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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 29, 1896)
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The editor thlBks it te be the wish of
everybody to grow rich. root for the Bake
of the money, but lor the good that can
' be doHe with the money. Now. there
are three new cereals recently created
that will make aaoney for the fanner.
. One is Silver King Barley, the most
wonderful creation of the age. yielding
90. 100 to 116 bo. per acre in 1895, and
; there are thousands of farmers who be
lieve they can grow 150 bu. per acre
. therefrom In 1896.
: . Then there is Silver Mine Oats, yield
ing in 1895 209 bu. per acre. Every
. farmer who tested it, believes 250 bu.
. Then there is Golden Triumph Corn,
.which produced over 200 bu. per acre,
and 250 bu. is surely possible.
' And potatoes, there is Salzer's Ear-
.lieat, which was fit for table in 28 days
in 1895, yielding tremendously, while
the Champion of the World, tested in a
thousand different places in 1895, yield
ed from 8 to 1,600 bu. per acre.
.. Now, in Salter's new catalogue there
is a wonderful arrayal of new varieties
' of wheati oats, barley, rye, potatoes,
grasses, clovers and forage plants, and
the 'editor believes that it would pay
every farmer a thousand-fold to get this
catalogue before buying seeds.
If ye will cat thai at aad aad it
with 10 cents postage to the John A.
- Salter Seed Co., La Crosse, Wis., you
'will receive, free. 10 grain and grass
samples, including above and their
mammoth catalogue. Catalogue alone,
S cento postage. w.n.
MUIIodb ia It.
I expect to be a sort of a Barney
Varnato by this time next year," said
the man -who is in the habit of expect
ing. "How are you going to work it?"
asked the man who is put in to com
plete the dialogue.
"Going to patent an accordeon
sleeve. Girl can draw it up small or
expand it away out, according to the
the state of her feelings toward the
young man." Cincinnati Enquirer.
Piso's Cure for Consumption is the only
rough medicine used in my house. D. C.
Albright, Mifllinburg, Ia., Dec 11. 1V-
The value of tht diamond is not what it
doe, but what it i.
Warranted to nra or money refunded. Ask JOJT
It is lecanse so many people see wrong,
that so many things go wrong.
Depend upon the blood for sustenance.
Therefore if the blood is impure they are
improperly fed and nervous prostration
results. To make pure blood, take
The One True Blood Purifier, fl; 6 for f5.
rliwwlt. Dalle habitual constipa-
nOOa S rlllS tinn. irtc ss cent.
The Greatest fledical Discovery
of the Age.
MHAL6 KEMIEOY, OF MXMMY, MASS.,
HaS discovered in one of our common
pasture weeds a remedy that cures every
'kind of Humor, from the worst Scrofula
down to a common Pimple.
He has tried it in over eleven hundred
cases, and never failed except in two cases
(both thunder humor). He has now in his
possession over two hundred certificates
of its value, ail within twenty miles of
Boston.' Send postal card for book.
A benefit is always experienced from
the first bottle, and a perfect cure is war
ranted when the right quantity is taken.
When the lungs are affected it causes
shooting pains.' like needles passing
through them: the same with the Liver
or Bowels. This is caused by the ducts
being stopped, and always disappears in a
week after taking it. Read the label.
If the stomach is foul or bilious it will
cause squeamish feelings at first.
No change of diet ever necessary. Eat
the best you ca.i get, and enough of it
Dose, one tablespoonful in water at bed
time. Sold by all Druggists.
YOU NEED IT.
A Desk Calendar is a necessity most
convenient kind of storehouse for mem
oranda. The Columbia Desk Calendar
is brightest and handsomest of all full
of dainty pen sketches and entertaining
thoughts on outdoor exercise and sport.
Occasionally reminds yon of the superb
quality of' Columbia Bicycles and of
your seed of one You won't object to
that, "of course. The Calendar trill Toe
mailed for five 2-ccnt stamps.
Address Calendar Department,
POPE MVFMTSIIIIC Cw
: imiriimn v mm .., .
Wwuil Itwimm liniiimi it Im nminiiiianiiMi ut
r i.Mi it wm. k has may knack
. heosw. sad sappUfa its etnas rtvbt
LJiMf -- - I will TITTTTS iiimssn
. wrier antae xar seat tuoaet than
Isthsrs. It makM Poraetac aad
located. Steel, aalraatsfld-arteiv
BfVsliiltlaaTlisi. afelawtaaatll Tltwln
nt aftaai 9uJ (rMu. O 2.
, Grinders. OnappllcfcUoaltwiniuneooe
Of UrMA AYtJlAax thtat If ratll fnUh mni
fjfj 13 Use nsaaa price. It alto ankca
am mil ariwMwa vttnsi sm -- - -
r-r-.--rr!. "-"- - -i"
.Local or ttaTeliag.
I or cents, ariliag
I WattaUAalA aai an. avian Umc B.t t.--.J
a cMM en oaarate. aerjr m warraaM, omU
tocalitr mw a nto to all tke aMckaors. eU oa
writ, every fiuailr bar, tvrauacat aitaatioa, writ
for aceacy. World Utg. Oo. (C Sit CelBatbas. Okie.
