Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 4, 1893)
f - -
What It Prwved.
A patient in an insane asylum imag
ined himself dead. Nothing could drive
this delusion out of the man's brain.
One .day his physician had a happy
thought, and said to him: "Did yon
''ever see a doad man bleed?" "No," he
replied. "Did you over hear of a dead
man.bleeding?" "No." "Do yon be
lieve that a dead man can bleed?"
."No." "Well, if you will permit me, I
.-'will try an experiment with you and
see if you bleed or not." The "patient
I'gave his consent, the doctor whipped
' out His scalpel and drew a little blood.
"There," he said, "you see that you
blee'd; that proves that you are not
dead." "Not at all," the patient in
stantly replied; -that only- proves that
dead men can bleed."
I Car DKHl aad CimBhMw.
Dr. boups BotormUre Henre Plus tent treawlia
Medical Book to prove merit, for Jc main.
Arnold's Coriou Watch.
- In rG4, on the birthday of King
-George III. a watchmaker of London
named Arnold presented himself before
the king 'to exhibit a curious repeating
watch of his manufacture. This watch
was in diameter somewhat less than a
silver twopence, containing 120 distinct
parts' and weighed altogether less than
William McKeekan, Druggist at
Blooraingdale, Mich. ' ' I have had
out of the army and though I have
been in the drug business lor ratteen
years, and have tried nearly everyy
thing on the market, nothing has
given me the slightest relief until a
few months ago, when I used Bo
schee's German Syrup. I am now
glad to acknowledge the great good
it has done me. I am greatly reliev
ed during the day and at night go to
sleep without the least trouble. ' '
OMAHA BDSINKSS HOUSES.
rinnn i o nnpuniTAx maple sto-
rinnri I iV. I", Sugar 8 rap ft Moias-
scs. Jell let And fresenres.
TILE FI OOKS art VESTIBULES
Writ- for uiir designs and rices.
MILTON KOGKRS ft HONS.Omalia
GEDNEY PICKLE CO..
OMAHA. Neb. Cor
respond with tlicm.
trant oleasant em
mem and a profitable J
a a dress witn stamp.
Taxidermists. 412 X. lrtth street. Omaha,
Second Hand, 25 Horse.
Will be sold at a creat llar-
H. C. AKIN.
Lsil So. 13th St., Omaha, Neb.
To Introduce our NEW DOUBLE
BARREL SHOT GUN will ship to
any address with privilege of
examination on receipt of
S7.su. manufacturer's nrlce. It is a Bcautv.
Illue Steel barrels. Hack Action Locks,
Oiled Stock, Checkered grip, 10 or 12 gauge.
30 Inch barrels. One oltnc best
guns In tlio market.
WESTERN GUN CO..
503 to Ml So.l2thSt.,Omaha,Neb'
Regular as a Clock !
And free fioni pain arc the ladles who nae Bl.
CIIF.VA. lEIK't FEMALE FII.I- Abso
lute safeguard against any form of suppression. If
you nutter from monthly tortures, don't delay, but
cnrt $1 W tu our agent. 8HEKMAX ft WcConneli,
1513 1 dpe street, Omaha, Neb- who will mall you
one box or the genuine Dr. Chorallci's t-pnih
Female Pills. Don't bo decelred and robbed by
high-priced pills or liquids. Get our pills and yon
wll 1 be happy. No danger In using.
OUR COMBINATION SCHOOL
SUIT d CAP $3.50.
Tbe best outfit In the world for school
wear, ages 4 to 14. Samples ot tho
cloth with oar new cataloguo free to
any address. If you cannot wait to
sco tlio samples send ns the see,
weight and bclsht of your boy and
sire of lia with $3.50 and we will guar
antee to fit him, or ro'und tbe monoy.
"Unless money accompanies the order
goods will be sent C O. D. If goods
areloUj mailed tend 60c extra for
CONTINENTAL CL0THIN8 HOUSE,
Ijlhaml Douglas Ste.. OMAHA, NEB.
No PAY UNTIL CURED
WE KfU TOO TO 4.000 MTIWT1
Refer-J Nat, Bank of Commerce, I rm.o
enres. J Gorman Savings Bank. fna.
Write or call for Circular.
THE O. E. MILLER CO.,
I X. T. Life Blif, OMAHA. KEB.
Waahrwas and Dabtlitio of
He kat m essal.
18 years experience,
7 years in Omaha.
rTerrousness, Low Spir
its or loss of Vbjor or
All unnatural discharges aad erll effects of early
Tlcc, disease of the Blood. Kidneys and Bladder.
Tbe greatest known remedies. Instant relief. Per
manent cures. Write for book. The doctor Is
endorsed by tbe people In the strongest teraas.
14th and Faraam Streets, Omaha, Nebraska.
Ton cm begin any tlaie
Board for 3 hours work. Sead for Illustrated Cata
logue. Address RoBBBOCOH BROS., Omaha, Neb.
Only I advaaeed fndensadcBt
school in the eatit; Expenmead Instructors; FHkwa Dhv
inKxuoanss; open u aonins lane year; misaiisssi
Sept, 11. Dsc 5. Mar. o sad June 9; tattkn, $1 ear wees;
board. $2; room rent, 73c apparatus aad snataaasot
complete; ekcrna cars to Lincoln every II rnlmsss. For
remwriBtcrmaaonaddrms, j.f. Satlcr. rm meat, or
It. P. Qfraa. Vice Prardcnt. Nwc
SHORTHAND AND TTPE-WMTWO.
Oldest aad Best Business Colleae In the West. Ha
raeaUoa. Thousands of graduates and old students
r paying positions.'' wnte (orcalai
jr. jr. jsvviMBjh,
The FISH XSRASD SMCKCK Is warranted water-
brooCauJ will kerD von i'v in the hardest ftonn. Tiv
loew POSUICL SL1 KU is a aerrcct rUi:is coat, and
pavers uie ni:re saixne. u-wirci 1 inuiaiioas. iran u
bar a co.-t if 1 )i " "J ''nicT ! ih on It. IIni;m-tedCafitocjjri--'
" "'K"r. ltostun. !.
