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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (July 8, 1896)
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WEDNESDAY. JULY 8, 181.
Populist, SLLouis,Wednesday, July 22.
Free Silver, St. Louis, Wednesday,
CHAOS ON TICKET.
Nothing Certain at Chicago
but Free Silver Platform.
DARK HORSES LOOMING UP.
Bitter Rivalry Between Presi
BLAND AND BOIES IN THE VAN.
fUlnoU Delegation Decides to Vote as
Halt for "Sliver Dick" South Swing
ing; Into Line Behind the Iowa
Chicago, July 7. Just before tht
openiug of the Democratic national con
veutiou, -which convenes in the Coli
aeum at noon today, all is confusion.
Only one thing looms up like a search
light in the fog that hangs over the sit
uation and obscures the vision of the
wisest and most far seeing of the lead
ers. That is the convention will be foi
silver at Hi to 1. As for candidates the
convention is still groping in tho dark.
The din of the Bland and Boies boomers
is deafening, and so infectious at times
that it almost carries the public off its
feet. Blaud is unquestionably in the
lead so far as actual votes are concerned,
his strength approximating 250, a liberal
estimate, with Boies moving along at
his heels with about 200, but neither it
able to demonstrate as yet how he can
Talk or Dark Horses.
In this chaotic condition of affairs,
gossip and speculation casts about foi
dark horses. Wm. J. Brvau.'the boy or
ator of the Platte, Vice President Steven
son, John It. McLean, Senator Black
. burn of Kentucky. Senator White of
California, all share the distinction of
being canvassed. Even Senator Hill ol
New York is talked of, and his famout
Elmira speech of 1S93 is recalled as an
evidence that he is a bimetallist and
would make a strong compromise can
didate. The name of ex-Governoi
Campbell of Ohio is also heard. The
Pennoyer boom from Oregon was form
ally launched yesterday and ex-Oon-gressman
Sibley of Pennsylvania an
nounced his candidacy. At work in the
background is the senatorial movement
for Teller, with the free silver Repub
licans and their allies, the Populist
leaders, straining every nerve to impress
on the 'convention the advisability of
nominating the Coloradoan. With all
these silver forces struggling against
each other, with the gold men solid and
compact, ready to obey orders, it is a
shrewd political prophet who can point
the way out. It will require at least
another day for the fog to lift.
White Metal Forces Disorganized.
The silver leaders now reluctantly ad
mit that theii two-thirds majority is an
mndiseipliued mass, running hither and
thither, possibly to be stampeded in the
end. They started out with the an
aokaced intention of getting togcthet
Sd arranging a program to be put
rough by the sneer force of their ma
jority. They were to abrogate the two
ihirds rule and select their candidate in
a caucus of silver men. Both of these
projects were put aside and they are
aow at the door of the convention with
the question of a candidate open and a
deadlock inevitable. It will require
every silver vote in the convention to
nominate and the friends of any candi
date can, if the gold men do not plump
their votes to a silver man who may be
formidable, but not the choice of the
aujority, prevent an early nomination.
This would, of course, play into the
sands of those who are maneuvering to
bring forward Teller at the opportune
time, or. if the sentiment of the conven
tion refused to yield to the leader of
the St. L:uis bolters, into the hands of
the managers of a dark horse. Buck
Hinricnsen'a poll of the Illinois delega-
tion, showing a majority for Bland, was
confirmed yesterday when the delega
tion voted 47 to 1 to support the Mis
apurian. Kansas and Texas fell into
line also for Bland and these acquisi
tions made Silver Dick's followers very
confident, but Boies' boom also grew
apace. The Iowa ex-governor's man
agers received assurances of support
from the south, which buoyed np their
mopes. But it is a long road to a
two-thirds majority and Bland has
naturally become the target of the
friends of all the other candidates. The
dark horses are especially willing to
have the Missouriau draw the fire. It
is possible that eventually Blaud may
reach the goal, bat the most sagacious
political observers seem to believe other
wise. After he has been turned down they
expect to see the Bland cohorts, with
their blood aroused, turn on Boies and
destroy him. The Iowa candidate at
present has the support, perhaps uncon
sciously so far as he is concerned, of
asany of the eastern gold men who ex
pect to bow to the will of the majority.
Bland, they urge, is a man of a single
idea. In the end the situation seems to
possibly point to an outsider as the
termination of this strife.
The gold men are without a definite
program. They are practically recon
ciled to defeat so far as the platform-is
concerned, bat seem to be possessed of
the Tagne hope that something will torn
mp which will secure for them an ac
ceptable candidate. Among some of the
radical there is still talk of a bolt.
