The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911, December 08, 1897, SUPPLEMENT, Image 5

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Wednesday, Dec. 8.
Treasury Figures Show It Is Prodnct
ivtr of Increased Kx porta of Ameri
can Products and Decreased Imports
"Retaliation" McanurcH Fail.
Showing I" Gratifying.
floccJai Washington correspondence:
The new tariff law continues to move
Mitootlily 6 far a relates to farmers and
also as relates to the revenues of the
Government. A document just issued by
the Treasury Department showing the
September importations points out that
there has been a marked falling off in the
importations of numerous articles of farm
produce compared witli September pf last
year, while the exportation of the pro
ducts of agriculture has increased very
greatly despite the insistence of free trad
ers that nn increase in our tariff rates
would damage our markets abroad. The
September exportations of agricultural
liroducts amounted to $74,201,573, against
&"0,"j29,00S. in the corresponding month
last year. While the general exporta
tions of domestic merchandise increased
25 per rent in Septemler over those of
the same month latt year, the increase in
farm products was even greater, being,
ns will be seen by the above figures, about
4 per rent. In Septemlier of 1897 agri
cultural products formed 72 ier cent of
the total exportations, while in Septeni
'ber, 1890. they constituted but IVtVj per
vnt of the total exportations. In ini'ior
latiou of farm products there has been a
marked decrease in many articles. The
September importation of unmanufac
tured -otton fell oftyn per cent, being but
fiSl.HW pounds, against 772.029 pounds
in September of last year. The importa
tion of tlax, hemp and other vegetable
fibers, unmanufactured, amounted to less
than one-third of that of last year, being
$.KMi,(KM in value in September, 1S97,
against nearly $1,000,000 in September,
1890. The importation of flax, which
amounted to $0S,729 in September, 1S90,
dropped to $41,019 iu September, 1897.
'Ike manufactures of flax, hemp, jute,
etc., imported iu September, 1S97, were
but about one-half in value those of Sep
tember, 1S90. being but $1,142,174,
Hgainst $2,139,55!!. The importations of
fugar in September. 1897, amounted to
less than $2,500,000, against over $8.
K.l00 in September, ISO., while those
of vegetables droptied from $148,1545 in
September. 1S90. to $89,994 in September
of the present year. Of course, the most
noticeable decrease is in wool, which fell
from 4,795,470 pounds iu September of
las year to 2,505,07" pounds iu Septem
ber. 1S97, while the manufactures of wool
fell oh" in a much larger ratio, being iu
raltie but $5tv'KS of the present year
against $2,000,101 in September. 1890.
In the matter of exports there lias beeu
marked increase iu almost every line of
farm production. The September expor
tation of cattle amounted to $',272,i;8,
ngainst $2,750.10!' in September of last
year. The value of the horses exported
was $'578,492. against $2M,;i.i in the eor
icsporduig mouth of 1804". The exporta
tion of barley amounted to $1,044,822,
against $788.451 in September of last
year: com. ?0,2H,72::, against $3,902,012
in September of last year. The exporta
tion of corn meal increased from $47,
r::r. in value to $110,401; oats from $201.
077 to $1,041,009 in Septemlier, 1807;
oatmeal from r,012.97S pounds iu Septem
ber, 1810, to 5,:.1 0,909 Hiiinds iu Septem
ber. 1897. The exportation of rye prac
tically doubled. Wing iu value $::U'.:'22
in September of last year, against $020,
1 10 in September of the present year. Of
hops the exportation in September, 1S97,
was more than four times iu value that of
September. 1890. Itciiig $05,205, against
$15,458. Of bacon the exportations were
iu Septemlier, 1897. over 50.000,000
pounds, against ill .000,000 pounds in
Septemlier of 1890. Of hams the pounds
exported in Sfeptember. 1897, was over
17.tHIO.000. against !MKK).000 in Septeni of last year, while the exportation of
Stutter juniied from ".494,5.52 -Mjunds in
September. 1890. to 5,9'5"',407 pounds in
September. 1897.