The Ptofesbor of rhvsiolosicnl Clicm
(latry at Tale College says: "lfid fCict-
Inautn Sngira to be an extract of ,
tloott. Bark and Herbs of Valuabtt Jlcm. '
F trtinl Actio, trtthout i wjy tatagrcl or ether
) karsiftd ailmlxturr.
. Sacwa is tlic .Tand-
'est LirtT, t'lonacli.
I Blood aud Jwerve
I aad SeaoTales ertry
part- ot the human
. aii urug-
' Betas for S5.
I' It jWii
Ton cm basin any tlaie S
Y occupation a
few years ago
was that of a
ter. I worked a
large part of my
time in a peniten
tiary, where more
than 1,600 prison
ers were confined. My newspaper re
quired of me three "feature" articles
a week, the subjects to be taken from
the lives and crimes of the men and
women so imprisoned.
Ope morning', on entering the peni
tentiary and proceeding' to the book
which contained the routine items for
the press, I found there this slip:
"No. 18,600, Edward Washburn, life
prisoner, sentence commuted to twenty-eight
years and six months."
Here was something' to be investi
gated. On making inquiry I found
that Edward Washburn had been re
ceived on a life sentence in 1870 and
that now, after a lapse of over twenty
years, the board of pardons tho
eternal source of hope for all prison
ers in that state had acted upon his
case, with the above result. Even in
prison good behavior pays. Each con
vict has a certain number of days de
ducted from every month of his term,
according to the length of his sen
tence, if he demeans himself properly.
Thus it lies in the power of a "long
time" man to gain years of freedom.
Allowinc Washburn the deduction
each month for good conduct during
his entire twenty-eight years' sen
tence, it caused his time to expire on
the following Sunday.
The next thing to do jwas to see Ed
ward Washburn himself. The sensa
tions of a man who has been a convict
for twenty 3 ears, who has been as
completely isolated from the outside
world as If he were dead and buried,
and who is then resurrected, called
back to life and liberty, cannot be de
void of interest to the most indiffer
ent. I found my man wheeling ashes
and refuse from the cook house. In
this occupation he had been engaged
for seven teen years.
The long years of prison life had
had their effect- The prisoner was an
old man, broken in body and mind,
although he told me his age was 42. I
explained that I had permission to
talk with him, and would like to hear
about his history. He smiled the weak
smile of enfeebled intelligence, sat
down on his wheelbarrow and began
with pitiful obedience, which plainly
bespoke the prison discipline.
"How did I feel when I heard I was
pardoned? Well, it was so suddent
like I jus' had to sit down. I had give
up all hopes of ever gettin' out long
ago, but Mandy was true grit, sue was,
she never give up."
I 1XW HIM LYING JUST OUTSIDE IN T1IE
II is next words were unusuaL "I
don't blame nobody but mysel for
bein" hers," he went on. Who ever
heard of a convict before who at
tributed to himself the blame for being
in the penitentiary? Most convicts
are the innocent victims of villainous
conspiracies. They never did any
wrong in their lives and especially
they never even dreamed of committing
the crime for which they are serving
sentence. Such a virtuous, upright
and deeply wronged set of men can hi
found nowhere else as in prison.
"It was all along of my bullhcaded
ness, but I guess I'd better go back
to the beginnin' of my story if you
want to hear it all. When I was about
10 year old Jason Scott and me took
the job of clearin eighty acres of land
close to where Pauldin is now. In
them da3'S the town was only a clearin'
with a few log shanties. Jase was a
couple of years younger than me.
His father and mine had come West
from Columbianner county and settled
in 1'auldin'. We was the only boys in
them parts then the only young folks
exceptin' Mandy Pilcher. We figgered
on clearin1 our land winters, as our
fathers agreed to give us the time
after corn huskin' was done, providin'
we helped them good summers. Jase
and me built a cabin and there we in
tended livin' while we was doin' our
choppin' and clearin'. There was lots
of snow that winter and it come early.
Oh, how I hate the winter. The snow
lyin' out there in the prison yard
brings the hull thing back to me, and
how happy Jase and me was, workin'
and talkin' about what we was goiu'
to do. I can most see the cabin now,
with the door open and the snow all
around as it looked that winter
mornin'. Jase and me was goin' out
huntin' that mornin'. I took my gun
and started out, leavin' Jase to follow.
I walked out a little ways and then
looked around to see if Jase was
comin'. He warn't and I waited and
hollered until I got all out of sorts
with him. A crazy idee struck me.and
I jus' thought I'd shoot toward the
cabin for fun and mebbe that would
fetch him. God knows I didn't mean
to do any harm. I was jus' a great
big foolish boy and I got tired of
waitin' and thought I'd shoot for fun,
and mebbe that would fetch him."
I looked at the man, and he was as
one in agony. His face was drawn,
and a pallor was there which added to
the prison tan and made it ghastly.
Ilts voice, puerile from the disuse of
twenty years, had sunk into a hoarse
whisper. He was staring at the great
stone wall in front of him with dull,
vacant eyes. He seemed oblivious to
everything and kept repeating. "I
didn't mean anv harm. I only thought
I'd shoot for fun, and mebbe that
would fetch him."
I have looked into murderers' faces
on the verge of eternity while the
death warrant was being read, in
order that I might tell the public next
morning whether the lip quivered or
the eye grew dim, but as I gazed at
this picture of weakness and misery
on the wheelbarro.v in front of me, it
made me sick. The victim of an act
done in the name of "fun" and this
The man presently came to himself
"and went on:
"As I shot, Jase come into the door,
and when the smoke cleared away I
saw him lyin' just outside in the snow,
face downward. I 'member 'pickm'
him up ana carryin' him inside, and
then startin out to Pauldin' for help.
