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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 29, 1896)
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bMBciBtrpa.vaaach'waak print, either a the
wrapper or oa tba nria ot roar Jotnui al, the
data to wbioa year aabccripfiaB m paid or an
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either by Moaay-ordar. laaiatsrad tatter or draft
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We reserve taa right to reject any aanturnft
ad cannot agree to retain U aaaae. We.dir.
a correspondaat ia every school-district of
Platte county, oaa of jpod Jadma&t, and -n
liable in every amy Write alaiab. each itf n
separately. Qifaaa Hanrt.
WEDNESDAY. JANUARY 29. 18S6.
The Bank ot Commerce at Grand Is
land was closed last week. The amount
of deposits is said to be 8145,000. Hall
county is reported as having 825,000 on
deposit in the bank.
The leader in the February Forum is
contributed by Professor Charles Eliot
Norton, of Harvard University, who dis
cusses "Some Aspects of Civilization in
- America." A very striking and sugges
It seems now that diplomatic relations
between Venezuela and Great Britain
have been suspended sinco 1887. There
is a strong belief at Washington that
relations will bo restored, and that Great
Britain will consent to arbitration.
M. Hnxiu Hocssave, of the French
Academy, has written an article for the
February number of The Forum on "The
French Academy," giving the history of
that famous institution, and telling just
what the Foity Immortals" do at their
sessions a highly interesting paper.
The presidential boomers are at work.
At Lincoln, a McKinley organization is
being effected, and literature sent out.
Wearo also in receipt of a pamphlet from
the headquarters at New York city, of
the Levi P. Morton campaign committee.
Nebraska's ex-Senator Manderson is set
down as one of the presidential possibil
ities by so prominent a newspaper as the
South Dakota is growling at the poor
oil that the oil inspector allows to run
through his Angers, and purpose having
better oil even if they have to abolish
the inspector and go into a combine
themselves. If the whole people of the
country (that is, tho government), con
front every monopoly with regulation
securing reasonable prices and good ser
vice, or quick hustling out of business,
the country would bo belter off. Oil is
a great convenience and people wouldn't
like to do without it, but an independent
mind is the indispensable oil of oil in
rnnning human machinery.
About Feb. 1 the treasury department
- will resume tho coinage of silver dollars
and continue until about $18,000,000
have been coined. When the present
administration came into power there
were in the treasury about $29,000,000 in
silver dollars coined from bullion under
the act of 1890 and available for the
redemption of treasury notes issued in
payment of the bullion purchased. Since
August, 189. about S18,000,000 of these
notes have been redeemed in silver dol
lars and cancelled. The secretary of the
treasury has now decided to coin from
the bullion on had and purchased under
ths act of 1890 about $18,000,000, which
will restore the amount of dollars in the
treasury to what it was on March 4,
1893. Tho average cost of the silver
bullion purchased under the Sherman
act was 71 lA cents on the dollar, which
leaves a gain or seigniorage of 28J-;. cents
on the dollar. At this rate the seignior
age on the $18,000,000 tolo coined would
be $5,130,000 which will be accounted for
in the available cash on baud, increasing
it by that amount. The order for the
resumption of the coinage at the mints
at Philadelphia, New Orleans and San
Francisco is expected any day.
. The announcement by Congressman
Meiklejohn that ho would lie a candidate
for gubernational honors in lien of mak
ing another race for congress has had
the opposite effect from what many con
jectured, and instead of suppressing tho
desire others have felt to preside a few
terms over the destinies of our proud
commonwealth has ignited the punk of
ambition in several bosoms, and good
sized boomlets are blazing up all over
the state. It is too early to conjecturo
what the outcome may be, but tho im
. - pression is gathered from reading ex
changes that the forest is full of sound
timber, and there may be some fun when
convention time arrives in making the
selection. Slate Journal.
A well known Nebraska politician, the
other day referring to the local political
situation of the state of Nebraska, made
the surprising statement that Congress
man Eugene J. Uainer had his eye on the
. position of governor for this state. That
he anticipated a bitter fight between
Meiklejohn, MacColl, Eugene Moore, C.
L. Richards and others, who are openly
candidates for the gubernatorial position,
in which event he might be able to take
a position in the race as a dark horse.
Hainer, at one time in his career, was
not regarded as being very orthodox, so
far as his republicanism went, but his
course recently has brought him into
favor in the South Platte country, and
being very ambitious, he has his eye not
only on the governorship, but upon the
position now occupied by Senator Wil
liam V. Allen. Speaker Richards wants
- to succeed Hainer at Washington, and,
according to this politician, he may be
counted upon to assist Hainer in secur
ing the nomination for governor in the
event of a fight between the candidates
mentioned. It is particularly well known
that Hainer advised Congressman Mei
klejohn not to make the race at this time,
possibly seeiDg in his colleague a most
dangerous candidate for that position.
