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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (April 18, 1894)
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VOLUME XXV.-NUMBER I.
COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 18, 1894.
WHOLE NUMBER 1,219.
Harvard is about to build a $15,000
There is not a vacant bouse in Vcr
don. More arc needed.
The village of Plymouth, in Jefferson
county, is to be incorporated.
Emerson's hotel, a fine structure, is
rapidly approaching completion.
Shiloh veterans had a reunion at
David City, with a large attendance.
Gov. Crounsc was in Grand Island
last week to inspect the soldiers' home.
The town of Miller, in the Wood Riv
er valley, wants a tonsorial artist badly.
An elevator with a capacity of 12,000
bushels, is to be erected at Nemaha
Grand Island's new postmaster has
received his commission and entered
upon his duties.
Several stores in Pleasant Dale, a
small village in Lancaster county, were
robbed last week.
E. II. Uerggrcen, of Fremont, fell
through an elevator shaft into the cel
lar and broke his neck.
Leo Marks has been bound over to
the district court of Lancaster county
on the charge of forgery.
Jim ISaker of Otoe county snared
twelve young wolves in one day, and
the harvest from their scalps was great.
For the fourth time in seven years
Jimmy Mattison's general merchandise
store ot iiuoocl lias been broken into ot tiers to quit. J lie striking men re
and burglarized. j gard this as a victory.
Isaac Dean, a pressman employed by A man by the name of Miller, living
the Lincoln Newspaper union, was se-' on the farm formerly owned by J. Ster
rionsly but not fatally injured by being I ling Morton, three miles northeast of
caught in the machinery. I Syracuse, lost a hor.se in a peculiar
F. M. Dawson of Stnfcvillo wn: taknn I manner. He was working with his
before court upon the serious charge
of selling the meat of debiliatcd ani
mals. A jury found him not guilty.
Dr. Parkinson, a prominent Stockville
physician, fell dead from heart trouble
while eating supper. His remains were
sent to Monmouth, 111. , for interment.
Thieves broke into the grocery store
of Arnup A. Ncdrick of Tekamah. The
cash drawer was broken into and about
SHI jc Hired. Cigars and confectionary
were also taken. j
There are preparations being made
in North Platte for a big race meeting j
for the Fourth of .July. The track is j
being worked now to have it in good
shape by that time.
William C. Peterson of Dodge county j
was bound over to the district court in '
the sum of S'MM to answer to a com- ,
plaint h'lcd by Ida Jordan charging '
illegitimate parentage. !
Arrangements arc rapidly being com-1
pie ted for the erection of a new seven-'
vy-livc barrel roller mill at Waunteta. j
Teams are now at work cutting the race j
and grading the grounds. J
The waterworks bonds voted by Cal- '
loway last fall have not been sold. It j
is the intention of the incoming board
of trustees to push the matter and get '
the work started early in the summer.
i Mr. and Mrs. Parkhurst, an esteemed i
old couple of Heaver City, were given a
reception at the court house by the cit
izens, and presented with Sii.1 in gold.
They hail been married justsixty years.
W. A. Dal ton, who was arr-isted in
Table liock some tim since and taken I
to Humboldt, charged with forgery, I
was sentenced to eighteen months in
the penitentiary in the district, court
last week. j
The hardware store of J. II. Castle at
Clarks was burglarized last week. '
About SH0 worth of knives, revolvers'
and raors were stolen. Entrance was
effected by prying up a window with a I
railroad spike. '
Elmer Sears, a prominent farmer of j
Otoe county, was bound over to thedis-
trict court last week in the sum of $.10:)
on the charge of disposing of mortga- I
ged property. The charge was brought
bv tne liank of Palinvra.
The hardware store of George Schei-
del at Platte tenter was burglarized i
last week. Entrance was gained
through a back window and razors,
knives, silverware and revolvers were j
taken. The los is about S300.
Despite the hard times merchants of
Calloway are doing a fair business. .
Not a single failure has been recorded
during the panic, and with the prospect
of a good crop this season conlidcnce J
and prosperity will be restored.
Peputy United States Marshal Allan j
was in West Point last week to levy on '
the property of the West Point Water '
Power and Land Improvement coin-
pany. and a sale will follow to satisfy ,
judgments against the company.
Prof. A. T. Waltz of Pes Mo nes has
accepted the position of principal of
the business department of the Frp- i
mont Normal school. Mrs. W. II.
Clcmmons says they have -100 students
to commence the spring term of school. '
A telegram from Henry Furaam, for
merly of Fremont, states that he has
been acquitted of the charge of cmbez- j
zlement of the citj- funds of Seattle in I
connection with the city treasurer. It I
is understood that the deficiency has '
I'ostoflicc Inspector Stein was '
Heaver city last week taking evidence '
in the postotliee matter. An attempt
had been made to remove the oflice to
a new location without the consent of '
Postmaster Ager. No decision has yet
The jury in the Sehultz murder case
at St. Paul came into court with a ver
iiad been rendered Judge Kendall sen-1
tenced Sehultz to the penitentiary for
The farm mortgage record for Lin- '
coin county in March is as follows
Total amount nf fn m. ,. ., ,
S3.4SC32: amount. rnl,..l 5,. I;..'. !
mortgages tiled, S2,S10: released In,
chattel mortsra-es tiled. sni7.-. ;." .
- .". f --,-. ..u, it-
One of the most
revivals ever witnessed in
that part of i
the state is in
progress in Callaway,
conducted by Evangelist Hoopingarner
of Lincoln. People are coming for
miles in every direction and almost 200
converts have been made.
The store of Marsteller Bros, at Wil
cox was robbed last week. The thieves
effected an entrance at the front door
by the use of false keys, broke open
the money drawer, fronf which thev
secured S2 or S3 and a gold watch. The
tafe was drilled but nothing was in it.
