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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (April 4, 1894)
VOLUME XXIV. NUMBER 51.
COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 4, 1894.
WHOLE NUMBER 1,247.
A pirnt! eiub has been organized at
Liberty expects to do a good deal of
building this year.
Meas-ls prevail to a great extent in
the-vicinity of Verdon.
A Knights of Pythias lodge has been
instituted at far eton.
Lincoln is determined in its crusade
against the social evil.
J'tonk t-aught in tin storm near Nar
den siufered quite seriously
(J. II. Parkinson, a prominent physi
cian of Kustis. ciiivi last week.
The hist u-m of court cleared the
criminal ooeiiet in Itaww county.
A d.y goods store and saloon at Ba
sin, I'ord t aunty, ncre burglarized.
The schools of Randolph arc closed
pending an abatement of the measles
The Vounr Men s Christian associa
tion of Lincoln nor.- has one thousand
The IInr'ingt.n Herald has that
thrifty young c:ty bt.oked for a mon
i- A '.cua'c o' Lincoln was -ast week
sentenced t: three years in the peniten
tiary far r.ipf
Two young m.'n id enough to know
better have ucen arrested near "alia way
for stca-inr 1107s.
Rev. Janifs 1. ilvan. ; lie oldest priest
in ine Otuaiia iiup-est- ucd at an cariy
hnu tiie other uiuruing
.1. II. ."-net man. a weil known citi.en
of mana. was, killed in a runaway last
week, lie was 'J vearsod.
A two week- re-.vai -erviee in the
I 'restart eru 11 cnureh at S-htiyier was
a'ttended with go d success
Champion. Chase oiinty. citizens are
going ' tan the earth to a depth of l.uuu
feet in areJi ol iirirsian water
o Master services were held at tiie
home or the fricmilfss .11 Lincoln on
account of an epidem.c of measles.
Lloyd Emerson, assistant casnier of
the Commercial Kauk of ilising ity.
dieti at Hot pring. Ark. last week.
irant ilaekiiian. for liorse stealing,
has been s,.n to tae state penitentiary
from Uetl Wi.low county tor one year
A second primary srnool has become
necessary in 'A est Point . there being
moreehiliirentii.nl one teacher could
successful iv handle.
.1. I'. Kel'ass of Haves entre. unuer
arrest for setlurtioii. on lie pretext of
securing '.Kill stjeiired a hoise anti
skipped for i re f.-i.-tidiy fields
.1 K I- liost-nnelt:. nurseryman of
West Pour, ins orcerco !.)!) 1 mnus. in
tending hv-acint.-.es ul.ps. likes, etc .
which are to c unc 1 ret rrom Holland.
!. I alaouii of tiie l.inmn Hcraitl
has severed h s connection with that
paper anti wi:l remove to Tampa, Ma.
wttere iic w I. uecoine editor of a daily
The tiiinson 'rapine says. Irriga
tion is tnc chief "-u-ijeet ail aiong tiie
inn; and tne nros,ie1 a.-e very ilatter
ing lor a onsumation o tii.- tiig diten
Mrs. So:. Kw .ng. co'trti. of Oiuuiia.
attemo'e I suu-ide by tn.iiug .auitanum.
The stoma n pump trot in its work in
her behalf anti she lives to suicide an
A stoeu company iias been fanned at
Reynoltis to unit- tor coal. The capita!
stock is -'i.Ufi.i. t a leasonable tiepth
a vein that it. will pay to work .s ex
pected '.0 be found.
wholesale fruit company has been
incorporated at iirami Island with a
paid up capital of "-!)." 0 Nick Doian.
a retired mer-hant ami capitalist of
(rand Island, is at the head of the con
cern John Martin, nargni with stealing
a team of horses fr-un a i.mv near Pal
in vra. v.as given -i hearing at Nebraska
ity and bound over to thedistrct
court. In default of 5-SOO Daii he went
An oiti lady namcii Mowry. living- in
Frontier county, has an ungrateful son
who gave tier a brutal beating, stole all
her money ami skipped out. leaving
her alone to fee: from the cold ha mi of
Harry Peck, a i 4-year-o'd buy living
at Table Unci:, had his --boulder dislo
cated by his horse falling witii him
while chasing cattle. lie remained
unconscious for several hours after the
Peter Donaher. proprietor of the Com
mercial hotel at. iiadron, and one of
tiie most prominent and favorably
known hotel keepers in the northwest,
died last week of erysipelas caused by
wounds received m the late war
The Bank of Bee .n Reward county
has gone into voluntary liquidation,
the State Banking board receiving no
tice to that effect last week. The de
positors are interested to the extent of
20,000. and ail will be paid in full at
Old .loan Bigter, the noted gambler
of Chadron. who died a short time ago.
left a for'une of some Sl.OtHi or Sl.riuo.
and now his will is being contested by
a squaw at Rosebud agency, who claims
to have been married to him in days
Three sneak thieves entered the store
of L. Goodman at Nebraska ( ity and
while one of them engaged the atten
tion of the clerk the others seized five
suits of clothing and made off. They
were pursued and one of them captured
and lodged in jaiL
Pr. Ed rone. apparently in good
health, died suddenly at his home. si.T
miles southwest of HubbelL He arose
ataneariy hour, awakened the other
members of his househoht anti went
about tloing some chores. At S o dock
he was dead. Heart trouble was the
District court in Howard county con
vened on the 2Gth. with Judge Kendall
on the bench. There are eighty-four
civil ami three criminal cases on the
docket, the principal one being the case
against Cuyler Miultz for murder,
transferred to St. Paul from Hail
A tire in Beaver City destroyed the
Ehrnxnan building, Jew.tt's blacksmith
shop and implement house, Shuil A:
Hams" iivery barn and a residence.