After that I don't remember nothin'
until I found I was lyin' down on the
ground and a crowd of men stand in'
round me. . I heerd one of 'em say:
'He must have tripped up on that dry
gracevine and hit his head on the root
of the tree It 'pears as if Washburn
and Scott must havj had a racket
over that gal, most likely and Wash
burn killed Scott.' I found oat af
terward that a huntin.' party had
stopped at the cabin and found Jase
lyin on the floor dead, with my .bullet
through his heart. They looked for
me and finally saw my tracks in the
snow and followed then. They found
me a coaple of sails away in the
woods, lyin' at the foot of a tree
where I f elL
Some believed my story and some
-didn't. Them as didn't b'lieve it said
'twarn't likely if what I said was true
thatl would 'a' tried to ran away. All
I know is I meant to set out for Pauld
in, but it 'pears as if I'd- gone wrong;
"The jedge, as he said, wanted to
'low me a fightin' chance and give me
the privilege of enterin a plea of man
slaughter. I said it was ail along of
my bullheadedness that I am here
now, and so it was. My lawyer wanted
me to plead guilty to the charge the
jedge offered me. I asked him what it
meant. He said it meant that I killed
Jase in a racket, and then give me a
long lingo about malice aforethought,
or something like that, but I didn't
understand it I only knew they
wanted me to say I murdered Jase in
a racket I warn't going to say I
done a thing when I didn't. I flared
up and I wouldn't listen to nobody. I
couldn't see things right Well, the
trial didn't take long. Everythin'went
crossways for me. I told my story
and pleaded guilty to nothin' except I-
didn't mean anything. I just shot to
scare him. I didn't care much what
they done with me for that The
other side showed how Jase had been
found dead in the cabin, how I was
found lyin' in the snow miles from
Pauldin' as if I hadn't been goin' for
help. Then they got witnesses who
swore as how Jase and me were
jealous 'bout Mandy, how I'd asked
her to go to a gatherin With me and
she'd gone with Jase. It warn't so, I
knowed it but it wouldn't do no good
for me to say it warn't Mandy and
me understood one another, though
there warn't much betwixt us then.
I s'pose she might have told what she
knowed about it on the stand, but I
wasn't going to have her mixed up in
the thing. I 'lowed they couldn't con
vict me because what I said was true.
"The jury fetched in a verdict of
murder in the second degree, and ac
cordin' to law that meant for life.
"They carried Mandy out of the
courtroom. Seems as though she
thought it was her fault some way or
'nother. Mandy's been trying to get
me out ever since. She said if it hadn't
been for her they couldn't 'a' shown
no motive and couldn't 'a sent me for
life. I don't see what good that would
'a' done when they was all a'gin me."
I made a note of Mandy. She was
good material from a reportorial
standpoint When I went out I asked
the warden who Mandy was. "So
you've been talkin' with Washburn,
have you?" said he. "Well, Mandy is
his girL They say she has been com
ing down here from Paulding once
every year with petitions and signa
tures to place before the board of
pardons. Yesterday Washburn's sen
tence was commuted, which, by the
way. you will find by looking on the
press book." A picture of a faded lit
tle woman who had asked me the
year before in the capitol if e 1 would
please tell her what time the pardon
board met rose in my mind. I said to
myself: 'That was Mandy."
As a rule the world does not throw
open its arms to released convicts. It
sees that all the windows in the
house are well secured at night and
that all the doors have extra strong
fastenings on the day the papers an
nounce a new list of releases. The
people have not time to go down to
the prison and watch the men pass
out through the big gate. They pay
a small sum each year to have that
office performed for them by big, burly
policemen. The policemen accompany
the convicts down to the Union depot
and see Ihem off on their trains. It
would be such a pity to have them go
The morning of the day Washburn
went out there was one other person
present besides the policemen and re
porters. It was the worn little woman
who had asked me a year ago in the
capitol if I would please tell her what
time the pardon board met Kate
BETTER THAN PARIS GREEN.
Aa Insect Which Slaughters Potato Bags
to the Point of Extermination.
At lust a bug has arrived which is
a f riond of tho farmer. This stranger
of the insect world is not only a
friond. but it has begun a war of ox
termination upon tho farmer's most
relontless foe, the potato bug. Tho
dobut of this little beast has sent a
thrill of joy from one end of Berks
county, Pennsylvania, to the other.
No more paris groen to sprinkle
upon potato crops, no more poisoned
meal to feed the pests, and no more
crops devoured in midsummer by the
hungry hordes of potato bugs. John
Rothormcl, of Hydo Park, first en
countered this noblo little ally of the
agriculturist and tells a Philadelphia
Record man that when he first saw
the insect it was slaughtering
potato bugs at tho rato of
ten a minute. The genial hotel
proprietor and farmer had
a paris green kettle in his hand at
the time. He stopped sprinkling
and gazed. Before him was a bug of
a species never seen by the Berks
people before. It was twice as large
as a potato bug, of longer and
slighter build, and had red wings.
This bug would pounce upon a
clumsy potato eater, sting it in tho
neck, and produce a corpse almost
instantly. Then Rothermel looked
about and saw other creatures of tho
same kind, and all were killing po
tato bugs. So fierce and untiring
were they in their onslaught that
not a living potato bug was left in
their path. They piled the ground
with little winrows of their slain
victims. They went down rows of
potato vines and from 'one row to
another with a force that was irre
sistable to the potato bug. The lat
ter were swept to death before their
strange foe as Napoleon's columns
cleared the field of Austerlitz.
A Sweet Smelling; Town.
Xezanlik is beyond all dispute the
sweetest smelling place on earth. It
lies on the upper Tundja. near tho
foot of the Shipka pass, in a valley
full of rose fields. Kezanlik is the
chief seat of the industry in attar of
roses. It takes 20,003 of the roses
that grow in that valley to yield, by
distillation, as much genuine attar or
otto of roses as equals in weight a
fifty cent piece.
Longing- for Royalty.
First Freeman, laying down a news
paper It has been said that every
American is a king by birthright; but
after all there's nothing like being
born to a genuine throne
Second Freeman What have you
First Freeman Tho paper says
that Emperor William has ordered
the court chaplains to cut down their
sermons to fifteen minutes each.
Never Oat of It.
Paper says she did it out of curi
osity." "Must be a mistake."
"Know'd her fur forty years an'
never heard o' her bein' out o' curi
osity a minute durin' the hull time."
