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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (June 16, 1897)
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M8e the nerves are lAff L m0
IMkud easily excited f Yl
ad the body is in a
lewrfeh and unhealthy condition. Nerves
are fed and nourished by pure, rich blood.
Hood'a SarsapariJ'.a gives sweet, refresh
ins sleep because it purifies and enriches
the blood and builds op the system.
HOOCfl S paritta
Is the best In fact the One True Blood Purifler.
HaaH'c Pillc cure nausea. ma.gesn
nOOu S flllS biliousness. 25 cents.
cure nausea, indigestion.
Vbni Wonra Writer Write.
Conan Doyle says he has always ob
served that whether a woman's style
of writing be plain or florid, it Is always
clear and comprehensible. "No woman
that I can recollect," he says, "has
ever been tempted into the heresy of
preciosity. The word style, which in
France has always been synonymous
with lucidity, has in England become
more and more identlQcd with obscur
ity, so that if you learn a new writer
Is a stylist you nearly always find a
difficulty in understanding what he
means. The best style, like the best
glass, is that which is so clear that
you do not observe it. Some of our
critics are fond of talking of purple
patches, but purple patches were never
a sign of health. Now, in this respect,
I think the ladies have always been on
the side of sanity and I do not think
that any one could have a better model
of prose romance than such writers as
Olive Schreiner or Miss Wilkins."
New York Commercial Advertiser.
A GREAT SAVING.
By using the Flag Brand Chicory, manu
factured by the American Chicory Com
pany, of Omaha, Nebraska, you can cut
down your coffee hill 5 per cent, besides
improving the drink. You will find it
economical, -wholesome and agreeable.
Ask your grocer for Flag ltrand Chicory
Tint up in pound packages. If he does iioi
i.eep it, write the factory. Samples mailed
free on application.
A Lock from Niucvcb.
The very oldest lock in existence is
the one which formerly secured one of
the doors of Nineveh. It is a gigantic
affair, and the key to it, which is as
large as one man can conveniently car
ry, reminds one of the Scriptural pas
sage, where the prophet makes refer
ence to such instruments being carried
on the shoulder. The exact words re
ferred to are, "And the key to the house
of David I will lay upon the shoulder."
This enormous key is nearly 3' feet
in length and of the thickness of a 4
inch drain tile. It was found at the
end of a ruined chamber, where a large
wooden door had probably once stood,
the gigantic brass hinges and heavy
bars being still in fair condition,
though somewhat corroded.
Burlington Route Only 033.5O to San
.Tunc 29 to July 3, account national
convention Christian Kndeavorers.
Special trains. Through tourist and
palace sleepers. Stop-overs allowed at
and west of Denver. Return via Port
lond, Yellowstone Park and lilack
Hills if desired.
Endcavorers and their friends who
take the lturlington ltoute are guar
anteed a quick, cool and comfortable
journey, fine scenery (by daylight) and
first class equipment.
Iterths are reserved and descriptive
literature furnished on request. See
nearest II. &. !. It. It. ticket acnt or
write to J. Francis. tl. P. A., llurling
tou ltoute, Omaha, Xeb.
The Method in Ills .Murine.
Barrister Why do you always walk
In the opposite direction from that
which you wish to take when you aro
waiting for a car? Old Crusty You
don't "snose I'd walk toward town and
let the street railroad company get
that much ahead of me, do you?
I I v!ieve my prompt tio of I'io's Cure
rreventcd juick consumption. Mrs. Lucy
Wallace, SInrquct, Kan.. Doc. 1-, "".
Aiilt to llurn.
Five hundred and eighty barrels of
apples have been washed ashore at Co
chester, on Lake Michigan, and as the
fruit is on a isand beach many miles
from a railroad the underwriters of
Chicago telegraphed the Ccchester peo
ple to cat the apples.
t-AURF.I.I.'N It!.l NTAK KXTR.ttT If
Tin lct-i: all frrrori rlll rcfunl ou, money If
yuu arc uut tatiflrd with It.
Mr. Clubman ily private secretary,
young Nicefellow, says he is an ac
quaintance of yours. Miss Citybclle
What impudence! I never met him ex
cept at the seaside, and last summer I
even refused to become engaged to
him again. New York Weokly.
A iool (iur.tN.
"Tommy, who was Joan of Arc?"
usked the teacher. "Noah's wife," said
Tommy, who is considered great at
gueasing. Philadelphia American.
rMnrateToar Ron-cls With Cascareta.
Candy Cathartic, cure constipation forever.
10c. UC.CC. fail, druggists refund money.
Miidi :t Cliun:j
"That Mr. Flighty appears to havo
come off his high horse lately."
"Yes; he rides a safety now." De
troit Free Press
"The pill that V7ill," implies tho pills that
won't. Their name is legion. Tho name of "tho
pill that vrill" is Ayer's Cathartic Pill. lb is a
pill to rely on. Properly used it will cure con
stipation, biliousness, sick headache, and tho
other ills that result from torpid liver. Ayer's
pills aro not designed to spur tho liver into a
momentary activity, leaving it in yet rnoro
incapable condition after tho immediate effect
is past. They are compounded -with tho pur
pose of toning up the entiro system, removing
the obstructing conditions, and putting tho
liver into proper relations with the rest cf tho
organs for natural co-operation. The record of
Ayer's Pills during the half century they havo
been in public use establishes their great and
permanent value in all liver affections.
Ayer's Cathartic Pills.
WORTH ITS WEI6HT 1H GOLD.
STIPATiON, INDIGESTION and SLEEPLESS NIGHTS,
but since taking Dr. Kay's .Renovator I can sleep like a child and am
not troubled in the least with the above named diseases. Your
Dr. Kay's Renovator
IS WORTH ITS WEIGHT IN COLD. I am an old lady 67
rears old."' Yours, MKS. D. A. McCOY, 711 So. 27th St., Omaha.
