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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (March 13, 1895)
Cleaning Delicate Laces.
Delicate white laces may be cleansed
with calcined magnesia by a receipt of
Madame Mojeska's. Spread the lace
on a sheet of writing paper, sprinkle it
on both sides with magnesia, place a
second piece of paper over it, put away
between the leaves of a book for three
days, then shake off the powder, when
the lace will be found perfectly clean.
Laces are given a creamy hue by put
tin? strained coffee or powdered saf
fron in the rinsing1 water until the right
cream or ecru tinge is procured. hite
silk laces are soaked in milk over
night, then soused in warm soapsuds,
rinsed and finally pulled out and care
fully pinned down while damp. Laces
must be soused, gently squeezed and
clapped between the hands until dry
or nearly so. They may be whitened
. by letting them stand covered with
soapsuds in the sun, repeating the op
eration several times.
State or Ohio, City or Toledo, I
Lucas County. f
Frank J. Cheney makes oath that he is
.- . the senior partner of the firm of F. J. Che-
net & Co., doing business in the City of
Toledo, County and State aforesaid, and
. that raid firm will pay the sum of ONE
. ; HUNDRED DOLLARS for each and every
. ' case of Catarkh that can not be cured by
. the uso of Hall's Catakuh Cure.
-.''' FRANK J. CHENEY.
Sworn to Ieforo me and subscribed in my
presence this 6th day of December, A. D.
..-. " A.W. GLEASON,
I 6EAI f Notary Public,
Jlnll's Catarrh Cure is taken internally and
ncs directly on the blood and mucous sur
faces of the system. Send for testimonials,
free. F. J. CHENEY & CO.,
C5T"Sold bv Drujrgists, 75c
Hull's Family Pills, 23c.
Harper's Hazar for February 23d
contains a piquant little play, or rather
a dialogue, called "The Oral Method,"
in which a learned professor, who is
absent-minded and deficient in small
talk, receives some valuable instruction
in the art of conversation. The Paris
letter, which tarried on the Gascogne
iich tarried on the Gascogne
.presents a double budget of
political and literary gossip, j
...:.i. .i. ci.: c i X ffl
together with such fashions as the off-
season affords. A front-page drawing
i... t.i, r vv-.i.1 i t o
d'n.ni-senson rawn is significant as an !
indication of what we may expect
when spring fashions arc more fully
lecided than they are at present.
A Great Success.
Milliner I hope you will find that
hat perfectly satisfactory.
Miss de Fashion Yes. indeed. Sev
eral persons left the theatre on account
of it last night. Chicago Inter-Ocean.
l.OOO HUa POTATOES PER ACRE.
Wonderful yields in potatoes, oats,
corn, farm and vegetable seeds. Cut
this out and send 5c postage to the
John A. Salzer Seed Co., La Crosse,
Wis., for their great seed book and
sample of Giant Spurry. wnu
A riiotograplitc Cihost
If you sleep in the house of a wizard,
you must be prepared for experiences
out of the common. So thinks a gen
tleman who once passed a night under
Mr. Edison's roof.
In tiie middle of the night he was
awakened by the sound of a voice at
his elbow. "Midnight has struck!"' it
said in hollow, but resonant tones.
"Prepare to meet thy God!"
The guest was out of bed in haste.
He must be the victim of some hallu
cination. There was no one in the
room. 1 1 is would be a fine case for the
"psychical research' people. lint even
while these thoughts were passing
through his head, he was making for
the door. In the hall he met Mr. Edi
son, who reassured him by saying:
"Don't be scared, old man; it's noth
ing but a clock." Youth's Companion.
Coe'a Voagn. Balaam
Isthn oldest and Ix-st. It will break una Cold quick
er than anything ehc It Is always reliable. TrylU
One misfortune of extraordinary genius
es is that their very friends are more apt to
ndiulro than love them.
Life is too short to nurse one's misory
"HanHoa'a ICaglc Corn Salve."
Warranted to euro or money refunded. Ask yojr
druKKt for it- Trice IS cents.
The pleasure we have in the world only
multiplies our orrow nnd deepens our
Makes Pure Blood
These three words tell the whole
story of the wonderful cures by
Hood's Sarsaparilla. When the
blood is impure if is fertile soil for all
kinds of disease germs, and such
troubles as scrofula, salt rheum,
rheumatism, catarrh, grip, and
typhoid fever arc like!' to appear.
Purifies the blood an" thus '-.ires
these diseases by removing dieir
cause. No other preparation has
ever accomplished the remarkable
cures which have followed the use of
U t " tlie artcr-Uinner pill
Hood s Pills ? &" raUar-
x . VW
year (52 weeks) FREE on receipt of 25c to pay postage. Full of latest tel
graph and farm news. Write at once. HOMESTEAD PU15. CO., Omaha.
coNDmoNPowoERiReeman's Pensln Gum.
Is the best inedwinc lor Horses, Cattle, liora
and Sheep. It psriflcs the Hood, prevents dis
ease and cures Couh, Colds Colic. Ilidelourd.