At the Treasury Department the new
law is proving equally satisfactory. The
receipts are steadily increasing, and for
the month of November average fully a
million dollars for each business day,
while there is every reason to expect that
the increase in the importation of manu
factured articles and sugar which will
come with the beginning of the new year
will add from eight to ten million dollars
per month to the receipts, thus bringing
them alove the requirements for the run
ning expenses of the Government and
imtl'iig the treasury again in a position
lo accumulate a sufficient surplus to carry
m the busiuess of the Government with
safety and reduce somewhat at least the
indebtedness incurred under the Wilson
law by liberal contributions to the sinking
fund and the creation of such a surplus
as will be needed to meet the outstanding
fuouds when they fall due.
Another very satisfactory feature of
the operations of the new law is found
in the fact that nothing whatever has
come of predictions made by the Demo
crats during the discussion iu Congress
of the Dingley bill to the effect that the
enactment of the rates named in the bill
would result iu closing our market in
foreigu countries. It will lie remembered
that numerous protests were made by the
representatives of foreign countries to
this Government with the implied threat
that if the increased tariff was put on
their goods it would le necessary for the
4!overnments of thoM countries to enact
retaliatory tariffs against our own goods,
which they had been previously buying.
There were thirteen of these countries
making formal protests, and the follow
ing tables show our exportations to the
thirteen countries during August and
September of the present year under the
lMuglcy law compared with August and
September of last year under the Wilson
law: also onr importations from those
eouutrie in the months in question under
the two laws:
Aug. 4 Sept.. Aug. Sept..
1S9G. under 1W, under
Exports to- Wilson law. "lugleylaw.
;.trla.IInasar3- .. $223,801 $573,029
Jen mark
sraii'e .....
...$107,077,786 $131,446,363
Aug. & Sept.. Aug. & Sept.,
isub. unaer itsn. under
Impcrts from
Germany .......
Italy ,
Japan ,
Switzerland ....
Great Uritalu ...
Wilson law. Dingley law.
Totals $59,515,404 $44.613.5S3
The above tables show the utter fallacy
of the Democratic predictions, for they
show that not only have we curtailed our
imports from those countries to a very
large extent, but despite their threats,
they have continued calmly buying our
products and in greatly increased degree.
What Canoed the Change.
What does high-priced cattle and hogs j
mean : aimpiy mat more people cast or
the Missouri river are eating meat. Why?
Because they are earning wages. They
are at work. The people who were idle
under the Wilson tariff of the PopocraU
are employed. The people who were
employed under that tariff are get
ting higher wages. What caused the
change? Faith of business men, capital
ists, employers of labor and money, in
the Republican party and ita well-tried
tariff policy.
The tariff nothing to do with it? It
has everything to do with it. Canadian
eggs and chickens are shut out on the
north and Mexican cattle on the south.
The American market for the American
fanner, is the Republican principle, and
it is working, as it always has worked,
for the welfare of the nation. Pauper
labor is shut out. Pauper made goods
are shut out. The American market is
reserred for the American laboring man
and the American farmer, and both are
realizing the benefits of this patriotic,
business-like policy, tested anu vindicated
by American history for more than fifty
The Kansas farmer gives away rattle,
hogs, corn, wheat, hay, eggs, butter and
milk iu every vote he gives for Bryamsm,
Populism or fusion. It is bad business.
No level-headed farmer will permit the
calamity orators for free silver aud fiee
trade to deceive him again and induce
him by specious but false promises to vote
away his own property aud prosperity.
Topeka Capital.
Export or Cora.
Corn is about to become one of the food
stapled of Europe. Iu 1892, we exported
75,451,840 bushels of corn and 287,009
barrels of corn meal. In the last year we
exported 170,010,305 bushels of corn and
475,203 barrels of com meal.
As all are aware, Europe formerly had
au iutensc prejudice against American
corn, regarding it as unlit for human food.
This prejudice was largely allayed by a
commission sent to Europe during Harri
son's administration for the purpose of
introducing corn as a food. This commis
sion gave lectures about corn, demon
strating its usefulness as a food by prac
tical instruction in cooking. As a result
of the work of this commission, a largely
increased demand for com was created.
The business depression abroad, and the
food shortage in many countries, has caus
ed cofn as a cheap food staple to estab
lish itself firmly as a permanent food.
