The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911, December 14, 1892, Image 1
Itfttnral. . - if'' - ,lv m--i ' P: r ."-" I' ::o: VOLUME XXIII. THE OLD RELIABLE Columbus - State - Bank ! (Oldost Bask In tfas State.) Pays Intel on Time Deposits AND Mates Loans on Real Eslata MIJJES SIGHT DRAFTS C3 Oaaaha, Chicago, New York aad all Foreiga Cosmtries. BELLS : STEAMSHIP : TICKETS. BUYS GOOD NOTES Aad Help it Ccstomcre vrhen they Need II el p. OFFICERS 1SD DIRECTOBS I LEANDER GERHARD. Prea't. R. n. HENRY, Vice Pres't. JOHN STADFFER. Cashier. M. BRUGGER, G. V. II ULST. -or-COLUMBUS, NEB., -HAS AN- Anthorizcd Capital or $500,000 Paid in Capital - 90,00f OFFICERS: O. II. SHELDON. Prt. n. T. II. OHLRICn. Vice Pre C. A. NEWMAN. Caahiev, DANIEL SCHRAM. AMt flub STOCKHOLDERS: P. II. Sheldon. .1 P. BwVer, Herman 1. H.Oehlnch, 1 arl llionke. Jona Veleh. W. A. McAllister, J. Henry Wurdcman, Georco V. Galley, Frank Rorer. Henry Loseke, Ji. .tl. Wmslovr, H. C. Groy. Arnold F. H. Oehlrich, (icrhnrd Loek. Bank of deposit; interest allowed on tims deposits; bny and sail exchange on United State and Europe, and buy and sell arailableFecnritieiv Ws shall be plr.isod to receivo yonr business. V Gktistt your patronage. 2SdecS7 .A. DTJSSELL, orALzn in DMEI M Us, And til Kinds of Pumps. PUMPS REPAIRED ON SHORT NOTICE. Eleventh Street, one door 'west of Hapel & Co's. 6juneSS-y COLTJMBXJS Planing ill. We have Jnst opened a new mill oa M street, opposite Schroenen' flntirinp mill and are pnv. pared to do ALL KINDS OF WOOD WORK. anch a Sash, Blinds, Store Fronts, Stairs, Balusters, Turning, Doors, Mouldings, Counters, Stair Hailing, Scroll Sawing, Planing. BTEEL AND IRON ROOFING AND SIDING. tarAll order promptly attended to. Cell on oraddress, HUNTEMANN BROS., jnlJm ColambttB, Nebraska. PATENTS Caveat and Trado Marks obtained, and all Pat ent business conducted for MODERATE FEES. OUR OFFICE IS OPPOSITE U. S. PATENT OFFICE. We have no snlxuwncies, all basine direct, hence w ran tranirt ?wtnt business in leea timo and at LESS COST than those remote from Washington. Send model, dratrics, or photo, -with descrii tion. We advise if patentable cr not, free of chare. Onr fee not one till iatent is secured. A book,"'Hotr to Obtain Patents," vrith refer-rnr-cs to actual clients in yonr state, county or town, sent free. Address C. A. SNOW CO, Opposite Patent Office, Washington. D. C C- . -COME TO- The Journal for Job Work OF ALL KINpjj. COMMERCIAL ffi NUMBER 35. HARRISON'S MESSAGE, J. REVIEW OF TI1K COXVITIOX OF THE A FIT A IKS OF STATE. Statistics ttnius: to Mioiv flint I'rotec tlon Fosters Industry A Ilerlcw or the Various Secretaries' Iteporit-.1 Recommendation in Reference lo Tariff ICcvifcloti Itcveniic of the J Fiscal Year I'lain Talk in Regard to (ntiada tlie Farmer' Miare lu . I'rosuerltr. j WasMNotox. D. r.. Doc. 6. Immedi ately after the reading of the brief journal proceeding of yesterday Assistant Secre tary I'rudcn was announced with r mes sage from tlio president of the United btates. The secretary then entered on the read' li.R n! it with considerable abatement of tbo usual rapidity of utterance. There tverc nearly Blxty Ecuators In attendance-. Senator llill of New York, on? of the ' cromincnt absentee! yesterday, was In his j eat at the opening of the session today. Senator Ransom of North Carolina entered the chamber during the reading of the inea- j svgu. Sonator Vilas of Wisconsin and ocs or two other senators Held pamphlet copies ' cf the message. President Harrison's mes face reads as follows: 'l o the Senate and House of Representa tives: In submitting my annual message to congress I hare great satisfaction In b4 i itiE able to sny that the peneral conditions j nfTectlnj to the eomnicrcial n'.'.d industrial Interests of the United States aro in the i blithest denrrc favorable. A comparison j of the existing conditions with those of the most favored period in the history of the ' couutr will, 1 believe, show that such a ' decree of prosperity and so general a diffn sion ot tLe comforts of life were never be fore enjoyed by our people. Some SlnllBl'cH. Tho total wealth of the country In 1800 was ?K;.l&'.i,fliG,&. In lSIX) it amounted to fGA,G10,0(.i0,ix0, an increase of 2S? per cent. The total nillcaco or railways In tha United States in l'-GO was :U).-'(5; In lb'.U i. was 1;T,T41, and increase of -Its per cent; and it is estimated that there will be about ! 4,000 miles of track added by he close of j the j oar 1WJ. Tho official returns of the eleventh ! census and those of tlio tenth census for Boveisly-fivo lcatliiiR ritic.'', furnished the basis for the following companions; Tn lSbatho cap.tat invested in manufact uring: was ?l,2.:'.s:jJ,G70. In 18'JJ tho cap ital invested in manufacturing was f2,H', 35,S$4. In lfk0 the number of employes was lt801,:iv5. In ISiK) the number of em ployes was 2,271, IS4. In lbSO the wages j earned were S501.Wi.778. in IbOO the wages earned were $1,221,170,454. In 1SS0 the value of tne products was f2,711,."7U,W.. In 1S01 tho value of the produce was l t4.fcdJ,::S6,7. I I am informed by the superintendent or ' the census that the omission of certain in- . dustries iu 1S?0, which were Included in lb'.h), accounts in pari for tho remarkable increase thus shown. Hut, after making lull allowances for differences of method anil deducting tlio returns for all indus tries not included iu the census of lSi, ' there remain in the reports from these seTC!it-fivo cities an increase in the capi tal employed of fl,.ViI,745,G'J4; In the vaiue of the products ot ?.!, 02 1.2:50,1 GO; in wages earned of JGTT.ms.y-JH, and in the number of wage-earners employed of 35G. (f2'J. The waue-earnincs not onlj show an increased aggregate, but an Increase per capita ironi:T.i0 in l-0 to f547 in lbJO, or 41.71 percent. The new industrial plants established since October fi, lSKi, and up to October 22, 1K2. as partially reported in the American Economist, numbei :u.". and the extension of existing plants 108. The new capital Invested amounts to ?40.44'J.O.V and the number of additional employes to 37,2S.. iho Textile World for .July. 1S'J2, states th-t during the first six months of tho present calendar joar'i:i5 new factories were built, of which forty are cotton mills, torty-elght knitting mills, twenty-six woolen mills, tilteen silk mills, forty plush mills and two linen mills. Of the forty cotton mills twenty-one have been built in tho southern states. Mr. A. 11. bhepherd son of tho New York cotton exchange esti mates the number ot working spindles in tho United btates on September 1, 1S?2, at 1S5.000.000, an increase of 0G0.O0O over tho year lb'Jl. TIm!nto Manufacture. The report of Ira Aer. special agent of the treasury department, shows that o:i September 30. 