"Worms. Distciapcr. etc Xoihitu: equals it for
Ho? Cholera- lionest and reliable, ia honest 23
and 50 cent racka-ro: used and warranted for
over twenty years. Kvcry oue owninc a horse
or cattle should ?:ivc it a trial. Madebv Emmekt
I'ltorniKTAKY Co., Chlrao. 1!L
Uncle Sam's Nerve and Bone Liniment
for Sprains. Bruises Rheumatism. Stiff Joints,
"etc Goes risht to the spot of pain. .Xothins
else so rood for Man and Animal Try it-
BEAUTIFUL WYOMING RANgfU
At the foot- of Iifcramlc Peak,
commandinc tfaUiC of 1,000 ac
buildings unci fences. Livins irate
through Iand.iie for cattle
.T. II I .URAlJA3I.oliSLStli St.. Omaha
THOSE WHO BAVE
ngaint the Govefrnent
BICKFOKO, I'crulon Patent Atl'r. i
WMBlBCtoa.D.C.iihey will receive a prompt repljr.
.. ... -.-.. ... .myw ....... . . . ...
Riae or the Commercial Traveler.
New York Price Current: One de
velopment of commerce was for many
years unknown. The bright, pleasant,
sharp fellow who now calls on custom
er after customer throughout the
United States, always neat and always
attentive to duty, the drummer, did not
then exist0 He began to be .seen as
soon as railroads became common, or
perhaps a little before. There could
not have been many oetore isu. mere
were, however, salesmen who fre
quented the principal hotels, such as
Hunkers Lovejoy's the Howard house,
the United States and the Astor long
before this. They had a fine memory
of faces and of names, and spent much
of their time in scanning the hotel reg
isters and in being in the lobbies of
inns, so that when merchants arrived
from the county- they mijrht be on
hand to welcome them and to escort
them to their places of business. Little
scrutinj' of hotel lists is now made, but
this was then the most obvious method
of increasing and holding trade. Theie
was in 1830 no way of knowing with
reasonable certainty the rating of a
dealer some distance away. Commer
cial agencies were not then established,
and selling to retail trade was much
more of a lottery than it is now. Those
wholesalers were successful who were
the best judges of credit.
Several articles which are an outcome
of Julian Ralph's voyage to China, un
dertaken in the interests of Harper's
Magazine and Harper's Weekly, will be
published in the Magazine during the
summer months. The first of the scries
will be entitled "House-boating in Chi
na, and will appear in the .lune Har
per s. in all there wm dc inree arti
cles or more, amply and ucautuuiiy
illustrated from drawings by C D. Wel
don, who accompanied Mr. Ralph to the
interesting points in China which are
Vertical Wrltlnpln Telegraphy.
Hoston Transcript: If the vertical
I handwriting which is being taught in
our public schools pre-ails, and be
comes the ordinary handwriting, the
" ui..a.. . '
people who enjoy its ad van ages v,
havP " large measure the telegraph
to thank for it. They have been 1
Pincers or vertical writing, rorine
last twenty years almost every tele-
. - .. i
&raPh operator in the .country has writ-
ten a round, vertical hand, plainer than
any other sort of handwriting known,
with round, fat loons for the letters,
which drop below the line, and simple
capitals. This telegraphers" writing
has much in common with the English
"civil service handwriting,"' which may
have prececded it. but the civil service
hand is less often vertical and has cer
tain points of difference. Men's hand
writing tends in a general way to con
form to the fashion of Roman print
prevalent at any time: and. as the most
ordinary print letter nowadays is of a
round or Scotch face it is not strange
on the whole that the tendency in
handwriting is toward a. round letter.
AVomen's chirography is more capric
ious in its fashions; though it has in
clined pretty steadily now for several
years toward angular Hriticism.
It the Baby la Cutting Teeth.
Re sure and use that old and well-tried remedy, Kits.
Wikslow's Sootuiso Srncr for Children Teethins-
Tattered Tim Wiiat does between
th' devel an th deep sea" mean?
Moldy Mike It's the same as bein'
between a workshop and a bathroom.
New York Weekly.
Keep something out of ench week's earn
ings nnd soon something will keep you.
No man does his test who works only for
The sheep thnt goes astray never finds a
green pasture for itself.
Winter Tourist Tickets Via the Wabash
Are now on sale to all the winter resorts of
the South, Rood returning until June 1st,
tK. Ai.so Hakvest Exclusion Tickets to
all points south on excursion dates. In ad
dition to above, Railroad and Steamship
tickets to all points in the United States
and Eckope, at lowest rates. For rates,
tickets, excursion dates and full informa
tion or a copy of the Home Seekers Guide,
call at Wabash Office, 1502 Farnam street,
I' G. N. Clatton,
N. W. P. Agt, Omaha. Neb.
The birds with the brightest feathers dc
, not sing the sweetest
Weak nerves indicate as surely as
any physical symptom shows any
thing, that the orgaus and tissues of
the body are not satisfied witli their
nourishment. They draw their sus
tenance from the blood, and if the
blood is thin, impure or insufficient
they arc in a state of revolt.
