The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911, October 07, 1896, Image 2

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Columbus mtttat
1st. K. TURNER fe CO.,
' Colmnabuev STato. fluQ,pocUffe prepvid SLSI
wassfjf gwWMMUKJiBWP jMWwj warn say w j
of the writer.
latent any iBgnirnpt.
to return the HM.-WS own
m every sohooi-caemct or
liable ia
Por President:
william Mckinley.
of Ohio.
For Vice President:
of New Jersey.
; Ooreraor. JOHN H.M'COLL
Lieutenant Governor. ORLANDO TEFFT
Secretary of State JOEL A. PIPER
. Treasurer CHARLES E. CASEY
Sept. Pub. Inst HENRY R. CORBETT
Attorney General... ARTHUR 8. CHURCHILL
Com. Pub. Lands and Bldg..'..H. C. RUSSELL
J adeem Supreme Court.. J MOSES p. K1NKAID
Recent State University... .. W. G. WHITMORE
Preaidential Electors. ( FRANK J. HADlIiEH.
First District....'
Second District..
Third District...
Foarth District..
Fifth District....
Sixth District....
Caacrwaaiasal Ticket.
.For Congressman Third Disttriet.
Seaatertal Ticket.
For Senator Twelfth District.SIDNEY C. GRAY
Bay ntatjws Ticket.
For Float Representative Nance and mM
Platte counties -.DAVID THOMAS
' Couuty Ticket.
For Representative GEORGE C. SMITH
For Coanfy Attorney C. J. GARLOW
meatbs .
Bad the aauus em ear amiliasTUet.rromwaicB.
sum week nnat. earner oa the
! r jP JouaaaL, the
Sssa, vfcftaSi war aaerinftMBI IS nCM or BC
taw aMK.v saataaaj hntnrordraft.
I.7.T. nminwlai br the fall same
We iiww the xtaht to
Lewis Keixey of Bassett, tried on a
... charge of receiving stolen cattle, was
. . convicted and sentenced to the peniten
tiary for fire years.
I . The bepubugak paktt stands fob -
"Watson is becoming disgusted, and
not ranch wonder. He is now reported
as saying that the success of Bryan can-
.'not be secured unless Sewall will with-
.draw from the race.
'A.viciocs St. Bernard dog attacked a
party of school children at St. Joseph
; the other day and two of tbem were so
badly injured that they will die. One
little girl was almost torn to shreds.
Sekatok Thurston declares that Illi
nois, Indiana and other middle western
states, which the Bryan managers have
placed in the doubtful column, will be
republican by tremendous majorities.
.." ' Twenty-seven years of protec-
' ' Hon (1S05 to 1893) decreased our
..'.' public debt $1,747,301,878-
;.;. ' Three years of free trade (1893
't .- to 1S9G) increased our public debt
y '-'$262,329,030.
! I'm
: The sound money democrats were
:." represented in a 6tate convention at
. . ' o Omaha Thursday and nominated a full
'. - ; state ticket, headed. by Bobert S. Bibbs
. of Gage county for governor. M. J.
Hughes of Cuming county was nomina
". 'ted for congress for the Third district.
8irkko B. Colson died Monday of
laat week at his residence in Fremont.
For over thirty years he had been a
constant sufferer from asthma. He
'; came to Fremont in 1859, and home.
steaded' an eighty-acre tract of land,
' which he owned when he died. He was
. aa ardent republican, and a man of ex-
. emplary character and habits.
The Florida death list from the tor-
'' nado last week is still growing. The
. -destruction to buildings, crops, timber,
railroads, live stock, etc, is now estima
ted at millions of dollars. In many dis-
tricts not a vestige was left of the grow
ing crops. The storm was not expected
ia the interior and many persons were
killed who might have sought shelter
. had they been warned.
The Platte Center Signal, heretofore
democratic, has announcsaVa change of
politics on its part. We reproduce
ansae of the sentiments expressed:
"There is no democratic party this
year. It has nearly all gone over to the
populists, bat The Signal prefers to go
with the republicans."
The Signal prefers to see Boss It
. Hammond elected to congress from this
district in preference to-any other can-
a didate bow or that may hereafter be in
the field, and in order to be consistent,
will this year advocate the election of
every other republican on the national
and state ticket."
."0. 8. Moran has written another let
ter to the democratic central committee.
la this letter he declares that all pre
vious deostons are cancelled, and he has
decided to make the race for the office
for which the democrats nominated him.
There is plenty of time for him to
i his mind several times yet. It
that he does not know what he
After scoring some of the state lead
who have endeavored to tarn the
party, bodily, over to the
, Editor Hokler says:
"We believe the best way to resent
eh actios is to support and vote for
the repwblican candidates. It does no
fwsd to pat democrats in nomination,
far the showing would not be great
swjrh to have the desired effect upon
the fasionists, but every man who is
with fasion should vote
where it will do the most good, and that
is fer the entire repablicaa ticket
Treat the alleged democrats and popa-
i all alike by tarung then down all
Pastauater D. F. Deris'-letter last
to the demosratic state central
committee, refusing to come down to
them with a $150 contribution to 'the
campaign f and, was one of many eye
openers. The payment had been urged
with all gentle persuasiveness, but Mr.
