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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (March 13, 1895)
VOLUME XXV. NUMBER 48.
COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA, WEDNESDAY. MAfiCH 13, 189.
WHOLE NUMBER 1,296.
pened exactly- as
it does in those
which, of all liter
ature, arc my fa
vorites. I was
very late for the
train? it. was on
hc move; the por
ter bundled me in,
thing my bag after
me, slammed the
door, and whis
tled. And the lady
sat in the oppo
site corner of the carriage gathering
Vier feet under the seat to avoid my
Snirtling bag. She was extremely
"impend upon it." said I to myself
:;it oiicc, "she's going to stay with the
l.lair.s." For it hud to be so it always
is so. I was going to the IHairs, you
Unhappily, she did not seem in
clined for conversation. She was ac
fommodating but not discursive as to
ihc window; it was hummer, and
lliere was no foot-warmer to bridge
the gap between us. The annoying
girl had :t paper, and buried herself
behind it. This was, of course, all
wrong. Something would happen
, Something did. The lady put down
'the paper And gazed in a puzzled man
ner at iicr left glove. I peered cau
'tioiiOy around the edgo of the Hunts
'ijif.ii. Her eyes expressed dottbt and
difficulty. I saw what was the mat
ter; a button of the glove was undone.
I am never intrusive or precipitate. I
bided tny time Why, we were hardly
ntpage ten of the novel yet!
5he tried to button the glove. The
'glove was not too large; she could not
button iL Her brow wrinkled into a
perplexed little frown.
I love a dainty woman, and a wo
man whose life is spoilt by an obsti
nate glove-button is just the wife for
me. She was bound to ask me to
button it in another moment.
mil she did not A sudden smile
smile if illumination spread
lier face. She had got it! Of course
ilni couldn't button the tiresome thing
with her glove on! Who could? With
another smile for her own folly, she
quietly unbuttoned all the buttons of
her right glove and drew it oh. Then
:he turned with quiet confidence to
!lio left-hand button.
Had it not been for the look of the
Uhing Vd have kissed her on the spot
As I, was and notwithstanding my
-interest in racing I allowed the
"hint smaii to drop and fastened my
yo on her. Her hand was the most
lovely little hand I have ever seen
small, plumy, tapering, white, pink
nailed. 1 dote on a good hand.
She buttoned the button of her left
-glove with immediate and complete
-success, and smiled rapturously; in
deed, she held up her hand and sur
veyed the job with immense com
placency. 1 was smiling broadly my
bclf now, because I saw what was
going to happen. Thank heaven,
however, 1 made no sound! I wouldn't
have spoilt it for the world.
Her white teeth gleamed radiantly
between her parted lips as she gently
drew on the right glove. She treated
the glove lovingly, working and pull
ing and patting, stopping to look now
sind again, conducting the thumb with
infinite adroitness into its compart
ment. Then she gave a final persua
sive tug to the upper part, and pre
pared to button the glove.
ftiie tried the first button,
stopped to think. A curious
nression stole over her face.
SHK LOOKED UP.
shook her head. She looked at the
right clove. She shook her head
again. Her right hand moved toward
berleft Was slid going to unbutton
the left glove again? As I hope to be
.saved she undid two buttons!
Then it struck her, and in an in
stant her face was all a-laughing, and
I burst into a loud peal.
She looked up in momentary indig
nation, in swiftly succeeding fun, in
irresistible sympathy. Then she
laughed a low, long, luxurious ripple.
"1 ought to have told you," I
gasped. '-Uut you see, I hoped you'd
undo them all again."
lut what am I to do?"' she asked.
"What am 1 for?" I returned.
"Well, if you don't mind," said she.
1 crossed over and sat down by her.
"There is." I observed, starting on
the fons et origo, the top button of
the left-hand glove, "no man so good
that he cannot find a woman too "ood
for him "'
She lifted her eyes with an
" and no hand so small that it can
not find a glove too small for it"
"It's not true," she cried. See, I
can move all my fingers."
"I don't believe vou can," said L
"I am looking. I can't see them
move. Perhaps I might be able, you
know, to feel thom."
"Do you mind buttoning the other
now?" she asked.
"It's better than nothing," said I,
and began to button it
"It was very curious," she remarked,
"that I shouldn't have seen that as
often as I unbuttoned one glove in
order to button the other
"It is just what I liked about vou." !
"I must have been thinking of
"Of course you were," said I,
proudly. "You were thinking of me.
But it would have been the same any
how. You are a perfect woman."
"Have you known me long enough?"
"Yes, for anything," said I.
"Even to take five minutes to but
ton a glove for me?"
"It is nearly done," said I, undoing
the second button again, "but 1 can't
manage this, one. &ov if I had a
hairpin I should be the happiest I
mean I should be able to manage IK"
"I'm afraid my hair will con.c
"I aai in favor of risking that,' I
She gave me a hairpin. I buttoned
the glove with it and put it in my
"My hairpin, Dlease," said she,
holding out her hand.
I -uut am l to get notning out oi
it?" I cried indignantly.
"The reward of a good conscience,"
"It is not enough."
"Oh! but you must give it to' inc."
"Well," said I, "I'll give it' to you
when we get there."
"Why, to the Mail's, of course,
flow amused they'll be to find that
we've made acquaintance!"
"But I'm not going to where is it?
