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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 15, 1896)
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mm rmicE fob potatoes.
The Jobs A. Salter Seed Co., La
Croaae, Wis., pay high prices for new
thiags. They recently paid $309 for a
'yellew rind watermelon, $1,600 for 30
fcu. new oats, S300 for 100 lbs. of pota-
toes, etc, etc.! Well, prices for pota
toes will be high next fall. Plant a
plenty, Mr. Wideawake! You'll make
money. Salter's Earliest are fit to eat
. in 28 days after planting. His Cham
pion of the World is the greatest yielder
. on earth and we challenge you to pro
duce its equal.
If yoa will scad 14 cents iu stamps
t to the John A. Salzer Seed Co., La
Crosse, Wis., you will get, free, ten
packages grains and grasses, including
Teosinte. Spurry. Giant Incarnate
Clover, etc, and our mammoth cata-
. 'logue. Catalogue 5c. for mailing, wjl
Wholly Cn prepared.
Sirs. CoL. Yerger is a continual
source of embarrassment to her hus
band. CoL Yerger recently gave a din
ner party to a few select ladies and
. gentlemen. Of course, he was called
. on for an after-dinner speech. CoL
Yerger got up, and, assuming an im
posing position, began:
"Ladies and gentlemen, unprepared
as I am being wholly unprepared to
make a speech being unprepared "
lie was unable to proceed. There
was a pamlm silence, wnicn was
broken by Mrs. Yerger saying:
'Why, colonel, you knew it perfectly
this morning." Tableaux. Texas
It t he oldest and bnU
It will I
It to always
Love will believe anything. A young
man in town, with possibly a bank ac
count of $-00, told his girl that he
would be in Topeka today to bid on the
Santa Fe railroad, and she was down
at the depot when the train pulled out
to see him off, and to tell him'to be sure
and bid enough; she did so long to ride
some day in her own private car.
We have not been without Piso's Cure Tor
Consumption for twenty years. Lizzie
Fekuel. Camp St., Harrishurg. Pa., Mav4,
wants dress; man wautx. ad-
If you have both tracts and bread to give
lo the fioor, give tbem the bread first.
Comfort to California.
Yes and economy, too, if you patronize
the Burlington Route's Personally Conduct
ed onie-a-week excursions which leave
Omaha every Thursday morning.
Through tourist sleepers Omaha to San
Francisco and Los Angeles. Second-class
See the local agent and arrange about
tickets and fcerths. Or, write to
G. P. & T. A., Omaha, Neb.
To polish a rascal is to
more a rascal.
make him all the
Kverjr tlr apeM la Parker's Glaer Tonic
is well invested. H oubduo.4 pain, and lirings better
diircMion. better strength and better health.
That man's life work will be great
faithfully does his liest every day.
(d rrstMi t by jraa ahoaM use Himlercorn.
it tuLes out His r ins. anil t bun you bavepeaw and
eomiurt sun-ly a fcL' 1 exchange. 1.k at drugsitts.
Billiard table, second-hand, for sale
cheap. Apply to or address, H. C. Asnr,
Ml S. lUh St, Omaha, Nea.
Many a man who claims that charity be
KJns at home lets his wife saw the wood.
SarEaparlila has over and over again
proved itself the best blood purifier medi
cal science has ever produced. It curtfl
when other medicines utterly fail. Its
record is unequalled in the history ot
medicine. Its success is based upon it)
intrinsic merit. Hood's
The One True Blood Pnrifier. fl;6forf5.
g worws tain niUMKST AWARD.
g 'rLT-a X It TTTX W
IflUCAIN U lvl
ilsPure and unsweetened;
and can be retained by:
the weakest stomach.
A safe, easily digested
FOOD for DYSPEPTICS!
SM by DRUGGISTS EVERYWHERE t
Joan carle & Sons. New York.
The Greatest fledical Discovery
of the Age.
' NIULI KEMCDy, Of ROXMNir, MASS.,
Has discovered in one of our common
pasture weeds a remedy that cures every
kind of Humor, from the worst Scrofula
down to a common Pimple.
He lias tried it in over eleven hundred
cases, and neer failed except in two cases
(both thunder humor). He has now in his
possesion uer two hundred tertiiicates
of iis value, all within twenty miles of
Boston. Sen J Xstal card for book.
A beneiit is always experienced from
the tirst bottle, and a perfect cure is war
ranted when tiie right quantity is taken.
When the lungs are affected it causes
shooting pains, like needles passing
through them: the same with the Liver
or Bowels. This is caused by the ducts
bein stopped, and always disappears in a
week after taking it. Read the label.
If the stomach is foul or bilious it will
: cruse squeamis.il feelings at first.
No change oi iliet ever necessary. Eai
the best you cu j;et. and enough of it
Dose, o:ie taHespoonful in water at bed
. time. Sold bv ail Druggists.
WHY DORT YOU BUY COM?
JlnODVCKKS, ll jour product aud write to u far
informatics how to make lilj: money D the pruned-
IntbenuirUKvoor com on margins, luforn.a
t !i nan J book on tfieruUtinn njFt. C. t". 4 WISaXB
W., ttl LaSaUr SI.. (Van.