To purify and vitalize the blood, and
thus supply the nourishment which
is needed. Those who keep their
blood pure with Hood's Sarsaparilla
have no trouble with weak nerves.
Therefore take Hood's now.
easy to buy. easy
to take, easy In ef
It's Much the Best
Sold everywhere. Made only by the P. Loml
LARD CoMrAvr. The o'dest tobacco manufac
turer in America, and the largest in the world.
To any Subscriber
of this paper we
will mail an 8-page
weekly paner one
- -f- - V....J
THE PERFECTION OF
A DeliciGCS Rsieij
For all Forms of
CAUTIOX 5cs that tio
- nam.' Keeauut is on each
Kach tablet contains one
S frrala pure i cp&ln. If the
cum cacnos be oMamei
from dctlcrs. send S cents
lastamps for sample p:ckacc to
'iO Bant St.. Cleveland, .
Criginators of Pepsin Chewing Cum.
I fitlV foronronnonarementtn liCVT ioeorthii
LUVrt paper. It 1U how a cut RCA I of 1 style of
DAVIS CRL4M SEPARATORS
It would take (CTeral r&scs to glrp details about tliet
K Grins machine. Handsome Mart rated Famrhlet
sited Free. VT aoexts wastes.
DAVIS ARANKIN BLDC. AND MFC. CO.
Sola Manufacturers, Chicago.
i iw m
FABM AM) GABDEN.
MATTERS OF INTEREST TO
6oe Cp to Date Hlata About Cultiva
tion of the Soil mad Ylelda Thereof
Horticulture, Yitlcaltara and Flori
culture Bains : Irrigation : Drainage.
It Is found by observation that for
dry farming to be possible not only
must there be at least twenty inches of
rainfalr during the year (being that of
London, England,) but that the rains
be moderate in character and that the
temperature be not excessive; also that
the rain be of considerable duration
to allow of its penetrating the soil and
dissolving the constituents in it, which
furnish the food for the spe
cific plant being grown, says Ir
rigation Fanner. For if the rainfall
occurs in violent storms of short du
ration and falls on an impervious un
broken prairie.having considerable de
clivity, it runs oft into the valleys over
the impervious surface, or through the
porous soil, if such exists, into the
streams, leaving the aou dry, tne at
mosphere hot, and the surface of the
Observations show that mere are
certain districts within the sub arid
region where the rainfall is concen
trated into certain months, producing
a rainy season. When this occurs dur
ing the growing season of the year and
the temperature is not too high,
twenty inches will suffice for dry
MeteoroWihts. for the purpose of
comparison, divide the rainfall of Kan
sas into three belts, the eastern, mid
dle and western.
The mean of observations for a period
of fourteen years for these belts was
found to be 37, 23.G and 19.4 respect
ively. Of this last amount it is found
that 65 percent of the annual rainiau
falls durintr the irrowinff season of the
year, thus giving 19.4.G5 per cent equals
12.0 inches, which for purposes oi col
lection for irrigation may be regarded
as the mean annual rainfall in that
Long experience in the collection of
water for city supply shows that 40 per
cent of the rainfall is available, which
gives 12.0x40 per cent equals 0 inches
nearlv. This is the yearly average for
a period of years which may vary forty
times either way for a given snorter
The above shows the necessity for
two things, first, for the irrigation of
a given area of land provision must be
made for ample storage room, and
second, in the interests of safety, that
ample overflows or spill-ways be made
to provide for the free discharge of the
surplus water that may flow into the
The promoters of irrigation projects
in westei n Kansas, in their demands
for aid from the government for sur
veying for reservoir sites and for their
cjnstruction, would cem to be ignor
ant of the physical characteristics of
that region. In the mountain regions
of the west, narrow canons furnish
sites for dams which will impound
large' quantities of water during the
periods of floods, while in western
Kansas, the source of supply of water
i the rainfall, and although there are
many depressions in the open prairie,
which could be made to store water
sufficient to irrigate many thousands
of acres of land the conditions are such
that the water can not be drawn out
by gravity so as to be available for ir
rigation. Growing; Evergreens from Seed.
Good seed must be procured
of the previous season's crop.
Avoid seed that is old. Make
examination and see that the
germs are plump and sound. The seed
of the pines, spruces and firs can be
tested in the winter in the same way
you would test wheat, oats or barley
to find the number of grains that will
freely germinate in a given number of
seeds-. Seeds of the evergreens 'men
tioned should be kept in a cool dry
room until time to plant arrives. Soak
in warm water from twenty-four to
thirty-six hours before planting. Seeds
of the Arbor Vitas should be stratified
as soon as picked from the tree, dry
ing destroys their vitality. Red cedar
and all juniper seed should be strati
fied as soon as gathered and remain in
the stratified state one year before
The ground selected to plant ever
green seed upon should be first
class soil for corn, as free as
possible from weeds or grass.
