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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (July 11, 1894)
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KBfoi ht rm'
-. By try or lire oak, caused inflammation, erup-
:. tlonsmd intense Itching and burning on my
legs, I decided to try Hood's Barsaparilla.
' J- JLr-tv?tsv pariUa
I hare taken Hood's -tmfcy
Sarsaparllla and do not wL4aTBe9
bare any poison symp- a
torns. I have pained WWWWW
12 pounds since taking Hood's." C. E. Bobau,
West Union, Minnesota. Get Hood's.
Hood's PHIS euro all Liver Ills, Biliousness.
W. L. Douclas
CUAr IS THE BEST.
5 3.5- FOLIC t,3 SOUS.
' ej072a fine. u1
. rin pes CATALOGUE
Tea can aavo money by wearing the
W. L. Denclas S3.00 gfcoe.
Because, iva nra tho larpest manufacturer of
this grado of shoes la t bo world, and guarantee their
valuo by stamping the namo and price on the
bottom, which protect you against high prices and
the middleman's proHte. Oar ahoes equal custom
work in style, easy fitting and wearing qualities.
Wo have, thorn Bold everywhere at lower prices for
the value Riven than any other make. Take no sub
stitute. If your dealer cannot supply you, wo can.
WE WILL MAIL POSTPAID
a tine raocl Picture, entitled
in exchange for IS Large Linn
Head, cut from Lion Coffee
wrappers, and a 2cnt rtamp to
pay pfjitase. Write for lltt of
our fit her fine premiums. Includ
ing books a knife, game, etc.
WOOLSON SPICE CO..
t:o Huron St.. Toledo. Onto.
Davis' Cream Separator Churn, power
hot water and feed cooker combined.
Apents wanted. Send for circular. All
Fizes Hand Cream Separators.
Davis &lankiuIJ. & M. Co. Chicago-
WIFE CANKOT SEE HOW TO! 0
f Ira. it mn sat FIEIBMT.
CIAboj par 3 drawer walasl or oak lav
I Untie ttUhrd. nkacl plated, adapted to licht
and hrftTT work; rsaracteed for 10 IorS with
I IntMsallcBobtla UiadfT.S'lr-TareedlarC?'1"-Idrr
Miaillr.Sf'ir.Srltlac Xtedle and a complete
Lf t rf Slrel II tachejeaU: chirped any where oa
SO liat't Trial. No monev rnjolred la advance.
ta.000snw Innr. World'a Fair Mfdml awarded laacMna aadattach
icenta. Pay from f artery and cave dealer'a and agent! profit.
Mrr? Cat ltUOnl ard fMnd toay for machine or larre free
I" K tt nUloroe, tr.llmonl,l, and Glunptira of the World's Fair.
OXFOrtl MFC. C0.3v27iUdxAT.CHICAI0,ILL,
'Successfully Prosecutes Claims.
LctoPrtncipnl Examiner U S. Ponalon Bureau.
3yrviuUt ar, ladJudiratlugcUim9,attyeiuco
Worthinff nn military. s$?zz
tUl IM'htUll hjv .1 liEWirr. Lincoln Xcli
ft-.L. Ilekelieaetl Collece. 14th felon be-
lIIllfiniimfinifi3K,,,s0,t ' Kw Catalogue
UIIIQIIU ITlUUIUUI Mrud to W.O. Bridges. gecy
SnORTfTAND AND TTrE-WRITINO.
Oldest and Best BuslneK College in the West. Wo
vacation. Thousands of graduates and old student
OorapTlBg paying positions. Write for catalogue.
F. F. MOOSE. Oaamfcm. Ick,
twin nvc wnDirQS?;ruw.!i:
III III lstU "" - J-wf
lillliard and Pool Tables,
liar f Unaware. Send far
catalogue. at t Ity trivrilDPO
ltilliaraTaliloCo.Omahar'IA I UKEo
Geo. Boyer, McCoy &. Co.,
Fo. Omaha. I.lve StocU. Cummiiilon Merchants.
Corresi ondenco solicited. Market quotations f m.
WANTED SALESMEN J
II fill I LU se j callfornli
on ralary. SIC to
S15 per month, to
i wines. Stn.l 1 pos
tage stamp fir full particulars. M . J. If AMI'S.,
18lU turaaai Ktrvct. Oanmhsw Neb.
Omaha, cor. lUb
and Capitol Are
H tlk from both
Omaha ear ill
Best SS. a dar house In the state. Fire proof
HEED fc CARET, fropnoiors.
and Dress Goods;
fashionalilo '1'kB.Drrss Goods and Sue
Luces In Ameilca at lowest prices
erer known. Samples free It pars to keep posted.
Write to HATUE. UKGS.. Oaaitkau
i U U Walcn sUc loaded
views. Caialoz 1 rea.
llcyn Photo Supply Co Exclusive Agents. 1J15
Frnam St l raaha. Ev ry thing In fhoto Supplies
for Professionals and Amcteur.
DCDccpTinu niiTPiT nniiPl FTF.J?prtd
rLniuviiun ii "-fvioiin.Bow.
Box. Itosin ?et of Strings. Mute nnd instruction
Book. Kxprcss paid to any rallrord town In Iowa
or Nebraska. Send express or money order to A.
llOSF-E. Jir Omaha, Whorsale Music Dealer.
Guaranteed to pleac Music Catalogue Free,
Wall Paper 4c Roll
Only Sl.oo required to paper walls of
room 15x15. Including border. Send ISs
postage and pet FKEt, ion beautiful sam
ples, and guide how to paper. Agents' largs
sample book S1.O0; FlUCK wltk s M.N
order Write quick.
lSO-162 Doaclss St., - OMAHA, lil
WHO TREATS AIX
Weakness and Secret
Ererr cure maraateod.
IS years experiesee.
Permanently located la
lomata. Book free.
11th and FaraaxaSta..
aawS?sv"--i ii. m.
