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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 6, 1893)
' "Mr. Albert Hartley of Hudson,
N. C, was taken witli Pneumonia.
His brother bad just died from it
When hz found his doctor could not
rally him ha took one bottle of Ckr
tnam. Svrup and came outsouud and
well. Mr. S. 2. Gardiner, Clerk
with Druggist J. E. Barry Aurora,
Texas, prevented a bad attack of
pneumonia by taking German Syrup
in time. He was in the business
and knew the danger. He used the
great remedy Boschee's German
Syrup for lung diseases.
. OMAHA BUSINESS BOOSES.
9MHA SUTE & R00FIN6 CO., "St"?
IIOOKINO. Slato Rooting. Slate Blackboards. Etc
Jxcond Hnnd, 25 Horse. '
w ill ue .'Old :it airreat Haf-
H. C. AKIN.
Ill So. 12th i?t.. Omaha, Neb.
WeVnn ind Debilities ot
He has no equal.
VJ years experience,
7 jcars in Omaha.
Ncrvru'ncss. Low f-pir-
l!s or lots of Vkor or
All unnetcra! discharges anil cil etlfcts of early
vlrc. iIf.pa.MJ of the 1 lood. Khlreys m:d I'iarlder.
n b Krcmo;t fcrown remedies. Instant rellrf. lVr-
?uanent cims Write for H-ok. The doctor Is
ndorted l.y the 1-eople in the Mronees terms.
Hth ami I'anism Streets, CcaLa. Nebraska
M fl ,75 Fliiilf W3r ' tappingo f a woodpecker; "again the
awli ri ranter! fnr RYoare ! "peep! pccpl" of a sand bird; these
P,"1!0;01-?? a the only evidences of life. The
SScnd for catalog of the i n , - i, ,
rlEin l I nftrt i sin ' BPe11 r slecP ls over everything, and
R I mD ALL yHGAHSIIstand.'ooking unconsciously right
i. HOSPE, JrM
NO PAY UNTIL CURED -
toE SEflR YC'J TO 4.000 WIENTS.
Ucfer- i Nat. Hank of CVninivree. I r.. i .
enccO Herman favisi;; Hank. -"muiio.
Write or call for t'iroul.ir.
THE O. E. MILLER CO.,
so? -no x. y. i.irc max, omaiia, xsn.
... OCII inAKI,
This preat vboo! ls now in its twentieth yen.- un ler
the satne Hector and J.eri) Principal. Pall term
begins f-eiit. 20. 1W, Korcatnlocueand nartlcular.
V.XT. KoBruTUunEHTV.t.T.U., Uectr,Uiuaha,;;eb
Denver. Colo. Contlacted by 3sult Tathers. I re-yarntorj-,
rias-lcal onj .Ciontifi-s uJir. Ix)d"i:i-T
board, tuition, within; nna moul!n?of liaea. $ fj
por year. Catalq-jo sent on application.
SnOKTnAXD AND TTPK-WRITINO.
Oldest and Best Ihislness Collet in the West. No
Tacatlon. Thousands of graduates nnd old students
occupjlng paying positions. Write for catalomo.
F. F. BOONE, Onutka. Neb,
Unly 1 BUTanrvd in.Vtvnilrnl rnmil
hl inthertatc;I5xp'n.-nced Ir.rtrnctjms; Fifbcn Dis
tinct Ourra; ojrn 12 months in ttic Trar; term Irr-n
Bept. lUIVc 5. Ma-.6amlJim;S:tii turn. Jlre-k.
Ixuril. tt; room rent. 73c: apnarottu or.d eqti.j mor.t
coniiIe:rl'lriCCTrtoI.-noulnccry2t ra nut s. Per
ffurthrr infrnnolion al.'rcw. J. F. Snlor. I"r.-Eit.r.t.o
y. I. Hitch'. Vice lVe ilfT't. N'mtnnl. No.
A Free Hide to Denver, Colo.
Rkad Tnis' H V mean just -.i-kat -ire sitr. The
Uxivru;iTY IlrKtEss Collegh aud Coli :,ii
of Siiosth ni will, owing to the prex-alent hsnl
tfnic, and for other reasons, give free transpor
tation from f Aj.,00 miles, to students who conic
aud take a Hmiuess or Shorthand course of stu
dy. This is the oldest aud be-t llusiness Collejre
is Colo., and under the auspices of the Um?eri
ty of Denver. In addition to the above courses.
Alfjebra. Geometry, I.atin. Oerninn and the Sci
ences are taiiRhtrr to students w ho want them
We have discarded all theory, and teach Acttu!
Business from the start.
For fuK particulars call on or address.
University Business Coi.i.non.
Cor. 14th and Arapahoe Sts. Denver Colo.
St. Clara's Academy.
CONDUCTED BY DOMINICAN SISTEHS.
The plan of intmctlon can ied out in this institn
tlon unites eret advantage whlih can contribute tu
a good edaeatlon ''nrquilleil as a health rt-sort.
Eltnatol fie rollcs from L't.buiiie. la., ten miles from
Galena. III. Por further particulars ad.trrrs
ilOTHEl: I'RUlUESS. St Clam's Conv nf,
Sinslnawa. Grant Gouoty. V.'is.
Tic PISH llUAXD SLICHEU Is warranted watrr
proof, and wSt Keep yrn d.-y la ifco IiarU. t storm. Thi
new lXttUIIX SLI ICEl; I a perfect ridM ixiat. anJ
eoers the entire i'JIc. Scwarx-o: iai'tatuas. I)n"l
roj aenat lrtve"! 1 h ynnd Is not on It. Illurtn
te.j tr.tj'or"jr-.'. . j t W!. Itos'on. Mai..
Unlike the Dutch Process
are ited ia the
TV. BAKER & C0."S
sJiich is absolutely
tttre and soluble
f-lrrtiaili of Cocoa inixe-l
1 with Starch, Arrowroot or
'Pnr.ir, and is far more eco
nomical, ccztiny less tiicn one cent a cup.
It i delicious, nourishing, and eisilt
SclJ brGrorera eerytrhere.
2a IM 2 i,
..'- - .