My face fell a little, but I recovered
in a moment
"Oh, well," said I, nodding my
head, "you live quite near and we
shall often meet I'm going to stay a
month. I'm not sure uov it won't be
"I'm sure I hope you'll enjoy your
self," she said, "and find plenty of
gloves to button; but why the train's
"All right,all right" said I. "We've
another hundred a whole splendid
hundred miles to go. And it's a
slow train at that"
"I'm afraid I don't know what you
"I'm afraid," I returned, "that t
am being a little hasty, but n
"Unless I am hasty," blie inter
rupted, with a laugh and a blush, "I
shall be carried past my station."
And she folded up her papar and took
hold of her parasol.
"You're .never going to get out
here!" I cried, aghast "You're not
going even to the same station?"
"I'm very sorry, but the next is my
I thought for a moment The plot
was not exactly what I had expected,
but it might do as well. And I need
not btatul on ceremony with the
IHairs. 1 rose from my seat and took
my bag down from the rack.
"A wire will put it all right)" said
I, with a cheerful nod. "It's impossi
ble to leave yon stranded alone at a
wayside station like this."
"But I live here!" she cried, gleams
of wonder and fun in her blue eyes.
'There could be no other reason for
getting out at such a place," said I
"And I shu'n't be alone," she con
tinued. "If I were "
"Ah, if you were !"
"Oh, well, but I sha'n't be. I'm to
"That's rather a mistake," I -ad
"But my husband," said slid.
For a moment I said nothing. The
train was ncarly'fit a standstiltThe
lady louked"ouC"of the window.
'It's nottreating me quite fairly,"
I obsexjred. .
"Yjs, there's George," s8id" she. "Oh,
youVe never given me the hairpin." D
"l never will," said I, in sad deter
,"Oh, vou're very "
But George was at .the window. I
will not attempt to' describe him; I
should probably do him an injustice.
The lady bowed -Jto me politely.
George, from ouide, can have seen
notliyig'but a slight, graceful, distant
bendfof the head. I saw more: much
morf; glcamujfg eyes, white teeth,
evrything-jhi the world. And a voice
sajd quite m a whisper:
V'l wonder if those Bluirs,arc nice!"
ThcrjrCvas regret, longing, wistful
ness m that whisper. Gcprgc was
just ojuside. I could but-hold up iny
nairjnn with a romantic air.
d the ladv was rann!
-iang n: sam l to myscit as vt
roHtd out of the station. "It's only a
sWbrt story, after all!''
f But it wasn't a bad one.
Kpilcpy anil Hysterics.
Dr. J. K. Bauduy, the mental spe
cialist, was asked, in giving his testi
mony in the criminal court in the
Lang murder trialr to explain the dif
ference between epilepsy and hyster
ics, and replied: "If a woman was
standing with hell on one side of her
and a bed of roses on the other and
was taken with a fit of epilepsy sho
would bo as apt to fall into lioll as
into the lied of roses. If she was af
fected with hteries sho would bo
mot likely to fall into the bed of
roses. "' St. Louis Post Dispatch.
A Kisinc Thermometer.
"What is it that keeps you busj
writing so late in your study every
night?" a&kcd Mrs. Yergcr of her hus
band. "I am writing the history of
my life' "I suppose you mention me
m it?' "Oh, yes: I call you the sun
shine of my existence." "Do I really
throw so much sunshine into your
daily life?" "I refer to the sunshine
of my existence because you make it
hot for me." A ri-e in the thermom
eter occurred immediately after tho
foregoing conversation. Texas Sift
ings. HU Kindly Ieelin;.
The natient had loen sick a
time and the doctor had done his best
but in vain,and the end was approach
ing. "If vou have anything to sav before
going," said the doctor, it will be best
for you to say it now."
"Well, doctor,"' replied the patient
cheerfully, -'I have only the kindliest
feelings for you, and I am sure you
wouldn't lose so good a customer as I
have been if vou could possibly pre
"I do nothesitate, Mr. Stay late, "' she
remarked gently, "to say that you are
a young man of excellent habits, but I
ai very much afraid that vou would
l spend too much of vour time awav
'Why do you think so?"
"Because,'' and she yawned a lit
tlo "you spend so much time away
from home now."
Married Not Mated. "
Mr. Candid Chumly How do you
and your new wife get on together?
Mr. Newlywcd Well, all I've got
to say is that I wish my mother-in-law
was an old maid Texas SVtings.
THE CROWS' REVENGE
SAD FATE OF JABEZ BUMTREE
OF LOCAL FAME.
He Incurred the Hatred of the tttftek
Fcathefed Bird or Evil Omen mud
They Relentlesly Tanned Illm Until
They Iilljr Killed Him.
"1 read a story about a pest of
crows in Jersey," said a traveling
man, "and it reminded me of Jabez
Bumtreo's crows. When I first start
ed on the road I had what my fellow
travelers always called the 'poverty
circuit' It included all the small
Western and Southern villages arid set
tlements, and wheri a man started out
Id covet' it he didn't generally get
back to civilization for six months.
"I had been over night in an In
dian settlement and wanted to get to
tho next village, some fifteen miles
distant, by 4 o'clock in the afternoon.
The man with whom I had stopped in
formed me that Iko Staples was going
five miles in tho direction I wished td
take, and he guessed Ike would give
mo a lift. So away vfe started, arid fdr
tho first tWO miles Ike discussed crops
and other things that hadn't the
slightest interest for trie. As wo
roundOu a turn in the road I noticed a
small broken down cabin about a hun
dred yards distant.
