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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (May 6, 1896)
- -,.- -v."'?' '."CSiJV.''
People find jnst the help they so much
need, in Hood's Sarsaparilla. It fur
nishes the desired strength by puri
fying, vitalizing and enriching he
blood, and thus builds np the nerves,
tones the stomach and regulates the
whole system. Read this:
"I want to praiso Hood's Sanaparllla.
My health run down, and I had the grip.
After that, my heart and nervous system
were badly affected, so that I coold not do
my own work. Our physician gave me
some help, bat did not care. I decided
totry Hood's Sarsaparilla. Soon I could
do all my own housework. I hare taken
Hood's Pills with Hood's Sarsaparilla,
and they have done me much good. I
will not be without them. I have taken IS
bottles pf Hood's Sarsaparilla, and through
the blessing of God, it has cared me.
I worked as hard as ever the past sum
mer, and I am thankful to say I am
well. Hood's Tills when taken with
Hood's Sarsaparilla help very much."
Her. M. M. Messenger, Freehold, Penn.
This and many other cares prove that
Is the One True Hood Purifier. All druggists. 8L
ITrjiarcd only liy C I. Hood & Co., Lowell, Mass,
u , rk-ii act easily, promptly and
nOOdS PlIlS effectively, g cents.
2 oz. for 5 Cents.
CHER00TS-3 for 5 Cert, t
Give a Good, Mellow, Healthy, T
Pleasant Smoke. Try Them.
LTOX GO. T0B1CC0 ROUS, hriia, I C.
There is just a little ap
petizing bite to HIRES
Rootbeer; just a smack
of life and good flavor
done up in temperance
style. Best by any test.
!. onlr br Tli ri,arl-4 r.. Ilii-s O-.. Phi'addpliia.
A Z:. jtacX.cr luatn i call"", i" c cr j btre.
IRON AND WOOD
OF ALL KIKES.
Krllppp and Fairbanks Wind
mill. Tower. Tmukr. Irrlps
t!nn outfit. Hoec. ItcItliiK.
IlrUe 1'olijtK. Pine. Fitting.
ltrn goods and Falrhanka
Mtandard Mcalcn. Price?
low. Cirt the best, fiend fur
FAIRBANKS, MORSE & CO.,
1102 Farnam St. Omaha, Neb.
You Should Read
- About THE SOUTH.
We will wml on. f rec or cliarce. our 16-pace lllus.
tratnl Journal."" Tiik Socmen; Kibld." which ile.
scribes 1 lie hlait-K ot Virginia. Nort h and South Caro
lina, Georgia. Alabama. SU&MNslppi, taV Teuucssce.
an J Kentucky. jiil!r"-.
M. V. KICIIAKDS.
land & Industrial .Agent. Southern Railway,
Waahlastoa. 0. C
Examination and Advice a to Patentability of
Invention. Send for " Inventors' Guide, or How to Get
Patent." flgBg 0TAS2HL. VTAaHaTOTOS. P. &
RIICCILC i -.
DUDOiCd Snrreys f..r $7.
I00(.tyl"i. ;n1 variety f
-end hand CarriJifs and
Wapon. NtKJy ei.s on
elc r unreins
HKL1IM OMI CARRIAGE CO.
IMh Kiid Harney M. Oman
1896 High Grade
Shlpted anywhere C. O D at
liiiri t who e4ile l Ire. S1Q0
i'lerce. $K 5 1; tii lUfimmnir,
9I7M; $ti Wcs minx er. V3M;
$Xt Ka orite.9.U Latet Mod-
1. tu ly iruaninteert Ineuuut-
Iclln-. .riffhtt oSlu - t-nd furCatalofrue.
H. HARDY CO.. WlFainaBSu.t)uba,Neb
Write for what vou want
to THE SIKCUEX IN
VESTMENT CO.. Mining
Exchange, Denver, Colu.
Xf afflict e1 with
ore tjes, use
Model No. 1.
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W Am. er l aa- i BMt33 f awr
In This Puzzle Ton See
the Crank. Hub and
Sprocket of the Strictly
Model STe. 11.
. CZZX?- Z 'r lCTSe"ftietioaand with Sprocket aad Chain ra..
f", tWTSrwlSCmthehubsof tecranks,3inchesBpart. Ifyouintd
to ride a wheel, SIDE THE SEST. The discount makes THE BEST, THE CHEAPEST
TO SOLVE THE PUZZLE. S(,a,tT,,0"D"0Vbcforeheidorh
which he belongs. CutoutpU22lcacdrettori:hlrV-02dIC Ihe P PMty to
height of framldeaircJ. The more rr?at,l&uc P???ss' mff ot. whcel-and
dlacaaut wo will aUow roa. We want a fetrtKS"
Model Height of Frame.
The OMcst British Traea.
