Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (March 21, 1894)
VOLUME XXIV.NUMBER 49.
f, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 21, 1894.
WHOLE NUMBER 1,215.
UU.L. U 3113 U CS i ili J311A1
L . ' .
?,J- - .
1 ."Johnson county will hold its fair this
year Oct- 3, 4 and 5.
The citizens of Tender are raising1 a
bonus for a Hour mill
The f rait prospects about Juniata are
5aid to be very encouraging.
Oov. Crounse inspected the Hastings
ni&ylum last week, accompanied by his
During a revival in Ashland there
were thirty-one additions to the Chris
('us ISonzon wasarrcstcdin Tekamah
for keeping a gambling house and lined
SjO and costs.
" Tobhis kuj-sert, of Omaha, was killed
on J-unuay last by being thrown to the
pavements by a runaway horse.
An effort is being made to obtain a
"Tension for lion. '1 haver. The move
ment was flatted by the 0. A. K.
A scheme with good backing is on
foot for the erection of a hotel and
ojera ho.isc at Arjpahoe by a stock
J he Tecum'-eh military band is in
fcpt-cial training for a grand concert at
ilie opera hoi::e on the evening of
Charles F. Mi&chke, one of the ear
liest settler of Knox county, having
foc-itc,! and opiMied the first farm there
hi la.-.G, d ieil labt week.
One I'ViMiKiiit man has offered to do-
iinlo .,. Mi touasu tne new Young
Men's Christian association building,
anl one lady offers SI. 000 for the same
Hurglars enteied the residence of Mr.
Charles Menck at ("rami Island and
carried away a lady's gold watch and
a gold sugar spoon, leaving a lot of sil
vern are untouched.
The Kurlimrton coal chute at Pawnee
City caught lire last week. A heavy
irale was blowing and before the fire
dejvirtment arrived the entire chute and
eight freight cars were consumed.
Kev. .1. .1. Tarker, pastor of the First
Congregational church of Norfolk, in
an open letter to the News, severely
arraigned Mayor II. ('. Matran on the
gambling and prostitution questions.
'Die little sou of John Johnson of
"West Point was seriously scalded re
cently by upsetting the contents of a
larg- teapot over his face and body.
.Although suffering intensely he will
(inventor Crouse lias appointed Will
omrhby P.. J-iitith of company 1). J-econd
regiment, S. X. (J . as adjutant of the
legimcnt. to till the vacancy caused by
the death of Adjt M. V. Caton, late of
The loot anil shoe store belonging to
(i. btolpli at Milford was broken into
and twenty paits of shoes stolen. A
lior.se. hat ties-, and buggy were taken
ftom John A. lovklyn's barn in the
A number of the I odsh eo'onv ar-
riveu in Xeiigh lat week and closed )
their contracts and purchased land for
ten families. The b.tlaitte of the 100
families will arrive during the net
The general merchandise store of Y.
V. Mardis of Peru was broken into by
thiev.-s, wiio carried off nearly SI00
worth of goods, consisting of jewely,
fancy and dry goods, tobacco aud a few
The Fast Nebraska annual confer
ence of the I hurch of the United
lSrcthern in Christ will convene at York
on March "'1 and remain in session over
the following Sunday. Itishop Mills
A consignment of ninety carloads of
tine catt'e for export over the I'n'on
Pacitic the other day from Genoa.
They weie shipped by the Kent Cattle
company of that point and were des
tined for the market at Liverpool.
Miilootit hunting on the I latte river
William Ltlienthal of drand Islajtd ac
cidentally shot hiiif-elf through the
right shoulder blade, making a hole the
size of a silver dollar, penetrating the
right lung and causing instant death.
lievival meetings have been in pro
pres at Tekamah for the past three
"weeks, and as a result ten converts '
have been added to the church's mem
bership Twocandidatcs u e: e baptised
in the Nemaha river near the city last
A petition addressed to Governor
Crounse praying for the release of Z. T.
lute, who is in jail in Nebraska City,
charged with libeling Secretary Mor
ton by hanging him in effigy, was cir
culated last week. It obtained numer
Improvements to residences and the
erection of new ones has commenced in
earnest at Arapahoe, People expect sub
stantial benefits from the works of the
irrigating company which expects to
have an abundance of water within
reach this season.
A little daughter of Mr. and Mrs.
Henry Kruse, residing ten miles north
of Grand Island, was playing with a
revolver when it was discharged. The
ball struck her in the teeth, plowed a
furrow in the roof of the mouth and
fell into her throat.
Joshua Miller, one of the oldest in-
habitants of .Nemaha county, died of
old age last week. 1 f he had lived three
days ltnger he would have been Sy
y cirsoid. His widow, whom he mar
ried over sixty-live years ago, and sev
eral children survives him.
William Slatier of Union has five
sons all of them handsomcyoungmen,
and he offers a marriage dowry of S100
with each of them and another S100
for the lirt grandchild. It should be
remembered by applicants that each of
the boys owns a good farm already.
The Women's Christion Temperance
union of Davenport had Messrs. hite
and l?ean. restaurant keepers of that
place arrested for violating the Slocnm
law. The case was dismissed by the
presiding judge aud the costs, amount
ing to about SCO, assessed against the
The Kent Cattle company of Geneva
last week shipped 540 fat steers to Lon
don, via. ltoston. This is their third
shipment direct to Europe. Two years
ago the 10th of this month there were
shipped from Geneva S00 steers to Liv
erpool. Another large shipment will
be ready in May.
