The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911, April 11, 1894, Image 4
m ' v .. ft' ft- M : : . t1 'i V Seamless GiriUet. Care In Breathing. "We Insert the following article on Comparatively few people pay much camless garment taken from the if any attention to their breathing, Housekeeper hoping it may benefit says a writer in Cottage Hearth. They ome of our friends in their efforts at generally regard this as one of the home dressmaking: j automatic movements of the body, like The corset covers and children's slips, the beating of the heart and circula and the almost seemless skirts, save so tion of the blood, which in a healthy much time, and are so much more easily j body regulate themselves without tak fitted by the home dressmaker, that, ing thought about them. If men and they are very popular. The corset 'women were each day employed at cover may be cut from these directions, ' work in the open air, that will exer to fit any sized form. cise the muscles of arms, shoulders, Take a piece of muslin as wide as the and the upper portion of their bodies, measurement from the side of the neck ' this carelessness about breathing may . to the waist, and as long as the bust' do little harm. To work will compel measurement taken loosely. These .. .-... - it. - .-garments wear better, if the muslin is used lengthwise, instead of across. Pin the middle of the long side to the mid dle of the dress waist at the back. Put another pin at the neck in the middle, and see that it is smooth all the way -up. Pin it along the shoulder seams down the back of the arm and cut out the neck and that part of the armhole is fitted. Pin and cut under the arm the same way. Pin it around the waist to the front, and up the front, but do not draw it tijrht. Cut out, leave good turnings, in the front and on the shoulders. The front will be bias, but itttrill not strotrli All t.lio finishing needed is a bias facing all the wav around. It may be cut low or high in the neck, square or round, or a fancy yoke may be put in the front. For children's nightdresses, pin the muslin to the back of the neck, if you want them to fasten in front, pin two tiny pleats on each sice of the center, and proceed as for the corset covers. Iu this case the bottom and front will be bias. It will be in the form of a cir cular garment, and the extra fullness allowed by the pleats may be pleated in or gathered. Lincoln!" Opinion. Abraham Lincoln was 0 feet 4'a inches in height Talking with some friends one da-, the subject under dis cussion was how long a man's legs ought to be. Mr. Lincoln said he had given much thought to the matter and had come to the conclusion that they should be long enough to reach from the body to the ground. Watchword. Ask about the wonderful climate and resources of Southern California. There never was such and opportunity for home seekers. For information regard ing this section, address, J. A. Allison, Brewster block, rjan Diego, California. "Education should lead out, not force on. g& KNOWLEDGE Brings comfort and improvement and tends to personal enjoyment when rightly used. The many, who live bet ter than others and enjoy life more, with le.-s expenditure, by more promptly adapting the world's best products to 4 the needs of physical being, will attest the value to health of the pure liquid laxative principles embraced in the remedy, Syrup of Figs. Its excellence is due to its presenting in the form most acceptable and pleas ant to the taste, the refreshing and truly beneficial properties of a erfect lax ative; effectually cleansing the system, dispelling colds, headaches and fevers ana permanently curing constipation. It has given satisfaction to millions and met with the approval of the medical profession, because it acts on the Kid neys, Liver and Bowels without weak ening them and it is perfectly free from everv objectionable substance. Svrup of Figs is for sale by all druj pists in f)0c and $i bottles, but it ia man ufactured hvjna -aniorjua.rig oyrup Co. oiiivjlvhosename printed on every p.irk:ihalsp the nhrae6ynip of.Figs, and LeingVvolI inarmed, J". wilhnoV acceptNiny snbstt stitutc-jf offeredv, V -v FnaW Mard is never en tertained by the children for a medi cine that tastes bad. This exolains r s v 7 the Dooular- 1 ity among little ones of f9A Cm,.lA!n & OIIUI5 U a preparation of cod-liver oil almost as palatable as milk. Many mothers have grateful knowledge of its benefits to weak, sickly children. I't-i.-n-.l I., Scoit A TWn N. YT AlMrnrirt. . ELY'S CATAHHl GHHM BALIS Cleanses tho Rasal Passages, Allays Pain and Inilamination , Heals the Sores. Restores the Senses of Taste and Smell. TRY THE CUBE. H A VER A particle Is applied into each nostril and It agtceable. ir: .i cor. nt Iruiarit!. or by mall. KLV BUOTHKI5S . wnrrui&t.. Sew Tor. EanaaiisgwwaiBrsirB M UlfftS WHrnr 11 H fails! :isi B Kg Best Couet Syrup. TaateaGooJ. Vtc Bt; in lime, Eotq try drocgraa. Patents, Trade-Marks. Examination rsud Atiri r a to i'Man-abllltr of tnivnuon. SVnd for lu i n-on. Cuide. or How 16 Get il-atenf EtrESS 0TAKS1L. ITiaiSJTaT, S. C. GCT HURRIED Ltak oc iBdlet, with photo aaS ml dence muir -eery pretty and rich ft. WUtcrMclla&nelUChiaffivUli troo ftaot to ntrt j. Ky V buli HSm?H HTtAMBWJl tiasgfflHMPia iiflxiif old occ"s"oed by -''" M.M.M. -XTMm. an Impure and Im W"V poverbhed condi- Disorders Slight impurities, if not corrected, develop into serious maladies. 555 Scrofula, Eczema, Rheumatism and other troublesome diseases is required a safe and reliable remedy purely vegetable. Such is S. S. S. It removes all im purities from the Wood and thoroughly cleanses tho system. Thousands of cases of the worst forms of blood diseases have been Cured by S. S. S. arorourXtMUJat.MatfrMtoaayaddraH SWIFT SFE&FK CO. Marti. Ga iiiigBianii the person doing it to take full breaths ' m , . i ., -.