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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 1, 1896)
There is a 7-year-old youngster on
East avenue who makes life miserable
for his governess. He is fnll of mis
chief, and tries the patience of his
teacher to an extent that at times bor-
dcrs on desperation. Yesterday the
youngster was unusually obtuse and
cantankerous. Finally the governess,
losing the last vestige of patience, pro-
ceeded to apply a slight corporal cbas-
- tisement as a curative, after which she
, administered a solemn sermon for the
youngster's benefit. "Now, Willie,"
-she said, in concluding the lecture,
"you must remember this, that at all
. times you should respect your teacher."
-Yes'm,' sobbed Willie, duly im
pressed," I 'spose I'd ought to respect
, you on account of your age." Roches
. ter Union. "
Fire! Fire! That Irrmdful Cry
1 fraught with iuiDort doubly dire to the
unhappy man who beholds his dwelling or
his warehouse feeding the devouring ele
ment iininsutcd. Happily most people who
an. insure everything but hea.tlt. Nine
tent h- or us neglect the preeri ation of tills
when it Kin palpable jeopardy. Incipient
indigestion. llcr eoniplaint. l:i grippe, in
action tf the Wicneys and bladder and ma
laria aie all counteracted by HostettarV
Kipling in a "Ladies'" Journal.
The following story is reprinted from
the Cambridge Tribune: Mr. Itudyard
Kipling, rather against his will, was
induced through the all-potent influ
ence of a check for a very considerable
sum, to write a story of Indian life for
a ladies' paper of large circulation in
Philadelphia. The MS. was forwarded
by the author and in due time its re
ceipt was acknowledged in a letter, in
which the editor said that it was the
unvarying rule of their journal not to
permit the name of any intoxicating
beverage to be used in arsicles publish
ed in their columns. "And." continued
the editor, "I regret to observe that
two of your characters at one point in
your sketch are said to have consumed
:i bottle of champagne between them."
-To this Mr. Kipling responded in
righteous indignation. "Strike out
'champagne' and make it Mellins
l"ood; I observe the manufacturers ad
vertise with you!"'
HOW TO MAKE MONEY.
Jilt Kiiitok: Tell others of mv Miccess.
Ilf iten jean, farming and hustling di-couraaed
me. My cousin made 3.uU last year pUtiog
" Lildoware, jewelry, etc 1 ordered an outlit
irom firay & Co.. Plating Works Dcpt.. 18.
;'.iimtti-, O. It was complete, all materials,
formulas, trade secrets and instructions. They
teach agents free. Goods easy plated, nice as
new. guaranteed ten years. Made S3S Unit
nee!;, fl? second. ?JC3 Jlrst month. et all work
1 tan do: brother made tTo sellin? outfits.
Write liriu for sample. B P. SHAW.
: arc now imported from
into England in scaled tin cans,
in this country are used by
cooks, and the advantages claimed for
the S3'stcm are freedom from damage
in transport and long keeping quali
ties. Each can contains the contents
of one thousand to one thousand live
hundred shells. Great care is necessa
ry in selecting the eggs to be preserv
ed, as one bad one will spoil the whole
And pains of rheumatism can be cured
by removing the cause, lactic acid in the
blood. Hood's Sarsa pari 11m cures rheu
matism by neutralizing this acid. Gc
Hood's Pills are uiild and effective. 23c.
a -- ......... , ,
The Greatest riedical Discovery
of the Age.
MKALO KENKEOY, OF MXMJOT, MASS..
Has discmered in one of our common
pasture weeds a remedy that cures exery
kind uf Humor, from the worst Scrofula
down to a common Pimple.
He has tried it in oer eleven hundred
cases, and never failed except in two cases
(both thunder humor). He lias now in his
possession over two hundred certificates
of its value, all within twenty miles of
Boston. &nd postal card for book.
A benefit is always experienced from
the first bottle, and a perfect cure is war
ranted when the right quantity is taken.
When the luntjs r.re affected it causes
shooting pains, like needles passing
through them; the same with the Liver
r Bowels. This i; caused by the ducts
being stopped, and always disappears in a
week a'ter taki::g it. Read the label.
If the stomach i tout or bilious it will
cuse squeamish feelings at first.
No change of diet eier necessary. Eat
the best jou cxt get, and enough of it
Dose, one tablespoonful in water at bed
time. Sold bv all Druggists.
Positively Cured with Vegetable Remedies
llaie cuip-J thoit-andj vt ca-e-. Cure cac iro
ruuitrcd h..pele- br lien phji-iciaiis. t-n.r.i Hrt do-e
Muilomidiaiiear; in ton uay at Iet tw-i!iiri3
nil t-jrantinn irmoieJ. SeuJ lor fre lxok tevtimo
m.ls ofmliwcnlousciire-v. Ten day's, treatment reo
l'T :m:U If you or.ler trial wnd l.fc in tani;is to iav
iswtace. I!:. II. H. Krirv & kn Atlanta. . li
jou order fial return t!ii adierucmea. to us.
THE AKRMOTOn CO. dew half the wriin
Trtariciin bjsi;as, te-an.vi it has reduced Uw cost of
mod po-.se? to 1.1, tu itTtas.e H has man brs'ich
souse, ami sarcmes its zuuds and reioirs
. mtjuuruoor. it can ana daes furnish a
. bolter article tor Ins niooej than
other?. 1; makes limping ssd
ItiesmL Steel. tialvanrad alter-
(Vrninutiim Windmills. Tiliin"
ant Filed Steel l.wnriSlivl Ruzz.sUnr
Unifies. Steel Ifa Caters and Feed
i Grinders. On application it will name ons
'f the-P articles that It Trill furnish until
3Kossrj 1st a; 13 tho uroat price. It aim icakes
Taris sad Pumps of ail ktaa. jsesi tor caaiocre.
taOKj: Kfi. BkIcwcU scd nilaoce Streets. Cbkar
C!tnct acd btasttfica the bale.
.v.iavia-ai a (OAUIWU IIVW1U,
Hever Falla to Beatorc Ozar
Cum aealp duraac A Lair taUuir.
aDe.andftlWt Drafti "
WHY DONT YOU BUY COM?
