Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (May 20, 1896)
RSfSW V-" Ff' VT
olnmbtt s gmtrttaL
M. K. TURNER fc OO.,
One year, by mail, portage prepaid..
... .... 1T
a anwaasatfr asks; latter of
mSSSSSSwatmS aad their
J?a2JsTa to readily
aaajr awnTlaa list, treat which,
if tiST8- - - :
OC Ivar 4BBWW
M MM or ac-
r or draft.
m. k. mm Co.
all I filtiMS tn Mfll
Caaocoawavfsaawtavnii naaw oc ua wniw.
We teserva the &ht to reject aay ginrript.
Platte coaaty. on of cod !!, ,iat re
liabla is amy way. Write viejakj, naaa Usm
apsrataly. Ghana lasts.
WEDNESDAY. MAY 20. IBM.
National Republican, SLLouis, Tues
day, Jane 16.
Democratic, Chicago, Tuesday July 7.
Populist, SLLouis, Wednesday, July 22.
Free SUver, St Louis, Wednesday,
Prohibitionist, Pittsburg, Tuesday,
Let each aspiring candidate
Content hie anxious aonl;
The persimmon ie in eight.
Bat McKinley has the pole.
L8L Paul News.
Skow at Denver Friday.
Fkiday a tornado at Sherman, Texas,
killed a hundred people.
Ik Clearfield county, Penn., there is a
line of forest fires a distance of twenty
One day last week twenty-two deaths
from cholera were reported at Alexan
The best paid prose author in the
United States, according to the Chicago
Inter Ocean, is General Lew Wallace of
Indiana. Indiana also owns the best
paid living poet in the person of James
Whitoomb Riley. The seat of literature
and culture has moved west
Nebraska will have fifty-seven dele
gates in the national populist conven
tion at St Louis. It is expected that
Senator Allen and Governor Holcomb
will both be on the delegation. Ne
braska's number of delegates is only
exceeded by Texas and Kansas.
We wish to repeat what we have al
ready said several times that our posi
tion is the free coinage of all American
product of gold and silver and a prohi
bition of the foreign product either by
duty or otherwise. If this is goldbug
km then we are a double distilled gold
bug. Fullerton Journal.
The house of representatives is one of
the most expensive bodies of legislators
in the world, and by a vote of 190 to 108
rantiv hv decided to increase the
expense by the allowance ol 81UU a
month throughout the year to each con
gressman for clerk hire. This will add
$200,000 a year to the high-priced body
Db. J. S. Devries of Fremont, was
arrested Tuesday of last week on a
charge of carrying concealed weapons,
the complaint being made by City Mar
shal Nelson, at the request of Mrs.
Devries, who feared that he would kill
her and their children. For some time
past his friends have noticed a change
in the doctor, his mental faculties being
impaired by the use of cocaine. He was
taken to a sanitarium in Council Bluffs.
The doctor had been talked of as a can
didate for congress, on the democratic
Aocobdino to a correspondent of the
Chicago Times -Herald, n citizen of
Jackson, Breathitt county, Kentucky,
estimates the number of people killed
in the main street of the town during
the last twelve years at more than 100
persons. "An' not a nary case of bush
whaekiny says the narrator, strong in
lua local pride, "they was all shot off on
the square." The front of the court
aoaae is chipped ana scarred by bullets
until it looks as if made of rough-faced
brick instead of the symmetrical paral
lelopipeds used by the masons. Only
OB man has been legally hanged in
Breathitt He was "Bad Tom Smith,"
who was borrowed from an adjoining
county for execution by way of an ob
Nineteen years in the penitentiary at
hard labor and a fine of $211,000, to
gether with costs of prosecution, is the
aeatence imposed- upon Henry Bolln,
the ex-city treasurer of Omaha, con
,'victed of the embezzlement of $105,500
of the funds of the city and of the
school district of Omaha. He had
turned over to his bondsmen everything
he had in the world to secure them
against loss.. He is now in his 53d year.
The county attorney was firm in his
conviction that the supreme court would
take no action on the matter of the trial
and sentence upon the two counts re
lating to the items of $2,500 and $3,000,
as he said the evidence was so convinc
ing on those two items that there would
be no grounds for a rehearing. The
most the supreme court would do, he
thought, would be to grant a rehearing
on the matter of the- $100,000, and that
would still leave the sentence nine years
inprieonment and a fine of $11,000.
British free trade is the voice of in-
and selfishness, not principle.
protection is the voice of in
telligent labor and American develop
aneat Its benefits must be manifest to
casual student of industrial
No man will be found who
-would declare that our present advanced
position of manufactures could or would
sen reached without the aid af
by a wise system of protection.
i imported daring the month
$5,S52,10 worth of man-
afectared woolens. This is more than
the imports of woolen goods
: the corresponding month of 1892
FEEL STORM'S FURY.
KANSAS TOWNS SUFFER GREAT DAM-
AGE FROM A CYCLONE.
Kansas City, May 19. News of the
lorn of life and destruction of property
hy yesterday's cyclone in Kansas is
alow in coming in, caused by the crip
pled condition of telegraph wires. What
has bean atoured makes it plain
that previous estimates of the damage
lone were none too high, and in fact
may be added to when communication
is completely reopened. Fully half a
dosen towns were struck by the twister,
and the known dead are seven. The in
jured number fully 30, many of whom,
it is feared, are fatally hurt.
Reserve, a village on the Missouri
Pacific, in Brown county, seems to have
felt the brunt of the storm. But five
houses are said to have been left stand
ing. The list of killed and injured at
Reserve are as follows:
D. W. Tebhuke, aged Wi
Ralph Sweeny, 9 years.