A very modest man thinks, it 'is a
blessing that we cannot see ourselves
as others see us, "Because." he says,
if we could I should be in danger of
becoming conceited." Youth's Companion.
DARING OP DINOCRATES.
Story of the Gaatws Whe Was
Architect of Alexaadrla.
Dinocrates was a Macedonian, the
Lesseps of his time, a genius of dar
ing design, and, it is to be hoped,
quito out of accord with tho popular
fooling of his dayjn his craving for
self advertisement He had perhaps
contracted the corrupt practice from
Herostratus (or Eratostratus), tho
scoundrel who had destroyod tho
Temple of Diana at Ephesus upon
the first birthday of Alexander, in
order, as ho himself confessed, that
futuro agos might not be ignorant of
his namo, such being his passionate
lust for notoriety that ho cared not
whother his fame were good or evil,
says the Nineteenth Century.
Dinocrates had bcon called upon
to rcstoro this temple, which, in
order hat tho earthquakes might
not ruin, had been placed in a marsh
upon foundations of charcoal and
goat skins. Our architect, after
completing his work at Ephesus, and
moved by tho vivid art of tho por
trait painter, determined to person
ally interview tho great monarch,
and theroforo. settiner out for his
camp as he returned from his Eastern
triumphs, ho cast about for a device
by which ho could gain his audience
and likewise flatter his soverign.
Now there was one weakness, or it
may havo been a noble yearning, in
the groat conqueror's heart; just as
his own reputed father Had claimed
the god-like hero Hercules as sire, so
Alexander desired it might bo proved
that no earthly parent had begotten
him (Alexander). Somo men did,
indeed, say ho was not Philip's son,
but of Nectanobo, an Eygptian image
and lover of Olympias, and, perhaps,
it was to solve all doubt that Alexan
der thought ho would removo his
parentage beyond human reasoning.
However, ho had not as yet finally
fixed upon Jupiter Ammon, and the
crafty sycophant Dinocrates deemed
that ho would best flatter tho groat
king by a roferonco to tho grand
father. Anointing, therefore his
body with oil, and wreathing his
temples with Herculean poplar, with
tho skin of a Nemcan lion over his
shoulder, and flourishing a club, ho
approached tho court of the king
and stood prominently forth in this
"Who are you?" must havo said
his majesty, to which tho unabashed
self-advertiser replied. "lam Dino
crates. tho Macedonian architect, and
bring to your majesty thoughts and
designs worthy of your grcatnoss."
Wl.en Alexander heard that it was
ho who had restored tho Tomplo of
I'iana of tho Kphcsians, he akud
him what next ho proposod to da
"I havo laid out Mount Athos," re
sponded ho, "to be sculptured as one
block, and to be hewn into the fash
ion of the limbs and features of
your majesty. "
In your left hand I have designod
a city of 10,000 inhabitants, and into
your right I havo conducted all tho
rivers of the mount, and formed them
into a sea, from whence thoy flow to
the cccan. Thus, sire, shall a
memorial be loft worthy of your
greatnes--." Alexander was amused
at the audacity of the man, and dis
missed him; nevertheless he remem
bered him when ho wanted to buijd
Alexandria, and the tradition of its
planning is quito in keeping with
tho theatrical character of the clevor
Ho cast his Macedonian cloak
down as tho design, giving it a "cir
cular border full of plaits, and pro
jecting into corners on rightand left"
as Pliny says, and made the new port
tho sweep of the neck and the Pharos
and Lochias promontories the jowoi
BABY AND HIS CAT.
The Unwonted Sight Which Attracted
All Eyes on a Crowded Street.
The sidewalk was filled with hur
rying people, says the New York
Times. Three peddlers stood on the
curb, one with shoo laces, another
with candy, another with gold paint
Neither looked as if he expected
to sell anything. Nobody paid the
slightest attention to them. A man
without legs came stumping over the
sidewalk. People merely hurried
out of his way. A man passed
dressed in outlandish garments, ad
vertising a patent medicine. Nobody
lookod twice at him. An old woman
whoso tangled gray hairs were blown
in tho wind shuffled feebly along and
nobody saw hor. A pair of Chinese,
an Italian woman dressed for a fote,
a negro nearly seven feet in height
a Turk swaddled in turban and bag
gy trousors, a wrunken woman, a
man with locomotor ataxia all
passed within a few minutes and no
body stopped for a momont to look
at anybody olso, oxcept the beggars,
and they were utterly disregarded.
Then appeared from somewhere, as
if out of a holo in tho ground, a child
about two years old, ragged and
smeared as to its hands with mud
and as to its face with traces of bread
and molasses, besides plain dirt Its
hair was tousled find its largo bluo
eyes were Gxcd straight ahead with
all that sweet unconsciousness of
childhood written of by poets. In its
hand it carried a gray striped cat
One little fistgtabbed the loose skin
at tho nape, the other graspod it
firmly over the hind quarters. Each
particular leg of the cat stuck out
straight and rigid; each claw showed
its shining curva The cat did nof
appear to bo uncomfortable, and the
child was gloriously unconscious of
everything but its own baby thoughts.
The child was so young that it went
unsteadily tottering down the middle
of the sidewalk, with the cat held up
in front of it like a drum-major's
staff. There was not one hurrying way
farer man or woman who did not
pause and laugh. A number stopped
short and followed the child as it
staggered along. By the time the
baby had traveled half a block it had
an escort of twenty grown persons
besides the swarm of boys. The baby
tottered along, its magnificent grav
ity undisturbed, and when a breath
less, bareheaded woman came run
ning and snatched up the young ex
plorer (still holding bravely to the
cat) each person in the crowd looked
sheepish and hurried away.
Katlag Prosn the Saaae Dish.
In former days it was usual for a
couple seated together to eat from
one trencher, more particularly if
the relations between them were of
an intimate nature, or again if it
were the master and mistress of the
establishment Walpole relates that
so late as the middle of the last cen
tury tho old duke and duchess of
Hamilton occupied the dais at the
bead of the room and preserved the
traditional manner by sharing the
same plate. It was a token of at
tachment and tender recollections ol
An Excellent Way.
