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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (July 1, 1896)
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The Mottoim Mmmmty
Thrives on good food and sunshine,
frith plenty of exercise In the open air.
Her form glows with health and her
face blooms with Its beauty. If her sys--tem
needs the cleansing action of a lax
ative remedy she uses the gentle and
pleasant Syrup of Figs. Made by the
California Fis Syrup Company.
The Hamming Bird.
It is very hard to make acquaintance
with humming' birds, they are so very
shy and fleet of wing1. A lady who
had a rare opportunity to watch a
mother bird and her tiny nest that was
built near her room tells this interest
in? incident: "One day, when there
was a heavy sliower coming up. just "as
tiie first drops fell the mother came
fluttering home, seized a large leaf
which grew on the tree near the nest,
drew it over the nest in a way to complete-
cover it, then went back to
whatever work he had been about,
when the coming of the storm disturb
ed her. Thfe watcher at the window
wondered why the leaf did not blow
away. They'found it hooked to a tiny
twig just inside the nest The storm
passed, the mother came home, un
hooked the green curtain she had so
cunningly hung and found her babies
all dry. Itrooklyn Citizen.
Cm VMgfc Balaam
I tlw oldest mndtmU It wJH break op a Coki quid.
crthaaaoytbliisetK. It ia always reliable. Trjrtt,
Popular Fabrics for Summer flown.
Xew and striking effects in the way
of cotton gowns alwa3s appear after
the first of May. New cotton crepes,
organdies, dimities and piques delight
the eyes of every one able to wear cot
ton gowns. I say "able," for many
women from climate, health or occupa
tion are debarred from wearing any
but woolen gowns. Even heavy Irish
linen has been taken for midsummer
wear, ami gold lace appears on grass
r 1'tstorcr. Kitaflrr li w.tlav s ue.
ManWouseiirr. TrwiliantfSCti ll.oitl.-frr- it
A short time ago a book was pub
lished which attempted to prove that
Marshal Key was not shot in 1813, but
escaped to America and became a
schoolmaster in North Carolina, where,
as alleged, he lately died. To set at
rest all doubts in this matter, a cousin
of Mmc. Ney, who is now living in
America, contributes to the .luly Cen
tury a family record of Ney's execu
tion, written by Mme. Campan. who
was the aunt of Mme. Ney, and the
author of the Memoirs of Marie
It the Baby is Catting Teetn.
1c mm an J n that old and well-tried remedy. Me.
Wisl0w Soothing SVHir for Children Teething-
lludvary Kipling, as he showed him
self to his intimate friends just before
he became known to all tho world,
will be the subject of a paper in Mc
Clure's Magazine for .luly. It is writ
ten by the man with whom Mr. Kip
ling Avas associated in the editorship of
a newspaper in India, and it will be
illustrated with portraits and other
pictures from photographs furnished
by Mr. Kipling's family.
There is much of the devil's work that
can only I e done iy the hy otrito.
The haracter of love is tho same in
every country and climate.
An honest mnn ran never le a friend to
Blood is essential to health. Now is the
time to purify and enrich the blood, and
thus give vigor and vitality, by taking
The One TncI"ooi Purifier AIMruKgicLs. $1.
Mood's Pills 'ue all l.ivcr Ills. i". cents.
The Greatest Hedica! Discovery
of the Age.
DONALD KENNEDY, OF ROXMHtY, MASS..
Has discovered in one of our common
pasture weed a rcmedv th.it cures every
kind of Humor, from the worst Scrofu'a
down to a common Pimple.
He has tried it in over eleven hundred
cases, and never failed except in two cases
(both thunder humor). He has now in his
possession over two hundred icrtiticates
of its value, all within twenty miles of
Boston. Send postal card for book.
A benefit is alwavs experienced from
the first bottle, and a perfect cure is war
ranted when the right quantity is taken.
When the luiis are aiTected it causes
shooting pains, like needles passing
through them: the same with the Liver
or Bowels. Tiiis is caused by the ducts
beinir stopped, and always disappears in a
week a'er takinjj it. Read the label.
If the stomach is foul or bilious it will
c?use squeamish feelings at tlrst.
No c'unge ot diet ever necessary. Eat
the best vou ca.i get, and enough of it
Dose, ne tablespoonful in water at bad
time. Sold by all Druggists.
Of course if s imitated
anthiiig good always is
that's endorsement, not a
pleasant kind, but still en
dorsement HIRES Root
beer is imitated.
M !- brThrOli.rlr JR. Ilirr, (V.rMlll-lptilm.
A Sic pvkag make 5 fallout. Seta crrr acre.
Positively Cored with Veritable Remedies
11? rtaied thousands of Cure ra-es ro
nounord hele-! b.- lcst rlijsl'-lan.. From tlrt due
c jrmptom dlKprrar: In trn daj at leant tanMltlnl
all jm.itim rrmore.1. ind for free lok ttimo
filnUof mtctilaii rures. Ten dajr'a treatment tree
l-j-maiL lfyononler trial aenJ lflc In rtainp to pay
portace. Ir. if. ll. (irror Jt So, Atlanta. Oa. t
jou oidrr trial return this adierUactncnt to us.
A journey to the center
of the earth.
No, not quite.
Enough like it, though,
to give you a good idea of
what the real thing is
the trip to the "Garden of
Eden," Wind Cave near
Hot Springs, So. Dakota.