The loss is 53.000 and the insurance
Si. 300. divided between the Phicnix ami
Connecticut companies. The origin of
the tire it unknown.
The project of drainage ditches for
the Platte bottom, in which there has
been a great deal of interest this sea
son in Douge county, was killed last
week by the county beard of supervi
sors, for this season at least. This ue
cision may interfere seriously with the
cultivation of beets in that locality.
Thieves entered Lemasters & Rat
cliffe's store at Central City, the largest
grocery in the city, by breaking a glass
in a rear window Once inside they
opened the cash drawer, went througn
the safe, pryirur open cash box and
drawers, but failed to secure any
hoodie. Evidently it was money they
were after, as no goods were taken.
sheriff Miller of Lincoln county
started last week for Oklahoma with '
requisitions for Sidney Sapp, an attor- 1
ney at Perry. OkL, charged with em-
bezzlement. and Otto Richter. charged ;
with fraudu'ently procuring the signa- 1
ture of one HecK to a note for S1T3 i
Both parties are under arrest. !
J William Frans of Tnion. a gentleman
aged about (.! years, was seriously in
jured on the street by being thrown
I from a pony. .Mr. Frans being very
I corpulent, weighing J.'JO pounds, caused
j his fall to be very violent. It is feared
j that he is injured internally.
The receiver of the Citizens Rational
bank of Grand Island. E. 51. Wester-
1 velt, paid out over 530.000 last week on
, the :.'.- per cent dividend declared by the
comptroller of the currency some time
; ago. A constant stream of people ap-
! plied for their proportion from d a. m.
I to 7, p. m., though there was never a
great rush at one time.
Henry Bruhn. a farmer living two
miles north of Elkhorn, mourns the
loss of a bay horse, saddle and bridle
and an open face, silver case, stem
1 winding watch, Waltham movement.
The proper'y, he believes, was stolen
from him during the absence of himself
and wife, by William Ivuhl, a boy of l."
or 10 years, who has been working for
Bruhn for some time past.
A painful accident occurred at the
Strong hotel in Xchawka. A can of
concentrated lye was left within reach
of little Net Mrong, three years old.
He reached to tike it from the shelf
just above his head. L'he can was over
turned, emptying its contents in the
boy's face. One of his eyes was burned
severely, but there was only slightly m-jur-ti.
Hon. A. IL Humphrey of the state
boai-u of public lands and buildings
wah in Nebraska City last week in con
ference with Superintendent Ebright '
in regard to the construction of a cold ,
storage room at the institute for the '
blind. Mr. Humphrey was convinced
of the necessity anil economy of the
proposetl improvement and will have
plans submitted at once.
Frank Williams, a switchman in the
I'. M .t M. V. yards at Fremont, while
assisting in making up a train in the
yards missed his hold and fell across
tne raiL He was seen to fall and the
train, which was moving slowly, was
soon stopped, but a truck had passed
over one leg at the thigh. The limb
was crusiied and had to be amputated.
Later Williams died of his injuries.
' itizens of uperior are making ex
tensive preparations for the meeting of
the fifth annual interstate encampment
of Nebraska and Kansas, which con
venes there April 1.'. Over MM) dele
gates are entitled to seats in this en
campment. Department Commander
Hon. hurcli Howe of Nebraska ami
i.enerai V P. 1 ampbell of the Depart- '
ment of Kansas will be present to rep
resent their respective state organiza
tions: also Generals Thayer and Dil
wortn of Nebraska.
Preparat ons for the Easter services
at t. Phiioinena s cathedral in Omaha
were sadly marred oy death the pre
vious night. Rev Father Ryan, wlio
was to act as deacon of honor at the
cariy mass, was suddenly stricken and
his spirit passed away a few hours be
fore tne dawn of Easter morning
Father Ryan was .1 native of Ireland
and was about 70 years of age. He has
a brother living in Chicago anti a sister.
Mrs. Lamb, a resident of Oinah 1.
