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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 9, 1895)
-?.?-"-" "SS? v vKd5 A-V.1FjS
-. -v- .
. VfBT T"TOT2f2iiJ
. a yw wnfii,
. The goverasseat has' adopted for the
aseof the navy a new -weapoa. called
the Lee rifle.- It is the lightest fu ever
;. used ia-theoarsay, but is said to be f ally
. j as 'destractive as the Krsgg-Jorjreattteav
'weapon; .with Which the army is now
-'provided. The' Lee rifle -is -oaly -27
. -."inches in length and weighs only eight
- pounds, bst'its power is represented as
'being equal- to CO inches of oak, or
:' three-qnartersofan inch' of steel, with
.-. "'"ji velocity, of about 2.000 feet persec-
-; jand. 'If carries a ballet no larger than.
. i .pea'in.c.ircuinferepce and about a half
. ' inch in length, and' its powers of pene-
-'. tra'ribnis'said to be greater than that
-. :Vof any other rifle, "An estimate of the
. " ;-yelocity'Of.a"-bullet shot- iron this gun
; ' .shows "that it will travel nearly twice
- as fast as sound for .the "distance of
: mile;,.malcing-'it possible that theweap-.
oa. may -bemused with destructive effect
-." at . that 'distance, without, giving any
-., : ' -
. Keep Yoar.Wratber Kye Open.
.. " -. ; fraud loves a-shlning mark. Occasionally
". VpuriousimUaHoBsspringupof Hosfetters
-f'looi'ah hi iters, the Rrrat American family
rtmedjrfor fejiillsand fever, dyspepsia, cob-
Vtipafldn, lulliousue-s nervottsnels. neural-
V Eia:. rheumatism and kidney disorder.
. ': 'i hens Imitatipns are usually fiery local bit
- fersfuU'of-hljilj wjnes. Look .out fQr the
firm sipuature'on tbe renulne label and vff-
- nette of hi. Ucerge.aod tbe .Dragon.
"-".- " : r;
'."-'.'. A National Park.
.. ..An.effort is'to be'made to have set
' 'a tort for .a -national park; 'a -tract of
'. I Jocky. Mountain' foothill land," reach-
': ing from' the Prickly Pear. Canon to the
'- Canadian line, in the western part of.
' .Montana. -:.lt ii said.to have all the.at-
.. .-.-tritctions'of the. Yellowstone, and much
".ftire'ga"m'e,. .which .can .only' be. 'pre-.
. served'- by some 'action'of this kind.
: '-.The.ijumberabd vast-.extent-of tracts
'.-- jnf-latid -already- set. apart .-by. this
- -Vo'untry as parks is- not dreamed of by
- 'the public, there- being no less than
:-. fifteen scattered" through the far west-.
ern states, most of themf orest reserves
jof great site. .. There are three of these
. forest reserves in Alaska, and in" Cali
' fo.rbja there are four.' Our country has
."'. none too much. land.to begin .now to
ivpa&erve some considerable portions of
'. . itorthe'futare and to keep intact all
.;.'po$sibleof the natural wonders.' forests,
-. ' rivers wild game and ': other ' features
"':' :tliat mayribeof 'interest and .value'.-to
- . ebralng generations. .." - '
- - 4 .
-".- " The devil iee to it that a scold never gets
.--' -hoarse. :'--'- -. .
DAIRY AND POULTRY.
OUR RURAL READERS.
Haw "BaceeatTal -Farmer Operate This
Departaaeat at the Farm A Few
' Btata as te the Care 'of Uv Stock
to an ' engine,
the ".fuel." Now,
only enough fuel
M e d i c i n e
s -. " - "...
-..Is -:fuly :as hnMrtalit "and as-beneficial
1. as Spring-Medicine, for at this treason
- there -is Rteat. "danger -to health, ia the
:'afjiug tcirijiciituref'""cold storms, .'ma-
lafiiT: crfas, 'prevalence of fevers .and
other jdiscascs. . All thefcc may be avoided
." tf -Mho. blood jVkcpt pure, the digestion
gtiodand-itodily .health' -vigorous by taking
' t The One True Blood Purifier. " .
.". . -
Hood's Pilis isasaa-a-
Waiitf taker i ft. IWW.
Tha Ttifnt Minhiiin of -
PURE, HIGH CRADC ..
Industrial and Food
HE 'subject is- one
in which' much cap
ital is invested, and
to make the busi
ness pay one has to
give it the closest
1. We have the
cow. -" She must
change the feed in
to milk. The cow
and the- feed to
if . the engine, has
to overcome friction
you get no power, or -if you use tne
fuel to overcome the friction' in two
machines which could be used .in. one
you lose time and fuel, but if you use
this in one machine you realize a profit,
-The same with a cow. We are told that
it takes twcthlrds of what a cow cats
to sustain the system, one-third to pro
duce the milk. The less a cow has -to
travel to' get '"her .feed the greater
amount of. milk per pound of feed.
"I have thought -many, times when I"
have seen cows hurried by men, boys
and-dogs whether the owner ever con
sidered the cost-
2.' The feed and surroundings. '
" The.cow. is like a filter. If you over
tax it by. giving poor feed you soon
wear it. out; besides producing a "poor"
article 'of milk, butter and cheese. .
I believe the seeds of poisoned cheese'
are sown in letting the cow drink stag
nant water," eat fermented food, or
breathe foul air. This much we - do
know, that the best grades of milk pro
ducts are made where the feed.'watcr
and air are of the purest.
" .3. -The care of milk. It is essential
that milk should be well ' aired and :
cooled as soon. as milked to stop thai
tainting or decomposing. See that the j
udder is well cleaned before commene
U this breed the lire, form aad quality
of the Dorking, with earlier maturity.
The hen is a most prolific layer of good
sized eggs, which will almost invariably
be found fertile a point the Dorking
Is very deficient in, as ail prize -breeders
know to their cost The chickens
feather very rapidly and early, but are
nevertheless exceedingly hardy per
haps more so than any except Cochins
and Brahmas and are therefore easily
reared with, little loss. They are em
phatically the fowl for a farmer and
will yield an ample profit on good feed
tag, both in eggs and flesh. Almo.
their only drawback ia their refusal to
' Feeding layers.