-awSsawMBwai SsIOtX SBBBBT
aBaea'aV MawawaBwMal sbtbwSh nUaa
- -' "'
8Uble Msssre Beat.
Some discussion has been going on
in southern papers ss to the relative
value of barn yard manure and com
mercial fertilizers. The barn yard ma
nures in question resulted from feeding
cottonseed meal, bran, corn and other
ricli foods. One writer dressed his
land with it, but came to the conclu
sion that he would have had better
crops if he had put the same money
into commercial fertilizers. The edit
or of the Southern Planter differs with
him and says:
No practical farmer was ever yet
able to get out of any fertilizer its full
value as shown by analysis. This is
no reproach to the chemists. It is sim
ply the result of the application of nat
ure's forces to the extracting of the
value of the fertilizers, as against the
application of scientific methods of
analysis used under certain known and
fixed conditions. Although our corre-.
spondent is of opinion that he could
have gotten as good or even a better
return on 400 acres dressed with
acid phosphate, and costing the
same money as the manure applied to
the 50 acres, we will undertake to say
that he could not have so permanently
improved even 50 acres much less 400
acres with that value of phosphate.
Sir J. II. Lswes, whom Prof. Massey
will, no doubt, admit is one of the
finest and most practical scientific
farmers in the world, said in one of
his annual reports a few years ago,
when comparing the value of farm
yard manure and fertilizers in practi
cal use, that lie could distinctly see
where he had applied farmyard ma
nure twenty-five years before, and,
therefore, would not venture to say
how long such an application
would benefit the land, but that the
duration of benefit in the use of
commercial fertilizers was onlv for a
very limited period. In practice here,
most farmers will aflirra that the ben
efit is only to be seen for, at most,
two years. An incident in our own
experience will tend to support the
views of Sir J. It. Lawes as to the last
ing and permanent value of farm-yard
manure. When we first settled in Vir
ginia we bought a farm in Uooohland.
The land was poor, having been badly
run down for more than twenty years.
Previous to that time it was known
as one of the best farms in the county,
and carried a heavy herd of stock and
produced large crops. We plowed a
field and applied 200 pounds of bone
to the acre, and sowed in oats. This
field was near the house. After the
crop commenced to crow a large patch
near the middle of the field pushed
ahead of all the rest and grew luxu
riantly. We were curious to know the
cause for this, as the land there
appeared to be no better than
elsewhere in the field. We asked
an old colored man who had worked
on the farm when it was in a high
state of fertility, and had known its
condition every year since that time,
if he could tell us the cause. He said:
"Yes, sir, that place was where old
master had his cow-pen, and it always,
when put in crop, makes a good one. "
Now, this cow-pen had not been on
the spot for more than twenty years
and yet the acquired fertility of the
soil, when it was there, was returning
results at the end of that time, and
had continued to do so every time 't
had been called on in the interim. This
is entirely confirmatory of our own
experience in the use of farm yard ma
nure when made from well-fed stock.
It has a value outside that found by
the chemists, to which no other fertili
zer can compare.
The Yorkshire Hog.
In point of fact, there are really two
breeds of Yorkshires, and some claim
three, says a Michigan agricultural
report. These arc known as the
large Yorkshire, the small Yorkshire
and the middle Yorkshire. The orig
inal Yorkshire was a large, coarse hog,
lop-eared, long-noed, long-bodied
and slab-sided; slow in maturing, but
hardy: growing to an enormous size,
and carrying a good deal of lean meat.
Many of these characteristics are yet
to be found in these hogs, but they
have been greatly improved in form,
and are now classed as the best bacon
hog in England, They are finer in the
bone than their early progenitors;
their ears much finer; noses shorter,
but still quite long, with more of the
mole shape than other English hogs,
which are generally dished, with a
short snout The modern Yorkshire is
a rangy, deep bodied hog, pure white
head rather large, ears lopped, rather
long in the leg, the back narrow and
arched, with a drooping rump. They
grow to a good size, are slow to fat
ten, and always have a good deal of
lean meat, or muscle, mixed with the
fat. It is this characteristic which
makes them prized highly by bacon
curers, as their flat sides always have
the streak of fat and streak of lean,
which makes the proper combination
for the great breakfast dish, bacon and
eggs. Their hams and shoulders arc
prized for this same characteristic.
The small Yorkshire is a very different
animal, except in color. lie is a smooth,
broad-backed, fine-boned hog, his head
finer, much dished, and the nose short
and turned up. His makeup shows him
to be early maturing and easily fat
tened, and very similar in form to
what is known in this country as
the Suffolk. They are not so
prolific as the large hog, but with
a much quieter disposition, and are
apt to fatten so quick as to interfere
with their breeding, if fed at all heav
ily. They are regarded as a family
hog in England, where cottagers can
only keep two or three, -as they turn
everything to good account fed to
them. They will not bear exposure,
and are tegarded as rather delicate.
The Middle Yorkshire is a product of
crossing the large and small breeds,
and is hardly establi&hed sufficiently
to make it breed to a single type; con
sequently they vary to some extent,
both in size and appearance, resem
bling sometimes one and sometimes
another of the two original breeds.
They are claimed to fatten more read
ily than ttfe large, and are more pro
lific and hardy than the small. They
are liked by the small farmers, and
are regarded as a profitable breed.
Flowers and Bees.
