Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (April 24, 1895)
That Tired Feelings
Is a certain indication of impure and impov
erished blood. If your blood could al
ways be rich and pure, full of the red
corpuscles upon which the 'vitality de
pends, you would never be weak, or
Nervous! Boils, pimples, scrofula, salt
rheum, would nefcr trouble you. But
our mode of living, shut In all winter in
poorly ventilated homes and shops, de
pletes the bloHl and there is loss of appe
tite, and weakness. Hood's Sarsaparilla
is tiic standard remedy for this condition.
It puriQcs, vitalizes and enriches the
blood, "overcomes that tired fcclinj,
builds up the nerves and gives perfect
health. Read this :
"Our daughter, Blanche, when four years
of age, had a humor break out on ber
hands and face, which our physician
pronounced eczema. If the cold air
readied her face or hands they would
CH-..11 ii t Innl." nlmoct nnrnle. anil
headed blisters would form and break, I
Is the Only
True Blood Purifier
Let me give
You a Pointer
It's Much the Best.
SUAE IS THE BEST.
vrBUbriT FOR A KINO.
FRENCH i ENAMELLED CALF.
4.3.sp Fine CAiF&KwsARoa
'" -EXTRA FINE- -
? 5FNn FOB CATAI rlRlir
Over One MUlloa People wear the
W. L Doug'as $3 & $4 Shoes
All cur shoes are equally satisfactory
They pi ve the best value for the aionev.
They equal custom shoes in style and fit.
Thsfr wearing qualities are unsurpassed.
The prices are uniform, -stnmped on sole.
From Si to $3 saved over other makes.
If your dealer cannot supply you we can.
fteeniuii's Pepsin Gum,
THE PERFECTION OF
A Delicious Remedy
For all Forms of
CATTIOX-Sw that, tho
nam j Itecman is 011 oacb
1 l-.acu t aD:ct contains one
I grain pure iepsin. If tho
' cum cannot bo obtained
1 from dealers. send 5 cents
lu stamps for sample package to
3 Bank St.. Cleveland, .
Criginntoro of Pepsin Chewing Gum.
Jl 1 a. ", Sc All atiout making money in Orain anl
Mceks l "n-alpinjr tlie markrt" on mtrgln of fM to
fl,000. 15ct method ct. All Klpen. make money.
LANSING & CO., 112 Qulnry St.. Chicago
Examination and Advice n to Patentability of
Itirntmn. St-nd for " Inventors' Uuiile. or How to Get
cl-cttnt." TiZSZZ. 0TA3S2LL. WASSISOTaT. S. &
TIIOSK WHO nAVE
BtCKFORO, Pension A Patent Att'y. !M4F St..
Washington, I.C.,tl:eyurMreceieapronijt reply
Ti'e.-e I attend retat In fashion 1-araar and Ftorca
tor S." to !( ceiitn earli. liut in onler to Incresse the tle
jranl amonc Uranper e offer 1 1 em to the laiy
ieaJerof t"iUa;r for the - inarka'lv low price of
oiilrlOrralaearh. l'o . ceonee t,extra
"Ihe lattein aieallof the ery I -t New York
ttTies ami aie n 'equaled fT Mle. atvuiv of fit,slm-
jatrm-l.awlenuedthe country orcr. Full de-
toil .tionv ami dire-lions- . the number of jard. of !
im.ti-r!al lennlreJ. the numl-er anl rame of the dlf-
'eicat j.ii"e- in tlie pattern, now to cut and fit an 1 put
fie on.ent to ether-are tent lth ach pattern,
wjtha K-tmeof the jajnicnt to eo by. Thcsepat
lern are complete In eiery paitlcular, there lelnca
icpara e la'tern for eieJry inRle piece of the chess.
Your older w 1.1 be filledthe tame day it lsreccled.
Kery attem Buaia'iletd to be J erlect.
The tetall price of pattern is 2S ce-'ts.
Flirureil percale tn pale lar
ender anl Rreen on a bun"
and comfortable ahlrt wal-t.
The front anl Lack are
catheredln 1 Jolnel to a
, njuaie, shallow, teamlrsa
lyoLethat fit smoothly .orer
I the houlilers. The ttjllbrloi
1 p'alt on riRht fitmt lapgoer
the left. Muds or button? and
buttonhole effectlAir the
(iathera at the walut line
Ii (jnt nd lck perform the
apely a ljutment. the lower
portion lelnjr wmn under
t esklrt a- shon or over
It a prefened. The shirt
.lu.m iILh'., 1ia CcYilot
LADIES' SHiaTWAISTaU fuim.r8 ,, .Hnin
pul lie- the teaiiV mode. lhe ate a-athered on
tleuprer and low er edm g an 1 fnlshwl at the wrl-tf
iith iearecun".that do e nbacklth i-tii 1 or but
ton pill buttonhole. A i-tvllli rolling collar that I
mounted rn a shaed liand. and can le made aljU'.t
tble t:r.ihe thentvk.a tlebowof laender hatln be
!ni worn in the prehcit litance with smooth belt to
The simple contrnctien of thi charming walt,
w. ich n.ake It easily laundered, renders It especially
rnltable for all cotton na-h Sabric, such as cotton
cheiiot. roadrjs Iitinp. cambric, chambray, sateen
r.ainoW. lawn or uimity. Cuffs, cellar and yoke are
niatlv Tnishcd with machine stitchinfc.
I-at'tent (319 is cut in six sizes, viz. : 32, SI, 38, 38, tO
an 1 42 inch-s but measure.
The ie:all price of patterns is S3 cents.
Tale leaf preen cashmere
I shown in this handsome
(TO n. The deep, star-shaped
collar is made of fancy
striped satin In harmonizing
shades of pink and green,
tie edfres being trimmed
with a qullllnc of pink satin
ribton. A deep frill of cream
lace falls from under the
points (t the collar all
around, a bow of pink satin
ribbon being tiei to the
thn at, and a frlrdle or the
same ribbon conflrtnx the
fullness at the waist line.