1M12. there were thirty-tvo companies mnimfnnturii: tin and tin plato in the I nited States and fourteen companies bin ding new woiks for such manufacture. The estimated Investment in buildine and plants at the close of the fifcal year, Jui:e30.1S33,lf existing conditions were to be continued, would be So.OOj.ooo, and the ethuated rato of production 200, OJO.000 pound per annum. Tho actual production for the quarter ending Septem ber SO, 192, was 10.t'52,72o pounds. ForelRii X'rade. The total value of our forclcn trade, (export and manufactures) during the last fiscal j car was f l,s57,Gv0.r.l0, an Increase of f 12t,2o3,04 over the previous fiscal year. ' The avenuro annual value of our imports' andexpoils of merchandise for the ten ; fiscal jear prior to lVJl, was fl,457,322,01i. It will be observed that our foreign trade ' for ISM exceeded this annual aeragc I value of bv f4W.:VS,3Jl. an increase of 27.17 per cent. The significance and valuo i of this incrpp-se arc shown by tiio fact that the excess iu that trade of ISM over 1S91 i was wholly in the value of exports, for ' thorc was a decrease in the valuo of ex ports, of $17,513,25 1. The value of our ox- ports durinc tho fiscal year 1S02 reached ; trie highest Cgurc in the'history of the gov- ernmeut. amounting to $I,iO(i,273.14S, ex-, ceedmc by $1 ,797.SK the exports of lS'Jl , and exceeding the value of the imports by ' 202,t75,6SG. A comparison of the value of our exports for 18S2, with the annuat average for the ten ' j cars prior :to lb'.U. shows au excess of fSfij. 142,671. or of S4.iw per cent. The value of our imports of merchandise for lb.r2. which was fS2,.'.4(i2.402. alo exceeded the annual average value of the ten years prior to lS'Jl by 5135.215.IM0. During the fiscal year lM. the value ol imports, free of duty, amounted to J457.yy.i,G5S. the largest aggregate in the history of our commerce. The value of Imports of merchandise, entered free of duty in ISM. wa6 $55.35 per cent of the total value of imports as compared with 43.35 per cent in 1S91 and 13.70 per cent in ISM. Our oast Trade. Ill onr coastwise trade a most encourag ing development is iu progress, there hav-' . ing been iu the last four years an increase J of 16 per cent. In internal commerce, the , statistics show tnat no such period of pros- j ' perity has ever before existed. The freight ratried in the coastwise tracrc of the great lakes, in 1S', aggregated 2$2X.950 tons. On the Mississippi, Missouri and Ohio rivers end their tributaries in the same year the traffic aggregated 29.404.406 tons, and the total vessel tonnage pasting throuzh the Detroit river during that vetr was 21.GS4.0O0 tons. The aggregate tfaflic I on our railroads for the year 1S91 amounted to 704,303,009 tons of freight, compared with 091,314.437 tons in 1S90, an increase of 13,054,172 tons. Kaylnc Btuki Deposits. Another indication of the general pros perity of the country is found lu the fact that the number of depositors in savings banks increased from 693,870 in 1660, to l.'25S,S93 in 1S90, an Increase of 513 per cent, and the amount of deposits from 1W,277,504 in 1SG0, to $1,524, tH4.6CG in 1830, an increase of Ml per cent. Iu 1S91 the amount of deposits in savings oanxs was l,tfy,07y,74J. It Is estimated! that 90 per cent of these deposits represent the saving of wage earners. The bank clearances have for nine months end-1 ing September 30. 1S91, amouuted to 41. J49.SK),S0 For the same months la IsM they ainouuled to f45,lb9.t501,y47, an exczit . (or the ciue months of 4(140 -Jil.isy. j Tli Farmer's Share In I'rosperlty. j There never has been a time In our his tory when work was so abundant, or when wages were as high, whether measured by the currency in which they aro paidi ytf their power to supply the necessaries and comforts of life, ltts true that the mar ket prices of cotton and wheat ha liSen low. It is one of the unfavorable incidents of agriculture that tho farmer cannot ortf duce upon orders. Ho must sow .d Veap In Ignorance of the aggrert production of the year and U Jreullirly subject to the depreciation Which follows oVerDrod0ctfoi;. Hut while the fact I hav- Slated in truo aa to the crops I litVe mentioned, tho , general average br prices h- & such as !! fw fctfricult:;c a rair participation of u '- ireorai prosperity. The value of ;-r total farm products has increased from tl.303.4fl,SG6 in 1SG9 to 4.500,000,000 in lS'Jl. as estimated by statisticians, an in crease of 330 per cent. The number ot hogs January 1, lh91. was 50,525,100 and their value J210, 193,925; on January 1. 1B92, tho nunb.T was 52,398,019, ami the Yalue Fl41,u3I,4I5. Ou January 1, 1891, the num ber of cattle was 3G S75.643 ami the Value K44,127,90?; on January 1, ISM, the num-j ber vras 37,651,239, nud ttie Value T0.749; 155. I IT DlBcbnt'ontsti, l.ootc Abroad. , if any are discontented with their state here; if any believe that the wages or prices, the returns for honest toil, are inadequate, they should not fail to remember that there is no other country in the world where the conditions tnat seem to them hard would not be accepted as highly prosperous. The English ngrl I culturisi would be glad to exchange the re turns of his labor for those of the American , farmer and tho Manchester workmen , their wages for those or their fellows at Fall River , CI Intra td Protection. 1 believe that tho protective system, which now for something Use thirty years ha! prevailed in our legislation, has been a inighty Instrument for the development of our national wealth and a most powerful agency in protecting the iiomcs of our I workingmen from the invasion of want. It is not my purpose to renew here the argument in favor of a protective tariff. The result of the recent election must be accepted as having introduced n How policy. We must assume that the present lai ill, constructed upon tho lines of pro tection, is to be repealed and that there is to L-e substituted for it a tariff law con structed solely to revenue; that nd duty is to be hlzher becnuse the Increase will keep opeh an American mill or keep up the wages of an American worK man. but that I In every case Mich a rate or duty Is to bo imposed as will bring the treasury of tho United States the largest leturns of rev rnue. The contention has not been be- , tween schedules, but between principles, and it would be otfer.sivo to suggest that the prevailing part) will not carry into ' legislation the principles advocated bv it anil the pledges given to the people. The tariff bills passed by the house of repre sentatives at the last session, were, as 1 ' supposed, even in tho opinion of their pro- meters, inadequate nud justified only by the fact that the senate and house of rep resentatives were nut in accord and that a general revision could not, therefore, be undertaken. ;ivo t':o DcaioeratH n Turn. I recommend that the wholo subject of tariH revision be left to the incoming con gress, it i3 a matter of regiet thai this work must bo delayed for at least three months, for the threat of great tariff changes introduces so much uncertainty that an amount not easily estimated ot business inaction and of diminished pro duction will necessarily result. It is pos sible, also, that this uncertainly may result in decreased revenues from cus'toms'duties, for our merchants will make cautious orders for foreign goods in view of the pros pect of tariff reductions and the un certainty as to when it will take