Viola Phillips, 4 years.
Mbs. John Ryndkb.
John -Binder, fatally,.
William Melliston, father of Mrs. Doer
son, internally injured.
Mrs. D. W. Terhune and daughter, In
Sherman Phillips, bruised and cut.
Jeule Young and wife, cut and hurt.
George H. Kennedy, cut and severely
Ed Phillips, arm broken.
Harry Thompson and wife.
Frank Jones, jaw broken.
Mrs. Sweeny and three children, hurts
Rev. Parker, wife and daughter, inter
Wm. Margrave, face and head bruised.
Hardly a Hoaae Btaadiaa;.
A special to The Star from Reserve
ays: This town was almost wiped out
of existence by yesterday's cyclone.
Hardly a house remains standing and
wreckage is strewn everywhere. The
whole populace is homeless and great
confusion prevails. Forty-four build
ings in Reserve alone were razed. The
barns and sheds of all the farmers liv
ing in the track of the storm were de
stroyed. The destructor came upon
the villagers with scarcely no warning
to them. It was shaped like an um
brella and came from the southwest.
The people fled precipitately to their
cyclone cellars, but many never reached
them. The confusion was indescrib
able. Darkness added to the crash of
failing timbers. The cries of the hurt
and the almost deafening hiss and roar
of the wind struck terror to the hearts
of all. After the storm had passed,
those fortunate enough to have escaped
its ravages set about helping tha vic
tims. All night long the people searched
for the wounded and missing, and lan
terns could be seen darting here and
there. The injured are being well cared
for. Fifty thousand dollars would not
replace the damage at Reserve alone.
Eaters Nebraska at FalU City.
The cyclone crossed the central branch
of the Missouri Pacific at Blue river,
two miles west of Irving, then followed
the railroad and the river to Frankfort,
thence north to Baileyville, Seneca,
Sabetha and Reserve, entering Ne
braska at Falls City.
At Falls City it overturned 26 freight
cars, demolished tho B. and M depot
and damaged 26 houses. A Mr. and
Mrs. Hinton are reported hurt at the
A apeutoi iu xiw oiar lroin oauetua,
Kan., says: At Sabetha there is one
dead and 15 injured, and 25 houses were
totally aesrroyea ana twice as many
wrecked. Northwest of Sabetha three
were killed and the desolation is wide
spread. Northeast of that town four
were killed and many injured. Six are
reported killed near Oneida. The iden
tified dead in the vicinity of Sabetha are:
Mks. Jacob Meisxeb.
The SHEiuti.BD and Conwell Chil
dren (number not given.)
Mrs. Dan Sayloic
Mb. Ceacuy and an unknown woman.
Injured are: W. M. Carey, Mrs. Geo.
Carey, William Machomer, S. P. Hay,
Artie Hay, Mrs. Carey, two Carey chil
dren, Mrs. Dick Murphy, the latter not
expected to live. All are more or less
Forty Sabetha families are homeless
and all their household effects are gone.
A meeting of citizens has been called
to render aid.
Decided Against the Soathera Fadae.
Los Angeles, May 19. Judge Mc
Kenna, in the United States circuit
court, delivered an opinion adverse to
the defendant in the test cases which
have been brought to establish the rights
of settlers on thousands of acres of land
in Southern California, claimed by the
Southern Pacific railway. Special At
torney J. N. Call has handled the cases
for the government. The decision states
that the railroad was guilty of gross
negligence in not filing its map and five
years of such delay has defeated its
claims to the land.
Twenty Minora Caught la a Santa PH.
Richmond, Va., May 19. News
reached here from Midlothian, 25 miles
from this city, stating that the Midlo
thian coal mine is on fire. Fifteen to 30
men are imprisoned in a pit 600 feet
Baton Rouge, La., May 19. Murphy
J. Foster was inaugurated governor of
Inwisiana for the second time and
Robert H. Snyder for lieutenant gov
arnor in the presence of a large crowd.
Lvmbcr Dealers Assign.
Columbus, May 19. Edward Kelkm
Co., lumber dealers, assigned to George
L. Converse, Jr. Assets $200,000. The
liabilities will not exceed, $160,000.
River mad Harbor Bill
Washington, May 14. The river and
harbor appropriation bill was passed by
the senate yesterday after an unusually
stormy experience,la&ting many days. As
finally passed the bill makes direst ap
propriations of tl2,200,000, and author
ises continuing contracts of $64,000,000,
aa aggregate of about $76,000,000. During
the debate the statement was made
that this was the largest aggregate for
a river and harbor bill in the history of
the government. Mr. Gorman sought
to secure an amendment to the bill
limiting the contract expenditures to
$10,000,000 annually, but the amend
ment was tabled; yeas, 40; nays, 28.
Washington, May 14. The house,
after one of the hardest fought parlia
meatary battles of the session, which con
tinued until almost 9 o'clock last night,
recommitted the contested election case
of Rinaker vs. Downing, from the Six
teenth Illinois district, to the committee
om elections with instructions to recount
the ballots in dispute. The vote stood
It to 85, divided aa follows: Yeas, t7
topmWcaas, 99 Democrats am) a Popa,
flw aUIled at Bsneaa aad Taw at Oaslaa,
lewa at Besorsw Blewa Away Faaa
fart Badly Wraafced Tor ie FaUawa aa
Old Track Kaaefcaa Xeavaaka Kan;
bate; mays, 85 Republicans.
M Private Peaalea Bills.