Tl e full front anl back are
-smanirtd over Cttel lining
Hjrtions, the under arm
'rores proIlng a smooth
sdlcstraent over the hips.
Full stylL-h ruffs are
C357 charmingly arrange! over
limes' tea goto-. fitted sleeves that can be fln
Ished at the cllow with frills or .'ace as shown. r with
clore fitting" lower rtI,:'s,0 ,ns wrlti the pat
tern Toviding for both ityles.
Vai'ioasco'irbnati.n of material and color can be
ca-eclelty the -mo3e. which b equally well adapted
wniT KilkorCtton fabric.
Tb-and ribbon can I otnitted if a less fanciful
finish "desired, and the sown can be made up with
orwithocttheCtted lining. . . s as is
Tattern C357 is cut in tU sizes, Tte,: 3S, Si, 3, ,
and I inches bt s: roeisure.
The .eta'l price of rattern is 99
w m m m eC0tT01 Xl4- ""
J jfthis coupon is sent with order the price wU IX
X be only lo ceiiif ' ,-.. -----
f BBrSTineurppu.- --------
W -."-- -'. !.at.Mmptlll1llfl
f aj arouna ifce iuj, ",rti; AWKRX
-W arms. Address Ca0 F!AXXaSsf
lkBox'-74T Ne- siU. S.T.
g. -- ' , I 't I
V 2f ir""" vVfm
croJk hB.i . 7J
cch pattern oniereJ miw "',.- f
tta. Order by namLerand fiw totatoehw-J
-m...a rlnir fllllBff. o K "tTI
Discharging a watery fluid, and6ie burn
ing and itching would drive? her nearly
wild. Unless we encased her little
hands she would tear patches of skin
from her face and hands. We tried
many doctors and many remedies and
at last gave the case up as hopeless.
But our daughter Cora tried Hood's
Sarsaparilla, to cure a scrofulou lump
near the left breast which caused her
much pain and after taking 4 bottles it
disappeared. Blanche, who is now eleven,
had spent seven years of suffering, so I
concluded to give her Hood's Sarsapa
rilla. She took 5 bottles and her face is
smootli and soft as a baby's, the color of
a rose petal. Her hands arc soft and
white, where four months ago they were
blue and red and calloused nearly like
leather. I cannot express my gratitude
by jmmj or mouth. It seems a miracle
and our friends are surprised." Miss.
Anna L. Clakk, 401 E. 4th St., Duluth,
Minn. Get only Hood's, because
Anr sl.c J'ou
want, SO to W.
inrl.e hiz h.
T re I t.i in
h? Idf -liulis
to 1 1 any
CVl in a ny
times in a i-ea
on to hac et
of low wheel
to rt inur wagon
lire, lioj;-, Ar. No.
n.ittiii:' if liri
41,. fr, l.t,lriK.d
Fmiiirr JKfsr- -
! o. l.r n. iri:if. III.
WALTER BAKER & CO.
TUo Largest Manufacturers of
PURE, HIGH GRADE
COCOAS AND CHOCOLATES
On thli Continent, have recdrad
from ttc zrtit
Industrial and Food
Europe and Au'ca.
ITnlike the Dutch l'rocef s no Alka-
: . - (.-. fkI.l n III a
Bii.ed in arv of their prrparmtioni.
. ii--Tr- n c av L c a CT rnrn 1 arMaolutiMV
pare and toluble, and costs lea than one cent a cup.
SOLD BY GROCERS EVERYWHERE.
WALTER BAKER& CO. DORCHESTER. MASS.
thepai:pi 1 't1
ll-hp.I l.i the Taeneer I'erartmcnt of the Illinois
Central Itailroaii. entitle! "Mnnlhrrn Ilnnie.
Hrrkri''i) Ualdr fr 1MI.-' It contain- oierM
eic client letters from Xoithein fanners now Jrcntnl in
theSoufi ami oti er authentic ami valuahle informa
tion. Foi a FIJI K COPY. ndilie the nmlerlpjieti at
Manchester, loa, J. 1". 3IKUKY, Ab-t. Uen. 1'ass. Agt.
n. stkes tan cure a., n. am suo.. aiciM
Mild bf all liniKlMs
1Y FOR PHEASANT WOKK easily Kecnred thronga
mi an oarly application tor Local AircucyioEell the
llllf 16 fiRFfill NhPatRalTllRS
WHW IV UllkMHI WaarillUl I UltW
to Farmers and Dairymen. One style was shown in
last number ot tnis journal. Another will soon bo
pictured out. Meanwhile, write for Handsome Illus
trated Book Free. Davis & Rankin bldg. and
UFO. CO., Sole Manufacturers, MO W. Lake St., Chicago.
Ttee Aermotor all Steel Feed Cutter wortn
Wm triU furnish this feed etterp one only to one per
99 not later than July J, 1$35, for fl'tOO rash, and ad
eTnrsvrt of (ni nrigho and acquaintances of tfie tender
kmotrn personatl by him to be re2onstlle and influential men
in f&rar loeaUttea vho nerd ad are hkdy to buy o.e
tlting in our line thia yar. After July J, money" rent in
on this offer uiUle returned to tender and no attention trtTI
bs paid to inquiries or letters concerning this ofri. It is
literally now oruercr. Tht feci cutter is delivered f. o. b.
Chicaco. If I hip pc J from
Dacx lrei bl mil 1 -lion:
This aU stMl frame anl
aw which we pot eat t
K-inch very supetloe
Hi 00 Ist year, but bow
one of tha Host ttoonlaf
sm eniy st f3.00, is Jnstl:
arndaw. ever made. AERMOTOR CO. CttlCSS
W. I. U rnaha-l, 1S95.
AVhen answerlni: advertisements kindly
mention this paper.
uiRfs wmi-k an (i;t rsys.
I Dcst Cough gvrun. TnstesGcod. UK
in iuqo. Sc.'.il by arutatistt.
n I II rs3
Xtt&fJ MM 1 W Je&Sv
FH Sill' 'U
HI !'' :ti
EVERY UflllG1 QUI?