The oldest tree in this country is the
yew tree at Bradbum, in. Kent, which
is said to be 3,000 years old; while at
Fortingal, in Perthshire, is one nearly
as old. At Ankerwyke House, near
Staines, is a yew tree, which was fam
ous st the date of the sigaing of Magna
Charts, 1215, and later was the tryatiag
place of Henry VIII and Annie Boleyn.
The three yews at Fountains Abbey
are at least 1,200 years old, and beneath
them the founders of the abbey sat in
1132. There are no famous oaks that
rival any yew in age, 2,000 years being
the greatest age attained. Damorey's
oak, in Devonshire, which was blown
down in 1703, had this distinction.
Cowthropc Oak, near Wethcrby, York
shire, is said to be 1.C00 years old.
An Appreciative Spirit.
A senator's wife, who is an accom
plished musician, gave a dinner party
recently. Among the guests was a
certain memter of the Kentucky dele
gation in congress. When awaiting an
nouncement of dinner, at the urgent
request of some of the guests, the
hostess played and sang: She had just
finished a polonaise by Chopin, which
was greeted by a burst of applause, and
as she arose from the piano, in the si
lence which followed the sweet strains,
her husband turned to the gentleman
from the Uluegrass state with:
''Would you like a sonata before din
Well, I don't mind," promptly replied
the Kentucky statesman, bracing up
quickly. "I had two on my way here,
but I reckon I can stand another."
New York Tribune
Roller Skating la Popular.
At the recent cycle show in Paris, as
well as at Stanley show, in London, a
new kind of roller skates for street and
road use were exhibited, which is pet
ting; very popular in both countries.
They have tiie shape of ordinary skates,
but in the place of steel runners there
are two runners provided, which arc
covered with rubber tires. For practi
cal use on ordinary roads they are ex
cellent, and their weight is about three
pounds apiece. A good roller skater
can move surprisingly fast upon these
skates, and, by placing; one foot across
the rear of the other he can stop almost
instantaneously. The London and
Paris streets are already alive with
skaters using; the new roller skates,
which arc becoming; more popular every
Sir Edward Thornton was Kritish
ambassador to Kussia at the time of
the coronation of Alexander III., hav
ing formally represented his govern
ment at Washington for years. His
daughter. Miss Mary Grace Thornton,
contributes to The Century for May her
journal describing "The Crowning of a
Czar. The illustrations of the article
are from the oflicial record which was
issued by the Russian government. Miss
Thornton says that the most imposing
moment of the entire coronation was
when the Czar alone stood in the vast
cathedral at Moscow, and all the rest
within the edifice and all without as
far as the eye could see, knelt and of
fered up prayers for him. The ceremo
nies attending the coronation of Nicho
las II. next month will be almost
identical with those described.
A (JfMtil Keason.
I don't see why you sent me to bed
for being just imprudent,' sobbed Wil
bur. It is vcrj' easily explained," said his
father. "You are imprudent because
you got out of bed on the wrong side
this morning. I want you to go to bed
for an hour, and then see if you can't
get out on the right side." Harper's
PITS AllFitstopil Trot-by nr.Kltnp'afirert
Nerve Umtnrrr. Ko Fitsatter lli-!lrtt!ay'.- um
W:irvt-lououro. Tnati;anl$2tr.ullKittli'fre t
I ll 1-4&1&. bend to ir. KlmOJl ArcuM, fhila., i'a.
The wound mode by a kuifo may heal,
but that made by an unkind word may not.
It woul spoil nine men out of ten to let
them have their own way for a month.
If you would Le a happy man, learn to be
a contented one.
should lean Lack when she
Half Fare to Virginia and Carolina.
On May 5 homesoelccrs' excursion
tickets will be sold from all points in
the West and Northwest over the "Uig
Four Uoute" and Chesapeake & Ohio
liy. to Virginia andXortli Carolina at
one fare for the round-trip. Settlers
looking for a home in the South can do
no better than in Virginia, There
they have cheap farm lands, no bliz
zards, no cyclones, mild winters, never
failing crops, cheap transportation and
the best markets, b'end for free de
criDtivc pamphlet, excursion rates and
time folders. U. L. Truitt, N. W. P.
A., 234 Clark St, Chicago, I1L
Eilliard tab, second-hand, for sale
cheap. Apply to or addrens, H. C. Acne,
til S. lUh St, Omaha, Neb,.
Model No, t.
.wv.o.iu juur trcuuiy at once as aavcruscr
DAIRY AND POULTRY.
INTERESTING CHAPTERS FOR
OUR RURAL READERS.
Haw Eaecoaafal Jajaweia Opera
Department of tho Farm -A Vow
Hlata aa to taa Cara at liva Stack
EING unablo to
beat the people
ialrly, the manu
facturers of filled
cheese are now
trying to get a
thrnneh con cress.
;2jai The d a i r ymen.