JKOIrcER;, cllj our inxluetanm lite la t. for
infurmation hou to maLe bis mouer on the -eeeiUIn
the pmvhae of roni mi uiargia. luf.jni.a
Ii..nan,l ioLon iecuUti.m rac. . V. i MINaXK
CO., ai Lasiw M fklca.
Examination and Advice aa to ratentabilitv of
Invention. Xeudror"luvrnton'Uuide.orHo toUet
afaten-" "SOSES. CTACTLL. XliSSSBKBS. S. S.
fAATD - WOMEN. '
Full business, Sliorthnnd. I'en Art
and Telepraph course. Oldest, Largest
and Host in Nebraska. Students can
work for board, iicautiful Catalog free.
F. F. ROOSE. Pres, Omaha.
by vendia for or wholesale
aad retail price lit of lrr
lfotl'e FlimtKhlnnE. tiVrtilrnM f.t..kj t.t...
iinnAm- rlhIM i'm . -.
Mn-Je, Fnrpihlnr Uood. Notion., Jem el r, LadieV
Keady-to-War UivnrKaann a lI ...
Cannenta. He. WWIMCW WUQ., HH, Rf
Anba STOVE REPAIR Works
ra far 4 . UaTvat at'
(rpW BaMtCarna in ij
W. N. U., OMAHA, 52, 1895.
When writing to advertisers, mention
M IiMml ttoMfcy iraTintW
FARM AND G ARDEN.
MATTERS .OF INTEREST TO
Bom Up-to-Dai HinU About Coltlva
tlew of tbe Sell and Yields Thereof
IlarttcaUars, Viticulture and Ftorl--cultar.
OW LONG SEEDS
will retain their vi
tality eo as to ger
minate and grow
into plants is a dis
puted q u e s t i o a
among men of sci-
Anns. Tm,. vm.cnt:
5 ymUy still believe that
M al v.-heat has been
grown from seed
found in Egyptian
mummy cases. tnd that grain could
he made to sprout from seed found
in Pompeii and Hereulaneuni. An
elaborate and interesting series of
experiments made by Professor
Italo Giglioli of the royal high
school of agriculture, at Portici. near
Naples, as communicated to Nature,
throws considerable light on the mat
ter. The seeds used were put away in
the fall of 1877 and spring of 1878 and
were tested in August, 1894, the long
est time that any had been kept being
a few days less than seventeen years,
and the shortest fifteen years, nine
months and a few days; the average
was about sixteen years and a half.
Lucerne seed was chiefly used and the
results really apply only to that plant,
for the wheat, vetch, corinder and oth
er seeds tried happened to be put into
solutions that proved fatal to lucerne
too. The seeds were put into small
bulbed tubes, into which dry grass
was passed, and the tubes were then
sealed and kept in the dark; others
were put into atohol, ether, chloroform
and other liquids, but the alcoholic so
lutions alone could be tested, as the
other liquids evaporated.
Out of 320 seeds kept in nitrogen,
181 germinated; of 502 kept in arseni
uretted hydrogen, 351 germinated, as
did 224 out of 266 kent in carbon mon
oxide; 40 out of 60 lived that had been
kept In strong alcohol, originally abso
lute. Seeds kept in chloroform, in hy
drogen, in alcoholic solution of phenol,
and in carbon dioxide all died. With
other gases-and solutions the results
were not so decisive: only 2 out of 293
in oxygen lived; 33 out of 509 in chlo
rine and hydrochloric acid; 1 out of
101 lucerne seeds and none out of 50
wheat seeds in sulphuretted hydrogen;
5 out of 609 in nitric oxide. In alco
holic solutions, 16 seeds out of 79 kept
in a solution of corrosive sublimate
germinated; 1 out of 645 in that of sul
phur dioxide;41 out of 583 in that of sul
phuretted hydrogen, and 12 out of 288
in that of nitro oxide.
Many of the germinating plants were
put into flower pots, where they grew
well, flowered and seeded normally.
When the seeds were put away Pro
fessor Giglioli was not aware of the evil
effect of even small proportions of
moisture; he thinks if he had taken
more care in excluding moisture from
the seeds and from the gases, a much
larger number of seeds would have re
tained their vitality. There is no rea
son apparent why the seeds planted
could not have been kept indefinitely
in the solutions without further change.
He has established that, for some seeds,
at least, respiration or exchange with
the surrounding medium is not neces
sary for the preservation of germ life.
There is reason for believing that
living matter may exist in a complete
ly passive state, without any chemical
change, and may maintain its special
properties for an indefinite time, as is
the case with mineral and all lifeless
matter. In experimenting with seeds
from Pompeii and Herculaneum, he
has not yet found any living grain;
they are too much carbonized to ad
mit of much hope, especially those
from Pompeii, which have been ex
posed to the slow action of moisture.
If the seeds found in the granaries of
the "Casa d'Argo" at Herculaneum in
1828 had been planted at once, a fair
test might have been had, as they had
been preserved under favorable condi
tions: it is too late now, as they have
been so loug exposed to light and air.
Barn Cisterns One of the advan
tages of the basement barn is that it
makes easy the construction of a cis
tern to take the water from its roof
and place it convenient for stock sta
bled in it. It is never best to trust to
wells for watering stock. A well near
a stable or bai-nard soon becomes foul
by filtration of water through soil sat
urated with manure. A barn large
enough to hold hay and other proven
der for a large stock will furnish water
from the rain that falls on its roof for
all the stock that can be fed from it.
There should always be a filter in the
faucet to the cistern. Some precau
tions must also be taken to prevent the
cistern from becoming dirty. When
ever threshing is done the barn roof
and the eavc troughs are apt to be filled
with dust. The eave troughs should be
cleaned at such times, and the water
from the first rain after threshing al
lowed to run to the ground before being
diverted to the cistern. With such pre
cautions the barn cistern will keep
pure water for a long time without
need of being cleaned. If the basemest
is a deep one. the water in the cistern
will never freeze over in winter, but
will help to keep frost out of the base
ment. It is a great convenience in very
cold weather to water cows in the base
ment without exposing them to the cold
air outside. Am. Cultivator.