Book about Hot Springs free if you
write to J. Francis. Gen'l Pass'r Agent.
Burlington Route. Omaha, Neb.
mA adrtro aa to fateataMTitr of
WvMttoa. aead for " inTentotV QnMe, or How to Oft
era eyes, use $
W. N. U., OMAHA-2C-189B
When writing to advertisers, kindly
mention tins paper.
BBPSg.B'Lfc fccdya-rfga aaWaJaaL
FARM AND GARDEN.
MATTERS OP INTEREST TO
Bam Cp-to-Data Hints Aboat CaKlvm
tlm at the Sell aad YUlda Theraef
Hertlcaltaxe, Vltlcaltare aad Fieri
caltare. ULLETIN 56 of the
ment Station says:
An experiment de
signed to test the
value of the theory
that the proper
way to treat the
corn crop is to give
It frequent and
shallow culture has
been tried here. It
has now been tested here for several
years, and while these tests have not
established just how often corn must
be cultivated, they prove beyond a
doubt that it is possible to cultivate it
too much. The drawback to the experi
ment is that frequent cultivation, as for
instance twice or three times a week,
necessitates the Btirring of the soil at
times when it is not in proper condition
to be stirred. In the present case, when
rains fell at such times that the ground
would be too wet to cultivate on the
assigned dates, the cultivation was
postponed or omitted altogether. There
were last year thirty plats devoted to
the experiment. Each plat was a long
narrow strip only four rows wide, and
a guard row separated 'adjoining plats,
so that the treatment of one plant could
not affect its neighbor. The rows were
3.5 feet apart and the stalks sixteen
inches apart in the row. In 1892, the
plats cultivated once in two weeks gave
exactly the same average as the plats
cultivated twice a week. In 1893, the
plats cultivated once a week gave the
best yield, and there was a decrease by
giving either more or less cultivation.
The average for three years gives the
best yield to plats cultivated once a
week. We have averages for four years
for cultivations of twice a week, once a
week, and once in two weeks, the yields
from the two latter treatments being
the best and almost alike.
Insecticide aad ranelcldea.
The season for spraying our or
chards and vineyards is at hand, and
it should be attended to at once.
It is estimated that the apple crop
alone in Indiana, in an ordinary season
amounts to approximately 3,000,000
bushels, and it is also estimated that
at least two thirds of these would be
classed as "seconds" in the market,
owing to the defects caused by insects
J aT-B..2 Tl 1 - - - k lIaAAV lafin 6ak
aim luugi. iiiia mciiua a uiicui. ium ia'
.. - ... -. t.i7l
lue larmurs oi iuc aiaie iiuiu iu.o
one cause, of at least $500,000 annually.
This same may be said of all other
kinds of fruit to a greater or less ex
tent, so that a set of spraying ma
chinery has come to be just as essen
tial to successful fruit culture as the
trees themselves; for it has been thor
oughly demonstrated that from 80 to 90
per cent, of the fruit crop can be saved
in perfect condition by an intelligent
use of the spray pump; and at a cost
of not more than 30 to 40 cents per tree.
In the application of insecticides it
should be remembered that there are
two classes of insects with which we
have to deal; one takes its food by eat
ing the foliage, fruit, etc., while the
second class sucks its nourishment
from the interior of the stem, foliage
or fruit The Tent caterpillar, Canker
worm and Currant worm are familiar
examples of the first-class, and the
plant lice, squash bug, etc., represent
the second class. Accordingly insecti
cides may be divided into two classes,
viz: (1) those which must be taken
into the system before becoming active,
and which contain more or less
arsenic, such as Paris green, London
purple and White arsenic, and which
should be used at the rate of one pound
to 200 gallons of water; (2) those which
kill by contact; such as kerosene emul
sion, pyrethum, bi-sulphide of carbon,
etc. The only precaution necessary
here is in the use of bi-sulphide of car
bon, which is very explosive when
brought near the fire. It is used in
the destruction of all kinds of grain in
sects in bins. To these may be added a
third class called repellants those
which by their offensive odors prevent
egg laying such as carbolic acid, soft
soap, etc., which are applied to the
bodies of trees as a prevention against
the attacks of borers. The numerous
fungous diseases, such as the black rot
of grapes, apple scab, plum rot, etc.,
require a different class of remedies.
The one in most general use is the Bor
deaux mixture, which is made by dis
solving six pounds of sulphate of cop
per and four pounds of quick lime and
adding these to 45 or 50 gallons of
water. The first application should
be made before any sign of the disease
has manifested itself, repeating at in
tervals of ten or fifteen days. After the
fruit has set a combination of Paris
green and Bordeaux mixture will be
found to serve a double purpose in
destroying both insects and fungi.
James Troop, Horticulturist Indiana
Soil for Strawberries.
In choosing a place for a strawberry
bed, much depends upon the intentions
of the grower. The early aqd late ber
ries bring the best prices. Now if it is
desired to have an early crop, we
should choose a warm sandy soil and a
southern expose. On the other hand,
if we want late berries we must choose
a cooler, heavier soil and a northern
slope. In general, we may say that a
soil which will grow fine corn and po
tatoes will produce good strawberries.
The best soil, perhaps, is a deep,
strong, sandy loam, but no one kind of
soil is equally well adapted to every
variety. The soil must be moist but
not too wet, and well drained. It must
also be naturally rich or well fertilized.