We have satisfied ourselves that hens
may be fed too much, to be good layers,
and that they may be fed in. such a
manner that they will not want to' sit
A hen that is poor never wants to sit,
and if she is kept In laying condition
she will-not get "the sitting fever at aU,"
or if at all, not until late in the season.
We have tried feeding Brown Leghorns
all they would eat, while confined, and
.it is not a hard matter to get them fat
enough to get.in the notion of clucking,
though they hardly "ever sit more than
a few days at a time unless they are 4
or 5 years old. -We had a pen of Light.
.Brahmas which we prevented from sit
ting at all until some of them "were two
years old by feeding them carefully,
and we must say they were fine layers
all the time..- They were not as profit
able of course as our Leghorns, because
they ate more and did not lay as well,,
but they were non-sitters while" we fed
them for the purpose of keeping them
from sitting. They got but'very little
corn, but had all the .milk they wanted;
and were lightly fed on wheat screen
ings," oat -meal, .bran and. shorts, -and
other muscle making food. " We have
been very" much' interested in a flock, of
Plymouth Rocks for the. last year, the"
owner of which has taken great care
to feed them properly, and has kept
strict account of the feed they' con
sumed," and"" the eggs they - produced
When the year is finished, we shall give
a full account of the amount of profit
realized from them in -a year. This
flock has been fed" for. eggs,, but with
out trying to prevent them from sit-
FARM AND GAEDEN.
MATTERS OP INTEREST TO
Up-ta-Date Htate Aboat Cattlva
ttoa C the Sett aad Yields Taereef
Hertlealtare, YlUemltare aad Ftori-
I ting, as the owner wanted to raise
I fMfVc-ttti1 hnrl rtnnp so-. . Wf think tho
. , l.....", - - ...- w. .. V ..... VHV
ing to mijk, and do not wet your nanas f Bnowing wiU bc such a Dnef m put
so they will drip in the pail. j t0 sname the man who "claims that
How much milk should a cow give, paltry does not pay. The care has
There are records as high as 18,000 j been onjy such- as any farmer 0r vil
Ibs, of milk per cow in one year, but lager could gve a flock and there"lias
the farmer can get a dairy which will Dcenl,0 attempt at fancy or costly ex
average -6,000 lbs., per cow, and he will periments. The flock Is kept for the
not see the difference in cost of keeping I money there is in them; and the results
between it and one which gives only", win be Taiuable to all who want to
4,000 or 3,500 per cow. Old dairymen know what can De done with only good
. n tr?vv
J- sM- 111
mU i 4vt
Taut inn ' '1f of lh
eTthe kbrtoaad tmwn on ear
tiMt our pUrc of mabufartBi,
vnamclT, vorniMlrr, SITr
u priidMl on cua packacc
-SOLD BY GROCERS EVERYWHERE.'
' ai.TEt Um a CO. LTD.. WROCSTCH, Mm
in rtzo von
.want, ea to Ml
'xht tfide '
. oca to ham m
"of lav wbrela
to nt oar vama
-- 'krala.fuddrr, mai.
- re. ho; Ac "So..
- .n-WMByr.-of tlrea.
- KaaptrnSirc. c..
. - nwxtzs us mnoos
' . (nussrxu)
.-Therttmgett -aod-fmrcH LfS
made. UnlAe other Lye. tt Mac
Sue -powder and packed ia a eaa
kwitb. removable I'd. tko Injtu
are alwava.rratlT-lor-aae. Wia
mukctbtibrrtpeTtBnxxl Hard Soap
itiSBHitaatcaipitaoirtaWna. It la
rhe beat for ctcansinc waste ptaea,.
diclnfecUa sinks, docet. waaep
teUMa, paints, trees, etc.- ""
" Cap. AsentA, PhllaU Ka," "
-.. :PROHTABMJ".pAI.RY WORK-:-.
Cab only h?'accosushed with the very beat
-.-? ana - - -.--. -. appliances.
. i -niiaai.aris
'. . -.-fator.on thii
: .- '.batter. -while"
'.: -Fanners win"
I take to get
n fust rates
- -OAXIB MAXKJM BUXJ. KTO. OO.
i .- - -r.
in the east made cheese for 3 and 4
cents per pound years ago, and the
best of them say they would not keep
a. cow which would not make 600 lbs.
of cheese in one season. Now the aver
age at most factories does not exceed
350. At a factory in north-east Ohio,,
at the yearly meeting, the best and the
poorest dairy were compared, with the
idea of stimulating the patrons to im
prove their dairies and care of them.
The best dairy of 14 cows had received
from the factory during the year an
average of $50 per cow, while tbe poor
est one of 10 cows had received only $27
The dairy well solves the question as
to .what to do with our farms. Grain
.raising exhausts the land by always
taking from it
care and common sense. Ifarm News.
EOSINTE is a for
age plant that .was
Introduced into this
country many years
ago. The report of
the department of
agriculture for the
year 1887 has .this
to say of it: This
new forage plant, a
native of Central
America," bids fair
to fill a permanent place for .'the south.
Seed was first introduced into this coun
try by the department many years ago,
.but not unti) 1886 is there any record
of its having ripened .seed in the United
States. In that year a small quantity
was ripened in Southern Florida and
in Southern Mississippi near the Gulf.
In the fall .of 18S7 circulars were sent
out to a number of parties to whom
seed had been distributed the preceding
spring, asking whether any of the
plants had ripened seed, also that sam
ples of the growth be sent to the de
partment. Samples, bearing ripe seeds
were received from several parties in
Southern Florida, but from no other
.locality. On one of the stocks having
thirteen fertile joints 812' seeds were
counted In some cases ripe seeds were
produced on plants the seed of which
was planted the .previous spring, but
usually it was produced on those the
total for' the three cuttings. In
Georgia the yield Is about.nlneteen tons
per acre on the average, and the fodder
is considered of a superior quality.- At
the Oregon- station it is not a success,
but is said .to do fairly well ia the
southern part of the state.