There will 1m? an increasing foreign de
mand for it from now on, aud the Ameri
can overproduction will each year find
more of a sale awaitiug for it iu European
markets. This means it better price for
the farmer. The commission, discontin
ued during Cleveland's administration,
should lie re-established in the interest
of the American fanner. Exchange.
Practical anil Prudent Protection.
In our manufactures we start with the
advantage of having our raw material
ready at hand, while England must go
thousands of miles for every eottcu hall
she spins. We can produce all the wool,
cotton, woods and met a Is required for any
and every variety of manufacture. It is,
therefore, clear that with these three nat
ural advantages of food, fuel and raw
material iu available abundance, we only
ueed favorable conditions of enterprise
aud competition to attain and maintain
absolute supremacy in every Hue of hu
man industry. These conditions can only
be provided by the system of protection.
This proposition requires no argument.
It has beeu amply demonstrated by expe
rience. We require for continuous and increas
ing prosperity, not so much any particu
lar tariff schedules, as the general, vital,
conserving principle of protection, prac
tically applied aud prudently adjusted to
the industries aud interests of all sec
tions and classes. Wool Record.
It Is Coming Along; All Right.
Intelligent people understand that, as
far as the new tariff is concerned, it is
too early to forecast definitely what it
will accomplish. It is true that it does not
furnish sufficient revenue yet, but with
the enormous anticipatory importations
made while the Dingley bill was tending
this was not to be expected. Moreover,
it requires time for industry and trade to
adjust themselves to the new conditions
created by that enactment, a process that
has been made doubly difficult oti account
of the devastating gale through which
they have passed since the last inaugura
tion of Mr. Cleveland. Before loug peo
ple will be able to pas, judgment intelli
gently on the tariff, and, unless all signs
are amiss, experience will amply vindi
cate the widom and expediency of that
measure. New York Commercial Adver
tiser. The Laugh on the Other Fellow.
Mr. Bryan boastiugly anuounced in his
Ohio speeches that he had come to Ohio
to "bury Mark II anna." This sounded
very fuuny to the audience at the time,
but the laugh was on the other side when
it was discovered after the election that
the counties in which he spoke increased
their Republican majorities about one
thousand votes over last year. It was
another case of "he laughs best who
laughs last."
English Doa't Like It,
The imports of linen goods from Eng
land were only 2,204,600 yards in Septem
ber, 1S97. against G.087.000 yards in Sep
tember, 1890: the importation of jute
piece goods in September. 1897. was 6,
2S2.100. against 9.100,400 m September,
Germany 15.416.834
Italy 2.85840
Argentlno 1.417,048
Turkey 13,361
Japan 1.689.741
Switzerland 2.090
Great Britain 70.013.494
China 2.273.039
Greece 8.400
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THE now Congressional Library is one of the greatest architectural achievements of the century and is without ex
ception the most magnificent building of its kind in the world. It is twenty-four years since the idea of the building
was conceived and ten years since its erection was actually commenced by the tearing down of the seventy or more
buildings which occupied its site. This palace for books is a monument to American advancement in building design and
art. It is strictly American. American architects and designers, American builders and American artists have done all
the work upon it. Such shortcomings ns may be found in it are to be laid at their doors, but to them is also due the
originality of conception and excellence of execution which mark it out among other buildings of its kind in this country.
At more than one time there seemed n possibility that much of the beauty of the design would be lost through changes
in the arrangement or in detail. In the ten years consumed in its construction the library passed through numerous vicis
situdes. John L. Smitmeyer and Paul J. Pelz, the original architects, were superseded by Brigadier General Thos. L.
Casey, who employed Mr. Pelz to make the plans tinker the direction of B. R. Green. Later Edward P. Casey, Gen.
Casey's son, took Mr. Pelz's place and carried on the work of the interior decoration. The death of Gen. Casey before
the completion of the building gave to Mr. Green the task of finishing his labors. But through these numerous changes the
consistency of the design has beeu maintained. Each new architect has contented himself with carrying on the work of
his predecessor instead of undoing it, and the building shows no evidence of its checkered architectural career.