Old sod is not to be recommended on
account of the presence of white grubs
which attack the roots jf the straw
berry. Thorough preparation of the
soil is the foundation of success. The
strawberry is not particular as to the
kind of manure applied, provided it is
in sufficient quantity. Well rotted
stable manure is scarcely to be ex
celled. A compact of muck and manure
is one of the best fertilizers for light
soils, ashes are also valuable, especially
on sand soils. Concentrated fertilizers
are sometimes used with good results,
but care must be taken in applying
them not to injure the plants. Plow
deep. It is well to plow in the fall and
replow in the spring, so as to get the
manure will mixed with the soil. Sub
soiling is recommended but is not ne
cessary. One acre well prepared and
cultivated will produce mre fruit than
three or four poorly prepared. A. M.
Wide Tires for Wagons.
The introduction of broad tires upon
all farm wagons and carts adapted for
heavy draft purposes alone would do
much to improve roads, since half the
trouble seems to arise from heavy loads
carting over country roads at seasons
of the year when the ground is soft At
Tuxedo, where all draft wagons are
prohibited an entry unless famished
with broad-tired wheels, the tremend
ous advantage over the ordinary tires
has been plainly proved, for there, even
when the roads are softest and at their
worst, they never cut up through the
constant carting of heavy loads of
brick, stone or lumber over them; for
the tires, by being so broad that they
can not cut in and hence track in the
same place, act somewhat like rollers
in keeping the roads hard and smooth.
So much might be accomplish In
this way if every one living in the
country, when buying a farm wagon or
cart, would not only make a point of
getting one with broad tires, but would'
at the same time exert his influence to
that effect with his friends and neigh
bors. For could the merit of these tires
as road-improv3rs once become known
throughout the country, public spirit
alone would cause their use to become
general and much of the present trou
ble arising from the deep, rutty condi
tion of the roads would cease as if by
magic Gen. Roy Stone.
Bloat ea Clover.
G. W. Waters, writing In Journal ot
Agriculture, says: As the clover is
good this year we may expect a lot of
bloat in cattle pastured upon it Re
member that it is dangerous to pas
ture green, sappy clover when it Is wet
It is fairly safe to turn in when it is
dry, ecpecially if it is dry weather and
the clover is a little wilted. If cattle
are fed some dry feed a few ears of
corn, some hay or straw every morn
ing while running on clover, the dan
ger is not so great There are some
remedies that if taken in time will
cure. The simplest and best is to catch
the animal, force its mouth wide open
and keep it forced open. This may be
done by using round billet of wood, say
three inches in diameter, tied at each
end and used in the mouth the same as
a bridle bit in a horse's mouth. The
animal will work the jaws and tongue
and soon begin to belch, then the dan
ger is over. We have used in connec
tion with the stick of wood a drench
of soda, but this is not necessary. Ben
ton Gabbert, of Dearborn, says he has
seen hundreds cured by the stick of
wood in the mouth, and never knew it
to fail. So it isn't necessary to use the
trochar and cannula.
Grow SOO Hones.
There is a great deal of importance
attached to the advice to be careful in
breeding horses that will sell for
something, instead of the old hap haz
zard way. A writer in one of our agri
cultural exchanges suggests now that
farmers have had a good deal of hard
experience with the cheap service craze
and the fast horse craze and the color
craze, all bringing the same result
millions of small, worthless horses for
which there is no profitable market.
In sober judgment, let us look at the
markets and raise no horse that will
not sell above $200. The heavy draft
and large coachcrs will do that, and
the sooner we begin to grade up to
what the markets want the sconrr we
will begin to make horse breeding pay,
and we will not then complain of the
limes or the prices when we have good
horses to sell. Indiana Farmer.
Forcing Plants It, Electricity.
The professors in the department of
horticulture at Cornell have just con
cluded important experiments in de
veloping plants by electric light. Prof.
"We are highly gratified with the
result We have proved that by using
electric light during the day time we
can produce lilies fully two weeks be
fore those that arc grown under natural
conditions. The effect is fully as
marked in the case of lettuce, but we
found that electricity is a positive det
riment to peas.
"We will continue our investigation
on different plants, and will ascertain
the effects on vegetation of the Roent
gen rays. We shall also experiment
on plants by electrifying the atmos
phere in which the plants are grown."
Wheat in California. The oldest in
habitant has never passed through a
season more favorable for grain de
velopment than the present For some
time progress was slow on account of
cold weather, which hung on with sin
gular tenacity, and caused some fear
that the grain would not head out
properly; The plant had secured a
splendid footing, however, and the
warm weather of the past three days
was just what was needed to fill the
heads, and thus advance a prospect
that has not been surpassed in years.
From any quarter where there was any
reason to anticipate a good result, re
ports have shown steady improvement,
making 1,000,000 tons, the Commercial
News' estimate, appear a very reason
able expectation at this writing. A hot
norther when the wheat is in the
dough might shrink the kernel some
what, and later when the wheat is ripe
might cause it to shell out, but if the
season maintains its record, these con
tingencies may not have to be reckoned
with. A car load of New Sonora wheat,
the first of the season, was purchased
at Bakersfield at something more than
80 cents per cental, and shipped thence
May 21. Last year Kimbcrlina, in the
same vicinity, made the first shipment
San Francisco Commercial News.