effect. Somewhat Sarcastic. Those who have advocated a protective tariff can well afford to have their disastrous forecasts of a policy disappointed If a system of customs duties can bo framed that will set the idle wheels and looms of Europe in motion and crowd our warehouses with foreizn-made goods, and at the samo time k? p our own nulls busy; that will give in an increased paiticipaiionin "the maikuts of the world" of a greater valuo than tiic home market that we surrender; that will give in creased work to foreign woikmen upon products to be consumed by our people without diminishing the amount of work to be done here; that will enable the American manufacturer to pay to his workmen from 50 to loo per cent" more in wages than is paid in the foreign mill, and yet to compete in our markets and iu foreign markets with the foreign producer; that will further reduce the cost or articles ot wear aim food with out reducing the wages of those who pro duce them; that can be catenated after Its effects have been realized, as its expecta tion has been in Europe as well as in American cities, the authors and promot ers of it will be entitled to tne highest praise. We have hr.d in our history sev eral experiences of the contrasted effects of a revenue and of a protective tariff; but this generation has not felt them and the experience of one generation is not highly instructive to the next. Tho friends of the protective system, with undiminished con fidence iu the principles they have advo cated.will await the results of the new ex periment. The Laborer and tho Protective Sys tem. The strained and too often disturbed re lations existing between the employes and the employers In our great mauuf.i'uturiuz establishments liavo not been favorable to a calm consideration by the wage earners of the effect upon wages of tho protective system. The fact that his wages were tho highest paid In like callings in the world and that a maintenance of this rate of vvazns in the absence of protective duties upon the pro duct of his labor, was impossible, were ob scured bv the passion evoked by these con tests, lie may now be able to review the question iu the light of his personal ex perience under the operation of a tariff for revenue only. If that experience shall demonstrate that the present rates of wages are thereby maintained or increased either absolutely cr in their purchasing power, and that the agcregato volume of work to be done Jn this country is in creased or eveu maintained; that there are more or as many days' work in a year at as good or better wages lor the American woikman as has been the case tinder the protective system, every one will rejoice. A general process of wage reduction cannot be contemplated by any patiiotic citizen without the gravest appre hension. U may be, indeed, 1 believe it Is possible for the American manufacturer to compete successfully with historeign rival in many branches of production without the defense of protective duties, if the pay rolls are equalized; but the conflict that stands between the producer and that result and the distress of our working people, when it is attained, are not pleasant to contemplate. The society cf the unemployed, now hold ing Its frequent and threatening parade In the streets of foreign cities, should not be allowed to acquire an American dom icile. Reciprocity. (The president then referred to the system of reciprocity established with various countries, the bcuetits of which, he says, cannot he realized Instantly. The total increase in the value of exports to all the countries with which we have reciprocitt acreements have been $20,772,021. He re fers to the arrangements to settle the ' Herlng sea dispute by arbitration, and ' then speaks of the overtures made by ' Canada to enlarge the commercial ex changes or Canada anl the United State;.) t Speaks l'ialniy About Canada. If. as we must suppose, the political re lations of Canada and the disposition of j the Canadian government are to remain unchanged, a somewhatr adica! revision of our trade relations should, lthiuk.be made. Our relations must continue to be in-. timate, and they should be friendly. I regret to say, however, that in many of the controversies, notably those as to the fish-1 eries on the Atlantic, the sealing interests ' on the Pacific andsthe canal tolls, your nc- . gotiatious with Ureat Britain have con- , tinuously been thwarted or retarded by un reasonable and unfriendly objections and protests from Canada. In the matter of the canal toils, our treaty rights were flagrantly disregarded. It is hardly too much to say that the Canadian Pacific and other Hues which parallel our northern bound ary are sustained by commerce, having either its origin or tho originators or both lu the United States. The Canadian rail roads couipets with those of tho United COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 14, 1892, States for out- traffic, and without thare traitits Of our Interstate corriirierce act Their cart bass almost. withHtU detention In and oilt bf bUf territory. , There Is nd deposition op the, part of tlio pedpltt Ur government of tbti Unitdd Slates td Inter fere iil ti Smallest dezree with the politi cal relations of Canada. That aiinstlcc 19 wholly with her dw,i jidopio.. It Is time; howevr,.to .consider whetherUf thepres eiit.state or tolngs and trend of thing! to continue, our interchanges upon lines or land trpr::tation should be put upon a lilfcient basis, and our entire Indepen dence of Canadian canals and of the St. Lawrenco as an outlot to the sea secured by the construction of an American canal around the falls of the Niagara and the opening of ship communication between the zreat lakes and one of our owu sea ports. Tha Chilean Affair. Keterenec is then made by the presi dent to the settlement of the difficulty with Chile. Ho states that ho has endeavored in every way to assure the republic? o? Central and South America of tho friendli ness ot the United States, but while hold ing this sentiment In the greatest sincerity, wu must Insist upon a just responsibility tor any injuries inflicted upon our repre sentatives or citizens. Our relations with Hawaii have been such as to attract an increased interest, and must continue to do so. I deem it of great importance that the projected submarine cable, a survey for which has been made, should be promoted, both for naval and commercial uses. Reference was made by the president tc the settlement of the New Orleans Mafia trouble, the Freuch protectorate lit West Africa; the Mexican frontier troubles, In anticipation of a satisfactory adjustment with Spain of claims of American mission aries lislng out of disorders in the Caroline islands, Turkish Intolerance of local American institutions, international copy right, and the Nicaragua canal, which was given esuecial impetus, after which the monetary conference was led up to.J '1 ho Monetary Conference. WW The congress has been already advised that the invitations of this government for the assembling of an international raon etary conference Id Consider thcijuestioti of an