When the conditions are most favor
able the flower sends out a frasrrance
which attracts the bees. Prof. Gray
t calls this perfume the flowers' adver
tisement. The bees instinctively read
I therein that they are welcome to all
j the exuding nectar they bear away if
they will carry the pollen on their legs
I and bodies to the pistils, says a writer
in Country Gentleman. It has been
suggested that honey is placed in the
flower to attract the bees. After a
bee has found honey in one flower it
will be yery likely to examine others
of a similar appearance. In the spring, .
when the blossoms first open, many of
the bees, very likely the young bees
that have never before seen a flower,
will be seen examining the leaves,
branches and even rough wood of the
trunk cf a tree, until they find
just where the coveted treasure
is located. After a bee has dived
deep into one blossom and tasted
the nectar it knows where to
look the next time. It is plain to
be seen that flowers were not given
their bright colors simply that we
might feast our eyes upon their beau
ty. Nature, that most careful econo
mist, not only deals out honey in
small doses, bnt she places it in the
most cunning nooks and corners that
the bee may be obliged to twist itself
into all possible shapes, around and
among the stamens, until the pollen is
most surely dusted all over its body
and legs. Within the flowers of the
barberry there is a contrivanca by
which on the touch of the proboscis of
the bee the stamens spring forward
suddenly and shower the insect plen
tifully with pollen with which it may
fertilize some other barberry blossom.
The flower secretes no honey until the
pollen is ripe and ready to do its work;
than the honey slowly exudes into the
nectaries, so that the bees may be kept
coming and licking it out, in every
hour of the day, and the flow of honey
ceases just as soon as the pollen is
ripened and gone.
Another Teat on Milk Fata.
The New Hampshire station has just
published a bulletin giving the results
of their trials on feeding fat into milk.
In part the bulletin says:
In previous investigations to deter
mine the effect of foods upon the
character of the butter product, we
found the gluten meal produced a very
much softer butter than did corn meaL
This result was hardly to have been
expected, since gluten meal is a by
product from the manufacture of
glucose from corn, and it might natur
ally be supposed that the butters
would have the same general char
acteristics. The fact that the gluten
meal fed was very rich in oil (con
taining 18 per cent), sug
gested the carrying out of an experi
ment to determine the effect of oils
upon the quantity and quality of milk
and butter. In the course of the ex
periment the following were fed: Cot
tonseed oil, corn oil, palm oil, cocoa
nut oil, oleo oil and stearin. No diffi
culty was experienced in getting the
cows to eat these oils in connection
with their grain ration, and in several
instances a decided liking for them
Without going into details, the butter-fat
in the milk was at first in
creased, but later fell off, though the
fat ration was continued. The con
clusions reached by the experimenters
were as follows: The variations in
percent of fat in buttermilk were
quite wide, and -although they
are given in the table I will
make no comment upon them,
as the very small quantities of cream
churned probably caused imperfect
churning. Now, in conclusion, 1 think
that I may say that this experiment
That the first effect of an increase of
fat in a cow's ration is to increase the
per cent of fat in her milk.
That with the continuance of such
a ration, the tendency is for the milk
to return to its normal condition.
That the increase in fat is not due to
the oils, but to the unnatural character
of the ration.
That the results in this experiment
tend to confirm the conclusions ex
pressed in previous bulletins from this
station, that the composition of a cow's
milk is determined by the individuality '
of the cow, and that although an un- j
usual food may disturb for a time the .
composition of the milk, its effect is '
The watermelon occupies a unique
place among the fruits of this country.
The melon grows from the seed and
ripens a crop of fruit in a single sea
son, says a writer in Rural Life. Last
year we had ripe melons within nine
ty days from the time the seed was
planted. The watermelon requires no
preparation and is eaten without any
condiment or dressing of any kind.
The best place for the melon patch is
in the cornfield with corn on every
side to shelter the vines from the wind,
(round that has been in corn the pre
vious year I think is the best, and if it
was sod ground all the better. The
ground should be naturally warm and
dry and slope to the south so as to get
the sunshine the whole day. Melons
delight and thrive in the sunshine, and
the warmer the better. The stalks
should be removed from the ground in
the fall so that it will not be tramped
in the winter and spring by
the stock and so get in bad condi
tion. That is very important, as on a
good supply of well-rotted manure
depends the success of the venture.
Plow the ground in the spring at the
same time you plow for corn and work
it just the same, being carefvl, how
ever, not to work the melon ground at
any time when it is wet After corn
planting, or about the 20th of May, is
about the right time to plant the mel
ons. Mark the ground crossways with
a marker in rows six feet apart, then
with a large plow mark it the other
way in rows twelve feet apart, plowing
out a deep furrow. Next haul the rot
ted manure and put a large shovelfull
in the furrow at the intersection of
the marks, after which fill up the fur
row with the plow, plowing several fur
rows to form a ridge, being careful not
to obliterate the cross marks, as they
show where the hill is to be planted.
The ridge should be harrowed down to
make a good 6ecd bed. Each hill will
need some preparation with the hoe.
Plant the seeds shallow but iirmly in
the ground twelve seeds to each hilL
After the plants are well started thin
to two or three to the hill. Have a
quantity of air slacked lime on hand
and when the plants come up look out
for the bugs, and when they ap
pear dust the plants a time or two with
the lime, which will protect them. Do
not bother the plants mush when they
first come up with the hoe. but culti
vate the melon patch every time you
do the corn, plowing over all the
gound. One cross plowing will be
enough, but they should be plowed
the other way at interval as long as
you can get through between the rows
without injuring the vines. The hills
should be kept perfectly clean from
weeds with the hand and hoe until the
vines cover the ground.
SAFE IN HEH POCKET.
"Rnrclar Whpro tin i-mi Uon -....
money? Biggsby Er it's in the)
pocKet of my wife's dress. Burglar tto ,
pal) Come on, Pete; we ain't no Stan
ley explorin expedition. Detroit Fref
The hen that lays well is one thai is
moving around and scratching all the
With the pure breeds there is uni
formity of color, size and general
See that your breeders are healthy,
vigorous and of good size.
