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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (April 11, 1894)
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Seamless GiriUet. Care In Breathing.
"We Insert the following article on Comparatively few people pay much
camless garment taken from the if any attention to their breathing,
Housekeeper hoping it may benefit says a writer in Cottage Hearth. They
ome of our friends in their efforts at generally regard this as one of the
home dressmaking: j automatic movements of the body, like
The corset covers and children's slips, the beating of the heart and circula
and the almost seemless skirts, save so tion of the blood, which in a healthy
much time, and are so much more easily j body regulate themselves without tak
fitted by the home dressmaker, that, ing thought about them. If men and
they are very popular. The corset 'women were each day employed at
cover may be cut from these directions, ' work in the open air, that will exer
to fit any sized form. cise the muscles of arms, shoulders,
Take a piece of muslin as wide as the and the upper portion of their bodies,
measurement from the side of the neck ' this carelessness about breathing may
. to the waist, and as long as the bust' do little harm. To work will compel
measurement taken loosely. These
.. .-... - it. -
.-garments wear better, if the muslin is
used lengthwise, instead of across. Pin
the middle of the long side to the mid
dle of the dress waist at the back. Put
another pin at the neck in the middle,
and see that it is smooth all the way
-up. Pin it along the shoulder seams
down the back of the arm and cut out
the neck and that part of the armhole
is fitted. Pin and cut under the arm
the same way. Pin it around the waist
to the front, and up the front, but do
not draw it tijrht.
Cut out, leave good
turnings, in the front and on the
shoulders. The front will be bias, but
itttrill not strotrli All t.lio finishing
needed is a bias facing all the wav
around. It may be cut low or high in
the neck, square or round, or a fancy
yoke may be put in the front.
For children's nightdresses, pin the
muslin to the back of the neck, if you
want them to fasten in front, pin two
tiny pleats on each sice of the center,
and proceed as for the corset covers.
Iu this case the bottom and front will
be bias. It will be in the form of a cir
cular garment, and the extra fullness
allowed by the pleats may be pleated
in or gathered.
Abraham Lincoln was 0 feet 4'a
inches in height Talking with some
friends one da-, the subject under dis
cussion was how long a man's legs
ought to be. Mr. Lincoln said he had
given much thought to the matter and
had come to the conclusion that they
should be long enough to reach from
the body to the ground. Watchword.
Ask about the wonderful climate and
resources of Southern California. There
never was such and opportunity for
home seekers. For information regard
ing this section, address, J. A. Allison,
Brewster block, rjan Diego, California.
"Education should lead out, not force on.
Brings comfort and improvement and
tends to personal enjoyment when
rightly used. The many, who live bet
ter than others and enjoy life more, with
le.-s expenditure, by more promptly
adapting the world's best products to 4
the needs of physical being, will attest
the value to health of the pure liquid
laxative principles embraced in the
remedy, Syrup of Figs.
Its excellence is due to its presenting
in the form most acceptable and pleas
ant to the taste, the refreshing and truly
beneficial properties of a erfect lax
ative; effectually cleansing the system,
dispelling colds, headaches and fevers
ana permanently curing constipation.
It has given satisfaction to millions and
met with the approval of the medical
profession, because it acts on the Kid
neys, Liver and Bowels without weak
ening them and it is perfectly free from
everv objectionable substance.
Svrup of Figs is for sale by all druj
pists in f)0c and $i bottles, but it ia man
ufactured hvjna -aniorjua.rig oyrup
Co. oiiivjlvhosename printed on every
p.irk:ihalsp the nhrae6ynip of.Figs,
and LeingVvolI inarmed, J". wilhnoV
is never en
for a medi
s v 7 the Dooular-
1 ity among
little ones of
& OIIUI5 U
a preparation of cod-liver
oil almost as palatable as
milk. Many mothers have
grateful knowledge of its
benefits to weak, sickly
I't-i.-n-.l I., Scoit A TWn N. YT AlMrnrirt.
. ELY'S CATAHHl
Allays Pain and
Heals the Sores.
Senses of Taste
TRY THE CUBE. H A
A particle Is applied into each nostril and It
agtceable. ir: .i cor. nt Iruiarit!. or by mall.
KLV BUOTHKI5S . wnrrui&t.. Sew Tor.
M UlfftS WHrnr 11 H fails!
Kg Best Couet Syrup. TaateaGooJ. Vtc
Bt; in lime, Eotq try drocgraa.
Examination rsud Atiri r a to i'Man-abllltr of
tnivnuon. SVnd for lu i n-on. Cuide. or How 16 Get
il-atenf EtrESS 0TAKS1L. ITiaiSJTaT, S. C.
Ltak oc iBdlet, with photo aaS ml
dence muir -eery pretty and rich
troo ftaot to ntrt j.
iiflxiif old occ"s"oed by
-''" M.M.M. -XTMm. an Impure and Im
W"V poverbhed condi-
Slight impurities, if not corrected, develop into serious maladies.
555 Scrofula, Eczema, Rheumatism
and other troublesome diseases is required a safe and reliable
remedy purely vegetable. Such is S. S. S. It removes all im
purities from the Wood and thoroughly cleanses tho system.