enlarged Issue of sliver was accepted by the nations to which they were Issued. The conference assembled at Brussels on the 22d of November, and ha3 entered tipdn the consideration dt this great ques tion. 1 have not doubted, and have taken occasion to express that belief, as well in tho invitations issued for the conference, as in my public messages, that the free coinage of silver, upon agreed international ratio, would greatly promote the Interests of our people, and equally those ot other nations. It is too early to predict what re sults may be accomplished by the confer ence. If any temporary check or delay in tervenes, l believe that very soon commer cial conditions will compel tho now re luctant governments to unite with us iu this movement to secure the enlargement of the volume or money needed for the transaction of the business of the world: The Treasury itoport The report of the secretary of the treas ury will attract special interest In view of the many misleading statements that have been made as to the state of the public revenues. Three preliminary facts should rot only be stated but emphasized before looking into details: First, that the public debt has been reduced since March 4, ISS'.t, $259,074,0)0. and the annual interest charges, $11,(V4,479; Second, that there have been paid out for pensions during this administration up to November 1, 1892, M32,50 1,178.70, an excess of $114,406,306.09 over the sum expended during the period from March 1, 1SS5, to March 1, l."Mr9: and third, that under tho existing tariff, up to December 1, about $93,000,000 of rovenue. which would have been col lected upon Imported sugars if the duty had been maintained, has gone into the pockets of the people, and not into the pub lic treasury as before. If there are any who still think that the surplus should have been kept out of circulation by hoarding it in the treasury, or depositing It in banks without interest, whilo thi government continued to pay the very banks interest upon the:bonds deposited as security for tho deposits, or who think the extended pension legislation was a public robbery, or that the duties upon sugar should have maintained, 1 am content to leave tho argument where it now rests, while we wait to sco wecther these criticisms take the form of legislation. Kovenues of the Fiscal Yoar. The revenues for the Gscal year ending Juue 30, ISM, from all sources, were $425, S6S.2G0.22, and the expenditures for all purposes were $415,953,80G.5G, leaving a balance of $9,914,453.60. There were paid during the jear upen the public debt, $40,579,407 OS. The surplus in the treasury and the bank redemption fund passed by tho act or July 14. 1S90, to the general fund, furnished, iu large part, the cash available and used for the pay ments made upon the public debt. Com pared with the year 1891, our receipts from customs dues fell off $42,009,241.08, while our receipts from internal revenue in creased $8,284,823.13, leaving the net los3of revenue from those principal sources $33, 784,417.9'i. Tho net loss of revenue from il sources was $32,675,072.81. The revenues, estimated and actual, for the fiscal year ending June 30. 1S93, are placed by the secretary at $463,330,350.44, and the expenditures at $461,330,350.44. showing a surplus of receipts over expenditures of $2,000,000. The cash balance in the treas ury at tho end of the fiscal year, it Is esti mated, will be $20,902,377.03. Estimated ltecelpts. The estimated receipts for the fiscal year ending June 30. 1893, aro $490,121,365.88, and the estimated appropriations $457,261, 835. 3, leaving an estimated surplus of re ceipts over the expenditures of $32,800,030. 05. This docs not include any payment to the sinking fund. In the recommendation or the secretary that the sinking fund law bo repealed, I concur. The redemp tion of bonds since the passage of the law to June 30, lbM, has already exceeded the requirements by the sum or $990,510,081.49. Tho retirement or bonds in tho future be jore maturity should be a matter of con venience, not or compulsion. We should not collect revenue for tnat purpose, but only uso any casual surplus. To the bal ance or $32,N)0.030.05 or receipts over ex penditures, for the. year 1S9I, should be added the estimated surplus at the begin ning of the year. $20,992,377.03. and from tliis aggregate there must be deducted, as slated by the secretary, about $44,000,000 of estimated unexpired appropriations. The public confidence in the purposes and ability or the government to maiutain tho parity of all our money issues, whether coin or paper, must remain unshaken. The demand for gold in Europe and the conse quent calls upon us, are iu a considerable degree the result of the effects of some of the European governments to increase their gold reserves, and these efforts should be met by appropriations upon our part. The conditions that have created this drain of the treasury gold are in an important degree political and not commercial. In view of tho fact that a general revision of our revenue laws in the near future seems to be probable, it would be better that any changes should bo a part or that revision rather than or a temporary nature. Purchase of Kulllon. During the last fiscal year the secretarv purchased under the act or July 14, 1890. 54.335,748 ounces or silver, and Issued in payment thereof $81,106,098 in notes. The total purchases since the passage of the act have been $120,470,931 ounces, and the aggregate of notes issued $110,783,599. The average price paid for silver during the year was 94 cents per ounce, the high est price being $1.02;. July 1, 1S91. and ths lowest 83 cents, March 21, 1892. In view of the fact that the monetary conference is now sitting, and tbatr.oconelusion has as yet been reached, 1 withhold my rec ommendation as to the 1 ( datlon upon this subject. The War Department. Tho report sf the secretary of war brings again to tne attention of congress some im portant suggestions to congress as to the reorganization of the infantry and artillery arms of tno service, which his predecessors have before urged that be paised. Our army Is small, but its organization should all the more be put upon the most approved modern basis. The conditions upon what we have called the "frontier," have nere tofore required the maintenance of many small posts, but now the policy of concen tration is obviously the right one. The new posts should liavo the proper strate gic relations to the only "frontiers" we now have, those of the west and the north, aod part of our southern boundary. 