The best way to secure this
condition is to grow a crop
of potatoes, with such culture as will
absolutely destroy -everything of the
weed kind. Plow and pulverize well
in early autumn, then in about a week
afterward throw the ground up in rough
beds running east and west. This is done
with horses and plow in such a man
ner that the beds when finished will
be four feet wide and from four to six
inches above the general level. The
alleys between the beds should be two
feet in width. Set good strong posts
eight feet apart each way over the en
tire ground to be planted. Set them
from two and a half to three feet in
the ground and seven feet high from
the ground up. Brace the outside row
of posts all around. Then run heavy
galvanized wire on the top of each row
of posts, north and south, and east and
west, and fasten securely with a staple
on top of each post where the wires
cross. Cover the whole top with com
mon wire lath fencing, made with one
twist of wire less than common, be
tween the lath to bring them close to
gether. Enclose the sides in the same
way, fastening everything securely
with staples to the posts. Instead of
using lath, brush can be used by plac
ing the wires two feet apart, and
weaving and tying brush to them. The
shade must be evenly distributed so that
half or little more than half of the
rays of the sun will be intercepted.
After finishing your shading go over
all your beds with a cultivator and
then let it alone until spring comes
and the ground is dry enough to work
well. Scatter a liberal dressing of
wood ashes over all the beds, then pul
verize thoroughly to the depth of four
inches, finish making the beds, have
the edges straight, beds four feet wide
and an inch or so higher in the middle
than at the edges. The soil must be
completely pulverized and absolutely
free from rubbish of every kind. You
are now ready to sow the seed; sow
broadcast and have three cr four seeds
to the square inch. After sowing a
bed, run a common size garden roller
over it until every seed is pressed firm
into the soil. Cover the wholo bed
with light colored, fine clean sand to
the depth of one quarter of an inch for
the spruces, Scotch pine and firs,
and t about one half an inch
for su." v.S-.r.?r;r ik ...
. iry stove blacking may be pre-
take'led by adding a pinch of powdered
htTHta tragacanth to the blacking,
the exception that the Arbor Vitaiatd
is just barely covered with aand and
pulverized dry moss is sifted over them
to a. depth of a little leas tham one
quarter of an inch and the bed care
fully sprinkled with water through a
fine hose. After every rain the beds
must be looked after and sand applied
again -wherever it has washed off. The
seed germinates in from ten to twenty
days after planting. All weeds must
be pulled out by hand as fast as they
appear, as the beds must be kept per
fectly clean. The object in having the
sides enclosed as well as the top is to
keep out rabbits, dogs, poultry and
other vermin. A dog or rabbit merely
walking over a bed when the trees are
coming up will destroy thousands. A
good boy with a shotgun is a necessary
adjunct to keep certain birds from dig
ing up and eating the trees. This must
be attended to. While the little trees
are coming up, if the weather is dry,
the beds must be carefully sprinkled
every evening. Use just enough water
to thoroughly dampen the sand on the
beds. Have some dry sand stored away
so that during long spells of rainy,
damp, foggy weather yon can get and
sprinkle the beds with it after each
shower. This coating of dry sand
should be very thin, not over 1-32 of an
inch deep. Pull out the weeds before
they form the aecond set of leaves.
Keep the alleys clean with the use of
The ground occupied by the seed
beds should be at least six or eight
rods from any building, trees, hedges
or other windbreaks. A windbreak
is a good thing to have around your
seed beds if at a proper distance. I
prefer a distance of about twenty
rods or more to secure good air drain
age. The beds mnst be constantly
watched until the little plants have
formed their true leaves. The most
important objects to keep in mind are:
First The birds must be kept off.
Second The weeds and grass must be
pulled. Third If the weather is too
dry, sprinkle; if too damp, use the dry
After the true leaves have formed
the plants require but little attention
except that weeding must be kept np.
When the ground begins to freeze in
the fall cover all the beds-with wild
hay; use just enough to cover them
and no more. This is removed the
latter part of the following April, and
the trees will require no attention
during the summer except to be kept
clean from weeds. The next fall treat
the beds to another covering of hay,
and the following spring you will have,
if you have closely followed my
directions, in spite of possibly some
severe losses, 2,000 or more trees on
each 4 feet length of bed; 2 years old
and from 3 to 10 inches in height,
ready to be transplanted. Charles F.
Gardner in Farmers' Review.
Cultivation of Carrants and Gooseberries.
Currants should be planted in
rows north and south, in rows
five feet apart," and plants four
feet apart in the row. The
thicker the hills are set, so they are
not crowded, the more they shade the
ground. Gooseberries should be
planted in rows six feet apart and five
feet apart in the row. We should al
wa3rs set 2 year-old plants, as 1-year-old
are dear as a gift. The ground
should be well manured, and the
plants should be well cultivated for
After that give thorough cultivation
in the fall, cultivating very deep in
middle of the row, but not close
enough to the hills to disturb their
roots. After cultivating, clean out
and fix up the hills with the hoe. If
horse stable manure is to be had, or
old half rotted straw, mulch over the
whole surface of the ground as well as
around the hills.
Currants andgooseberries like a cool,
moist soil, and by mulching the whole
surface in the fall, and not disturbing
it in the spring or summer, it will hold
moisture, and keep the ground cool
until the fruit is grown, and it will be
free from all dust.