Ife?i?;fei guard. The Ohio
' ggsT" Dairymen's asso
ciation sends out the following circular:
In 1S94. the United States exported
cheese to the value of only $7,180,000
a decrease in fourteen years of 40 per
In 1894, Canada exported cheese to
the value of $15,500,000 an increase
in fourteen years of 400 per cent.
Owing to our weak and inefficient
laws favoring manufacturers and ex
porters of adulterated goods, the mar
kets of the world have loBt confidence
in our cheese.
Tho Canadian government have laws
prohibiting the exporting of any but
full cream cheese. Thus the confidence
and demand for the Canadian products.
Hon. D. P. Wilber. of New York, has
introduced a hill in congress as "The
Wilber Filled Cheese Bill, No. 5,213,"
restricting the manufacture and practi
cally prohibiting the exportation of
This bill Is endorsed by leading
dairymen, farmers and all interested in
the reputation of our food products.
The subcommittee of the ways and
means committee have reported another
hill to congress, which is directly
against the interests of producers and
consumers, and would legalize and pro
mote an industry which has already
nearly ruined the reputation of Ameri
We earnestly urge every farmer, and
others interested in pure food products,
and their reputation in the markets of
the world, to send, at once, a telegram,
letter or postal card to their represent
ative in congress, insisting that they
support the Wilbur Filled Cheese Bill,
No. 5,213, together with the amend
ments as suggested by Mr. Wilber.
The Oleo and Filled Cheese interests
are represented in the national capital,
hacked by millions of money, demand
ing legislation favoring adulterated
products. Do not despair! The voice
of the millions of yeomanry, through
pointed, personal letters, to our law
makers, must and will be heeded.
Keep an eye open for legislation, state
and national, touching the farming in
terests. Be prompt to let your repre
sentative know your position. Honest
demands, backed by the voice of the
people, dare not be disregarded.
This circular is issued by order of the
Ohio State Dairy association, which has
carefully examined all features of the
Wilbur Filled Cheese bill, and considers
it a measure of vast importance to the
dairy and pure food interests of the
L. P. Bailey, Secretary.
T. F. Hunt, President
Poultry on the Farm.
The following paper was read by Mrs.
Rose S. Carr at the Jasper (Illinois)
County Farmers' Institute:
No branch of agriculture is so uni
versally underestimated as poultry. I
might quote, in proof of this assertion,
statistics from our large cities in the
United States, but I think it will, per
haps, be of more interest to tell what I
have been able to glean in regard to the
money value derived from the poultry
yard in Jasper county alone for the
year just closed.
I have experienced great difficulty
in procuring reliable information from
the farmers themselves; because of the
lamentable fact that so 'few of them
keep a record of their work. The habit
of guessing is supposed to belong strict
ly to the Yankee, but it is far too pre
valent among farmers, and is the rule
with farmers wive3, to which I have
found no exception.
Guessing has long been discarded by
the commercial world, but the farmer
and his wife have not dispensed with it,
because they do not consider them
selves business people. Well, they
need not regard themselves so, nor
should they be so regarded by others,
until they adopt business methods.
The record for my own flock, (I con
fine myself in this paper to chickens
alone, as time will not permit my talk
ing on different varieties), is: Pure
bred Plymouth Rock hens, seventy
five; males, two; eggs, $37.62; chickens,
$97.04. Total, $134.66. Eggs used, 1495;
chickens used, 45; stock on hand, 17
As near as I can get at it Newton
alone has expended for poultry and
products $65,500, and I am assured by
both poultry dealers that this estimate
These figures show that the poultry
industry, as a branch, is one that rates
on a basis of dollars and cents, just
as docs any other branch of farming.
No luck about it. Banish .from the
mind at cynic the idcaJL&rt luck has
uiiyuwuKTio uo wiip sprccess in" poultry
raisingjAVhen you ttiar that som6 one
has 'jgood luck" iff raising chickens,
rest assured thafrnhey give their flocks
proper care imcl attention and that
their so call "luck" consists in prac
tical business methods.
Industry and close
tails are necessary to su
raising, but they are
t the only or
even the chief factors
was a time when th
the result of increajJbg toil, jttth com
paratively little thought, athe neces
sity for work hajrnot ceasei, but the4
need of sludyyeT "brainfiafork,,,-'1ias
enormously increased, afid in poultry
keeping, asin other farms ofabor,
it clearly Jharks theilifferejtce be
tween faihare and jtfecess. in other
words 'tks not the business Jnat suc
ceeds, hpt the manor woman in it, and
the one who puts business Methods into
poultry keepingnever fajre of success.
I will suggest a few of the ways in
which good business ability is shown.
In the first place use pure-bred stock.
One is not likely to give first-class at
tention to scrub stock, and so there is
no doubt but that pure-bred stock leads
to better methods.
In the second place, and I don't know
but it should come first, don't inbrecd.
