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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 30, 1892)
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VOLUiME XXIIL-NUMBER 33.
COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA, WEDNESDAY, NOTEMBEB 30, 1892,
WHOLE NUMBEB 1 ,177.
2 OLD RELIABLE
Columbus - State - Bank !
(Oldest Bank in the State.)
Pajsinterest on TimB Deposits
Mes Loans on Real Estate
WSt&S BIGHT DRAFTS CN
Owdii, Chicago, Nw York aad !(
6KLL8 : STEAMSHIP : TICKETS.
BUYS GOOD NOTES
And Help its Ccetomcra hon they Need Help,
OFFICERS A5D DIRECTORS
LEAKDER GKRRARD, Pres't.
B. H. HENRY, Vice Pres't.
JOHN STAUFFER, Cashier.
" M.BRUGGER, G.W.HULST.
Aothorizcd Capital of $500,000
Paid in Capital - 90,001
G. H. SHELDON. Pres't.
H. P. IL OHLRICII. Vice Pre.
C. A. NEWMAN. Cashier,
DANIEL SCHRAM, Asst
C. II. SheMon, J. P. Becker,
Herman P. ll.Oehlrioh, Oirl Rienke.
Jonas WVlch, W. A. McAllister,
J. Henry Wiirdemsa, II. M. Wiuslow,
fleorce V. Galley, S. C. Grey,
Frank Rorer, Arnold F. H. Ochlritk,
Henry Loseke, Gerhard Loseke.
BjUBank of deposit; interest allowed on tims
deposits; buy and sell exchaucoon United States
and Earope, and bay and sell available wcnritir.
Ws shall bo pleased to receive your business. We
Mktt your patronage. 2SdecS7
in. all Kinds of Pumps.
PUMPS BEPAIRED ON SHORT
Eleventh Street, one door west of
Hagel & Go's.
We bare Just opened a now mill on M street,
opposite Schroeders' flourinjr mill and are pre.
pared to do ALL KINDS OF WOOD WORK,
Store Fronts, Counters.
Stairs, Stair Railing,
Balusters, Scroll Sawing,
BTEEL AND IRON ROOFING AND
ty All orders promptly attended to. Call on
jolSm Col umbos, Nebraska.
Caveats and Trade Marts obtained, and all Pa t
ent business conducted for MODERATE FEES.
OUR OFFICE IS OPPOSITE U. S. PATENT
OFFICE. We have no sub-agencies, all business
direct, hence ire ran transact patent bosiness in
less time and at LESS COST than those remote
Send model, drawing, or photo, with descrip
tion. We advise if patentable or not, free of
charge. Our fee not due till patent is secured.
A book, "How to Obtain Patents," with refer
ences to actual clients in your state, county or
.town, sent free. Address
Opposite Patent'Omoe, Washington. DV&.
Ttie Journal for Job Work
OF ALL KINDS.
There is talk of n. fl6w (democratic)
morning daily ;0 Lincoln.
The hi.Q school building- at Liberty
was iltroyed by Gre ltsr, week.
A lodge of the Daughters of Veter
nus has been recently organized at
Later reports of loss by the prairie
firo in Holt county show the datnnge
to haVo been great
Lincoln trill havo its city charter
amended at the coming cession ol the
C. F. Bentiey is bringing 6.000 sheep
from liig Springs, to feed on his farm
two miles east of Schuyler.
Albion is to have a new grain eleva
tor. It is to bo a first class structure
with a capacity of 3U. 000 bushels.
The official vote of tho Fifth con
gressional district gives McKeighan
17, 490 votes and Andrews 14, 230 votes.
R. S. Oberfeider ot Sidney gavo two
lots in Lodge Pole to the German Lu
therans of that place for church pur
poses. One of Sheriff Farris' children at
Aibion was quite severely burned a
few days ago by tho explosion df gas
in the cooic stove.
Tno contractors and builders of the
new Catholic church at Crete have
lost considerable time in waiting for
the arrival of the timbers for the roof
The Mercer is Omaha's newest and
best hotel cor. Twelfth and Howard
streets. Rates $2 to $4.50 per day.
lot) rooms and GO connected with bath.
Sheriff A'. V. Johnson of Cherry
county arrived in Lincoln last week
with an Indian named Iron Boy. who
goes to state's pmon for burglarizing
While A. A. Wilcox, near Burr, was
going home from that town Saturday
night he was thrown from the horse
wmch he was riding and broKo his
Roy Hoskins of Mullen met with
quite a serious accident last week. He
was trying to ride a cow when she
suddenly threw him off breaking his
G. W. Totter at Stockvilie met with
a painful accident Friday while word
ing at the mill. He was strucK on the
head by a falling timber which cut a
gash two inches long.
