Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 20, 1897)
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ABOUT YOUNG WIVES.
HE city life of
married people is
a very doleful sub
ject to -write on.
They have .Rood,
Incomes, they are
clever, in excellent
health, active, en
ergetic young men
end -women, and
yet they have elected to live in board
ing houses and hotels. Elevators car
T them to upper atnries or huge car
avansaries, where they take possession
of a bedroom, a parlor and a dressing
room. Here they add to the rich but
unmistakably hotel furniture the pret
ty trifles, easily transported, which
were among their wedding presents,
and they declare themselves content.
They partake of meals, ordered from
long bills of fare, cooked by foreign
ers, alwayn rich and indigestible and
often of doubtful origin, and sit at lit
tle tables observing and being ob
served with that long, critical stare
which Is learned only In such surround
ing. The wife has no duties; nothing in
their lives exercises her skill, her
brain power or her ingenuity. Her
husband receives no help or delight
from the labor of her hands or as
the result of her good judgment. Half
of her endowments are lying dormant,
and almost every power she has is
dulled from want of use. After her
husband leaves her for his office, she
has to think out some occupation for
the day. She shops and visits; if she
Is musical, she practices a little; if
she is bookish, ehe goes, perhaps, to a
literary class or a lecture. Nothing
taxes her resouices, no one is help
ed or benefited by her wise rule. Lack
ing that great prop and staff, personal
responsibility, she has no taste of the
joy of a personal achievement and suc
cess. There is no way in which either
husband or wife can express themselves
In the material things by which they
are surrounded. These furnished
rooms are to their personal character
istics like ready-made clothing to
their bodies, and betray in one way
and another that they are "misfits."
Worie still, to my thinking, is life
In smaller boarding-houses, where the
independence and isolation possible in
large hotels is lost, and the elements
of criticism and gossip find such con
genial soil in which to lodge their
I kuow no sadder words than home
less and childless! There Is a mourn
ful inflection in their very sounds, and
yet theso prettily dressed, eager, rest
lees young women are both these sor
rowful things. If God has denied
them the crown of motherhood, it
would be better to take some mother
less baby to their hearts than to live
all their lives without the guiding
hand of a little child in theirs and the
clasp of little loving arms about their
necks. I say guiding, with very sin
cere faith that there is no such attrac
tion toward i noble life as the depend
ence and love of childhood, nor any
such rebuke as the surprise or fear in
a child's innocent eyes.
OP LUXURIOUS INDO
What causes a deliberate choice of
this narrow life which entails so many
deprivations Is incomprehensible to
me. The semblance of great luxury is
certainly to be found in the mirrors,
the gilding, the deep-piled, velvet car
pets; but does all this expensive show
give any pleasure when it loses all
personal interest, and, stretching this
way and that, can sometimes be meas
ured by miles? To walk five hundred
feet down the long corridors between
doors which seem countless in num
ber, and opening right and left to lib
erate strangers who pass you as if you
were to be avoided as carefully as if
you bad the smallpox, cannot be a
pleasure. To open your door and see
five or six conventional pieces of fur
niture standing about at precisely the
came angles as in every other room
you have passed, so that if you did
not chance to know that your legiti
mate number of square feet were
known as number 499, you might read
ily think you were In your own quar
ters until you saw that where your
walls were blue your neighbor's were
pink, cannot be encouraging to the
sense of individual possession which is
half of life's joy.
The mere abiding under the same
roof with people you dislike or des
pise is trying, but when you believe
that on your right hand is drunken
ness, and on your left the elements of
some great human tragedy; to doubt
the decency of your nearest neighbor
at dinner and be shocked at the vul
gar display of the women you meet
in the elevator, does not conduce to
love of mankind or the elevation of
your own thoughts.
Why choose these ways of living
when open to every woman, accord
ing to her means, lies the door of a
home? A place which is. for the time
at least, your very own, to be a source
of comfort and peace to your husband
and of joy to yourself just in propor
tion to your endeavors? A place where
color, arrangement, every adornment,
every detail, from the delicate dra
peries at the windows to the well
chosen implements in the kitchen, ex
presses your tastes, your judgment,
your judicious economies, your thought
of others, your love for your husband.
Where no one enters but at your bid
ding, and then comes to be made hap
py by your society or refreshed by your
hospitality. Where, when the day is
done, you realize that from the flavor
of the breakfast cup of coffee and the
lightness of the rolls to the restful
chair in which he smoked his last ci
gar at night, the man you love best
of all human beings owes every enjoy
Bent to Yur ovsrsltht and plus.