The Dawson mill, operated by a stock
company of that place, was d'estroved
by tire last week. The fire started in
the chute that conveys the grain to the
bins It fsnot known whether it was of
incendiary origin or not. The mill was
completed about a year ago and was in
sured. Jefferson county mortgage report for
March is as follows: Fifty-eight farm
morigagesnied , 02,444.75; sixty-eight
released, &oy,ojo. 50; sixteen city mort- ,
f?-:s "lea' '.;-.8a; twelve released,
-.,..v.., -w. ..,-..,, wiu. ct.'.- .
A little son of Mr. and Mrs. Kennan
oi. neuron lell while rnnmntr
bamboo whistle in his mouth. His
palate and throat were badly injured
having the whistle driven well
toward the back of his neck, but it is the late war. Adjutant-General Gae
now thought the boy will sustain no of the state militia now has quite a cJl
permanent injury. lection of flags and relics.
Judge Furguson, in an exhaustive
opinion, reviewing' fully the facts and
the law in the case, has decided that
Jefferson square in Omaha cannot be
used for market house purposes.
II. W. Cook, a blacksmith, said to be
a heavy drinker, aged about thirty
years, was found dead in his room in
Sutton. IScsidc him was a bottle of
laudanum with two ounces gone. In
his pocket was a letter from Frank II.
.Snodgrass, dated March 13, at Curtis,
Neb. It is supposed to be a case of sui
cide. The work on the Cody-Dilion irriga
tion ditch, sa3.s a North Platte dis
patch, is progessing rapidly. A large
grader and sixty plows are at work.
The ditch will water 2,000 acres of Col
onel Cody's land. He proposes cutting
the land into eighty-acie tracts and
bringing a colony of Quakers here to
Lawrence Clark and William IJounes
escaped from the city jail at Lincoln
through the carelessness of a deputy,
who left the door unlocked while he
went into the next room for a bucket
of coal. Clark is a young man about
-0 years of aire, caunht in West Lincoln
J a few hours earlier charged with horse
I Judge Ferguson of Omaha rendered
t his decision in the case wherein Frank
1 IJamge sought to enjoin his striking
tailors from interfering with the men
he had put to work in his place. The
court decided that the strikers could
use peaceable means to induce the
team in the Held, when one of the hors
( es ran against a sunflower stalk, which
! penetrated to asufiicient depth to cause
its death in a short time.
Sheriff Kyd returned to Beatrice last
' week from St. Louis, having in charge
.lack Marshall, a traveling salesman
for the Kcd Cross Vinegar company,
j who March 20 was a guest at the Pad
i deck hotel and secured the endorse
ment of the proprietors to a draft of
! his firm for 5?.". The act is liable to
send Marshall over the road.
The Lincoln labor club recognizes the
existence of Coxej'"s army and has in
I structed the secretary to forward the
I following to the boys: "Kesolved,
j That the Lincoln labor club, with its
four hundred members, extends to Cox-
ey't army its best wishes for tiie suc
j cess of the object for which the army is
, formed, and that we wish them god
speed on their mission. "
Sidney Sapp. who was arrested at
Perry, Okl., and brought to North
Platte on the charge of embezzlement,
is once more a free man. It appears
that the amount embezzled was smaller
than claimed, and he was released on
the original charge brought against
him. The plaintiff declined to prose
cute for any lighter offense, and Sapp
was released from custody.
The depots of the Ilurlington and Elk
horn roads at Crawford were robbed
while the agents were at dinner the
other day. Thej' secured in all about
S-10. Deputy Sheriff Handy of Chadron
being at Crawford began search at once.
He arrested two suspicious toughs and
lodged them in jail, at Chadron, Craw
foid not be ng eousitlered a safe place
to confine them.
A contest has been commenced by C.
Christiensen, the democratic nominee
for councilman in the Third ward at
Fremont, against W. II. Harris, the re
publican nominee, who has been de
clared elected by a majority of three
votes. It is claimed that live votes for
councilman found in the box used for
the school election were not counted
and that they may change the result.
It is stated upon good authority that
the authorities at University Place.
i hac discovered the identity of one of
the parties implicated in the iucendi-
ary tires which destroyed the Haish
Manual Training school and nearly de
stroyed the main building on three oc
casions. Although no arrests have
been made it is stated that the guilty
party is a student and the sou of res
One of the hardest postotlice fights in
Nebraska occurred at Orleans. The
successful candidate was Mrs Emma.),
(raft. Mie owes her success to Hon.
Jerry Farrell of that city. Mrs. Graft's
husband was postmaster there under
Cleveland's first administration. Mr.
Graft and Jerry Farrel were bosom
friends. Since .Mr. Graft's death Jerry
Farrel i has looked after the welfare of
his friend's widow and children.
April 7th was a gala day at Pine
Ridge, occasioned by tne visit of Col.
Cody (Puffalo Hill) tor the purpose of
securing 12."i Indians for the Wild West
show. Nearly all the Indians on Pine
Kidge reservation gathered to meet
tody and to feast at his expense. A I
choice lot of biaves were selected and '
will go east co become showmen about
May 1. Col. Cody went west from llush
ville to arrange for establishing his
stage route from Sheridan, Wyo , to
the National park.
Receiver llayden of the Capitol Na
tional bank will soon commence a legal
contest to secure possession of the mag
nificent Mosher residence property at
Fifteenth and K streets, Lincoln. The
property is worth at a low estimate
j?20,t'0J. The receiver believes that he
will soon have enough evidence to
prove to the court that the residence
present oc.np'ied by Mrs. Mosher. ""
At a meeting of the depositors in the
defunct Holt County bank held last
......, ... ua urciucu iu bpunu ?.iUii as a
-" " w.e arrest ana delivery to
. . u.i r..i. .. . i .
rci lor tne arrest
Vagent of tne state David Adams, de-
."."'V "u '"auer was placed
iiie nanus ni i minrv
anu tne probabilities are that he will
successfully accomplish the desire nf
l .1 . ...... - L'"J
the depositors. Adams skinned from
O'Neill last August about the time th-it
Barrett Scott did and left depositors tn
the tune of about SI 1S.O0J.