Keiley. Stiger & Co.. the popular
dxy goods house of Omaha, show the
largest line of- cloaks in the west. Ex
clusive and correct styles. Corner
Farnam and loth Sts.
The residence of A. Y. Graham of
Sherman township. Antelope county,
caujrht firo during the absence of the
family Friday night and was totally
consumed. The fire started from a
defective flue, and ail that was saved
by the neighbors was one table.
Tho building of the Silver Creek
Times, with all fixtures was burned
last week. A strong wind was blow
ing and it was only by prompt and
earnest work that the south half of the
town was saved from destruction.
Cause of the fire not known.
Gage county is glorying over the
acquisition of a new town named Cla
tonia, about lifteen miles northwest of
Beatrice. Tne town is built on the
new extension of the Rock Island and
several buildings have already been
erected and others are contracted for.
Governor James E. Boyd has ap
pointed Hon. J. W. Love, of Fremont,
a commissioner to represent this state
in the Nicaragua canal convention to
bo heid in New Orleans, La. Mr. Love
has been over both the Nicaragua and
Panama canal routes and can speak
from personal observation.
Tho hearing of tho mandamus pro
ceedings in the district court at Clay
Center, wherein ex-Speaker Elder et
al. sought to compel the county clers
to issue certificates to them was had
last week before Judge Hastings, and
in obedience to the court's orders tho
clerk has issued the certificates.
Thomas Kildon, an employe of Hatt
& Otto of riattsmouth, met with a
serious accident. While under the
influence of liquor he was running his
team at nbreaK-neck speed, and, when
turning a sharp curve in the road was
thrown out. One ear was nearly cut
oil and his face baaiy bruised.
The tax iist for 1S92 shows the val
uation of Buffalo county real estate to
be $1. 998. 7S4. and the valuation of
personal property is $1,409. 214. The
railroad and telegraph property in the
county is worth $752,077. Tho valu
ation of Kearney is placed at $1,075,
530. W. IL Arlman of Cuming county has
contracted for nearly 100 acres of
ground for sugar beet planting for
next season. Tne result of this year's
crop so far exceeded his anticipation
that he is encouraged to enter more
extensively into the business next
The sportsmen of Hastings are con
siderably wrought up over the ques
tion as to whether a match hunt for a
game supper shall be arranged for this
fall. Numbers of tnem are opposed
to such a hunt, which they say leads
to the unnecessary destruction of game,
and favor a sine shoot at biue rocks
Tne committee appointed to locate
the new German Baptist college vis
ited Hastings last week after examin
ing several other cities in the west
which were competitors, and decided
in favor of Hastings as the most elii
gible place. Work on a $30. 000 build
ing wiii be started as soon as possible
it is not generally known, but nev
ertheless true, that the Woodman Lin
seed Oii Works at Omaha will this
year consume almost the entire crop
of llax seed in this state. Shippers
have a home market where thev can
obtain more than its shipping value,
and get quick returns, two very desir
Boyd Sellers, one of the best known
railroad men in this section, says a
Chadron dispatch, was caught between
two cars last night at Orin Junction
and instantly kiiled. He was a young
man and had only run a train a few
months. Scllors had lived in Chadron
five years and had a largo number of
friends. He was a bright, steady go
ing young gentleman.
The report reached Aurora last week
that James A. Hickey, who went down
to the Nemaha river hunting with his
bromer. in pulling his gun from the
w:on discharged it, tearing the top
of his head off, killing him instant!-.
He leaves a wife and some children.
A Lincoln newspaper man wai
elected, assessor at the iato 'election.
The Cortland Gizette says: Our
schools whitth have been closed for a
wi!t on account of diphtheria, begun
again. Monday, as there was a death in
the family of Mr. Ed Smith from the
same disease, the board closed tha
schools again on Wednesday and they
will now remain closed until ihe con
tagion is completely stamped out.
The Bank df Inland was closed last
week by order of tne supreme court,
upon a petition filed by the attorney
general. The Bank of Inland was
organized last summer and commenced
business on September 1. Its officers
and directors were principally farmers
and small merchants and none of them
had had any previous experience in
the banking business.
James Hickey. his brother Gerorge
ana Pearl started from Auburn for
lue Nishnabotnn river in Missouri
fishing, and when they had gone about
one mile in Missouri, the gun heid by
James was. in some unaccountable
manner discharged, and the whole
6ide of his head blown off. The re
mains were brought home. He leaves
a wife and two small childen.
The state banking board has taken
another bank under its wing. This
time it is the Bant of Johnson, located
at Johnson, Nemaha county. Under
direction of the board, Examiner Mor
ris of Humboldt has taken charge of
institution. Nothing will be Known
of its exact condition until the exam
iner submits a report, which wiil
probably be done in a few dajs.