CUnun act. biactafiM the hair,
n-unwtcaa taranant naalfe.
ffr nam to Beaton Oraar
Cam nip dinn aair tsUjic
Full business, Shorthand, Pen Art
end Telegraph course. Oldest, Largest
and IJefct in Nebraska. Students can
work for board. lieautiful Catalog1 free.
F. F. ROOSE. Pros, Omaha.
by Modiaz for our wholeaal
ami retail r!ce lirt of Dry
OocUn, ClctliloK. Uroter.eA
IIov: r'smfebta?. Furniture, Clotliinr, rianos
Mnle, Knrnlahlnj; Good. Notions, Jewel rv, LadieV
ssssjk mm nos., caiii, m.
STOVE REPAIR Works
When writing to advertisers, kindly
DAIRY AND POULTRY.
OUR RURAL READERS.
Hew Saeeeaafal Farmer Operate
Department of the Farm A
Htata.aa to the Care ef Uw
HE London (Eng
land) Live Stock
Journal for October
18th contains aa ac
count of the milk
ing trial atthe Lon
don dairy show.
Several quite inter
esting facts jyere
brought oul'in this
trial. There were
126 entries as against
87 last year and 86 in 1893. That shows
that the interest in these trials is in
creasing. A challenge cup, valued at
1250, was put up to be wou. This cup
was wou by a cross-bred Shorthorn
Ayrshire cow seven years old, with a
total of 129.8 point in Iter favor. An
other cross-bred Shorthorn cow came
second with a total of 137.S points.
The morning's and evening's milk of
two days of the show were weighed,
sampled, and analyzed. The milk of
those cows competing in the butter con
test only was taken for one day, separ
ated, and each cow's cream churned
separately. The prizes in the milking
trials were awarded on the number of
points obtained on the quantity of
milk, the. analysis of the same, and
the total number of days since calv
ing. The prizes in the butter yield
contests were awarded on the total
quantity of butter actually obtained out
of each cow's cream by trained butter
makers under the superintendence of
the judges. In the butter trials, the
buttermilk was kept over night, and on
examination showed that there were
great differences in the amount of
cream left in the buttermilk after
churning. In all cases v.'here the milk
showed a high per cent of butter-fat
and a low yield of butter resulted, the
lost butter fat was found in the butter
milk. Another noticeable fact is that there
was an extremely large proportion of
the cows present whose milk showed
less than 3 per cent of butter fat Of
these, nine were Shorthorns out of sev
enteen in this position, two Jerseys,
one Guernsey, four Red Polls, and two
The Live Stock Journal says: "In
view of the fact that all these ani
mals were brought up by their owners
in the belief that they were good cows,
this large proportion is noteworthy."
Whether in England or America, ev
ery time cow owners set about testing
their herds they strike the same amaze
ment those Englishmen did; everybody
wakes up to the fact that they own
altogether too many poor cows. Yet
it may be fairly said that about the
most difficult thing in the world is to
get a dairyman to give his cows a fair
Babcock test for even a month
Too Much nutter Color.
"What is the matter with that but
ter? Do the cows give bloody milk,
and does the blood show in the cream?"
We did not make that butter, that came
from the store. Why in the name of all
that is good makes the creamery man
put in such an overdose of butter color?
It must be because it increases the
weight, the increase costing less than
so much cream.
Years ago, no matter how many any
how it was before any creameries or
butter fat tester either a Arm in New
York manufacturing churns offered
fifty dollars as a premium for the best
essay on butter making. I thought 1
would compete because I had years of
experience under a lady then my wife
who had learned and practiced the art
in Delaware county. New York, one of
the best butter counties in the Empire
state. So, having some use of the pen
and also a little of the English lan
guage, I set to work, commencing with
the empty pail and in the cow yard.
The committee was composed of prac
tical men and also an editor of an agri
cultural journal, Thurber by name. It
seemed to me a long time before they
reached a conclusion. The committee
had debated long and seriously. They
thought me entitled to the premium,
hut because a latly competitor of Jack
sonville, Illinois, had recommended or
advocated butter color, stating the eye
ought to be pleased as well as the taste,
of course I bowed respectfully because
the premium went to a lady. I have
not changed my mind at all. and would
not for $50. The deepest orange color
is to me repulsive, and I cannot help
thinking of oleo when it is placed be
fore me. Corn meal, pumpkins, bran
and carrots, and, if on hand, rutabagas,
or mangolds, with fine hay. red-top and i
clover, will make naturally yellow but
ter which is attractive, rather than re- j
nulsive. Ueo. w. Aiurtreiut in journal
Kavril 1y the IVultry.
Everything that usually goes to the
swill barrel can be turned to more prof
it on the farm if it Is put in proper
condition for feeding the poultry. Po
tato and turnip parings boiled are good
to put with the mixed food. AH table
scraps make the very best of food: even
the meat bones can be crushed, and will
more than pay for the trouble in the in
crease of eggs. The buttermilk used
iu a scalding state or sour or sweet
milk the same add increased nourish
ment to the mixtures mentioned. The
whey when curd is made can also be
utilized the same way. Whole grain
should be fed ai evening. Wheat, bar
ley, buckwheat, corn and rye are valued
as respectively enumerated. The fowls
show a preference for corn, but if fed
too liberally it will make the hens too
fat for profitable egg layers. Of course,
excessive feeding of wheat will have a
like tendency, but in not so quick or so
marked a degree.