Sylvanus Halsted, who was on trial
before the district court of Tekamah.
charged with rape upon his 4-year-old
daughter, and was discharged through
a technicality, narrowly escaped hang
ing. Two parties were organized, one
with the intention hanging him. the
other with intending to drive him from
the state. He was found by the latter,
escorted to the Missouri river, ferried
across to Iowa in a skiff and admon
ished never toshow himself in Nebraska
under penalty of death. He is the fath
er of five girls and is charged with hav
ing criminally assaulted them all.
An amendment to the agreement en
terred into between the G. A. K. of Ne-
orasKa and the Nebraska
nnirorcilr -l,l. !. i. ... i, I
icate the north half of the tinner st-
. w.w...... uvicui i ue inner is lO UCa
of the proposed Haish manual train mi
school for a museum and storage nlace I
for department record, pSfi
ine airreemeni mnv iw n irmnj .i.
i - l ., . '. .- . -o -- -
wish of the G. A. IL There is talk now
of the introduction of a bill in tho noU f
legislature providing for the settimr
apart of a large room in the state house
for a Grand Army museum nnd MfA
place for the preservation of relies of
"I love her, mother," said Guion Es
He was not in a general way, much
of a talker. Consequently when he
spoke, his words bad the weight of
sense and rarity. But Mrs. Esterhall,
the fine old lady, who sat erect before
the clear, sea-coal fire, was too much
excited to consider all this.
"The wife of my son, Guion," said
she, "should bo a lady, born and bred
not one of those girls who have had to
fight the world until all gentleness,
grace and unselfishness are ground out
of them. No, I can never give my con
sent!" The young man smiled slightly.
"Mother." said he, "the diamond it
self hardly possesses its true financial
value until the facets are ground with
"Humph!" said Mrs. Esterhall. "No
one is talking of diamonds."
"I may bring her to see you. mother."
Mrs. Esterhall shook her head.
"I have no desire to receive her,"
said she. "But, Guy, here are the tick
ets for Henry Irving to-night. Carrie
Chippendale has promised to accom
pany me of course, you will be on
hand at half past seven to be our es
cort?" "If you wih it, mother."
The old lady smiled to herself when
Guion was gone.
"A little management." she thought,
"a little judicious firmness, and Guy
will get over this boyish fancy of his.
The idea of a shop-girl for my daughter-in-law
for Mrs. Guion Esterhall!
I think the lad must have taken leave
of his senses!"
And in her svrot heart she rejoiced
with an exceedingly great reioicins
when Miss Chippendale arrived that
evening in a pale blue moire gown, cat
decollete, with a glittering necklace
around her perfect white throat and a
hunch of hot-house roses in her corsage.
"If we are to have a private box,"
said Miss Chippendale, buttoning the
seventeen Ih button of her glove, "one
may as well go in full dress, don't you
"My dear, you are looking lovely,"
said Mrs. Esterhall. approvingly.
Miss Chippendale was a sort of hu
man camellia japonh'a fair, graceful
and serene with big, expressionless
blue eyes, cherry-red lips. Max-gold hair
drawn in Huffy crimps over her fore
head, and an unchanging society smile
perpetually hovering around her lips.
She had bcn highly educated, and she
was destmed by her parents to make a
hiilliant niath. The Chippendales be
longed to the aristocracy that is to say
they had never done any work and had
ilways spent a great deal of money.
And Mrs. Esterhall had decided that
Carrie Chippendale was the very wife
for her son.
If only she could convert Guion to the
Gni.m Esterhall was exceedingly
:orieoas to Miss Chippendale that
evening, but not a whit more than he
was to his own mother. The old lady
was somewhat dis.ipiio'.nted.
"Iut never mind," s'.ie said to herself,
"one must have patience."
She went shopping the next day to
match a shade of Uer'jLi wool, to buy
some lace liounces and to decide on
new portieres for her drawing room
ilown at Esterhall manor. At 1 or li
o'clock she experienced, not hunger,
but a ladylike sensation that "tired na
ture" needed some sort of "sweet res
toration." "I will go into Maricotta's," ehe
Maricotta's was fall, as it generally
was at that time of day; but presently
the old lady succeeded in obtaining a
seat in a curtained angle, where the
waiter took her order for a chicken
salad and a cup of tea. Just then she
heard a clear, low voice on the other
side of the drapery, as a party settled
themselves at a reserved table Miss
Chippendale's soft, well-modulated
"Oh, yes, Irving was very fine," said
Carrie. "Oysters, please a box stew
for one and fritters for two and three
?ups of Vienna chocolate, nicely frothed
waiter But all the same 1 nearly died
of ennui. The old lady is the most
dreadful bore you ever knew, and Guy
is a regular prig. IIandsme you know
and very talented, of course: but one
don't want to be on full-dress parade
as to one's brains the whole time. He
isn't half as nice as Freddie Fortune
only poor dear Fred hasn't a cent to
bless himself with, and papa looks
hunder clouds at me whenever he calls.
Cut oine I'm married, it "
A chorus of well-bred giggling inter
rupted Carrie's words. Mrs. Esterhall
rose huriredly from her seat, grasped
her gloves and eye glasses and made all
haste out of the restaurant. When the
waiter came with the chicken salad
and tea. he found his customer gone.
The unconscious Miss Chippendale
and her friends enjoyed their Vienna
chocolate ar.d oyster fritters very much
Mrs. Esterhall decided to return to
the manor at once. Carrla Chippen
dale's graceful treachery had affected
her more than she had deemed possi
ble; and. leaving a hastily written note
press which reached Clevedon Junction
at nine, there connecting with a branch
train for Esterhall Station. She was
traveling alone, as her maid remained
to pack up the list things and follow
h r the next day.
