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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (May 13, 1896)
Extremetired feelingafflicts nearly every
body at this season. The hostlers cease to
posh, the tireless grow weary, the ener-
. ' getic become enervated. You know just
. what we mean. Some men and women
. endeavor temporarily to overcome that
Feeling by great force ol will. But this
is unsafe, as it palls powerfully upon the
.nervous syEtem, which will not long stand
such strain. Too many people " work on
theirnerves," and the result is seen in un
fortunate wrecks marked "nervous proa-
tmtion," in every direction. That tired
ing is a positive proof of thin, weak, Im
pure b!ood; for, if the blood is rich, red,
vitalized and vigorous, it imparts lifeand
energy to every nerve, organ and tissue
of the body. The necessity of taking
Hood's Sarsaparilla for that tired feeling
is, therefore, apparent to every one, and
the good it will do you is equally beyond
question. Remember that
Is the One True Wood Purifier. All druggists, ft.
Tri-jured only !y C I. Hood & Co., Lon ell. Mass.
aru easy to take, easy
flOOuS FlllS to operate. 35 cents.
tiie "just as good " sort.
If your dealer will set
BpIy you we will.
Sample showing labels and material mmUtt from.
"Home Dressmaking." a new book by Mias
Emma M. Hdoper of the Ladies Home Journal,
isllm how lo put on Bias Velveteen Skirt Bind
ings sent for 25c postage paid.
S. H. &. M. Co.. P. O. Box 699 N. Y. CHy.
One of the health-giving ele
ments of HIRES Rootbeer is
sarsaparilla. It contains more
sarsaparilla than many of the
preparations called by that name
HIRES the best by any lest.
Ma.trcmlr Ijt Tl Tmlc K. Hire G.. PliiU lrtLa.
A ic uAar main 6 c.llooi. hll crrjhCT.
diffaraat advartiaaaaeata af
HAVE YOU SEEN?
The variety of Colum
bia Bicycle advertising -is
great. AH the good
points of Cblumhias,
all the delight of riding
them, cannot be fully
described in any one
advertisement, nor in
We wish to know how
can reach any one person, and so offer i
BICYCLE as a 111 Jaaaa
to whoever shall send us the greatest
numlicr of different Columbia Bicycle
advertisements clipped from newspapers
or magazines issued since Jan. I, 1896.
M.-inyndtotiscnients differ onlv in a word
or to; others in the style of type; distinct
variations oily. However, will be counted.
Kach advertisement must have plainly
niiaciira 10 it tne name ana date of the news
paper or magazine from which it is clipped.
euaraie entries cannot lie combined.
Entne. must lie received by us at Hartford
on or before Tuesday. June 30. 1B96. In case
of a tie. the award will lie made according to
pnoniy 01 rrceipi ana entry, -rtaaress
artneat at Statiatica,
POPE MFG. CO.. Hartfar. Caaa.
f SMOKING TOBACCO, f
f 2 oz. for 5 Cents. f
I CUT-SLASH i
f CHEROOTS-3 for 5 Cento, f
9 Give a Good. Mellow, Healthy, f
Pleasant Smoke. Try Them.
f LVOV t CI TOr.lCfO WOCiS, Nrtia, I C. f
Illustrated eataloeno Showing- WELL
AUGEBS. BOCK PHIX.LS, H YPKSUUC
AM' JKTT1 MAUUlMJiY. etc
Marrraaa. Bare ooeu tcatea ana
Sioux City hnirine and Iron Worl,
Sucsrsnor to Pr-h Mfp. o.
SImk fitjr. Iara.
Tu; nowtLtA. Ol se Maciiixfjit CO-
1111 Up-t Kleicnt'i S-trwt, Kaoaa Cltv M.
WE HAVE NO agents.
rumrrtt vtiolerale price.
hlp anjwln rr for examin
ation lieznrr .air. Evry
thin: warTantnL 100 My Irs
of rarriam. SO Mylr of
lit.. W rlt- for catalogue.
'lUMIT caBauuta ata.
aa9 UV. CO., KUUUXT.
w. n. nuTr, secy. isa.
UbbltO Sunrs fur tTV.
lOOrtylrs. Got variety of
w-cond band Carriit and
Wagons. Soboiy !. on
IKt:HKONl CAIUUAGE OQL
Attn and Harney bU. OmaAa
OK Mali Sraae
dtlt4i t Ah,vtm QOlD it
lowrM whucoale piice. $W
M7M.'i Wrs mlns rr. A37.M.
1 a3 FaorttrJUO Latrst Mud-
JcllreK.eiBhtJS-ail-- " forCataloeoc.
" mThaSDT CO.. UFraAaSi..OinAa. Xeb
m B Jik -Jalaat war. ISadjtMLcaUasclAiais. att siuco.
Write for what you want
to THE MECHEX IN
VESTMENT CO.. Mininc
Exchange. Deaver, Colo.
- WHISKY " - -a
fsas. Br. a. JL mtUIT, AnuSTa, Ca.
W. N. U., OMAHA-19-1896
When writing to advertisers, kindly
mention this paper.