1 do not think that any question of advantage in localities or states should deter mine the location of the uew posts. The organization and enlargement of the bureau of military information which tjie secretary, has v&tctf d l a worc the hisfdltUf l of which will becomeevry Vear rhore apparent The work of build heavy guns and the construction of coast , deforiH Has beeb well begun and should be' tarried tin without check. The report df the attorney general Is by law tfibmitted directly to congress; but I cannot refrain from saying that he has conducted the' Increasing work of the ttej pirtment bf justice with si eat professional skill. He has in several directions secured from the courts decisions making increased protection to the officers of the United States and bringing some classes of crime that escaped to punishment In the tribun als of the United States where they could be tried with impartiality. Department or Justice. The numerous applications for executive clemency, presented 111 behalf of pcrschJ convicted iu the United States courts and given penitentiary sentences, have called ray attention to a fatt referred te by the at torney general in his report; namely, that a time allowance for good behavior for such brlsdnors Is" presrrlbe'd by tho federal ftatutes oqly where the state lit which the penitentiary Is located bad made no sitcli provision. Prisoners are given the benefit of tho provisions of the state law regulating the penitentiary to which they may bo sent. These are various, some, perhaps, too Ilb iral, and some, perhaps, too Illiberal. The result Is a sentenco for five years means one thing if the prisoner is sent to one state for confinement, and It is quite a different thing If he Is sent to another, 1 rcco-n mend that a uuiforni credit for good be havior be prescribed by cdngress. , I hav4 before expressed my concurrence In the" recommendation of the attorney general that degrees ot murder should bo recog nized In the federal statutes, as they are. I believe; lti all tlie states. These grade? aro founded on correct distinctions in crime.' The recognition of them. would enable the courts to exercise sbnfe dis cretion in apportioning punish ment and would greatly relievo the executive of what Is coming to bo a very heavy burden the examination or these cases on application for commuta tion. The aggregate of claims pending against the government In the court of claims is eiibrnioiis: Claims to the amount or nearly $40,000,OoC for taking of evidertcU of injury to persons claiming td be loyal during the war are now before that court for examination. When Id these are' added thb Indian depredation claims aud tho French spoliation claims an aggregate is reached that is indeed startling. Jn the defense of these claims the' government is at a great disadvantage. The claimants have preserved their evi dencc.whereas the government has to send agents to rummage the field for what they can find. This difficulty is peculiarly great where the fact to be established is the dis loyalty of tho claimant during the war. ir this great threat against our revenues is to have no other check its certain congiess should supply the department of justice With appropriations sufficiently liberal to secure the best legal talent in tho defenso or these claims and to pursue Its vague search for evidence. The Postotnce Department: The postal revenues have Increased dur ing the last year nearly $5,000,000. The deficit for the year ending June 30, 1S92. is 1848,341 less than that deficiency of tha preceding year. The deficiency of the present fiscal year, it 1 estimated; will be reduced to $1,752,423, which will not only be extinguished during the next fiscal year, but a surplus df nearly $1,000,000 should there be shown. There have been added 1,590 nw mail routes during the year with a mileage of 8,303 miles, and tho total numj ber of miles of new mail trips added during the year Is nearly 17.000,009. Tho number of miles or mail journeys added during the last four years Is about 70.000,000. this ad dition being 21,000,000 miles more than were in operation in the whole country in 1861. The number of postoffices has been Increased by 2,790 during the year; and during the past four years and up to Octo ber 29 last, the total increase In the num ber of free deliver offices has beed nearly doubled in the past four years and tho number of money order offices moro than doubled in that time. For three years ending June :'-0 1S92. the postage revenue amounted to $197,444,359. .Merchant nud Mall .Marine. In ISM only 12.3 per cent of our Imports were brought in American vessels. Under the law of 1891 contracts haro been made by the postmaster general for eleven mail routes. The expenditure involved by these contracts for the next fiscal year ap proximated $954,123.33. As one of tho good results reached sixteen American ships of an aggregate tonnage of 57,400 tons, costing $7,400,000, have been built or contracted to be built in American ship yards, and when the full service required by these contracts Is established, there will be forty-one mail steamers under tho American Hag, with tho probability of further necassary additions in tne Bra zilian and Argentine service. Theconj tracts made wltii the lines sailing to Cen tral and South American ports, have In creased tho frequency and shortened the time of tlie trips, added uew ports of call, and sustained some Hues that otherwiso would almost certainly have been with drawn. The service to Buenos Ayrei is tlie first to the Argentine republic under the American flag. The servico to South ampton, Bologne and Antwerp is also new, and Is to be begun with the steamship City of New York and City or Paris in Febru ary next. No subject, I think, more nearly touches tho power aud the prosperity of our coun try than this of the development of our merchant marine upon the sea. If we could enter into conference with other competi tors aud all would agree to withhold gov ernment aid, wo could perhaps take our chances with tho rest, but our great com petitors have established and maintained their lines by government subsidies until now they liavo practically exeiuded us from participating. In my opinion, no choice is left to us but to put the issue, moderately at least, on tho same lines. Tlio Jfew fcvy. The report or the secretary of thej navy exhibits great progress in tho construction or our new navy. When the present secretary entered upon his duties only three modern steel vessels were iu com mission. The vessels since put in com mission, and to be put in commission dur ing the winter, will make a total of nine teen duriug his administration or tlie de partment. During tho current year, ten war vessels and three navy tugs have been launched. Two other large ships and a torpedo boat are under contract, and tho work upon them will advance aud the four monitors are await ing only the arrival of tholr armor, which lias been unexpectedly delayed, or they would hnve been before this in commission. Contracts have been let during this ad ministration under the appropriations for the increase df the nvy, including new vessels and their appurtenances, to the amount of $35,000,000. and there have been expended during the same period lor labor at navy yards upon similar work $8,000. 