Charles Vandeventer, a farmer liv
ing near Plattsmouth, was the victim
of a peculiar stabbing affray. He will
not tell where it was done or who did
it. He does say this much, however,
that he met a man who jumped down
oil of a hayrack and did the work.
Tne would-be assassin aimed for Van
deventer's heart, the blade penetrating
just below the left nippie and barely
missing his heart.
A Niobrara dispatch says: Chester
Norton, republican, made a demand of
County ClerK Van Camp yesterday for
his certificate of election as represent
ative from Knox and Boyd counties,
but was refused. He then requested a
certified copy of tho vote from both
counties and the request was granted.
The cierk says he does not intend to
give up the certificate until he is thor
oughly convinced to whom it belongs.
The Union Pacific railway has a
corps of surveyors working just east
of Mead locating sidetracks, which
wiil be laid before tho snow Hies, and
are making necessary preparations for
the burning of dirt, to be used for bal
lasting the roadbed. This enterprise
will employ in the neighborhood of
100 men, and will bo kep: running day
and night this winter, and in aii prob
ability the greater part of next sum
mer. Official returns from screnty-on
counties have been received by Secre
tary Allen, and they show mat both
preposed amendments to the constitu
tion were defeated. On provides for
the election by the people of three
railway commissioners and the other
for investment of the school fund. A
majority of all votes cast for repre
sentatives is required to carry an
amendment, but oniy threo counties
thus far reported gave tho necessary
number of votes.
During an exciting high wind which
prevailed at Utica, some children were
playing around the barn of John Ma
son, a farmer living four miles south
of that place, and one of them thought
it would be fun to light a fire. He did
so and in a short time the barn, gran
aries, corn cribs, hay and straw were
a mass of ruins. The amount of the
loss to Mr. Mason is considerable, as
all his wheat, oats, corn and hay were,
destroyed. Ml his stock was rescued.
Tne first case under the valued pol
icy law passed by the last legislature,
was on trial in Nebraska City last
week. Last February the store build
ing of Henry Bacheier was burned.
He was insured in the insurance com
pany of North America for $1,500.
Tne company refused payment on the
ground that the building was not en
tirely destroyed and ceuld be repaired
at nominal cost. A verdict was brought
in awarding the plaintiff the full
amount with interest from the dato of
State Superintendent Goudy has
gathered statistics which are of inter
est to several districts of Nebraska.
He has compiled a statement showing
the percentage of the school popula
tion enrolled in leading cities of the
state and also the percentage of the
number enrolled found in the high
school departments. Of the school
population of Omaha 49 per cent is
enrolled; Lincoln. 39: Beatrice. 62;
Grand Island. 71: Fremont Co; Kear
ney, 53; Nebraska City. 51; Platts
John Kobinson and B. S. Coiyer
were severely injured while attempt
ing to. hoist a bundle of iron rods to
one of the upper stories of the Burr
block in Lincoln. The rods became
entangled in the network of telephone
wires that are stretched through the
alley in the rear ot the building. A
ladder was raised, and while the men
were trying to free the rods the rope
broke and threw them to the stone
pavement Kobinson falling about thir
ty feet. Both were unconscious for
some time, but will recover.
A dispatch from Stewart, Holt coun
ty, says: "A disastrous prairie fire,
which originated from a spark from a
chimney on a farm house near Bassett
about noon today, is still raging. The
head of the fire can be seen tonight
from here, fully twenty miles due
south. The area of the burned dis
trict averages three miles wide and
fully thirty miies long. Five farm
houses and many outbuildings have
been destroyed. It is estimated that
5.000 tons of hay have already been
burned, and much more will go. No
loss of Hfo has been reported as yet.
It is expected that by Saturday,
Nov. 26. the Burlington will be run
ning trains into Sheridan, Wyo., a
distance of nearly a thousand miles
from Omaha. Heavy work on a cut
three miles from the Burlington's ob
jective point for the present, has se
riously interfered with grading, but
the graders have finally succeced in
getting through the obstruction and
wiil now have plain sailing into the
big cattle country of the north.
Wednesday was the day set for the
triumphal entry of the Burlington
into its -furthermost northern town,
but bad weather and heavy grades
have delayed the big force which is
laying nearly ",000 feet of iron a day.
DEATH ON THE RAIL
as Airrvc acvidrst o.v tuk vxws
A Passeucer Train Going at Oreat
Speed Craabes Into a Side Tracked
Freight Four People tfect laataiil
Death and TWro Others Die From
Their Injuries Trainmen flnried
Under the Debris Itespoiislallltr foi
the Accident Not Qnlte Clear.
.infill At reels On the Union Faellic.