Police officers at Grand Island arrest
ed one Pat Leaha upon a telephone mes
sage from Frank Leaha of Wisner.
Pat was found dead drunk with SGG in
his pockets. It seems that Pat left his
home with S400, went to Omaha, and
after blowing most of it in there ar
rived in Grand Island.
When a retail dealer patronizes home
industry he enables the manufacturer
to employ more men who in turn
become his patrons. Farrell & Ca's
brand of syrups, jellies, preserves and
and mince meat: Morse-Coe boots
and shoes for men, womeand children;
Consolidated Coffee Ca's brand of cof
fee, extracts and yeast; Page Soap Ca's
Silver Leaf and Borax soap; American
' P.iscuitifc Manufacturing Co., Omaha,
The beet sugar company of Norfolk
reports an unprecedented large acreage
already under contract for this year,
about 3.000 acres being contracted for.
The large profits made by beet growers
last season have convinced the most
doubtful that-more money can be made
' on beets than any other Nebraska crop.
Citizens of Tekamah are uniting in a
movement to suppress gambling.
A young son of Uriah Davis, a farm
er living south of Nebraska C lty was
savagely attacked and bitten by a'rabid
dog. The boy was taken to Omaha to
try the virtues of a mad stone. A large
number of cattle and hogs in the neigh
borhood were bitten by the dog and a
reign of terror exists in that vicinity.
Fred Krause. residing two miles cast
of Reynolds met with a painful acci
dent. In attempting to shoot at a wolf
he sent a ball from a 44-caliber revolver
through his leg. midway between knee
and thigh. A brother of the young man
met with a somewhat similar accident
some time ago, which resulted fatally.
Jumping Fagle, a Sioux brave, was
arraigned before Commissioner Dundy
in Omaha and lined S.'j and costs for
giving liquor to Indians. Jumping
Kagle has the reputation of being a
"good Indian" and plead guilty to the
charge. He Was detained live days in
the custody of the United States mar
shal. A double deck car of sheep caught
fire last week while coining into Gnu d
Island, butthe llamcs were extinguislu-a
before any serious damage was done.
The lire originated in tue straw bedding
of the ear, probably from a span; of
the engine. The car was hurridly
pulled to the witter tank and the ho'-e
Cyrus 15. Miller, the school teacher
arrested for the theft of a couple of
horses, a quantity of lard and other ar
ticles, was arraigned in district court
of Gage county, and in accordance with
an agreement of counsel pleaded guilty
to a charge of burglary and was sen
tenced to a term of one year in the pen
itentiary. 'I he railroad traffic at Talmagc on
the Missouri Pacific railroad for the
months of November. December and
January is summarized as follows:
For November, receipts, SI. "S1. ."." and
forwarded, Sl.OT.-O. For December,
receipts. S'-OS. '.'.; forwarded. S-.-05..T.
For January, receipts, 0CS.7."i; forward
At the meeting of the board of trus
tees ot Pender there was submitted to
the voters a water works bond proposi
tion. The amount to be voted is $1".
( 00 to bear i per cent interest. A sim
ilar bond was voted last summer, but
the state alienor failed to register the
bonds If the ootids carry the work
will commence at once.
The Ladies I'nion Helping Hand so
ciety of Nebraska City has done a great
work during the past winter, and is
still active in relie ing the wants of the
needy. Forty-one members aie en
rolled in the socu ty from the best fam
ilies in the city, and they have brought
comfort to many cheerless homes dur
ing the past few months
hy. asks the Fdgar Post, should
anyone want to j'o to California for a
taluorious climate if he lives in Ne
braska'.' The gentle breezes blow, the
sun smiles down upon the quickening
earth, the bluebirds are twittering
among the boughs, and he robins are
getting up plans and specifications for
nesting again. Nebr.isua is all right
The board of supervisors of Holt
county reconsidered the vote in regard
to outing John kirving fiom the ollicc
of district clerk. The board then pro
ceeded to vote on the charges separate
ly, linding him guilty as charged on all
the counts except to by a vote of 10
toll. He was then declared removed
from ollicc. three supervisors not voting
Mrs. Wilson, who recently moved to
liroken liow from Ansclmo, attempted
to commit suicide Sunday night by tak
ing poison. She had written directions
to the sheriff requesting that her fur
niture be sent to her sister in Illinois
A warrant of insanity has been filed
against her, and if she recovers in all
probability she will be sent to the asy
lum. Thomas Hoeshaw, a former section
man on the Darlington at Abbotts
Neb., hung himself in a room of his
residence. Family troubles and pover
ty is the cause attributed. Hoeshaw
and his wife had a quarrel over some
t rival matter and he returned to the
room occupied by -his children, and
taking a lope from the wall hung him
self. At Grafton, the large frame barn of
N. C. liurt was burned to the ground:
also nine head of valuable horses and
mules, three hundred bushels of grain
and farm machinery and harness The
fireoccured about 3 o'clock in the morn
ing and was so great that there was no
chance to save anything. It is supposed
to be the work of tramps sleeping in
Joseph Miller, the car burglar arrest
ed in Hastings, whose confession led to
the issuance of warrants for two com
panions, was bound over to the district
court. The two confederates, for
whose arrest warrants have been
issued, were obligingly kicked off a
Uurlington train out of McCook a few
hours before Sheriff Harris started to
At Hartington Judge Norris over
ruled the motion for a new trial for
Charles Elliott, who was convicted of
manslaughter. In their verdict the
jury recommended mercy, and out of
regard for that recommendation the
judge imposed a light sentence on the
prisoner. He fixed the penalty at three
years and six months in the peneten
tiary. His attorney will appeal to the
The Western Seed and Irrigation
company has filed articles of incorpora
tion signed by F. W. ltartcldcs. A. II.
