Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (May 5, 1897)
"- ? '
. - ?SM
VOLUME XXVIII. NUMBER 4.
COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA.. WEDNESDAY. MAY 5, 1897.
WHOLE NUMBER 1,408.
--- 7 v- I J .VM
" sassm. ism Jmw
A MAN FROM THE CAPE
T was aa eccentric
with pictures paint
ed by men who
were young enough
to know better, of
sprawling ladies in
green, scarlet land
scapes, and blue
angels. The frames
formed in them
selves a CTim at-
-.traction to most of the visitors; the
" catalogue wa3 usually preserved by
suburban patrons for the purpose of
frightening birds. Yet the gallery was
not without' attractions on a cold day
when the wind cut along from the
Green Park, down Piccadilly, racing
another wind which was speeding mad
ly along Pall Mall with a slight start
in advance toward Waterloo Place.
"It does one good," said Mr. James
Marchant to cose to a show- like
this. If I ever go out to the Cape
"Which you wont," said the young
' "And I feel wistful "
r "Mai du pays." suggested the young
"Exactly. Why. then. I shall think
of this hideous collection of pictures,
and I shell feel reconciled to my lot.
The Cape is net all honey, but at any
rate you do get nature there. And na
ture i always good."
"I suppose these artists think she
can be improved by the introduction of
a. little novelty."
"I wouldn't," said Mr. James March
.ant, waving his stick round the gal
lery, "I wouldn't give twopence half
penny for the lot of them."
"I don't suppose they would care to
sell them for less."
Mr. James Marchant laughed good
temperedly, and touched her hand,
which happened to be resting on her
knee. It was a very pretty hand and
viryceatly gloved, and there was good
excuse for him.
"But -there Is something." he said,
lowering his voice, "something in the
gallery. Ella, that I would give every
penny I have In the world to possess."
"Prettier than any picture."
"Detter shaped than any statuary."
"Xot disposed of already?"
"I hope not. There is only one diffi
culty I am not sure, if I were to make
aa offer now, that it would be ac
cepted." "How shall you find out?"
He rose and adjusted his frock coat
with the manner of a man to whom
for soma years frock coats had not
fceen familiar wear. He was a tall
brown-iaced man. with a good deal of
earnestness in his eyes.
"I shall ask Mrs. Beckett"
"Or she said. She gasped a little
before she went on. "And you you
think my stepmother will be will be
able to advise you in the matter?"
."I think she will." They walked
slowly on the thick carpet to the swing
doors. "Besides, it's only fair to do
"It seems to me," she said, rolling
, up her catalogue very tightly, "rather
m old-fashioned mode of procedure."
"There is this excuse in my case
Mrs. Beckett has an idea, I am afraid,
that I have brought back from the
Cape untold gold. I want to make her
fcritfi-; T but "
I rvvi;3j;y I "And, fortunately enough, to con
Jf a' " ? WT? it l n'm m? suspicions, I came across a let-
'ii T Vn 4 v
"THEY DON'T KISS ME."
understand that when I say I shall
have to work for my living, I really
"I am glad." she said quietly.
"I know that you are. dear. But I
suppose parents are different."
"My parent is."
"And if she objects, why," he looked
down upon her affectionately. "I shall '
just pack you up, Ella, and run off with
"Now," she said, delightedly, "that
is more old-fashioned than ever. I be
lieve it's an idea you have learnt from
the Kaffirs. What a wonderful thing
travel is for imnrovinsr thp mind!' I
"I shall see you tonight?"
"I am not sure," she said, with her
little hand resting for a moment in his.
"I think the invitation is for two
"I have a great mind," said Mr.
James Marchant, looking down at her
.affectionately, "to kiss you."
"That Is no evidence of
mind, she said reprovingly. "Besides,
you are in London now."
"And don't people kiss in London?"
"They don't kiss me. Mr. Marchant"
"I am very glad of that." !
"And people don't talk of kissing at i
the doors of picture galleries."
"I am afraid," said James Marchant i
apologetically, "that I have much to
learn before I become recivilked. The
Cape makes one forget all one's.man
ners." "It has not made you forget your
friends," she said.
"There was cne." he said, as he as
sisted her into the hansom, "she was
only a small girl "
"Not old enough to count:
"Of whonul thought every day of my
life oat there."
There were tears in her eyes that
challenged the lightness of her good
by. The small gloved hand was
pressed in the big fist of the man from
the Cape for cne moment, and then he
' gave the address to the driver.
A bright face with the tears of hap
piness still there looked through the
glass as the hans-om drore off. and Mr.
James Marchant strode away with a
(lad heart to see a business man in
Bedford street. For men who want to
earn, money must force their thoughts
away even from the direction of pleas
ant young women.
