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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (March 7, 1894)
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VOLUME XXIV.-NUMBER 47.
COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 7, 1891.
WHOLE NUMBER 1,213.
A S2.",000 school will be among1 Hast
ings improvements this year.
Beatrice's new Presbyterian church,
just dedicated, cost S24,O0O.
A cainn of the Modern Woodmen has
keen organized at Niobrara.
1'ire at Valparaiso badly damaged the
residence of Mrs. S. S. Throop.
The neiv 'Presbyterian church in
Ueatrice was dedicated last Sunday.
The frequency of fires at Hastings
of late makes it look as if incendiaries
Mr. Upton of Dodge county last week
started twelve double-decked cars of
sheep to Kuropc.
Hiram C. Tuttle, an old soldier of
Ked Cloud, has lately received a good
sized back pension.
A building and loan association has
been organized at Clay Center with a
There is talk of organizing an Odd
Fellows lodge at IJising City. Forty or
ii'ty people will join.
Da-ey, the murderer of W. 0. Wright
at Valparaiso, wassentenccd to twenty
years in the penitentiary'.
The Y. M C A. of Lincoln numbers
00 d. It is expected that this will be in
creased to 1,00) by March 7th.
Ella I'aker has brought suit in the
county court of Gage county against
ZUyron Met'ary for bastardy
1'our ev.l doers from Otoe county
have just been placed in the peniten
tiary lor from one to four years.
A "I'ideon'.s band" of t'GO members
lias been organized at Pawnee City as a
result of the revival servu es there.
II. II. Ladd of Fontencllc has come
into a fortune of S100.000 through the
death of a near relative in Chicago.
There was shipped from Stanton last
week, a train of twenty cars of cattle
for the L'nion stock yards, Chicago.
Charles Yeaton. a former resident of
Tekamah, recently lost all his house
hold effects by lire at Santa Monica,
In the way of public ami private im
provements this year Fremont bids fair
to keep up her old gait and get to the
A broom factory, started in Hastings
last fall, :s now supplying the home
trade ami merchants of near by small
I M. ISuckiey. of Liberty, pleaded
guilty to selling liquor without a li
cence and was lined SCOO and costs on
Charles C. Car' ton, of Fremont, who
is sentenced to hang the -'3d of March,
has been granted a stay of execution by
the snpreme com t.
The farm house of .Tohn Kickct, four
teen miles northwest of Schuyler, was
totally destroyed by tire with ali its
contents last week.
The residence of Prof. E. Dalmar in
West Itoalrit-c was completely destroyed
"by tire with most of its contents. Loss
S1,.0.'); insurance, S-00.
'I he I'agley Heating company of Mil
waukee has been awarded the contract
of heating the new government build
ing at Fremont at S'.r,.,.'!.
The unsafe condition of the Otoe
county jail has started an agitation in
Nebraska City for the building of a
more substantial structure.
A whole sleigh load of people were
dumped in a drift near Steele City by
reason of a runaway, and all were more
or less injured but the driver.
The senate bill reimbursing Nebraska
for the sum expended in the Sioux cam
paign was reported favorably last week
from the committee on claims.
The 4-year-old boy of P. H. Morrison,
in the east part of Fremont, swallowed
laudanum from a bottle, but was saved
ly the timely arrival of the doctor.
A member of the Slowecher family
allowed a tramp boy to stay over night
at his place and the boy inreturn stole
a pockctbook containing $." in moncv.
The thirtieth anniversary of the
founding of the order of Knights of
.Pythias was royally observed by the
live lodgesof Johnson county in Tceuin
beh M. IJ. Plant, a farmer near Oxford,
fell under a bull while leading it to
water, sustaining injuries in the abdo
men, from which he died in great
Jturglars broke into the depot at
Uolbrook the other night and secured
a lot of tickets, a little money and the
contents of two mail sacks that they
The retail jewelers of Nebraska are
going to hold a meeting at Lincoln
March 14 and 13. for the purpose of
forming a state association for mutual
The report of the finance committee,
made to the county board of Custer
county, shows that ex-County Treas
urer Weimer is short in his cash S4,
44i.22. While C. A. Huck, a North fiend jew-
cler, was at supper someone broke into
the back door of his store and stole two
trays of gold watches and cases and one
tray of chains.
Ton- Columbus, an Italian, was ar
rested in Nebraska City on information
from Omaha. He is accused of sending
threatening letters to fellow countrv"
men at Omaha.
A charity entertainment at Grand
Island called out the criticism from the
Independent that the poor overseer
ought to have furnished some clothes
for the performers.
Cal West, living near Syracuse, has
.been a renter of farms "for the past
thirteen years and in that time has laid
by enough to purchase one of the best
farms in the county.
A dentist of Talmage has with re
markable ingenuity made an appliance
for a patient afflicted with cleft palate
which permits of distinct snecch and
The preliminary examination of Sam
Huffman and Elsie Thomas, charged
-with robbing the Cozard depot, resulted
in their being bound over to appear at
district court under S1,000 bonds.
The jail at David Citv is sadlv in
need of repairs. The other night a
prisoner climbed to the top of the cell,
kicked a hole through the ceiling and
walked off. He is wanted for burglarv.
Dean Alfred A. Wright, D. D., of
Uoston. has. been engaged for five davs'
work in Fremont during the Central
Chautauqua assembly this summer. He
is an educated, eloquent and witty
Trade is slowly improving. The Lin
ingcr "t Metcalf company of Omaha are
shipping out more goods than ever be
fore They are agents for the Clark
Cutaway harrows, Oliver plows, Tri
umph riding plows, Barlow corn
planter. Dodger cultivators, etc.