000 'without the smallest scandal or charge of fraud or partiality. As the result of a new process in the con struction of armor plato our later ships will be clothed with defensive plates of higher resistance than are found on any war vessel afloat. We were without tor pedoes. Tests have been made to ascer tain the relative efficiency or different con structions, a torpedo has been adopted and the work of construction Is now being car ried on successfuilv. viuatt without ar mor piercing shells. We are now making what is believed to be a projectile superior to any before in use. A smokeless powder has been adopted and a slow burn ing powdor for guns of large calibre. High explosives capable of use in shells firea from heavy guns have been found, and the manufacture of gun cotton has been developed, and the question of supply is no longer iu doubt. The development of a naval militia, which has been organized in eight states and brought Into cordial and co-operative relations with tho navy, is another im portant achievement. There are now en listed in these organizations 1,600 men, and they are likely to bd greatly extended. Tne Interior Department. The work of the interior department, al ways very burdensome, has been larger than ever before duriug the administration of Secretary Nobie. The disability pen sion law, taking of the eleventh census, the opening of vast areas of Indian land to settlement, the organization of Oklahoma and the negotiations for the cession of In dian lands furnish some of tha particulars of the increased work and the results achieved testify to the ability, fidelity and industry of the head of the department and his efficient assistants. Several important agreements for the censiou of Indian lauds negotiated by the Iowa mission, appointed uuder the act ot MMWWggg! March 2, 18S9, are awaiting he' se of f on- I aress Perhaps the most important 01 tre Is that for the cession of tho Cheroktd trip. This lias been a source of great vexation to the executive representative. and thd great friction Inured between the , era In their desire to occupy it and the i settlers Jndians who sstert title. The agreement rhicli has been made by the coinmis Mnn ii: firfhiDS.- the most sat' I istactory that fcouitl hav been I reached. It will bo noticed that ft i eon ditloncd upou its ratification by congress before March 4. 1893. i ne secretary or tne interior who has given tho subject carciul thought, recommends the ratification of the agreement and 1 am inclined to follow this recommendation. It is certain that some I will again appear, and a liberal appropr.n' action by which this controversy shall be tion should be made at thi session itf ena- brought 'to an eud and the lands opened to ' ble our quarantine and port officials to ex settlement is Urgent elude the deadly plague. Hut the most The form Of govemmeht provided by con careful and stringent quarantine rezuia gress on May 17, 1881. for Alaska, Wa?, in ' tions may not be sufficient absolutely to li r.irii -h,i mi num. tiirmornrr. Tho in- vehtilr Hi rl Incase. The prozruS Of 1 crease Cf population anil the development i Of some important milling arid commercial Internsts makd u imperative tuai in; law shotild be' revised and better provision made for tiiC arrest and punishmoul of criminals: .' i--iJ Jm-- The report of the secretary shovvs- err rratifrinr atatn of affairs as to the conul- tion of the general land office. The work of issuing agricultural patents, which teemed to be hopelessly iu arrears when the present accretary undertook the duties Ot his office.- has been so expedited that tne bureau te now upon current business. The relief ihiii afforded V hdnesi and Worthy settlers bpou tho ptilTIIc !rfrd; thus giving to them au assured title to their Strtes, has been of incalculable benefit ia develop ing the new states and territories. 'I'liA .. nf trivitfl minima icta1i1ltieil by congress for thettft:oti y congress for thefttnloiiop of this policy f speedily settling, cduteslcd latid t!l!s is ,lft.Cllll fcl. ., V .....l.tT, ... v.. .... tf a'ulng satisfactory progfes u .its work"; and when tlin work l completed M great impetus will be given to t,he development or those regions where unsettled claims' under Mexican grants have so long exerted their repressive influence. When to these results are added the formal cession of In dian lands which have been opened to set tlement, aggregating during this adminis tration nearlV 2f),lJO,0(jn arres, that agree ments negothtte'd and ndw jieridtng in eon ?res$ for ratification; by which alJoitl iO, 309.000 additional acres" will be' fapctled td settlement, it will be seen how much has been accomplished. ItcmovlnK Indian Agents. i have several times L'een called upon to reinovo Indian agents appointed b'y mo; and have done so promptly itpon every sustained complaint ot unfitness or mis conduct. I believe, however, that tho In dian service at the agencies has beeu im proved, and is now administered, on the whole, with a good degree or efficiency, ir any legislation is possible by which the se lection or Indian agents can be wholly re moved from all partisan suggestion or con siderations, I am sure It Would be n great relief to tbo executive aud A great benefit to the service. The appropriation for the subsistence Of the Cheyennes and Arapahoe In dians, made at the last session of congress was inadequate. " This smaller appropria tion was estimated for by the commissioner upon the theory that the large fund be longing to the trlbo iu tho public treasury could, "and ought to, be used to their sup port. In view, however; at the pending depredation claims against tills fund, aifd other considerations, the secretary of the interior in April last submitted a supple mental estimate for $50,000. This appro C nation was not in-.de, as it should have een. and tho oversight ought lo bo rem edied at the earliest possible date. The Pension Office. The report of tho commissioner of pen sions, to which oxtended notice is given by tlio secretary of the Interior in his re port, will attract great attention. Judged by the aggregate amount of work done, the last year has been the greatest In the his tory of the office. 1 believe that the organ ization of the office is efficient and that the worK has beea done with fidelity. The passage of what is known as the "dobll ty Ia"v,"' has, r.s was foreseen, very larelv in creased the annual disbursements to the disabled veteran- of tho civil war. Tne estimate for this fiscal year was $144,953. 009. and that amount was appropriate.!. A deficiency amounting to $in,05S,62l must be provided for at this session. The estimates for pension-, for tho fiseal year endiug Juno 30, foul. H $1 ('0.000.000. The commissioner of pensions believes that If the present legislation aud methods are maintained and further additions to the pensions aro not made, the maximum expenditure for pensions will be reached Juue 30, 1894 and will be at tho highest point, $183,000,000 per annum. Tho Inlon Iitc;flc Uitllwny. In my last annual message 1 called at tention to the fact that homo executive ac tion .vas necessary in order to protect the iuterests of the government in its relations with tho Union Pacific railway. The com missioner or railroads has submitted a very full report, giving exa;t information as to tho debt, the liens upon the company's property and its resource. Wo must deal with the question as we find it and take that course which will, un der existing conditions, best secure the in terests of the United States. 