" 'Hello,' I exclaimed, 'who lives
"We were directly in front of the
cabin by this lime, and I had ni) soon
er put the inquiry than Ik6 pulled up
his horsdi tiirried to irie; arid after
looking- mo over said:
" 'Well, by gum! ter think that I
driiv a man around that never hearn
of Jabez Bumtree! Say, friend, yer
an't tryin' ter josh me?'
"I assured him that I was not.
whereupon he resumed:
" 'Well, sir, that man Jabez and his
wifo 'Mandy and the littlo feller,
Jabez iunior. did somethiii' that seK
tlod 'em fot; life. They was druv from
place tor place fcr ten years, an' they
finally cum ter this olo cabin ter hide.
But tho enemy w'at had ben on the
trail for ten years smelt 'em out, an'
feelin' that they couldn't run no
longer they stayed, anJ Jttlifz Uiuri
tree. his wife 'Maridy. arid the little
feller" mot death like they might have
tei years before if they hadn't tried
tho jumpin' an' the do:lgin' racket'
" 'Dear me.' said I, 'but who chased
them like that for so long?'
'Go an' throw a stone in tho olo
hut,' said my companion: -Tho
enemy is the most retentlist like you
ever secri, ah' they still guard the
" 'Aha!" I exclaimed, as I jumped
from the wagon and picked up a big
stone. 'More than one, eh?"
" 'A million, b1 jingo!' replied ny
companion as I hurled the stone at tho
house. It made a great noise and
went through tt cracked pane of glass
Mid slammed agaihst the wall inide.
The next moment there was a terrific
squawking inside, and crows began to
fly out of every window. It seemed
to me that there were thousands of
them, and they made tho sky black.
They Hew up in the air and began
making circles around the house, but
didn't go away.
" 'Jabez Bumtreo,' ho began, was a
blooded colt, an' was a d'rect descend
ant of the Bumtrees of New York.
They wusn't nuthin' goin' could tell t
Jaliez nuthin, an' when he sed he'd
marry '.Mandy Hucklo he jes' up ah'
done it, an' the Huckles was jes' as
good as the Bumtrees, too. The
couple was livin' 'bout a hundred
miles from this hero spot when Jabez
done all that fdolishhess. The little
feller was 2 years old then. Now,
right back of the Bumtreo barn was
the roostin' place of all tho crows
fer miles around, an' while Jabez
didn't mind 'em much, ho jes" got
huffy when ho found they wasa-pickin'
at his crops, an
one night he goes t
out an' throws sticks an' stones in the '
trees till ho drives every blasted crow
out. But them crows hadn t no no
tion of quittin' that roost. Their
fathers an' grandfathers and great
grandfathers had roosted there 'fore
ever a Bumtree or a Hucklo came
across the sky line, an' they'd ba
dinged if they'd quit.
" 'The king crow 'lowed as how it
wasn't right to jieck at Jabez's fields,
an' they didn't do it no more, but that
warn t what Jabsz wanted. I sed he
was a blood colt, an' ho was. He'd !
" " I
bwiicu ici uno mum crows oui, an
ho meant ter do it: an' night after
night the fight kept on. From stick
ter stones Jabez went ter his gun, an'
he used ter kill about fifty crows a ,
night. But still every night found
the crows at the ole roost' " I
'An' then the durn fool done i
that what settled him. I told
yer how that little patch or wood back i
er the Bumtree barn was a roost fer ,
crows fer 200 ycaw. Well, as the
mother loves her olTsprinsr. so does '
me crm loye uie roosi oi iisanctoier. i
..UH .. ..v. vmuw. ....,. v-v. iuui. can c.x
an" chopped down every durn tive in i
the patch he committed suicide fer
himself an' his wifo an" littli feilcr.
The los er home an' about 150 of tho
race what Jabez had killed was too
much fer tho crows, an' they resolved
that the earth warn't large "nuff ter
hold the Bumtreo family an' tho
crow race. They couldn't 'tack the
man openly, an' crows don't carry no
gun. But they do carry a gosh darned
squawk, and the squawk was the weap
on that killed the Bumtrees. They
druv them out er the olo homestead
and they follered 'cm from place to
place. There weren't no sleep fer the
Bumtrees nowhere. Wherever they
was there was a thousand crows, an'
they'd squawk outside the Bumtreo
window like all damnation.
."'An't no use tryin' ter tell yer
where the Bumtrees went ter in that
ten years. They went ev'ry place, an'
the old cabin yer passed was where '
they las' come ter fer rest ole man
Bumtree, pale an' busted up: Mandy,
hollow-chested, and stoop-shouldered,
an' the little feller, now growed up, so
weak he couldn't barely walk. Every
one in the settlement knew they was
there an' that the crows was still after
them, but no one dared ter do nuthin'.
The crows was determined an' no hu
man bein' could resist them. Why,
the crows what squawked the Bum
trees ter their final breath was the
grandchildren of the crows what Ja
bez druv out er the ole roost by the j
cuttin' down of the trees. How's that j
ler persistence." An wnen the people
in the settlement heard the squawkin'
no more they knew that tho crows'
duty was done an' the Bumtrees was
dead, an' they came over an' attended
to the plantin', which was done in the
ground under the ole cabin. D'yo
know that them Bumtrees was killed
by lack of sleep? Every night when
they went to bed the sqUawkirt' com
menced an in the whole teH years
they Wasdyifi they didti't have ,'riuff
sleep td niake s gdod night's rest "
IMPRESSIONS OF A PARISIAN.
remarkable I benomena Observed by a
Stranger Within Our Gate.
