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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 16, 1895)
-r tU "-T V
Hoy Crashed to Earth
' Will rise again In the bosom or a dyspeptic
wise enough to substitute for the pseudo-tonics,
which hare bamboozled him out of his belief
in the possibility of cure, the real invlgorant
and stomachic, Hostetter's Stomach Bitters.
The bilious, the nervous, the dyspeptic, the
rheumatic alike derive speedy benefit from
this hopeful botanic medicine. Persons suf
fering from indigestion Trill pain no positive
permanent good from tho fiery, unmedicated
stimulants of commerce, too often used reck
' lessly. The Bitters is immeasurably to be pre
ferred to these as a tonic, since its pure basis is
modified by the conjunction with it of vegetable
ingredients of the highest remedial excellence.
Malaria is prevented and remedied by it, and it
infuses vigor into the weak and sickly. A
wineglassful three times a day is the average
. Tho Reason.
" First Crow Do you know, I thinl
that small boy Tommy is just a crow
Second Crow Indeed! Why?
First Crow His mother asked bin.
why he'd done several things the other
day, and what do you suppose his re
Second Crow I give it up. "What?
First Crow" 'Cause." Harper's
" For four years I have been a constant sut
ferer. My head ached from morning til
night. After tn ing everything I could think
of, the only thing that gave me any relief was
to keep my head
bound with a cloth
to keep the air from
striking it. The nasal
passages of my head
and my throat were
very sore and gave
me intense pain, ex
corrupt matter. I
was told that the
weight of my hail
(sJMrsMaryA White 1?
was the cause of my trouble, and I had it cut
off; but this gave me no relief. Heading about
a ladj' similarly afflicted who was cured by
Hood's Sarsaparilla, I began to take it. Be
fore I had taken one bottle I felt greatly im-
proved, and at the end of three bottles was en
tirely well. I now weigh 240 pounds, which
is a gain of 10 pounds in three months."
Mits. Mart A. White, Franklin, Indiana.
HodS Pills do not weaken, but aid diges
tion and tone the stomach. Try them. 25c.
DIRECT10XS for using
CREAM BALM. Apply
a particle of Uic Balm well
up into the nostrils. After
a moment draw a strong
hrcath through the nose.
Utc three times a day, af
ter meals preferred, and
EkY'S CREAM BALM opens and cleanses the
atl lisacts. AlUs 1'ain and Inflammation, Heal:
the Sores, protects the Membrane from Colds, Ke.
Mom th Senses of Taste ami Smell. The Halm Is
quickly absorbed and gi cs relict at once.
A particle Is applied Into each nostril and is agree
able, l'rlce 50 cents at Di-uceIMs or by mall.
ELY BROTHERS, 56 Warren St., New York
BEST IN MARKET.
BEST IX WEARING
? The o!tr ortnn snlo .
ji tends tho whole length
riHjuown to i ii a neei, pro-
lecunjritie ooot m dig
pinp and in other hard
ASK YOUH DEALER
and don't be put off
with inferior goods.
COLCHESTER KUOBKR CO.
W. L. Douglas
S3 CUB? IS THE BEST.
WWIlVL FIT FOB A KING.
FRENCH lENAMrjifD CALF
3.P P0UCE.3 soles.
-EXTRA FINE. ".
'SEND FOR CATALOGUE
Over One Million People wear the
W. L. Dougtas $3 & $4 Shoes
ii uursnoes are equally satisfactory
tncy gi ve ine nest value for the money.
They caual custon shoe In mtvi mmt
.1 -. I 7-.m..V "" "" "
vie ana ut,
;ir wcannz auaiiuea are uncti
1 He price are uniform, stamped on sole.
--------- Maw tui ii!
t-rora $i to $.? saved over other mekes.
u your o?aier cannot supply you we nn,
WALTER BAKER & CO.
Tho Largest JIanufacturcrs of
PURE, HIGH CRADE
COCOAS m CHOCOLATES
On thia Continent, erfcerired
from the great
Industrial and Food
In Europe and America.
Vnlitc the Dutch l'nmi, no Alk
Ur or other ChemiraU or Uve are
limed in mr of their nrenaratloM.
Thetrdellcioui BREAKFAST COCO i abnolutelv
pure and aolablc, and cosf j lets than me col a cop.
SOLD BY GROCERS EVERYWHERE.
WALTER BAKERft CO. DORCHESTER, MASS.
ML SYCES' SORE Cl'BE CO.. H. UXTON BUS.. CHIUC9
s-old b all l)rugji-ti
Examination and Advice as to Patentability o
Invention. Send for " In enters Unide. or How to Get
afatent." PASSES 0TA22SLL, TASESaTOT. V. 5.
THOSE WHO HAVE
aguint the Go eminent
ICKFOHO, Pension Jl Intent AtVy. 914 F St..
WE WILL TAKE YOU
Cheaply, Quickly and Comrortablv on the
PhlUips-Kock Island Tourist Excursions.
uaiiaP, because the rate in Sleeping Car Is
but MtOa. QUICK, Vecause vou travel on tho
fastest trains that run. COXTOXT, because
Sou have a through Sleeper.
Fourteen years' record. Over 100,000 already
carried, and all like the service. Car leaves
Des Moines and Omaha eery Friday via tho
famous Scenic Xante. A special manager
goes each trip to cat c for the many wants of
patrons en route. AVecan"t tell you half the
benefits in this ad., but forjrour California trip
you should post yourself.
Address, J.IO. SEBASTIAN, G. P. A..
a. R. I. & P. Ky, Chicago.
Um An A Houses..
SHORT-HAND AND TrPE-ITIXG.
Oldest and Best Eu.Ine-s CoKrc In the West. No
Vacation Ttou-ards of graduat ;. a d old student
cccapTiog payins poslti n. Wr te forcatalo-ue.