.opens tne pore?, the
'taxed and nature
I easily responds. Drivo
all foal corruption
lont of the body now
by a course of
Nature's Iieme,iy of
J oofs, liaTKS
The bt"t Liver. Slorn-
-aeh and FAood IUnc,ro?r. All rva-
Salute, fl.QOO Lcuiz fur 3.0'0.
- m t,'yiyTT
iw nn .
i 1 :: t m
rM fTr-V-l! 1
a 1 r 1: 11
tm 1 l.'&HIt!ia
0B4iE:f 1 k
Once more alon? the rlrer-side
, Are willow-tassels swinging. t
Once more amonsr the woodlanus wide.
Are robins callr bilging.
tone Sore the whirrin? corncrake crlea
, Amid the dew-wet clover.
O'er woodland green the cuckoo filed,
A merry, careless rover.
Tft leafy woods are all a-cnime.
The skylark's notes are thriiltr:
Once more a gladder, Wfitlr rhyme
The poet's la- ate tilling.
A CAPE AQUARELLE.
The steamer tinta-labie said, "Pas
eengers tsin land and have one hour
to inspect this typical Sew England
fishing village, with its queer rambl
ing streets, its ancient houses, its
old wharfs, once the scene of activity,
now silent and deserted," etc.
1 stood at the end of the landing-
place and looked down the long
street with the walk on one side and
the harbor on the other, then turned
and watched the ci owd rush past to
take the town by storm, staring at
the Windows 'of the houses, overrun
ning the quiet little grave-yard, in
truding everywhere; in fact, doing
everything that rude, vandal excur
sionists do the world over.
1 desperately struck into a straggl
ing side street, and in a few short
moments, to my astonishment, .they
were left far behind.
I stopped and looked about.
Behind me the town lay, a narrow
fringe of gray, colorless houses
bordering the inner harbor. Here
and there a thin pencilled column of
smoke rose straight up as from a firo
in a desert, the air was so still and
A monotonous droning filled the
i ear, reminding one of the cicadas of
, Provence. From some ship yard
carao the dull measured stroke of a
- I eanlkor's hnmmop nnrtrlirr Htro tho
aucu iiu me suuuen noise oi uie ex
cursion boat blowing off steam
arouses me, aud I see a low cottage,
the last on the lane, surrounded by a
meagre .vnrd fenced with drift wood
held together by pieces of rigging.
Ucfore the door is a pretentious
porch or arbor constructed of the
gray, bleaching ribs of a whale. An
enterprising morning-glory vine is
endeavoring to envelope and clothe
its ffbastlincss, but it protrudes and
stanus out from the nabby, sun
killed wreaths like a white sepulchre
A cobble stone walk edged with pink
conch shells completes the dreary
I am about to turn back to the
town, for it is not very pleasant pad
dling about in the shifting sands
under the broiling sun, when I see a
little crouched-up figure sitting on a
block of wood in the shadow of an
old dory, and so much the color of
I !, ,.nr1in
, ne """"Ul"
gs as to be almost
It is a woman, gray and bent with
years, looking fixedly at inc with
queer, canny eyes, her lips moving
as she counts tbe stitches of the
knitting in her hands.
I push open the gate on its ropo
hinges and enter, asking politely for
a drink of water. Never stopping,
she nods toward tho well. I help
myself and then sit down near her
This is a beautiful day."
"Sun draw water in the mornin'
Sailor- take trarnin'.
she answers, never taking her eyes
off me. It was so unexpected I
started, but rallying said,
Well, a nice fresh breeze won't
In sad, monotonous tonr, she re
plied, "When winds blow fresi across the main
And mi-t- scud- up lrom the lea,
There's apt to he some r.t:n
And :i choppy sou" fast se 1."
"Well, well," I laughed pleasantly,
though I didn't feel a mite that way;
"you're quite a rhymster, mother;
got verses for all kinds of weather."
The laugh seemed to please the old
sybil for an instant, then tho small
eyes grew sad again and she said,
nodding toward the village:
"Xo, just came down and going
"Then nobody sent you here?"
"No; I just strayed this way to
avoid the crowd. Whv do vou ask?"
I "They send people here to bother
me. They say I'm crazy, crazy Noll,
' you know; ever hear tell of her?"
1 "No: but tell me, mother, how do
1 you live in this wilderness?"
"All the day I knit stcckin's an'
I mits an' lots of nippers for the fisher
men to wear when they're fir-hin'.
i hey re net all bad. J he' give me
food and things for them, sometimes
a little tea: but it's a poor life, lad, a
poor an' sorrowful life for old crazy
' Nell, with only her thoughts and the
I sea's moans for company; an' death
passes me, that only longs to go, and
takes the young an' strong, that
wants to live; but the day is nigh at
hand now; soon I will see my Mal
colm, my bonny boy, my husband
gono, lad, gone, gone, and only mar
ried one day: think of it; rac all
alone, alone for forty weary winters,
nnd forty wearier summers, waitin' to
die an' go to him. Do you think he
has forgiven me?"
"Suppose you tell mo your story,"
I said, gently, rather touched by her
"My story? aye; and what joy
would yo find in the vagaries and
mumblin's of an old crazy woman
like me. I canna tell."
"He built this house for me. his
bride. Oh, but 1 was a happy girl
then; yes, an' one of the tidiest and
prettiest of the village, and often I
was told of it, and he was the smart
est and bravest of all the fisher lads
that went out to tho banks; every
one loved him. myself most of all,
tho' I was a bit pert and liked my
own way: well, well, the day of rest
is nigh to me now. Hearken then,
sir, an' I'll tell ye a tale of the sad,
sad sea; a tale of its cruelty to one I
loved; a talovthat's brimful with pain,
an' woes an' griefs; an. Ciod, that he
should go! wild an' awful the tem
pest raged when he dared an' per
ished I" After a few moments of
weeping and muttering to herself she
began her disjointed narrative anew.
"Softly the gray mists hung far
o'er the smiling bay, aa' the sun
sparkled on the littlo ripples that
were so weak they hardly broke on
the shore that fair September morn
we two were married. But as night
came on, great, dark, towerin' storm
clouds, leaden hued. scurried across
t) 1 the heavens, an' the fierce red light-
in' t-ea. From the dark south came
up the gale, drivin' before it straight
4 unbroken rows of mountainous bil
A lows, crowne
f ' white yeast;
y ' loose with sh
lows, crowneu on top same as wiui
then, like a fiend turned
shriekin yells an' bcllow-
I in's, down swooped the storm an
whipped big clots of foam from off
I the waves, an' hnrlel the heavy
i swell far up the groauin' shore.