B amtaaa. SoMbrdraartrta.
What Bloctrie Carraat faaipa m Back,
The possibility of teleffrapniap
tbrooffk space, which was f ally dem
onstrated last years by W. H. Preece,
has been tBrned to aceonnt in a most
effective way for aaaintaininr com-
manication between the mainland aad
the Fasnet lighthouse, on the south
west coast of Ireland. Formerly the
difficulties of carrying' a telegraph cable
ap an exposed rock, where it was sub
ject to constant chafing, were almost
insurmountable. The non-continuous
system is now used, and works admira
bly. The cable terminates in the water
sixty yards off, and the electric cur
rents, sent from the shore, find thejr
way through the distance to two bare
wires they dip into the sea from the
rock. Chicago Record.
A Cjale'a Opinion.
Launtcr in the St, James1 Budget
says of woman:
'The morbid craving for notoriety
that women exhibit in their various
spheres of life is a singular interesting
study. Thej- are ready to take up any
fad that will put them in evidence.
"I know women who would lead a
dancing bear down Regent street for
the sake of creating a sensation.
"The striving after originality (in
dress) has reached such an acute stage
that the real originality lies in being
'They want to be talked about,"
says the author, "and create what the
Yankees call a 'splurge.' "
Good Roads Schema.
The latest scheme for good roads,
that of laying tracks of broad steel
rails along country roads and city
streets, for the wheels of vehicles to
run on, thus greatly increasing the
traction power of horses and the gen
eral comfort and convenience of driv
ing and trucking, was suggested by
Gov. Wertz, of New Jersey, in his last
message, lie says a horse will draw
on such a steel track twenty times as
much as on a dirt road and five times
as much as on macadam. The unani
mity with which drivers of all manner
of vehicles in the city streets take to
the car tracks clearly illustrates the
Three striking contributions to the
May Atlantic are the opening number
of a series of letters from Dante Ga
briel Rossetti to William Allingham,
ably edited by George Kirk beck Hill,
with a delightful autobiographical
sketch of Allingham; Kendric Charles
Rabcock's discussion of The Scandina
vian Contingent, being the third paper
in the scries on race characteristics in
American life; and an anonymous pa
per of Mr. Olney's fitness for the Presi
dency. Fiction is represented by a
further installment of Henry James'
The Old Things, and a striking one
part story of western life by Mary Hal
lock Footc, entitled Pilgrim Station.
Poems, book reviews, and the nsual
departments complete the issue
Houghton, Mifflin &. Ca, Boston.
An Knarnou Tie.
The inhabitants of Denby Dale, near
Huddersfield have begun to prepare for
the making of another of their famous
pies. It is to be held in commemora
tion of the report of the corn laws in
1810. and it has been decided to hold
the celebration on Saturday, Aug. 1.
At the next meeting of the committee
plans of the oven and pic-dish will be
submitted, and, if approved, tenders
will be invited from the boiler makers
fur the dish, and the work will be put
in hand at once. It is proposed to
make the dish ten feet long, six feet
six inches broad, and one foot deep
Westminister Gazette (London.)
Fil'iard tab'e, second-hand, for sale
cheap. Arj'lv to or address, H. C. Akin.
ill S. I'-th St, Omaha, NeU
The announcement of Mark Twain's
authorship ot "Personal Recollections
of Joan of Arc" adds interest to the in
timate sketch of Mr. Clemens by his
friend and pastor. Rev. Joseph II.
Twichcll, of Hartford, with which the
May number of Harper's Magazine
opens. The frontispiece to the num
ber is a portrait of Mark Twain, en
graved from his latest photograph, and
the paper is illustrated with sketches,
by Childe Hassam. of the home of the
humorist at Hartford and his study at
Truth never hluhcs whin you loo': it in
With a better understanding of the
transient nature of the many phys
ical ills, which vanish before proper ef
forts gentle efforts pleasant efforts
rightly directed. There is comfort in
the knowledge, that so many forms of
sickness are not due to any actual dis
ease, but simply to a constipated condi
tion of the system, which the pleasant
family laxative. Syrup of Figs, prompt
ly removes. That is why it is the only
remedy with millions of families, andis
everywhere esteemed so highly by all
who value good health. Its beneficial
effects are due to the fact, that it is the
one remedy which promotes internal
cleanliness without debilitating the
organs on which it acts. It is therefore
all important, in order to get its bene
ficial effects, to note when you pur
chase, that you have the genuine arti
cle, which is manufactured by tli2 Cali
fornia Fig Syrup Co. only and sold by
all reputable druggists.
If in the enjoyment of good health,
and the system "is regular, laxatives or
other remedies are then not needed. If
afflicted with any acttial disease, one
may be commended to the most skillful
physicians, but if in need of a laxative,
one should liave the best, and with the
welMnformed everywhere. Syrup of
Figs stands highest and is most largely
used and gives most general satisfaction.