The Farm with No Garden. Now I
ecc a fellow rise up, with his breeches
frazzled out at the bottom and his el
bow out of an old coat he has worn
three winters, to say, "Why, me give up
a half acre of my best cotton land to
have a garden? No, sir! I am a cotton
planter, sir, and don't fool away time
puttering around with the women to
make a garden. I'll plant the women
a cotton patch and they can buy all the
vegetabes we need and have money
left." Now, we have seen that poor
woman out in the spring hunting the
fence corner for lamb's-quarter and
poke salad to help supply a table for
her liege lord, who growled about hard
times, and the meanness of the mer
chants who supplied the northern
raised bacon and flour or meal on
which he was subsisting. We want to
say now and here that no farmer who
lets whisky alone and lives economic
ally, and who plants and cultivates a
half acre in vegetables of all sorts, will
be found among the class we have
mentioned. Texas Farm and Ranch.
Hotbeds. The use of hotbeds by farm
ers is on the increase, especially where
summer boarders are kept, and where
light sales are made at near-by village
stores. The frames used are simple
affairs, usually consisting of a cheap
board one foot high at the front and
eighteen inches at the rear, giving the
sash a slope towards the rays of the
sun and at an angle that will give less
of reflection to them than a flat surface.
Common sash are used generally on the
farm from some old building that has
undergone repairs. Ex.
North American Forests. Dr. Bell, a
well-known Canadian scientist, has
been delivering a lecture on forestry
at the Canadian Institute, Toronto. He
states that North America possesses a
greater variety of tree3 than any other
country in the world, and nearly one
hundred different epecies are found m
Canada east of the Rocky Mountains.
DAIKY AND POULTBY
INTERESTING CHAPTERS FOR
OUR RURAL READERS.
Hew Saeeanfal Farmaera Operate Tkls
Departaaaat ef the Farm A Few
BlaU aa te the Care ef live Stack aad
IRCULAR 5 ot the
Department of Ag
riculture says: Pri
or to 1894, the na
ture of this disease
was unknown. In
the .fall of 1893,
.of. 9J rTOI. Ottliiuci vuau-
vuJ2f man' of tbe Rbode
4FH Island Slate Exper-
f 4 iment Station, sent
v a few specimens
of the diseased organs of turkeys which
had died of "black-head" to this lab
oratory, where they were carefully ex
imlned by Dr. Theobald Smith. In the
;ummerof 1894, Dr. Smith made a care
ful study of this disease at the Rhode
Tsland Experiment Station. He found
that it was caused by one of the pro
tozoa (Amoeba meleagridis Smith) and
he published a full description ot the
disease which, in accordance with the
lesions, he designated infectious ente
rohepatitis. This report shows that the
liscase usually attacks the young tur
kevs. The walls of one or both caeca
become thickened, and the liver Is mot
lied with areas of varying size, having
i brownish, yellowish, or perhaps
greenish color. These peculiarly col
ored areas in the liver are of diagnostic
,..- - i.v havo not been found in
value, ao iu. - mi.-.
other caecal or intestinal troubles. The
nicroscopic examination or tne aueti
parts showed the presence of large
numbers of the protozoa, in the cells
md intercellular tissue. The l"e his-
orv of this parasite and the way by
.vhich the turkeys become infected with
t were not determined, but from the
acts elicited. Dr. Smith thought it
'lighlv probable that the micro-organ-
sm is transmitted from turkey to
urkev without passing through an in-
crmediate host. The nature of the
.lisease indicates that Inquiries into
he means by which it is transmitted,
vith the object of determining methods
or its prevention, promise more speedy
nd practical results than investiga-
ions into its medicinal treatment Fur-
hermore, it is of much importance that
ts spread into non-infected localities
hould be checked.
Cot ton-Seed Meal and Hulls.
A bulletin of the North Carolina ex
nrrimcnt station gives the following
Hrections for the feeding of cotton-seed
neol and hulls:
1. For Maintenance Where it is de
sirable to feed an animal just sufficient
to maintain it without loss, the follow
ng directions may be followed: Hulls
:rom rather green seed may be fed
llonc. the particles of seed kernels re
gaining accidentally with the hulls be
ing counted on for maintenance, or.per
haps, even for slow fattening. Depend
ence, of course, is placed on the amount
if kernels left in the hulls. With well
cleaned hulls, however, some cotton--cd
meal must be used, depending
somewhat on the animal fed. With a
ow weighing 950 pounds, 1 pound of
ncal to every 7 pounds of hulls has
been shown to maintain the weight and
produce about 20 pounds of milk per
.lay. Probably 8 or 10 pounds of hulls
to 1 pound of meal when fed in quan
tity (as much as can be eaten clean)
will support life and maintain the
weight of neat stock.
2. For Milk. For the greatest flow of
nilk we consider it a doubtful practice
o feed exclusively on hulls and meal,
hough both may be prominent articles
in the ration. If cotton-seed meal is
fed in quantities sufficient to support
cow giving a large flow of milk it
may occasion danger to her health, as
it certainly does where fed to pigs and
calves in like manner. When a cow
has passed about four or five months
of gestation, and the flow of milk has
greatly diminished, she may be put on
-i ration of hulls and meal, which may
be varied from 4 to 1 to as much as
7 or 8 to 1 of hulls to meal until she has
dried off. This will support the cow
well. It would be well all this time,
however, to be feeding once per day
some hay, stover, straw, or let her
graze part of each day.