Thousands of cases of the worst forms of blood diseases have been
Cured by S. S. S.
arorourXtMUJat.MatfrMtoaayaddraH SWIFT SFE&FK CO. Marti. Ga
the person doing it to take full breaths
' m , . i ., -.- -,. ..A
of fresh air, and this of itself is sufh
cient to trive the lunrs the natural ex
pansion that thev need. Hut there are ,
millions who do not work in the open
air, and a large part of these scarcely
exercise the upper parts of their bod
ies. For all such, attention to correct
breathing is the very first condition of
health, for upon deep, full breathing
must depend" the healthful beating of
the heart that is required to keep up
active circulation of the blood.
i ry ror ""i
In the .stillness of the nisht is sufficiently
startling. What if no aid be at hand or we
know not whence the cry comes? This is not
the ca-e with that nmto appeal made to the
resources of medical -.cieiiee, ever ready,
ever available by di-easo on every hand. A
prompt means of self help for the malarious,
the rheumatic, the dyspeptic, the bilious,
and persons troubled with Impending kid
ney complaints, is to be found in llostetter's
r-tomarh Hitters, an ever "present help in
time of trouble" for all sucli hapless indi
viduals. They should not delay a moment
In seeking itsnid. Experience has shown its
wide utility, the recommendation of emi
nent physicians everywhere sanction Its
use. Nervou-. thin, debilitated invalids
gain bodily substance and vigor iy a ourso
of this line iuvlgorant. which is eminent y
serviceable, also, to the aged and convales
cent. Amusing; the Children.
Have any of the mothers ever tried a
sand box for the children, asks a writer
in The Housekeeper. A box three or
four inches deep, full of clean sand will
afford amusement for many an hour.
Put in a shad3T corner of the back porch
in summer: or under a tree, or a sunny
corner of the porch in winter. My lit
tle boy has played by the hour, alone,
just out of my window, with his sand
in a large tin traj' which was originally
made to hold mv flower pots in the
house in the winter. Sometimes he
would have a tiny tin scoop or cup, and
fill his iron cars with coal, ore or build
ing material, according to his imagina
tion, and draw them on a track he
lay with wooden toothpicks. Again, a
little bucket and some shells, and he
was a summer visitor to the seashore.
When old enough a little water in the
sand allowed me to show him about the
mountains, lakes and rivers, and he
would make bridges and tunnels, and
build cities of blocks and chips His
little dresses were not much harmed by
the contact with the sand.
Methods of Amusing Rubles.
When my six-months'-old baby begins
to fret, and I have no time to stop my
work and take her up, 1 roll her cab up
to the table, take the bird cage from
its hook, and set it upon the table be
fore the little miss. This always proves
a plcasare to bird and babj- and gives
me often an hour or more to work or
rest. When she begins to tire of bird
ie's company, I set the clock (mine is a
small one) upon the table beside the
bird, and by the time baby has worn
off the novelty of this, I am ready to
take her up.
When my two-year-old boy begins to
hang to my dress, and want something.
ie hardly knows what, I say. -Let us
playschool or soldiers. bo 1 get the
clothespins they are the old fashioned
wooden ones, and a basket or box, such
as we get fruit in at the grocers. One
of the clothespins has a cap on, made
from a piece of red calico tied around the
neck with a white tie; this one is the
captain or teacher and, upon rare oc
casions, it is the mamma. The other
pins are pupils or mamma's "ittle boys
and dirls."' Hewillstick the pins along
the side of the basket or box, and finds
much pleasure in the arrangement and
re-arrangement of things to suit his
When this gets a little old, I take a
fancy basket from the mantle, and as
I place it upon a chair you see that it
is filled with pieces of plain colored
calico of every color I could find, cut
into squares, oblongs and angles of all
degrees. These he will lay or spread
upon the floor, and has already learned
the colors at sight, and noted the differ
ence in shape.
Billiard Tables, Fecond-hanil. For sale
cheap. Applv to or address. H. C. Akin,
oil S. 12th St., Omaha, Neb.
What Is It That Make Men Italcl?
National Barber: "What is it that
makes men bald?" the observer asked
"Wearing hats,' interposed a by
"I don't think so," said the barber.
"I know it looks that way often when
a man has no hair except below the
point where the hat touches. Hut I be
lieve men get bald because they think,"
"Women think and and they don't
often get bald."
"And very often men that think the
least grow bald the soonest."
"I know," persisted the barber, "but
you have got to allow for exceptions.
The men who get bald early are excep
tions, and I never knew a woman yet
who was-n't an exception to something."
As there was no woman in the party
the barber had the last word. His ar
gument was accepted as conclusive.
Coe's Cough llalum
I the oiliest and bes-t. H will break up a Cold quisle
er than aniUilns eke. It is always reliable. Try It.
A Jood Word for Hit. Motlier-iii-lntr.
A generous lady, hearing of a poor
family on Laural hill, packed a basket
and took a supply of moncv to relieve
their wants. he arrived near the lo-j
cation of the house and inquired of sev
eral where the poor family lived. Fi-1
nally she met a man, who said, "I don't '
know who you are looking for, but my
mother-in-law is powerful poor.' The
generous lady decided to seek no fur
ther, and obtaining the address of the
mother-in-law she called, found her des
titute and relieved her wants. Gorwich
(iu South "i ia tho Wabash. I
Tourists' tickets now on sn'e to a'.I j oiuts.
Hon.eseel.ers" tickets at half fare ou ex-'
cursion date-;. Ajril 1 th and Mavtb. For i
rates or folders giving full description of;
lands, climate. &e.. call at Wabash Ticket
office, No. 1.VK2 Farnam Street, or write '
Geo.N. Clayton. X. W. I. Agt..
It is stated that there are now in
the United States more than 303
mining companies making use in their
operations of electricit;- for light and
power. About one-third of the gross
amount of copper refined in this coun
try is now treated by electrolytic pro-
Use f Lime on .Land.
Theo. B. Terry of Ohio has lately
been in Pennsylvania "holding insti
tutes. In that state lime is more used
as a fertilizer than in any other, many
farmers who have lime-stone land
burning large quantities every year.
Of course Mr. Terry heard much about
lime in his talks with farmers, and he
writes in the "Practical Farmer" about
this subject, as discussed by Kev. I. S.