Truly, the earth seemed, frightened
With tho niadhess of the seas.
But in the house here we were
bavin' a merry time. We had a let
of the women and children from town
and a couple of the young men who
were just in from a trip sad Stopped
ibver to eee us married. Old Cap'n
Thomas and the minister had each
just said a grace, and we were about
to fall to and eat when suddenly some
one heard a faint signal gun. In a
minute feast and everything was for
gotten; off rushed the whole company,
men, women and children, Malcolm
and me with them, to the beach.
What did we see in the darkening
evening light? A vessel way out sea
ward, pounding on the bar! Not a
stick nor spar did she have standing;
shorn of everything by the force of
the shock when she struck, and the
big waves dashin' and lashin' clean
"Not a minute) do we waste, but all
hands help drag the life boat down
to the edge of the surf and then quick
call for volunteers, brave fellows who
count themselves nothing if they can
only save some one else's life. My
Malcolm felt no fear; he was the first
to spring forward and, though I clung
to him and beseeched and sobbed,
would not heed me. Ho gave one
last embrace to me, his new-made
wife, and turned to the boat.
"Vainly I begged him to remain
with mo that first day of our wedded
life, but no, he counted his duty be
fore all else. Oh, that I had died
then! My heart was filled with a
dark terror; 'twas torn and rent
apart with anguish that he- would go:
my head was, swimmin' and i'eelin,
and crazed with tho cruel smart of
his first refusal I mocked and cursed
hini there. Aye, cursed him fdr
what was only right, for the boat
was but pdorly manned, there were
so few men at tho beach, and of
them some wero old and almost
crippled; but in my selfish ravings I
ffelt nb pity for the pbor ship in dis
tress, screaming again and again
that I wished it would break up be
fore they got started, and that if '
they went I hoped never to see any
of them again.
"Slowly my Malcolm left his place
at the bow of the boat; if I livo 'till
I'm a hundred, which God pit' me, I
hope I won't, never can I forget the !
iook 1 saw on nis iace in tne wan
" 'Nell, darling, kiss me goodby.
Won't? Ah well, God bless you!' and
ho was gone!
' 'Down on the sand I fell in a dead
faint What then? Ah, yes. 1 lay
there but a moment; the wet sand, on
my faco brought me to. I stared
about me; none were left but & little
knot of women and children huddled
together. crying and peering through
the gloom at the struggling boat, and
a couple of old men still standing
waist deep in tho water where they
had helped shove off.
"Now the surf is passed; they aro
tossed on tho great wave?; down,
down they go far from sight in the
mad sea; then they come again up,
up. 'gainst wind and tide, now
toppling on the point of some mon
ster billow, only to go plunging down
to meet tho next, and pulling with
might and main to reach the wreck
that labored and strained on the bar
and threatened to go to pieces every
"Now they work round under her
stern and are hidden from us by the
hulk, but soon we see them again
carefully approaching from the lee
side; but even there it seems too
rough to try to board her. Then we
know from the motions that they
have cast a lino, which must be
caught, as now we see a dark shape
suspended over the boat for an in
stant; the next, a vast, mountainous
wall of foam overwhelms them, the
gale bursts out afresh, and when we
can get our breaths and look again
they are gone! Nothing is left but
the raging line of breakers black
with wreckage! Ship and boat are
Calmly she wiped her streaming
eyes and concluded:
"At daybreak eight bodies had
washed ashore; four our own men
and four strangers; the rest of the
ship's company, nobody knows how
many, and the fifth of the boat's
crew m' own Malcolm, were never
The heat which pulsated around
us like a draught from a hot furnace,
and the dramatic intensity of the old
dame's recital, had so worked upon
me that I was in a sort of addled
comatose condition. The few sounds
of life from the village were un
noticed; even the warning whistle
had blown some minutes before en
tirely unheeded; so I had to take the
Cape train back to town, but some
how I didn't feel like complaining.
Tne C'htiiete Chess.
Wcichi is tho greatest game of the
Chinese, especially with tho literary
class, and is ranked by them superior
to chess. Like chess, this game is
of a general military and mathemat
ical character, but is on a much more
extended scale, tho board containing
261 places and employing nearly 20J
men on tho side. All of the men,
however, havo the same value and
powers. Tho object is to command
as many places on tho board as pos
sible. This may be done by inclos
ing empty spaces, or surrounding
the enemy's men. Very close cal
culation is always essential in order
that a loss in one region may be met
by gains in another, thus employing
skillful strategy when the con
testants aro evenly matched. Tho
game has come down from great
antiquity, being first mentioned in
Chinese writing about 625 B. G It
was in all probability introduced by
the Babylonian astronomers, who
were at that time instructors of all
Armies and Schools.
Italy expends every year $90,000,
000 for her soldiers and less than
$4,000,000 for schools. In Spain it
costs $100,000,OJO to maintain the
army, and only $1,500 to educate the
children, but then it is the exception
to find a Spanish farmer who is able
to read or write. Germany boasts of
being in the foremost rank among
tho nations in the kulturkampf of
tho world, yet she expends $185,000,
000 on her army, whilo $10,000,000
is deemed sufficient for the education
of her children. France maintains
an army at an expense of $151,000,000
and supports her schools with $21,
000, 00 J. The United States expends
$115,000,000 for public schools, while
the army and navy cost only $54.
000,00a The Pope's Seal.
The seal ring worn by the pope,
and used by him on official docu
ments to which his signature is at
tached, has on it the engraving of a
fish, with the cipher of the wearer.
Since the thirteenth century every
pope has worn a ring of this charac
ter, and it is shattered with a ham
mer when tho wearer dies, to pre
vent its use QO a forged document.
A THOftdUGHBRED PEGASU&
The Altltacllnous Parnassian Flight of
ft Missoarian Who Saw the fiood.