Fall Plowing Sod Ground. Where
there is a heavy old sod of natural
grasses the soil beneath it is to a great
extent protected from freezing. When
once frozen it is equally protected from
thawing until warm weather comes in
spring. In this condition the grass
roots remain uninjured, and when the
sod is turned under in spring they arc
ready to grow. But if the sod is fall
plowed with an open soil surface it
freezes and thaws with the slightest
change in the weather. Before spring
time the soil to the depth of the furrow
will be thoroughly mellowed and many
of the grass roots will be destroyed. It
makes a great deal of difference tn tho
cultivation whether the sod is turned
under in fall or spring. There may be
some loss from blowing cr washing the
surface of fall-plowed sod, but this is
more than balanced by the ease of cul
tivation and the greater availability of
what fertility the sou possesses. Ex.
English Agriculture. At the recent
meeting of the British association, in a
discussion which took place on agricul
tural subjects, the statement was made
by some of the speakers that the Ameri
can method of official publications by
the agricultural department, including
the results obtained at various experi
mental stations, was far ahead in use
of that in any other country, and that,
so far as England was concerned, its
methods for intelligently directing the
farming class as to what they might do
and what they should not do were sim
ply contemptible whn compared with
the opportunities afforded the same
class of people in the United States.
) t -txr
Startla aa Orchard.
The ground for an orchard should
be well and deeply cultivated, and free
from weeds, well drained, if the soil
requires it, and most soils are better
for dralnlng.except sandy or light grav
elly soils with a light subsoil. Such
land may not require draining, but In
every case it should be well worked
and pulverized and enriched before
planting. The work of preparation
must be done during the summer, so
as to be ready for fall or spring plant
ing. Planting In the spring Is pre
ferred, which will enable the trees to
take firm hold of the earth and to re
sist thefrost of next winter, but plant
ing may be done successfully in the
autumn by protecting the trees so as to
prevent the frost from heaving or mis
Select young, healthy and vigirous
trees, and from a reliable nurseryman,
and ir pcsslble from a soil similar to
that in which you intend to plant your
orchard. The different kinds of ap
ples will depend upon your own choice
and the suitability of soil-ana climate.
I should advise that 'the selection be
made from the old, tried and reliable
The distance apart should not be less
than thirty feet, so as to allow the trees
room to spread their branches and to
form a low and spreading head. Close
planting has a tendency to force the
trees to run up, and preventing the
fruit from obtaining its proper color
ing from the sun, and making It more
difficult to gather the fruit. At the dis
tance of thirty feet apart it will require
twenty-nine trees to the acre. Before
planting the tree, remove all bruised
and broken roots by cutting clean with
a sharp knife. Lay out your ground In
straight lines, so that your trees will
be in line each way and at equal dis
tances, thirty feet apart. Wm. Gray.
Thayer Iterry ItuMetin.
For December, 1895.
Any intelligent farmer can grow ripe,
luscious strawberries, ready for pick
ing, at twe cents per quart.
With good cultivation, at least 100
bushels per acre should he grown.
Two hundred bushels per acre is not
an unusual yield and 300 is often pro
duced. Fruit that can be grown so cheaply
and will yield so much, should be con
sidered a necessity in every family. No
one can so well afford to have straw
berries, every day in the season, as the
No one can have them so fresh from
the vines, so ripe, so delicious, and at
so little cost, as the farmer, and yet
as a class none have so few.
The cost of placing berries on the
market depends somewhat on locations
and the manner in which it is done.
For good berries, carefully picked in
clean new boxes, well packed and hon
estly measured, it may be estimated by
the quart as follows:
Cents per Qt.
Cost of growing ready for picking. .2
Cases, packing and delivery 1
Freight or express charges 1
Commission for selling 1
Actual cost on market 8
The commercial grower must receive
his profit, after all these expenses are
Tho farmer may have his berries at
first cost. He saves expense of picking
and piovides a pleasure for his wife
He saves boxes, cases, packing,
freight, express and commission.
Eery farmer in the country and
every owner of a house in the village
should grow "big berries and lots of
them" for family use.
He may thus have them fresh from
the vines in summer, and canned, dried
or preserved for winter.
There is no better food than ripe
There is none more healthful, and at
two or thiee cents per quart there is
A berry garden for next season
should be decided upon at once.
The best preparation for it is the
reading of good books and papers.
Subscribe for them now and thus pro
vide the greatest pleasure for long win
M. A. Thayer.
Peas for Pigs Corn
is not the best
food for young hogs, yet as it is more i
generally grown than any other, and !
is tho cheapest grain feed, it is the sta
ple ration. A diet of peas is much bet-
ter for making growth. As the peas
can be sown broadcast, they need no
cultivating, and the crop may even be
harvested by turning the pigs in and
letting them eat what they will. We
know a farmer who every year grows
three to five acres of field peas. He gets
tne seeu irom canaaa to avoid the pea
bug, but in localities where few peas
have been grown, the pea bug has so far
disappeared for lack of its favorite food
that the pea can be grown for several
years without any trouble from this
source. Onr farmer friend, however,
does not let the hogs harvest tiie peas.
He harvests and threshes them, saving
the pea straw for his sheep in winter.
He usually gets 2o to o0 bushels por
acre, and says the peas cost less per
bushel than the same amount of corn.
He has the peas ground with oats and
corn, and keeps some of tho mixture to
ma i!fts iuk iouonig summer,
r.neu a nine srein leeii coes much
more good than it will in cold weather.
Georgia Peach Orchard. The foun
dation of the orchard of the
Hale, Georgia, Orchard Co., Fort Valley,
Ga., was an old cotton plantation of
900 acres, purchased in the summer of
1S90; and 600 acres were planted with
a little over 109,000 peach trees in the
winter of 1891-92. It is all laid out in '
blocks 1,000 feet long, and 500 feet I
wide, with avenues" running north and !
south .named after the peach growing
states of the union, and streets running
east and west, named after leading
horticulturists of the country, a resi
dent superintendent, thirty or forty
negro assistants and sixteen mules have
kept up most thorough culture for the
past three years. There was a
bloom on the orchard in the spring of
1S94. but a heavy frost the last of
March destroyed all the fruit prospects.
