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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 16, 1895)
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tOLtTMBtf& NEBRASKA WEDNESDAYJANUARY 16, 1895,
WHOLE NUMBER 1,288.
VOLUME XXV.-NUMBER 40.
. - Y
" m Mt (fafMmhm I
T : -
FP ' '
away on the sole
of a shoe. He
was a cobbler and
occupied a small
shop on the out
skirts of a city.
His family con
sisted of himself
was ten jears of
little Pierre, who
a?e. Behind the
lie shop was a roomT he stood at the dooc-' so long, gating
a parlor, bedroom anT"anxiously about,-"te turning to his
which served as
kitchen. The cooking was done by
Bernard himself, who possessed some
knowledge of tht culinary art t
Old Pierre's reputations-was not of
the best; though he had never been
detected in a really dishonest act, he
was known to bgJJcfcy. But he had
a genial manner, was always ready
to talk, and his shop became a ren
dezvous for male gossips who liked
to talk aboutthe affairs of the day.
On thilparTiciilar morning two of the
fraternity sauntered in.
"Good morning, Pierre," said Caleb
Gibson. "How's business?"
"Bad," answered Bernard, shaking
his head. "I can't compete with&iargtf
prices, anu it is a nara matter to Keep
body and soul together."
"Body and sole, eh?" said Caleb,
chuckling at his own attempt at wit.
"'You must .see that the"frolc ,kceps
. the body while it lasts."
Pierre laughed-as he gave the shoe
a resounding blow with his hammer.
He alwaj's laughed at other men's
jokes, however-5 poor they might be;
this was one of the secrets of his
popularity. Presently Silas Parker
"'Odd about the robbery, isn't it?"
"Haven't you read of it in the pa
per?" Silas asked in surprise.
"I have no time to read papers."
"Well, it happened last nijrht up at
the hall. Mrs. Benton's pearl neck
lace was stolen. They say it was
very valuable, and so long that it
-could be wound several times about
. her neck. The detectives are work
.ing up the case."
"Have they any clew to the thief?"
Pierre asked, carelessly.
"Well, a slight one. They found a
bit of cloth What is the matter?"
lie broke off in alarm, as a cry es
"Oli, 1 pounied my finger a little,
- "You must have hurt it badly, you
are quite pale."
"Xo, no!" Pierre answered, quickl3'.
"It is nothing. Go on with your
story. You were saving they found a
bit of cloth."
"Yes a small zigzag piece.cvident
ly torn from a coat. It was hanging
on a nail."
"Well," said Pierre, deliberately, "I
hope the robber will escape."
"Why?" said Silas in amazement.
"For my part I hope he will be
brought to justice."
".Justice!" said Bernard testily. "Is
there such a thing?"
"There is law, anyway, and if wc
commit crime we must suffer for it."
"If we are poor yes. But the rich
contrive to escape the punishment,
"whatever they may do."
"I don't know," murmured Silas,
dubiously, while Caleb shook his head.
"Well, I do," said Pierre, vehement
ly. "A rich man obtains money dis
honestly; the transaction is called by
a polite name. People shrug their
shoulders and pass on; but let a beg
gar steal a loaf of bread to keep him
from starving and he is sent to prison
without much ado. Bah! It is a
He tossed his hammer down, and it
fell with a crash.
"Oh, I've heard about the beggar
and his loaf before," said Silas, "but j
I never believed in him. We have I
hands to work with, and can alwavs I
BADK HIM HOI.n TIIK COP.D.
.earn our bread by honest toil.
out of humor to-day, Bernard. Come,
Caleb, we must be off. Good-day,
"Good-day," answered Bernard,
without looking at them.
That night he took a bundle from
his cupboard and went stealthily into
his small garden. Digging a hole in
the yielding ground he deposited the
bundle in it, then tilled it up, pack-
ins the earth so tightly down that it
was impossible to discover it had been
recently disturbed. Little Pierre lay The city or Explorers,
sleeping in the inner room. but. some Philadelphia plumes herself on being
noie awakening h.m he crept from j the ..citv 0f explorers, and the di,
his bed an I peeped mto the shop just , tinction seems deserved. Dr. Donald-
as his grandfather returned
"Go to bed!" Bernard commanded,
sharply, as" he closed the outer door.
"What are yon doing hero?"
"I thought I heard a noise," an
swered the child.
"So did I, an 1 I went to see what
caused it. It was nothing. Go to
bed again, and I will make 3-011 a kite,
a marvelous kite, which you may fly
"Oh. will yon, grandfather? Jolly!
2sow I'll "go at once," cried the de
A smile curved Bernard's lips as he
gathered together 1I12 material for
It took several hours to
t. but when finished it was j
thing of beauty. It was
feet iu height, and there '
were many colored papers used im
its construction; a fringe adorned
the outer edge. But the taU was) the
most wonderful ofalL A long'slring
formed the foundation, and upon it
were fastened pieces of cloth of grad
uating lengths, the longest being at
the top and tapering down to a mere
shred at the end. Each was twisted
in the center, the ends being allowed
to fly, but so closely were they put ott
the string that scarcely any part of
it was visibjj.