Davis, in his published reply says:
"I respectfully decline to contribute
any funds to aid the cause of populism,
repudiation and d d foolishness. I
do not desire to contribute to the pul
ling of any 'hair-trigger mouths' like
Mr. Bryan's. I am not in favor of eon
sorting with populist office-seekers, free
silver republicans or deluded, weak
kneed democrats. I believe in sterling
democracy, which has steadily main
tained the cause of honest money, from
the time of Jefferson, and no matter
how feeble my voice may ue, u snail
ever be lifted in the defense of national
honor, as exemplified in the principles
taught by those who repudiate repudia
tionists; denounce anarchy and abhor
Altgeldism, Tillmanism and Bryanism."
Judge E. B. Dean of David City, at a
public meeting in that city on last Fri
day night, arose and told the audience
that he had decided to join the repub
lican ranks, and that his reason for so
doing was the same reason that impelled
him in 1861 to take np arms for the sal
vation of the country. He said the re
publican party had saved the union
from dismemberment and had brought
prosperity to American homes for thirty
years; that the democratic party came
into complete control of this govern
ment in 1893, and that since that time
he had seen nothing but disaster, and
that after the democratic panic of 1893,
with the years of depression that have
followed, he believed that if the demo
cratic party was again returned to
power, it would mean complete distrac
tion to the business interests of this
With McKinUy and Protec
tion we shall have more employ
incut, more work, and more
Nebraska Soil Far Richer Than
Mines of Silver.
Mfcaa tosislatloa rosters the Sogar
Iadastiy FaTors American Sagar
for America Sweetening.
The agricultural and stock-raising in
terests of Nebraska have suffered seri
ously during recent years. There is lit
tle profit, sometimes none, in either
grain or live stock. This loss of profit
is partially owing, to overproduction, to
a great extent to over-competition, and
in a considerable degree to the partial
paralysis of our home market. Nebraska
farmers can recover from these back
sets in time, but the recovery will be
slow and will be brought about largely
by the development of latent resources
and the building np of new industries,
which will take them outof the mad whirl
of competition in those products which
are already yielding an over supply.
Cheap labor produces a cheap product.
At the present time the Nebraska farm
er, situated long distances from the
markets, is suffering from this comps
tition in wheat and cattle, which in the
past have been his greatest 'sources of
wealth and profit, as never before, and
the injury to these staples acts sympa
thetically to depress corn and oats, and
sheep and hogs. It is therefore becom
ing evident that he must look to greater
diversification for the solution of the
agricultural problem that confronts him.
But what new line of agriculture can
he embark in that offers sufficient en- !
DeTelepmeat of tha Beet Sagar ladastry
la Nebraska.
In referring to the beet sugar indus
try of Nebraska it is not necessary to go
into ths history of the sugar beet in this
state. It is sufficient to say that it has
been proven that our soil is adapted to
it, that beet cultivation has been suc
cessfully carried on, and that it is de
veloping into one of the great industries
which promises more than any other
one thing to lighten the burden and im
prove the condition of agriculture in
our state. Under an act of the last leg
islature of the state of Nebraska, the
farmer who raises beets gets a bounty
of SI per ton from the state for beets
that meet the required test. Under the
wise provisions of this act beet growing
has been greatly stimulated, the effect
being that the factories at Grand Island
and Norfolk had more applications for
beet contracts in 1896 than they could
handle. Had there been other factories
in the state, at least double the present
beet acreage would have been planted
this season. So it will be seen that our
farmers are not waiting now to satisfy
themselves that beet growing is a good
thing, but that they are waiting for the
establishment of more sugar factories
and refineries.
Nebraska Factories Cemnseace the Ssasow'a
It has been my good fortune to gain
an interview with Mr. Sprecher, pub
lisher of the Norfolk Journal, and to se
cure from him some valuable and inter
esting information which is not only
Sad reading at all times, but particu
ij pertinent in view of the attitude of
the various political parties and candi
dates in the pending campaign.
Forty-five hundred acres were planted
in sugar beets this season to supply the
Norfolk factory alone. The product of
this acreage is estimated reasonably at
60,000 tons, the beets being worth to the
grower So per ton, or a grand total of
$300,000. This all goes to the farmer.
The factory, which opened for the
season September 24, and will be in
operation 24 hours a day until March 1,
works two shifts of men with 150 in
each shift, or a total labor roll of 900.
In addition, the clerical force, and one
inspector and two weighers, will add 25
men to the rolls. The pay roll for the
entire time will reach S5.000 a week, or
S80.000 for the season of five months.
But the SS80.000 that will be paid oat
for beets and factory labor is only about
one-half of the expense of producing the
refined sugar.' The factory uses 75 tons
of coal each day, costing S3.50 per ton.
Also 50 tons of lime ruck each day,
costing not less than S3 per ton. And
in addition 10 tons of coke each day,
costing about $10 per ton. Then there
are many thousands of yards of jute
titer cloth, 100,000 each of outside and
inside bags for the sugar, and many
other things in the line of chemicals,
sulphur, soda, oik and tallow, inci
dental expenses, repairs of machinery,
insurance aad taxes, etc., which run
the cost of prodactioa and maintenance
into the hundreds of thousands,'' and.
benefits directly many other lines of
twaiaeai and indastry.
In the field aad factory it is estimated
that fOO people will be employed on an
average of 1 working months in the
It will be borne in mind that
thjs refers alone to tha Norfolk factory, 1
it win only he necessary to nuM-
ply all of the above figures by two to ax
rive at the net product aad act resalts
in the state forthe season of 18M-97.