.-IT Will NfYTDTIRnFr
ASK YOUR DEALER FOR
W. L. Douglas
3. SHOE BESJo&o!He
If jou pay S4 to ST, for shoes, ex- a 4
amine the V. I Douglas Shoe, and P M
see hat a good shoe jou can buy for JBV
OVER IOO STYLES AND WIDTHS,
and LACE, Made la all
ktads of the limt aeierted
leather by skilled work
aaanafactarcr is the world.
None pcnitine unless name and
price is stamped on the bottom.
Ask your dealer for our S5,
M, S3JW. S3JM, S3.S5 Shoes;
SJW.SS and S1.7S for boys.
TAKE M SUaSTTTUTE. If your dealer
cannot supply yon, send to fac
tory, enclosing price and Scents
to pay carriage. State kind, style
of toe (cap or plain), size and
width. Our Custom Dept. will fill
your order. Send for new Illus
trated catalogue to box is.
W. L. DOUGLAS, Brockton, Mass.
LiNDSEY. OMAHA RUBBERS!
aVSsC sf" 1
FARM AND GARDEN.
MATTERS OF INTEREST TO
Soao tra-to-Data Hlata Akoat CalUvar
taaat at tho San aad Ytetaa Thoroof -Havtlcmltara,
Tattcaltara saw Flort
cwltara. HE WAY I GROW
all kinds of roots:
Plow under all the
manure' in the fall
you can. Then
plow deep in the
spring. If your
land is shallow,
with a clay sub
coll, it will take
lots of fertilizing
to bring It up. As
land i3 in good
the spring, plow
and drag. Then back furrow into a
dead furrow. That will leave a ditch
on either side. Now put the near horse
In the furrow and set over your plow
to the left of the furrow. Catching
your eyes in a spot on the corner, and
holding it over the furrows, the horse
walks in them back on the other side.
When jou get the land as wide as con
venient, take another dead furrow, and
then the center between until you get
it all done. If you will look ahead of
you, you can make straight rows. If
you have coarse manure, it will bother
you some, but when you get done it will
repay you. Then take the smoothing
harrow and run over the rows length
wise. Let the driver walk in the fur
row. Go over it three or four times,
and all of the lumps are in the ditch,
the ridges will be a nice oval, and the
fine soil on top will be firmed. Sow
jour seeds in the center of the ridge.
As soon as you get it ready, follow up
the drag with your drill, so as not
to let the ground dry before your seed
drill rollers firm it over. Put In plenty
of seed. You can cut them out, but
can't always transplant them. I sow
beets, mangolds and carrots as soon as
the ground is fit Ruta bagas on the 20th
of June. The seeds on the ridge will
start before the ' ditches. When the
weeds start, I take a one-horse plow,
put on a rolling coulter, and a slow
horse, fix on the clevis so as to hitch
low, and go on each side of tho row,
taking off one inch, except next to the
roots. There I take off three-quarters
of an inch, and throw it into the
ditch. You can't do fine work with a
fast-walking horse, as you don't want
'o leave more than two inches to hand
weed. Then, if near town, get some
boys, but don't put them to weeding
alone. Thin mangolds ten inches to one
foot apart. Beets for table use, 6ix
inches; carrots, five inches. Then cul
tivate, throwing the ground from the
center up to the roots and when the
weeds start, back with the plow. The
one weeding and thinning will be al
most all. We go over later, but it is a
quick job. The cultivator should be
run through often, after every rain if
possible. Some other time I will give
my method of digging roots.
F. D. Burtch.
Sauk County, Wisconsin.
Michigan Frolt Inttltnte.
(From Farmers' Review Special Re
port) On Wednesday morning Mr. Morrill
continued his talk upon peach growing,
discussing the "Cultivation and Care of
the Orchard." He advocated giving up
the land to the trees after the first
year, but favored using the land for
one year for some cultivated crop that
would draw upon the land after the
first of August, as it would aid in ripen
ing the trees. The orchard should be
plowed in the spring as shallow as pos
sible, and should receive a frequent
dragging up to the middle of August.
By the use of a smoothing harrow or
weeder, fifteen or twenty acres can be
gone over in a day, and the dust mulch
thus formed will do much to hold the
moisture through a season of drouth.
The first spring he recommended that
the strong shoots be headed back, so
as to give the weaker ones a chance
to develop, all surplus branches being
removed. After the first year cut back
the new growth from one-half to two
thirds, beginning at the top and trim
ming out all weak and dead shoots
along the, branches. By thus shorten
ing the snoots the danger of breaking
down of the branches will be lessened
and it will be much easier to thin and
pick the fruit. Unless pains are taken
to remove the extra shoots it will be
better not to head back, as the tree top
will be too thick. Do the pruning early
in the spring, before the buds start, to
prevent the exhaustion of the tree by
developing an excess of pollen.
The thinning of the fruit should be
done before pit formation begins, as, if
delayed until the pit hardens, it will
be a serious drain upon the trees. By
thinning the fruit at this time so that
they will stand six or eight inches
apart, the full vigor will be thrown
into those remaining and the crop will
be larger and of much greater value
than if not thinned. A large tree will
often need to have from 3,000 to 4,000
peaches taken from it. To properly
prune and thin an eight-year-old peach
orchard takes about seventeen and one
half days per acre.