The general form of the structure is rectangular. From the center of the pile rises the dome of the rotunda, but
aside from this the stern rectangularity is almost unbroken. The four corners of the rectangle are emphasized by pa
vilions, aud the entrance hall, in the center of the west side, is of the same form. Within the rectangle the building
hns the shape of a Greek cross, the center of which is marked by an octagonal rotunda or general reading room. The
decoration is lavish, but everywhere governed by artistic conception. One arm of the Greek cross which forms the inner
plan of the building is occupied by the entrance hall. The three others are devoted to the stack rooms. In these facilities
are provided for shelving 2,000,000 volumes, with possibilities of further increasing that capacity to 4,500,000 volumes
without encroaching upon the reading or working rooms. This total is about twice that of the library containing the
largest collection of volumes iu the world, the National Library of Prance. Elevators and pneumatic tidies and other
mechanical carrying devices and a telephone are arranged so that the attendants in the stack rooms may be informed
as to what is wanted iu the central reading room aud forward the books to the attendant there. There is also a funnel
between the library and the Capitol, a quarter of a mile away, so that books and papers can be conveyed rapidly from
one building to the other without extra handling. In the main reading room the attendant occupies a box iu the center of
the space, so as to be easily accessible from all parts of the room. Around this the desks for readers are grouped in con
centric circles. Besides the principal rooms of the main floor, there are offices for the librarian, catalogue and copyright
rooms and records, special libraries and periodical rooms. In the basement below are rooms for clerical work, binding,
repairing, receiving, printing, packing and mailing, and storerooms. To reach thi second story it is necessary to return
to the main entrance hall and mount the broad staircases. On this floor there are exhibition halls for rare books, curios,
etchings, art works, engravings, photographs and the like. Of these the Hbrary aln idy possesses an extensive collection,
unseen for years because of lack or space for display. In the attic, with a restaurs t are some minor offices. Throughout
the whole building the decoration has not been stinted. AU is of a high order, am' a profusion of beauties may well be
pardoned. The total cost of the building was $0,J50,000.
189G; that of silk broad stuffs 4,202 yards,
against 9,833 in Septemlier of last year;
that of woolen tissues 22,900 yards,
against 050,000; that of worsted tissues
224,800, against 1,451,000, and that of
woolen carpets 6,800 yards, against 47,
400 iu the corresponding month of last
year. No wonder our English friends do
not like the tariff of the Dingley luw, and
no wonder that the law is popular w'h
our manufacturers and their employes.
Keeping; Wealth Distributed.
Out in the Southwest, in one of the
iiew settlements, the citizens resolved to
take time by the forelock and avoid many
of the heart-burnings that are common
further east regarding the distribution
of wealth. A citizen of that locality vis
iting the East was asked regarding the
practical workings of this new theory ia
this community. He was questioned as
to how they wire getting along in main
taining u reasonably fair average in the
acquisiton of wealth. He replied that
they were getting along first rate. Don't
you find some of your people more enter
prising than others, have a better busi
ness capacity, and acquire more wealth
than others? Yes. we find that out there.
Don't you also discover that some of your
Iieople get up earlier in the morning than
others, do more work than others, and so
produce more? Yes. we find that there
too. Then how iu the world do you man
age to keep things on the de-ad level with
regard to the acquisition of proierty?
Why. it is the simplest thing in the world.
When we find a fellow getting ahead of
the rest decidedly, we appoint a good
sized committee which will be able to
meet the occasion, and send them out
there to live with him until they eat him
back. From address of Secretary Wilsoc
at MiddlefMd. O.. Oct, 12. 1897.
More Democratic Tariff Blaster.
The wail of the free traders over the
supposed increase in prices under the pro
tective tariff is not fully justified by the
facts. A m-ent investigation by the New
York Tribune shows that the advance ia
the price of articles imported, basing the
estimate on the net change iu some thou
sands of articles, in less than 1 per cent.
The Tribune finds iu the same investiga
tion that there is a marked increase iu
the prices of farm products generally.
When the increase in earnings of those
employed iu the manufacturing lines and
the increased profits which those engaged
in agriculture make, are considered, it is
easy to see that the slight increase iu
prices of the class of goods affected by the
tariff is far more than balanced by the
gain in earnings of those employed in
producing aud manufacturing.
Gradually Dropping- It.