For two or three weeks before calving
.he cow's ration should be changed by
substituting a succulent diet of bran for
he cotton-seed meal. A week before
alving, if not already affected by the
succulent diet, the cow should be thor
oughly purged with Glauber's or Ep
som salts, in one pound dose. Care
snould be exercised to see that the
bowels remain loose; if not, repeat the
dose at intervals, as needed, until the
cow has come to her full yield of milk
3. For Other Stock. To other than
ruminating animals, the use of either
cotton-seed hulls or meal is yet of
doubtful expedience. Hulls are consid
ered too bulky for horses, but cotton
seed meal may often be fed in small
quantities to good advantage with the
usual wide rations. Its action, how
ever, on the nervous system is yet un
tried, so far as we are informed, and it
would only be safe as a small part of a
ration to be used, much as linseed meal
or flaxseed is sometimes used. This
meal, in small quantities is not so laxa
tive as linseed meal.
The Hest Floor.
The best and most satisfactory floor
for a hen house is dry, clean dirt upon
an earth floor. The earth in the house
should be filled from six inches to one
foot above the ground surrounding the
house outside; this will prevent it from
becoming damp and disagreeable to the
opcunanis. Under the roosts should be
thrown a shovel full or more of loose.
dry dirt every morning, and the drop
pings removed at least once a week and
the floor swept or scraped. A scratch
ing space should be divided off by set
ting up boards a foot high, making a
pen in which should be kept loose straw
or chaff to the depth of four or six
inches and all loose grain fed fowls
thrown in this pen. This will keep
the hens busy and the busy hen lays
eggs. This should not be allowed to
become foul, but should be renewed oc
casionally. A liberal supply of air
slaked lime scattered over the floor will
do much toward keeping the house in
a good wholesome condition. Inter
Probably no people in the world
waste so much as the Americans, simp
ly because no people have so much that
can be wasted. It seems a great loss
when we consider the vast quantities
of bone going to waste every day.
This can be easily ground with small
outlay for a bone grinder or cutter.
The elements that are found in green
bone are those of great value to the
hen. She uses a part to make bone and
a part to make egg shells and some of
it even goes to make muscle; fo; lime
is not the only thing found in the bone
in its green state. Bones can be ob
tained from the butcher at a very low
price, and in country places can doubt
less be had for the asking. We as a peo
ple should save the vast amount of
valuable food matter going to waste in
tbe form mentioned.
Sor-rhana far Cattle.
In the report of the agricultural con
vention held at Phoenix last fall, just
issued in bulletin 18 of the Experiment
Station, Tucson, Prof. Gulley says: "In
cropping we should not follow sorghum
with grain. Alfalfa takes more from
from the ground than sorghum but
leaves the ground in better condition.
Sorghum absorbs all the food material
immediately available. The rotation
might be alfalfa, grain, sorghum, then
alfalfa. There are a number of differ
ent varieties of sorghum, both sweet
and non-saccharine. Th? sweet varicty
seems to be preferred by stock. The
seed has practically the same compo
sition as wheat, and one can grow about
as much seed per acre as he can corn.
It may be grown broadcast or in drills,
but even when the stem becomes dry
cattle are fond of it and will chew it all
up, probably for the sugar it contains,
rejecting the leaves until after they
have chewed the stock. Harvesting
machinery is made which will reduce
tbe cost of harvesting to a minimum
and when shocked it will not sour a3
corn does. If it costs too much to har
vest, cattle may be turned in the stand
ing sorghum for a time each day."
Having decided to establish a cheese
factory, select a man to take charge of
it and send him to some institution of
the kind that is in successful opera
tion, and keep him there for at least
six months, or until he learns the busi
ness thoroughly, if his services are not
needed as an assistant; better pay lib
erally for the privilege of staying there
and learning the business: it will be
found in the long run that the money
spent in this way is the best invest
ment of the whole institution. A man
to operate a cheese factory should be
sufficiently posted so that he can tell
at a glance, when he enters the cheese
room, whether his cheese maker is
making good merchantable cheese, or
whether he is making something that
is destined to be used as fish-bait, or
as a tramp exterminator in the free
lunch saloon. We think this class of
cheese is what gives the Chicago people
their opinion of Missouri as a dairy
state. O. C. Beach.
Enemy of Good Batter.
An experienced dairyman says: The
most to be dreaded of all products that
was ever put upon a market is poor
butter. No one wants it at any price.
Now, if from any causes herein or not
herein mentioned (and they are legion)
your creamery should turn out a poor
grade of butter or cheese, what will
you do with it? The hotel or com
mission merchant will send it back
and you must sustain the loss. Many
honest and innocent patrons of the
creamery are made to suffer by the
mistake of one who is dishonest There
is.no business the farmers ever have
undertaken that is so particular and
difficult of successful management as
a creamery. How could it be expected
of a community having had no dairy
cows, no dairy farms or barns, no dairy
help, no dairy knowledge or experience
or inclination, or ice-houses or milk
houses, to do otherwise than fail?
Horses In Russia.