Mineral manures are particularly de
sirable for peach orchards. Stable
manure is not desirable for good peach
land, but may be used to advantage
upon light sands. Wood ashes and
ground bone make a complete fertilizer
for the peach. They make the fruit
buds hardier and the peach cling closer,
so that the loss in high winds is great
ly lessened. In some soils there seems
to be an abundance of potash and wood
ashes are reported as producing no effect-By
mounding up the trees in the fall
the formation of ice about the collar
can be prevented, and if it is leveled
down in July any eggs or young borers
can be readily destroyed. If washes are
used care should be taken that they
are properly prepared, as much loss has
been caused by the application of wash
es that were highly commended, but
proved so strong as to destroy the trees.
Too great care cannot be given to
searching for and destroying trees af
fected with the yellows. Trees with a
single branch, showing the disease are
often kept until the fruit is gathered,
but this is unsafe, as it may spread the
disease to the surrounding' trees. If
removed as soon as any indication of
the disease can be seen in the fruit It
is likely that no harm will follow to the
surrounding trees. It is possible that if
properly employed Bordeaux mixture
may prevent the spread of this dread
disease, as many -peach growers who
have sprayed their trees to prevent curl
leaf and rot report that they have not
had yellows, while there has been a
considerable loss where trees have not
The third talk of Mr. Morrill was
upon "Marketing Peaches." The suc
cessful fruit-grower of today must, in
addition to a practical knowledge of
the business, have a knowledge of the
sciences 'that relate to the soil and
plants. He must, above all, be a good
salesman. All fs profit above the fixed
charges, and as these are largely the
cost ef prod-action, Brack, earn be oftea
added to the profit it they cas be
cheapened. Yet costly methods .ars
often Most profitable, as trees are nut
chines, and require a certain power
when not doing work, and if, by giYing
a little better care a considerable In
crease in production la secured, the dif
ference will be prolt.
Fraaa a Bo of Laveadarw
She who owns a bed of lavender may
make it a very pretty and poetical
source of pocket money, as well as an
artistic delight. From Its fragrant
blue depths she can gather many a sil
ver dollar in the course of a summer, as
its treasures find a ready sale among
women who love dainty things. In
Southern California good-sized laven
der beds keep many women supplied
with spending money, for the long,
slender stems in blossom sell readily
for a cent apiece, and those whose
purse of plenty and hours ot leisure
admit of luxurious bits of fancy work,
see a poetical fitness in working up the
lovely old-fashioned flower into choice
and dainty articles. For birthday and
holiday gifts, and for church fairs and
bazaars nothing could be' sweeter than
pretty things that can be made from
A beauty-loving little woman has re
cently fashioned some exquisite arti
cles of fancy work, which are useful,
too, in a very dainty way, using as her
material long, smooth lavender stalks
in bloom and many yards of lavender
colored baby-ribbon. With, taste and
skill her deft fingers wove in and out,
between the slender stalks, shining
rows of ribbon, until at last there lay
a shimmering lavender-tinted and lavender-scented
fan large and substan
tial enough for actual use, but so fairy
like and delicate that one would be con
tent to admire its beauty as a fan
which might be used, but should not.
The fraerant blue blossoms were
first folded down upon their stems, and
baby-ribbon woven very closely and
firmly in between the stems which cov
ered them, the blossoms being in the
center. This makes a firm, smooth
handle, which tapers toward the fan
part. This is broad and flat like the
old-time palm-leaf fans that went with
our grandmothers to meeting. The
stems are then expanded and trimmed
with scissors into proper shape to make
a rounding edge. This flat surface,
from about two inches above the han
dle, is closely woven with the baby
ribbon, and a full cluster is fastened
at the top, as is also a rosette of loops
at the smallest part of the handle.
Another very popular way of using
lavender is the making of "lavender
sticks." These are similar to the
handle of the fan described, and three
or four are joined together in a cluster,
by large, full bows of baby-ribbon of
any delicate color. They are hung
against lace curtains or over chair
backs, and the pungent, spicy odor
from the hidden blossoms fills the
As a gift for some dear old lady,
whose earliest years are somehow as
sociated with the sweet, old-fashioned
lavender, nothing can be more dainty
and appropriate than a lavender fan.
Gently swaying the lightsome, airy
thing, tender thoughts of long-past
girlhood will come to her as the
familiar fragrance floats out upon the
air. Memories of that sweet pleasure
of "going to meeting," with a sprig of
lavender laid primly upon the snowy
folded handkerchief, or pressed be
tween the leaves of the bible, will come
to her with tenderest meaning, and vis
ions of mother's lavender bed will be
with her all day long.
Many a dainty woman loves the scent
of lavender in her bedroom and upon
her clothing and household belongings,
and bunches of this fragrant herb,
inclosed in some very fine fabric, tied
with lavender ribbons, given to a fas
tidious friend to lay away in her bureau
or wardrobe, would be a useful gift.
Love of delicate odors is an evidence of
refinement, and the very act of scenting
a garment presupposes its immalculate
cleanliness. Then how pretty and
dainty it is to scatter blossoms from
the lavender bed throughout one's pos
sessions and to let the good, old-fashioned
perfume become a part of one's
daily life. Ladies' Home Journal.