There are but few persons who make
a business of raising thoroughbred
poultry alone, but the number is in
creasing each and every year. I have
known men of small means, after they
have proved to their own satisfaction
that they could make a fair profit keep
ing fifty fowls, who have ventured to
increase the number, until enough had
been procured to occupy their whole
time and bring in a good profit and the
expense of living. In a great many in
stances there is a great saving of time
when business is done on a large scale.
Today we can find poultry plants that
require the services of several men,
attending and feeding the fowls, gath
ering and packing the eggs, and get
ting fowls ready for shipment. Taking
the East, West, North and South, poul
try keeping is more generally practiced
than any other business that you could
mention. More people breed poultry
today than can be found in any other
branch of industry. In many cases only
a few fowls are kept to supply the
eggs for the table of a family. The
greatpet number are 1,-ept hy the farm
ew," in fiocks ranging from fifty to
three budrcd. The farmers akould be
the poultry keepers; they have the best
facilities for raising the chickens; they
can take advantage of a sure supply of
insect food, which promotes growth.
There are farmers who-raise poultry
more or less, as a source of Income;
and this Income, though it seems
small, helps to obtain many a thing
without which there would be discom
fort The importance of this branch of
industry must be recognized by every
one who likes good fare; take away the
eggs and see how many dishes would
be spoiled. The poultry interest is so
much scattered that its value is not
properly estimated. Just look at the
new journals that have been bobbing
up all over the United States. People
at large are better informed in regard
to taking care of poultry than our fore
fathers were; they house their fowls
more comfortably. Wealthy people
have taken hold of the business, and it
is this class of people which help along
the "fancy" wonderfully. Poultry will
always be kept, in large or small flocks,
and will always interest a greater num
ber than any other branch of live
stock breeding. Poultry Monthly.
An American Milking Machine.
At the recent dairy convention held
at Waterloo, Iowa, there was exhibited
a milking machine. During the time it
was there it milked eight cows morn
ing and night We had the privilege
of watching the operations of this in
vention. Its arrangement is very sim
ple, the power used in extracting the
milk being suction, the same principle
as that employed by the calf when he
takes his meals. The cows were placed
side by side in the stalls. The air
pump, reservoir and cans were at one
end of the row of stalls. A long rubber
tube ran along in front of the cows,
and from in front of each one of them
a branch tube ran under each cow, the
end of each lateral tube terminating in
a set of four cups, made of rubber and
glass. These four cups are placed over
the teats of each cow, and the pressure
of the air from without keeps them in
place. The air in the central chamber
being exhausted, the pressure of the
air in the udder of the cow forces out
the milk. The cows that were being
milked at Waterloo gave very little
milk, one of the attendants saying that
few of them were giving more than
three pints. The time of milking
varied from eleven to fifteen minutes.
We noticed one of the sceptical specta
tors trying to milk one of the cows after
the machine had completed its work,
and he succeeded in producing some
good sized streams.
The machine is evidently like all
new inventions, capable of 'being im
proved. By use only can its weak
points be discovered and remedied.
We are glad to see it enter the field,
because we believe it has great possi
bilities, and we also believe it to be the
pioneer in clearing the way for the in
troduction of mechanics in the milking
One of the most serious obstacles
in the way of the complete success of
the machine is the cleaning and keep
ing clean of the milking tubes. In the
machine on exhibition the only way
was to run cold water through the
tubes as soon as the milking was com
pleted. The use of hot water or of al
kali water in any form is prohibited
on account of the bad effect it would
have on the rubber of the tubes. Per
haps long use will show the true solu
tion to have been already found, but
it seems very probable that small
globules of fat must accumulate from
milking to milking on the sides and
crevices of the apparatus.
The feeding of fowls and chicks
should not be done in a heedless man
ner, and the food used should be given
for a definite object. Feeding poultry
merely because one thinks they must
be "filled up" before going to roost is
not the idea at all. Proper feeding of
a flock requires good judgment, both as
regards the selection of food and the
time certain kinds should be given, and
why they are more suitable at one sea
son than another. The feeding of
fowls and growing chickens is neces
sarily quite different.
Fowls require food for nourishment,
after they have ceased to grow, and any
amount beyond the bodily require
ments that is given goes to form fat
or eggs. Careful experimenting by in
telligent poultry men has proved be
yond peradventure that certain foods
are required for egg production, and
that, while there are also some foods
that will help egg production, they have
such a fattening tendency that it be
comes necessary to use them sparingly;
otherwise the hens will become too fat
to lay many eggs.
There is also a great difference in
the effect of food upon the various
breeds. The Asiatics are of a sluggish
nature, not much inclined to search
around, if they are too liberally sup
plied with corn, no matter how excel
lent a foraging ground they may have.