In the fall cut away all of the old
wood that can be cut, without inter
fering with the new growth, and keep
the hiils well thinned out and train
them upright. Currants produce their
fruit on the old wood, but we should
keep the oldest wood cut out so the
hills will not become so thick as to
crowd the young canes.
Last season the late frosts killed the
currants on the ends of the stems, so
the bunches were rather short, and
the drouth made the fruit somewhat
smaller than it would have been, so
by frost and drouth the crop was
materially shortened. But for all these
drawbacks we picked ten quarts to the
hill, 120 quarts to the rod of ground.and
twenty thousand (20,000) quarts per
acre. At 10 cents per quart amounted
to two thousand dollars (S2,000) per
acre. Allowing S1,000 for cultivation,
for crates, boxes, picking, extra help,
expressage, and commission for selling,
we have one clean thousand dollars
profit from one acre. I did not look
for a large crop, neither were the
bushes loaded as they often are, and I
think I have grown at least one third
more fruit per bush than the past
season, and that would make the profit
about S500 more per acre. This is
not stretching matters, for some hills
picked twelve quarts each the past
season. L. K. Ballard in Farmers
Of this the South Dakota station
says: Stems erect from annual root,
unbranched, one and one half to four
feet high; leaves very long and broad,
rough, spike usually large, from two
inches long in the smaller forms to
eight or ten inches long and more or
less compound in the larger and more
highly cultivated ones, oblong or
cylindrical, usually yellowish or pur
plish and nodding; bristles either
longer or shorter than the spikelets.
This is one of the most useful of our
cultivated annuals. There are many
different varieties in cultivation, such
as German millet, Hungarian grass,
Golden millet, etc. As it is usually
ready for cutting (if for hay) in from
two to tsvo and one half months
after sowing, it is an excellent catch
crop when others fail, and can be
sown after most other crops are in,
and will then have plenty of time to
mature. The yield of hay is usually a
heavy one. When used for hay, it
should be cut as soon as possible after
heading. If allowed to stand until
the seeds are well formed, it
is thought to have a bad ef
fect upon the kidneys of animals
to which it is fed. On the other hand
ground millet seed has been used for
fattening hogs with good results. Be
cause of its early maturity and the pos
sibility of its being sown late and har
vested early, millet is an excellent
crop to use in fighting certain perni
cious weeds, as, for example, the Rus
sian thistle. Cut worms seldom damage
it or even the crop following it the
next season. A specimen analyzed as
follows: Air dry substance Water,
8.74; ash, 10.19; ether extract, 2.96;
crude fiber, 32.14; crude protein, 11.10;
ah .gen-free extract, 34.87; total m
nigl !Qi 1.78; albuminoid nitrogen, 1.10.
in e walnut is a native of Persia, the
onsltsus and China.
ICoadeased from Farmers' Review Steaefta-
paio Report 1
At the Iowa dairy convention A. G.
Lucas spoke on "Why It Rains." He
did not believe that cutting off tie
timber causes a decrease of rainfall.
Cultivation of the soil makes rainfall
greater rather than less. The cutting
off of the forests does not bring
drouths. The sayings of the Preacher
apply to-day as well as thousands of
years ago: "Say not why were the
former days better than these, for thou
dost not inquire wisely concerning this
matter." This last year the total rain
fall for the state in the four
crop growing months was small,
but in 1892 the total rainfall was 5.37
inches per month. That was only two
years ago. There had been a great
deal of ditching done prior to 1881, and
yet that year the fall of rain was over
fifty inches. He then quoted statistics
to show the great variation in the rain
falls of different years. The past five
years gave us mere rain than the pre
ceding five years, and the two preced
ing decades were as great. We have
records of dry summers that are past,
among them that of 1846. Mr. Irish
says that year water was wanting, and
none was to be had from wells or
streams. Xot a drop of rain fell in
Johnson county during that season..
During all that time the weather was'
excessively dry. In many places water
had to be hauled long distances from
lakes and ponds. Two years before
that New England suffered from a
similar drouth, and two years after
the people of Ohio. In 1854 occurred
what is known as the "great drouth."
It should be noted that at that time
the great forests had not yet been de
stroyed, and the frog ponds contrib
uted their usual quota of vapor and
malaria. We should have for the year
fifty-two inches of water, or one inch
per week. Now these wet and dry.
seasons came in the course of nature,
and we have not yet been able toi
settle the reasons of their variations.'
The common theor is very plausible,,
but has no facts to rest upon. Moist
ure is valuable, but so is the tempera-,
ture. Cultivation does not prevent
evaporation or lessen it Cultiva-.
tion helps it. It has been sup
posed that the waters of the present
run off faster than in old times, but
the opposite is true. The waters ran
off faster then than now. The. water,
does not run off so fast now as then,be
cause now the fields are cultivated and'
the waters sink down slowly. As a
matter of fact the fields of this part of
the country are not watered by moist
ure that rises from this locality. The
moisture that rises from this and
neighboring states goes eastward'
toward the ocean, while the
rain we get is imported by the south-,
west winds from the Gulf of Mexico
and territory far to the southwest.