DR. lCVV'S RENOVATOR li: ccitd so many of the vronstcascs
o DYSPEPSIA that we consider it a specific for this disiase antl for prcor we
refer all to ifce testimonials of wonderful cures reported ia our l-ook It I: as cured
t&any tad cases of HEADACHE. ad when caused bv constipation or dvsrep
sia it Is sure to cure every case, in fact, ire believe it has no equal for hc-ida-ne
from whatever cause. It always cures BILIOUSNESS and all t.iims or liver and
kidney complaints, nervousness, neuraleia. impure tiooJ. scrofula, skm d-seascs
pimples, bolls, blotches, glandular enlargements, drors-. RHEUMATISM ami
piles. It is sold bv drustriMs or sent by mail at 25c and ii. cii.t Mump i-ir Dr. B.
J.Kay's -Home Treatment and Valuable Recipes," a&ra?e booV matins all dis-
Address Dr. B. J. Kay Medical
A Prediction Abmt Railways.
The following prediction, made by
the Royal College of Physicians of Ba
varia in 1835. is now on record In tho
archives of the Nuremberg and Furth
Railway, in that country. When It was
proposed to build this line, the phy
sicians of the country met and for
mally protested against it "Locomo
tion, by the aid of any kind of steam
machines whatever." the Bavarian
physicians declared, "should be pro
hibited in the interest of the public
health. The rapid movements cannot
fail to produce in the passengers the
mental aliment called delirium furlos
um. Even admitting." the protest went
on, "that travelers will consent to run
the risk, the state can do no less than
protect the bystanders. The sight alone
of a locomotive passing at full speed
suffices to produce this frightful malady
of the brain. It is. at any rate, indis
pensable that a barrier at least six
feet high, should be erected on both
sides of the track."
Sbbbw Excursions via. tbe Wabash Rail
road. Vacation tours for the summer will
soon be placed on sale. Half Rates to
Toronto in July. Half Rates to Buf
falo in August, lteduccd Rates to
Nashville Exposition now on sale.
Special rates for tours of the Great
Lakes. General western agency for
all Trans-Atlantic .steamship lines.
Send 4 cents in stamps for handsome
book, "To the Lake Resorts and Ile
vond." For rates, time-tables, sailing
lists and cabin plans for steamers or
other information, call at Wabash
Ticket office, 1415 Farnam street (Pax
ton Hotel Block) or write Geo. N.
Clayton, X. W. Pass. Afft., Omaha,Neb.
"He Is mad!"
The new footman heard the words
and trembled in his shoes.
Into what kind of a family had tho
fates at last thrust him? he thought
Upstanrs lie heard a loud voice re
sounding through he hall ,and occa
sionally a tremendous bang, as if somo
article of furniture were being hurled
from one end of the room to another.
"He is mad!"
The servants clustered together and
the expression on their faces showed
that they were decidedly uncomfort
able. Sliakn Into Your Shoes.
Allen's Foot-liase, a powder for the
feet It cures painful, swollen, smart
ing feet and instantly takes the sting
out of corns and bunions. It is the
greatest comfort discovery of tho age.
Allen's Foot-Ease makes tight-fitting
or new shoes feel easy. It is a certain
cure for sweating, callous and hot
tired, aching feet. Try it to-day. Sold
by all druggists and shoe stores. By
mail for 25c in stamps. Trial package
FREE. Address Allen S. Olmsted, Le
Roy. N. Y.
Tea at St 75 Ter Pound.
There is a brand of Chinese tea worth
$175 a pound. It is the pickings of the
first tips of the blossoms. The great
est care must be taken in the pick
ing, and nothing but the bright, gold-cn-hued
tip taken oft the blossoms. All
the picking of this grade Is carefully
done by hand. The process of dry
ing these tips is as delicate as the pick
ing. The annual output is estimated
at 12,000 pounds, valued at 12.100,000.
But five pounds of this tea have ever
been known to have reached the Unit
ed States, excepting a few pounds
placed on exhibition at the World's
what you need is something to cure you.
Get Dr. Kuv's Renovator. See ad.
"Two and two are bound to make
four every time," said the man who ar
gues on politics.
"Er. docs it?" asked the campaign
"Didn't you know that?"
"I have a hazy recollection to that
effect But I have been getting up
campaign statistics so long that I have
kind of gotten the impression that
two and two make about anything you
happen to need." Washington Star.
Don't Tobtcco Spi'. and Smoke Your Life Away.
Toqull tli:ircoeis!ly .mil forever, Iks mag
netic full of HTo, nerve awl vigor. taUeXo-To-Bac
the wonder-wori.er. that make weak
men strong. All druggUis. ."fle or 51. Cure
guaranteed. ISnoklcl ::nd sample Tree. Addre-f
Sterling Kemedy Co.. hicigo or New York.
lie Who Trnlj l.tnf.
Some cne has weil iuid ilaat ho who
truly loves the church of God is lie
who truly loves the God of the churcn.
Church memteiship is a solemn obliga
tion, and he ho neglects the house or
the Lord does so at fearful risk. On the
other hand, lie who becomes a faithful
attendant upon the cervices of the sanc
tuary will ltnd a constantly increasing
delight In taking his place among the
people of God. Detroit Free Press.
Vra. lYImlciv'a Tionthlnc Srap
Tor children l'l!.iiiir-fcnsticctim mlPrc.inflam
nation, allajj ai:i, iun uin-1 culi.. iSicnlscbottle
"I should think it wouid mako
those banic cashiers nervous to stand
all day behind those wire nettings."
Well because it naturally would
make thom think or the bars behind
which so many of them aro liable to
bo confined some day. "
Oh!" Philadelphia Press.
"I have been troubled for the
nct f n h. ...tt t PaPaVB
Co., Western Office Omaha, Nebraska.