Consequently they should not be fed
too much corn in any shape, and if fed
too liberally of it during the hot season
serious loss is apt to occur.
The Spanish breeds are very active,
and apparently take great delight in
foraging over their runs, no matter how
well they are fed. Their activity almost
borders on nervousness, and on this ac
count they can hardly be overfed. -It
is a saying that corn will fatten Asiat
ics like hogs, but that Leghorns will
keep in prime condition if their food
is almost exclusively corn, provided
they have a good run. Ex.
Flax Straw for Feeding. At our
request Harry Snyder, the Min
nesota station chemist made an analy
sis of flax straw, threshed clean, and re
ports as follows: Flax straw is com
posed of water, 4.86 per cent; ash, 3.10;
fat, .89; protein, 4.96; fiber, 61.50; car
bohydrates, 24.G1. Flax straw is richer
in protein than wheat, oat or barley
straw. It is not -as rich in ash as those
straws, which is a point in its favor.
! The flax straw is also dryer. Although
the flax straw has a large amount of fi
ber, wheat straw, as well as the straw
of other grains, contains so much silica
(sand) as to make up for a large por
tion of this difference in fiber. The
flax fiber has the power of absorbing
water and increasing in volume nearly
three times. Hence in feeding flax
straw care should be used so as not to
cause abnormal expansion of the digest
ive organs; in other words, do not let
flax straw be eaten at will, but deal out
such quantities as experience shows
to be safe. Farm, Stock and Home.
A Good Ration Coarse-ground oats,
ground rye and wheat brand would
make a very complete ration mixed as
follows: Two quarts of ground oats,
one quart of ground rye and three
pints of wheat bran. This should be
mixed with boiling water, stirred in
until the mixture has assumed a
crumbly nature, not a sticky one. Feed
while it is about milk warm. This
makes a good morning meal for old
and young. Ground barley can be sub
stituted for the ground rye; boiled po
tatoes can take the place of wheat
bran; so may other boiled vegetables
when alternating the diet Ex.
FARM AND GARDEN.
MATTERS OF INTEREST
Va-te-Data HIatt Abeat
tie at tke San aaS TMaa '
ITHIN THE LAST
three or four
months I have
made several trips
amounting to six
thousand miles, ex
tending through the
states of Indiana,
and into and
through Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee,
Alabama and Georgia.
In these several trips have been a
close observer from the car window,
and though had been over most of the
routes traveled, it was no less inter
esting to me this time, for the diversity
of soil and climatic influences are per
ceptibly noticeable as we pass through
the different sections of country.
No where do the methods of farm
ing present a better appearance of
thrift and home-like surroundings
ttan in sections where diversified
farming is systematically engaged m
from year to year, hy which the farmer
grows as many or nearly all the staple
crcps required to meet the demands
of his own wants, and by converting
the products thus grown to a liighar
rate of values ready for use. such as
beef, pork, mutton, poultry, eggs, but
ter, etc. The all corn, wheat, cotton
or what not class of farmers are us
ually more dependent upon others and
the uncertainties of market influences
that cause an unhappy condition in
The crops in localities appeared to be
exceptionally good, but in many, short
to a very poor crop, and belie 7e the corn
crop has been very much overestimat
ed by the reports. Cera is selling too
low to be of any practical value to the
producer in districts where 10 cents
per bushel is as much as it now com
mands. Of a middle states farmer it has been
said, "plenty of corn, plenty of every
thing," which I would take to mean h?
has plenty of cheap food to allow lib
eral feeding for the arious kinds of
stock, converting it Into many useful
articles necessary for "getting on
In some sections of the West corn does
not mean so much for the situation or
the producer has not the advantages of
obtaining those results, and Is com
pelled to submit to the inevitable by
taking what ever he can get after
freight and commission are paid.
Miello, in Farmer's Review.
The dead plant is prepared for feed
ing the growing plant through the ac
tion of microdemes or bacteria or, to
use a name that will become general
among farmers, ferments; low orders of
plant life similar to what raises bread
or ripens cream. There is much to learn
regarding the processes, but it has been
fairly well settled that each successive
step is taken by a different living or
ganism. The practical value of this
comes from the necessary conditions to
have the dead plant manure changed
to soluble plant food and this is under
the control of the farmer. According
to Warrington ammonia is made first,
nitrites next, then nitrates. The plant
may feed on all of them, as all are
fcoluble, but the organisms may change
ammonia and nitrites to nitrates before
the plant feeds upon them, as condi
tions favorable to plant growth favor
nitrification, that is, heat aud moisture
suitable, together with the ingredients
necessary to form the nitrates, which
manure supplies. Light is not favor
able to nitrification. So we conclude
that manure spread on the surface in
dry weather must wait until rains
wash it into the soil. If it Is put on
lightly, in the spring, grass may cover
and shade it so that the organisms can
work. If manure is plowed under in
our soil from four to six inches the
moisture and heat will be suitable for
forming nitrates or soluable plant food.