There had been a heavy snow-fall,
the night had settled down dark and
tempestuous and the train was running
behind time. At last it came to a full
"Hon. Mrs. TCsfprhnll sMrtrw1 'fmm o
cJ5.e aiul loo,w1 anxiously around her.
...... ...... .VU 4A..11I i
xeu uciuciv. some One said, ei.n
!"- ."-.1-, I T ... . -
suiting a watch. "Why. conductor, we
are due at Clevedon at live minutes be
' fore 9!"
"Yes. I know, sir." spoke the official,
I "but the road is all blocked and the
western express is overdue at this
point. We're waiting here for the sig
nal to move on."
"And what's to keep us from waiting
all nightr' petulantly inquired the old
I "Nothing, sir unless the western ex-
J press is beard from."
j Mrs. Esterhall began to be a little
I "Conductor." said she, "is there any
i danger of a collision:"
"No. ma'am not as long as we're on
this side of the switch."
! "TcTl-t l.r."f. o II,.;.... w.. il-J a-
, vimm, 4 unacueu 10
"No, ma'am this isn't tbe through
express, but I hope we shall not be de
tained here much longer," the conduc
tor cheerfidly added.
SIowlj- the minutes dragued them
selves by. gradually lengthening into
v..XlT ,t uZ.i2T!KnkJrl '. T1 J
uours. xne passengers gathered in
the moa.lwnt.Ym .nTnt. U; ...1
spirits cot out.
peered into the darkness, flecked only
by tho driving snow, and then got In
again, with the customary uncompli
mentary comments on the railway man-
agement Mrs. Esterhall was nervont
nnd unaccustomed to travel alone. Klio
begaa to cry softly behid her veil.
"All," she thought, "if ever I live to
get safe home again. I'll stay there.
I'll never tempt Providence more, on
these night roads."
Across the aisle two young girls were
seated the one nale raced -tad rather
plain, as Mrs. Esterhall bad already
noticed by the light of the cluster of
lamps under which they were seated;
the other, n brilliant young brunette,
with soft, hasel eyes, pe-uhy cheeks,
and wary, dark brown hair, brushed
carelessly back from a low, broad fore
bead. Presently the latter arose, and
coming to Mrs.'Esterliall's side, asked
in a soft, sympathetic voles:
"Are you ill, madam V
"N no," stammered the eld lady,
quite forgetful of her society dignity.
"Orly I am so faint and weary. 1
expected to dine at home, long before
this hour; and I took almost nothing to
eat before I started."
"I have some nice, home-made chick
en sandwiches in my oag." suggested
the pretty girl. "My aunt inshted ou
ny taking them, al'hough I dined heart
ily before leaving home; and I baxt
a little alcohol lamp with every"- con
venience for making a cup of good
strong tea as well. If you will allow
n.e to prepare it for you "
Mrs. Esterhall was a genuine toa
maniac. A ii" brightness came jntc
her eves at this suggestion.
"You are very kind," she said. "Bui
you will want it yourself."
"No," smiled the girl. "I don't car
for tea. But my kind old aunt woulc
put the things "in. Now I am glad
that she did so."
In live minutes, Mrs. Esterhall had
eaten and drunk, and felt infinitely re
freshed. How it happened she did no!
pause to qiK'stion herself, but she p.es
ently found herself reclining comforta
bly, with her head on a pillow im
poverished out of the folded blanket
shawl that belonged to the young girl
and. mingled with her drowsy rclleo
tion--, came to the soft, low murmurs
of the sweet-eved brunette, who had
changed her seal and that of her com
panion to the one directly back of Mm.
Esterhall, and was talking almost m
"No. I am not going back; and I do
not intend to communicate my address
to any one."
"Not even to him:"
"No, not even to him."
"'!t lie loves von. de-,i"
"Yes. and that is the very rcaron i
am determined to create no dissension
be! ween bins and bis friend-;. Perhaps
lie will forget me "
"He will never do that."
"But at least I shall feel that I have
done my duty." said the lsarel-tjed girl,
firmly. "1 shall love ..im to the end
of bis days, but I shall not have ruined
"And all this," cried the companion,
"out of deference to the whims of an
eld woman whom you have never seen."
"Out of deference to hL? mother,
Alice," gently corrected the first speak
er. "What a Quixotic notion!" dreamily
mused Mrs. Esterhall. "But she has
an excellent idea of duty, 'his darfc
eved little girl!"
"That is you, all over, ElhV!" said the
friend. "You are ahvaj's cfiaciug .your
self in favor of some one else. Here
you are giving all your tea and sand
wiches to a person you have never
beard of. abandoning your seat to a
poor little woman with a crying baby,
because it is a tritSe nearer the stove,
and to cap everything, giving up the
man you love and who loves you, be
"Because it was my duly," said Ef
fie. "Please, Alice, don't let us discuss
the matter any longer. It is because I
love Guy that 1 am willing to sacrifice
everything for his sake!"
"Guy! Bless my sold! Guy!" thought
Mrs. Esterhall, straightening up. "But
of course, there are other Guys than
mine in the world."
Just then there was a tremble of the
frozen ground under them, a roar and
rush of lighted cars past them.
"The western express at last!" shout
ed the choleric old gentleman, bobbing
up in bis seat like an India-rubber
"My dear," said she. between the
throbs of the engine, "is it Guion Ester
hall that you are speaking of:"
Tho girl started and colored. She
could not repress a cry of surprise.
"YesV I thought so. Come ovtr
here and sit by me. I am his mother,
and I want to talk to you."
It was '2 o'clock in the morning when
they reached Esterhall Station, but the
covered sleigh was waiting f.r them.
with hot soap-stone foot warmers ami
about half a ton of fur robes and
wrappings. And EJlie Dallas stepped
into the luxurious conveyance with Mrs.
Esterhall. for the old lady had insist
ed on taking Eflie home with her to
"She is such a contrast in every way
to that selfish, cold-hearted Chippendale
girl." said Mrs. Esterhall. "I'll tele
graph to Guion at once. Ueally, it
does seem as if there was a snccial
Providence in our train being kept so
long waiting for the western express
As If there is not a "special Provi
dence" in everything that happens in
this world of ours! Amy Randolph Id
New York Ledger.