1 ii 11 - 1 11 11 ii 11 1 1
the Dr. In 1170. A
ftlts cured thona-VJ
fandj since and will
11 for free book, and
V irmptom blank, jk
VvPkjre by BtttU.Zf
i ai aa Ar
Yg af B3atkaU sr" I
aBswnfJBBaa MtP 'Kl
FABM AND GAKDEN.
MATTERS of interest to
Some Up to Date Ilints About Cultiva
tion of the Soil and Tlelds Thereof
Horticulture, Viticulture and Flori
Points in rotato Growing.
(Condensed from Farmer's Review
Stenographic Report of Wisconsin
L. L. Olds made a few remarks on
potato growing for profit in Wiscon
sin. Among other things he said:
There are just two points that I want
to emphasize; the first is, avoid all the
hand work possible, and do as much as
possible witn a machine; the second
point .is, give your potatoes as much
caret's you do your other crops. We
use, our very best ground for potatoes,
and the reason for this is that the cost
of cultivation is greater than for other
crops and we must get as large a yield
as possible. Use a clover sod. Plow to
a depth of seven or eight inches. Shal
low plowing will do for grain, but not
for potatoes. Do not be afraid of plant
ing too deep. If the land be well
drained I would prefer plowing five
inches deep, rather than three, though
four inches is about right. Another
point is, keep the soil moist above and
below by cultivation. J use an Aspin-wai-Planter.
We cut our seed with
from one to three eyes to the piece,
and plant them quite close together.
The Aspinwall potato cutter is a good
machine. Some ask, "Isn't it better
to put more seed in a hill and plant
farther apart?" It might be, if labor
were very cheap; but with the present
price of labor, it is better to plant as
I have said. One man says he plants
whole potatoes, large ones. Now that
is wasteful. If you want to grow large
potatoes plant few eyes, but if you
want bushels, fill the ground full. We
have of late years been using more
seed on our farm than we used to.
Last year we planted about twelve
bushels to the acre, when growing
early potatoes, and for late ones we
used eight to ten bushels. We try to
keep the potatoes free of weeds with
out any hand work. We do all the
work we can with the use of horses.
Some growers wait till the potatoes
are four or five inches high before
they cultivate them. That is a mis
take, for then the weeds have got up,
too. Our method is to put in the culti
vator and run it as wide as possible as
soon as the plants are up. Then as the
potatoes get larger we narrow up the
cultivators and also run them shallow.
We keep up this cultivating till the
vines have begun to die. Deep cultiva
tion should be avoided after the plants
are large enough to send out roots,
for it will cause root-pruning, and that
is very harmful. Potatoes should be
cultivated, just as soon as possible
after a shower, the object being to
check evaporation. Some of our farm
ers still dig potatoes by hand, but I
do not believe any man can afford to
dig by hand if he has more than half
an acre. In storing potatoes in a cel
lar for winter there should be the ad
dition of a thermometer. Do not be
afraid of letting the temperature get
down to below 40 degrees. Some say
it will hurt them for seed, but I know
it will not, for I have had them in the
cellar when the temperature went
down to 30 in the cellar and remained
there, and I never had better seed. I
believe old varieties run out, and so
we must have new varieties. Don't
grow a general purpose variety po
tato. A general purpose potato is no
better than a general purpose cow.
Q. What is the best fertilizer for
A. We turn under clover sod and
what barnyard manure we have we
put on that.
Q. Would you plant small seed?
A. I would not advise planting
seed from very small potatoes for the
variety would then run out vary
Q. Do you recommend planting the
A. No, sir; for the seed ends viti
give too many small potatoes.
q. is it not a fact that when a
seed end is planted a good many of
the little eyes fail to send out sprouts,
and so we rally ger. the same effejt as
from a larger piece with one or two
A. I think that is so.
Q. Do you hill up your potatoes?
A. No more than we have to.
Mr. Parsons I hare tried starting
potatoes in a hot bed, and when 1
took them up I noticed that all the
eyes had started roots, so I think iL?
will all grow if given a chance.
Q. Do you treat your seed potatoes
'or the scab?
A. I tried it last spring on s-omo
Q. Of Prof. Goff Does it make any
difference wnether we use large ur
small potatoes for seed?
Prof. Goff It certainly does. Our
experiments have shown that for the
first year or two "t does not make a
great difference, but after that the re
sult is very apparent.
Wisconsin Horticultural Convention
(Condensed from Farmer's Review
L L. Olds took up the potato sub
ject, a report of which will be found
en our agricultural page.
H. B. Rice spoke on cabbage grow
ing, in pa;t as follows: Cabbages can
be grown on any good corn land.
Freshly turned snd is very good, es
pecially if any rich clover sod has
been turned under. What manure is
put on should be plowed under. Sta
ble manure should be scattered over
the ground to the depth of an inch or
more, and salt may be used to the
amount of ten to fifteen bushels per
Iacre. When applying hen manure
mix it with dry earth or have it in a
pulverized form. For late cabbages
seed may be sown in hot beds in May
1 or in the open field. When plenty of
seed is used cabbage worms need not
be feared. The ground should be al
ways kept mellow. Dry weather will
often check the growth, and when wet
-weather comes tbe cabbages wjH burst
Baal-&BB"awBJKrTJfci.5i&?a' W- l-iSSiEfshSiiiitVtf xfsSmmSt i'! 'v&Q?&.