Frain of Clearfield and others. "When
Mr. Frain began using lime he experi
mented so as to find out just what
quantity he should apply per acre on
his farm. He had asked some one who
used it, and they said put on 100 bush
els; others said 200, and some told him
this amount would ruin his land and
crops, that he should only put on 40
or f0 bushels. Well, he applied 25
bushels on an acre for wheat, and 50
on another acre, 75 on a third, and so
on tip to 300 bushels. The 300 bushels
proved too much for the wheat, but
did not injure the land permanently.
He concluded that the best results
came where he applied 150 bushels per
acre, measured after it was slacked.
Now what were the results? Forty
bushels of good plump wheat per acre
on all the land right through that he
experimented on, on the average. His
last crop had been seven bushels.
He had raised as high as twelve.
Next he put in fifty acres of wheat
on land where he had applied
150 bushels per acre of lime right
through on all of it. Kesult, 1,725
bushels of wheat that weighed G4
pounds to the measured bushel. Mr.
Frain soon paid for his farm and
bought another, and he told us that if
he had not used some money to buy
blooded stock, he could now pay all up
for the second farm. He said that now
nearly every farmer within three miles
of him was burning and spreading
lime. He has limestone on "his land.
It is limestone soil. He does not be
lieve in drawing out the lime and put
ting it in small piles, as is frequently
done with both lime and manure. You
get too much where the pile is, and can
never afterward spread it as evenly as
you could right from the wagon. He
spreads with a manure spreader,
with a lime hood on, to prevent the
wind from blowing it all over. This
hood comes down within six inches or
so of the ground. The lime is put in a
great pile, thousands of bushels of it.
He said he had a large pile that had
stood since May. As it slacks on the
outside he draws it away and spreads
it. Mr. 1 . says always put it on the
surface, as it will work down fast
enough, that is, spread it on land
after plowing, and not just before
plowing, so it will be plowed down.
The practice which he particularly ad
vised, however, was to put the lime on
young clover (same as I do manure).
When asked whether he would apply
manure in connection with it he re
plied, "No, never." Put the manure
on some other time. He said that it
would do very well to put lime on sod
in the fall, and plow the next spring.
The lime would then work down
through the soil before plowing, and
so would not be turned down when
one plowed, but every time he re
peated that the best results would
come from putting on young clover.
Nearly all farmers here agree that it
is useless to put lime on bare, run
down, poor land. There should be a
sod or some vegetable matter plowed
down with it. Mr. Davis said he had
thrown away hundreds of dollars
worth of clover seed, trying to make
something out of clover before he be
gan liming, Plow under a good sod,
spread lime, harrow, sow wheat and
clover seed, and then it would grow.
He uses only about 40 to 50 bushels per
acre of slacked lime. This gives him
the desired result. Perhaps itwill not
hist as long as 150 bushels per acre,
but he thinks better to put on less and
more often, if necessary. Farmers' Re
view. 1'otato Cultivation.
It may, we think, be safely asserted
that among the crops grown upon the
average western farm the potato is the
most haphazard as to results. Some
years when fall comes the potato field
discloses a rich harvest of plump tub
ers. Again there is glorious promise
of a full crop; the "vines" grow rank
and green, the stems are thick and
healthy, but behold! when the crop is
lifted it proves a disappointing assort
ment of little undeveloped tubers or
scabby potatoes. As a general rule
the good potato crop is a result of
proper season and newly turned clover
sod rather than the farmer's skill or
attention: but there seems no good
reason why at least a profitable
crop of tubers should not be grown
every 3 ear by every farmer, floods and
frosts, of course, excepted. We arc
aware that this is somewhat hard on
the farmer, but we speak from experi
ence and know that the assertion is not
exaggeration. Let us sec what is the
method of potato cultivation usually
practiced by the farmer that does not
make a specialty of the business. With
such men the potato is raised for fam
ily use only and so as with the case
with the kitchen garden unless "the
woman" attends to it the potatoes are
planted after the other crops are got
into the land in good season and shape.
Very often the potatoes are planted
upon the headland of the corn
field after it has been pretty well
compacted by the feet of horses.
Then the tubers are planted in hills as
far apart as the corn hills and ten
chances to one the half of them are
either obliterated or retarded by the
trampling of horses when turning upon
the headland or are left a prey to the
festive potato bug. We have seen fair .
iJicv iu mu
crops of potatoes produced in this way,
but more often we have, seen much
land wasted and but poor returns in
crop, l ins is one common way of rais
ing the family supply of potatoes, so
that it is little wonder that the statis
tics place the average farm production
of potatoes at such a low figure. Rut
there is another common way of grow
ing potatoes "down on the farm" and
it is no better to say the least of it.
We refer to the plan of plowing land
in spring and planting the sets in the
side of a furrow, then turning a fur
row on top. It is expected that the
horses will not tramp upon any of the
"s ets:" it is also expected that they
will not kick any of the seed out" of
place, but the expectations do not pan
' out well and we nnd that a most un-
even crop results. In one part
' of the row the plants are
crowded too much, while in
others the plants are too far
apart to be economical. Rut this is
not the only trouble, for we must un-
derslaLd that the tuber is buried
deep in some places, too shallow in
, others, and here and there lies with
yn immense hard clod resting heavily
i uijuu ib vet utcuiu" iu uc ucuciraicu
bwore the tender sprouts can see day-L
jigui. in snort; it is simpiy impossiDie
to plant potatoes evenly in this way,nor
I is it possible to supply them with the
mellow deep bed of friable loam in
I v. hich they most delight and succeed,
j This is, of course,most true of potatoes
planted upon spring-plowed sod, but is
j also more or less true of even
1 spring plowed corn or stubble land.
I Years ago, when the land was very
rich, the potato would succeed fairly
well under almost any circumstances,
"but times and conditions are changed
since then, and now potatoes can only
be profitably grown where the best
possible conditions are furnished. In
a few words, it may be stated that the
actual necessities required for success
ful potato culture are as follows: I.