If manure is packed solidly in a pit it
will not nitrify if kept wet and cold,
and if put in a great heap in winter,
while the weather is cold it will not
produce nitrates until turned over in
the spring, because the oxygen in the
air is a necessity in the process. A
heap of manure left in the barnyard
all summer will waste on the outside,
because it gets too much air. while at
some distance from the outside it will
have proper conditions for nitrification,
and when rains come they will dissolve
the nitrates and wash the solution
away. So manure heaps carried over
should be covered to avoid this, and
kept moist and cool to prevent fire
fanging or loss of ammonia in gaseous
shape. A loose heap of manure will
thus waste away, and in the fall a
load of it is of no more value, if as
much, than a load of green manure.
We must then spread the green manure
at once on the surface or plow it un
der, or put it in condition to make ni
trates and then keep the rains off.
It is not practical to put manure in
cold storage, nor to build houses for
it. The best we can do is to put the
fresh manure on the land. There is
no loss from sun drying, and when
rains come they Mill wash It into the
soil, where the ferments can reduce it
to plant food. Prof. James Wilson.
Value of Farm Products.
The annual report of the secre
tary of agriculture, which has just been
issued, states that the farm products
for the year ending June 30 last are
estimated to be worth $2,300,000,
000. The products of these farms
were not ouly sufficient to feed
all the town and city populations and
a large number of people in the rural
districts whose attention and energies
were devoted to other occupations than
agricultural pursuits, but there was
enough of a surplus to export to the
value of $553,215,347, 75 per cent going
to European countries. The agricult
ural exports of the country constituted
69.6S per cent of the whole.
The secretary of agriculture estimates
that there are 40,000,000 of the total
population who do not live on farms, so
that one-third of the population only
was engaged in producing the vast
amount indicated by the figures given.
The year covered by the report, com
paratively speaking, was not a good one
for the farmers. In many sections of
the west there was a total failure ot
crops in consequence of long-continued
drouths, so that a much better showing
would have been made had the year
been an average one.
Forestry In India.
Government forestry seems to be a
success in India. The inspector-general
of forests for India is now in this
country and he gives an interesting
account of the management in that
country. He says it has taken eighteen
yeats of legislation to get the kind of
laws needed, but they have succeeded.
Now the permanency of the -big
forests is assured aud the government
--f ---- ' - ''g-a-- Vn. T 1 r" ' - ''-""" m)mvrt''r'" 'I".' """
r?ac33?gragcgssig!'sraaM 1 1 -naargw aaar.rMI irn fi ' y-l- ,TfVi. rr.r i. i'" tw i Tl i Z-
will get a handsome Income from taeam.
The government is gradually obtaining
possession, of all the forest lands and
now has 80,000 square miles of wooded
country under supervision. The gov
ernment at intervals gives notice that
It Intends to take a certain piece of
forest land so many miles, in sise, and
claimants have six months in which to
appear and prove their claims. An in
dividual or town, probably, has a de
scriptive right to take building timber
from the forest in question. That
right Is proved and settled perma
nently, and thereafter only such trees
as are marked by the inspector can
be cut In Burmah alone there are
over 1,000 different kinds of forest
trees and the study there is to propa
gate the valuable species and weed out
those that are not Rural Life.
Tillage and Fertility The fact thai
the rocky particles of the soil are the
source of phosphoric acid and nitrogen,
and that they are .derived by dissolving
of the rock, makes tillage a source ot
fertility, since it tends to the more
rapid disintegration of these rocky par
ticles. If these particles were as easily
dissolved as the grains of sugar or
salt, our soil resource would sooner be
destroyed by excess of moisture or by
too frequent cultivation. One of the
great sources of depletion of soil is the
too frequent cropping, which means
double or triple depletion. First, the
crop, be it hay, grain, wool, meat or
milk, taken from the farm, removes
fertility. Second, the tillage unlocks
the phosphoric acid and potash from
the rock, and makes a larger portion
available for the plants. Third, the
land left bare much of the year declines
in the per cent of nitrates. This last is
a more important source of loss than is
Fill Up the Holes. Has any reader
ever tried Dr. Braden'e plan for im
proving muddy roads by covering the
low places with straw, coarse hay,
weeds or other such trash? We thought
the idea worth trying in places where
marsh grass abounds, on the borders of
sloughs. A large amount of such fill
ing could be applied very easily and
cheaply there, and if it is found to
do the work satisfactorily, as we think
it will, it would be another case in
which nature provides an easy remedy
for the ailments she permits to befall
us. The plant whose root cures snake
bite is said to grow always in places
where venomous serpents abound.
Where bad roads are apt to be In their
worst condition, In the low ground, the
reeds and the tough, coarse grasses do
most abound. Let us give this cheap
road .material a trial before we laugh
at it as foolish to think seriously about
Cork Trees in Georgia A Georgia
correspondent of the Galveston News
says: About thirty-five years ago sev
eral young cork trees were sent here by
the government and set out to test
their adaptability to this climate. Three
or four are yet living, but the largest
one is in the front yard of the Jack
son house, being two feet or more in
diameter. Last week it wa-s stripped ot
its bark around the trunk under the
direction of Colonel Richard L. Warth
en, who manifests great interest in trees
of all varieties, and samples of the'
cork will be forwarded to the agri
cultural department at Washington and
to the Atlanta exposition. The bark, or
cork, is two and a half inches thick,
end is good material. Colonel War th
en, who has studied tbe matter closely,
is confident that this is th first tree
that cork has ever "icon taken from in
the United States.