No msttcr how small
it may be. n.
jultics of ex-
natter how many difficulties or at
rangement and adaptation present
themselves, these, like all obstacles,
only enhance success, and In these dys
of apartments and moderate houses
built especially to tempt young house
keepers no one who can afford to live
as I have described can be too restrict
ed in their means to find it hard to se
lect from cne of these classes of domi
ciles what is suitable and pleasant.
And, having chosen, can there be many
pleasures more sure and satisfying
than making of those vacant rooms
and bare walls a home? That vital
spark of vanity and self-satisfaction
without which no woman's life is real
ly delightful, that undefinable, unclass
ified quality which makes her look at
her completed work with the exhil
arating belief that few could excel it,
here has full play.
The birds And sources of exultation
In the building of their nests, and you
can discover that they are house-furnishing
by the joy of their songs. It
is the natural instinct of love and life
to make a place to dwell in. To the
woman who can devise a fastidiously
beautiful gown I would tommenJ the
arrangement and decoration of a room
as the expansion and tenfold higher
use of her art To the woman who
would endear herself to her husband I
would offer to guarantee that if she ccn
keep within the limit of his means and
yet make for hlra a lovely, comfort
able, appropriate abiding place, in
which he has room for the development
of his own tastes and opportunity to
bring about bim his friends in hospit
able fashion, she will have endeared
herself inexpressibly to him and in
creased his pride in her tenfold. Let
the good order and beauty and con
trivances for bis individual comfort be
sufficient to make his friends envious,
and ready to say that his home tempts
them to marry, and the wife becomes
lovely in his eyes, In a far more flat
tering way than because she is pretty
and well dressed. To become the
source of a husband s comfort and rest
Is to have placed yourself beyond the
fear of losing your complexion or ceas
ing to be his ideal of a pretty girl. It
is also to rise from the position of a
dear pet to a useful, important part
ner, without whose clever brains and
wise direction his life would cease to
be a success.
I do not claim that home-making Is
easy work, nor for a moment attempt
to say that the One art of good house
keeping is easily attained, but I do say.
with all the strength I can put into the
assertion, that the married woman who
sets aside her kingdom for lack of cour
age and energy to rule it is but a disin
herited princess who has lost the great
est joy of life when she abdicated her
The place a man lives In should
surely be the place wherein sorrow and
illness and death can best be borne and
suffered. To the very young these
three pregnant words mean little, but
when they make themselves heard,
may they find the sacredness and priy
acy of home about you and the tender
surroundings of your own family life
soothing your pain. To be happy in
or to grieve in, there can be no place
liko the shelter which love and care
have made for a man and his wife to
abide In together, with the children
God has given them to sweeten and
hallow their inseparable lives.
CHICAGO A ROARING RIVER.
Scientists Predict That State of Affair
Prof. Spencer's address before the
members of the American Association
for the advancement of science at De
troit last week attracted great com
ment at that assembly. He made a
prediction, based on figures which he
presented, that the course of the lakea
was being changed, and that in time
Detroit would be good fishing where
the city hall now stands, and shortly
after the waters of the lakes would be
pouring over Chicago toward the Mis
sissippi, and Niagara Falls would cease
to exist. Prof. Spencer said that he
agreed with Prof. Gilbert that there
was a gradual upward tilting of the
earth's crust at the northwest, and this
discovery showed it was the cause of
the closing of the Ontario basin. By
data showing that the shore line of the
lakes was changing and the waters
were gradually rising at the rate of
about an inch in ten years to the south
west, he demonstrated that the whole
lake region was being tilted in that di
rection. He said this would seem of
trifling importance, but it was really a
serious matter for Chicago, because
that city stands on a low plain. The
work of cutting the Chicago drainage
canal, he said, was a mere anticipation
of nature, for the tilting of the lake
basin would have produced the same
result in less than a thousand years.
Prof. Spencer demonstrated by figures
that at one time the Erie basin emp
tied, not by the Niagara river, but by
a buried valley, directly into the head
of Lake Ontario, and that Niagara
river and falls were modern features.
He also showed that the gorge near the
falls was eating its way backward at
a rate of over a foot a year, and that
in the course of a few lifetimes it
would wipe itself out. He and Prof.
Gilbert agrae that the calamity which
will bury all lower Michigan and make
a broad river through Illinois will not
occur until 4S97.
Visitor I would like to get you to
teach me to sail a boat. Boatman
Sail a boat! Why. it's easy as swim
min'. Jest grasp the main sheet with
one hand an' the tiller with the other,
an' if a flaw strikes ease up or bring
'er to an' loose the halyards, but look
out fer the gaff an' boom or the hull
thing'll be in the water an' ye'U be up
set; but if the wind is steady y'r all
right, onless yr too slow in luffin'.
cause then y'll be upsot sure. Jump in '
an' try it; but, remember, whatever ye
do don't jibe!