'Hie sugar bee1 comm.ttee appointed
at a prior meeting in West Point called
the citizens together in the city hall to
submit to Them a proposition made by
a chemist in Chicago. The substance,
of the prouosition is that he would es
tablish a sugar factory in West Point
for a bonus of S.'iO.ooo and an eight
acre site for the plant, the capacity or"
which would equal that at Norfolic.
subscriptions were solicited from those
present, resulting 111 raising over 31.5.-
In an article on the possibilities of
Columbus, the Argus of tnat place chal
lenges comparison with any point in
America for natural advantages. With
the Loup river on the one side and a
range of good clay hilLs on the other,
between '.'oo.noo axd ioo.O"0 acres of the
country's most generous soil, lying "as
pretty as a picture for irrigation pur
poses," the Argus considers the invita
tion to develop the resources of the
neighborhood as irresistible to an en
tieorge Deshane. one of the Dodge
county prisoners recently recaptured
with murderer ( harles t arlton. com
plained of being cold and sick, so Lee
Teal, the jailer, let him out of the cell
into the large room so he could get
warm by the stove. Teal went to get
some coal anti Deshane went up stairs
through the hole in the roof of the
Dodge county jail, through which
Charles Carleton, Wiehelow, Blake and
he made their escape one week ago this
morning I.'eshaue's whereabouts is
still unknown at this writing
The auditor of public accounts has re
ceived a letter from Enow, Church ,fc
Co. of Omaha, complaining that four
more insurance companies of the Lloyds
pattern had been writing policies in
that city. The company asked for the
rinancial standing of the four com
panies, which the auditor was unable
to give, tor tne reason tnat tne com
panies have not complied with the law
in diing their reports. Auditor Moore
states that he has been unable to lo
cate the agent who recently placed the
540.000 policy on the stock of the Bos
ton store in Omaha.
General Experience Estabrook, one
of the most widely known of Omaha's
pioneers, died last week. He had
reached the age of -1 years and in a
few days would have celebrated the
golden anniversary of his wedding. He
was a member of the constitutional
convention in I'd anti employed by
the committee of mar a rers to aid in
the impeachment of Governor David
Butler, who was found guilty and
turned out of athee in June. 1TL From
IsOT to 1-09 he served as local district
attorney. In 1S.VJ he was elected to
congress, but after one year's service a
contest resulted in the loss of his seat,
the successful contestant being Samuel
G Daily. In 1-00 he was appointed by
the governor to codify the laws of Ne
braska and by the public printer he was
appointed to superintend the publica
ion and prepare the index.
Charles C. Carlton, the condemned
murderer who sawed out of Dodge
county jail, was dragged out from under
a bed at the house of Jeff. Jarrett,
about twenty miles south of Papillion.
Sheriff Milliken of Dodge county and
Shernf Startzen and ex-Sheriff Whit
ney of Sarpy county assisting him.
made the recapture. With Carlton was
retaken, also. George De Shane, held
for bastardy, who was one of the three
who broke jail with the murderer.
Carlton formerly lived near by and was
acquainted with Jarrett, William Frank
and others. This the officials learned
from one of the escaped men who was
caught at Lincoln, who mentioned the
names of these men as among those in
Sarpy county with whom Carlton had
said he was acquitted. They surmised
that he would eek them and appeal to
their sympathies for aid or shelter.
They went tirst to Frank's house but
Carlton was not there. Carlton had
been sleeping comfortably in bed at
Jarrett's when the law officers arrived,
but he got under a bed as they came to
his room. Carlton had a revolver, but
took no chance to use it. He had
sought concealment under a bed and
was not in position to fight readily.
He affected a careless air and sought to
conceal any chagrin that he felt at be
ing taken back to face his fate.
During a revival in Ashland there
were thirty-one additions to the Chris
0, no!" Margaret
at the reiterat
ed queries and
her parents. "I
sha'n't be lone
ly. Haven't I
I'll be sure to
barricade the ,
doors. And I'll
keep up the sitting-room fire, and
' cover the plants with newspapers if it
turns coltl and everything. Now go, 1
or you will be disgracefully late.'
The two persons, muffled up for a
long ride, turn again to kiss her (
warmly, and to look at her beamingly. .
"That's a dear child:" the mother
said. "You understand, of course,
we won't be back much before mid
night?" "Yes. Have a good time!"
The bundled individuals trotted
down the path to the gate, and the
girl stootl in the door-way and watched (
them climb into the clumsy sleigh, j
and, with many waves and nods, drive ,
The home of the Lanyons was set '
in the midst of a fine apple and peach
orchard on the side of a hill. It was
a common, comfortable old frame
house, painted a pale olive just such '
a house as you will see any day on a
country drive. Now the trees, that
made the place in summer a dream of 1
bloom and verdure, were but gaunt, j
gray, rattling skeletons. There was '
snow on the bare branches, snow on
the deserted nests, snow on the roofs
of the house and barns, snow on the
undulating stretches around snow
everywhere. But. despite this, there
was in the picture no hint of desola
tion, for the smoke curled up from the
chimney in cheery blue spirals, and
the girl at the door, in her gay plaid
gown, appeareil the very embodiment
of content and domestic happiness.
She closed the door and returned to
tiie sitting room. The old woman I
nodding by the fire brightened up as
"They got off. Margaret?"
"Yes. grannie. But they were ex
tremely doubtful whether or not you
and I could take care of ourselves for
a few hours. But I fancy we can."'
She appeared so strong, anti beauti
ful, and capable, standing straightly 1
there in the winter light, that the l
good soul by the stove was as loth to i
take her eyes from the fair vision as j
were James Lanyon and his wife a I
short time previous. j
I guess." she chirped, "we'll have 1
a real good lime. This room is mighty I
pleasant, now that you've fixed it up.