When will foreign tourists stop
quizzing their American cousins? Ever
since tne days t)f MrS: Trolldpe and
Charles Dickens wo hare taken all
sorts of hard rap's from our visitors,
hut the crown of absurdity must be
given to Mme. Leon Grandin, who
visited the world's fair and who must
have kept her eyes very wide open,
indeed to have seen tho things re
corded in her recent volume. Here
are some of tho ripest plums df ob
servation: "The heat lrt Chicago in August be
ing insupportable, the nieri dd riot
stand oil any ceremony; bul take bIT
their" jackets arid vosts which they
carry on their arm, and thus they
promenade on the most fashionable
thoroughfare, wearing simply trousers
One very frequently meets in tho
streets of Chicago and Now York
young men or good families carrying
their shoes In theif hands.-'
"A rehlar'kabie" thing abflut the
dresses worri.iri New Y'ftrk is the w'hite
aprori, which, many ladies wear at
h'dmo and in tho street Of
course I do not suppose that these
ladies represent the aristocratic clashes
in New York, but I met so many of
them attired in these aprons that I
suppose it is a fashion with tho higher
"Ill hot weather rill the Chicago
llofses wear straw hats; with sponges
mider thetti. But some 6f theni Wear
nioro thati that, even. I saw several
horses on State street wearing trous
ers mado of blue jeans. Tho neck and
back were covered with oilcloth, and
tho poor beast's head was adorned
with an immense chapeau do Panama."
MirtO. Granditl .Made jtther astbte
and renidrkable observations on our
national life. Shj also records her
own chagrin whon, wishing to order
"calvo' brains" for her dinner, the
dictionary mislid her into asking for
"calves' intelligence." Sho finds our
women too fat, our men to lean, and
she takes with all seriousness tlio re
ply of a wifo whose husband w'ciit oiit
without his overcoat: "Oh, that's all
right: he insured his life last week."
What treasures our futuro historian
will find in "Impressions d'uno Paris
ienne!" MORSELS OF GASTRONOMY
Hothouse lettuce is
and nice td hav as a
rs green, crisp
The strength of the cod fish is as
great in cooking as when it swims the
Venison can be kept as long as a
, rocking chair that used to be grand
j Those who talk most about terrapin
j are people who enjoy it at long inter
j It is against the law to shoot part
i ridges now, bat not a Violation to eat
A silver sardine knife and fork Com
bined is sdanithirig newtbut awkward
The English are jealous df our fine
beef, which may be why they Would
Ice cream at dinner parties is a back
number. Those who regret its omis
sion are few.
America now cans "French peas,"
declared to be fully as palatable as
A fricasseed chicken means a fowl
that had no lonsrer anv romance or
tenderness in it
statistic show that as a nation of
olive eaters we are coming up to the
An exchange says: "I'eaniits are
goo:l for acute d-spepsia." Thousands
have no doubt of it
There ans still nieri who pick
truffles carefully from sauc3 or put
them on the side of their plate.
A fish sufficiently antique for an art
museum is well dubbed "poisson" in
T .1 l .t 1 t mm
LICIlca on tnc nolel om ol Iare'
i lie Hunters pudding of a cen
pudding of a century
ago, with its inace, suet and figs, has
b-en revived in all its Centennial
GIVEN TO LEVITY.
"It strikes ma that he has a good
deal of assuranc2 to call himself a boy
pianist He must be all of 25." "(nass
he is: but he plavs like a bov ot 9."
i)eacon Meadows-I hear your son
ilslR wlim, nn ,rt. fort f. m.
i. v-..... n,...j r a n
lege. Farmer Clovcrtop I dunno.
V,ii. 1-tSlllll.t UHMtlLWll 1 UUIII1U. IIC
ain't showed no signs of it about hum.
an my fences njeas fixing puttv bad
"How do you likj thi new boarding
place?" Old boy Couldn't be improved
on: fiere's niver enough of anything
for all. ' Great Scott! Why do you
li.ee it then? ' "There's nothing left
Mrs. D'Avnoo I wish you would
not spend your time reading those
emotional novels. Miss D'Avnoo Oil.
tiiis is not emotional a bit. It is pure
ly financial. The heroine marries the
man her mother picks out
It is stated that Mrs. Malanroo re-
cennv reportea ol a
London that "the crcatest
success was Secretary Roosevelt of
the United States embassy, who ap
peared in the garbaga of a monk.'
"The thing that Biggies lacks is
sincerity," remarked th2 self-appointed
critic of mankind. "What
makes you say that?" "He made a
resolution to quit swearing and
bought a fountain pen on the same
Mr. Johnly Sam, I understand that
your boss is going to get married
again. Will he take a bridal trip?
Sam Yas, he gwine ter go it agin,
but I kain't toie you about takin' a
bridle to her. He used to take a hoss
whip to de udder one.
"It's a great mistake," said a phil
osopher, "for a poor man to get into
politics unless he is sure he can
make a living at it" "That's very
true," replied the philosopher's wife,
"but it seems to me that a man who
could make a living at politics could
get rich doing most anything else."
SOME COMPARISONS WITH
THOSE OF THIS COUNTRY.
How Oaf Railways ar. Regarded State
OWtterahlp- and Management of Rail
way. fyinta of SlMllarlt Between
Australia And ih ijnited States Rll
way BBlldIng Comparison's of kitssMs
and Victoria The Earning Capacity and
State Railways In Australia.