The plant Is shown in the illustration
on this page. Farmers Review.
--' The Beamtyef the Trees'
The landscape of northwestern Iowa
and of Nebraska and of. South Dakota
has been wonderfully changed, as the
early settlers will bear us out, by the
planting of trees. It used to be that
as. far as the eye could see. was one
monotonous roll of prairie, and now as
far as the eye can see, the. landscape .is
dotted by groves, in-the midst of which
are'villages and the homes of farmers.
The trees are great contributors to the
comfort of man and beast They shel
ter from the heat of summer and from
tbe storm of winter and. the" old set
tlers recognize the change as' the later
comers cannot. '-
The influence of trees 'is important
They are beautiful, especially so in
such a year as this, and they stimulate
love of the beautiful;-' and so to match
the trees we have the well kept lawns,
the fringes- of flowers, the climbing
.vines the beautiful .homes. Nature
Js kind to u's all kind to the pooi.
What the rich do in conjunction with
nature they cannot hide away for their
exclusive enjoyment. It- is something
in' which we all. have a sort of-, co
partnership. The lightest- taxes . we'
know- of are those assessed by nature.
It makes itself beautiful if left' alone,
out on, the -sweeps of prairie, which it
sprinkles with'-wild. flowers, 'and along
the tangled banks, of the water courses,
where trees and vines and wild fruits.
. The Southern Farm -in speaking of
the growing of mules and their value
for plantation work says that good
teams of young mules can be made to
do considerable work for from 18
months to two years, just at a time
when they will, under ordinary cir
cumstances, bring the best prices. With
good care, mules can be broken and
worked easier than horses, and farmers
who cannot keep several teams profit
ably at work all the time, and yet find
it necessary to keep several, will find
it' will pay. to keep two" or three mares,
the number to be proportioned ' to the
number of teams considered necessarv
and returning nothing J to keep up with the farm work, and
to it while in raising stock for beef, . then breed them to a good jack and
we nnd ourselves in competition with raise
the west, where it costs but $4 to raise
an animal of 1,200 pounds weight
Lmmmc " "
- There seems to be an impression here
and there, says a-writer in the Practi-:
cal Farmer,- that what is known-, as
granular butter can" only be made by
the few who possess the "know how,"
and have purposely constructed ma
chinery. " Such is not the case. There
is no".make of churn that granulates
butter-better than another. If. we dis
card the dash churn. The only secret
in the matter is to stop the churn at
the right stage, and add the water, sj
to harden these -little granules of rat
aad give the fluids free exit from the i
churn. "In hot weather the granulation !
good mules, keeping the mares
in a good thrifty condition so that a
good growth can be' secured." Then
they can be used for some time on the
farm while they are growing fully suf
ficient to pay their. feed, -and at the
'same time have them gradually in
creasing in value and selling at an age'
when they usually bring the highest
figures. Of course, care must be taken
of them so that a good, thrifty growth
can be secured. Some' breeders make
the claim that raising mules can be
done only" on a scale sufficiently large
to pay the farmers 'for making extra
good fences in order to keep them con
fined.' - . .
The difference in the eost between
good mules, and poor ones is thediffer
ence in the. cost of service- - It will
usually cost more 'for the service of a
reai goou jacK man ii win cost ror a
nnr-Timnii aw jrrawst - " ., " r.'nn:!i
HUH-- mm Jim. -.
a iiw tiw m Arm ii -
ammfmUl - Kt W " ' W V ;(l!IiK"----
.-- ..SIMM Km - - A km MSiK- '--
HmmmrnHft ix 1 1 KsM F mV - WlKf
-mmmWVl IPlSi '-V m& lulf '
iimmmmnml l )?. - HI WW lWMkwW'J
PJmmmmVMLMmsVm. ml - WfcmUlm. tmmmmKalT
MmmmmmWHlWII afli BB IkHLHpW'
llWmmmmB&mmVw B M mVi JtSffiBa ifflKmmmK&l
;lammvWlvl H sflmmmJ!mmat!lamlK4
lmmmillliV it M WmSmWmVmmmVi
RMaKwawa BljaWkyA ' laWillllBlwl II . -
mwsv .wwmm t.v m vm vmwimuBw
Si Ti I ..'"" . .1 ii'. ... .."-... , - i. .
of butter is all the more important, as
there is the greater need of getting the poor one, and all other things bein;
buttermilk out of the mass. Summer J equal, the difference in .them is a small
butter wants to be churned as cool as ' item- in comparison with the value of
possible, and it is here that the owners'! the mules when thev are raulr rr. bah
of separators have the advantage, that If-they are. fed so as to be" kept grow-
- smmmaTsJb VaC "
farm yoa are
they can cream the fresh-drawn milk
down to 33 per cent of actual fat, nd
churn" this cream exhaustively at 52.
degrees,- which is the actual cr'ystaiiz
Ing stage of butter, and get separation
with' little or no' washing. By the or
dinary way of churning, at about 60 de
grees, the churn would- be stopped as
soon as the ' cream shows signs "of
breaking, and a half gallon or so of fair j
brine added' to the cream, when the '
.ing sieauuy, in a-goou, inriity con
dition, the cost is the same, or nearly,
the same, whether the' animal is a
good or poor. one,. and to secure the
most profit the best must be raised, and
if the best is raised it "is very essen
tial to have.- the mares bred to good
. Selling -Ashen' Too Cheaply."
Mr. "A. Stevenson, principal of the Ar-
hnuai a li
auir to Twattful Oalar.
saastdtas ftm fe
butter will come, and more water is thur High School, says: "Opportunities
again auuea. .oeiore mere is any at
tempt to remove tbe. buttermilk. Then
the butter granules float on the. surface
of .the. 54 degree cold water,, and one
has. granular, butter" without .'an" effort.
Where. the cream from any cause is
very sour, it is a good practice to put a
quantity-of brine into the cream atthe-'
'.start, ipd have this act as a sort of a
solvent or. tne casein, and will be a
great help in preventing specks in the
butter. One thing about granular but
ter is its varying content of water," and
no maker can work it down. to auni-.-fofmity
every "time: jeven experts -will .'