Jones Good morning.
How do you'find business?
Benson By judicious advertising.
FABM AIjD HOUSEHOLD.
RESULTS OP OLD AGE
NOTHING TO DO.
ZMTtafftha Farsa Aboat niltlac Fo
tstaea Frmlt Trees oa Their Ows
Boots Raspberries nortlcaltBral
Ulats aad Heaaehold Help
There comes a timo in the farmer's
life when he is strongly tempted to
leave tho farm. Growing infirmities
remind him that ho is not tho man
physically that ho used to bo. Ho
feels that he has worked hard enough,
long enough, and has abundant
means to make his old days comfort
able, and determines to move to
town. Ho pictures boforo him a
green old age with all the comforts
of life, and rest from uncoasing toil
and grinding care. Thcso expecta
tions are seldom realized In full, and,
as a mattor of fact, we believe that
most farmers who do this shorten
their days, and after tho first year
or two, or perhaps after tho first six
months, are more discontented than
they would have been under any
circumstances on the farm. Tho
reason is not hard to find. To a man
who has been active oithcr in mind
or body for thirty or forty years,
idleness is misery. No man of this
kind feels satisfied with himself un
less he has somo responsibility to
occupy- both head and hands. When
he has nothing to do, life
ceases to havo much interest Ho
misses the stimulus which work in
tho open air gives. He mieses the
healthful occupation of mind or in
terest in ovents of tho farm. Ho
ceases to read agricultural litera
ture becauso ho rognrds himself as
no longer engaged in agriculture,
and the result is with him, as a rulo,
a loss of happiness, and a visible
shortening of Ufa Thcro comes a
time in the farmer's lifo wbon it is
exceedingly difficult to know how to
manage the farm. That time is when
ho can no longer manage it without
more exertion of body than ho is
capable of performing, and when ho
docs not feel that it will pay him to
procure efficient help even if it could
be had. Happy is he who has a son
or son-in-law on whoso broad shoul
ders ho can roll the burden, still re
taining enough of his land and stock
to occupy his mind and givo him
tho exercise ho needs. Under theso
circumstances no may spend a green
old age and give to his
grandchildren tho fruits of his
ripened experience. Wo always feci
that our friends are making a serious
mistake when they lcavo tho farm
There are unpleasant things in
connection with farm life in old ago,
and especially tho difficulty of at
tending church, but these are loss
than the evils connected with break
ing up all the old associations, and
attempting to form new ones. No
man knows how intimately his lifo
is connected with his friendship un
til ho breaks up those of a quarter
of a century standing, and under
takes to form new ones with pooplo
whose exporionco is in lines different
from hje own.
About niltlng Potatoes.
Most farmers hill their potatoes.
They do this, as wo have done our
selves, when convinced that hilling
is always injurious, and in a very
dry season is almost always fatal to
tho crop. It is impossible for a mod
erate summer rain, or even a violent
rain, to penetrate tho potato hill so
far as to furnish moistures to tho
roots. A rain which foil slowly for
24 hours might do this, but summer
rains are not often of that character.
lne rain falls heavily, compacts
the surface and runs off in tho fur
rows between the rows made by hill
ing. Theso furrows aro just where
the feeding roots of potatoes should
be if the loose soil wero not earthed
up around tho hills.
Why do farmers thus run counter
to the plain laws of potato growth?
It is usually to keep the potato from
growing out of the ground and sun
burning until the larger part are
worthless for marketing. Somo po
tatoes naturally form tubers nearor
the surface than do other varieties,
even those sorts that were most
objectionable in this respect wc would
not hill up as is usually done. It is
comparatively a light task to go over
a field that has had levol culture and
draw with a hoe a little earth abovo
potatoes that appear above ground
rather than to use a shovel plow,
tearing to pieces tho feeding roots of
potatoes betweeu the rows on which
tho futuro growth of tho tubers de
pends. If, as usually happens, the
shovel plowing is dolayed until tubers
arc formed, tho growth of these tubers
is at once arrested, and tho result at
best is two crops of very small pota
toes in each hill.
Too shallow planting of potatoes is
tho common mistake. Tho shallow
planted potatoes undoubtedly como
up quicker, and if very early pota
toes are planted deep on wet ground
they may rot in tho soil and not
come up at all, especially if fresh
cut But by partially drying tho cut
potato seed it may be planted four or
five inches deop in April and como
up every time. This deop planting
has its advantage in allowing early
cultivation before tho potatoes are
up. We commonly talk of dragging
tho potato ground. A cultivator is
set to scarify the surface fully an
inch above tho set. Then tho har
row may be put on to loave tho sur
face as smooth as possible and keep
the ground moist
The chief cause of light crops of
potatoos is drouth, and this is always
most injurious to potatoes that aro
shovel plowed and hilled. More than
once have we seen acres of potatoes
withering and dying in a few days af
ter the hilling had been finished, even
though heavy rains had fallen, which
on a loveL surface would havo main
tained growth for several weeks.
It is probably true that hilling
makes easier digging, and it is partly
owing to the fact that in tho hill the
potatoes are fewer in number, and
are necessarily bunched in a heap
When they have more room-to spread
the' crop is increased, anji propor
tionately the lfibor of digging. All
kinds of potatoes, even those whose
tubers are bunched, will spread their
roots through -the whole surface be
tween the rows if the 'soil is not
scraped out so as to leave furrows.
In that case, of course, tho roots are
cramped and the crop is accordingly
lessened. American Cultivator.
SapaJy of itaspberries.
A writer gives it as his opinion
that if the ease with which the rasp-
berry can be grown were fully ap-
predated, there would not be a farmer
in the country who would not cheer-
f ully set out enough plants to supply
his family with as many as they
could eat at three meals a day during '
their season, and there is not a
farmer's wife who would not rather ,
pick the fruit than spend so much
time in a hot kitchen, making cakes
and pies. The children would come
in for their share of tho delight is
connection with the care of the
plantation. Most farmers do not
realize how easily raspberries may bo
grown, and how little land it is neces
sary to dovote to their culture to
have a supply. Wo havo grown an
abundance of them by simply straight
ening a rail fencoat an end of a small
fruit garden and putting tho old bed
place to tho fruit Evory farmer has
some spot whero raspborries may bo
grown and ho should utilizo it
Pea Vlaea aa Man a re.