The friends of silver are becoming fewer
and fewer. Senator Stewart has told the
people that they may as well fall in. line
and get their share of prosperity, as it is
useless to talk silver now; cx-Got. Alt
geld has dropped silver, and is said to be
organizing a paper money party, ami ex
Gor. Boies has denounced the 10 to 1
proposition as suicidal, in view of the
great discrepancy between the coinage
ratio and the commercial ratio of silver.
Many other Democrats, being greenback
ers cX heart, have advocated free silver
as simply a stepping stone to true fiat ism,
and now that free silver is becoming so
unpopular, they are gradually dropping it.
Free Silver Clab Deserts Bryan.
The Canton. O., Free Silver Club has
decided to abandon the Democracy and
cast its lot with the Populist party. This
club, which was denominated the "Bryan
Free Silver Club of Canton, Ohio," was
one of the strongest silver organisations
iu the State last year, and an active sup
porter of Bryan's presidential candidacy,
its renunciation of the Democracy and
transfer of allegiance to the Populist par
ty is therefore the :nore significent.
Reaalta of Protection as Pointed Oat
by an Kns;lih Statistician.
It is a singular fact that the people of
the United States are more indebted to
an English writer than to auy American
for information concerning the industrial
and commercial resources and progress
of their country. The papers published
by Mr. Mulhall during the past ten or
twelve months have been a revelation to
even the most intelligent Americans of a
vastuess of wealth and power iu the
United States of which they had no pre
vious conception. In the "North Ameri
can Review" for November Mr. Mulhall
presents an interesting summary of the
results of American trade for thirty
years, in which he says: "The world is
only beginning to have evidence of the
enormous productive Miwer of the United
Our farms, he says, raise fod for 100,
000.000 of iersons every year. He shows
that in twenty years our production of
grain has increased 77 er cent and that
of meat 72 per cent. In the same time j
the cotton crop m the otith has increased
125 per cent, and that, it seeuis to us. is
quite sufficient to account for the low
p:ce of cotton ns compared with other
great staples. It is probable that the
IeopIe of the cotton States would have
been more prosperous had they been con
teut with less iucrease of production. Mr.
Mulhall does not liud any indication that ;
cur resources are npproacniug a period
of depletion, but confidently predicts that
our exports of food and cotton will in
crease with our growth in population.
This iucrease in our exportation has been
coincident with a wonderful development
in our internal trade, which. Mr. Mulhall
says, "is the best gauge of national pro
gress, because it reflects the power, en
ergy and resources of a people."
Our free trade friends will not fail to
note the significant fact that all this ad
vance in both foreign aud domestic trade
has been accomplished under protective
tariffs. And if they are dis-tosed to argue
that agricultural exports are not a proof
of the benefits of protection, we have
only to say that our exports of manufac
tured articles are attaining a splendid
growth. And they owe that growth to
the policy that has built them up not less
than to natural advantages. In spite of
the superiority of our natural resources,
it would have been impossible to have at
tained prominence in manufacturing un
der free trade or "a tariff for revenue
only." Without protection we sboald
have beea principally engaged iu raising
food to exchange for the products of Eu
ropean factories, and our population sad
wealth would have made eomparatively
small gains. Our internal trade is, as
Mr. Mulhall says, "the best gauge of na
tional progress," and its marvelous
growth is largely due to the policy that
has kept the home market for the benefit
of oar own people. It is far more impor
tant than foreign markets for onr fac
tories, but we need not make a choice be
tween the two. We have one and are
steadily gaining in the other. Washing
ton Post Dem..
Exports Increase Under Protection.
Statistician Mulhall announces that
while the population of the United States
has increased 58 per eent in the last twen
ty years, the value of her exports has
risen 175 per eent, er three times as fast
as the population, yet practically all of
this has happened under a protective
tariff, which the free traders have in
sisted was unfavorable to foreign and ad
vantageous commercial relations abroad.
Wise Vor&i or Justice Field.
People wo are railing against the Unit
ed States courts and their methods would
do well to read what retiring Justice Field
said of that highest of all United States
tribnuals, the Supreme Court, afr more
;"an thirty years' opportunity to observe
the court. In his letter announcing his
retirement he said, "As I look back over
more than a third of a century that I have
sat on this bench, I am more and more
impressed with the immeasurable impor
tance of this court. Now and then we
hear it spoken of cs au aristocratic fea
ture of a republican government, but it
is the most democratic of all. It carries
neither the purse nor the sword, but it
possesses the power of declaring the law,
and iu that is found the safeguard which
keeps the whole mighty fabric of the Gov
ernment from rushing to destruction. This
negative power, the power of resistance,
is the only safety of a popular govern
ment." We Can Produce Onr Own Sugar.