,.j.-, uiuvu aail.e VOUU.US , in .1U0 j thpye
pounus oi ouuer. rne --larirpr ht.
-granu tea the less-water will be held in
"; RUBBER GOODS
: 'Dearleraead tor CataJdsuea. Omaha..Xeb.
OMka STOVE REPAIR Wilts
. Clovfe repairs rr4a,M wISVreat wtorva
" ! bo, wsaawsi, xs
. Examiastkai' aw4-Jtdriee. as to ranatalillUj C
'-arrvwtiae: Swd for" laTfntprs; Qoiw or Bow to OH
aMwac" XXHSS. STISSEXk TaJUMijl. a. &
MTorre t m -niy
fllaBllf M." ituus
1. ."..!;.; UaaUkha 4, ISM.
jLCiiiion this pa"per.
SSB 0 - .-
the" butter when It Is packed."
Chickens or Dorks.
, A- New Jersey "poultry raiser recently,
made, a test to decide the question of the
relative profitableness; of -duck's and
chickens.- He. gives, the following- re-,
suit:' At.-a week, old the duckling'
weighed four ounces, wnile -the chick
only reached." two ounces.. At. two
weeks' old the duckling reached nine
ounces, and' the' chick .got up" to four
ounces. At three' weeks, duckling "one
pound; chick, six and a quarter .ounce's.'
At four weeks, duckling one pound and
nine ounces'; chick, ten ounces.. At five
weeks,, duckling two nounds and two
oucceSy chick, fourteen ounces. At six
enfrold, duckling two pounds .and
eleven .ounces; 'chick, one pound, -and
two and half ounces. At seven "weeks,
old, duckling three pounds' and five,
ounces; chick," one pound' and"- seven
ounces. At eight. weeks old, duckling,
four pounds; chick, one pound -and
twelve, ounces. At nine "weeks old. I
inr giving tue leacning oi ooiany .a
-practical turn-come.-frequently if. one
. is on the look-out for-them". Let me. il
lustrate. from personal experience. In
my district the ash-man is a' common
sight. We learn that the ashes he
.gathers are .shipped "to. dealers in the
-United States, .and we see them extensively-advertised
in -American agricul
tural journals- as .'Canada Unbleached
Hardwood Ashes. In seedmeri's cata
logues they are quoted at $20 a ton, and
are 'recommended as tne best of fer
tilizers for certain crops, as fruits, po
tatoes .and corn.. "We. now learn that
ashes contain .plant food which
the 'original trees obtained from - tbe
earth.--We also l3arn that the most-
valuable elements of plant food present
'in ashes 'are potash to the extent, of
about "six 'per cent .and- phosphorus
about two "per. cent of .the who'le -quantity"
of ashes. Now,, it does not' take a
very sharp boy to see that if it pays the
Americans to. give a. dollar a 'hundred
for our- ashes to. fertilize "their" crops,
it certainly is folly for us to sell them
at ten. cents a hundred,"so long as we
have anything' that needs, fertilizing."
.Canada Educational Monthly.- .
- Milking Machine at Guelph. The ex
periment station - at Guelph,-. Canada,
has been making' some test's with the
Thistle. Milking machine. This is man
ufactured somewhere in Scotland, and
was sent to the station .for trial. The
machine milks ten cows at once, the
work. being done by suction pipes -and
air exhaustion. The machine proved
a complete 'success, and. the milk yield
was as great' as that obtained by. hand!
The world moves.and.it now. seems
1Z1.V lat'.Aran !- i V
chick, two. pounds. - So it can be seen
that, in- the' same "time the- weight of .j
tne cntck was doubled by that of .the
duck. -'The prices for dressed car
casses run very, close to -each other, so
that the increased price per pound
malces the" profits on the duck. greater,
although it. takes about twice the
amount of food, to grow them. Ex.
- Merits of Houdans. Wright the" well
known English authority, says: "With
reflect to the merits of Houdans, we
have no hesitation in pronouncing them
tone Of. the most -valuable brtoetla pvpr
introduced Into this country." We have
Many -Eggs; According to tbe cen
sus, the United States produced 457,
OOOO0 dozens of eggs In 1879 and 817,--OOOJJOO.
dozens in 1889. These figures
are probably- under the mark. Add to
this the value of the poultry raised,
and it is not at all improbable that the
annual' income derived from poultry, is
neariy if not'quite as much as that dep
rived from -the wheat crop, or about
$300,000,000. This Immense sum, ac
cording" to Secretary" Morton, is only
sufficient to give tbe wives of American
farmers a little-pin money. Ex.
roots of which had lived through the
previous winter, teonsinte having been
cultivated for a number of years in that
Teoslnte makes a rapid, succulent
and abundant growth, which, in the
warmer parts of the country, may be
cut two or more times during the sea
son. In Florida the first crop from
roots. that have lived over winter is
Boroetimes cut for fodder and the sec
ond crop is left .to ripen seeds. This
plant requires good soil, and that which
is moist but not necessarily wet. It
can not be considered of any value for
the. dry regions of the west, except
where irrigation is practiced. It seems
to Buffer more from drouth than Indian
corn. On good soil, that is not too dry,
it will probably prove to be of value
much further north than where it ob
tains its 'complete development- One
sample analyzed was found' to 'contain
"a lower percentage of' crude fiber and
a higher percentage of. albuminoids
than either clover or timothy- hay. .
After six years it is interesting to
again take up the thread of. .investiga
tion. In the experiment station hand
book" for tbe year 1893 we find the fol
lowing: In tts native habitat it attains
a growth of from 10 to 15 feet in' a few
months. It suckers out or tillers to a
remarkable degree, often as many as
thirty to fifty suckers springing from a
einrto, -talk. In-tnis country. the" cli
mate is not hot enough .nor the season
long enough to ripen the seed except
in a very few places. It is a tall and
rapidly growing plant, having a large
number of long leaves, greatly resem
bling blades of corn. It will do well as
a forage plant as far north as .Kansas
and Pennsylvania. . . ..- . -.