Winter Wheat In Iowa.
A bulletin of the Iowa experiment
station says: Extensive variety tests
of winter wheat have in times past
been conducted at tnis station and the
result reported in previous bulletins.
The only variety of winter wheat thus
far found to be adapted to this locality
is the Turkish Red. The yield of this
variety has not been less than twenty
five bushels per acre on the experiment
station grounds and in 1S94 and 1895
the vield reached 48 and 54.7 bushels
respectively. The yield of winter wheat
has invariably exceeded that of the
spring wheat grown here and the qual
ity has been uniformly better.
Discovery in Temperature. L. G.
Carpenter, meteorologist of the Colo
rado state experiment station, has been
keeping watch of the high points in the
state and on two of them observations
and temperatures have been taken for
some years. The work of the first year
indicated that the average temperature
of the high altitudes of the state (alti
tudes three and four thousand feet
higher than the station) were much
above the lower points such as the lo
cation of the station. It was deemed
incredible and the observations were
continued, with the result that a series
of years has proved the correctness of
the first conclusions. It is explained
by the fact that the cold waves seem to
flow around and below these high points
and the temperature there is more even.
Forests Hold Snow. The authorities
in Colorado have been examining the
forest regions of the state to determine
to what extent they bold back the
snow from melting in the spring. It is
a new idea to many people, and yet
entirely reasonable. It is found that the
forests retard the melting of the snows
and so cause the waters to flow down
gradually over a much longer period of
time than is the case where the trees
are cut away. They thus have a ten
dency to prevent floods in the spring
and droughts in the summer. It is very
evident that we will soon have to fol
low the example of France and begin
the reforesting of our mountains.
Cost of Harvesting Sugar Beets. A
record of ail labor put on digging the
beets was kept with the following re
sult: Five and one-half days' team
work, at 75 cents per day, 14.12; twenty-two
days' man labor, at $1.50 per
day, $33, making a total cost of $37.12
for digging 22.44 tons of beets, or $1.65
per ton. The beets were taken from
the ground by plowing a deep furrow
with the landslide as near the beets as
possible without cutting them. They
.were then easily thrown in piles.
Colorado Experiment Station.
Care for the Crown. When setting
strawberries, be sure that the crown
is not covered with dirt. A litttle at
tention in setting it even with the
ground will do much good. Also see
that it is so set that the water will
cot wash the mud over It
DAIRY AND POULTRY.
INTERESTING CHAPTERS FOR
OUR RURAL READERS.
Haw Eaeeaaafal raraaara Oporata TMa
Peaartaaaat af tho Farm A raw
Hlata aa to tho Cara of IJro Stack
test has come into
extensive use with
in the past few
years and is likely
to be used still
more in determin
ing the value of
dairy cows and of
the many different
milks and creams
brought to factor
ies for the manufacture of both butter
As so much depends -upon the accu
racy of this test where thousands of
dollars are to be divided among patrons
annually, it is of the utmost import
ance that, inasmuch as the sample
tested is necessarily small, all meas
urements should be made with the
greatest possible accuracy In oraer to
secure uniformly reliable results.
It has been found that, many of the
Babcock bottles and pipettes now in
use are inaccurately graduated. In
view of this fact and of the difficulty
in securing bottles and pipettes which
can be relied upon, the Pennsylvania
Experiment station has undertaken to
supply as standards to any resident of
the state desiring them, a tested Bab
cock bottle and pipette at a price suffi
cient to cover the original cost and the
expense of testing and postage. In this
connection, owing to the wide varia
tion found in cheap dairy thermome
ters, the station will also undertake to
supply to residents of the state desir-
RESULT OF CROSSING ENGLISH AND EAST INDIAN RATTLE.
Our illustration shows a cross be
tween some English cattle (presum
ably shorthorns), and some Indian
breeds. The United States consul in
Ceylon says that these crosses are
an improvement over cither of the
Ing it a tested thermometer as a stand
ard, under the above conditions.
The station has also prepared a bul
letin containing full and explicit direc
tions for the use of the Babcock test
which it will mail free to all who may
Pennsylvania Experiment Station. r
Artichokes for IIog.
Hitherto the growing of this valu
able tuberous rooted perennial has
iwn .ilmnst whollv neslected. and
greatly misunderstood. During the
past few years the "tame" or domes
ticated sorts of the artichoke have been
imported from Europe, and are grad
ually makinsr their way to an exten
sive cultivation in the United States,
Canada and Mexico. It is in place In
this connection to mention that there
is a deep-seated, long-standing preju
dice against the artichoke among the
farmers of the United Statc3.
But there is "wild" rye and "tame"
rye, "wild" onions and "tame" onions.
"Wild" barley and "tame" barley.
"Wild" lettuce and "tame" lettuce,
etc. Almost every grain and vegetable
cultivated and used as food by man has
its namesake in a noxious and often
times dangerous weed. The artichoke
is no exception to the general rule.