ITiiraian Vtm t Bat a Dtwa la the Xa
tlesml Saajar Bawl.
The prodact of the Norfolk aad Gtaad
Island factories for the current -season
will be about 20,000,000 pounds. If con
sumed entirely in the state itwoald
supply our people about IS weeks or
three months. Eight factories the siae
of the present ones would, therefore, be
necessary to supply the local Nebraska
demand alone.
Imports of sugar by the United States
in 1895 were 1,804,866 tons, orS.M9,7S3,
000 pounds. More than half of this sap
ply came from the beet sugar prodaciaig
sections of Europe. Tet every poaad
that enters into the national consump
tion can be produced in the United
States. If a factory of the capacity of
those at Norfolk and Grand Island
located in every one of the 80 countiee
of Nebraska, and produced each 10,000.-
000 pounds each year, they would sup
ply but a small part of the sweetening
required by the American people. In
deed, it is estimated that along with the
stimulation of the consumption of sugai
attendant upon the development of so
great an industry, coupled with the
present normal supply, which by reason
of hard times has been comparatively
light, 800 to 900 factories would be re
quired to supply the American demand
alone, with not a pound for export. It
will, therefore, be seen that the industry
cannot be overdone in this state, because
with 00 factories iu Nebraska each of
them would be but about one in ten of the
entire number, and there are probably
not more than 10 states that are per
fectly adapted to the cultivation of the
sugar beet.
Tha Sagar Beat Eahaaeea tha Valao m
Oar Laad.
That which has happened at Norfolk
and Grand Island would be repeated at
other points where factories would be
located. Laud values have gone np con
siderably near these two cities. Mr.
Sprecher states that people are already
looking for laud near Norfolk for beet
growing, either to buy or rent, and that
values have been increased considerably
because of the profit in the sugar indus
try. Lands iu the vicinity of Norfolk
rent for $5 aud $6 an acre, and the rates
are advancing.
Local business has been greatly bene
fitted in these towns, enabling the farm
ers to find a better home market for their
produce and particularly for poultry and
butter and eggs, which are the great
money-makers of the farm when it is
contiguous to the factory. So there is
a mutual benefit to town and country
which extends far beyond the immediate
range of the industry itself.
A great benefit would also be wrought
indirectly through the development of
.the sugar industry in Nebraska. Many
thousands of acres now devoted to the
cultivation of wheat and corn and oats,
which pay but poorly, would be planted
to the sugar beet. A new line of profit
able industry would not only be opened,
but a decreased acreage of the cereals
would tend to enhance their price
through the curtailment of nroduction.
This diversification would in a brief
time equalize the interests of the farm,
and through the interdependence of the
farm and factory there would be a
nearly perfect adjustment of the indus
trial equilibrium. The benefit would
accrue to all classes and Nebraska would
become one of the most prosperous states
of the union.
The Sagar Beet la Legislatloa aad la
A Republican legislature enacted the
first sugar bounty law in Nebraska. The
Grand Island and Norfolk factories were
made a success as a result of that legis
lation. A populist legislature repealed
the law. Again, 'a Republican legisla
ture in 1895 re-enacted it, but improved
upon it by giving the bounty direct to
the farmer, instead of to the manufac
turer. This has been satisfactory, and
insures the farmer $5 a ton for his beets
if they meet the required test, which is
asadeby an inspector who represents
the state and not the factory.
The McKinley law provided for a
bounty of 2 cents per pound, and had
not that provision been repealed by a
Democratic congress the number of fac
tories in Nebraska would have been
quadrupled ere this. As it is, not one
beet sugar factory has been built in the
United States since the Wilson bill be
came a law. A Democratic comptroller
even refused to pass favorably upon the
claims for bounties earned before the re
peal of the bounty provision of the Mc
Kinley law. and did not finally do. so
until the supreme court of the United
States had sustained the validity of the
The records of our state legislature
and of congress therefore show that the
Republican parry has been the friend of
the beet sugar industry, and the record
shows just as clearly that the Demo
cratic and Populist parties have not.
To perpetuate the sugar industry in
Nebraska it will be necessary at the
coming election to return a Republican
To build up a great sugar industry in
the nation, it will be necessary to elect
a Republican president and a Republican
William J. Bryan is opposed to boun
ties no less than he is opposed to a pro
tective tariff. In 1894, when the sugar
tariff was under consideration in con
gress, Mr. Bryan said: "If congress
cannot properly give a bounty directly
to the sugar industry, neither can it
properly impose a tax upon sugar, for
the avowed purpose of protecting the
sugar industry. It is as easy to justify
a bounty as a protective tariff, and it is
impossible to justify either." Democratic
and Populist candidates for congress
stand upon this proposition.
The duty of the hour is to secure a
Republican legislature in Nebraska, to
prevent attack from within; and to in
sure a Republican congress for the na
tion, which will restore the bounty pro
vision repealed by a Democratic con-
Sagar Plaak of
Beaaalieaa Nattaaal
As an assurance that the Republican
party will, if restored to power, foster
the sugar industry of the United States,
and as an evidence to the voters of Ne
braska that its policy will promote the
greatest industry that can be built np
within our borders, it should be but ne
cessary to quote the sugar plank of the
Republican nationel platform, to which
William McKinley and every Republican
candidate for congress stands com
mitted: "We condemn the present adminis
tration for not keeping faith with the
sugar producers of this country. The
Republican party favors such protection
as will lead to the production on Ameri
can soil of all the sugar whioh the Ameri
can people use, and for which they pay
$100,000,000 annually."