The girl glanced around. The apart-
ment did indeed look different from
what it had on her return home from
school a short time ago. A soft rug I
almost hid the glaring ingrain carpet: 1
some little ash shelves, laden with 1
books, were on the wall: reddish cur- 1
tains softened the rough outlines of i
tht; windows: on the wire stand of
house plants, hyacinths and geraniums '
were in bloom. J
it is as cosy as can be. I hear Phi- ,
lantier bringing in the milk. As soon
as I have strained it. I shall get your
-he went into the kitchen, where
Philander, the hired man. was setting
"THEY WAST SOME ONE TO HELP THEM.
down two pails of foaming milk on the
"Would it matter. Miss Margaret
lie a-iced. "it wnen l get tne entires
done I walk into town to see if there
be a letter in the post office for me
from my brother'.'"
"You may go. but be back early."
"I will that. 1 know the folks has
gone to the silver weddin" over by t
When Margaret hail strained the
milk ami put it aide. she equipped a .
tray, which she carried into the sit- '
ting-room and put down on the round
table at her grandmother's elbow.
She went back, steepetl the tea. anil
was in anti out several times on various
e r:ii nds. Once she opened the kitchen J
door ami took a look around.
The western sky was all of dull
copper, w'th crimson streaks. The
wind had gone down. The bare
branches no longer rattled. In the
air was a hush anil an intense, creep
I'll have to look out for the plants
to-night of ail nights, grannie." she
said, as she buttered the old lady's
toast. "It is going to be terribly
It did turn out a bitter night. The
fire burned blue, and they could hear
the frost crackling on the window
panes. The old woman knit and
dozed, while Margaret read. It was
1) o'clock. Ten struck, and Philander
had not returned.
"Hark:" said Margaret, suddenly.
It was near eleven, and grannie had
gone sound asleep in her chair.
I thought." murmured Margaret.
"I heard a cry."
she listened intently
"There:" she breathed, starting up.
'There again 1
It was a cry. wailing and pitiful
the cry of a frightened and suffering
child. And it was accompanied by
the frantic beating of small fists on
the front door.
The girl's heart quickened at
thought of a child out in that stinging
cold. She flew to the door, which had
been labirously barricaded, undid the
bolts guarding it, and flnng it back.
A boy of seven or eight almost fell
against her, as he stumbled into the
"Poor laldie:sli3 said, and took
hold of the door as if to shut it.
"Don't," he panted, "do that''
He pointed in the direction of the
road winding below. She peered out,
the keen cold going through her like
"They want some one to help
them,' the boy whispered.
She saw now, through the wintry
night, the outlines of a vehicle. She
did not wait to question the boy
further. She drew him into the
sitting-room, aroused grannie, offered
a few words of explanation, and then,
hastily donning a hood and shawl,
ran out of the house, down the path,
and to the road, in the middle of
which was a liverj- team and a buggy.
These she recognized as being from
Crandon. the nearest town to the
north. The cause of the stoppage
was apparent A wheel had come off.
A man on the front seat was restrain
ing the horses with one hand. In his
left arm he held an awkward bundle.
"I beg your pardon." said a pleasant,
well-inodnlateil voice. "Is there no
man upat the house who can help me?"
"My father and the hired man are
both away. But I can aid you. if you
will let me." She was busily unhitch
ing the horses as she spoke. "There!
Now. if you will lead the horses up to
the barn. I shall carry your parcel,"'
A mellow laugh sounded on the
"The parcel." he remarked, as he
handed it to her, "is a bain."'
"A baby:" repeated Margaret, al
most, between astonishment and
numbness of her bare fingers, letting
the soft, heavy bundle fall. She ran
up to the house with it as fast as she
could go. while the stranger drew the
wagon to the roadside, and led the
horses to the barn. When he entered
the parlor of the Lanyons' home, he
found Margaret warming milk for the
fat little lassie who sat contentedly
on grannie's lap. while the boy slept
soundly on the lounge.
Grannie looked sharply at him over
"Why, you're Mr. Williston's son; if
r ain't wrong."
"Yes." he replied. "I am on my
way back from England. The carriage
was to iiave met me at Crandon. but
failed to do so. The only man I could
get to drive me appeared half drunk,
t) I attempted foolishly. I admit to
drive the distance home alone. I had
no idea, when leaving Crandon. that
the night was going to turn out so
cold, or I would have remained at the
hotel there until to-morrow. We were
fortunate, however, in having the
accident occur if occur it must so
near Mr. Lanyon's house. This is Mr.
Lanyon's house, is it not?"
"Yes." assented Margaret, "and
there is father now."
The old couple, hurrying in. were
quite cordial to their unexpected
guest.and Mr. Lanyon bustled around
to make the three comfortable for the
night. It was with secret interest
ami sympathy Margaret regarded
Palmer Williston. Mention of his 1
name recalled the story her father
had told her that day at dinner.
The Willistons were the great peo
ple of that part of the country, and
owned a beautiful home. Several
years ago the only daughter of the
house had run away with a French
music master. She had been dis
owned, and her name was not spoken
amoug her relatives.