Ihomld there be phytic! withdrawing
HOW THE TONIC HAS ACTED
Cleveland's nomination will act as
brace it np nd make it the attractive
principle to ally themselves with.
Jane 24, 1893.
"- .- f
" '", r !mra22sTVKi
fl" XSSBU'V VT'L'TV
The Democratic party has "braced np" wonderfully. The Democratic
papers tell us how presidential candidates are fighting each other for the honor
of representing it. The donkey is quite skittish, and the old dame is such an
"attractive party for young men of intelligence and principle to ally them
selves with. " They look as if the "tonic" had soured on their stomachs.
from the convention, however, it is
likely the bolters will later place a ticket
in the field.
War 0r the Flatfarm.
The silver men go into the convention
today with nothing decided as to plat
form and there promises to be a ruction
and perhaps bad blood over the matter.
The majority largely favor a simple
platform, which "will subordinate all
others to the finuncial'issue, which thej
regard as the vital and paramount issue
of the coming battle at the polls. A
Tery considerable number, with theii
eyes on the votes of the silver Repub
licans, desire to completely ignore the
tariff question, while others are in favoi
of a moderate declaration on the tarifl
Which will raise sufficient revenue tc
run the government. On the other hand
there are radicals who want an absolute
free trade plank in the platform. The
Nebraska delegation elected a membei
of the committee on resolutions whe
wants a free trade declaration. Gov.
Altgeld and Senator Tillman are fighting
for a condemnation of the president by
name, while others insist that there
shall be a denunciation of the adminis
tration's bond i-sue, thougn they would
forego any mention of Mr. Cleveland.
The friends of the administration are
very anxious to forestall any reflection
upon the president, and the cooler heads
among tho silver leaders are disposed to
acquiesce. As a matter of fact it is be
coming apparent that the shrewd gen
erals on both sides do not desire to
widen the breach between their follow
ers. They will make every effort to
avoid the disruption of their party con
sistent with the firm maintenance of
their opposing views on the single issue.
The silver men were not prepared foi
tho announcement of tho selection of
Senator Hill for the position of tempo
rary chairman by the national commit
tee. They had counted confidently
upon securing the co-operation of a
sufficient number of gold members ol
the committee to secure the recom
mendation of Senator Daniel. When
the silver committee held its first meet
ing its members were congratulatinp
themselves upon the probability of the
selection of Senator Daniel. When they
met again in the evening they showed
plainly that they were disappointed, but
they were not noticeably discouraged.
They asserted more positively than evei
their determination to secure control ol
the temporary organization, regardless
of the committee's actiou. They tool,
the position that the result was secured
by open intimidation. The interview
between Mr. Whitney and Committee
man Norris of the District of Columbia
was referred to as a specimen of the
gold men's tactics and it was stated in
the meeting that Mr. Whitney had even
threatened to ruin Mr. Norris in hi
business if he should persist in his de
termination to support a silver man foi
temporary chairman. The plan of the
silver men will now bo to have a report
prepared by the minority of the commit
tee presenting their choice for the posi
tion aud to seat him at all hazards.
At the close of the silver conference,
which occurred at midnight, Senator
Jones of Arkansas said: "I feel very
confident, on the eve of the convention,
that' the promises of the Democratic
silver men to the country will be en
tirely verified. We were not able tc
locate all the silver delegations last
night, but we have assurances of be
tween 500 and 550 votes aud are confi
dent of securing enough to swell the
vote on Dauiel for temporary chairman
to about TiOO.
Boies a Strong second Choice.
It was asserted by the Boies manager
that it was unnecessary for ex-Governoi
Boies to come to Chicago aud his can
vass from now on will be conducted by
the men on the ground. The managers
say everything is progressing most fa
vorably and the reports from their can
vassers of the various delegations indi
cate they have not overestimated the
second choice Boies strength. They say
the force of the argument made by the
opponents of Boies on the labor ques
tion, because he did not approve of the
1894 strike, has been entirely broken by
the presence of Grand Master Sover
eign of the Knights of Labor, who has
been at the headquarters and with the
managers of Boies' candidacy during a
great portion of the day. Mr. Sover
eign has declared himself in favor of
the nomination of Boies.
Nebraska Silver Delegates.
Chicaoo, July 7. The Nebraska free
silver delegates elected the following
officers: Chairman, C. J. Smyth; mem
ber of national committee, W. H
Thompson; member committee on reso
lutions, W. J. Bryan; member commit
tee on rules, W. D. Oldham; member
committee on credentials, O. Hollen
beck; member committee on permanent
organization, G. A. Lnikhart; honorary
vice president, Charles H. Brown; hon
orary secretary, A. A. Morgan; member
committee to notify nominee for presi
dent aud vice president, John A.Creigh
tou. Preference of member on resolu
tions, silver. Preference of same mem
ber as to tariff plauk, free trade.