The moon looked so queer and im
perfect tHe other night, something
lik an egg with one side not pi'Opef
ly rounded out, says a writer in the
Kansas City Star. She seemed pale
and insignificant against the blue in
the early evening, and as she floated
aimlessly and slowly across the
heavens could have been mistaken
for a lighted balloon, wandering
along in her somewhut ridiculous
want of symmetry But as she
climbed higher bud met the dark
mutinous- ooking clouds she gaittdd
in glory and seemed to bo the power
which ruled the night and held lit
check the clouds and storm. When
she WAs a prisoner behind their sinis
ter darkness all sceiudd insecure
threatening; tho.little stars twinkled
timidly a if asking; "Is there' to be
no more light? llave thsy over
thrown our queen?" And other littlo
stars seemed to hurry across the
blue space as if charged with mes
sages of encouragement and prom
ises of help to her imprisoned majes
ty. And she, behind the blackness,
tranquilly pursued her heavenly way,
sending before her a radiance whore
tbe white clouds caught her bright
ness and were illuminated, while
following the glory she herself would
step from behind the shadow; yellow,
victorious, not pale and frightened,
but full of confidence in her right to
her kingdom and her power to hold
it. There was no trace of the im
perfect about her then, the white
clouds like a veil covering the out
lines, made her seem again a perfect
golden globe. As another black mass
came hurrying up and obscured her
brightness, perhaps a little patch of
light would llicker through, marking,
where sho took her undaunted inarch,
or a narrow golden rim would show
for a minute like a scimeter, as if
she wero trying to cut hor way out;
or sometimes one would see, dis
mayed, what looked liko her white
ghost flying from the all-surrounding
was 0110 steady pageant,
where the clear blue way cut tho
clouds apart, and down this path her
imperial brightness stepped serenely,
disdaining the discordant gloom
above and below hor. And even in
the darkest times, when the black
ness spread all around, up In tho ze
nith the clouds were whito and clear,
showing behind the darkness hor
light reached out to bless the loyal
parts of her kingdom. Onco Bhc
soemed to tread along tho very top
of a murderous-looking mass of
clouds as if she knew not what foar
meant- As the blackness was sub
dued tho white clouds ranged them
selves into littlo mackcreled waves,
patines of silver turning to gold
where she smiled upon them. Some
times her path seemed lost as if she
had been driven out of her course,
but the illusion vanished with the
falsifying cloud and the moon shone
down again from her appointed place.
The scientists say she is old and
wrinkled; that she has lost all tho
brightness that once was hers. How
dauntless must her spirit be that
even after nature has told her that
her work is done, she yet refuses to
be a useless part of the universe,
but still clothes herself in light and
beauty and holds her regal sway in
the deep blue heavens, aud even from
black clouds seems to draw an added
glory of victory, which makes her
still more radiant.
Beautiful queen! lieaching down
to the far away sun she stores hqr
heart full of his light and, in order
to pour out all tho splendor of it on
mankind she does continual battle,
unwearied and undismayed, with
those wandering hosts that in mere
wanton sportiveness seek to im
prison her in tho heavens behind
thenij leaving her earthly worshipers
OUR FROZEN ANCESTORS.
Primeval Man May Yet lie Discovered In
Vas he arboreal, and did he livo
upon fruit?" It has been suggested
that he was driven from those mild
ways by tho cold of that unpleasant
time when glaciers covered tho earth.
The trees died and the fruits per
ished, and the ancestor, climbing
down, began with rats and mice, and
finished with cannibalism, to avoid
perishing likewise. Also, he in
vented fire. Also, the cold made him
uso language. But this is rather an
unsubstantial speculation, since Pro
fessor I'restwich, for instance, be
lieves that there were men before
the glaciers. At any rate, he tells
us that at Sevcnoaks, in the very old
pre-glacial "plateau drift" above the
downs, he has found instruments of
It is not impossible that those
beetle-browed persons, the paleolithic
men, the remote men who chipped
out weapons of unpolished stone and
knew the uses of neither cattle, clay,
nor corn, wero less human looking
than their skeletons would lead us to
fancy. There is a hint in one rude
scratching on a bono that thoy were
thickly hairy. There is a remote
chance yet at least it is a pleasant
fancy to entertain that we with our
own eyes may yet see this hairy an
cestor of ours in the flesh, hvcry
one has heard of the entire mam
moth, skin and flesh complete, frozen
up inside of a Siberian river and en
during to our days. The flesh was
so fresh that the dogs foil upon it
and ate it without ill results.
Now, these preglacial men of Pro
fessor Prestwich must have been con
temporaries with those mammoths
and they may have ventured, too
since they hunted the mammoth,
into high latitudes. The discovery
of a refrigerated ancestor is by no
It is necessary for any one who
has read "The Frozen Pirate" to curb
his imagination here. In all human
ity wo must hopo the ancestor, when
thawed, will be dead. Fancy the
shock of Rip Van Winkle intensified
by 10,010 generations. If he is dead
he must, of course, bo promptly
stuffed by all the best taxidermists
in council, and placed in a command
ing position in the museum j a relic
and true portrait combined.
Alive With Snakes.
The Isles of Shoals, mere rocks
standing ten miles from the New
Hampshiro coast in a cold sea, aro
alive with snakes. On a warm day
one will see dozens of them running
in and out of the boggy places or !
sunning themselves on the bare
ridges. They are nothing to bo
afraid of, however, for they are only
of one variety the common little
green snake that seldom grows to a j
length of two feet 1
The mosai? copies in the Vatican
of large pictures by Raphael. Dom
enichino and others occupied from
twelve to twenty-five years to exe
cute and required from J.j.OOO to 20.
000 different shady:? of color.
FABM AND HOUSEHOLD.
GOOD WOOL AND HOW IT
CAN BE PRODUCED.
Fine Wool is Growing; in Demand
About - EgfVo Reflow of Sap
Tariff on Animals Horticultural
llints and Household Helps.
To Make Wool More Profitable.
There ha9 been a steadily increas
ing demand of late years for fine
grades of wool, and while foreign
growths have had a tendoncy to com
pote successfully with our homo
grown poorer grades of wool, they
have practically had no effect upon
the sale of the finer grades, it is to
this point that farnicfS should havo
their attention drawn frequently,
for very many who go into tho sheep
business think that wool is just the
ame, no matter how grow"il They
Se'ctire srood blooded stock, and nat
urally expect $bat those high priced
animals produce good, salable wool.