This year, the fourth summer after
planting, all the trees set a full amount
of fruit, and during April and May,
forty to fifty hands were employed ir
thinning out the surplus. Ex. "
Farm Teaching. The New 'Hamp
shire Agricultural college has devised
a plan for diffusing agricultural infor-
mation that is worthy of notice as a
step in the onward march of farm edu-
cation, ine tacuity representine thn
sciences related to agriculture have or
ganized a Kind or lecture bureau to give I
addresses before granges, farmers'
ciuDs. norticuuurai societies ana other i
similar organizations, tne organization
extending the invitation paying mile
age, meals and lodgings, no charge be
ing made for time or services of the lec
turer. About thirty titles of lectures
already prepared are given in the cir
cular announcing the plan, the inviting
organization making its own selection
as to topic and lecturer, of whom there
are ten on the list. Ex.
Valae at Fraataa Waaat.
Land Commissioner Hamilton of the
Canadian Pacific railway has made a
suggestion regarding frosted wheat
which is worthy of being acted upon. He
suggests that a test should be made by
the government as to the milling value
of the different grades of frosted wheat.
He thinks that a practical milling and
baking test of every grade of wheat
from No. 1 hard down, should be made,
and in this way the actual milling val
ue of frosted wheat would be arrived at.
There has been more or less agitation
about the value of frosted wheat. Some
claim that the farmers do not receive
full value for this class of wheat. It
haa been freely asserted that the grain
men take advantage of the appearance
of frost to beat down the price. Some
even go so far as to claim that frosted
wheat is very little damaged for milling
purposes. The general feeling among
the farmers is, that they do not get full
proportionate value for this class of
wheat. On the other hand, the millers,
who are the only people who can speak
with authority on this question, claim
that even slightly frosted wheat is se
riously reduced in quality for milling
purposes, and some of them show their
earnestness in this belief by refusing
to buy wheat that is at all badly dam
aged. The evidence of the miller must
prevail in this matter, unless very
strong evidence Is given to the con
trary. An ociil est, properly and impar
tially carried through, would practical
ly settle tbe question between the mil
ler and the farmer as to the value of
this class of wheat, and it seems desira
ble that it should be made. So far as
the export trade is concerned, practical
experience has shown that more than
value has been paid for frosted wheat in
years past. While the farmers, or at
least those who shout for the farmer,
have been declaring that the farmer
was being cheated in the sale of his
damaged wheat, the exporters have, on
the other hand, Invariably lost money
in handling this class of grain. A vast
sum of money has been sunk in the ex
portation of frosted wheat from Mani
toba in past years, and altogether the
handling of this class of grain has been
disastrous to the grain trade. Winni
The Chemistry of K;g.
Chemistry shows us that a fair-sized
hen's egg weighs about 1,000 grains
600 grains constitute the white, 300 the
yolk and 100 the shell,
The white of'
the hen's egg contains 84.8 per cent of
water, 12 of albumen, 2 of fat, sugar
and membranes, and per cent of min
eral matter. The yolk shows a much
greater degrco of richness than the
white; it contains 51.5 per cent water,
15 of casein and albumen, 30 of oil and
fat, 2.1 coloring matter and extract, and
li per cent of mineral matter. There
fore to produce an egg we must first
have the hen then feed her what she
needs to form eggs.
The hen is literally an egg machine
her chief purpose being the production
of eggs. Like any other kind of ma
chines, she must have the raw material
with which to manufacture her pro-!
diirts HPr instinct toadies her how to
select; all that is necessary is to place
within her reach that which she re
quires, and everything will be well, and
eggs abundant and complete.
To produce an egg, tbe hen must
have a certain kind of food for the yolk,
or fat portion, known as carbonaceous;
and for the white, she needs rich food
in nitrogen, from which she makes al
bumen. For the shell she needs lime
while many other substances enter into
the composition which it is unnecessary
to detail, the omssion of any of them
being detrimental to good work on her
part. Thus, while we may feed a ben
liberally, apparently, by omitting to al
low that which Is needed to complete
the laying process, she may remain idle
for want of a single substance, though
fully supplied with everything else nec
essary. If the productive organs are un
healthy, the whole system and products
are likewise affected. Ex.
Pig growers have found how well the
swine industry goes along with dairy
ing. The skim milk is found very prof
itable for pig feeding, when shorts,
ground wheat, tye, barley or meal is
mixed with it. For the rapid growth
of pigs, shorts are perhaps best, mixed
with skim milk, and cornmeal may be
added when they grow. toward matur-
j ity. Such breeding is the very best for
i rapid development and growth of the
pig, both for early maturity and health-
fulness. Besides, the very best quality
of pork is made by such feeding. The
experiment stations have very thor
oughly demonstrated this. The rule is
a round to one and ahalfpoundsofskim
miiK to a r
und of shorts or other
this kind of mixed farm
ing, any farir may be made more profit
able than by purely grain farming
alone. The fertilizers from the dairy
and the pens arc rich returns to the
farm, and for years past the product o!
both the dairy and the pig pen have
been the most profitable. The two
branches easily go hand in hand to
gether. Indiana Farmer.
Cnt of I'orit.
An experimenter says
bushel of prime corn will
-inu. nnnnris of nork. live weieht. and
.- -- - a;- -,--- .--,fc -,
from this deduction, with corn at 25
cents per bushel, pork will cost the
producer 2 cents per pound. When
corn is worth 34 cents per bushel, pork
will cost the producer 4 cents per
pruud; 50 cent corn, pork 5 cents per
pound. He further says that a pig at
its birth should weigh about 3 pounds,
and increase in weight month after
month as follows:
170, 210, 225 and on. the tenth month
should weigh 300 pounds. Also that the
cost of a pound of pork is 50 per cent
greater if made in the tenth month than
in the fifth month, in food consumed.