- -,. ..A of fresh air, and this of itself is sufh cient to trive the lunrs the natural ex pansion that thev need. Hut there are , millions who do not work in the open air, and a large part of these scarcely exercise the upper parts of their bod ies. For all such, attention to correct breathing is the very first condition of health, for upon deep, full breathing must depend" the healthful beating of the heart that is required to keep up active circulation of the blood. i ry ror ""i In the .stillness of the nisht is sufficiently startling. What if no aid be at hand or we know not whence the cry comes? This is not the ca-e with that nmto appeal made to the resources of medical -.cieiiee, ever ready, ever available by di-easo on every hand. A prompt means of self help for the malarious, the rheumatic, the dyspeptic, the bilious, and persons troubled with Impending kid ney complaints, is to be found in llostetter's r-tomarh Hitters, an ever "present help in time of trouble" for all sucli hapless indi viduals. They should not delay a moment In seeking itsnid. Experience has shown its wide utility, the recommendation of emi nent physicians everywhere sanction Its use. Nervou-. thin, debilitated invalids gain bodily substance and vigor iy a ourso of this line iuvlgorant. which is eminent y serviceable, also, to the aged and convales cent. Amusing; the Children. Have any of the mothers ever tried a sand box for the children, asks a writer in The Housekeeper. A box three or four inches deep, full of clean sand will afford amusement for many an hour. Put in a shad3T corner of the back porch in summer: or under a tree, or a sunny corner of the porch in winter. My lit tle boy has played by the hour, alone, just out of my window, with his sand in a large tin traj' which was originally made to hold mv flower pots in the house in the winter. Sometimes he would have a tiny tin scoop or cup, and fill his iron cars with coal, ore or build ing material, according to his imagina tion, and draw them on a track he lay with wooden toothpicks. Again, a little bucket and some shells, and he was a summer visitor to the seashore. When old enough a little water in the sand allowed me to show him about the mountains, lakes and rivers, and he would make bridges and tunnels, and build cities of blocks and chips His little dresses were not much harmed by the contact with the sand. Methods of Amusing Rubles. When my six-months'-old baby begins to fret, and I have no time to stop my work and take her up, 1 roll her cab up to the table, take the bird cage from its hook, and set it upon the table be fore the little miss. This always proves a plcasare to bird and babj- and gives me often an hour or more to work or rest. When she begins to tire of bird ie's company, I set the clock (mine is a small one) upon the table beside the bird, and by the time baby has worn off the novelty of this, I am ready to take her up. When my two-year-old boy begins to hang to my dress, and want something. ie hardly knows what, I say. -Let us playschool or soldiers. bo 1 get the clothespins they are the old fashioned wooden ones, and a basket or box, such as we get fruit in at the grocers. One of the clothespins has a cap on, made from a piece of red calico tied around the neck with a white tie; this one is the captain or teacher and, upon rare oc casions, it is the mamma. The other pins are pupils or mamma's "ittle boys and dirls."' Hewillstick the pins along the side of the basket or box, and finds much pleasure in the arrangement and re-arrangement of things to suit his changing fancy. When this gets a little old, I take a fancy basket from the mantle, and as I place it upon a chair you see that it is filled with pieces of plain colored calico of every color I could find, cut into squares, oblongs and angles of all degrees. These he will lay or spread upon the floor, and has already learned the colors at sight, and noted the differ ence in shape. Billiard Tables, Fecond-hanil. For sale cheap. Applv to or address. H. C. Akin, oil S. 12th St., Omaha, Neb. What Is It That Make Men Italcl? National Barber: "What is it that makes men bald?" the observer asked the barber. "Wearing hats,' interposed a by s tanner. "I don't think so," said the barber. "I know it looks that way often when a man has no hair except below the point where the hat touches. Hut I be lieve men get bald because they think," "Women think and and they don't often get bald." "Yes." "And very often men that think the least grow bald the soonest." "I know," persisted the barber, "but you have got to allow for exceptions. The men who get bald early are excep tions, and I never knew a woman yet who was-n't an exception to something." As there was no woman in the party the barber had the last word. His ar gument was accepted as conclusive. Coe's Cough llalum I the oiliest and bes-t. H will break up a Cold quisle er than aniUilns eke. It is always reliable. Try It. A Jood Word for Hit. Motlier-iii-lntr. A generous lady, hearing of a poor family on Laural hill, packed a basket and took a supply of moncv to relieve their wants. he arrived near the lo-j cation of the house and inquired of sev eral where the poor family lived. Fi-1 nally she met a man, who said, "I don't ' know who you are looking for, but my mother-in-law is powerful poor.' The generous lady decided to seek no fur ther, and obtaining the address of the mother-in-law she called, found her des titute and relieved her wants. Gorwich (Conn.) Imlletin. (iu South "i ia tho Wabash. I Tourists' tickets now on sn'e to a'.I j oiuts. Hon.eseel.ers" tickets at half fare ou ex-' cursion date-;. Ajril 1 th and Mavtb. For i rates or folders giving full description of; lands, climate. &e.. call at Wabash Ticket office, No. 1.VK2 Farnam Street, or write ' Geo.N. Clayton. X. W. I. Agt.. Omaha. Neb. It is stated that there are now in the United States more than 303 mining companies making use in their operations of electricit;- for light and power. About one-third of the gross amount of copper refined in this coun try is now treated by electrolytic pro- cesses. jjritttltttrt Use f Lime on .Land. Theo. B. Terry of Ohio has lately been in Pennsylvania "holding insti tutes. In that state lime is more used as a fertilizer than in any other, many farmers who have lime-stone land burning large quantities every year. Of course Mr. Terry heard much about lime in his talks with farmers, and he writes in the "Practical Farmer" about this subject, as discussed by Kev. I. S. Frain of Clearfield and others. "When