In Michigan it has grown four or five
feet high, with leaves long and narrow.
It "was there planted .too close or " It
might have done much better. It was
tried'in'Vermont but' did not give satis
faction. In Kansas it has been triedTfor
several years, and is well liked asa
forage plant . It" stands drouth very
well, much better than corn, and- the
yield is enormous, the average annual
crop for three '.years at -the .'Kansas'
station "having -been a little' more than
twenty-three tons of green forage per
acre. (Note that thi3 does not' agree
with the. opinion expressed in .-the re
port ot 1887. Ed.-.F. .R.) It Is ot especial-value
as a green, fodder when
other forage is dried up. Stocks of all
kinds seem fond or it: mere is no
"waste" either when green or dry, as the
stalks are tender and cattle" eat leaves'
and all. In Kansas two", crops may be
cut in the course of a" season, -but -"the"
best results are. obtained -by a single
cutting in September- before there is
any frost ' It should be planted In rows
three feet-apart, and thinned until the
plants are -a foot apart. To "plant in
this ".manner ""one pound -of seed will
be required for an acre. When so
planted it will often sucker out till
twenty or more stalks 'are borne on a
In Texas it has given good results
whenever tried, both as a green and dry.
fodder. The quantity and quality equal
if they "doiiot exceed any other forage
plant It is said to be a perennial in
its native country, but experience has
shown that -it must here be treated as
an annual. It grows "to a height of nine
feet in Texas, and -produces three crop's
a year, but does not mature its seed.'
In Louisiana -it has been grown to a
considerable extent and in some parts'
has matured 'seed. Three crops .are
usually cut; but' a single cutting be
tween Sept 15 and 30 will, be found to.
eive a vield of sunerior aualitv. and the'
quantity will be but .little less than tbe
are grown, without the intervention', of
man's help. . ...
In such a place as Sioux City, where
the homes of tbe people - are not
crowded,- the family having little but
the patch of ground with' a roof can
make the place lovely with a creeping
vine, flowers here and there, and a tree
or two which will rise as grandly and
spread its' sheltering arms as far on
ground belonging to the humble or the
poor as on ground belonging to the
proud and the rich.
The smaller towns and the country
have compensations that crowded cities
cannot know. It is a wonderfully good
thing to own your own home, and, own
ing it; .to have pride in it,- and to make
manifest your love of it by making it
".There are many ways of rendering
public service, which in the mainj is
closely Identified with service of our
selves,' but there Is no way that is bet
ter, so universally within the reach of
people. of whom we are speaking, as
this .way of .trees, and grass and vine's
and flowers at home. Sioux City Jour-,
nal.'." , ' -
A Fruit House.- "'
In some localities it is rather difficult
to secure a good cellar wlthout'consid
erable work. .Often draining by digging
a trench is. necessary; and when this
is. the case it will often pay to build a.
fruit house above the ground, rather
than to run the' risk of water' flooding
in and damaging the fruit and vege
tables. A fruit house, if well built, so
as to be frostproof, is much more con
venient 'than a cellar-in many ways,
but good care must be taken in doing
the work, if good, results are to.be se
. Two by six inch studding will be the
best; that is, not less' than this should
be used. They'can be placed two feet
apart, and it. is usually best to brace
the corners. Eight feet -is-plenty high';
and' in. most cases six will be sufficient
It should be' built close to' the ground,
so' that it' can be banked up readily on
all sides. On the outside .rough boards
can -be nailed on first, and over 'that a
layer, of tarred "paper or' heavy straw
carefully weather-boarded. :
- When It. can be done, it will be best
to. fill ihe space between the studding
with sawdust, taking care to fill' in
tightly. Rough' boards can be. nailed
on the inside-,- and over this tarred pa-'
per should again be 'tacked. '
- Overhead a. tight layer' of. boards
should be put and dn'them a good layer
of sawdust A chimney, or place ' for
ventilation, should .'be 'provided. :Care
should be taken to make tight; "the door
and ventilation should be alLlhe open
ings, tiood, close-fitting doors, one to
open outside-and, one inside, will help.
Boxes or bins should. be built inside
and about four, inches away from the
wall". This will. give air space between
the wail and the fruit To make doubly
sure', an. old stove set in the room--in
f whichalittle fire'may be made in the
severest weather, will be found a bene
fit, as a very little fire will lessen very
imperially the danger of damage.' A
house" of this kind, in a winter like the
Talt one, will keep fruit and vegetables
without freezing," but in winters such
as -we sometimes have a little fire-will
be necessary. Fruit Growers' Journal
The secretary of state' et Michigan
has jnst issued a report' on the owner
ship of farms In that state. It shows a
continuation of the same unhealthy
conditions brouaht to liaht by the gen
eral government census a relative de-'
crease of owners, and an Increase of
renters. The process ' Is slow, and
therefore Insidious, but it is.no less
alarming; The summary of the report
Tables show the number .of farms
classified according to tenure, and the
daily statistics of the state as returned
1n the state census of June 1, 1894." No
farm of less than three acres was re
turned unless $200 worth of produce
was sold off from it during the year.
The total number of farms in the
state Is 177,952, of which 149.093 are
cultivated by owners, 9,127. are rented
for fixed money rental, and 19,732 are
rented for shares of products.
.- In 1884 the total. number ot farms
returned in the census was 157,389; of
which 138.523 were cultivated by' own
ers, 6,657 were rented- for fixed money
rental, and. 13,209 were rented for shares
Comparing the returns- in 1894 with
those, for 1884, there' is an increase of
20,563, or 13.07 per cent, in the total
number of farms; "of 10,570, or 7.63 per
cent in the number cultivated by own-
.ers; of 3,470, or 61.34 per cent. In-the
number rented for fixed money r'ental,-
and of 6,523. or 49.38 per cent' in the
number rented for shares of products.