There is every prospect that the fight
will be an exceedingly interesting one,
and should the candidates mentioned
above fail in securing enough votes to
Boaainate, there is no telling what a dark
hone of Hainer's stamp might do
.-Owuba Bee's Lincoln Coneepondeat
We believe that the following, which
we clip from the Albion News, will
receive confirmation, in a general way,
from all who have attentively followed
the business in Platte county. It is the
regular, steady work that tells, every
time. The Joubsaii insists that the
butter and egg business is not properly
appreciated. There is many a housewife
in the land, even those who have worked
under needless disadvantages, who has,
by the sale of butter and eggs, provided
the family with needed groceries. How
much more could they do, if the proper
facilities were supplied, and effective aid
W. A. Poynter let drop a few "point
ers" on the dairying business, the other
day, that are worthy of serious consider
ation. Speaking in a general way of
that industry in Nebraska, he said:
"Our people can not engage in any
occupation of an agricultural nature
which will begin to yield the profit for
money and labor expended that this
does. Nebraska butter in quality and
flavor is the best in the world, and in
price tops the market. As soon as the
people can get rid of the idea that butter
cannot be profitably made without the
tame grasses, just that soon they will get
more good cows and make the dairy bus
iness paramount to that of grain raising.
One acre of corn will make more feed
than four acres of tame grasses for fall
and winter use, and for summer use more
than a much larger number of acres of
Mr. Poynter made last fall a silo and
filled it as an experiment. He opened it
not long since and found tho ensilage in
perfect condition. From nineteen acres
of corn, if we remember correctly, he
siloed forty tons. His "baby" creamery
has paid him a fair profit during these
hard times, and he expects to enlarge
the capacity of his plant whenever the
supply of milk will warrant the outlay.
Mr. Poynter also stated some facts
which should be an eye opener to think
ing people. One of his patrons during
the year 1895 owned eight cows and sold
milk to the amount of $185. He also
raised eight calves, worth $00, and bad
all the butter and milk needed for family
use, worth at least $25, making a grand
total of $245 in one year from the eight
cows or S33.75 for each cow. These cows
were only ordinary animals and had no
extra feed. This is but part of the story.
Tho same man worked a half section of
land. He hired ono man and paid him
$110. lie sold all his crops, except
enough for wed and feed, and realized
from this source $230. Mr. Poynter
says that several of his neighbors had
aliout the same experience. Now figure
the difference in the profit on the two
methods, then decido how long you will
try to get rich by raising grain to sell.
Another important statement Mr.
Poynter made, to show what btisiness is
most profitable for the farmer,- was that
last winter not a single patron of his
dairy asked or received a dollar's worth
of aid from any source. Facts and
figures speak very significantly inves
The Shelby (Polk county), town board
has brought suit against Henry Weber,
saloon-keeper, for a balance of $257 on
last year's license.
Polk county commissioners have dis
covered that the present conn ty superin
tendent, is entitled to only $800 salary.
He is a republican. His predecessor was
a populist and received $1,000 a year.
Albion News, correspondence from
Cedar Rapids: Rev. F. W. Bross was
the victim of a genuine surprise last
Saturday on the occasion of his birth
day. His friends, and truly they are
legion, presented him wfth a valuable
fur coat, as an expression of good will
and appreciation of his earnest labors in
St. Edward Sun: James Novels re
ceived a letter from James McCntchen
this week stating that he was well satis
fied with Georgia and the locality in and
around tho Soldier Colony. In the al
lotment of the lands Messrs. Novels,
McCntcheon, Frank Sisson and Robert
Hardy, all secured ten-acre tracts near
each other alout six miles from the
town of Fitzgerald.
Osceola Record: C. L. Johnson of
Colorado Springs, was in Osceola yes
terday renewing old acquaintances. He
was a resident of Polk county many
years ago and for some time was deputy
county tte:isurer under N. C. Foy. He
went to Colorado about nine years ago
and when tho Cripple Creek gold field
was opened up, got in on the ground
floor, and his many Polk county friends
will be glad to learn that he has a good
Fremont Herald: The idea of Super
visor W. H. Mead providing a wood pile
at the court house, to enable willing men
to earn their meals, was put to test yes
terday. Four men were pnt to work
cutting up the wood and carrying it
about to the different rooms in the build
ing. Hereafter wood will be burned at
the court house instead of coal. The
men are allowed $1.50 per day. beincr
paid in provisions, furnished by the
Albion Argus: Willie Browder, the
seventeen year old son of James Brow
der of Loretto, met with a serious acci
dent last Tuesday evening, that cost him
the sight of his right eye. While run
ning around the corner of the barn he
fell upon an upturned harrow running
one of the rusty teeth in his eye, com
pletely bursting the ball. He was taken
to Omaha Wednesday morning and
placed in a hospital, where every pre
caution will be taken to keep out blood
Warren Randall, who has a ranch
southwest of Shelby, lost a steer weigh
ing 1,200 pounds. Advertising failed to
locate the animal. Recently the owner
found it lying on the floor of an old de
serted house detached from the other
buildings. For forty-three days it had
remained there, with broom corn rub
bish for food. It had wasted away about
twelve pounds each dav and was verv
weak. The location of the bones be
neath the hide was conspicuous. Ran
dall believes that the steer will live and
regain its plumpness.
An irrigation system for central Buffa
lo county will be practically completed
by February 10, ready for use on this
season's crops. The main ditch starts
from the Platte river, south of the city
of Kearney, and runs northeast along a
ridge north of Bods, for a distance of
r f "S(jbars.
ninemilea. It k expected that the main
ditch will ultimately be extended to
Gibbon and Shaiton. The United States
government has also ordered a series of
thirteen tabular-wells extending across
the valley at Buds, with a view of test
ing the extent of tho underflow.