The water surface of Iowa is only 55u
miles. According to the average depth
as set by the geological survey, that
amount of water,if all made into vapor,
would give us only one half inch of
rainfall. In order to give an average
amount of rain, which is an inch per
week, the total amount of water nec
essary to water our state, say thirteen
inches for three months, it would re
quire the total evaporation of a lake
HU miles iong,ou jnues wiue ana ix icet
deep. It would take a big frog pond
to give uswthat amount of water.
In every other business except farm
ing there is some attempt to fit supply
to demand,says Pioneer Press. Manu
facturers and merchants take trade
journals, feel the state of the market, i
and would not dream of trying to
force a commodity on the people after
the people had auit buying it, or were
willing to buy it only for less than
cost of production. There should be
information accessible to the farmer.
In every state the commissioner of
statistics should ascertain, as nearly as
may be, what are the products of the
soil which the state might produce,
but which it does not produce
in quantities sufficient to sup
ply the home demand. These
facts should then be placed
in the hands of every farmer so
that production might be regulated ac
cordingly. It is simple imbecility that
the farmers of any state should busy
themselves with producing something
that they have to send thousands of
miles to market and sell at a price
that keeps them constantly under the
harrow of poverty, while the people of
the same state as a whole are sending
away hundreds of miles to get pork or
dairy products or eggs or chickens that
they consume. If we could have di
versification of agricultural industry,
and if we could have it diversified ac
cording to the plain needs of the con
sumers as shown by the records of
trade, the attention of the farmer
would be fixed upon supplying the
home market. In that lies the greatest
profit and the highest interest of the
L. N. Barr writes, saying: "Cai.
you or any of your readers tell me of i
a cure ior cnictcen cauiera. x nave
been losing from three to five a week.
I have tried pepper tea without any
We nave no confidence in remedies
for chicken cholera, and believe the
prevention is the only thing that can
be done. When cholera breaks out
among fowls the first thing to be done
is to separate the sick from the well
fowls. At once give a change of food,
which should be of a nourishing char
acter. Many writers believe in giving
iron in some form. The old method
was to put rusty nails in the drinking
water. English poultrymen use what
is known as "Douglas Mixture." This
can be made by putting eight ounces
of sulphate of iron (also called copperas
or green vitriol) into a jug; (never use
a metallic vessel) with two gallons of
water, adding one ounce of sulphuric
acid (oil of vitriol). The ingredients
can be obtained of any druggist. This
medicine is to be put into the drink
ing water in the proportion of a tea
spoonful to a pint, and is found to be a
useful tonic. As soon as the disease
breaks out give this to the sick fowls,
and also to the well ones to help
them resist the disease.
One writer says that he made a satu
rated solution of alum, and whenever
a bird was attacked, gave it two or
three teaspoonfuls, repeating the dose
next day: He mixed their feecUIndian
meal, with alum water for a week.
After adopting that course he lost no
Others advocate cayenne pepper,
gunpowder and turpentine, feeding a
little every other day for a week.
Fowls that are well fed,well housed,
and kept in a dry place, will seldom
have cholera. In fact we do not know
that they ever have it when prop
erly handled. We would like to hear
further about the place where these
chickens were kept, whether there
were any cold drafts allowed to strike
them at night, or whether their pens
are cold, damp and dark. Also, what
has been their food?
Capeks originally grew wild is
Greece and northern Africa.
Sage is a native of south Europe.
The cucumber was originally a trop
) fears were Drought from tne .Ban
by the Romans.
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LaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaOH BaaaaaaPli 'aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaH
H c3VeP-VC jjjjjjaaiijjjjjjjjaaaSvUaaS Maaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
bbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbsWvt i 5kSbbbbbbbbbsbbbt ';7Sbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbsbb!
A Delicious 1'1h ill 1'udriinir.
Pick and stone one pound of the best
Malaga raisins, which put in a basin
-with one pound of currents (well
-washed and picked), one pound of pood
"beef suet chopped not too tine, three
fourths of a pound of white or brown
sugar, two ounces candid lemon or or
ange peel, two ounces of candid citron,
six ounces of flour, and one-fourth
pounds of breadcrumbs, with a little
grated nutmeg and salt. Mix the whole
together with eight whole eirgs and a
little milk. Have ready a plain or or
namental pudding mould: wcll-bntlcr
the interior. Pour the above mixture
into it, cover with a sheet of paper, tie
the mould in a cloth, put the pudding
into a large stewpan containing boiling
water and let it boil quite fast for four
lioursand a half, or it may be boiled ly
tying it in a pudding cloth well floured,
forming the shape by laying the 'cloth
in a round-bottomed basin and pouring
into it. It will make no difference in
the time required for boiling. When
done take out of the cloth and turn out
upon your dish, sprinkle a little pow
dered sugar on it and serve with this
sauce: Put the yolks of three eggs in
a stewpan with half a cupful of pow
dered sugar and a gill of milk. Mix
well together, add a little lemon peel
and stir over the fire until it becomes
thick; it must not he allowed to boil.