Mr. Frain began using lime he experi mented so as to find out just what quantity he should apply per acre on his farm. He had asked some one who used it, and they said put on 100 bush els; others said 200, and some told him this amount would ruin his land and crops, that he should only put on 40 or f0 bushels. Well, he applied 25 bushels on an acre for wheat, and 50 on another acre, 75 on a third, and so on tip to 300 bushels. The 300 bushels proved too much for the wheat, but did not injure the land permanently. He concluded that the best results came where he applied 150 bushels per acre, measured after it was slacked. Now what were the results? Forty bushels of good plump wheat per acre on all the land right through that he experimented on, on the average. His last crop had been seven bushels. He had raised as high as twelve. Next he put in fifty acres of wheat on land where he had applied 150 bushels per acre of lime right through on all of it. Kesult, 1,725 bushels of wheat that weighed G4 pounds to the measured bushel. Mr. Frain soon paid for his farm and bought another, and he told us that if he had not used some money to buy blooded stock, he could now pay all up for the second farm. He said that now nearly every farmer within three miles of him was burning and spreading lime. He has limestone on "his land. It is limestone soil. He does not be lieve in drawing out the lime and put ting it in small piles, as is frequently done with both lime and manure. You get too much where the pile is, and can never afterward spread it as evenly as you could right from the wagon. He spreads with a manure spreader, with a lime hood on, to prevent the wind from blowing it all over. This hood comes down within six inches or so of the ground. The lime is put in a great pile, thousands of bushels of it. He said he had a large pile that had stood since May. As it slacks on the outside he draws it away and spreads it. Mr. 1 . says always put it on the surface, as it will work down fast enough, that is, spread it on land after plowing, and not just before plowing, so it will be plowed down. The practice which he particularly ad vised, however, was to put the lime on young clover (same as I do manure). When asked whether he would apply manure in connection with it he re plied, "No, never." Put the manure on some other time. He said that it would do very well to put lime on sod in the fall, and plow the next spring. The lime would then work down through the soil before plowing, and so would not be turned down when one plowed, but every time he re peated that the best results would come from putting on young clover. Nearly all farmers here agree that it is useless to put lime on bare, run down, poor land. There should be a sod or some vegetable matter plowed down with it. Mr. Davis said he had thrown away hundreds of dollars worth of clover seed, trying to make something out of clover before he be gan liming, Plow under a good sod, spread lime, harrow, sow wheat and clover seed, and then it would grow. He uses only about 40 to 50 bushels per acre of slacked lime. This gives him the desired result. Perhaps itwill not hist as long as 150 bushels per acre, but he thinks better to put on less and more often, if necessary. Farmers' Re view. 1'otato Cultivation. It may, we think, be safely asserted that among the crops grown upon the average western farm the potato is the most haphazard as to results. Some years when fall comes the potato field discloses a rich harvest of plump tub ers. Again there is glorious promise of a full crop; the "vines" grow rank and green, the stems are thick and healthy, but behold! when the crop is lifted it proves a disappointing assort ment of little undeveloped tubers or scabby potatoes. As a general rule the good potato crop is a result of proper season and newly turned clover sod rather than the farmer's skill or attention: but there seems no good reason why at least a profitable crop of tubers should not be grown every 3 ear by every farmer, floods and frosts, of course, excepted. We arc aware that this is somewhat hard on the farmer, but we speak from experi ence and know that the assertion is not exaggeration. Let us sec what is the method of potato cultivation usually practiced by the farmer that does not make a specialty of the business. With such men the potato is raised for fam ily use only and so as with the case with the kitchen garden unless "the woman" attends to it the potatoes are planted after the other crops are got into the land in good season and shape. Very often the potatoes are planted upon the headland of the corn field after it has been pretty well compacted by the feet of horses. Then the tubers are planted in hills as far apart as the corn hills and ten chances to one the half of them are either obliterated or retarded by the trampling of horses when turning upon the headland or are left a prey to the festive potato bug. We have seen fair . iJicv iu mu crops of potatoes produced in this way, but more often we have, seen much land wasted and but poor returns in crop, l ins is one common way of rais ing the family supply of potatoes, so that it is little wonder that the statis tics place the average farm production of potatoes at such a low figure. Rut there is another common way of grow ing potatoes "down on the farm" and it is no better to say the least of it. We refer to the plan of plowing land in spring and planting the sets in the side of a furrow, then turning a fur row on top. It is expected that the horses will not tramp upon any of the "s ets:" it is also expected that they will not kick any of the seed out" of place, but the expectations do not pan ' out well and we nnd that a most un- even crop results. In one part ' of the row the plants are crowded too much, while in others the plants are too far apart to be economical. Rut this is not the only trouble, for we must un- derslaLd that the tuber is buried deep in some places, too shallow in , others, and here and there lies with yn immense hard clod resting heavily i uijuu ib vet utcuiu" iu uc ucuciraicu bwore the tender sprouts can see day-L jigui. in snort; it is simpiy impossiDie to plant potatoes evenly in this way,nor I is it possible to supply them with the mellow deep bed of friable loam in I v. hich they most delight and succeed, j This is, of course,most true of potatoes planted upon spring-plowed sod, but is j also more or less true of even 1 spring plowed corn or stubble land. I Years ago, when the land was very rich, the potato would succeed fairly well under almost any circumstances, "but times and conditions are changed since then, and now potatoes can only be profitably grown where the best possible conditions are furnished. In a few words, it may be stated that the actual necessities required for success ful potato culture are as follows: I. Pure, hardy, strong seed, suited to the district. 