HUIar CoBtesaBoraaeOas 8waraas,
The Canadian Bee Journal gives its
readers the benefit of some experience
in hiving bees when two swarms come
out together. "As we walked into one
of our bee yards the other day a swarm
was hanging on a tree several rods from
the apiary. This swarm had issued
very early in the morning, probably
because the weather of the two pre
vious days had been unfavorable for
swarming. As we neared the center of
the yard, which contained about two
hundred colonies, we saw the foreman
run and pick up a wire tent hurriedly
and set it over a hive, about which he
noticed indications of swarming. The
tent was scarcely over the hive before
the swarm commenced to issue. After
the swarm had about half issued, and
the entire wire tent, which is about
three feet wide, five feet long and five
feet high, was covered with bees, the
queen came from the hive, alighted
on the front of the vt ire cloth and
crawled up. Soon they all clustered on
the top of the wire. Then, in a min
ute more he raised the tent, lifted out
the parent colony, and set another
hive with combs in its place for the
new swarm to occupy. Then by tap
ping the wire a little with the lingers
on the outside, the bees came down
and commenced to run into the hive.
In a very few minutes they were all in
the hive with their queen. The wire
tent was tipped back, the hive carried
to its permanent stand, and the parent
colony set back on the old stand again.
By this means he hived the new
swarm on the old stand by merely set
ting the parent colony outside the
tent to catch any stray bees that might
return from the fields, and prevent the
swarms from uniting with the one
hanging on the tree. On the morning
of the 17th, as the foreman went intc
our home yard with some of the
students, he found a swarm issuing.
He immediately caught the queen and
hived them. The work was scarcely
over when two more commenced to
issue. While getting the wire tent
to place over this one, two more rushed
forth, and it was evident that they all
intended to alight in one cluster.
Ueforc he got the tent over one,
another started to isiuc. This one
(the sixth) he secured from going in
with the otheis. He might have got
the tent over one of the other hives,
but as they started to issue he rushed
from one entrance to another, catch
ing the queens. He succeeded in cap
turing three, slipping them into cages
and dropping the cages into his pocket
Soon the four swarms clustered to
gether on a tree; then he took a step
ladder, a dipper and a light box with
wooden sides and wire bottom, abonl
10 by 20 inches. Itefore going up the
ladder, he placed hives at intervals in
front of the tree; the queens he placed
one at the entrance of each hive. He
then commenced dipping off the bees,
holding the screen under to catch anj
that might chance to fall, handing
each dippcrful down to the students,
who poured them in front of the hives,
dividing them as equally as possible.
In a few minutes they were all sepa
lated and running into their hives.
While they were passing in the queens
were liberated and allowed to pass it
with the bees. Soon all the swarms
were hived separate and set on theii
new stands, as well as if they had
alighted in different clusters and beer
hived the same as single swarms.
Wheat In Inttia.
A readek of IJeerbohm's London
List in referring to statements point
ing out the increased consumption oi
wheat in Bengal says: If what is stated
there regarding the increased con
sumption of wheat in lower Bengal
applies to India generally, it is oper
to question whether the supposed sur
plus has any existence in fact Has it
not rather been eaten up by the Hin
doos themselves? The small Indian
exports point to that conclusion, and
if wc had only trifling shipments from
a crop of 33,003,000, is it not a "logical
couclusion'that we may expect still lest
from a crop of 20,000,000, especially at
the present level of prices? The com
ment of the cditorof Beerbohm's List
is as follows: The Ethiopian can not
change his skin or the leopard his
spots; but the Hindoo can change his
food, and despite his invincible con
servatism, is changing it So much, at
least, is to be gathered from an ad
dress delivered by Mr. James Turner
to the members of the Calcutta AVheat
and Seed association. During the
past three years the local consumption
of wheat in lower Bengal has almost
trebled itself, having risen from 23.00C
tons to 02,003 tons. Meanwhile, the
quantities exported have declined.
The natural inference is that the na
tives are abandoning the pulses and
inferior kinds of rica upon which they
have hitherto subsisted, and arc tak
ing to cat a more wholesome grain.
The fact affords gratifying evidence
of their increasing prosperity. Farm
A plan for the completion of the
Nicaragua canal by this government,
by a new system of financiering, has
been introduced in the house by Rep
resentative Br3an of Nebraska. While
some of the features of Senator Mor
gan's project are repeated, a great in
novation is brought forward by pro
visions intended to increase the circu
lating medium of the country, by pay
ing for the stock of the canal company
by an issue of legal tender note?,
modeled off the greenbacks of 1S02.
According to the bill the stock of the
canal company is to consist of 1,000,
000 shares of S100 each, for which
United States notes identical in char
acter with those issued under the
act of Feb 25, 1602, are to be issued,
redeemable to the same extent
and in the same manner as the
notes of 1SG2. The secretary of the
treasury is to purchase STO.000,000 of
the stock of the company and pay fot
it at par by the issue of the notes de
scribed, which are to be kept in circu
lation as a part of the currency of the
country. Six million of the capital
stock is to be issued to the government
of Nicaragua, S.100,000 to Costa Rica,
and the remaining S"23. 500,000 is to be
held in the treasury until the govern
ment decides whether to purchase it
or permit it to be sold by subscription,
except an amount not to exceed ?7,
000,000, to be used by the company in
taking u its outstanding stock. Pro-vi-ion
is made for an immediate issue
of $2 0G0,000 as a working capital, and
the issue of the remainder in quarter
ly installments as may be necessjry tc
carry on the work of construction.
Queen Vic's Vegetables Every!
day of her life, no matter where she 1
may be, whether in Balmoral.Osborne, '
Florence or elsewhere. Queen Victoria
receives from Windsor castle a supply
of flowers, fruits and vegetables. !
Seasons may come and go, but Queen !
Victoria's green peas are always on
hand, while cucumbers, ' cabbages, ,
French beans, or any other vegetable .
her majesty expresses a wish to see on
her dinner table, are there the follow-,
ing day, whether they be in season or
E Pluribuj TJnufc.
