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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (June 20, 1894)
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A "Guardian AngcL"
There is not a Paris vintner with
spark of self-respect under his waist
coat who has not at least one "guardian
angel" in his employment. The "guard
ian angel " is a cherub of placid temper,
in smock hirt, cars insensiblo to vitu
peration, arms strong enough to parr;
and support, honesty that can see gold,
tsilver and copper without remembering
hocus-pocus. When, by oft wetting his
throat, a customer grows limp and so
imaginative as to sco streets, houses and
Jamp-posts dancing a grand galop in
fernal expressly to prevent him from
walking home, the guardian angel then
makes his appearance, rifles his wet
countryman's pockets, draws the weak
arm in his, walks the brainless fellow
home, gives his wife all the contents of
the pocketH, and carries away her bless
ing. Scribner's Monthly.
Hood's is Good
"I hac been troubled with that tired fcel
I us. also loss of appetite. I conld not tlecp at
night, my face broLo out in pimples, and I had
M -t- par ilia
hcailacho almost con- .g imf.cy
tinually. I.at April I M IVS
concluded to try Hood's m i m i m .
':arsapari!la and now "
my troubles arc all gone. I Rare Hood's Sarsa
p irilla to my baby, not yet chrht months old,
for Fores on his body, and it cured him.''
3!r W.J. Roach, Kilbourne, Illinois,
Hood's Pills are-jwciall prtpanil to be taken
v.ith IIouJ'a barsapanlU. "iZc jn;r box.
Davis' Cream Sep-iratnr Churn, power
hot water and feed cooker combined.
Agents i.jnted. Send for cir-ular. All
Mr s Hand Cream Separators.
Itavis ic ltankm 1J. A. M. Co. ChicaRO-
lcisitivelv""r-il with VfKftalile ItrniPiltf-s
Uaecurei Uiouv.iml-' ofcaMv. Cure cases pro
nuiuifml lictK.'le-f b lK-t ili)-ici'inx hrnm tlrstcloto
jinituiu-!is.-iiic3r: in teinlajsutIoa-ttWi-tlilrtls
ill suiirt "tiis reinoeI. scnl fur freo book. tcMlmo
3als of miraculous cure. Ten lins" treatment
'nhyiurlL If you "nlcr trial sonil 1W In htauips
mm p-t ten I'll H H !nsr sos.Atl.-itit:i.a.
f iou reT tri.-il l turn tills ailrcrUsoinpnt to n
VIIl lilirr I rim-Steel Kooaaarazor.
Inlti !IHirL i !""d troiiRlnnille.
Z.IaiiJ tm in cschnnsc fcr 25 ! IJoa Htads rut
from I.Utii oliee ni;i"rs. ami a 2-vnt ptnrop to
iu ixcUgc Write for lict of our other tine I'rc
mluuis. VVOGLSON SPICE CO..
4G0 Huron St. Toledo O
o: iside of each
Vvn Hill Find a
Mfh I.Trrj t.lnaVc
AND BE SURPRISED.
FREE ! C BGE BLEACH
I r-r ' - r h. - t .. . . . . i .
uii-r L.n.iaff Dinnviiiiij rate I.lt-arn.oa
nrrojat f pur, wLu:b is $ yej IWtiV.ariJ
iiirirtrut AtL may c"rit fsir trial, I
il! vnJaimlc fc.rttir,aclj f arlM, all
' hirers prepaid, on rrrtitt l iV. rA(L
f HI hfIl remove n I 4-urm atlat-Ir all
' fretalc, ftm. 1r,xmtti. I la.khra U. mIIaw.
1 n. "ii, fcifini, vrrmlU-s t rncghnew of
Vin.rf 1 Itrauttiirsfhtcro i Jrnn. AMreN
TRACTION AND PORTABLE
Threshers and Horse Powers.
Wrlto for Illustrated Catalotme. mallril T
M. RUMELY CO.. La PORTE. INa
lELY's CREAM BALM cures I
PRICE HO CENTS. ALL DRUGGISTS)
Kxaminatmn ami Adicc eg to PntcntaMIlty of
Intriitiim Suil fiir"Iiivcntors':iilde. orllow toGft
ul-ateut" T1ZZIZZ 5Ti22riL. WiSSCJOICST, 5. C.
Best CouKh fcjrup. 'fables Good.
laimift tna tj araggisu.
from tlieir Attornojs
QICKFORD, Tension A l'atent Alt'. !I14 Ft..
WaKljlruilon, I'.C. iLoj Millretene.iprumptn jilj.
To COLORADO RESORTS
Will set In early this year. anJ tlie C rent Rook
Island Route has already ample ndptrfcS r
rannment. to Iran-. port the many wfao will take Is
t!ialocly cool of Colorado's
The TracV Is perfect, and double over Important
IHtIs on. Train Kqnitimcnt the err best, and a solid
rftibuk-d Train called the BIO FIVE leaves Cntcairo
ilalW t 10 n. m. and arrlTes econd morning at Denver
or Celorado Spnncs for tireakfast.
A-iy Coupon Ticket Airent can ctve you rstes, and
further Information will bo cheerfully and quickly re
Mondedto by adducing JSO aEBASTIAS.
Ueucial rofStncer Agent, Chicago.
I IM EC (Kubbcr. Ncrer Fail) and 10 O. X. T Pink
wnuikw ii.l niai'cd, 51.
l-adics- Bazair, OniaUa.
-:icctr'c ?uppl'o. JUtTs.