F. P. KOOiE, Oataka, Xeb.
, FBEE to mothers and dioch-
tars Their n?eds. diseases,
scd ho r to treat theai. Ad
dress VIAVI CO.. Bee Bide. Oaaika.
Write at once for
i Slaw Repair Warts, izw p at. mmm
ai - vi
Jy Cured k
tbe Dr. in IIC9.
ivllas cured UotM-V
I anda since and will
l for free book, and
V araptom blank. Ik
Vv Fkxe br mail. M
Keep the CaUldrea Baay.
Teach children to do little things
about the honse. It trains them to be
useful, not awkward, in later and more
important affairs; it gives them occu
pation while they are small, and it
really is an assistance to the mother in
the end, although she always feels dur
ing the training period that it is much
easier to do the thing herself than to
show another how. This last excuse
has done much to make selfish, idle, un
handy members of an older society, and
should be remembered, in its effects, by
the mother while her little ones are be
ginning to learn all things, good and
bad, at her knee. Occupation makes
happiness, and occupation cannot be
acquired too young.
A Capacity for Tears.
A capacity for tears abundant, warm
and ready ones is, says a physician,
one of the surest preservatives of femi
nine beauty. It is a grievous mistake
to think that tears can injure the
sweetest eyes or dig furrows in any
face when their rain is fresh and most
frequent. They are the natural outlet
of emotion, a sort of liquid lightning
rod in which excitement and passion is
most easily and rapidly dissipated.
Sweet Alice, that wept at a frown, re
tained until late in her career rounded
contours, unfurrowed brows, dimpled
lips, shining eyes and her hair so
brown. So do nearly all weeping
women who can let rivers of hot, salt
tears course down over their cheeks.
It is she who keeps up a power of
thinking who has few tears to shed,
and these flow with an effort whose
facial lines and gray hairs come early.
A capacity for tears, says the lloston
Journal, is worth cultivating, since not
only does a lack of them score heavily
against one's freshness of face, but has
its marked effect in general tempera
ment. The women who weep easily
have correspondingly light hearts, ten
der, demonstrative and impulsive ways,
and a charm the dry-eyed women lack.
Milk In tbe Sick Boom.
When a milk diet is prescribed for
one who has an acid stomach, it is of
ten best to add a little lime water to it
Lime water is made by turning two
quarts of hot water over a piece of un
slackcd lime an inch square. Yhen it
is slacked, stir and let stand over night.
In the mornihg pour off as much liquid
ys is clear and bottle it To half a pint
of milk add a teaspoonful of lime wa
ter. Lime-water tablets ready for use
are to be found at most pharmacies.
Albuinenized milk is made by putting
tbe whites of two eggs in a glass jar
with one pint of milk, and shaking
It the Baby ta Cutting Teeth.
Be sure and ura that old and veil tried remedy, Mbs.
Wixslow's SooTimco Srnrr for Children Teething-
Green Bone as an Kec Producer.
Fresh cut green bone as an egg pro
ducer is attracting -deserved attention
from all our progressive poultry grow
ers. In addition to producing a large
increase in eggs, it is thought to stim
ulate and invigorate the fowls during
the molting period. Broiler raisers
say that chickens mature much earlier
when fed liberally with cut bone. The
phosphate of lime, the nitrogenous ele
ments, the rich juices so abundant in a
soluble and easily digested form, which
are almost wholly lacking in dry bone
or scrap, may perhaps account for such
results. To derive the greatest benefit
it is essential that the food be Treshand
sweet. In order to insure this, a bone
cutter is a necessity, and where large
flocks are kept a good one will soon
pay for itself in eggs alone.
HOOD'S ON TOP.
A Mammoth Edltioa of Beautiful Cal
endars for 1805.
I From the Lowell. Mass., Morning Mail.
Hood's calendar for 1895 may now be
obtained at the drag stores and every
one who gets one secures "a thing of
beauty." Indeed, in the novelty of the
design and the exquisitcness of the
coloring, the calendar surpasses all
previous issues, just as Hood's calen
dars have for many years surpassed all
others. The calendar is formed in
the shape of a heart and is ornamented
with two beautiful child faces which
have always been charming fea
tures of Hood's calendars. On
the right is a representation
of "Winter,' the sweet little face
with light brown eyes peeping out
from a dainty cap, while the snow
flakes are falling all about. The face
on the left is a picture of "Summer,"
and is lighted with blue eyes and the
head covered with bright flowers. The
shades are perfectly blended, and the
whole picture is surrounded by a tasty
border. The design was made bj Mivs
Maud Humphrey, one of the most
gifted and celebrated water color
artists in the country. The calendar
gives the usual information concern
ing the lunar changes, and upon the
back is printed a table of astronomical
events especially calculated for C. I.
Hood & Co.
The calendar is issued to advertise
Hood's Sarsaparilla, Hood's Pills and the
other preparations of the firm, and is re
garded as most difficult to manufac
ture, its novel shape being such as no
other concern has ever undertaken to
produce in large quantities. It was
necessary to purchase several addi
tional machines especially for this job,
so that there was a very large amount
of machinery and a whole regiment of
ronle employed in this branch of the
exieiiMVc business -i the big
laboratory in Lout.L lliirm
the five months when the calen
dars were being made there
were actually employed evry day in
this part of the work at the laboratory
six printing presses, one bronzing ma
chine, four eye letting machines,
seven wire stitchers, eight
large paper cutters and 162 persons.
At the beginning of the work this
large force was able to produce about
100,000 calendars a day and for several
weeks toward the close the daily
production amounted to 140.000 calen
dars. The edition of Hood's calendars
for 1S9." was 10,.0..000. or about 2..VJ:),
000 more than last year.