Leigh World: Anton Urbanek of the
vicinity of Clarkson, got on a drunken
spree in February 1893, and while in an
intoxicated condition met with injuries
which resulted in his depth. Shortly
after, his wife commenced suit against
Joseph Cibnlka and John Boether, two
saloon-keepers of that place and has just
had a verdict in her favor of $3,000.
Since the commencement of the sait the
saloon keepers have gone out of busi
ness, but their bondsmen are financially
good, and it is understood will pay the
amount without further litigation.
Petersburg Index: A fine piece of
surgical work was done by Dr. Thomp
son, of this place. Dr. Brash, of Albion,
and Dr. McMillan, of Elgin, last Sunday
afternoon, on Dwight, the three year old
son of Mr. and Mrs. Alex Bisel, of this
place. The child had been sick with
scarlet fever and pus had formed between
the two skull plates and would have soon
reached the brain and death would have
been the result The medical men drill
ed through the outer skull plate and
removed the pus thus probably saving
the boy's life. It was a particular place
to work and tho greatest caution had to
be exercised in the operation.
(Continued from last week.
January 17, 186.
Tho board convened at 2 o'clock p. m. ltoll
call, all members prasent.
On recommendation of the committee on sup
plied, the following bills were unanimontriy
allowed, and the clerk ordered to draw warrants
on geaeral fund in payment of the name:
J. (.'.Echols $ 31 SG
Carl Kramer. it -V)
Wnrdeman Bros 1 ."0
Dr. A. iieintz V M
Moved by Stip'r Bender that the petition of
fierhurd Gronentiial and others for a rood begin
ning at the northwest corner of oection 35, town
19 north, of ranee 2 wect, running thenco due
east on gectiou line one mile, be granted and tho
clerk bediiected toadterlitie the same according
to law. Motion carried.
On motion of Sup'r liender, Sup'r Itolf waa
appointed as committeeof one to investigate the
The following report was offered by t lie special
committee on printing, viz:
To the Honorable Board of Supervifcorsof Platte
Your committee on county printing beg leave
to make the following rvxrt that the following
papers lie declared thouiticial papers of l'lntte
county, to-wit: Columkcs Journal, Platte
County Argus, l'latte t V:i!t Signal, and as such
shall be given for publimtioti the proceedings of
the county tioard and all legal not ices emanating
therefrom, delinquent tax-list and such other
publications as the board may direct ti be maile
luring the ensuing sear, and in full of all
charges for such publications t!m said uews
itaoersto receive one-third leual rates for each of
said newspapers, providingthatthe publications
of the proceedings of the board shall not exceed
one anil one-ninth cents per line for each of said
papers. We would make the additional recom
mendation tliat the "Nebraska Biene" be con
tracted wiUi to do the same printing on the fame
terms. Respectfully submitted.
K. Y. Ldsco,
Dated Jan. 17, 1896.
Siip'r Olson moted to adopt the report of the
committee, seconded by Lisco.
On motion of Itolf to amend by substituting
the Monroe Republican for the l'latte Center
Signal, tho ajes and nays were called for result
ing as follows: Ayes, Beclior, Bender, Lisco,
Moffett, Olson. Nays, Itolf, Wiggins. Amend
ment lost and on motion report adopted.
Report of committee on road No. S42, called
the Heyden road, was read, recommending pay
ment according to appraisement, of the follow
ing sums as damages, was adopted: M Sheedy
$70.00; Q C Barnnm $70.00; T H Johnson $35.00;
J II Drinnin ?70.CO, and the clerk ordered to
draw warrants on read fund of Columbus town
ship in payment of same.
On motion of Sup'r Moffett, the purchasing
agent, Sup'r Wiggins, was directed to purchase
seven copies of the statutes ot Nebraska for 1693
for the use of the members of the board of su
pervisors. Tho committee on sopplies reported the fol
To the Honorable Board of Supervisors of
Platte county: We jour committee on supplies
do recommend that the county judge be allowed
the following articles: one fee liook, one filing
stamp, one hard coal burner. We also recom
mend that the county judge may retain his office
up town over the State bank, but the county will
not pay any rent for said office.
Chairman of Supply Com.
The bids for coal were read and referred to the
committee on supplies.
Moved by Sup'r Rolf tliat the chairman tele
graph to John Geddes at Grand Island to be
here tomorrow. Jan. 19, 1896, to consult with the
board in regard to assisting the state accountant
in investigating the books of ex-County Treas
urer J. W. Ljnch. Carried.
Moved to adjourn until 9 o'clock a. m.. Jan.
January K, 189!.
Board met at II o'clock, a. m. Roll call, all
Sup'r Rolf of special committee, submitted the
To the Honorable Board of Supervisors:
We, our siiecial committee appointed to for
mulate a plan and make recommendations in
regard to examining the sheriff's accounts, fee
book and the collections ami disbursements
nuule and collected through his office, beg leave
to submit the following report: We recommend
that a committee of three from this board bo
belected to examine the sheriff's fee books and
all other collections and disbursements made by
him, his jailor and deputies, during his last term
of office just expired, and that said committee be
authorized, instructed and directed to examine
all the dockets and other books of tho district
court, also all the dockets and other books of all
the other courts in which the sheriff has had bus
iness, including the justices of the peace, which
are situated in the city of Columbus, that the
said committee is directed to verify every item in
the sheriff's fee books with the court and justi
ce's dockets and such other books as the courts
and the district court clerk may have in nae for
such original entries of fees and other emolu
ments of the sheriff and also they are directed to
examine all the dockets and books of all the
other courts in the city of Columbus including
the justices' courts and verify the fee book of the
sheriff with the original records where said fees
were originally charged and allowed; that the
committee be further directed to make a thor
ough examination of said books and also that
they are hereby directed to examine as to whether
the sheriff has accounted to the county for the
uncollected fees which he has reported from
ear to year and make such other examination as
the committee may find upon examination is for
tho best interests of the county. The committee
is also authorized and directed to examine the
district court clerk's office as for as they shall
find to be necessary for the best interests of the
county. They are also directed to examine the
county court's office and records so far as they
shall find it necessary for the good of the county
and the committee ia further authorized to em
ploy an accountant, if in their judgment it is
D. A. Bechkb.
The chair appointed as committee Supervisors
Rolf, Ldsco and Bscber.