:icctnc I.iclit etc. wull
Klectilc Co . 1C15 Captol Avo
TAU. GKAVEh and SI.ATE. es
timates proiuptlv furnished.
Cuiaba tlnJeUix)ariKCo-,t.l4S. ltth
Itepalrlnc and Wcyc!e Sundries. A. II.
1'EltUIGO A CO . 1112 Douglas St.. 1
Omaba. Cat tlorue mailed free.
twin nvT iifnni0 Counc,luiuff- -
city "it nunaoSnSsr
Vaccine Virus I
rch every day. 2jc a point, j
tor 50c: discount to druc-
.iMs and doctois Cash to
KL'HN A CO , Oaiahj, Neb.
WANTHD. AGENT To tako contracts for Floe
SlerchantTailonnc. Watches. Diamonds rnrnltutu. t
cct.. oir tho Club l'lan For full particulars ad
dreiS Omaha Co-operative Supplv Co , l'axton 111k. I
Paxton & Gallagher
, Importers and joo
blc; grocers. Ask
fn. nnp "TP A
IJCAF" brand of tea. GATE CITV" brand or Cas
hed Goods. -MEXICAN BLEND" Conee Nothing
finer produced. Every packacc guaranteed. Do you
smoke "UMAUA DAILY 1IUE" cigar? It is a winner.
Omaha, cor. Mill
and Capitol Are.,
H blk from cow
Council Bluffs ft
Omaha car lines.
Best SS.OO a dar house in tho tate. Fire prooT
SEED Jk CASEY. Proprietors
and Dress Goods;
1 fashionable -ilfcs.nress Goods and fine
Laces In America at lowest prices
ever known. Samples fr.c. It pars to keep posted.
Write to HAY1. BKOt.. Oaak".
9?gssA 'BuSEI BSt sTst
Iv inn llARAl I'll i
hciiej rrfa't! irCii
mil&l USJUB UU
Clcmullncss in Cow Stables.
I am always interested in articles pub
iishedin the Farmers' Reviewand other
papers concerning' cleanliness in
stables wliere cows for milk are kept.
Some articles are very suggestive and
valuable to a painstaking dairyman,
while others border on the ridiculous,
as, one suggests as an objection to
washing the udders that the cream
would separate in the bag, reminding
me of an objection to dehorning pub
lished during the past month in a
widely circulated agricultural paper:
"Just think of it! Nothing applied to
the wound to keep the cold air from the
animal's brain." There are two primary
conditions necessary for cleanliness
in the milk pail. The first is in ref
erence to the milker. The difference
in milkers is almost marvelous. Any
dairyman will be annoyed by the
foulness of milk drawn by some em
ployes, while he, under same condi
tions, will have a clean pail of milk.
If a cow has comfortable, fit quarters
for lying down after a few brashes
by the hand over the Hank, bag and
abdomen before the pail is introduced
there can be no dirt that will contam
inate the milk. The fine epithelial dust
that falls from the udder may largely
be kept out of the pail by an occasional
brush of the hand. The loathsome
practice of wetting the hands in the
milk will not be tolerated by any
cleanly person. Second, as to structure
of stable. I should have made a seri
ous mistake in the arrangement of my
floor but for accidentally seeing some
published measurements. 1'crhaps this
will guide some inexperienced person
in btiildiug. No man can have clean
milking without a properly construct
ed stable. With such, milking is en
joyable as a pastime. Without it, it is
a repulsive, d rty, loathsome service.
I well remember in my boyhood days
sitting down by a cow with tail, hind
quarters, sides and bag dripping with
semi iluid filth, feeling with disgust
my way to the teats and trying to get
clean milk, dodging in the meantime
a swipe of the tail across my face.
Even recently, speaking to a farmer of
the prolits of dairying, the answer was,
SIB GEORGE, THE
"Yes, and live in cow dung." The di
mensions of my floor arc as follows:
from stanchions back to edge of gutter,
4 feet 0 inches. This standing place
rests on a 2x4, resting on the bottom
plank of gutter; thus the cow stands
six inches above bottom of gutter,
which is 14 inches wide. On the outside
of this bottom plank is spiked another
2x4, and the walk laid on that, making
it four inches above gutter and two
inches lower than the standing place
for cows. This walk is three feet
wide, and is always comparatively
clean. The gutter has a very slight
descent toward the door. For the or
dinary sized cow this standing platform
is ample. She can rest comfortably and
her quarters will get very little soiled. I
have four cows too large for this and for
them I take a 2xG and spike it to pieces
of 2x1 just long enough to go into the
gutter crosswise. This adds six inches
to standing room and can be run over
when cleaning the gutter. I have
horses standing on same line as cows,
and after cleaning the gutter gather
ings from horse stable are put in
bottom and remain till next day.
This takes up the liquid and goes with
rest to the field, and the liquids are
not dripping from tails of cows when
when milker comes. And by the waj
all my manure, even in this North
Dakota, from twenty head of cattle
and ten horses, has gone directly to
the fields daily without any waste.