Well-Packed Butter There are t
great many butter makers who never
cause dealers any trouble. Their but-
ter is fine, and it is beautifully packed.
Its appearance is always a guarantee
of its excellence, and a dealer takes
pride in showing it to his customers.
If one maker of fancy butter can have
his butter always perfectly packed, an
other maker of fancy butter can do the
same thing, so there seems to be no ex
cuse for the "accidents." Some of these
makers of fancy goods have so estab
lished themselves that consumers know
the shipping days. They know when
the butter will reach the Chicago mar-
ket, and have it ordered in adwance;
or, if they happen to be busy, order
by telephone. It is not necessary for
them to test the butter; they know it is
g00d and are never disappointed. Chi-
Mrs. Rorer says we eat ten times
more than we need; that people should
eat nothing but fruit at noon, and that
her noon lunch comprises six apple;
and five oranges.
Jim Gillenwater of Coon's Eye, Ya..
is only 60, but he doubtless seems pretty
aged to his 13-year-old bride.
ALL FOR IRRIGATION.
IT IS SPREADING AND INCREAS
ING IN STRENGTH.
Report or rrealdeat Fort Before taa Aa
anal Caaveatlaa at Sidney Maca
Work Daaa Evaa Though Condition
Were Unfavorable Segft-catioaa aad
Reroaaaiendatloas that Will Enhance
the Iaterrata of Irrigation.
Irrigation Matters DiaroaaetL
"The third annual convention of the
Nebraska Irrigation association meets
today at Sidney under conditions that
are extremely flattering.
"We see today no unfavorable senti
ment against irrigation that is appa
rent The idea has gone on spreading
and increasing in strength, till the na
tion as a whole is discussing this ques
tion. In a little over two years cvary
vestige of opposition to any questions
relating to the growing of crops by ir
rigation in Nebraska has been over
come. If the people in Nebraska can
point to a more successful movement
ever having been inaugurated, no doubt
the delegates to this convention, who
have met here in the interest of irriga
tion, will be pleased to be informed as
to its character and results. In the
last two years irrigation canals have
been constructed and others ate now
under construction that will have the
capacity to irrigate over 1,000,000 acres
'To the credit of the people
state it can be said that these canals
have been constructed at a time when
conditions were extremely unfavorable,
when both state and nation were pass
ing through a period of rreat financial
depression, when difficulties were many
and obstacles great. This speaks vol
umes for the enerpj grit and business
spirit of the Nebraska people. The
good accomplished shows that no ob
ject that has been advocated by the
association has met with a single fail
ure. Legislation favorable to the de
velopment of irrigation sentiment and
enterprise in the state has been enact
ed by the legislature of Nebraska, and
wc can also congratulate ourselves that
the legislation has met the sanction,
approval and affirmation of the supreme
court of this state. There is yet but
one higher tribunal to hear from, and
wc are here to express onr hopes and
belief that the United States supreme
court on the second Wednesday of
January, imki, in mat cnamueroi inc
capital of the nation, will affirm and
strengthen the decision of the supreme
tribunal of Nebraska.
"Irrigation, as a general proposition,
has attained in this state an over
whelming victory. The future work to
be carried on must be on lines of educa
tion and instruction.
'To carry out the details necessary
to more fully aid in extending the irri
gated area of the state, legislation
favorable to the development of high
land irrigation should be enacted, and
the example of our sister state of Kan
sas should in a greatly modified form
be adopted, hr harmony witli this
suggestion wc would recommend that
:i hill-be presented and recommended to
! at the uextsession of the Nebraska
legislature that, the state irrigation
commission be instructed to select from
the state's school lands now unsold,
lying west of the IGOtli meridian, one
section each in the following locations:
One section on the high lands of the
Republican valley: one on the high
lands of the Platte valley: one on the
similar lands of the Niobrara valley.
Said selection to be made where the
depth of water exceeds 100 feet in order
to demonstrate the practicability of ir
rigation by pumping from wells that
the state be requested to appropriate
S-1,000 for each experimental farm
that said station be continued for a
period of over five years, in order to
demonstrate the practicability of this
S3'stetn. At the end of the time agreed
upon the station and lands be sold to
the highest bidder.
'In the interest of the state a more
stringent and effective lire guard is
also required, and it is also recommend
ed that a bill of this character be in
troduced and passed by the next Ne
braska legislature. As the life of a
natioa is dependent to a great extent
upon its forests, both state and nation
should be appealed to for the enact
ment of favorable forestry laws.
'Resolutions have been introduced
and approved in different irrigation
conventions that have met at different
points in tiie arid and semi-arid por
tions of the country, asking favorable
action from congress in relation to this
question of irrigation.
"Yet with the exception of the Carey
act, that is especially adaped to Wyo
ming, nothing has been done by our
chief legislative organizations to aid
the states of tiie arid and semi-arid
west, in the development and improve
ment of its most important source of
support and wealth. We would recom
mend that a resolution be introduced
and passed, enlarging the area to be
benefitted along the lines proposed,
and it would be an honor and credit on
this convention if it would step aside
from the beaten track that has been
followed Lj- other conventions that
have presented and approved of reso
lutions that are entirely sectional, that
would only benefit that portion of the
country lying west of the 100th merid
ian. "Except an irrigation survey, the
only legislation that we may expert
from congress that may be favorable
will be along the line of appropriations
for reservoirs or surveys for such
works. If we expect the co-operation
of the populous and wealthy east witli
us in this movement wc must include
some portion of that section of the
nation's domain in the area benefited.
"The peop'e of the east will, we be
lieve, co-operate with us in the com
mencement of a movement that will re
sult in the construction of government
reservoirs in not alone the llocky
mountain portion of America, but also
where they will confer fully as much
benefit upon tiie people of the Connec
ticut and Ohio val!es as upon the resi
dents of arid and semi-arid America.