It was by great dexterity that at din
ner In Dn)") Street Mansions that night
Mr. JaSses Marchant contrived to get
himself paired with the excellent Mrs.
Beckett. Mrs. Beckett declared her
self enchanted; but this was so fre
quent a declaration on the part of Mr.
Beckett that it was held to mean
something less than the phrase really
"I aaould have thought you would
have insisted, sim ply insisted on tak
ing down my dear Madeline."
Mrs. Beckett fluttered her fan at Mr.
Marchant in a manner that had in the
early seventies been pronounced be-
I want particularly to speak to yon,
Mrs. Beckett. I want to offer my
self S s sh," said Mrs. Beckett mys
teriously. "Not a word. I know ex
actly what you are coins to say.
Madeline, my dear." She called to a
tall, bony damsel just in front of them.
"Tom haven't shaken hands with dear
Mr. Marchant. How very remiss of you.
The dear girl is so thoughtless; do
you know, Mr. Marchant, that I de
clare to goodness I believe she's in
Miss Madeline received this raillery
with a grim smile and shook hands
with Mr. Marchant. Miss Madeline
explained that her half-sister Ella had
remained at home because she had
some writing to do.
"Poor Ella." said Mrs. Beckett, with
effusive sympathy, "poor, dear girL
I'm really dreadfully fond of her. You
must give me your advice. Mr. March
ant, concerning her at dinner. I feel
already forgive me for saying so I
feel already as though you were one
of the family."
Mrs. Beckett gave her little cackle
of self-approval and general satisfac
tion and went on as they seated them
selves at table.
"I have noticed it all along, do you
know, and I am so delighted. Quite
enchanted really. And my influence
with the dear girl will make her like
you. I dare say you may have thought
her a little what shall I say cold?
but. as a matter of fact, it has only
been O, bless my soul, thick soup,
please what is the expression? It has
only been it has only been "
"Maidenly reserve?" suggested
"Pre cisely! Pre cisely what I
was trying to say. How clever of you,
dear Mr. Marchant. I can understand
now how it was you got on so well in
South Africa. And your assertion that
you had come home with very little
was. I could see, only a pretense to try
us. Yes, sherry, please."
"I want to speak to you about that.
i Mrs. Beckett. I'm afraid you don't
realize what I mean when I say that I
haven't brought much home with me."
"Xow, my dear Mr. Marchant.'
"You must allow me, please, to tell
you exactly my position. Unless I
work and earn money we shan't
"Mr. MarchantI This elaborate ruse
is one that I have heard of before. A
woman iice myseu aoesn t uve in this
world for well, a certain number of
years for nothting."
No," said Mr. Marchant; "it costs
ney. I know."
"That is not at all what I mean. But
when you came back from the Cape a
tew weess ago anu cmtea tnat you
had only a few hundreds I could
through it at once. It was this is a
dreadfully slangy expression too thin.
But the dear girl, of course, didn't sea
through it, 'and consequently you may
feel quite sure that she will love you
for yourself alone. That's all you
wanted, isn't it?"
"That, certainly, is all that I wanted.
' ter addressed to a friend of mine
she didn t know that I saw it, but I
managed to do so all the same from
your partner, Burchison."
"Really?" Mr. James Marchant wa3
"And Mr. Burchison said that you
and he had made a pile such aa odd
expression isn't it of 20,000. And he
said that he thought you would both
stay on for a few years, but as we
knew you sensibly came nome."
Mrs. Beckett looked triumphantly
across at her angular daughter oppo
site, who was bawling information
about the weather to a deaf archdea
con, and then at Marchant. She shook
her head waggishly at the man from
"Can I see that letter?" he asked
"TJ'nrrTntolv T hivo ! in mr nnT.a
w T rciir "rfn- tw t
i uuw ..u....- .uu. .. "UU" WiiCCUCl X
ought to show it you. You see it is
"Is that why you took it. Mrs. Beck
ett?" "Come, come, Mr. Marchant Don't
I ue iuu stveru. jue aaa 10 seep ones
I eyes open in this world."
She found the letter with some diffi
i culty for the pockets in ladies' dress
es are remote and difficult of access
I and under ambush of his plate March
' ant read it.
, "Mrs. Beckett." he said excitedly,
1 "you have, without knowing it, done
declared to me that he had invested
our Saias and taa- aI1 e money had
been lcst lt seems from tQis letter
taat ne nas behaved shamefully, and I
sbaI1 nake him dssorge every penny
taat belongs to me. I shall go back to
the CaPe fa tne aext toat."
"This is very unsatisfactory," de-
dared Mrs. Beckett aggrievedly. "You
can't very well get married before next
"The dear girl will wait," he an
'Tm not so sura of that." tsaid Mrs.
Beckett with some snappishness. "Dear
Madeleine is not so young as she was."