IBBBBBSBlBBBBlBBBBBESssft Iifca 30iBBMBBBWriA'aW?B-.BBBfBfBBB ' ' U'W ---MT,PfWfijHB "l 7 I 1 1 IT
lalflBBBBBStBPlflBBBBBBBPQ&Q.V'BiiBBBBfvS 5JbJTBB.X H 'Wll ' llTafflKair'YTaK S 1 V
BflaBBBBH3IBBBBBBBKe01ubBvlBff"aBKMaa wS JITti SGmSsmtiJT'AZIsaBKSSCPs fjlff
BBBBBflBBBHlBBKAlBSiBi 3F fe ' in gHgfiBBBjiwggpWLii CftaWlmE ftiv
nBBBlaBBfelSHHBflBBBaialKj'SrSsf'i A-41 Tt JiBK 1 - StWESLKS'
lBsssssssssssssssssssBTi BsssmBxwBBBBBW rlBl'i l lirn i TflB-far 1r Vflkli:- Si tfTTBTj- JkiaT!OGpS&Sfi-vVOli
HHBBBSsf'BSBBBaVsffslV' 33K-traHE3ai9:t Sif kJHsC " 1&&&&&&&&?&&
BBTIksssssssssssssssssssssV-BBEHssBBavaV--H(-tVi-A ir fci; T & "S T7v: --rtvLUDi aeG-l?viv "VJFv&i.fc,-
BfaBaHaRfeskssssPrSWM-T S" :vfeZ& 45 '315 d k BB ?ffiiffi.1?5,3!Sl
W3NmlBEKzete3 W&SSasWsr. c3v";iM
BBBlBBBli Ta sssssssssss aBsaBBW swi I iTl Mr i in e"Cl w'-avBBBBsJBnnc .BBBBBBIbBBBEXz. JBBsV.Z.-f V-. iy - - T?.Jaj w aW w- .aaw. r- tt .
q. Will the application of common
salt prevent the ravages of cabbage
A. No, sir.'
q. Have'you ever tried road dust,
sprinkling it over the leaves?
Jlr. Tobey We tried it last year,
aad thought it stopped the worms.
H o wni salt conserve moisture?
Prof. Golf No, sir; that theory is &
Mr.Stickney Thequestion of worms
need not trouble a man with a large
plantation, though a man with a small
patch may find them a great trouble.
I grow 100 tons a year and do not pay
any attention to them. A Chicago
grower told me that I would unu me
butterfly that produces tho caJib.asffers, interest, viz.: lo keep our cattle
Y.-orm working only on theoafside of
the patch. I have tried ic anu iouuu
it the case; they do not touch the in
side of the field.
The report on plant distribution was
made by Mr. Herbst of the Thayer
Fruit Farms, Sparta. It had been be
gun by Mr. Thayer, who first donated
plants to the pupils in the Sparta
schools. It was so successful that the
plan was extended to the whole state
and was made under the auspices of
the State Horticultural society. Dur
ing the last year there was a total of
3,036 plants and trees set out
The treasurer's report showed an ex
penditure for the year of S1,452.S6 and
a balance in the treasury of $636.51.
The executive committee was reduced
to five members, comprising only tho
oincers of the society.
The election of officers resulted in
the following choice: President, L. G.
Kellogg; vice president, Charles
Hirschinger; secretary, A. J. Phillips;
treasurer, R. J. Coe; corresponding
secretary, H. L. Herbst. William
Hanchett spoke on the prospect for
strawberries in 1895. In the discus
sion that followed one of the points ac
centuated was the different results
given by different varieties of berries
in different hands. Warfield was
praised as standing frost well, but
yields easily to drouth. Some of the
members held the opinion that the
staminate varieties used as pollenizers
influence the size of the pestillate va
rieties. Prof. Goff said that from ex
periments made at the college he
thought there was no increase in size
as affected by the pollenizers. Mr.
MODERN FARM FENCING IN ILLINOIS.
Stickney said that four-fifths of Mr.
Bombaugh's plantation is still Cres
centand Wilson. In spite of the drouth
of the last year Mr. Bombaugh has
had good success, but he kept his cul
tivatorsgoing all through the summer.
He cultivated once a week and it had
had a wonderful effect. His banner
crop of several years ago was 1,700
bushels of strawberries from five acres
less ten square rods. Mr. Combaugh
manures at the rate of forty loads of
manure to the acre.
I.uiii(-.l:iiv Past ami I'resent.
This repulsive and infectious dis
ease, although not classified among the
deadly diseases of domestic animals, is
one of the most annoying in the entire
list, more on account of the misun
derstanding between tho owner ami
the sanitary and veterinarian authori
ties. Its outward evidences are too
familiar to need any mention here, and
its pathology has no connection with
what we want to cover, says Live Stock
Under the old system of trading the
lump-jawed animal passed out with
the rest. No one raised an objection,
both buyer and seller taking for
granted that the disease came from a
decayed tooth, etc. Later a reduction
in price was demanded by the pur
chaser, which was granted; then came
inspection, condemnation, etc., and the
illicit trading in the same. With us
here in Chicago unlimited facilities
were offered to the thieving dealer aad
unprincipled butcher to get this stock
cut of the yards without detection, as
about the only inspection was that
passed on by an ignorant, and perhaps
venial, ward politician representing
the city. There was big money in the
business, hence your ward "heeler"
and stock yard employe could be con
veniently absent at dusk or before day
light when the animals were sent out.
It is freely asserted that one of these
thieving dealers made $6,000 in one
year alone, and others in proportion,
and all this came out of the just earn
ings of the owner. Now a new system
is in power, the same going into effect
in July, 1S34, under which 3,838 ani
mals were examined, 1,187 of which
were condemned by the state sanitary
authorities as unfit for human food.
Four-fifths of these cattle, under the
old system, would have gone into the
hands of the stealthy dealer and cou
rcienceless butcher at prices far be
low their actual value; but under the
new system they are inspected and
classified so that the owners get full
meat value for all that pass. The de
tails in the system of inspection for
the benefit of the owner are complete
and simple. By an arrangement of
numbers, tags, checks, etc., the animal
can be traced and identified from tho
time the same leaves the pen until its
final dicappearance on the block or
in the tank. Prices for condemned car
casses are managed by the live stock
exchange: the slaughtering privilege
being sold to the highest bidder for
one year at a time. But shippers would
receive better returns if they would
notify their salesman to have their
animals inspected as required by lav.'.
American Cattle In France.