RIaad Clubs rarade.
Chicago, July 7. The first street
parade of the convention was organized
last night by the Bland contingent.
The Bland clubs of St. Louis aud Kan
sas City and the Topeka Flambeau club,
ON THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY
a tonic on the Democratic party. It will
party for young men of intelligence and
W. Howard Gildar in Sew York Times,
niiii wvi ir sur n.
with unattached enthusiasts, formed the
procession. With their bands and a
wagon load of fireworks the thousand
marchers managed to make a great dis
play in proportion to their numbers.
Portraits of "Silver Dick," mammoth
silver dollars and such legends as "Free
Silver and Free Men," "The Producing
Classes Protest Against 200 Cent Dol
lars" and "Bland Will Carry Missouri by
150,000," were conspicuous in the line.
As Viewed by Whltaay.
Chicago. July 7. Wm. C. Whitney,
asked to give a resume of yesterday's
proceedings, said; "The feature of the
day was the remarkable meeting of tita
national committee aud their rathe.- n
looked for actiou. Mr. Sheehan, our
national committeeman, outgenerallaJ.
the silver people at every point and
demonstrated their utter lack of par
liamentary knowledge. I am told that
the committee in the contests had no
alternative but decide with Mr. Shee
han as to the contests. I believe we
have made great progress in our cause
and that the silver leaders fear us."
McKialey's Dtaaer FalL
Get down tho empty dinner pail.
Let'rt iwlish it once more.
Ah, good old friend, coniu off the nail.
For work will reach our door
As soon an wc cet Q rover out
And Bill MeKinley in.
Then givo a Ion p. loud Yankee shout
For Bill McKinley'a tin.
"Tho tariff it a tax," tbey said,
With brazen free trade lie.
Givo t more "tariff tax" and bread.
Or 'lb wo starve and die.
"Tho tariff is a Ux" 'tis true
When of the free trade brand.
It taxes every mail of you
And palsies labor's hand.
Give ns McKinley'a bill again.
Give us his good protection.
Give us this friend of James G. Blaine.
Who bears our heart's affection.
Let fact'ry whistles shriek once more,
To labor's friend all hail.
And shout th cry from door to door
"McKinley's dinner pail."
C H. H
Cost of Captarlag Markets.
Last year was the first one for six
years when our exports fell below $800,
000,000. Opening the markets of the
world with the Wilson Democratic tariff
key so far has not proved a hilarious
success. Louisville Commercial.
Moeey la ClrealatJoa.
124 44 Largest oa record.
22 96 Less than in 1SBI.
crease II 18
Ha Weald B
It is a shame that while modern Dem
ocrats are having so much to say about
Jefferson, 'Jefferson cannot be heard
on the subject of modern Democrats.
Is This 8a, Kowf
In the election of 188 the tariff la of ao im
portance, and we may la truth say It plays no
part at alt-New York San, 1882.
And how about 1896?
HILL FOBJHE CHAIR.
National Committee Names
Temporary Presiding Officer.
GOLD DELEGATES GIVEN SEATS.
Silver Mea Taraed Dows la the Michigan.
Nebraska and !onth Dakota Contested
Cases Minority lteport Will be Made
mad All Decisions Overruled la the
Chicago, July 7. The national com
mittee yesterday selected a temporary
chairman, and passed upon the contested
cases which were brought before it. Un
like the actiou of the Republican com
mittee in St. Louis, it refused to admit
the press to its meetings, and its proceed
ings were entirely behind eloped doors.
I The committee decided to take up the
contested cases first, lucre was little
interest in them, with the exception of
the Michigan and Nebraska cases.
j These, i was expected, would deter
J mine the relative $t:u'ih of the gold
and silver men on .: i mniittee. Th'
Nebraska case was ;: i ic-.i in favor of
the gold men by a vote of 2f to 23,
which was about a let vote as was
shown later' by the vote for the tem
porary chairman. Two delegation!
DAVID B HILT..
were elected from this state, one as a
gold delegation aud the other as a silvci
delegation. The gold delegation was
known as the Castor delegation aud wai
represented by T. J. Mahouey and the
silver men were known as the Bryan
delegation and were represented by C.