A Singular Man.
Every Christmas Ben Wallack, a rirh
Atchison county, Kansas, farmer, gath
ers his children around him and di
vides thousands of dollars among them.
Mr. Wallack lives in Efnngham and is
the only citizen of the village who
don't play croquet.
More people over one hundred years
old arc found in mild climates
tat higher UtUudw.
them In ,
ISsUl 1U !
tfOLCOMB TO BLAME.
BECAUSE HE GREATLY
LECTEO HIS DUTY.
How Be Might Have Saved tne State
From the Defalcations Repeatedly
Eorewarned Regarding Hartley, bat Al
lowed Dim to Continue Criminal Prac
tice. nolcomb I Responsible.
Omaha Bee: "The republican state
convention,' says the World-llerald,
"sought to place the blame for the re
publican state treasurer's shortage on
Governor Holcomb, and now the local
republican organ seeks to place the
blame for Mr. Gillespie's delinquencies
upon the governor. A very convenient
method this of shifting- blame from
where the blame should be placed to
where the blame does not belong."
In condemning and denouncing: the
faithless state treasurer and auditor
whose defalcations have scandalized
the party the republican state conven
tion justly included in its arraignment
the governor to whose gross neglect of
duty a large part of the loss that has
fallen upon Nebraska is due. Governor
Holcomb has been in office since Jan
uary. 1605, and if he is to be credited
with reforms and economies brought
about under his administration he can
not escape the responsibility for any
shortage, defalcation or irregularity in
the state house and in state institu
tions since his incumbency which
could have been prevented by a rigid
enforcement of business methods and
an unflinching performance of duty.
The fact that Joseph S. Hartley was
using state money for private specula
tion was brought to Governor Hol
comb's personal notice before Bartley
entered upon his second term. The
governor was repeatedly forewarned
at the very beginning of his term that
l'artley would turn out an embezzler.
He knew that Hartley had persistently
refused to make known where the
state's monej' was placed and threat
ened to resign in case he was compelled
by the governor to produce the funds
in his custody as a prerequisite to turn
ing them over. At that time it is
doubtful whether Hartley's shortage
exceeded 100,000. Under the circum
stances, and in view of the state's loss
in the Mosher bunk wreck, the govern
or's duty was plain. Had lie fearlessly
demanded an accounting from Bartley
in January, 1895, as it was his right
and duty under the constitution, the
deficit in the state treasury would have
been at least $400,000 less than it is.
Had Bartley refused to comply with
the demand of the governor, the legis
lature, which was then in session,
would have taken action either by re
fusing to permit Bartley to qualify for
u second term or by instituting im
peachment proceedings that would
have resulted in his summary removal.
For inexplicable reasons Governor
Holcomb has failed to do his sworn
duty in the critical hour and allowed
Bartley to continue his criminal prac
tices until the stealing amounted up to
over $500,000 and his manipulation of
state funds entailed a loss of equal
amount. The plain, unvarnished
truth is that instead of dealing firmly
with Bartley by forcing a cash settle
ment at the outset Governor Holcomb
permitted himself to be hypnotized by
Bartley and his bank backers and re
mained inactive until the treasury had
been completely looted.
Governor Holcomb must also share
responsibility for whatever irregulari
ties or misappropriations of public
funds may have occurred in state in
stitutions under his immediate control.
This applies to the state institution
for feeble minded at Beatrice, where a
shortage has been reported, as it does
also to the deaf mute school. It is the
duty of the governor to keep fully in
formed as to the conduct and finances
of every state institution and he has
ample power under the constitution to
compel periodic exhibits of every item
of revenue and expenditure.
Whatever the intentions of Governor
Holcomb may have been, his failure to
meet the emergency when it presented
justifies the indictment embodied in
the republican platform.
Under republican administrations
the school fund was placed in the
banks and thousands of dollars lost.
Under the "demo-pop"' administration
101,814.98 of the permanent school
fund has already been invested in
state warrants. Nineteen thousand
nine hundred and ninety-eight dollars
and seventy-seven cents of the agricul
tural endowment fund and $9,993.15 of
the permanent university fund have
nlso been invested. Orders have been
made for the investment of about
$150,000 more of the permanent school
fund, and warrants to that amount
will speedily be taken up.
Did this "just happen.'' or is it the
result of deliberate protection of the
Under the renublican administration
state warrants were discounted to S5
cents. Under the "demo-pop"' admin
istration state warrants are at par.
Was this one of "the things that just
happened" or was it the result of hon
est and business-like methods on the
part of the "demo-pop"' officials?