Goodwin. F. T. Emerson, Max Wil
hemi and George Emerson. The prin
cipal place of transacting business will
be at Waterloo and the nature of the
business is to be the growing and sell
ing of seeds and vegetables. The au
thorized capital stock is 524,000.
In the Wickland murder trial at Sid
ney the defendant swore that his wife
had carnal intercourse with Andrew
Anderson, the murdered man. The de
fense then called the defendant's wife,
Mrs. Wickland, who acknowledged be
fore the jury and five hundred specta
tors that she at several times had com
mitted adultery with the murdered
man. Wickland was acquitted.
Willard Ginn. the treasurer of Logan
county, has gone wrong, according to
W. Quincy Mahan, an expert book
keeper who has been working on the
books for several days. He is short
S40u The commissioners have turned
the office over to Mr. Mahan and he and
E. R. Smith, the cashier of the State
bank of Gandy, will go over the books
again and report when the commission
The Odd Fellows, Modern Woodmen,
Red Men and Maccabees of Auburn
have leased Union hall for a period of
ten years and are remodelling and re
fitting the same for use by the lodges.
They expect to have it ready for occu
pancy by April 1. When completed it
will contain a reception room, ante
room, a fine lodge room, a splendid ban
quet room, a ki'chen and several prop
J. C lllinkinson of Ilelden, Neb., was
at police headquarters in Omaha the
other night making inquiries concern
ing IL L. Thompson, who left Ilelden
on Tuesday and came to Omaha with a
car load of hogs. He has not returned
to his home and no one in Omaha
seemed to know his whereabouts. His
relatives have become wo Tied over his
absence and fear that something seri
ous has happened to him.
Mrs. Martin, mis
will be falling in
love with Cousin
Clarissa at first
She was hand
ing Percy Carr
his tea as she
spoke, and smil
ing at him ap
provingly. "I would find it easy to fall in love
with any relative of yours, Mrs. Mar
tin." 'Ah, listen to his flattery!" she said,
appealing to the others gathered
around her low, sparkling tea-table
that particular afternoon. '"It is
veiy evident he is meditating an
entreaty for another cup of tea. Hut,
seriously, she is not my cousin at all
but my husband's. I have never seen
"And Mr. Martin is away just now,
isn't he? Poking among those dreary
Pittsburg mines, as usual, I dare
say,"' said Horton Miles.
"Yes, poor darling," assented Mrs.
Martin. She knew that it was from
those particularly gloomy places that
her wealth came, and that her hus
band should make occasional visits of
supervision to them was to be properly
"Is she young?" questioned Mrs.
She was a charming widow whose
beauty somehow suggested that of a
very full-blown rose. Her carriage
gown of violet cloth was trimme I
with gold passementerie and fur.
She rather dreaded the advent of any
new comer who might nttract the
languid attention of Percy Carr.
"I really know little about her.
You see. I never contemplated the
p visibility of her remembering or
recognizing our existence by a visit.
I think she is young. I believe she is
pretty. I have the impression she is
cultured. I know she is wealthy."
D "That final statement will cover a
multitude of sins," murmured Ralph
Summer-.. "How long must we pine
for a glimpse of her face?"
"Her note said she would arrive
Wednesday morning. You ni'ty all
come up to dinner Wednesday even
ing, and be presented."
"Wednesday dawned, stecl-skyed,
gust3 stingiugly cold. Mrs. Martin,
peeped out behind her velvet curtains,
drew back with a little shiver.
"I wish," she said to herself, in
reference to Mr. Martin's cousin,
"that she had mentioned over what
road and at what hour she would
arrive, and I'd have the carriage meet
Hut the day blustered on to noon, to
afternoon, toward evening, and still
Clarissa Martin did not put in an ap
pearance. From feeling absolute
vexation, Mrs. Martin began to regard
the situation with amusement.
"How disappointed my guests will
be if she fails to materialize! 1 shall
tell them it is truly a version of
'Hamlet,' with Hamlet left out."
At ." o'clock the curtains were drawn
in the beautiful, imposing home of
Philip Martin. Within electric lights
shone with white brilliance, and
grates of burnished metal held beds
of rubies. In the long amber drawing-room
the guests assembled.
Six tinkled out from a hidden cioek.
The chief article of Mrs. Martin's
--j. r i
i&tZ-' rv .
"MISS CLARISSA MAKTIX!" AXXOUSCKD
social creed was that dinner must not
be kept waiting. So, after privately
giving directions to the footman and
housekeeper, she apologized for the
absence of the expected guest, and led
the way to the dining room.