Little Pierrerose early the next
morning. His impatience was so
great that he could scarcely" contain
himself until his grandfather should
give him the kite; but he dare not ex
prCSSvhis'wish, as Bernard seemed ex
cited and nervous, aa unusual thing
with him. The boy," wondered why
work only to repsat the performance
a few minutes later. At lost he
turned to the expectant child:
'Come," he said, "you shall fly the
'Oh, jis it not beautiful!" Pierre
cried, clasping his hands in admira
tion when the wonderful thing was
held up for his inspection.
,JIe was wild to touch it, but Ber
haru"Would rot permit him-to do so,
and bade him hold the cord while he
held the kite aloft himself. Soon it
floated upward, the tail resembling a
flock of birds asiWvstraightened In
"You arc Pierra Bernard, t believe,"
said some one.
As Bernard moved quickly he came
face to facc.wj.th two men.
"That is'my name" he answered.
What Is your business with me?"
One of the detectives, for such they
were, eyed him sharply as he said:
"We have orders to search your
"We are looking for a necklace
which was stolen from Mrs. Benton."
"And do you suppose I have it?"
demanded Pierre, wtih a great show
"How dare you accuse me of steal
ing? But go search the house and
if you find it "
He finished with a harsh laugh.
"The old fellow takes it coolly,"
said one of the men. "But come let
us get the business over with." And
they went to work.
Meanwhils Bernard was apparently
absorbed in the kite and laughed
loudly as it rose higher and higher,
the long tail curving and twitch
ing like a snake. Presently it be
gan to descend, and a shade of ex
citement was visible in his face, while
little Pierre cried out in dismay:
"Oh, grandfather, it is coming down
and will get caught in those
"We will prevent that," saic
Bernard, with a furtive glance toward
the house; and he loosened the cord.
But the kite steadily descended. It
hovered over a tree for a few seconds
then fell, the tail becoming entangled
in the branches. Bernard gave the
cord a sharp pull, and the kite drop
ped at his feet. Little Pierre ran and
picked it up.
"The tail is broken, grandfather,"
he exclaimed. "Oh, why did you
hide these pretty beads? See "
He spoke no further, for Bernard,
with an oath, sprang forward and
snatched the kite from his hand. At
the same instant one of the detec
tives, who had approached unnoticed,
tore it from him.
"Ah! We were not mistaken, after
all," he said, holding up the tail for
his companion's inspection. Beneath
each of the twisted rags was a small
cluster of pearls.
I'atriots In .Tapau.
Among the reasons for tho almos.
uninterrupted success of Japan in
prosecuting tho war with China is the
spirit of sacrifico and generosity
exhibited by her people. Voluntary
contributions amounting to almost
$15,000,000 havo been received by the
government. The bank of the No
bility, which has given $1,000,000 out
right, has also "placed $15,000,000
interest free, at the disposal of the
authorities. The noblemen and wealthy
merchants havo been most patriotic,
and a number of them have contributed
more than $100,000 each. Public
spirit in China with reference to the
unfortunate conllict presents a melan
There are some odd names for game
birds far down the Chesapeake. A
small, shv snipe that flics with a twit-
' tering noise is called the hor&efoot
snipe, because of its fondness for the
horsefoot or horseshoe crab. It is
called also tho turnstone, from its
habit of overturning pebbles in search
of food. The telltale snipe bears that
name because it always sounds a note
of alarm at the sight of a gunner.
Chesapeake gunners believe that a
single telltale can clear a whole region
of game birds. The "widgeon is lo-
j cally called the bald pate, and the
wnlet is so called because of its crv,
It is said that no insect but the silk
worm will eat tho leaves of the mul-
! berry tree. Jn seasons when the
. a r
jrassnopper or tue army worm
every other tree and plant
may be stripped of its foliage by the
1 devourers, but the mulberry will
cscapo to tne last, nansas locusts
will eat everything else first, and,
when all the rest is gone, with wry
mouths will then tackle the mulberry
leaves. It seems to bo the one food
specially designed by nature for the
support of the silk worm
son Smith's explorations in Africa,
the work of the university of Penn
sylvania in Assyria and Mercer's
investigations of the valley of
tho Delaware river and his study of
the prehistoric caves in Tennessee,
Peary's quest of the Xorth pole, Bry
ant's and Hite's discoveries in Labra
dor and Eockhill's survey of Northern
Thibet all redound erreatlv to the
credit of the Quaker citv.
Disadvantage of Hcin; la Trade.
"Weginald, we must blackmail bin.
We cawn't have him in the club, you
"Twue, twue. He's a good fellow.
but he's a shop keepah. And we've
got to have some wheah we won't
meet ouah cweditors, don't you know
OLD BENNETT'S GRIZZLY;
-- . .
ne Shot it Clrarf Throali tMe Head
Old Bennett, in his comfortable
ranch house on the site of old Fort
Boss, at the mouth of the Russian
river, California, has a trophy of the
chase which ho delights to show to
visitors. It consists of a grizzly
bear's head so big and hdavy that two
men cad scarcely lift it, also pads nine1
inches wide and fifteen iriches idng.
