall have been threshed.
There is a theory now firmly estab
lished that any snbject pursued intelli
gently will educate, and it is contended
that there is no study, including agri
culture, that will not educate a man if
closely followed. The so-called educated
man is .often very ignorant of the com
mon knowledge that is essential on every
farm. An education does not mean a
mnroA in a college, and there is rich
education that one can get without ever
leaving the farm. Chancellor McLean at
the Farmers' Institute, Fremont.
The fungus disease in potatoes shows
itself in roughness of the skin the
leaves drop, the potatoes stop growing,
the tuber becomes watery and is not
good for food. Where the disease has
been prevalent, plant no potatoes on the
same ground for a year or two; destroy
all weeds, and when planting is done,
get the new seed potatoes from a more
northern latitude. Mr. Powers of But
ler county, with seed from Wisconsin,
about doubled the ordinary crop, getting
1500 bushels of number one potatoes
from five acres.
Isaac Noyes of Waterloo read a very
interesting paper before the Farmers'
Institute at Fremont, on the feeding of
cattle. We quote one paragraph: "We
should be careful in selecting the stock
at all times. I would buy calves all the
time, and buy the best, and feed them
liberally during the spring, and turn
them into pastures, or get them ready
for market in September and shred all
the corn stalks for rough feed. Farmers
should grind their feed and put their
cattle in stalls. Labor intelligently
directed produces the wealth of the
world, we all know."
Barliagtoa Koatr-Catlforaia Kxearviiw.
Cheap; quick; comfortable.
Leave Omaha 4.35 p. in., Lincoln CIO
p. m. and Hastings 8.50 p. m. every
Thursday in clean, modern, not crowded
tourist sleepers. No transfers; cars run
right through to San Francisco and Lob
Angeles over the Bcenic route through
Denver and Salt Lake City. Cars are
carpeted; upholstered in rattan; have
spring seats and backs.nre provided with
curtains, bedding, tovvelo, soap, etc.
Uniformed porters and experienced ex
cursion conductors accompany each ex
cursion, relieving passengers of all both
er about baggage, pointing out objects
of interest and in many other wnjB help
ing to make the overland trip a delight
ful experience. Second class tiokets are
honored. Berths ?.".
For folder giving full information, call
at nearest Burlington Route ticket office,
or write to J. Francip, General Passen
ger Agent, Omaha, Neb. to25apr'8
The Journal is prepared to furnish
in the very latest styles, stationers
goods for balls, parties, entertainments,
school exhibitions, concerts, graduating
exercises, and the thousand other occa
sions for which fine stationery and nice
printing are in demand. We furnish ev
erything in our line at reasonable prices,
and strictly in line with the order, tf
TIB OD TO? IAVE ALWAYS B0UGIT
TO THE PUBLIC.
THK UNDKIttHC.NKD HNK8 of CnlumuiiB,
Nel.nnka. titiiiut lint it is not uo-i-bl
to inT.ht.ioly wnploy eo Iwgf a capital, hav
.icitletl to retlucp tfiiir enpitnl Block n follow :
The Coluioliuti Stat Hunk to $TiU.Wi0.i0.
The First National Bank to S.W.0t.
Tho Commercial Dimk to $.UKMM.
Thk Comimdus Srvric Bask.
By irf-ontler (Jerrnnl, Fret I.
Thk First Nvtiosu. Hink,
By A. Anilerson. fret t.
The Commeuci i. IU.nk.
USfehT, By C. II. Hhehion. I'rea't.
Sarah E. Mullen will taki; notice that on the
27th day t .lannary. 1.M, Lorenzo C. Voan .com
menced an action naint you in the tlintrict
court of l'littte county, Nebraska, to recover
from joii Uie sum of one hundred and thirty
dollars on an account forcrice rendered as
phjBician, at jour instance and request, and
that nn order of attachment wan isfctied Hainwt
yon therein for tiaid amount, which attachment
was on the 7th day of February. IrtW, levied upou
the following divcriU"! real entate to wit:
Lotnono (l r-nd two (2) in Mock twenty-nine
(2i) Stevens addition to the city of Columbus,
Platte county, Nebraska, and unless yon appear
and answer in said action on or before the 28lh
day of March. IW, Judgment will be rendered
and mid property sold to satisfy the same.
Dated February 10. l't.
jl(KN70 C. Vohh.
By Woosley A STi HIM, At t'ys. 15feh
Tickets will be sold on the first and
third Tuesdays of January, February and
March via the Union Pacific to points in
Missouri, Arkansas, Indian Territory,
Oklahoma, Texas, Louisiana, Arizona
and New Mexico, where the minimum
round trip rate is $7.00 or over, at one
fare for the ronnd trip plus $2.00. x
For exact territory and full informa
tion or tickets call on or address,
lumch J. R- Meagher, Agent.
NOTICE OF THE REDUCTION OF
AT A RF.GULAK MF.KITNO of the stock
. holders of the Columbus State Bank it
was duly ordered by said storithcriders that thw
paid-up capital stock of said Bank should bo
reduced from eiKhty-threo thousand dollars to
fifty thousand dollars. In accortlance with such
order, notice is hereby civeu thnt the paid-up-capital
stock of said Columbus State Bank will,
on the seventeenth day of March, 1-rtH. be re
duced to fifty thousand dollars.
Dated, February II, lS'.W.
lftfelw M. Bkcgoer, Cashier.
NOTICE OF THE REDUCTION OF
NOTICE IS HEREBY OIVEN that, at the
annual meeting of the stockholders of the
Commercial Bank of Columbus. Nebraska, held
on the 6th day of February. 1MJ. was ordered
by a unanimous vote of said stockholders that
the capital stock of said Bank be reduced from
S90.OOU.00 to $'0,(100.00. said reduction to take
effect on March 17, V4&.
V. II. Sheldon. President,
16febT DMELSCURM, Cashier.
avSaBawSWV3 kflrHPHRBSL aPaf sar
M. C. CA8SIN,
Mtoramoa or thi
Game and Fish in Season.
AVHighest market prices paid for
Hides and Tallow.
mi.TTMRTTS. - - NEBRASKA
OOSLEY & STIBE8.
ATTOlllfBYS AT LAW.
Sostawwt comer Elsveata aad North Streets
mly-7 CoLcxara, Nnaasxa.
We Carry Coffins, Caskets ami
Metallic Caskets at as low
prices as any one.
HAVE THE BEST HEARSE
IN THE COUNTRY.
W. A. McAlusteb.
W. M. CoBNiuns
WAIXKTEK At COJUtlXIUS,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
F. E. MATTESON A CO., Riverside, R. I.
Want all kinds of Butter, Eggs, Poultry,
Raw Furs, Skins, Ginseng, Seneca, Ac.
Full prices guaranteed. Careful selec
tion, courteous treatment, immediate
Shipping Tags, Ropes, furnished free.
Write for latest price circulars.
AGENTS WANTED, i&kct
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