This, of course, is an immense num
ber, but the general reader lias only a
faint conception of its magnitude nut 1
he is reminded that the little .'.00.000
added to the ten millions is considered
an enormous edition by many of the
largest advertisers in .he world. If
the calendars were laid down in a
single line, they would reach almost
one thousand miles, and if the differ
ent pieces in the calendar pads were
laid in this waj they would extend
almost three thousand miles, or from
New York to Liverpool. For the past
eight years, Hood's calendars have ex
ceeded in number everv similar publi
cation, but it was hardly dreamed that
they would ever come up to the mam
moth edition which was demanded this
year. Lowell haslongbecn proud of this
great industry which has given her al
most a world wide reputation, and it
is a matter of no small importance that
so many of her people find pleasant
and profitable employment in the work
of making and advertising the great
blood purifying medicine, Hood's Sar
saparilla, whose actual cures in every
part of the country have been the won
der of the medical profession and have
caused .many hearts to overflow with
Those who are unsble to obtain
Hood's Sarsaparilla Calendars at the
drug stores should send six cents in
stamps for one, or 10 cents for two to
a 1 Hood & Co., Lowell, Mass.
The human skeleton, exclusive of the
teeth, consists of 30S bones.
An old bachelor is the tramp of society.
It makes an honest prorertj- holder nerv
ous to bear a fire boll riuj.
It is not hard to forgive a lie told with
Eminent positions make great men
STeater and little men les
FARM AND GABDEN.
MATTERS OF INTEREST TO
Some Up to Date Hlata .About Cultiva
tion of the Soil and Yields Thereof
Horticulture, Viticulture and Mori
culture. Oata and Vetches.
Referring to the number of
Nov. 7, I notice that the at
tention of readers is called to a
mixed fodder, consisting of a mixture
of vetches and oats, which, as stated ,
is extensively grown in Canada and
Nova Scotia. This same mixture, to
which is sometimes added a sprinkle of
barley and peas, is very common in
Germany, where it is grown on almost
any farm. It is especially grown in
large quantities on the large dairy
farms in Schleswig-IIolstein. The com
mon vetch, if grown alone, is unsatis
factory. It docs not yield well. It
either grows scanty or rank, according
to the conditions of the soil, climate,
etc If rank the vines are not so well
liked by the stock, and growing from 6
to 14 feet in length and laying flat on
the ground, arc very troublesome to
mow. The vetches and their vines
taste bitter, and if fed freely to cows,
will give to the butter a bitter taste
and tend to stop the flow of milk in
cattle, sheep and marcs. If the
vetches arc mixed with oats, these
properties become, however, very valu
able. It is well known that ground
oats fed to cows will cause a good
flow of milk, though at the expense of
flesh, but by mixing the oats in proper
portions with the vetches, the de
sired icsnlts will be obtained. The
vines of the vetches are very nutri
tious, especially when properly cured,
and make, mixed with oat straw, a
good fodder much liked by all kinds of
stock. In order to make a good crop,
the common vetch requires a cool and
moist climate and a well prepared,
low, moist and humus soil. On high,
rather dry and light soil, the vetch
does not thrive well, and it requires a
liberal application of well rotted ma
nure to grow it in such soil. The pea
gives on this kind of soil decidedly
better results. If a good growth of
the vines is desired the vetch or mixed
fodder should be first in the crop rota
tion after the application of manure;
if the yield of the seed is the principal
object it should be second. For in
stance, crop rotation in Schleswig
IIolstein: 1. Summer fallow, manured.
3. Barley or oats.
4. Mixed fodder, manured.
6. Clover, one cut.
On a large farm of 3,000 acres near
Berlin, where 150 cows were stabled
the whole year, 200 acres near the cow
stable were selected, to raise the
necessary green fodder, with the fol
lowing crop rotation:
1. Mixed fodder (heavy manured).
3. ISects, turnips, etc., (manured).
On a farm in Mecklenburg, where
Ihc yield of the seed was the principal
object, the mixed fodder stood second
after the application of manure.
1. Summer fallow (manured).
3. Mixed fodder.
4. Oats. etc.
The proportions in which vetches
and oats have to be mixed foj
seeding.dcpend upon the results which
it is desired to obtain. If it is intended
to cut the fodder green to be fed to
stock in summer or for making hay,
the vetches should predominate; if in
tended to be fed as grain, the mixture
should contain sufficient oats for the
support of the vines of the vetch. The
sun will have more access to the leaves
and vines of the vetch with a corre
sponding increase of the quality and
quantity of the seed.In the former
case 2 bushels of oats and 1J bushels
of vetches is a good mixture, or if the
soil is rather light 2 bushels of oats,
1 bushel of vetches and 1$ bushel
of field peas; in the latter case, 3 bush
els of oats to 1 bushel of vetches can
be recommended. Where summer rye
will grow, part of the oats may
be substituted by it. For light, sandy
soil, summer rye and peas give excel
lent results. Different varieties of
grain if sown in combination do not
generally yield as much per acre as
does a single variety, because the pe
riod of ripening in each may be differ
ent. The fodder is harvested when
the grains of the prevailing variety
are ripe, and, therefore, the mixture
contains grains which have not en
tirely ripened, and those just develop
ing. However, mixed fodder is a
pretty certain crop, for a variety of
plants with different demands as to
the elements of the soil, do easier find
the necessary food for their develop
ment than a single variety does; and
then a mixture of plants is always
preferred by all kinds of stock,
and if the mixture has only passably
well grown the soil is in a good condi
tion for the reception of the seed for
the next crop. Where help can be ob
tained in winter at reasonable wages,
it will be advantageous " to flail the
mixed fodder instead of running it
through a steam thrasher On the
large dairy farms in Schleswig-Hol-stein,from
two to four laborers, accord
ing to the size of the farm, commence
to flail in fall as soon as the cows are
stabled for the winter, to keep them
supplied with mixed fodder and oat
straw. By flailing all the most nourish
ing parts of the vines, as the blossoms,
leaves, fine stems, etc, are preserved,
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whereas, if run through a steam
thrasher they are almost pul
verized and lost; and by flail
ing not more than the cows will
eat at a time, all unnecessary hand
ling, which is always connectedwith a
loss of the best parts of the plants, is
avoided. Considering the value of
mixed fodder, it should be one of the
products of every farm. It can be fed
at-all seasons either as green fodder,
or hay or ripe, and it will yield good
returns, when almost any other grain
on account of unfavorable weather,
fails to produce a fair crop. Henry
Winckelmann in Farmers1 Review.