With such a constructed stable and
such management one can have a clean
job milking. L. L. Ellis in Farmer's
Wamiixg Bvttki:. Mr. F. N. JTcn
zies, late secretary of the Highland
Agricultural society, writes as
follows on this subject: I hold that,
by the system of butter-making now
taught, the whole bloom, color and
taste of the butter is washed out;
moreover, it takes as much trouble to
get the water out of the butter as it
docs to get the buttermilk out. My
system is, when the butter forms into ,
ma.x giauuui urn tu run on ie out- .
liiuiiin. uuu auun iu iu uidn oil U1C
butter for a few minutes; then lift it
out with wooden scoops orspoons, and
put it on the butter worker, and press
as much of the buttermilk out with
"Scotch hands" (little wooden ilat
spades) as possible; then place all the
butter on a cold slate, and work it in
portions in the butter worker till it
appears quite solid, and all the milk is
out of it. If the butter is to be kef)t
fresh, it is then weighed into pounds;
if it is to be kept pickled cr powdered,
this is done in the butter worker after
it has been weighed, and it is salted
according to taste. I use a mixture of
one pound of granulated cane sugar
to three pounds of Scotch sea salt I
may add that I have for many years
got the highest price goiDg for my
butter, and could sell a vast deal more
than I have to spare.
Don't go tc work and spend your
time and money on fancy houses. The
chickens don't know the difference.
All they want is to be kept warm and
fed well. Speed a little more of your
time finding out which oues are earn
ing their board and discharge the rest
not with a time check,but a hatchet.
The brooder must be kept at an even
temperature of about -jO degrees, even
ly distributed through the brooder so
that there will be no
inclination to j
Poultry Hoase Floors.
The question as to whether earth or
plank is preferable for poultry house
floor is quite often asked, writes I. F.
Tillinghast, in American Farmer.
Having' given the subject of poultry
house construction a great deal of
study preparatory to the erection of
some extensive breeding houses, I will
give the results of my investigations.
The roof being' the most expensive
part of any ordinary poultry building,
it should be planned to cover as much
space as possible I have found a most
economical plan is to just set a chest
nut post for each corner of the build
ing. If on a side hill, form a basement
by excavating straight into the hill so
as to form a level earth floor. Front
toward the sun or southern exposure,
and let the two front posts be ten feet
high after being set firmly in the
ground. The two back posts should
be about two feet shorter. Then about
three feet above the ground floor
place a plank floor on 2x4 scant
ling, firmly nailed to the posts.
This forms a basement whieh
is to be thickly strewn with
chaff, short straw or buckwheat hulls,
and to be used for a scratching pen and
runway for the fowls in storm weather.
It should be tightly inclosed on all
sides except front, in which should be
a glass door that can be left open or
closed, according to the weather. Here
the fowls will be protected from wind
and storm, yet can get sunlight and
fresh air, as well as plenty of exercise
by being allowed to bcratch the litter
over for grain, which is daily scattered
in it But they should not be al
lowed to roost here. This apartment is
connected with the roosting-room above
by an inclined plank, on which slats
are nailed, thus forming a stairway
leading through a hole in the floor. By
this arrangement you really double the
capacity of your building under a given
root for you have the whole size of
your building for a scratching pen,
and the same for a roosting room. And
you have solved the floor question by
giving them both, the natural earth
being best adapted to their needs
in the scratching department, and a
tight plank floor under their roosts.
You are saved the expense of an un
derpinning and skunks and rats
will have no chauce to hide under the
GREAT PONY STALLION FIRST
The condition of agriculture in
Great Britain is in many parts well
indicated by the figures which have
been published by the agricultural de
partment showing the acreage of the
various crops and the number of head
of stock in the past and preceding
years. In 1S73 the total acreage
under all kinds of crop, bare, fallow
and grass amounted to 31,102.020.
Last year this had increased to 32,043.
709, or an increase of more than 1,300,
000 acres, and yet the acreage devoted
to wheat has decreased during the
same period to an alarming extent. In
the former year it was 3,41)0,000, last
year it was 1,897,000. In the same
period of twenty years the grain and
pulse acreage, generally known as
corn crops, had decreased by 1,800,000
acres, barley having fallen off nearly
300,000 acres, beans 340.000 acres and
peas 10S,000 acres. Oats, however,
showed a distinct increase. There is
a slight falling off in the root and
green crops. Rotation grasses show
an increase, although not of a very
serious nature. Bare fallow is consid
erably less than formerly, while the
permanent pasture has increased from
12,:.ir.,000 to 10,492,000, and there is
little doubt that it will continue to in
crease. UiVKiisirvixo Chops. There used to
be an objection to growing grains
other than wheat that had a good
foundation, but no longer exists I re
fer to the former difficulty of market
ing oats, barley or rye. The line "all
wheat' elevators would handle noth
ing but wheat, leaving the farmer no
chance to sell other grains except to
small local buyers who would pay but
little or nothing for it. Now, either
through "independent houses," that
will handle anything, or by getting
cars for direct loading, any kind of
grain can be shipped to distant mar
kets with the same facility that wheat
carfoad of any one grain named it will j
can. ii one iarmer uoes not raise a
not be difficult to get two or more to I
combine to fill one. There are less
mml,;na n fill Tli.m - !....
barriers to diversification than form
Br.iMSTONES ron Thistles Mr. Camp
bell of Dwake, New Zealand, eradi
cates the Canadian thistle thus:
"About twelve months ago I had a
patch of these thistles on my farm, to
which I applied a slight dressing of
powdered brimstone by sowing broad
cast with the hand, somewhat similar
to sowing artificial manure. This
wholly eradicated the weed. Brim
stone is a never-failing cure for the
thistle. It destroys all vegetable life,
and ground treated as I have explained
will not support life for two years
afterward, but after that time has
elapsed it can again be worked with
Hot in Australia. The weather in
Australia during the antipodean sum
mer has been unusually hot and op
pressive. In Adelaide during January
the thermometer several times regis
tered over 100 degrees in the shade,
and one day it climbed to 107 in the
shade and 103 in the sun. In Mel
bourne the 100 notch has been reached
more than once, and the scorching
north winds have made the atmos
phere exceedingly oppressive. The
foregoing figures are from weather
observatory readings, and probably do
not represent by several degrees the
temperature of the city streets. Mel
That General Purpose Cow.