More evils and loss of profit results
from this practice than from all other
sources, lice included. In no place is
the saying that "Cleanliness is next to
Godliness," more appropriate than in
the raising of poultry; and if there ever
is a time when I am strongly tempted
to put cleanliness first, it Is in this
Some men practice economy, chiefly
when buying for their wives, and on the
same principle the men who have gran
aries, corn and hay structures, hoc
' IBBBaMaEaBai ll
lt . aryy
houses, horse, cattle and sheep haras
galore, tell their wives that It wouldn't
pay to put up the new hen-house she
asked for, and at the same time per
mit, (I almost said expect) their better
halves to purchase the groceries for a
family of six or eight,- (with an occas
ional plug of tobacco thrown In) with
the proceeds of the poultry yard, with
no better facilities for housing than is
given by the top of an apple tree, or a
10x12 house, which leaks badly, and
has openings between the boards on the
6ides, through which the wind whistles
in a manner mournful enough to sug
gest an Aeolian harp. Still, I must in
sist that one of the requisites of profit
able poultry raising is a suitable house,
which should be made as secure against
drafts as possible, with boards and
building paper, a door on the east,
which should fit closely, and a window
on the south of glass with board shutter
to close at night.
Roots for Iowa Stock.
Prof. James Wilson, of the Iowa sta.
tion, in an address said: The questions
are prominent whether we can main
tain the excellence of Imported animals
without roots, and whether perfect
health can be maintained easily with
out them in winter, and what can be
most readily and profitably grown to
keep dairy cows in milk during 'Sep
tember and October drouths, such as
we had last fall. In order that the
farmers of Iowa might get some facts
regarding root growing, we have been
growing different kinds during the two
jears we have been at Ames. Inquiry
was rife whether the state could grow
sugar beets profitably. We have grown
two crops under rigid rule and careful
note-taking, and find that the average
per cent of sugar in the beet was 14.14,
that the average tonnage per acre was
20,that the highest tonnage per acre was
28, that clay soils give the highest per
cent of sugar, that subsoiling gave the
best shaped beets, that early planting
is every way better, and that no fertil
izer wc could buy gave us any benefit
We have had most success and profit
from growing mangles for stock. They
are healthy, hardy and yield well. They
are valuable for cows, keep well, and
are very acceptable to cattle of all
kinds. The harder varieties of turnips
are good for stock, but seem to be liable
to insect ravages and do not uniformly
give the amount of feed per acre that
mangles do. The yellow turnips sown
in the fall on early potato ground or
on early fall plowing, for early winter
feeding, arc valuable. By carefully
preparing new land in the fall and
planting early we can grow the man
gle with very little hand labor, and we
are convinced that it can be profitably
given a place in the Iowa farm system.
At the Iowa experiment station the)
have been making some tests in com
parative feeding of cattle and sheep.
The tests are not yet completed, but
to date show very favorably for the
sheep. The cost of one pound of gain
in the month of January was for the
sheep 3.32 and for the cattle 3.62 cents.
This is, of course, not exactly a fair
comparison, as sheep and cattle are
very different in their methods of
growth, the sheep growing more rapid
ly comparatively, but ceasing in their
English fanners use a great deal ot
oil meal in fattening their stock. One
of the chief advantages in using it is.
they claim, that they save much time
and complete the fattening process
much quicker then they otherwise
The market for heavy horses is de
manding an animal that weighs in the
neighborhood of 1,700 or 1,800 pounds.
It is useless to think of using a small
mare to get such animals. If you are
about to breed, start right and use
mares heavy enough so that the foal
may develop to the weight desired.
The Kansas experiment station has
been experimenting with hogs sheltered
and without shelter. The sheltered
hogs made a gain of one pound of flesh
for every five pounds of corn fed, but
the unsheltered hogs made no gain at
all. The station also refers to the
necessity of having shelter in summer,
as the animals suffer as well from too
much heat as from too much cold.
The English cavalry has just had a
review and 14,000 horses were mus
tered. This was supposed to be a
good showing, but Sir Charles Dilke
criticises them as being in many in
stances too young for military service,
at least in a hard campaign. He said
that no other army in the world would
count horses that were less than six
years of age, while many of these were
only three and four years old.
The Sheep an:l the Ticks.
At the Wisconsin experiment station
they have' this winter dipped sheep
when the temperature was down o zero
and below. Their reason for dipping
was that the sheep had been collected
from many points and some of them
were found to be infested with ticks.
They did not consider it of any use to
try to feed while the animals were thus
covered with parasites. All of our farm
ers that have sheep will do well to take
the hint, and give their flocks the ben
efit of an inspection, and if the need ex
ist, of a dipping in any reliable sheep
dip. It is not desirable to feed a lot of
sheep, that the latter may in turn feed
lot of ticks. The time spent in rid
ding them of the vermin will be well
paid for in the added thrift of the ani
mals. Farmers Review.
Market Demands Lighter Hogs.