ZfZ amaaiai aj
Hair to Its Teotkfal Oalor?
Cma tmtp 4mmma a kairtaUac
TSsaariaatioa aad ACrtr acts PaleatahnitT ot
aawanaa. StoJ for " JnTrntora' Uatde. or How to Oat
yian cragga. vjuauunM, s. s.
KarphlM HaMt Cared la i
by veadiaff for oar vaoleaala
aad retail prtca Uat of Dry
Oooda. Clctblar. Urnnitt.
Rorca -FarBtohlacs, Fnrnltaic, CtotlUac, Maaos
aie, FteroishiaavOoodf, KoHobi, Jewelry, LadW
Baaayo-Wear MM CaUka
, wiim awvwi wamm
W. N. D., OMAHA 4 1896.
When' writing to advertisers, kindly
mention mis paper.
Hlff, Lew, Jack.
Kb ice meaas very cold weather, then
cornea a high old time in skating rinks, aad
skating ponds, on slides and rides, ana we
go home tired and overheated. It's the
same old story of cooling off; off with
wraps pad on with all sorts of aches and
tains, rheumatic, neuralgic, sciatic, lnm
bagic, iaduduu frost-bites, backache, even
toothache. They who dance most pay the
piper. We cot up Jack and are broagbt low
by oar own follv. What of it, the dance
will ge oa, all the same. It is generally
known that 8t. Jacobs Oil will core all
such aches and pains separately or collec
tively, aad the cry is on with the dance.
A Mother's Retort.
Dr. Breckenridge, a well-known
American clergyman, and his two
brothers, also of the same profession,
one day paid a visit to their mother.
Do yon not think, mother,' said he,
"that yon ruled us with too rigid s rod
ia onr boyhood? It would have been
better, I think, had you used gentler
The old lady straightened up and
"Well, William, when yon have
raised up three as good preachers as I
have, then you can talk!" Ram's Horn.
A Very Desirable Caleadar.
Calendars of all kinds and sizes
herald the coming year. Many are to
be had for the asking many without
asking but to tbem as to other things
the rule might be applied that what
costs. The calendar we always wel
come has just reach us. AVe refer to
the one published by N. W. Ayer &
Son, Newspaper Advertising Agents,
Philadelphia. This issue seems if
possible even better than its prede
cessors. Handsome enough for the
library, and yet carefully adapted for
every-day use, it is naturally a great
favorite. The firm's well-known
motto, "Keeping Everlastingly At
It Brings Success," appears
this year in a new and very attractive
form. The daily presence of this in
spiring motto is worth far more than
the price of any calendar. The date
figures are so large and clear that they
can easily be seen across the room. The
reading matter on the flaps will also
possess interest to tbe progressive.
Those who have used this calendar in
other years will not be surprised to
learn that the demand for it is con
stantly increasing. Once introduced it
becomes a welcome friend. Its price
(25 cents), includes delivery, in perfect
condition, postage paid, to any address.
Built a House in a Bottle.
A few years ago the writer saw a
genuine curiosity which had been made
by a little blind boy in Chicago. It was
nothing more or less than a miniature
house, made up of forty odd pieces of
wood, which was placed on the inside
of a very common-looking, four-ounce
medicine bottle. The general verdict
of all who examined the wonder was
that it would puzzle a man with two
good eyes to put the pieces in the bot
tle, to say nothing of the task of glue
ing them together so as to make them
resemble a house. St. Louis Republic.
Parker's Ginger Tonic
Of the many good things to be found
in American homes, wc do not believe
that any are held in higher esteem, or
have done better service than Parker's
Ginger Tonic. It has grown to be a
household necessity and is serviceable
in almost every case where there is
weakness and infirmity. There are
forms of female debility that make life
a burden. The same is true of persist
ent coughs and colds, and distressing
stomach and nervous ills. They have
held high revel in many homes until
banished by Parker's Ginger Tonic and
we are proud of the record that has
made so many hearts grateful.
The editor of the Review of Reviews,
in his summing up of "The Progress of
the World" for the past month, dis
cusses the Turkish situation and other
phases of the eastern question, includ
ing our own national relations thereto,,
the declarations of our government on
the Monroe doctrine and Venezuela,
Great Britain's rejection of arbitration.
President Cleveland's commission, the
Bayard incident, our relations with
Cuba and Spaiu, our deficient revenues,
presidential candidacies, progress in
civil service reform, municipal progress
in this country, recent progress in Rus
sia, and many other of the interesting
issues that have arisen at home and
abroad during the last days of lS'.C-.
COLORADO GOLD MINES.
If you are interested in gold mining
or wish to keep posted regarding the
wonderful strides being made in Colo
rado, it will pay you to send fifty cents
for a year's subscription to The Gold
Winer, an illustrated monthly paper
published at Denver.
Enmity cannot live long when it can find
no enmity to feed upon.
JFTTS All Fitsstoppcd frwby Ir. Kllae'a Great
erre Vestorer. KoFiUaRrrthenrsldav'su.
aUrrelous cures. Trvaliseaii'lX2tnaUoUl.:rrr t
The man Mho wou'd reform the world
needs to Lezin with himself.