From Journal of Political Economy.
The averau-e trrbss earninirs nef train
mile in KaiisaS in 1891 were Sl,dS in
Victoria, $1,34, btii the iJxbefases Were
S-94 in Victoria to S.96 in Kansassh'owi
ing a net earning of .48 per train mile"
in Kansas to 8.40 in Victoria. This
shows operating expenses to be almost
5 per cent lower under private than
under public management From the
railway managers' standpoint the Kan
sas toads show the better results,
though, with a mileage three' tittles aa
freat, the advantage ought to be with
he state owned roads. If the compar
ison bf .earnings per mile Of road be
made"; th6 result is even itiofe slr'otJgly
in favor bf private inafaaqemetit: Ifl
1889 the gross earnings in Victoria were
$7,042.20 per mile, a trifle over 10 per
cent on the capital invested. Since that
time there has been a constant decline
in earnings per mile and the returns
for 1893 show that each mile of line is
credited with a revenue of only 53,832.
j)0, a loss of S2l2T0pef mile id five years.
Thb gross returns oh the capital in
Vested is ntjw less than 8 per fceht tin
the reported Value", as against ii. 6 per
cent in the United Slates. Cbh4paring
the gross earnings, the expenses and
the net earnings per mile of road in
Victoria and in Kansas for 1692, the
year before the extreme depression oc
curred in Victoria, the following re
sults are obtained:
Victoria Kansas ftnlatico
. t .. - bf Kansas
Gross earnings $.V&".W 5-V'P-w ti-tfj
KxpensJjs - 2,wiu..u amu. " '-yj
NfetcarhihRs - I.GAI.SQ 1.XU.M :CI.OO
With greater gross earnings' and less
operating expenses Kansas shbws ft het
revenue for each mile of line S321
greater than the state owned roads of
Victoria obtain, and that in spite of the
fact that Kansas has three times as
many miles of roads, in a smaller ter
ritory; ,and With a population slightly
If the comparison te made between
ine runways oi ixansas ana jew couui
Wales, in the same way that it has
been made with Victoria, the advan
tage will be slightly in favor of New
South Wales, but Bhe has even fewer
fniles of rbad Ulan Victoria, and a ter
ritory threfe Or fbrir tiiiics as large, so
Ihatthe fc'bmp'aflsbn vbuia be less fair
than the one already iiiadfe.
Since the ton-mile rates arc not giv'eh
for the Victoria railways it will be nec
essary to make the ton-mile compari
sons (which are the best measure of the
price paid by the community for the
Service rendered) With the rates In New
South Wales. The comWissiohefBOf that
colony give tables showing that their
rates ale ldwer than thbse in any other
colony, so herb agaiii Stale manage
ment is given the advantage of the best
showing that it can make.
The average rate on all freight car
ried in New South Wales is 1.03 pence
(3.26 cents) per ton-mile, which is pre
cisely twice as high as the charge in
group X, the l'acificcoaststates, where
rates are higher than in tiny other sec
tion of the Union. If the comparison
be made with the average ton-mile rate
for the United States S;l mills, the
rates of the best state railways of Aris
tralia are found to be nearly four times
as high as out avehag! rate's. The New
England group cbmfcs next to the Pa
cific ih the height bf its freight rates,
though its passenger rate is the lbwcst
The high freight rate in New Ehglatid
is at leasl partially accoiinted foY by
Ihe fact the proportion of first class
freight is large, whilfe coal, minerals
and agricultural products form a small
er part of the total traffic than in other
groups. Then, too, the length of the
haul in New England is less than in
other sections of this country. It has
been suggested that these reasons, viz.,
large proportion of high-class freight
and absence of long-haul traffic, ac
count for the high rates which prevail
ih Australia. Ah analysis of the traffic
Upon the railways bf NKw SUuth" Wales
shoWs that the first explanation does riot
hold, for almost CO per tent df ihe
freight is coal, which is carried at ari
average rate of 1.48 bents per ton-tuile.
.r9 cent higher than the average of ail
freight ih the United Stales, and more
than twice as high as the rates in group
III. Indeed, the rate on coal whicn
furnishes three-fifths of their traffic,
and is carried at a rate lower than any
other kind of freight except hay, straw,
chaff, an J some other coarse agricul
tural products, is higher than the aver
age rate of any group except the Taci
iic coast states, and is within 1.5 mills
of that our highest rate.
Oh coarse farm produce the rates
have beeh lowered at the demand of the
farmers to 1.21 cents per ton-niile. a
rate. 31 cents higher than the United
States average. The lowest rate is not
only higher than our average, but is
higher than the average in six out of
ten groups into Which the United
States are divided for the purpose of
railway statistics. It is therefore evi
dent that the height of their charges
cannot be explained as above suggest
cd, and the more so because their low
rates are given on thrte-fifths of their
traffic Since their low rates are so far
in excess of the rales on all classes of
freight here, it is hardly worth while
to make comparisons with their charges
on the higher classes of goods, but
merely to state what those charges are.
On goods and merchandise, which fur
nishes 14 per cent of their traffic, the
rate is 4. 30 cents per ton-mile, while
wool, which is 3 per cent of the freight
carried is charged even more, that is
4.84 cents pcrton-mile.