County Clerk Pohl made application for one
filing and one attest stamp. Referred to com
mittee oa supplies.
On report of the committee recommending the
same, the parchasing agent was directed to par
chase said supplies.
Sup'r Becher offered the following resolution:
Be it resolved by the Board of Supervisors
that the followiag balances ia the several faada
hereinafter mentioned, be aad are hereby ordered
transferred to the coaeolidated county general
County sinking faad. $ 29 20
County special bridge f and. 15 05
County geaeral bridge faad. 2103
Coanty landing bond fand 2141
Poor fond 1 17
Loup Fork bridge faad. s 86
Coart hosse bond fand 6 65
Land road tax faad. 15 77
Advertioiac faad 5M 97
Makias total of.
Aad. that there be also transferred to
amid county consolidated general
faad, froat the county relief faad
tkeeaaof. 1447 17
Making a grand total of JUS 98
Aad be it further resolved that there is also
transferred from said county relief faad the
sum of $3,812.33, the sime being the amount
drawn from said poor farm fund for the porpose
of providing seed and feed to indigent farmers
of the county.
And be it farther resolved that there hp trans
ferred to the school fund of the county the sum
of $57.00 the same being the amount shown by
the treasarer'a report to have beam collected for
fines aad licenses.
. D. A. Bbches.
The bill of County Treasurer, H. 8. Elliott,
for 95.75 was, on recommendation of the" com
mittee on supplies, allowed, and the clerk or
dered to draw warrant for the amount oa the
Sup'r Rolf offered the following:
Resolved that the county attorney is hereby re
quested for a written opinion as to whether the
board can lawfully approve of the sheriff's bond
before he has settled with the county for tho last
year, and whether the report of the committee,
of settlement with the sheriff as reported
by them, which is spread upon the records, was
a settlement with the sheriff such as contempla
ted by law.
The opinion of County Attorney Gondring
was read and ordered spread upon the record, as
To the Honorable Board of rinperrisorsof Platte
county, Nebraska, Geui I i.s.-n:
In answer to yonr coinxuuuieation hereto at-
tacneu wooiu say Uiat tne failure or the sheriff
and county board to make full and final settle
ment for the last year, would not in my opinion
vitiate or affect the approval of the bond for
In case the sheriff lias public funds or proper
ty belonging to the county tliat he has not pro
duced or accounted for, the board are not re
quired to approve the bond until he lias account
ed therefor. (See section 17, chapter 10. com
piled statutes of 1895).
Relative to the report ot said committee, will
say that in my opinion the same is not a full
and final settlement between the sheriff and
county, and such as the law requires to bo nuule.
John M. GoxDRisa,
Sup'r Rolf offered the following resolution:
Resolved tliat the chairman of the board, and
Sutervisors Becher and Lisco bo and are hereby
authorized to appoint and contract 'wUi-some
competent person to examine the tiA&urer'H
books in conjunction with the etate.daxaminer
and tliat they have the county attorney draw, up a
contract covering such examination; that said
committee shall have full uiwer to select and
hir such expert accountant and shall allow him
such compensation as in their judgment is for
the best interest of the county. Adopted.
Sup'r Lisco, as one of tlm investigating com
mittee on Sheriff Kavanaugh's bond, reiiorted
favorably regarding the same, and on motion of
Sup'r Lisoo, the bond va approved.
Sheriff D. ('. Knvzinaugh made application for
one deputy. On motion the request was granted
On motion of Sup'r Itolf, the following )early
salaries were designated for the deputies anil
clerks named, rcsiectively:
Deputy treasurer $ 700 00
Assistant treasurer foo W)
Deputy connt clerk 700 00
First assistant tiOO 00
Second " 000 00
Deputy sheriff. S00 00
The following resolution offered by Sup'r Rolf,
was adopted, viz:
Be it resolved by this bonrd that the treasurer
lie, and he is hereby requested to allow the use of
his books anil papers, including nil cnm-elta!
warrants and all other paper and book in hi
possession, necessary to a thorough and com.
plete examination of said odict by the state
examiner and such expert a tlu committed of
tho board sluill npioiut.
Sup'r Lirteo offered the follouing resolution,
which was adopted:
liesolvod that the county sheriff, clerk of the
district court, county judge and alt justices Iw
requested to furnish the committee upNiiuteit by
this board all book, record:: and ikiist that
they may require.
On motion of Sup'r Rolf, the ImkidI adjourned,
subject to tho call of the chairman.
To Chicago ami the Kant.