Comfort to California.
Yes and economy, too, if you patronize
the Burlington Route's Personally Conduct
ed once-a-week excursions which leave
Omaha every Thursday morning.
Through tourist sleepers Omaha to San
Francisco and Los Angeles. Second-class
See the local agent and arrange about
tickets and terths. Or, write to
G. P. &T. A., Omaha, Neb.
It is not the clock that strikes the loudest
which keeps the lest time.
Billiard table, second-hand, for sale
cheap. Apply to or address, H. C. Akix,
511 S. ICth St., Omaha, N"e'.x
The general belief among
doctors is that consump
tion itself is very rarely
inherited. But the belief
is becoming stronger that
the tendency to consump
tion is very generally
transmitted from parent
to child. If there has
been consumption in the
family, each member
should take special care
to prepare the system
against it. Live out doors ;
keep the body well nour
ished ; and treat the first
of Cod-liver Oil, with
Hypophosphites. is a fat
producing food and nerve
tonic Its use is followed
by improved nutrition,
ncner diooo, stronger
nerves and a more healthy
action of all the organs.
It strengthens the power
of the body to resist dis
ease. II you have in
heriteda tendency to weak
lungs, shake it off.
JUST AS GOOD IS NOT
FARM AND GARDEN.
MATTERS .OF INTEREST TO
Sena fjp-te-Date Hlata ATarat Caltira
tlo of the SoU aad Yields Thereof
Hortlcaltare, VUlsaltara aad Flori
caltare. AVING to depend
entirely In agricul
ture on the success
of plants in the
field to furnish
human food and
animal fodder, the
aAjvrS farmer should un-
-yrC V d e r a t a n d how
1 r plants grow. The
seed, in a favorable
condition of the
oil, puts its root downward, to
bear fruit upward later on. The
best condition demands humus to
make plant flesh, mineral mat
ter, to furnish fibre, glazing and
tubing to retain solids in solution, and
carry in water all particles that are
requisite and necessary to their own
places in the plant structures, drawn
by the rays of the sun. Hence the first
law given to man by Moses, in Genesis:
"Let the earth bring forth grass, hert
bearing seed (weeds), trees bearing
fruit, whose seed is in itself." It was so,
and God saw it wa3 good. "Nature
absorbs a vacuum." Animals hate bare
ground. Many farmers believe that
plants breathe. They cannot without
lungs. To respire, to inhale and exhale
air, hence to live. The action of sun
shine on the leaves of plants is to draw
moisture out of them, through the
plant's structure, directly from, the
During the past summer, hundreds
of trees on our farms, in shallow soils,
dried up, and died for lack of moisture
in the earth, within the reach of their
In the dry countries of Iowa the
meadows and pastures now are very
bare ground. Hence half the number
of cattle for the next summer pasture
will be the wisest policy for profitable
results. "Grass enough for two cows,
but one cow on." In evergreen and
deciduous trees, the leaves that lack
sunshine soon die. A picket fence will
destroy plant leaves and branches in
its shadow. During the past summer
in sunshine with moisture the plant
growths were prolific On the lawn, all
trees overshadowed in part, all day
long, the shaded part died, while those
parts shone on at some time in the
day lived and made a healthy growth.
The sun can draw moisture out of
plants, but never drive it into them.
I have several pastures of five acres
to 200 acres. I keep no certain number
in each pasture, but change according
to season and the amount of stock on
hand. Usually try to keep each kind
of stock by itself, and change about
so as to give a variety of feed. Some
times have to keep horses, sheep and
cattle in same pastures, but think
horses and sheep do best, and cattle'
with hog3 if necessary to mix them.
Cattle do not do well with sheep, nor
horses with hogs. Part of my pastures
are wild grass, part are fed into June
and blue-grass, and part arc old tim
othy meadows run into June grass.
Tamo pastures are black loam and
sandy with clay subsoil. Wild pastures
are mucky loam. Often feed cows fod
der, straw and damaged hay on pas
tures near barns. Sometimes put barn
yard manure on pasture if no other
place is available. Like both trees and
sheds in pasture and barns for winter.
Have no ponds, but running stream in
open ditches and windmills with tanks.
Am compelled to have both tile and
open ditches. Prefer tile. Would sow
several kinds of those adapted to soil
and climate. Have some rail, some
fivo board, some barb-wire and some
woven wire. refer woven wire five
feet high. O. Dinwiddle,
Lake Co., Ind.
Illinois IIorttcultur.il Convention.
(From Farmers Review.)
The fourteenth annual convention of
the Illinois Horticultural society was
held at Kankakee recently.
In reriewing the fruit lists for
Illinois a discussion arose on the pro
tection of fruit trees from rodents. Va
rious methods were advocated, among
them being fish oil and axle grease.
There was, however, danger of using
these too much, especially on young
trees. Instances were given where
such treatment had resulted in the
death of the trees. Trees ten years old
would not be harmed by the treat
ment An apple grower said he knew
of an orchard of 2,000 young trees that
had been killed by using too much oil.