In the face of all the scientific dem
onstrations of the last twenty years,
we still find some people advocating the
so-called "general purpose cow." Even
some newspapers, supposed to be edu
cators of the farmer, publish articles
like the following:
"A good many farmers are coming to
believe that there is a general purpose farm
cow, in spite of all that bas been Bald to
the contrary. By a general purpose cow is
meant, of course, one which is good for
butter and milk, and -which is suffi
ciently well bred to impress all her
good characteristics on her progeny. She
may be of any one of the several
breeds, but it is a great mistake to suppose
that she may be of no breed at ail, for
then she would not posses this last and
most desirable quality. This ideal farm
cow should have a large frame, so that her
male calves will bo valuable beeves. She
should be well pedigreed, so that the heifer
calves would have a promise to become as
good milkers and butter makers as herself.
She should be handled for dairy purposes
from the time she drops her first calf, so as
to promote a tendency toward a long pe
riod of milking. There aro many farms
on which such a cow will prove of greater
value than one bandied especially for milk
or butter." Nebraska Farmer.
Now the only fault I have to find
with the above is contained in one
sentence, "This ideal farm cow should
have a large frame so that her male
calves will be valuable beeves." I
challenge any man that knows how to
figure to show where the profit lies in
the calf of the ''general purpose cow."
The trouble is, the people that write
such things never stop to figure out
where the profit and loss comes in;
they just give their impressions. Be
cause one man with a general purpose
cow gets S2 more for a calf than his
neighbor with a dairy cow can get for
his calf, he takes it for granted that
he is S2 ahead. The fact is, it repre
sents money out of pocket. The
difference in the value of the two
calves represents the difference of the
cost of keeping those two cows for
one year. Let us stop to figure
a little. We will suppose
that the specific dairy cow
weighs 1,000 pounds, and the general
purpose cow 1,500. The larger cow
weighs o00 pounds more than the
other. The Germans have proved by
experiments that it takes 2 per cent
in weight of food of animals to keep
them alive, before they can gain any
weght or produce milk. That extra
503 pounds of animal will require 10
PRIZE R. A. S. E.
pounds of food per day to keep
alive. That is 3,050 pounds per year.
That amount of extra food can not be
obtained for much less than S9. There
fore, where is the profit on that bull
calf? It is to be hoped that none of our
farmers will follow such thoughtless
articles as that above quoted. Farm
ers should figure out the cost of what
they produce for market. Jay, in
Thk Russian government contem
plates buying up the railways in the
southwest of Russia, amounting alto
gether to about 3,000 miles, before the
end of the present ycar,according to the
London Iron and Coal Trades Review.
"The desire of the government is sup
posed to be due to military considera
tions. The government railwavs of
the western portion of Russia will be
divided into circuits the Warsaw,
Vilna, KiefT, CharkolF, Moscow and
Caucasian. The further question of
constructing a railway to the Polar
and White sea is to be considered by a
special commission appointed by the
government and the St. Petersburg
town council. The scheme of con
structing a line across Finland from
Uleaborg to the Moorman coast on
the Arctic ocean seems to have been
abandoned, both from commercial and
strategic reasons. It is proposed,
however, to construct a railway line
connecting St. Petersburg with Keini,
on the extreme north of the Gulf of
Bothnia, via Ladcinoe Polje and Petro
zavodsk a distance of some 000 miles.
This railway, it is thought, might be
afterward extended to one of the open
harbors on the Moorman coast, which
would furnish Russian warships with
a naval station. Another contem
plated scheme is for a line from St.
Petersburg to Vologda, in order to
place the capital in more direct con
nection with the Trans-Siberian rail
way, and to develop the resources of
the northern governments, which are
greatly in need of railways' and roads.
The question of extending the Vologda
line to the once flourishing seaport of
Archangel is also being seriously dis
cussed." In combating all fungus diseases it is
essential that something of the life
history of the disease be known,
thus enabling us to determine the
proper time to apply remedies for pre
venting it, says an Arkansas bulletin.
From what is known of apple scab it is
believed that the trees are affected
oarly in the season. The disease is re
produced by means of spores which
are carried to the healthy plants by
the wind and in other ways. The
spores live through the winter in the
rubbish, old leaves and fiuit and under
the rough bark of the trees and are
ready to begin the attack as soon as
the leaves open in the spring. The
condition of the atmosphere here is
very favorable for the development of
the disease at an early date. The
spores germinate, grow and produce
new spores, which are blown to healthy
leaves and fruit. Thus the develop
ment is kept up, if the weather is
favorable, throughout the growing
season. The scab thrives best in cool,
damp weather. A continued dry spell
checks the development of the disease.
The milker should always keep the
cow serene and good natured. Milk
quickly but never appear to be in a
hurry. A great deal depends upon
keeping the cow undisturbed in mind.
o illicit old.
Jane Jones keeps a-whispsring to me all
An' says: "Why don't you make it a
To study your lessons an' work hard an
An' never be absent from school!