The people of this state are interested
in other things than the currency ques
tion. In a previous paper it has been
shown how Mexican cattle importations
have paralyzed our cattle indastry. A
Republican tariff will revive it. This
paper proves, or ought to prove, that the
full frnition of the sugar industry means
as much to Nebraska as a proper settle
ment of currency and tariff eontrover
sies. What does the Nebraska farmer
think about it? What is the Nebraska
votergoingtodoaboutit? M. A. Bnowx.
In the excitement of a national cam
paign let us not forget oar state and
county officers. The work of redemp
tion mast be taoromgb, and nooflosis
too small to be of some importance in
weighing results in NoTemW.Hart.
Warraaaft Mat.
Saaieaaa Coast t
im Mill Harass Omaha
-No Feraoa Neoa
PaUat Claa-Trap.
Lincoln-, Neb., Oct. 6. A number of
Populist and Democratic conventions
have adopted resolations ceasarinf tha
state officers composing the board of
edaoational landsand funds for refaaumf
or failing to invest the money in the per
manent school fund in state securities.
Populist speakers also touch upon it
occasionally, and Governor Holcosab not
infreqnentlyref era in his talks and in
terviews ' to the trouble he has had to
get the board to invest the funds as di
rected by law, the inference being, of
course, that the purpose is to keep
funds idle in the treasury for the bene
fit of the state treasurer.
Your correspondent has taken tha
pains to examine the records closely,
and to acquaint himself with the facts
from other sources, the result being that
the governor is convicted of being a
cheap pettifogger and that the allega
tions are absolutely and entirely with
out foundation.
Governor Holcomb contended for a
long time that a warrant of the state
general fund was a state "security,"
and could therefore be made the basis of
investment of the school funds. The
board took the opposite view, which is
sustained by the supreme court, which
has declared that such a procedure is
the equivalent of making a transfer from
one fund to another, a course that is an
constitutional and contrary to law. This
is the course that the governor insisted
upon following, and that he blames tha
board for not adopting, in the face of
the decision of the highest court of the
state that it can not be done.
It is a fact that the board of educa
tional lands and funds has invested in
all bonds of the various counties of Ne
braska that have been presented, except
in one instance where the action of the
governor compelled it to buy a block of
bonds from a broker aud pay a bonus of
$2,500 which could have been saved to
the state if the governor's action had
not caused the sale to brokers instead of
to the state direct. It is therefore sur
prising to note that he still refers to the
matter occasionally and strives to get a
little cheap glory through a distortion of
the record.
As a matter of fact the state officials
have acted conscientiously and accord
ing to law in all matters during the two
years that they have been atthecapitol.
They have not only given the state faith
ful service, but have also conducted the
business economically and thrown every
safeguard around the expenditure of
public funds and the transaction of pub
lic business. Governor Holcomb knows
this, but just at present he is making a
campaign of self-glorification, and sees
no way to build himself up except by
tearing somebody else down.
Tho Doalceya rata.
landlord Bookwalters Fans la Fswaaa
CoaatyTell Their Owa Story.
Pawnee county has one ..locality that
presents a great contrast. It is in that
part of the county where the thousands
of acres owned by John W. Bookwalter
are located. The Bookwalter system of
tenant farming, judging from appear
ances, is not a success. The landlord
and his mortgage system bears heavily
upon the tenant and where homes and
home improvements ought to be are only
the evidence of hastily cultivated fields
and temporary improvements of the
cheapest character. Surrounded as these
10,000 acres are with splendid farms
owned by individual farmers, owned by
farmers who have their great red barns
and commodious houses, who have herds
of stock, fine groves and loaded orchards,
the barrenness and neglect that marks
the Bookwalter acres stamps that land
lord and tenant system as a greater fail
ure than words easily picture.
The owner of these lands, John W.
Bookwalter, is a silver man and he has
written a book upon the silver question.
With a liberality not noticeable in other
dealings- with his tenants he has pre
sented them With copies of his book, but
they will maintain their independence
in voting this year the same as they
have done heretofore. -The people of
Pawnee who are acquainted with some
of the records at the court house think
that they know one reason at least why
the proprietor of the Bookwalter acres
is for auter.
Nogleoted Oar BhlaalBg,
This country has been so busy devel
oping its internal resources that we
have wholly neglected our commercial
marine We have not protected that in
terest as we have our manufacturing in
terests, whereby we have made the
United States the largest manufacturing
nation in the world.
That Katioa Is New One. of tha Kl
Iroa Tleldlag Coaatrlea.
The Japanese ore investigating the
extent of the iron bearing strata of their
country with encouraging results. The
best mine thus far discovered is that of
Kamaishi in Iwate prefecture, which,
according to Professor Noro and another
expert, is capable of yielding about 29,
000,000 tons. ,The Sennin mine, also in
the same prefecture, is supposed to con
tain half a million tons, and the Akai
wa mine in Niigata prefecture is put
down for 1,360,000 tons. Many other
mines have also been, discovered in
Iwaki, Shinano, Kyushu and so forth.