DAISY AND POULTRY.
INTERESTING CHAPTERS FOR
OUR RURAL READERS.
How SaceeMfal Farmer Operate Thte
Department of the Farm A Few
HlnU m to the Care of lave Stock
and Foaltrj. --
rackages for tho Foreicn Market.
N eastern mer
chant who ships a
great deal cf. but
ter to the London
at the recent Iowa
the kind of pack
ages that give the
best satisfaction to
foreign dealers and
buyers, and urged
of proper atten
matter, says Dairy
first place, dairy
to foreign sup
tion to this
World. In the
ply need one ounce of salt to one pound
of butter, with parchment paper on top
instead cf a cloth. Then, too, the tubs
should be well soaked and a coat of
salt rubbed on the inside before pack
ing the butter. This will prevent the
butter from moulding. This Is a very
important part of the work of prepar
ing butler for market There have
been several thousand boxes cf butter
shipped from our market, which have
been received there with great favor.
These boxes hold fifty-six pounds of
butter net They are made of white
wood and lined with parchment paper.
This butter sells for Letter prices than
when packed in tubs, and we would ad
vise all creameries to give the matter
of packing butter for foreign shipment
careful attention, and be ready to use
them at any time the foreign market
is in shape to pay us as much as our
own market, so that we can dispose of
our surplus butter. If our surplus but
ter had been packed in boxes this sea
son, it would have sold in the foreign
market for more money than it will
ever sell for here, after losing the stor
age and interest, and, at the same time,
we should have gained some favor with
the foreign market by letting them
know that we have fine butter here as
well as Australia. It has been our
practice to ship the poorest butter. In
this way we have hurt our credit as a
butter producing country. Now that
we have established so many creamor
ies there is less of the low grades of
butter and more of the high grades
than we can consume at home. It is
very plain to be seen that it Is our
duty to cater to the wishes of the peo
ple upon whom we are dependent to
use our surplus butter, and in order to
do this we must give them the style
of package they require, as well as salt
ing and coloring to their wants. One
of our neighbors has just returned from
Liverpool, and he tells me he has seen
the retailer try to sell tub butter and
the buyer would not look at it, but
must have his butter from the square
box. The same butter would sell at
retail for two cents a pound more cut
from the box than from the tub. Now,
with these facts in view, is it not worth
our careful attention to try and build
up a trade for our surplus butter, which
the writer is satisfied is going to be
increased year by year, as the dairy
business is still in its infancy in this
Standard Variety of Chickens.
The Barred Plymouth Rock is of a
grayishrwhite color, regularly crossed
with parallel bars of blue-black run
ning in straight, distinct lines
throughout the entire length of the
feather, and showing on the
down or under color of the
feathers. The barring is somewhat
smaller on the hackle and saddle
feathers than on other portions of the
body. The bird is of medium siie,
with broad neck. Hat at the shoulders,
the breast is full, antl the body broad
and compact; mcdium-slzcd wings,
that fold gracefully, the points being
well covered with breast aud saddle
feathers. A incdntin-tized head, orna
mented with upright, bright-red corny
and wattles; a lare. bright eye, and
yellow Leal;, legs, a. : t'-cs, places the
picture before us u iia entirety. The
difference between the Ilarrcd and the
Pea-comb Uarrcd is that the latter has
a small, firm, and even pea-comb, ic
btcad of a single comb.
For the fanner or market pcultry
man they are favorites, being a medi
um size, wll proportioned, with a
deep, full breast, making a most ad
mirable bird for market purposes.
They arc hardy, mature early, and
make excellent broilers from eight to
twelve weeks old. They are good lay
ers the year round, aud in winter they
lay exceptionally well. Their eggb
are brown in color and average eight
to a pound. They are good sitters
and excellent mothers.
The Barred Plymouth Rock, besides
being a practical fowl, is also one of
the most sought after by fanciers. No
class is better filltd at the average
poultry show cf the country than is
theirs. Their graceful figure, upright
carriage, and active natures endear
them to all as a farmer's fowl. There
is a fascination in breeding them for
plumage, the more regular and even
their barring the better. It re
quires much skill to breed them for
color, and two matings are generally
used for breeding. An established
rule for mating for cockerels is to use
a standard color male with medium
dark females, and for pullets, use light
male and dark females. The double
mating is resorted to by many, yet the
writer has seen rare specimens pro
duced from single matings. The char
acteristics of the Barred Plymouth
Rock are noticeable in the other
Plymouth Rock classes, excepting
that of color. The size, shape, general
outlines, and qualities are the same
in the other varieties as in the Barred.
The White Plymauth Rock is pure
white in plumage throughout, and the
buff variety is a clear buff, uniform in
shade except the tail, which is deep
buff or copperish-ycllow brown. The
buff color should extend to the under
color as mucli as possible; the deeper
the better. The standard weight of
cocks is 9 pounds; hens, 7 pounds;
cockerels, S pounds; and pullets, 6s
Tapeworms of Poultry.
It has been known for years that
tapeworms infest domesticated poultry,
and that in some cases they cause seri
ous epizootics among fowls. The out
breaks thus far recorded have occurred
chiefly in Europe, and as a natural out
come almost the entire work which has
been published on these parasites is the
result of European investigations. The
literature upon the subject is accord
ingly in Latin, German, Frcnch.Danish,
Italian, etc.. while in the English lan
guage we have only a few short no
tices concerning these worms. Generic
and specific diagnoses of the parasites
of this group are almost unknown ar
ticles in the English language, while
as yet we have absolutely no reliable
data as to how many species of tape
worms are found in American poultry.
Several outbreaks of tapeworm dis
ease have been noticed in fowls in dif
ferent parts of the country, and upon
various occasions specimens have bee
sent to the bureau for identification.