Remember the story of Elihu Burritt,
How be dumb up to the top;
Got all the knowledge 'at he ever had
Down at the blacksmithing shop."
Jane Jone3 she honestly said it was so;
Mebbe he did Idunno;
'Course, what's a-keeping mo 'way from
Is not never having no blacksmithing shop.
She said at Ben Franklin was awfully
But full o' ambition an' brains,
An' studied philosophy all 'is hull life
An' see what he got for his paius.
He brought electricity out of the sky
With a kite an' the lightnin' an' key.
So we're owiu' him moro'n any one else
Fer all the bright lights 'at we see.
Jane Jones she actually said it was so;
Mebbe ho did Idunno;
'Course, what's alters been hiuderin' mo
Is not havin' any kite, lightnin' or key.
Jans Jones said Columbus was out at the
When he first thought up his big scheme;
An' all of tho Spaniards an' Italians, too,
They Iaughei and just said 'twas o
Hut Queen Isabella she listen'd to him,
An' pawned all her jewels of worth,
An' bought 'im tho Santa Mariar 'nd said.
"Go hunt up tho rest of the earth."
Jane Jones she honestly snid it was so;
Mebbo ho did I dunno;
'Courbe, that may all be, but you must
Ihey ain't any land to discover just now.
Destroyers of American Home.
No one with the best interests of our
American life at heart can look but
with disfavor upon the enormous
growth of bearding houses and apart
ment houses in our large cities, writes
Edward W. Bok in "At Home With the
Editor," in the April Ladies' Home
Journal. To a far greaterextcnt than
many suppose are these growing fac
tors the destroyers of our American
home system. Each year finds these
apartment houses more general' pa
tronized by families. It will indeed
be a pity if our American
women shall continue to eschew
housekeeping during the next
twenty years as they have in
the past score of years. Nothing
bodes so ill for our children. What
recollection docs life in an apartment
house, a hotel or a boarding house give
to a child in after years? The sweet
est memory to a man is the home of
his boyhood, and how little sweetness
can tiiere be in the memory of a child
hood spent as a 'cliff-dweller!" A
child has a rightful claim to a home
inilucncc, and a mother is untrue to
her highest trust when she deprives
her child of that right. To offer the
argument that a home circle can be
established in our modern apartment
house just as well as in a home is
simply to excuse what we know in our
hearts to bean untruth. Home life is
only possible in a home. A poor
apology indeed for a heme is even the
most comfortable and gorgeously ap
Cai:i: or Clothes. All garments
should be thoroughly aired after wear
ing. Under no circumstances should
they be hung up in closets or folded
away in drawers until they have had
every opportunity of drying and pttri-
fying by exposure to the open window
r n i- I
lf nothing more. Even a bonnet or a
. , , ' , , . , .
miriii iriii'iii. viiiiii in iirii. nu .i. -iiv-.iir i
TM.& V fc- .- "V,, UWW W .JM I...MJ
at once, after the fashion of the
fastidious who can not bear to see an
article out of place for a moment If
the bed-room is not also a sitting-room
this may be arranged by leaving a win
dow open there all through the day,
and shutting the door upon this dis
order, which is the highest type of
neatness, because it is essential to
wholesomeness and health.
AxrAimc lchiiriK.s. Mr. Bruce of
the Dundee Antarctic whaling licet,
describes the whole of the district
south of 60 degrees south latitude as
strewn with icebergs, which become
very numerous south of 02 degrees.
T'le base of the bergs was colored pale
brown by marine organisms and other
brown streaks were seen beyond the
water level. No luminous glow was
observed. Clothed in mist they rise
their mighty snow clad shoulders to a
stately height, or shine forth bril
liantly in the sun. Although they arc
of the purest white yet they glow with
color. The crevices exhibit rich co
baltic blue and everywhere are
splashes of emerald green.
Ill-Effects of Mineral Waters.
There is no greater or more common
delusion than that effervescing min
eral waters, including the inferior ones
artificially made, are wholesome.
They are, on the contrary, even the
natural ones that arc highly efferves
cing, injurious to all delicate stom
achs. A commission held in France
considered this matter, and a good
many artificial waters of this kind
were condemned as containing lead
and other injurious matters. But
even without the addition of poison,
an effervescing water is a doubtful
leverage, and this, notwithstanding
the enormous amount of capital in
vested in the business.
Toast Water. In many cases of ill
ness toast water is recommended by
physicians. Stale bread should be
toasted until as brown as possible
without burning. Break in small
pieces, put into a pitcher, and pour on
about a pint more of boiling water
than is sufficient to cover it. This may
be taken either hot or cold, and may
be llavored with orange or lemon peel,
or some slices of pineapple may be cut
into it. This is said to be very cool
ing and refreshing, and may be taken
when other drinks are not allowed.
Roosts. Roosts should be 2x1 bet
ter plane them so that the smooth sur
face may discomfort the lice as far as
possible. Have them fastened by
dropping into slots. These should be
on a frame which has legs in front and
hinges behind, so that roosts may be
swung up out of reach of hens in day
time. Make the nests single and loose.
Put no bottoms in them. They are
easier cleaned so.
Theiik is some difference of opinion
as to washing butter. One lays not to
be afraid of it you can wash out the
buttermilk taste but not the true but
ter flavor while another insists r.uite
to the contrary. No doubt much
butter is injured by t&o much wash
ing. To hestohk polished furniture mix
together one part of alcohol and three i
parts of sweet oil. Hub this on the j
furniture with soft, old flannel; then
polish off with a clean piece of soft
Towels will give better wear if over
cast between the fringe before they
Work la the Flower Garden.