Tho many and bright ar the stars that
In that flsg, by our country unfurl'd;
And the stripes that ar welling In ma
Like a rainbow adorning the world;
Thero light is nnsullied, as those in the sky,
By a deed that our fathers have done;
And they're leagued In as true and as hcly
In their motto of "Many in one."
Trom the hour when those patriots fear
That banner of starlight abroad,
Ever true to themselves, to that motto they
As they clung to the promise of God:
By the bayonet traced at the midnight of
On tha fields where our glory was won,
O perish the heart or the hand that would
Our motto of "Many in one."
'Mid the smoke of the contest the cannon's
How oft it has gathered renown ;
While those stars were reflected in rivers ot
When the Cross and the Lion want down;
And tho' few were tho lights in the gloom
of that honr.
Yet the hearts that were striking below
Had God for their bulwark, and truth for
And they stopped not to number the foe.
From where our green mountain tops blend
with tho sky,
And the giant St. Lawrence Is rolled,
To the waves where the balmy Hejperldes
Like the dream of some prophet of old,
Toy conquer'd and dying, bequeath'd to
Not this boundless dominion alone,
But that banner where loveliness hallows
And their motto of "Many in one."
We are "Many in one" while there glitters
In the blue of the heavens above;
And tyrants shall quail 'mid their dun
When they gaze on that motto of love.
It shall gleam o'er the sea, 'mid the bolts
of the storm
Over tempest and battle and wreck
And flame where our guns with their
thunder grow warm.
'Neath the blood on the slippery dock.
The oppressed of the earth to that stand
ard shall fly.
Wherever its folds shell be opread;
And the exile shall feel 'tis his own native
Where its stars shall floSt over bis head ;
And those stars shall increase to the full
ness of time
Its millions ot cycles has run
Till the world shall have welcomed Its
And the nations of earth shall be one.
Though the old Alleghany may tower to
And tho father of waters divide,
The links of our destiny cannot be riven
While the truth of those words shall
Then, 0 1 let them glow on each helmet and
Tho' our blood like our rivers should run:
Divide ns we may in our own native laud,
To the rest of the world we are one!
Then up with our flag! Let it stream on
Tho' our fathers are cold In their graves.
They had hands that could strlke-they had
souls that could dare-
sons were not born to be
Up, up with that banner!
Where'er it may
Our miHfons shall rally around ;
And a nation of freemen that moment
When its stars shall be trail'd on the
Georob W. Cdttkr.
Is Scarlet Fever Dying Oct? A
singular fact has been revealed by the
carefulU kept death records in Eng
land. This is a steady diminution in
the number of deaths from scarlet
fever, which fell from 14,27."; in 1SS1 to
4,!."G in 1S01. No adequate explana
tion has been offered. As contribut
ing causes, however, Dr. William Ogle
finds (1) that the proportion of children
to the population materially declined
in the decade: (2) that the isolation of
the sick and other sanitary practice
became more general: and (3) that in
some unknown way scarlet fever has
been gradually assuming a milder
form. The last, conclusion is justified
by ample evidence. The part played
by sanitation has doubtless been of
some importance, as may be inferred
from the fact that typhoid feverdcaths
have also been diminishing. Dr. Ogle
feels assured that epidemics of scarlet
fever will not soon, if ever, again be
the scourge to infant lift" they have
Thirsty Babies. It seems strange,
but true it is, that there are et in ex
istence young mothers who never give
their young babies a drink of water.
Water is as necessary to a child's well
being as good food and its bath. Two
or three times a day the baby should
be given a drink of water, say a table
spoonful, at regular intervals. Try
the little mite and see how he relishes
it Furthermore, it will, if given at
regular intervals, keep the bowels in
good order. The other day, by the
way, a prominent physician was called
in for a severe case of vomiting and
sore throat He prescribed a table
spoonful of water and one of milk to
be taken separately every hour. His
patient laughed, but had the good
sense to obey, and sure enough, in a
few hours she was well enough to get
up and attend to her work.
Care of Wet Shoes. There arc few
things more disagreeable than to put
on a pair of stiff, brittle shoes that
have been thrown aside to dry after a
rainy day. Here is a
claims to eradicate the trouble: First
wipe off gently with a soft cloth all
surface wet and mud; then, while still .
wet, rub well with paraflinc oil, using j
flannel for the purpose. Set them aside i
till partially dry, when a second treat- j
ment with oil is advisable. They may
then be deposited in a conveniently
warm place, where they will dry
gradually and thoroughly. Before
applying French kid dressing give them
a final rubbing with the flannel still
slightly dampened with parafline and
the boots will be soft and flexible as
new kid and but very little affected by
their bath in the rain.
How to Cook an Old Hen. When
so eminent a scientist as Prof. W. Mat
tieu Williams thought it worth his
while to experiment with this some
what tough subject of gastronomic
contemplation, it may not be amiss to
profit by the result of his experiment.
He took a hen six years old but other
wise in good condition and cooked it
slowly in water for four hours, then
let it stand in the water until the next
day, when it was roasted for about an
hour, basting frequently with .some of
the broth in which it was pimmered.
It was then pronounced as tendrr and
fine flavored as a young chicken
roasted in the ordinary way, notwith- I
btanding the good broth obtained by
Currant Fly. This insect will ruin
the currant and gooseberry crops, if '
once it has gained entrance and is al- 1
lowed to go unmolested. In its per- J
feet state, it is a small, two-winged
fiv which lays its vnes on the fruit '
while it is small. The larva? enter the
fruit yet green and feed on its contents,
leaving a small black scar at the poirt
of entering. The affected fruit ripens
prematurely and shortly decays and
drops to the ground, when on opening
then, a small white grub will be found,
about one-third of an inch long. Use
powdered white hellebore; one ounce
dissolved in two gallons of water,
spraying the bushes just before they
bloom, and again after the fruit has
set Wm. StahL
Recording the Trees. While it is
important that every tree that is set
in the orchard should be labeled, this
work should be supplemented by an
accurate record in a memorandum
book. Even where a great deal of care
is taken to make them legible and dur
able, labels Eometimes become either
indistinct or are lost A book record
is much more reliable, and it has the
added advantages that it can be con
sulted at any time and with but little
difficulty; that it shows how many
trees, of each variety that is repre
sented, the orchard contains; and also
that it indicates in what year the tree
was transplanted. Ex.