. Mr. Williams had been using for
twelve years a paint made of soap, tar,
sulphur and lime. He put it on the
trees with a common paint brush. It
makes a thorough glaze and will destroy
every insect He believes also that this
paint has the tendency to protect from
sun-scald. The little lime in it, when
the dry weather comes, turns the mass
to a grayish color that throws off the
rays of the sun and thus keeps the bark
of the tree from cracking.
One man that had tried tarred paper
thought there was great danger from
using this, as it was not taken off early
enough in the spring, in which case
the tar from the paper works into the
tree. He had tried paper made out
of felt, and untarred, and found this
to work -ery well, if it were but taken
off early enough in the season. He now
uses strong muslin, putting it on every
fall and taking it off every spring. He
bad tried this now for three years.
Mr. Burnbardt expressed himself as
certain that the rabbits would let the
trees alone if they only had enough of
other things to eat. He had been set
tirg out trees for twenty-five years and
had never had any trouble from rabbits.
But there had always been about his
place some brushwood or trees for
them to work on. The scattering ot
some kind of grain on the ground
would serve to keep them away from
Mr. Augustine suggested that there
must be different varieties of wild rab
bits, for the kind that lived in his vicin-
ity began to gnaw the trees as early as
Mr. Gilbert protects his trees by using
only common wrapping paper, such as
can be obtained in any grocery or dry
goods store. He tears these papers into
strips eight inches wide. These he
wraps around the tree on the bias, be
ginning near the ground, and stopping
twenty inches above it, where he ties
A discussion arose on the value or
the yellow transparent for commercial
orchards. Some believed it a mistake
to plant largely of this variety on ac
count of its poor keeping qualities.
However, when in good shape, it sells
readily, and men from Southern Illi
nois expressed great faith in its com
Much time was devoted to the discus
sion of the efficiency of spraying, and
successes and failures were reported.
Tbe prevailing opinion was that tbe
failures were doe to ignorance la do
ing the work.
Question. How many have experi
mented with spraying mixtures?
Twenty-seven replied affirmatively.
Question. How many recommend
Thirty-five votes were cast for it, and
none' against it
The growing of small fruits was dis
cussed, and the growing of strawberries
in hills came up. While hill culture
gives large, fine berries, yet growers
on a large scale do not follow it, as
it does not pay for the extra trouble.
The question of fertilizers was dis
cussed at length. The most impor
tant point developed was that the ex
tensive use of barnyard manure made
it possible for the soil to use a greater
mass of chemical fertilizers than if
it were not used at all. Thus in the
neighborhood of large cities the market
gardeners are enabled to use immense
quantities of commercial fertilizers be
cause they also use immense quantities
of barnyard manure.
Mr. Morrill, of Michigan, spoke on the
marketing of fruit The' first requisite
is to have something desirable to mar
ket He could not tell a man how to
market undesirable fruit The great
necessity with farmers is to learn how
to co-operate in the sale of goods. The
co-operative organizations have largely
failed for the reason that there seemed
a jealousy against any man being paid
to look after the work. He believed
the time to be approaching when farm
ers would use more business-like
The superintendent of the insane asy
lum at Kankakee spoke on the great
success of irrigation at that place. The
water for the irrigation works is
pumped by steam engines that can sup
ply from 100.000 to 200,000 gallons per
day. The cost for this pumping is only
three-tenths of a cent per thousand
gallons. During the last season they
had raised vegetables worth over $6,000,
By a vote of the society the life mem
bership fee was reduced from $20 to
The election of officers resulted in the
following choice: President, Mr. Good
rich; vice-president, Lem Small; sec
retary, H. M. Dunlap; treasurer, Ar
The next annual meeting will be held
William Gould spoke on the culti
vation of grapes. He plants 8x8 or
7x9, which gives about 700 vines to the
A recent bulletin of the United
States Department of Agriculture
shows that during the year ending
June 30, 1S93, the United States export
ed products of the value of $847,665,
194. During the year 1894, notwith
standing the stagnation and depression
of manufacture and commerce in this
country, United States exports
amounted to $892,140,572. This was an
increase over the previous year of $44,
475,378. It was really a gain in our ex
port trade of about 5 per cent. Of the
total exports from the United States,
about three-fourths are directly evolved
from the farms. Of the remaining one
fourth, four-fifths consist of domestic
manufactures the materials of which
are largely furnished by the American
farmers. In 1893 merchandise was im
ported to the United States to the value
of $S66,400,922. But in 1894 the same
sort of imports amounted to only
$G54,994,622. Thus in a single year we
decreased, imports by $211,406,300.