There is a story connected with this
trophy which old Bennett delights to
tell, says the Chicago Times. Years
ago he served under Sani Houston "in
tho Lone Star state, drifting out td
California later drij and was the con
panion of Pioneer Suttaf when gold
nugget3 were discovered and the Easi
was attacked by the gold fever which
even yet lurks id tho veins of many
who came td the Pacific cdast id '49.
Bennett soon abandoned mining for
ranching, and secured his present
California was a wild country when
Bennett built his ranchhouse. Grizzly
bears abounded then, as they abound
now. Then they were less hunted
and bolder than at present. Bennett
was poor. Accompanied by his In
dian rancheria, he would hunt eagles
for their feathers, which he sold to
Indians for ornaments. While in tho
underbrush of a crock bottom, he had
just shot art eagle arid was reloading
his rille". By chance he did a. thing
which was very unusual for this vet
eran hunter: He capped the pieco be
fore loading it. The rifle was charged
with powder, and, as Bennett was
ramming homo the bullot, the rustle
of tho bushes startled him. There
was not a second to lose Twenty
paces off was a monstrous grizzly,
charging directly at him. Without
withdrawing the ramrod or aiming
carefully, Bennett made a sriap shot
right in tho faca of the savage beast.
Whan ho regained conscio3uness
ho found two Indian iancherias
pulling tho carcass of tho dead
bear away from him. Then
ho realized his narrow escape from
death. Capping his rifle before load
ing it had saved his lifo. It seemed
providential that tho ono vulnerable
point in the grizzly bear had bethl hit.
That point was the bear's eyo. The
ramrod, when fired from the gun,
struck the pupil of the 03-0 at right
angles and penetrated tho brain. The
impetus of the bear was such that the
dead body struck tho hunter before its
motion ceased with such terrific force
as to inako him unconscious. The
bear weighed 2,000 pounds. Its brain
was not larger than a man's fist. Tho
bons surrounding this brain was five
inches thick. The distance between
tho ejes was ten inches. Bennett de
clares that this is the largest grizzly
ever killed on tho Pacific coast, if not
on this continent. Any ode who sees
tho great head and 9x15 feet of tho
bear must admit that Benn3tt has fair
proof of his claim of bear bigness.
The claws alono are ten inches long,
although a portion of the nails was
imbedded in the llesh.
Washed rer Feet
An old fisherman in Xartle, Devon,
made it one of the chief ends of his
life to keep his boat immaculate. On
one occasion a gentleman had hired
him to take himself and a young lady
out for an afternoon's fishing. The
boat could not be brought near enough
to the shore for them to step in; so
the old sailor removed his shoes and
stockings, and taking the young lady
in his arms, was about to deposit her
on board, when he caught sight of
some mud on her pretty boots. In
stantly he stooped and dipped both
her feet up to the ankles in the sea,
paddling them back and forward to
remove tho mud, in spite of the pro
teats of the owner. His only remark,
as he finally put her on board, was:
"Bless yer, miss, salt water won't
tjive yer the snuffles." Argonaut.
'L'lcrclau Is" in Miny State.
Thci'c is a Cleveland in each of tho
states, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida,
Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Illinois, Kan
sas, Kentucky, Minnesota, Mississippi,
Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Neva
da, New Mexico, New York, North
Carolina. Ohio, Oregon, Tennessee,
Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington,
West Virginia and Wisconsin, and
they are printed in cold type without
any more distinction for Cleveland,
Ohio, than is accorded to six other
money order offices of the same name.
The Ohio city was named for Moses
Cleveland, the "a" in whose name was
knocked out to accommodate a, news
paper with narrow columns.
Deer or Docs.
Elaine hasa law that authorizes any
citizen to kill a dog that is engaged in
hunting deer. The old sports in that
state are a patient lot, and it angers
themhen a hunter from the city
goesup there with a couple of yelping
hounds to start the deer toward water.
Many an imported dog has met a vio
lent death in the chase and itoowners
did not dare to complain, because tho
game wardens are pretty stiff en
forcers of the law.
Her I-atln AH I ight.
"What,' asked the flippant young
man, "was the name of Lot's wife?"
"Sal," answered the young woman from
Boston rand the flippant young man was
afraid to ask on what premises she
based her conclusions. Indianapolis
Hobbie I notice that in some placet,
tho authorities have prohibited trolley
parties on account of the noise they
Lobble That's queer. The authori
ties never interfere with theater
Tailor, inspecting the bloomers the
fair customer has returned They
seem to be all right, miss. I don't
see anvthing lacking.
Fair Customer Why why ought
Vt there to be a hip pocket?
Had a Seriom Occapatioa.
She Papa's chief objection to you
is that you have no occupation. He
No occupation? Good gwacious!
Doesn't he know that I am waising
mustacho? New York Weekly.
The LatMt Rat-Trap.