2. Rich, mellow, warm, well 'd rained soil, not newly manured. 3. Abundant moisture, retained by con stant surface culture. 4. Careful destruc tion of insect pests. 5. Spraying in districts where disease of the vines has appeared. Farmers'. Review. A Future Wheat Era. The world wUl probably have swung round its annual circuit of vastness thirty or forty times before the era of which we now speak shall have set in; but the time will come when the peo ple of the United States wiU be com pelled to import as many millions of bushels of wheat as they now export in order to supply the wants of their teeming millions, says Montreal "Trade Hulletin." At the present ratio of increase in the population of the United States, that country will have stopped exporting wheat within the next thirty or forty years, owing to its augmented food requirements, and the wants of the United Kingdom will likewise have shown a tremendous increase as well as those of Germany and probably France within the same period. It would not be at all surpris ing if a great future war arose out 1 of rivalry I etween the great wheat con suming nations, in their anxiety to se cure the great outside wheat resources of Asia, Africa and South America, and in view of the great food question of the future England would be the veriest madcap to dream of ever relin quishing her hold on Egypt, as that country is her only safe road to India, which is destined to become the great est wheat producing country in the world, llindostan as a grower of wheat in the future will be worth more to England than "all the wealth of Ormuz or of Ind" has been to her in the past. Growing Navy Beans. If you are looking about for a new money crop with which to experiment next year, possibly with the view of growing less wheat and more of some other thing that pays better, let us suggest that you try navy beans. While this is a crop that can be grown with some success even on indifferent land,do not think that you must select the worst field on your farm for it Plow deep, manure heavily, and pul verize thoroughly before putting in the seed. A mistake is very often made with this crop through putting it in too soon. Some practice planting at the same time as corn, but this is too early, as it then ripens in very hot weather and is apt to suffer severely from the weevil. They should not be planted until the middle or latter part of June, and this time has the additional advantage of not intruding upon the planting time of the other crops. They should have good culti vation as soon as up, and then con tinuously until the pods begin to form, but not after that, as there is then danger that the soil will discolor the beans. They may be cut with a mower, though some prefer hand pull ing. 1 he harvesting should be done as quickly as possible after the crop is ripe, as exposure to rains will soon de preciate its value. The threshing may be done by machine, or by hand if the crop is small. With the same land and the same cultivation the crop should be nearly as large as the wheat yield would be, and one has but to compare the market reports to see which is tho more profitable. Scabby Potatoes. Last spring a few Early Rose pota toes were planted in the garden here, near where potatoes were planted last year, and where a quantity of fresh horse manure was applied this year, says J. S. Tibbetts in "Michigan Farmer." A small handful of strong wood ashes was put into each liiil be- 1 cases of h.g weakness will be material fore the seed was dropped in. 1 here 1 jy reduced. Ex. was a goon yieia 01 large, smooiu potatoes, free from scab. Some forty rods distant Snow Flakes were planted on ground where no potatoes had ever been planted before, nor any very near them. No manure was applied, nor any ashes, and yet the potatoes are very scabby. The men who dug the potatoes say there were lots of potato bugs in the hills sticking to the pota toes, where no ashes was (or were, which is it?) applied, while none were seen where the ashes had been applied. Now, whether the bugs are Uiecauheof the scab, as they believe, may be an open question: but there can be no question as to the value of wood ashes for the potato. Let the potato growers try the ash remedy another year and report results; but be sure to keep the weeds and bugs out Dkmaxd foi: Wiikat. The European wheat demand is still of that negative sort that turned away from this coun try by the offerings of cheaper wheat from other exporting countries. The result is that the present market is of that discouraged sort quite common in February. The discouragements and low prices are companions now as al ways. People are inquiring why there should be discouragement to investors at these low figures now prevailing. When wheat is below the cost of pro duction it would not seem that the su perabundance should enter so largely into the calculation, but it is now as always, a powerful element in the cal culation. Fears possess the minds of traders. Larger than common stocks in Argentine, offerings from India and Russia with Australia and minor ex porters pressing limited quantities upon the attention of western Europe have created a demoralization that gives way but feebly to the rays of hope that peer indistinctly through the cloud rifts. Market Record. Wheat Exports. Wheat has been exported, since the establishment of the government, in small quantities for many years, and mostly in the form of flour. In the ten years from 1S25 to 183."i, the exports were equivalent to 50,209,212 bushels, of which 20,4G.,520 was the equivalent of wheat in flour. In the next ten years there was little increase, the exports amounting to only 56.027,817 bushels. For these . :j. . "SZtZL J -" .11 .? ' than five millions per annum was exported, j'et this was per cent of the production. Then the movement began to accele rate. In five years more, to li50, the exports were 71,t)0S,7S5; tolS55, S2,194, .i45; to 1800, 117,01)0.013. In thirty-five years the aggregate was only 378,340, 302 bushels, or less than has" been ex ported in two and a half ygars of .the present quinquennial period. Then. followed a movement of greatly in- movement of greatly m- creased volume, and io five years, under the stimulus of wait there was pernor claims to nave maae a uiscovery sent abroad 2:.T,09.