Fertility Fertility Is not only that
which can be hauled in a cart and
spread with a fork. It is mainly in
visible, and results from wise handling
of the means at hand. He alone is
worthy of the name of husbandman who
husbands his resources of soil as well
as of produce and capital. He can pro
duce paying crops and keep up the fer
tility of soil and even increase it. It
is cheaper in the long run to cover the
soil much with clover and the grasses
than to waste fertility by exposing it
to constant wear and waste, and then
attempt to buy it back from the factory
or ship it in from the islands of the
sea or quarry it from the nitre beds of
Chili or the phosphate mines of the
South or through the potash syndicate
of Germany. Farm News.
Profit in Apples. Apples pay if the
producer can get 20 cents a bushel for
them on the tree. The only hope of
making the raising of fruit pay is to
ship it to Europe, where good apples
are scarce. For this purpose the ut
most care must be observed in packing.
The rest of the crop that cannot be con
sumed at home and made into cider,
cider jelly and vinegar can be fed prof
itably to live stock. Apple-fed pork is
a delicacy. The people of the United
States, too, ought to eat more apples
than they do. Nothing is more con
ducive to health and long life. This
year they will have a chance to indulge
their appetities with the choicest fruit,
which is abundant Ex.
Cultivated or Uncultivated Trees.
The Nebraska agricultural sta
tion has issued a bulletin from
which the following practicable con
clusions are drawn. Trees in cultivat
ed ground have darker and more vig
orous foliage than those in sod ground,
with less yellowing, dropping of leaves
or wilting in hot, windy days. Apples
averaged fourteen per cent greater
weight on cultivated than on pasture
land, and 17 per cent greater than on
mowed land. As to moisture, for every
100 barrels of water In twenty inches
depth of soil or sod land, there were 140
in cultivated land. Evaporation, as
anyone might suppose, was found pro
portionate to the velocity of wind.
Apples in Missouri. Missouri
is claiming to be a formidable rival fo
the best known apple growing states.
Apples are a surer growth in Missouri
than in either New Ycrk or Michigan
because of the milder climate, it is
asserted. In the Ozark country the crop
has failed only three times in the past
twenty-five years. This year Missouri
alone will furnish from $12,000,000 to
$15,000,000 worth. Orchards of hun
dreds of acres are no great novelty in
the prolific Ozark country. Ex-Secretary
of Agriculture Norman J. Colman has
6,000 pear trees and 2,000 apple trees,
the latter bending under the heaviest
yield they have ever borne. Ex.
A Perpetual Study. Farming is a
perpetual study When we get to work
we often think we cannot take time for
study; but we must study hard if we
expect to make our mark. I believe a
good way for young persons who cannot
attend college to get an education
would be to take from one-fourth to
one-half of their time for study and
the rest for muscular labor. Corres
pondent Mirror and Farmer.
Edward Atkinson says that the
product of the hen mines is greater in
value than the product of the Iron fur
nace; is about twiciUhe value of the
wool product, and three or four times
the value of our output of silver. While
ihe rainets .f silver own our senators,
he asks who crows for the American
hen in the halls of congress? Ex.
WHEBJE DID TdtT GT TOM COFFCKf
Had the Ladies' Aid Society of oar
Church out for tea. forty of them, aud
all pronounced the German Coffeeberry
equal to Rio! Salzer's catalogue tells
you all about it! 35 packages Earliest
vegetable seeds $1.00 post paid.
If yoa wttl eat tala eat and aeaa
with 15c stamps to John A. Salxer 8eed
Co., La Crosse, Wis., you will get free a
package of above great coffee seed and
our 148 page catalogue! Catalogue alone
Spoiled the Point.
Capt John Codman confesses to hav
ing been tripped up by members of an
audience out in Utah before whom he
was arguing- in favor of free wool.
"Free wool," he said, "will advance the
price of domestic wool. The demand
for a manufactured article increases the
demand for all its ingredients. Many
cloths and carpets require an admix
ture of foreign and domestic wool; so
that the more foreign wool used the
more domestic wool will be needed.
Take punch, for example. To make it
you require lemon, sugar, rum and wa
ter " Here he was interrupted with:
"Oh, h : we don't want any water
in ours!" Then, Capt Codman changed
the subject Boston Herald.
Very Itlch Indeed
in the elements that supply the liumaii sys
tem with bone, muscle and brain substance
is a circulation fertilzed with the supreme
tonic. Hostetter's Stomach Bitters, which
begets thorough assimilation and divotlnn,
ami gives a healthful impulse to crery
functioB of the body. Dyspeptic and weakly
persons Rive strong testimony in its behalf,
so do those troubled witii billiousnev. ma
laria, rheumatism, constipation and inac
'.ivity of the kidneys.