Washtnqton, May 15. The hoaae
devoted the whole of yesterday to pri
vate pension bills. They were disposed
of a te rate at oete every five minutes,
18 in aO being; favorably acted on before
adjournment While the pansiga hfDs
were being consJiered, the 'committee
of the whole rose informally aad dis
agreed to the senate amendments to the
river and harbor bill and sent it to con
ference. Washington, May 16. By a vote of
tl to 90, the senate determined yester
day that Henry A. Dupont was not en
titled to a seat in the senate from the
atate of Delaware.
Alabaaaa Election Case Tarawa Oat.
Washington, Msy 19. The senate
Monday, by a vote ol 6 yea to 41 nays,
defeated a morion by Allen to proceed
with the consideration of the resolutions
to investigate alleged election irregular
ities ia Alabama, occurring at the time
Governor Oates was elected over Kolb,
Populist. Four Republican senators.
Chandler, Frye, GaUiu?er and Morrill
and two Populists, Allen and Peffer,
voted in the affirmative.
Bills Takaa TJaw
Washington, May 19. It was ex
pected that the house would take up the
consideration of the immigration bills
on the calendar Monday under a special
order, but owing to the pressure of other
matters the order was not presented until
just prior to adjournment It was then
amended so as to give today and
Wednesday until 4 o'clock to the con
sideration of these bills. There are four
Washington, May 18. The impres
sion is growing about the capital that
the silver men will soon take a position
against a final adjournment before the
national conventions. The movement
embraces silver advocates in both houses
and of all parties. There has been no
formal agreement so far, but there has
been a general exchange of views and
there is no doubt that some of the lead
ers hold the opinion that it will be wise
to postpone adjournment until there
shall be an opportunity to know what
positions the conventions will take on
the financial question.
FLOUR TRADE WITH ECUADOR.
It Is Threatened With Dettraettea at the
Haads af Chllaaaa.
Washington, May 17. The flour
trade of the Pacific coast with Ecuador
via San Francisco and Guayaquil, which
-has been brought up to considerable im
portance, is now threatened with de
struction at the hands of the Chileans,
and already it is suffering very seriously
from the competition. The merchants
explain that this state of things has
been brought about by the high freight
charge made by the steamship company
since it no longer has to meet competi
tion. United States Consul Dillard at
Guayaquil, who reports this matter to
the state department, says that if the
people of Ecuador once become recon
ciled to the use of Chilean flour Ameri
can exports of flour to the country will
almost entirely cease.
Jadge Lechrea'e Proasatlaa.
Washington.. May 16. Judge Loch
ren, who was yesterday nominated for
United States district judge of Minne
sota, to succeed R. R. Nelson, was ap
pointed commissioner of pensions at
the beginning of the present admin
istration. He was then a district judge
in Minnesota. Judge Nelson, whom he
succeeds, was appointed in 1858 by
President Buchanan, and his was the
longest service of anyjudge in the
X7..H.J OUm wim
Vlaa Crew" Cars Caastltatloaal.
Washington, May 19. The supreme
court of the United States decided to
day in what is known as tho "Jim
Crow" car case of Plessy vs. Ferguson,
that the statute of the state of Louis
iana, requiring railroad companies to
supply separate coaches tor white and
colored persons is constitutional.
Dlvldead for Nerth Platte Creditors.
Washington, May 19. The comp
troller of the treasury has declared a
dividend of 20 per cent in favor of the
creditors of the insolvent North Platte
National bank of North Platte. Neb. ,
Lockrea's Ne laetlea Ceali seed.
Washington, May 16. The senate
confirmed William Lochren as district
judge in Minnesota.
Tweaty Deaths Fraas Cbalera.
Alexandria, May 18. There have
been 23 new cases of cholera and 20
deaths from that disease here.
Sioux Falls, May 19. The
chants hotel was gutted by fire.
$10,000. Insurance, $16,000.
NO CHOICE OF BISHOPS.
likely la the Xethedlst
pal Geaaral Caafereaea.
. Cleveland, May 19. The impression
is becoming prevalent that a deadlock
will occur in the Methodist Episcopal
general conference over the election of
the two new bishops. Five ballots
were taken on Monday without a choice
and the election is apparently as far
away as evit. It is evident that there
is a strong element in the conference
opposed to the election of more bishops
and this element is believed to have
been voting in a scattering way for the
purpose of precipitating a deadlock. A
motion was made without a second to
postpone further balloting indefinitely.
The features of the balloting were the
losses of Mr. Butte and McCabe, two of
the strongest candidates in the race,
and the surprising gains of Dr. Cranston,
Dr. Hamilton and Dr. Neely. It was
apparent that a combination has been
formed by the friends of Drs. Cranston
and Hamilton, while a Urge eastern
contingent, which is opposed to the
election of either Buttz or McCabe, is
supporting Dr. Neely.
The 1.1th ballot resulted: Cranston,
245; McCabe, 190; Hamilton, 187; Neely,
172; Buttz, 125;Bowen, 24.
OREGON SHOWS GREAT SPEED.
Trial Trie) Places Bar Ia the
Baakaff Be Class.
Santa Barbaka, CaL, May 15. In
her official trial trip yesterday the bat
tleship Oregon covered 62 knots, the
official government course, in 3:40:48,
making the magnificent average speed
for the time' over the course of 16.78
knots, or 19.45 miles an hour. This
speed places her in the very front rank
of ships of her class ia the navies of the
world, beating the Massachusetts, which
had a record of 16.15 knots, and the In
diana with a record of 15.61 knots. By
her great performance the Oregon has
earned for her builders, the Union Iron
works, a premium of $175,000.
aaath Uakatm Craat
Alexandria. S, D., May 17. Rains
so far this month have been timely aad
grass and crops are far in advance of
what they are generally. Stock on the
range looks well and is taking on fat
rapidly. The season is f ally two weeks
in advance of the average year. The
wet weather is proving very diecourag
Uf to the Russian thistle.