They are somewhat astonished when
they find that after all more depeilds
.upon the proper1 card of the sheep
than upon the breed. Poor and com
mon grade avooIs in this country aro
not in great demand. They are not
profitable to the sheep grdWof, ?n(l
it is the class of sheep raisers that
grow this wool whom wo always hear
Fino, home-made woolen clothes
arc daily growing in popular demand
here, says the American Cultivator,
and the large mills are absorbing
sch grades of wool rapidly. People
who Wear these clothes arc willing
to pay fair prices fbr them, dnd the
mills consequently offer a premium
for tho fine grades of wool. We can
depend upon this demand a great
deal hotter than we can "on any
short-lived fad for an inferior article.
Thero aro a few points about wool
that even the old experienced flock
master, as well as the beginner might
think about The fine grade of wool
that takes well to-day is tho one that
has a good fine staple, but not too
silky in fiber. Tho wool is graded
often according to tho even develop
ment of it.
If developed evenly it will resist
tension equally. This wool can bo
woven freely and easily by the mills,
and it ma'tes good cloth that will bo
equally strong in all parts. No breed
alone will produce such wool. The
finest breed in this world, unless at
tended to properly will not give an
evenly developed wool fiber. The
strength and development of the
fiber depends upon the uniform good
health and vigor of the animals, and
if these are checked in any way the
fiber will be long and strong in somo
places and weak and short in others.
This production of inferior wool is
caused by everj' neglect to feed tho
animals regularly, by starvation and
by exposure to inclement weather.
They all combine to injure the fiber
so that it cannot pass muster as a
fine grado. If treated in this way
continually, the patches of poor fiber
will increase in number so that the
wool will degenerate annually, and
finally became so poor that it does
not paj to keep the sheep.
Good staple should also bo evenly
lubricated along in its whole length,
and this can only be accomplished by
having the animals in perfect health.
If growers would stop to think of
how much this neglect injures the
fiber of their wool when placed upon
tho markots they would give more
attention to their animals We must
have good stock, but more, than that,
wo must have the time and patience
to grow good wool by attending to
Something About Kxgs.
Authorities on scientific cooking
tell us many things that aro well
worth remembering. A writer in
Food tells us something about eggs.
Eggs should nover be cooked before
they are twenty-four hours old, and
they aro much better if kept forty
eight hours or until their whites are
sot. The white in a freshly laid egg
cannot be beaten still until it has laid
on ice for somo time. The old way
of testing eggs that of putting
them in water is one of tho best
If they are fresh enough for cooking
they will sink. On tho contrary, if
the eggn rise to the surfaco air
enough has penetrated the shell to
make the egg unfit for uso. although
its yolk may look perfect and no
odor can be detected. Decomposi
tion begins when the contents of tho
shell are exposed to the external air,
and the fact of the ogg floating in
water is proof positive that it has
been lightened by air. The digesti
bility of tho hard-boiled egg is a
favorite theme. Eggs should never
be actually boiled, as the extremely
high temperature of the water hard
ens and toughens tho whites at onco,
rendering them indigestible. If they
are submerged in water just below
thc boiling point and kept at that
temperature for one half hour thoy
will be almost as digestible as raw
A good rule to cook eggs for in
valids is to pour boiling water in a
tin pail having a tight cover; put the
cges in the pail carefully, cover it
tightly and let it stand entiroly away
from the lire for five minutes. The
whites of the eggs cooked in this
manner will be perfectly coagulated,
soft, tender and easily assimilated.
Journal of Agriculture.
Tlirro I No Rellotv of Sap.
Mr. Charles K. Barnes, professor
of botany in tho university of Wis
consin, in an address to tho state
Horticultural society, thus gives tho
latest accepted conclusion of science:
"Before passing from this topic of
the movement of water which sup
plies evaporation, I must allude to
a very common and widespread idea
at least I judge it to be widespread,
because it is so frequently pro
pounded by my student that tho
sap goes down in winter and up in
spring." Just where the sap is sup
posed to go in winter is not exactly
clear, since, if the roots arc absorb
ing water in the fall when the evapor
ation is diminished, they are likely
to havo quite as much water as they
can hold already. Tho conception,
apparently, is that all of the water
lodged in tho trunk and spreading
branches goes down into the roots.
It needs, however, only the most
casual examination of trees in winter
to discover that at this time they
aro almost saturated with water.
The twigs of the hickory tree, for
example, will be f 1 ozen on a cold day
in winter sp that they are brittle
almost as glass, and one can snap off
a twig half an inch in diameter as
though it were an icicle. Tho same
twig, when not frozen, on a mild day
will be so tough that there will ba
no possibility of breaking it
"Again, if one cuts oIT a branch
from a tree in winter and brings it
into a warm room, he will quickly
discover that water is oozing from
the cut end. showing that the twigs
arc almost saturated with it. As a I
matter of fact, the water in trees in-
creases from midsummer or oarly fall
to tho beginning of growth in early
spring. Thero is thus no necessity
for any "going up" of tho sap in
spring until the leaves are expanded
and tho water with which the tree is
already saturated begins to bo
evaporated from tho foliage." Flor
Tariff on Anlm is.
We aro asked to give tho tariff on
imported animals. On horses and
mules. $30 per head, provided, that
horses valued at $150 and over shall
pay duty of thirty por centum ad
valorem. On cattlo, moro than one
year old, $10 per head; ono year old
or less, $2 per head. On hogs, $1.50
per head. On sheep, one year old or
more, $1.50 per head; less than ono
year old, seventy-five cents per head.
All othor live animals, not specially
provided for, twenty per centum ad
valorem. Any animal imported
specially for breeding purpose shall
bo admitted free, proved that no such
animal shall bo admitted free unless
puro bred of a recognized breed, and
duly registered in tho book or record
established for that breed; and, pro
vided further, that certificate of such
record and of tho pedigree of such
animal shall be provided and sub
mitted to tho custom officer, duly
authenticated by the proper custod
n of such book of record, together
with tnC affid'ifc f tne owner, agent
or importer tn seh animal is the
identical animal a.rlbed " said
certificate of rceord ann pedigree.
Animals brought into tho Em.e(1
States temporarily, for a period not
exceeding six months, for tho pur
pose of exhibition or competition for
priz39 offered by any agricultural or
racing association are admitted free.
Decrense in Humble Bee.