In short, Japan may be considered as
one of the richest iron yielding coun
tries in the world. Moreover, the ore
found there is not inferior in quality to
the imported metal.
Already the Osaka arsenal has anbsti
tated homemade cast iron for imported.
The arsenal has further found that Jap
anese iron can be made into steel of a
quality so excellent that it is expected
by and by to excel the imported article
Tka results of experiments conducted at
theTokosoka dockyard confirm those
obtained in tbeanpnil. By sabstitntinf
iron for imported there would
hn Mt savins? nf exnenaneven in the
matter of tranopdrtatioa, for the freight
of. cast iron tepresents 75 percent of its
cost; that of wrought iron 27 per cent,
and that of steel about 40 percent
To all oar products, to those of the
mine and the field as well as those of
the shop andfactory, to wpoL the prod-
of tha great indastry of sheep Hus
bandry, as well as to the finished wool
ens of the mill, we promise the most
ample protection. Platform of the Re
pablicaa Party, 1896.
afoaoy la Ctraalatioa.
Total Per
amount, capita.
JaaeSMSae. SU0L347.187 $84 4
Jaaa L1SH L&a,S5488 2136
DeBtocratic decrease $79,782,904 $3 0)
Catlerr Iasaorta.
UK $2,082,008
1882 1.207.03)
Democratic gift to Sheffield and Ger
many $885,018
ximaToveBMatf of
To May 8L Volume.
UWtitit 3oWf,4ilolw
IMrSa sooaaa o XojSswl MLjam
ldvO oaaoaaa SWO0sl4aXlW
10Waaaaeaaoaaooaeaaaaao ai i 74Hamim
Comfort to California.
Every Thursday morning, a tourist
sleeping car for Salt Lake City, San
Francisco and Los Angeles leaves Omaha
and Lincoln via the Burlington Route.
Itis carpeted; upholstered in rattan;
has spring seats and backs and is pro
vided with curtains, bedding, towels,
soap, etc. An experienced excursion
conductor and a uniformed Pullman
porter accompany it through to the
Pacific Coast.
While neither as expensively finished
nor as fine to look at as a palace sleeper,
it is just as good to ride in. Second
class tickets are honored and the price
of a berth, wide enough and big enongh
for two, is only $5.
For a folder giving full particulars,
call at the nearest B. & M. R R. ticket
office. Or, write to J. Francis, Gen'l
Pass'r Agent, Burlington Route, Omaha,
Nebr. 30septo25apr
gnsiness ofitrs.
Advertisements under this head five conte a
line each insertion.
WM.SCHILTZ makes boots and shoes in the
best styles, and uses only the very Itest
stock that can be oroenred in the market. 52-tf
tVOarqaotations of t he market e areobtained
Tuesday afternoon, and are correct and reliable
at the time.
w ntsi
Shelled Corn
.$4 50C8C0
. I012K
. 12 40C2 60
S2 002 50
. S3 256CS SO
. i 50g2 75
" J 13 .
Floor in 500 lb. lots.
Potatoes ...
Fat hogs...
Fat cows....
Fat steers..
1.1 vx STOCK.
To William Meniere, non-resident defendant:
You will take notice that on the 21th day of
8et'tember, 1896, Minnie Meniece filed a petition
in the district court of Platte county, Nebraska,
the object and prayer of which is: That she may
be divorced from yon, that she may be awarded
the custody of the children, the issno of your
marriaire. for the reason, that yon. disregarding
yonr dnttes as a husband, on or about the first
day of September, 1894, wilfally deserted her,
the plaintiff, and for more than two years last
passed you hare been wilfully absent from her
without a reasonable or just cause.
You are required to answer said petition on or
before 16th day of November, 1896.
Dated at Columbus, Nebr., Sept. 24. 1996.
7octt Plaintiffs Attorney.
Eata.Tsllsh.o3. 1SS2.
First National M,
Capital SttckPaii in $100,000.00
omens uw sniersis:
A. ANDERSON, Pres't.
J. H. GALLEY, Vice Pres't,
O.T.ROEN, Cashier.
Gernrd -Wheel -Works,
-1- i i
Southwest eeraer Seventh and North nuts
(Maly-y Corarsvs, Mnaasxa.
T Calaags a
'PsBssngers going east for bnsiw uss, will
naturally gravitate to Chicago as tha
great csmmercial center. Paseeagsrs
re-Yieitiajg friends or relatives in the
eastern states always desire to "take in"
Chicago en roate. AUdasseaof aaseea
gata will fad that the "Short Luanof
tha Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Bail
way, ria Omaha and Council Bluffs,
affords excellent facilities to reach their
destinations in a manner that will be
sure toghre tha utmost satisfaction.
A referenea to the time tables will in
dicate the route to be chosen, and, by
asking any principal agent west of tha
Missouri river for a ticket over the
Chicago, Council Blbffs & Omaha Short
Line of tha Chicago, Milwaukee St.
Paul Railway, yon will be cheerful!
furnished with the proper passport wis
umaaa ana unicago. Mease note that
all of the "Short Line" trains arrive in
Chicago in ample time to connect with
the express trains of all the great through
car linea to the principal eastern cities.
For additional particulars, time tables,
maps, etc., please call on or address F.