Last week we published the opinion
of i;i American in Paris to the effect
that the American trade in cattle with
France did not amount to ryuch any
way. Nelson Morris, the well-known
Chicago packer and exporter takes ex
ception to it as follows:
Mr. Rollin is wrong about the mar
ket for United States cattle in France.
The market for cattle from this coun
try was so well established that the
prices were satisfactory to other ex
porters as well as myself, and we we
content to make weekly shipments io
France right along. Further than this
we should all have been glad to con
tinue had not France forbidden us.
I wish to say further that as many
cattle as we have ever marketed to
Frame which is a great many we.
the exporters, have never had any fault
found with our inspection or had any
of our animals i ejected. This should
convince the world that the Vailed
States cattle are perfectly healthy
and that the TJnited States inspection
is as good as any In the world.
There were of late several firms
handling United States cattle in
Paris and Marseilles, and our cattle
came to be figured on in the weekly
markets and wanted by the French
butchers, and their beef was very
mucl liked by the French people.
The Paquin company, which is men
tioned, for years past handled most o
the United States cattle, but has not
been selling many of late, as they are
great cattle feeders and grazers them
selves, and feed a great many cattle
in sugar factories and distilleries, and
tJieir interest is the same as me iarm
f nf tiipir ronntrv. but still to have
our country buy their luxuries from
I admit that our cattle have tauenthe
preference over home raised cattle in
France to such an extent that there
might have been some cause for the
French feeders to be afraid that
United States cattle would have the
preference over theirs with the butch
ers and consumers.
We otill hope for these French mar
kets to be opened again to us as be
fore as up to to-day our cattle have
been so well liked in France that they
have been an honor to this-cbuntry.
An Indiana farmer gives his experi
ence with irrigation from the reser
voir: "The plot of land irrigated Is lo
cated along the side of a public road
leading east and west, extending thirty-two
rods and running back from the
road ten rods to a natural bank or
slope. Here we constructed the bank
of the reservoir, using the dirt from
the upper side, the pond averaging
perhaps forty feet in width and five
in depth and running the length of
thirty-five Vods along the bank. We
made this excavation principally with
teams and scraper. The pond is fed
by natural springs coining out of the
said bank and also by a flowing well,
so the supply lias been abundant ever
since constructed some five years ago.
In the severest drought the surface of
the water lies from three to six feet
above the land. The soil is a black.
sandy loam. We will give results of
seasons in actual sales, deducting
freight, etc., not expense of cultiva
tion: Onions, 415 bushels 332.27
Cabbage, etc 60.00
Celery on hand not sold 30.00
What we have used in the family is
not included in the above.
The expenses for hired help amount
ed to $15 and part of that was em
ployed on the farm. What success I
have had this and the past two seasons
I owe to irrigation. The soil being very
lr.oco vegetat'on would toon burn out
in a drought. Vv'e have the pond
stocked with fish, which are doing
Views or :i Irr:it l'acferr.
In an interview with a reporter of
i the Chicago Times-Herald Michael
Cudahy is quoted as saying: "As for
hogs, I believe there are a great
plenty. Five hundred million bushels
of corn will feed 50,000,00) hogs in
these days, 10 bushc-ls to a hog. They
feed them differently from what they
tired io, and they are the better for it;
more grass, for instance. There is no
doubt cattle- are scarce. There will
not be so many fed west of the river,
but there will be a good deal of feed
ing in Illinois, Missouri and other
states with corn. Still a steer does not
need to be hurried to market, and will
not be. A hog must be finished up in
If'U r.enths. The cattle can be carried
along in grass if necessary, and mar
keted the next ycir. There will be
Much of that this season. The scarcity
of beef will help the ham ?o:ac. Every
one likes, und'r any circumstances, to
alternate his steak with a little ham
occasionally. The housewife, with
beef 25c and ham 15c, will resort to
the ham a little of tenor this year. But
the ham will, of course, not get the
whole benefit of the substitution. There
will be resort to oilier cheap foodstuffs.
But ham consumption will be some
what benefited, and I do not suppose
the stock is more than a pound to a
person in exce&s of the ordinary. For
eigners this year have taken our lard
and our her.vy cuts bftler than I e::
pc:icd thoy would. But, for all this,
the prices and the situation seem about
what they should be. I car.'t see where
there can be any boom. How can there
be with the genera! con.Iition as it is?"
Intensive; I urmin;;.
An uncle settled upon 3G acres or
land not CO miles from New York city.
He su.-ceeded in his lifetime in making
a valuable farm kept a good ctoek and
made more money than the average
farmer on the :;ame sir.ed farm. The
farm was divided between two sons,
each of whom so improved former meth
ods that they kept as nuich stock and
raised as much produce as their father
did on the whole farm. One of the sons
sold half cf his SO, having only one
quarter of the original farm", but
said he to me five years ago:
"I keep as much stock and
raise as much as the whole originally
did, but I have not reached its capabil
ities yet but I will do it." I don't need
to tell you that he raised from three to
four hundred tons of root; yearly. He
farmed upon the principle of making
every acre produce its full capacity.
Land can not be spoiled aa easily as
cows by overfeeding.
A large majority of our best farms do
not produce one-fourth what they
should. It is evident that all tho
oas'tern farms are not worn cut.
A. X. Hyatt.
"Hear how the trees in the orchard
moan!" exclaimed the romantic miss.
"I guess you would moan too if you
were as full of green apples," replied
the wicked small boy. And the air
grew a-chill. Philadelphia Record.
With the increase of railway facili
ties the south is being brought into
closer touch with tli more papulous
north, and will doubtless have much
effect en the business of truck garden
ers ue j northern cities.
TlM Farm Homo.
A popular writer says of the-farm
home, "How much it means, what pos
sibilities it suggests! Its pleasures are
many and do not fail with time,-: Erery
spring is a new revelation, every sum
mer a fresh, original chapter of experi
ence, and every autumn a fruition of
hopes as well as of seeds and buds."