There will be a grand sale of trotting
ored horses at the South Omaha stock
yards, commencing larch 20th. Ne
braska and Western Iowa are cele
brated for their fine horse slock, and a
few dollars spent to improve the breed
ing stock is mnncr well invested.
Editor Astob Btill insists that
. Premier Gladstone will resign and
the old man keeps right on as
though he hadn't heard anything of
it. This is rough on the editor, but
it is not clear what be is going to
The five Knights of Pythias lodges of
Johnson county held their anniversary
celebration in Tccuinseh last week.
All the lodges were well represented
and the exercises went off in perfect
M. 1L Thorp, a letter carrier at Ne
braska City, was asked for assistance
by two tramps and took them toihe
hotel and gave them food. They re
paid his kindness by stealing his over
coat, valued at S45.
At Talmage, while cleaning a target
gun, Gussic Uutz, the 13-year-old son
of Henry Uutz, received a severe wound
in the face by being burned with pow
der. The gun bursted, but he sustain
ed no other injuries.
In the district court of Dodge county
Joseph Hrastd pleaded guilty to the
charge of stealing a Percheron horse
from Mark M. Coad and was sentenced
by Judge William Marshall to one ycai
in the penitentiary.
Governor Crounse honored a reams!
tion for the apprehension of Seth Hupp,
who is wanted at Coon Rapids. la., lor
burglarizing the clothing store of A. It
Hatfield in January, lS!i:j. in company
with Charley Mingus and Newt Grub.
A slight earthquake visited the sec
tion about Sargent. The convulsion
was sufficient to shake buildings con
s.derably and awoke every one who
was asleep at the time. People a dis
tance of fittcen miles report having felt
Three Inuian soldiers of company I,
Second infantry, Wagoner Ghost Hull
and Private Thunder Heard and Eagle
head. Fort Omaha, who asked permis
sion to buy their discharge, have been
permitted so to do by orders received
The Southeastern Nebraska Grand
Army of the Republic encampment will
be held in Beatrice March 3. Com
mander Church Howe and Senior Vice
Commander Adams will be present.
Beatrice will extend a hearty welcome
to the visiting veterans.
A son of John Goettsch of Creighton
has jut been taken to the asylum at
Norfolk. The manifestation of his in
sanity was in a very unfortunate form.
He placed poison in the food of his
grandmother, from the deadly effects
of which the old lady died.
At -Wilber, in the case of T. A. Clem
ents against tue Burlington, an action
for damages for the peculiar injuries
to his person by the breaking of a lamp
chimney in a car closet, near Ashland,
while he vvai traveling from Omaha to
(. n-te last May, the jury brought in a
verdict giving Clements S"i0".
Recently there was a movement on
foot in Hastings to secure a meeting of
the Nebraska Irrigation association,
but the national meeting to be held at
Omaha in Mar.li. and the near ap
proach of spring, when farmers will be
liusy. led the friends of the movement
to abandon the project for a time.
The Young Men's Christian associa
tion of Fremont has decided to put up
a$l.,0M building on its property on
the corner of F and I if th streets, and
chum that the mean- are already in
sight. This, with the new Grand Ar
my of the Republic hall, will mark a
new era of improvement in Fremont.
County Attorney McAllister was on
another of his usual periodical drunks
on Tuesday, says the Dakota City
Eagle, and besides tilling the air with
foul language went home and shame
fully and disgracefully abused his wife
and children, besides kicking over the
supper tabic and breaking up the fur
niture. A peculiar disease appears to be prev
alent among the cattle of some parts of
the county, says the David City Banner.
It attacks the fat cattle exclusively.
ome of the feeders of Olive township
have lost several head by it. No symp
toms of the disease are noticeable upon
the cattle affected until they fall to the
ground in a sort of a lit.
The business of "bootlegging"
whisky seems to be conducted to quite
au extent of late, at Decatur. No less
than twelve Indians were drunk on the
streets. Some of them were loaded to
their fullest capacity with firewater.
It will be a choice of two evils at the
coming village election, and no doubt a
license board will be elected.
Public sentiment at Tekamah is at
the highest pitch against a Mrs. Par
mer, a grass widow, who separated
from her husband some two years ago.
She took her 15-y car-old daughter to a
house of prostitution in Tekamah and
compelled her to remain there against
her wilL The little girl appealed to
the police and was removed and her
mother was arrested.
In a fit of temporary derangement or
despondency Mary Graves of Orleans,
aged about forty and married,attempted
suicide by cutting her throat with a
razor white the members of the fainily
wcre all absent from the house. Mrs.
Graves has been a great sufferer from
inflammatory rheumatism for several
months and the attempt is attributed
to her desire to terminate her suffer
ings. A remarkable suit was filed in the
district court at Papillion by William
Sherwin, who seeks to foreclose a mort
gage upon a half dozen of the wildcat
additions to South Omaha, the property
lying in Sarpy county. The remarka
able feature of the case is that there
are more than two hundred defendants,
principally owners of lots in the new
A desperate looking tramp, having
in charge a cow and a young calf, struck
town last Tuesday, says the Papillion
Times. He quartered himself and his
live stock in the sheds in the rear of the
Lutheran church and slept during two
bitter cold nights beside his cow. He
claimed to have plenty of money to pay
for a hotel lodging, but said he pre
ferred sleeping with the cow, as it was
better for his health.