A little bit of cheese and an electric
wire form the latest rat-trap. The
cheese is fixed to the wire and the in-
stant the rat touches the cheese he is
shocked to death. J
mm IK MJMJMft
80dibs 6p mother anB bae
passed at sea;
Baby's Check Were Rosy Rett arid IU
Long Browa Carls Floated Oat Upon
tho Water Nothing to Show Why
They War Kept Afloat.
The" Glehddvdri set out frdni Boston,
England, bound for Nriw York with a
cargd of linseed. Hardly had .she gdt
dut of Pentland firth when shd met
with bad weather. For days she bat- officiate at the furier'al W Mr. Hol
tled agairist head winds and furious land, as it was desirable' that it
seas, at times barely able to make any should take' place in a public' place'
progress. For nine days after leaving of worship id 6'rder to acepmmc
the firtH the bardmeter did not riso . date the many friends of tie de
above 20. and fdr three days it re-1 ceased, who wished to pay their
mairied at 28.1fJ. Captain Hodge, I last respects to tho dead. "Some
while he had dncduntered really fid thirig," said MP. Jefferson, "gave
violent gales, know that Ko must bo .me the iiripressidrt that I had best
on the edge of a cyclotiic storm, and mention "that. Mr. Holland w'as an
he kept well to the north; thinking to j actor. I did so iri few" words, and
skirt the storm and avoid the worst ' concluded by presuming that probably
cf it. j this fact would maico no difference. I
Ono aftcrnoori the Glendevon was
making about eight knots in a very
heavy sea, but a favorable wind. The
forostaysail was set, but Captain
Hodge, expecting that the wind would
veer around at any minute, gave or
ders to proparo to take it in. He was
busily engaged on tho bridgo at the
time and Boatswain Blow was forward
at tho extreme bow preparatory td
taking in the sail. As he was" work
ing there he saw a wave larger than
tho others slowly approaching tho ship
a perfect mountain of wator, whose
crest towered high above the decks.
Blow stopped to watch it come on.
"I was standing there looking at
it," said he when telling tho story,
"when suddenly I saw on tne very
crest a child's body.
l 'My G0d!' I Cried. '.there's a baby.'
"For a minute it hiing right over
the ship's bows, on tho crest of the
wave, and I thought sure that it was
going to be cast aboard, but when the '
wave broke it was washed alongside, ,
missing the ship by less than six
inches. But I had had plenty of time
to observe it closely, and if I should
ever pee It iri life I'd know it immediate-.
The child was a girl, about .1 years
old. She wore a black frock, and
about her shoulders was a littlo white
shawl, pinned closely about her
throat. Her hair was brown, and,
soaked through as it was, floated in
long curls in the water. She lay
partly on her side and partly on her j
bacK, giving me a good view of her
face. Her choeks were aa red as if
sho wore alivo, her eyes Were open,
and her littlo mouth was parted in a
sort of tt smile. There wds nothing
repulsive about hci', for" she could hot
have be"cn iri the whter more thari a
da-. Iri a minute she had beeri swept
away, lost forever, but I had time to
see these things, and sea that she had
no life belt on."
When he reported the matter to
Captain Hodge later in tho day tho
latter asked him why ho had not called
llis attention to it at the tinio and Blow
said that ho was afraid of arousing the
superstitions of the men.
It was a lucky thing, he said after
ward, that the baby had not been
washed on board, for there would
surely havo been trouble, as nothing
could havo happened which, according
to sailor superstitions, would have
caused worse luck. As it wa?, all that
night tho crew talked of little else
than the strange way in which thd
ocean had almost cast a littlo waif on
board in the midst of a howling galo.
But the Gleridevon was not yet done
with strange sights, says the Chicago
Times. The next morning found her
about sixty miles from the spot where
the baby had been seen. The wind
had shifted to the north and tho ship
was making between three and four
knots an hour. About half-past 10
Captain Hodge sent Mate Hopper and
Boatswain Blow forward to put out an
oil bag on either side of the bow.
While they were at work there was
washed past the ship, so close to it
that it could almost haveleen touched
with the hand, the body of a woman,
evidently between 35 and 40 years of
age. She was of dark complexion
and had long, black hair. Sho wore a
brown skirt and a black shirt waist
that had evidently been fastened by a
belt, but which hung loose at the
waist. There was no life belt on the
body. Hopper and Blow walked aft
as the steamer passod the body and
were ablo to see it very well. Said
"If we had had a boat hook handy
we could have pulled the body on
board, it was so close."
Boatswain Blow said that this body
could not have baen in tho water any
longer than the baby had, as there
was not tho slightest signs of decom
position on the face or on the hands.