J. Smyth. A member of the commit
tee who was in favor of the gold dele
gation and voted with the majoiity said
the case was very peculiar and that it
was very hard to tell which side had the
regularity, although it was his opinion
that the gold men had a long series oi
precedents and should be seated. The
contest, however, was decided on c
straight vote as to preference of mem
bers of the committee as to the gold 01
silver delegation. The probabilities are
that the convention will seat the silvet
Surprise to Sliver Men.
The action of :ho committed in seat
ing tho gold delegation from Michigan
was a surprise to the silver men. But
one vote was cast against placing the
gold delegation on the temporary roll
and that was cast by Mr. Campau, whe
is one of the silver leaders of Michigan,
a most pronounced silver man, and one
who has been emphatic in his denuncia
tion of the present administration. Mr.
Thomas of Colorado made the motion to
seat the gold delegation and 47 mem
bers of the national committee voted to
In view of the threats that have been
made by the silver men that the four
delegatfcs-at large from Michigan would
be unseated in order to cast the vote oi
that state for silver and secure a two
thirds majority in the convention, it re
mains to 1 seen what action they will
take now that the silver men on the na
tional committee, with one exception,
voted to seat the delegates. The gold
delegates from South Dakota were or
dered placed on the rolls by a viva
voce vote. The other contests were of
minor importance and the decision in
either case was in no sense a test.
Ilill For Temporary Chairman.
Of course the important feature of the
meeting of the committee was the se
lection of a temporary chairman. As
has been predicted Senator Hill lcccivcd
a majority of the vote of the committer
and today when Chairman Ham ly calls
the convention to order he will present
Mr. Hill for temporary chairman. The
vote in the committee, 27 to 23, showed
the silver men were not satisfied and
the announcement was immediately
made that a minority report would be
presented aud that Mr. Daniel, wnowas
defeated in committee, would be the
choice of the silver men for temporary
chairman. It means that there will be
a fight in the convention tcday as soon
as the chaplain finishes his prayer.
There was an interestingscene after Mr.
Hill's selection when Mr. Thomas an
nounced the determination of the silver
men to elect another man and inquired
of Chairman Harrity if a silver man
would be recognized to place another
man in nomination, a question which
Mr. Harrity resented as a reflection on
his fairneas. When Mr. Clayton of
Alabama made his speech asking for
the selection of Senator Daniel for tem
porary chairman, he indicated very
plainly the purpose of the silver men by
appealing to the gold men of the com
mittee not to name a man for tempor
ary chairmau who was unsatisfactory
to a majority of the convention and
precipitate a fight as soon as the conven
tion is called to order. The committee
completed its work by selecting the
minor officers, to whom there will be no
Poaalints For Teller.
Chicaoo, July 7. The Populist load
ers issued a manifesto in behalf of Sen
ator Teller for president, stating that
their party cannot indorse a straight
DECIDE NOT TO BOLT.
Program of the Kutern Contingent Will
Not Quit the Hull.
Chicago, July 7. The situation in
tho eastern gold standard camp has
crystallized far enough to enable one tc
get more of a settled idea of a plau than
has hitherto prevailed. The gold men
will not, as a body, leave the conven
tion, aud it is doubtful if any individ
ual member takes that course. The
leaders are all against it, al. hough it is
believed that Mr. Whitney would be
pleased to see another convention with
a gold standard platform. .The most
radical action that the gold standard
men will take has practically been
settled and that is to follow the plan
adopted by the Nevada delegation in
the St. Louis convention, to remain in
the convention hall, with the notifica
tion that they will act in their individual
states in support of the platform and
candidates, as the Democrats of theii
states may desire. But even this lattei
action is tempered, and it may not take
place if the silver majority does not in
ordinately trample upon the rights and
privileges of the gold minority. In
these resolves the gold men say they are
backed by the unbroken Democratic
principles of majority rnlo.
Such Tammany men as Senator Can
tor, Congiessmau Sulzer and J. C.
Sheehan assert that they will abide by
what the majority docs and will' not
bolt or refuse to vote on any question.
The majority of the New York dele
gates arc apparently of tho same mind
and Massachusetts and Pennsylvania,
the other two leading states in the gold
movement, are in sympathy.
IOWA GIRL MURDERED.
dime Thought to Have Beea the Basalt
Dubuque, July 7. Minnie Kell, 18
years old, was murdered in a meadow
four .miles below Belle vue Saturday
afternoon while en route to a neighbor's
to join a party going to a dance. The
body was found 24 hours later. The
skull had been broken with a stone and
a club, aud the scene bore evidence of a
desperate struggle. She showed no
evidence of attempted violeuce. She
was the belle of the neighborhood and
the authorities believe her preference
for one man excited the jealousy of an
other young man. who is under sur
veillance. Fatal Quarrel Over a Quarter.