Grilled Mushrooms. Prepared in
this way the mushrooms must be large.
After washing and peeling, score the
tops with a knife and lay them for one
hour in a pickle of oil, salt pepper and
lemon juice. Place them tops down
on a clo-e-barrcd gridiron and broil
over a clear, slow lira Serve ou toast
with a sauce made as follows: Chop
the stalks and pieces of mushrooms
that have broken in the washing and
stew in broth for ten minutes with a
little minced parsley and onion. Beat
he yelk of one egg with a gill of
cream and add slowly to the sauce.
Stir the whole until hot without boil
ing and pour it over the toast
String Beans. String, snap and
wash two quarts beans, boil in plenty
of water about fifteen minutes, drain
off and put on again in about two
quarts boiling water; boil an hour
and a half, and add salt and pepper
just before taking up, stirring in one
and a half tablcspoonfuls of but
ter rubbed into two tablespoon fuls
of flour and half n pint of sweet cream.
Or boil a piece of salted pork one
hour, then add beans and boil an hour
and a half. For shelled beans boil half
' hour in water enough to cover and
i dress as above.
Baked Mushrooms. Tcast for each
person a large slice of bread and
spread over with rich sweet cream;
lay on each slice, head downward, a
mushroom, or if small, more than one;
season and fill each with as much
cream as it will hold. Place over each
a custard cup, pressing well down to
the toast: set in a moderate oven and
cook fifteen minutes. Do not remove
the cups for five minutes after they
come from the oven, as thereby the
flavor of the mushroom is preserved
in its entirety.
Cacli flower Tie up tin cauliflow
er in a coarse tarlctan and boil in hot
water to which a little salt has been
added. Drain and-lay in a deep dish
with flower uppermost Heat a tea
cupful of milk thickened with two
tablcspoonfuls of butter cut in pieces
and rolled in flour: add pepper, salt
and the beaten white of an egg, boil
j p for a few seconds, strring briskly.
Take from the fire; flavor with lemon
and pour over the cauliflower, reserv
ing about half the sauce for use at the
Parsnip Fritters Boil the parsnips,
and, when tender, take off the skin
and mash them fine: add a tab'espoon
ful.of flour and a beaten egg: make
into small cakes with a spoon and put
into boiling hot lar.l or beef drippings
in a hot frying pan. When fried a deli
cate brown put on a dish with a little
of the fat in which they were fried
over them and serve hot
Scalloped Cacli flower. Boil in a
net, then clip into clusters and set,
stems downward, in a buttered bake
i diah. Beat; a cup of bread crumbs to
' a soft paste with two tablcspoonfuls
j of melted butter and four of milk.
j Season and whip in a raw egg. But
ter, pepper and salt the cauliflower,
l and pour the mixture over. Rake ten
' minutes, covered, in a brisk oven, then
Scefls in Manure.
It is a prevalent belief that the heat
ing of manure in the heap will kill the
seeds of weeds that may be in it, says
Rural Life. This is a very unsafe de
pendence. The heat of the manure is
rarely so much as 100 degrees, and al
most all kinds of seeds will withstand
safely a greater heat than this, es
pecially if the heat is attended by
moisture, seeds of weeds seem to be
endowed with greater vitality and
power of resistance than l hose of the
useful plants, and thus survive when
others will perish. Some experiments
made during a few weeks past showed
that corn, wheat buckwheat, cab
bage and beet seeds withstood a dry
heat of 104 degrees in an incubator for
four weeks, when planted in a hotbed
all grew in the usual manner. At
the same time a thermometer
placed in a heap of fresh manure
marked steadily $." degrees, while
a heap of dry horse manure marked
OS deg., and when opened was found
to be fire-fanged in the center. Thus
it will not do to depeud on the com
mon belief as to the killing of the
J weed seeds, and the better way is to
avoid their mixture wiin tne manure.
The heat of an animal's intestines is a
little over 100 degrees ami yet wc may
notice that in tho excrements of any
animal both clover and grass seeds and
those of weeds will sprout and grow
in the droppings in the fields, thus
conclusively proving that 100 degrees is
not sufficient to destroy their vitality.
This fact will be shown if the drop
pingi of the cows in the late pasture,
where the clover was in seed at the
time, are now examined, for the young
plants will be found sprouting freely
llread for Chicken Food.
The following method of making
bread gives a complete food and will
keep for several days: Mix equal parts
of bran, shipstuff, oat meal, corn meal,
buckwheat meal, and half as much
bone meal, intimatery together says a
writer in Minnesota Farmers' Institute
Bulletin. Place in a pot a quart of
beans and a quart of rice, with enough
water to cook it well. Add a quart of
milk, two tablespoonfuls of salt, a
teaspoon ful of red pepper, and a tea
spconful of tincture of iron. When
the rice and beans are thoroughly
cooked add a pound of crude tallow
and slowly thicken with the grain
mixture until thick enough to cas'ly
crumble when cold. When adding '
the irrain throw in a little fine char- '
. -.-.-is nf .risvwl litvin It. Ml1! lsr ".t. If 1
1 ':,.. :',,. ,.. n(i i.,-,..
uianu .a; muti . mv vmuvij 'v
, in an oven. It can be improved if a
1 p'ece of beef or a little fresh bullock's
blood ceatlded to the beans an-l rice
while cooking. The bread, being well
cooked, can be easily d'gested. and
will supply all the requisites of bodily
growth. Three times :t week a few
pinches of sulphur may be given a:
any one of the meals to a brood.
hei: heal niniirs.