"This is the most remarkable ex
perience I ever had in all my seafaring
life," said Captain Hodge;" nor have
J heard of any like it. The fact that
these bodies were floating on the
water without any means of support
is most curious, and I cannot explain
it. They were not lashed to any
thing, nor had they life belts on, yet
at the same time they could not have
been in the water more than twenty
four hours, for the baby's cheeks were
red, they tell me, and the littlo thing
looked as if it were alive. Besides,
there are no life b2lts made that a
baby could wear; it would slip right
through one. That blundering board
of trade fills a steamer up with belts,
but, in spite of the fact that thousands
of children are carried every year, no
provision is made for their safety,
and so the queer fact remains unsolved,
for bodies, you know, never como to
ine suriace Deiorc tne ena 01 nine
ten days, at least, when they are lifted
i,r. tho o,Qo !., !,.. ,i
in them. Wc were on tho northern
edge of that great storm and they are
all that's left of some ship that went
.down in it. for. although trior wk
sixty miles apart, I think it quite like-
ly that they were from the same
Louisiana had in 1814
the greatest l
steam lonnage 01 any state in the
union. It amounted to a little over
17,000 tons. New York had 10,264
tons, South Carolina 3,233 tons, and
only three or four other states had
more than 2,000 tons. Several states
had less than 100 tons. The tonnago
of the Mississippi river was largely
regisierea at .xew Orleans. Hence
tue relatively large steam tonnage of
AN ACTOR'S HAVEN.
H6W "The Lit! Charch Around
. Corner CmhM BO Warned."
THe Little IChiircliAttiutkl the Cor
ner" had ifcefmid world famdtls, yet
very .few kn9w httw It canto to bo
called by that name,- or that Jtiseph
Jefferson was indirectly responsible
for the christening.
Upon the death of George Holland,
the comedian, Mr. uefferson, who was
a personal friend, called upon his
Widow arid at her" desiro sought tho
minister at the church Which sho
atterided with tho requnst that hd
saw, however, by the restrained man-
rJot nf fYta minicvai tknA i4 iirlmiofolr.
j able change iri the expr'essidri Of his
face that it would inake, at least td
, him, a great deal of difference. Af te'r
some hesitation he said he would bo
compelled, if Mr. Holland had been
an actor, to defblino holding tho serv
ice at the church.
''While huT refusal to perform tho
funeral rites' fdr ray Old friend would
have Shocked nio under ordinary cir
cumstances, the fact that it was mado
in the presence tit ihe dead man's
son was pnore painful thari I cart
describe, v I turned to look dt
the youth,!' continued Mr. Jefferson,
"and saw ' his eyes tilled with tears.
I was hurt for my young friend and
too indignant with the man to reply,
sd 1 rose to leavo Ihe room. I paused
at thd.doOr and said:
" 'Well, sir, iri this dilomtna is
there no other church to which you
can direct mo from which my friend
can do ouriear'
"He repliod that 'there was a little
church around tho corner where I
might get it done,' to which I an
swered," said Mr. Jefferson:
' 'Then if this bo so, God bloss tho
little church around the edrrier.' and
so I left the hdusd."
Tho minister had unwittingly pcF
formed an important christening, and
hi3 baptismal name of "Tho Little'
Church Around the Corner" clings to
it to this day.
THE MUSSULMAN'S WIVES.
How 7 hey wete mulshed for Exposing
Dr. Jcssuf Bloch, a native of Biida
pest, lodged upon the ground floor of
tt htiuse Oil Bulak streot, where he had
art extctisivd practice amting tho
Turkish" pdpulatidn. The flat dboVd
was occupied by a bey and His Hareiri,
composed of three or four women, who,
as is tho custom, were jealously
secluded from tho gaze of all malo
creatures, says the Neuo Frei Presso.
Durittg tho night of tho first earth-
' quake Dr. Bloch lay on his douch
, sleeping the sleep of tlic just, and dll
unconscious of impending danger,
when suddenly the catastrophe came.
Tho earth trembled, houses rocked,
' cracked and toppled over, and among
tho rest tho house in Bulak street,
' which collapsed like a house of cards.
The poor doctor started up from his
1 sleep, wheh he saw, to his horror",
I the ceiling burst asunder arid anlid a
shower of miscellaneous articlos a
couplo of ladies dropped down upoft
' him in tiie attire worn by tho harem.
I The doctor and the women escaped
1 into the Open air, and, in considera-
1 tion of Dr. Bloch's innocence, the
' stern Mussulman refrained frdm tak-
, ing vengeance on the Giadiir. Thd
1 two women, on being questioned by
tho grand mufti, were, however,
drowned in tho Bosphorus i. e., not
actually drowned, only symbolically so
' to speak, for they were sewn up in
' sacks and immersed in tho water and
immediately drawn out again, their
Religions of British Soldiers.
Out of 210.863 men in tho British
army last New Year's day, including
colonial troops, but riot Indian na
tives, 143,129 belonged to the Church
of England, 36,878 wore Roman Cath
olics, 15,199 Presbyterians, 11,103
Methodists. 2,057 Mohammedaris, Hin
During the year immediately pre
ceding the civil war 31,000 was a com
mon price for a healthy young negro
In 1435 peaches cojt in Italy twelve
cents a thousand. They were veri'
small, hardly exceeding the size of al
monds. French architects during the reign
of Henry IV expected to receive ono
per cent of the cost of the house they
A hippopotamus, brought from the
Nile to Rome, by order of Titus, to
celebrate the close of the Jewish war,
A marble statue, life size, cost, dur
ing the reign of Commodus about
SI, ."00; in the time of Charlemagne,
The hennins, or huge hair dresses,
worn by the ladies of Paris during
the fourteenth century, often cost as
much as 20.