From a table showing 33 recorded
species it was noted that 6 different
tapeworms have been, recorded from
pigeons, 2 from turkeys, 11 from chick
ens, 2 from swans, 7 from geese, IS
from ducks and 1 from an ostrich. One
form has been recorded as common to
pigeons, chickens and ducks, 5 forms
as common to ducks and geese, 1 form
as common to geese and swans, 1 as
common to pigeons and ducks, and 1
as common to pigeons and chiekens.
The treatment of tapeworm disease
ia the domesticated fowls must for the
present be more or less experimental,
as the records in this line are extreme
ly limited. The first rule to be carried
out in ail cases of diseased animals,
whether chickens, turkeys, geese, ducks
or others, is to isolate them from the
rest of the flock and keep them con
fined until they have recovered. The
second rule is to destroy the droppings
of all animals known to be infected
with parasites, or If the manure is
needed as a fertilizer it should be treat
ed in such a manner as to kill the ova.
These two rules can be easily carried
jut, and if a poultry raiser or a stock
raiser is not willing to set aside a
small yard for the isolation of the sick
inimals, where their droppings can be
easily collected and taken care of ev
ery day, it is almost useless for him to
administer anthelmintics to his fowls
jr other animals. Tbe chief drugs
used against tapeworms are: Extract
of male fern, turpentine, powdered
icamala, areca nut, pomegranate root
bark, pumpkin seeds and sulphate of
I'Irh and Skim Milk.
As spring is here it might be well
to remind ourselves of the value of
skim milk as a feed for growing pigs.
Muck as has been said in its praise. I
still think that few of us really appre
ciate how always indispensable it is
as a factor In a ration that Is going
to make pigs grow most rapidly, or
have ever calculated how much per
hundred the skim milk is worth, says
Prof. Smith in Country Gentleman.
The record of some experiments tried
at this station during the past three
years may be of interest to your read
ers on this and related topics. Having
an abundance of milk and relatively
few pigs, we approached the subject
from a somewhat different point of
view from the average farmer's; still
we were enabled to ask questions of
the porkers and obtain answers from
them that are of interest to every
dairyman at least The first question
asked of the pigs was how much they
would give for sweet skim milk if no
other feed were mixed with it One
pen of seven pigs, averaging 103
pounds in weight, gained 279 pounds
in five weeks, drinking in that time
0,225 pounds of skim milk and receiv
ing no other food. They give us there
fore one pound of live pork for 22.31
pounds of skim milk. Reckoning these
pigs as worth 4 cents per pound on
foot, the skim milk was worth close to
IS cents per hundred. The same thing
was then tried with eight smaller pigs,
weighing but 31.75 pounds each. They
made a pound of gain for each 19.23
pounds of skim milk, or at 4 cents a
pound for live pigs the skim milk was
worth almost 21 cents per hundred.
Now, no one would think for a mo
ment of feeding skimmed milk to pigs
without putting some sort of solid food
with it, and naturally cornmeal -comes
first on the list as the most common
grain feed for this class of animals.
Two pens of pigs were therefore se
lected to try what cornmeal and skim
milk were worth as pig feed. One pen
of seven pigs averaged 88.7 pounds,
and the other G6.1 pounds when the
feeding began. The milk was fed warm
from the separator, and a pound of
cornmeal added to each 7 pounds of
milk. At the end of five weeks the
heavier pigs had gained sixty pounds
each, or twelve pounds per week, and
had made that gain at an expense of
ten pounds of skim milk and one and
ouc-qtiarter pounds of cornmeal per
pound. The gains of the smaller pigs
wire not mute as large in the aggregate-,
but were made with almost ex-
i.cJ the same outlay of milk and
meal. Valuing the cornmeal at $15
per top, and the pork again at 4 cents,
the skim milk was worth with these
fourteen pigs, in live weeks' feeding,
almost 40 cents a hundred. This
sounds preposterous, but these are the
facts a pound of pork returned by the
pigs for every ten pounds of milk and
one aud one-quarter pounds of corn
meal. We have been able in but two
cases out of many to get our pigs to
:eiurn us less than 20 cents per hun
dred for skim milk. In these days of
low prices, therefore, it behooves the
factory patron and the dairy farmer
generally to husband well his skim
niilk, feed it mixed with cornmeal to
well-bred pigs weighing less than 200
pounds, keep them comfortably housed
and expect to get from this source a
return for a good share of the cost of
the labor on his dairy herd.
Commenting on our article on the
above subject, the Elgin Dairy Report,
while endeavoring to gather informa
tion in the cast, has this to say: "This
matter has been troubling the cream
cry men in the older districts. Not long
since we had cur attention called to
a lot of butter shipped from the Elgin
district on which this mould or fungus
growth was very distinctly seen on the
outside of the package, and had pene
trated even into the butter. It was
claimed by the receivers of the butter
that it was the use of unseasoned wood
and the package being kept in a damp
place that had caused this. We were
unable from the examination we made
to find out any cause for fungus
growth, but it seemed to start from the
wood rather than the butter itself, and
in all cases that we have heard of late
ly, excepting those on the Pacific coast,
the growth seems to start from the
wood, and possibly the quality of the
wood may be the primary cause of the
growth of the fungus. We shall be
pleased to hear from any of our cream
ery cr commission men who have had
any experience in that line, to learn
if they have found any remedy, or
learned what the original cause is of
this mouldy condition both of the pack
age and butter."
Profitable Cows. Which is the most
profitable cow to keep? It Is the cow
that produces the most at the least
cost. In the ninety days' test at the
world's fair the best cow cleared a
profit of over $73 and the poorest a
profit of only $24. Turning now to the
food account, we find that the cost of
food in both cases was practically the
same, yet one cow had the ability to
make three times the profit upon prac
tically the same food. There are cows
in every herd that have this ability;
find them out In these days of keen
competition we must reduce the cost
of production, and this aspect of the
question should always be taken into
The heifer that is expected to make
a good dairy cow should always be
kept in a good, thrifty condition not
stunted in growth at any time as this
will prove a drawback to her progress
FAfiMj AND t GARDEN.