This fall a letter had come from
abroad, stating that she was dying
that her husband was dead. Her
brother at once left to bring her back,
but when he reached her former resi- '
tlence. he was too late to do aught 1
save bring the children home to their
The following morning dawned blue
and bright. Philander, who had come
from the village with a lengthy string
of excuses, repaired the buggy, and
drove the guests to their destination, j
The acquaintanceship, so singularly
begun, did not end there, however.
Palmer Williston came over frequently
during the holidays to the pleasant
old farm-house on the hill. He was a
fine, stitiight, honorable young fellow,
and the folks approved of him. most
New Year's came and went. It was
time for Margaret to go back to school.
It was Palmer Williston who drove
her to tiie depot at Craadou. where
she was to take the train.
"Margaret." he said. "I am comiag
to see you graduate in June. And
then 1 am going to tell you a story." '
"That will be very nice." she said,
but she would not meet his gaze. "I
"Do you." forcing her to look at
him. "like love-stories. Margaret?"
"If they are well told, yes." and fier '
cheeks were rose-red.
"1 shall try to tell this one well,"
he declared, with a happy laugh. '
"We are almost at the depot, Marga
ret. Won't 3011 kfc- me good-bye?"
She did not resist when he pressed
three rapturous kisses on her temp
In .June following he was present at
the graduating exercises, and on their
way home he told Margaret a delight- '
ful Iove-tory. which so pleased her
that in September she became Palmer
Ambitious Sport Could you take
me and put me in training and make
a prize-fighter out of melJ
Great Pugilist Ain't you able tc
-Have you got an education?"
Well. I'll see. If yer able to
write sportin' stuff about yourself
and hain't strong enough to do hard
work, guess we kin make a fighter
of yer. We's kind of careful, dough,
not to let fellows into the perfesh
what kin make a livin" by workin.'
See?" Texas Sif tings.
Vfry Hurh In Karat-it.
Aunty Why. what are you doing
Little Johnny Only pray in.
les'm. I'm pray in that I'll be a
good boy this afternoon."'
Yes'm. Mamma said if I was a.
good boy this afternoon she'd bring
me some candy. '
Two hundred Australians under
the leadership of William Lane, are
founding a "New Australia" in Para
guay. The colony proposes to settle
400 families in the country within a
FAfitf AND HOUSEHOLD.
Aiaaost aa Easy to Manufacture a Ton of
Butter as to 3Iake Ten Pounds Manag
ing Ducks Horticultural Uinta and
! Co-operative Butter Making-.
A good creamery is of great yalue
1 in any community of farmers, and as
! a rule more is obtained at such.
I places for the cream than the farmer
can get for the butter manufactured
from it. But creameries are not al
, trays located just where they are
' needed. It takes a large productive
j dairy district to supply even a small
( creamery with all the cream it needs.
There are consequently many farm
ers scattered throughout the coun-
; try who must make their cream into
j butt r to dispose of it. and accept
I such low rates for the product ut the
' country stores that there is little
, profit in it. The result is, they lind
little money in dairying even with
, good cows.
It is in such places that co-operative
dairying is to-day proving of
1 great value to farmers. Where the
! business is run on right principles
1 money is made much easier and
faster than according to the old plan
' of making a little butter on each
farm and selling it to the country
stores in return for other articles.
Of course there are some farms situ-
ate so close to good markets that
, farmers can make money in putting
1 their butter up in fancy prints for
special customers. Where this is
possible i; is not advisable to enter
into a combination with the ne igh
boring farmers to make the butter on
the wholesale plan.
To build a small separator factory
in tha neighborhood is a small under-
, taking. The whole outfit, including
a cheap building, a separator, a
small engine aud cream and milk
vats, should cost about 1600. Some
times a vacant building could be
used for the work so that these ex
penses could be deducted from the
amount. Such a sum is not great in
a community where a dozen or more
farmers are going to contribute to
wards its erection. All of the
farmers could then cart their milk
direct to the separator, where the
cream could be taken off and the
milk returned each day. The sep
arator will do the work better and
quicker than any other invention.
The hauls will not be long, as the
farmers contributing will uil be in
the immediate neighborhood.
In this building the butter can be
made all at once and after some one
method, says the American Cultiva
tor. Such butter is superior to the
small amounts made at different
times and packed away in the same
jar. Plenty of ice can be supplied
to the separator company at a small
cost per head. The manufacture of
this butter must be given into the
hands of one who understands the
work thoroughly. The work can be
divided up among a number, or one
man be selected for the work who
is known for his ability to manu
facture the right article.
It is almost as easy to make a ton
of butter as it is to manufacture ten
pounds, and all of the labor that is
now spent on the individual farms
will be disposed of. But. after all,
the real gain is in the selling. The
butter will be made in largo quan
tities, packed carefully and kept on
ice until needed. In this way ar
rangements can be made to send the
butter to large cities where cash can
he obtained for it. Cash should be
taken every time in preference to
trading it out. By the latter course
the farmer always loses, for the store
keeper imposes upon him with
While often reasonably well ma
tured ducks are easier to manage
than almost any other kind of poul
try, at the same time they require
good care until they get well started
to growing. Probably one of the
most important items in their man-
' agement during the early stages is
to keep them dry; not only keeping
them out of rains, but also out of the
wet weeds and grass. If allowed to
get wet or chilled, in very many
cases it wili prove fatal. So that if
' hatched early it is very important
to keep warm and dry, and if this is
done and they are well fed. there
will be but little difficulty in keeping
them growing, and with a little ex
tra care they can be kept growing
very rapidly. While they are hearty
eaters, they require more bulky food
and less grain than almost any other
class of poultry.