The wild artichoke being indigenous
to most localities (wherever the soil
i3 suitable) in North and South Amer
ica. It is merely a bad weed a dan
gerous pest, which produces few and
small tubers and spreads its long
fibrous roots out a long distance and
deep down into the soil, making its
extermination a difficult task. Many
farmers who have seen it growing un
derstand it fully. But the same farm
ers do not understand that there is a
difference a vast difference in the
wild artichoke and the "tame" arti
choke. In fact they are as different
as is wild and "tame" lettuce, or is
wild and "tame" rye.
During the past few years the tame
or domesticated sorts of artichoke have
been imported from Europe and are to
a great extent becoming known and
cultivated on-this continent, as a cheap,
healthy stock food. The "tame" ar
tichoke can be as easily grown as corn
or potatoes, and on land that will pro
duce 50 bushels per acre of Indian
corn. 500 bushels per acre of artichokes
can be easily grown. The writer fre
quently does this and has grown over
90 bushels per acre on ground that
had never been manured. Their great
value as a cheap, handy, healthy hog
food has been so thoroughly aired in
the press of the country the past few
years that an enormous demand has
beca created for them.
As a pork producer they cannot be
excelled. A good plan is to plant all
your lots to artichokes about May 1,
or as soon as your stock is put on
their spring and summer pasture.
Then when your pasture "plays out"
in the fall, or about September 15 to
October 1, you will have fine food in
your lots for your bogs, where they
will root at intervals whenever the
ground is not frozen too h?rd until the
following May, when they will have
received as much real benefit from one
acre of artichokes as from five of corn,
at a very conservative estimate some
say ten acres. The bogs will also leave
enough tubers in the ground to serve
as seed for the next crop. It is a hog's
nature to root. In fact, his hogship 13
never happier than when he is root
ing. An artichoke patch can truly be
ailed a hoe's drue store. A hoe's nh-
1 " -
jject in rooting being to obtain roots.
wnicn nis appetite craves, and wnicn
serve the same purpose for him as a
blood cleaner or spring medicine does
for the human being. Ayer, of sarsa
parilla fame, can fully explain this.
After a hog has eaten artichokes to his
heart's content, the rooting, notion will
bave been put entirely out of his head
.and he will not root up his spring or
summer pasture. A wealthy hog
raiser (Mr. Booher) of the writer's ac
quaintance, and who has made 480
acres of $100 land 'from hog
rafslng for the pork s&arket,
says he would not be witheat a big
annual patch of the tame artichoke,
and that he has had no hog diseases
In his herds since he has allowed them
to root in his artichoke patch to their
He claimed that a sow will never eat
her pigs if she has been previously
given a good feed of artichokes. The
artichoke (tame sorts) is a wonderful
soil enricher, fully as good as red
The writer cuts the tubers to two
eyes per piece and plants precisely
same as potatoes, and cultivates pre
cisely same as corn. They grow about
eight feet high and grow so dense
that weeds have a hard time in an
artichoke patch. The artichoke stands
drought much better than the potato,
and there is no insect that infests
them to the writer's knowledge, of sever
alyears in growing three kinds of them.
The "tame" or domesticated artichoke
should be replanted every three years
as they run out, or in other words, the
ground needs a rotation of crops.
They are very easily and entirely ex
terminated if the young tops are
plowed under when about one foot
high. Artichokes are valuable, not
alone as a hog food, but for any kind
of stock and poultry, and also for
horses. Poultry just about live in an
artichoke patch in warm weather,
where they hide from hawks in the
shade, and scratch out the young
tubers. The tubers are highly prized
for milch cows as valuable milk pro
ducers. The writer feeds the tubers to
his horses every spring. Horses pre
fer them to any other food after they
have become accustomed to them.
They completely take the place of oil
cake and condition powders, making
horses shed nicely and clearing them
of worms. The writer has tried sev
eral varieties but has finally settled
on the White Jerusalem, Red Jerusa
lem and Mammoth .White French as
parent breeds, so far as use in India
is concerned. They will stand the pe
culiarities of feed and climate better
than the imported cattle, and have
more useful qualities than the native
the most valuable sort to grow in the
central west Illinois.
Leghorn Easily atafoed.
I have been keeping poultry for three
years. During that time I have kept
the Barred and White Plymouth Rocks,
Patridge Cochin, Golden Wyandottes
and Brown Leghorns. The Wyan
dottes, Leghorns and Plymouth Rocks
are favorites with me. Their house
has been a frame building lined with
tarred paper, packed with sawdust, and
with a wooden roof. We give them a
warm mash for their morning meal,
wheat or rye for noon, scattered in
straw so they will scratch for it, and
at night we feed corn. Our markets
are generally good, except at holiday
time. Under this management, we get
eggs every day the year round. We
have lost very few hen3 from any
cause. We find that Persian insect
powder is just the thing for the lice.
Wo bave had little experience with
disease among our fowls. We have a
few cases of roup now and then, but
we find that spongia cures it, if the
disease be taken in time. Camomile
is also good. In severe cases of roup
wo find the hatchet is the best remedy.