Xotable Men Ready to Lend Money to
It is a company of New York men no---,1
- . wji-iith. fnr association
and conspicuous for charitable end-av-ors
that has applied to the legislature
for a charter for what may be called
the Millio'iaires's Pawnshop. Mr. Bob
ert L. De Foiest. the Key. Dr. Grctr.
Mr. Vaudeibilt. Mr. Morgan and nearly
all of those who have been aiding the
United Charities Society in i's wide
spread work in that city have asked for
a charter for a corporation empowered
to loan money at interest unon personal
Of the proposed capital of a hundred
thousand dollars, more than half has
been subscribed and the rest promised.
There is no purpose on the part of these
iiit-u ii eaie a money-iiMKing corpora
tion: the scheme is essentially of a
Y'et it is proposed to run this estab
lishment upon strict business principle:
and for two reasons one that applicant?
for loans may not consider a favorable
answer as the mere grant of a charity.
and the oier because business nrinei- i
pies must prevail in the management o: tnecans where they will be kept warm,
else the plan will fail. . watering them with lukewarm water
The application is doubtless due tc ' fefiuently. When the sprouts appear
the success which has attended Dr. aDove the ground they should ;be ex
Greer's experimental loan shop, estab- ' R?sed to the sun as much as possible,
lished in connection with the great so- ' . hen tne Proper time has ar-
ciai anu mission work done under his
supervision upon the East Side of v .
It is quite possible that branch shops
may -be established in every ward in
the city, and there are some men who
believe that the promoters of this nlau
will be astonished to find that not only
a charity but a very great business en
terprise will result from the establish
ment of these shops.
The pawnbrokers are alarmed, and
that indicates that they are fearful t' it
these shops may seriously cut into their
"Water is Soils. It has been demon
strated that 100 pounds of sand will
absorb 25 pounds of water; 100 pounds
of loam, 40 pounds; 100 pounds clay
loam, 50 pounds; 100 pounds of clay,
70 pounds. This explains why some
soils always appear drier than others,
and why after a shower some soils be
come like a thick paste, while others
are enly comparatively damp. Ex.
Surface Cultivation. The whole
theory of modern cultivation is that
crops do better when they are given
surface cultivation throughout the
feasou. This process is much easier
than the old-fashioned deep cultiva
tion, and it can be dene in half the
time. By it the surface soil is kept
loose ami moist all through the season,
and this keeps the moisture near the
roots of the plants. The loose top soil
acts as a mulch to the plants, and is
invaluable in dry seasons. More and
more every season are farmers coming
to see that fijeness of surface soil en
courages moisture and consequently
nitrification, by capillary attraction,
which largely increases the crops in
dry weather, and as there is scarcely a
summer without dry ppells, it is ad
visable to prepare for these as early in
the season as possible. Ex.
Couililimi of Oar Soils
The Minnesota Experiment Station
has published bulletin thirty, contain
ing the results of their investigations
as to tl c deterioration of our common
soils under the present unsystematic
methods of cropping. The summary
of the bulletin is as follows:
1. The continued cropping of soils to
grain crops only without any s3-stem
of rotation or other treatment is tell
ing severely upon the original stock
of half decomposed animal and
vegetable matters and nitrogen. Soils
which have produced grain crops, ex
clusively, for ten or fifteen j-cars con
tain from a third to a half less humus
and nitiogeu than adjoining soils that
have neer been plowed.
2. Soils which have been cropped
until the organic matters and humus
have been materially decreased, retain
less water and dry out moie readily
than when there is a larger amount of
organic matter present in the soil
a. Soils which arc rich in humus
contain a larger amount of phosphates
associated with them in available
forms than the soils that are poor in
4 Soils which are rich in humus
and organic matters produce a larger
amount of carbon dioxide that acts as
a solvent upon the soil particles and
aids the roots in procuring food.
5. One-half of a sandy knoll, heavily
manured with well rotted manure,
contained nearly a quarter more water
during a six weeks' drought than the
other half that received no manure.
5. The supply of organic matter in
the soil must be kept up because it
takes buck an important part, indi
rectly, in keeping up the fertility of
the soil. A good system of rotation,
including sod crops- and well prepared
farm roanutes, will do this, and will
avoid the introduction and use of com
mercial fertilizers which are now cost
ing the farmers of the United States
over thirty-five million dollars an
nually. It will not do to wait until
this question forces itself upon us.
7. A rotation of crops will soon be
necessary on account of the peculiar
composition of some of the soils and
.he corresponding subsoils, especially
those in which the surface soils are
richer in phosphates and nitrogen
while the subsoils are richer in potash
and lime. By means of rotation the
full benefits of the strong points of
both the top soils and the subsoil will
The richest soils in the world, if
hadly used, will produce but few crops,
after which they become less and less
produeth e, until in the end the fields
are left barren or to weeds, saj's "In
dian Agriculturist." This has hap
pened in the most fertile places, where
wheat-growing has been followed with
a persistency that may well be termed
heroic, the result being that any one
who now desires to make a living on
one of these "worn-out" farms must
undertake a settled course of improve
ment of the land. Fortunately, the
soil is really inexhaustible. It may be
misused and reduced in natural fertility
Ir, nirf Tmf nnlr cr fr n ilmnlnTtr Vine
pcnetratcd hitherto. Below this will
be found the virgin soil, cold and coy
it may be, but yet susceptible of
awakening into the warmth of vigor
ous life and of becoming as productive
as the upper soil which preceded it.