Pure, hardy, strong seed, suited to the
district. 2. Rich, mellow, warm, well
'd rained soil, not newly manured. 3.
Abundant moisture, retained by con
stant surface culture. 4. Careful destruc
tion of insect pests. 5. Spraying in
districts where disease of the vines has
appeared. Farmers'. Review.
A Future Wheat Era.
The world wUl probably have swung
round its annual circuit of vastness
thirty or forty times before the era of
which we now speak shall have set in;
but the time will come when the peo
ple of the United States wiU be com
pelled to import as many millions of
bushels of wheat as they now export
in order to supply the wants of their
teeming millions, says Montreal
"Trade Hulletin." At the present
ratio of increase in the population of
the United States, that country will
have stopped exporting wheat within
the next thirty or forty years, owing
to its augmented food requirements,
and the wants of the United Kingdom
will likewise have shown a tremendous
increase as well as those of Germany
and probably France within the same
period. It would not be at all surpris
ing if a great future war arose out 1
of rivalry I etween the great wheat con
suming nations, in their anxiety to se
cure the great outside wheat resources
of Asia, Africa and South America,
and in view of the great food question
of the future England would be the
veriest madcap to dream of ever relin
quishing her hold on Egypt, as that
country is her only safe road to India,
which is destined to become the great
est wheat producing country in the
world, llindostan as a grower of
wheat in the future will be worth more
to England than "all the wealth of
Ormuz or of Ind" has been to her in
Growing Navy Beans.
If you are looking about for a new
money crop with which to experiment
next year, possibly with the view of
growing less wheat and more of some
other thing that pays better, let us
suggest that you try navy beans.
While this is a crop that can be grown
with some success even on indifferent
land,do not think that you must select
the worst field on your farm for it
Plow deep, manure heavily, and pul
verize thoroughly before putting in
the seed. A mistake is very often
made with this crop through putting
it in too soon. Some practice planting
at the same time as corn, but this is
too early, as it then ripens in very hot
weather and is apt to suffer severely
from the weevil. They should not be
planted until the middle or latter
part of June, and this time has the
additional advantage of not intruding
upon the planting time of the other
crops. They should have good culti
vation as soon as up, and then con
tinuously until the pods begin to form,
but not after that, as there is then
danger that the soil will discolor the
beans. They may be cut with a
mower, though some prefer hand pull
ing. 1 he harvesting should be done
as quickly as possible after the crop is
ripe, as exposure to rains will soon de
preciate its value. The threshing may
be done by machine, or by hand if the
crop is small. With the same land and
the same cultivation the crop should
be nearly as large as the wheat yield
would be, and one has but to compare
the market reports to see which is tho
Last spring a few Early Rose pota
toes were planted in the garden here,
near where potatoes were planted last
year, and where a quantity of fresh
horse manure was applied this year,
says J. S. Tibbetts in "Michigan
Farmer." A small handful of strong
wood ashes was put into each liiil be- 1 cases of h.g weakness will be material
fore the seed was dropped in. 1 here 1 jy reduced. Ex.
was a goon yieia 01 large, smooiu
potatoes, free from scab. Some forty
rods distant Snow Flakes were planted
on ground where no potatoes had ever
been planted before, nor any very near
them. No manure was applied, nor
any ashes, and yet the potatoes are
very scabby. The men who dug the
potatoes say there were lots of potato
bugs in the hills sticking to the pota
toes, where no ashes was (or were,
which is it?) applied, while none were
seen where the ashes had been applied.
Now, whether the bugs are Uiecauheof
the scab, as they believe, may be an
open question: but there can be no
question as to the value of wood
ashes for the potato. Let the potato
growers try the ash remedy another
year and report results; but be sure to
keep the weeds and bugs out
Dkmaxd foi: Wiikat. The European
wheat demand is still of that negative
sort that turned away from this coun
try by the offerings of cheaper wheat
from other exporting countries. The
result is that the present market is of
that discouraged sort quite common in
February. The discouragements and
low prices are companions now as al
ways. People are inquiring why there
should be discouragement to investors
at these low figures now prevailing.
When wheat is below the cost of pro
duction it would not seem that the su
perabundance should enter so largely
into the calculation, but it is now as
always, a powerful element in the cal
culation. Fears possess the minds of
traders. Larger than common stocks
in Argentine, offerings from India and
Russia with Australia and minor ex
porters pressing limited quantities
upon the attention of western Europe
have created a demoralization that
gives way but feebly to the rays of
hope that peer indistinctly through
the cloud rifts. Market Record.
Wheat Exports. Wheat has been
exported, since the establishment of
the government, in small quantities
for many years, and mostly in the form
of flour. In the ten years from 1S25 to
183."i, the exports were equivalent to
50,209,212 bushels, of which 20,4G.,520
was the equivalent of wheat in flour.
In the next ten years there was little
increase, the exports amounting to
only 56.027,817 bushels. For these
. :j. .
"SZtZL J -" .11 .? '
millions per annum was exported, j'et
this was per cent of the production.
Then the movement began to accele
rate. In five years more, to li50, the
exports were 71,t)0S,7S5; tolS55, S2,194,
.i45; to 1800, 117,01)0.013. In thirty-five
years the aggregate was only 378,340,
302 bushels, or less than has" been ex
ported in two and a half ygars of .the
present quinquennial period. Then.
followed a movement of greatly in-
movement of greatly m-
creased volume, and io five years,
under the stimulus of wait there was pernor claims to nave maae a uiscovery
sent abroad 2:.T,09.-,,r.T2bushels. A which will revolutionize the textile m
ohnnrr,. nkn noouro-ri in t.l.- fnrm f ' dustry. He asserts that he is able to
-..- ..-" uwv..w - ---w -v.- w t
shipment, tor i.i:..."J,.," was in gram
and 08.788,005 in flour, but in 1875.
when the volume of exportation for
iift years was 1.002,425,747 bushels,
more than half of it. or 547,31 1.535,had
been in the manufactured form.