MATTERS OP INTEREST
VDto-dat Hints About Caltlia-
tiom of tbe SoU and Yields Thereof
Horticaltare, Vitlcaltar aad Flori-
National Crop Report.
HE May returns at
the department of
agriculture show z
decline from the
April condition of
1.2 points; 80.2
against S1.4 last
March 1, 1S96,
wheat states arc:
Ohio, 82; Michigan, 81; Indi
ana, 61; Illinois, 37; Missouri,
54; Kansas, 78; California. 97;
Pennsylvania, 96. The averages in
the southern states are high, ranging
from 85 in Mississippi to 98 in Texas,
and in the minor states. New Jersey,
Delaware, Maryland and Virginia, from
98 in New Jersey to 102 in Maryland.
As reported in April the worst injuries
from freezing and deficient snow in Il
linois, though the bordering states, In
diana, Wisconsin, Iowa and Missouri
repor tsevere winter Injury, and states
bordering these, Ohio, Michigan, Ne
braska, and Kansas, show reduced con
dition figures. Over the country else
where the condition is unusually good,
being practically normal cast of the Al
leghanies, and quite high also on the
Pacific slope. Winter rye has lost near
ly one point since last month, its aver
age for May being 88 per cent, against
88.9 for the same date in April. The
percentage of New York is 97; Pennsyl
vania, 93; Michigan, 90; Illinois, 70;
Wisconsin, 74; Minnesota, 91; Iowa, S3;
Kansas, 90; Nebraska, 93; California,
98. The average condition of winter
barley is 96.4 per cent, against 89.2 in
1896, and 94 in 1895. The lowest condi
tions are in Indiana, Illinois and Mich
igan, and tbe highest in Oregon, Cali
fornia, and Iowa, the latter state show
ing 100, or a full crop condition. The
average condition of spring pasture is
93.4, against 93.2 a year ago, and that
of meadows 93.4, against 91.8 in 1896,
the wet spring having been favorable
particularly in the regions of deficient
rainfall. The percentage of spring
plowing finished May 1 is 61.9, the usu
al percentage being 78. Only the ex
treme northern and southern states
show the customary proportion. Every
where else delay resulted from the late
season and heavy rains. The reports
from Europe are generally favorable ?s
to the condition of crops, but in Frauce
there is a reduced area under wheat,
and the crop is expected to fall short
of last year's at least 16,000,000 bush
els. In Part of Prussia the spring
sowings have been retarded by rain.
The viceroy of India telegraphs that
there will be no wheat for exportation
from that country this year.
Notes ou Tomato Breeding
(F. Wm. Rane in Bulletin of N. H.
There is probably no plant we have
so much literature upon, and that has
been studied so thoroughly from the
standpoint of plant breeding, as the to
mato. This is doubtless due to the fact
that it is easily grown, commonly used,
and offers exceptionally good oppor
tunity for study.
The tomato plant is quickly suscepti
ble to careful selection, and it is by this
that value is given to cross results,
whether natural or mechanical.
In selecting tomato seed it has been
demonstrated that the plant as a whole
has more hereditary inilucnce than the
character of the individual fruit.
Repeated experiments have shown
that nothing is gained by selecting
seeds from first ripe fruit, regardless
of the character of the plant from which
When new varieties are desired
through crossing, the foregoing applies
equally to each parent The more uni
form and persistent the parent, the
greater is the chance that its charac
teristics will be transmitted.
When the desired variety is once re
alized, it is kept only by constant at
tention to selection. It is doubtless
chiefly due to carelessness in selection
that our varieties of tomatoes as a
whole are so comparatively short
lived. Tillage, fertilization, and other treat
ment of plants have their effect upon
tomato breeding. Poor soils and in
sufficient cultivation tend to pervert
Keeping quality evidently has not
been generally taken into consideration
up to the present time in breeding the
tomato. Experiments at the Cornell,
New York, station go to show that
solid varieties may not be the best
Hybridizing between the larger varie
ties and the clustered, or currant toma
toes, generally results in producing
fruit intermediate in size.
Crosses between the large or potato
leafed and common-leafc varieties us
ually result in an intermediate foliage.
The red varieties seem to have the
power to stamp their cokT on the off
spring of crosses with other colors.
Varieties of tomatoes mix very read
ily when grown in the same field. Pure
seed should be selected from isolated
The tomato, as with other crops,
needs a rotation. The plants grown
on the same land from year to year,
although highly fertilized, naturally de
generate in time.
In order to secure results from cross
ing the tomato, one can not be too well
acquainted with the parent varieties,
nor have too clearly defined plans of
procedure. Haphazard crossing is of
When the parents are very different
in character, the chances are that the
offspring will be weak, while the off
spring of closely related species or
races is likely to be very vigorous.
ORIGIN OF TOMATOES.
The evolution of our cultivated to
matoes is interesting. The two species
from which all our garden varieties
have originated are Lycopersicum pim
pinellifolium and Lycopersicum escu
lentum. The former includes the "Cur
rant" varieties, which are small and
borne in large clusters', sometimes spo
ken of as the "Raisin" tomatoes. This
species is a South American variety,
and is found growing wild in both Bra
zil and Peru. Although known for
some time, comparatively little use has
been made of them, except for pickles,
preserves, and for ornamentation.
L. esculentum is the species from
which our commercial tomatoes come.
It is thought also to have originated in
Peru, although it has been found in
other countries, as in Mexico and Cal
ifornia, in a form similar to the cherry
History of Growth. While tho toma
to was known in Europe as far back as
15G1, but four varieties were found in
England in 1819. In these early days
it was grown mainly for ornament.