Mason City. Jnly 7. Charles D.
Martin, a painter, was shot and fatally
injured by D. B. Vauderburg, colored.
Tho two men got into a dispute over
the payment of 25 ceuts, and apparent
ly without cause Vanderberg drew a
revolver and fired four shots at Martin,
one bullet striking him about an inch
above the heart. Doctors probed for
the bullet, but it was not secured. Mar
tin is still living.
Maagled Under the Wheels.
Cedak Rapids, July 7. Edward
Massey, a middle-aged man whose home
is in Philadelphia, in attempting to
board a freight train near here to go to
the harvest fields, fell uuder the wheels.
Both legs were badly mashed below the
knees aud he will probably die.
SPEEDY WHEELMEN AT OMAHA.
Elgh t Start la oa a Great Six-Day Blcyel
Omaha, Jnly 7. Seven hundred
wheelman were in the parade that in
augurated the six day bicycle race last
evening at Charles Street park. There
a crowd of 1,000 more joined them.
Those entering the race were L. E.
Holton of Omaha, C. R. Hall of Mound
City, Mo., George Mierstien of Sioux
City, A. E. Pronlx of Omaha. W. E.
Becker of Minneapolis, Floyd McCallof
Omaha, W. J. Shrader of Omaha and
E. Streeter of Waterloo, la.
Becker was the game man of the
crowd. At the Iowa state meet at
Cedar Rapids last Friday he was fear
fully injured by a fall, aud he came
here yesterday so lame he could scarcely
walk, aud was lifted upou his wheel
last evening. Then he showed his com
petitors a hot time. Setting a fierce
pace, he led Holton, Mierstein and Mc
Call 22 miles aud one lap the first hour.
None other could tie him. Hall had a
fall, and soon after Streeter had a chill
and had to quit.
The last hour was somewhat slower,
but it led up to a pretty finish, with
McCall the winner by les3 than six
inches over Mierstien, and Becker less
than half a leugth away.
Nebraska State Saengerfest.
Grand Island, July 7. The various
committees of the Grand Island Lieder
kranz society are energetically at work
in making the necessary arrangements
for the Nebraska saengerfest, which
takes place in this city August 14, 15
and 1G. Nothing will be left undone to
make this the most pleasant saengerfest
in the history of the Nebraska organiza
tion. Foulke of Gage Keaoiniaated.
WlLBER, Neb., July 7. At the Re
publican float representative convention
for the Thirty-third district, composed
of Saline and Gage counties, held here
yesterday, G. R. Foulke of Gage was
nominated for representative by accla
mation. McKinley Cannot Attend.
Lincoln, July 7. Governor Holcomb
yesterday received a letter from Major
Wi lliam McKinley in which the latter
acknowledged the receipt of an invita
tion to attend the state reunion of the
G. A. R. of Nebraska and regretted
that he would be unable to accept.
Gcge County Bridges Damaged.
Beatrice, July 7. The recent heavy
rains have done great damage to the
bridges throughout the county, and
when the commissioners meet next
week they will scarcely know where to
begin repairs first.
Sheriff of Adams County Kleeted.
Hastings, July 7. At a special meet
ing of the county board August Berg of
this city was elected to take the place of
Sheriff Otteu, deceased.
"Tha livery of Democratic Tarla Reform."
As adopted by True Democracy from
the J. Bull model of the Cobden club,
labor's Democratic Holiday.
Dun's review said that "woolen
goods have not improved in demand,"
also that "wool machinery is not more
than half employed," and further that
"some cotton mills have ceased produc
tion." Times are so "good" that labor
is taking a vacation, and without pay.
The Keynote Sounded.
While the Harrison administration re
duced the debt nearly $260,000,000
Cleveland has increased it very largely.
All in all it may be assumed that the
keynote of 1806 has been sounded this
year. San Francisco Chronicle.
McKinley, monthly average. 43
Gorman, monthly average, 10
Clevt-land "tariff for revenue"
loss per month $3,898,240.68
Dall Times Coaslaa;.
It has always been claimed that the
New York stock market reflects the fu
ture of business. If so, there are some
mighty dall time-fin sight
Cm " a
film W s-
HOW LABOR IS TAXED
WHY SHEFFIELD CUTLERS CAN MAKE
British Methods of Ralsiac Revaaaa la
ewacajaymrajawar- - ww vimvi vnsn pjaiu wvaww w
Roesa aad Steam Power What British
Fraa Trad Policy Demands.