"Resolutions of this character will,
wc believe, accomplish the results we
seel: to attain, if they are properly
pushed and supported by our other
organizations that arc working with us
to accomplish the end we seek to at
tain. In the matter of artesian wells for
irrigation purposes or the legislation
that may be favorable, we will say that
along the valley of the Platte we can
hope but for little work of this charac
ter, owing to the altitude of. this val
ley, that will bring any beneficial re
suits, andN iave, therefore, nothing to
recommend for this portion of the state
subject to legislation.
"There are other details that may be
brought before this convention for its
consideration, that can be discussed
through the committee on resolutions,
and reported to the convention for its
action. We would recommend that the
time for the annual meetings of this
association Lc changed from December
for the holding of said meeting not
awarded to any town unless a nrbposi-
o October of each year, and that bids
Hon carries with it tiie offer to print
proceedings of the convention.
. . . . ..
"Lhe bill introduced iv henatorJ
Thurston of Nebraska, asking that a
school of forestry in connection with
the I'nitcd Mates department of agri
culture be created, should receive the
support and indorsment of this conven
"Of the work performed by the pres
ident during the past year, I desire to
I say that since the enactment of the
laws favorable to irrigation by the Ne
braska legislature, that he has contin
ued the work of education and agiia- I
l tion by delivering lectures whenever
called upon by particv.arorganizatioas
within taa state, lie his the honor of
acting as correspondent for all leading
irrigation journals of the country. He
also is engaged in writing upon this
question for several of the leading farm
journals of America. Lectures were
delivered during the last summer to
audiences in Indiana and Illinois, with
the idea of arousing an interest favora
ble to our section, on this question.
"It is with pleasure that I can say
that I found one very efficient irriga
tion plant at work near Elkhart, Ind.,
and a splendid crop was shown as the
result, where in tbe immediate vicinity
the failures were general from lack of
sufficient rainfall during the last year.
"I believe it is as much a necessity
and duty to carry the work of the gos
pel of irrigation east of the' Mississippi,
the region from whence we receive our
settlers, as to push it energetically in
this state. If we expect to secure from
that portion of the nation emigrants
who will Ecttle upon our irrigated
"Nebraska is naturally a fruit grow
ing state, wherever sufficient moisture
is supplied to the trees. It should be
the work of this organization to push
this branch of agriculture to the front
as one of the important resources of
Lexington was chosen as the place
for holding the next convention.
The committee on resolutions re
ported resolutions on the following
subjects, which were unanimously
adopted by the convention: Establish
ment of .irrigation reservoirs by the
government: the offer of premiums by
the state for the wind mill and other
machinery for raising water from wells
for irrigation purposes; early adjudi
cation by the government of matters
relative to tiie waters of inter-state
rivers; amending the laws regarding
the building of irrigation ditches across
government lands: requesting Sena
tors Thurston and Allen to enter their
names in the United States supreme
court as attorneys in the Wright irri
gation law case, in behalf of the state
of Nebraska; inquiring concerning the
expenditures of moneys heretofore ap
propriated by the government to ad
vance the cause of irrigation and call
ing upon the next legislature to appro
priate money necessary to sink three
test artesian wells; favoring the ced
ing of the abandoned Fort Sidney to
the town of Sidney for educational pur
poses; recommending the incorporation
of the association under the laws of the
state; commending the government for
its interest in the convention as shown
by the presence and address of Hon.
Charles M. Irish, and extending the
thanks of the convention to citizens of
Sidnev and vicinitv for the courtesies
The Army aad Navy Might lie
Hampered la a Conflict.
Washington, Dec. 24. Lieutenant
Niblock, in charge of the naval militia
division of the Navy department, has
called the attention of the authorities
to an emergency apt to arise in case
the military and naval forces should
bo called into joint action. This is
the lack of uniformity in small arms
und signal codes. The army is armed
with the Kragg-Jorgensen rifle of ili
caliber, while the navy has contracted
for a supply of Lee magazine rifles of
2u caliber, so that the same kind of
ammunition will not serve both arms,
and grave mistakes arc apt to occur in
issuing it to the men. He suggests,
in the interest of the naval militia, as
well as on broader grounds, that it
would be well if tho War and Navy
departments would settle, as soon as
practicable, by competitive tests,
which is the better weapon, and stop
at once the making of the less desir
CHEROKEES WANT AID.
Chief llarrlt and a Delegation Determined
to Drive Out the Unite.
Washington, Dee. 2i. A delegation
of Cherokees, headed by Chief Harris,
arrived to-day to ask Congress to pass
legislation that will oust intruders
from the territorj- of the trilc. The
Cherokees have for a long time coin
plained bitterly of the presence of the
whites in their nation, but they are
powerless to expel them without help
from the Government. Not long ago
a bill was passed by the tribal council
forbidding any fnrtiier marriages be
tween whites and Indian women, but
was vetoed by Chief Harris and did not
become a law. The Senate concur
rent resolution suspending the opera
tion of the order for the removal of
the intruders January l was referred
in the House to-day to ti committee
on Indian affairs.
ie ."North Atlantic Cruise (Iff.
Washington. Dec. 2i. The proposed
cruise of the North Atlantic squadron
is off for the present. The departure
of the vessels, if they go at all. will
be contingent upon the arrival at Nor
folk of the cruiser Texas, now in the
vicinity of New York, awaiting the
official trial of her engines. The
squadron is also awaiting the arrival
of the cruiser Maine.
Off of an "I Kowi.
Chicago. Dec. 21. On the Metropol
itan "L" road at Forty-eighth street
and West Harrison, the motorman
lost control of his apparatus and a
combination motor ami passenger ear
crashed over the hmnners and dun n to
tiie street, twenty feet below. .Fohn
Schiller was the only passenger and he
and the iiiotorman and conductor were
NEWS IN BRIEF.
The stocks of seventeen iirms at
ICossea, Texas, were destroyed by lire.
Twelve business houses were de
stroyed by lire at Brookstou, Texas.
A jury has decided that part of the
Shiloh battle-field is worth WOan acre.
William Myers, who was on trial at
Neosho, Ma, for murder, was ac
quitted. The production of the Leadville
mines for lS'.Ci exceeds in value that of
lb.4 by g',0'J(),)()0.