As to the second point in thecxplana
a iu u,ccl;uuu po.ut .u uicuud- ,
uon, mat uie greater proportion m
Ion? haul traffic here enables our roads
to do the business at lower rates, it
does not hold at all. True, the aver
age distance a ton is carried in New
South Wales is only 00.04 miles to 120
miles in the United States. But for
each ton of goods carried the govern
ment railways get S2. OS, while the pri
vate railways in this country get Si. 00
for carrying a ton twice as far. In other
words, they do double the work for
half the pay. Bat the difference does
not end here, for New South Wales
makes a terminal charge in addition to
the rates given above, while the one
rate includes all charges on the United
States railways. If the station charges
are properly adjusted the length of
haul makes little difference. There
seems to be no way of avoiding the con
clusion that in Australia the people
pay the state four times as much for a
given amount of freight service as the
people of the United States are requir
ed to pay to private companies.
The returns for the Australian pas
senger service are even more meager
than for freight, but they are sufficient
to show that rates are no lower there
than in this county. In Victoria the
travel is divided into suburban and
country traffic. The first includes all
first-class and 114 cents second-class,
fates no ibWer,- If as low, as those ob
tained by the subifrbstt traffic of all
large cities Indeed, mucli ot or sub
urburban traffic is carried at less than
1 cent a mile. On the country lincS
Victoria charges 4 cents a milcjirst
clasa and 2J4 cents secoud-class. Three
cents is the ordinary local rate in this
country, while the passenger traffic for
the whole United States is carried at
an average rate' of $. 142 cents per mile.
This brief examination shows that In
every particular; unless it be that of
holding railway building and the de
velopment of the colony in check, state
management has proven less eftletent
in Victoria than private manasrement
has been here. Kailways are built more
slowly and at greater expense. Their
charges are higher yet their manage
ment is less efficient so that the net re
turns ate poorer. But it is not fiom
the direct effects trt state ownership
alone that the policy tfeServes condem
nation. The indirect effects appear to
be even more pernicious. These may'
be classed under two heads: (I) Bor
rowing until the state debt is increased
beyond any reasonable limit; (2) lead
ing ihe beofale to depend upon the gov-
crnmeniior empioymeiii nun mB -gard
to the product of their labor. Thi
Compels the government to continue
building after all lines that could be
profitably constructed are complctuii.
Labor is hoi alone ifl its dependence
upon the government I'hS Whole com
munity learns to rely upon the govern
ment policy of borrowing for a contin
uance of its apparent prosperity.
A study of the Year Book shows that
the total debt, the debt per capita, the
Interest charges, and the proportion of
Interest charges which must be met by
taxation; are Increasing in every col
ony. The only check existing is im
posed foin without. The debt Will
cease to increasfc" when Englishmen re
fuse to make further loiinfi.
Thus far little has been said of One of
the most potent causes of the failure"
of this great experiment in state social
ism, nanielj', political control, with all
that it implies. Until ISM, in Victo
ria, ahd later in other colonics, the
i-oads were managed by the minister of
railways, bt of pubiie work. a politi
cal Officer who as changed with every
chahge Of gbvernmefit, nnd the usual
results followed. In 1SS3 Victoria
passed an act ftuttiog her railways in
the hands of three cymniitsioners, the
chief of whom, Mr. Speight, wan im
ported from England, because of his
experience in the business management
bf rallWaVs. There waB some ditTer
eriee Of bjiiibion r.s to the scope of the
act, and the extent Of the power with
which it clothed theebuirfflSsioMers, but
each new interpretation took powir
from them and gave it to the minister,
first in regard to the building of new
jines, ahd later as to the management
of existing lines. The commissioners
theinfceit'es were ftot Very conservative.
They believed ih an annual expenditure
bf from two" td four million pounds on
milvi'.-irsi nfifl wnritcd lo distribute it
equiiably amofig the different parts of
the coloiry. They did .lot expect the
new roads to pay before 18S5 or 1000,
but would not consent to use economy
In their construction for fear the roads
wdtild be poorer; nnd the people of one
section, dVen though fewer in number
and able to give the roadless traffic,
woUhl nbt be' content With a poorer
road lhah ihe state had furnished to
their neighbors. Nciber could higher
rates be charged on a poor branch line
than on a main line where the traffic
was heavy. The people might pay for
the roads by taxation and allow ail to
bs'tegood transportation facilities at
the same expense.
With these large view.-, of their posi
tion and the principles according to
which railways should be constructed,
the cOiiimissiOner.-, Combined honesty
arid a determination, not to any stub
bornness, which would hot let them be
Swayed bjr politicians or ministers.
Tney held bilice for seven years, dur
ing which the roads were being rapidly
extended,' ilifd they secured many im
provements iti nhmrigement But with
all their saving, the rate Of net returns
steadily declined, the deficits became
larger and larger, and this gave the
ministry the chance it wanted to get
rid of the commissioners and bring the
roads under political fflRtiaifeinent
again. By the act under which they
were working, the commissioners
might be removed on the joint petition
or both houses, or if Parlimcnt was not
in session, they might be suspended by
the Governor in Council for inefficiency,
mismaHagenieht, or misbehavior, the
action to le reported to l'arliament
within set-en days after Its opening,
with the' reasons iherefor. If neither
house petitioned for the reinstatement
bf thb commissioners the suspension be
came a dismissal. In 1S00, just on the
eve of an election, the ministry sus
pended the commissioners on a charge
of inefficiency and mismanagement.