In aU latitudes south of New York
almost all danger of frost is past by
the last week in April. It is then
time to make ready for the putting
out of plants of all sorts, says New
York Ledger. Garden beds should be
prepared with an abundance of fer
tilizer and tender annuals may be
sown. For this it is a good plan to
prepare a litter of light straw or some
boards to cover the ground at night
and on cool days. This makes it pos
sible to plant seeds at least a week
earlier than would otherwise be safe,
and the plants get so much farther ad
vanced. There is another advantage in this,
which is that the weeds can be kept
down much more easily if the work is
begun very early in the season. When
seeds are sown late the weeds have a
chance to get well established before
the tender seedlings show above
ground; in pulling the weeds then, it Is
almost certain that many of the plants
will be uprooted. With rare and val
uable varieties this is quite an import
and item, and one not to be overlooked
even by the amateur.
In the training of vines it is impor
tant to provide supports at once.
Mau3r plants seem to forget how to
climb if they are not supported when
they first start to twine, therefore
some little twig should be put out
as soon as they shoot up from the
In putting out large vines such as
the cobca, passion vine and similar
climbers, a bit of poultry netting is the
very best possible support. Started
early in the season and protected until
fully established, two or three cobeas
will entirely shade a porch or window,
but it is absolutely necessary that they
get an early start Plants of this
kind, that are late in beginning a vig
orous growth, xarely make it up dur
ing the season, but continue a sort of
half-hearted existence, throwing out
a few straggling shoots and seeming to
lack the vitality that is the charm of
the perfect climber.
Thrifty plants such as geraniums,
fuchsias, heliotrope, salvias and the
like may be cut for slips for mid-season
use. In a warm, sunny corner, sink a
water-tight vessel of some sort, pan,
kettle or tub, fill it with sand, raise
the earth a few inches above it, all
around, put in the cuttings, make the
earth very wet and lay a single hot
bed sash over the raised-up earth, cov
ering the top entirely. In three or
I four weeks the cuttings will be perfect
ly rooted and may be transplanted to
I the border. A single thrifty geranium
! would furnish a score or more of
healthy cuttings, and these judiciously
' distributed in odd corners of the yard
! would insure any quantity of delicious
1 green until frost
Salvias are among the easiest of all
j cuttings to root and will make the
' garden brilliant with their long stalks
' of scarlet flowers until the ground
freezes- It takes but a little work and
' time to provide for these useful favor
ite llowers, and every householder who
t has a few square feet of ground at
I ommand . rflv, in ilis ,, ilft.
lightful companionship during the en-
uKK9tions on gprayinp;.
The benefit derived from orchard
spraying is no longer doubted by the
intelligent and progressive farmcr.and
is practiced by many who distrusted its
efficacy so long. The time for spray
ing orchards comes in a very busy time
and wliere one is "short of help" seems
I , , l
operation, and where one is not posi-
. ..r . ' . . , . .
tive in regard to results are apt to be
ra I r"y-r?w- a mniret Kin - nn ik 4 m C.-wm 4 I
overruled by difficulties. Another draw
back is the weather at that particular
I time is apt to be catchy and an uu
looked for shower will undo the whole
1 work and so it must be repeated. We
must look this business squarely in the
' face. It is either spray trees, vine,
shrubs and bushes or lose them and
the fruit also. "Where there is a will
there is a way," and as a nation we
are great in overcoming ditlicultics
when we are sure we are on the right
track. I have sprayed everything that
needed it on the farm for seven or
eight years past,and shrubs and plants
always. Being a florist I took up the
orchard spraying as soon as Prof. Cook
recommended it, and it pays, and
I never think of neglecting it, and
if every one else would do the same
it would soon finish the business.
I have tried several remedies yeats ago
for black aphis on cherries, but found
' none to do as well as the kerosene
emulsion. That required but one ap-
, plication to be effectual. The black
knot on plums, if pruned away in tea
son, is harmless. The spring is the
i proper time, I think. Our trees seemed
benefited by the trimming off, as the
knot is usually on the older limba I
notice, and the trees never bore more
t or finer fruit. I have a tree
pruncr and it is a quick and easy way
to do the work. I mention my own
"deeds" as mauy read newspaper arti
cles as if only from imagination;
"farming on paper," and now after the
apple orchards arc an unproductive
ruin, it is time to unite and set to
work in earnest this spring. Every
one who owns a tree or vine should
make sure that there arc no bugs or
worms to accomplish more mischief.
Mrs. M. A. Fuller in Farmers Re
view. In 1S78 this country exported 1,098, 101
pounds of oleomargarine. In 1&93 this
export trade had increased to 3, 179,322
pounds of the solid and 112,939,303 gal
lons of the oil. This oil was sent
abroad, chiefly to Holland and Ger
many, to be made into bogus butter, a
large part of which finds sale in Eng
land. Holland is the great exporter of
oleomargarine. In 1S91 that country
exported more than 140,000,000 pounds
of the stuff principally to England.
It is this immense Hood of fraudulent
butter that has compelled the English
to pass stringent laws against adul
terated goods; but even these laws are
evaded. It is hard to think that indi
rectly at least this country is at the
bottom of the European cheat by pro
viding the oiL
Fakms i.v London. Those who re
gard London as a densely populated
province covered with houses, will
be surprised to learn from recent pub
lished agricultural returns that 11,000
acres, cr one-fifth of the total acreage
embraced within the metropolitan
limits, are devoted to agricult
ure and actually under crops.