A. Nash, General Agent, Omaha, Neb.
Ba- - - m, m, mm - , mm, m .-, I BTJ
nw tftt t- -mt " i ""i - -x "t,H
lV , t, , - , f- r-m m nnJA
week he's taken an excursion trip. WelL
old man, are yoa going to spend your lire
chasing hogs? Cobm in aad cet some of that
Pua WnwfiB Wtni Ifenrfn muI mm Law i
U to keep them where they belong.
Sold and pot np by
C. 8. EA8TON. Agent,
lOfebtf Columbus, Nebr.
ffrUITT at tVanUEN,
Special attention given to Criminal
Office: Corner Eleventh and North SU.
Office over First National Bank,
W. A. McAllister.
V. M. Cohmkuus
The following proposed amendments
to the Constitution of the State of Ne
braska, as hereinafter eet forth iu full,
are submitted to the electors of the
State of Nebraska, to be voted upon
at the general election to be held Tues
day, November 8, A. D., 1896:
A joint resolution proposing to
amend sections two (2), four (4), and
five (5.) of article six (6) of the Consti
tution of the State of Nebraska, relating
to number of judges of the supreme
court and their term of office.
Be it resolved and enacted by the Legisla
ture of the State of Nebraska:
Section 1. That section two (8 of article
six (B) of the Constitution of the State
of Nebraska be amended so as to read as fol
lows: Section H The supreme eoart shall until
otherwise provided by law. consist of Ave
(Si Jodces. a msJoritr of whom shall ba secsti-
aary to form a quorum or to pronounce
decision. It shall havo original jarbdk-tioa
la eases relating to revenue, civil cases in
which the stafe shall be a party, maadamu.
quo warranto, habeas corpm. and snea
appellate jurisdiction, as may be provided by
Section 2. That section four (4) of article
six (6) of tha Constitution of ths State
of Nebraska, be amended so as to read as fol
lows: Section 4. Tha judges of tho supreme
court shall be elected by the electors of the
state at large, and their term of office, ex
cept as hereinafter provided, shall be for a
period of not leu than live (5) years as the
legislature mar prescribe.
Section 3. That section five (8) of article
six (S) of the Constitution of the State of Ne
braska, be amended to read S3 follows :
Sections. At the first general election to
be held in the year 18. there shall be elected
two (2) judges of the supremo court one
of whom shall be elected tor a term of
two C!) yean, one for the term of four (4)
years, and at each general election there
after, there shall be elected one judge of
the supreme court for the term of five
OS) years, ualejs otherwise provided by
law; Provided, that the judges of the su
premo court wbivte term have not expired
at the tine of holdtug th general elec
tion of 1998. tthall continue tit hold their
office for the remainJer of the term for
which tbuy were respectively commla
Approved March W, A. D. 18BS.
'A joint resolution proposing an
amendment to section thirteen (13) of
article six of the Constitution of the
State of Nebraska, relating to com
pensation of supreme and district court
Be It sejolred by the Legislature of the State
of Nebraska:
Section L. That section thirteen (IS) of
article six (6) of tho Constitution of the State
of Nebraska be amended so as to read as fol
lows: Sec. 13 The judges of the rapreme aad
district courts shall receive for their services
each compensation as may be provided by law,
payable quarterly.
The legislature shall at Its first session
after the adoptioa of this amendment.
uree-nnus or we memoers elected to
each house concurring, establish their
eompensattoa. The compensatioa so es
tablished shall not be changed ofteaer
than once la four years, aad ia aoeveat unless
two-thirds of the members elected to
each house of the legislature concur
Approved March SO, A. D. IS
A joint resolution proposing to
amend section twenty-four (24) of
article five (5) of the Constitution of
the State of Nebraska, relating to com
pensation of the officers of the executive
Be it resolved and enacted by the Legislature
of the State of Nebraska:
Section L That section twenty-four (24)
of article five (5) of the Constitution of the
State of Neoraska be amended to read as fol
lows: m Section 2t The officers of the executive
department of the state government shall
receive for their services a eompeamtioa
to be tutablished by law. which shall be
neither Increased nor diminished during the
wi" mr waicu tamr saau uavc neeu com
mlMioaed aad they shall not receive to their
owa ate any fees, costs, interests, upon pubUo
moneys ia their hand or under their control,
perquisites of office or other compen
sation aad all fees that may here
after be payable by tow for cervices
performed oy an ofitser provided for in
this srtlcle shall be paid iu advance Into the
ewe treasury, xae legislature snail at Its
nrw sctnuou m
tertaeadonttoaof tela
it. three-fifths of the members elected to
I house of the leotalatam pom-
curriag. establish the salaries of tha
ismea at tats article. The Born
eo established shall not teehund
than once in four years and' bTao
umfesa two-thirds of tha amlim
elected to each house of the legislature concur
A joint resolation proposing to
ssetjon one (l) of axtkte ds () of
The Inter
Is tha Most Papular RerjwMkaHs Naw
f tk West and
DAILY (without Snadayh
DAILY (with Suaday)
The Weekly Inter
n VaVswl
a JskaT .mlmWm
AsaXewspaper THE INTER OCEAN keeps abreast of thai
respects. It spares neither pains &orexnawia sewag
The Weekly Inter Ocean
As a Family Paper Is Nat Bncssswi fcy Aay.
It has somehint cf interest
ABYFEAIUF-ES av 2 uw-o.-aUsd.
It is a TWELVE PAGE PaP.R and contains the XtWBofthe WerU.