Gkaxd Inland, Neb., Nov. 22.
' Special Telegram to The Omaha Bee.
Not in several years has a more se
rious and distressing accident occurred
on the Union Pacific than the accident
which took place this morning at 6:30
at Alda siding, eight miles west of
Grand Island, when express train No.
I S, going at a rate of forty-five miies
an hour, crashed into an extra freight
I train standing on tho switch.
Tho passenger train, which was due
here at 5 o'clock and at Omaha at
10:40. was neariv an hour and a haif
lute, and striding the grade west of
, Alda Engineer McDonald of the pas-
senger train, determined to mune up
' some time, puiled the throttle open,
with the result as indicated.
The freight train had been doing
considerable switcning on the siding
and after the work had been completeu
tne engine was comparatively dead at
the head of the siding. Tne morning
was loggy, and unmindful of danger
and resting secure in tho thought that
the switch was properly placed, the
engineer and fireman of tho extra
waited for the passenger train to rush
by. but the switch had not been closed
and tno passenger train brougnt death
to four men and fatally wounded three
others, through the criminal negli
gence of the switchtender.
The men killed are:
.1. W. KEELEK. conductor of tha
freight. Grand Island. Ho leaves a
wife and two children.
BARNEY M'DONALD. engineer of
tho passenger. North Platte. He leaves
a wife, but no children.
GL'S BAUUELT. engineer of the
freight, North Platte. He leaves a
wife and three children.
IRA OWENS, fireman of the fraight.
North Platte. Ho leaves a wife and
WILLIAM COSTELLO, fireman of
the passenger. Grand Island, single;
frightfully scalded, ooth anules frac
tured, uiedat 2 u. m
WILLIAM SUIHEULAND. brake
man on the freight. Gran a Island, sin
gle; arm caught in wrecK. body cooked
oy steam; died at 3:30 o'cloctc.
A. M. Lyons, mail agent Koarney,
head wounds and leg fractured.
No passengers were injured.
Both engines are a total wreck,
while the mail and baggage cars are
badly damaged. Inside of half an
hour a relief train from Grand Island
was on the scene with physicians to
lootc after tho wounded, and all pas
sengers and baggage were transferred
from the wrecK to tho relief train,
which will reach Omaha this afternoon
at 3 o'clock.
Alda is only a flag station and the
passenger was to run through to
Grand Island without stopping. Tne
story of the wreck was toid by an eye
witness. Conductor J. W. Keeler bad
puiled his freight on the sidetrack and
was waiting for tho passenger to pass.
Tne engine of his train stood but five
car lengths from tho west switch,
heading for the same. The headlight
of tho passenger engine soon appoach
ed far over the prairies. As it ap
proached the switch Engineer Mc
Donald, on the passenger engine, saw
the switch was open and that a colli
sion was unavoidable.. In a moment
he was upon tho switch, the steam
brakes were put on and the engine re
versed. Thero was a crash, a roar of
escaping steam, the cries of the in
jured trainmen and shrieks from the
Under the wreck and debris, pinned
to the earth, was Engineer McDonald,
his outstretched arm and closed hand
only being visible. Ho was not alone,
for under the same mass of twisted
iron and heaps of coal lay the forms
of J. W. Keeler, conductor; Gus Bar
rett, engineer, and Ira Owens, fireman
of the freight train.
When asked as to the cause of the
wreck, Conductor Leahy said:
'We were two hours behind time
and were going at the rate of forty-five
miles an hour. We had made up an
hour's time. The switch was open
and no one has any idea of who could
have opened it. I am of the opinion
it was an outside party. The freight
crew surely would not have done it
Tho inevitable result sufficiently testi
fies to that. Our engineer couldn't
have seen it before he was aimost
upon it. He put on the brakes and
reversed the engine, but it was too
iate. He stood by the engine till the
last and no doubt saved injury to many
of the passengers. The latter were
all badly snaken up, but none of them
were injured. When the passeneer
engine struck the freight engine they
fell side by side. Several freight cars
were demolished. One end of the
mail car was nothing but splinters.
The baggage car was badly wrecked.
The front end of the smoker was off
the track. The other cars remained
on the track.
William Cosleilo. fireman of the
passenger train, died from the effects
of his injuries at 2 o'clock this after
noon. He was unmarried, but has
many relatives in this city.
William Sutherland, the brakeman
who was pinioned to the wreck by his
arm having been caught between the
wheels of the tender and body of the
locomotive, died at 3:30. immediately
after his arm had been amputated.
He was frightfully burned from his
feet to his hips.
Robbers Break Iato a Bank and Get
Away with S4.000.