Flavor to taste and serve very hot.
Is the man or woman troubled with dys
pepsia. Heart palpitations, sour stomach, '
heartburn, uneasiness .of the nerves, op-
presslon or a sense of emptiness at the pit of .
the stomach, are anions its symptoms. Hos
tetter's Stomach Bitters eradicates it, and
entirely overcomes constipation, biliousness.
rheumatic, kidney and malarial complaints.
Use this thorough remedy systemati ally and
it will achieve parmaneut results.
Clubs for Farmers' Wivc.
If possible, it is wise to go outside of
the ordinary limits of acquaintance and i
invite women of widely different as-j
sociations and employments to become
members of the elub, writes Helen .lay
in a very practical article on "The '
Mental Life of a Farmer's Wife" in the i
March Ladies Home Journal. We all
need to enter into the lives of others.
and for an organization of women I (
know no better motto than the words ;
of Dr. Hale, "This club exists to find J
out how other people live."' It will be i
easier to do this than appears upon the
The ."Modern Way
Commends itself to the well-informed.
to do pleasant' y and effectually what j
nua juuucii uunu in uiu u uutnu iiim-
ner ana aisajrreeabiy as wen. 10
cleanse the system and break up colds,
headaches and fevers without unpleas
ant after effects, use the delightful
liquid laxative remedy. Syrup of Figs.
The laborer who has enough money on
which to get drunk is iud too niiicli
THE GREAT GERMAN COFFEE ISF.KRY. f
Coffee at one cent a pound,that is what
it costs to grow it, good coffee, too. Some
say that it is better than IJio. This '
we know, while in Europe last summer .
in "search of seed novelties we often '
.1 -i- .1.:.. : i.,.i,. :n !.-....... 11.. 1 '
uiuiiiv una 111 iiuivjia 111 1 laatL, jnii , .
land and Germany.
Thirty-five packages earliest vegetable
seeds, 81.00, not 3 cents per package.
Largest growers of farm seeds as
oats, grass and clover, corn and pota
toes, etc, in the world. Early heavy
yielding vegetables our specialty.
If Yon Will Cat ThW Out wncl Son. I It
with 15c postage to the John A. Salzer
Seed compan', LaCrosse, Wis., 3011 will
get free a package of their German Coffee
Berry seed and their catalogue. wnu
A fool never learns anything from a
Readers of Marion Crawford's novel
"Casa Ilraccio," now appearing in The
Century, will be interested in knowing
that the story, as printed so far, is true,
except that the scene of the actual oc
currence was in South America instead
of in Italy. The nun. who really es
caped from a Carmelite convent with a
Scotch surgeon, was the niece of a bish
op. A skeleton was placed in her bed.
when it was fired, instead of a body as
in Mr. Crawford's stor3'. After much
suffering the surgeon and his wife
reached the sea-coast, and were taken
aboard anEngiish vessel, wiience they
sailed to Scotland and lived for many
years in Edinburgh. The part of .Mr.
Crawford s story still to appear, por
frarinw IIia rmniilimnnr. visited I.T 1 11
the pair for their sin. is ima-'ina ry.
2 If you've neuralgia, take St. Jacobs Oil rub it W
9 on rub it on bard keep rubbing it on itbasgot Z
S to stop tbe pain that's what it's for. X
A Vegetable Manure.
Wisconsin Agriculturist: Here is a
formula or a manure that has been
successfully used by a New Jersey gar
dener for vegetables: One thousand
pounds cottonseed meal or bonemeal,
both costing about S.10 a ton; .100 pounds
boncblack. costing ?:.'" a ton, and ."00
pounds of muriate of potash, costingSl'
to .iMr a ton. This makes one ton of
lirst-class manure, costing about S-T-This
gardener sa3s in American Gar-
ilmirnr- ! Vm'i hnil lt.tir results from
... ..-..- - . v..... .
this formula than from 40 special ma
nures from the manufacturer. I used !
the above formula on two acres of
sweet potatoes last season, making a
tine crop of about sixty barrels to the
acre, f put 1.200 pounds of the 30 fer
tilizer on each acre, costing about SIS
Worm In Horse.
The only sure cure for pin wornr in horses
known Is tftekctce's Hojr Cholera t'ure.
Never faiis to destroy worms in horses, hogs,
Mieep. doss or'ats; an excellent remedy for
sli-k fowls. J-'end si.xiv cents in United
Plates postase stamps and I will send by
mail Cut this out. take it to druggist and
Day him liftv cents. Three packages for 31.50 '
ev.r.ss naid. O. G. STKK ETEE.
Crand Kapids, Mich.
Mention name of paper.
Ai'.tues :or teeing faults in "others is
poor evidence of faultlessness in the fault
seer. 1 believe liso's Cure for Consumption
saved niv lv"s life Inst summer. Mus.
Ai.l:c UoroLASs, LeUoy. Mich., Oct. 20. 'IN.
Oliver Wendell homes says that a man
vtou'd letter I o seventy years young than
forty years o'd.