A Mii.k J it.. Not the ingenuity of
the yankee.but that of an Englishman,
has invented the long-looked-for milk
jug, which can be used by every
family, and discloses the purity of the
milk it contains as unerring as a chem
ist's analysis. It is aptly named the
'Telltale" and is made of strong glass,
marked off in quarter, half,three-quar-ters
and one pint measures. To test
the quality, exactly a pint or a half
pint must'be allowed to stand until
the cream rises; the thickness of the
cream shows the quality of the milk t
by means of marks on the glass
at stated intervals: respectively, '
"avftrarre." "pood'" and "verv crood.'"
With milk of a very poor quality the I
cream will not reach even the "aver-'
The Plant a Bi.ossm. The Malayan
pennisnla is the home of an extraor
dinary botanical curiosity in the shape
of a flower which is simply a blossom
without leaves, vine or stem and which
grows as a parasite on decaying wood,
etc. It is known to the natives by a
name equivalent to a "wonder-wonder."
This extraordinary flower-like
growth is sometimes as much as three
feet in diameter, with a elobular cen
tral cup having a capacity of .-.bout '
five to seven quarts.
J ins cup distills a
fetid liquid with an odor similar to
that of decaying meat. Botanists be
lieve that the cdor is calculated to at
tract flies and secure proper fertilisation.
They find a rich feeding ground upon
the bodies of the fowls. They breed
in filth, swarm under boards and sticks,
and spread to every crack and crevice
of the poultry house, writes A. D. War
ner in "Business Hen." Lice irritate
the bodies of the fowls, exhaust their
vitality and diminish the egg yield.
How shall we prevent the ravages of
the pests? First, by riever letting them
get into the poultry house. Keep the
building scrupulously clean. We
never let the stables go day by day
without cleaning. Why should the
poultry house be allowed to go dirty,
until the owner is compelled to remove
the heapsof filth in order to get into the
building? Trash and droppings ought
not to accumulate upon the floor of
a building. The platform under the
roosts forms an excellent harbor for
vermin, unless cleaned often. A
sprinkling of air-slaked lime upon the
roosts is good against the vermin, but
land plaster is better for the manure.
It is almost impossible to keep lice out
of a poultry house made of old sticks,
rails, old boards, etc, apparently
thrown together in a careless hit-or-miss
fashion; but a substantial, well
built house can be made practically
vermin proof, if all flat surfaces, sides
and roof are lined with tar paper, and
a good coat of whitewash is put each
year upon the exposed wood sur
faces, care being taken to work the
brush into all cracks. Brushing the
roosts with kerosene gives additional
security. Sometimes, in spite of all
precautions, vermin appears in quanti
ties upon hens, then it becomes neces
sary to sulphur each one or fill the
feathers full of Persian in.scct powder,
by using the bellows made for that
purpose. Why do young chickens die?
Although overfeeding, underfcedirg,
dampness, tind neglect by the hen
threaten a young chicken, one of the
prime causes of sudden drooping, loss
of appetite and death is the presence of
numerous large, lively lice upon the
body. The lice fatten wonderfully,
while the chicken grows rapidly poor
as its vitality is impaired; and even
after the enemies arc destroyed it is.
difficult, and often impossible, to bring"
the little thing to a healthy state.
Insect powder will stave off their rav
ages, but grease applied under the
wings will most effectually get rid of
them. If the mites are upon the
chicks they are upon the hen also. It
is a good plan to mix insect powder
with the grease. In addition to this,
let the hen coops be frequently moved
to clean places.
Chicks i.v Bnoonr.is-J. A great mis
take in raising chicks in brooders is
that the floors are usually too warm,
the result being leg weakness, and the
chicks that are down become trampled
bj' those that move about under the
brooder. All the losses of chicks seem
to occur at night, which is proof that
whatever destroys them does its work
at that time. The chicks are appar
ently healthy, and go under the brood
ers in good condition, but in the morn
ing quite a number are found dead.
The warmth should be over the chicks,
not under them. Earth floors are the
best, which should be covered with cut
straw or hay. If this is done the chicks
will not only rest easier at night and
remain quiet until morning, but the
l'isnvrxT Diskask. To ward off dis
ease in the poultry house is a simple
matter, and in consequence for some
people it is very difficult. If you feed
nothing but sound, wholesome food,
keep the quarters clean and free from
vermin, give warmth and sunlight
without foul air, disease will pass by
and go to your neighbor, who does not
take these precautions. Medicine is a
thing which should never be needed
about a well regulated poultry estab
lishment. Prevention is vastly better
than cure, because a sick fowl is an ex
ceedingly difficult thing to cure. Ex.
Quautkrs fok Chicks. Ondirtlloors
we can take off several inches of the
surface rich in fertilizing material and
replace it with fresh earth: but do not
put chicks on ground floors: board are
the best, as they will not then pick up
the germs that make the worms in
their throats that cause gapes. Roard
floors or smoothly, closely mown
lawns are the best for the young
chicks to run on, as a preventive of
CccoiiiKits. For at least .1,000 years
the cucumber has been cultivated in
India. De Candolle prophesied in
185.". that it would ba foji'nd growing
wild in the northwest of India, and
sure enough it was so found, being the
first wild variety known. The ancient
Greeks and Latins cultivated the cu
cumber, but no trace has been found
of its presence in ancient Egypt.