There are, at least in the older
sections of the country, not nearly so
many bumble beea as there were soon
after its settlement. We arrow as
much clover as over, but it is eufc
earlier, and the men and boys en
gaged in haying have more time to
fight bumble bees than they did
when all grass was cut with tho
scythe. There are not so many good
places for the female bumble bees to
lay their eggs in spring as thero
used to bo. The soil is firmer from
longer cultivation, and there are
fewer rotten stumps. In our boy
hood, pretty much all tho fun wo
found in haying and harvesting !
time was in fighting bumblo bees
whose nests wero in danger when
over wo cut near whore they were.
Rubbish around trees harbors irticc.
Plums naturally grow in clumps,
and tho seed will therefore bear thick
An experienced gardner says that
tile drainage must precede the ma
nure for succcssin gardening or
Some one has said that when the
farm breaks out into smiles of fruits
and flowers it becomes the most
charming spot on earth.
It is not worth whilo to have an
orchard unless it is given proper
care. Hie orchard cannot prune
itself or defend itself against insects.
The director of the Oklahoma ex
periment station recommends as a
remedy for various squash bugs,
spraying the vines with soap suds in
which is enough Paris green to give
a decided tinge of color.
It pays to sort fruits before offer
ing for sale. Frequently the second
class by being uniform, will bring as
much or more than the mixed lot,
whilo tho first-class will brinir much
better prices than when mixed with
An orchardist says that ho plants
his vegetables in the young orchard
so that one cultivation will do for
both. He says his rows of trees arc
thirty-three feet apart which admits
seven rows of strawberries, nino rows
of corn, -or eleven rows of potatoes.
At a meeting in Now York a horti
culturist said he had always made a
sheep pasture of his orchard, and
that they were the best insecticides
he ever tried. Ho advised keeping
100 sheep on every ton acres of
orchard. Give them plenty of lin
seed meal and bran which will make
them ravenous for apples.
Vegetables arc much more easily
cultivated in long rows than in plots.
Thinnest and clearest of "clear
soups" arc now very much in order.
Lettuco as a euro for insomnia is
more and more favored by the doc
tors. Those who eat inordinately of
radishes soon take a gloomy view of
Tho introduction of grated pinc
applo into cake is voted a great suc
cess. Modorn codfish balls leave that
particular kind of fish to tho imagin
ation. To bo "intensely fashionable1' cat
your strawberries with a fork never
with a knife.
No city baker can make cake to
compare withj tho "gentlewoman
The numbcr'of courageous people
who cat oysters out of season Is said
by dealers to bo increasing every
Scotch toast is the best dish ever
invented for the pleasant and satis
factory utilization of "old, stale
Flatirons should be kept as far re
moved from the steam of cooking as
possible, as this is what causes them
Tile that can bo purchased for a
few pennies each aro at onco neat
and convenient to place between the
kitchen table and hut cooking ves
sels. A towel rack made with several
arms fastened to a half-circular cen
ter, which in turn fastens to the wall,
is a convenient place for drying dish
Always keep a piece of white mus
lin in the sewinjr basket and machine
drawer, and when the light is dim
place it under the needle when
Light, breakable pieces of bric-a-hrae,
as vases, mug3 and the like,
should be weighted down with tiny
bags of shot or sand to guard against
carelessness in dusting.
To clean white ostrich plumes dis
solve four ounces of white ioap in
four pints of hot water. Make a
lather and plunge the feathers into
it, rubbing them well with tho hands
for five oisix minutes. Wash out in
clear hot water and shako until dry.
A I'r.icticil Man.
Foreign Tourist Yes. I have just
como from Niagara Falls. You havo
been there frequently. I presume?
American N-o; but I've seen a
draft of the tunnels for utilizing tho
water-power. Magnificent scheme,
isn't it? New York Weekly.
A Cunnlnjc Pros;.
A scientific journal tells this story of
a frog's cunning: A brood of chickens
was fed with moistened meal in sauc
ers, nnd when the dough soured a lit
tle of it attracted large numbers of
flics. An observant toad had evidently
noticed this, and every day toward eve
ning he would make his appearance in
the yard, hop to a saucer, climb in and
roll over and over "unttl-he was covered
with meal, having done which he await
ed developements. The flies, enticed
by the smell, soon swarmed around the
scheming batrachian and whenever one
passed within two inches or so of his
nose his tongue darted out and the fly
disappeared. The plan worked so well
that the toad made a regular business
Choked by a ItlacksnaUe.
George Fraleigh. while working at
haying for William Odell in Brooktield,
Conn., one morning recently, lifted a
fork full of hay to place it on the load,
when he fell to the ground with the
hay on top of him. When picked tip
Fraleigh had hold of a blacksnalce
which was coiled about his neck. The
serpent did not bile him, but it left a
black mark. Fraleigh was disabled
from work for the day. The next
morning, and every morning since, at
the same hour that the snake wound
itself around the man's neck, he has
been taken with choking spasms and
fits of strangulation, and is growing
weaker every day. The case is being
watched by local physicians, vhote
efforts to allay his sufferings have thus
far proved futile.
At the Foot of tbe Palisades.
Perhaps the quaintest and queerest
little settlements within a hundred
1 miles of New York are those built at
l4je foot of tne I'ausaiues. I he nsher
.,'. -ho live there appear to be as far
tcOiii tilt wadding crowd as though
they wer alow on1tl,e Prarie- The
tall cliffs and jtfv.d rocks b?ut thc,n! I
cut them off froni tfco Test of "jS. vvorl.a
andthev havo few vfsiu.."s- -l here is.
not a horse or wagon amen them and
HO road to drive on. Springs i. fiT"0" I
wattf are found within a rod or t.' ' j
V.a ....I IT!crt. lii, li. 'inI rr,-nnT-wW
LUC naib nullum, uiw wx.v.. ...... 0.w..w -j
are a lon$r way Cf?, unless one takes a I
boat and crosses the river to the Me
tropolis that swirls and roars on the
For Summer Cookery
Royal Baking Powder will be found th? p
greatest of helps.
11 - 1. t
trouoie it maites Dreau, ui&uuil anu .aivt
of finest flavor, light, sweet, appetizing
S and assuredly digestible and wholesome.
Ills Host's Cig:rs.
The prince of Wales not long ago
was one of a large house party, his
host ie'ng a very well-known peer.