We find that the White Plymouth
Rocks and Brown Leghorns are fine
layers and also good foragers; you
can raise two Leghorns to one of any
of the larger breed. Mrs. W. C. Jack
son in Farmers Review.
ISirred riymoath Ror&a.
For ten years I have been raising
poultry. During that time I have kept
the White and Brown Leghorns, White
and Barred Plymouth Rocks. Of all the
breeds, I prefer the Plymouth Hocks.
My poultry house is an ordinary frame
building, but comfortable. I feed soft
food in the mornings and whole grains
in the evening. I do not confine myself
to one grain but try to give a variety.
As to the market, I can sell all the
breeding fowls I want to dispose of in
the home market. I have never failed
to get eggs in winter, though in the
very severest weather they of course
fall off some. One year I lost almost
an entire flock from cholera. I was
away from home when they took it,
and in five days nearly all of them died.
I lost but two chicks after I got home
and could attend to them. I find lice
the greatest enemy of young chicks.
W. II. Reid in Farmers' Review.
Enclosed please find $1 to pay for the
Farmers' Review. I will try to answer
the inquiry in regard to Buff Leghorns.
I have bred them for the past five years.
They first came to America from Eng
land. Mine were secured from Mrs.
Lester K. Strain, of England, and I
find them the most profitable of all my
chickens. They are larger than either
the white or the brown Leghorns, and
their plumage is a bright buff. They
are non-sitters: I never had a bird of
this breed that wanted to sit. I also
breed the Brown Leghorns and White
Minorcas, but my choice over all is the
Buff Leghorn. W. H. Pardoo in Far
First ReqaMte of Sacress.
The first requisite of success in poul
try raising is to know what you are
doing. For this reason we wish to en
courage our readers to send in their
egg records. That indicates that they
have begun to find out just what they
are doing, and just what returns they
are getting. We would like monthly
reports from as many of our readers
as keep any records. Give us not only
the reports of what eggs are being ob
tained from the flock, but also cost of
keep, and any incidents connected with
Milk In New York. The milk supply
of New York Increases at a fair pace.
The daily consumption by the city is
in the neighborhood of 100,000 gallons.
The consumption of cream is about
3,500 gallons per day, and of condensed
milk in excess of 12,000 gallons for the
Tho Taltoa Statoa and
It is twenty-three years ago since we
aadserioas trouble with Spain over
Cabs, where then, ss now, a revolution
was in progress. An American steamer,
the Virginias, was seized and her crew,
many ot whoa were American citizens.
were tried and condemned by s coart
martial sad summarily shot. When
the news reached this country the gov-
nanirai at asniBgioB Tirmaanrn lae
immediate release of the Virginias, and
as Spain was at first dilatorv in com
plying with the demand there was
serious talk of war between the two
countries. Finally the matter was
amicably settled, and from that time
up to a few days ago the two countries
havo maintained the friendliest rela
tions. New York Irish World.
F. J. CHENEY & CO.. Toledo. O.. rroprs. ot
Hall's Catarrh Cure, offer t!0t reward for any
case of catarrh that can not be cured br taking
Hall's Catarrh Cure. Send for testuaoahua,
free. Sold by Druggists. 73c
A Karsery Dish.
An appetizing and healthful "good
night" lunch for the chidrcn may be
made of the scraps of nice clean bread.
Put the bits, thick and thin, in a bak
ing pan in the oven, where they will
brown evenly and lightly clear through.
When a light brown and crisp to (be
center, roll on a clean table or cloth
with the rolling pin until it is a fine
."grit." Bottle and keep dry. A table
spoonful or two in good, rich milk,
makes a light palatable and digestible
supper for anybody.
riso'x Cure for Consumption is the only
cough medicine used in mv house. D. C
Allright, MifninLurg, Pa., Dec. 11. TO.
Tho LIto Monkey.
A dealer in stuffed animals, who also
kept a few live creatures for sale, gave
his shop boy, who was permitted to
bell the stuffed specimens, orders to
call him when any one asked for any
of the living animals says the Youth's
One day a gentleman called and de
manded a monkey.
"Any one of these?" asked the boy,
who was in charge. He pointed to the
"No I want a live monkey," an
swered the customer.
The boy stepped to the door of the
back shop and called to his master;
"You're wanted, sir!"
SITS -All Fitstoril rrr-Iy Pr. K line Krest
Itrrve Kc-!orrr. MoFMsartrrtti-nreitU.v'MUM.
Marvrlouseurr. TrratbeanIS!!tr;alUtiWr-t t
Russell Sago Safely Guarded.
It is a certainty that not a man alive
will ever get into Russell Sage's office
to throw another bomb at him. His
outer room is furnitured like a bank
and the visitor's card is shoved through
a small hole in the high fence just
such a hole as that through which the
paying teller hands money for an hon
ored check. Outside of the fence,
against the white plastered wall stands
a long bench, upon which visitors sit.
It tho Baby la Cutting Tea taw
3ror and nv? that oM and writ-tried remedy. Mam.
WncaLow's SoomtSQ STKCr for Children Teethlaff-
lowa'a Daacerona Sontmnnmboliar.