According to the Gazette of St Pe
tersburg, Russia possesses 30,000,000
horses, or half the total number sup
posed by one authority to be kept in
the world. About 86 per cent belong
to the peasants, and there arc grave
fears of the rapid decrease of these ani
mals unless something is done to ar
rest the decline that has set in. The
depression in agriculture has impover
ished the peasants, and their horses are
growing fewer as well as poorer In
quality. At present, it is estimated, 30
per cent of the peasants who cultivate
land are without horses, and the gov
ernment are urged to devote more at
tention to the encouragement of cart
horse breeding, and less to that of the
breeding of racers and other light
Every man takes good, sweet butter
to market. (He thinks he does.) He
knows he does, because his groceryman
tells him so, and he puts it in the box
with all of the good butter, and his wife
made it; how could it be otherwise. But
he has to take a low price for it, there
was so much of the same quality on the
market, so they do not try to make it so
good the next week, for it did not pay
to work so hard for so little money.
If grocerymen could be a little more
particular in testing the butter they
buy, and take nothing but good, poor
butter would be very scarce, as there
would be no place for it. But just as
long as there is a place where it can be
sold at all, it will be made, and lots of
Games. The game fowl is probably
the oldest breed known to the world.
They were bred and fought three thou
sand years ago, and will be bred and
fought three thousand years after date.
We allude to the true game, not the
stilted variety, bred for supposed ele
gance of form and station. There is
no better fowl for the farmer than well
bred and steel tested games. They are
generous layers and the finest table
fowls ever invented. The latter fact Is
never disputed and never doubted. Af
ter full feathering they arc the hardiest
of all, and will return home to roost
with promptness. Not only will the
males fight anything that wears feath
ers or hair, but the females will pro
tect their young to the last feather and
the last gasp. They are the best of all
mothers good sitters and good pro
Ducks In the South. The south is
the Mnd for ducks. In Texas, Lotus
ana, Arkansas, Mississippi, Alabama,
Tennessee and several other southern
states, there are hundreds of lakes,
rivers, creeks and bayous that are na
tural harbors for duckt In many of
the states named tbe wild ducks gather
and forage and in the late fall and win
ter season, affording fine sport for the
huntsman: In the more 4hickly set
tled and cultivated sections of the south
the streams and lakes still exist, but
the wild ducks have forsaken them be
cause of the too frequent appearance
of man and the fixtures and appliances
of modern life. It is the duty, then, of
the home-builder to restock the water
ways with ducks. Southern Farm.
Color of Jerseys. Jersey breeders
commenced to breed for fast or fancy
colors, light and dark fawn, and have
nearly accomplished their object, so
that is now the standard color, but have
sacrificed to some extent a quality
much more valuable; namely, capacity.
Although retaining the quality, many
inferior animals are raised because they
have the standard color, but yet they
are a valuable breed, and fill their
place as well as auy f.'auiiy cow, and
produce excellent butter. Ex.
By thinning there will be less
poor fruit upon the market, and the
good will bring better prices and give
infinitely better satisfaction.
Amongst the noticeable inventions
granted to Trans Mississippi inventors
during the last week we find a ear
coupling of the jenny pattern granted
to George W. Dickey of Des Moines,
Iowa; a pipe wrench granted to E. It.
Frizelle of Sterling, Kansas; a steam
sawing machine, issued to C 11. Ilille
brand of Lemars, Iowa; a letter box
granted to E. J. Hower of Trinidad.
Colorado, a simple tire tightener issued
to D. L. Lcibe of Sidney, Iowa; a reg
ister for telephones allowed to E. L.
Morey of Portland, Oregon; a metallic
basket granted to J. R. Coleman of
Perry, Iowa: while Dr. Win. L. Ross
of Omaha, Nebraska, receives a patent
for a furnace embodying a smoke con
suming feature which is adapted to be
used in family residences.
Amongst the curious inventions is a
folding bicycle frame which can be
taken apart and folded up; a letter box
so arranged that the mail is automatic
ally delivered from the box to the mail
wagon; a bicycle alarm actuated by
the spokes of the front wheel; a car
cuspidorc adapted to be hinged below
the seat and be out of sight when not
in use; a bicycle attachment comprising
a flexible frame having one wheel
adapted to be attached to an ordinary
bicycle to make a tandem; an engine
for producing motive power by means
of the heat of the sun; while a Chicago
inventor received a patent comprising
a mattress which is strapped about a
horse and upon which he rests in lying
A copy of any of the above patents
will be mailed upon receipt of 10 cts by
In W. Sues & Co., United States Patent
Solicitors, Bee Building, Omaha, Nebraska,
Pretty Ureas for an Outdoor Fete.
A kimono, or Japanese dress makes
a pretty costume for a girl of 1G to
wear at a fancy dress garden party.
Those of wealthy Japanese woman are
made of a very beautiful and costly
silk. Inexpensive materials, as flower
ed cotton crepe, can be obtained where
Oriental goods arc sold in large cities.
Cotton crepon might be used as a sub
stitue. A wide, soft silk sash is tied
around the waist, and a Japanese fan
is carried. The hair is brushed back
in a thick roll on the top of the bead,
and fastened with as elaborate hair
pins as can be procured. No hat is
worn. A Japanese parasol may be
substituted for the fan if desired.