.Of the total number .of farms in the.
state, 88.01. per cent in 1884. and 83.78
per cent in 1894. were, cultivated by
owners: 3.60 per cent in 1884, and 5.13
per cent In 1894 were rented for money;
and 8.39 per cent In 1884," and: 11.09 per
cent in 1894 were rented for shares-of
The number of farms In-the state
June 1. 1890. as shown by the national
census, was 172,344, of which -148,208, or
86.00 per cent were cultivated by own
ers; 8,212, or 4.76 per cent were rented
for money, and 15,924, or 9.24 per cent
were rented on shares. ' .
- The proportion of farms cultivated
by owners' was 2.01 per cent less in 1890
than in 1884, and 2.22 per" cent .less in
1894 than In 1890.
" Beginning " with 1880, in- each one
thousand farms in the state the number
cultivated by owners -at-each census
was as follows:
. Considering the state by sections, and
comparing with tbe returns of ten years
agothere.is an increase of 3,678 farms
in the southern four tiers of counties,
of 9,601 in the central counties, of 5,150
in the northern counties-of the lower
peninsula, and 2,134 in the upper penin
sula. The number of farms cultivated,
by owners has decreased 2.858 in the
southern four tiers ot counties, while
the-number rented for .money has in
creased 2,009, and the number rented
for shares of products has increased
4,527. - In the central counties there Is
an increase of 7,111, and in the northern
counties of 4,385, in the number or
farms cultivated by owners. The south
ern counties, or oldest settled portions
of the state, and where about S3 per cent
of the farm crops.are raised, is the only
section in which there is a decrease in
.the number of farms cultivated by own
ers. Here, with an Increase or 3.67S in
the total number of farms, there iy a
decrease of 2,858 in the number culti
vated by owners. . . -
It should be further noted that while
every county in the central section, and
all counties in the northern section, ex
cept four Crawford," Emmet,. Manitou
and Osceola show "an", increase in the
number of farms cultivated by owners,-twenty-three
of the twenty-eight coun
ties in the southern section", show a" de
crease; in one, 'Shiawassee, there .is
neither gain nor loss, and .only four,
Berrien, Kent, Monroe arid Ottawa,
show a gain. In three 'of these four
counties fruit and market garden crops
are extensively cultivated, and one,
Kent, extends into the territory of .the
central counties. ;
The' state totals of the dairy statis-'
tics are as'. follows:. Total milk pro
duced "on" farms, 212.070,373' gallons;
value of all milk'and cream sold from
farms. $2,907,385; butter made " on
farms, 48,951,378 pounds; cheese made
on farms. 206,660 pounds. , These totals'
are for the year ending June 1, 1894. -'
The national census of dairy products
taken June' 1, 1890, and including the
products of the year, ending Dec. 31.'
18S9, shows as follows: Milk produced,
224,637,488 gallons; - butter made on'
farms, 50,197,481 pounds; cbeese made
on farms, 328,682 pounds. The products
as shown by tbe present census are less
than the national census totals by-12.-467,115
gallons of milk, 1,216.103 pounds
of butter, and 122,022 pounds of cheese.
Hifhcat of all i
Y mmtm y
Cora aad AaMricaa Treatler Ufa,
Corn has always been closely associ
ated with the frontier life of this
country, perhaps from the fact that no
other cereal is available for use-in so
many ways. From the time that the
kernels begin to swell, full ot their"
rich milky juice, it is edible, appetizing,
and nutritive; when fully ripened it
may be preserved for years, transfer
ring if necessary the prosperity of one
abundant season to the relief of suffer
ers from crop' failure or other destruc-
tion oi -supplies in . some subsequent
year. To the New England boy or girl
of former- generations, whose memory
goes back to childhood how many .no
table associations are connected with
the "cornfields and their products! How
the backs ached and: the hands 'were
blistered during tbe process of cultiva
tion! ..How frenuentlv and carefallv
the husks were slightly opened .to. de
termine when "the most advanced ears
should be. ready for boiling perchance
the only vegetable variation ' of the
monotonous dinner which gave-.littlc
temptation to. 'the 'palate, however
much' of enduring' .strength it might
give to the frame. Of the same' class
were th'cVroastinjr ears." often eniov-
cd in the midst of some, lonely vigil:
and these' by judicious selection, .could
-be made available till " the harvest
"" -How'a Tatar
" We offer One Hundred Dollars reward
for any case of Catarrh that cannot be
cured hv. Hairg CatarghoTiir
F.-.JfCHENEY oV CO.. Toledo. O. A
We. the undersicneu. Jiave.-knojtavF.
'J. Cheney for thTast 15'years. and be
lieve him 'perfectly honoxsMer In all
business -transactions, .ami financially
able to carry out any obligations made
by their firm.
" WALDIKG. KIXNAN'.'MARVIN; "
Wholesale Druggists, Tol.3o, Ohio.
Hall's. Catarrh Cure Is taken Internal
ly, acting directly upon the blood and
mucous surfaces of the systenu- Testl
. menials sent-free." Priced 75c.per bottle.
Sold by nil druggists. ""
.Hall's Family. Pills. ISc. "'
- iool Use for Cheap' Oats. ' -.'
National Stockman:- There is a great
deal of complaint' about the low. prices
for oats, which are now- in some parts
of the country as cheap as hay. . bood
prices for this cereal would mean much
this year to many, "as" it is about the
only, cash crop to rely on in the absence
of a' wheat crop. Hut it may be that in
the long run the cheapness' of oats.will
prove something of a blessing, in disguise.-
There will be a 'great tempta
tion this year to. throw. Fn the corn at a
lively rate. - Corn, white the best fat
tening grain on earth, is not a well
balanced feed,' and the cheap oats may
be used to great' advantage in the way
of a better' balanced ration.". -This ap
plies especially to young stoek.'which,
as a rule, get more corn " and less oats
tliaq is good for it " -"---'-"-." -
a interesting and worthy expert : "
tent has. been tried in Minneapolis
,? 5?-thep,l8t two " jenrs, by: ;
the Woman's-. Improvement League, of '
interesting school children in .the rais-.
ing.of flowerr. Several thoasaad chil
dren, every, year; in .'certain school. -Itmdes,
are. given -flower seeds -to' plant :
in their home gardens and lawns, and -.
are encouraged by-prizes to eater icto
competition in flower production. Last '
week the president of the leagae visit- '
ed the fifty city. schools and "awarded . -the
prizes voted upon, by a committee.,
of inspectors and jadges. - .The schools :
were gaily; decorated with 'blossoms',
grown by the children. - The seeds are
contributed each year . by prominent -seed
firms,- members "of congress"' andv -'
pablicspirited--citizens." -The flower '
mission has awakened a widespread in-,
terest among the children and enconr
aged in them a love for the' beantiful .
and habits of industry which, are likely -to
endure. - - .-;".
stbeoMratajMftwat. R wUl bnakaoaCoUi
l is always rswatliL. Try a.