A. Gerhard t, a farmer from Iowa, at
tempted to cross the river on the ice at
Nebraska City. On account of the mild
weather for a day or two the ice had
softened considerably and gave way
under the wagon heavily loaded with
wood. The team and wagon went
down in twenty feet of water and were
drowned under the ice. Gerhardt
barely escaped by jumping.
It is reported that the man Dobbins,
who was supposed to have been
drowned in the Platte river at North
Bend a month or so ago, has been seen
in Rockport, Mo. There were many
suspicious circumstances connected
with the case. He had just taken out
a 5:1,000 policy on his life and had been
negotiating for more, all for the bene
fit of his young wife of a few months,
who, it may be said without question,
believed that his body was certainly in
There is now in Nebraska an old
soldier who is" really a veteran in every
sense of the word, says the Plattsmouth
News. His name is samuel Dorsey and
he lives in Herman, Washington
county. He has been there about one
year. He was in the first skirmish at
Phillipi; the first real battle or skirmish
wherein blood was shed. The row at
Baltimore with the Sixth Massachu
setts, is, of course, excepted, but that
was raw troops against a rabble and
could in no wise be called a battle. At
Phillipi General Kelly was wounded,
the first man in actual battle, where
the union troops met confederate
troops, and Mr. Dorsey helped to carry
him off the field. The man that shot
Kelly was taken prisoner and sent
Every one who has crossed what used
to be known as the Great American
Desert, embracing the plains that lie
between Atchison, Kan., and Denver,
Colo., will recall easily the well known
lord of the North Platte river, at
Hawk-Eye Ranch, where, in the early
days, wagon trains used to stop to re
new their butler's stores, and where
lightning whisky was sold by the glass.
The ranch was kept by one Jack Heed,
a literal type of the adventurous fron
tiersman, who bore the name of Hawk
Eye, from the wonderful blackness and
brightness of those orbs with which na
ture had endowed him. Jack Heed,
though forty-eight years old at the time
of which I write, could see farther over
the prairies than the best scout that
ever squinted along the barrel of a
No one knows this man's history pre
vious to the spring of 1SG0, when he
arrived and established himself at this
ford of the North Platte, which place
has since come to be named after him.
Here he erected an adobe house, which
from time to time he strengthened into
a miniature fort to protect himself and
family against the hostile Indians.
Hawk-Eye Jack was a wonderful shot,
and especially at long range, his ex
cellent sight giving him a peculiar ad
vantage. I have never seen but one
man his equal as a marksman, and his
specialty was the pistol. Sometimes
strangers would stop at the ranch and
boast of their being good shots, and
perhaps challenge Hawk-Eye Jack to
a trial of skill. He let them select their
own distance and target; then, when
they had fired, he would bring his rifle
to bis eye with a rapid motion and lire
Instantly. His ball was always found
to kav entered the 6ame hole which
his opponent's bullet had made!
"Your bullet is my mark'." he would
"1011 can't see a bullet hole that dis
tance," was frequently the rejoinder.
"Fifty dollars against twenty I cover
the two balls by another shot!"
But the strangers found they had
got a man with whom they could only
bet to lose, and so they acknowledged
"beat" and went on their way.
Several years ago I was taking a
large surveying party to-Colorado, and
we made up our train at Atchison, con
sisting of fourteen mule teams, hav
ing some heavy machinery to transport
hi the wagons. It was before the iron
horse had crossed that arid route or
a rail had been laid west of Kansas.
We could not make more than twenty
miles a da' in the way of progress,
corralling our teams at night and mak
ing all necessary arrangements against
the roving Indians, who were the lit
eral banditti of the plains. As we had
broken down with one of our teams
just about a couple of miles before
reaching Hawk-Eye Ford, I ordered a
halt for a whole day to repack the wag
ons and leave the broken one behind.
During the performance of this duty
by the men. I mounted my sturdy lit
tle white saddle horse and went for
ward to visit Jack's establishment. It
happened to be a very quiet day, and
there was scarcely a soul about the
premises save the family itself. The
ranch was fully twelve miles from
any other, and it was only when the
Ualllday mail-wagons passed, or an
occasional mule-train camped near by,
that any one came there at all. Now
and then buffalo or antelope hunters
dropped in, and occasionally some two
or three venturesome miners, who,
trusting to their Spencer rifles and
good horses, crossed the plains without
escort As I rode up to the ranch I
heard some pistol shots, and loosened
my own revolver, thinking I might need
it for self-defense.
I rode round to the rear of the adobe
to see what the shots signified which
seemed to be fired there, and beheld a
singular sight- A tall. slim, wiry-built
man was stading by the side of a young
girl, who could not be more than four
teen years of age. The child, for she
seemed but little more, was firing at a
mark some thirty paces distant, with
a bright-barreled navy revolver, and lis
tening to the criticisms and suggestions
of the man by her side. He turned to
ward me, and I knew in an instant, by
those large, piercing black eyes, that
it was Hawk-Eye Jack, though I had
never seen him before.
"That'll do. Minette." he said to the
child. "You will shoot as well as your
father by and by."
The girl seemed pleased with the com
pliment, and left us as she turned to
go into the adobe. She was decidedly
pretty, with her father's eyes, and a
round, weli-developed figure, clothed in
a boyish style, yet in no respect im
modestly dressed. She wiped the re
volver carefully as she walked away,
and returned it to the leather sheath
hanging from a belt at her side-
"You camped just below, last night,
stranger," said the man to me, "and I
saw you coming up."