1 he New England Conservatory of Music,
in Boston Mass., hes furnished instruction
to over tiO.OOO pupils since listf, and its
ropu nrity as an institution of the highest
exieleme is toustnntly increasing. Its
iirru-ulum is not confined to inusii n'one,
lut Oratory and 3Iodern Languages have
fne'y efjiiippetl departments and the liest
ins tnu tors money ion procure. Sfecial
attention a'so is given to instruction in
piano orte timing. Tho charges are 'ow
when (omrared with those orothermusicnl
schools. Pros citus mailed Irce ou appli
cation. How the Word "Teetotaler Was Coined.
The late Rev. Joel Jewell, of Troy,
Pennsylvania, is said to have originated
the word 'teetotaler." The story goes
that at a public temperance meeting in
Hector. New York, in 1S.'S. lie intro
duced into the pledge the letters ".
P." for "old pledge," which pledged
against distilled liquors, and T.,'" for
"total," including both distilled and
fermented liquors. When names were
being taken a young man in the gallery
said: "Add my name and a T. for I
am a T-totaler." Mr. Jewett adopted
the word in speeches and writings.
Some four years later an Hnglishraan
named Dick Turner employed the word,
and its origin has also lieen claimed for
Hall's Catarrh Cure
Is taken internally. Price, 75c.
Familiar to the Sultan.
I have just been reading that Mr.
Terrell's friends tell a good story of
the familiar manner in which he talks
to the sultan. It is said thar while
they were dining together one clay at
the palace his imperial majesty re
marked that he regretted to learn that
there were four newspapers in the
United States which had published
articles seriously reflecting on his ad
ministration, and he desired Mr. Ter
rell to write President Cleveland and
ask him to suppress them.
"Why." replied the envoy extraor
dinary and minister plenipotentiary of
the United States, "there are 33,000
newspapers printed in the United
States, and every one of them gives
you hell every morning." The Capitol.
fine Thousand Fnrmers Wanted
To settle on one thousand choice farms
on the line of the Chicago, Milwaukee
& St Paul Railway in Dakota.
These lands are located in twenty
different counties, and are to be had
now at prices ranging from S7 to Sl."
per acre; a few months hence their
value will be doubled.
For a home or for investment no
luckier chance in the West lias ever
before been offered. Now is the time
to invest. No better farming land ex
ists anywhere. No greater results can
be obtained anywhere.
Schools and churches abound every
where. Nearby markets for all farm
products. South and North Dakota
are the banner diversified farming and
stock-raising states of the West.
Everything grows in Dakota except ig
norance and intemperance. A new
boom is on. Take advantage of the
tide which leads to Dakota and to for
tune. For further information address or
call upon W. E. Powell. (leneral Im
migration Agent, 410 Old Colony Build
ing, Chicago, Ills.
lllindneas line to Arcidrnt.
Statistics show that Pennsylvania
has more citizens whose sight has been
destroyed, or who have had their eyes
rendered useless, than any other state.
The large number of iron and steel
plants and other manufactories and
mines within its limits arc responsible
for this. The fact that Pittslmrg is
the center of the iron and steel trade,
and in the most important coal mining
district in the country, furnishes the
explanation for the fact, as stated by
the Chronicle of that city, that there
are more people in Pittsburg wearing
glass eyes than are to be found in any
other city in the country. Those who
are in a position to know estimate that
there are about :M00 such unfortunates
in Allegheny county, or about one to
every 2.10 persons. BufFalo Express.
FOR THE NATIONAL CONVENTION
AT ST. LOUIS JULY' 2-ND.
Tbe Wabash, the shortest and quickest
route has leen selected as the line from
Nebraska for de'egates and their friends to
trave'. All trains are ec-uipped with Re
clining Chair Cars, Free, and Pullman
Sleering cars. Connecting Lines wi'l sell
tickets over the Wabash at Half-Faiie.
Partie3 desiring through cars or Sleeping
car accommodation con arrange same by
calling at the Wabash ticket oflice. No.
1415 Farnam St., (Paxton Hotel Block), or
write G. N. Ci.ayton
N. W. P. A., Omaha, Nebr.
An empty head and a rattling tongue go
Doctors affirm that spirits harden the
tone of the voice.
The railroad journey from New York tc
Denver covers 1,930 miles.
Grand Excursion to Buffalo July 5tb
The National Educational Associa
tion will hold its next annual meeting
in Buffalo, and the Michigan Central,
"The Niagara Falls Route," has made
a rate of one fare for the round trip
plus 52.00, association membership fee.
Send stamp for ".Notes tor leacners, .
containing valuable information rela- j
tive to Buffalo and Niagara Falls, and
10 cents for a summer note book, fully
descriptive and profusel illustrated oi (
the Summer Resorts of the North and
City Ticket Office 110 Adams street,
Chicago, 111. O- W. RUGGLES,
Gen'l Pass'r and Tk't Ag't
All Oat Aeceaat ef afanaaaa. I
"Papa," said Georgie, "I'm sorry
sometimes about all the trouble I give
mamma." "She hasn't complained."
"No; she's very patient But she often
sends me off to the shops for things,
and they are a good way off, and I
know she gets cross waiting when
she's in a hurry." "Not often, I
fancy." "Oh, she's nearly always in a
hurry. She gets everything all ready
for baking and finds at tho last minute
she hasn't any baking powder, or she
gets a pudding all mixed and finds she
hasn't any nutmeg or something, and
then she's in an awful stew, 'cause the
oven is all ready and maybe company
coming, and I can't run a very long
distance, yon know, a.nd 1 feel awfully
sorry for poor mamma." "-Humph!