Prlatiag Xaaaw oa Fralt.
The rosy" cheek of an apple is on the
sunny 'side; the colorless .apple -grows"
in the leafy" shade. -" Advantage may be -taken
of.this to. have a .pleasant- sur
prise for children. - ..A piece 6f stiff pa-." '
per placed around the apple in the full '.
sun wfll shade it and if -the "Mary" or-
"Bobbie" is cut' "in the .twoer so that-
.thejaua can "color the." apple'-: through ..'
these stenciled spaces-the little ode can"
gather the apple. -for 'itself with the :"
name printed on the fruit by nature it- -'-self
Median's. Monthly.' .--.'-
. - L1 tfca maay M Cattiag TaMaw
asfar sad ss iastokl and well triad raad.': Ma.'
WataLow's SooTUixaSTxcr I or CUldrsa TaataiacO
Ignorance is less removed from the' truth
than" r rejudice." . :..,- :
- All that ia -human must
do" sot advance. "
retrograde if ft'
That -Joyful Feeling
With the exhilarating sense of renewed
health and. strength and internal .clean
liness, which follows the use of Syrup
of Figs 'Is unknown to -the few who
have not progressed beyond the old time J
jneutclnes anil the . cheap -substitutes
Howls Destroy Hoaswhelst. Prats,
The most satisfactory way- "to ileal
with' moths, bedbugs or" other house
hold pests is to fumigate: with sulphur,
the ordinary pow'der-will -" do, but sul-
Tphur candles "are .better," and can be
sometimes offered but never accepted by I procured from any druggist- 1'ut.the
I fhA Wfll Ifirirmral ... - I . i . ' 1 .
Piso's Cure for CoBnuruirtion'. has saved
me many -'a doctor's"' MIL S.-F. Harmt, '
Hopkins Place j Baltimore. Mjt," ."-.- ."" , '".
A Soap for CteaalagSlik. ' .':.:
.A Miap for-this purpose .is made 'by. .
heating one pbaod of eocdaoutoil to Ih' -
degrees F., adding half .-pound caustic-,
soda ' and mixing.! jthorougbIy..-.Then -.
heat -half .'pound "white Venetian 'turr.
pentine'.add to the soap and again mix-thoroughly.-
The mixture' 'is covered-"
and left four hours, then' heated -again
and one pound of ox "gall is added-to it",
and "well stirred.; .Next .pulverize some '
perfectly dry curd soap and add it"to-,
the gall soap in "sufficient quantity to
make it solid one or -two pounds- of
curd soap will be- needed.- ".When cold
the mass should bepressed'into takes.
KerwwKcaterer." o'lts,ftertanrnljfatoa. .
the well informed.
Threatened Relarn of Earrings. . .
- The fashion of wearing - "earrings,"
says -the London Court Journal, has
been lately written against as a Tetum
to a barbaric taste or a want of taste
Anyhow, earrings "have, crept slowly
but surely back into public favor. Some
appropriate new place to make use of
for the surplus supply of diamonds has,
it appears, to be found, althoughthe
front of .the dress offers a wide field for
.'display. The long pendant earring, it
is dreaded; may perhaps once more
come back into fashion snch as our
grandmothers once deformed their ears
-with. Xethcrland ladies still . wear
these unsightly appendages when, they
are in full costume, with side plates of
gold on each side of the head.- - - - '-
There la pleaaare stroM
ami normal; sntitaciio.i in abating tniiti!eome
aud laiitlul flls br usinc l'aiker' dinner Tonic. -
articles you .wisn to (umigate in a
small, 'close room, taking, care to re
move all silver or growing plants, .as it
will tarnish the'.onc and killthe other;
place your lighted candle in a - kettle,
and. have the room closed for. several
hours. AH animal life- will be ,des:
troyed. ""- - - -
Warranted to rare.' or money 'refuMed.
draawJatforU. fries IS ceajU. .-
' Stork or Grain. -
-Aswheat has become cheaper" En
lish farmers raise less .wheat-and
more stock. Wheat has declined from'
57. shillings per quarter in 1855 to 47
shillings, in 1875- and 2ft shillings - in'.
'1894, and the production in" England has
as' steadily declined from 11,876,328
quarters, in 1855, with- only 4,000.000
'quarters imported, to 8,000,000 quarters"
home-grown i'n'..lS94, and 21,000,000
quarters imported. -.-.-- -"' -.
English farmers find stock.' raising
more profitable than. wheat, and. let the
cheap labor of India. Russia and South
America produce their wheat, .while in.
all the higher, civilized countries im
proved '-stock has increased as grain
growingbecome's less profitable.. Amer
ican farmers 'have a bright future in
the production of high-class stock. of
all kinds, and tbe markets of the world'
are giving the most profitable returns;
Our lands. have become too high-priced
to raise cheap -grain and scrub -stock.