That decrease is about 24 per cent
Lime on Land. Our cultivated crops
contain on an average about as much
lime as potash. While it is necessary
that it should be thoroughly mixed with
the earth it should be kept near the
surface, as it is liable to sink into the
soil. In whatever way it is applied it
is well to remember that the carbontc
acid which has ben expelled from it by
the heat is quickly regained from the
atmosphere, and it should in conse
quence of this be as little exposed to
the air as possible before being applied
to the land. It should be put upon tbe
land as eoon as practicable after slak
ing. By watching the effect of a small
application the farmer will be able to
judge whether his lands require it in
larger quantities, or whether its use on
his particular soil is at all beneficial,
since there is scarcely anything that is
as dependent upon repeated experiment
and so independent of all definite rules
as fertilizing, owing to the great diver
sity of soils, the difference in their me
chanical condition and various other
causes. Agricultural Gazette (Tas
mania.) TransplantingLarge Trees. Garden
ing gives this method, and we can cer
tify to its being a good one: We prefer
doing this in the spring, and would pre
pare for it now. If you want to move
a moderately large tree, say four, five
or even six inches in diameter of trunk,
next spring, head in its top now all
you think ought to be done at planting
time, then mark a ring on the ground
around and four, five, six or more feet
away from the stem, the distance away
depending on the size of the tree. Now,
along, but outside of this ring mark,
dig a narrow trench say three
feet deep, the object being to cut away
all roots projecting beyond it, and fill
up the trench at once with the same soil
that came out of it. By spring the tree
will have fairly recovered from the
shock caused by cutting in root and top,
and may be dug up and transplanted
with fair chances of success.
Overfed His Sheep. County Commis
sioner Tenney is an extensive sheep
raiser and lately conveyed his flock
from Wisconsin to his Wabasha, Minn.,
farm. Here he had just put in a self
feeding appliance which was intended
to save the labor of feeding. In part
it did its work well, but some of the
sheep were more greedy than others
and tried to exhaust Mr. Tenney's sup
pi)' of feed and deprive the others of
their portion. The result was that
some stood up to this machine and ate
and ate. Close onto one hundred had
died from this over-eating up to Tues
day night and Mr. Tenney was in doubt
as to how many more would join the
Early Maturity. Early maturity
wins. Better fatten the pigs than make
hogs of them. Young hogs pay better
than old ones for the feed- they eat, and
they make the best hams and break
fast bacon. It is wiser to feed two lots
of pigs to 200 pounds than one lot to
400. With a large corn crop the temp
tation is to overdo the fattening in or
der to utilize the corn, and the fat corn
fed hog is increasingly liable to dis
eases. At all times in hog life mixed
rations arc beneficial to health, and
make a more vigorous body. Do not
forget the salt, and by all means keep
them from filthy water. Ex.
Armour Buying Corn. P. D. Armour,
the millionaire packer, is making ar
rangements to crib an enormous
amount of corn in Iowa this year. He
is building cribs all along the Chi- J
cago, Milwaukee & St. Paul road and
has arranged with the Des Moines,
Northern and Western railway com
pany to construct along their line of
road cribs which will hold 750,000
bushels of corn. The road already has
cribs with a capacity of 1,000,000
Careful attention to another point
will save labor and make better butter
if you stop the churn as soon as the
particles of butter have formed about
the size of wheat kernels. Tou can
then draw off the buttermilk and wash
it so thoroughly that it will require
very little strength to work it, if it is
necessary or desirable to work it at all.
I wash twice with cold, salt brine, then
float in a weak brine of about 55 de
grees for a few moments. If not par
ticular about the temoerature of the
last washing, the butter will be too
cold to make together conveniently and
make it difficult to handle. When you
have drained it thoroughly, sift over Jt
a half ounce of salt to a pound of but
ter. Let it remain a short time to dis
solve the grains of salt, then turn the
crank several times when it will be
massed together and quite as evenly
salted as hand-working could do it. Do
not let the lever or ladle go over with
a eliding plastering motion. You may
squeeze or pound it with impunity al
most, but every time you rub it over,
you spoil as many grains as you touch
and so much of it is no better than oleo
margarine. For packing, use the best
made, best looking ash tubs you can
find. Scald out with hot water, soak
with strong brine twenty-four hours,
turn that out and fill to the brim with
scalding hot brine, let cool and your
tub is fit for use. Pack as solidly as
possible, cover tightly and set in a cool
place until ready for shipping.
Most of the older butter makers think
.that you take all the flavor out of but
ter when you wash it. little dreaming
ft is not the taste of butter at all they
are so fond of but simply butter milk,
others scald and even boil their butter
milk until all the delicate flavoring oils
are dissipated, and nothing but a tal
lowish grease is left. You will hardly
find two farmer people who will think
the same sample is first-class. But
xrhen you send it to a great city you
nay be confident it will be graded about
right There is too great a demand for
rtrictly first-class butter for a commis
sion man to let it go for less than best
prices. He will want more too badly,
but of course he can not get more than
it is really worth, you may be sure of
that, and you may be sure also that if
you feed rightly, keep the barn free
from smells by dusting the floor daily
with plaster, that if you are very care
ful to keep everything about the milk
and cream perfectly sweet and clean,
that you churn it as soon as it is per
fectly sour and is of a proper tempera
ture, that you stop churning as soon
as the butter forms in small particles,
that you wash thoroughly in strong
brine, salt and work lightly and pack
it in sightly, properly-prepared pack
ages, and keep miiK, cream anu uuiier
away from the air as much as posibie,
you can not fail to have butter of a
high-priced flavor that will command
creamery prices and may be termed
"Dairy butter in a quality equal to
creamery." Mrs. Robertson.
United State Cavalry Hones.