"Yes, we have laid over for repairs."
"Walk in and have something, strang
er?" "Thanks." said I, following him into
At my request he prepared a
couple of very large mugs of
puueh. and then accepting one of
from the East, we sat and smoked and
chatted very sociably together for a
long while. He enjoyed the cigar
"hugely." as ho said, it being of so
much finer flavor than the Virginia
weed which he used in his pipe. Jack
warmed up over the punch and tobacco,
and was full of stories of frontier life
"What family have you here?" I
"Oaly Minette and her old aunt." he
said, and looked sharply at me with a
sort of inquiring expression.
I should think it would be lonely."
"Sometimes, but I have an object,"
he said, grimly.
"To make money, I suppose, like the
rest of us."
"Money? Well, yes, I do trade a lit
tle, but that is not my object," he said,
with a stern expression.
"What is it?"
"Vengeance!" he replied, with a look
so savage, and so hoarse a voice, that
I was startled.
"On whom?" I asked.
We had finished our cigars and punch,
and at my suggestion both were renew
ed. My host became more and more
communicative as the stimulant warm
ed his veins and the tobacco ascended
to the brain. At last he said, casually:
"Never been along the Platte route
"I thought so. elso ycu would know
something of me and my ranch." he
replied, swallowing the smoke and
blowing it out of his nostrils.
"How long have you been here?"
"Well, I settled here in the latter
part of some seven years ago. and had
a pretty comfortable time of it till the
red devils spoilt all."
"How -was that?"
"Well, stranger, to make a long story
short, I came here with my wife and
three children from Nevada in that
year, and set up a sort of trading post
here. Things went on very well for a
considerable while: business was good
with travelers, miners, and cow and
then the Indians. Every one who came
to the ranch went away satisfied, sad
everything went en the square. I didn't
know as I had an enemy In the world,
and I'm sure I never injured man, wo
man or child till live years ago. One
day our little girl Mlncttc had a bad
tooth, which set in to ache so bad that
I took her with her aunt about twenty
miles up the Platte to a government
stockade, to get the surgeon to extract
the tooth, which he did, and we came
back the next day. What do you sup
pose we saw when we got here?"
"What was it?"
"A smoldering ruin! Excuse me,
stranger." said the man, covering his
face with his hands: "I don't tell this
story often! Destroyed wife and two
children stolen away all gone!" he
"What did it i. can?"
"The red devils had been here. They
knew I was absent, so they stole what
thc-y could cany off, and burned the
rest. There was nothing left
standing. My first step was to get
a half-dozen men I could rely upon and
to follow their trail, to get hack my
wife and children. We overtook the
devils. They would not parley, or I
should have tried peaceable menas, in
order to insure the safety of my wife
f and wife and children. No; they show
ed fight at once. And uring the scrim
mage brought out ray wife and killed
and scalped hor lefore our very eyes,
then dashed out the brains of my two
children. That was pronouncing their
cwn doom! There were but fifteen of
the gang, and we killel thirteen of them
within twenty-four hours, two only es
caping after we had pursued them near
ly a hundred miles.
"We buried the mutilated bodies of
my dear wife aud children, and came
back to this spot. The first night I lay
on the ground and tried to pray, bnt it
was no use. I couldn't do it. The next
morning 1 swore an oath that I would
be fearfully avenged upon the hated
race of treacherous devils. I took a
solemn oath wherever and whenever 1
saw an Indian I would shoot him like
a wild beast: 1 rebuilt this ranch, pret
tv roughlv as you see, bnt securely. I
' can resist a whole cloud of redskins
for twenty-four hours, and pick thmi
off through these loop-holes. I have,
as you see. plenty or arms," pointing
to a half-dozen Spencer's seven-shooters,
aud as many excellent revolvers
hanging in a rack on the wall; "and I
never go about without a pair of these
fellows," pointing to his belt, in which
were a couple of Wesson rifled revol
vers. "They will pick me off one of these
days, but I am making minced meat
of them in the meantime, and Minette
will sell her life dearly when the time
comes. You saw her shoot just now.
I have taught her so that she can fire a
rifle or a revolver better than most
j marksmen; aud last fall, when the red
skins made a raid upon us, and I got
some line practice before they beat a
retreat, she shot a chief dead In his sad-
! die out of that loop-hole.
! In vain were the moral axioms I ad
duced, and the arguments tending to
show that "Vengeance is mine, saitn the
Lord." In vain I pointed out to the
man his bitter duty to the brave ami
intellilgent child, whom he was rearing
under such terrible auspices. Though
I really felt and seriously so, what I
said to him. it was worse than useless,
seeming only to confirm him in the
course he had laid out for his fixed aim
in life. His provocation was terrible,
but his present career seemed to me to
be more so.
"The redskins are getting scarce
about here. They know that I will
shoot them at sight, and that I can kill
farther than any man west of the Mis
souri with my rifle. This was their fa
vorite ford, but they abandoned it alto
gether some three years since, after
losing, at different times, over thirty
of their chiefs at the crossing. They
have paid dearly, but they haven't half
paid yet for the murder of my wife and
The deep large black eyes of the fron
tiersman had been all on fire while he
told his tragic story, which is woil
known to travelers by the North I'latte
route. His cheeks were sunken and his
body extremely thin, but he was all
muscle and vigor.