It is a common belief that land regains
fertility by rest, and especially if the
fallows be well stirred. This is as old
as the ancient Romans, whose writers,
taking as eager an interest in agri
culture as we do at this day, often
referred to the land resting, and be
ing improved by the rest And this is
true, for the soil is made up of earthy
1 articles that are slowly soluble, and,
as time passes, tho water and the air
together cause these to decay, and let
, loose the nrahty they nave held
locked up. But this is not a civilized
I way to manage the land, and neither
i is it the most profitable. It is an
aboriginal method, and not a scientific
one. The exhaustion of the land is
more economically prevented by the
action of vecetaMe srxowthupon i
nature's course, which she enforces
when man neglects his duty and leaves
it to slow recovery; the better way is
to cultivate and sow it, and make it
produce something profitable while it
is recovering. It has come to this,
that if farmers can not grow wheat,
except by bare fallowing, then wheat
growing will have to be given up after
iuc wrgiu mini nas oeen cropped a
few times, for the simple reason that
the cost of maintaining fertility by
this process is greater than the crops
produced will pay for-
"Western Plowman gives tnis plan
to secure early potatoes: We take a
lot of old tin cans and put them in the
stove long enough to unsolder them.
This leaves only the rim of the can.
This rim is filled with good rich dirt,
and a part or a whole of a potato
planted in it. Keep the rim together
J ty,n& a string around it and place
r"c ior iranspiantmg, prepare
Jour hills, cut. the
around the cans and you
will find tli
earth in a compact mass readv for
, transplanting. The potatoes will
grow right along without noticing the
etamje and you will have early pota-
"'' ' juui uvm uiuie, ami nice ones
loo, if yon have attended to them
properly. Th is may not be practicable
m raising early potatoes to sell, but
or home use we can recommend it,
md at this date,, while the ground is
covered with snow, we have new pota
toes weU under way.
Good Draft Horses.
recent institute B. Throat!
said: Men who
genera ly use 'good
judgment in other things sometimes
exhibit the poorest in breeding. There
have been first-class stallions in this
country for a great many years, b.ut
they have not done as much aa the In
ferior ones for the last few vcars. The
only way to account for this is by the
difference in the pr:ce of their service
fee. Thus the good horses gradually
gave way to horses not so good, and it
is a deplorable fact that in so many
cases the gcod have yielded their
places to the bad, because they would
not justify their owners in keeping
Soften fSled bjb.
them. Alcn are
mg to a good horse and a poor
at the same time to experiment. They '
uratj uiiu ii uuur vuc
lmd when the colts come that tec one
from the cheap stallion looks as well
as the one from the imported sire.
They instantly resolve that they will
no longer pay 515 for a colt, when, as
they say, they can get as good a one
for?5. They certainly have failed to
observe nature's law with reference to
offspring. Had they done so, they
would have noticed that the superi
ority in blood asserts itself more de
cidedly as the animal ncars ma
turitj; that the full blooded Texas
calf is as fine at two months old
as that from the Durham, but no one
will admit that it matures into so fine
an animal when it is
A plug looks better a
to breed back i'o the plug sire before
t Iiti svtv ofliii oriil trnc in:t tiki. in;i Tl v
thej' have discovered their mistake.
It is too bad that after twenty year
breeding we have made so little real
... i. .. i ,,! !,
evil. It can only be done, however,
in one way. Thelirst step in this di-
rection is to sort out the plugs. Give
them away if they will not sell. The
i. jii.r iJ.j; ..ft :.,l
us still further evidence of the fact
that they should be gotten rid of. Do
... ..., .... -V ..JVU. v., H..-.W.-V.
not a good one. When you get her
keep her if she breeds fight, if not,
sell her. See that she is bred to the
best horse you can get each year, even
though it costs von a little more to do
it than it wou'd
to breed her to the
There is only one straight and
v way to reach the desired point.
; this course, and in a few
years you will have the satisfac -
tion of owning nothing but good
horfes. You will then be a better
Christian and the world in general
will look brighter anu more proirismj
to you. The next thing I want to con
sidcr is, will it justify us to breed goo
horses? It certainty will, and now n
the time to do it. It takes four
to raise a horse, and who knows
what the price of good lerscs will
then be very high? They always have
been, and it i.s reasonable to suppose
that they always will be, in demand.
They are as indispensable to this coun
try as the farm wagon or the plow.
We must have them, and the time has
come when those who use them appre
ciate good horses. Klectricity may
ruin the sale of the light horse, but the
large, heavy draft horse is partially se
cure from such competition. The price
of good horses has not tluctuated as
much as one would think, and at least
has only followed the general decline
-- . ---, . .--
down, heavy horse is the kind for
ttratt purposes, it. is out a principle
cf mechanics they should have learned
at school, but it seems we learn the ,
lessons of this life only by experience.
They now wai.t the draft horse heavy,
because they want him strong and for
the purpose of draft work only. They
want him low down because the day
light under him docs not add anything
to his strength. They want him
blocky because he will keep fat on
half the feed that a long rangy horse
will, and the farmer wants him the
same way because the eastern buyer
does, and for the further reason that
he has to feed him only three years to
mature him, instead of five, as he
used to the long, lank horses of the
past. Farmers' lleview.
The Hired Girl.
Thf dUeiissinn of t.bn "wrranf
girl rmestion" has become so one -
sided that it is well to call
a halt and try to even un mat-
ters. savs "noston Isudcret.
the shortcomings can not be all on the
side of the maid; there must be a few
for which the mistress is guilty. Each !
should realize that there is room for
improvement, and that the best way
io accompnsn ine most worn: aim re.e-
gate the domestic problem to the back-
ground is by combining the peculiar
and individual abilities of one with
those of the other. Both the mistress
and the maid should bear in mind that
the secret of happy results in the
mutual obligations, lliey should re- '
member that while managing a house
hold they are managing a peculiarly
organized business, and that evenness
of temper and pleasant mutual rela
tionship are absolutely necessary.