"So I should judge. But what has
she to do with the affair? Is she to be
"Madeleine has been bridesmaid
ortea enough," said Madeleine's mota
cr. "This time, providing this money
affair of yours comes out right, she will
be the bride."
"Whose bride, Mrs. Beckett?"
"Why, bless the man," cried Mrs.
"I" don't see how that can be man
aged with convenience. There's a law
against bigamy, I believe. Besides. I
only want to marry your stepdaugh
ter." "Ella?" cried Mra. Beckett amazedly.
"If you don't mind."
Mrs. Beckett laid down her fish knife
and fork and stared distractedly
around the table at the other guests.
Finally her eyes rested on Madeleine,
and she frowned so much at that young
lady that Madeleine asked across the
table in an audible tone if she were ilL
"EI? echoed Mrs. Beckett tartly;
I have uncommonly good cause to be.
To think that I have taken all this
trouble for the sake of poor Mr. Beck
ett's ridiculous little danghter by his
first wife. Why, she isn't worth "
"Excuse me." interrupted Marchant
promptly; "you will remember, please,
that you are speaking of a lady who is
to hemy wife."
"Bah!" said Mrs. Beckett Cham
MAKING THE TORTILLA.
SCala Article ef Food.
The tortilla is typical of old Mexico
and is encountered wherever the in
fluence of the cactus republic has
reached, says the Woman's Home Com
panion. It was found as the main ar
ticle of food among the ancient Aztecs
at the time of the Spanish conquest
more than three and a half centuries
ago, and the little hand-grown and
palm-fashioned corn cake has well held
its own down through the ages, being
to-day as popular and in as general use
a3 ever. "Shelled corn intended for
this use is first soaked over night in
llmewater until the outer husks of the
kernels is loose enough to be removed
by being rolled between the hands and
is then ready for grinding. This is
done by the Mexican women of the
lower class, who often work in the
doorways of their homes, bending over
the historic stone hand mill called in
Mexico a metate. The mill is simply a
rough slab of stone supported by four
stocky legs and is made of volcanic
tufa, the coarse grain of which is best
adapted for the grtading of the corn,
beans, chile, seeds, cheese or whatever
it may be desired to finely puverize.
The stone hand mill is an indispensa
ble item in the culinary outfit of the
tropical home. The accompanying
hand piece, looking like a rude rolling
pin, is also of stone and is briskly
worked up and down the incline of the
crude stone table by the woman as she
bends to her work with a steady swing
of body, shoulders and arms. It is
claimed that the flour for the tortilla
can be perfectly milled only by the an
cient methods and when one sees the
result of the grinding he is ready to
admit that possibly the assertion is
right. As the moist windrows of the
meal roll off the grinding board it is
caught in a basin and is then all ready
for being formed into cakes for bak-
i ms. When readv to bafcp a nrom.n
takes a small luirp of the heavy mix
ture and lays it in the palm of her
hand. Then with the other palm she
rolls it into a ball and begins to quick
ly pat it into the required thinness,
deftly spreading the fingers to allow it
i to enlarge its size and chaneins it from
hand to hand until it is only an eighth
of an Inch in thickness and generally
about six inches in diameter, although
sometimes as large as a dinner nlale.
The plastic cakes are tossed, one after
J another, as completed, upon the stove,
called a brasero, and as fast aa dell.
j cately browned and turned they are
placed in a steaming heap and envel
oped In a cloth to keep them warm
from which arises a most temptiaj
"Do you think," said the lady who
was shopping, "that anybody wool
steal this umbrella If I were to leave tt
for a few minutes?"
"Really, madam," replied the clerk.
"I should not like to venture an opinion
without first examining the umbrella."
After living a pagan and polygamlst
for ninety-three years, Wash-a-kie,
chief of the Shoshones, has been bap-
j tized at Fort Washakie, Wyo. He is
one of the bravest and wisest of the
Indians of the west.
Definition of a Fool.
Chollie What is your idea of a fool?
Dollie A man who neglects to kiss
a girl who has asked him to tuck her
sleeves in her coat. Yonkers States
man. FLOTSAM AHD JETSAM.
"Now for another Arctic explora
tion," said Fogg, as he started on a
search for his overshoes. Boston Tran
script. A gentleman who recently died in
Portland, Me., bequeathed $3,000 for a
fund, the interest of which is to be ex
pended in caring for neglected graves
in Evergreen Cemetery, that city.
In Waterford, Me., there is a pastor
who used to be an expert boxer in his
college days, and this winter he has
been giving lessons in the manly art
to the youths of his neighborhood.
San Francisco is soon to have the
largest plant in the world for dispos
ing of the city's refuse by fire. There
will be thirty-two furnaces with a ca
pacity for disposing of 400 tons of ma
terial a day.