Mamie I believe in woman's rights.
Gertie Then you think every wo
man should have a vote?
Mamie No; but I think e-ery wo
man should have a voter. Harper"-Bazar.
g Y Admitted to be
KOYAI V the finest prep-
f Tfci aration of the
wholesome bread, cake, and biscuit. A
hundred thousand unsolicited testimo
nials to this effect are received annually
by its manufacturers. Its sale is greater
than that of all other baking powders
B-rtVAl QllflM ssVMAntrB
,w.w wrr...u -v.-uLn -wv.,
Atterd carefully to details of your
Bo prompt in all things.
Consider well then decide.
Daro t do right Fear to do wrong.
Endure trials patiently.
Fight life's battle bravely, manfully.
Go not in the society of the vicious.
Hold integrity sacred.
Injure not another's reputation or
Join hands only with the virtuous.
Keep your mind from evil thoughts.
Lie not for any consideration.
Make few acquaintances.
Never try to appear what you are not.
Owe no man anything.
Pay your debts promptly.
Question not tho veracity of a friend.
Kespect the counsel of your parents.
Sacrifice money rather than principle.
Touch not, taste not, handle not in
Use your leisure time for improve
ment. Venture not upon the threshold of
Watch carefully over your passions.
'Xtend to every one a kindly saluta
tion. Yield not to discouragements.
Zealously labor for the right
"& success is certain.
Fair and Beautiful Lands Across the Sea
Give pronle to tho ocean vovaserof health
and pleasure, but there is a broad expanse
of waters lobe pushed that rise mountain
high in rouli weather and grievously dis
turb the unaccustomed stomach, more par
ticularly if it is that of an invalid. More
over the vibr.-ilioiiof the vessel's hull caused
ly the motion of the screw of a steamer, a
change of water and latitude, and abrupt
transit inns of temperature, cannot, without
medicinal safeguard, be encountered with
impunity. For sea sickness, and prejudi
cial inttui'iiccs of air and water, llostetter's
Stiun:ieii Hitierx i. a standard safeguard.
TourUts, y:u IitMiicn. mariners, commercial
traveler, and people bound on a sea voy
Ai:' or Inland jaunt, should alway be pro
vided witii it. Incomparable for malaria,
rheumatism, neuralgia, sleeplessness, loss
of ap! elite, sick headache, biliousness and
NonoDT but his immediate friends
cares 5 cents at what hotel a man of
brains puts up, but the whereabouts of a
sculler, a rower, a walker, or a prize
tig iter is a matter of the deepest inter
est. When Traveling,
Whether on pleasure bent or business,
take on every trip a bottle of Syrup of
Figs, as it acts most pleasantly and
effectually on the kidneys, liver and
bowels, preventing fevers, headaches
and other forms of sickness. For sale
in 50c, and SI bottles by all leading
druggists. Manufactured by the Cali
fornia Fig Syrup Co. only.
The Spartans were rigid in exacting a
gymnastic training for youths. Then
the g.rls were expected to lie good gym
nasts, and no young woman could be
married till she had publicly exhibited
her proficiency in various exercises.
Hall's Catarrh Care
Is taken internally. Price, 75c.
Atmospherical knowledge no sits
thoroughly distributed to our school. A
boy lteing asked, "What is mist?"
vaguely responded, "An umbrella."
Billiard Table, second-hand. For sale
cheap. Apply to or nddress, H. C. Akin,
511 S. 12th St., Omaba,Neb.
('rief and Business.
Epitsph in a French Cemetary.
M. Bertrnnd, marble-cutter.
Tins monument is a specimen of his work.
Cost. 1.500 francs-
Fertile. Cheap. Health-.
And not too far from good markets. The
MMiitrnn Central will ran special Home
Seekers Excursions on July 10, Aug. 14,
Sept. IS, to points north of Laaslag, Sagi
naw and Bay City at one fare for the rouad
trip. Tickets good twenty days and to
stop over. For folder giving particulars
and describing land, address O. tV. Bag
gies, Gen. Pasj. and Ticket Ag't, Chicago.
Question propounded by the Petruil
Free I'rrxs : "A dressmaker got mad
because her lover serenaded her with 0
flute. She said sho got nil the fluting
she wantetl in her regular business."
Vimunnati Saturday yiffhl. If she
went ou that principle why did she get
loa Don't Hare to
go 2, COO miles to reach the land of the
prune. The irrigated lands of Idaho
along the line of the Union Pacific
system are capable of producing the
class of fruit seen in the Idaho Ex
hibit at the World's Fair. Why! by
stopping in Idaho you'll save enough
on your fare and freight to make the
first payment on your farm. Investi
gate. Advertising matter sent on applica
tion. Address E. L. Lomax, O. P. &
T. A., Omaha. Neb.
A BAD WRECK
of the constitution may follow in the track
cf a disordered system. Dr. Pierce's Uoldea
Medical Discovery prevents and CUBXS all
liver and kidney Diseases. It rouses the
liver to healthy action, purifies the blood
ana nnays congestion
of the kidneys.
Geo. W. Swexhjet.
Esq.. of iJYruifcmfoirit.
Pa says: "I' was for
years hardly able to so
about. I Buffered froai
llverand kidneyt roub
le, six different Doctors
treated me during that
time but couM do me
no good. I give your
j-L. "Medical DScoveTy"
the praise for my cure.
men. too. bbt wne
bad a bad case or Asth
ma which was cured
by the use of taat
O. W. SWBZNbT.
PIERCE -a- CURE
Oat HONEY atXTUaUfEK.
FREE ! "rPae F1CE ILEIU
a ...m.11.. f K. t met I k.1 ll
of tse U.S. aaeeaetaaafl ay rera Siesta.
aoo.il e arire, wava w S' f" om
la ererr taat m easy flni II a fiUr
will ens s SsasU Settle, aawy as
eSarseayreBalfl. ee rererft ef Me.