-,,r.T2bushels. A which will revolutionize the textile m ohnnrr,. nkn noouro-ri in t.l.- fnrm f ' dustry. He asserts that he is able to -..- ..-" uwv..w - ---w -v.- w t shipment, tor i.i:..."J,.," was in gram and 08.788,005 in flour, but in 1875. when the volume of exportation for iift years was 1.002,425,747 bushels, more than half of it. or 547,31 1.535,had been in the manufactured form. A Mii.k J it.. Not the ingenuity of the yankee.but that of an Englishman, has invented the long-looked-for milk jug, which can be used by every family, and discloses the purity of the milk it contains as unerring as a chem ist's analysis. It is aptly named the 'Telltale" and is made of strong glass, marked off in quarter, half,three-quar-ters and one pint measures. To test m -.........-. the quality, exactly a pint or a half pint must'be allowed to stand until the cream rises; the thickness of the cream shows the quality of the milk t by means of marks on the glass at stated intervals: respectively, ' "avftrarre." "pood'" and "verv crood.'" With milk of a very poor quality the I cream will not reach even the "aver-' age" mark. The Plant a Bi.ossm. The Malayan pennisnla is the home of an extraor dinary botanical curiosity in the shape of a flower which is simply a blossom without leaves, vine or stem and which grows as a parasite on decaying wood, etc. It is known to the natives by a name equivalent to a "wonder-wonder." This extraordinary flower-like growth is sometimes as much as three feet in diameter, with a elobular cen tral cup having a capacity of .-.bout ' five to seven quarts. J ins cup distills a fetid liquid with an odor similar to that of decaying meat. Botanists be lieve that the cdor is calculated to at tract flies and secure proper fertilisation. 0ttlti2 gari Hen Lice. They find a rich feeding ground upon the bodies of the fowls. They breed in filth, swarm under boards and sticks, and spread to every crack and crevice of the poultry house, writes A. D. War ner in "Business Hen." Lice irritate the bodies of the fowls, exhaust their vitality and diminish the egg yield. How shall we prevent the ravages of the pests? First, by riever letting them get into the poultry house. Keep the building scrupulously clean. We never let the stables go day by day without cleaning. Why should the poultry house be allowed to go dirty, until the owner is compelled to remove the heapsof filth in order to get into the building? Trash and droppings ought not to accumulate upon the floor of a building. The platform under the roosts forms an excellent harbor for vermin, unless cleaned often. A sprinkling of air-slaked lime upon the roosts is good against the vermin, but land plaster is better for the manure. It is almost impossible to keep lice out of a poultry house made of old sticks, rails, old boards, etc, apparently thrown together in a careless hit-or-miss fashion; but a substantial, well built house can be made practically vermin proof, if all flat surfaces, sides and roof are lined with tar paper, and a good coat of whitewash is put each year upon the exposed wood sur faces, care being taken to work the brush into all cracks. Brushing the roosts with kerosene gives additional security. Sometimes, in spite of all precautions, vermin appears in quanti ties upon hens, then it becomes neces sary to sulphur each one or fill the feathers full of Persian in.scct powder, by using the bellows made for that purpose. Why do young chickens die? Although overfeeding, underfcedirg, dampness, tind neglect by the hen threaten a young chicken, one of the prime causes of sudden drooping, loss of appetite and death is the presence of numerous large, lively lice upon the body. The lice fatten wonderfully, while the chicken grows rapidly poor as its vitality is impaired; and even after the enemies arc destroyed it is. difficult, and often impossible, to bring" the little thing to a healthy state. Insect powder will stave off their rav ages, but grease applied under the wings will most effectually get rid of them. If the mites are upon the chicks they are upon the hen also. It is a good plan to mix insect powder with the grease. In addition to this, let the hen coops be frequently moved to clean places. Chicks i.v Bnoonr.is-J. A great mis take in raising chicks in brooders is that the floors are usually too warm, the result being leg weakness, and the chicks that are down become trampled bj' those that move about under the brooder. All the losses of chicks seem to occur at night, which is proof that whatever destroys them does its work at that time. The chicks are appar ently healthy, and go under the brood ers in good condition, but in the morn ing quite a number are found dead. The warmth should be over the chicks, not under them. Earth floors are the best, which should be covered with cut straw or hay. If this is done the chicks will not only rest easier at night and remain quiet until morning, but the l'isnvrxT Diskask. To ward off dis ease in the poultry house is a simple matter, and in consequence for some people it is very difficult. If you feed nothing but sound, wholesome food, keep the quarters clean and free from vermin, give warmth and sunlight without foul air, disease will pass by and go to your neighbor, who does not take these precautions. Medicine is a thing which should never be needed about a well regulated poultry estab