The two oldest newspapers in Spain
are the Gazette de Madrid, founded in
1661. and the Diario de Barcelona,
founded in 1792. The latter has a cir
culation of 20,000. and is the only large
Spanish paper that appears twice a day.
A paper published in Switzerland
makes the astonishing assertion that
there are in that country no fewer than
5,635 women's societies, with nearly
100,000 members. Most of them kare
charitable or utilitarian objects In
Florida will this year plant a large
acreage in tobacco. A northern firm
has bought 6,000 acres near Qulncy, la
Gadsden county, and will put it all
rst nn m r . - v
kiuuoiui. x ue name una nas oeen mac-
ing a successful test upon a 100-acre
The midnight music of cats so an
noyed Jerome Summers of Weaver
vine, N. Y-. that he hurried out bare
footed with his pistol to shoot tfcem.
In the yard he stepped upon a rusty
nail, which caused lockjaw, and in ten
days be died.
CAMP-FIRE SKETCHES FOR OUR
OLD SOLDIER READERS.
PatztoUBBft Rampant la Female Col
lag Aa Old jcro Whom Gen. Shel
by Bght Jnat Before the War
;e of Soldier.
HOE the steed
That bore him
to the fray.
When be heard the
guns at dawning
When he heard
Quick, or all Is
They've surprised and stormed
They push your routed host
Gallop! retrieve the dy. .
House the horse in ermine
For the foam-flake blew
White through the red October;
He thundered into view;
They cheered him in the looming.
Horseman and horse they knew.
The turn of the tide began.
The rally of bugles ran.
He swung his hat in the van;
The electric hoof-spark flew.
Wreathe the steed and lead him
For the charge he led
Touched and turned the cypress
Into amaranths for the head
Of Philip, king of riders.
Who raised then, from the dead.
The camp (at dawning lost), -By
eve. recovered forced.
Rang wth laughter of the host
At belated Early fled.
Shroud the horse in sable
For the mounds they heap!
There is firing in the Valley.
And yet no strife they keep:
It is the parting- volley.
It Is the pathos deep.
There is jflory for the brave
Who lead, and nobly save.
But no knowledge in the grave
Where the nameless followers sleep.
Patriotism Karapaat in a Female College.
Two years ago the faculty of Vassar
college at Poughkeepsie, N. Y., voted
that, for various reasons. Washing-
cn's birthday should not be given
-o the students as a holiday. In 1S9S
the day fell upon the last day of th-i
i-eek, aud so seemed like a holiday In
many respects. But this year brought
t on Monday, and the young lady stu-
Ients of Vassar felt it an insult to
heir patriotism to be obliged to at-
end classes on a legal national holt-
iay. They resolved to protest against
his as a body.
Asout a quarter of an hour before
reakfast that day a body of students
-s-scmSIed in the senior parlor, and
started in procession over the corri
dcrs, increasing in numbers as they
inarched. "America" and "Yankee
Doodle" were sung with a wilL By
the time the procession passed cut of
:he front entrance and over to the
president's house there- were 200 or
3G0 students in line. They saluted
President Taylor's windows with
"Three Cheers for the Red, White and
Cluel" and hearty cheers for George
Washington. Then, returning, tht-y
rn:ered the dining-room to the tune of
America." Quick and silent hands
had transformed the dining-room into
a giory of national colors. A chalk
ins was drawn around the faculty
able, and a screen of flags shut them
away from the patriotic ones who were
stent on celebration. The professors
ere greeted as they entered the class
-corns with patriotic songs, and found
heir classes all arrayed in Sunday
est. some with hats and gloves on,
as if just ready to leave the college.
More than this, a poster for every
'lass was conspicuous behind the desk.
The French poster announced r "Qui
cntre ici laisse le patriotism dehors."
The algebra poster was a clever com
putat.cn of the results of taking away
patriotism from the faculty and adding
it to the students. That of the Greek
class informed the college that the
Greeks loved freedom and taught hon
or to those who freed their country.
"Would that cur teachers would do the
same."' The psychology pester traced
the effect on the mind caused by de
priving the students of tho holiday.
In the morning mail each member of
the faculty received a notice: "A re
vised edition of Shakespeare's tragedy
George Washington.' " with extracts
to illustrate the situation. The bulle
tin beard on the main corridor was
covered with notices. Those who step
ped to read found a notice from every
club in the college: "There will be
co meeting of the students' association
today." "Federal councils will hold no
meeting today," "The Wake Robin
club -will not meet -today." And in
striding contrast was an unsigned no
tice. "The faculty will meet aa usual
today." In the evening there was a
Colonial ball given in the gymnasium,
and the whc!c senior class went as
George Washingtons, with labels to in
Wa $:ielb; Faith fat Slave.