NEWS OP NEBRASKA.
On aha, Mey 17. Henry Bolln, the
defaulting ex-city treasurer, was sen
tenced to 19 years, imprisonment ami a
fine of $210,000.
Hasttesjs Sari Waats
Hastings. Neb., May 17. Miss Jessie
Cherry .has filed a claim against the city
for $500 for injuries received from being
driven into an unprotected cellar while
oat sleighing last winter.
Pact Oaaaha BUI Is Seta,
Washington, May 16. The
committee on military affairs ordered a
favorable report on the bill to turn over
Fort Omaha, with its grounds, build
ings, etc., to the state of Nebraska.
laedy Gets a Coatraet,
Crawford, Neb., May 19. Bids
were opened at Fort Robinson for the
supply of 60,000 pounds of fresh beef.
Much interest was manifested herein
the result. A. R. Kennedy's bid was the
Plrailssas Prefor Nartaa.
Lincoln, May 16. ...-.o state board of
education held its regular meeting to
take np matters pertaining to the state
normal school at Peru. ,A resolution
was presented and adopted dismissing
Baaaers Seeare the Cold Ci
Lincoln, May 18. The residence of
B. J. Wright, Sixteenth and P streets,
was robbed of $m Mrs. Wright, with
whom an unmarried sister lives, was
the only person at home. She lost $150
and the absent sister $50.
aasheldt Baaker Saleldee.
Huhboldt, May 15. Winne, aged 59,
one of Humboldt's leading bankers aad
wealthiest citizens, hung himself this
morning. Ill health and despondency
on account of the late sudden death of
his wife were the causes.
Baaker Pataaat la Troaale.
Chadron. May 18. Arthur O. Put
nam, president of the defunct Chadron
Banking company, which closed its
doors some few weeks ago, was arrested
on a charge of accepting deposits when
he knew the institution to be insolvent.
Decoaapesed Body la the Klver.
Dakota City, Neb., May 16. The
body of an unknown man was found in
the Missouri river, five miles south of
this city. The body is badly decom
posed. The man was abont five feet six
inches in height and was fairly well
Trenale Ia Seearlae; a Jary.
Springvikw, May 14. No jury is in
sight yet in the Porter murder trial.
There seems to be a question now
whether a jury can be had in this coun
ty or not. If not the case will perhaps
go to some other county, Brown, Boyd,
Rock or Cherry.
Valaatloa of Nebraska Railroads.
Lincoln, May 18. The state board of
equalization has .completed its work and
adjourned. The total assessed valua
tion of the 5,542.59 miles of railroads is
$35,425,808, an average valuation per
mile of $4,587.26; palace car companies,
$52,160.58; telegraph companies. $205,
840.80. Charted With Aidlaa; Cattle Thieves.
O'Neill, May 14. The county at
torney swore out a warrant against
John C. Carberry of Stuart charging
him with aiding and abetting Fanton
and others in stealing the Cross cattle
at Atkinson last December. Carberry
was bound over to the district court in
the sum of $503.
Oaaaha Waterworks to Be Sold.
Omaha, May 18. The Omaha water-
WUrka are tO DO hold uudci fureoloanv
in the United States court May 20.
Contending factions among stockhold
ers brought about the sale. The com
pany is in a prosperous condition. The
city council decided to interfere at once
and, if possible, to stop the sale.
Jadg-ineat For the Joaee Estate
Lincoln, May 17. Judge Holmes has
rendered a decree in the case of Jacob
Bigler, executor of the Lord Jones es
tate.against Carlos C. Burr. Tho suit
was instituted to foreclose a mortgage
of $100,000 on Burr's lands, lying lad
jacent to Lincoln. The court finds there
is due plaintiir the sum of $76,700. De
fendant has given notice of appeal to
the supreme court.
Secrecary Mortoa Iaterested.
Lincoln, May 16. Papers in the old
Otoe county case, in which Julius Ster
ling Morton and others protest against
the levy of taxes to pay interest on bonds
voted in Nebraska City precinct to the
amount of $40,000 to aid the Missouri
Pacific railroad, were filed in the su
preme court. The bonds were voted in
1886, and the case has been in the dis
trict court since soon after that time.
Nebraska Weather Crop Balletla.
Lincoln, May 15. The high winds of
the past week have whipped the small
grain somewhat and retarded its growth
and in some localities it was beginning
to need rain, but no material injury was
done and the showers of Monday have
relieved all drouthy conditions and the
week closes with small grain in very
promising condition. Chinch bugs are
rather numerous and are doing some
damage. Corn planting is almost com
pleted. Bryaa-Beeewater Debate.
Oxaha. May 17. The silver debate
between E. Rosewater and W. J. Bryan
took place at the Creighton theater hut
night before such an audience as has
been rarely assembled in Omaha. It
was a crowd of people who had evident
ly thought much on the subject of the
evening, as was indicated by the -man-nerin
which the points made by the
speakers were grasped and applauded. Ia
sentiment the listeners were apparent
ly very evenly divided and the success
ive arguments for and against the free
and unlimited coinage of silver were
greeted with successive signs of almost
Seaatar Tharstoa Prefers Leadership.
ST. Louis, May 15. A special dis
patch to The Globe-Democrat from
Washington says: "Senator John M.