This is made up of felli acres
of grain crops, '!,!( acres of
green crops, -101 acres of clover and
lotation grasses 10,152 acres of perma
nent grass-land, 333 acres of small
fruits, and 3G0 acre3 of bare fallow.
Witniu this area arc kept 17,500 head
of farm live stock horses, cattle,
sheep and swine. Ex.
The principal cause of chickens dy
ing in the shell is too rapid evapora- '
tion during incubation. It is often a j
good plan to immerse the eggs in
warm water a day or two before hatch
Do You Wish
the Finest Bread
It is conceded that the Royal Baking Powder is
the purest and strongest of all the baking powders.
The purest baking powder makes the finest, sweet
est, most delicious food. The strongest baking pow
der makes the lightest food.
That baking powder which is both purest and
strongest makes the most digestible and wholesome
Why should not every housekeeper avail herself
of the baking powder which will give her the best
food with the least trouble ?
Avoid all baking powders sold -with a gift
or prize, or at a lower price than the Royal,
as they invariably contain alum, lime or sul
phuric acid, and render the food unwholesome.
Certain protection from alum baking powders can
be had by declining to accept any substitute for the
Royal, which is absolutely pure.
Tho eld aust who is a confidante o!
youthful troubles, and helps to smooth
family jars; the maiden sister, who
acts as nurse when there is sickness in
the house; the middle-aged, unmarried
daughter, who keeps hou.se for an in
valid father and mother, and soothes
the declining years cf tizz old people
by her dutiful attendance; all the3e are
types of women who may be found in
no small numbers among "ugly girls."
There would be fewer accidents in
tbis world if men would take their
wives' advice, for we never yet heard of
a man's head being blown off with a
shot-gun, or his being run over by the
cars, bntwhat his wifo said sho had
often told him to keep away from thj
railroad track or never touch a gun.
Horn, Not Matlo
Weak by Imprudence, are many stomachs.
1'iiiiy people hae. invariably, weak diges
tion. The robust as a rule cat heartily and
assimilate their food. A naturally weak
stomach, or one that has become, although
not so originally, derives needful aid from
this thorough stomachic, llostetter's Stom
ach Hitters. The restoration of visor to the
elieate is the prompt effect of a recourse to
tlii professionally sanctioned an I unlier
sally esteemed promoter of health. Nerv
ousness a symptom of chronic indigestion
I- o ercome by it. Sro are liver complaint
and constipation. Incipient rheumatism
anil kidney trouble it defeats thorou lily,
and it constitutes an elliclent defense
against malaria. Hut In order th it the full
benefit derivablo from Ps u-e should be
availed of. it should not be used in a hap
hazard way. but continually. The samestiK
gesti nh Ids good of all standard remedies.
A Short Creed.
When a young man declared to Dr.
Parr that he would believe nothing ho
did not understand, "Then, sir," said
tiio doctor, "your creed would be tho
shortest of any man whom I ever saw "
Hall's Catarrh Cure
Is a Constitutional cure. Price, 73.
A million matches aro used in Europe
every twelve minutes.
Irrigated Fruit Lands.
Did you see the fruit in the Idaho
Exhibit at the World's Fair? Nothing
liner, first premiums and all raised on
irrigated land. It's sure, it's abund-
ant, us proiiiauic, its your oppor
tunity. The country is new, t'ic lands are
cheap, and the eastern market is from
500 to l.r.OO miles nearer than to simi
lar lands in Oregon, Washington and
Advertising matter sent on applica
tion. Address E. L. Lomax, G. P. &
T. A., Omaha, Neb
A long timo ago, in Mason county
Ky., an old toper agreed to fight a fero
cious ram, tho prize being a quart of
whisky. Tho wholo village collected to
seo tho fight. Both man and ram
charged at tho same time, but the man
quickly righted, and, planting his foot
upon the lifeless carcass oi his foe, de
manded and drank the whisky. Just
at tho moment of collision tin man had
dropped his head, and tho nose, of the
rum coming in contact with tho ele
vated shoulders, tho animal's neck was
An I clio from the World's Fair.
The Lake Shore Route has recently
gotten out a very handsome litho-
water color of the "Exposition Flyer."
the famous twenty hour train in ser
vice between New York and Chicago
during the fair. Among the many
wonderful achievements of the Colum
bian year this train which was the
fastest long distance train ever run
holds a prominent place, and to any
one interested in the subject the pict
ure is well worth framing. Ten cents
in stamps or silver sent to C. K. Wil
ber. West Pass. Agt, Chicago, will
billiard Table, fcocxind-hand. For sale
cheap. Apply to or address, II. C. Akin,
511 S. 12th St., Omaha, Nob.
Brings comfort and improvement and
tends to personal enjoyment when
rightly ucd. The many, who live bet
ter than others and enjoy life more, with
less expenditure, by more promptly
adapting the world's best products to
the needs of physical being, will attest
the value to health of the pure liquid
laxative principles embraced in the
remedy, Syrup of Figs.
It- excellence is duo to its presenting
in the form most acceptable and pleas
ant to the taste, the refreshing and truly
beneficial properties of a perfect lax
ative; effectually cleansing the system,
dispelling colds, headaches and fevers
and permanently curing constipation.