Milliard Table, second-band. For sala
chenp. Apply to or address, H. C. Akix,
ill S. lUth St.. Omaha,.Neb.
The cheerful River is always the one who
A Sample Package (4 to 7 doses) of
To auy one scllitt!r ame antl address lo
us on a postal card.
ONCE USED THEY ARE ALWAYS IN FAVOR.
Hence, our object in sending them out I
They absolutely cure
Coated Tongue, Poor Ap
petite, Dyspepsia and kin
dred derangements of the
Stomach, I.iver and Bowels.
Don't accept some substitute said
to be "Just as good."
The substitute costs the dealer
It costs you ABOUT the same.
HIS profit IS ill tlie JUSt W
WHERE IS YOURS?
Address for lRi:U SAMI'LK,
World's Dispensary Medical Associalio.
Ab. 663 Mala St., BUFFALO, iY. '.
DIRECTIONS for wing
CUE AM BALM. Apply
a particle of the Balm well
up fnl j the imtrV.i. After
a moment draw a glrong
breath through the nwe.
le three times a day, af
ter meals preferred, vul
Ei.Y'3 CREAM BALM op-ns anl cloan th
asair.i!as,AIIo.'ainain! Inflammation, Heals
!. Son-", protect the Jlembran from C6K1 Ke
j.tn'rr th S?nieof Tast? anil SmelL The Balmls
juicily ab:crhl and s! vir rrSief at once.
A particle Is applfol Intorarh nostril and bacre'
ibl.. I'rieeSOcvaisat I)nirsitsorbymall.
2LT BKOTHERS, 56 Warren St., Hew York
Wwfwut (jig u M
W. L. Douclas
C3 CAF I3THESEST.
-MfnWL TIT FOR AKING.
FRENCH AENAMCUXD CALF.
435? Fi CAu&KwsAm
' -EXTRA FINE-
sfwd ran cataidcut
Over One Mlllloa People wear tho
W. L. Doug'as $3 & $4 Shoes
All our shoes are equally satisfactory
They give the best value for the money.
They equal custom shoes In style and fit.
Their wearing qualities are unsurpassed.
The prices mre uniform, stamped on sole.
From $1 to $3 saved over other makes.
If your dealer cannot supply you we can.
EST IN MARKET.
BEST IN KIT.
EEST IN AVEAItINO
1 ntf a 1 ITV
, ' WUA.
7. The cater or tnp solo ex
tends tue whole length
down to the heel, pro
tecting the boot in ill?
fclntr aud In other bard
ASK YOUR DEALER.
anrl don't be put off
with Inferior goods.
COLCHESTER RUBBER CO.
WALTER BAKER & CO.'
Tho Largest Manufacturers or
PURE. HIGH GRADE
COCOAS AND CHOCOLATES
On thl Continent, hTe reetid
from the greit
Industrial and Food
lln Europe and America.
'nliV. h Dutch 1'roWM. no AI-
lit.orothrr Ch.mir!or Uyrtmn
- .. f. ...... ... fh.i. tir.nar.tlnns.
. ' - - .?""...:: .-."i. ;.v..v; r. "v.i..,.i.
pure nd lolnble, and cntti less than ent ctnta cj.
SOLD BY GROCERSEVERYWHERE.
WALTER BAKER fcCoTDbHCHESTEB. MASS.
to CHRISTIAN ENDEAVORERS
P?fTaS or BOSTON
The Convention City.
The Passenger Department of the Rig
Four Koute has issued a very convenient
and attractive Docket Guide to the City of
Boston which will le sent free of charge to
all members of the Young People's Society
of Christian Endeavor who will send three
two cent stamps to tho undersigned. This
Pocket Guide should le in the hands of
every mcinb-sr of tho Society who contem
plates attending the I tth Annual Conven
tion, as it sliow.s the location of all Deists,
Hotels, Churches. Institutions, Places of
car Lines, etc, etc. Write soon, as tho
j edition is limited.
K. O. MeCoitsiicK,
Passenger Traflle Manager I5ig Four Koute,
f the lr. In 1170. x
rlfu rurrd thotw-X
USED I land ilncc nd wUll
I r..nll KMIll 1
IbliAlLT 1 for free book. Mid y
Fkire by mftll.
M. SYKS SUSC WK CO.. II. MXTON BtDC.. CHICAM
otd by all Unj(t:ii
;i r2". -c. .til alxitit ln!in;c inonrr in (iraja
nail Mock ly "iralplnx the iriul.t" on ir.arslnsof
mtn l.ftM)- Rt mrthfxl xet. All mliii- mall
' monejr. Li.xsisu & Co.. II? yulncjr St., Chicago.
Examination ar,I Aari-c ! ralcatabilitr of
Inntion. Srml for"liivtiitortS'ii!. orllow to Get
ftfmtent." ?AJ3KZ CT42SIL. TA3H2:SrKT, 8. 0.
.lientloii tin. i'.i;ii-.-
WHfftfAlt HSK lAlLS.
Best Coogh Syrup. Tastes Good. Use
In time, sole tr aruggars.
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