1 recom meuded in my last annual ui3sagc that a ronun mission be appointed to deal with this question and 1 renew that recommend ation and suggest that the commission be given full power. Undo .lorry's department. The report of the secretary of the agri culture contains not only a most Interest ing statement of tho progressive and valu able work done under the administration of Secretary Husk, but many suggestions for the enlarged usefulness of this import ant department. In the successful effort to break down the restrictions to tho free Introduction of our meat products in tho countries or Europe, the secretary has been untiring from the first, btimulating and aiding all other government officials at homo and abroad whoso official duties en abled them to participate iu the work. The total trade In hog products with Europe in May, ISM, amounted to S2,0O-j,8O9 pounds against 40,900.000 pounds in the same mouth of 1891; In June, 18M, the ex ports aggregated 85,009,000 pounds, against 40,009,000 pounds iu the same mouth of tho previous year; in July there was an increase or 41 per cent and in August or 55 per cent over tiie corresponding months or 1891. Over 40,000.000 pounds or inspected pork have been exported since the law was )iut into operation, and a comparison or the four mouths of May. June. July and August, 1892, with the saino mouths of l'.U, shows an increase in the number of pounds of our export or pork products of 02 per cent and an in crease in value of G6X ner cent. The exports or dressed beer Increased from. 137.900.CO0 pounds in 1W9 to 220,500. OX) pounds in 1592. or about GO per cent. During tho la-t year there have been ex ported 3.H.G07 head of cattle, against 205, 7b0 exported in 1839. Inspection of .Meats " This increased exportation has been largely promoted by the inspection author ized by law and the faithful efforts of the secretary and his official subordinate to make tnat inspection thorough and to care fully exclude trom all cargoes diseased or suspected cattle. The requirement or the English regulations that live cattle arriv ing from the United States must be slaugh tered at the docks had its origin in tlie claim that pieuro-pnoumunia existed among American cattle and the existence of the disease could only certainly be de termined by a post mortem inspection. The department or agriculture has labored with great energy and faithfulness to ex tirpate this disease; and on tho 20th day of September last a public announcement was made by tho secretary, of the disease, that it no longer exited within the United States. Agricultural products constitute 71.1 per ecutof our unprecedented exports for the fiseal year which closed June 30, ISM, tho total exports being $1,030,237,030. and the value of tho agricultural products 793, 717,676, which exceeds by more than $150, 300,000 the shipment or agricnltural I products In any previous year, j Corn tn Europe, j An Interesting and promising work tor I the benefit or thn American farmer has I begun through agents of the agricultural I department in Europe, and consists in ef 1 forts to introduce tne various products of 'Indian corn as articles of human food. The high price ot rye offered a ravorabfe op portunity for the experiment in Germauy ar combining corn meal with rye to pro duce a cheap bread. A fair degree of suc cess has beeu attained, aud some mills for grinding corn for food nave been mtro- I 3ueed. Tne secretary is of the opinion j that this new useful product of corn has j ilreudy stimulated exportation, and tht "diligently prosCoC?d. large and Ir- pc nrtan markets can presenur UB open" or this great Americau product etbont Quarantine. In rnv nnlfl'tW r9 Whohl subject should be taken Into nations! r onlrol and adequate power given to tne excehme to l,,r,J,,e.ct utintii imint nla?ue invasion t"' m 1 1st of September last I approved reanla- 1 lions establishing a twenty day quarantine for all vessels bringing immigrants from foreign port?. This order will bo coiitin ied irf force. Some loss and suffering hap rearrlts'rf td tfasierigers, but a dim caro for I the homes' fff tnir people Justifies in sucn cases the umosJ pTeeautioti Tuero is ' damwr that with the coti.fn?orint cholera medical atid sanitary science lias been such, however, that if approved prccau- ntms aro taiten now 10 pin mi i arid (owns in tha best sanitary condition j mtf a provision 1 made for isolating any ! sporadic t'Ase. and for a thorough d:sln- ti.iinn. ti ii?iiinil can. I am sure, bo ! . J SSW .5iiS0.S responsibility and 1 v "" " c" 1 e Prnf V"'1 bo flipalliiis It it is neg lected or unduly dclayoJ. ltcatrictlns Imirt! rntlorf. We aro peculiarly" -vibject in our position to the spread of infectlcnit dise.,-e by reason of tho fact that un restrict.! Im migration brings to U3 out or European ities In tha overcrowded steerages or ?reat steamships a larso number of per tons 3'htf .Mrrounalngs make theiu the easy victims 61 IfcS !Hie. This consld- j political, moral and industrial IntefMt" of t,ir country, lead 11m to renew the sugzc- n-al nn asl U'mM ! whII as lunsc sordini, mv: linn iimt aiimlpsliiii to our country ami to the lib!! privileges ot its citizenship shall be more' fwttietcd and more careful. We have,- 1 fiiluS a right and owe a 1uty to our own people1. anU especially to 3;tr working people, not only to keep out the viciJkS; the ignorant, the ciVtl dl' lurber, tho p.lrfrer and the contract laborer, but to check tho" t great flow of Immigration now coming by fa-tber lim itations. Tha Car Coupler A train. In fenwJhg the recommendation which I have mad !f! three preceding annual messages that congre'?r lo'(l legislate for the protection of railroad cinp'ftfj gainst the dangers incident to the old and ifcSd' 3uu methods of braking and coupling where sill! If 03 upon freight business. I do so' with the IWpe that this congresa may take actiori on ilie subject. Statistics furnished by the intefstdttf funimerce com mission show that during the feat ending June 30. 1890. there were forty-seven iitrfcr ent styles of car couplers reported to be in use. and that during the same period there were 2,600 employes killed and 20.U0 injured. Nearly lo per cent or the deaths occurred In tha coupling acd uncoupling or cars, and over W per Cent ot the injuries had tho same origin. The civil servico Cu'Hinisj!o:i asks for an appropriation tor needed clerical as sistance, which. I think, should bs given. 1 extended the classified service, March 1, 189.', to include physicians, superintend ents, assistant superintendents, school teachers and teachers in the Indian service, and have had under consideration the subject et some fnrtiier extensions, but have not as yet folly determined tho lines upon which tlio extensions can most propf rly and usefully be MaJe Klectlon Methods and I'rrtetteed. 