Sheffield, April 18.
In every trade in Yorkshire there is
associated with it certain usages which,
in a toiler, must produce feelings of re
bellion against their existence. It's no
nucommon thing wheu, in company
with an "old stager" who delights to
contrast the different doings in trade
when he "wor a lad" to those in vogue
today, to be told that such and such
things were unknown in the "good old
days." But our free trade policy has
been tho very breeding ground for cus
toms which, in their effects upon the
toiling masses, leave a degenerating
"And under what conditions do you
work?" I asked in a. Shefiield cutlery
factory the other day.
"Well," was the man's ausTPr. "we
cannot boast of very much freedom, for
our masters always tako good care to be
on the right side. In i.icf, if anything,
we arc slave driven, Sheffield being
noted for tyrauuy."
"In what sense do you mean in talk
ing like that?" I inquired.
"Our hours of labor range from 8 a
m. to 7 p. m., with hours off fov
dinner and tea. On Saturdays we are
supposed to give up at 1, but oftentimes
we are compelled to stay for a couple of
hours longer to make up for last time. '
"But there is nothing objectionable itf
that," I said.
"Certainly not," he retorted, and hi'
again appeared to warm to his subject
"But 1 tell you what, it has always
seemed mean that cutlers should have tc
pay rent for room and power to the mas'
This to me was a revelation. I conic
not at first understand his meaning and
asked for an explanation.
"Look here," ho said somewhat snap
pishly. " You know that every factor
before it is complete mast be fit up with
steam power. Machines must be bought
and every requisite secured in order tc
turn out articles in the best possible
manner. Now, it so happens that in a
cutlery factory, in the cutlers' and
grinders' department, every workman hi
relegated to what is known as a stand.
Very well, he takes up his position, but
he has to pay rent to the master at the
week end so much per square yard, and
also for the.engine power supplied him,
in order to enable him to perform the
work allotted him."
"Then practically he rents the place
or the stand and places himself at the
mercy of the master, " I further said.
"That is so, and to my thinking it's
a shame the poor workmen should have
so much 'nobbled' from his wages every
week by the master. It isn't so in other
trades, and it's nothing short of a mo
nopoly." "And what rent do you pay per week
for your stand and power?"
"Well, that varies according to the
quantity of room taken up. Cutlers pay
a shilling (24 cents) per square yard per
week. The grinders in the spring knife,
or pocket knife, department pay from 4
shillings to 5 shillings ($1 to $1.20) for
wheel rent per week. In the heavier
trades, such as file grinding and table
blade grinding, the cost for wheel rent
is from 7 shillings to 8 shillings ($1.68
to $2) per week. And in addition to
this, in all grinding departments there
is a rule in force where a workman,
not having his own tools to work with,
shall forfeit for the wear and tear of
his master's tools 4 pence, or 8 cents, in
every shilling (24 cents) earned. Fur
ther, if a man is ill, or a firm he is sup
posed to work for cannot find him work,
so long as his stand is kept open for
him, although he is not working, he
must continue to pay his wheel rent
Oftentimes I have seen in slack times
a firm find a grinder work of a very
trifling character in order to cause him
to occupy his stand but a few hours in
the week, so that they would have a
legal right to enforce upon the poor
struggling workman their weekly charge
(work or no work) for wheel rent That,
sir, is one of the conditions under which
I leave American common sense labor-
- - - WBtaAaM fl a-sa-aul Wass W.ea
era to ask one another if they want to
see inaugurated in the United States
such a system as the British free trade
policy demands. Yankee.
tew York State Industry Demoralteasl by
The western New York saltfield, em
braced in tho counties of Genessee, Liv
ingston and Wyoming, extends over ten
townships, with an aggregate population
of 23,168. Tho amount of wages dis
tributed in the salt industry in those
ten townships in 1891 was in round
numbers $550,000; the freights paid on
salt, coal, cooperage, etc., $1,200,000;
the amount paid for cooperage, box
shooks, bagging, etc., was $650,000; a
total distribution of money to the
amount of $2, 100,000 in a single year.
That was under the McKinley tariff,
with protection to salt.