Kansas City Star: A darkey with
bent form and wrinkled face that bore
traces of ac and sorrow stood on Min
nesota avenue in front of the office
of the Star in Kansas City, Kan., early
yesterday morning. For a long time he
watched the newsboys enter the build
ing and then run out again with their
papers under their arms. Finally he
went into the office and asked for a
paper containing General Shelby's pic
ture. A smile lighted up his face as
ha took the paper in his trembling
hands. Then he leaned against the
wall and gazed steadfastly at the pic
ture on the front page for ten min
utes. "Did yen know General Shelby?"
cne of the office men asked of him.
"Did I know him?" the old darkey
replied, without taking his eyes from
the paper. "Did I know Jo Shelby T
he repeated. "Why. he was my ole
marstah." As he looked ap the tears
were coursing dawn his cheeks.
The old darkey's name was George
Miller. He was the faithful slave who
was with Shelby through the war and
took care of the general's horses. He
Is now 58 years old and lives at the
corner of Tenth street and Washington
avenue in Kansas. City. rep He earns
a living by delivering groceries Tor
Henry Horstman a grocer.
Miller told a reporter that he was
fecrn la Madison, county, Kentucky, In
183S. About ten years before the war
fcroke out he was brought to Lexiac-
ton, Me., with a number of claves who
were to be sold on the block. On the
day tTtne sale. Miller says, General
Shelby came along and purchased him
at private sale.
"Hapafd fl.OOO for me, and he was
the brat marstah I eber had."
Thefaki darkey said he was taken to
Shelby's farm, where he was given
chargf of tae general's stables. When
the war broke out General Shelby took
Sillier with him and he wa3 a faith
ful stave during all the long siege of
civil ibife. After it was over he was
Tha old darkey's sorrow over the
deatkTof his ideal soldier and master
is pathetic to witness.
jt JKarriac for Soldiers.
Tb post commander at Fort Asain
iboiaT Mont, recently reprimanded
Post Chaplain Bateman because the
latter had officiated at the marriage ol
a nsp-cojuaissioaed officer and a
ymakT woman: ax"tne post, says the
New 'York World. The whole affair
was stigmatized "unauthorized and
improper," but the chaplain didn't
think so, and promptly appealed. He
held that no authority was known to
exist which can grant or deny -permission
to enlisted men to get married
and that his authority to perform the
marriage ceremony is in no way de
rived from the military establishment.
The post commander held that no
married men were wanted in the ser
vice and special authority was nqt
only required to re-enlist a married
man but also to marry one. General
Brooke, commanding the department
of Dakota, through whose hands the
papers passed, pronounced Chaplain
Bateman's act "perfectly lawful and
proper," but favored some rule being
adopted which might prevent enlisted
men from marrying while in the ser
vice. Maj.-Gen. Miles comments as
follows upon the points at issue: "The
course of Chaplain Bateman appears
fully warranted by law and regula
tions. While the objection to soldiers
marrying is well recognized It Is not
prohibited by law or regulations, and
the military authorities are not, there
fore, warranted iu Intervening. As
neither the soldier nor his wife are
entitled to claim or privilege from th2
government during his service on ac
count of marriage, under proper admin
istration, no detriment to the service
need result." The major-general re
marks further that "the evil conse
quences likely to result from prohib
iting the marriage of soldiers would
no doubt far exceed those existing un
der present conditions."
Too Much Dixie.
Chicago Times-Herald: Brick Pom
eroy did not pose as a wit. but he had
a keen appreciation of humor and was
full of fun. He was not particularly
fond of practical jokes, but occasion
ally Indulged ia a humorous fancy that
took a practical turn. He had many
funny experiences to relate, and he
laughed most heartily as he told his
story about the organ-grinder.
"While I wa3 publishing a New York
edition of the La Crosse Weekly Demo
crat I had a little business office in the
Daily Sun building. One day in the
Bowery I met a one-armed soldier, who
was trying to earn his living by grind
ing an organ. Something moved me
o talk to him. and learning his history
and that he had lost an arm at Freder
icksburg. I handed him a quarter and
asked him to grind out just one tune
for luck. He thanked me, turned the
crank, and out came "Dixie" in a strain
that would almost causa a mule to stop
eating oats. It was the wlieeziest
thing I had ever heard. Then another
idea occurred to me; it was to hire him
to sit with his organ immediately next
to my office door, between it and the
window. I closed a contract with him
that he would play for four hours each
day under my window, from 1 to 4
o'clock, and that he should play noth
ing but 'Dixie.' For this service I was
to pay him 50 cents an hour and he was
to have in addition all the money
:hrown into his bat by the public. This
contract to be in force so long as he
kept sober. The soldier picked up his
organ, went with me and began work
at once. At first no one took any no
tice of him. I told him not to be dis
couraged, that he would make a hit if
he persevered, and to peg right away
until the city hall clock opposite in
dicated 4. Then I went upstairs to
"Away down soatli in Dixie's land,
In Dixie's land I'll take my stand.