Secretary Wilson, the head of the De
partment of Agriculture, continues his
practical work in pointing out to the fann
ers of the United States the importance
of supplying from their own production
the $400,KM,0K) worth of articles for
which we send this amount of money
abroad every year. One hundred million
of this is for sugar and the remainder for
hides, fruits, wines, animals, rice, lhix,
cheese, grains of various sorts and other
articles which can lie produced by the
fanuers of this country. His annual re
port, which has just been presented to
the President, states that his exierinieiits
thus far with the sugar lieet convince him
that the people of the United States can
readily produce all their own sugar,
while nearly all of the other articles of
agricultural production can also be grown
by them.
liaree Increase in Money.
The October statement of the Treasury
Department shows that the money in cir
culation to-day is, in round numbers,
$100,000,000 in excess of one year ugo.
Curiously, more than one-half of this in
crease is in gold. The following table,
issued by the Treasury Department on
Oct. 1. shows the money in circulation
Oct. 1, 1897, compared with Oct. 1, 1890:
Anit. In clrcii- Aurt. In circu
lation Oct. latlon Uct.
1. 1897. 1. 1S96.
Gold coin $528,008,753 f47M.771.490
Stand. siL dots. 57.145.770 S1.5i:'.178
Subsidiary sliver. 01.170,415 a.22.s.2:H
Gold certificates 30.ft9S.550 :w,TJ;.CC
Sll. certificates. 374.t.'0.'r!i :i54.431.474
Tress, notes, act
July 14. '90... 89.81C.06S 8S.9G4.UJ7
i:. S. notes 251.793,344 249.347.:a
Cur'y eertlfis..
set June 8. 'Tl 32.S25.000 34.)5.iOO
Nat. hank nots 22'.404.135 220,-S04,S;:t
.$1,078,840,338 $1.3S2.no2.2M
A Satisfactory Tariff Measure.
Congress will find no reason to regret
its recent tariff work, when it conies to
gether in December. The treasury re
ceipts under the new law have now reach
ed puch n figure that it is ierfcctly appar- J
ant lha.t the measure is iroine to lie n tue-
cess as a revenue producer. The earn- j
ings of the present month are running at
the average rate of a million dollar for
each business day, and when the increase
which must come after the stocks of for
eigu wool, sugar and manufactures now
in the country have been consumed, is
realized, the revenues will he ample to
meet the running expenses and restore
sonle of the losses sustained under the
Wilson law.
Postal Savings Bank.
The British postal savings banks are
growing in favor with the English public.
The Inst annual report of the department
gives 0,802,035 as the number of deposit
ors, this being one in every six persons
of the population of the United Kingdom.
Postal savings banks should be establish
ed in the United States with the least
possible delay.
The people are anxious for them, and
that they would be a success there can be
no doubt. Exchange.
Brief Political Cessment est sfeta and
Pablic Affair.
The proportion of those WBofailte see
the returning prosiierity is estimated now '
at something less than one-fourta of one
per cent.
The Kansas State Bnatti of-Agrknlture
estimates the total value of Kansas ag
ricultural product for iXfl t he ?170.
000,000. the greatest Mee 180H.
Editor Mclean of Washing!", D. '..
has surrendered hi h'su-se in Cincinnati,
reuted temporarily for the Ohio campaign
to "establish" residence in tlhici.
With only $ir:.000.000 of silver coined
by the United States mints hist year the
silverites cannot rake out a strong cav
about 'Miserimiewtion" against silver.
A free trade tariff: general depression
and distress. A protective tariff: pros
perity and p'enty. This has been simply
the history or the country since its lirt
The "Chinese wall." due to the Diugtcy
law, don't seem to be seriously interfer
ing with our export trade. In fact, lh:u
trade is larger with the wall than k was
without it.
Wheat has gone up agaia, sat the ca
lamityites have some consolation left in
the fact that the New England mackerel
catch is 00,000 barrels short sf that of a
year ago.