lishment. Prevention is vastly better than cure, because a sick fowl is an ex ceedingly difficult thing to cure. Ex. Quautkrs fok Chicks. Ondirtlloors we can take off several inches of the surface rich in fertilizing material and replace it with fresh earth: but do not put chicks on ground floors: board are the best, as they will not then pick up the germs that make the worms in their throats that cause gapes. Roard floors or smoothly, closely mown lawns are the best for the young chicks to run on, as a preventive of this disease. CccoiiiKits. For at least .1,000 years the cucumber has been cultivated in India. De Candolle prophesied in 185.". that it would ba foji'nd growing wild in the northwest of India, and sure enough it was so found, being the first wild variety known. The ancient Greeks and Latins cultivated the cu cumber, but no trace has been found of its presence in ancient Egypt. A Chinksk Mexi-. A Chinese man darin has forwarded the following menu of a banquet given at l'ekin to the foreign diplomatists: First came four classic dishes, namely, swallow nests with pigeon eggs, shark fins with crabs, dog fish with wild duck, duck and cauliflower; then succeeded deli cacies served in cups placed before each guest; swallow nests, shark fins plain morils, vegetables, mushroomu with duck feet, fried partridge, pigeon in slices; then there appeared four dishes, namely, ham in honey, a 7nrc of peas, vegetables and dog fish: four side dishes, hariot cheese with bamboo buds (a kind of asparagus), roots of bamboo, chicken, shell fish; four hors d'u'uvres in duplicate: ham and chicken, fish and gizzard, pork tripe and vermicelli, duck and pork cutlets. Each guest had also placed before him plates of almonds, pistachio paste, pears and oranges. Finally, the fol lowing were the roast and boiled meats: Sucking pig, roast duck, boiled chicken, boiled pork. There was a profusion of European and Chinese wines. No opium was smoked, for official China is not yet reconciled to the drug which it owes to the Hast In dia company. , ., . ,, ri:,MM. imhiii. a Hungarian m- . - spin ordinary wood pulp or cellulose into yarn, from which all sorts of textile tissues can be made in the ordi nary way. equaling in appearance, durability and fastness of color the best cotton goods. The method is not only applicable to cellulose, but also to ever3' sort of short librou-. material for instanc1, rags sera if cf cotton and linen goods. The fiber whether aper pulp or textile refuse, can be dyed be fore being spun into yarn, so that the dyeing of the woven material k not necessary. A .Monkey's Mjxi. The monkey's intelligence ha neTer been able to ar rive at a point which enables that ani mal to achieve the untying of a knot. You may see a monkey with a cord fastened with the simplest form of common knot, and unless the beast can break the string or gnaw it in two he will never get loose. To untie the knot requires observation and reas ing power, and though a monkey n on- raay possess both ne nas neither in a su in dent degree to enable him to overcome the difficulty. A Rrazilian recently saved his life Iiy carrying a roll of 100 pound notes in side his vest when a bullet came that way. Yet there are people who neg lect so simple a precaution. Tid Bits. Puck: Not implicated. Judge Was there no policeman about when your fruit-stand was robbed? Antonio Oh ya, plenta policeman; but dej- rob not so much as thisa man. "Judge," said the tramp, "just look at me. I'm a picture of despair, judge. "So I see," said the judge, "and I'd gladly hang you, but the law won't let me." r Wvw Kw-...VWV...kcA kVA ISc, I pconomy i 1 snail De and ! of finer l ! ROYAL BAKING POWDER CO. 55S Ilia Song: of Hope. Philadelphia Record: A well known man of business in this city is noted for his remarkably cheerful disposition. Though he has suflered financial dis aster more than once, his bonhommie has carried him through without a wrinkle. Asked to explain how he managed to retain so much Mark Tap ley philosophy through every crisis, he replied: "Wheu I was a young man in busi ness my disposition was quite different. Though I was provided with everything doirable, the least set back caused me excessive worry and once, thinking my firm was on the verge of failure, I re solved upon self destruction. Early one morning after a sleepless night I started out toward the river, brooding deeply upon my troubles. I happened to look up and saw an old rag picker going cheerfully about his work, hum ming 'Pop Goes the Weasel.' I stopped and turned back. The contrast be tween his condition and disposition and mine left a lasting impression and I have hummed that same care-dispelling air at intervals ever since."' State of Ohio, Citt of Toledo, ) Lucas County, f Frank J. Cuexet makes oath that he Is the senior partner of the firm of F. J. CnnsBT & Co., doing: business in the city of Toledo, County and State aforctaid, and that suld tlrm will pay the sum of ONE HUNDRED DOL LARS for each and every case of Catakku that cannot be cured by the use of Hall's Catarrh Cube. FRANK J. CHENEY. Sworn to before me and subscribed In my presence, this 6th day of December, A. D. I880. j seai. I A. W. GLEASON, Notary Public Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally and act9 directly on the blood and niucoii9 sur faces of the system. Send for testimonial, free. F. J. CHENEY &, CO., Toledo, O. iy Sold by Druggists, 75c Oueer Place fur :i Kiier. Morning Orgonian: While digginga well on the farm of John Walters, near Harline, Douglas county, Wash., the workmen, at a depth of seventy-six feet, detected a hollow, answering sound to the blows of the pick. Tap ping the side of the wall, they broke into a cavern, with a good-sized stream of water flowing along its bed. lhey entered the space for ten or twelve feet, but declined to explore the sub terranean hall anj- further. The stream was easily diverted into the well, and Mr. Walters will have an inexhaustible supply of pure running water. The course of the stream was not parallel with the ravine in which the well was being sunk, but crossed it at almost right angles. Unique Work-Tahle. Among the novelties for home adorn ment is a unique work-table, which is a simple home-made affair, originated by the makes and owner. An oblong top piece rests securely on a broom-handle tripod. A flat cover of cream chintz, strewn over with daisies, is fitted over the top. A straight picee of the chintz, fourteen inches in depth, is sewed to the top and forms the foun dation of several large pockets, which are shirred on. One large pocket is for work. On one eorner hangs a bow of yellow ribbon, to which is attached, by means of baby ribbons, needle-book, scissors, emery and a tiny bag for thim ble. On top of the table is a small, fancy tray for buttons, etc., and a pin Mii.sliiin. 