After dinner, the royal guest, the host,
and the other male visitors repaired to
the billiard room. On a table at the
side were two or three boes of cigars,
and the prince was helping himself to
one, when an ambitious millionaire ap
proached him, and taking from his
pocket a cigar case, held it out to the
prince, saying: "I think, sir, you will
find these better." ".Mr. ." re
plied the prince, "if a man's dinner is
good enough for me, hiscigarsare good
enough for me." The millionaire was
unexpectedly called away to town next
morning on business.
I Care TjrpepW ana Constipation.
Dr. Shoop'e UestoratiTe Nerre rills sent ircewlttt
Medical Book to proe merit, for 2c stamp. Drug
gists, Sic DB. faBOOP, Box W., IUcin, Wis.
How Many Mars In the Fins.
It is remarked as singular, and possi
bly an indication of lack of patriotism,
that the average American, always ex
cepting school children, cannot tell off
hand how many stars there now are in
the country's flag. If any reader of
this desires to try the question on ten
of his friends he. will probably fiud that
only three or four can give the correct
number even after a minute of hard
thought The ordinary reply will range
from forty to forty-two stars instead of
the correct forty-four. Tho admission
within four years of North Dakota,
South Dakota. Montana, Washington,
Idaho and Wyoming has brought the
list tip to the last mentioned number.
The shape of the union has been
changed from a square to a rectangle,
and the stars are arranged in six
straight lines, the upper and lower ones
containing eight stars and the remain
ing four having seven stars.
100 Reward 9100.
The readers of this paper will be pleaded to
learn that there ls at leatt one dreaded lipase
that Eclence has been able to cure in all Its
6tages, and that i& Catarrh. Hall's Catarrh
Cure ls the only positive cure known tc the
medical fraternity. Catarrh being a con
6Utut!onal disease, requires a constitutional
treatment. Hall'6 Catarrh Cnre ls tnken in
ternally, acting directly upon the blood and
mucous surfaces of the system, thereby de
stroying the foundation of the disease, and
giving the patient strength by building tip the
constitution and assisting nature In doing ite
work. The proprietors have so much faith
in Its cnratlve powers, that they offer One
Hundred Dollars for any cane that It falls to
cure. Send for list of testimonials.
Address, F. J. CHENEY Jc CO., Toledo, O.
ESrSold by Druggists, 75o.
Polishing a rascal's hoad never makes his
heart any whiter.
A His Thing.
"It is the biggest thing I have erur struck." What?
Why tho business advertised In another column by
B F. Johnson i Co , of lllehtuond. Va. If jou are
open to an engagement write them. They can show
you a good thing.
Folks -who aro thankful don't have much
trouble nbout being cheerful.
Fessale Weakness Poeltlvely Cared.
To Tn KniTOit: Please Inform your readers that
I have a positive remedy for the thousand and ono
Ills which arise from deranged female organs. Not
a prescription to be filled, but I will end two bottles
of my remedy Free of all cost, for thu medicine,
ready for uw, to any lady If thsy will send their ex
prevs and P.O. address. I hold cori-espondenc strictly
confidential and forward my replies and remedy la
plain wrapper, Dr. J, llarchlsl, Utlca, X. Y.
I'eop!e who give in earnest soon find out
thnt it is a blessed thing to do.
Hognman'a Ctmphor Icn -with Glycerine.
Cures Cha pped Band and Face, Tender or Soro Feet,
Chilblains, Piles, Sc. C. O. Clark Co.,Ncw Haven, Ct.
It is easier to bo bravo than it is to be pa
tient. Attention is called to "A Free Ride to
Denver," appearing elsewhere in this paper
Head und take advantage of tho liberal
Dffor that is made.
The heart, not the head, is tho real mas
ter of tho man.
Sixty-five Bushels Per Acre.
This remarkable yield was reported
to the John A. Salzer 2eed company,
La Crosse, Wis., by Frank Floss of
Iowa, on a field of Salzer's World's
Fair Winter Wheat. Speaking of
wheats, this new variety takes the
cake. Several farmers who tried it
during 18i3 believe they can raisa 100
bushels per acre. His northern grown
wheat sorts, as also his grass mixtures,
can tc sown with success as late as
Nov. 10. i-'alzer will send free a pack
age of Worlds Fair Winter Wheat and
his fall catalogue if you will cut this
out and send sime to John A. Salzer
Seed company, La Crosse, Wis.
The go'den calf never grows in a cow that
' gives milk.
I The Gulf Coat of Texus
Has the 1 est and die?! est land in tho Uni
ted States and more oven tlimnte than Cal
ifornia. Rnm enough to rsrso four crops a
year. Tleuty tinder and ptairie. Lumber
$ to ?7 ttr thousand. For further informa
tion, write to Gulf Const Land and Improve
ment Co., 1KH Farnani, St., Omaha, Neb.
Growlers are never wanted anywhere.
A good way to gat help is to be helper.
Scientists Maj Differ
As to the causes of rehumatlsm, but there Is
no difference of opinion among them as to
the datiRcr which attends It, the symptoms
by which It manifests itsclf.and the difficulty
ofdNIotlsinsitin its chronic stage. Several
mineral and vegetable pokonsaro prescrib
ed for it, but none of these lias been shown
by experience to possess the same efficacy
as Hostetter's Stomach Hitters. This benign
specific depurates tho blood by promoting
vigorous action of tho kidneys, which strain
from the blood as it passes through thorn tho
rheumatic virus when It exists In the system.
Physicians of eminence testify to the value
of the Bitters in rheumatKni, and tho pro
fessional opinion regarding It are borne out
and corroborated by ample popular evi
dence. Tho Bitters remedy chills and fevor,
liver complaint, dyspepsia and constipation.
Peculiarities of Speech.
It is a peculiar fact that persons bora
deaf are usually mute, not from any
congenital defect in the organs of
speech, but from the fact that, never
having heard others speak, they can
not imitate articulate utterance. It ia
probably true, too, that the source of
some current errors among those who
are not esteemed deaf lies in a defect
of hearing. Many persons who habit
ually tack on the "r" sound to words
ending in 4-w" say that they are un
able to distinguish between "law" and
THE MODEKN 1IEAUTT
Thrives on good food and sunshine,
with plenty of exercise in the open air.