Prof. Munson finds that the fruit was
first Introduced into this country at
Philadelphia by a French refugee from
St Domingo, in 1798; and again by an
Italian painter, Come, at Salem, Mass.,
about 1802. The beginning of general
culture of the tomato for market Is
placed at about 1S30. From this time
up to the present, the evolution of the
tomato has been steady. From the
flat, rough, and angular tomatoes, beau
tiful, round, regular fruits have been
developed. The Paragon variety was
the first to be so developed. .Sine
then other superior varieties have come
and gone. One would think further im
provement almost an impossibility, but
doubtless the advancement of the next
ten years will be as great, if not great
cr, than that of the last decade.
A correspondent of the Wool and
Cotton Reporter says that among the
important points combined in tho
breed is its great ability in reproduc
tion or the prolific qualities of tho
ewes. They may be bred at any sea
son of the year, and three crops of
Iambs can easily be produced in two
years without any decrease in consti
tutional strength or feeding qualities.
The milking qualities of the ewes are
certainly of the most wonderful pro
portions, and demonstrated to me
their ability to caro for two or three
lambs at a time, which is a common
and almost regular occurrence in
many flocks. The Iambs, when
dropped, are always strong and active
and are able to take their rations with
out assistance from the shepherd,
which cannot be said of many other
breeds. The ewe3 invariably prove the
best of mothers, and with reasonable
care will come into condition for mut
ton after raising a pair of fine mutton
lambs. An important feature of the
Dorset breed is their ability to resist
the attack of dogs, which are such a
eommon nuisance in this country, and
in no sense a decreasing one. Where
other sheep would run, this breed will
stand their ground and fight, and have
been known in many instances to
drive the dogs from the field. The
horns on both ewes and rams arc a
favorable accompaniment in this di
rection, and are an attractive orna
ment to the animal. It is especially
pleasing to the eye to look upon a
flock of Dorset ewes with this addi
tion, or, at least, I find it so. The wool
producing qualities form an important
feature of the breed, the grade being a
fine class of combing wool of great
length and strength of fiber, having a
fancy appearance which could not fail
to please the manufacturer of worsteds
and other goods in which these wools
are desirable, while the weight of
fleece averages from seven to ten
pounds. The results of crossing Dor
set rams upon other breeds was shown
to be of a most satisfactory nature, as
an excellent mutton lamb was ob
tained, which would mature in three
or four months, reaching from SO to
100 pounds, and making a high class
Itrccdlne Dairy Cows.
A writer in Dakota Farmer gives this
1. Select the best cows in your herd,
or that you can buy, to keep, and dis
pose of the others.
2. The best cow for the dairy is the
cne that produces the greatest amount
of butter fat in a year (for food con
sumed) when being rightly fed.
3. To renew or increase your herd
raise tbe heifer calves from your best
4. Test your cows by weighing the
milk of each cow for a year and testing
it occasionally with tho Bahcock milk
tester, and know how much butter lat
each one decs produce.
5. Use the best dairy bred sire you
can get; one, if possible, that has a
long line of ancestors that have been
first-class dairy animals.
6. Keep a record of the time when
the cows are bred and have no guess
work about the time cf calving.
7. It is neither profitable nor neces
sary for a cow to go dry more than
four to six weeks.
S. The udder should receive prompt
attention. An obstacle may be re
moved from the teat the first hour, that
might baflle science later.
9. After separating the calf from its
mother, feed the natural milk as soon
as drawn, for a week or ten days.
10. Don't milk the udder out clean
until the fourth day after calving.
This will often prevent a chill, which
often produces milk fever.
Kngllsh Cuttle Imports.
The value of 1Ij animals imported
for food by Great Britain the past three
months was $11,500,000, as compared
with $12,800,000 the same time last year.
Of the 122,249 head of cattle imported
the United States furnished 100,958, the
Argentine Republic 16,756, and Canada
4,166. We sent 8,500 cattle less than
last year, Argentina sent 5,250 less,
while Canada sent 1,260 more. We sent
only 53,051 sheep slightly more than
half the number exported last year; the
Argentine 82,189, against 96,915, and
Canada 2.5SC, against 3,645 last year.
The value of the dead meat imported
was 26,000,000, and but 115,000 over
the same time last year. Fresh beef
imports were 639.342 cwt, and fresh
mutton 696,142 cwt. an increase of
9.000 cwt. of beef, but a decrease of 40,
000 cwt. of mutton. Great Britain's
exportation of live -stock is practically
all for breeding purposes. Ex.
Long Rows. The possible gain in
time of cultivation due to the length
ening of rows is greater than any sup
pose who have not tested the matter.
By the watch I find that when rows are
eighty rods long an acre Is cultivated
in three-fourths of the time required
for cultivating in rows thirty rods long.
Long rows make work easier for man
and team. If we would compete with
the west we must plan for long, nar
row fields instead of the little square
ones usually seen. The tilling of open
ditches and abandonment of useless
fences makes this possible on a major
ity of farms. Experience has taught
me that the saving or money due to re
moval of fences was truly not needed,
the gain from cultivation of fence-rows
and the gain in rapidity of cultivation
where rows are long, amount in the ag
gregate to a nice sum of money a sum
that would materially Increase incomes
for thousands if the plan suggested
were adopted. Ex.
Oats and Peas for Soiling. As the
earliest crop to be used for soiling,
there is nothing better than oats and
peas mixed and sown at the rate of two
and one-half to three bushels per acre.
They will not yield so much weight a3
fodder corn, but that cannot be grown
large enough to cut before well into
August As for peas and oats, by that j
time they wm nave oeen entirely usea
up. From the earliest cutting, about
the last of May, a second light crop
will sprout, which may be cut a month
Home Butchering. Many farmers
arc so situated that they can kill and
dress lambs and also calves and pigs,
to sell them to -private customers, as
they now sell eggs and chickens.