Passengers going east for business, will
naturally gravitate to Chicago as the
great commercial center. Passengers
re-visiting friends or relatives in the
eastern states always desire to "take in"
Chicago en route. All classes of passen
gers will lind that the ''Short Line" of
,he Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Rail
way, via Omaha and Council Blnffs,
affords excellent facilities to reach their
destinations in a manner that will be
sure to give tho utmost satisfaction.
A reference to the time tables will in
dicate the route to be chosen, and, by
asking any priucipal agent west' of the
Missouri river for a ticket over the
Chicago, Council Bluffs & Omaha Short
Line of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St.
Paul Railway, yon will be cheerfully
furnished with the proper passport via
Omaha and Chicago. Please note that
all of the ''Short Line" trains arrive in
Chicago in ample time to connect with
the express trains of all the great through
car lines to the principal eastern cities.
For additional particulars, time tables,
maps, etc., please call on or address F.
A. Nash, General Agent, Omaha, Neb.
King Solomon's Notion
That ''There is nothing new under the
sun" does not always convey the truth.
Especially is this true as regards the
new composite cars now operated daily
via The Chicago, Union Paciiic and
Northwestern Line between Salt- Lake
City and Chicago.
These handsome Buffet Smoking and
Library Cars are entirely new through
out, of latest design, contain all modern
improvements, and are well supplied
with writing material, the leading daily
papers, illustrated periodicals, maga
The fact that these cars run daily via
"The Overland Limited" and that the
Union Pacific was the line west of
Chicago to inaugurate this service shoulJ
commend itself to all.
Seo that your tickets read via "The
The New York Tribune notes that the
imports of woolens, cottons, silks, linens
and other flax and hemp goods for the
seven months of 1894-5 under new du
ties compare with tho imports for the
same months in 1893-4 under old duties
as follows, warehouse charges being here
Imports, seven months. Increase.
16M-5. 1893-1. Percent.
Woolens l2t.S47.4C0 $8,827,332 190.1
Cottons 21.685,575 12,883,555 68.2
Silks 19,817,929 12,876,732 53.9
hemp goods 15,777,889 9,957,315 58.4
Totals t78,fl08,7S3 144,644.935 7&2
"Felicitate?" Why. Certalaly.
The country may felicitate itself on the fact
that its imports were $4,419,800 in excess of it
exports. New York Herald.
If our imports were that much m ex
cess of our exports, it would mean 'that
we should have to pay out the $4;419,
800 in money or its equivalent over and
above what we received. Let us imagine
Mr. James Gordon Bennett having to
pay out in a month or a year that
amount of money more than his paper
earned for him. How Mr. Bennett
Would "felicitate" himself, to be sure!
Soaae Good Advice.
We ought to realize by this time that
we should not do our work nor make our
loans in Europe. Let us place what op
tions we have with our own capitalists
and our orders with our own manufac
turers, who in the past have been al
ways abundantly able to meet every need
and demand of the government and of
the people. Governor William McKin
ley. Fraa Trad aad
The treasury statement of the public
debt for the month of April shows an in
crease of $2,349,950 in the interest bear
ing debt and a decrease of $7,099,345 iu
the cash balance in the treasury. TbeM
axe free trade times.
Iron ore is fighting its way here from
abroad. In March we imparted over 80,
000 tons as against 5,709 tons in March,
1894. Of pig iron also we bought $81,
000 worth from foreign countries last
March as against $9,883 worth in March,
LA WHENCE APPEALS.
MEMORIAL TO CONGRESS ON BEHALF
Atotne a Ita IasaeHaat
eeatea to the PaMIe Defrcte la
lawa KxBtala4 Mr. Criap
In namerous acta the recognised pol
icy of the government has been to em
courage sheep husbandry by duties mora
or less protective. The wool tariff act of
March 2, 1867, gave adequate protection
to our chief wool product under condi
tions then existing. Under it the prices
of wool were fairly remunerative. Sheep
increased from 28,477,951 in 1870, pro
ducing 100,102,887 pounds of wool, to
50,626,626 in 1884, producing 308,000,
000 pounds. In four years, from Janu
ary, 1880, to January, 1884, sheep in
creased in number 24 per cent
Unfortunately the duties on wools
were reduced by the tariff act of March
S, 1883. Under it sheep declined in
number from 50,626,626 in 1884, with
a wool clip of 808,000,000 pounds, to
only 43,481,136 in 1891, producing 285,
In view of the injury resulting from
the reduction the tariff act of Oct 1,
1890, known as the McKinley law, was
passed, intended by congress to give
"full and adequate protection to the
wool industry. " The bill as originally
reported from the committee on ways
and means by its chairman, Mr. Mc
Kinley, was much more protective than
tho bill as finally passed into the act of
One of the modifications of the orig
inal bill was made at the urgent de
mand of a few, and only a few, of the
carpet manufacturers of Philadelphia.
But the bill and the law as enacted
contained three fatal and ruinous de
fects. The first was the provision known as
the "skirting clause," the effect of
which was in practico to reduce the
protective benefits of the prescribed du
ties by nearly one-half.
When the McKinley bill was pending,
and as it finally passed, the effect of the
"skirting clause" was not generally un
derstood by wool growers, though in the
debates before the senate finance com
mittee it was pointed out In practice
the protective duty intended by the law
of 11 cents per pound on unwashed me
rino ia, in fact, only 6 cents and even
lees on territory wools, and the protect
ive benefit of 33 cents intended by the
law on scoured merino is only 33)
But the real purpose of the wool tar
iff provision of the McKinley act, and
the protective benefits intended thereby
to be given, alike by Mr. McKinley and
by those generally who voted for the
bill, were iu a large measure defeated
by another defect the ad valorem duties
on class 3 wools.