There was a time when the market paid
the top prices for heavy hogs, hogs that
weighed between 300 and 400 pounds,
but that day has gone forever. There
has been a gradual decline through a
'long series of years till now in the west
a 250 pound hog and In the east even as
low as 150 pound hog is the kind de
manded. This is to the advantage of
the feeder, for he can produce that kind
of a hog at less price. It is to the ad
vantage of the consumer because he is
surer of getting the lean meat he wants.
The old-fashioned, hand-woven bed
quilts, such as our grandmothers made,
arc now the fashion for portieres.
Those which were woven in blue and
white are just the thing for a delft
room. Though they may look a bit
faded this will not detract from their
artistic value. Besides being useful
for portieres these old-time bed
spreads make admirable couch covers.
Cattle Exported Via New Orleans.
This season quite a number of cattle are
being sent direct to Liverpool by the
way of New Orleans. A steamship re
cently took over a cargo of 400 beeves
in addition to a large amount of other
products. Only six beeves died on the
voyage. Other steamers are falling into
line. The cattle are being supplied
largely from Texas.
A Good Name for lt
"My bicycle has been injured In the
windpipe," said Gildersleeve.
"What on earth is a bicycle's wind
pipe?" asked Tillinghast
"The very part that is on earth, the
pneumatic tube." Detroit Free Press.
FARM AND GARDEN.
MATTERS OP INTEREST TO
Saaao tTa-to-Data Hlata Aboat Caltlra
Uoa of tho SoU aad Yields Thereof
norMcaltaro, Yltlsaltaro aa4 MoH
caltara R. J. A. BAXTER
nee county, Kan
sas, who raised as
high as 104 bushels
of shelled corn per
acre in 1895, fur
nishes the State
Board of Agricul
ture the following
account of it, to
gether with some
of his corn-raising methods in general:
"The portion of my crop giving a
yield of 104 bushels of husked, well
dried (56 pounds, shelled) corn per acre
was five acres of 57 I planted last year.
My land is slightly rolling prairie and
about a fair average of Kansas soil,
with a hard, impervious subsoil. The
five acres mentioned were at one end
of a 25-acre field, part of which had
been in potatoes for two years, and the
last crop dug with a listing plow late
in October, which was about equivalent
to a deep fall plowing.
"In spring the ground was much like
.a bed of ashes. It was then deeply
plowed, made fine and smooth with a
plank drag and drilled the first week in
May with a planter of medium width,
with a deep-grained yellow Dent corn;
about the same quantity of seed was
used as would have been if from three
to somewhat less than four grains had
been placed In hills the ordinary dis
tance apart. This was cultivated four
times with common gang cultivators
and hoed three times the last hoeing
after it had been finished with the cul
tivators. "I am a strong believer in deep and
thorough cultivation, and long since
learned that a good crop of corn and
a rank growth of cockle-burs, crab
grass and similar weeds cannot occupy
the same ground at the same time. I
have not subsoiled for previous crops,
but last fall invested in a sub
soiler and used it on 15 acres. I in
tend planting 100 acres in corn this
season and aim to have it all sub
soiled. Am subsoiling my fields the
narrow way first (they are from 40 to
80 rods wide and 120 rods long) as deep
ly as four horses can do the work, at
distances of two and one-half feet. Will
then throw up the ridges cross-wise of
this with a listing plow, following it
in each furrow with a subsoiler as deep
as three horses can pull it, and drill
the seed immediately in the track of
the subsoiler. This will leave the land
subsoiled in both directions.
"My whole crop for 1895 averaged
only 57 bushels per acre, yet would
have made 75 bushels but for an unfor
tunate invasion Just at the critical time
by an army of chinch bugs from an
adjacent 30-acre field of- oats. With
proper treatment of our soils and thor
ough cultivation, I am of the opinion
that in all favorable seasons such as
last we should raise from 75 to 100
bushels of corn per acre instead of the
more common 25 to 50 bushels. I am
always careful to avoid cultivating
when the land is very wet, and think
many farmers make a serious mistake
by working their corn when the soil
cleaves from the shovels in chunks.
The sun is likely to then bake the
ground, and the growth loses its bright,
healthy green and turns a sickly yel
low. F. D. Coburn."
Oats and Teas for Green Fodder.
Purdue University Agricultural Ex
periment station bulletin No. 22 says:
Feeders are coming to recognize more
and more the necessity of plenty of
green food for stock when grass is get
ting short. Owners of dairy cattle in
particular feel this necessity.
For two years at the Indiana Experi
ment station we have planted Canada
field peas and oats for this purpose.
The first year of planting, we scattered
pea seed at the rate of a bushel and
one-half an acre over the ground, and
plowed this in three or four inches deep.