Its privileges are much to be sought
after the quietude which is an im
portant factor in development; the free
dom from sights anp sounds that are
The farm house is not a place of
humdrum, brainless routine. Science
offers her aid on every hand, and
beauty in numberless forms is ever
present Nature is a good mother. She
does not coddle and overindulge her
children, but rewards their love abund
antly, invigorates them if they dwell
in her presence, and develops mind and
muscle, heart and soul, if they obey
her laws and seek to know her well;
although infinitely rich she has not the
short-sighted folly of those parents who
seek to place everything in the hand
of a child without cost. On the con
trary, she says, "See what you may
win, what you may attain." Every
crop is a prize to knowledge, skill and
industry. Every flower is a beautiful
mystery which may be solved in part;
every tree is stored sunshine for the
health, shelter from the storm, a thing
of beauty while it lives and.Qfvaried
use when its life is taken, tn animals,
birds, insects and vegetation we are
surrounded by diversified life, and our
life grows richer and more beautiful
and complete as we enter into their life
and comprehend it. The clouds above
us are not mere reservoirs of water for
prosaic use. In their light, shade, and
exquisite coloring they are even a re
proach to the blindness of coarse and
"What joy to watch the bolts of fire
Shoot out the crimson bow of morn;
And Night's dumb silence leave the lawn.
To Morning's glad exultant choir."
From-fHfnf homes went Washington,
Daniel Webster, Lincoln, Garfield and
Frances Willard and hosts of other men
and women of like ability and integrity
to fill other places of usefulness in the
Nature does much for the farm homes,
but she expects the Inmates of the home
to guide her and to call to their aid
other arts. Adornments should be ad
ded as the acres broaden and the same
is true of conveniences. Water should
be as plenty as the air we breathe and
procurable with almost as little exer
tion. ' A writing desk with furnishings in
the sitting-room makes it easy to keep
good accounts, and to know the profit
and loss of the farm home and invites
communication with the outside world.
The tasks of the farm home are ardu
ous and multitudinous, requiring infi
nite faith, patience and knowledge.
"Aye, these are homesteads which have
witnessed deeds that battle fields with
all their bannered pomp have little to
compare with." "But the end crowns
The world owes the farm home its
respect, for it produces a large propor
tion of the foundations of all trade and
replenishes the ranks of the world, and
the world in turn should put its pro
ductions within the reach of the farm
home. Miss S. C. Thompson.
Coat of Keeping; lien.
There has always been considerable
diversity of opinion concerning tho
cost of keeping a hen a year, says an
exchange. We have considered 50
cents a fair estimate, but others have
put it from that up to $1. We have
been interested in a flock of Plymouth
Rocks in this place, the owner of which
buys all the food they get, paying re
tail prices for it in market. He was
inclined to think that our estimate
was a pretty low one, but as he keeps
a strict account with his flock, he be
gins to sec that 50 cents a head for a
year is not far from correct. The only
things his hens get to eat that are not
charged for is the table scraps of a
small family, and these would be
thrown away if not given to the hens,
and are about the same in every home,
so they can not be counted, except that
they are made available, instead of
being absolutely wasted. It is entirely
within bounds to say that the feed
bought for this flock costs 20 per" cent
more than the farmer who produces it
gets for it, and the farmer can feed his
grain to chickens and get more for it
than he can to sell it in open market.
If a flock of chickens can be kept in a
city for 50 cents each, a year, they can
5o kept for 40 cents on the farm, and as
on the farm they have an opportunity
to pick up a great deal of food that is
not to be found on a city lot, we be
lieve we are making a very fair esti
mate in putting the cost of keeping a
hen in the country as low as 35 cents a
year. If eggs bring only 12 cents a
dozen they are 28 cents in Springfield
as we write three dozen eggs In a
year pays the cost of keeping, and all
above that is profit. We are not deal
ing in guess work now, for the figures
on our friend's poultry account show
exactly what has been done, and he is
a liberal feeder, too.
Cattle and Gra in the Sonth,
The practice of burning the old and
dry grass in unoccupied lands, in or
der that a younger and more tendor
growth may give pasture to cattle, is
still common in some of our states, and
its results, though of benefit to a few,
are disastrous to the general welfare.
In Florida the cattle men have long
been omnipotent. They have sway in
the 'legislature, which enacts laws to
suit their wishes, even to the extent
of prohibiting towns and villages from
passing ordinances to prohibit the
running at large of cattle. A consid
erable portion of the state is thus
burned over. Nor is it the grass alone
that burns, but fire communicates to
the pine trees, thousands of which
yearly succumb. Meantime fences
must be maintained to keep out cattle
commoners, only to be often burned
in their turn. Worse than all, the
humus in the sandy soil is burned out,
and the future wealth and resources
of the state are destroyed, to privil
ege a few, whose entire interests are
not a thousandth part in value of the
ruin they accomplish. At this day
and everywhere may be encountered
tracts of utterly barren and worth
less land, in the midst of comparative
ly fertile, whose fertility has been thus
destroyed. In northern California
similar aggressions are committed by
the sheep-herders, and the govern
ment reserves have to be protected by
the army, acting as patrols. The Pop
ular Science Monthly.
Dehorning the Calve.
For the past three years, says Mrs.
M. Duesler in Agricultural Epitomist,
I have killed the horn3 of the calves
and find it a much better way than
cutting them off the cows. My plan is
to take caustic potash and when tho
calf is 3 weeks old, or sooner if tho
button shows sufficiently, and moisten
it around the same and press the hair
back from around it and apply the
iaustic by rubbing until the horn looks
nearly raw and the hair which comes
in contact with the caustic is loose and
comes out by picking it. The opera
tion doesn't seem to give the calf any
pain. I do the work myself, and the
cautery, or sore spot, soon dries down
to a black, hard scab, which drops off
in a few weeks and leaves the head as
smooth as a born muley. Of course you
want to be careful to rub every bit of
the horn. I cover about an inch In di
ameter with the caustic and I am care
ful to wrap the stick of potash with a
paper to protect my fingers, leaving
bare just enough to rub the horn with.
Bring up the children with a love
for something besides wheat and corn
Beautify the home with a lawn.