"Will you take a little more punch,
"No. 1 tlntik you."
"Won't vou have some dinner, stran
ger?" "Mj people will be expecting me back
to oaaip at noon," I said as I prepared
As I went by the small narrow coun
ter, which formed the bar of the ranch
I observed a long pine stick hung up by
a string against the wall, and nicked
apparently by a rocket knife. Hawk
Eye Jack noticed that I regarded it
curiously, and took it down and handed
it to me. After a moment he said:
"You observe those notches cut in
the stick each one represents the life
of a redskin. When I shoot one. I cut
a notch. If you count these notches
vou will see they are rising seventy in
number. I call it my Indian Death
Platonic Lore a Jlyth.
Love between women and men was
not invented for the entertainment of
philosophers, bat largely for domestic
purposes; and if platonic love is to
have anything better than a hazardous
and unstable existence the conditions of
it must be such that it may prosper
without conflict with nature's more im
portant ends. Thus we see why pla
tonic friendships between young peo
ple who might marry do not endure.
Such couples get married and their
friendship merges into a more durable
sentiment, or else one of them marries
some one else, and then it lapses. At
least it should lapse, for, if it docs
not. it not only militates against peace
in the family but it tends to keep the
unmarried platouist from going about
his business and finding himself a mate,
according to nature's dign. Every
marriageable man besides her husband
that any woman absorbs Involves the
waste of some other woman's opportu
nities, and nature hates waste with a
Naming a horse is sometimes fully as
diffictdt as naming a baby, although the
groom of a well known New Yorker
did not find it so the other day. Mr.
Johnson had a valuable horse which he
had called Ajax. and only recently was
able to buy an excellent mate for it
What to call it was thf problem, and
in his anxiety to discover just the right
name several days went by. A last
he went to the stable one day and dis
covered that his groom had solved the
diificulty for liim. The word "Ajax"
as painted over the stall of the older
horse, and over that of the new-comer
appeared, in large chalk letters. "Bjax."
From the "Editor's Draper," in Har
Her Only Defect.
McGinnis Mrs. Sliggins is certainly
a beautiful woman.
Gus DeSmith Yes; I admire her very j
much. In fact there is only one thing
about her that I don't like.
THE AGRICULTURAL WORLD
AX IMPROVED FLAX FOR WI.NTER
Described fcjr m Farmer Wbo Proved
It Saccea Shipping Live Poaltry
Possibilities of FarmingA Good
Hayrack A Coavcnleat Poaltry
Mr. Peter Henderson once gave tho
following advice about wintering cel
ery: "Lift the celery from where it has
been growing, when not to wet and
when not frozen, with whatever earth
conveniently adhervs. Stow away in
an upright position compactly, but
without bruising or squeezing too tight
ly, in a trench just as deep as the cele
ry is high and not more than 10 inches
wide. Cover with clean litter of any
kind, very lightly at first, gradually In
creasing until a foot or so (but do not
let tho eelery freeze after belug gath
ered) of litter is placed on the celery
for the coldest weather." Anj dry or
bad leaves must of course be n-moved
before putting the celery into winter
quarters. The ground irust be as dry
as possible a bre-akwater may be nec
eecary. A correspondent in Country
Gentleman tells that his first successful
attempt to winter celery was when he
followed this advice, which he com
ments upon thus:
Good as these directions of Mr. Hen
derson are, I found trouble from the
inroads of the mice, and from the rain
aud snow being too heavy as to wet
through the mass sometimes and press
too heavily upon it. thus causing rot
ting. I prevent these things by mak
ing a roof of boards (cheap hemlock)
like this A. This roof I rest upon
strips of word, say, '1 inches thick, laid
eromise above two boards running
lengthwise of the trench and close up
to the edges of it. Inside of and under
the boards I put a covering of only '1
inches, but I am careful to put enough
on outside, not forgetting to put a good
dpth of covering on the ground to a
great enough distance from the base of
the bottom boards and at the ends to
prevent the frost getting in horizontal
ly. The roofs I have just described
could be placed on small posts.
My idea of having only a slight cov
ering, or even none at all. under the
roof is to keep the mice in the litter
(which is mostlv inside of the boards)
as much as possible away from the cel
erv. However, if celery has got to be
go't out from the trench iu very cold
weather, it will be better to have a
number of short trenches that will
hold enough celery to last for, say,
onlv two takings out or to pack a lit
ter under the boards for about three
foet back from the opeulng each time
after taking out some celery- This
will prevent freezing way back along
the line of the trench. This packing
tan be done very rapidly, even before
any eelerv is taken 'jut, each time, by
running the packing In by means of
a stick. The roof keeps away too much
wet and prevents any wight from press
ing on the eelerv, for squeezing it is
injurious. When the roof is placed on
strips separating it from the bottom
boards, it is so as to admit a slight cir
culation of air.
Before closing I wish to call atten
tion to one point more, and that is that
if the earth is mellowed in the trenoh
before placing the celery in it the eel
erv begins to take root more quickly.
The reason why the celery keeps so
well iu such a trench (and blanches) is
that it grows, and growing in the dark
it grows white. Tho trench must not
be wider than 10 inches, because cel
ery is of such a nature that it heats if
put up in too great a mass.
A Good Hayrack.