15ut hardly was the soup-tureen un
covered in the dining room when the
tinkle of a bell in the kitchen an
nounced an .arrival. The footman
opened the door to a tall, stout young
woman with red cheeks and snapping
black eyes. She wore a plaid dress,
a plush coat, a hat with two green
parrots confronting each other an
tagonistically, and a voluminous vail
of red gauze.
"Is this Mrs. P. Martin's house?"
On being assured that it was. she
turned her head and shrilled down the
steps to the hackman:
"All right. Uring up that there
"That there trunk" having been
duly brought tip. the hackman paid
and the housekeeper summoned, the
new-comer was informed of the mes
sage of her hostess.
"If you please, mies, Mrs. Martin
srjf:. as she is having a few friends to
dinner, she will be pleased, if you
dress and come down, if you do not
feel too fatigued."
"Mepey. no! I ain't tired. I'll be
ready in a jiffy."
The trunk was carried to the lux
urious room prepared for Mr. Martin's
cousin, and from its depths the visitor
quickly drew her most festal attire.
There!" she exclaimed, as she re
garded her completed toilet in the
mirror, "tony as they be, judging by
the house, I guess this'll fetch them!"
She was not mistaken She created
a sensation when she entered the din
ing room. Mrs. Martin and her guests
glanced up as the door opened, to be
hold a buxom woman of thirty-two or
three, clad in a govrn of blue, bright,
sleazy silk, elaborately trimmed with
silk of the variety known as clonde."
Mrs. Mart'n, in one swift glanee.
took in the latest guest, from her
frizzed hair to her red hands and
clumsy shoes. SHe felt a little faint
as she rose to meet her. She held oat
her slender fingers.
"You did not mention the train, or I
should have sent the carriage," she
"Oh, law! that didn't matter!" de
clared the other, givinj hcta explo
sive kiss. "This ain't suehia big town
but it was easy to find myeay. I just
told a hackman to drire"me to P. Mar
tin's, and here I am!?
There she was, indeed, and very
much of her. Acutely conscious of
the demure laafffitr in "Pe:c$- Carr's
dark eyes, Mrs. Martin heroically
made known her husband's cousin to
her guests. " f
Miss Martin insisted on going around
the table to shake hands with each
"And r.ow," decided that frank
young person, "I'll cat some dinner. I
didn't have but two bought ham sand
wiches on the train, and seemed like
they was all sandwich and no ham."
"If, while the meal progressed, her
manner was not all that might have
been expected in Mr. Martin's cousin,
her appreciation of the viands was
evidenced in word and deed. It was a
relief to Mrs Martin, when they all
rose and went into the drawing-room.
IJut here fresh agonies awaited her;
for the visitor, on being requested by
Ralph Sommcrs to sing, promptly
seated herself at the piano, and to a,
mighty pedal accompaniment, poured
her soul into the rollicking strains of
"Sunday Night When the Parlor's
"Oh, thank you!" said Maud Hamil
ton, sauvely. "I never heard that
There was a ghastly silence.
"Oh. that's nothing," averred Miss
Martin. "I know lots as good. We
have an organ at our house, an 1 me
an 1 the young man I kep' comp'ny
with last winter used to sing all the
time most. I'll sing you his favorite
now!" And she tittered as she swung
around to the keyboard.
Mrs. Martin hid grown white under
the strain. She co.ild not endure this
much longer not even for Pitilip-'s
sake. IJut even as she cast desperately
around for some possible means of re- J
leas", the portiers were thrust wide.
"Miss Clarissa Martin!" announced
Into the room came a slender, ele
gant figure, richly and sedately
gowned in dark cloth and fur. A
small, dainty bonnet rested on a head
of softly-waved, golden hair. A hand,
looking as if carved out of marble,
was gracefully extended.
"Tue train was delayed," she ex
plained. "You are Cousin Philip's
wife, I know."
Mrs. Martin held the slirii figure as
tiie drowning hold straws.
"Who," she asked of the figure at
the piano, "are you?"
"I'm Miss Jennie Sophronia Martin,
from Hire's" Hollow."
A soft little ripple of myrth ran
around the room.
"May I ask. Miss Jennie Sophronia
Martin," said Mrs. Martin, coldly, "to
what I am indebted for the the em
barrassment of your visit?"
The damsel from Hire's Hollow
opened her eyes and mouth in amaze
"Ain't you Mrs. Peter Martin, wife
to the boss drayman, that's my fath
er's second cousin?"
"Decidedly not," her hostess as
And explanations followed.
"I never seen Peter's wife." Jennie
Sophronia assured them; "but when
Peter was down to Hire's Hollow, this
fall, buyin' hogs, he made ma promise,
to let me come visit his folks. And I
supposed the hackman was a-takin'
In her sense of immense relief Mrs.
i Martin became positively kind. She
ordered the coupe and ha I her mis
taken guest driven to her correct des
tination. And the others laughingly
elaboratcd the whole affair for the
benefit of lovely, high-bred Clarissa
Martin. And t'ae evening turned out
beautifully after all, except perhaps
for Mr. Thurston, who beheld her
worst fears verified.
"Your prophesy has been fulfilled,"
declared Percy Carr. as he shook
hands with his hostess. "She is en
trancing. I have fallen in love at first
She arched her pretty eyebrows.