For the last six months in 1890 the
republicans collected for apportion
ment among the schools of the state
the sum of 5231,958.30. Only three
months of the latter half of
1S97 have expired and yet the
'demo-pop'' administration has al
ready collected S258.000 for apportion
ment among the schools of the state.
This is for three months. S27.000 more
than the republicans collected during
six months. Is this one of "the things
that just happened' or is it due to hon
est and business-like methods?
Did it "just happen" that the party
that nominated for a high office an ex
oflicial who was a defaulter was the
republican party? Did it "just hap
pen"' that the judge who made an or
der at 2 o'clock one afternoon to bring
suit against the ex-official for Si 1.000
of stolen money and at 8 o'clock on
the evening of the same day made a
speech advocating the election of that
official to another office did it "just
happen"' that that judge was a repub
lican? Did it "just happen' that the
county attorney who received this or
der at 2 o'clock and made a speech ad
vocating the election of the man whose
integrity the order questioned did it
"just happen' that this county attor
ney was a republican? Did it "just hap
pen that the only men and newspaper
to defend the ex-district clerk of Doug
las county are republican politicians
and republican newspapers? Did it
"just happen"' that the state fair is in
control of republicans?
Did it "just happen" that the $1,
433,554 lost by the people of Nebraska
since 1850 was lost through the dis
honesty of republican officials? Did it
"just happen" that the. only conven
tion, committee or ward club" that has
ever defeated a resolution denouncing
dishonesty and embezzlement bv a
public official was a republican con
vention, a republican committee and
a republican ward ciufc?
The WorldHeraid submits for the
consideration of thoughtful men: Are
lus"! wuji iu uc uni iui;icu- MJ inure
a - ,rj ,i ,.. u... .1 4. .1 ..
BmiuiB ui uv vuv aiiir'T liiub 141U 1C
1 publican party should be rooted from '
COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA. WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 20, 1897.
power, not oilly in the supreme "dirt
which will be called cpon. t.lj"?
judgment on republican delinquent"
but also in Omaha and Douglas cou$y,"
where the people have been insulted
by a bold defense of emoe'zzleniant
and fraud by representative republi
No Time for Croaking. 5"
Detroit Free Press: The propensity
of the calamity howler to predict mis
fortune for this country and to empha
size the dark side of life will find little
encouragement by contrasting the
present condition and prospects of the
American people with those of the
rest of the world. For such a compar
ison will reveal the fact that we are
vastly better off today than most peo
ples. While other countries are
threatened with distress owing to short
crops, we Americans have been blessed
with one of the most abundant har
vests in our history. While the far
east is suffering with famine and while
the harvest in Ireland is reported
ruined by unpropitious Weather,-we
in America are chiefly concerned -- (V"th
the problem of transporting to market
the surplus products of the farm.
While rising prices will bring dismay
to those parts of the world which are
under the necessity of buying, the
American farmer, with a granary
overflowing with wheat and corn,
looks with complacency upon the
eteadily climbing grain markets. The
great laws of supply and demand are
working in our favor, and are bound
to bring renewed prosperity to our
country, in spite of the restrictions of
an unwise tariff.
While European nations are groan
ing under the burden of taxation made
necessary by the maintenance of im
mense standing armies, with their
costly militarj maneuvers, we Ameri
cans are getting ulong very well with
out any army at all worth speaking of.
While plague and pestilence arc devas
tating certain portions of the world,
the health of the American people was
never so good. Even yellow fever that
former scourge of our southern states.
has lost its malignant power under our
wise sanitary regulations.
And so, with our abundantcrops and
cheap means of transportation, with a
recuperative power that will soon en
able us to more then recover the
ground lost in the late financial de
pression, with perfect freedom to work
out our own destiny, without fear of
interference from the outside world, it
is hard to see what the American pes
simist can lind to work upon, especially
when he compares our condition to the
rest of the world. If he would thrive
in his calling he should go to Ireland,
where failure of the crops threatens
famine, or to Cuba, where civil war go
hand in hand in their awful work: or
to Spain, where bankruptcy is staring
a whole nation in the face; or to India,
whence conies stories of suffering and
death almost beyond belief. Then let
iiim return to this heaven - favored
country and renew his croakings if
Bryau and His Passes.
Troy (N. Y.) Press: The Omaha Bee
publishes a fac-simile of the letter in
which Win. J. Bryan made application
for a free railroad pass from Sacra
mento, Cal., to Portland, Ore. Bryan
had previously traveled from Ogden to
Sacramento on a free pass. Bryan de
fends his application by saying that he
asked for the application on the
ground of his connection with the
Omaha World-Herald. As Bryan's
position as an editor of the World
lierald's staff expired last year, he
claims the free transportation by vir
tue of owning a few shares of stock in
that paper, and on the paper's adver
tising contract. The business man
ager of the World-Herald says that it
has no advertising contract with the
Southern Pacific road and has not been
printing any of that road's advertising
Tii is is the man who, although he
traveled to the Chicago convention on
free passes, insisted with a great
llourish on paying the fare of himself
and wife on the return trip, and who,
during his presidential canvass, called
everybody's attention to the fact that
he was paying his way and to his con
tention that no one was entitled to
special privileges from the railroads.