If wanted for early market it is
best to hatch early, but otherwise it
is not necessary or best to hatch un
til the weather is warm and reason
ably well settled. They grow very
rapidly and can be made to weigh
i double as much as chickens in the
, same length of time. Bv pushing
the growth, they should be ready
for market in ten or twelve weeks at
best, and should average seven or I
eight pounds per pair. ,
They are easier raised in a brooder .
than chickens, for the reason that
they will not crowd together if they
get a little chilly. At first, stale
bread soaked in milk, corn bread ,
crumbled fine, or something of this
kind will be best to feed. They can '
be given milK almost from the start, i
all that they will drink. In feeding
corn meal it is nearly always best to
mix with an squal part of wheat j
bran, and then scald, this makes a '
better and a more bulky food for
ducks. While liberal feeding is best. '
, it is not a good plan to over feed, I
: that is. to give them more at any one ',
time than they will eat up clean.
Feed liberally five times a day if a
rapid growth is to be secured, giv- I
ing a variety so as to keep with a '
good appetite. A vessel of water
should always be kept where they .
can help themselves. Ducks more I
than any other class of fowls drink
while they eat. and they will do
much better if water is kept where
they can help themselves.
Let them have grass after they
aro ten day3 old. If the weather
will permit, let them run out during
the warmer part of the day. They
are naturally good foragers and will
pick grass, and are benefited by it
and the exercise they will take. Af
ter they get reasonably well feath
ered, they can be let out, and with
the exception of feeding, will need
very little looking after. Journal 0 '
Potatoes on Heavy Soil.
I initl t,.l tirt.- tnna'il dll nln TSTrt
portion of clay in its composition ia
not unsuited for potatoes provided it
is thoroughly drained. Thero la a
popular impression to the contrary,
owing to the fact that a few varieties
that used to be largely grown were a
poor quality except on sandy land.
The result was that the sandy soils
were '-run' with potatoes until they j
became nearly worthless. Nowadays 1
the quality of potatoes depends more
on keeping the foliage whole and ,
free from, blight than on the kind of
soil they are grown on. The potato
bug is hardest to keep in subjection
on sandy land, because generally, un- ,
less well manured, the potato growth ,
on such land is Ipasfc vigorous. Make 1
ast.i-nnoo-rnvt.li nf vino hv onrir-hintr
tVirt cnJi in,i t,. rrrw-1.1 ni.it;..ntinn .int
keep the foliage healthy by spraying
it. and as good potatoes can be
grown on heavy soil as on light
The crop will probably be larger on
the heavy soil, if drained, and does
not suffer so much from drought.
Eli Heaton says: The tubers aro
large, and should be cut in small
pieces, as the eyes are numerous.
Plant in rows three feet apart, and
drill fifteen inches apart in the rows:
cover about the same as potatoes.
The soil would be such as we would
use for potatoes, as the richer the
soil, the greater the yield, yet they
will produce a comparatively good
crop on poor soil. Plant late in the
fall, or in early spring; to cultivate
two or three times is sufficient, as
the stalks grow very fast, and are
soon out of the way of the weeds: do
not stir any more when the white
roots start out from the hill, as they
soon fill the ground from row to row.
They can be planted late in thi fall,
or in early spring. During the
drouth last summer my artichokes
continued growing, and were green
and thrifty until frost fell. Colman's
Ctment Floor for lieu Houst'i.
It is important that the floor of
the hen house should be without
cracks. These are almost inevitable
where boards are used, and the moist
droppings will also cause board floors
to rot quickly. A cement floor, if
properly made, will last a lifetime,
and is very easily e'eaned. To pre
vent the excrement from adhering to
it, keep a little dry earth in one
corner, and sprinkle it over the floor
when entirely cleaned, and again
occasionally as the droppings ac
cumulate under the roosting plrces.
Keep the strawberry bed free from
It is better to remove limbs which
are broken by the winds.
Set strawberries any time from
spring until fall, say September.
If fruit trees are to be planted in
the yard, put them in the back yard.
There is less shrinkage in canned
berries than any other kind of fruit.
Kerosene emulsion will keep green
worms from destroying mignonette.
Buy trees only of well established
nurseries or their authorized agants.
If wo have a good, productive
variety of vegetable it is not worth
while to try a novelty.
Runners should bo kept off the
strawberry vines until the first of
August at the latest, if it is intended
to adopt the matted row system. '
The Bordeaux mixture, which is
most employed, is made of six pounds .
of copper sulphate, four pounds of '
lime, twenty-two gallons of wate:-.
The garden should be on a gentle
slope so as to drain well. A slope
towards the southwest is probably
the best, as the garden will then get
the early influence of the sun.
When there is a surplus of fruit
can it, dry it or evaporate it. Mil
lions of dollars worth of fruit have
been thrown awav in this country
simply because it was allowed to rot.
price being unremunerative when it
A writer says that when it is found
that peaches are killed by frost the
branches should be cut back severely,
even to where the limbs ar two
inches in diameter, if the trees kave
not been headed back for several
years, then new shoots will start and
make a luxuriant growth.