Iowa is the proud possessor of a citi
zen who has dreamed a dream and
sprung upon an admiring common
wealth a scheme for a $4,000,000 inter
national palace, to be built above
Niagara's bank, with a mean height of
UMi feet and a central tower of 1.000
feet, the building to average forty-six
stories. Iowa should not permit this
genius to escape. Niagara can spare
him, but his native state cannot. New
York Mail and Express.
Half Fare Excaraloaa via the Wabaah.
the thort line to St. Louis, and quicS: route
East or South,
April 21st and May .th. Excursion to
all Mints South at oue faro for the round
trip with .'.00 added.
National Republican Convention at St.
National Educational Association at
Christian Endeavor Convention at
National Feop!e and Silver Convention at
For rates, time tah'es and further infor
mation, call at the Vnlah ticket office.
1 115 Farnnm St., Paxton Hotel block, or
write Geo. N. Clayton.
N. V. Tass. Ant., Omaha, Neb.
Stood Up for Her Calling-.
A eertain canor reads pr-crs to his
household eveiy night as a good man
should. One morning his new house
maid a country girl, who had only
arrived the day before gave notice
tearfully. No reason was assigned,
but nothing could persuade her to stav
where she had, she .said, been insulted.
No one could understand the girl till
sue expiaineu: 1 was ;n iiravtr ium i
night, and the master said, -O, God. I
who 'at est nothing but the 'ousemaid." I
Is a prize fighter
BBBV. lallll atM
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TjJaaUS BbUUUUUUUbBUUUUUUUUUUbuC JaaBUH
aJr5l SauuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuHaai l" 7
,BaUUuTC'alBBUW aBUrBUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUU lTj'W
HBJHUA snuuusnuuuuuuuui aN
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Greatest Highest Smallest
Quantity. Quality. Price.
The only brand of strictly
high grade tobacco ever sold for a
low price Not the large size of
the piece alone that has made
"Battle Ax" the most popular
brand on the market for 5 cents,
QUALITY; SIZE; PRICE.
Men and wos.es. hoys and gtrlss
readers ef this paper if yen ses
lected te send In your -answer
to the advertisesust ef the Pres
idential Puzzle In hut week's Is
sue of this saner, do net neglect ts
do so now. Do net put It eft. Get
year copy ef last week's saner.
Cut Tho Aafrortlaaaaoat Oat,
It gives all the particulars which en
ables you to get the best floe Recycle;
which, with the discount allowed by
working the puzzle, makes it the
chespest as well ss the best. We wast
at once a few Rscycles la your locality
as advertisements now' Is your oppor
tunity. Send us your solution of puz
zle, your name and address, model
wanted and height of frame.
Miami Cycle and Mfg. Co.,
A Mirror of I.lfe'a Need..
It is told of Frank Stockton, the
novelist, that being at one time unable
to use his eyes for months he was kept
informed of the news of the day by his
family; but that immediately on. gain
ing his sight he called for the adver
tisements, as to which he had under
gone the pang of intellectual famine.
The incident struck his family as
funny; but it is easily understood.
The novelist deals with lifo n it ;-
and no literature reflects life so closely
in 11s essential needs as the advertise
ment a fact which the novelist, read
ing between the lines, well knows
A Trinity of Evil.
Bllllousness. !ck rc:ilache and Irregular
ity of the bowels accompany each other. To
the removal of this trinity of evils Hostet-.
ter's Stomach Hitters is especially adapted.
It also cures dyspepsia, rheumatism, mala
rial complaints, billiousness. nervousness
and const patlon. The most satisfactory
results fo low n fair trial. I'm. it daily.
From the door of the chapel of the
Temperance Hand floated the strains of
the song, "Water, Pure Water, For
"Them's my sentiments, commented
Perry Patettic, as he passed, "ltut as
long as water has all of these here
germs and bakille-ses in it, I'll stick to
the old booze.' Cincinnati Enquirer.
HeKeaaaa'at'aaaparorle with Glycerin.
Cur Cnappetl Hands and Fare.TeiKlT or Sore FWt,
Chilblain. Hie.-. CO. Clark Co.. New Ilaten.Ct.
Fpaln'a Army and Navy.
The army of Spain on a peace foot
ing consists of 1-0,000 men. On a war
footing it is raised to 180,000 men with
510 guns. The colonial forces, includ
ing militia, number 23G.0OO. Service
is compulsory on all for eight years in
Spain, or four years in the colonies.
The navy consists of 1-rt steam vessels,
including seven ironclads, and about
Is easy enough if you look
for it in the right place.
This is the right place to
learn just what to do for
that debilitating condition
which Springalways brings.
Do you want to be cured of
that languid feeling, get
back your appetite, sleep
soundly, and feel like a new
will do it. It has done it
for thousands. It has been
doing it for 60 years. Try it.
Send lor the "Curebook " 100 pages free.
J. C. Ayer Co. I.owcll Mass.
and champion in every contest with
P X aUUT . W3 j-
It knocks oat m every found, and on its belt n written 9
1 II Wk rw
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