While he takes less than butcher's
prices hi3 net results will often be
double the price offered him for bis
stock on foot Ex.
De DM Not Take Kerens for aa la
Louis XII was of the opinion that it
was unworthy of the king of France to
revenge himself for the insults he suf
fered as Prince Royal. The Emperor
William of Germany is of like opinion,
says the New York Times. Baron de
Krosik, who has just been appointed
a grand cross of the Red Eagle order,
was formerly colonel of the hussar regU
ment in which the emperor as a youth
first did military service. One night
at mess, toward the close of a banquet
at which the young prince, then a mere
captain had invited his friend.the Arch
duke Rudolph, the conversation turned
to the projected reforms in the cavalry.
William declared himself a partisan of
these reforms and defended his opinion
with so much impetuosity that Col. von
Krosik, very much excited, suddenly
interrupted him. "It is an absurdity,"
said he in a loud voice and contemptu
ous tone as he ridiculed the idea put
forth by the prince. "It is well." re
plied the prince. "Today you are my
superior officer, and I must bow be
fore you. but our positions may
change." When his former subordin
ate ascended the throne the Baron von
Krosik fully expected to see his naraa
put on the retired list. But the emper
or appointed him a general, gave him
the Important directorship of the school
of cavalry of Hanover and has ever
treated him with the greatest respect
Hail's Catarrh Care
Is taken internally. Price, 73c
The discovery that a French noble
man has been working as a "docker"
in London recalls other cases of aristo
crats of long lineage who have been re
duced to similar straits. The Marquis
de Beaumanoir Is a laborer in a flour
Mill near Nantes; the Comte de St.
Pol Is a gas-bill collector, and tho Vi
comto de St Magfin drives a cab in
Coe'n Conga Halsaa
In the oMejt mul U-st. It will brirak up a cold qalcket
tliaiianjtliWlircbe. It U always rrlible. Try It
A Howling Swell.
Drummer (in Posyville) Where is
young Jason Hawgee, who rejoices in
the sobriquet of the "Beau Brummel"
of the village? He is usually very
much in evidence, but I haven't seen
Jay Green Poor Jase is laid up with
a terribly burnt neck. Hl3 celluloid
collar caught fire at the party the other
night an blamed near burnt his head
off. New York World.
To Care Constipation Forever.
TaUe Cascarets Candv Cathartic 10c oranX
It C C. C. fall to cure, druggists refund monor.
"Man." said the corner evangelist,
"is made of clay."
"Aw, git out," retorted Mr. Perry
Patettic, who chose to assume that the
remark was directed to himself. "Ef
man is made of dirt, why is it that the
drvcr he is the more his name is
Modrat Young Man.
The following .advertisement p
pearcd in a provincial contemporary:
"Wanted Superior apartments by a
; oung man where his company must
Le considered more than ample remun
eration for board and lodging. Apply,
etc." London Exchange.
of Hires Rootbeer
on a sweltering hot
day is highly essen
tial to comfort and
health. It cools the
blood, reduces your
should be in every
home, in every
office, in everj- work
shop. A temperance
drink, more health
ful than ice water,
more delightful and
satisfying than any
other bcvciagc pro
duced. Mairrtli I.t IIt Ctinr!f K.
Hire O. I'hila W.Ma. A par,
azr makes 5 ealtvos. 5oIl r
" If business
would not be
cles to go
g Stsnjsrd cf the World. ,
V s;00 to til alike, v
HA2TF0HS. M:it Best. $60, $55, $50. $45.
Cntr.legitrfrtrfrem POPE MFC 69.
CciuvUi.i dealt n: HaRTFOno.cONN.
DRUNKARDS We of
The craving for drink Is a disease, a marvellon
riirn for h:c!i lias been dl?coterel called "Ar.tl
J.itr." wlrch mak-rt tnc Inebriate lose alt taste for
ftronu dr.rik without knowing why, ds It can be
fjlwiicri'tly In tea. coffee, soup and the like.
If Ant!-.t3s" is not kept by your diuscln tlA
one dol ,ir to the Kenora Chemical Co.. U i'rnad
uny. New York, anil It will lie yent postpaid, In
plain urjnper. with fall directions l.uw to i!
f-crttly. Iulrinalin mailed Irer.
SOO MMt Haaa Mawar. All
Stak'f. Uoodassew. I to!.
iSpeeial Clrartntj Sale.
raip anyweere on apprcTal.
3-V CI rte . fOTncarfU. mnl
' I. Ut-1ar. tVm. 0r rrrta la
plB.rhro. ran mf al vht
Writ at .ace far ear aaeelal eftr.
U. -V. MEAD & PKEXTISS, Chicago, I1L
CATALOG VE FREE
nDfaDQV NEW DISCOVERY: w,
aaaylv at- a9 at 'il-k relief amtcurrs nnr.t
m'f. :-nit fr trtoU of t-tl:iinlaHanl JOdaja
treatment Free. Or. H.H.C2ttl'sM.ls. atluta.Ua.
19 f fli S? 1 T Y!Lh Wls WAN IL
WKJJr I I LA ROOFING--
rar.rh-i'l.lr2.h.. . WhiTKroiCrAVPI.ES
FAY 31AX1 LLA K0oKl.N'aCO311'AKY,CamdcaJ.J
M. B. Wl LLSO N & COT.Waab-
icstra, D.C No fe-till patent
Mcur.d. 4 . )! IM
msy ia "7':i.j
! Kt tfc
? was directed to you as the letdlaf
kaekster of this county," said Mr.
"That's what I ass," was the reply.
"Ab by watching the corners closely I
have built up a business in eggs and
vegetables that I'm proud of."
"Of course. There are varieties of
greatness. Just as I am a great actor
you are a great huckster. I wish U
offer you an opportunity for an la
vestment that Is right In your lint."
" Tain't in a show ticket, then."