"With Jennie Sophronia of Hire's
Hollow'."' she asked, quizzically.
"No: with your husband's cousin.
Oh. you needn't laugh, nor look in
credulous. 1 in tremendously iii
Inronreltalilc Vastness o" Space.
The human mind cannot compre
hend what is mea t by the four little
words in the expression "the soa of
space." nor doe; the astronomer live
who can give any idea of its unthink
ablo immensity. If the volumo of
"apace" included within our solar
system (which is peiha,)s but a sin
gle tiain of plants anion,' hundreds
of millions of a similar kind) were
occupied by one single globe o.OOO,
00C,0J)of miles in uiametei'it would
be but as a fealh r in the marvelous
spread of "vacancy' .surrounding it!
In fact, it has been calculated that
in the space occupied by our solar
system :,,7U0.0)D.OJ).0Jj'0)J globes
the size of our earth could revolve,
each at a distance of ." )'J.O00 miles
lrom the other! St. Louis Republic.
A Ouc-;'im of rrapritrtorsliip.
"I hear that old Allcash is at the.
bottom of the troubles going on in
the Rev. Meekly's e'jureh."
"Oh, yes; everybody understands
"It is new to me. I was not aware
that he belonged to'th.at church."
"According to the way old Allcash
looks at it the church belongs tc
him." Kansas City Journal.
i A sure Sijjn.
, "I supposed when Alice gavo rno
I the vase that it was real expensive.'
j "And did she tell you that it was
1 "No, but I know it isn't, for I'vo
j had it three weeks and my maid
. hasn't even cracked it"
At the roaltcrcr'E.
"Have you any canvas-back duck?"
Marketman Yes; how many will
"Well, if the canvas is all wool
two will be plenty, hut if they are
! going to shrink g.ve me four."'
' Inter "Ocean.
Amlck Vimllratpil Eprywlcrc.
Sr. Louis, March 12th. Judgment
was Tendered yesterday in favor of Dr.
Amick, of Cincinnati, against the St.
Louis Clinique. This medical journal
questioned the merits of his treatment
for Consumption, which many physi
cians here say is the only cure for this
disease. Amick keeps his formula to
himself and sends, free, medicines prov
ing to the consumptive he can be cured.
All this is against the medical'code,
hence the attack and vindication.
MISFORTUNES OF GENIUS.
Julius Caesar had weak digestion
And was subject to epileptic fits.
Milton was'blind in his old ago and
often lacked the comforts of life.
Mohammed was an epileptic and his
visions were those of a diseased mind.
Gibbon had the gout. He became
so stout that he could not dress him
self. llyron was club-footed and the fact
was a source of constant misery to
him all his life.
Mary Queen of Scots became bald in
middle li8e, and was forced to hide tho
blemish with a wig.
Dr. Johnson was near-sighted and
his face much disfigured by scars re
sulting from scrofula.
Alexander the Great had a heredi
tary tendency to drunkenness that
imbittcred his whole life.
Disraeli, thc author of the "Curiosi
ties of Literature," ruined his eyes by
his indefatigable studies and became
llach's eyes failed completely in his
later years and his last work, "The
Art of Fugue," remains unfinished on
Handel became blind in his old age,
but the fact did not prevent his con
tinuing the series of oratorios that
made him immortal.
Queen Elizabeth was annoyed by a
red nose. Her attendants were ac
customed to powder it every few min
utes to keep it present! hie.
Swift was probably insinc for years
before the fact became apparent. He
always dreaded insanity, an 1 once or
twice said that he would die mad.
Napoleon suffered for years with
?ancer of the stomach. The disease
was hereditary in his family, several
relatives having also died of the same
Addison's greatest misery was his
ncurablc diffidence. Ho never over
came it, but to the end of his life was
silent and embarrassed when in com
pany. Beethoven becamo deaf, and long
L-cforc his death could not even hear
the drums in the orchestra. He never
"ieard the greatest of his own com
oositions. Prcscott, the historian, was almost
blind the whole of his literary life.
He could use his eyes for only a few
iiomcnts each day aud was compelled,
fjoth in making his historical re
searches and in writing his books, to
-cly on the vision of others.
Stephen Donsal, in an article called
"A Pilgrimage to Lourdes." which is to
appear in the March Centu-y, says that
five hundred letters are received every
day at that famous shrine, addressed to
Our Lady of Lourdes. They are never
opened, and are supposed to contain
petitions and prayers from thoe who
are prevented from making the pil
grimage, and thank-offerings from
those who have been benefited by their
ETCHINGS AND ECHOES.
Sealing wax as a method of closing
i letter has rallied from disuse and is
igain in vogue.
The Unit d States government is
building at the mouth of the Colum
bia river a jetty, which is intended to
be, when completed, the longest ever
The value of the fire drill in schools
ias been shown again in New York,
where several hundred pupils were
narched out of a burning building to
the music furnished by a teacher upon
The issue of Columbian stamps from
January 2 to December 31, 1893, the
period assigned to their distribution,
s the subject of a statement which
las been prepared by thj post-ofiico
department officials. The aggregate
mmbir issued to postmasters was
There were 33,130 locomotives en
gaged in hauling passengers and
'reight over the railways of this
:ountry last year; 8,848 in hauling
jassenger trains alone. To transport
,hc passenger traffic of the country
23,S7.1 cars were in operation, while
'or the conveyance of freight nearly
ialf a million cars were required.