'orthwestern Iowa Horticulturists.
The annual meetinp of the North
eastern Iowa Horticultural society was
held in Mason City, Iowa, Nov. 37, 23
and 29. In spite of the short fruit
crops the past season, there was a very
fine display of apples on the tables.
The attendance was large and all were
hopeful for a better crop next year.
Officers were elected for the next year
as follows: President, W. A. Burnap,
Clear Lake; vice-president, J. M. Elder,
Concord; secretary, Elmer Reeves,
Waverly; treasurer, Eclson Gaylord,
Nora Springs; director of First district,
J. H. 'Mitchell, Cresco; Second district,
C. F. Gardner, Osage; Third district,
S. W. Ferris, Hristow; Fourth district,
C. H. True, Edgewood. Hampton was
selected as the next place of meeting.
We present some points gleaned from
the papers and discussions:
Several strawberry growers com
plained of damage from white grub. The
best way of avoiding this trouble ap
pears to be rotation of crops. Only two
crops should be taken from the same
patch and some growers take only one.
The ground should be well cultivated
DAIRY COW. FROM THE FARMERS' REVIEW.
the year before planting and kept
clean. Fall plowing is best in pre
paring the ground. Warfield retains
its hold on popular favor, with Beder
Wood as a fertilizer. Several growers
-.poke highly of Michel's Early as a fer
tilizer, others said it was not produc
C. G. Patten of Charles City told of a
row of plum trees in a garden where
they were well cultivated throughout
the season. These matured a full
crop of fine fruit in spite of the ex
treme drouth, while in another row
cultivated only once, the crop was
much inferior and nearly all dried up.
G. A. Ivins of Iowa Falls urged the
value of frequent renewal of bearing
canes of grape vines. Canes should
be cut out at four years old and re
placed by young canes from the root.
This makes winter protection much
easier than with old stiff canes.
By this method of pruning and
by laying down and covering
vines with earth for winter
protection, he has had good success in
raising several of the Rogers' hybrids,
especially Gaertner No. 14, Barry No.
43 and Agawam No. 15. All of these
are of choice quality; the vines must
be planted intermingled in vinery and
with other varieties such as Worden
and Concord to insure proper fertiliza
tion. For the main crop for market the re
ports showed that Worden, Moore's
Early and Concord are still most in
favor. Janesville has many friends as
a very hardy variety that will bear
without winter protection; some con
demn it on account of.poor quality,
but it is good for culinary use and
fairly good for eating out of hand
when fully ripe.
All the discussions and reports
showed the necessity of very fre
quent cultivation in seasons of drouth.
In many cases this cultivation makes
the difference between a good crop
and total failure.
Winter protection of small fruits
was also strongly insisted upon.
Raspberries and blackberries should
be laid down earlier than is
usually supposed. Mr. Wells had
laid them down early in October
after growth stops and after the first
two or three frosts. The canes at this
time are much more pliable. A spade
ful of earth should be re'moved on the
north side if plants are in north and
south rows, the canes bent over to the
grouml and covered entirely with
earth. They should be bent in the
root, as the canes themselves can not
be bent much. Ancient Briton black
berry is best, as it is much easier laid
down than Snyder. The Older black
cap raspberry was highly recommend
ed, although some complained of its
weakness of cane. Shaffer's Colossal,
although suffering in dry seasons, is
still considered a profitable variety.
D. .7. Purdy, after traveling over
many parts of the west, urged that not
enough trees are being planted to sup
ply the coming demand for apples.
Fruit in abundance is essential to
health. We must have more fruit or
M.H. Nickerson of NoraSprings.in a
paper on Orcharding recommended
Duchess of Oldenburg, Wealthy,
Hibernal, Whitney, Tetofsky, Me
linda. The discussion added Long
field, Anisim, Patten's Greening and
"The cheapest way to obtain an
evergreen windbreak" was discussed
by C. E. Gardner of Osage. This way
is to get two-year nursery grown seed
lings and grow them in beds four feet
wide with raised edges so as to permit
perfect drainage; plant ten to fifteen
trees in a row across the bed and
rows eighteen inches apart. Set plants
with a dibble Don't water,but hoe them
very often. Scotch pine makes the most
rapid growth. When two to three feet
in height remove to permanent posi
tion, taking care not to expose the
roots to the air and sun. A very few
ininutes' exposure of roots to wind and
sun is often enough to kill an ever
green. The sap is resinous and once
dried no amount of soaking will restore
it to the normal condition.
In a paper on 'The Future of Our
Native Plum" by Prof. J. L. Budd, the
great advances made in the culture
and improvement of our native plums
were described. Some of the best var
ieties for general culture are Wyant,
Wolf, DeSoto, Hawkeye, Cheney,
Keith, Forest Rose, Milton, Maquo
keta. It is found that they find a quick
sale on the markets in competition
with the best European and Japan
varieties. Such choice natives as those
mentioned have been the outgrowth
and selection from the plum thickets
in a few years, and they form a grand
foundation for future improvement.