Her form glows with health and her
face blooms with its beauty. If her
system needs the cleansing action of a
laxative remedy, she uses the gentle
and pleasant liquid laxative Syrup of
llarnaclcs on Fish.
Speaking of barnacles it is said that
besides fastening themselves to ships
and piling, they have been known to
fasten themselves to a species of fish
found in these waters and which are
known as bull heads. Specimens of
this fish have been found completely
encrusted by this little animal, some
times to such an extent as to cause
death. "bticking like a barnacle"
would seem to be an appropriate phrase.
Beecham's Pilijs cure sick headache, dfs
derotl liver, nnd act liko magic on the vf
at &j-gan.s. For sale by all druggists.
Litt'o lutios well performod will make
great one vsy to accomplish.
With least labor and j.
J X n A-. 4- s - -1 ,-4"i 1 szs rslr
A hungr- man nover calls for cake. What
he ivants is bread.
FITS-AIl flt. stopped fre by DH- USST9 SRUT
vim irsTimvn. Sn nt lter tint ay u. -
res Treatl-e anil K 00 trial lo"I ?
-ndtoDr KUne,93I Archat .rhUadelp!.-,
Tho man who does I ad work robs himself
whilo he is doing it.
Ifthe l:ny I Ciitilmr Teetfc.
Be sure ami usu that oM nd well-trif d remedy. Xsa.
Wisslow'j SoOTHttc Strcp for Children Teething:
A fool can csk questions, but only thej
vi.se can answer iiii-m.
I "H.inson'a Masic rn SuIto."
I Warrantt-tt t. nrc. nr money rtlundwl. iyon
dniK-U.IorU. I'i 1-0 20 crnte.
official SOUVENlR-l 393
In benntifnl and brfghtcolorw
and the D.-Kisns handsomely
etched on silk, taken from OIL
Paintings and the celebrat
ed, world -renowned modal
now on exhibition- at ths
World's Fair. On the tor
is tho facoua portrait, after
Moro, or Christopher
Columbus, in fhoeentsr ip
t - on OX..CI: rt'iroisui-iioa u uii
'.rfA;?7 Santa Maria in fall sail;.
xgjVf&i ehowins tho bravo orew that
StV'-'EV ty CA. on tho bottom i-J a design:
e-e Hi. ehowin-r two Globes the Olii
('&&& -rS is Otmfoj'Acr Coium&iis, snr-
ff''y-'-- S ronnd'd by his crew.represent-
csr in tho first landing on onr
pkto bird's eyo view of the
WORLD'S FAIR". Is pronounced one of the hand-
ao:ne!t nnd mnt attractive rm-mentoos yet issneti
asaSonvcnirof tho '-cat ;oifOH. Can be
pscd ma Hadge, Bvokoiark, or as an ornament
for tho parlor. . .
..r.r: i i... .-- .,..,... nr turn for S5c
opcrcKU, icnns lor lnrRf jou. uaxieu jtui.
rui ... i.f (t.A If C n fnrtnfsl
1). MCLEAN & CO., 157 S. Clark St,CHICAu3
Mend your own harness
No tools required. Only a hammer needed
to drive and clinch them easily and quickly;
leaving the clinch absolutely mooth. Requiring
no hole to he marie in the leather nor burr for tbs
KiveK They are STRONG, TOUGH and OURABLE
Mtliions now in uso. All lengths, uniform of
assorted, put up In boxes.
Auk your riralrr for them, or send 40a.
in stamps for a box of 100; assorted sizes.
. JfASCFACTCRltI BT
JUDSON L.THOMSON MFG. CO..
Tim slrrmaest fllld OUTtlt LyS
msdo. Unlike other Lye, it being;
a tine powderand packed In a can.
with removable lid, the contents"
are always readr for use. Will
make the best perfumed Hard Soap
in 20 minutes vithouttoiling. It Id
the brut forcleannlnjr waste pipes,
dhmfrcting sinks, closeU, washing
bottles, paints, trees, etc,
PEKNA. HALT M'Fft CO.
(icn. AgU. rhlla., Fa.
$75.00 to $250.00 caa bWonri?Il,erf,onr0ath,r
B. F. JOHNSON CO. KICHHU.MJ, VA
rnnamtlTH and neoDla
who have weak lungs or Asth
ma, should usa raws care ror
Consumption. It has orea
koasaada. It has not injur
ed one. 11 is not oao 10 laie.
It is the best cougn syrup.
Sold everywhere. 5c
WORN NIGHT AND DAY.
Hold tn worst nip
turn with eaaanqdtr all
nd Cure. New Patented
trmted catalogue amj
rules for salt-measure.
m BsBBlBrV nent seat securely
m. M sealed. O, V.HOU8X
KS f W W HSU. CO., 2f Broad.
way. aew sot uty.
It aay oca doubts that
we caa cnre the mt-st ub
sUsat case la M to w
days. let hla wr.tefor
particulars and lnTtl
omta our reUab llty. Our
aaaaolal backing- U
A4AA AAA WV.M M.f.-v
otlprlnss fan. we.
guarantee a cure and our Mario CyphUea ls tke oa'y
thine that will cure permanently. PuMtire proof ent
scaled, free. Cook Knzor Co.. Chicago. III.
10 MrllKV TO TAOATTO.
Id MUIICI Agta wanted: either
Ion sight. Bam-
" yr sas pie mailed ,33c.
Corbla & Co.. Owago. Tlog-a Co., N. T.
BwiaBarBwI vMasiiBajswBlt -'
3yrs iulaat war, 15 adJadicaUag olauas, any slue.
NESS AND HEAB NIIIES CIREI
i) Pmk's ioiIU Ksr CBSklaaa. Wkiatn Dre-
aVBaM Swc.u(iilititBlliaae4lssrU. SMSBts?B?
1K Uiici.SJiairw.T.V Y.WriuMeefroafarE
aw Wlio rp(K'smilurKsr(Jiiaaaa. wkiassn
TNSU in tbe
I Coas-nr of LtneulSJ
1 OS. LSM losses palsi t
If afflicted with 1 TksiBfaateiaWa sTwal Waist
sore eyes, use I HWIHBWWb m SWSJtwTs
W N (J Omaha. 35 U$t
AGENTS WANTED Everywhere. Price.?' 'Do.. St.
I A SPECIALTY.
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