In 1895. under the Gorman tariff,
with salt on tho free list, the distribu
tion of money in this same section
through the salt industry was as fol
lows: Wages, $165,000; freights, etc.,
$400,000; cooperage, bagging, etc.,
$215,000, a total of $780,000, or a re
duction of about 68 per cent traceable
directly to free trade. The immediate
localities suffered to the extent of $885,
000 a year a distribution of wages de
creased by about $17 per capita for the
entire population in the region affected,
of whom less than 10 per cent were en
gaged directly in the salt industry. The
number of persons engaged in the in
dustry fell off from 1,200, earning
$458.83 a year, to 500, earning $330
In addition to this los3 to labor in the
locality and its resultant effect on local
trade and every industry and pursuit
there carried on, there is the item of
$800,000 loss to the railroads in freights
paid, nearly all of which is a labor
item. Then thern is the loss of $435,
000 in the amount of cooperage and
bagging used, the major part of which
was a los.s to labor affecting the lumber
men in Michigan, the cotton operatives
in the east and sewing girls in New
York city, where the bulk of the bagging
has been made up.
Tho manufacturers of cotton in the
New England states, and the lumber
men of the north and west, are as much
affected by the placing of salt on the
free list as are the saltmakers in the
western New York saltfield and the
great railroad corporations are affected
as much as both put together.
Btudy These Points.
Under protection we derived a large
revenue upon a comparatively small
volume of imports of wool. Under Dem
ocratic tariff we derive no revenue from
a very large volume. Under protection
the farmer commanded a good price for
his wool and consequently was a large
buyer cf goods. Under Democratic tar
iff he gets a low price and therefore is a
nail purchaser. Chicago later Ocean.
You Feed Your Pigs
To male tham avara a weight of 200 pounds whan they
ar six months old? Will you keep them free from worm,
with no ooua-h, no disease, but all thrifty and growing all
tho time? You can do this with good feed, good care and
We know It. We can prove It. Thousands of good feeders
have proved It. Standard Food will make your six months
pigs weigh fifty pounds more than they would If you didn't
Six Months Pics
cost of SO cents per head on your bunch of pigs? Think!
You feed It with their grain or swill: a 25-lb. box (price
98.00) to 25 or SO pigs In a month. You can get It of our
Agent. See him and get our book. Sense and Science, free.
I TIE F. L SAMNM CO., lliMfietirirsf OMAN, NEIMSKA. I
F. N. STEVENSON, Agent, Columbus.
I Dr. H. E. AYERS, Agent, Lindsay.
M. F. GRASS, Agent, Humphrey.
Real Estate Traatfert.
Becher, Ja?ggi & Co., real estate agents,
report the following real estate transfers
filed in the office of the county clerk for
the week ending July 4, 189C.
M K Kinkaid to John J Sullivan, !J
sj! and sw! neU 9-17.1 w, qcd $
James McDonald to John J Uallivan
aud JauitsG Retsler, same, icd
Angusta C Millftt tt al to James G
IJeedt-r, same, fjcJ
Bron Millett t. James G lUviler.
James G Keeder and John J Sullivan
to Carter B Tomlin, snun. ocJ
Edward Kruse to Ennelbert J Herbes.
lot 4, bl U.Ottis 1st hdii to Humphrey ,
wd .-. 730 00
Sis transfers, total $ 3.'J17 00
To Chicago and the East.
Passengers going east for business, will
naturally gravitate to Chicago as the
great commercial center. Passengers
re-visiting friends or relatives in the
eastern states always desire to "take in" 1
duicago en route, ah classes 01 passen
gers will find that the "Short Line' of
the Chicago, Milwaukee Sc St. Paul Rail
way, via Omaha and Council UlntTs,
affords excellent facilities to reach their
destinations in a manner that will be
sure to give the utmost satisfaction.
A reference to the time tables will in
dicate the route to be choson, and, by
asking any principal agent west of the
Missouri river for a ticket over tho
Chicago, Council Bluffs & Omaha Short
Line of the Chicago, Mihvuukt & St.
Paul Railway, yon will be cheerfully
furnished with the proper passport via
Omaha and Chicago. Please note that
all of the "Short Line" trains arrive in
Chicago in ample time to connect with
the express trains of all the groat through
car lines to the principal eastern cities.
For additional particulars, time tables,
maps, eh. please call on or address F.
A. Nash, General Agent, Omaha, Xeb.
TheTiiion Pacific Will Celebrate
By eivinir its many patrons a rate of
one fare for the round trip to points in
Kansas or Nebraska, not more thin 200
miles distant, on account of the 4th of
Join in these celebrations and visit
your friends. Full information will be
given by J. R. MnAanr.i:.
Advertisements under this head five cents a
WM.SCIIILTZ makes boots and shoesintlie
beet styles, and nsos only tli very Iwttt
stock that ocn bo procured in the market . "i-t f
Tuesday afternoon, and are correct and reliable
at the time.
TV Uoili 4l'
aiieiiwi corn t
WO c?4 jy 2
Flour in 500 lb. lots f 4 508 00
.... $150fc2 CO
..... 2 3042 75
NOTICE TO REDEEM.