A good plan for making a hayrack
is shown in the illustration nresented
herewith reproduced from the Orange
Judd Fanner. It is 10 feet long by S
feet wide. The sills are 2xS joists aud
the cress pieces 2x4 scantling. A is the
ladder and roller in front. This must
be quite strong. B, is the roller and
stack at the back end. D, is an iron
loop so shaped as to form a hook for
holding down the binding pole. Put
the large end of the pole under one of
A Good Hayrack.
ihc rounds of A, then pull down the
small end catching it under the hook
D. The hay can be bound as tightly as
desired by means of the notches on B
into which D fits. C C. forms the arch
over the hind wheels. It can b made
of two pieces of board put together iu
the shape of a roof, or a thin board of
some tough wood can be bent so as to
answer the purpose. Bows made from
old wagon tires cut in halves are often
used and answer the purpose admira
bly. Anyone handy with toolsau make
this rack now while other work is not
Shipping; Live Poultry.
There are a fow general points in re
gard to shipping live poultry that are
applicable to all markets:
1. Shippers should see that the coops
are in good condition before using, so
that they are not liable to come apart
in transit, as they are roughly handled
'2. The coops should also be high
enough to allow whatever kind of
poultry is shipped, room enough to
stand up. Low coops should not be
used, as it is not only cruel, but a great
deal of poulty is lest evry year by suf
focation. Coops should not be over
crowded. o. In shipping hens and roosters they
should be kept separate. Nothing de
preciates the value of a fine coop of
hens as nmch as having a nnmber of
old cocks among them. Shippers often
wonder why they do not get the high
.est market price for their stock; in
mrst cases this is the reason. Good
stock always commands a qui;k sale
at best prices.
' 4. Poultry should be shipped) as to
arrive on the market from Tuesday to
Friday. Beceipts are generally in
crease toward the end of th2 week,
and there is enough carried over stock
on hand Saturday to supply the de
mand. Merchants, rather than carry
stock over Sunday, will sell at a sacri
fice, as the stock, whin in coops. loses
considerable in weight by shrinkage,
and does not appear fresh and brhjht.
Besides, Monday is usually a poor day
t " f
I . I i
: C l - " r'
to sell poultry. Lloyd's Modem Poul
A Coavealeat Poultry Iloase.
The diagram shows the plan of a
convenient poultrv house, erected by
D. H. Moore Greenville, Mich. Among
the good features are nests (2) open
ing (at x) both Into chicken room and
hall-way. sa that birds need not be dis
turbed to look after eggs; feed trough
(F. T.) the same, open both sides;
roosts (It.) are hinged to side wall so
as to permit folding up when cleaning.
W. wiudows. D. doors. M. P. mov
able partition. Ohio Farmer.
Possibilities of Farming.
The possibilities of farming are great
and I am sometimes almost out of pa
tience to see men who till the soil have
so little faith in the business. 1 know
of some men possessed -jf a few acres
of land, Avho have little faith in
farming or gardening that they will let
the land Jie almost common, work ouf
some and purchase what they could
and should grow ou their owu acres.
Savs a writer in Farm, Field. fc Fire
side. Instead of being obliged to buy
their potatoes, garden stuff and gram,
the-v should have all thc-y want to use,
beskles some to sell. When we con
sider that agriculture is the most an
cient and honorable occupation under
the sun. and in reality being the foun
dation upon which lift- it-lf i d'ooiid
ent, is It not a little strange how any
one can distrust the faithfulness of
mother earth? Why. the man who
owns In fee simple even a few acres,
should feel independent and put forth
all his energies to improve it and mike
it rich, and grow ail he can on it.
One can hardly realize what a large
amount of products he- cm grow from
a small area, if it is rich, until he has
tried it. , ,
Now is the time well calculated for
the perfecting of plans. Thos who
own a few acres or thost who own
many, will do well to look the s'uua?
tion carefully over aud lay their plans
for next year's operations in a system
atic manner, with faith in the boil
which they till.
Feeding Clear Corn Meal.
Do all fanners know that feeding
clear corn meal to dairy cows In win
ter is a dangerous practice? I know it
fiftv vears ago, because my father told
me" so, but I did not know for certain
that I did know it, until I spoiled seven
different cows tryiug to find out the
truth. It is such a heating food, that
cows about to come in freb milk
should never be fed clear corn meal.
It will anise garget in the old cow's
udder, and small kernels in the teats,
and you always have a deuce of a
time getting them all right after calv
ing, aud generally lose one teat the
first vear. another the next season, and
there is nothing left to do with such an
animal but make beef of it.
Since I came to my senses on this
important subject I have used over a
hundred different cows in my dairy
business, aud have never had a single
case of garget since I quit f ceiling clear
com meal to cows. I sometimes feed
a one-fourth ration of meal with a
three-fourth ration of bran or cits
safely, but I do hope other fanners arc
not so stubborn as I am naturally, and
will not lose so much money getting
this information rubbed into theiu.H.
T. in American Fa nn News.
Peal try la Zero Weather.
That is when it pays. December,
January. February and March are the
profitable months, generally, and al
ways when it is so cold as to freeze up
hens as ordinarily taken care of. The
essentials are warm quarters, plenty
of green food and not too much solid
food, but enough to keep up heat not
enough to fatten. This is the trouble
in winter, when hens will uot lay and
they are otherwise properly taken care
of. Give milk-warm water to drink;
scraps aud fresh meat are good When
you give sloppy food put in salt and
pepper, about as you would for your
own food. There is money in eggs.
but not much in chickens for market.
They were sold last Thanksgiving In
Albany. N. Y., at 0 to 8 cents, dressed.