Now as a capitalist, as a stockholder,
he asks favors of a railroad company.
If Bryan had not been receiving re
cently a large income from his book
and from his lectures in which he has
denounced corporations and their fa
vors, his offense would not be so rank,
or if he had asked for the half fare
usually allowed to children, no one
would have objected. Bnt it looks as
if he had been crucifying opposition to
corporate privilege on a cross of per
sonal profit. The only loophole for
escape left Bryan is to plead that he
was spoiling the Egyptians by making
them expend motive power in carrying
him long distances without receiving
reward for the service.
Buoyant With Hope.
Denver Times: One can almost
breathe in the air a rapid change of
sentiment in the business community
of this city from the old feeling of
irloom to one of sanguine cheerfulness.
The conviction that the long night of
depression is ended, and that we are
entering upon an era of unprecedented
prosperity is becoming irresistible. It
possesses every man who has not been
hopelessly wrecked by the cruel hard
times which we have passed through,
and even many of these arc buoyant
with the hope of a new start in life.
There is u profound difference of
opinion as to the causes of the revival
and as to its duration, as well as to
who, if anvbody, deserves credit for it,
but that it is coming and is practically
upon us is the "almost unanimous be
lief. Signs of Kcpublicaa Times.
Indianapolis Journal: Senator Gear
of Iowa, a former business man and
well posted business conditions, say
the days of 7 per cent loans on farms
in Iowa are ended. Farmers can get
all the money they want at G per cent,
and most of them do not want it at
any rate. "Iowa fanners have 'got a
surplus," says Senator Gear. -'The
banks are full of money and the farm
ers do the lending."' Which is why we
remark these are republican times
Courier-Journal: -We are thankful
to providence,' resolve the Bryanites
of Nebraska, "rather than to any man
for the measure of our prosperity with
which our state has been blessed, and
we attribute the rise in wheat to for
eign scarcity rather than suppose it to
be the result of dear sugar or an in
creased tariff on straw."' What? To
"foreign scarcity?"' But "what have
we to do with abroad?"' And arc you
sure it is not due, if not to dear sugar
and taxed straw, to outraged silver?
Enjoined to Protect "Life.
New York Commercial Advertiser:
Mr. Bryan reveals thn Hmn"-orin
in his political make-up bv declar
r . .... - r-f--
I mg that "the injunction has beer
: called m to aid in the suppression o
strikers.' It has been called in for
nothing of the kind. It has been cm
ployed to protect lrfe and property and
the rirht of Amrrion tnilm-? r --ni.L-
for whom and nt vnh
wages as they
GOOD SHORT STORIES FOR
Bea. WaaMaxtoa's Ico XYouse The Girl
Was Fell Into It Tell the Story
Grant's Aversion to Liars Had No
Patienee with Them Original Aboli
tionist. Mariners Sleep by the Sea.
HE mariners sleep
by the sea.
The wild Wind
comes up by the
wails round the
tower, and it
It scatters the sand
o'er tho graves
where it passas.
And the souud
and scent of the
When at night there's a seething of
The grandamea look o'er the surf.
They reckon their dead and their long
years of sadness.
And they shake their lean fists at the
sea and Its madness.
And curse the white fangs of the surf.
But the mariners sleep by the sea.
They hear not the sound of the s-a.
Nor the hum from the church where the
psalm is uplifted.
Nor the crying of birds that above tliam
The mariners sleep by the sea.
Marcarct L. Woods.
Gen. Washington Ice llour.
"It is ice water, drinking so much ice
water, which is injuring the health of
so many people. The glands of the
stomach are paralyzed. 'Digestion is
ruined. The whole body sutlers from
We were a mixed company In the
dining car en route for vVashington,
says a writer in the Youth's Compan
ion. The speaker was a very positive
gentleman, a physician, who had per
emptorily ordered the waiter to remove
the ice from his glass of water.
"Ice is the bane of modern life," he
continued, with conviction. "Look at
our hardy forefathers. Look at
our early statesmen; such men
as Washington, Jefferson, the
Adamses, and Lincoln in his
young days. Their digestion was
not spoiled by ice. Imagine George
Washington drinking ice water! Thank
heavens, ice houses were then un
known." "I sincerely beg pardon, sir," inter
rupted a lady, sitting at a table acrost
the car aisle. "George Washington had
"I am sure you are mistaken," cried
the enemy of ice.