Til live and die in Dixie
wailed the organ. Then it began all
over again. In about half aa hour a
man came out of a store adjoining and
asked him to move on. The soldier
said 'no, never missing a turn of the
crank. The man went across to the
city hall for a policeman, who came
back vith him and ordered the organ
grinder to move on. This gathered a
crowd. Then I came down stairs and
informed the policeman that I had em
ployed this man to furnish me with
music. Mr. Officer looked puzzled, but
went away. Soon the publisher of the
Sun ccme out and ordered the soldier
to march. He declined. By 2 o'clock
there was a crowd in the street. By 3
o'clock every occupant in the building
except these in the Democrat office was
swearing mad. Just before 4 o'clock
Editor Dana sent a messenger to com
plain to the mayor. When the mes
senger returned the organ grinder had
collected his first installment of 2 and
"The next day the soldier reappeared
and b?gan busines sat the old stand
promptly at 12 o'clock. The editors
and p oprietors of the Sun were en
raged. They sent for a policeman.
I info-ined that officer that the organ
grinder was my employe and I should
protect him if I had to appeal to the
suprene court. The policeman de
parted to consult higher authorities.
The crowd in the street gathered to
the nrmber of hundreds, and realizing
the siuation. began to throw money
into the soldier's hat. so that he took
in $20 during his four hours' work.
For five weeks the soldier held his
ground, but he couldn't stand prosper
ity,, and going on a spree, lost his situa
tion. I was sorry because of his fall
frcm grace, but to tell the truth I was
getting a little tired of 'Dixie myssif.
DA1KY AM) R)ULTY.
INTERESTING CHAPTERS FOR
OUR RURAL READERS.
Row Sacceaafal Farmer Operate ThJ
Departmeat of tho Tarm A Few
BlaU aa to tba Car of Utt Stock
R H E double-necked
skim milk test bot-.
tie has now been
in use about a year.
Its principal ad
vantage over the
milk test bottle is
the fine gradua
tions which It has
for measuring fat.
Each graduation of
teat bottle represents .05 of one per cent
fat and one araduatlon requires ao
long: a space on the scale thatie "
a quantity of fat as .02 of one par cent
can be measured by this scale. We
have found by the ose of these test
bottles at the Wisconsin Dairy school
that an accurate test of skim milk may
be made with them just as easily as
with any other test bottle, although it
Is not because of any fault In the bottle.
The test bottle measures the fat all
right, but if the speed of the tester is
too low or It is not run long enough
only a small part of the fat is separated
so that it can be measured. We have re
peatedly noticed that while the usual
amount of acid and speed of the tester
may give satisfactory results -when
testing whole milk, both acid and speed
must be increased to give correct tests
of skim milk. Whenever a skim milk
test shows that the fat has not all been
separated, although the fat in the test
bottle may be very clear and to all ap
pearance look as if the test was all
right. It 13 very seldom, if ever, that
a separator skim3 milk so that the
skim milk contains only .05 of one per
cent fat. and when a test shows less
than this amount of fat in a sample of
skim milk it generally indicates that
the test was so made that the fat was
.not all separated. In order to separate
trora skim milk as much fat as is pos
sible by the Babcock test, it is neces
sary to add about one-third more than
i he usual amount of acid to the milk
In the test bottle. This is clearly
hown by the following results. A
sample of skim milk was tested twelve
ames. The amount of acid used in each
test and the length of time the tester
was run each time, as well a3 the per
cent of fat obtained in each test, are
riven in the following statement:
testes Asiouyr or acid,
kcs 17.5 e e 1 23 e e
rvr-TM FAT FAT
MIS PEg CTtST TEg. CTPTT
4 .03-.03 .07-.07
6 .G.1-.04 .07-.C9
8 .03-.O4 .07-.07
This shows that the fourminute time
)f running" the "tester"wa3 sunTdentras
10 more fat was separated by running
t six or eight minutes, but about twice
is much fat was obtained in each test
to which an excess of acid was added.
Similar results were reported by the
.vriter in Bulletin 52, Wisconsin ex
periment station. We have repeatedly
,'ound that an excess of acid will separ
lte more fat from skim milk samples
than is obtained by using the 17.5 per
:ent acid, which is the amount of aci I
ised for testing whole milk.
E. H. Farriagtoa.
Wisconsin Dairy School.
Poultry Raisins on the Farm.
Condensed from Farmers Revie.v
Stenographic Report of the Wiscon
sin Round-Pp Institute.)