Iwf wirM ..i.M ..J rmtwm aavall
I . ., -i , u.a -- --- -
1 sea, arae. ecaeeia. wrralUe. eereegaseaet
-.( - - - - - - lawk awatawM
"2L x IFL
At aW -JewBwBwBw!
aftTn W '
Ime. A. RUPPIItT, .14th Sf.,I.T.
-aw si, asses seaaieeiB we . - -7
kind in the mar
ket. Makes the
best and most
.. sw . a .- ............. ssj
UD nUL !., NtsY.yORK. Jg
REMOVAL OF STAINS AS1 SPOTS.
Stkabtnb. In all cases, strong, pure
Grif, Scoab, Jkllt, rrc. Simplo
washing with water at a hand heat.
MATTXS ADHKRINn MECHANTCALTiT.
Beating, brushing, and currents of wa
ter either on the upper or under cide.
Alizarine Inks. White goods, tar
taric acid, the more concentrated tho
older are the spots. On colored cottons
and woolens, and on silks, dilute tartaric.
acid is applied, cautiously.
Gbkask. White goods, wash with
soap or alkaline lyes. Colored cottons,
wash with lukewarm soap lyes. Colored
woolens, the same, or ammonia. Silks,
absorb with French chalk or fuller's
earth, and dissolve away with benzine or
On, Colors, Varnish, and Resins.
On white or colored linens, cottons, or
woolens, nse rectified oil of turpentine,
alcohol, lye, and their eonp. On silks.
use benzine, ether, and mud soap, very
VkgetableColors, Fbi'it, Red Wine,
amd Red Ink. On whito goods, sul
phur fumes or chlorine water. Colored
cottons and woolens, wash with luke
warm soap lye or ammonia. Silk, the
samo, but mora cautiously.
Blood and Albuminoid Matters
Steeping in lukewarm water. If pepsine
or the juico of carica papaya can Imj
procured the spots are first softened with
lukewarm water, and then either of these
substances is applied.
Karl's Clo-rer Root Tea.
Thft great Dloutl pun(ler,giTf f reshnrw and clearnewe
t J the Complexion and curra Constipation. "Be. J0O..IU
To Will Xot Be Ssrry.
being courteous to all.
doing good to all men.
speaking evil of no one.
hearing before judging,
holding an angry tongue,
thinking before speaking,
being kind to the distressed,
asking pardon for all wrongs.
being patient toward everybody,
stopping the ears of a tale-bearer,
disbelieving most of tho ill re-
Ilasremsm's Camp nor Ice with Olycerlne.
Curra Chappfd Hands and Far e. Tender or Sore Feet.
Chilblains. Flint, thr. C.O. Clark Co.. New llaecn.Ct.
A ccriocs phenomenon was noted
during the Arctic researches of tho rev
enue cutter Corwin. In Kotzebue
sound, under the Arctic circle, a very
extraordinary ice formation was visited.
It is apparently an immense iceberg,
capped with earth and grass. The re
mains almost the entire skeleton of a
mammoth dug from it have been saved
as a curiosity for the Smithsonian In
stitute. " Ilanaen'a Hastle Corn Sato.
Warranted to cure or money refunded. Ask your
rag-gist for it. Prior 12 cm 1 s.
A lady tells something that ought to
have remained a secret with her sex.
It is that a woman, in choosing her lover,
considers a good deal more how the man
will be regarded by other women than
whether Hho loves him herselL
: SO CENTS.
ninstrsted cataloraa aooninsr
ATOMS, BOCs PRILLS, HYDRATJLIO
AHD JETT1NU BaAUHINKBI. etc
Ssarr Fas. Have been tested and
Moux City Engine a Iron Works,
Successors to 1'ech M fsj. Co..
a lily. Iowa.
HIT Caloa Ave.. Kansas City. Mo.
WATER TANKS for
slock or reservoir. Any
slse. all shapes, at Lowest
prices. lrlceLtst rreu Ad-
dress C JUcxrciuiSK. Bed Oak. Iowa.
WORN NIGHT AND DAY.
Holds the worst rap
ture with ease under all
tad Care New Patents
trmted eataloenie ""
rales tor aelf-meaurf
meat lint securer?
se.lf-0. O. V HOUSE
MFU. CO., 744 Broad
way, acts VoA City.
BIG FOUR ROUTE
BEST LINE EAST
Vestibule trains to
New York and Boston.
ASK rOk TICKETS VIA THE
BIG FOUR ROUTE.
m. o. Mccormick, d. it martin.
XraSU Manager. Gen. rasa, and T. A.,
To COLORADO RESORTS
Will set la early to Is year, and the Great
taiarM Haute) aee airraay esnpie inaernw ar
laaaesseaifi to traassnrt the Saaay who wul lake la
the lorejy eeol of Colorado's
The Track la perfect., aad doable orer lmportest
Prelsloas. Trala Eaiitsaaist the eery best, aad a solid
Vestlbftle. Trala esJlfrttkw BIO FIVE leaves Chlcaso
dally at 1 a. sa. aad arrives second morals- at Denver
or Colorado Springe for breakfast.
Any Cewpon Ticket Afeat csn free yon rates, aad
farther I aformatton will be caeerfally and quickly re
speadat to by saarneiasr .ISO. SMASTiAX
General Fa sees. si Agent. Ckieago.
W. If. IT..
SateSt 7. 1SS4.
waring- Ausartlsamnnta avaaeily
MaaUvs this k-aaar.
1 AmsTXlO H
Jwnoaave weat tangs or Aatk-
Jass,eawwMaai Plso's Care for
BJ Ooasaasatlna. It baa entaeelHj
aawMSkssae. itkaa aotiayar-SJ
faa-fft. Itatae bfta totake.pl
I It la tfca keet eeajgn ayrop.
PJ Beat aTngrwkerw. sSe. PJ