Probably the largest submarine
:ablo ever laid in the country was
Stretched under the East river from
:hc foot of Eighty-eighth street, Hun
xir's point, New York. The cable
ncasurcs nearly a mile in length, two
ind three-fourths inches in circumfer
ence and weighs twenty-one tons.
It contains twenty conductors, each
:onsisting of three fine copper wires.
The "I5r:dge of Sighs," which con
aects the new criminal court with the
Tombs, in New York city, is com
pleted. The bridge is a handsome cov
ired way constructed of steel and
ihcet iron. It is about sixty feet in
'ength, ten feet in height and ten feet
wide. Prisoners on their way to trial
ind those who have received sentence
.vill pass across this bridge instead of
being transferred in the clumsy old
Black Maria." The bridge will thus
save many thousands of dollars yearly
n deputy sheriff' fees. The "Bridge
3f S'ghs" gets it? name from a famed
rid'jc in Venice, over which persona
:ondemned to death were led.
The March number of the Atlantic
Monthly opens with the third install
ment of Mrs. Dcland's "Philip and His
Wife." Charles Egbert Craddock's
"His Vanished Star" appears for the
last time before its publication, as now
completed, in book form. The Rev.
Walter Mitchell's "Two Strings to His
Bow" is also ended in its second part.
The remaining piece of fiction is a fan
ciful, pathetic tale of New cngland,
"The Fore-Room Rug," by Mrs. Kate
Douglas Wiggin. Of uncommon inter
est to students of modern European
politics is Professor Jeremiah W Jenk's
account and estimate of "A Greek
Prime Minister: Charilaos Tricoupis,"a
statesman whose recent return to pow
er has brought him conspicuously to
the attention of all Europe. Hough
ton, Milllin & Co., Boston.
The Omaha gamblers, who it has
been decreed must go. arc moving to
Council Bluffs and South Omaha.
FARM AM) HOUSEHOLD.
ANODEL BERRY GARDEN FOR
What to Set ftnd Ho-.v to Set tt, With
Mmlillcation.i Act'or:Uiix to Climate
1'arniris I'oiiltry Shcup Shcar!as and
llouoehold Jlclp.t. w
The Farmer' Kerry Oar:!cn.
Tho modol garden is 13 rods long
and 4 rods wldo, t no quarter acre.
Our garden being fill feet wide and
165 feet long, and wi-dnnjto do all
labor podsiblo with a horso and cul
tivator, wo stake off tho ground in
rows j3 feet loug and 7 feet apart.
Strawberry rows to bo one-half this
distance, or three and ono half feet
apart. Leave a head land 1 foot
wido at each end for turning, writos
M. A. Thayer of Sparta, Wisconsin.
Make tho first row 3 feet from tho
outsido and set as follows: 1st row
Ill fruit trees; composed of well
tosted varieties of apples, pears,
plums end cherries, such as aro
hardy and known to do well in your
particular locality. Thisisospccially
uecossary in tho Northwest: id row
50 blackberries, 10 Ancient Briton,
10 Snyder; JM row 5J black rasp
berries, 23 Nemaha. 0 Ohio. 10
Older. Talmer or Progress; 4th row
50 red raspberries, lb Marlboro, 15
Cttthbert. 10 Shaffer's l'ollos?al; 5th
row 50 currants, 25 Victoria. 25
Red Dutch; Gth row wliito currants
and gooseberries, 25 Whito Grape,
15 Downing, 10 Houghton; 7th. 8th,
9th rows 303 strawberries, 200
(pistilate) selected from Warfield,
Crescent, ilavcrlund. Bubacli, Eureka,
10) (staininatc) f elected from
Michel's Early, Jessie, Parker Earlo,
Yan Dcman, Capt. Jack, Rio; 10th
row 17 grapes, (j Moore's Early, S
Wordon. o Brighton, : Concord. 2
Delaware. These varieties have been
tested in tho Northwest, and do woll
in most localities in the United
States. In more temperate climates
selections may bo made from well
tried kinds; always bearing in mind
that only lirst class plants should be
Shcpp Tick. anil Disratd.
I have known so many diseases of
shcop to be directly traced to ticks
that it is not inappropriate to speak
of disease and ticks in one article
Sheep aro generally freo from dis
ease when they are kept in good bod
ily health and viiro.-. but as soon as
any worry or other cause depresses
their vitality they becoino very sus
ceptible to all diseases known to tho
order. A dozen lively ticks on an
old sheep or a young lamb will mako
life very unpleasant, and if they aro
allowed to multiply undisturbed
there will shortly be several hun
dred to make life absolutely undear
ablc. The rapid way in wnich ticks
increase in numbers is sufficient to
warn every sheep owner to beware
of tho lirst ones,and to check a them
as soon as they appear.
There can bo no profit in lambs
where ticks are plentiful. The lambs
and sheep may bo big eaters, but
thoy cannot gam properly from tho
food. The irritating cause of trouble
must bo removed or they will grow
thinner and eventually succumb to
sorao disease. Very many of our so
called "run down" Hocks of sheep
arc in such a plight simply because
tho ticks have worried them sick.