The annual report of the quartermas
ter general contains some items that are
of interest Among other remarks he
says that the contract system for the
supply of horses continues to give gen
eral satisfaction and the standard has
been gradually improved since the sys
tem was adopted. The average cost
of cavalry horses during the year was
$95.44, and that of artillery horses
$148.04. Our cavalry mount of to-day
excels that of any previous time, and
all information gathered tends to show
that it is superior to that of foreign
countries. The cessation of Indian
wars and hostilities on the Rio Grande
have rendered it unnecessary to fur
ther maintain post transportation on a
field campaign basis, and in October
last orders were issued for a new al
lowance of draft and pack animals for
several military departments, and di
recting the sale of all surplus animals.
This reduction in the number of ani
mals, wagons, harness, etc., will effect
considerable saving in the appropria
tion. The average cost of team horses
during the year was $167.83 and of
mules $114.64. The reduction in num
ber by reason of sale, death, etc., was
1,422 cavalry and artillery horses, 1.08S
mules; this left on hand at the end of
the year 6,189 cavalry and artillery
horses, 247 team horses and mules.
Cattle and Sheep from ftf icl'ta.
If British stock breeders have to fear
their American and Canadian competi
tors, they have still greater trepidation
as to what exporters from Argentina
will do. The imports of both cattle and
sheep from that country have expanded
enormously during the present year.
In the ten months up to the end of Oc
tober 31,263 cattle had been received,
whereas in the corresponding period ot
1894 only 8,476 came therefrom, and
only 6.600 in the ten months of 1S93.
To show how rapidly this import trade
is now progressing the number of the
last month received was 2,997; whereas
only 416 were imported from Argentina
in October, 1894. In respect to sheep,
the imports from the Argentine Repub
lic in the last ten months reached to
271,389, against 63,250 in 1894, and 20,
984 in the corresponding period of 189J.
Only the United States have sent us
larger sheep imports during tbe present
year, these being 367,554, while the Can
adian imports have been 143.869. The
flocks of Argentina are now mostly Lin
coln in character, and the resources of
that country so vast that we are threat
ened to be inundated with mutton there
from in the not distant future. English
Sell the Culls. There Is no stock
that does so much for land both in
keeping it fertile and free from weeds
as sheep. Each fall the flock 6hould be
well looked over and those not worth
keeping culled out and sold. Good
breeding sheep should, however, be
carefully preserved, for th3 time will
Etirely come and at no distant Jay Avhen
the farmer who has been jus: as pains
taking in the management of his flock
during these times of depression as in
the past will, when the better days
come, have his flock in good condition
and will be making money long be
fore his neighbor can get in shape.
There is no farmer but can keep a
few sheep with very little expense and
can show a small margin of profit aside
from the good the sheep will do the
farm, if he will exercise care in the
management and weed out each fall
the weaklings and those that are grow
ing old and unprofitable. Ex.
Farm Dairy Products. Dairying is
an improver of the farm and a conserv
er of farm fertility. The transportation
of products is a burden to the farm. In
consequence of this, bulky products
have a very small value en the
farm. Dairying comes in as a great
promoter of economy in marketing
products. Condensing bulky products
for market is necessary to success. Hay,
stalks and grain should be trans-
formed into meat and milk.
or nesn are transported with greater
case and at a less cost than the hay,
stalks and grain. The dairy products
are still a greater condensation of these
products. It is therefore a very import
ant question what farm products to sell
and the study of the plant food in the
various products essential. Ex.
We offer Oae Hundred Dollars reward
for any ease of Catarrh that cannot be
cared by Hall's Catarrh Cure.
F. J. CHENEY CO.. Toledo. O.
We, the undersigned, have known F.
J. Cheney for tbe last 15 years, and be
lieve him perfectly honorable In all
business transactions, and financially
able to carry out any obligations made
by their firm.
WALDINQ. KINNAN MARVIN.
Wholesale Druggists, Toledo. Ohio.
Hall's Catarrh Cure Is taken Internal
ly, acting directly upon the blood and
mucous surfaces of the system. Testi
monials sent free. Price. 75c per bottle.
Sold by all druggists.
Halls Family Pills. SSc
A New Metal.
Glucinium is the name of anew metal
which seems to be destined to become
of great importance in the very near
future. On account of its peculiar
qualities it will be used especially for
electrical purposes. As its atomic
weight is 9.1 and its specific gravity
2.00, its attractive power is consider
ably greater than that of iron and its
conductability is equal to that of silver.
Glucinium, therefore, is more capable
of resistance than iron and a better
conductor than copper, and in addition
to all that it is lighter than aluminum.
If these claims for this new metal
should be confirmed by practical use,
there is no doubt glucinium will be
used extensively for electrical purposes,
the moreso as its commercial value will
amount to about (20 a pound, or 10
times less than the same volume and
ten times less than the same weight of
platinum. American Manufacturer.
Sebastapol Was Not Imprecabe,
For it was taken by assault, but n physique
built up, a constitution fortified by Hostut
ter's Stomach Bitters, may bid defiance to
tbo assaults of malarious diseases eenin
localities where it Is most prevalent and
malignant. Emigrants to the aguc-brced-ing
sections of the West should bear this In
mind, and start with a supply. The bitters
promptly subdues dyspepsia, rheumatic
and kidney complaints, nervousness, consti
pation and billiousness.