With the suspension as one of the is
sues, the government secured a major
ity in the next house, but ihe case
against the commi-sioncrs was so weak
tuut instead of prosecuting the quarrel
Which had been carried on with them
for some time, the ministry comprom
ised by withdrawing the charge and
allowing them half of their paluries for
the unexpired term if they would re
sign. 'I has, for the lime at least, the
hort-politicUl management of the rail
ways failed because it could not retain
the support of the voters who wanted
places in the public servkc. Increas
ing the amount of work to be done by
the government, did not in Victoria,
bring the civil service reform which it
: . - 1 A.. 1 ...... A. is-vnr-4
IS Supposed VJ JllSlllf, "l iit ii-iianuiu
not render it permanent
'Ihe most important test to he applied
is surely the economic on.': hat are
the results, bosh as regards r.ttes and
and return on capita '.'
Discrimination, speculation, railway-
, . i , 1 .:.,.......... .,,.,..
wreckimr. and other evils which have
ment into ill rej v.
or control.ed if the
inn. t I.e removed
present. system is
to continrc. But pernicious as they
undoubtedly arc. they seen: lei-s harm
ful than the snccirat.on borrowing.
centralization, and dependence upon
roverninciIt for employment and busi-
spcr;lv. whic, hr.v
prcspcritv. wiiic.i nave accompan
ied state ownership in Australia.
The evils of the svstcni existing in
the United States are so wcil known
that it is necessary 10 dr. ell upon them
here. Its I eiiefit- seem to be over
looked, while the advantages of the
other s3steni arc so often held up to
view that the casual reader thinks only
of the gains which are to be obtained
by a change lie takes account of pres
ent evils, and compares them with dis
The object of this article has been to
call to mind the forgotten elements in
the problem, rather than to discuss the
question in its entirety. It isconfident
ly believed that a knowledse of the
evils v.hicli seem nc cssn-ily to accom
pany state management will delay for
a long time, if not permanently, any
radical change in the exist.ng system.
UXIVKIWITV IV CllICAOO.
The eyes become bloodshot because,
while ordinarily the vebels of the
cornea are too small to admit the red
corpuscles of the -blood, when in
flamed they enlarge and the red par
ticles enter and give their color to
MRS. JAS. M. TODD OF LONG RA
PIDS DISCARDS CRUTCHES.
Id an Interview with a Reporter She
Jtevlews Her Experience anil Tells the
Steal Canse of the Miracle.
Prom Alpena, Michigan, Argus.
have long known Mrs. Jas. M.
LoJd of Long Itapids. Alpena County.
Mich. She has been a sad cripple.
Many of her friends know the story of
her recovery; for the benefit of those
Who do not we publish it to-day.
jfcluht years ago she was taken, with
nervous prostration, and in si few
months with muscular and Inflamma
tory rheumatism. It afiectcd her
heart, then her head. Her feet be
came so' swollen she could wear noth
ing on them; h?r hands were drawn all
out of shape. Iler eyes were swollen
shut more than half the time, her knee
joints terribly swollen and for eighteen
months she had to be held up to be
dressed. One limb became entirely
helpless, and the skin was so dry and
cracked that ft would bleed. During
thee eight years she had been treated
by a score of physicians, and lias also
spent much time at Ann Arbor under
best medical advice. All said her
trouble was brought on by hard work
and that medicine would not cure, and
that rest was the only thing which
Would ease her. After going to live
with her daughter she became entirely
helpless and could not even rsiise her
arms to cover herself at night The
interesting part of the story follows in
her own words:
"I was urged to try Dr. Williams'
Pink rills for Pale Teople and at last
did SO. In three days after I com
menced taklns Pink Pills I could sit up
and dress myself, and after using them
six weeks I went home nnd commenced
working. I continued talcing the pills,
until now I begin to forget my crutches
and can go up smd down steps without
aid. I am truly a living wonder.
"Now, if I can say anything to in
duce those who have suffered as I have
to try Pink Pills, 1 shall gladly do so.
If other like sufferers will try Pink
Pills according to directions, they will
have reason to thsink CSoil for creating
men Who are able to conquer that ter
rible disease, rheumatism. I have in
my own neighborhood recommended
Pink Pills for the after effects of la
grippe, and weak women with impure
blood, ana with good resiius.
Mrs. Todd is very strong in her faith
In the curative powers of Pink Pills,
and says they nave Drought a poor,
helpless cripple back to do her own
milking, churning, washing, sewing,
knitting and in fact about all of her
Dr. Williams Pink Pills contain all
the elements necessary to give new life
and richness to tho blood and restore
shattered nerves. They are for sale by
all druggists, or may he had by mall
from Dr. AVilliama aidicine Company.
Schenectady. N. Y., for 50c per box, or
six boxes for $2.50.
Announcing the KiiK.-tgvuirnt.
An engagement should be announced
first by the family of the bride-elect,
writes Mrs. Burton Harrison in the
March Ladies' Home Journal. This is
done cither verbally or informally to
friends, or by note to those whom it is
desired shall receive early informa
tion. The man may at the same time
write to those of his friends whom he
desires to have share in his happiness
and whom the girl's family could not
so well reach. Churlish, indeed, would
the spirit to withhold interest in
a new engagement, and the tcllingof
it by the principals almost always in
spires a kindly feeling for them in
those told. Lovers have, perhaps, the
best-founded claim to thinking them
selves of first interest to a community
of any class of people, and are quite
entitled to assume all the honors and
privileges of the situation.