In too many homes nowadays faith
fulness on the part of the maid is un
appreciated by tne mistress. The maid,
on the other hand, should be willing
to receive instruction patiently. As a
rule, she is young, with lack of mature
judgment and experience, but if she
falls into the hands of a mistress who
Vn tk vaamW V I ? in(4inf . n a
brought about by the existing condi-1 because they were wholly unaciuaint
tior.s. When I say raise gocd horses, I ' ed with it and made it still worse by
mean good ones. Not what we thought employing unskilled labor. He also
were good ones ten years ago, but .spoke of the duck farming business on
ones that would be considered good at Long Island, and named some of the
the present time. People have learned profits derived by some of the special
something in the last few years. They j jsts there; all who embark in it, how
have at least discovered that a low ' ever, do not succeed; there are more or
will not only be an apt and eager pupil, : y Pi !. t,. !, . .,
tsA -siVsls t-Ktc- -wUi-"- r-Tcri M 2. Can large flocks be kept free from
ana esteem. Women blessed with ----
homes of their own," says the "Pouse- 3 Is exercise an absolute necessity?
keeper,' "should have a womanly in- ' 4- exercise be necessary, can a
terest in all voumr creatures who" have noc m confinement be given needed
to face the "world and labor to suit exercise?
every one's whim in the house, with-' '' What breed will endure confine
out the privilege or power to mold mcn hest, without injury to eg pro
surroundings. The life is hard enough j duct:on?
without unjust exaction. Women who '' Vhat hreed will endure confine-
themselves can not prepare a whole
some meal are often fastidiously ex
acting, and expect a maid to know in
tuitively just the thing that they
wish, which is sometimes more than
they themselves could define. Every
housekeeper who has a young girl serv
ing her has an opportunity to aid
in that girl's education; she can be her
good friend and adviser as well as the
In nino nc
out of ten the maid will respond with :
M- ?AL. -, . - . '
iauniui understandintr and cood will " ,
d may be as
2. Commen- '
nuu uguiu. i kiqu woru
A J t. LL 1 .! 1 " . i
instructive as a harsh one
dation may show what pleases, as i
readily as criticism can eTim rtic'ct. i
isfaction; and when the mistress savs ' tne rost anti aiso turns up many in
'well done,' let it be an incentive to scts (the eggs and lame) to be des
the maid to sustain the standard win- troJed y the same agent. Manure
ning the commendation. When honest thoroughly and evenly about two or
effort has accomplished good results ' trec inches deep. Cow and horse ma-
let the kind word be spoken.
Watering House Fi.axt.. Methodi-!
cal watering of plants is, however, of
the greatest importance and can be
best acquired by careful observation
and exercise of good judgment. One
safe rule may be suggested and that is,
whenever watering is necessary, let it
be done thoroughly and well, and not
repeated until the surface of the soil
shows signs of dryness. The size of
the pot, the nature, age and roots of
the plant will have much to do in reg
ulating this matter, so that while (
some plants need a good drink only
once in every two or three days.othcrs
may be so thirsty as to require water
even twice a day. !
Two Systems of JuiiglnsT.
We do believe a judge competent to
score a bird intelligently and correct,
can judge the same class by compari
son, and yet the best bird win. soya
'Fancier's Kevicvr." Hence with ca
pable judges a show wonld be correctly
inri-.-d and for very large shows com-
j oarbon would probacy be best on ac-
t ..onnt. nt its beimr ouicker done. lus
f.r ?n shows the scots card would Do
the lest for each and every exhibitor,
bo iie veteran or amateur, as it gives
each nnd every bird a valued oung
fanciers and new fanciers, buy pf tho
veteran. The veteran may show at a,
comparison show and his bird be beaten
for first, second and thiul place, yet
he may know his bird is a good one,
good for D2, but the buyer, a new man.
don't care to buy the bird for a Hi
point bird on the seller's "say so." but it
he (the Rellcr)can produce a score card
signed by a gocd judge that foots up
i'2 lie wiil buy Why do breeders, who
nl.iiin to be comparison men, when
showing their birds to visitors and ui
! cester and i cored il," and if the juuge.
wno scoreu mm ui ueuunuun.
expert on tiiis particular variety,
add bv "so and so?" Why do they
- I . 1. . !.-. aC
i n if. if lllOV tllllUC Hie cur;u;-
system a farce? himply because it has
a value over and above the mere tact
that he won first. A good. Honest
score by a competent man is valuable.
oil nlnncr M-.o line. It teaullCS tllO
It young far.cVr ami exhibitor where his
o I birds are deficient. It gives him an in
is sio-ht how to mate and breed. It
places a value on his breeding-pen ana
K'vcs would-be customers con.ideneu
I to buy or not to buy of him. t en
ables a customer sou nines awav i
know if the bird Is what he want t
use in his ards or not. and is a direct
! benefit to the business in consequence,
I If he, as an exhibitor, is shut out of
: the prizes at a show where competi-
' tion i.s iiot, he
nevertheless has some-
tlunjr to show tne woriii
of his bird.
aim lie can be KeDt or si
out on ins
merits, whereas if at a comparison
i-how the voung breeder is entirely at
' ! rca without even a plank to bang to.
He knows he was beaten, taut is an.
Hh doesn't know how badly. He
! doesn't know if his bird is a rank cull
or, notwithstanding the f: ct he w:.s
beaten, yet quite a good lurti. i or
these reasons, among others, we like
the syste n of scoring for the general
gocd'of the poultry busincs.tiLd think
it will be many moons before it will
be abolished Farmers' Bcvicw.
Stircus rrltli Poultry.
At a New York institute a Mr.
ley gave an address on "Poultry for the
Farm," in which he spoke of the cost
of broilers, the prices they are sold for,
and the failures made by certain
nrirtii.c ivlir, won!, into the bllsiliCSS.
,-J-" ..- -.-...-
less failmes in the poultry business
iust as there arc failures in other busi
ness ventures, lie believed the farmer
should not attempt to raise broilers,
but eggs, instead; and, to make it
a success, only e producing
breeds should be employed, and
winter cjrg production made the spec
ialty. The great trouble with the
farmer's hens is inbreeding. They
arc all inbred in a neighborhood, and
are thus weak and effeminate. Se'cct
males every year from a distance and
that arc wholly unconnected with the
hens. He also spoke of the great ic
tnrn derivt d by some p&uPrymen in
this slate, oceof which reported VM
eggs per hen from a tlock of (",00 White
Leghorns, two or three years since.