1.410 IJUS. FOTATOKS 1'KK ACRE. This astonishing yield was reported by Abr. Halin. of Wisconsin, but Sal zer's potatoes always get there. The editor of the Rural New Yorker reports a yield of 730 bushels and S pounds per acre from one of Salzer's early potatoes. Above 1,410 bushels are from Salzer's new seedling Hundred fold. His new early potato. Lightning Express, has a record of s03 bushels per acre. He offers potatoes as low as 52.50 a barrel, and the best potato planter in the world for but S2. ir Von Will Cut Thin Out and Sand It. with 0c postage to the John A. Salzer Seed Co., La Crosse, Wis., you will re ceive free his mammoth potato cata logue and a package of sixteen-day "Get There. P:ii.'' raoish. w Medicinal V"s-s of tCggK. For burns and scalds there is nothing more soothing than the white of an !;(;, which may be poured over the wound. It is softer as a varnish for a burn than collodion, and. being always on hand, can be applied immediately. It is also more cooling than "sweet oil and cot ton" which was formerly supposed to be the surest appplieation to allay the smarting pain. It is the contact with the air which gives the extreme dis comfort experienced from ordinary in cidents of this kind, and anything which excludes airand prevents inflam mation is the best thing to be at once applied. The eg' is also considered one of the very best remedies for dysentery. Beaten up lightly, with or without sugar, and swallowed at a gulp it tends by its emolient qualities lo lessen the inflammation of the stomach and intes tines, and by forming a transient coat ing on these organs to enable nature to assume her healthy sway over the dis eased body. An egs; taken like an oyster, with pepper and vinegar, has been known to he retained on the stomach when every thing else had failed. Washington's Magazine. Hanson 3Iagic Corn Salve." Warranto! tocureor rr.in' rWuritifU. Ask your druggist for it. Iric-13 1 eat.-. The more you whitewash a man the ir.or will he need to be washed white. Our acts make or mar children of our own deeds. us: we are tht ,MMMMMMM,M,M,M,M,MMfcMM,Ma,Mfc,fr,,MMI,,Mlt,MaiMMMMIIMMMlMMMiMlej t --, FOR SORENESS OR STIFFNESS FROM GOLD. USE- ST. JACOBS OIL. IT RELAXES, SOOTHES, HEALS, CURES. THOMPSON, BELDEN & CO., WE ABE SHOWING OCR NEW SPRING STOCK OF PRY GOOPS requires that in all receipts baking powder, Royal Baking usea. it win go rurtner 1 make the food lighter, sweeter, ft wholesome. avor ana more v S 3T Si 106 WALL ST. NEW-YORK About Sleep. If I mistake not, Sir James Crichton Rrowne, in the course of a recent ad dress, remarked upon the curious elas ticity of our brain as regards sleep. He cited the case of people who rarely slept well or much, and who, neverthe less, are able to carry on intellectual wor: with ease and ability. 1 suppose there is a "habit" of brain in this matter of sleep as in other re spects, and while, ordinarily, we de mand a fair quantum of absolute rest. some of us contrive, as a habit, to iret along witn a minimum ot somnolent repose. This subject was lately called to mind when I happened to be dining alone with a well known surgeon in busy practice My friend is a man who, like myself, journeys over the length and breadth of the land. He had just returned from a long and tedious journey, tired and fagged. He sat down to dinner. Re -. tween the course he fell sound asleep, let us i s.ay, for three minutes-not more certainly. After each nap he woke up, uie ills 'luuiiium, .tun yvuuii ii iy.iii. into slumber. I said nothing, but watched him closely. 1 observed that after each awakening he grew brighter, the tired look disappeared, and by the time that dinner was at an end Rich ard was himself again. I joked him on his installments of sleep. His reply was characteristic. "Don't you know," said he, "that it isn't a long sleep which is needed to refresh an active brain? Xerve tissue is repaired easily with very little sleep if you also take food. " j Of my own experiejufe ther remark holds good; and it reveals a very.cnri ous and in some' respects anomalous condition of the brain and its -vavs. Marrying Her Dautclitem to Indian.. A woman named Plumber, out in the Osage country, is proving herself a gen nine Napoleon of finance. Within the past year she has married off four grown daughters, all to Osage Indians, and as soon as a divorce suit which she has pending against her husband is de cided she will take to her heart a red- blanketed member of that tribe. Every member of the Osage tribe is wortli j 815,030 in cash and possesses nearly 2,00!) acres of land, and theie women now become full members of the tribe and are entitled to their full share of the funds. After readiner tho following letters can any ! ono longer doubt that a trustworthy remedy lor tnat terribly ratal malady, consumption, has at last been found? If theso letters bad been written by your best known and most esteemed neighbors they could be no mora worthy of your confidsneo than they now are, coming, as they do, from well known, intelligent and trustworthy citizens, who, in their sevoral neighborhoods, enjoy tho fullest confidence and respect of all who know them. K. C. McLJn, Esq., of Kempsyflle, Princess Anno Co., Va,, whose portrait heads this article, writes : " When I commenced tak ing Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery I was very low with a cough and at times spit up much blood. I was not able to do tho least work, but most of tho timowas.in bod. I was all nut down, very weak'my head was dizzy and f was extremely despon dent. The first bottle I took didnot seem to do me much good, but I hadTaith in it nnd continued Using it ubHTI had taken fifteen bottles and now I do not look nor feel like the saints man I was one year ago. People are astonished and say. 