"I am equally certain that I am cor
rect," rejoined the lady, laughing; "for
the best of all reasons; I once fell into
By this time the attention of the
whole party was enlisted in the discus
sion. "It was when I was a girl of 16," the
lady continued, merrily. "There were
ten of us, all young people, save one,
on a first visit to Washington, and we
had gone down the Potomac by steamer
to see Mount Vernon.
"What a day that was for me? We
peeped in every room, corner and nook
of the Washington mansion, visited the
weave room, the dairy, the flower gar
den, the greenhouse, and even the sta
bles, everything. And of course we
had gone to the tomb of Washington
on our way up from the steamer land
ing, both the old tomb and the new
"When at length the bell rang to call
us back to the steamer, five or six of
us i an to the brink of the declivity
fronting the river for a hasty glance at
the water view, which showed beauti
fully through the trees below.
"Suddenly, while looking off, I found
myself on the very verge of a deep pit
in the side of the steep bank and be
fore I was aware the turf and earth fell
way under my feet. In a moment I
had slid down for at least thirty feet
into a wet, awfully dirty place, a sort
cf cave, however, opened at the bottora.
"1 was not much hurt, but shockingly
muddy, and ray companions rescued me
at the orifice below amid shouts of
"The superintendent, who had been
attracted by the outcries, told us that
I had inadvertently fallen into George
Washington's old ice house and that the
far.iily was accustomed to store up a
'inply of ice in this pit for use during
Iip heat of the summer months.
"The plicc where I fell in is now oc
cupied as the site of a small summer
house on the brink of the bluff."
A general clapping of hands followed
the lady's story, but the opponent of Ice
Sra&i'H Aversion to Liars.
In tse Cemury, Gea. Horace Porter,
m h.-: "Campaigning With Grant,"
dwelLs upon Graut's aversion to liars.
He quotes tb? following remarks from
"The general always likes to tell an
axcJOvO that points a moral on the
ul)jcct of lying. He hates only tvn
I'r.ds cf pc-ople, liars and cowards. He
has no p-tJesce with them and never
falls to sbov,- his aversion for them."
In: alls dds: "Such traits arc so foreign
to his ovn nature that it is not sur
prising that he should not tolerate
them in others. As a man and boy he
has always been the most absolutely
truthful person in the whole range of
my acquaintance. I never knew him to
run into the slightest exaggeration or
to borrow in the least degree from his
imagination in relating an occurrence."
One of the party remarked: "I was
amused one day to hear an officer say
that the general was 'tediously truth
ful. He explained that what he meant
by that was that the general, in men
tioning something that had taken place.
would direct his mind so earnestly to
stating unimportant details with entire
accuracy that he would mar the inter
est of tie story.
"For instance, after returning from
a walk around camp, he would say: 'I
was told so and so about the wounded
by Dr. while we were talking this
morning inside the tent; and a half
hour afterward he would take the trou
ble to come back and say. as if it were
a matter of the greatest importance: T
was mistaken when I told you that my
conversation with Dr. occurred in
side his tent; that was not correct; it
took place while we were standing in
front of his tent.' "
There was much truth In this com
"nt. No one who had served any
i'SXVi Q) It
time with the sneral could fail ts h
struck with his excellent memory and
the pains he Invariably took to stata
occurrences with positive accuracy ,evan
jn the most unimportant particulars.
The Dying Soldier.
How different were the dying scenes
(ft the soldier from those we are wont
to see in ibr of peace. In the quiet
home circle, when death comes, the
sick one has our love and' feeder care;
our voices are hushed; our foofsfe
arc noiseless; through the long night
we eagerly watch every breath and
every motion; the quick ear catches
every moan and whisper, and then at
the last moment we take the hand of
the dying cne and go out out to the
very brink of the deep, dark river that
separates time from eternity, listening
so eagerly for the last faint whisper",
saying with such inOnite tenderness
and love the last good-bye. following
the loved one with cur eyes till our
human vision is lost in the shadows
of the Unknown.
But on the fields of battle, where the
soldier dies, how is it? In the wild
charge, sweeping over the ground like
a hurricane blast, where the glisten
ing bayonets flash in the clouds of
smoke, where the air i3 thick with
hissing bullets, amid storms of shriek
ing shell and solid shot, the brave sol
dier falls mortally wounded. In the
heat of battle he cheers his comrades
on to victory, and then sinks down up
on the ground, mangled and bleeding,
surrounded by the wounded, dying
and dead. He feels his life blood wast
ing away, the hot sun beats down upon
his head, his lips become parched with
thirst, he writhes with the terrible
pain that tortures him. The sun goes
down; twilight deepens into night at
night upon a field of battle dying alone.