Other men keeping as many as 300 la3
ing hens, reported l.'O to 1 10 eggs per
nen ior a year, iin iukc vHf;.- -.-
' sold in special mariccts at i to i. cenis
' above the top market price, showing
' what can be donc by making a proper
euon, worKiug nu j. s1-"" r"iMU
I :in" properly packing- ana maruouuj
I ' -''-'. , !
, the product.
lien in CnnlincniPiit.
It has been very generally conceded
that hens will not be a success unless
a , and k t ;u small
umbers his r. babll corrcct,
but tliere ;s a bare p05S;bility that it is
, We find that kindred 'ideas have
becn held as to other livc stock, but
. w , t becn abc to ,tan(1
, Jn . ;Qn F example, it is be-
s"P -boiilbe kept in
flocks of not more than nftv, and this
' lnl'of ?c wiilcnrnm1 Tn thiQ pnnntrv.
j Nevertheless foreign Hocks frequently
number from 3,000 to 5.000 and are
successfully handled. It was believed
1 that cows should by all means be kept
at pasture; yet the Roiling system hag
proved a success. Now is it possible
to keep fowls in close quarters and have
them a success? We ask our readers
to bring their experiences to bear upon
the solution to the problem, ana we
propound the following questions:
1. How large flocks can be success-
i mem oest without injury to health?
! Hy "confinement" is meant deten
tion throughout the vear in a house
ind yard of moderate proportions.
Gnowi.vo Caiihaok. Xo vegetable
does well on a stiff or clayey subsoil.
Pulverize the soil well with a plow and
harrow. Many prefer spading, but for
me, not much. Too much work, and
resides I can do better work with a
rsn.l v.1.... 1 A t
Kuu" yiuw ana team oi norses. i am
fcat5sficd that it is a good plan to plow
ue caWagc ground in the fall, if no1,,
mact. aH the garden. It turns the
-oil up to be pulverized bv the action
uuiu uiiAt'u ami wuii roiieu can not
be beat. IIore manure alone is not
whafc is wanted, as it heats so violently,
With a 110.00 rod
And a 6.00 reel,
With a 2.00 line
-An I a 4.C0 creel,
A book fall of 2.00
And 4.C0 flm
Away with hhi 12.00 ticket he hies
Tbns be spends..
.40.00 ere ha starts out,
nuu iciuius JU 0
week wi h 10 worth of trout,
But a blank won't
The thirty-nine, ninety the sum he U shy.
fully developed, pointing out a particular wru ":'.
t a very early age , ng he won first at Aew orlc or 1 hila-
a - '-! I.-a valrj-v n f j n - 1 w-w I Til. k I :
(:-imi:u. uii uu .ii ... .-- ..---
THE OLD RELIABLE
Columbus - State - Bank 1
COUMt Bask la tte IUtO
PajS Infect n Tims CsjosiS
Hales Loans on Real Estala
its aianT diuts C
(fcfta&a, Cnioag, lfw York ami aQ
pZLLS l BTEAMSHT? : TICZETa.
BUYS GOOD NOTES
lad Helps its Cnstomois whan thoy Nsed IIb
mCEBS A5D DISECTOUl
I rxAKDZn GERHARD. Pres't.
B. H. HENRY. Tics Pret
JOHN BTAUFFO, Cuhta
l(. BRUGQEH, O. W. HTJL8T.
Authorized Capital of - $500,000
Paid in Capital. - 90,000
C. H. SIIELDON. Pres't.
11. P. II. OEIILKIcn. Vlco Pros.
CLAKIC GRAY, Cashier.
DAM EL SOIIUAJI, Aas't Cash
n. at. vriNsi.ow. ii. i. ii. oimMucH.
U. II. SlIKI.lJON, W. A. MOAM.lSTElt,
Jonas Wklcu. Caul Rxkn&il
3 O. GltAT.
Cf EKIIAKU LOSES!,
J. Hr.snY WunDEiiAJC,
Geo. W. (Jai.i.ky.
A. P. lI.OEiiiaucn.
J. P. ItECXKU. ESTATS,
I It AN K ltOltKU.
Rank of fieposlt: Interest allowed on time
deposits; buy and sell exchange on United
states nnd Kurope. und buy-and sell uvall
ililr .'ciirltli-si. V. o shall bo nloasud to rc-
( ccivo your business- Wo solicit your pat
Firs! National Bank
k. ANDERSON, J. H. GALLEY.
President. Vice Pres't.
O. T. KOEN. Cashier.
JACOB GREISETT. HENBX BAGATZ.
v JAilEi 0. BSKD&U.
Statement ef tbe Coaditioa at tho Close.
r Business Jalj 12, 1893.
Tistia nA Tlfinnnt S 241.4C7 f7
Real Lstate Furolturo and tlx-
u r es . ..............................
U. t. llontls.......
Due from other banks $37.87G 31
CabU on Hand 21,667 IA
("nltal Stock nald In
I eo.ooo m
. EO.duO 0)
. 13..VJU W
i burpiui runci
4cyu3iia. ... .............
Blacfcsmilli and Waeon Maker.
All kiids of Repairiig done ea
Short Notice. Biggies, Wag
ons, etc.. Bade to order,
and all work Gnar
anteed. Also sell the world-faaioui Walter A
Wood Xowers. Keapers, Combin
ed Machines, Barretters,
and Self-binders tho
Shop on Olive Street, Columbus, Neb.,
four doors south of Borowiak'a.
Coffins : and : Metallic : Cases !
f3T Repairing of all kinds of Uphol
-tf COLUMBC8. NEBRASKA
The Journal for Job Work