The original bill as reported provided
for specific duties; the change to ad va
lorem duties was secured by some carpet
manufacturers, as stated. This feature
of the law operated ruinously to wool
growers by increasing immensely the
imports of class 3 wools, which to a
large extent were used in the manufac
ture of clothing goods, thus supplanting
the uee of merino wools aud the long
wools of the muttou breeds of sheep.
The ruin of the ad valorom duties was
immensely aggravated by the unfore
seen, unexpected vast imports of China
wools a source of very recent supply.
There was a third defect in the law
not generally understood by wool grow
ers probably not generally, if at all,
by members of congress who voted for
the bill the failure to make a provision
to meet the light shrinkage in scouring
of Australasian wools, as compared with
other merino wools of all or nearly all
other countries, including our own.
In the memorial will be found the
draft of three bills for the consideration
One intended to embody the tariff pro
visions understood to be asked for in the
memorial as those deemed absolutely
necessary to secure fair prices for wool
and secure success for sheep husbandry.
One in aid of instruction in textile
One intended as a temporary expedi
ent in case the bill deemed necessary
should be met with a veto.
The rates are much less than those of
the act of 1867, under which wool-
growers and manufacturers prospered
more than under any other law.
Any less duties will not secure fair
prices for wools or give sheep husbandry
Woolgrowers have not asked duties
expecting to secure less. That would be
Woolgrowers are the best judges of
what they need as manufacturers are of
what they need.
Woolgrowers will not falter in their
purpose by unexpected obstacles thrown
in their way, but will in all proper
methods urge the justice of their re
quests. The following is from the pro
ceedings of the house of representatives
Dec. 9, 1895, as found in Tho Congres
sional Record, page 97 :
"Mr. Oanford Mr. Speaker, I ask
unanimous consent to present a memori
al from the National Woolgrowers'
association of the United States and
others asking the passage of an act pro
viding for protective duties on wool
and for other purposes. I ask that the
same may be printed and referred to the
committee on ways and means when ap
pointed. "Mr. McMillin Does the gentleman
propose to have simply the memorial
printed or the accompanying bundle of
papers which we see in front of us?
"Mr. Danford Just the memorial
and the papers accompanying it.
"Mr. McMillin It is a pretty volumi
nous document, it seems to me, to go
into The Record.
"Mr. Danford I did not ask that it
go into The Record.
"The Speaker It is subject to the
objection of any member of the house.
"Mr. Crisp I object
"Mr. McMillin The gentleman from
Georgia Mr. Crisp objects.
"Mr. Danford It is not my purpose
to have it printed in The Record.
"The Speaker Objection is made.
"Mr. Danford Then I withdraw the
The following is from The Congres
sional Kecord, proceedings of the sen
ate, Dec. 10, 1895:
"Mr. Sherman I present a petition
of the National Woolgrowers' associa
tion and others, with accompanying pa
pers, praying for protective legislation
for the sheep industry. As it Is the pe
tition of an association of great national
importance, I move that it be printed
and referred to the committee on
Tne motion was agreed to.
Resident of the National Woolgrowers
A Cheap Party.
The Democratic party is always for
something free. It has advocated free
whisky and free trade, and of coarse it
mast next declare for free silver. The
only thing which the Democrats did not
want free was the negro. Cleveland
When Selecting Your Reading Matter
FR THE COMING YEAR, you will, no doubt, decide on securing the best, especially if the beet costs less than
something inferior, both in quality and quantity. The Omaha Bee. always to the front of the newspapers in the
west, has long been recognized as one of the leading publications in the country. It has done more, and is now
doing more, toward the upbuilding the great west, than any other paper.
About two years ago its publishers, determined to bring The Weekly Bee into every farmhouse in the west,
especially in its own state and the states immediately adjoining Nebraska, put the price down to 65 Cents per year
an unheard or figure for a 12-page weekly publication. This price still prevails. Not content with this, the publish
ers of The Bee cast about for some additional first-class publication of national reputation, to offer with The Bee at
apnee that would not exceed the figure usually charged for a single weekly paper. Last year the New York Tribune
(Horace Greeley s paper) was secured and this paper was offered with tho Weekly Bee for 90 Cents per year A simi
lar arrangement has been made this year. In addition, a similar contract has been made with the Cincinnati Enquir
er, a paper that ranks as high among the Democratic publications of this country as the New York Tribune does
among the Republican newspapers.
- To sum up we make the following four offers for this season, confident that they are equalled nowhere, either
m the qnality of matter published, nor in the quantity of good, up-to-date reliable news.
The Omaha Weekly Bee,
12 Pages Each Week,
65 Cents Per Year.
The Weekly Bee,
The Weekly New York
The Weekly Cincinnati
All Three for One Year for Slal5a
The Paradise of the 1'ariHr.
Three grand tours to Honolulu,
Hawaiian Islands, "The Paradise of the
PaciGc," via Union Paciiic system and
Oceanic Steam Ship Co. Leaving Omaha
tho morning of Jan. 10th, Feb. 11th, and
March 6th. Only nino days from Omaha
to Honolulu. S2a00 for tho round trip,
including stateroom and meals on steam
ers. Tickets good for nine months, with
stop-over privileges. For information
and tickets apply to J. R. Meagher.