Virginia, 111., Nov. 23. Last night
at Ashland, in the eastern part of the
county, the bank of Skiles, Reariclr &
Co., a branch of the Petefish, Skiles A:
Co.'s banking house of this city, was
robbed. The burgiars blow open the
large "improved fire and burglar proof
safe," and made away with tho entire
contents, S4.000 in money and a lot of
valuable papers. The job was done
with the skill and system of profes
sionals, and nothing wrong was known
until the cashier opened the bank yes
terday: A team, thought to have been
stolen by the robberr,. was traced aiul
found at Sr.rir.gfield, IH,
Blaine Seriously 111.
Washington; Nov. 26. The con
dition of Mr. Blaine was again the
subject of universal interest yesterday,
made so by the publication of state
ments that his ailments had taken a
turn for the worse and that his life
Was In imminent danger. If his phy
eician and the members of his family
are to be believed. 6uch statements are
misleading and are not warranted by
the facts. Last summer a yoar ago
Mr. Blaino left the city to 6eo his
daughter before she left for Europe.
It was on that occasion that he fell ill
and was removed to his cottago at Bar
Harbor, where he passed the summer
and early fail in convaiescence. The
cause of his illness was not an organic
complaint, unless a peculiar sensitive
stomach can be so regarded. In plain
English, he ate what was not good for
him viz: rich food, and ato very much
of it. Being run down in health and
mentally fatigued from the labors of
his office, the affairs of which wero
then in a critical state, with th Chil
ian and Italian embrogliosthre. ening
to assume a serious form. Mr. nlaine,
who is by no means in the vigor of
youth, was made very ill, and required j
several months to recuperate.
Last summer he had another attack,
but since his return to Washington ho
has been in a state of health that may
fairly be described as his normal con
dition and capable of earnest work,
open air rides, walks and cheerful,
but. withal, very sensitive to irregu
larities of diet and to sudden changes
As near as can be learned the ill
ness from which Mr. Blaine is now
suffering is more serious than those
which have preceded it. He caught
cold and he was imprudent in his
diet. Some congestion followed and
thero was fever in its train. The
stomach was made torpid and there
was difficulty in digestion. Notwith
standing reports to the contrary, it
can be said that Mr. Blaine has shown
no signs of mental abberation or de
lirium. The Dlvlslou or Kan ia.
TorEKA, Kas., Nov! 26. The pro
position to divido the state of Kansas
and make a new commonwealth, is
gathering force and advocates. A
dozen prominent western Kansas poli
ticians were here today and all of
them said plans had been laid to make
a fight before congress and the. state
legislature this winter. A serious ob
stacle however, confronts them in the
fact that in the proposed new state
there are only 223,000 peop.e. which
would allow them only one congress
man and not more than two in any
event. The original movers figure on
three congressmen, which, in addition
to two senators, would give the new
state a delegation of five in the na
If the rumors that several prominent
Texans and two millionaires of Colo
rado are in tho deal prove true the
population will be increased many
thousands. No-Man's-Land. which
Texas claims and which borders west
ern Kansas on the south, is to be add
ed to the new state. It is thirty miies
wide by 175 long. It is stated today
that Clark, late candidate for governor
of Texas, and others at Fort Worth
are in the movement to add No-Man's-Land
to the new state. The same
authority says Colorado would be
willing to cut off a fifty mile strip and
that Senator Wolcott is in favor it.
President's Father-in-law Very 111.
Washington, D. C, Nov. 26.
Rev. John W. Scott father-in-law of
President Harrison, aged 83, is lying
seriously ill at the white house.
It was stated at the white house this
afternoon that Dr. Scott was not so
well. His temperature was higher
and he was perceptibly weaker than
he was in the morning. Dr. Gardner
said, however; that thero would be
nothing at all serious in the case wero
it not for tho advanced age of the pa
tient There was a steady decline in the
condition of Rev. Dr. Scott the pres
ident's father-in-law, during the day
and tonight he is considerably weaker ,
tnan he was this morning. There has
been no abatement of the fever, which
remains about the same. The patient
is in a very critical condition and it is ,
extremely doubtful wnether he will be-j
able to rally, as his great age matces it )
dimcuit for him to witnstand any acute
Washington. Nov. 26. In view of
the common expectation President
Harrison will include in his next mes
sage to congress a recommendation
looking to the establishment of a na
tional quarantine. Joseph Nimmo,
late chief of the bureau of statistics,
submitted to the president observa
tions on the subject In brief, he
holds that as the government assumed
entire charge of immigration, one of
the principal sources of infection, it
must iikewise take full charge of sea.
board quarantine. It cites history to '
show it within the constitutional ;
power of congress to do this, and then
proceeds to give reasons why it should
M ants a Hotter Gun.