We poultrymen have "hard times" to
tight this winter. When men are out
of work they will do without eggs aud
chickens. G. II. T. In Ohio Farmer.
Cream is ripe when it has a glossy
There is no objection, nay some ad
vantage, in using butter color if you
don't over-do the uratter.
Cows are not kept for their company,
therefore why let them go dry four to
six months out of the year?
Milk when pure and fresh can be
heated without injury, but creain must
not be heated after it becomes iicid.
Of course every dairy fanner has
laid in a supply of ice for next sum
mer's use. It Is something you need
in your business.
A creamery, when rightly conducted,
is a blessing to any community, but it
takes a good while for some farmers
to see the point
Dark cow stables are an abomination
because disease is an abomluation, and
darkness is conducive to disease. Let
In the sunlight.
If you keep your milk and cream in
the cellar along with turnips.' potatoes
and rotten pumpkins, and have no oth
er place to keep it, sell your cows.
Cream sometime becomes bitter if
raised in pans at a temperature too low
for the milk to sour. Milk in nans
should be sour in thirty-six hours.
We have seen fanners kick their
cows without mercy. How nmch more
sensible it would be for them to kick
the stable door, and the same result
would be attained they would givo
their wrath vent.
"I can understand why father time
Is represented as old. but why do they
always picture him as lean and skin
ny?" "I suppose it is because everybody
seems to want all the spare time he
A NEW ENGLAND MIRACLE.
A RAILROAD ENGINEER RELATE!?
The Wonderful Story Tola by Frctl C.
Tose anil His Mothcr-!n-Lnr to a Re
porter of the Bos too Herald ltotl
are Restored After Years of Agony-
From the Uoston Herald.
The vast health-giving results already
attributed by the newspapers through
out this co'untrv and" Canada to ir.
Williams '-rink Vills for Tale 1 eopie"
have been recently supplemented by
the caes of two confirmed invalids in
one household in a New Kngland town.
The names of these people aie Fred I'.
Vose, his wife and his mother-in-law,
Mrs. Oliver C. Holt, of Fcterboro. mem
bers of the same household.
To the Herald reporter who was sent
to investigate his remarkable cure Mr.
Vohc said: "I am 37 years i-Id. and
have been railroading for the I- itch burg
for 15 years, binco boynool I have
been troubled with a weak stomaeh.
For the past T years I have suffered
terribly and constantly. My stomach
would not retain food: my head ached
constantly and was so dizzy I could
scarcely stand; my eyes were blurred: I
had a bad heartburn, and my Lreath
was offensive. I had physic a ns. but
they failed to help me. My appetite
gave out. and four yeais ago I devel
oped palpitation of the heart, which
seriously affected my breathing. Had
terrible pains in my back and had to
make water many times a day. I linatJy
developed rheumatic signs anil couldn't
sleep nights. If I lay down my heart
would go pit-a-pat at a great rate, aud
many nights I did not eiose my eyes at
ali. " I was broken down in body and
discouraged in spirit, when some time
iu Febniaiv last. I got a counle of box
es of I5r. Williams' Fink Tills. Hefore
I iiad finished the first box I noticed
that the palpitation of my heart, which
had bothered me so that I couldn't
breathe at times, began to improve. I
saw that in going to my home on the
hill from the de:oi, wlrch was previ
ously an awful task, my heart did not
beat" so violently and I had more breath
when I reached tiie holism. After the
second and third boxes I grew better iu
every other ropecL My stomach be
came stronger, the gas belching was
not so ba.l, my appsthe and digestion
improved, and my sleep became nearly
natural and undisturbed I have con
tinued taking the pills three times a
day ever siiue la: t .March, and today I
am feeling 1 etter than at any time dur
ing the last eight years. I can confi
dently and conscientiously say that
tl.ey have done me more good, and
their good ellects are more permanent,
than any uiedii ine I have ever taken.
My rheumatic pa;n in legs and hands
are ail gone. 'I he pains in the small
of my back, which were so bad at times
that I couldn't stand up straight, have
nearly all vanished, and 1 find my k.d
neys arc well regulated by them. This
isan effect not claimed for the pills in
the circular, but in my case they
brought it about. I am feeling 100 per
cent, better-'in every siiape and man
ner." The reporter next saw Mrs. Holt,
who said: I am ."7 years old, and for
1 years past 1 have had an intermit
tent heart trouble. 'I hree years ago
I had nervous prostration, by which my
heart trouble was increased so badly
that I had to lie down most of the time.
My stomach also gave out. and I had
continual and intense pain from tho
back of my neck to the end of my back
bone. In It weeks I spent 300 for doc
tor bills and medicines, but my health
continued so miserable that I gave up
doctoring in despair. I began to tahe
l)r Williams' 1'ink I'ills last winter,
and the firM box made me feel ever so
much better. 1 have tak'en the pills
since February, with tlije result of stop
ping entirely the paityfn the spine and
in the region of tliehver. My stomach
is again nomialrtnd the palpitation of
tiie heart has troubled me but three
times since I commenced the pills."
An analysis of Dr. Williams I'ink
Pills shows that they contain, in a con
densed form, all the elements necessary
to give new life and richness to the
blood and restore shattered nerves.
They are an unfailing specific for such
diseases as locomotor ataxia, partial
paralysis, it. Vitus' dance, sciatica,
neuralgia, rheumatism, nervous head
ache, the after effect of la grippe, pal
pitation of tho.hcart, pale and sallow
complexions, all forms of weakness,
either in male or female, and all dis
eases resulting from vitiated humors in
the blood. Pink Pills are sold by all
dealers, or will be sent post paid on re
ceipt of price, ("0 cents a box, or six
boxes for fr-'.."0 they are never sold in
bulk or by the 110) by addressing Dr.