When a fall crop is taken after
picking green peas for market it is a
usual practice to gather tho pea
vines and cart them out of tho field.
They are often worth more as a fer
tilizer to bo plowed under just as
they ara- If a few seed peas aro left
ripe enough to grow, it will be none
tho worse for the future crop. Tho
pea vino is strongly nitrogenous, and
makes a fertilizer richer than much
strawy and fire-fangod stable manura
It has the further advantago of bo
ing somewhat wot, as the moisturo
has not had time to dry out Wo
havo seen the best crops of lato
turnips grown thus, and thoy wero
seemingly not at all injured by 'tho
iew pea vines mat camo up among
them. The pea root gathers nitro
gen from air in tho soil, as the clover
root does, and growing it as green
manure adds more to tho fertility of
soil than does any othor crop except
ing clovor. American Cultivator.
All kinds of climbers ncod trolliscs.
Poultry and sheop in tho orchard
will consume wormy fruit and insects.
Tho peach will readily appropriate
tho virtues of limo and wood ashes.
Cultivating the garden frequently
keeps tho soil moist and cool, as well
Do not lot tho strawberry vines
bear fruit tho first year. Pick off
Do not pruno your grape vines
after tho sap is started, whoovcr may
tell you to'do sa
Dissolvo one ounco of hellobore in
two gallons ofwator for application
for currant worms. ,"'
A tnblcspoonful or two opti'mmonia
to two quarts of water makes a good
stimulant for plants. j
Pack fruit so thtftit will not move
about in tho box. basket or barrol
while on the way to market
hemovo undcoirabln limbs from
the trees of the orchard as soon as
they make their appearanca
The good gardener makes successive
plantings so as to havo a supply of
vegetables all through tho season.
It is money intho pocket of tho
fruit grower to know how to pack
and send to market in tho best condi
Tho men on the largo broiler furms
who kill and dress the birJs for
market, got as their pay five cents a
bird. Out of this amount they pay
two cents a bird to women who re
move all the pinfeathcrs.
A writer says that when boiled,
tho white of a duck ogg is nover
curdy, like the white of a fresh hen's
egg. Duck eggs aro excellent for
omelets, puddings and pastry, and
for such purposes , find a ready sale
in the early spring.
An experienced orchardist has
como to tho conclusion that ryo is
better for an orchard than grass; and
if tho poultry yard is near it will
ofton furnish good winter pasturago
for tho fowls. But it should be
plowed under in tho spring. Grass
holds growth in check by its millions
of roots which demand nourishment
Tho whito of an egg, with a little
water and sugar, is good for children
with irritable stomachs.
A qnart of milk in which the juico
of thrco mandarin oranges has been
squeezed is said to bo a refreshing
lotion for the complexion.
If a mirror bo placed where sun
light or a very strong light falls
directly upon it. tho quicksilver will
be liablo to dissolve, leaving dark
spots on the glass.
After the juice is squeezed from
lemons tho peels arc used for rub
bing brass. Dip them in common
salt, rub the brass thoroughly, then
brush with dry bathbrick.
Don't havo too much of one kind
of decoration in the houso; two
rooms upon the samo general pattern
aro quite enough an individual
schemo for each apartment is better.
To clean black cashmere, wash in
hot suds, in which a little borax has
been placed. Kinso in bluing wator
very blue, and iron while damp.
If carefully done tho material will
look as well us now.
To prevent the cracking of fruit
jars when filled, rinse the jars with
clean cold water, then dip a towel in
cold water, double it ..three orfour
times, lay it smootbly'in a dripping
pan, and set your cold jars oif this to
To stiffen ginghams, muslins and
calicoes, drop a piece of alum tho
size of a hickorynut into tho starch.
The alum is dissolved, then stirred
into the starch. The fabrics so
treated will retain their beauty of
coloring for a long time. e
By adding whisky to any quantity
of common glue you will havo an
article tha; is always ready for use,
says an English trade paper. Put
both in a bottle, cork it tight and
put it by for three or four days, when
it will bo fit for use without the ap
plication of heat Glue thus pre
pared will keep for years and it is at
all times fit for use. except in very
cold weather, when it should first be
set in warm water.
Let the Girls Kan.
Running is the great beautificr of
figure and movement It gives mus
cular development, strong heart
action and free lung play. Tho mus
cle comes where it ought to be, tho
shoulders go back, the loins hold the
trunk well balanced, and the feet
take their correct positions. It was
running which mado tho Greek fig
ure. The more active tribes of
American Indians have been runners
from time immemorial, and from tho
chest to the heels they aro much
more beautifully built than the aver
age of white men. Running people
have usually the firm but elastic
texture which is the beauty of flesh.
When Men Wore Petticoats.
It will probably be a matter of
surprise to the general reader to
learn that the petticoat was Grt
worn exclusively by men. In tho
reign of King Henry VIL tho dress of
the English was so fantastical and
absurd that it. was difficult to dis-
tinguish cne sex from the other. In
the inventory of Henry V. appears a
"petticoat of red damask, with open
sleeves." There i-t no mention of a
woman's petticoat before the Tudor
Very few persona have any idea of
the amount of placer gold .bow being
taken oat of the creeks, gulches and
bars in the vicinity of Deadwood. The
past week has been' a remarkably sac
sessful one with the placer miners, as
is proven by the amount of dust pur
chased at the Palace Jewelry store.
The clean-ups ranged from one and
three-fourths to- twenty-two ounces.
One miner cleaned up a fraction over
1 ounces in one day, and his claim is
in the immediate vicinity of that city.
Considerable gold is being taken out at
and around Mystic, one of the B. fc M.
stations below Rechford. In and
around Central a number of men are
now engaged working over abandoned
claims which were considered worked
out The. men, however, as a rule are
making more than wages. Placer
mining is by no means a dead industry
in that section.