A Chinksk Mexi-. A Chinese man
darin has forwarded the following
menu of a banquet given at l'ekin to
the foreign diplomatists: First came
four classic dishes, namely, swallow
nests with pigeon eggs, shark fins with
crabs, dog fish with wild duck, duck
and cauliflower; then succeeded deli
cacies served in cups placed before each
guest; swallow nests, shark fins plain
morils, vegetables, mushroomu with
duck feet, fried partridge, pigeon in
slices; then there appeared four dishes,
namely, ham in honey, a 7nrc of peas,
vegetables and dog fish: four side
dishes, hariot cheese with bamboo
buds (a kind of asparagus), roots of
bamboo, chicken, shell fish; four hors
d'u'uvres in duplicate: ham and
chicken, fish and gizzard, pork tripe
and vermicelli, duck and pork cutlets.
Each guest had also placed before him
plates of almonds, pistachio paste,
pears and oranges. Finally, the fol
lowing were the roast and boiled
meats: Sucking pig, roast duck, boiled
chicken, boiled pork. There was a
profusion of European and Chinese
wines. No opium was smoked, for
official China is not yet reconciled to
the drug which it owes to the Hast In
, ., . ,,
ri:,MM. imhiii. a Hungarian m-
spin ordinary wood pulp or cellulose
into yarn, from which all sorts of
textile tissues can be made in the ordi
nary way. equaling in appearance,
durability and fastness of color the
best cotton goods. The method is not
only applicable to cellulose, but also
to ever3' sort of short librou-. material
for instanc1, rags sera if cf cotton and
linen goods. The fiber whether aper
pulp or textile refuse, can be dyed be
fore being spun into yarn, so that the
dyeing of the woven material k not
A .Monkey's Mjxi. The monkey's
intelligence ha neTer been able to ar
rive at a point which enables that ani
mal to achieve the untying of a knot.
You may see a monkey with a cord
fastened with the simplest form of
common knot, and unless the beast
can break the string or gnaw it in two
he will never get loose. To untie the
knot requires observation and reas
ing power, and though a monkey n
possess both ne nas neither in a su in
dent degree to enable him to overcome
A Rrazilian recently saved his life Iiy
carrying a roll of 100 pound notes in
side his vest when a bullet came that
way. Yet there are people who neg
lect so simple a precaution. Tid
Puck: Not implicated. Judge Was
there no policeman about when your
fruit-stand was robbed? Antonio Oh
ya, plenta policeman; but dej- rob not
so much as thisa man.
"Judge," said the tramp, "just look
at me. I'm a picture of despair, judge.
"So I see," said the judge, "and I'd
gladly hang you, but the law won't let
r Wvw Kw-...VWV...kcA kVA ISc,
ROYAL BAKING POWDER CO.
Ilia Song: of Hope.
Philadelphia Record: A well known
man of business in this city is noted
for his remarkably cheerful disposition.
Though he has suflered financial dis
aster more than once, his bonhommie
has carried him through without a
wrinkle. Asked to explain how he
managed to retain so much Mark Tap
ley philosophy through every crisis, he
"Wheu I was a young man in busi
ness my disposition was quite different.
Though I was provided with everything
doirable, the least set back caused me
excessive worry and once, thinking my
firm was on the verge of failure, I re
solved upon self destruction. Early
one morning after a sleepless night I
started out toward the river, brooding
deeply upon my troubles. I happened
to look up and saw an old rag picker
going cheerfully about his work, hum
ming 'Pop Goes the Weasel.' I stopped
and turned back. The contrast be
tween his condition and disposition and
mine left a lasting impression and I
have hummed that same care-dispelling
air at intervals ever since."'
State of Ohio, Citt of Toledo, )
Lucas County, f
Frank J. Cuexet makes oath that he Is
the senior partner of the firm of F. J. CnnsBT
& Co., doing: business in the city of Toledo,
County and State aforctaid, and that suld tlrm
will pay the sum of ONE HUNDRED DOL
LARS for each and every case of Catakku
that cannot be cured by the use of Hall's
FRANK J. CHENEY.
Sworn to before me and subscribed In my
presence, this 6th day of December, A. D. I880.
j seai. I
A. W. GLEASON,
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally and
act9 directly on the blood and niucoii9 sur
faces of the system. Send for testimonial,
free. F. J. CHENEY &, CO., Toledo, O.
iy Sold by Druggists, 75c
Oueer Place fur :i Kiier.
Morning Orgonian: While digginga
well on the farm of John Walters, near
Harline, Douglas county, Wash., the
workmen, at a depth of seventy-six
feet, detected a hollow, answering
sound to the blows of the pick. Tap
ping the side of the wall, they broke
into a cavern, with a good-sized stream
of water flowing along its bed. lhey
entered the space for ten or twelve
feet, but declined to explore the sub
terranean hall anj- further. The stream
was easily diverted into the well, and
Mr. Walters will have an inexhaustible
supply of pure running water. The
course of the stream was not parallel
with the ravine in which the well was
being sunk, but crossed it at almost
Among the novelties for home adorn
ment is a unique work-table, which is a
simple home-made affair, originated by
the makes and owner.
An oblong top piece rests securely on
a broom-handle tripod. A flat cover of
cream chintz, strewn over with daisies,
is fitted over the top. A straight picee
of the chintz, fourteen inches in depth,
is sewed to the top and forms the foun
dation of several large pockets, which
are shirred on. One large pocket is for
work. On one eorner hangs a bow of
yellow ribbon, to which is attached, by
means of baby ribbons, needle-book,
scissors, emery and a tiny bag for thim
ble. On top of the table is a small,
fancy tray for buttons, etc., and a pin
1.410 IJUS. FOTATOKS 1'KK ACRE.
This astonishing yield was reported
by Abr. Halin. of Wisconsin, but Sal
zer's potatoes always get there. The
editor of the Rural New Yorker reports
a yield of 730 bushels and S pounds
per acre from one of Salzer's early
potatoes. Above 1,410 bushels are
from Salzer's new seedling Hundred
fold. His new early potato. Lightning
Express, has a record of s03 bushels
per acre. He offers potatoes as low as
52.50 a barrel, and the best potato
planter in the world for but S2.
ir Von Will Cut Thin Out and Sand It.
with 0c postage to the John A. Salzer
Seed Co., La Crosse, Wis., you will re
ceive free his mammoth potato cata
logue and a package of sixteen-day
"Get There. P:ii.'' raoish. w
Medicinal V"s-s of tCggK.