Mrs. A. H. Lehman read a paper on
he above topic Her paper was foils w
:d by a discussion, a part of which was
Q. What breed cf poultry do you
ecommend for winter laying and for
A. For laying in the winter I would
ecommend a black langshan, but for
uarket a Plymouth Rock. For tur
keys I prefer to raise the mammoth
Q. How large flocks are profitable?
A. That depends on how you haa
lle them. I would not keep more than
.0 together in one flock. I keep mine
n flocks of about 23. You can keep as
nany as you want to on the farm pro
'ided you keep them in separate flecks.
Q. Would it pay to keep say 500 or
30 on a farm, if you kept them sepa
rated? A. Yes, sir. If you kept them in
locks of small size as I have said.
Q. What is roup?
A. It Is a cold in the head, or ca--rrh.
You can tell it by the birds
having swelled heads. They will sneeze
and cough. It is usually caused by
lamp places and by draft3. Damp
quarters for poultry are very bad. The
best remedy Is prevention. Keep the
Louse dry and free from drafts. In
iheir drinking water put tincture of
Iron, at the rate of a teaspoonful in
what a fleck of fifty will drink in a
Q. Is roup catching?
A. I think it is.
Q. Which are the best layers, white
or brown leghorns?
A. I think my brown leghorns have
(aid best this year.
Q. What do you do for diarrhoea?
A. We use Venetian red.
Q. Do you follow the practice of
whitewashing your pens?
A. Yes; we whitewash every year,
and the pens should be cleaned out
Q. What do you use for a dust
A. We use coal ashes very largely.
Wood ashes are not so good. They
eem to make their crops sore.
Q. Do you have any trouble with
the leghorns flying over your fences?
A. Yes, sir; and I have to cut the
wings of some of them. But they do
not all fiy over.
Q. Do you wash the henhouse with
any insecticide, and if so what?
A. Yes; we sometimes wash the
house with a mixture of carbolic acid
and kerosene. We take a bucket of
water and put in about a pint of acid.
We buy the cheap acid that does not
cost much, and put in a little kerosene
In the the water with it.
Q. What do you do for scaly legs?
A. Kerosene is the best thing that
you can use.
Q. What do you th'nk about an un
A. I think that unless they are very
well built and are well cemented that
they will prove wet and consequently
ery unntsiitnlui. I hAVe Jiov.a .j.
I some that were very suceesful. but in
those cases the hens did not have to
stay in them at all by day. They had
access to a hay stack all the day. They
used the houses only for roosting pur
poses. I think it is better to build small
pens for birds rather than large ones.
I build many pens in my house and
have an alley that runs before all the
pens. This prevents me from having
to get into the pens to feed and water
Q. Do you let your hens, turkeys
and geese run together?
A. Yes; I let them go together when
they are small. I am careful that the
little ones do not get wet before they
are feathered out, for if they do get wet
it will most certainly kill them and the
little ducks will die Just as certainly
as any other bird.
Q. Do you advise feeding green cut
A. Yes, if yon can get some one to
grind the bones; my men folks will not
Britlah Dairy lraperto.
The returns of the statistical depart
ment regarding the imports of butter
and cheese from foreign countries Into
the British markets are at hand, says
Elgin Dairy Report. Taking butter,
cheese and oleo. in 1396 the Imports
were 6,208.416 hundred weight, valued
at 1113.714.609; an increase in the
amount of 303.767 hundred weight, and
in value 36,327,030 as compared with
the amount and value of 1S95. Of but
ter alone the imports for the year of
1S9S amounted to a total of 3,037.947
hundred weight, valued at the enorm
ous sum of $77,720,415. In the tables
below we give the countries from
which the butter was supplied, and
the amounts for the years 1396 and
United States 141,533
Denmark, the little country In the
Baltic, still keep3 In the lead In in
creased shipments to Great Britain,
and for the year 1S36 nearly two-fifths
of the whole Imports were from that
country. France, Sweden and Hol
land are also increasing supplies and
developing their markets, but Ger
many has lost ground. The United
States and Canada are increasing their
busines3 in that line with Great
Britain, and the prospects are for a
further increase, providing our people
as well as the Canadians take hold of
the export trade in the proper spirit
and are willing to manufacture and
pack the butter In accordance with the
wishes and desires of the merchants
and dealers In Great Britain. Cheese
imports and the countries from which
they were received are given in the ta
Canada l.ru.?qZ- . 1.150 011
United States 531,187 509.419
Holland 292,983 305.920
Australasia 55,149 92,759
France 45.676 56.393
Canada has slightly increased her
hold on the cheese trade as Great Brit
ain continually increases the same. This
country has improved somewhat since
the year 1S93, and with the competi
tion of filled cheese out of the wa? and
the reputation for honesty once giined,
that we have lost by the sale of so
much of the adulterated article, we
have no doubt but the United States
will again secure her position in the
Eritish markets for the sale of full
cream cheese. Now when we come to
oleomargarine, the imports have de
clined from 1SS3 to the amount of 924.