POLITICALLY IT 13 REPUBLICAN, and gives xtt readers the Isailtef
the ablest discussions oa nil live pa itie d topics. It is rjahltahaw. la fnitasa
aad is ia accord with the pjop e of the West in both politics aad lifratara.
Pleaso remember tna; t:.e price cf T3.E WEEKLY UTTER OCEAH la
the Coastitation of the State of Nebras
ka, relating to jadielal power.
Be it resolved aad enacted by the Lesmla
tare of the State of Nebraska:
Seetloal. That Motion oa-(l) of article six
) of the Constitution of the State of Nebraska
be smew dad to read as follows:
Section L The jadicial power of thU state
shall be Tested ia a supreme court, dintrict
eomrte, eoanty courts justices of the
peace, police magistrates, aad ia such other
etmrts Inferior to tht supreme coait as may
he eteeted by law ia which two-thirds of
the members elected to each hoaae
Approved March . A. D. Uet
A joint resolation proposing to
amend section eleven (11) of article six
(6) of the Constitution of the State of
Nebraska, relating to increase in num
ber of supreme and district court
Be It resolved sad enacted by the Legislature
ef the State of Nebraska :
Section L That section eleven (11) of
article six (6) of the Constitution of the State
ef Nebraska be amended to read ad fol
lows: SeoMoa 11. The legislature, whenever twe
abJrdaof the members elected to each house
shall concur therein, may. ia or sf ter the year
one thousand t-ijht hundred aad ninety-aevem
aad not ofteaer than once ia every four years,
increase the number of judges of su
preme and district courts, aad the judical
dtatricta of the state. Such district hall
be formed of compact territory, and
hounded by county lines; and such in
crease, or aay change ia the boundaries
ef a district, shall not vacate the ofitee of aay
Approved March SU A. D. 18B5.
A joint resolation proposing to amend
section six (8) of article one (1) of the
Oonstitation of the State of Nebraska,
relating to trial by jury.
Be H resolved aad enacted by the Legislature
ef the State of Nebraska:
Section 1. That section six (6). article one
1) of the Constitution or the State of Ne
braska be amended to read as follows:
Section 6. The right of trial by jury shall
remain inviolate, but the legia'atare may pro
Tide that ia civil actions five-sixths of tho jury
any render a verdict, and the legislature may
also aathorizo trial by a jury of a leas number
than twelve men. in conns inferior to the dis
trict court.
Approved March 89. A D. 1S95.
A joint resolution proposing to
amend section one (1) of article five (5)
of the Constitution of Nebraska, relat
ing to officers of the executive depart
ment. Belt resolved aad caaetsd by the Legisla
ture of the State of Nebraska:
Section 1. That section one (1) of ar
ttelej five (a) or the Constitution of the State
of Nebraska be amended to read as fol
lows: Section L The executive department shall
eOBSlSt Of m tmWmTlmM Hnnti...Mi..Min.
secretary of state. auJitor of public accounts,
treasurer, suoeriateadent of public in
V8"00' rney . !. commissioner
ef Petti mads and bulidinss, aad three
railroad commlssioBors. each ot whom,
P??' J? " railroad commissioners,
shall hold his office for a term or
two years, front the first Thursday after
the first Tuesday in January, after
his election, and until his successor ia
elected and qualified. Xach railroad com
mbeloner shall hoi J his office for a term of
three yean, beginning on the first ThuraJay
after the first Tuesday ia January a ter
his election, and until his succm
sor is elected sad qualified: Provided,
however. That at the first general elec
tion held after the adoption of this amend
ment there shall be elected three railroad
eommissioaera; one for the period of one
yer, one for the period of two years, and
cue for the period of three years. The gov
ernor, secretary of state, auditor of pub
lie accounts, and treasurer shall reside at
the capital during their term of offlV..;
they shall keep the public record, looks
aad papers there and shall perform such du
ties as may be required by law.
Approved March S, A. D. 18SS.
A joint resolution proposing to
mend section twenty-six (26) of ar
ticle five (5) of the Constitution of the
State of Nebraska, limiting the num
ber of executive state officers.
Be it resolved and enacted by the Leg
islature of the State of Nebraska:
Section L That section twenty-six (2B) of
article five (5) of the Constitution of the
State of Nebraska be amended to read as
Section ML No other executive state offi
cers except those named ia section one (1)
f this article shall be created, except
by an act of the legislature which is
concurred iu by not leas than three-fourths
of the members elected to each house
Provided. That any office created by an
act cf the legislature may be abolished by
the legislature, two-thirds of the mem
bers elected to each house thereof concur
ring. Approved March 80. A. Dt. Wei
A joint resolation proposing to
amend section nine (9) of article eight
(8) of the Constitution of the State of
Nebraska, providing for the investment
of the permanent educational funds of
the state.