For burns and scalds there is nothing
more soothing than the white of an !;(;,
which may be poured over the wound.
It is softer as a varnish for a burn than
collodion, and. being always on hand,
can be applied immediately. It is also
more cooling than "sweet oil and cot
ton" which was formerly supposed to
be the surest appplieation to allay the
smarting pain. It is the contact with
the air which gives the extreme dis
comfort experienced from ordinary in
cidents of this kind, and anything
which excludes airand prevents inflam
mation is the best thing to be at once
The eg' is also considered one of the
very best remedies for dysentery.
Beaten up lightly, with or without
sugar, and swallowed at a gulp it tends
by its emolient qualities lo lessen the
inflammation of the stomach and intes
tines, and by forming a transient coat
ing on these organs to enable nature to
assume her healthy sway over the dis
An egs; taken like an oyster, with
pepper and vinegar, has been known to
he retained on the stomach when every
thing else had failed. Washington's
Hanson 3Iagic Corn Salve."
Warranto! tocureor rr.in' rWuritifU. Ask your
druggist for it. Iric-13 1 eat.-.
The more you whitewash a man the ir.or
will he need to be washed white.
Our acts make or mar
children of our own deeds.
us: we are tht
,MMMMMMM,M,M,M,M,MMfcMM,Ma,Mfc,fr,,MMI,,Mlt,MaiMMMMIIMMMlMMMiMlej t --,
FOR SORENESS OR STIFFNESS FROM GOLD. USE-
ST. JACOBS OIL.
IT RELAXES, SOOTHES, HEALS, CURES.
THOMPSON, BELDEN & CO.,
WE ABE SHOWING OCR NEW SPRING STOCK OF
requires that in all receipts
baking powder, Royal Baking
usea. it win go rurtner
make the food
ana more v
106 WALL ST.
If I mistake not, Sir James Crichton
Rrowne, in the course of a recent ad
dress, remarked upon the curious elas
ticity of our brain as regards sleep.
He cited the case of people who rarely
slept well or much, and who, neverthe
less, are able to carry on intellectual
wor: with ease and ability.
1 suppose there is a "habit" of brain
in this matter of sleep as in other re
spects, and while, ordinarily, we de
mand a fair quantum of absolute rest.
some of us contrive, as a habit, to iret
along witn a minimum ot somnolent
repose. This subject was lately called
to mind when I happened to be dining
alone with a well known surgeon in
My friend is a man who, like myself,
journeys over the length and breadth
of the land. He had just returned from
a long and tedious journey, tired and
fagged. He sat down to dinner. Re
tween the course he fell sound asleep,
let us i s.ay, for three minutes-not more
certainly. After each nap he woke up,
uie ills 'luuiiium, .tun yvuuii ii iy.iii.
into slumber. I said nothing, but
watched him closely. 1 observed that
after each awakening he grew brighter,
the tired look disappeared, and by the
time that dinner was at an end Rich
ard was himself again. I joked him on
his installments of sleep. His reply
"Don't you know," said he, "that it
isn't a long sleep which is needed to
refresh an active brain? Xerve tissue
is repaired easily with very little sleep
if you also take food. " j
Of my own experiejufe ther remark
holds good; and it reveals a very.cnri
ous and in some' respects anomalous
condition of the brain and its -vavs.
Marrying Her Dautclitem to Indian..
A woman named Plumber, out in the
Osage country, is proving herself a gen
nine Napoleon of finance. Within the
past year she has married off four
grown daughters, all to Osage Indians,
and as soon as a divorce suit which she
has pending against her husband is de
cided she will take to her heart a red-
blanketed member of that tribe. Every
member of the Osage tribe is wortli j
815,030 in cash and possesses nearly
2,00!) acres of land, and theie women
now become full members of the tribe
and are entitled to their full share of
After readiner tho following letters can any
! ono longer doubt that a trustworthy remedy
lor tnat terribly ratal malady, consumption,
has at last been found? If theso letters bad
been written by your best known and most
esteemed neighbors they could be no mora
worthy of your confidsneo than they now
are, coming, as they do, from well known,
intelligent and trustworthy citizens, who,
in their sevoral neighborhoods, enjoy tho
fullest confidence and respect of all who
K. C. McLJn, Esq., of Kempsyflle, Princess
Anno Co., Va,, whose portrait heads this
article, writes : " When I commenced tak
ing Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery I
was very low with a cough and at times
spit up much blood. I was not able to do
tho least work, but most of tho timowas.in
bod. I was all nut down, very weak'my
head was dizzy and f was extremely despon
dent. The first bottle I took didnot seem
to do me much good, but I hadTaith in it
nnd continued Using it ubHTI had taken
fifteen bottles and now I do not look nor
feel like the saints man I was one year ago.
People are astonished and say. 'well, last
year this tiaio I would not have thought
that you would be living now.' I can thank
fully say I am entirely cured of a. disease
which, but for yoar wonderful 'Discovery'
would have resulted in my death."'