Fiiivelois with your retnra card
printed on them, for ft) cents a hundred
at Tiik Joukxai. office.
Of the condition of the CoIumIhh Lund, Lottn
onrf lliiil-h'inj A.nCittion of Columbiu, AV
briitkit, on the 31st ilntj of Oeeeiaher, to.t.
First morttfw loan $81,121 00
Loans HtfiireU ly tvk of litis nsv-
ciation L'S.IHM W
Kxpwu ami t:iM paiJ 2..7I h5
Canli willi treaurt'r 1.1S7 3T
Capital Ktockj paid ii
Entry 'l transfer ft
. SSXSiW CO
.. !.7iU i: .
. ltV 10
. 1,903 Ml
State ok Nf.br sk, l .
l'latte County, h"
1, Hpnry Ilockenlierner, secretary of tin
alMive named association, do solemnly swear
tliat the fnrcxoini; statement of tlte condition of
Mtd association, ia trno and correct to tho heot
or my knowledge and U'lief.
Subscrilied and sworn to liefore me thin 7th
day of January, 1.).
V. 11. Weavfii, )
II. 1. Muupock. Directors.
L..Zisnickeh. ) 8jan3t
NOTICE IS 1IEKEUY GIVEN tliat by virtue
of a chattel mortgage, dated February 1.
lbi5. and duly filed nd recorded in the office of
the connty clerk of Polk county. Nebraska, on
tho 2l'd dav of Fehrnnry, H9S, and execnted by
Rev. JohnMonota to John Wagner, to ttecun? the
payment of iil.0u. with interest at 7 ier cent per
annum from February 1st, VfJa, apon which
there is ou ing at the date hereof 4fif.0!, together
with $5 additional as liquidated (lamaRed for
non-fultillment of contract on December Int.
1W, making $70.09: default having been made
in the conditions of said mortgage and no pro
ceeding at law having been instituted to recover
said sum, therefore the undeisigned will sell the
property described in said mortgage, viz: Six
chairs, six chairs, one dining tuble, one parlor
table, one wash btand, one glass cupboard, one
bureau, one lounge, one lounge, one mattress,
one rocker, one wardrobe, one kitchen table,
one enpbttard, two pictures, one bedstead, one
spring one. one bedstead, one spring one, one
mattress, being for St. Miry's Polish church in
Polk connty, Nebraska, at public auction in the
room in rear of Wagner's saloon, on Eleventh
street, Columbus, Nebraska, on Saturday. Feb
rnary 1st. ISM, at 1 o'clock, p. m., of said day.
Dated January lith. 1SW.
HENKV DU1SKEN. defendant, will take
notice that on the 8th day of January,
l&ytJ. Charles Heinke. plaintiff herein, tiled Ins
petition in Ilie district court of Platte connty,
Nebraska, against said defendant, the object
and prnjerof which are to foreclose a certain
mortgage executed by the defendant and Sophie
Duisken to the plaint i IT upon the north half of
lott; seven and eight, in block one hundred nnd
thirteen, city of Columbus, Platte county, Ne
braska, to seenre the payment of two certain
promit-bory notes dated Septemlier 30th, lMCt, for
the sum of $J.r.00 each and due and iwiyable
one anil two ears reseciivejy from the date
thereof, that there is now due Unn said notes
anil mortgage the sum of $4.'i0.00 with interest at
9 percent, from April Ul, 1811. for which snin
with interest from April 1st, 1st' I. nnd for taxes
and insurance i;iid amount iint to r0.00, plaintiff
prays for a decree tliat defendant be required lo
pay the same or that said premises may be sold
to satisfy the amount found due.
You are required to answer w.itl M-tilion on or
before tlti2llli dtiy of IVbriiary, 1 M.
Dated January 13th, ls.
McAllister & Cohnkliits, Plaintiff.
Tiik State ok Nrbiiaska. DQ
County of Platte, J8"'
In the county court, in and for said county. In
the matter of the estate of Franz Frenking,
deceased. late of said county.
At a session of the county court for said
county, holden at tho county judge's oHice in
Columbus, in said county on the tenth day of
January A. D. lSUti, present. J. N. Kilian. county
judge. On reading and filing the duly verified
petition of Anna Frenking praying that letters
of administration be issued to her on the estate
of said decedent.
Thereupon, it is ordered tliat the fourth day of
February, A. D. l&W, at 10 o'clock, a. m., lie
assigned for the hearing of said petition at the
county judge's office in i-aid county.
And it is further ordered; that due lenl notice
be given of the tendency and hearing of said
Iietition by publication in TukColcxbcs Jour
sal for three consecutive weeks.
(Copy of the order.)
J. N. KlLI N.
Dated Columbus. Neb., Jan. 10, 16(M. i:jan3
NOTICE PROBATE OF WILL.
Notice probate of will, Andreas Gottfried Sten
zel, deceased. In the connty court, l'latte
county. Nebraska. The State of Nebraska to
the heirs and next of kin of said Andreas
(fottried Stenzel, deceased:
Take noj ice, that upon filing of a written in
strument purporting to be the last will and
testament of Andreas Gottfried Stenzel for
probate and allowance, it is ordered that said
matter be set for hearing the 5th flay of Febru
ary, A. D. 1S1, before said county court, at the
honr of 2 o'clock n. m.. at which time any per
son interested may appear and contest the same;
and notice of this nroceedine ia ordered dud-
lished three weeks &uecessively in The Colcx-
bcs Jocbsal, a weeklv and legal newspaper,
published in this county.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my
hand and theseal of the county court, at Colum
bus this 15th day of January, A. D. VrfA.