Belt resolved aad enacted by the Legisla
ture oft he State of Nebraska:
Section 1. That section nine (B) of article
eight (8) of the Constitution of the State
of Nebraska be amended to read aa fol-
Section S. All f aula betoaniae- tothe state
for educational purposes, the Interest aad
Income whereof only are to be nsei, shall'
be deemed trust feuds held by the state,
aid the state shall supply all losses there
of that may la aay manner accrue, so that
the same shall remain forever inviolate
aud undiminished, and shall not be In
vested or loaned except on United States
or state securities, or registered county
bonds or registered school district bonds of
this state, aad such funds with tto inter
est and income thereof are hereby solemn
ly pledged for the purpose! for whi-.hthey
are granted and set apart, and shall not
be transferred to aay other fund for other
Provided. The beard created by section
1 of this srtlcle Is empowered to sell from
time to time aay of the securities belonging
to the nermaaent school fnnd anil lavmi
tha proceeds arising therefrom in any of the
seeurltiee enumerated la this section bear
tag a higher rate of Interest, whenever
aa opportunity for better Investment is pre-
Aad 'provided further. That when aay
warrant upo the state treasurer reg
ularly issued la pursuance of aa appropn
attoa by the legislature and secured by the
levy of a tax for its payment, shall
he presented to the state treasurer for
payment, and there shall not be any
money in the proper fund to pay such
warrsal the board created by section 1
of tab) article may direct the state treas
urer to pay the amount due oa such war
rant from moneys in his hands belonging
to the permanent school fund of the state,
aud he shall hold said warrant as an in
Vestment of said permanent school fund.
Approved March 2ft, A. D. 1865.
A joint resolution proposing an
amendment to the Constitution of the
Qtste of Nebraska by adding a new
section to article twelve (12) of said
const! tatioa to be numbered section
two (8) relative to tha merging of tho
gXrvernment of cities of the metro
noHtaa class and the government of
the counties wherein nca dties are
-. ,
.$. far;
i la all
to. each member ef tha SftSaUr. Its
tia very rjert of imlrlad. ItsLRXm.
Be it resolved aad -Mfl-irtrt by the
jmhto us u of aie or neerasaa:
Section L That article twelve (ID ef the
Constitution of tho State of Neocasaa be
amended by aJdini; to said article a mew sec
tion to be numbered sac;ioa two CO to read
as follows:
Section t. The government ef ear t ef
the metropolitan elaes aud the gar
eminent of the county b which
it hi located mar he msiged wholly
er in part when a proposition so to do has
been submitted by authority of law to tha
Toters of such city aad county aad re
ceived the aaseat of a malarttv of tk
vote cast ia such city and also a awJaritT
of the votes cast ia the county STnfueiie
or i bujc can in saca atecropeusau CHy as I
Approved March St A. Dt. 1
A joint resolation ntoposint aa
amendment to section six () of article
seven (7) of the Coastitation of tha
State of Nebraska, prescribing tha
manner in which votes shall he bast
Be it retolved sad enacted by the Leatslat
are of the State of Nebraska :
Section L That section six (e) of arttele
seven (7) of the Cbastltuttoa ef the State
ef Nebraska he amended to read aa tal
lows: Sections. All votes shall he by haUeAsr
such other method as may he r milled
by law. provided the seereey of voting ha
Approved March . A D. laM.
A joint resolation nroaoaac Is
amend section two (2) of article four
teen (14) of the Cosatitutioa of the
State of Nebraska, relative to donations
to works of internal improvement asm
Be it resolved and snssssa by the Leg
islature or the Stato of Nebraska :
Sactioa I. That section two (2) of article
fourteen (It) of the ConaUtutloa of the
State or Nebraska, be injimrtmt to read at
See. 3. No city, county, town, precteet,
municipality, or other suhdivhuea of the
state, shall ever make doustloas to say
works of internal Imnrmcmsai. er
manufactory, unless a propoetttea so to
do shall have beau first submitted to hue
ualined electors aad ratified er a two-
thirds vote at an election by authority at
tow; Provided. That such dsesMsue of a
county with the donations of sash seta
visions in the aggregate shall net exeeed
tea per ceat of the assessed valuation ef
such county; Provided, further. That say
city or county may, by a three-fsartas
vote, increase such Indebtedness fire per
cent, in additloa to such ten per ceat aad
ao bonds or evidences of Indebtedness so
issued shall be valid unless tha seme ahaU
have endoraeJ tlnreon a certificate signed
by the secretary and auditor of state,
showing that the same is issued pursuant to
Approved March 2. A. D.. lout.
I, J. A. Piper, secretary of state of
the state of Nebraska, do hereby certify
that the foregoing proposed amaadments
to the Constitution of the State of Ne
braska are true and correct copies of
the original enrolled .and engrossed
bills, as passed by the Tweaty-foarth
session of the legislature of tha Stale
of Nebraska, as appears from
original bills on file in this office.
that all and each of said proposed
amendments are submitted to tha
qualified voters of the State of Ne
braska for their adoption or rejection
at the general election to be held oa
Tuesday, the 3d day of November, A.
D., 18.
In testimony whereof, I have here
unto set my hand and affixed the great
seal of the State of Nebraska.
Done at Lincoln this 17th day of
July, in the yeauf our Lord, Om Thou
sand, Eight Hundred and Ninety-Six,
of the Independence of the United
States the One Hundred and Twenty
First, and of this state the Thirtieth.
(Seal) J. A. PIPES,
Secretary of Stats.
llnA Meat MM
ayawawewarcw bvcwwWC'w nveureWej sntwa
Fresh, and
Salt Meats
Game and Fish in Seasonf
gex7Highest market prices paid for
Hides and Tallow.
We Carry Coffins, Casktts ami
Metallic Caskets at as low
prices as any one.
voa thb TxxATaaaT or Tan
Drink Habit . s.
Also Tobacco, Met?Maa atj
other Narcotic HaMtt.
Ear-Private treatment givea
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mjimry "-'
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