It has given satisfaction to millions and
met with the approval of the medical
profession, becau-e it acts on the Kid
neys, Liver and Bowels without weak
ening them and it id perfectly free from
every objectionable substance.
Syrup of Fiss id for sale by all drug
gists in 50c and Si bottles, but it is man
ufactured by the California Fig Syrup
Co. only, whose name is printed on every
package, also the name, Syrup of Fig,
and being well informed, you will not
accept any substitute if offered.
ninnrn CUI.TIVATOn-. Willi fcl.OTPH an.t
KAIIhrK I'l'C. S.T..1 tor Circulars. IMONEKU
UriUUkll IMI'LKSIEAT CO., Conccil Bluffs, la
-nrlU.v3pLsHBsw Uss s
Sam Houston's Duel.
A correspondent of the Howling
Green (KyOnfeZifeiicernncartliod an
old man of the vicinity who remembered
all about "the sensation of tho year
1826," the old man being one of tho
participants in tho duel that caused tho
sensation. To settle a spat that como
of hot blood Gen. Sam Houston, then a
member of Congress from Tennessee,
anil Gen. White, of Nashville, ugreed
that on "Sept. 23, 1820," they would
"fight a duel on tho Tennesseoline;
time, sunrise; distance, fifteen feet;
weapons, holster pistols." Houston got
out of bed at 3 :40 a. m. on the 23d, and,
sitting in his night clothes, molded two
bullets. As tho first fell from tho
mold a dog named "Gen. Jackson"
raised a triumphant howl nndcr tho
window. When tho second bullet
dropped a game cock crowed long and
loud from a neighboring treo. Houston,
who was superstitions, cut tho figure of
a dog on one bullet, and that of a cock
on the other. The principals stood at
their posts on the second and to the
inch. White's lead cut a whistlo
through tho sharp air, but Houston
stood unhurt. At the some instant tho
bullet with tho dog mark passed clean
through Wlute's body, so that a silk
handkerchief was drawn from one side to
the other. AfterthodtielHonstonselect-
ed as his coat-of-arms the famous
"chicken cock and dog."
Shi ton's Consumption ('tiro
Imit!nnnkTUiirHntf-. It rurr Ji.i'iptt-nt Loniiniiv
tioii. It tJ too best Cuugb Curu. 25vi..30ctw & 91.1U.
The heart of a Greenland whale is a
Uncle John's Ifnrmlcss Stomach Ponders
rure stomni h nnd 1 owel complaints. Send
2 cent stamp for freo ample to U. J. If. S.
1'. Co., 514 l'axton block, Uiiiaha.
To bweak off smoking and thou bo
presented with a 25 cont cigar is ouo of
those dreadful things which will occa
sionally happen. People talk of suffer
ing, but they have no idea of the mean
ing of tho word nutil they aro brought
to this experience.
Cor'i Coagti Ilalitum
Is the oMeM .mil b"t. It will l.ntik m .1 CoM quick,
er than anitlilni; eke Itlsaluajirt-lUble. Try 1U
Silver was coined in Rome :
fore, tho christian era.
50 j-cars 1 o-
llunoon 3lugit- urn alv."
Warrmtisl iirur.r mum- n TuinN-il. Ask
druggist font. l'rl.--l3-iit-.
Young sportsman "Does your fath
er preserve at all V" Ingenuous maiden
Oh, no ; we use all our fruit for
DOCTORS ENDORSE IT.
in Eminent Pliyttieian or Arkansas.
tellH off home Itcmarltablc Curcn
Stamen; La Fayette Co., Ark.
Dr. it. . I'iekce:
Ikar Sir I will gay this
to you, that Consumption
m heriditiiry in my wife's
fa-.aily; som bate al
ready dud with the dis
ease. My wife Ii.ih a i
ter, Mrs. K. A. Cltary,
that wus taken witti con
mimntion. She tin d jour
"Golden .Medical Discov
ery." ami. to the sur
prise of her many friends,
she Kot well. My w Iff bud
nlpo had bemorrhuKiu
from the luntr. nnd her
r.etiT inflated on Ik r 113
m;r the "CoMtn Medical
Uiatowry." I eoiiM-uti d
to l.er li"iii!r It. nml lr
relieved her. Sho him bad no (.jmptoms of
conmirnption for the pant six j-ara. l'toplo
having this disease can take no better rt-mtdy.
1 imra ery truly.
011M0, Mnclrc n il (Irapple Turk.
ItOTcrIIIet"nnkTs 'ln.l'tr.Mfc.u c
lUiitvr Imp (. i.. Cu. lllutls l.i
GOeLake Shore Route
AMERICA'S BEST RAILWAY.
VISIT SOME of the DELIGHTrUL MOUNT
AIN. LAKE or SEA SHORE RESORTS ol
the EAST, A FULL LIST of WHICH WITH
ROUTES AND RATES WILL BE FURNISHED
SEND IOC. IN STAMPS or silver for Beau
tiful liitho-Water Color View of tho
"FAMOUS EXPOSITION FLYER,"
the fastest lone distance train ever run.
C. K. WILBER, West. P. A.,
BIG FOUR ROUTE
BEST LINE EAST
Vestibule trains tc
New York and Boston.
ASK XOK TICKETS VIA THE
BIG FOUR ROUTE.
K. O. McCOK.MICK. D. II MARTIN.
Pan. Traffic Uanager. Gen. I'ass. anil T. A.,
. IS. IT., Omahn-31, IMt.
Itusu Answering Advertisement
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