943 cwt. The question that is now agi
tating the British consumers, as well
33 the British manufacturers, is what
amount of oleomargarine 13 imported
33 the real article. Tke question 13 be
coming so important and is attracting
so much attention, that the authorities
are discussing the question of having
all imports examined at the port,
branded and stamped by the depart
ment to decide whether they are the
real or adulterated articles.
At a convention, in Minnesota. J. K.
Brother buttennakers. would it not j
be well ia starting a creamery in a new j
dairy section to ward off this evil be
fore the fanners are supplied with cans
by going to the hardware men and tell
ing them how a can should be made?
Make it emphatic, and give your rea
sons. In the care of cans, they are to
be kept clean and free from rust. They
should be washed as soon as possible
after being used. Rinse first witx cold
water, then scrub thoroughly witn a
brush both inside and outside, using
warm water almost hot. or better, a
good soap suds, use it often anyhow.
Give particular attention to the seams
and don't forget the outsldes. You
know the inside Is often judged by the
outside. Finish with scalding water,
not just warm water. Turn your cans
upside down long enough only to al
low them to drain; then leave them
right side up. or on their sides ia the
fresh air, and ycu will ha, e clean, sweet
cans. It is a very common error to
leave them over a stake, or on a board.
This is a serious mistake, as invari
ably the cans will sour thereby. The
hot air or steam rises and has no es
cape, consequently condenses in the
cans and sours. Much milk otherwise
well cared for is often tainted from no
other reason. A rusty can should not
be used, as it imparts a foreign flavor
Fare Bred Poaltrj-.
Stock ap with same thoroughbred
fowls far breeding next season. Most i
breeders have surpiu3 stock which they
will sell at this season provided they
were not sacrificed for Thanksgiving:
A trio of pure bred fowls will cost
considerably more than a setting of
eggs, bat it will sa7e a full year in get
ting into the improved stock. It will
pay to save a few of the best hens of
the old stock to use as sitters and to
lay eggs, for the table, and if only one
thoroughbred male is kept some of
these eggs may be set to produce half
bred fowls, which are usually good
layers. On no account should any of
the half bred roosters be kept for
breeding, as they will cause a rapid
deterioration of the flock.
. The sales of American apples in Eu
rope hare been large the past season.
Turn tae sheep into the weed patci.
THE OLD RCLIABLS.
Columbus State Bank
(Oldest Bank in the State.)
Pap literati lis Depik
lata Liasa Bed Hfc
ISSLTte MHT DRAFTS 03T
CMcage, New York ami,
SELLS STEAMSHIP TICKETS
BUYS GOOD NOTES
And helps its customers when they need help
OFFICERS A2TD DIKECTOHS:
Leaxdek Gebrard, Pres't.
B. H. Hesbv, Vice Pres't.
3L Bkcggeu, Cashier.
Jonx Stacffer, Wit Bccheb.
AitlMrizii Capital if
Pail ii Capital, -
C. H. SIIELDON. Pres't.
U. P. H. OFIILItn'IT. Vice Pres.
DANIEL SCH RAM. Cashier.
FRANK ROREB. Asat. Cash r.
C. H. Sheldon, II- P. H. Oehliuch.
Joxas Welch. W. A. McA iamteb.
Cam. Rxeske. C. G rat.
SItEt.DA EttIA J. HE3RT WCRDEM-X.
Clark U rat.
A. F. H. Oehlrich,
J. P.Beckkb Estate.
H. M. Wrsstow.
Bank of Deposit: 'merest allowed on time
deposits: buy and sell etehanze on United
States and Europe, and bur and sell avail-
11 tll-, - Mf--hlj1 m1 'Ta.-''-
celT yoBTf mslaeasv. WeseBeU youryat-
A weefclj Bewspaper de
Toted the heatintereatsof
The State of Nebraska
THE UNITED STATES
AHD THE REST OF MANKIND
The unit of 1
1.50 A YEAR,
IF PAID nr ADTAjrCZ.
Bat our limit of aaafalaaa
is not prescribed by dollars
aad cents. Sampl copies
sent free to any address,
Coffins : and : Metallic : Cases !
f3f Repairing of all kinds of Uphol
Ut COLUMBUS. KEBRASXA.
IS reZTARrD TO rtTRSISH ASI'IAIAG
RZQCIBZD OF A
lsSliBajiSSg 5a, -&$l.-&- - nz'eXfi-.
;'-. - - . : jja(jsc, .ijt
Powered by Open ONI