The Missouri State I'niversity Med
ical Department will soon be able to
Fire at Bluefield, W. Va.. destroyed
a hotel. One life was lost and several
persons were injured.
Charles llrnndan, who had been a
fugitive for seventeen years, returned
to his home in Chattanooga and was
C. F. Metzcr of tjuiney was caught
trying to open a safe of the Vander-
booin chair factory. lie is under ar
rest. W. K. Vanderbilt, Russell Sasre and
D. O. Mills are at the head of a move
ment to protect American securities.
The lumbermen of seven Southern
States will meet in Birmingham, Ala.,
January t" to consider an advance in
Mrs. Hester Curtis, aged ".'! years
was found dead in her bed at Lafay
ette, Ind. She had evidently been
murdered by robbers.
It is reported that the British con
suls have been called to Washington
to tell the ambassador the real state
of feeling1 on the question of war.
The Atlantic liner Spree has been
towed off Warden Ledge, where she
was stuck for three days.
Thc Atlantic liner Berlin collided
with and sank the British ship Willow
bark The Wiilowbark'.s crew was
rescued by the Berlin.
Sir AK- Kollitt, president of the
London Chamber of Commerce, says
that mutual concessions should be
made bv the Tnited States and Great
Las Cruces (X. f.) citizens have of-
fered Peter Man
Ceaalderatlea far Bahr.
Saa Francisco Post: A tired looking
little wotaan, with her thin cape
spread ont to protect her harden
from the rain, splashed throagh the
mud on Mission street to a car last
uigjiu iuo uiawurui was cruivaca
with men, who could not find
not find a seat.
but they made way for her and helped
her into the packed car. She stood un
steadily in the aisle, trying to preserve
her balance as the carbamped along.
"Keep still, dear!" she sighed in a
weak, tired voice, as a slight distur
bance under the cape was observable.
"Why don't some of you fellows give
that woman with a baby a seat?"
growled a fat man who was' hanging to
Two or three men sprang up and
each insisted that she take his seat.
She sank into one of the vacant places,
thanked the man who had made way
for her, and a frowsy headed terrier
sprang from under her cape and sat in
her lap while he barked at the fat man.
We offer One Hundred Dollars reward
for any case of Catarrh that cannot be
cured by Hall's 'atarrh Cure.
F. J. CHENEY & CO.. Toledo. O.
We. the undersigned, have known F.
J. Cheney for the last 15 years, and be
lieve him perfectly honorable In all
business transactions, and financially
able to carry out any obligations made
by their firm.
WAL.DING. KLNXAN & MARVIN.
Wholesale Druggists. Tol?3o. Ohio.
Hall's Catarrh Cure Is taken Internal
ly, acting directly upon the blood and
mucous surfaces of the system. Testi
monials sent free.' Price. 75c per bottle.
Sold by all druggists.
Hall's Famlly;Pllls. 13c.
Klectrii-itjr as a Kenaertjr for Baldness.
One of the latest inventions to which
the attention of the public has been
called, and which will probably be
hailed with delight by all baldheaded
men, is an electric cap for the restora
tion of hair to baldhcads, and which is
said to act as a stimulant to prevent
iiair from falling out. The inventor,
Mr. M. W. Taylor, of iM Chestnut
street. Philadelphia, gave an interest
ing exhibition and (est of the apparat
us at his rooms recently. The inven
tion resembles the ordinary traveling
skullcap, and is constructed in such a
manner that a current of electricity is
continually passing through all parts
of -the scalp. The physicians present
at the test agreed that the cap would
be beneficial in eases of overworked
brains, nervous headaches, etc.
A Whole Family Resetted.
North Huron. N. Y. (Special.) O. H.
Sum of this city had nearly become a
physical wreck through excessive use j
of tobacco, and his brother-in-law, ton- j
in-law and father-in-law were also in (
ill health from the same caus The
four men all began taking No-To-lSac
at the same time, and thougu icpi
senting great differences of age and in
firmity, they have not omy been e.viicly
cured of the tobacco habit, but are now
in the best possible physical condition.
The quartette are proud of the icsnlt
and recommend No-To-Bac with the
greatest enthusiasm. Htindreds of to
bacco users are following the example of
the Sum family. '
rant . riaeiari.t.
Theodore Durant, -the criminal of
the century," is a plagiarist as well as ,
a murderer. In literature plagiarism,
is a capital crime. Soon after Durant .
had been sentenced he si id he had
written a poem. The K.xamincr secured I
...... ...1.I.. I....1 fr .. C .. 1. ...... .... .......I. It '
now turns out that the 'poem" was
stolen almost bodily from ''Afl Leones."
previously published in a religious
magazine. The "deadly parallel" clear
ly shows the fraud tf the prisoner. He
merely adapted the original poem to
his uses by changing a word here and
there. San Francisco K.xamincr.
Caea CMgk Balaam
1 tlio oldest and best. It will break up a Cokl qulflk
ertr-iii juitlilnselae. It Is always reliaMr. Trylfa
One Kecleemlne Feature.
"This is a terrible world." said the
misanthrope. "A dreadful world."
"Y-a-a-s." replied Cholly. "it do?
seem so at times. Still, the pwince ot
Wales lives on it. you know." Wash
Si.vjeks asi Aktists Ueseram.t are
users of Brown's Bronchial Troches for
Hoars-eness and Throat Trouble. They
afford instant relief.
lhe department of
dure-: a tolacco with
Lot. in France, pro
nearly S i er tent of
The lending era in trop in (Juecnslnnri is
maize: the lending mineral product is ion!.
If the Ilahy is Cutting Teeta.
'Vs'ire ami . that old and trli tried remwij-, Mas.
IVixsiow's Sootiilno STTtl r for Children Teething-
1 he Chicago Bihe society of Chicago will
soon toiiiuience the erection of a building
in Chicago whirhlill cost atout SJJO.imo.
Billiard tale, second-hand, for sale
(benp. Applv to or address, H.C. Akiv,
'r.ll S. Uth St.. Omaha, o
Ureat Britain niauuiaetures evervyenri
i.'0.iKW.(HW of iron and CSJ.IKNr.OCO of stee!. I
5 SCIATIC A. WARNING I
5 to CTT lArTlRQ HI! DELAY. ND those twinges may f
m USE J M m UnVvLIt? VJlLf TWIST VOUR LEG OUT OF SHAPE.