Sew Kept Aeeoaata.
"Do yon keep accounts, Jean?" asked
one young woman as she and her com
panions finished the freightful mathe
matical computation involved in paying
equally for a luncheon.
"Yes, I do," said Jean, virtuously.
"It would worry me to 'death to have
sne cent uncounted. Don't you Dolly?"
"Oh, yes," said Dolly, indolently.
"I promised pa to, and so I do it I
put down on one page "received $50
and on the other spent 859. That's
enough. How do you do Mabel?"
Mabel groaned as she answered:
!'Oh, I put down on one page 're
ceived $50,' and the other 'spent $75.'
That's how I keep accounts.
Wife I'm so tired and wretched in
Husband Now look here. I con
sented to move up here to Harlem en
tirely on account of those sixteen clos
ets. Wife That's just it I thought I
wanted more closet room; but now that
I've got it, it takes all my time to hunt I
lor OBrgiars. rucic.
Highest of all in Leavening Power. Latest U. S. Gov't ReportX
ffj-sav . - m O-Ma
Give All tho Boys a Chance.
Lieut A. B. Wyckoff, U. S. N. has
written a paper on "The United States
Naval Apprentice System," in which he
proposes the extension of the system in
the manner to gain recruits from the
rural districts of tho states, where good
American stock is going to waste. He
would have navy recruited from the
?ood boys of the country rather than
from the bad' boys of the city. "Why
should tho navy be confined to tbe sea
ports, and not have representatives of
all part of the country?" asks Lieut.
Wyckoff. "Recruiting officers could be
moved from place to place, advertising
thoroughly in advance, and remain only
a few weeks in each town. The per
sonel needed could Derestricted to three
or four persons; and the expenses of
each party would be small. When a I
dozen boys had been enlisted they
could be sent to tho nearest rendezvous.
In this way the navy could be Ameri-'
zanized and popularized, for the poor ,
boys of every state would have an equal
chance," Scribners Monthly.
"Why don't you go to work?" asked
the benevolent woman.
"Well," replied Dismal Dawson, in a I
voice mingled with tears and pic. "I
tried keepin' a hotel oncet, and I tried
runnin' a newspaper oncet, and both of
em fizzled, bo I list give it up. I
knowed that a man who couldn t
rich in any one of them businesses
wasn't meant to get along in the
HALL'S CATARRH CURE Is a liquid and
l taken Internally aad acts directly on tbe
blood aad Braeous surfaces of the 6y stem. Write
far tastteonlals, free. Manufactured by
F. J. CHENEY A Co.. Toledo, a
"Of course," said Mr. Brown, a real
estate agent "curious things happen
in my business, just as in every other.
Now I fully expected to rent that top
suit of rdoms in the Perpendicular
building to a society that wanted to
hire some club rooms. But they voted
not to take them."
"What was tho trouble?" asked a
"There's no elevator in the building,
and the members would not climb the
"What did you say the name of the
society was?" some one asked.
The real estate agent looked pensive
ly at a letter which he held in his
hand, and read, "The Eastern Branch
of the American Pedestrian and Mountain-Climbing
A Book Brought Down From HeaTea.
According to the Mohammedan be
lief the first copy of Koran, or Alkoran,
their sacred book, was brought down
from the highest to the lowest by Ga
briel on the mysterious night of Al
Khade in the month of Ramadan. The
wonderful book written in heaven and
bound in satin, jewels and gold, was
communicated to Mohammed at differ
ent times during a period of twenty
three years. This was done, accord
ing to the Mohammedan belief, either
by Gabriel in human shape or by God
himself. When Gabriel acted as trans
lator and communicator he "did so with
a great sound of music and bells;" God
appeared either "veiled or unveiled
during Mohammed's waking hours, or
during dreams at night"
Htgtaiaa'iCssiplMr lea with G I year In,
Cures Chapped Bands and Face, Tender or Sore Feet.
CUlblauu.I'lIes.ftc CO. Clark Co..Xew HareD.Ct.
Tbe witchcraft laws of England wero not
repealed until 1736.
The bastinado is still a favorite punish
ment in lurKey ana igypt.
Hanon's Slavic, Corn .Salve."
Warranted to rare, or money refunded. Ask your
dnwclst for It. Price 5 cents.
Egypt has every year
some variety of crime.
33,000 arrests for
Nearly one-half the murderers of this
country are unmarried.
av B. nnn
Mo St after dm dar's as.
. Tr ISM ii u sad Si 00 trial bottle .free to Fit
to DrKUse.Kl Arch StMikwielphla. ra.
more people than the small-
The Persians did not punish murderers
for their first offense.
IT the Baajr l Cat tine Teeth,
Be sore sod use that old sad we! tried remedy, Mas.
WratoWs Soorsntc Btscf for Children Test&ias;.
Hope's best pictures
are made for con-
Tha Galf Coast of Texas
Has the best and cheapest land in the Uni
ted States aad aaore evea climate than Cal
ifornia. Rain enough to raise four crops a
year. Plenty timber and prairie. Lumber
16 to 7 per thousand. For further Informa
tion, write tofjulf Coast Land aad Improve
ment Co., 1334 Famam, 3t., Omaha, Neb.
There can be no such thing as the right
use of a wrong thin?.
Threw sfarvrst Exearstoas Saath vaa thai
On Aug. 22nd, Sept. 12th and Oct. 10th
the Wabash will sell round trip tirLets to
all points in Arkansas, 'lexn., Tennessee
(except Memphis), Mississippi and Louisiana
(except New Orleans), at one fare, plus2.00,
good ratarafaa; 20 days from date of sate.
For tickets or folders giving a description;
of lards, climate. ftr.caJl at Wabash office;
1502 Famam 8treet, or write
O. N. Clattox,
Northwestern Paa. Agent, Omaha, Nab.
A Besaedy of General VUMty.
It 1st nmnnir the fnlllo of which the) 1
f acturera of many proprietary renedlea ar
(ulltj. to term their medicines "aanaceasV
or to claim for them tbequallty of paaaceasv
There la bo such thins; as a "panacea."whlcai
aaeaaa a remedy adapted to all dlaeaaag.Tale
absurdity has nover been perpetrated by the
proprietors of Hostcttcrs Stomach Bitten.