A bushel and one-half of oat seed per
acre was then scattered over this
plowed land, which was then thorough
In 1895. the above practice was not
followed. The land was plowed about
seven inches deep, and then harrowed
to a fine tilth. A mixture of oats and
peas, at the rate of one and one-half
bushels of each per acre, was then
drilled in, to the depth of about two
inches. The plants thrived with great
vigor, until severe drouth checked their
growth, in common with all other farm
crops. Either method ot planting will
no doubt be satisfactory.
In planting oats and peas, the first
seeding should be gotten in at the earli
est date possible, when the land may be
satisfactorily worked. One or two more
plantings, at ten-day intervals, will
give a good succession of crops, cover
ing about six weeks.
While cutting the green crop may
begin as early as wished, after some
length of stalk has been secured, it is
advisable to wait until the oat head be
gins to expand, and when the peas are
passing from the bloom. The best plan
is to secure the green fodder as close
to the maturity stage as possible, con
sistent with about three weeks of use
Oats and peas make highly nutritious
and palatable food. They also give the
earliest green fodder to be secured from
plantings of the same season, and fol
low nicely after winter rye for soiling.
This crop is coming more and more into
favor. Oats and peas should only be
planted early in spring, as these plants
as a rule will not thrive from May or
summer seedings. If not all fed green,
tho balance of the crop may, with ad
vantage, be plowed under or cured for
The expense for seed is not great.
Oats may be bought in the market at
prices varying from 15 to 25 cents per
bushel, according to location. The pea
seed purchased by this station this
spring cost 90 cents a bushel laid down
at the home depot. In buying, be sure
and get Canada field pea seed. Green
oats and peas are eaten with a relish
by horses, cattle, sheep and swine.
C. S. Plumb, Director.
Developed a Herd. When I com
menced dairying I found that my cows
were not making me the profit that they
should, and I commenced to weed out
and raise heifer calves and build up a
dairy of grade Jerseys. I raised my
butter yield in about nine years up to
about two hunderd and sixty-six pounds
to the cow. The year closing June 1,
1880, I got gross profits from my cows
S3 and some cents each. H. B. Gurler.
A fifty-fcot granite shaft, the longest
piece of granite ever taken out of a
cuarry in Vermont, was quarried at
Barre a few days ago.
Green tea will revive rusty black Lire
and render it as good as new.
1 1 1l Ml VaJjfM
AaHeota ha tho SoaAwost.
rne avmmary or injsDuuetm ap
ricots recently issuejf by the Agricul
tural station at Tuaon is as follows:
1. Our cultivated apricots are de
rived from three species, but one (Pru
nus Americana) furnishes all that are
valuable for fruit in this region.
2. The fruit takes a large quantity
of potash and phosphoric acid from the
3. 'In the fruit an average of 94 per
cent Is flesbJaid 6 peycent la pit Kal
sha has thsmallejrproportlon ojftit
and Breda the lacpjtst. 4
4. There is Jfrper cent otfjulce and
13 per cent ownber in theifiesh of an
apricot Thtr juice cqatains 13 per
cent of sugar, the flcjft 12, and tho
whole fruit. Including pit, 11 per cent.
Of albuminoids (crude protein) there
is 1.2 per cent.
5. The mean weight of fruits of all
varieties was 1 ounce each. The Breda
bore the smallest fruit, averaging
about 22 to the pound. The largest
fruit was 12 to the pound, borne by the
Kaisha and Moorpark.
6. The soil not being a typical one
for either apricot, plum or peach
stock, the growth of trees upon the
different kinds of stock was practically
7. This season upon this soil fruit
from trees of several varieties is
larger, of better quality and earlier
when upon apricot stock than upon
Myrobolan. Other varieties show no
differences due to stock.
8. Pringle was the first to ripen,
but the fruit is not of as good quality
as most others.
9. St. Ambroise bore the finest ap
10. Royal was the most prolific
We notice tha British agricultural
papers are recording an outbreak of
nlenro-nneumonia among the native
cattle in the county of Essex, England.
Two cows that had been sick for a long
time died, and their lungs were sent
to the veterinary department of the
board of agriculture for examination.
The examinuation showed that one had
died from the disease above mentioned,
and the other from tuberculosis. We
are told that the herd in which, the
former cow was found Is to be slaugh
tered, but fears are expressed that the
disease has been widely spread on ac
count of the long time required for the
disease to reach the state shown by the
At the same time the British papers
are fighting for a law to prohibit for
ever the admission of American cattle,
except such as are slaughtered at the
ports of entry. The reason given for
this prohibition is not that the English
stock growers are to be protected
against foreign meats, but that they
fear the terrible pleuro-pneumonia
that they declare exists in the United
Americans hear nothing of the dis
ease in their own country, where it has
been ofllcially pronounced as stamped
out. They can therefore only think
that the outcry raised in England is
for the purpose of getting a protective
law under auother name.
University Extension Work.