"Of course not. I want to know haw
much you will pay me for the sweep
in g-up privileges after my perform
ance to-morrow night." Washington
A Veil ef Mlat
Rising at morning or evenln- from som low
land, often carries in its foltls the seeds of
malaria. Whcro malarial foTer prevail no
one. Is safe, unles protected by some efficient
medicinal safeguard. Ilostettcr's Stomach
Hitters Is Iwtli a protection and a remedy.
No person who Inhabits, or sojourns in a
miasmatic region of country, should omit to
procure this fortifying agent, which U also
the finest known remedy for dyspepsia, con
stipation, kidney trouble and rheumatism.
"No one can say that I am not a
lady of polish."
No one had tried to say it. In fact,
but the remark was Intended to circum
vent a statement of that character if
any were to think of making it.
The person who spoke was the Old
Woman Who Lived in a Shoe.
H-Tt-Bae for Fifty Cau.
Guaranteed tobacco habit cure, stakes weak
feea airpBg. blood pure. Wc. $4. All druccUtaV
'Why does Lambert always wear his
best clothes at the office and put on hl3
gld ones when he isn't at work? Most
men do the opposite." "Lambert has
the best-looking typewriter girl in this
town." Cleveland Leader.
The stfen ace fsl
the Heart fails to act
when a man dies.
but " Heart Faihafe," so cafled, nine
tjmg out of ten b caused by Uric
Acid m tte Hood which the Kidneys
fail to remove, and which corrodes
the heart until it becomes usable to
S perform its functions.
Health Officers ki many dties very
S pfoperly refuse to accept "Heart Fail
5 use," as a cause of death, k is fre
2 quentfy a sign of ignorance in the
physician, or may be given to cover
up the teat cause.
A Medicine with 20 Yeats of
. . Success behind it . .
S wul remove the poisonous Uric Acid
S by putting the Kidneys in a healthy
condition so that they will naturally
eliminate it. ;
SIOO To Any Man.
WILL PAY SIOO FOR ANY CASE
Of WnkarM la Mew They Treat and
Fall to Care.
An Omaha Company places for the first
time beforo the public a Maoicai. Tueat
mkxt for tho euro of Lost Vitality, Nervous
and Sexttnl Weakness mid Restoration of
Life Force in old mid vounjj men. No
worn-out French remedy; contains no
Phosphorous or other harmful drugs. It is
a WoXDKitrtri. Tueatmest magical in its
effects- ositivo in its euro. All readers,
who are MilTering from a weakness thnt
blights their life, causing thnt mental and
physical suffering peculiar to Lost Man
hood, should write to the STATE M ED1CA L
COMPANY, Oninha, Neb., and thoy will
send you nloluteIy FKEE, a valuanln
paper on these diseases, and positive proofs
of their truly Maoicai. Treatment. Thous
ands of men, who have lost nil hope of a
cure, are heitig restored by them to a per
This MAfitcAi. Tueat.ment may te taken
at borne tinder their directions, or they will
pay railroad faro ami hotel bills to all who
prefer to go there for treatment, if they
fail to cure. They are perfectly reliable;
have no Free Prescriptions, Free Cure.
Freo Sample, or C. O. I. fake. They hav
$2iiO,00() capital, and guarantee to cure
every case they treat or ref uud every dollar ;
or thoir charges may lie deposited in a
hank to be paid to them when a cure is
etrccted. Write tL . today.
O.naha to Kansas City.
the world's record for long
distance fast running held
by the Burlington Route.
February 15th a special
train over its lines mad
the run from Chicago to
Denver a c i ,tance ot 1025
miles in the unprecedent
ed time of 18' hours ana
53 minutes. Allowing for
stops, the actual running
time was 17 hours and 27
minutes, and the average
rate of speed 58 Ji miles an
"Write for booklet telline
how run was made. Wnts
also for information about
rates and train, service via
the Burlington Route to
Denver, Salt Lake City,
Deadwood, Helena, Butte,
Spokane, Seattle, Tacoma,
Portland, San Francisco,
or any other western city.
J. FRANCIS, General Passenger Agent,
Cared or no Pay.
Private Cenmltatioa Froe.
Valuable advice to Men
Free. A cuarantee to euro
every case or refund every
dollar. Treatment by mail,
(.'all and see us or wrlto be
fore It is too late.
Oiaha Meiical art Sirgical listifite.
Southwest Cor. ifith and Dodge Sts., Omaha.
I'm It if CI tt ntinalnM.
I dirwharcv-f. fnll&eizuiuinn
ifiuiuuns or uiceraiiona
ox mucous mem trant.
ft.. 1 m Iaaa .aj .. AAf
jTmSma f tmCatCa. gnt or poUonoua.
or ant in plain wrapper.
tt.. or 3 Imttlm, fj.75.
Circular km on reqacst.
Examination and.Art!ce as t !'atittall!!tjr of la
Tenllon. Send for "InTentom' Guide. cr How toGcta
Talent." O'FAKKEIX A SOX. Washington. D. C
TraTC 2y"'ePrlence.Seml sketch for ad.
miLllldi xtv. (L.Twac.Utejrin.exaicin.rU.3.
Kit-Ottlc.:) Deane at Weaver. McQiUBMfc-..Wan.l.C.
ota ejea, uae
W. N. U. OMAHA. No. 24.-1897.
Wliea writing to advertisers, kindly men
tion this paper.
L f JxAftt W
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L rt Uaaraaa4 J
KVsW aa mnif.
v yaw . ... MBuMaa.
yw ,-f "
Kfl Best Cuuich Sjrup. TaataaGcod. taelH
fg In time. Sola by dragglats. Bl
Mga--n;afflT.iBiwiiiiiiai Kmfttimimmi-mimn niiiai....
JllIDMaaawlaWaw3rVr.wl5a ' f1" -r?fc.wg.ft.-a.
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