"I can't imagine what grounds you
have for calling Dodger an all around
"You can't, eh? Why he got all
around the tariff question: he got all
around the temperance question and
coinage question without touching any
of them." Indianapolis Journal.
A fiord Idea.
The Omaha Weekly World-Herald
has struck another novel Idea for in
creasing its circulation by offering large
prizes to those new subscribers who
censtruct the shortest sentence contain
ing all the letters of the alphabet
This is sort of reverse of last year's
prize contest, when the object was to
construct the largest number of words
out of certain letters.
It will be interesting to note how
short a sentence can be made and still
contain all the twenty-six letters in the
alphabet. The trouble, of course, will
Le to get in such letters as x. y, z and q.
Ex-Congressman Bryan, who edits
Ihe paper and preaches free silver coin
age, must have a good inventive genius
'.o devise these novel schemes.
The .In tier's Musical Instrument.
A new typewriter story comes from
India. It appears that one of the Eng
lish judges in India was an expert on
the machine, and it occurred to him to
use it for the making of judicial notes.
The machine was conveyed into court,
when a certain novelty was imparted
to the proceedings by the click of the
keys and the tinkle of the bell which
indicated that a
line had been com
pleted. The prisoner was found guilty
and sentenced. Promptly hcappeuled,
on the ground that, instead of libten
inir to the evidence, the judge had
whilcd away his time by playing on a
musical instrument This, was a tech
nicality as well as a typewriter, and
quite a good enough reason for a bad
man to get a new trial.
State of Ohio, City of Toledo, Lucas
Frank J. Cheney makes oath that he
Is the senior partner of the firm of F.
J. Cheney & Co.. doing- business In the
City of Toledo, County and State afore
said, and that said firm will pay the
Bum of One Hundred Dollars for each
and every case of Catarrh that cannot
be cured by the use of Hall's Catarrh
Cure. FRANK J. CHENEY.
Sworn to before me and subscribed in
my presence this 6th day of December,
A. D. 1886. A. W. OLEASON.
(Seal.) Notary Public.
Hall's Catarrh Cure Is taken internal
Ir and acts directly on the blood and
mucous surfaces of th system. Send
for testimonials, free.
F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O.
Sold by druggists; 75c.
Hall's Family Pills, 25c.
Information From tho Teacher.
The teacher was asking questions
teachers are quite apt to ask questions,
and they sometimes receive curious an
swers. This question was as follows:
"Now, pupils, how many months
have twenty-eight days?"
"All of them, teacher,'" replied the
bov on the front seat. Utica Observer.
Foit Irritation or tiik Tiikoit caused in
fold or tiseof the voice -Brown's Bronchial
Troches" are exceedingly beneficial.
Xo man can serve
have tried to.
two masters, hut ail
' Map of the United Mates.
1 be wall map issued hy the Burlington
Route is three feet wMo by four feet Ions:
is printed in seven colors: is mounted on
rollers; fcows every state, county, impor
tant town and railroad in the Union and
forms a very desirable and useful adjunct
to any household or business estab.i-hmcnt.
Furcbnsed ia large quantities, the ma; s
cost the Burlington Route more than fifteen
cents each, but on receipt of that amount
in stamps the undersigned will Le pleased
to send you one.
Write" imniediate'y, as the supply is
limited. J. Fkancw,
t. r. & T. A. Burlington Route.
If man were less imaginative, woman
would Le less attractive.
There is more than one food
which will cause the body to
increase in weight. A free
supply of sugar will do this;
so will the starchy foods;
cream, and some other fats.
But to become fleshy, and yet
remain in poor health, is not
what you want. Cod-liver oil
increases the weight because
it is a fat-producing food. But
it does far more than this. It
alters, or changes, the pro
cesses of nutrition, restoring
the normal functions of the
various organs and tissues.
cf Cod-liver Oil, vith hypo
phosphites, is pure cod-liver
in a digested condition. So
that, when a person gains in
weight from taking Scott's
Emulsion, it is because of tvo
things: First, the oil has
acted as a fat-producing food;
and, second, it has restored
to the body a healthy condi
tion. Such an improvement
is permanent: comes to stay.
SCOTT'S EMULSION has been endorsed
by the medical profession for twenty years.
Askyonr dector.) This is because it is
always fjaaltclra.y uniform always
contains the pure: Norwegian CoJ-iiver Oil
Put up in jo-cent and $t.oo sizes. The small
size may be enough to cure ycur cough or
help your baby.
Tfce Jaaaaeaa Koso.
In Japan the nose is the oaly feature
which attracts attention. The nose de
termines the beauty or ugliness of the
face, according as it is big- or small.
This is probably dae to the fact that
differences in noses constitute about
the only distinction between one
Japanese face and another. In Japan
a lady who has a huge, proboscis is
always a great beauty and a reigning
belle. Tacoma Ledger.
la OMea Tli
People overlooked the importance of
permanently beneficial effects and were
satisfied with transient action; but now
that it is generally known that Syrup of
Figs will permanently cure habitual con
stipation, well-informed people will not buy
other laxatives, which act for a time, but
finally injure the system.