During recent years a movement ot
great significance has been agitating
the educational centers of the English
speaking world. It is known as univer
sity extension, or, better, as education
al extension. It has resulted from the
recognition of the fact that compara
tively few people can go to college or
university; and consists essentially in
taking the college to those who cannot
come to the college; in offering to
everyone everywhere the opportunity
of a college education. It seeks to solve
the problem of the education of the
masses by widening the scope of ex
isting institutions. Its history shows
that it is in peculiar harmony with the
sentiments and systems of the Ameri
can people, and it has well been called
"the most significant educational
movement in the nineteenth century."
Education and Agriculture. The
leading agriculturists of India find
their task of building up the agricul
tural interests a difficult one, on ac
count of the dense ignorance of the
masses, who withstand some of the
most necessary movements. We can
form some idea of what they have to
contend with when we know that in all
India, with a population in excess of
200,000,000 there are only about 600
journals of all kinds, and some of these
are devoted to reHgion. A native Hin
doo makes the comparison with the
United States, where, with a population
of one-third that of India, there are
more than 20,000 publications. Yet in
this America there are multitudes of
farmers that take no paper. Whit
must be the state of ignorance of In
dia when we consider that even these
600 papers are poor.y supplied with
The Sheep in the South. Talking
with a Montana stockman recently we
learned that some of the great sheep
owners of that state are looking to
the more southern of the United States
for a future feeding ground. One great
obstacle, however, seems to confront
them, and that is that the rain-fall in
the south is so considerable that the
chnon cannot be left out all winter
without shelter. This is one of the
things that makes the business lucra
tive in the far west. The fall of moist
ure is small, and because of this the
snow seldom comes to such a depth that
the sheep cannot make a living. But
as the settlers are coming in there the
sheep men are finding themselves re
stricted and want to get out. They
figure that on a small range in Mon
tana they cannot keep enough sheep to
make a good profit, and if they have
to be restricted in territory they had
better go to some state where the per
acre production of food is great enough
to make fencing the fields an object
We may expect in the future to see
something of a movement to the south.
Too Much Corn Fed. People more
and more are demanding bacon and
hams that have not too much fat on
them. They want meat that has a good
proportion of lean. We have noticed
in the great butcher shops of Chicago
that the dealers have the hardest work
to get rid of the fat pork. This exces
sive fatness come3 from feeding too
much corn. People think that it makes
no difference in selling bogs. -but the
market generally Is affected. What
makes Irish bacon the best in the
world if it be not the food upon which
the hogs are grown? Not having ac
cess to Indian corn, the Irish do not
reel themselves obliged to feed it al
together. Browned Turnips. Pare and slice
turnips, put in a saucepan; cover with
boiling water; add a little salt, and let
boil until tender; take up and drain.
Put two tablespoonfuls of pork drip
pings in a frying pan, and set over the
fire to heat; add the turnips; stir and
turn until brown; dredge, salt, sugar
Some people would say more, if they
didn't talk so much.
Hlo View Aboat Drcso.
The late Prebeadary Roger's humor
was very unconventional. At a dinner
where he happened to be sitting next
to the bishop of London, responding to
the toast of his health, Mr. Rogers said
that some of his friends still regretted
that he had not attained higher prefer
ment in the church. They wanted hiai
to be made a bishop. "But," he added,
"I feel that I have got quite enough
happiness out of my life without hav
ing this flummery about my legs. "'And
he lifted up Dr. Temple's apron. San
Better than KeSned Geld
Is bodily comfort. This unspeakable boon
Is denied to many unfortunates for whose
ailments HoMetter'.t Stomach Bitters Is a
promptly helpful remedy. The dyspeptic,
the rlieumatl'. the nervous persons troubled
with biliousness or chills and ferer. should
lose no time in availing themselves of this
comprehend and genial medicine. It pro
motes appetite and nightly slumber.
A Mew Use forX Kays.
It will not be very long until the X
rays will be in common use by physi
cians and surgeons in locating frac
tures, dislocations, etc. Where there
is much swelling it is almost impossi-
uie io icu me extent or the fracture
and especially if it be a slight one,
Needs assistance it may be best to ren
der it promptly, but one should remem
ber to use even the most perfect reme
dies only when needed. The best and
most simple and gentle remedy is the
Syrup of Figs, manufactured by the
California Fig Syrup Company.
Mr. Hobbs Dear, this paper says
sewing is to a woman what whistling
is to a man.
"Is that so? Well, here, take little
Dick's trousers and whistle a couple of
patches on them while I go to the mat
inee. Chicago Record.
Is the oMnt and beat. ItwHI
ertfcaaaiurtBlacebe. It Is always
le. Try I
An evil intention perverts
actions and makes them sins.
Three striking contribution to the
May Atlantic are the opening number
of a scries of letters from Dante Gab
riel Rossetti to William Allingham.
ably edited by George Birkbeck Hill,
with a delightful anjobiograph:
avian uontinjatnit, oeing tnatniru pa
per in the series on race c
in American life; and an anonymous
paper on Mr. Olney's fitness for the
Half Fare Exearsloaa via the Wahaah,
Ihe short line to St. Louis, and quick route
East or Sonth,
Afril 21st and May 5th. Excursions to
a 1 -points South at one fare for the round
trip with $2.00 added.