Such Hocks can sometimes bo taken
by a new owner and treated to a
good kerosene emulsion, and in short
time tltey will picic up wonderfully.
The kerosene emulsion is probably
tho easiest remedy that can be .pre
pared, and no sheep owner can bo
excused for not using it when his
Hock is suffering from this great
nuisance. Tho mixture is made by
adding to every gallon of water half
the quantity of soft soap, or any hard
soap shaved up so a? to dissolve
easi'y. Then boil this until every
particle of the soap is melted, and
aid two gallons of kerosene. The
mass should be mixed thoroughly
and rapidly for about I've minutes
afte" adding tho kerosene, and at tho
end of that time it ought to look a
g od deal like thick cream. After
this nearly as much more hot water
can be added so as to dilute it to tho
rightstrength. In this condition tho
emulsion will keep for a long time,
and when it is to be applied to the
sheep it can be diluted more by
adding one or more gallons of solt
This remedy can cither bo pumped
over the sheep with a sprayer, or
rubbed into their wool with tho
hands. It docs not matter which
way so long as the emulsion gets
where tho ticks arc. No harm can
come to the sheep from the use of
this remedy, nor is there any poison
about it if a little should happen to
squirt into their nose or mouth.
This same remedy is excellent for
hen lice, and it is good to sprinkle
over the hen house. Generally it is
necessary to clean out tho sheep
pen where lico have been, and to
whitewash everything possible.
There will bo much better health,
too, among the sheep if things arc
kept cleaner. Often ticks aro bred
and multiplied in dirty pens, and
tiic owners have no ono to blame but
themselves for their presence. Dirt
and filth breed diseases, and the
ticks help to make matters wo.'se.
Colman's Rural World.
If every farmer would build a
comfortable and suitablo poultry
houso and provide a "run" fenced oa"
with suitablo fence there would be a
very great increase in tha profit of
poultry as compared with the pre
vailing methods. The house need
not be expensive but should be made
comfortable for both winter and
summer, and should be kept clean at
all times. . The accumulations should
be used on the garden as it affords
tho best fertilizing material. The
house should be large enough to ac
commodate the number or fowls
without crowding as it is important
to health that plenty of room be
supplied. Roomy and clean quarters
will be found indispensib'.c to health,
and freedom from lico ono of tho
greatest poultry nests.
Tho run need not Ic very large, as
the fowls need to occupy it but a
portion of tho season, while -tho
greater portion of the time they may
be allowed to run freo of all re
straint. By a little care and fore
thought a very pro'tablo investment
may bo made by the farmer in the
care of poultry, Lut a little neglect,
a littlo carelessness will result in
cutting off tho profits and very often
causo loss in tho undertaking. Fowls
I allowed to shift for thomsoives tho
year round do not bring compensa
tion to tho farmer. In this as in
overythlng olso thero must bo a pur
pose, an intention to mako tho rais
ing of poultry pay, for without a
fixed design no good will bo accom
plished. "Whero there is a will thero is a
way." Journal of Agriculture.
Spinach a Good Market Crop.
Wo havo had great success in
raising this vegetable for market,
and when tho conditions aro favor
ablo ono is pretty suro to mako a
good thing of tho work. To a great
cxtont spinach has been neglected
"by farmers, but of lato ycare a fow
havo made a specialty of it, so tho
market is not donicd good spinach.
It is a green vegetable that can bo
supplied often when nearly all others
aro out of season, and at certain
times of tho year it is in good do
mand. It can be grown as a spring,
summer, or autumn crop, aud all
'three aro profitable seasons.
But by all odds the early spring is
tho best time in tho year to got good
prices, for whilo tho first spinach of
tho season may soil for $1 and oven
2 per barrel, tho rest will not com
mand much moro than half a dollar
in tho height of tho season. It
sometimes gets down as low as
twenty-livo cents a barrel. Then it
hardly pays to pick it for shipment.
In order to raiso it for early spring,
a sheltered part of the garden should
bo selected for it. Tho moro
sheltered tho position tho better it
will be for all purposes. Witli a
building or row of trees on tho north
side, and a good sunny exposure on
the south, spinach is suro to turn
out a good crop, early in tho season.
The market gardeners of tho Southern
states raiso spinach in largo quanti-
1 ties for their early shipments, but
when their crop begins to declino
and tho Northern crop comes in, tho
latter commands nearly double tho
price. It is liner and freslier, and
linuco in more demand than the
Southern product. Farm Life.
flt-itii Jn':!njc of Heifer"..
This is a critical time in tho life
of a young heifer. It seems to bo
small business continuing the milk
ing as long as possible, even though
only a very littlo milk is obtained.
But it is important to continue milk
ing as long as possible, be-auso the
heifer dried up four or live months
before her next calf comes, will be
apt to go dry every year at about tho
same time. It pays to feed young
heifers liberally, but not with fatten
ing food. Encourage a large milk
proJuction by feeding roots and bran
mash. This also will mako tho
heifer increase in size, and will help
hor in developing a strong, vigorous
calf. Tho calf will also havo its
natural milk tendency increased if
its dam while bearing it is kept to a
full How of milk. A'ncrican Culti
vator. Sheep Shearings.