Thurston will undoubtedly be the per
manent chairman of the St. Louis con
vention. Senator Thurston has also
been spoken of for one of the leading
cabinet positions in the event of Gov
ernor McKinley'8 election. This specu
lation is unreliable. Senator Thurston
much prefers to be administration leader
on the floor of the senate,- and this he
undoubtedly will be if McKinley be
Yaakee Doodle Dews to Date.
Wbea peace and pleaty filled oar Isad,
We kept our pockets mended.
Bat since we followed free trade's band
They're empty aad neglected.
Loom and anvil, forge aad plow
Idle are aad rusty.
Tals Is how it happens sow
Dinner pails are empty.
Par rent was paid, oar clothss ?ere good,
We worked from morn till eTeaiag;
We're now in debt and lacking food
BoScieot for oar children.
To sam It ap. we prospered when
The elephant was monarch.
Bat since the donkey has been ia
Depression has been chronic
FKEE TRADE IDEAS.
ANALYSIS SHOWS MUCH BETTER RE
SULTS FROM PROTECTION.
tlaha Jeha Ball at Kvery
The idea ia being spread by the one-
aaiaa nf fthA nolicv of raoiectifip that a
free trade policy has proved to be an I
1 excellent thing for the United King
dom, hence that it must necessarily be ,
good for the United States. They forgot
that there are many different conditions
in the two countries. British farmers
have had enough experience of free
: trade, and so have British manufactur
em of cotton goods, iron and steel ware,
brooms and brushes, matches, mats,
: buttons and other things made on the
continent of Europe that are now being
, sold largely in the English market.
Let us grant, for the sake ox argn
ment, that free trade has been a good
thing for the United Kingdom. But let
us see if protection has not been a better
thing for the United States.
From 1846 to 1875, with the excep
tion of four different years, the balance
of trade has been against the United
States our imports being larger than
our exports. From 1876 to 1895, a
period of 20 years, this was the case
during only three years, our total ex
ports being $2,236,832,480 larger than
our imports during the other 17 years,
the net- excess of exports for the 20
years being $2,186,861,868. During
this same period, 1870 to 1895, British
imports exceeded their exports by $17, -816,105,000.
We thus have the follow
PXRIOD 187a1 to 1805.
British Imports exceeded British
exports by. 17.81a,106,O
United States exports exceeded
United States imports by 2.ia6,861.8C8
First let us note the growth of tho
foreign trade of the two countries from
1870 to 1895:
Increase. 1885. tl27.C26.3S0 $287,810,313
PER CAPITA Or" POPULATION.
1878 SS0 6S
19R5 3 12
-$4 64 -!-$01 -83 00 -SO 27
British imports increased during the
quarter of a century at the rate of $209,
213,000 a year. Ours increased at the
rate of $271,229,000 a year. Therefore
upon the free trade theory our larger an
nual increase of imports was more ad
vantageous to us than the smaller Brit
ish increase. In the matter of exports
their annual increase was $127,626,000
a year, as against our increase of $267,
810,000 a year. Therefore, according to
the policy of protection, our export trade
was more advantageous than that of
But the real test of trade lies in its
extent according to population. Al
though an excessive import trade is, ac
cording to free trade theory, so wonder
fully beneficial, yet the British import
trade declined $4.54 per capita during
the quarter of a century, while ours in
creased by 19 cents per capita. The
British export trade decreased by $2 per
capita, while ours decreased by 27 cents
only per oapita. Had our export figures
for 1892 been taken there would be an
increase, not a decrease, in our per capi
ta of exports. British foreign trade has
declined $6.54 per capita qx population
under free trade since 1870; American
foreign trade has practically held its
own under protection. Now let us look
at some other statistics:
British. United States.
Increase 6.C85.561 23,138.000
British. United States.
1870 $8,884,852,720 fl.710.68S.430
1894 3,345.620,120 63S.O41.800
UKBT PER CAPITA.
British. United States.
18M $8900 $13 17
During the quarter of a century Brit
ish population increased by only 5,685, -561
persons. Ours increased by 23,138,
000 persons, or more than four times as
The British national debt was de
creased by $539,332,600; ours by dou
ble that amount $1, 075, 643, 560. The
British debt in 1894 was $86 per capita;
ours was $13. 17 per capita. Next take
the statistics of wealth:
British. United States.
Increase $4,260,000,000 $34,988,572,608
British wealth has increased by$4,
250,000,000 in the quarter of a century.
American wealth increased more than
eight times as much by$35, 000, 000,
000. Another oomparison shows that where
there was an increase of 177,401 in the
total number of hands employed in all
British textile industries from 1870 to
1890, the increase was 336,954 in the
United States clearly showing the
more rapid progress of our textile in
dustries under protection, the wages
paid here having doubled in 20 yean
from $86,565,191 a year in 1870 to
$173,547,843 in 1890.
Plenty more comparisons could be
instituted, but these are sufficient to
show that if free trade has been a good
policy for the United Kingdom, then
protection has been a very much better
policy for the United States. In conclu
sion we might ask if this had not been
the case, why have 2,956.259 British
immigrants come to the United States
28.59 per cent of our total immigra
tionbetween 1870 and 1895?
Charles R. BucXAa
"SHUTTING UP" AND "CURSING."
aw the Ooraaaa Wool Tariff Has Affactad
tha Woolen ladastry.