The dying soldier grows weaker and
weaker, as hour after hour passes
away. He thinks of those at home, of
sister, of mother, of wife, of children
just as some of you who are here to
day have been thought of his heart
yearns for Just one word from them;
how he reaches out his poor hands for
the tender touch of hands that he
never feels; how he calls the names of
those who will never hear his call on
this side of the grave; how his heart is
pierced with anguish, as he thinks that
those dear ones who are dependent up
on him will, on the morrow, be help
less. At last he crosses his own hands
over his breast, looks up among the
stars, murmurs with pale lips messages
of love and fond good-byes night
passes away, the sun rises over the
plain, and shines upon the face of the
dead soldier. S. F. Norton in Farm
Rev. Dr. Richard S. Rust is one of
the "original abolitionists." Ever since
his youth and he has now reached old
age he has been active for the wel
fare of the colored people of the land.
Before the civil war he worked for their
freedom. Since the war he has worked
to increase their culture. All his life
long he has been connected with edu
cational institutions for their especial
benefit. He has made for himself an
imperishable record as an agent of civ
ilization, and his name will never be
forgotten by the freedman of the Unit
ed States. Dr. Rust was born in New
England, where revolt against slavery
was indigenous, and there was never
any doubt about his willingness to be
classed among the "black republicans,"
or the "greasy mechanics," or what
ever else the advocates of the great
est of national reiorms were then con
temptuously called. Perhaps he was
never actually assaulted while prearh
ing and lecturing for emancipation, but
over and over again he had experiences
violent enough to appall any but the
moat stout hearted. Orer forty years
ago he became president of the Frced
man's College at Xenia, Ohio, and while
holding this position he had much to
do with the insertion of the clauses
against slavery into the general Meth
odist discipline. After the war Dr.
Rust was the father of the Methodist
policy of extending schools for frecd
men all over the South, which has re
sulted in about eighty institutions that
serve as lighthouses of knowledge to
the whole colored race. For years he
has gone up and down the 'and lectur
ing and preaching in their behalf, and
now when too old to continue person
al labor, his interest is still strong. Dr.
Rust resides in Cincinnati.
Th Klondike Fiddler.
Argonaut John Kavanagh, the fid
dler of the Klondike, before the year
is over, will probably be held re
sponsible for the downfall of some
scores of musicians, who, tempted by
the stories of his good luck, are track
ing their way to Alaska, provided only
with their instruments, and a hopeful
disposition. Kavanagh had been em
ployed at Port Costa, but he became
possessed of the idea that there was
money to he made in the north, so he
struck out for Juneau. From that
place he moved on to the Klondike re
gion, going afcot over the rough coun
try intervening, and carrying with him
in his outfit a Winchester rifle and a
violin. Once in the diggings he found
himself about the only available musi
cian there, and the miners gladly paid
him S30 or ?35 a night to play for them
at their dances.
Should Ilnre Spoken Sooner.
He Mi3s Quickstep, they say you
tabulate your admirers as "preferred "
"eligible," "tolerable," "so-so," "emerg
ency," "intolerable," "not to be
thought of," and the like. Where do
I come in? She I I'm afraid, Mr.
Rinckley, you are a little too late to
ABOUT THE ELEPHANT!
HOW THE DRIVER DECORATES
How m Native Fablto Work Oaleer Un
wittingly Dlatlaaataned Himself by
Accidentally Driving m fWaoI Troop
f Wild Specimen lata CorralU
N Burma's the pub
lic works and oth
er departments are
dependent on the
elephant for a large
amount of heavy
labor. By this gen
tle giant's strength
man is able to ac
complish with ease
that which would
be almost Impos
sible without him. Any one who has
seen these cleverly trained animals at
work in the forests and timber-yards
of Burmah will at once realize their
utility. Sometimes harnessed to huge
teak logs, they drag them wherever
they are required; or a monstrous
tusker may be seen trundling a log
with his tusks and placing it in any
position he is ordered as easily and
with apparently as little exertion as a
child would handle a tennis ball.
The illustrations are from snap
shots of one of these useful creatures,
with his mahout (driver), at work and
at leisure. In one you see the mahout
anointing the elephant's forhead with
a cocoanut-oil, which is supposed to
keep the head cool when worktng in
the hot sun. The white marks on the
head ar made with chalk, with which
the mahout delights to decorate his
pet. So much for tho elephant tamed.