Bat they do claim, and with Justice. tht
Is a remedy of Renoral utility, aad thlasw
cause It restores that reiruiar aad vlaoratjst
condition of the stomach, liver and bowel
which conduce to the recovery of general
health. Thus It fortifies the system acalaa.
aalarlaby infusing stamina, -and causing:
harmoalous action of tho organs which, aw
1obk a they go right, are the beet gaaraaty
agalawt an epidemic malady llke'chllla and'
fever. It accomplishes a double purpose by
stimulating activity of tho kidneys, since It
not only prevents their disease aad decay,
but exacts from the blood through then im
purities that causo rheumatism, goutaau,
dropsy Use it with confidence.
A new smokeless powder named pi -tomenit,
has been . tested with great,
success at Bucharest It proved thei
best of smokeless powder for the small '
caliber Mannlichter rifle, and especially
satisfactory with the smooth bore sport
ing guns. The smoke is hardly per
ceptible, the noise of explosion slight
and there is absolutely no recoil.
Bbxcuam's Pills are sot tiev remedy..
They have been sold laEaropafor CO years,,
and are well tested and excellent
The consumptionof honejlefh has
increased wonderfully during the last
year in most of the large cities, of Con
tinental Europe, especially in Beilin,
Paris and Vienna. A lateueconoWc re
port says that from 80 to lV) honors are
daily slaughtered for market in Paris,
the average daily number killed in 3)ex
lin being even greater.
THE MODERN BEAUTY
Thrives on good food and sunshine,
with plenty of exercise in the open air.
Her form glows with health and her
face blooms with its beauty. If her
system needs the cleansing action of a
laxative remedy, she uses the gentlo
and pleasant liquid laxative Syrup 'of
Malico and hatred are very fretting-, aad
I make oar minds sore and uneasy.
Jo Populist Press ad feople.
I take pleasure In announcing;
that I have made arrangement or
behalf of the National Reform Press
Association, whereby plates and
ready-prints containing- Populist
matter off Iclally approved and reo--ommended
by the National Reform
Press Association .and Chairman
Taubeneok, In any quantity desired,
will be furnished by
Tfci Wistim Niwspafir Unit.
Write to the Western "Newspaper
Union for Samples and prices. No
other house furnishes authorized
matter. W. S. MORGAN. Sec. Na
tional Reform Press Association.
WESTERN NEWSPAPER UNION,
Odell 9M Typewriter for $10. if cash with or
der Is received before Nor 1st, 1893. Tho
famous Odell Typewriter is usod by Lawyers.
Ministers. Doctors. Merchants, Bailors and
Rnwrannnl Officer, becanso of Its clean
I print; simplicity anil manifold copies. -No
I teacher required. It wilt do your work In ones.
Vn...'.. ..ha.A.... n..l.. nnw ftntl tfllfA aflVAllt.- .
aeoof this cxcontionttlv
88 W. Jaokeon St., Ohloica
Unlike tbe Dutch Prow
ara uicd in the
W. BAKER &C(
which 4 tsesarwrefir
It has morn t hn t hree 1 1 mas
thettrmyth of J,ocoa mixed
I with Htarch. Arrowroot or
'Suirar. and is fir more eco
nomical, cottiwj less than oneent a cup.
It Is delicious, nourishing, and XASU.T
Sold by Grocers everywhere.
VT. BAXER & CO., Dorcb
The ttmatst and
nsde. Unlike other L
a line powder and pacta
in a caa
with rrsaorable lid,
are alwsrs rcaur for
make the ttttt perfumed
In 80 minutes vnOicul boil
t h a Rat for clesnsina;
dbiDfectiax sinks, closett, washing
PENNA. HALT k'FOOa
ra. Act. Phils,, Pa.
Holds the worst np.
tor with ease antler all
l ? gas J
anil Car. New F&tontad
trated eafcUogoe sad
roles for aslf-masaura.
ment seat sacurelv
CtlcO. O. V. HOUSZ
1. CO.. TM Broad-
aww sosm cut.
partleajan and lneU-
flaanclU backing; h
SwSS.SSsl Wlkan lagiimir.
loitde potassium, aanapirUI or UotBprlag fall. w
enirantaa a euro and our Xazle CypHUeno Is the only
tlilr;- that wllleur permanently. PoBUra proof (eat
alea. Ire. COOK RSSZDT CO.. ChlCSkO. III.
aaa.'s acssuis a o
' at. Pooaloo Buraao.
I Sxrsialast war, 13adj
Bg claim a, atty sssca
ia Wraiaytr, feaaro.
iW W,, ' Mi 1
Mvopafat wkn I1 t.mailt Ml. !1bTb1b?bT
C HIV awfl
B'w.y 4f.T. Writ fcaauok XrgrfrHBai
YXSVJKK la the Farmers k Ms
ICo fUncoln rapll-iland
K2 1o s ap HoN!rnk
If afflicted with Tkaamaaflan' 1
W N U Omaha.
I ' ti'iuTi
MSB t kLliUli
IrWny oae doubts ttmt
I waFwjBfjfWwaf Iwlwwti H
A JPECIALTY. I
la curs them jit ub-
as caae la to to 60
let him wr.tefor
sja y ro awrtsr-uiniaw. a
rl i tr taagna sea e taw
Jaat Taj ail 4 jaarf. Hat aa Mtaav
aoferfMbn, tot ill tfc. Mat
a aM ralaafc'a aaaS. wa aaS
viaaakaaMa. BlSaSaMa. Sa tnt
urana orer ssoo usbl
jt5aasaa.tlea and PJ H
who baroVeak lungs or Asfh
Bassa.slioulataae rise's Cure far H
BJ Cousumptip. It ass arvHJ
fl thwasstadL 1 1 has not InJaV H
ad one. ! nut bad totakl.
It is tbe bef: cough syrup. I
J SoH ereirwbere. S5c f BJ
r . jr-6
5 v C"-
Powered by Open ONI