Qalek Repairs for Paeaiaatic Tire.
A Chicago firm is introducing a
"quick repair" method for healing a
punctured tire. It consists of an addi
tion of a thin film of rubber, which lies
inside of the inner tube, next to tbe
rim, adding, it is stated, only one and
one-half ounces to the weight of the
tube. A small metalic cup, to whicli is
attached a straight nozzle, is provided
by which to introduce cement into tiie
tube through a puncture. The nozzle
of the cup is inserted in the puncture,
the cement forced in, the wheel being
turned so that the cement settles back
on the orifice. It is then pressed down,
which pressure attaches and cements
the inside film firmly to the inner sur
face of the tube, the whole operation
lasting only two minutes, and which
the manufacturers say makes a perma
la Oldea Times
People overlooked the importance of
permanently beneficial effects and were
satisfied with transient action; but now
that it is generally known that Syrup of
Figs will permanently cure habitual con
stipation, well-informed people will not buy
other laxatives, which act for a time, but
finally injure the system.
Thought He Had Oult.
Colonel McLaughlin sent his Swed
ish foreman out n few days ago to do
some work around the mouth of an old
mining shaft, and he took a green
countryman with him as an assistant
In a couple of hours the "foreman
walked up to the colonel's office and
"Say, colonel, I want anudder man."
"Why, what's the matter with that
man sent out with you?" Inquired the
"Oh, he fall down dc shaft 'bout an
hour ago, an' he don't conic up. I
t'ink he yumped his yob." San Fran
Caw's CsaMtfc, Balaam
Is the oldest aad best. It will break up a Colt't quick-
erthaa ato thing ebe. It Is always re
A good printer can always
tell how the
TiiroatTroubi.es. To allay the irritation
that induces coughing, use "Brown's Kron
chial Troches.'' A simple and safe remedy.
The last census shows that there are in
the United States l,i:j5 women jireaihers.
The aiore one bc Parker Clagrr Tnnlc
1 be more Its good qualities nrvrjvealeil in lis ellins
colds, indigestion, pains and every kind ot cat n s-v.
The rule stil holds good thnt the li?ger
the seere the more modish the garment.
The devil Ends it hard to get a foothold
in the home where love is kin?.
Walking- mould often be a pleasure
were it not for theco ns. Thest? iets nrc easily re
moved Kith Illtidercorns. 13c. at ilruzKb's.
Journalism has now become a university
subject in Germany.
Map of the United State.
The wall map Issued by the l'.ur!hi?ton
Route is three feet wide by four feet long:
is printed in seven colors; is mounted on
pollers; shows every state, county, itnpor
jant town and railroad in the Union nn.l
forms a very desirable and useful adjtmvt
to any household or business establishment.
Purchased in large iiuantities, the ma;s
cost the Burlington Route more than fifteen
cents each, Lut on receipt of that amount
in stamps the undersigned will bo pleased
to send you one.
Write immediately, as tho supply is
limited. " J. Fkaxck,
G. P. & T. A. Burlington Route,
Henry 31. Stanley, in an article on
the "Development of Africa," which is
to appear in the February Century, re
calls the fact that troubles with the
Iloers in southern Africa first induced
David Livingstone to travel to the
north, and so led the way to the open
in? of Equatorial Africa. Livingstone,
who was a missionary at IColobenjr, ac
cused his Boer neighbors of cruelty to
the natives They resented his inter
ference, and threatened to drive him
from the country. He published their
misdeeds in the Cape newspaper.-, nnd
his house was burned in revenge. This
led to his leaving" southern Africa and
going to a region where he could fol
low in peace his vocation as a mission
ary, unmolested by the'llocr farmers.
BETTER WALK A MILE than fail
to get a 5-cent package of Cut and
Slash smoking tobacco if you want to
enjoy a real good smoke. Cut and
Slash cheroots are as good as many
5-cent cigars, and you get three for 5
cents. Sure to please.
The fan is now an inseparable adjunct of
all dainty evening toilettes.
3Iorcan County, Color.il:.
The success of the famous Gree'ey Colony
is being repeated in the irrigated district
surrounding Fort .Morgan. Colo. Little
more than ten years have e.'ursed since its
settlement began but the results that have
already been attained are far I eyond the
most extravagant lioj es of the founders of
the enterprise. Where they had aimed to
plant a modest litt'e colony are ."00 splendid
iarms surrounding several flourishing
towns and supporting a system of schools,
churches and societies unsurpassed any
where. The territory embraced under the
system of irrigation cana's has been erected
into Morgan County. Co'o., and now has a
popu'ation somewhat in excess of :;,(Wu
Alfalfa, potatoes, wheat and oats are the
staple croducts, but the possibilities in
other directions are almost beyond I e ief.