'well, last year this tiaio I would not have thought that you would be living now.' I can thank fully say I am entirely cured of a. disease which, but for yoar wonderful 'Discovery' would have resulted in my death."' Even when the predisposition to consump tion is inherited, it may'bs eured, as verified by tho following from" a most truthful and much rsTeete.l C'aaadian lady, ilrs. Thomas Vaiisicklm. of Brighton. Out. She writes " I have long felt it my duty to acknowledge , to vom what Dr. Pierce's Golden Jledical , Discovery and his 'Pleasant Pellets' have 1 dono for me. They almost raised me from the grave. I had three broiners ana one sister die of consumption and I was spocdily following after them. I had severe eough. pain, copious expectoration and other tdcr-ninz symptoms and my friends all 1 thought I had but a few month3 to live. At that time I was persuaded to try the 'Golden lediral Discovery' end tho first bottle ted like mope. "Of course, I continued on vith the medicino and as a result I gained ' rapidly in strength, ily friends were aston- OMAHA. NE8. If you cannot come send for Samples. We deliver goods ordered by mail to your nearest express office. v w &; 0 ! i I calling for Powder a 1 It Made No UifTeretir. Kate Field tells a story of a man and woman who were horribly seaside cross ing the channel. The stewardess found them sitting together on the deck, the woman leaning back with ilosed eyes and the man's head resting on lser shoulder. "Your husband seems to feel even worse than you do,' said the stewardess sympathetically. The sick woman opened her eyes and glanced at her fellow sufferer with a sort of des pairing indifference. Then site gas-ped as sue eiosett Her eves wearily airau: "lies not my husband 1m sure I don t !know who he is." Argonaut J Ike hams Phj., will, in futiuv. for t.io , I uited State-., le covered with a .uicklv ' M,,ublc' 1'Iunt coat ins:. 25 cent, a I. ' . scheme That Fniie.l j .., he:ir that sjanimerbv and his wife I ..,.; ,n ,.i ,, ,):,.,;,. ui,.., ... i&v ;- A-v.iwavb,v , v j the trouble?'' "Incompatibility of tem per. ou see, they made an agreement , .vhen thev were wrtfd that tlu.v sh, . never both gct angry at the same t lould ime. The result is that instead of both get ting mad at once and fighting it out, one or the other is angry all the tune, I and they don't have any happy mo ments at all. Tested hy Time. For Bronchial affec tions. Coughs, et, Bkown's Bi.oxcuml. Tkochei have turned their efficacy by a test of many years. I'riie .5 cts. An Artitt in Sand. A curious sight in the streets of Tokio is to see an old man seated on a smooth piece of ground having around him little nih. ctf s:mil nf .lilForj'iit. jl.ir. nl .., . , ' blue, yellow, black, et Placing a pinch from each pile in his right hand, he will draw on the smooth ground the figure of a man or woman, the dress all properly eolored. by the sand trickling through his lingers. It is done with great rapidity and shows remarkable dexterity. Shlloti'a CoBiamptlnn Cure Iol on :. guarant. It -urr. Im-ipi-rit rniinij. turn. It is lite U-ktCough Cure. Wti.:Oel.t ..U1 Mr. Quiverful What was Tommy ciying for this morning? Mrs. .Juiver fti! Because I wouldn't let him iro swimming in the canal. Mr. Onlver . fill What is he crying for now? Mrs. j 'Quiverful I've just told him to go and ' take a batl:. .shed. When I commenced the n of your medicines, six years ago, I weighed but 120 pounbi and was sinking rapidly. I now weigh 135, and my health continues perfect.'1 "Golden Medical Discovery" cures con sumption (which is scrofula of the lungs), by its wonderful blood-purifying, invigorat ing and nutritive properties. For weak lungs, spitting of blood, shortness of breath, nasal catarrh, bronchitis, severe coughs, asthma, and kindred affections, it is a sov ereign remedy. While it promptly cures the severest coughs, it strengthens the system end purifies tho blood. "Golden Medical Discovery" does not make fat people more corpulent, but for thin, pale, puny children, as well n3 for adults reduced in flesh, from any cause, it is tho greatest flesh-builder known to medical science. Nasty cod liver oil and its " emulsions," are not to be compared with it in efficacy. It rapidly builds up the system, and increases tho soM flesh and weight of those reduced below tho usual standard of health by " wasting diseases." To fci ace up the entire system after the grip, pneumonia, fevers, andother prostrat ing scute diseases ; to build up needed flesh and strength, and to restore health nnd vigor when you feel " run-down " and " -ised-up " tho best thing iu the wor.d is Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery. It promotes all the bodily functions, rouse3 every organ into healthful action, purities and enriches tho blood, and through it cleanser, repairs, and invigorates the entire system. A Treatise on Consumption, giving numer ous testimonials with phototype, or half-tone, portraits of those cured, numerous refer ences, also containing successful Home Treat ment for chronic nasal catarrh, bronchitis, asthma, and kindred diseases, will be mailed by the World's Dispensary Medical Associa tion of Buffalo, N. Y., on receipt of six cents in stamps, to pay postage. Or The People's Common Sense Medical Adviser. 1,000 pages, 200 illOBtrationa, mailed for 11.90. W. L. DOUOr.AS A SHOE equals custom work, costing from 4 to $6, best value for the money in inc T7ona. A.mc ana price stamped on the bottom. Ecry ifcn-.1rlP-lir warranted. T ake no substi. SyaarfljLtute. See local papers for full ue--cnpiion 01 our complete lines tor ladies and cn- W,I-lJ-3UtflTTt--i:---fV la lira e d Catalri'n, b , ". in- utbt muK"n""" how to or. tunrVi.JiMan) siructions derbvmii!. Postage free. You can get the best WEWTS HMKES5 a Ptygf HV?.? hcum ic. to fuiu iu a ouua. Sample pot4 paid. FrM. rO&SHKE KA1U9, CtecinnaU, Ohio. W. i. 7. Omvahm 14. 18i. fjLtSSsQl "". V ' r'' Wbu Aaswerlng AdYrtlainnU Kindly XtMUoa tfcla fttw.