Well, what can wo do about it?" I was
thinking you might get me a bicycle."
Mrs. D. A. McCoy, 711 South 27th St.,
Omaha, Neb., writes: "I am an o'd iadv.
07 years o'd. I have been troubled for the
past twenty years with constipation and
indigestion'and s'eepless nights, but since
takin? Dr. Kay's Renovator can s'cep lite
a c-hi d and am not troub'ed in the least
with the at ove-named diseases. Dr. Kay's
Renovator is worth its weight in go'cL" "it
is sold by druggist-, 25 cts. and $1. or sent
by mail" by Dr. B. J. Kay Medical Co.,
Omaha. Nek Send stamp for large sample
Cariosities of the Law.
Meek looking gent "What's the
matter, my good man?"
Irate stranger "I'm going to have
that woman arrested. She inveigled a
dollar out of me on false pretenses."
"Can you arrest a woman for that?"
"My! my! Law is a curious thing.
Why, a regular fury of a woman in
veigled me into marrying her by false
pretenses pretended she was an angel
and the law not only won't let me
arrest her. but makes me support her."
Another opportunity for immigrants
to secure homes free. Nearly 2,000,000
acres of first-class government lands in
northern Arkansas now open for set
tlement. For full information write
to E V. M. Powell, Immigration
Agent, Harrison, Arkansas, enclosing
10 cents in silver. See display adver
tisement in another part of this paper.
1 RattlsM i
.Tkv sTamBBaV aTa"""""" amB"sTa"aT""" BtotC'0B--v-;
am BaTBTkaaaTBaW aBaTaaa'aT"'' wf.SifiA'J'J
Tobacco Dealers say. that )
"BATTLE AX" is a "scorcher "
because it sells so fast Tobacco
Cbewers say, it is a " scorcher tf be- g
cause 5 cents' worth goes so lav. It's 2
as good as can be
cost The 5 cent piece is almost as
large as the other fellows' 1 0 cent piece.
Now Open to
IN NORTHERN ARKANSAS.
Tl ey art-firlllc wt-ll wntrinl. liral!T-thi!jr:i-l, tI pnxlii train, (r f f.uis- anil rrreliMM In
cbtiri'nict". oitl .AiWan-a aiplt art-nutttl Tin- riiuta'- I ilrllalitful. vlm.r- ''! on I t-lirt Thc
I.ii.ilaifiil'jt to houictrail rntrj of ICO arrri u.:. .Ml Is Tlti 1IJO 111 M I t llir-ll. 1 i.r luili t r In
(?ri.-. i.Lin si..r. E. V. !. POWELL, mmigraiion Agent, Harrison, Ark.
ttrH-ft:rs to Tank of llarri-im atnl 1'ouiie Count llnr.k Il.irii-.n rV.
We have made
a study of tires
pounded them year in
and year out by thousands
on our wheel-testing ma
chine, tested them for
elasticity, for speed, for
durability had reports
from riders and agents
everywhere. The wonder
fully elastic and durable tires used on Columbia Bicy
clesHartford Single-Tube Tires are the result.
are the regular equipment of all Columbia and Hartford
Bicycles. We know no tires so good as Hartfords.
Th- makers of Hartford Single -Tubes abo make Dunlcp tires
(douak-tu're), which we will substitute for Single-Tubes if preferred.
ftLSSSd'A. , POPE MFG. CO.,
Bv miil for two 2-cent stamt.
They Might Have to Yawn.
"It is asserted now," he said,
thoughtfully, "that a Chinaman never
yawns If that is so"
He paused and for a moment seemed
buried in thought.
"If that is so," he repeated, turning
to his companion, "I feel that I may
assert with perfect safety that no
Chinaman ever met you when you
Were in a story-telling mood."
Then he chuckled softly to himself
and felt avenged for the hour that he
had put in listening to tales "of preco
cious infants. Chicago Post.
Home Want Itullt In a flay
Neither arc the obstinate ina!:iillc. totlio
rcinoul of which the sreat corrective. Uo--tetter's
Stomach ISitters, U ndnptcd curaldo
in an hour. Topcr-Nt Iti the use o' thU
stantlar.i remedy is no more ili.in jut Mil
loir,ne s C(inti:ition. m:il:irl:t. rheuma
tism, kidney complaint-, and iivroii-m-4
arc among the complaints which it eradi
cates. l'enia'e Lootb'acks are numerous on tun
streets of Paris.
For lun; and chest diseases, Pico's Cura
is the bet medicine ai have used. Jlrs.
J. L North. ott, Wim'sor, Ont., Canada.
Mnnv n toy has turned out lad. lccnue
his father bore down too hard onthegriud
stone. Smouldering fires
of old disease
lurk in the blood of many a
man, who fancies himself in
good health. Let a slight
sickness seize him, ami the
old enemy breaks out anew.
The fault is the taking of
medicines that suppress, in
stead of curing disease. You
can eradicate disease aid
purify your blood, if you use
the standard remedy of the
made regardless of Q
Fre-Q Uficis Scm.
Nearly 2,000,000 Acres of Gcvernrmnt Lands
V iff $
f b y
V.'aII.-' 1 i -.
'. , Kf
."J.. J 'It ..J
..--.. ".-. '?,'
-jl(to-v - ' eft
TESTING TIRES AND WHEELS.