Colored goods should be ironed on
the wrong side.
A few little minnows will clean
out bugs and wigglers in cisterns.
Manilla paper pasted over the
backs of pictures will exclude dust.
Cookies, ginger snaps, etc.. bake
much better if the tins are turned
bottom side up.
Nectarines are as easily grown as
oleanders, and are very ornamental,
and bear young.
Turning the flame of a kerosene
lamp low does not save the oil. whiie
it generates gas dangerous to life.
Any vegetable or fruit that can be
canned, may be evaporated equally
well, and saved for many years with
out danger of spoiling.
Dresses of delicate tint, faded
from exposure to sunlight, will some
times return to their original color
after having been sept in the dark
for several months.
In hanging dresses away they
should be suspended from two or
three hooks, rather than one. This
tends to keep, them in shap , and
also prevents the crushing of the
For chafing-dish cookery wooden
spoons are preferred to those of
metal, as they make less clatter in
stirring. Some of the chafing-dishes
now made are of copper, set in a
trame of wrought iron.
The housewife who want3 to whiten
her clothes and expedite the re
moval of the dirt uses two or three
tablespoonfuls of turpentine or coal
oil in the boiling suds. Be very care-
ful not to pour it into the
while it is over the stove.
A bamboo lounge in winter can be
transformed with small expense. Get
golden brown or dark red co.duroy,
and make thick tufted cushions for
the seat and back. They can
made in sections and tied to the
lounge, then have three or four big
downy pillow, covered with India
silk, to scatter over it.
OSE MAN'S EXPERIENCE.
A True Storj of a Farmer's Suffering
' Investigated bj tiie JtmraaL
Helpless for Tears "With Inflammatory
ItlieumatiMin Medical Science Could
Supply No Relief How Ha
From the Lincoln. Neb.. Journal.
if. as it is universally believed, the
age of miracles in the history of reli
gion has uast, it is equally certain that
this is but the beginning of the age of
marvels in the evolution pt medical sci
ence. No stronger proof of this could
be offered than the following case, the
truth of which is vouched tot by tha
iir it?n mil.. frnm David City, if
' Butler emmtr. Nebraska, resides Mr
i W. II. Ivinmson. a farmer, who.
several years, has been a great sufferer
irom tnat itreatt source 01 -j.uh "
agony. inflammatory rheumatism.
ithiu the last few months a great
change has come over him. I" rom be
ing aT bed-ridden rheumatic victim he
has become a strong, vigorous man,
able in every instance to labor beside
his fellows." The fact of his wonderful
restoration to health came to the
knowledge of the Journal, anil in con
umii.i ti nmiirtt-r visited the resi-
ul. aaa . - - .
dence of Mr. Kinnison. me mau m (
1 questiou was found seated upon a cul
tivator in the miduie ot a si.l -."-it.
corn field, and to tne questiou. Uov j
are you this morning-." replied. "I
never felt better in my life.' When
asked to tell the story of his sickness j
aud recovery, Mr Kinmson said: "I
always had good health until about
four years ago, when I was taken with j
l-h.-umatc pains in my legs, arms and
hands, and it was not long before I was .
perfectly heioless. I think tiu: itirna
t.sm was the result of a case of grip I j
had the winter before. I did not do a
day s work for nearly three years until ,
tins snring. I snent'hundreds of dol
lars on different doctors and medicines.
I went to Hot i-prtngs. South Dakota,
bought ciectric belts and electric bat-teri-s.
but to no use. I couldn't find
anything that womd even relieve. I
was all swollen up. my muscles at their
utmost tension, ami the pam was abso
lutely unbearable. I could not get in
or out of bed alone, am! for all those
weary months I lav and suffered with
out anv hone of recovery.
At"la:-t.after nearly three years of
that kind of a life, i saw an account in
the Nebraska State Journal of some one
who it seemed was nearly in my own
condition, ami who had been cured by
a medicine called Dr. Williams' Pink
Pills for Pale People. I got Mr. J. J.
Prater, of David fit', to get mc two
boxes. As soon as I Oegan to take them
I began to get better. It was but a lit
tle while before I could dress myself,
and only a short time after that that I
was able to do all my work, anti I have
not lo t a -lay since. I think that Dr.
Williams' Pink Pills .ire the bestremeuy
on earth. It us certain they cured me
of muscular inflammatory rheumatism
in its worst form."
Mrs. Kinnison corroborated her hus
band's storv in every particular, and
his father also verified the main facts
in the case. The Journal representa
tive drove back to David City anti called
upon Mr. J. J. Prater, the druggist.
Here again he heard .Mr. Kinnison's
Mr. Prater further said: "I have
several customers who buy very freely
of Pink Pills, notably Mr. D. f. .Ionian,
who is also a rheumatic, and who lives
in the seuthwest part of town.''
The Journal reporter stumbling thus
upon another case hunted up Mr. Jor
dan, whom he found to be a manufac
turer. I'pon inquiry as to his opinion
of Pink Pills. Mr. Jordan was enthusi
astic as to their merits, and said: "Dr.