ICci;iii; slicup uver-lat an .m tluit.
is injurious, and should always bo
avoided, and especially the breeding
Let the breed be what it ma
under pres-ent conditions profit re
quires that the large-it possible
amount of mutton bo gotten out of
Professor Henry shows by experi
ment that it costs 2."il to produce
103 pounds of gain with lambs, and
$.'1.0:5 to produco tho same gain with
pigs of about tho same age.
The number of sheep annually
killed by dogs is something appal
ling. It is said to exceed 70),0')0
with a value exceeding ,000,000.
And how much aro the dogs worth?
Given a good Hock to start with,
good management with a view to
mutton proluction.and un Jcr average
conditions, there is no class of stock
that will prove so uniformly profita
ble. Tho primary object in keeping
sheep is the wool, but in doing this
the mutton and the increase should
not be overlooked if tho best profit
from them is realized, a? the ono ob
ject, wool growing, will not of itself
mako a sufficient return.
Timidity is a characteristic of tho
sheep that should not be tampered
with. A wise sheep keeper will uso
every means to calm his sheep and
keep them so. No cud chewing ani
mal can be kept in a state of excito
ment and be profitable to its owner.
Clean piano ke.'s with a soft rag
dippoi in alcohol.
Warm milk used as a wash at
night makes hard, coarac, or rough
Oranges and lemons will keep
well if hung in a wiro net in a cool
and airy place.
A drop of oil and a feather will do
away with tho creaking in a door or
I ipc tomatoes will remove ink and
other stains from white cloth; also
from the hands.
A littlo Hour dredged over a cako
before icing it will keep tho icing
from spreading and running off.
Take vim stains from silver by
rubbing with a wet rag which has
been dipped in common tabic salt.
Beat an egg thoroughly in a bowl
and add ono teacup of cold water to
it- Use eno.igh of this to thoroughly
moisten coffee when making it
Keep in a cold place, and waste no
more egs hy drying.
Granulated sugar is tho purest
brand, consequently tho cheapest
Po not use quite as much as of other
kinds one-half inch less for a cup
ful. Cake batter mado with granu
lated sugar requires longer beating
than usual, as "the sugar i.s longer in
A handsome cover .'or a piano may
le made by using a square of plain
satin, with border twelve or fifteen
inches wide of goldo.-s'lver-wrought
satin. A center o pale gray, with a
border of still raler gray, or a plain
yellow center, with gold-wrought
border, is ver elective.
Bolting cloth is a m t charming
material for table mat3, runners and
doiiies- They will not bo durable,
but, with proper care they will last
a rcasonab'c period, and embroidered
in whito flcss they are a thing of
beauty and a joy not, incccd. for
ever, but as lung as they do endure.
Columbus State Bank J
(OUmI tak 1 U SUtt)
pays Merest cm Time Sesoslti
Hales Loans on Real Estate
KEIfes Bianr diatts cm
Ckieace, If v Trk
SSLLI i STEAMSHI : TICIETS.
BUYS GOOD NOTES
And Ilelps IU Customers whea thj Nd Utljk
flriCZBS 1KB BIBKCT0SI I
liEASDER GERHARD. PrecX
B. H. HENRY. Tic Frest.
Authorized Capital of - $500,090
Paid in Capita), - 90,000
0. H. SHELDON. PrcVt.
U. P. H. OEIILUICII. Vice Pre
CLAKK GRAY. Cashier.
DANI EL SUI1UAM. Ass't Cash
n. M. TVis?r.ntr. 11. P. II. OEnr.mcn.
C. II. Sheldon, W. A. McAm.isteh,
JONAS WELCH. UAUL. KICKJi.
3. 0. Ghat. J. Henry Woudemaw,
Gkioiakd Losem, Henry Lose he.
l LARK (JRAY. UfcO. W. GALLEY.
Daniel Sciihau, A. F. 11. Oeuluicit.
I'uank Korku, J. I'. Hecker Estati,
Bank of deposit; Intorcst allowed on tlmo
deposits; buy and sell oxelwuiKO on United
Slates und Europe, and buy and &cll avail
able securities. Wo shall bo pleased to ro
zcivo your business. Wo solicit your pat
First National Baoft
K. ANDERSON. J. H. GALLEY,
President. Vice Pres't
O. T. ROEN. Cashier.
O.AWDEnSON, P. ANDERSOIT.
JAC03 GRElSi2T. HENRY ltiQATZ,
JAUUS O. REKUCU.
Statement of tho Condition at tlio CIoso
f Business Jily 12, 18S3.
Loans and Discount" S 2II.4C7 S7
Real 1-stato Furnlturo and Fix
tures '''''i "
U.S. ISonds 15.2X) 0)
Duo from other banks fXT.673 31
Cash on Hand 2i.hSI M 59.743 M
Tapltal Stock paid In...
f co.ooo tt
225,1 1'J 37
All kinds of Repairing done on
I Short Notice. Kaggies, Wag
ons, etc., made to order,
and all work Guar
anteed. Also tell the world-famous Walter A
Wood Mowers, Reapers, Combin
ed Machines, Harvesters,
and Belf-binders the
Shop on Olive Street, Columbus, Neb.,
four doors south of Borowiak'a.
Collins : and : Metallic : Cases !
tSfliepairing of all kinds of Uphol
The Journal for Job Worlt
Powered by Open ONI