Mr. Sam Cook, in the western "part of the
connty, this year raised J,fcOU tushels of
onions from :i acres of ground, for which
he will receive 31 .''oO, while Mr.W. S. Simr.-
son whose 10 acre garden patch adjoins the
town of Fort Morgnn, cleared 3S2W from his
rees alone, r my out or tbe ;) formers in
the county have had an average yield of ,r,()
bushels of wheat to the atre and more than
1C0 exceeded -10 bushels. A Haifa mnkas a
larger crop than anywhere e'se in the
The price of land varies from $15 to 330 an
acre, including perpetual water right. S'J
acres is as much as one man can farm, and
if he goes in for fruit raisinjor market gar
dening half that much wilPkeep him busy.
Detailed information about Morgan
County is contained in an i'lustrsted book
let issued by the 1'a.ssenger Department of
the Burlington Route and now ready for
free distribution. A co'iy v. ill Lo mailed to
any one who will write to J. Frauds, (J. I'. !
A., Omaha, Neb., for it. So one who i-;
really in earnest in bis leire to find a Ltt
1 ter location tbau bis resent one will fail to
t do this.
Fond Father "If that boy of mine
has any particular bent, I can't find it."
Philosopher "What experimeata
have you made to find out?'
"Very thorough ones. I gave him a
toy printing preai, a steam engine, a
box of paints, a chest of tools and a lot
of other things carefully selected to
find out whether his tastes were liter
ary, mechanical, artistic, commercial
or what, and I know no more than I
"What did he do with them?"
Smashed them all up."
"Ah, I see. He is to be a furniture
mover." New York Weekly.
It tbe Baby la Cattlaa; Tcetau
Beanie and nse that old and well-tried remedy. Km.
Wbslow's Soothwo Strct for Children TeaUOne-
Do good to those that hate you. and you
will soon have them hating themselves.
To MASTER is
The Personal Side
Of George Washington
Not the General nor President, but the lover,
the man, the husband and neighbor. Three of
such articles by General A. W. Greely, the
famous Arctic explorer, will shortly begin-in the
LADIES' HOME JOURNAL
OVER 700,000 COPIES SOLD
Tea Celts oa AM News-stasis. Oae Dollar a Year
WANTFH Sents to lk after renewals and new
'" - -" subscribers. Profitable employment offered.
Tbe Curtis PubUshiagCoaipaay. Philadelphia
COPYRIGHT, H9, BY THE
mrSViilx, HI l r V
iks. '" ' ZrsaS lVVi. a
5 77s pure Cocoa ,
the so-called "Dutch Process
Walter Baker & Co?s Break
fast Cocoa is absolutely pure no
ChemiCalS, WALTER RAKER ft CO., Ud., Uordicstcr, Mots.
HURRAH, FARMERS! SHOUT FOR 10Y!
Fine. lat'iriaei rattarei and rich edcwi. rrodaciar trtmtndoni bay tieldj 1 to" tnnj
(ricic.areaowniad Dfibl9oneTtrioiI.iacTrrr clime. Irmwing enr Extra Grwi
n-1 CIortrMiitnrcs- Yon won't nnd to wait a Iife'isMtforftgficiitart rf craw, for
iuTajrriM" which. if lowmta pril.will produce a rcujin? crop ia Jdj. Famralttoa
Gnm Culture, tie,: eeata postage.
Wa PAY 44at IM COLO PRIZES
OnOita, Jtarlej and Cure.' Th b g?et yield ea Silttr Mine XimeIeaBaatTOatai
l5iwj2iT7bsh!;thanxt20GMra-rT. Voncaa beat that is l-'Jfiand winf'J ! Onr
new tetud Barley, Oats. Cera ana Potatoes will ratolutionize firminr.! V ara hTlarjrj;
t rowers ef farsa seeds in tbo world! Our swds produce at the editor cf tbe Hural New
I Vorkersajsfalur's Early Wisconsin Potato yields I for ma 736 bushels per aerr. Kan
! arlysortjields736bojhls.whjtwiUaltdo Potatoes only 1J0 per rami.
Splendid sorts, fia yield". Oaion Seed only Wc per lb. 35 pigs. Earliest Vegetables,
il !. rf tra:d. ID pkgt. Flower Peedj.SSc. trrry truae; at haul times pries. Vboletale
With 12 cents in stamps aad get
Wate-aMloBScnnUtn: Ctal gac
That's Sailer's Earliest, fit for mee it
2S days. Sailer's new late fate.
Champion of the World, Is preaeaacsd
the heaviest yielder in the world, aad
we challenge you to produce its eauait
10 acres to Salzer's Earliest Potatoes
yield 4000 bushels, sold ia June at fl.ee
a bushel $4999. That pays. A word
to the wise, etc.
Haw If j wlH eat tble eat aad Nt
It with 10c postage you will get, free.
10 packages grains and grasses. In
cluding Teosinte. Lathyrus. Sand
Vetch. Giant Spurry. Giant Clover.etc..
and our mammoth seed catalogue, w.a.
Selfishness is se'.f-destruction.
An enemy treated as a friend, will soon
become a friend.
to OVERPOWER .
CURTIS PUBLISHING COMPANY
and not made hy
EAKUaST VECKTABLES IM THE WORLD.
tba FaNowkM Oat aad Stmt H
our tig catalogue and sample, ct the fampkia Vtilow
alcne. ic postage.