Already some fine hybrids with Euro
pean and Japan varieties have been
originated by Luther Burbank of Cali
fornia and at the Iowa agricultural
"Horticulture in the Public Schools"
was discussed by Prof. N. E. Hansen
of Ames, who has traveled extensively
in Europe studying horticulture. In
Europe, and especially in Germany
the subject is taught in the
public schools. A garden and nursery
of fruit trees and plants is connected
with every country school house, in
which the pupils are taught the ele
mentary operations of horticulture,
such as budding, grafting, pruning,
transplanting and seed sowing. There
is great need in America of more gen
eral dissemination of knowledge con
cerning the culture of fruit trees and
plants. A beginning could be made in
this country by introducing such read
ing matter into the courses of supple
mentary reading. Later the school
grounds could be planted with suitable
trees and plants.
Elmer Reeves of Waverly presented
a paper on the Sand cherry found wild
in many parts of the northwest. The
fruit varies greatly and on matiy
plants is desirable and useful for cul
inary use. This is a very promising
fruit and will be greatly improved iD
the near future. Farmers' Review.
liees and Fruit.
At a Farmers' Institute in California.
A. J. Cook said: There are a few facts
regarding bees which are not gener
ally known, and which ought to be
understood and appreciated by all,
especially in a region where fruit
growing is the leading industry. Bees
never injure plants while in bloom; in
deed, the blossoms exist for the very
purpose of attracting the bees, and
without the bees or other sweets loving
insects to pollinate the flowers, many
of our most valued fruits would fail to
produce. I have proved conclusively
the present season that some varieties
of plums, oranges and olives are wholly
sterile to their own pollen, or to pollen
of the same variety of fruit, while
other varieties are largely so. Apricots
and navel oranges alone, of all the
fruits I have experimented with, were
entirely fertile with their own pollen.
It is true that other insects than bees
will do this work of pollination; but no
other insects can be depended upon.
Seasonal peculiarities and insect or
fungoid enemies may so deplete often
will so deplete the numbers of other
sweets loving insects that they will be
wholly inadequate to this great ac
complishment. Bees, if in the region,
can be surely counted on to effect
pollination, in all such countries of
genial sunshine as California. Again,
it is just as positive that bees never at
tack or pierce sound fruit. If over
ripe fruit bursts, or if wasp or bird
break the skin, then the bees are quick
to sip the oozing juice. Thus the honey
bee is not the first aggressor, but the
waiting sentinel to discover the leak
and prevent waste. There should be
no quarrel between fruit and bee men.
Each is a genuine and substantial aid
to the other. The apiarist needs the
nectar secreting bloom of the orchard,
and the pomologist must have the
pollinating bees to secure the largest
Concerning New Feeds.
New feeds are continually being put
upon the market, and the farmer and
dairyman should be a little cautious
about taking up with them. Gener
ally wonderful things are claimed for
them, and the buyer is led to believe
that he can obtain results that will
justify him in paying a pretty price for
the feed. He is made to believe that
this price is far below the market
value of the product. Such represen
tations are nearly always falsehoods,
pure and simple. There arc doubtless
no better feeds than those the farmers
already lenow and have used. On this
page we print a communication from
the Pennsylvania experiment station
on the value of a new feed called "cot
ton seed feed." We do not know how
much the projectors claim for it, but
unless the claims were above its true
value there would appear little chance
of it selling at the price named. As
will be seen by reading the article in
question, the station sets its value be
low that of some of our common feeds,
though it costs much more.
Manipulating Duchess of Oldenburg.
The Rural Northwest says it is as
tonishing how many people there are
who can be imposed upon in the matter
of purchasing fruit trees, mentioning
a farmer who bought Duchess of Olden
burg from an eastern nursery, paying
75 cents each for the trees. The
salesman who sold them led the man
to believe that the Duchess was a new
and rare variety which could not be
obtained from Oregon nurserymen.
SnuxKLE a little stone lime in your
stock tank and not a particle of green
scum will form in the water. When
the lime loses its strength and the scum
begins to form, which may be twice
during the season, wash out the tank
and repeat the dose It is cheap, not
only harmless, but wholesome, keeps
the water sweet and saves work. Ex.
Tkv a combination of breed, feed and
good care generally in the dairy.
GAS MOTOR OX SHIPBOAIID.
A SSO-Tea Craft Which Moves
Aleaa Wltfcat ICetae er Smoke.
A novel method of using coal gas in
navigation has been successfully tried
at Havre, France, by Mr. Capelle for
a syndicate of capitalists. An iron
boat of 3o0 tons was builf, a vertical
gas motor of forty horse power fur
nishing the power. Coal pis, com
pressed to a pressure of 1,400 pounds
per square inch, is stored in steel tubes
placed between decks, nnd a regu
lator Bituated between the wis reser
voir and the motor reduces tin pres
sure of the gas entering the motor t
the- flow ordinarily required. Trials
have b?en made with the boat in the
presence of the Mayor of Havre, and
the harbor oflicials. and tLe result
was absolutely conelOve
This new boat, christened II doe
(The Idea), has been over tlu course
from Harfleur to Rouen, and behavei'
perfectly. It was a source of wonder
to all to see her wending her way
among the large vessels in port at full
speed without roise anl without
smoke. Tfce captain has full coufol
over the vessel from the bridge. He
can change her course, slacken or in
crease her speed, and stop or even go
backward almost instantaneously,
thanks to the reversible screw.
Before long a flotilla of sixty simi
lar boats will perform a regular ser
vice between Paris and Havre and
Paris and f'reil. Gas works are build
ing along these routes and will sup
ply the gas a'Tnrriiiur to the need'; of
the service. The cost of power will
be more economical than any other;
but the chief saving will be effected
in the comparatively small room taken
up by the motor, allowing considerably
more freight to be taken in. A re
markable fact worthy of notice is that
pure coal gas compressed to a pres
sure of as high as 2.000 pounds per
square inch does not show an appre
ciable condensation. 11 Nature.
Elephant nnd But.