Washington, Nov. 26. The war
department is negotiating with the
Armstrong company of England for
the acquisition of designs for the rapid
fire gun which is said to be 20 per
cent more rapid in action than any
other gun. It has also in contempla
tion the securing of the right to man
ufacture the guns in the United States.
It is claimed that Russell owes his
election as governor of Massachusetts
to the fact that 10, 000 republican votes
were thrown out for being improperly
Tap Sprousc. a notorious Tennessee
moonshiner, has been captured by a
United States deputy marshal and
lodged in jail.
A New York paper publishes a re
port that David B. Hill will retire
from the United States senate this
A story come from New Mexico of
the discovery of a petrified man in a
Georgia negroes are indignant over
discriminations against them, and a
great craze for emigration to Africa
has taken possession of them (
FARM AND HOUSEHOLD. I
j.i.i.um. " w-v.,
SUGGESTIONS FOR DEVELOP
ING FARM HORSES.
Make Uim Gentle narf Docile Food and
Water Protection of Birds
Poultry rickioe and
Dcfeloplns Farm no'rses.
Volumes are written on developing
the trotting and running horses, yet
seldom is anything 6oen in regard to
developing the common work horse.
A correspondent in the National
Stockman thinks that as matters of
these kind dovolvo almost entirely '
upon tho question of -will it pay?" J
this might bo discussed from this
standpoint with interest Yes. he
says, it Will pay and pay well to de
velop ttny horse. If it will not pnf
tb develop him it will not pay to raise I
him. Every horse is supposed to fit '
in somewhere in tho many uses for I
the noble an i mnl. Tho commonest ,
kind of a scrub is supposed to be val
uable for somotning.
If a horse is to be retained for farm
use it will pay to develop him in
many ways. Tho first thing is to
make him gentle, tractable and do
cile. - This should be dono from colt
hood up. put if the horse has arrived
at an age in which ho can bo
mado useful and has not been mado
thorouehly gentle, the first thing to
ho done is to teach him to bo as quiot
as a lamb while in your caro and
your management With tho exor
cise of a little patience this will not
bo a very big job. Whon a horse is
entirely under subjection tho next
thing to be dono is to develop soma
of his qualities. To make a first-
class farm horse a good walking gait
is necessary. Tho awkward walk of i
the colt should bo transformed into
the strong, straightforward walk of
the plow or cart horse. By exercising
care a regular, steady rate of spoed
may be acquired at this gait This
will add much to tho valuo of tho fu
turo horse. A horse that will walk
fivo miles an hour instead of threo will
gain twenty miles in a day. It is but
fittlo if any harder for a horse to walk
fast than slow when once ho bocomes
accustomed to it.
The pulling qualities of a horso
may bo materially developed. Tho
reason that one horso can pull a much
heavier load than another of tho
same size and weight is simply bo
cause ho knows how. This -know
how" is what you want to teach them.
About tho first question a horso buyer
asks is. Is he a good puller? If this
qualification is good for the buyer it is
good for the soller and also good for
the man who does not want to soil.
The capability of pulling a big load
is not more valuable than tho ability
to pull well and without injury to tho
animal. Thero is a great knack in
pulling and one horse may kill him
self doing the same work that an
other horse may do without injury.
Tho right kind of a trainer can im
provo upon the manner of a horso
pulling as well as upon his ability to
pull greater loads.
Thero are numerous ways of im
proving a horse or developing him if
the matter is studied intelligently. It
will pay in dollars and cents to im
prove any horse that is worth keep
ing. As this can bo dono whilo tho
ordinary work required or tho animal
is being performed it ncod not tako
any of tho time of tho trainer or tho
horso. Whilo it may not appear to
pay as well on farm horses as it doos
on turf horses it will be by no means
a waste of timo and talent to develop
Food an 1 Water.
Ensilage has como to stay, and
whorover it has been adopted it furn
ishes the olements that in conjunction
with other proper foods nro in the di
rection of maintaining tho health of
the cow. Tho moisture is invaluable.
For years wo havo endeavored to stim
ulate tho growing of roots for winter
food for tne cow and other animals on
tho farm; and still advocate it for
thoso to whom the silo is as yet too
much of an innovation for them to
adopt; and thero is not a farmer or
dairyman, so far as we know, who
has become a convert to ensilago or
root feeding who does not testify that
it has saved sickness &mong his ani
mals and brought his herd through
the winter in good shape. But if we
cannot get mon to see tho value of
green foods, the next best thing in to
induce thorn to stop feeding tho dry.
fat forming foods in reckless quanti
ties, and to feed the bono and musclo
forming foods more largely for they
contain a largo quantity of mois
ture. Whatever interferes with di
gestion interferes with health
and the milk producing machinery.
Fat formers are dyspepsia breeders.