Even when the predisposition to consump
tion is inherited, it may'bs eured, as verified
by tho following from" a most truthful and
much rsTeete.l C'aaadian lady, ilrs. Thomas
Vaiisicklm. of Brighton. Out. She writes
" I have long felt it my duty to acknowledge ,
to vom what Dr. Pierce's Golden Jledical
, Discovery and his 'Pleasant Pellets' have
1 dono for me. They almost raised me from
the grave. I had three broiners ana one
sister die of consumption and I was
spocdily following after them. I had severe
eough. pain, copious expectoration and other
tdcr-ninz symptoms and my friends all
1 thought I had but a few month3 to live. At
that time I was persuaded to try the 'Golden
lediral Discovery' end tho first bottle
ted like mope. "Of course, I continued on
vith the medicino and as a result I gained
' rapidly in strength, ily friends were aston-
If you cannot come send for Samples.
We deliver goods ordered by mail to
your nearest express office.
v w &; 0
It Made No UifTeretir.
Kate Field tells a story of a man and
woman who were horribly seaside cross
ing the channel. The stewardess found
them sitting together on the deck, the
woman leaning back with ilosed eyes
and the man's head resting on lser
shoulder. "Your husband seems to
feel even worse than you do,' said the
stewardess sympathetically. The sick
woman opened her eyes and glanced at
her fellow sufferer with a sort of des
pairing indifference. Then site gas-ped
as sue eiosett Her eves wearily airau:
"lies not my husband 1m sure I don t
!know who he is." Argonaut
Ike hams Phj., will, in futiuv. for t.io
, I uited State-., le covered with a .uicklv
' M,,ublc' 1'Iunt coat ins:. 25 cent, a I. '
. scheme That Fniie.l
j .., he:ir that sjanimerbv and his wife
I ..,.; ,n ,.i ,, ,):,.,;,. ui,.., ...
i&v ;- A-v.iwavb,v , v
j the trouble?'' "Incompatibility of tem
per. ou see, they made an agreement
, .vhen thev were wrtfd that tlu.v sh,
. never both gct angry at the same t
The result is that instead of both get
ting mad at once and fighting it out,
one or the other is angry all the tune,
I and they don't have any happy mo
ments at all.
Tested hy Time. For Bronchial affec
tions. Coughs, et, Bkown's Bi.oxcuml.
Tkochei have turned their efficacy by a
test of many years. I'riie .5 cts.
An Artitt in Sand.
A curious sight in the streets of Tokio
is to see an old man seated on a smooth
piece of ground having around him little
nih. ctf s:mil nf .lilForj'iit. jl.ir. nl
.., . ,
' blue, yellow, black, et Placing a
pinch from each pile in his right hand,
he will draw on the smooth ground the
figure of a man or woman, the dress all
properly eolored. by the sand trickling
through his lingers. It is done with
great rapidity and shows remarkable
Shlloti'a CoBiamptlnn Cure
Iol on :. guarant. It -urr. Im-ipi-rit rniinij.
turn. It is lite U-ktCough Cure. Wti.:Oel.t ..U1
Mr. Quiverful What was Tommy
ciying for this morning? Mrs. .Juiver
fti! Because I wouldn't let him iro
swimming in the canal. Mr. Onlver
. fill What is he crying for now? Mrs.
j 'Quiverful I've just told him to go and
' take a batl:.
.shed. When I commenced the n of your
medicines, six years ago, I weighed but 120
pounbi and was sinking rapidly. I now
weigh 135, and my health continues perfect.'1
"Golden Medical Discovery" cures con
sumption (which is scrofula of the lungs),
by its wonderful blood-purifying, invigorat
ing and nutritive properties. For weak
lungs, spitting of blood, shortness of breath,
nasal catarrh, bronchitis, severe coughs,
asthma, and kindred affections, it is a sov
ereign remedy. While it promptly cures the
severest coughs, it strengthens the system
end purifies tho blood.
"Golden Medical Discovery" does not make
fat people more corpulent, but for thin, pale,
puny children, as well n3 for adults reduced
in flesh, from any cause, it is tho greatest
flesh-builder known to medical science.
Nasty cod liver oil and its " emulsions," are
not to be compared with it in efficacy. It
rapidly builds up the system, and increases
tho soM flesh and weight of those reduced
below tho usual standard of health by
" wasting diseases."
To fci ace up the entire system after the
grip, pneumonia, fevers, andother prostrat
ing scute diseases ; to build up needed flesh
and strength, and to restore health nnd vigor
when you feel " run-down " and " -ised-up "
tho best thing iu the wor.d is Dr. Pierce's
Golden Medical Discovery. It promotes all
the bodily functions, rouse3 every organ into
healthful action, purities and enriches tho
blood, and through it cleanser, repairs, and
invigorates the entire system.
A Treatise on Consumption, giving numer
ous testimonials with phototype, or half-tone,
portraits of those cured, numerous refer
ences, also containing successful Home Treat
ment for chronic nasal catarrh, bronchitis,
asthma, and kindred diseases, will be mailed
by the World's Dispensary Medical Associa
tion of Buffalo, N. Y., on receipt of six cents
in stamps, to pay postage. Or The People's
Common Sense Medical Adviser. 1,000 pages,
200 illOBtrationa, mailed for 11.90.
W. L. DOUOr.AS A SHOE
equals custom work, costing from
4 to $6, best value for the money
in inc T7ona. A.mc ana price
stamped on the bottom. Ecry
ifcn-.1rlP-lir warranted. T ake no substi.
SyaarfljLtute. See local papers for full
ue--cnpiion 01 our complete
lines tor ladies and cn-
W,I-lJ-3UtflTTt--i:---fV la lira e d Catalri'n,
b , ". in-
utbt muK"n""" how to or.
derbvmii!. Postage free. You can get the best
WEWTS HMKES5 a Ptygf HV?.?
hcum ic. to fuiu iu a ouua. Sample pot4
paid. FrM. rO&SHKE KA1U9, CtecinnaU, Ohio.
W. i. 7. Omvahm 14. 18i.
"". V ' r''
Wbu Aaswerlng AdYrtlainnU Kindly
XtMUoa tfcla fttw.