The first pins brought to England
were made in Spain. They weighed
about a quarter of a pound and cost a
little over SI.
In 1790 a handkerchief cost GG cents
I in Massaihn;ptt.L vhilf a. nair of
1 . '
stockings cost 75 cents, and potatoes
wre aw cents a ousneu
Edible birds' nests, prepared for
, use- are worth from SI to S-l per
1 Pund. according to quality. There
s a constant demand in China for all
that can be obtained.
A pair of knee breeches, in the time
of Commodus, cost 80 cents. The
goods were sold already cut out, and
the purchaser took them home and
sewed them up himself.
Untrained monkeys brought" S10
each in Venice in the sixteenth cen
tury. If trained, they were mucli
more expensive, the price depending
on the amount of training.
The yonng women sent out as wives
for the Virginia colonists, in 1620
brought from 120 to 1G0 pounds of
tobacco apiece, the tobacco being
worth three shillings a pound.
SOME GBEAT BELLS.
The If March ef Them Alt U at Moscow.
Weltfas 400,000 roaacU and la Almost
TtttfHtjr-lfcre Wide A Metal
Mtr la Cklaa.
American bells are fiow recognized
in all foreign countries as supeier in
tono to any others, although the
largest havo been cast in Russia, Chi
na arid Japan. An American firm? of
bellmakers recently had an orler
from Japan, and riot long ago" shipped
a number of bells, ranging fron 1,000
to 1,500 pounds, to South Antertea.
They were earned 203 miles inland on
poles by relays of natives. The very
large bolls of tho world have always
been Objects of interest and more or
less woride'r. ITw casting of these
immense bolls fdr churches and mon
asteries is due, says tho NeV York
World, to the tendency of semi-civil-'
ir.el nations toward pompous magnificence',-
arid also to the religious enthu
siasm, the sizo (A fho bolls being a
measure 61 their piolid zab Both of
these considerations cGtitributod lo
the production of the1 great boll of
Moscow, of which overyorio lids heard.
At tho casting of this bell it i re
corded that the noble3 from all parts
Of tho enipiro vreio present, vying
with each otherin tho value of tho
votive offerings, such as gold and sil
ver plate, jewelry, etc., which they
cast itl the furnace. This "king df
bells," lis it is Commonly called by the
Russians, stands at tho foot of the
tower of Ivan Veliki, within the
Kremlin'at Moscow, not far, probably
from the spot upon which it was cast
from furnaces erected especially for
tho purpose. It is placed upori a cir
cular wall or baso of granite of about
fiVeeet In height by four feet in
thickness, iri front of which, looking
toward the Mosk'rd river is a marble
slab bearing the following inscription
'This boll was cast in 1733 by order
of tho Imperial Empress Ann9, daugh
ter of John. It wa3 in the earth 103
JearB, and by the will of tho Imperial
Emperor" Nicholas, Was raised upon
this peddstal ifl 283G, August 4th."
In tho inscription Which the bell it
golf bears it is stated that tho first
great bell was cast in 155S, and
weighed 36,003 pound?; that during
tho reign of tho Czar Alexis it was
ruined by fre, and in 1651, with addi
tional raotal was recast into the sec
ond great bell, tho Weight of which
was 289,000 pounds: that in 1705 this
bell was also f llihad by flro. and in
1733, with still furthef additional
metal, was recast by tho order of Km
pfdss Anno into the present great bell.
The grounds and buildings which sur
round thd'bell being of immon60 sizo,
they servo to dwarf its appcrtrancn in
approaching it from fhd Ideerooi
Gate, and it is not until tho visitor
ha5 obtained a nearer view and meas
ured It by his own she that he is able
to realize its co'ossal proportions. It
meaodres twehty-two fot eight inches
across tho moutli, nineteen foot three
inches in height, and its thk'krioss at
tho base whoro tho clapper Would
strike is twenty-three inches. Its es
timated weight is from 403,000 to
440,000 pounds. A nearly triangular
shaped pieco of about six feet in
height by sevdil fdet at tho baao, tho
estimated Weight of which is cloven
tons, is broken Out of its sido at tho
rjm and stands upori the ground just
below the opening thus formed.
Besides the fracture there are eight
cracks distributed around tho remain
ing portion of the rim at about oual
distances, runnirig tip from threo to
seven feet Thd cracks eari Only bo
accounted for upon the fhctiry that
the contraction of the metal upon the'
inner mould in cooling after the cast
ing (hastaned, perhaps, by the acci
dental presence of water in the cast
ing pit) caused it to split asunder, and
two of theso splits running together
caused tho piece to fall out. That
the bell was rung a question which
has caused some discussion is evi
dent from tho inscription upon its
base. In placing it in its present po
sition it was intended that it should
be made to servo as a chapel, with
Which view art opening was left
through the pedestal wall. Which,
with that in the bell about it, forms
an imposing entrance; but the present
appearance of the interior would in
dicate that it was never consecrated
or used for such a purpose. There
are several religious figures cast upon
its outer surface, among which is that
of the Savior, the holy virgin and the
evangelists surrounded by cherubim.