It takes enterprise and energetic: de
termination to get out' of these old ruts,
but we'-must progress and Improve io
keep up- with the changed conditions
of.this hew era." -. ;
Raise only, such grain' and crops as
can be profitably fed .out' to the 'farm
stock and keep only such stock as can
:be matured on the farm, and be-sure
that the stock is of the high grade or
improved breeds-tbat-will 'give-a profit
on tbe raising, look now, more-than
ever before," to pure". bred" sires.. -The
destiny of American stock breeding'dc-.
nends upon the class of stock we breed
for our home and foreign markets'; to
improve will bring prosperity, to "de
cline is to lose the brightest hopes of
American agriculture. Ex. .- " -
A tilow Worm Carero. .",
The greatest wonder of the antipodes
is the. celebrated glow-worm cavern,
discovered in 18'L in the heart .of the
Tasmanian .'wilderness.'. The cavern,
or caverns (there" seems to be a series
of . such caverns in'- the vicinity, each
separate and distinct, are situated-near
the town of Vouthport. Tasmania, in a
.limestone bluff, 'about four miles 'from
It fay bay. ' Xhe appearance of tbe main
cavern is tnat of an underground river,
.the entire lIqor""of the ; subterranean
passage being, covered with 'water
about a foot and a half in depth. These
wonderful Tasmanian caves are similar
to all "caverns found in limestone form
ation, with 'the exception - that their
:roofs and sides literally shine with the
light emitted by. the mill tons bf glow
worms which inhabit them." '
, . God gave every bird its food, but he "doe?
not throw it into the nest - - - '
' .This is the very perfection of a man," to
find out his own. imperfections.
Billiard, table, epoBl-haaJt for safe
cheap. Apply to or address, H. CAkiv, ."" '
311 S..llith St., Omaha, Netx.-
What wa real estate worth in Sodom
The Greatest ricdicar Discovery
"."; of the Age. .-
tlamenajr fareaaave4.'orns.witb flmdercoros.
tnat ve winder .so many will enaurc them, .(et
llin icrcopu and ws bow nicely It takes th.-m off. .
" Sc"f-tossesiott is
forget fulness. . " -'
another-, name for self-.
.That man is a stranger
reads no looks. "
to himself, who
- -All 'ove ha something of Mindness in it,
tut the love of money "esjeviallv".
'." .What iiiales.life dreary fs want of motive.-
" ---".." . - - .- .- .
mmu Uawr. -m mmm, hass.,
Has discovered in "one-, of our common
pasture .weeds a remedy that cures every'
kind of Humor, from the worst Scrofab
- down to a common Pimple. " .---:- - '
- He has tried it in over eleven hundred
cases, and never failed except in two cases
(both thunder humor). He has now in his
possession oAcr two" hundred iertilicates
of iis value, all within twenty miles of
" Boston! " Send postal card for book.-" : -.
A benefit is always experienced front-
. the first bottle, and a perfect curclis war-
- ranted when the right quantity is taken. .
.-. When .the lungs are. affected it' causes
.$fex)ting "'pains,-lik'e". -needles' passing
through them; the; samV with .the Liver
. or. Bowels. Tins is caused -by the duds
being stopped, and always' disappears ina
week after taking it. " Read the label.- - .
- If the stomach is foul or biliousit" will,
"cause squeamish feelings at first;" - .
No change of diet ever' necessary; .Eat
.the best'you ca.i get, and enough "of it.
Dosev'one tablespoonful in water- at bed
time. -'".Sold by all Druggists. "; - -'
tfttttttttf fftttt tttittittttillM
Hosts of people go to work in
the wrong way to cure a ,
twws St. .Tacfihsft fill
. .. sr -. ..- .
aaaaaaaaaw" saaaL-laaaaP -aaaaar aaaaV V " aaf aaaWff ' fcfl 0 C-"s9b( tfifefl
i K la taw 0?S5l2?Oal
T fl M T
.it il if
" ' f - t-f- '
TEU WEB. PICKET. FENCE..
CAREI FKLI AM PEI.
- , ' AIa -ASLR aOi:B.TStV. OAMB!! . BtABMT SCa . ' '- -
We manti'acture a eoipplete line of Smooth ' Wire .fenetnar snd. auarsntaa" eVarjr artieia to f ai'repte
thfet -11 vou cwnller piaiity wei'aiware jou moner. Cafetloaa fra. - -"
121 High Street '
De Kalb Fence Co..
Birds in flocking north and south
sometimes' reach a height of seven
miles, where the decreased resistance of
the atmosphere allows them to fly very
Japan has a written history extend
ing over 2,500 years.
More than. 400 Plant Perfumes. It is
an interesting thing to Jcnow'that'4.200
.species of plants' arc gathered and used
for commercial purposes in Europe. Of L
these 423 have-a perfume that: is pleat- 4
ing and cnter3".largely into the manuT
facture -of scents," soaps and sachets.
There are more species of white flow
ers gathered than of any other color
1.124. Of these 187 have a'n agreeable
scent, an extraordinary large propor
tion. Next in order come yellow blos
soms, with "951. 77 of them being per
fumed. Red flowers number 823, -of
which 84 are scented. Ex.
.- ; ,-.. VCateSitwro, Ga., May 21,1894. -.
"3fy baby was a Hviri skeleton,. The doctors said hie was dyiag'of .Mara.-
fnns..Indigestion, etc.- The various' foods I tried, seemed to keep him. alive, but
"diil not strengthen-or fatten him. At thirteen months -old he-weighed exactly -what
lie did at birth Revert pounds. I began using '.'Scott'b EhcLsiov," some-:
times puttinga few drop's in his bottle, then 'again, feeding it with aspooa; thea;
ngain bythe absorption method of rubbing it into his body." "" The effect was mar
velous. -Baby, begun to stouten and fatten,- and became a beautiful dimpled boy
a wonder to all. Scott's Ekulsio.h supplied the one thingneedful. j -
' "MS.KtJKM WlLLUm.
The Increase in the taxable property
of Indiana is f 14,904.000. -
j- is especially useful for' sickly; delicate children when their, other food- ,-"..". - " .. 1
i fails to nourish them. It supplies in a cbnccntrated,"asily digestible.." : . ". -. "." . j
form, just the' nourishment they need to build them up and giv'e'thetn-" -. -. -hcalth
"and -strength. -It'is Cod-liver Oil made palatable" and easy. to-j
assimilate, combined with the" Hypophosphites; both" of which ..are ...--"'
most" remarkable.nutrients. ".'--. ' .". ". -." ; ;. . ".-
Don' tbe persuaded 1o accept a substitute t'
Scott Bowne, New York; All Etruccistsj. SOc. jmmJ SU -
V-3 - ."
''r-H "ViaslyaTf .V iTatt
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