The usefulness of ihe cow depends
upon hor ability to digest and as
similate her food. Selecting a cow
in the first placa with a good con
stitution, a good digestion and a
proper development for making milk,
the purpose in feeding should be to
preserve and strengthen herdigesttvo
force! It is right hero that tho
chief value of warming water for
cows is seen, and although somo ex
periments and some theories would
seem to cast a aoubt upon the valuo
of warming water, there can bo no
experiment and no theory that can
destroy or modify tho fact that every
drop of ice cold water we can keep
out of tno stomach of the cow. is an
aid to digestion, and we can afford to
stop at that point and not tako into
considerat on at all tho value of tho
greater quantity of wator that a cow
vil', drink when the water is warmed.
Inducements for Uec-Kcepln?.
Eeo-keoping is honest honorable
and easy. It needs but little capital
and no unusual skill; neither great
strength nor profound learning. It
does not depend on political favor nor
the smiles of tho rich. Rural but
not rude; royal but not rigorous. It
asks but the smiles of nature and a
quiet spot It makes by saving and
does not injure by taking. It re
quires many operatives, but they sup
port themselves, requiring of their
employer only a cheap, suitablo place
to' store the product of their skill and
industry, ready for his or her u o or
for tho market It can be conducted
almost anywhere, and more money
made from the same amount of cap
ital and labor than io any other bus-
incss. Many a farmer leses more
than ho make 5 by not keeping
bees, or not keeping then properly,
lie and his family fcrew pre-
&" w 71111 plowing ana nsw
jQ and roowinjr and hoeing, and all
tho drudging incidontnl rf titling tne
soil while every flower is sayidg to
them -Send bee and wo will reiiove
you from wasting toiU" These saDlo
servants challenge competition in
conforming the sweet treasure of
nature to their masters' use. Spare
them lifo it is 6hort at best. Ltri
inventive genius protect and aid them
theyappreciate favors. We cannot
afford to do without bcest much less
to keep ibcfnl id a profitless manner.
The profits at bee-keeping may un
doubtedly bo far greater thnn hereto
fore, and whoover shall provide more
feasible ways to accomplish it will
descrvo a nich? with him who makes
two blades of grass" grew whero one
Perhaps tho most important consid
eration for keeping bees is. that
honey is the most healthy sweet that
is or can bo produced. Cano sugar
cannot be assimilated as food uutll it
becomes transformed into glucose
(grape sugar) and luvuloso (uncrys
lalied sugar). Bernard states that
when cane 6ugar is injected into tho
blood it circulates theroid as au inert
body, and is in no degree Used as nu
triment bv the tissues, but is dVcutn-
j ally entirely romoved unchanged with
the urind. In his research to ascer
' tain where in tho digestive economy
i cane sugar Is transformed, ho failed
I to find it changed in the saliva or in
the storaacn. lie at lcngtn uiscovereu
it in the sciall Intestines. Such being
tho order of nature, it would seem
thav. in cases whero tho small intes
tines, tho usdimilatinr organ, be
comes weakened, enno sugar should
not be taken into the stomach. On
tho other hand, honoy is ready for
nssimilation. be ng naturally fitted
for absorption by tho lacteal vessels.
by which it is convoyod into the cir
culatioa assimilatei into blood, and
converted into nutriment C J.
iuson. in American Bee-Keeper.
I'ritTtio:i ot Klrd.;.
The man who shoots a bird on my
farm has a quarrel on his nands at
onco if I know it I have no
sympathy for tho farmer who is loo
stingy to lot tho birds have what
fruit they want. I grow enough
cherries for myself and the birds too.
and if I did not I should not begrudge
tho birds tho cherries; having
opserved very closely the benefit
conferred upon tho farmer by birds,
and there is no doubt that wo farmers
are always in the birds debt Indeed
I do not know what I should do with
out birds, and I havo ploaty of them,
for birds soon loarn whero they are
safe. Protect tho birds and they
will pay for it. Farmers' Voice,
A little flaxseed fed will greatly im
prove the plumage.
Ducks are loss trouble to raiso with
out a pond than with one.
To bo kopt hardy young poultry
should never bo pampered.
Generally the longer a hon lays the
less vitality the oggs will possess.
Animal food, like meat or milk, is
always appreciatcl by the poultry.
If ycur fowls arc not looked after
do not oxpect too much from them.
Eggs should be cloanod as they aro
gathered, or tho dirt may taint the
Fowls that aro over-fed aro rarely
healthy, neither will they lay eggs
When tho fowls have a good range
thero is usually bettor health and
It is not a good plan to allow tho
hens to do too much scratching in tho
After cleaning out under tho nosts
apply a good dressing of dry dirt as
When the food is of an improper
character the product cannot bo all
that is desirable.