That a rat should put an elephant to
wild and ignominious flight seems more
absurd even than that a mouse should
terrify a woman; but there may be
cases, as a recent occurrence at San
Francisco seems to prove, in which a
rat has an elephant at a decided advan
An elephaut named Jeis. belonging
to a menagerie which was recently at
San Francisco, is well known as one of
the most docile clephauts in America.
She is very large, but has always boon
as gentle and manageable as was tho
great Jumbo himself, the king of ele
phants, who was never so nappy as
when carrying children on his back.
This being her disposition, .less' keep
ers were greatly astonished one morn
ing to see her break her chains, rush
madly about, upset cages and every
thing that came in her way. escape
into the streets, and apparently engage
in a mad pursuit of people there.
Though Jess nppcareu to have 1k.
conie suddenly crazy, her keepers pur
sued her as best they could, and pres
ently found That she really wanted to
see them. Then (hey perceived that
she was not the victim of rage, but of
Her chief attendant, approaching
very near, saw s.ome small thing pro
jecting from the extremity of her tr.mk.
He seized it and pulled It out, and then
very quickly threw it away. It was a
This animal had somehow crept into
Jess' trunk, and the elephant, had 1km. u
unable to get it out. As soon as she
was relieved of the mt. she made every
sign of gratitude to her keeper, and
permitted herself to be led back to
her place in the menagerie.
t'ninic Locomotives to tay Tlpes.
A great engineering scheme made a
.-start toward success here to-day. The
plan is to lay an 8-inch iron pipe tinder
the Detroit river to bring natural ga3
from Canada to this city. On the
American si.le at a trencit runnig
down to the river.
This was lined with a Avooden trough
lubricated with soft soap. In the
trough lay the main. At the river end
of the main was a conical plug design
ed to keep the water out and serve
as a sort of p'jiwshare for turning
aside the soft mud of the river bottom
for the main as it is hauled across.
Attached to the end of the cone was
the great steel cable which had brer,
strung across the bottom of the river.
On the opposite side of the river was a
huge snatch block, through which ran
the other end of the cable, and was
then attached to three locomotives.
By means of tug whistles the sig
nal" for the loeoiuoth es to start was
made. It took but a moment to hide
400 feet of it in the river. This after
noon a second section of .00 feet was
attached and the engines again start
ed, but they had not gone far before
Another one was then brought into
play, and the four moved along nicely.
The weight of the pipe will be l."0 tons
or about twice the weight of the aver
age locomotive. Detroit Correspond
ence of the Chicago Tribune.
Spoiling a Fine Olrt lifscml.
Can you leave it alone? applies with
special point to nioui-.ds in which it is
supposed that ancient Britons and
such-like bygone people have been bur
ied.In Parliament Hills Fields there is
a mound, and tradition had it that
Queen Boadicea was buried there. Kv
crybody is in association of ideas,
prr-hably a good niary people, visiting
these fields had con hired up bi-fote
their eyes the queen in bar chariot
gallantly resisting tie Romans. Alas!
In an fl-advlsed moment some anti
quaries were allowed to grub for her
British majesty. They did not find her
nor did they discover anythiug 'e
yond that she cruld never have been
"buriethere. Thus an interesting and
suggestive legend has been destroyed.
I trust that in future that -sre sliall
take tombs of departed wrrthies for
granted, instead of Investigating them.
Bishop Wilberforce was much b.-
loved in Yorkshire, and in Hull the
house where his boyhood was spent
has always been regarded vrith reer
ence. With the Wilberforce monu
ment, however, which stands near St.
John's church, an absurd incident is
connected, one which vastly aiucsed
the good bishop.
By some unlucky chance the statu"
of William Wilberforce the great man
on the top of the column, was so plac
ed as to face some noted wine and
spirit vaults, while its back was
turned toward St. John's. Some sail
ors saw the joke first and managed to
scribble on the pedestal:
So, Billy Wilberforce, thou'st left us in
Turn'd thy face to the ginshop, and
thy back to the church!
It Is strange, but a fact, ncrorthclrss.
that those candidates ran bc3t who Uatl a
It Is a mistake to suppose that people hate
to be laujhcd at. Look at the lotv comedian,
lie W3it Is jcatlce represented as a
trorr.aui She Because her work 1 never
THE U. S. Government Chemists have
reported, after an examination of the
different brands, that the ROYAL Bak
ing Powder is absolutely pure, greatest
in strength, and superior to all others.
ROYAL BAKING POWDER COMPANY. 10G WALL ST. NEW-YORK.
a. rlPA A. rMft A. MLW.A. (.! . (AO fAt A. A
Ilomana for Flah.
It is rather late in the season for a
diversion that has been introduced by
some sportsmen at Plymouth, Eng
land, but for the satisfaction of clever
fishermen who like to add aquatic
sport to catching llsh over here, this is
what was done, under the alluring head
of "Capturing Human Fish." The
angler, who in this vase was a clever
s:ilmnn fisherman, fut in :i boat with a
salmon rod in hand, and dropped
bait in the water.
The hook was taken by an expert
swimmer, who attached himself to the
line by means of a belt. Then followed
an exciting contest. Ihe fisherman
played his lssh and had a difficult task
to accomplish. The line was stout and
the swimmer could not break it. al-
though he i Ot foul of several obsta
cles at lengtn he was brought close to
tiie boat and was landed.
This contest was taid to have been
perfectly genuine, as both fish and fish
erman did their best to win. Next
summer try how such tport goes. It
has the merit of novelty at all events.
State or OmoCrrr or Tolepo, sg lmpcr;al and Rhode Island Greening to
Fi:k J. Cuexey mak'es oth that he is ' the Baldwin for the winter list,
the s-enior partner of the firm of F. J. din- ' I kese varieties are found in most col
nky & Co.. doing business in the Citv of , lections, but in all localities there are
Toledo, Countv nnd State aforesaid, and
that 5nid firm will pav the sum of ONE
HUNDRED DOLLARS for each and every
case of Catarrh that can not be cured by
the use of Hai i.'s Catakhii Ccicc.