The New York Press, always alive for
die protection of American labor and
industries, has made some inquiries
among New England woolen mills with
the idea of showing their condition now
is compared with a year ago. The fol
lowing is the result ;
rbtal mills affected
Hills shut down
Hills on qaarter tune
Mills on eighth time
tlills on half time
Hills practically closed
Operators practically idle
Estimated annual wages of these oper
ators one year ago. t3.000.000
Estimated annual wages of operators
Loss to the country in wages....,..,,. t,8,0QD
Loss to the country iu satire raw ma
serial, say. 6,000,000
I These were all woolen mills that
have "shut np with much cursing and
execration of free traders." None of
the shoddy mills has "shut up. " They
are busy making the best possible prod
uct they can that will compete with the
looms in the British ragsbopa. Free
trade in raw wool is closing American
woolen mills while it promotes the in
dustry of the European ragpicker and
of the British shoddy shops.
WHY ARTISTS ARE IDLE.
af Cheap r
lat OUr Karl
lSSe. TariBT Kerora.
Fiscal years. imports, imports.
1894. 730,887 $2,411.03
UaWa sve fjaiAUaVJ
It is mostly the cheap reproductions
that are now imported for publication
in American magazines. These can be
secured at a trifling cost Considering
that the imports of foreign art works
have so largely increased during the
business depression in this country, it
is evident that tho quantity of foreign
art works must have seriously inter
fered with the business of American
ART WORKS EXPORTS.
Fiscal year. Value. Fiscal year. Value.
loHP ............. VH.4I3
This is what the London Builder of
Aug. 23, 1894, predicted when the Gor
man law was awaiting the president's
"Painters and sculptors may fairly
rejoice, since oil paintings and water
color drawings, and statuary, which are
at present subject to a duty of 15 per
cent, will in future be admitted into
the United States free of duty. We can
not doubt that the withdrawal of the
duty will tend to brighten the prospects
of English and Freuch artists in their
relations with the States."
REED REVIEWS OUR MARKET.
As a CeasaaBiac Potentiality Wo Nasaher
We are nominally 70,000,000 people.
That is what we arc in mere numbers.
But as a market for manufactures and
choice foods we are potentially 175,000,
000 as compared with the next best na
tion on the globe. Nor is this difficult
to prove. Whenever an Englishman
earns $1 an American earns $1.60. I
speak within bounds. Both can get tho
food that keeps body and soul together
and the shelter which the body must
have for 60 cents. Take 60 cents from
$1 and you have 40 cents left. Take that
same 60 cents from $1.60 and you have
$1 left, just 22 times as much.
That surplus can be spent in choice
foods, in house furnishings, in fine
clothes and all the comforts of life in
a word, in the products of our manufac
tures. That makes our population as
consumers of products, as compared
with the English population, 175,000,
000. Their population is 37,000,000 as
consumers of products which one cen
tury ago were pure luxuries, while our
population is equivalent to 175,000,000.
Hon. Thomas & Reed.
FrotoeUva Tariff Resalta.
The highest honor that can be paid
any economic system is that which is
paid to the protective system in the fact
that after 30 years' experience wo have
cheapened every manufactured product
and our labor has held its own. The
manufactured articles seems to have gone
down in price, but the vsge that the
workman receives has not been reduced.
Match that if you can. Free trade
cheapens the article by cheapening the
artisan. Protection cheapens the article
by elevating the artisan. Hon. William
Let Canadians keep on fooling with
their spruce logs and other things. Un
cle Sam will one of these days wake
them with a reciprocity that will stand
them on their heads. They have the run
of American markets this year, and they
had better make the most of it It will
end suddenly next year. Chicago Inter
Japan's Hoaae Market.
But the commercial invasion of the
United States by Japan is imminent
Her manufacturers are indomitable, and
it seems that the Japanese are not dis
posed to buy anything abroad which
they can make at home. The balance of
trade between Japan and the United
States seems fixedly against us.
The Only Issae.
The enthusiasm which McKinley's
name everywhere awakens is one of the
best answers to those who claim that
the tariff will not be an issue in the
next campaign Great Falls (Mon.)
Taa Only Safe Wcy.
The country is now running on bor
rowed money, and the sooner it is made
self supporting the better it will be for
every American citizen. Trenton State
" f 9
sBsaaaanaaaaaanaaannaam .. , ifi
grilisas saalait Msraaafls Bssaavits ntnntTP. ntrtvnw il
Madkid, May 18. The Imparcial
vigorously protests against the language
by Senator Morgan of Alabama in
his speech in the senate on Saturday
and against his charges of craelty by the
qaeen regent, ft also hopes the Span
ish -government will make energetic
representations against such calumnious
Naw Yokk. May 17. Matt Adams of
Denver, who was arrested in Eaglaad
early in April upon papers alleging that
aa clerk of Arapahoe county, Colorado,
he had embexaled $40,000. reached this
city today on board the steamer Cam
pania. He will betaken to Colorado to
stand his triaL
Sax Francisco, May 17. The San
Francisco labor council adopted a reso
lation protesting against the passaga of
the Pacific railroad funding bill and
urging California's representatives to
do all in their power to defeat the
Slayer ladle ted.
Chktknne, Wy., May lb. The Unit
ad States grand jury found indictments
against William Lamoreax and B. F.
Odell for the murder of Jim Washhakie,
a sabch'ef of the Shoshones, and grand-
of Chief Washhakie of that tribe.
Punas, S. D.. May 16. The
commissioner's office received govern
ment patents for 16.0C0 acres of indem
nity lands, which were selected ia the
eastern part of Hughes county several
SHARP BREAK IN WHEAT.
Jaly Oatleai Clasad Kasy WKh i
1 1-Se ess the Day.