The devil tuds it hard to get a foothold
in the home where love is kin?.
Marriage is a mortgage that cannot be
determined except by death or divorce.
"Xaasea's Magte Osn Sato."
Wamtrtwl to ran or money refunded. Ask yJT
dracKbtfurit. l'rice 13 cento.
The woman who hates
in house ceaninp.
dirt a'so believes
It the Baby u Cutting Teetn.
3nre and tie that oM and well-tried rnned.r, Sfsa.
A'ixujOW' Soothixo Strvp for Children Teethlne-
Be sure to brirweS-
and no other, font is
ine largest piece
of Goo a tobacco
ever sold for
Br JrPT 1
." A Wk.
ureat prize contest.
1st Prize, KNABE PIANO, style "P"
2d Prize, Cash, -
3d Prize, Cash, -
10 Cash Prizes, each $20, - -
15 Cash Prizes, each $10,
28 Prizes, .... $1300
Th first prize will bo "riven to tiie person who constructs tin shortest
sontcnc in English, containing all the letters in the alphabet. The other
prizes will go in regular order to those competitors whose sentences stand
next in point of brevitv.
The lenutli of :t sentence is to be measured by the number of letters it
contains, and each contestant must indicate by fiure3 at the cios of his
sentence just how Ions it is. The sentence must have some uieuniiur.
Geographical names and nann-s of persons cannot be used. The contest
closes February l."th, ISM, and the results will be published one wrek
later. In case two or more prie-winninj: sentences are equally short the
one first received will be fj'ven preference. Every competitor whrrve
sentence is less than 11(5 letters in length will receive Wilkie Collins' work
in paper cover, including twelve complete novels, whether he wins a prize
or not. o contestant can enter more
other competitors. Residents of Omaha are not permitted to take
part, directly or indirectly, in this contest.
This remarkablv liberal oiler is
of which the distinguished x-coii!p'SMn:ni,
msm J. BRYAH, is Editor.
and it is required that each competing sentence be enclosed with one dollar
for a year's subscription. The Wkkki.v Wokld-IIkkamj is issued in vmi
weekly sections, and hence h nearly good a a dailj. It, is ihe western
champion of free silver coinage and the leading family newspaper of
Weekiy World-Herald, OmaHa. NcD.
STEEL WE8 PICKET FENCE.
Aloo CABLED rOlLTKV. K.tRBKS . KAKallT KMr.
We manufacture comf'i line uf io:oe:h Wire 1'erxinif ami snrante every artlela to be as rcyie-
ectrU If you runsluer quality w can ae you money.
De Kalb Fence Co.,
Cures Whera AH Else Fails.
TATKS GOOD. USE IX TXMR
ST. JACOBS WL
ACmfOTIITt r.O. Aim n!f tvt amfara
In IwlU oaBM.i)taaso it has reduced t cot of
w l. wou K was. Jt bus maw branch
aou suppim iu zwna ana repairs
trow door. Una and dot. tunilsh a
, DHtar article (or !. moarj than
ctlitrs. It makes Pumping ar.it
(frarrd. Sterl. OArantsedaner.
Coiliclrtlun Windmill. Tlltlnc
sad FUrU Sierl Tawrn. Stpol KqmMw
frarats. Strel 1'mt Cut:e ami rmi
Grinders. hi application It Kilt name on:
cf Utese articles tluC li tvlll turnu: until
lat at 13 the usaal aricfi. Tt sLui msk
Tanks aad Poaips of all Hurts. s?sd for catal.-vjvft.
Nrtarj; tttft. Kadnrcli ssJ nScerc Stretta. Ctkai.
Examination and Advice a to ratrntabilitr ot
tnvration. Sdi1 for'MiiYentorV;nid-. nrllow toGct
afatcnt." PX23BT 3?Ji2S2Li. TTA322T5TCT. 8. 8.
Morphine Habit Carrtt ia 10
to XOday. Nopay tJlNurrtt.
OR. J. STEPHENS, Lebanon.Oiuo.
The Breakfast Cocoa
Walter Baker & Co. lm
COSTS LESS THAN ONE CENT A CUR
ALWAYS ASK YOUR GROCER FOR
WALTER BAKER ctCOS. BREAKFAST COCOA
MADE AT DORCHSTR,MASS.iT DEARS
THEIR TRADE MRa LA BEUE CHOCOLATIERE
ON EVERY CAN.
T AM Pi
than one sentence nor combine with
take any R
made bv the kkkly N 0!:lu-I
I ! i ! i : i I ! i
i i i
i i t i
CABLED FIELD AND H06
1 2 1 High Street
DE KALB, ILL.
I (Irmly btieva that Piso's
Cure kept tn front bnv.'ng
quick ConMzmr tton. .Ir?.
eaver ; !
H. I. IAKI.ING. V
Meadow, N. Y., Juno IS, J80.
BfcO i uyy
50T.l BY DKUG81 -i'IN:
.-a ifJ5n M,;
n w i -. i.i
zr. ct Ijj!
- - - -'-: -Tf-
"Mtng&CTargeJg? -J:U-' $ JUJt
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