FRANK J. CHENEY, i
Sworn to before me nnd subscribed iu my
presence, this fith day of December, A. 1. I
A. Y. GLEASON,
SEAL f Notary Public.
llnll's Catarrh Cure is taken internally and
acts direetlv on the blood and mucous Rur-
faces of tho system. Send for testimon -
inls, free. " F. J. CHENEY & CO.,
g-SoId by Druggists, 73c.
Hal1 s Family Pills, 2oc.
rnrnmia' ltonanza Klne.
'I he death of ex-Senator Fair leaves
lackav the only survivor of the four
famous owners of the
The rise of these
men to splendid for-
tnal in its day, al-
tune was phenomenal in its day
ilwiurrli tlr nnct linfi -fninlvllfl (T!imnl'
of sudden riches far exceeding theirsin ' sh or ammonia would be entirely un
4i. i, r. ..-.. I.'.,;.. .,.,.. i, i,c saleable but for the supplementary ml-
L11C lU3fa 4CI. VltllS. 1 till lin lllb U..OI
equipped of the quartet in the begin
tiing. He was a civil engineer of un
common ability. Mnckay ran a board
Flood and O'Urien were sa-
!.. i,nrc it., ,. in iminnu -.11
Jiruu iidji'tci. .uut isu. ... ......-, ...
four developed extraordinary business
acumen. It is estimated that their
mines yielded not less than 200,000.0!)0.
How it was spent the gossip papers of
San Francisco, the records of divorce
courts and the scandal mongers of Par
is can attest. Chicago Post.
Coe'a Coagh Balaam
1 t li oldest ami brst. it will break ui a ToIJ quICK
rtbia an thing elcc Itls always rciUMv. Try It.
An L'ntlcan Trade.
One of the dirtiest of trades is that of
the weaver of rush chair bottoms. A
well made rush bottom will last a lonj
time, and the demand is not great,
though their use is reviving. The
rushes come to the weaver still soiled
with some of their native oo?e, dry and
dirty. The preparation for the work j
requires the wetting and twisting of (
the rushes, and in this process muddy
Bt renins are wrung out, and make dirty
puddles on the lloor. It is just possible
that malaria germs lurk in the rushes.
I iso's Cure for Consumption has saved
ma mnnv a doctor's Lill. S. F. Hai::i",
Hoiikins'Place, Raltiaiore. Md.. Dec. , t'l.
Host Way to Cook Cranberries.
One quart of cranberries, one pound
of sugar, one pint of water. Wash the
cranlerries. then put them on the fire
with the water, but in a covered sauce
pan. Let them simmer until each cran
berry bursts open; then remove the
cover of the saucepan, add the sugar,
and let them all boil for twenty min
utes without the cover. The cranber
ries must never be stirred from the
time they are placed on the fire. This
is an unfailing recipe for a most deli
cious preparaticn of cranberries.
AVorniH In HorseH.
1 lie only sure cure for pin worn.. In hor-es
known is Sleketee's Mo,; Isoler.i Cure.
Never f.uK to destroy worms in horses. hiUs,
sheep doss or eats; an ocelIent remedy for
si k foN. Send sixty cent: In t'uited
Str.tis postage-stamps and I will M-nd ly
mail t ut this out, take it to drusjrM and
1 ay him fifty cents. Three package-, for ?!..&
express paid. . (J. TKK EThE.
Crand Kanids. Mieli.
Mention name of paper. j
Stub Kmis or Thought.
Detroit Free Press: It ish't how
much a man loves a woman that wins
her; it is how much she loves him.
(lod does; b'atan undoes.
Women and clocks can't always be
taken at their face value.
Sunshine is worth more than its
weigiit in gold.
Charity makes the whole world kin.
Lauirh, and the world laughs with
you: weep and the world Jaughsatyou.
A baby's smile makes the whole
Finest in the world in the sunny
Oarks of Missouri and Arkansas.
Fertile lands for sale cheap on new
road from Kansas City to Gulf ol
Mexico Write to James Douohue,
Sth and Delaware St. Kansas City,
Mo . for Fitr.K copy of the Missouri
and Arkansas Fruitman and Farmer
eonta ning lists of lands and all in
formation. Secure valuable lands
quick while they are cheap in rick
country not infested with blizzard.
The normal weight or the liver is I etween
three nnd four rounds-.
hiihard lahle, second-hand. For sa!o
cheap. Apply to or address, H. C. Aki.v,
all S. VMi St. Omaha, Nea.
Hair is x cry strong. A single hair will
tear a weight of 1..VK) grain.
Winter Tourist Ticket Via the Wabash
Arc now on sa'e to all the winter resorts of
the houth, good returning until June 1st,
.'.". Aiso Hakvest Eacuksion Tickets to
nil roints south on excursion dates. In ad
dition to atove. Railroad and Steamship
tickets to all joints in the United States
and Eruoi'E. at lowest rates. For rates,
tickets, excursion dates and full informa
tion or a copv of tho Homo Seekers Guide,
call at Wat ash Office, lofti Farnam street,
G. N. Cijittox,
N. W. P. Agt, Omaha. Nob.
Everyman who drinks
great deal too much.
a littlo drinks a
A sure way to find a letter place is to
more than fill the present one.
The man who Is ru'ed by his fee'ings can-j
not travel in a straight line. 1
FOR ALL THE ILLS THAT
st. mm oil
fc CURB IS KING;
roar f.v weeks) TREE on receipt of :.5c
T. 1 ir ' U'.:.t
Write at once.
grapn iiuu luriu uevva.
Makes Il'a Dor Itun tli l'ns.