The garden la a civilizer.
Tltu- Application Kniliarrasaed.
There lives in a certain small town a
poor minister who has a large family
which his talarj doesnot begin to cover
(literally), so the congregation has do
noted cast off clothing for the children,
and even the last minister's wife goes
to church in tlie last year's bonnet and
cloak'of tlie deacon's wife. The poor
lady has grown used to this and does
thebest she can with the conglomera
tion of dresses, cloaks and hats which
arc'scnt her, though the result is some
times rather tragic. However, she has
always felt that she did nobly by the
chderen, and if the dresses and coats
and cloaks anil trowsers were misfits
none were even unkind enough to say
anything about it. One Sunday, how
ever, she dressed the nine hopefuls with
great care and marched them into to
tlie church. She was a little late, and
jubt as she opened the door and started
up the ai.sle Iter husband thundered
from tlie pulpit. "Even Solomen in all
his glory was not arrayed like one of
these." He did not see the ioke. but
the eonjrrejration tittered, and the!?.0"!"
mother was ready to cry. Indianapo
.eekniK a roreljf.ii Clime
In search oi ii.e-aure or uusiacss, should be
ureccued by lue purchase of .nature's ureat iu-
vifcoruiur,--Mosrencrs-oiuiiwtu ""is, "" -
Ui ahu mui Koiua " ' "VruV-
existence, .uarluers. miners, louiuiertial ira-
eiera, loansis, ana alt nuu ircci uy lana or
sea, sptaiv ui n m lue hitfne.st lerius. Malaria,
bmotouc. cofutipatluu ;1".Iful""'"t''ri:
Usui, iiervouauessauu Kidney trouble arc run-
suieu by n.
In September of last year a Manches
ter packing company had occasion to
telegraph to its manager at Victoria,
15. C. The message was handed in at
the office of the cable company in
Moult street, Manchester; a trial- of
speed was attempted, and the answer
came back in ninety seconds, the total
distance of tlie wires being 13,000.1
miles. Equally sensationaijsasr. the"
dispatch and receipt of a:message over
the New York and London wires in
live seconds, a feat performed in Octo
ber last. New Science Review.
AVo offer One Hundred Dollars Reward
for any eno of Catarrh that can not be
cured "bv Hall's Catarrh Cure!
F. J. CHENEY & CO.. Props., Toledo, Ohio.
We, the undersigned, have known F. J.
C honey for tho last 15 years, and believe
him perfectly.-' honorable in all business
transactions and financially able to crry
out any obligations made by their firm.
West & Tkuax, Wholesale Druggists,
Waldixo. Kixxax & Mahvis, Wholesale
Druggists, Toledo, Ohio.
Hull's Catarrh Cure is taken internally,
acting directly upon tho blood and mucous
surfaces of tho system. Price 7jc per
bottle. Sold by all Druggists. Testimonials
Hall's Family Pills. 23c.
The Indian Camea.
The editor of Farm Poultry believes
that the Indian (lame, with tho same
care and attention, is just as hardy a
fowl as a Plymouth Kock or Wyandotte
could be, and more hardy than any
other variety of games, lie says: Our
experience with the game family gen
erally has been that they very readily
caught colds, and were easy prey to
roap. What little experience, however,
wc have had with the Indian variety
has been to their credit in this particu
lar. Hut, like all breeds, they must
be properly cared for, or they will not
remain in a healthy state. As layers
they cannot, as a rule, equal the Amer
Co' Cough Balaam
Istr-eoMt hikI tx-st. It will break up.-"oltlqulcli-ertiijaanithtp.cebe.
It Is always reliable. Try it.
Vintage of Lust Year In France.
It was not to be expected that the
French vineyards would yield as rich a
harvest in 1VJ4 as .they had done in
1 ,: a year as remarkable for the
quality as lor ii.e quailing . 4,,"v
made." especially in the Hordeaux, MiyJ;
irundv and Champaign districts, wHerci
one gallon is of more value than ten
grown in other parts of the covntry.
Hut though the official returns just
published show that the quantity of
wine made during l.V.U in France and
Algeria was abont 300,000,01 0 gallons
less than in 1$3, the total of WW.0OO,
I O'.i indicates a verv marked increase
upon the average of the previous ten
years. Tlie increase extends to nearly
all the departments of France in which
wine is giown, thouirh here and there
are to be found distri-ts which have not
shared in tlie general improvement,
and in which, it is safe to assume, the
yhylloxera qastatri.v, are still un
curbed. London News.
Snow anil Ire In Italy.
Italv. to most people, suggests noth-1
ing biit sunny skies and groves of per- j
ennial fruit and Mowers, but at the
present time winter is biting its north- j
ern shores with as sharp a tooth as in !
Lngland. The following, from a cor
respondent in Ccnoa. is evidence
"Skating," he says, "has been going on j
most of last week at Alexandria, about
two hours from here, in connection '
with a club which had Hooded a field, I
and there is also ice an hour away, at I
Kusalla. Today we have a heavy fall
of snow. It began at breakfast time, (
and the children were wild with ex- j
citement Having lived long in Mo-1
rocco, it was tlie first snow they had J
ever seen fall, and even the 2-year-old '
1) was in raptures. I fully expect
to find a snow man in my garden when
I get home.'" Knglish children can't re-1
alize the entrancing experience of see- (
ing a snow storm for the first time, but
it Is one which our Australian cousins,
t-l . !...
never lorgei. iii r i ore net: on i-.iv
morning of the 1th insL, the river Arno
was thickly frozen over. The temper
ature was r degrees, below zero, centi
grade. "Harmon's Maffic Corn Salve."
Warranted t itc or mmey rerumleJ. Alt jojr
dniKSi't for it. li if 15 tenta.
Tlie April Century will contain an
authoritivc article "describing the most
recent inventions and discoveries of the
distinguished electrician, Nikola Tesla.
While the magazine was in press Mr.