Whitewash as a lice destroyer will
bo improved by tho addition of a lit
tle carbolic acid.
The best way to get green feed in
winter is to storo away turnips, beets,
cabbage and pota'.ocs.
One item in fattening fowls econ
omically is to supply tho food In a
way that is easily digested.
When cleaning out tho nests an d
quarters all of the old material should
be gathered up and burned.
Crop-burned fowls can gonerally
trace their trouble back of gravel or
gritty material for grinding.
In ar anging the poultry quarters it
is quito an item to provide good ven
tilation without draughts.
Keep a daily account of tho receipts
and expenses with tho poultry and
know whether they pay or not.
I It is moro economical to spend timo
improving onoor two breeds of stock,
rather than to attempt more and uiuko
' Household Help.
When washing red tablecloths and
napkins put a littlo boraK in lW:
water: 'I hey will cleanse easily, and
, will not fade.
i Skimmed milk makes hardwood
floors, stained ones and oil cloths look
shiny. A woollen cloth should be
used to wipe up tho floor with.
' Tho daintiest kind of fruit dishe3
are now in favor. One of the newest
is shown in straw and blue opal glass,
mounted in a light iron frame.
To keep bread jar and cako box
sweet rinse after washing with boiling
water in which has been dissolved a
little soda. Rinse, wipe and set them
out in the sun a few hours.
, Tar or paint may be romoved by
first applying oil of some kind, or
iard; then after scraping o.'T tho
loosened substance, apply a mixture
of turpentine and benzine, and at the
last use benzino alone.
In making cookies, take only part
' of your dough out on the board at
once. It is better to manage in this
way. Remember, too. they must bo
gotten into the pan as soft as possible.
Only e perience can give the dotter
ous handling needed for them.
j To whiten napkins and table-cloths
j that havo hecomo yellow and stained
' they should bo soaked in sour milk
for several days, stirring and shaking
J the linen now and then. When
washed after this soaking thoy will
oe found to bo perfectly white.
An oluborato mode for tho lunch
table is to uso in lieu of cloth linoa
! strips placed
at intervals across tho
highly polished board. The edges; o
tne sirrps are ncnly cnibroHteren m
deep-red popples, the leaves beiu
formed of pale pink and fjttjen silk
First National Bank
A. ANDERSON, Pres't.
J. H. GALLKT, Vice Tres'U
C. E. EAA'. Asa't Caskis
O.ANDErON. T. ANDERSOK.
JACOB ORE1SIS. . HENRY liAOATZ
jAUES G. KEEbK.'C.
.Statement ef Condition at Ike Close of
Business Sept. 30, 18'J2.
Loanxand Dieomt WMW3 8S
0. S Ilonil" 1S.-O0W
Hue Tr. ml. S Tn-urtr. ? 873.00
Iu mm other bank ivVJO 15
Cah onliand . S 87.928.13
rnplt.nl Stock paid Sn..
. w uo
.. 232 TIO 9)
Office orsr Columbus State Bank, Columbus,
A ALlti:K'r A UKtDKK.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Office oxer First National Bank, Columl,
W. A. MCALLISTER. W. M. CORNEOUS.
II rcAkMMS IKK St COKa.IUS
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
Cor. EleTenth A North Sts.. COLUMBUS, NEB.
fSy-Collections a specialty. Prompt aad care
ful attention giren to tho settlement of estates
in the county court by executors, administrators
and guardians. Will pracucs in aii we iuuim
of this stato anil of South Dakota. Refers, by
permission, to the First National Bank
E. T. ALLEN, M. D.,
Eye - and - Ear - Surgeon,
Secretary Nebraska State Board
109 Baxox Block, OMAHA, NEB
Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware!
Job-Wori, Roofing and Gutter
ing a Specialty.
Shop oa Nebraska Avenue, two doors nortk
.A. E. SEAJIL,
FBOPRIKTOB OF TSX
muiuuiu Ull AUUUUlltU XUXlUIl
The Finest in The City.
WThe only shop on the South Side. Coluaw
bus. Nebraska. 2SOct-y
L. C. VOSS, M. D.,
Office over poet office. Specialist in chronto
diseases. Carofol attention cirea to general
A STRAY LEAF!
AU kinds of Repairing done on
Short Notice. Unggies, Wag
ens, etc., made to order,
and all work 'Guar
anteed. Also sell the world-famous Walter A
Wood Kowers. Reapers, Combin
ed Machines, Harvesters,
and Self-hinders the
6hop on Olive Street, Columbus, Neb.,
four doors south of Rorowiak's.
Collins : and : 3leiallic : Cases !
5f Repairing of nil kinds of Uplicl
tARspvy BBB,rB3BffJvj skk. v if
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