I.eiel Culture fur rotator.
The llural New Yorker began its ad
vocacy of level culture for potatoes and
corn about IS years ago, and it has not
since seen any reason to change. There,
in no reason for lulling potatoes except
to kill weeds. True it is that potatoes
in hills are more easily harvested than
those in drills, but this is offset by the
difference in yield. Where land is not
well drained, we have some reason for
hilling, but such land is not well suited
to potato ctiltnTc. If the vines are to
be hilled np, the sooner the work is
done the better. It is then equivalent
to planting deeper. Hilling the soil
about the stems directs the rain from
where it is most needed to where it is
least needed. It is best to cultivate
shallow until the vines prevent cultiva
tion. Two Champion Kater.
The editor of the Lincolnton News
was telling Judge Ware of a young
nan in Lincolnton who not vert- long
ago made the following eatables quick
ly disappear down his throat: A box
pineapples, a box salmon, a box mus
tard sardines; si pound cheese and a
pound sodsi crackers.
That slightly stunned the judge, but
after a short time silently spent in bus
ily scratching his head he said:
'"That is very good; but, young man,
you may tsilk about eating, but some
yesirs ago I saw a man eat who was an
cater. Five dozen eggs, seven ears of
corn and two bundles of fodder is what
he consumed, and it's a wonder he
didn't tackle the house!" AtlantaCon
titution. A Itlauiclcft Czar.
In a recent article the irrepressible
Mr. Stead boasted of enjoying a private
conversation with the war, "as fr:nk
and full and unreserved as I ever held
with any man." It was during a visit
to St Petersburg. As Stead had com
plimented Alexander in the Pall Mall
Jazette at a time when other British
papers were reviling him, the czar was
induced to favor the journalist with an
interview. It was stipulated, however,
that it should not last for more than 15
minutes. At the end of that time, the
emperor looked at his watch and arose
to indicate that the interview should
cease. "But, your majesty," protested
Mr. Stead, "you have not said a word."
"No." said the czar. "You haven't
given me a chance." Argonaut
A professor who used to teach the
grandfathers of tiie present generation
of students objected to the pronuncisi
tion of "wound," as if it were spelled
"woond," and his students used to hunt
for chances to make him explain his
objections. One day he stopped a stu
dent who was reading to the class and
said, "How do jou pronounce that
word?" "Woond, sir." The professor
looked ugly and replied, "I have never
foond any ground for giving it that
soond. Go on." Household Words
"Fancy "complishments is all right in
dab place.'" said Uncle F.ben, "but folks
hab moh need fob shovlin beautiful
snow dan dey hab fob recitin ob it."
Better Kvery Vear.
Time was when the "plorious climate of
California' did uot attract tourists. But
year after 3ear the tide of travel sets in
stronger and stronger every fall and win
ter toward this favored reaion. There is no
climate like it on this continent for a win
ter resort, and tho usual fine servico on the
Union Pacific System has this sea-on been
brought to a decree of perfection which
leaves nothing to be deired.
For further information call on your
nearest ticket agent or address
K. L. Lomax,
General Pass, and Ticket Aeat, Omaha,
Colnmlms- State -Bank!
Pan bicmt n mi Dencm
lata Lias u leal Estate
Oslilia, OhiNfA HW Yk ul afl
IILIS t IT1AXIII : TIODTI,
BUYS GOOD NOTES
Aai MsJia Its CastMun wTmb tktv U
OFFICERS AND DIRECTORS:
Leander Gerrard, Pres't,
B. H. Henry, Vice Prest,
M. BRuaaER, Cashier.
John Stauffer. Q. W. Hutsr.
Authorized Capital of - $500,000
Paid in Capital, - 90,000
O. M. SHELDON. Pres't.
H. P. II. OEHLIUOH. Vic Pre
CLARK GRAY. Cashier.
DANIEL SCIIKAM. Ass't Cask
II. M. Wimlow,
C. H. Sheldon,
J ox as Welch,
II. P. U.OEBLBICTf,
W. A. McAllister,
B. O. Obat,
J. llENRT WURDntAV,
Geo. w. gallkt.
A. F. II. Oehlrich.
J. P. Becker Estatb,
b UANK KOBKB.
Banket deposit; interest allowed on tlra
deposits; buy and sell exchange on United!
States and Europe, and buy and sell avail-'
able securities. Wo shall be pleased to re
ceivo your business. We solicit your pat
ronage. First National Bank
A. ANDERSON, J. H. GALLET.
President. Vice Pros'.
O. T. BOEN, Cashier.
fJ.iilEtaiO, P. AHfifBSOlf.
fA001lBIU2f. HEttl R4.0ATZ,
SUtesaeat ef the Crailttta at the Clesa
f BisIaeM Jalj 12, 1898.
Loans and Discounts. .....f 241.467 ST
Real Estate Furniture aad Fix
tures. .............................. 16,781 V)
U.S. Bonds .jr- 15.2JU Oi
Due from other banks... ..137,178 83
Cash on Hand ZLM7 M 59.743 S3
Capital Stock paid la I 60.000 00
Surplus Fund 80.000 0)
Undivided profits.................... 4.578 00
Circulation 13,500 00
Deposits. .......,...,.. 225.119 37
Total. .1333.196 38
Coffins : and : Metallic : Cases !
tW Repairing of all Mind of Uphol
IS PBXFABVD TO IOMIIR ABTTniSQ
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