1 have in each of the three annua! mess sages which it ha been my duty to sub mit to congress called attention lotho evils aud dangers connected with our election methods and practices as they are related to the choice of officers o the national gov ernment. In my last aunual message) i endeavored to lnvolto serious atten tion to tho evils of unfair apportion ments for congress. I cannot close this message without again call ing attention lo tn-se grjvo and threatening evils. 1 had hoped that it was possible to secure a hon-partlsmi Inquiry by means of commission Into evils, the ex istence or which is known to all. aud that outer this might grow legislation from which all thought of partisan advantage should be cllmi'iated and only the higher thought appear of maintaining the freedom nnd purity of the ballot, aud the equality or tho elector, without tho guaranty of which the government .could never been formed, and without tha continuance of which it cannot continue to exist in peace and prosperity. It h time that tho mutual charges ot unfairness and fraud between the great parlios should teise.aud that the sincerity of those who profess a desire for pure and honest elections, should be brought to the test or their will ingness to fret our legislation and our "election methods from everything that teuds to impair tho public confidence in the announced result. The necessity for an iuquiry and for legislation by congress upon this subject Is emphasized by the fact that the tendency of the legislation in some states in recent years has, in some important particulars, been away from and not toward free and fair elections and equal apportionments. Is it not time that wo should come together upon the high plane of patriotism while we devisa methods that shall secure tho right of any man qualified by law to rast a free ballot and give to every such ballot an equal value in choosing our public officers and in directing tho policy of tho govern ment? Lynching and Other Lawlessness. Lawlessness is not less such, but mora so, where It usurps tho functions of the peace officer and of tho courts. Tho frequent lynchi'Jgs of colored people accused ol crime is without the excusu which haj sometimes been urged by mobs foi a failure to pursue the appointed methods for the punishment of crime tint the accused have an undus influence over court and juries. Such acts are a reproach to the community where they occur, and so far as they can be inado the subject of federal jurisdiction tha strongest repressive legislation is de manded. A public sentiment that will sustain the officers of the law in resisting mobs and protecting accused persons iu their custody should be promoted by every possible means. The officer whe gives his life iu the brave discharge of his duty I worthy of special honor. No lesson needs bo more urg ently impressed upon our people than this, that'no worthy end or cause can be pro moted by lawlessness. This exhibit of the work or the executive departments is sub mitted to congress and to the public in tho hope that there will be round in it a due sense of responsibility and an earnest pur pose to maintain the national honor and tn promote thn happiness and prosperity cf all our people. And this brief exhibit o: tho growth and prosperity of the country will give us a level from which to note the increase or decadunco that new legislative p-diHes may bring U us. There is no reason why tin naiinnul ir.lltienec. power and proji:iiy ituia. not otTve tbf rn'es ot increase tlisr have ehar ncttrlt-d th- pat thlrtr vi-ari.. We inrry lit rriat lmpiiNe-. and increa-f cf tht- ji-.,r. inw the fniup There i. no rncn wily in man line of production we uliould not urp.-:il other nations a- we ha'ealrendj dniw- In aom1" There are no ncr frontier to our r-u-ll!e le lelopment. Retrafr'sMoTi woufii be a crrr.e. ISrNJwiN llAi:i:isN Executive Mnn'on. I)eemWC. 1-53,. Ills Fate. Some people learn in early child hood what others aro half a lifetime in discovering-. A novelist tells a trut story of a littte boy. a relative of his town: Jnecnilo-. a nnu little lenow t of eight years, said something of which i his mother airapprove.i. and she pro 1 ceeceo to reason with him. 1 -I do not lie to near you speak in . that manner. Yon mean to he funny. , but you are simply rude." Tho little fellow burst into tears. and said, amidst his sobs 1 "There mother, you have the secret of my life. I am always meaning tc ' he funny, and I turn out rude.' roor boy! He was not niona in 1 affliction Sat. Evening Pot. nu v'utiiiilliii. Miss i'ert. at the museum Oh. I'm afraid to iro near the snake s cage. He initrht bite me. Hie Keeper Oil. don't be alarmed, mis? he never bite be Mva Sow h t v.ittiea wf.oie. IhuvurJ. I ?.h.uqq.- If WHOLE NUMBER 1,179, -T1IE- First National Bank COX.X70SBX7S. KID. inniscTonss A. ANDERSON. Pws't. J. U. GALLEY. Vice Fres'l. O.T.KOEN. Cashier. C. U. EARLY, aas't Cash! G. ANDERSON'. T. ANDERSOK. JACOB GREISEN. IIENRY RAQATZ JAMKS O. RKKDKK. Statement ef, Condition at the Close of Business Sept. :iO, 18U2. RMotrncT. f.o.iu anil Di-roinit- l;-al KiatFuriiltiireauil Kit Inrt- . ...... ..... t2IP.063.Rt Jfi.70t Kt js.ao CO II. 6. ltond Due Ir m Ir. S. Treasurer. Die irom oilier banks.... L'a-h on haml ? r.;.vv S7.D2115 !3i0,0SA5; LlintLlTirs. Capital Stock paid in. iwrulii Fund Uinli!ed profit I'lrcuUtlon .. ........ If l)fcU .1 ro.noo.oo , 3.S.S 6i ri .-on l .. 232 71!1 13.0.CSS02 gustttess $ntis. J. IVKIl.IA-f, DEUTCHER ADYOKAT, OfiTiVJ r Colnmbns Slate Bank, Colnmbos. Nebraska. - ALRERT & ttKEDEfc?, ATTOItXEYS AT LAW, OUice OTer Nebraska. First National Rank, Colnmbn. SO-tf A. McAI JJSTER. W. K. CORNELIUS. M cAlM.l 1 :K St CBK-LIU ATTORNEYS AT LAW. Colnmlif Neb. j J. WILCOX. A TTOItNE Y-A T-LA W, Cor. Eleventh A North St--.. COLUMBUS. NEIT. gyCollcctlonsn specialty. Prom pt and care ful attention giren to the ettlement of estates in the county conrt br executor, administrators and guardian. Will practice in all the courts ot this -tate and of South Dakota. Refer, by permission, to the Eirat National Bank. fljnly-y E. T. ALLEN, M. D., Eye - and - Ear - Surgeon, Secretary Nebraika Stats Board of Haalth. 109 Raxqz Block, OMAOA, NED Bgtt E.CBOYD, Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware! Job-Work, Hoofing and Gutter' in; a Specialty. Shop on Nebraska Avenue, two doors aorth of Rasmoaeen's. JL. E. SEAEL, PBoratrzoa or thx The Finest in The City. IVTho only shop on the South Side. Colnnw bus, Nebraska. HOct-y L.C.VOSS.M. D., HonnBopathic Physician wtVNTD aUKQKON. Office over poit office. Specialist in chronfo diseaxea. Carnfal attention given to general practic. MnovSm A STRAY LEAF! A DIARY. THE JOURNAL OFFICE roa CARDS. ENVELOPES. NOTE HEADS, BILL HEADS, CIRCULARS, DODGERS, ETC. LOUIS SCHREIBER, All kinds of Repairing done on Hbort notice. Huzzies Waz- n is. etc., made to X rder, Gnar- aid all work anteed. Alao tell the world-famous Walter A Wood Mowers, Reapers, Combin ed Machines, Harvesters, and Self-binders the beet made. Shop on Olivo Street. Columbus, Neb., four doors south of Corowiak'B. HENRY GASS, UTDEHTAK IS! ! Colli us : and : Metallic : Cast's ! "Repairing of all kind of Uphv ttery Goods. -if COLUMBUS. NEBRASKA BleVBDlQ Tonsonal Pari Blacksffliw Warner SsBBBBBBBBBBBBKfPHsBBBBBlSHBr - .