It also bears a repres2ntation of the
Czar Alexis and tho Empress Anne.
Any opinion as to what the ringing
quality of the gi'aat bell might havo
been is, of cour., merely conjectural,
but an examination of its proportions
shows that it is rather too thick to
have vibrate! freely, while its tono
would also have been impaired by the
large quantities of .silver thrown into
tho furnace as votive offerings at the
time of its casting, recent experiments
having shown that the introduction of
silver into bell-metal, contrary to
poetic concspt'on ani popular opinion,
only, serves to deteriorate its ringing
Tho bell of St. Fcter's at Rome
weighs 17,000 poun3s: that of St.
Paul's, London, 11,600 pounds; that
in New Minster called Great Peter
of York 27.00J pounds; the parlia
ment house bell in London, 30,000
pounds. 'Great Tom, of Lincoln.weigh
ing 13,000 pounds, cact in 1680, was
long celebrated as the finest bell in
j England, but liecoming cracked was
I re-cast in 1834. The celebrated Great
Tom of Oxford, which hang in the 1
tower of Christ church and strikes 101
1: T h -.! 1-
umes every evening at u cine.
v.eigns J ( ,wj pouiius auu wis uisii iu
There is a bell in Pekin, China,
which weighs 120,000 pounds. It is
fourteen feet high and twelve fcet'in
diameter. The Chinase formerly mado
their bells nearly s-juare in shape. At
one time it was the custom to make
bells cr saveral pieces of metal welded
together, but thc3a necessarily lacked
vibration and were useless.
The metals employed in the manu
facture of the oldest bells of which
we have any record were tho same as
those now in use, namely, copper and
tin. Tho experience of the ancients,
as well as the careful tests of later
years, has clearly proved that thesw
arc tho only metals capablo of pro
ducing a proper alloy.
PIRACY IN THE LEVANT.
It Exists la a Small Way, Bat lt Palmy
Day Hare raseed.
In a largo wholesale way of busi
ness, Levantine piracy may l called
extinct. No longer are tho tideless
waters swept by tho galleys of tho Al
gerine, nor do "we often at church find
collections being mado for mariners
captive among tho Moors. The gen
ial old ruffian who made his prisoners
drink to tho king over tho water is to
tally extinct But in a small way,
with very limited capital and enter
prise sadly thwarted, tho isles that
burning Sappho loved and sung still
see a good deal of business done on
tho old lines. Tho practice rather
resembles maritime burglary, per
haps, than anything worthy to bo
called piracy, and tho practitioners
are natives of mixed race. A small
schooner or vessel, a hardy crew, a
few Lucifor matches, and such revolv
ers as can bo procured suflica for an
outfit. Tho method hi commonly as
Tho shores of the isles are studded
by littlo villages as far from the sweet
ministry of the police as wild Kintail,
and we cannot put it more strongly.
Tho wealth or tho villagers mainly
consists in old silver vessels and orna
ments, often of beauty and great an
tiquity. A spongo diver, for example,
has found more than sponges. In the
British tnubeum there is a recent
acquisition, a pot mado of gold,
weighing as much as 100 sovereigns.
This was brought up from a classical
wreck by a spongo diver, and it is
likely enough that such discoveries are
frequently made and concealed. Tho
villagers havo also tho silver orna
ments of their women's dowries,
often old and curious, and there may
bo a few relics of antiquo gems, rings,
necklets, and armlets, spoils of ravges
ot tho Mycensean ago As tho tax
gatherers are prompt to levy on all
property.this littlo wealth is.of courso,
carefully hidden, perhaps under tho
thatch. The pirate's first care is to
obtiin private information as to who
is rich among the people apparently
as destitute as tho old fishermon in
Theocritus. When ho has learned as
much as he can ho launches his bark
under sorno equivalent for the Jolljr
Kogor, ho lands at tho sleeping villuge
under cover of night, surrounds the
cottage, and. as a rule, places the
householder on lire, or ties him up in
a sack with a pair of cats, or other
wise prevails on him to disclose tho
hiding place of his valuables. Then
tho gallant pirate sails away and it is
IVorklntr on Tea and Coffee
Early railway buildor3 in New Eng
land discontinued tho ancient system
of serving alcoholic stimulants to their
men and substituted for such drinks
tea and coffee. Newly arrived Irish
immigrants were tho navvies of thoso
da; , and the contractors who adopted
the total abstinence system found that
their men wera vastly more peaceable
and effective than thoe supplied with
strong drink. So striking were tho
results that some railway companies,
in making construction contracts, stip
ulated that tho contractors should not
servo strong drink to tho navvies, and
in the end tho best workmen sought
employment of contractors working
under this stipulation.
An Kye to the Future.
Housokeepsr Considering how
much I've done for you, I think you
might saw somo wood b2fore you go.