The great success of the chocolate preparations of
the house of Walter Baker & Co. (established
in 1780) has led
of their name, 4abels, and wrappers. Walter
Baker & Co. are
facturers of pure and high-gr?.de Cocoas and
Chocolates on this continent. No chemicals are
used in their manufactures.
Consumers should ask for, and be sure that
they get, the genuine Walter Baker lc Co.'s goods.
WALTER BAKER & CO., Limited,
1st Prize, KNABE PIANO, style
2d Prize, Cash, ...
3d Prize, Cash, - - - -10
Cash Prizes, each $20, -15
Cash Prizes, each $10,
28 Prizes, - -
The lirst prize will be "riven to the
sentence, in English, containing ail tho
pries will go in regular order to those
next in joint of brevity.
Th JeriKth of a sentence is to b measured by the number of letter
contains and each contestant must
sentence just how lomr it is. The sentence must have some meaning.
Geographical name? and names of persons cannot be used. The contest
closes February l."th. lbJ(, and the results will be published one week
later. In case two or more prize-winning sentences are equally short the
one tirst received will be given preference. Kvery competitor who
sentence is le,s than IIG letters in length will receive Wilkie Collins uorks
in paper cover, including twelve complete novels, whether he wins a pri.c
or not. .No contestant can enter more man one sentence nor combine with j
other competitors. IJesidcnts of Omaha are not permitted to take any Gj
part, directly or indirectly, in this contest. K
This remarkably liberal offer is made by the Wekki.y Woi:i.l-Hei:.m.
of which the distinguished ex-comrressmab. pi
WILLUW J. BRYU, is Editor,
and :t is required that each competing sentence b enclosed with one dollar
for a year's subscription. The Weekly World-Herald is issued in sens'- Dj
weekly sections, and hence is' nearly as good as a daily. It is th western K
champion of free silver coinage and the leading family newspaper ot nl
Nebraska. Address, ' . j3
Weekly World Herald. Onatia. Neb. S
The Madera Mother
feuad that her little ones are improved
mere by the pleasant laxative, Syrup of
Figs, whea in need of hc laxative effect of
a gentle remedy, than bv auv.otlicr. ami
that it is more acceptable to them
- . . , .
dren enjoy it and it benefits them. Tho
iruo rencuy, syrup or Kirs, is manufac
tured by the California Fig Svruu Co..
Contracts for new mail pouche-t lmvo
been awarded to the firm of Cuiu & Co. of
cir Mother aanll at wnjra hap a baa
afrntUof farker't (lime- Tti!. Nihini:ol.
joot for paio. wraknrv. colds, ami sletnilessncsN.
Fortune cannot chan;
bring out what K in u.
;e us. It cnu onlv
Sfr la the tmr l citrc jour t'ar
wltUIlin leromv I: lakes 1 em 4. t i-rfci llr cis
comfort to tbo r.tt. . your dr.iiKWl lor lu IV.
Three clever s-hop iftcrn have I cen ar
rested at Stranton. i'a.. uj-on their own
Piso's Cure for Consumption lias noequnl
as a cough niedieine. K. M. AKiiorr. :t
Seneca St., Buffalo. N. V.. Mnx !. l&'.M. '
woman attends an afternoon
husband Tvi'l wait for supier
iserve Itestorer. oKitsanrrtiirtil,su.
Jfelouacui-rs. Trvaticanil.:trialtMttIrri- t
Sheriff Cannon of KI Keno. Owl . cm ride
17. miles in one direct icn without -ettin;;
outside his jurisdiction.
"Maaaoa's Magio Coxa Salvo."
Warranted to rar or money n?(unil-!. Ak joir
drnggkt for It. l'rioe 11 rents.
Doing rood will te found more rolitnb
in the end than dixKUip: cold.
(Holiday Number.) Full of bright
sketches prose, poetry and illustra
tions by bright writers and artists.
Entirely original, new and entertain
ing. Mailed free to any address on re
ceipt of six (( cents in postage stamps.
Write to Ceo. II. Ileafford. Publisher.
41.1 Old Colon v buildimr. Chicago, 111.
Every land flow in:;
has giants in it.
with milk and honev
Comfort to Californiit.
Yes and economy, too. if um ntrni
the Burlington Konte's Personally Combat
ed once-a-week excursion whic.li leave
Omaha every Thursday mornin'.
Through tourist sleejers Oiuiilin to Snn
Francisco nnd Los Angeles. Second-cln-
See the local ttsent and arrange ntout
tickets and I erth.s. Or. i ite to
.1. Fi:n :s.
C. P. &T A .Omaha, Nel. . .
'lhe man who sits dunn ami wui.s for : .
golden opportunity to I nock at his door
will'need n thick cushion on his dinir
Whip a poorly nourished
horse when he is thoroughly
tired. Me may go laster lor a
' few rods, but his Condition
-g soon the worse for jt Bet
ter stop and give mm iooci.
Food gives force. If you are
thin, without appetite; pale,
because of thin blood; and
easily exhausted ; why further
weaken the body by applying
the whip. Better begin on a
more permanent basis. Take
something which vill build up
the tissues and supply force
to the muscular, digestive, and
of Cod-liver Oil, with hypo
phosphites, meets every de
mand. The cod-liver oil is a
food of great value. It pro
duces muscular, digestive, and
nervous force without the aid
of any whip. Every gain is a
substantial one. The hypo
phosphites give strength and
stability to the nervous sys
tem. The improved appetite,
richer blood, and better flesh
come to stay.
jttst as good is never as good as
to the placing on the market
and unscrupulous imitations
the oldest and largest- mai
- - $1300
person who constructs tip shortest
letters in the alphabet. Th other
competitors whose sentences stand
indicate by hgitre? at the close of his
tv?-J M. J l
i A. Jjf'aSaS.'!kAJlie. i
. c - --. -
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