In his wild state he Is another crea
ture. The most ticklish and difilcult
part of elephant-catching operations Is
to drive tho herd Into the kheddah
prepared for its reception: hence the
catch which was made in the Mysore
jungles a few weeks ago ranks as
unique. A native public works officer.
on the way to inspect a bridge in bis
THE MORNING TOILET.
district, passing near one of the enorm
ous enclosures built for the purpose,
saw a large herd of elephants feeding
near the gate. Being alarmed, native
like, he fired his gun and shouted for
all be was worth; the herd, equally
alarmed, fled incontinently into the
kheddah, whose gate stood open!
Whereupon the engineer recovered ki3
wits and made his coolies lower the
gate, capturing the lot. That various
delays gave the elephants time to break
down the ungarded stockade, whereby
the majority escaped, reducing the
number actually secured to 10, does not
affect the capture as perhaps the most
remarkable in the annals of elephant
catching. JOINED THE SALVATION ARMY.
The court circles of Sweden received
severe shock several years ago when
It was announced that Prince Oscar,
i nephew of the present king, was
about to marry Miss Ebba Monk, a
young lady of patrician birth, but far
below the prince in station. The king
protested and refused to permit the
marriage, whereupon Prince Oscar de
clared that he would yield his title
and resign all rights of succession, but
that marry Miss Monk he certainly
would. The marriage was celebrated
In due time and Prince Oscar has never
been seen in the royal circles since.
The king and queen have maintained
friendly but distant relations with their
democratic nephew, who Is known sim
ply as Prince Oscar and who is im
mensely popular with the people be-''
cause of his philanthropy.
I Prince Oscar and his wife have been
devoted to causes of charity and benev
olence, but recently have created a sec
ond sensation by joining the ranks of
, the Salvation army. The prince and
1 his wife hold regular open-air meet
ings according to the methods of the
army. The prince exhorts and he and
Us wife lead in the street singing.
Civic Ownership of a Paper.
Dresden, the capital of Saxony, owns
a singular piece of property a morn
ing newspaper, the Dresdener Anzeiger.
This daily, upon the death of its last
proprietor, was bequeathed to the city
upon the condition that all profits aris
ing therefrom should he spent upon the
public parks, as has been steadily done.
The paper continues to hold the re
spect of the citizens, for the trust ha3
been carried out in its broadest spirit,
and the power has never been em
ployed to foster any school of opinions
social, political or religious.
A dispatch received here from Chico
pee, Mass., says that Edward Bellamy,
author of the book "Looking Back
ward" and "Equality," will soon move
from that city to Denver. Mr. Bel
lamy's health has been poor for some
time, and his friends think the change
will restore him,
WHOLE NUMBER 1,432.
THE OLD RELIABLE.
(Oldest Bank in the State.)
Pais iBterest n Tiae Debits
Maies Loan n Real fclate.
ISSUIS SMHT DRAVTS oa
Onaaha, Chicag, New York ami
all Forelga Countries.
SELLS STEAMSHIP TICKETS.
BUYS GOOD NOTES
And helps Its customers when they need kelp
OFFICERS A2TD DIRECTORS:
Leaxder Oebkard, Pres't.
R. H. Henry, Vice Pres't.
M. Bkugger, Cashier.
John Stauffer, Wh BucnES.
Authorized Capita! of - $500,000
Paid in Capital, - - 90,000
a n. SHELDON. ProVt.
U. P. H.OFIIMCiriT. VlcePrcs.
DAXIKf. MMUIAM. CiisMor.
FKAXIC KUICEIt, Asst. Cash'r.
DIKE T US'.
C. IT. SnrxnoN,
11. P. 11. Or.iii.RWcn,
W. A. McAllister,
f. O. Git AY.
Daniel Pen icam.
, V. II. Oku much,
.1. Henry Wun-eMAif.
1 1 K.N It Y I.OSEKE.
Ur.o. . Galley,
.1. P. ItKCKER KSTATE.
II. M. WlNSLOW.
Bank of Deposit: merest allowed on time
deposits; buy and aell exeuanga on United
States and Europe, and buy and sell avail
able securities Wesuall be pleased to re
cnlTA your business. We solicit Your pat
Columbus Journal !
A weekly newspaper de
voted the beat interests of
THE COUNTY OF PUnE,
The State oi Nebraska
THE UNITED STATES
B THE REST OF MANKIND
The unit of saei
$1.50 A YEAR,
IF FAID I2V ADTAjrCmT.
Bat oor limit of asefalness
Is not prescribed by dollars
B't cents. Esmpls copies
sent free to say address.
UIsrPERT A "RTE R !
Coffins : and : Metallic : Cases t
tW 'Repairing of all kinds of Uphol
IS PREPARFD TO fTR5ISH AXTTHIXa
REQUIRED Or A
Columbus State Bank
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