Tramp I'd liko to obleege yeh, mum,
but think how often the wheel o' for
tuno turns over in this country.
"What's that got to do with it?"
Everything, mum. My grandchil
dren might gat rich, and then it
would b3 so much pleasantor fer thim
to bo ablo to say their grandfather
was a gentleman o' leisure than to
have to admit ho was a wood sawyer."
New York Weakly.
1 Ico Ifreatl.
Rice bread is a dainty that tho
South learned of tho Indians. The
grain is ground into flour, which is
baked like wheaten bread. It is ex
ceedingly light and makes a breakfast
luxury when served hot with butter.
It may be made in'o largo loaves and
cut into slices. It is deemed unMt to
eat when cold, but may then be mado
into soup by boiling it with chicken.
The Indians lightened the rice bread
by mixing in hot water, but yeast may
be used as a leaven.
FACTS AND FIGURES.
The first building and loan associa
tion in the country was organlad
near Phila.ljlph'a n IS31.
The first glass windows in Western
Europa were mtde b a Greek in .1t8
for a' church built by ttia Frank King
The larjest search-light in the
world is now on E-Iio mountain, near
Los An jalas. Cil. It is of 3.000,0.0
candle-power an 1 cm bz saen for 203
Thera arc mora tlian twenty coun-ti-s
in Ohio each with its county town
in the canter of the county, and as
many more with count towns only a
few miles from tia cents-.
The idea of having a coon as a cam
paign emblem originated in 1844.
Henry Clay was derisively referred to
a "that sama ol I coo 1," and hi3 fol
lowers iraraa liately aloptad that em
blem. Ninety-five years ago the Religious
tract society was founde.1. Since
then it has printed the gospels in 201
languages and has issued the "Pil
grim's Projres in eighty-seven lan
guage The population of the world, by
.1.. litest i!ft,1n f im
is estimated to
I tU ,V. .W W.. M V...
Le nearlff) lt303 00D,0D3, the greater
half of which is contributed by our
Asiatic brethren, who number about
The shipments of gold coin between
the various snb-treasnries and mints
of the United States, eta, from
March 1 to October 1 of last year
amounted to SM7 307,.V)3; the cost of
transportation was S93, 181.
The world's crops of potatoes last
year, according to an exhaustive in
vestigation, were no less than 370,500,
000 bushels short, as compared with
the crop in 1803. In Ire and potatoes
have not been . t, v- i for many
years. - .
THE OLD RELIABLE
Colunibiis - State Bank J
fOltal 9mk n tke State)
Fays btoesl on Use Deposits
Iftes Loais on Real Estate
ftvVfcS SIGHT DBAFTB C
Oaftaka CUaac. Haw Turk mi
Tayjgm Owtriw .
ULII : STEAX8HTJ? : TICKETS.
BUYS GOOD NOTES
Aai Sabjs IU Cutoaen whaa taar Noed Hh
OFFICERS AND DIRECTORS:
liEANDER Gerrard, Pres't,
B. H. Hexry, Vice Prest,
M. Bruqger, Cashier.
JonN Stauffer. G. W. IIulst.
Authorized Capital of - $500,080
Paid in Capital, - 99,000
O. H. SHELDON. Pres't.
H. P. n. OEHLTIICII. Vlco Prcs.
CLARK GRAY, Cnsliior.
DANILL SCHUAJI. Ass't Cash
H. M. 7rcretow, II. P. II. OEin.nicn,
C. 11. SI1E1.DO.V, V. A. MCALLISTElt.
Josas Welch. Caki. Kiunku.
B. O.GRAT. J. HENItYWcnDEMAK,
Gerhard Losekb, Henry Los eke.
Clark Gray, Geo. W. Galley.
Daniel Schuam. A. K. II. Oeiilrich.
Frank Kooer, J. P. Heckeu Estate.
Dank of deposit; Interest allowed on tlmo
deposits; buy and sell exchanso on United
States and huropo, and buy and sell avail
able securities. Wo shall bo pleased to re
ceive your business. Wo solicit your pat
First National Ban!;
ANDERSON, J. H. GALLEY,
Presldont. Vlco Pres't.
O. T. ROEN, Cashier.
JACOB QBEISEN. ILENBY. BAGATZ.
JAMES 0. BKDH.
Statement ef the Condition at the Closo
f BasiaesB Jalj 13, 1898.
Loans and Discounts 9 241,467 5?
Real Estate Furniture and Fix-
turcs. jo.iSi v)
U. S. Bonds 150 0)
Due from other banks $37,678 X
Cash on Hand 21.SC7 56 59,. C s3
Total $333,130 3j
Capital Stock paid la I 60,000 00
Surplus Fund 30.0M 0)
Undivided profits 4 5.G 00
Circulation MJOO W
Deposits. ................... ........... j.il"
Coffins : and : Metallic : Cases !
&" Repairing of all kinds of Uphcl
J-tf COLUMBUS. NEBRASKA.
IS rBZPARTD TO FURNISH ASTTniNG
REQUIRED OF A
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