CaiCAOO. May It. Crop improveaiaata,
Russian shipment aad the snsall decrease la
the visible sapply caused a sharp decline in
wheat today. July closed easy at 61. or 15a
below Saturday's do ie. Corn and oata were
doll bat steady, and provisions rather heavy
la the ead. Closing prices :
WHEAT-Jnly. 6U9Xc : September. 63c
CORN July. 293,c: September. 3uc.
OATS-Jaly. lVXWip: September. 19J'6.
PORK July, $7.75: September. $7.8tta7.&ii.
LARD-Jolr. $4.6254.65: Septembar.$4.77H.
RIBS-Jaly. S.lfiU07i; September. U2J.
Cash quotations were aa follows : No. x red
wheat, Ste; No. 3. 63i&3e; No. 2 spring, sle;
No. 2 com. 2SXc; No. 2 oats. lSJc.
Chicago Live Stack.
CBICAao.hUjr ISCATTLE-Beceipts. 21.099:
JJtdUc lower; common to fancy dressed beef
HOGS Receipts. &.0UU; heavy. $3.103.49:
light. $3.3003-55; mixed aad medium weights,
SHKSP Receipts. 10.00J; Uc higher: $2.5JJ
4.00 for common to prime sheep, with westerns
selling remarkably well; lambs, $3.2593.90 for
Inferior to fair and $4.0Jg4.7i) for fair to choice
City live Stock.
KANSAS Citt. May 18. -CATTLE Reclepts.
3.8 xt: shipments, 1.700: Texas steera.liUUsAOU;
Texas cows, $1.9Jut3.0i; beef steers. $2.9ftS4l0;
native cows. $I.75ia3.2j;stockers aad feeders.
$2.753.8J; bulR UX3.3J.
HOGS ReceipU,4.6vW; shipments. 800;stroag.
So higher; bulks of sales. $3.10(13.20: heavy.
t&a09JS.15: packers. $3.1033.20; mixed. $3.lais)
8JB; light. $2.1003.27; yorkers. $3.2ttl327!a:
SHEEP Receipts. 3JXJ0; shipments. 609:
steady: lambs. f3JO04.1O muttons. $2.2eVIt5
IVOurquotations of t be markets are obtained
Tuesday afternoon, aad are correct and reliable
Flour in 500 lb. lots
S 4 50A8 00
Fathoga $1 65i2 80
Fat cows $2 (052 TO
Aral BlCOfB. a 4y !$ 5U
rt3Ol0rS ... .... ... .. ...... .. eHJtyia.
REPORT OF THE CONDITION OF THE
First National Bank,
1 Columbus, in the Slate of Xebraiku, at the
clo'e of bminc. May 7, J..
Loans anil discounts a 210,176 02
Ovonlrnf tn, secured and unsecured . . l.K&i HT,
U. S. bonds to secure circulation 2T,10 Ul
Premiums on U.S. bonds 1.2U0 00
Stocks, securities, etc 1,531 11
HnnkiDB-ltouso, furniture antl fixtures 12,119 48
Othirrealptnt(andmortatcpsowned 4,401 67
Due from National Banks (not Ite-
serve Agents) 3,995 04
Due from State Banks and bankers.. 4.W2 00
Due from approved rewnro agents. . 11,34185
Checks and fither rash items 206 43
Notes of other National Banks KO 00
Fractional paper currency, nickels
laQll CcIllH,, ... ol U
Lawful money reserve in bank, viz:
Specie. 5.156 55
Legal-tender notes 6,150 00 1 1,306 55
itedeinption fund with U. 8. Treasur
er (5 percent of circulation) 1,1.5 00
Total $292.8SS M
Capital stock paid In 1 100,000 00
Surplus fund 1,080 00
undivided proms, less expenses and
I AX 641 pruu ..... li.iwJ
National bank notes outstanding 22,4V? SO
individual deposits subject to check. B3.7SI 30
Demand certificates of deposit 8,M01 73
Notes and bills rediticounted 20,!i04 20
Total $202.838 28
State or Nebraska, ) .
County of Platte, ""
I, O. T. Roen, cashier of the above-named
bank, do solemnly swear that the above state
ment is true to the best of my knowledge and
belief. O. T. Roen. Cashier.
Subscribed and sworn to before uie this 12th
da- of May, 18i.
Gcs G. Bechkr, Notary Public.
A. ASDEBSOX, 1
J. . Bebhet. Directors.
Jacob Gbkisen. )
In the matter of the estate of Brunkje Cbben,
Notice is hereby given that the creditors of
said deceased will meet the administratrix of
said estate, before me, county judge of Platte
county, rieorasKa, at the county court room in
said county, on the 6th day of July, 189. oa the
5th day of October. 1M, and on the ftth day of
January, 1897. at 10 o'clock a. m. each day, for
the purpose of presenting their claims for exam
ination, adjustment and allowance. Six months
are allowed for creditors to present their claims,
and one year for the administratrix tn settle
said estate, from the 25th day of April, llstt).
Dated April 27th. A. D. WM.
J. N. Kilian,
29apr4t County Judge.
LEGAL NOTICE. .
To whom it may concern:
The board of supervisors, in regular session
April 24th. Is9tf. oVclared the following half
section line opened as a public road, viz: Com
mencing at a point 80 rods north of the sooth
line of section 25, town 12, range 2. west, and
running thence due south one mile and one
quarter and terminating at the road running to
Duncan from the north and to be known and
designated as the Cieiocha road.
Now all objections thereto or claims for dam
ages hereby must be filed in the county clerk's
office by Tuesday, June 18th. 185. or such road
may be established without further reference
uatea Uolumbus, Neb., May 14. 189.