Williams' Pink Pills are the best rem
edy for rheumatism I have ever come
across. I began recently to use them
after years of suffering. They have
given me a wonderful amount of relief,
I used them in my family, too, every
oue of whom have received very appre
ciable benefit from them."
The above is a plain statement of the
facts ascertained by the Journal -representative,
and can "be substantiated by
any one wishing to write to the parties
These Pills are manufactured by the
Dr. Williams' Medicine Company,
Scheneetattv, . Y., anil nrocKvme,
Ont.. and are sold only in boxes bear
ing the firm's trade mark and wrapper,
at 30 cents a box or six boxes for S-.-'O.
Bear in mind that Dr. Williams' Pink
Pills are never sold in bulk or by the
dozen or hundred, and any dealer who
offers substitutes in this form is trying
to defraud you and should be avoided.
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills may be had of
all druggists or direct by mail from Dr.
Williams' Medicine Company from
NOTES AND ITEMS.
The archbishop of York once gave a
banquet which cost S1j0,000.
The world's standing armies and
navies employ 9,000,000 men.
Up to ISC') Charleston, S. C, had a
larger commerce than New York.
The blood rose is found only in
Florida in an area of five miles in di
ameter. A new form of bicycle is being ex
perimented with for tire department
There is a band of Cherokee Tndians
in North Carolina who still use bows
A map of America by Columbus has
been discovered. It represents this
continent as a part of As-a.
The great oaks in Waverly. Mass.,
are survivals of an oak forest that
must have existed in the tenth cen
tury. One Marler. under sentence of death
at Pineville. Ky.. last week professed
religion and the chaplain baptized him
in the bathtub at the prison.
Two walnut chairs, that were
brought to this country from Switzer
land 240 years ago. it is claimed, are in
possession of Landon Thomas of Au
Statistics prepared in Paris show
that the proportion of novels to serious
works read in the public libraries of
tne municipality, is less than fifty-two
finvn It I'p-
A teamster kept beating one of his
horses unmercifully, and the animai
still refused to go forwarrl. Pnable to
! endure the sight of the lashes upon the
i horse, the lady of a neighboring house
I rushed out. "Oh. is there any need of
j whipping him so is there any use in
. it?" she inquired timidly, patting the
j stubborn animal's head. The teamster
droDned his lash. No use at all. ma'am,
he -aid in a tone of resigned despair.
I ve nckeu nun till 1 m tired out. and
it ain't a bit of use.'" Boston Trans
crint. Wayarestout men usually sad''
tl re men of sighs jiizej''
THE OLD RELIABLE
Wiunlras - State - Bank J
Sates Loans on Heal ltatu
Nta izaaT SBAIT3 CM
SUll t ITHM9XZ7 : TIOXXTl.
BUYS GOOD NOTES
tad Safes its Cutoua wham taw U
ffRCUJi 131 BIlBCItal I
LlaSDlB OTtKASD. rWi
H K. M35HY, YIca rWl
3033 SXAU-CTSS. Caakla
atBITHWIB, . W. HTTLR.
Authorized Capital of - $500,000
Paid in Capital, - 90,000
. H. SHELDON. Pres't.
H. P. H. OEHLRICH. Vlca Pre
CLARK GRAY. Caauler.
DANIEL SCIIRAil. Aaa't Cash
S. M. TTnTstoir, II. P. H. OEntitinr.
C. H. Sheldon,
W. A. McAiiisxsa,
3. 0. GitAT. J. HEsnr Wubdejias,
Seuiiaiu) Losmxm, Hicmi Loseke.
;;rMirc ghat. Geo. W Gaxbt.
DANIEL SClIIIAM. A. b II. OEUUtlCB.
fllAX SooEn, J P. UccKsa Esxazx.
Bank of (Joposlt: Intnrest allowed on tlma
dnposlta; buy and sell oxelmno on United
States and Europe, and buy and sell avail
able securitiei. Wa shall be pleased to re
salvo your business. We solicit your Bat
ronago. Firs) National Bank
L AHDERSOI. J. H. GALLET.
President. Vlca Pros't
O. T. EOEN, Cashier.
jacob iixaiaa5, nEsai aA&aiz.
jam33 a. aiausa.
( sUtemeBt of the Condition at the Close
f Business July 12, 1S03.
Loans and Discounts S 241.467 57
Heal Estato Furnlturs and Fix
tures 10.731 CO
tl.-i.Bontla 15.0 0J
Duo from other banks 137.373 33
Caah on Hand 21.367 53 50.743 99
rapit.il Stock paid In
Surplus Fund ...
9 80.000 OT
........ 4.57Q 00
, All kinds of Repairing done on
, Short Notice. BngzieS, Was-
ons, etc., made to order,
and all work boar
anteed. Also tell the world-famaoi Walter A.
Wood Xowers. Beapers, Combin
ed Machinei, Harvesteri,
and Self-binders the
Shop on Olirs Street, Columbus, Nab.,
four doors south of Borowiak's.
Coffins : and : Metallic : Cases !
tSTRepairing of all kinds of Uphol
Ut COLUMBUS. NEBRASKA-
The Journal for Job Work
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