National Republican Convention at St.
National Educational Association at
Christian Endeavor Convention at
National People and Silver Convention at
For rates, time tnh'es and farther infor
mation, call at the Wabash ticket office,
1415 Farnam St., 1'axton Hotel block, or
writo Ceo. N. Clattox.
N. W. Tass. Agt., Omaha, Neb.
Loss of opportunity is life's greatest loss. Think of suffering with
I When the opportunity lies in a bottle of ST. JACOBS OIL. It cures.
Wall Paraer :
fVna DocToa "One layer of
.paper I bad enough, yoa hsre
d three here. Baby majr recover
W bat cannot thrive.'
V7 wwwwwwwwwwww-vw-w-'-a-wTrTr W
Kl IsCUTI I 01
Made by Walter
j1 Dorchester, Mass., is ua perfect
i type of the highest order of excel-
& lence in manufacture." It costs less Jj
4b than one cent a cup.
a -B Vou only get of other
B good tobaccos 3 1 ozs. I
I Bllfc&rVslSlJiBI for 10 cents. ga
I You get of "Battle Ax" t -7
5"" ' .fVar.2 5amC qaIlty " I
3 OaC9 for 10 cents. I
awa BSaSaSaaW sw.a BaBSaSaSaSaaar
You get over 2 ounces more of
"Battle Ax" for JO cents than any
other tobacco of the same grade.
These two ounces really cost you
nothing, and the 5 cent piece is nearly
as large as you get of other high grades
for 10 cents.
HALL'S CATARRH CURE to a Wool aad hi
takra iateraally. aad acta dinctiyeallM
blood aad aaaroaasartacesot taenratoavSoad
for testbaealaU. free. Sold by DfaastotaTlSa,
p.j. chexev a cq. PrWS!TSdV la
Good husbands are seldom troabled with
,, We will forfeit Sl.OCOif any of oarpnb
lfabed tcstimoBia's are proves to besot
genuine. The Piso Co., Warrea, Pa.
Some people spend enough time crjuur
over spilt milk to bay a whole cow. '
Iowa farms for sale os crop payraeats, 19
per cent cash, talaace K crop Yearly, sattt
paid for. J. MULHALL, Wankegas, lit,
The reason it is railed a sta? party to
because tbo men in it generallv stagger
II tho Baby la Cattlaa; Teotau
toonw and that okl and well-tried tuaiitj. Mat.
trTi 1 f Itthiti irrmTrfirrrtill Iran Twlalsq,
Nothing speaks with a louder voice tbaa
a godly life.
IN mnII RlliVnH
W aww tnolrW 1t1MP1Vt1t"m '
The only medal awarded to
sarsaparilla at the World's Fair,
1893, at Chicago, was awarded to
The Greatest flcdica! Discovery
eff the Age.
asPawrwabaw Haatwoomaal 9 a vo l"s"sWss"'w't"l H"sa"vvs"oe,
Has discovered in one of our common
pasture weeds a remedy that cures every
kind of Humor, from the worst Scrofula
down to a common Pimple.
He has tried it in over eleven hundred
cases, and never failed except in two cases
(both thunder humor), lie has now in his
.possession over two hundred certificates
of its value, all within twenty miles of
Boston. Send postal card for book.
A benefit is always experienced from
the first bottle, and a perfect cure is war
ranted when the right quantity is taken.
When the lungs are affected it causes
shooting painsv like needles passing
through them; the same with the Liver
or Bowels. This is caused by the ducts
being stopped, and always disappears in a
week after taking it Read the labeL
If the stomach is foul or bilious it will
cause squeamish feelings at first
No change of diet ever necessary. Eat
the best you ca.i get. and enough of it
Dose, one tablespoon! ul in water at bed
tiine. Sold by all Druggists. -
W.N. U OMAHA 18 189(1
When writing to" advertisers, kindly
f mention this paper.
H Baat CoaaBSrrojta Good. Q H
SM tathoe. Sold by draartts. B
5 IO 15
Years Years Years
WON'T RUB OFF.
is raaltary. KALMOMIXK IM
bats, hubs oFr
is a pure, permanent and artistic
wall-coatinfr. rraily for the brush
by mixing in cold water.
For Male by Paint Dealers Everywhere.
rOCC A Tint Card Kbowinir 13 rimirante tints, also Alaloatlne
lIlLC Souvenir Rock sent freo to any onementioninfrthisrviper.
AL.B;IMTIxr. !. Kraadl Jtaaldn. Mr.
wJ i vvtVil "
Baker & Co., Ltd.,
iSjiV'tf - V
J. JaRa&u&'-A '
- ,' a.
rf r Ii'
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