. E. POHL,
Bhnayl ' CoimtyClerk.
LEGAL ROAD NOTICE.
To whom it may concern:
The board of supervisors in regular session
April 24th. 18iM. declared the following section
line opened as a public road, viz: Commencing
at the southeast corner of section H, Town IS
north, of range 2 west and running thence due
west oa section line two miles and terminating
at the southwest corner of section 7. town ltt,
range 2 west of Sixth principal meridian and to
db anown anu designated as tne tfenaoa road.
Now all objections thereto or claims for dam
ages caused nereny mtati m meu j
clerk's office.ljr Monday. June 7th
meu in tne county
1698. or such
road may be established without further refer
Dated Columbus, Neb., May 4. 1898.
lJmaylt County Clerk.
LEGAL ROAD NOTICE,
To whom it may concern:
.-fJjSF "operTisora in regular session
April 21th, 1896, declared the following section
line opened as a public road, vis: The south
east comer of the southwest quarter of the
southwest quarter of section 2, town 17 north, of
MM 2. west and runnina thene north tn tha
right of way of the Omaha, Republican Valley
Railroad Company, as located on said section
and terminating at said right of way and to be
known and designated as tha "Dawson" road.
now all objections thereto or claims for dam
ages caused hereby must be filed in the county
clerk's oOce by Monday. June 7th. 1998, or such
road may be established without further rsfer-
Datsd Columbus. Neb.. Msr 4. laaa. .
ISaavSfc fo.hii. a
f -t m Vl VKU,
Tax State or Nkbsamka. ).
County of l'latb. f
la the coaaty coett. in and for said coeaty. Ia
the matter of the eetate or John Ueary Aacto,
deceased, late of said coaaty.
At a sesaiea of the coaaty eeart for said
coaaty. holdea at the eoaaty jadea'e oaaee ia
Cplambes, ia said eoaaty oa the 8th day of
Mar. ATp. 19SB. preseat. J. N. Killaa. eoaaty
jadee. On; rjadiaf aad filing the daly verMed
petitioa of Wuhelm Aacae prayiaf that let
ters of adauniatratioBi be iaeaed toUm oa the
estate of said decedent.
Thenapoa. it ia ordered that the 28th day of
May. A. D. kftft. at 1 o'clock, p. m.. he
assigned for the hearing of mid petitioa at the
coaaty judge's i-SJce ia said coaaty.
And it is tanker ordered, that doe leal aotiee
be given , ef the peadeBey and bearing of said
petitioa by pahlicatioa ia Tax Counava Jocb
MAI. for three coasecntive weeks.
(A trae copy of the order.)
J. N. Kiliax,
nana twuww, nea., amy v, i
LEGAL ROAD NOTICE. -
To whom it amy concern:
The board of rapervisoro ia regular sesoioa
April Stth. tSBS. declared the following section
line opened aa a poblie mad, vis: Coauaeaciag
at the northwest corner of section five ia town,
ship eighteen north, of range oae east of the
stxia principal mermian. aad raaning thence
east eighty rods and terminating at the aorta
west corner of the northeast qaarter of the
northwest qaarter of said section five, towashi;
eighteea north, range one east, of 'the Sixt!
Now all objections thereto or chums for dam.
iww caaiuHl hereby moot be filed in the coaaty
clerk's office by Monday, Jane 7th. ltS, or sack
road amy be established witaoat farther refer
Dated Columbus. Neb.. May . IMS.
,. . K.POHL. -
lSmnylt County Clerk.
Sale bills printed at this office.
Chicago Inter Ocean and Columbus
Journal, one year, in advance $2.00. tf
Attention, Fanners !
HAY.,.NJl. EPEVHASKD A CAR LOAD OF
U.1J lav wwuil na sasL i.iiikt, a
. nwcit ivinc rr.nit.i am pre-
pnreu 10 rurnisn
fence, lawn ami
you a Erst-class farm or
cemetery feac. and sava ina
...... ? , w . -. ..
Bring in your bill and let me aauraoa
It. This fence is all fullv wnrrantml
uwui-j. i.rituc iu jour mi ana iwi nv
ESjOffice and w&rehiuiiiM ufnu tlukiitMi am-
of HugheV lumber jard. and south of U. I.
First National Bank:,
Capital Stick Pat. ii $100,000.00
omens &80 omcraia:
A. ANDEltSON. Pres't.
J. II. GALLEY. Vice Prea't.
JACOB ORKISEN. A. K. MILLEK.
J. F. BEKNEY.
. C. CASS IN,
PROPRIKTOR or THE
sa . - - m. m i- ., an.
iay " " "- . "" -. -. " - . -i -B
aa ." . .-i n, , m. amm, n h. BL
Game and Fish in Season.
Hides and Tallow.
prices paid for
COLUMBUS, - . NEBRASKA.
We Carry Coffins, Caskets an)
Metallic Caskets at as low
prices as any one.
HAVE THE BEST HEARSE
IN THE COUNTRY.
tiled, w. HsmmiCKT
Dr. CLARK'S INSTITUTE
rok T8E ThEATXUT Of TBS
Drink Habit .
Also Tobacco, Morphine antl
other Narcotic Hahits.
VPrivate treatment given if desired.
W. A. McAluhtku.
W. 31. CosNuica
aAIXISTEat at COaUflXIUS,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
B. P. DUFFY.
Special attention given
Office: Corner Eleventh aad North Stm.
-ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Oftce over First Jfatioaal Bank,
Powered by Open ONI