Tesla's laboratory was completely de
stroyed by lire, and all of his appara
tus, and nearlv all of his working plans
were burned. The illustration of this
article in the Century, made from pho-to-Taphs
taken by Mr. Tesla's recent
achievements. No at count of some of
the most important of these inventions
has ever before been printed.
! h,.,.0 o -i Tm rtiirytr. with Leather
Quarter Top. The Chicago Scale Lo. aro .
the onlv ones who can fell at this price, iney
f uruish their customers a thousand articles
at less than the usual prices paid by dealers.
It will pav to secure their catalogue which
thevseud" free o-i application. This com
pany is perfectly reliable and they make a
specialty of suip"lynK the wants of farmers.
No fish Rets away that bites at tho devil's
A civil tongue is a tetter weapon than a
A fool has to find out for himself that
lire is hot.
For twentv rears folks
rheumatism, neuralgia, and all other
..;... t Jnenhs Oil. There must
for you couldn't fool all the
Dlnpellini; an XUnsfnn.
One of my readers wants to know the
correct pronunciation of the word
'Llanthouy. It is always a painful
thing to me to dispel the prevalent il
lusion that newspaper editors know
everything, but' owing. I suppose, to
the fact that Iwas taught Latin and
Greek inmyyouth, when I ought to
have been learning the tongues of the
living. I have grown up ignorant of
theproper pronunciation of Llanthouy.
All I can boast of is a general idea that
in Welsh most of the consonants are
vowels and most of the vowels sounds
which no Knglishman can hope to imi
tate. 15ut on "Llanthouy" I shall bo
happy to assist in spreading it. Lon,:
don Truth. " , '
.Make Your Own Hitter:
On receipt of .TO cents in U. S. stnmj, I
will send to any address ono riic!jij;o Kto
kotee's Dry Hitter. Ono pticknso ninke
one gallon best tome known. Cares stom
ach, kidney disease, nnd is ft great nije
tizer and bfood purifier. Just tho medicine
needed for spring nnd summer. l?."e. nt
drug store. Address ueo. G. bTK-
ketee, uraml KudhIs. JllCll.
for a Substitute.
rtain membflp,..of- company A,
lvaiija-JrSTalbattalion, who has
' evidentlyTred of the irlcsom
.e -i!ii-. l .1 ; ; it. i
. oi uniis'aiid discipline, mattes
peculiar offer which he has advertised
in the papers. He claims that a pres;.
of business matters interferes with bis
duties as a member of the battalion.
anl offers to any one who is willing to
I ., 1.. lttc T!l,.lft tll.k civrti tf Q'l"l rtVl.l flYlfl
fcUIl. ....? LV.t... t.J. .?. ... ...r r . . . ..
above the lirst years tines, wiueli are
512. The recipient of the offer must
become a regular raemberof the battal
lion and must enlist for a term of three
years. Philadelphia Kecord.
Of medicinal agents is gradually rele
gating the old-time herbs. pills,
.draughts and vegetable extracts to the
'renr and bringing Into general use the
pleasant and effective liquid laxative.
Syrup of Figs. To get the true remedy
see that It Is manufactured by the Call-
I fornla Fig Syrup Co.. only. For sale by
1 nll ln..lln.. .!.. !.
ill! IC.llllJlft UI UKkllZ)
Few men are so clover as
misfhio: thev do.
to know all tho
We have not 1 cen without Piso's Cure for
Consumption for 20 years. Lizzie Fek
KEM.. Camp St., Harrisliurg. Pa., May 4,'yi.
A small debt produ-e? a dobtor, a .'orge
one, on enemy.
It the I!aly I Cutting Teeth.
1c sure ami ne tint oM ami vrM tried remly, Mas.
Wusslow's SooTiiiMa Strit for Children Teething.
It is rLdit to fast, but it is wrong to look
lean. Milliard Table, second-hand. For sale
cheap. Apply to or address, H. C. Akix,
511 8. 12th St. Omaha, Neb.
l'ros( erity is a blessing
curso to the evil.
to tho good, a
Tbe Door of Life.
The fear of pain
and the dangers
of parturition fill
many a woman's
breast with dis
may. There is
no reason why
c fraught with
danger ami distress.
It is a natural function, ami should be
performed in a natural way without un
due suffering. Nature never intended
that women should be tortured in this
Taken during jjestation Dr. Tierce's
Favorite Prescription robs childbirth of
its dangers to both mother and child, by
Tirenarinj' the s stem for delivery, thereby
shortening labor, lessening pain ami ab
breviating the period ol confinement.
J-UGH EST AWARD
j wurtiwU o rj-j.rs. m
For wu,t,onsd,gES -
THE SICK ROOM FOR
r-3 Ot Z W
"-1: DRUGGISTS. "
John Cab le&Sons.Nev York.
Ely's ( 'moo. Iinlm hu.
comihtd'j enrol me of
attarrh trhen cvrrytliing
the fmUd. JDnvj ur- rS
qiiauitunces have ns'l
it ir.ith rxrellent rraull.?.
Alfred IV. Sinvn?.
ELY'S CREAM BALM c;wn ami rieanwi tho
.uulr-:iM.aicet,All.ii uei uinllnnamni.it hhi. lless
the Sire, proteeti tlir Jl-nibran- from CoMi. Ke
stnrrth Seneof T.iMe an-l SnvlL The liilmis
quickly absorbed and cv- r-l.cr at once.
A part'eleii applied IMncach nostril ami Uacree
able. lTlteJOcentat I rursi-tsur l.y mill.
ELY BEOTflEHS, 56 "Warren St., Kew York
i EW1S' 93 LYE
Tho ttrtmofit and purrrt 1.TO
made. Unlike other I.je, It being
a Sne powder and parked in a can
iwlth remoruble lid. the contents
mxr always ready for use. WW
maKetneoMCperln:nc! iiaru scap
in 20 minutes without boiltng. Ilia
the bent for cleansing waste pi pea.
dlalnfectloir sinks, closets, washing
bottles, paints, trees, etc
Gen. Accnti. Phila Pa.
Powered by Open ONI