Williams' Medicine Co , Schenectady,
N. Y., or I'rookville, Ont.
Ho Always Smokrn 'mv.
IJilly has a sweetheart. Hilly used to
imoke incessantly and always con
sumed the best of weeds, (.'onfcc
quently his clothes smclled of tobacco,
the odor of which was detected by his
lady fair, bhe asked Hilly to stop
smoking' for her sake. How could ho
refuse? Iut. though he stopped smok
ing', he could not help accumulating
cigars, which he stacked away in his
vest pockets. The sweet one was bent
on his reformation, and every nig'ht he
called after he had riven up the weed
for her sweet sake she took the cigars
from his pockets and laid them away
on the mantel board so that "Willie,
dear, they will not tempt you."
Yill:am had noticed that his pros
pective father-in-law had of latt dis
carded a pine and taken tosmokiny fine
cigars, so he thought business was
i prosneriii'r with the o u man.
One night Willie staid later than
usual. Just as he was sayiny goudby
"for tiie last time" he heard the old
gentleman, who thought he had gone,
call out to his daughter from the head
of the stairs:
'How about ciars tonijjht? Were
there any in his pockets'
Willie said nothing-, but is now smok
ing cigars again Tit-Ii'ts.
A i)aklnjj I'aa-f.
An English reader who believes ii.
j "the total depravity of inanimate
J things " says it is usually fatal to in
I troduce an effective rause into a recita
i tion. for something i sure to mar it.
I He adds, plaintively: "If I am rccit'ng
1 in a hall where tiiere is a striiiing clock.
j or past which a train runs, with shriek
and roar. I know that striking clock
! and shrieking train will make them
selves heard at a moment when it is
most important for me t have unbreken
silence. I once wrote s-ime verses for
recitation, into which I was so injudic
ious as to put the exclamation. 'Listen!
what was that? 1 might have known
what would happen. Doors slammed,
clocks chimed, special trains screamed,
old gentleman coughed, some one was
convulsed with an irrepressilde sneeze,
dogs tame from distant parts on pur
pose to I ark. a mile shades fell oft", a
waiter dropped a tray and teacups, a
baby cried, and a deaf old lady was
heard to say to Ik r neighbor: '"Vould
half a cucumber be of any use?' I
learned bitter wisdom and cut the pas
THE OLD RELIABLE
Columbus - State - Bank I
(ft Mk lath tot)
Pan litest n flu Deposits
lata Liaos 01 Heal Mi
sianT Diirra ei
Oaa&a, CUeae. Ww Trk mm. afl
IELIS l 6TEAKBHE? : TIOIBTI.
BUYS GOOD NOTES
iad Eels lte Customers wham tkeyHaad H!
rfflCtIS 15 BUKCMHl
LSASDXB QERBABD. FnaX
B. H. MENBT. Tie PrwL
JOHN 8TAU77EB. CuUk
K. BBUQGEB, . W. II0LST.
Authorized Capital of - $500,000
Paid in Capital, - 80,000
C. II. SHELDON. Pres't.
H. P. II. OEHLBIOn. VIco Pre.
CLAKK GKAY. Cashier.
DANI EL 3CUKA3I. Asa't Cash
fl. 51. Wixstow. II. P. H. Oennnicn,
V. II. SlIELOON, W. A. aiCALLISXElt,
Jonas Wklcu, Cam. Uikxkk.
3. C. GRAT. J. IlENKT WURDEUAS.
(jEItllAKD LOSEKB. HENRY LOSEKB.
I LARK. IIAY, GEO. V. UAtXET.
Daniel Scukam, A. V. II. Oeuliucit.
tl'UASK KOUKR. J- P. llECKEU ESTATB,
Bank of deposit: Interest nllowcd on t!mo
deposits; buy and sell exchange on United
StutoVand Kuropo. and bur und sell avail
able securities. Wo shall b pleased to re
ceive your business. Wo solicit your pat
First National Bank
)170. Xf EB.
4. ANDEBSON. J. H. GALLEY.
President. Vice Pres't.
O. T. EOEN. Cashier.
. AKDERSOff. T. ASDEBBOIT.
JACOB QREISEIT. HENBX BAQAX2.
JAMES 0. BEDR.
Statement or the Condition at the GIoso
f Busiaess JbIj 12, 18D3.
Loans and Discounts $ 2II.4G7 67
Real hstate Furniture and Fix
tures K.73t 0)
II. S. Bonds 15,ij0 0J
Due from othor banks H7.87tS 31
Cash on Hand 21.S67 08 59.743 M
1 Capital Stock paid In.
i Surplus Fund
i Undivided profits
. W.00O 00
. 4.57tt CO
. r 5.113 37
ill kinds of Repair iig done 01
Short Notice. Baggies, Wag
ons, etc.. nade to order,
and all work Guar
anteed. ilso cell the world-famonj Walter A.
Wood Mowers, Reapers, Combin
ed Machines, Harvesters,
and Self-binders tho
Shop on Olive Street, Columbus, Neb.,
four doors south of Borowiak's.
Coffins : and : Metallic : Cases !
$&" Repairing of all kinds of Uphol
t-tt COLUMBUS. NEBRASKA-
The Journal for Job Work
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