The comparison between the railroad
earnings and the bank clearances at the
present time and one year ats indicates
an astonishing change in the business of
the country.
Indications in Washington tend to the
probability of an early reopeaisg of nego
tiations for the adoption of a treaty of ar
bitration between the United States and
Great Britain. JJ
What has become of the three Senators
of the Capitol who went boldly forth to
discover wiry Japan fell into the hands of
the "money power" and abandoned the
silver standard?
Wheat, silver and Bryan! Last year
they all stood together, but they have
since parted company, though Bryan hns
been trying to keep pace with silver in its
downward course.
The total value of the agricultural pro
ducts of Kansas for 197, according to
the report of the Board of Agriculture of
that State, is ?17,000,000, the kirgest
in the irescnt decade.
"The first six months of the MeKinley
administratiou were the most disastrous
in the history of the country." W. A.
Bryan. This is well in line with most of
Mr. Bryan's remarks.
The export trade coutiuues heavy, not
withstanding the fact that a protective
tariff law is in operation. It was 22 per
cent larger iu September, 1S97, than it
was in September, 1890.
"Uncle Hyd" Boies continues to pro
test that lie had nothing to do with the
construction of the Chicago platform.
There are others who wish that hey were
iu a position to similarly assert.
With nil the Democratic vituperation
against the oppression and wickedness of
the Dingley law, we haven't heard any
wish expressed yet to return to the hen&ti
eent provisions of the Wilson law.
It is not known what amount Bryan
received for his speeches in Ohio, but it
is thought he made good terms in view f
his willingness to accept payment in sil
ver. McLean dislikes paying out gold.
The receipts under the Dingley law con
tinue to increase month by mouth, and :t
seems likely that the prediction that it
will meet all running expenses of the tov
enimeut after January will prove true.
Still the Republican strength in the
South continues to grow, and the latest
and most notable addition to the list is the
prospective successor of Arthur I. Gor
man in the Senate of the United States.
The increase in the postal receipt:) of the
country for this Septemlier over those of
September of last year simply augments
the evidence piling up on all hands to
show a condition of increased business.
Secretary Wilson wants the establish
ment of agents of the Government at all
the embassies, to secure infonnation for
the benefit of American fanners, and to
help in the extension of our foreign trade.
With a hundred thousand tons of Aln
bania coal going to Mexico for the use of
her railroad locomotives in competition
with English coal, it looks as though n.
new field is open to the South for her rich
"The rovival of all industries and the
commencement of prosperity in all parts
of the United States were the natural
and necessary results of the action of the
President and a Republican Congrew."
John Sherman.
The export trade of September was the
heaviest of any mouth in the year, and
was greater than in any September for
vfars. It amounted to $lii4,f91,70v, .t
gain of over 22 ier cent over that of the
September of a year ago.
Mr Bryan kept up his calamity ery in
Ohio this year despite the fact that the
October statement of the national bunks
of the country showed that the individual
deposits in the national banks were $2.h,
OOO.OOO in excess of those of one year ag.
Mr. Bryan was heard to say some
months ago that he would be glad if the
McKinley administration could bring
prosjK'rity to the country. That was very
patriotic, but has anybody heard his ex
pressions f satisfaction since it has
Conservative estimates state SlOO.OOf).
000 as the figure which will probably be
reached by the gold reserve of the Treas
ury Department Itefore the end of the
crop season. This stute of affair pre
sents something of a contrast to the lust
Senator Hanna. it N understood, has
only one regret regarding the Ohio cam
paign, and that is that Mr. Bryan did not
make more speeches. The Republican
gained an average of nearly a hundred
votes t the county in their majorities
where Mr. Bryan went.
Silver' liow CoaU
Mr. Edwia Atkinson baa recently
shown from careful examination .of the
reports of the silver mining countries that
the cost of producing silver is less than
2T cents per ounce, so that the silver used
in the manufacture of a dollar won'd
probably cost about 20 eeats. lie also
discovers that three-foarths of .the value
of the silver mines of the United States
is owned abroad.. No Wonder that the
silver mine owners of this country are
willing to spend millions to force ths
United States to adopt lawn Jy which
they can turn 20 cento warth of their
products into a dollar.
S-4A: , -am