Thcraas Meredith, a Chicago lad.
owns a printing" press and a Newfound
land dog. At h"rst glance there doe..nt
seem to be much connection between
them, but Thoina. has made one. He
has rigged up a power treadmill, in
which he fastens the dog. 1 n this w ay
he gains sufficient power to run his
printing press, which is of course not a
very large one.
i '" otilt-n Tim-
I People ovcrl. oked the importance of
j permanently Lcnciicial effects and weie
t satisfied with transient action: but now
' that it is generally known that Syrup
of Figs will permanently cure habitual
( constipation, well-informed people will
, not buy other laxatives, which act for
a time, but finally injure the system.
Varieties of .pla.
For a fall apple try Uravenstein ami
for winter Kaldwin. To make thrt-e
early ones add Sweet Hough and N il
liam's Favorite to I!ed Astrachan.
'J hrce fall ones would be Oravenstein
i certain kinds which do better than
others. Standard trees are wanted for
permanency, but as it is ten years be
tore much fruit can be got from them
try a few dwarfs.
In a recent article on coffee and co
coa, the eminent (tcrman chemist. Pro
fessor Stutzer, speaking of the Dutch
process of preparing cocoa by the addi
tion of potash, and of the process com-
i m" " Germany in which ammonia i
added, says: "Ihe only result of these
' processes is to make the liquid appear
: turbid to the eye of the consumer.with-
out effecting a real solution of the co-
coa SUUstances. This artificial manip-
ulation for the purpose of so-called sol-
ubility is, therefore, more or le in-
, spired by deception, and always takes
P'ace at the tost of purity, pleasant
taste, use I tu action, ami aronuiiic
avor. The treatment of cocoa by such
chemical means is entirely objection-
aoie. . . . uocoa treateu wmi nos.-
. -- .-
dition of artificial llavors by which .1
poor substitute for the aroma driven
out into the air is.oflfered to the cun-
sinner." 1 lie delicious i.reauiast v.oco;t
mane oy .u-rei: i.akkk .v ., ui um -
Chester. Mass.. is absolutely pure and
soluble. No chemicals or dyes, or arti
ficial flavors arc used in it.
Men have teen known to lose by perspira
tion .IjOCO or '..WW Rrnins au hour.
itftter Ktrry Year.
Time was when the "glorious climate ot
California" did not attract tourists Hut
3 ear after year the tide of travel sets in
stronger and stronger every lall and winter
toward this favored region. Iheroisno
climate like it 011 this loutiuent for n win
ter resort, and the u-um! line service on tho
Union Pacific S. stem has this senson Leen
Lrouht to a decree of j crlectiou which
leaves nothing to to desired
For further information call 011 jour
nearest ticl et agent or address
E. I.. LO.MAN.
Ccncrnl Pass, and Ti -ket Airent,
Tho man who makes his own c,ol nlways
has a little one
Cures Ninsty-cight psr cent, of all
cases of Consumption, in all Us
Although by many believed to be incura
ble, there is the evidence of hundreds of
living witnesses to the fact that, in all it,
earlier stages, consumption i. a curable
disease Not every case, but a laige per
centage of case, and we believe, fully oS
percent, are cured by I Jr. Pierce's Golden
Medical Discovery, even after the disease
has progressed so far as to induce repeated
bleedings from the lungs, severe lingering
cough with copious expectoration (includ
ing tubercular matter), great loss of flesh
and extreme emaciation and weakness
Do you doubt that hundreds of such case;
reported to us as cured by " Golden Med
ical Discovery " were genuine cases of that
dread and fatal disease ' You need not take
our word for it. They have, in nearly every
instance, been so pronounced by the best
and most experienced home physicians,
who have no interest wliatex'.r in mis
representing thcni. and who were often
strongly prejudiced and advised against
a trial of "Golden Medical Discovery,"
but who have been forced to confess that
it surpasses, in curative power over this
fatal malady, all other uitdicines with
which they are acquainted Nasty cod
liver oil and its filthy "emulsions" and
mixtures, had been tried iu nearly all thee
cases and had either utterly failed to bene
fit, or had only seemed to benefit a little for
a short tint". Extract of malt, whiskey
and -arious preparations of the hynophos
phites had also been faithfully tried in vain
The photographs of a large number of
those cured of consumption, bronchitis
lingering coughs, asthma, chronic nasal
catarrh and kindred maladies, have been
skillfully reproduced in a book of 160
pages which will v maikd to you, on re
ceipt of address and six cents 111 stamps.
Address for Hook, World's Dispensary
Medical Association, Buffalo, N. Y
BRUISES & SPRAINS.
BOTTLES NOW DOUBLE SHE.
Price, 25 and 50 Cents.
Great Rock Island Route
If vou cnd 13 cents In stamps orcoin to JN'O
fiT.-n.svr-Aif- fietri Pass. Airent. C . It- 1 c. r-
Ky, Chicago, ou will rwehc postpaid th
' slickest pack or playing canls on ccrhnnud.
Beautiful steel engraved Whist Utiles accom
pans them free.
TQCEC nf Cm II plnm.SPlENPORpnme.Van
I nCCO 01 UULU DEMAN qiiluce-Wi'-ir or
l'.urbaiik's20 5illllM-iiewrreatloas." STARX
Trees PREPAID everywhere. SAFEARRIVALauar
aateed. The"great nur3eries"save j 011 oner HALF.
MllUon-s of the best treesTOjears'eipfrience can
Sow; they "IIe lower and bear better."- See.
riiiu& mmuf n list FAiiS.
t Coach Sttoo. Tastes Good. C!
In time. Sold by drcgeisU.
ttueu .Answering AUvertiseineufc .mui
Meatlou tats Faper.
PAIN CAN BUNG
Hike vriib ACHES fc Everything.
To any Subscriber
of this paper we
will mail an 8-pae
weekly paper one
to pay postage, tull of latest tel-
HOMESTEAD PUR CO., Omaha.
.A. fAt A.fVA.A
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