To J. C. Morrissey, or whom it may concern:
You are hereby notified that on the 20th day of
October. ISM, 1 purchased at the county treasur
er's office of Platte county, state of Nebraska,
the following described property, to wit: lxt
number three in block number one hundred and
sixty-two, in the city of Columbus, county and
state aforeeaid. as aesiimatMl on th nmnlui
plat thereof, for taxes due and delinquent there
on for the years 1837, 1888. 1SSM, 1MM) and 1-V2.
The said lots were taxed in the name of J.C.
Morrissey, and the time for redemption will ex
pire on the 20th day of October, 1S5.
Ijola Owe Rcmmx.
NOTICE TO REDEEM.
To Got. Gulduer, or whom it may concern:
You are hereby notified that on the 20th day of
October, 1&9I, 1 purchased at the county treasur
er's office of Platte county, state of Nebraska,
the following described property, to wit: Lot
number four in block one hundred and sixty-two
in the city of Columbus, county and state afore!
said, as designated on the recorded plat thereof,
for taxes due and delinquent thereon for the
years 1890, 1891 and lHVi. The said lots were
taxed in the name of Got. Gulduer. and the time
for redemption will expire on the 20th dar cf
October. 1W. '
liols Owes Reaoax.
HTATKOr Nebkvika. 1
Platte county. J81
In the county court, in and for said county. In
the matter of the estate of John Haney. d.
ceased, late of said county.
At a session of the county court for said
county, nolden at the county judge's office in
Columbus, in said county on tha 16th day of
June. A. D. 189. present, J. N. Kilian. county
judge. On reading and filing the duly verified
petition of James Haney, praying that letters
of administration be issued to Charles J. Carrig
on the estate of said decedent.
Thereupon, it is ordered that the 11th day of
July, A. D. 196, at 2 o'clock, p. ni., be assigned
for the hearing of said petition at the county
judge s office in said county.
And it is further ordered, that due legal notice
be given of the pendency and hearing of said
petition by publication in The Columbus Jouu
Sf al for three consecutive weeks.
(A true copy of the order.)
J. N. Kilian.
Dated Columbus. Neb., June l?l8wf 3
JgeAIXISTER ft COlUfEUUS,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
COLUMBUS, . . ,,..
vrroosLEY & stikes.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
8oatawst coraer Eleventh and North Streets.
Hjoly-y Coluxbcs, Nxbbasxa.
feed it. and at a cost or less tnan ou cents
per head. Then don't forget It keeps
them well, sound, vigorous, all over.
That keeps off disease you know It.
anybody knows It. Does that extra gain
and healthy condition mean profit at a
5 -ON THE-
50u shirt waist Bets 'J5c
Sido Comlw, the i5e ones
bide Combs Sterling mount-
Tortoise shell-back Combs.
7oe to 3.50
All lengths belts 5(K; on the
j"() new belt buckles 25c,
5G'c and 75c
Stick pino 10c, 15e, ySc, all
Free silver badges 15c
Solid gold baby rings 50c
I ED. J. NIEWOHNER,
8t Sin of th Hi Watch. S
M. C. CASSIN,
-raornicToa or tuk
(hah Meat Market
Game and Fish in Season.
J65yHighest market prioea paid for
littles and Tallow.
COLUMBUS, - - NEBRASKA
We Carry Coffins, Caskets and
Metallic Caskets at as low
prices as any one.
HAVE THE BEST HEARSE
IN THE COUNTRY.
FRED. W. HERRICK.
Dr. CLARK'S INSTITUTE
FOR THE TIIK.VT3ir.NT OF TUK
Drink Habit .
Also Tobacco, Morphine and
other Narcotic Habits.
tar-Private treatment given if desired.
COLUMBUS, - - NEBRASKA.
AbK 10a THK BEST WOVEN WIKE
A twice on 1 earth and jou will gt tL Page
w?ii tVK: A:k fr Paiw C,,il 8rin "u
EtaJ: 'an lht k E tinJ. " -JWr
V?;. 0l1 ?urface,t ?a.l turns anj thing from a
rabbit to a steam engine. Sold and put up only
1J,eLtf Coluaib.i. Nebr.
IUPFY & O'BRIEN.
Special attention given to Criminal
Office: Corner Eleventh and North Sts.
COLUMBUS, : NEBRASKA.
Gerrard- Wheel -Works,
RAMBLER, EAGLES aud
-, ctlwrtM. Mb.'
AUERI & REEDER,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Office over First National Bank,
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