J. N. Kilian,
22jantf Connty Judge.
To all whom iLmay concern:
The board of supervinoni in regular wseion
January 17. 1696, declared the following oection
line opened as a public road, viz:
Commencing at the northwest corner of nec
tion 35, town 19 north, of range 2 weet, and
rnnning thence due east on section line one
mile, and terminating at the northeast corner of
eaid section 35, town 19 north, of range t west
and to be known and designated an the "(iro-
Now all objections thereto or claims for dam
ages caused thereby must be filed in the county
.. m O UMj7 .! JI LCIUIB .lUUil. AUUM, flPIII
tf, 1S96, or such road may be established without
further reference thereto.
Dated Columbus, Nebr Jan. 22, 1MH.
2janl . POHL. County Clerk.
MiA.r'.a . ... ... n .. .. - - - rs.r .u........... ....
At my premises, eleven miles north of Colum
bus, in .Sherman township, December 31,
A BAY BRONCHO MARE.
about four years old. one white hind foot, white
spot ia face, branded on the left shoulder, weighs
about seven hundred pounds. Owner will prove
prqparte aad pay charges:
uja&st Hcrai Eomssarva,
The Weekly Bee and
The Weekly New York
Both One-Tear for 90c.
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sent, it is safer to register the letter.
2 cents are accepted.
Sample copies are sent free on
clubs of three or more subscriptions.
Address nil orders to
THE OMAHA' BEE, Omaha, Neb.
3 Great Prize Contest. I
1st Prize, KNABC PIANO, style "P" $800
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so prize, casn, -
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& 15 Cash Prizes, each
zb frizes, -
'Pllfk ftvttt. nptva will Ka itlvan tn
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next in pofnt of brevity.
The length of a sentence is to be measured by the number of lettersit
contains, and each contestant must indicate by figures at the close of hi
sentence just how long it is. The sentence must have some meaning.
Geographical names and names of persons cannot be used. The contest
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later. In case two or more prize-winning sentences are equally short the
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sentence is less than 116 letters in length will. receive Wilkie CollmV work
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Haydeu Bros.' Music Store, Omaha, Neb.
This remarkably liberal offer is made by the Weekly Worlo-Hekalu.
of which the distinguished ex-congressman,
WIUIU J. MYM, is Edilwr,
and it Is required that each competing sentence be enclosed with one dollar
for a year's subscription. The Weekly World-Heicald is issued in semi
weekly sections, and hence is nearly as good as a daily. It is the western
champion of free silver coinage and the leading family newspaper of
Weekly World Herald, OmaHa. Neb.
Advertisements under this head five ennte a
line each insertion.
SCHILTZ makes boots and shoes in the
best stiles, and uses oulv tho verv bust
stock that can lie procured in tha market. 5Vt-t f
Tuesday afternoon, anil are correct and reliable
flour in i0 lb. lets
.$ 4 50-gS CO
. J:: ttOfia 80
1 f0ft2 25
$ 1 50i2 2f,
. i' 75U3 00
. 2 25ft2 TA,
NOTICE PROBATE OF WfLI
Notice probnto of will. Anna Maria Kicker-
bacher, deceased. In the connty court, Platte
county, Nebraska. The State of Nebraska to
the heirs aud next of kin or said Anua Maria
Take notice, that upon tiling of a written in
strument piirMrting to be laat will and testa
ment of Anna Maria Itickerlmcher for probate
and allowance, it is ordered that said matter be
set for hearing the 2t)tli day of February, A. I.
1S6, before said county court, at the hour of 2
o'clock p. in., at which time any person inter
ested may npiear and contest the same: and
notice of this proceeding is ordered published
three weeks successively in TlIK OLUMKHH
JounstL, a weekly aud legal newspaer, pul
lisheil in said county nnd state.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my
hand and the seal or the county court, at Colum
bus this 2-lh day of January, A. I). IS'.!.
2!jan4 County J udge.
Dr. CLARK'S INSTITUTE
FOR THK THKATHKNT OF THE
Drink Habit .
Als Tobacco, Morphine and
other Narcotic Habits.
US'" Private treatment given if dc-sired.
HTY i EMEUUM,
FRESH AND SALT MEATS,
Eleventh Street, Colnmbne. Neb
W. A. McAllister.
W. M. Cou.nelius
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
B. P. DUFFY. WM.O'HKIKN.
Special attention given to Criminal
Office: Corner Eleventh and North Hts.
COLUMBUS, : NEBRASKA.
A IMEMT fc REEDER,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
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VRTOOSLEY Jt BTIRES,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
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Hjaly-y Connors, Nesbaska.
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OPfKESS A1I0 DIEE:?J83:
J. II. (5ALLKY, Vice Pres't,
JACOB (IRE1SEN. J. (J. KEKDEK."
(J. ANDElWt N, p. ANDERSON.
J. F. ItEKNEV.
We keep on hand at
all times a full stock of
the best grades of Penn
Rock Springs and oth
er soft Coals always on
hand. Give us a call.
M. C. CASS IN,
ruor&iEToit or tuk
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Hides and Tallow.
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